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It also plays a major role in the economy of the country.2 per cent). but the scenario started changing after the economic liberalization of Indian economy in 1991.1 Background India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. India textile industry largely depends upon the textile manufacturing and export. which has now successfully become one of the largest in the world.2 per cent during September 2010 as compared to September 2009. The total textile exports during April-July 2010 (provisional) were valued at US$ 7. The industry provides direct employment to over 35 million people and is the second largest provider of employment after agriculture. the industry will generate 12 million new jobs by the year 2010. the textile industry of India also contributes nearly 14% of the total industrial production of the country. The total cloth production increased by 10. Further. The share of textile exports in total exports was 11.04 per cent during April-July 2010. The total cloth production during April-September 2010 has increased by 2. some of which can be listed as below: • Cotton Textiles • Silk Textiles • Woolen Textiles • Readymade Garments • Hand-crafted Textiles • Jute and Coir 1. registering an increase of 5. The opening up of economy gave the much-needed thrust to the Indian textile industry. 4 per cent to the country's gross domestic product (GDP) and 17 per cent to the country’s export earnings.1 per cent).58 billion as against US$ 7. Though was predominantly unorganized industry even a few years back. OVERVIEW OF INDIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY 1. It also contributes around 3% to the GDP of the country. India textile industry currently generates employment to more than 35 million people. but also opens up scopes for the other ancillary sectors.20 per cent in rupee terms. It is also estimated that. Indian textile industry can be divided into several segments.1 per cent compared to the same period of the previous year. . followed by hosiery sector (9. It not only generates jobs in its own industry. India earns about 27% of its total foreign exchange through textile exports. The highest growth was observed in the powerloom sector (13. India textile industry is also the largest in the country in terms of employment generation.1.2 Current Scenario The Indian textile industry contributes about 14 per cent to industrial production.21 billion during the corresponding period of the previous year.
which include products like mosquito and fishing nets.14(6.25) 0. fabrics RMG Made-up textiles articles Import value (2008–09) US$ billion(INR billion) 0. Textiles and apparel industry exports.78(37.14 (150.05 billion).64 15.28 48.21 million mission for promotion of technical textiles. India has the potential to increase its textile and apparel share in the world trade from the current level of 4.2 per cent while textile products including wearing apparel have registered a growth of 3 per cent.49) 0.88) 0.35 Technical Textile Segment Technical textiles are an important part of the textile industry. contributed about 11.6 billion in 2011-12. without any regulatory framework and to US$ 15.21(10.33 billion (INR 160.75) 0.80 3. Further.13(6. The Working Group for the Eleventh Five Year Plan has estimated the market size of technical textiles to increase from US$ 5. The global technical industry is estimated at US$ 127 billion and its size in India is pegged at US$ 11 billion.5 per cent to 8 per cent and reach US$ 80 billion by 2020.2 per cent during April-September 2010-11.45(21. the government is set to launch US$ 44.75(36. Import item Raw material Semi-raw material Yarn.99) 9.28(13.02 billion (INR 963.80) Share in total textiles exports (%) 22.54(218. silk and man-made fibre textiles have registered a growth of 2.02(49.1) 1.14) 1.Cotton textiles has registered a growth of 8.51 22.84) 0. while the Finance Ministry has cleared setting up of four new research centres for the industry. The Scheme for Growth and Development of Technical Textiles aims to promote indigenous manufacture of technical textile to leverage global opportunities and cater to the domestic demand. shoe laces and medical gloves.46 43. Export item Cotton textiles Manmade textiles Silk textiles Wool and woollen textiles RMG Handicrafts(including carpets) Jute Coir and coir products Export value (2008–09) US$ billion(INR billion) 4. while wool.64 (31.39) 0. . valued at US$ 20.88 6.43 0.71 The total textiles imports into India in 2008–09 were valued at US$ 3.23 2.08) 3.29 billion in 2006-07 to US$ 10.21) Share in total textiles imports (%) 23.93 billion).81 (471.92 5.46 (70.67 3.06) 0.5 per cent to the country’s total exports in 2008–09.16 billion with regulatory framework.13 1.
