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Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEPALA1N

MEP-Trades - Revision August 2010

SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS DIVISION 23 - HEATING,

VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING

SECTION 23 00 00 AIR SUPPLY, DISTRIBUTION, VENTILATION,

AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS

11/09

PART 1 GENERA
L

1 . 1 REFERENCES
1.2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
1.2.1 Mechanical Equipment Identification
1.2.1.1 Charts
1.2.1.2 Diagrams
1.2.2 Service Labeling
1.2.3 Color Coding
1.3 SUBMITTALS
1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1 Prevention of Corrosion
1.4.2 Asbestos Prohibition
1.4.3 Use of Ozone Depleting Substances, Other than
Refrigerants
1.4.4 Detail Drawings
1.4.5 Test Procedures
1.5 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

PART 2 PRODUCT
S

2.1 IDENTIFICATION PLATES


2.2 EQUIPMENT GUARDS AND ACCESS
2.3 ELECTRICAL WORK
2.4 ANCHOR BOLTS
2.5 PAINTING
2.6 INDOOR AIR QUALITY
2.7 DUCT SYSTEMS
2.7.1 Duct Access Doors
2.7.2 Fire Dampers
2.7.3 Automatic Smoke-Fire Dampers
2.7.4 Diffusers, Registers, a nd Grilles
2.7.5 Louvers
2.7.6 Air Vents, Penthouses, and Goosenecks
2.7.7 Bird Screens and Frames
2.7.8 Radon Exhaust Ductwork
2.8 AIR SYSTEMS
2.8. EQUIPMENT
1 Fans
2. 1.1 Centrifugal Fans
8 2 1.2 In-Line Centrifugal Fans
. 8 1.3 Centrifugal Type Power Roof Ventilators 1.
2. 4 Propeller Type Power Roof Ventilators
8 2 8.2 Coils 2.8.2.1
. 8 Water Coils
8.3 Air Filters
2 2
2.8.3.1 Extended Surface Pleated Panel Filters
2.8.3.2 Extended Surface Nonsupported Pocket Filters
2.8.3.3 Sectional Cleanable Filters
2.8.3.4 Holding Frames
2.8.3.5 Filter Gauges
2.9 AIR HANDLING UNITS
2.9.1 Factory -Fabricated Air Handling Units

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2.9.1.1 Casings
2.9.1.2 Cooling Coils
2.9.1.3 Air Fi Iters
2.9.1.4 Fans
2.9.1.5 Access Sections and Fi 11er/Mixing Boxes
2.9.1.6 Diffuser Sections 10
TERMINAL UNITS
2.10.1 Room Fan-Coil Units
2 10 1 1 Enc1osures
.
2 10 1 2 Fans
.
2 10 1 3 Coils
.
2 10 1 4 Drain Pans
.
2 10 1 5 Manually Op
.
2 10 1 6 Filters
.
2 10 1 7 Motors
.
I . Coil Induction
C 2
2 10 2 1 Enclosures
.
2 10 2 2 Air Plenums
.
2 10 2 3 Coils
.
2 10 2 4 Screens
.
2 10 2 5 Drain Pan
.
10.3 Variable Air Volume (VAV) and Dual Duct Terminal Units
2.10.3.1 Constant Volume, Single Duct Terminal Units
2.10.3.2 Variable Volume, Single Duct Terminal Units
2.10.3.3 Variable Volume, Single Duct, Fan-Powered Terminal Units
2.10.3.4 Ceiling Induction Terminal Units
2.10.3.5 Series Fan Powered Variable Air Volume (VAV) Terminals
10.4 Unit Ventilators
2 10 4 1 Enclosures
2 10 4 2 Fans
2 10 4 3 Coils
2 10 4 4 Drain Pans
2 10 4 5 Filters
2 10 4 6 Dampers
2 10 4 7 Motors
2 10 4 8 Outside Air Intakes
2.11 ENERGY RECOVERY DEVICES
2.11.1 Rotary Wheel
2.12 FACTORY PAINTING
2.13 SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS/SERVICES
2.13.1 Chilled, Condenser, or Dual Service Water Piping
2.13.2 Condensate Drain Lines
2.13.3 Backflow Preventers
2.13.4 Insulation
2.13.5 Controls