681. is one of the largest Home Textiles producers in Asia and amongst the top 4 producers of Terry Towels in the world. bottomwear fabrics. shirting.2 2.19(57. bathrobes. woollen outerwear Spinning. processing and garment production (denims. WIL annual sales turnover for year 2009-2010 was Rs. a diversified conglomerate of the Aditya Birla Group.2. denim. terry towels Yarn. WIL is ISO 9001:2000.4) 0.1 Major Players and their turnover Company Welspun India Ltd Vardhman Group Alok Industries Ltd Raymond Ltd Arvind Mills Ltd Bombay Dyeing & Manufacturing Company Ltd Garden Silk Mills Ltd Mafatlal Industries Ltd Aditya Birla Nuvo. over 24. dresses and saris in cotton and polyester blends Dyed and printed fabric Shirting. formal menswear 0.881 crores. voiles Madura Garments —lifestyle market (Louis Philippe. knitwear) Bed linen. Welspun India Ltd. 2.16) 0. the .54 0. shirts. acrylic fibre Home textiles. WIL is a composite textile mill producing Cotton Yarn.000+ shareholders. $ 3 billion. MAJOR PLAYERS IN TEXTILE INDUSTRY 2. poplins.31) 0. They have presence over 50 Countries. Jayashree Textiles and Indian Rayon ITC Lifestyle Reliance Industries Ltd Turnover (2008–09) US$ billion (INR billion) 1. Van Heusen.2. Welspun is one of India's fastest growing conglomerates. WIL is located at village Morai in Valsad district.62 (for total FMCG business) 28. furnishings.000 employees & 100. towels.85 (total group) 2. 14001 and SA 8000 certified company.1 Profile of Major Players in India Welspun India Ltd Welspun India Limited (WIL) is the Flagship company of Welspun Group with an enterprise value of U. weaving. khakis. Terry Towels and Rugs for international market. garments and polyester yarn Worsted suiting. comprising three divisions — Madura Garments.2.27(13. Gujarat State. woven and knitted apparel fabric.2 Vardhman Group Vardhman Group was established in 1965 and is a leading textile conglomerate in India having a turnover of $700 mn. They have over 24 manufacturing facilities in five states across India. fabric.03(1. shirting. fabricfor suits. Allen Solly.44) 0. The Collective) Jayashree Textiles —domestic linen and worsted yarn Indian Rayon —viscose filament yarn Lifestyle market Fabric.S.48(23.76) 0.62(29.27(13.27) 3 (consolidated revenues for Aditya BirlaNuvo) Business areas Home textiles.7 0. tailored clothing. sewing threads.
Its buyers include manufacturers.000 tons per annum special and alloy steel. Its business operations are spread across all the continents. the manufacturing lab has been certified for ISO 9001:2000 quality standards. garments and polyester yarns. 90 mn meters per annum processed fabric. Vardhman Group manufacturing facilities include over 8. apparel fabrics. Alok Industries became a public limited company in 1993 and their shares are listed in Bombay . processing. is an India-based textile manufacturing company and was established in 1986. Moreover.Cotton Yarn Speciality Yarn Acrylic .Cotton Yarn Alok Industries Ltd Alok Industries Ltd.2. Alok Industries is a private textile manufacturing company and has manufacturing bases spread over 6 locations in Navi Mumbai in Vapi and Silvassa. situated in Maharashtra. 33 tons per day sewing thread.Group business portfolio includes Yarn. it operates its embroidery business through its sister concern. knitting. exporters.000 spindles. Acrylic Fibre and Alloy Steel.00. Further.3 Cotton Yarn Special Blended Yarn Organic Cotton Yarn Core Spun Yarn Fair Trade cotton Yarn Melanges Organic Fair Trade Cotton Yarn Gassed Mercerised Yarn Ellitwist Yarn Modal Yarn Vortex Yarn Tencel Yarn Slub Yarn Viscose Yarn Acrylic Yarn Hand Knitting Yarn Poly . Grabal Alok Impex Ltd. 65 tons per day yarn and fibre dyeing. Products • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 2. 900 shuttleless looms. 18000 metric tons per annum acrylic fibre and 100. Its business domain involves weaving. Today. Sewing Thread. and branded apparel manufacturers of the world. Alok Industries is one of the largest private exporters of textiles in India. retailers. importers. Greige and Processed Fabric. home textiles and ready-made garments and its a diversified manufacturer of world-class home textiles.