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION
3.2 INSTALLATION
3.2.1 Condensate Drain Lines
3.2.2 Equipment and Installation
3.2.3 Access Panels
3.2.4 Flexible Duct
3.2.5 Metal Ductwork
3.2.5.1 Underground Ductwork

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3.2.5.2 Radon Exhaust Ductwork


3.2.6 FRP Ductwork
3.2.7 Kitchen Exhaust Ductwork
3.2.7.1 Ducts Conveying Smoke and Grease Laden Vapors
3.2.7.2 Exposed Ductwork
3.2.7.3 Concealed Ducts Conveying Moisture Laden Air
3.2.8 Acoustical Duct Lining
3.2.9 Dust Control

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3.2.10 Insula t ion


3.2.11 Duct Test Holes
3.2.12 Power Roof Ventilator Mounting
3.2.13 Power Transmission Components Adjustment
3.3 EQUIPMENT PADS
3.4 CUTTING AND PATCHING
3.5 CLEANING
3.6 PENETRATIONS
3.7 FIELD PAINTING OF MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT
3.8 IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS
3.9 DAMPER ACCEPTANCE TEST
3.10 TESTING, ADJUSTING, AND BALANCING
3.11 PERFORMANCE TESTS
3.12 CLEANING AND ADJUSTING
3.13 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
3.13.1 Operation and Maintenance Manuals
3.13.2 Operation And Maintenance Training

-- End of Section Table of Contents --

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SECTION 23 00 00

AIR SUPPLY, DISTRIBUTION, VENTILATION, AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS

11/09

PART 1 GENERAL 1 .

1 REFERENCES

The publications l i s t e d below form a p a r t o f this specification to the


extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by
the basic designation only.

ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA (ASA)

ASA S12.51 (2002) Acoustics Determination of Sound


Power Levels of Noise Sources using Sound
Pressure Precision Method for Re verberation
Rooms

AIR CONDITIONING CONTRACTORS OF AMERICA

(ACCA ACCA Manual 4


(2001) Installation Techniques for
Perimeter Heating & Cooling; 11th
Edition

AIR MOVEMENT AND CONTROL ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL (AMCA)

AMCA 201 (2002) Fans and Systems

AMCA 210 (2007) Laboratory Methods of Testing


Fans for Aerodynamic Performance R ating

AMCA 300 (2005) Reverberant Room Method for


Sound
Testing of Fans

AMCA 301 (2006; INT 2007; Errata 2008)


Methods
for Calculating Fan Sound Ratings from
Laboratory Test Data

AIR-CONDITIONING, HEATING AND REFRIGERATION INSTITUTE (AHRI)

AHRI 260 (2001; Addendum 2002) Sound Rating of


Ducted Air Moving and Conditioning
Equipment

AHRI 350 (2000) Sound Rating of Non -Ducted Indoor


Air-Conditioning Equipment

AHRI 410 (2001; Addendum 2002) Standard for


Forced-Circulation Air-Cooling and
Air-Heating Coils

AHRI 430 (1999) Standard for Central -Station


Air-Handling Units

AHRI 440 (2008) Standard for Room Fan -Coils and

Unit Ventilators

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AHRI 880 (2008) Standard for Air Terminals

AHRI 885 ( 20 08) Procedure for Estimating

Occupied

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Space Sound Levels in the Application of Air


Terminals and Air Outlets

AHRI DCAACP (Online) Directory of Certified Applied


Air-Conditioning Products

AHRI Guideline D (1996) Application and Installation of


Central Station Air-Handling Units

AMERICAN BEARING MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (ABMA)

ABMA 11 (1990; R 1999} Load Ratings and Fatigue Life


for Rol1er Bear ings

ABMA 9 (1990; R 2000) Load Ratings and Fatigue Life


for Ball Bearings

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEATING, REFRIGERATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING


ENGINEERS (ASHRAE)

ASHRAE 52.2 (2007; Addenda B 2008; Errata 2009)


Method of Testing General Ventilation
Air-Cleaning Devices for Removal
Efficiency by Particle Size

ASHRAE 62.1 (2007; INT 2007; INT 2-15 2008; Errata


2008; Addenda a, b, e, f and h
2008; Errata 2009) Ventilation for
Acceptable Indoor Air Quality

ASHRAE 6 8 (1997) Laboratory Method of Testing to


Determine the Sound Power In a Duct

ASHRAE 7 (2006) Method of Testing for Rating the


0 Performance of Air Outlets and Inlets

ASHRAE 84 (2008) Method of Testing Air-to-Air Heat


Exchangers

ASHRAE 9 0.1 - SI (2007; Supplement 2008; Errata 2009;


Errata 2009; INT 1-3 2009) Energy
Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise
Residential Buildings, SI Edition

ASME INTERNATIONAL (ASME)

ASME A13.1
(2007) Scheme for the Identification of
Piping Systems

ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)

ASTM A 123/A 123M (2009) Standard Specification for Zinc


(Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron
and Steel Products

ASTM A 167 (1999; R 2009) Standard Specification for


Stainless and Heat-Resisting
Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and
Strip

ASTM A 53/A 53M (2007) Standard Specification for Pipe,


Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated,
Welded and Seamless

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AI Ain - Aircraft Ma interlace Hangar


MEP-Trades - Revision August 2010

ASTM A 924 /A 924M (2009a) Standard Specification for General


Requirements for Steel Sheet,
Metallic-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process

ASTM B 117 (2009) Standing Practice for Operating Salt


Spray (Fog) Apparatus

ASTM B 7 66 (1986; R 2008) Standard Specification for


Electrodeposited Coatings of Cadmium

ASTM C 1071 (2005el) Standard Specification for Fibrous


Glass Duct Lin ing Insulat ion (Thermal and
Sound Absorbing Material)

ASTM C 553 (2008) Standard Specification for Mineral


Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulat ion for
Commercial and Industrial Applications

(1985; R 2007) Standard Specification


ASTM C 916 for Adhesives for Duct Thermal Insulation

ASTM D 16 54 (2008) Evaluation of Painted or Coated


Specimens Subjected to Corrosive
Environments

(2006) Standard Speci fication for


ASTM D 17 85 Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC), Plastic
Pipe, Schedules 40, 80, and 120

(2006) Standard Specification for


ASTM D 24 66 Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe
Fittings, Schedule 4 0

(2004el) Standard Specification for


ASTM D 2 5 64 Solvent Cements for Poly(Vinyl Chloride)
(PVC) Plastic Piping Systems

(1996; R 2002) Standard Practice for


Making Solvent-Cemented Joints with
ASTM D 2855
PolyfVinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and
Fittings

(2009) Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test


ASTM D 3359
(2000; R 2005) Zinc Dust Pigment
ASTM D 52 0
(2006) Standard Specification for
Industrial Woven Wire Cloth
ASTM E 2016

ASTM E 84 (2009c) Standard Test Method for Surface


Burning Characteristics of Building
Materials

ASTM F 1040 (1987; R 2007) Standard Specification


for Filter Units, Air Conditioning, Viscous
- Impingement and Dry Types, Replaceable

NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)

NEMA ICS 6 (1993; R 2006) Standard for Industrial


Controls and Systems Enclosures

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NEMA MG 1 {2007; Errata 2008) Standard for


Motors and Generators

NEMA MG 10 (2001; R 2007) Energy Management Guide


for Selection and Use of Fixed Frequency
Medium AC Squirrel-Cage Polyphase Induction
Motors

NEMA MG 11 (1977; R 2007) Energy Management Guide


for Selection and Use of Single Phase
Motors

NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)

NFPA 70 (2008; AMD 1 2008) National Electrical


Code - 2008 Edition

NFPA 90A (2008; Errata 2009) Standard for the


Installation of Air Conditioning and
Ventilating Systems

NFPA 96 (2007) Ventilation Control and Fire


Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations

SHEET METAL AND AIR CONDITIONING CONTRACTORS' NATIONAL ASSOCIATION


(SMACNA)

SMACNA 1403 (2008) Accepted Industry Practice for


Industrial Duct Construction

SMACNA 1819 (2002, 5th Ed) Fire, Smoke and


Radiation Damper Installation Guide for
HVAC Systems

SMACNA 19 (2005) HVAC Duct Construction Standards


66 Metal and Flexible

U.S. NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION (NARA)

4 0 CFR 8 2 Protection of Stratospheric Ozone

UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL)