Canada. Their suitings are available in India in over 400 towns through 3. Engineering (Files. ColorPlus. Brands (Raymonds.95 crore. Park Avenue. Notting Hill and The Raymond Shop). Jeanswear and Dress Shirts). International Business. Zapp! and Notting Hill and GAS.2.Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange.Zapp!. Raymond is among the largest integrated manufacturers of worsted fabrics in the world. Raymond Ltd.18 crore for the year ended 31st March. Personal Care (Park Avenue and Kamasutra). 2006-2007 and has registered profit after tax to the tune of Rs. 135. Raymond's wide range of products and services are as follows: • • • • • • • • • • • • Total textile solutions. Cutting Wools. owns some of the most highly respected apparel brands in its portfolio like Raymond. The company's total assets stand at Rs. Raymond manufactures and markets brands like KamaSutra condoms and even surgical gloves. • • • • • • • • 2. They has posted a net turnover of Rs. Europe. They export their products to over 55 countries including USA. Manzoni. ColorPlus. Corporate Wear . The Raymond Group also has an expansive retail presence. Prophylactic (Kamasutra and Surgical Gloves).000 design and colours of suiting fabric. Denim and Shirting). Park Avenue. Furnishings. 4795. Hand Tools and Agri tools and Auto Components). Be:.000 retailers as well as over 500 exclusive retail shops. Parx. Park Avenue. Japan and the Middle East. Woolen Outerwear. Fabrics (Worsted. Retail (The Raymond Shop and Brand Store).4 Alok Industries product lines include Apparel Fabric (Woven) Apparel Fabric (Knitted) Garments Home Textiles Polyester Yarn Embroidered Fabric Retailing Raymond Ltd Raymond was incorporated in 1925 and has over 60% market share in worsted suiting in India The company has a diverse product range of nearly 20. Manzoni. Parx. 2006-2007. 1824. Apparels (Tailored Clothing.Be:.68 crore for the year ended 31st March.
The entire production is divided into two broad streams. towels.2. Regarding the weaving facilities. spinning and winding by Bombay Dyeing are like Sulzer Projectile Machines. Auto Corner Winding Spindles and Schweiter CA . . Table Tops and Napkins Bombay Dyeing at present is the largest exporter of sophisticated made-up items and also of products made of cotton and poly cotton. Products of Bombay Dyeing: Bombay Dyeing by using advanced technology has brought about a change in the textile business. The ready-made collection of the Bombay Dyeing has been changing its production pattern with the evolving fashion trends.000 meters of fabrics. The textile products of the company are exported to different nations all across the world like the United States. The production level on a daily basis is over 300. domestic and export markets are: • • • • • • • • • • Cotton Sheeting Polyester Cotton Sheeting Poly Cotton Drills Shoe Lining and Duck Fabrics Satin Furnishings Yarn dyed fabrics Flannel Sheeting Dobby and Fine Count made-ups Downproof Shells and Comforters Towels. Bombay Dyeing has created a sizable market in the production of a wide range of fabrics and ready-mades. Sulzer. Technology used in Bombay Dyeing: The technology applied in the production process in Bombay Dyeing is of international standards.2.5 Bombay Dyeing Bombay Dyeing is one of the leading companies in the textile business. furnishings. Schlafhorst Autocore Rotors. Sulzer Airjet Machines. The automations used in weaving. Australia and New Zealand. the technology used is from one of the most technologically advanced company of the world. This includes both formal and casual wear. In fact. and cotton and polyester blended dresses and saris.11 Spindles.India has made a position in the world textile sector holding the hands of Bombay Dyeing. European Union Countries. weaving and spinning and winding. suiting and shirting fabrics. Some of the important products of the company that have already become significant in both. The consumer section of Bombay Dyeing comprise of bed linen.