UL 1995
(2005; Rev thru Jul 2009) Standard for
Heating and Cooling Equipment

UL 555 (2006; Rev thru Feb 2009) Standard for Fire


Dampers

UL 555S (1999; Rev thru Mar 2009) Smoke Dampers

UL 586 (2009) Standard for High-Efficiency Particulate,


Air Filter Units

UL 6 (2007) Standard for Electrical Rigid Metal


Conduit-Steel

UL 705 (2004; Rev thru Oct 2009) Standard for Power


Ventilators

UL 723 (2008) Standard for Test for Surface Burning


Characteristics of Building Materials

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UL 900 (2004; Rev thru Nov 2009) Standard for Air


Filter Units

UL 94 (1996; Rev thru Jun 2009} Tests for


Flammability of Plastic Materials for
Parts in Devices and Appliances

UL Bid Mat Dir (2009) Building Materials Directory

UL Fire Resistance (2009) Fire Resistance Directory

1 . 2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

Furnish ductwork, piping offsets, fittings, and accessories as required to


provide a complete installation. Coordinate the work of the different
trades to avoid interference between piping, equipment, structural, and
electrical work. Provide complete, in place, all necessary offsets in
piping and ductwork, and all fittings, and other components, required to
install the work as indicat ed and speci f ied.

1.2.1 Mechanical Equipment Identi f ication

The number of charts and diagrams shall be equal to or greater than the
number of mechanical equipment rooms. Where more than one chart or diagram
per space is required, mount these in edge pivoted, swinging leaf,
extruded aluminum frame holders which open to 170 degrees.

1.2.1.1 Charts

Provide chart listing of equipment by designation numbers and capacities such


as flow rates, pressure and temperature differences, heating and cooling
capacities, horsepower, pipe sizes, and voltage and current
characteristics.

1.2.1.2 Diagrams

Submit proposed diagrams, at least 2 weeks prior to start of related


testing. provide neat mechanical drawings provided with extruded aluminum
frame under 3 mm glass or laminated plastic, system diagrams that show the
layout of equipment, piping, and ductwork, and typed condensed operation
manuals explaining preventative maintenance procedures, methods of
checking the system for normal, safe-operation, and procedures for safely
starting and stopping the system. After approval, post these items where
directed.

1.2.2 Service Labeling

Label equipment, including fans, air handlers, terminal units, etc. with
labels made of self-sticking, plastic film designed for permanent installation.
Labels shall be in accordance with the typical examples below :

SERVICE Air handling EF - XXX-XXX VAV -

unit Number Control and XXX-XXX FC - XXX-XXX

instrument air Exhaust Fan

Number VAV Box Number Fan Coil

Unit Number

LABEL AND TAG DESIGNATION AHU

- XXX-XXX CONTROL AND INSTR.

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SERVICE LABEL AND TAG DESIGNATION

Terminal Box Number TB - XXX-XXX

Unit Ventilator Number UV - XXX-XXX

Identify similar services with different temperatures or pressur es. Where


pressures could exceed 860 kilopascal, include the maximum system pressure
in the label. Label and arrow piping in accordance with the
following:

a. Each point of entry and exit of pipe passing throuqh


walls.

b. Each change in d irect ion, i.e., elbows, tees.

c. In congested or hidden areas and at all access panels at each point


required to clarify service or indicated hazard.

d. In long straight runs, locate labels at distances within eyesight


of each other not to exceed 2 2 meter. All labels shall be
visible and legible from the primary service and operating area.

For Bare or Insulated Pipes


for Outside Diameters of Let
tering

13 thru 39 millimeter 13 millimeter


40 thru 64 millimeter 19 millimeter
65 thru 150 millimeter 32 millimeter
151 thru 250 64 millimeter
millimeter 250 millimeter 89 millimeter
and larger

1.2.3 Color Coding

Color coding of all piping systems shall be in accordance with ASME A13.1

1.3 SUBMITTALS

Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;


submittals not having a "G" designation are for information only. When used,
a designation following the "G" designation identifies the office that will
review the submittal for the Government. Submit the fo llowing in
accordance with Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:

SD-02 Shop Drawings

Detail Drawings; G, AE

SD-03 Product Data

Duct Access Doors; G, AE


Fire Dampers
Automatic Smoke-Fire Dampers
Louvers
Air Vents, Penthouses, and
Goosenecks Centrifugal Fans In-Line
Centrifugal Fans

Centrifugal Type Power Roof Ventilators


Propel1er Type Power Roof Ventilators Air
Handling Units; G, AE Room Fan -Coil
Units; G, AE

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Coil Induction Units; G , AE


Constant Volume, Sing1e Duct Termina1 Units; G , AE
Variable Volume, Single Duct Terminal Units; G , AE
Variable Volume, Single Duct, Fan-Powered Terminal Units; G, AE;
Cei1ing Indue t ion Terminal Uni t s; G , AE
Uni t Vent ila t ors
Energy Recovery Devices; G , AE

Diagrams; G, AE

Test Procedures

SD-0 6 Test Reports

Performance Tests; G, AE Damper


Acceptance Test; G, AE

SD-07 Certificates

Bolts

SD-08 Manufacturer's Instructions

Manufacturer's Installation Instructions


Operation and Maintenance Training

SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data

Operation and Maintenance ManuaIs

Fire Dampers; G, AE
Automatic Smoke-Fire Dampers; G, AE
Centrifugal Fans; G, AE In-Line
Centrifugal Fans; G, AE

Centrifugal Type Power Roof Ventilators; G, AE


Propeller Type Power Roof Ventilators; G, AE Air
Handling Units; G, AE Room Fan-Coil Units; G, AE
Coil Induction Units; G, AE
Constant Volume, Single Duct Terminal Units; G, AE
Variable Volume, Single Duct Terminal Units; G, AE
Variable Volume, Single Duct, Fan-Powered Terminal Units; G, AE
Ceiling Induction Terminal Units; GY AE
Unit Ventilators; G, AE
Energy Recovery Devices; G, AE

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE

Except as otherwise specified, approval of materials and equipment is based


on manufacturer's published data.

a. Where materials and equipment are specified to conform to the standards


of the Underwriters Laboratories, the label of or listing with
reexamination in UL Bid Mat Dir. and UL 6 is acceptable as sufficient
evidence that the items conform to Underwriters Laboratories requirements.
In lieu of such label or listing, submit a written certificate from any
nationally recognized testing agency, adequately equipped and competent to
perform such services, stating that the items have been tested and that the
units conform to the specified requirements. Outline methods of testing
used by the specified agencies.

b. Where materials or equipment are specified to be constructed or

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tested, or both, in accordance with t h e standards of the ASTM


International IASTM), the ASME International (ASME), or other
standards, a manu f acturer's certificate of compliance of each i t em
i s acceptable as proof of compliance.

c. Conformance t o such agency requi rement s does not reli eve t h e it


em f rom compliance with other requ i rement s o f these speci f icat ion
s.

1.4.1 Prevention of Corrosion

Protect metallic materials against corrosion. Manufacturer shall provide


rust-inhibiting treatment and standard finish for t h e equipment
enclosures. Do not use aluminum in contact with earth, and where
connected to dissimilar metal. Protect aluminum by approved fittings,
barrier material, or treatment. Ferrous parts such as anchors, bolts,
braces, boxes, bodies, clamps, fittings, guards, nuts, pins,
rods, shims, thimbles, washers, and miscellaneous parts not of
corrosion-resistant steel or nonferrous materials shall be hot-dip galvanized
in accordance with ASTM A 123/A 123M for exterior locations and cadmium-plated
in conformance with ASTM B 766 for interior locations. Provide written
certification from the bolt manufacturer that the bolts furnished comply with
the requirements of this specification. Include illustrations of product
markings, and the number of each type of bolt to be furnished in the
certification.

1.4.2 Asbestos Prohibition

Do not use asbestos and asbestos-containing products.

1.4.3 Use of Ozone Depleting Substances, Other than Refrigerants

The use of Class I or Class II ODS1s listed as nonessential in 40 CFR 82 Part 82.66
Subpart C is prohibited. These prohibited materials and uses include:

a. Any plastic party spray streamer or noise horn which is propelled by a


chlorofluorocarbon

b. Any cleaning fluid for electronic and photographic equipment which contains
a chlorofluorocarbon; including liquid packaging, solvent wipes, solvent
sprays, and gas sprays

c. Any plastic flexible or packaging foam product which is manufactured with


or contains a chlorofluorocarbon, including, open cell foam, open cell
rigid polyurethane poured foam, closed cell extruded polystyrene sheet
foam, closed cell polyethylene foam and closed cell polypropylene foam
except for flexible or packaging foam used in coaxial

d. Any aerosol product or other pressurized dispenser which contains a


chlorofluorocarbon, except for those listed in 40 CFR 82 Part 82.66 Subpart
C.