the Finance Minister made the following announcements to benefit the textile industry: • • • • • • The central plan outlay for the industry has been enhanced to US$ 1.000 textiles workers. about US$ 763. The total allocation for village and small enterprises sector which include handicrafts and handlooms is US$ 210. US$ 69. The micro small medium enterprises in textiles sector have been given full CENVAT credit on capital goods in one installment in the year of receipt of such goods and the facility of payment of excise duty in quarterly basis.2 million for handlooms.03 billion. During the year 2009-10. US$ 31.7 million has been invested into the scheme and generated employment for 15. The Mission is aimed at upgrading the .4 billion has been disbursed so far till the end of April.3 million.5 million has been provided for development of mega clusters in handlooms. Customs duty at 4 per cent for import of readymade garments for retail sales has been withdrawn. the Ministry of Textiles informed a parliamentary panel that it proposes to allocate US$ 785. 1896 applications have been sanctioned at a project cost of US$ 5. Tamil Nadu.4 million. includes 27.2 million for the modernisation of the textile industry.5 billion and amount sanctioned under TUFS is US$ 18.9 billion of which US$ 16. In the Union Budget 2010-11 presented in February 2010. Further.3.4 million for sericulture. 2009. 40 textiles park projects have been sanctioned under the SITP.1 Government Initiatives Investment under the Technology Upgradation Fund Schemes (TUFS) has been increasing steadily. Moreover. The Scheme for Integrated Textile Park (SITP) was approved in July 2005 to facilitate setting up of textiles parks with world class infrastructure facilities. The cumulative progress as on December 31. Allocation for textiles and jute industry is US$ 713. which has triggered investment of US$ 45. GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 3. US$ 80. as part of Plan Scheme of the Ministry. The Ministry of Textile has sanctioned a total of US$ 133 million under TUFS during September 2010. The Minister of Textiles launched the Knitwear Technology Mission being setup at Tirupur. 100 per cent FDI is allowed in the textile sector under the automatic route. out of which 25 textile parks are already in operation. in May 2010. Under the SITP. handicrafts and powerloom sectors.3 million for handicrafts and US$ 98.4 million is for TUFS.23 billion. Of this US$ 521.477 applications sanctioned. 2010. US$ 76 million for SITP.
Benchmark Clothings. schools. . Has one of the most advanced effluent treatment systems in the region. Name of SEZ and status Mahindra City SEZ (Functional) State Tamil Nadu Area (hectares) 607. J. K.7 Textiles Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Board (KIADB) (Functional) Karnataka - Textiles Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Board (KIADB) In addition to the four functional SEZs. business hotels and recreation facilities. Fashion and Ganga Export. to bring in more export competitiveness. there are 13 in-principle approved. malls. medical centres. Venus Garments. This zone comprises an SEZ (primarily for exporters) and domestic tariff area (DTA) for companies targeting the domestic market. P.05 Sector Apparel and fashion accessories Developer / Promoter Mahindra Group and Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation (TIDCO) Details Mahindra City is India’s first integrated business city. The lifestyle zone offers residential units.R. The business zone provides plug-n-play working spaces. 19 formally approved and 12 notified SEZs in India Other government initiatives Scheme for Integrated Textile Parks.technology and skill levels in the knitwear segment of the textile industry. Integrated apparel supply chain city plans to house world-class apparel chain partners. BIAC has a dedicated 200 MW power sub-station. Surat Apparel Park (Functional) Gujarat 56 Textiles Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) Brandix India Apparel City PvtLtd Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC) (Functional) Andhra Pradesh 404. divided into business and lifestyle zones. Keyindustrial units include Safari Exports. 2005 The scheme was introduced to neutralise the weakness of fragmentation in the various subsegments of the textiles value chain and the unavailability of quality infrastructure. Tormal Prints. International. 60 million litres of water per day is available.