Request a waiver if a facility requirement dictates that a prohibited material


is necessary to achieve project goals. Submit the waiver request in writing
to the Contracting Officer. The waiver will be evaluated and dispositioned.

1.4.4 Detail Drawings

Submit detail drawings showing equipment layout, including assembly and


installation details and electrical connection diagrams; ductwork layout
showing the location of all supports and hangers, typical hanger details,
gauge reinforcement, reinforcement spacing rigidity

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classificat ion, and static pressure and seal class i f icat ions. Include
any in f ormat ion requ ired to demonstrate that the system has been
coordinated and functions properly as a unit on the drawings and show
equipment relationship to other parts of the work, including clearances
required for operat i on and maintenance. Submi t drawings showing
bolt-setting information, and foundation bolts prior to concrete
foundation construction for all equipment indicated or required to have
concrete f oundat ions. Submi t f unct ion designat ion o f the equipment
and any other requirements specified throughout this Section with the shop
drawings.

1.4.5 Test Procedures

Submit proposed test procedures and test schedules for the ductwork leak test,
and performance tests of systems, at least 2 weeks prior to the start of
related testing.

1.5 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

Protect stored equipment at the jobsite from the weather, humidity and
temperature variations, dirt and dust, or other contaminants. Additionally,
cap or plug all pipes until installed.

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 IDENTIFICATION PLATES

In addition to standard manufacturer's identification plates, provide engraved


laminated phenolic ident i f icat ion plates for each piece o f mechanical
equipment. Identification plates are to designate the function of the
equipment. Submit designation with the shop drawings. Identification
plates shall be three layers, black-white-black, engraved to show white letters
on black background. Letters shall be upper case. Identification plates
40 mm high and smaller shall be 1.6 mm thick, with engraved lettering 3 mm
high; identification plates larger than 40 mm high shall be 3 mm thick, with
engraved lettering of suitable height. Identification plates 40 mm high and
larger shall have beveled edges. Install identification plates using a
compatible adhesive.

2.2 EQUIPMENT GUARDS AND ACCESS

Fully enclose or guard belts, pulleys, chains, gears, couplings,


projecting setscrews, keys, and other rotating parts exposed to personnel
contact according to OSHA requirements.- Properly guard or cover with
insulation of a type specified, high temperature equipment and piping
exposed to contact by personnel or where it creates a potential fire hazard.
The requirements for catwalks, operating platforms, ladders, and guardrails
are specified in Section 05 50 13 MISCELLANEOUS METAL FABRICATIONS.

2.3 ELECTRICAL WORK

a. Provide motors, controllers, integral disconnects, contactors, and


controls with their respective pieces of equipment, except controllers
indicated as part of motor control centers. Provide electrical equipment,
including motors and wiring, as specified in Section 26 20 00
INTERIOR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. Provide manual or automatic control
and protective or signal devices required for the operation specified and
control wiring required for controls and devices specified, but not
shown. For packaged equipment, include manufacturer provided
controllers with the required monitors and timed restart.

b. For single-phase motors, provide high-efficiency type,

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fractional-horsepower alternating-current motors, including motors that


are part of a systern, in accordance with NEMA MG 11. Integra1
size motors sha11 be the premium ef f ic i ency type i n accordance with
NEMA MG 1.

c. For polyphase motors, provide squirrel-cage medium induction motors,


including motors that are part of a system , and that meet the
efficiency ratings for premium efficiency motors in accordance with NEMA
MG 1. Select premium efficiency polyphase motors in accordance with
NEMA MG 10.

d. Provide mot or s in accordance with NEMA MG 1 and of su f f i cient size


to drive the load at the specified capacity without exceeding the
nameplate rating of the motor. Provide motors rated for continuous
duty with the enclosure specified. Provide motor duty that allows for
maximum frequency start-stop operation and minimum encountered interval
between start and stop. Provide motor torque capable of accelerating
the connected load within 20 seconds with 80 percent of the rated voltage
maintained at motor terminals during one starting period. Provide motor
starters complete with thermal overload
protection and other necessary appurtenances. Fit motor bearings with
grease supply fittings and grease relief to outside of the enclosure.

e. Provide variable frequency drives for motors as specified in Section 26


29 23 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE SYSTEMS UNDER 600 VOLTS.