improving productivity. which is almost four times the outlay fixed during the Tenth Plan —US$ 0. It was initially to be phased out at the end of the Tenth Five Year Plan (2002– 07). However. The objectives of this programme include • Improving the yield and quality of jute fibre • Strengthening existing infrastructure for the development and supply of quality seeds • Improving the quality of fibre through better methods of retting and extraction technologies • Increasing the supply of quality raw material to the jute industry at reasonable prices and developing efficient market linkages for raw jute. planning. development. • Modernising. upgrading technology.91 billion (INR 140 billion). 2006.The Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007–2012) outlay for the textiles and apparel sector has been fixed at US$ 2.74 billion (INR 35. 2005 —the objective of the policy is to develop the jute industry and ensure high quality production. maximum employment and substantial contribution to economic growth. 2000 —the scheme was introduced to address concerns around cotton production and processing sectors and to place the cotton economy on a sound footing. clothing and handicrafts. National Jute Policy.2 Policy and regulatory framework The Ministry of Textiles is responsible for policy formulation. National Textile Policy. This includes all natural and manmade cellulosic fibre used to make textiles. the scheme’s Mini Mission –iii and iv has been further extended into the Eleventh Plan for two years to accomplish targets. export promotion and trade regulation in the textile sector.8 billion). 2000 the policy was introduced for the overall development of the textiles industry. 3. diversifying and developing human resource for the jute industry • Developing and commercializing innovative technology for the diversified use of jute and allied fibre Development of mega cluster schemes • Comprehensive Powerloom Cluster Development Scheme (CPCDS) . The key areas of focus include • • • • • • • • • Technological upgrades Enhancement of productivity Quality consciousness Strengthening of raw material base Product diversification Increase in exports and innovative marketing strategies Financing arrangements Increasing employment opportunities Integrated human resource development Technology Mission on Cotton (TMC). Jute Technology Mission (JTM).
fabric. crimping and twisting Manufacturing of viscose filament yarn (VFY) or viscose staple fibre (VSF) Weaving or knitting including non-wovens and technical textiles Garments. cotton ginning and pressing Silk reeling and twisting Wool scouring and combing Synthetic filament yarn texturising. garments and made-ups Jute . Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS) The textile industry segments eligible to avail concessional loans for technology upgrade requirements include • • • • • • • • • Spinning. Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS) Formulated to address the challenges faced by weavers within the cooperative sector and outside.• • • • To assist entrepreneurs to set up world-class units with modern infrastructure. made-up manufacturing Processing of fibre. latest technology and adequate training and human resource development (HRD) inputs along with appropriate market linkages. due to poor infrastructure in some clusters. yarn.
Among the other segments. This industry includes the production of flexible packaging material for industrial. protech. TT Ltd.23 million. is being encouraged. It has also proposed to enlarge the area under mulberry silkworm food plants to 0. . oekotech.46 million to enhance its yarn making capacity and retail venture. which are the key institutional buyers of technical textiles. plans to invest US$ 33.2 Opportunities The potential size of the Indian textiles industry is expected to reach US$ 110 billion by 2012. INVESTMENTS AND OPPORTUNTIES 4. railways and government hospitals.47 million between April 2000 and September 2010.46 million over the next two years to increase capacity across its product portfolio. an integrated textile and knitwear manufacturing and exporter. Technical textiles The textiles industry complements the growth of several industries and institutions such as the defence forces.4. sportech and geotech have significant growth potential.1 Investment The textiles industry has attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) worth US$ 861. especially major agrobased industries in both pre-cocoon and post-cocoon segments.000 tonnes of raw silk production by 2011–12. NSL Textiles has set up a textile processing facility at Chandolu near Guntur. which is expected to produce an additional 6. Private sector participation in silk production The Central Silk Board has set a target of 26. agricultural and consumer goods. The packtech segment constitutes 38 per cent of the total technical textiles production in India (2007–08). alliances with the private sector. M&A scenario —details Deal type Domestic Outbound Source: DIPP No of deals 5 1 4.400 MT of mulberry raw silk and increase employment. Textiles Company Alok Industries will be investing US$ 193.25 million hectares. The amount would be spread equally for the two-year period with an investment of US$ 96. Andhra Pradesh with an investment of US$ 64.73 million being made each year. To achieve these targets.
the retail sector has witnessed rapid growth in the past decade. protech and agrotech. . are aimed at creating facilities for testing and evaluation and developing resource centres and facilities for training. with national and international accreditation. meditech.Retail sector With consumerism and disposable income on the incline. Four CoEs have been identified for four thrust segments of technical textiles — geotech. These CoEs. Centres of Excellence (CoE) for research and technical training The Government of India has proposed the establishment of several CoEs for training the workforce in the textiles sector. Several international retailers are also focussing on India due to its emergence as a potential sourcing destination.
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