2.4 ANCHOR BOLTS

Provide anchor bolts for equipment placed on concrete equipment pads or on


concrete slabs. Bolts to be of the size and number recommended by the equipment
manufacturer and located by means of suitable templates. Installation of anchor
bolts shall not degrade the surrounding concrete.

2.5 PAINTING

Paint equipment units in accordance with approved equipment manufacturer's


standards unless specified otherwise. Field retouch only i f approved.
Otherwi se, return equipment to the f actory for ref inishing.

2.6 INDOOR AIR QUALITY

Provide equipment and components that comply with.the requirements of ASHRAE


62.1 unless more stringent requirements are specified herein.

2.7 DUCT SYSTEMS

2.7.1 Duct Access Doors

Provide hinged access doors conforming to SMACNA 1966 in ductwork and plenums where
indicated and at all air flow measuring primaries, automatic dampers, fire
dampers, coils, thermostats, and other apparatus requiring service and
inspection in the duct system. Provide access doors upstream and downstream
of air flow measuring primaries and heating and cooling coils. Provide doors
that are a minimum 375 by 450 mm, unless otherwise shown. Where duct size does
not accommodate this size door, make the doors as large as practicable. Equip
doors 600 by 600 mm or larger with fasteners operable from inside and outside
the duct. Use insulated type doors in insulated ducts.

2.7.2 Fire Dampers

Use 1.5 hour rated fire dampers unless otherwise indicated. Provide fire dampers
that conform to the requirements of NFPA 90A and UL 555.

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Perform the fire damper test as outlined in NFPA 90A. Provide a pressure
relief door upstream of the fire damper. If the ductwork connected to
the fire damper is to be insulated then provide a factory installed pressure
relief damper. Provide automatic operating fire dampers with a dynamic
rating suitable for the maximum air velocity and pressure dif f erent ia1 to
which it is subj ected. Provide fire damper s approved for the
specific application, and install according to their listing. Equip
fire dampers with a steel sleeve or adequately sized frame installed in such
a manner that disruption of the attached ductwork, if any, does not impair
the operation of the damper. Equip sleeves or frames with perimeter mounting
angles attached on both sides of the wall or floor opening. Construct ductwork
in fire-rated floor-cei1ing or roof-cei1ing assemhly systems with air ducts
that pierce the ceiling of the assemblies in conformance with
UL Fire Resistance. Provide curtain type with damper blades out of the air
stream or single blade type fire dampers. Install dampers that do not reduce
the duct or the air transfer opening cross-sectional area. Install dampers so that
the centerline of the damper depth or thickness is located in the centerline of
the wall, partition or floor slab depth or thickness. Unless otherwise
indicated, comply with the installation details given in SMACNA 1819 and in
manufacturer's instructions for fire dampers. Perform acceptance testing of
fire dampers according to paragraph Fire Damper Acceptance Test and NFPA 90A.

2.7.3 Automatic Smoke-Fire Dampers

Multiple blade type, 82 degrees C fusible fire damper 1 ink; smoke


damper assembly to include pneumatically powered operator. UL 555 as a 1.5 hour
rat ed fire damper; further qualif ied under UL 55 5S as a leakage rated
damper. Provide a leakage rating under UL 555S that is no higher than Class
II at an elevated temperature Category B ( 121 degrees C for 30 minutes ).
Ensure that pressure drop in the damper open position does not exceed 25 Pa with
average duct velocities of 13 m/second.

2.7.4 Dif fusers, Reg i sters, and Grilles

Provide factory-fabricated units of aluminum that distribute the specified


quantity of air evenly over space intended without causing noticeable drafts,
air movement faster than 0.25 m/s in occupied zone, or dead spots anywhere in
the conditioned area. Provide outlets for diffusion, spread, throw,
and noise level as required for specified performance. Certify performance
according to ASHRAE 70. Provide sound rated and certified inlets and outlets
according to ASHRAE 70. Provide sound power level as indicated. Provide
diffusers and registers with volume damper with accessible operator, unless
otherwise indicated; or if standard with the manufacturer, an automatically
controlled device is acceptable. Provide opposed blade type volume dampers
for all diffusers and registers, except linear slot diffusers. Provide
linear slot diffusers with round or elliptical balancing dampers. Where the
inlet and outlet openings are located less than 2 m above the floor, protect them
by a grille or screen according to NFPA 90A.

2.7.5 Louvers

Provide louvers for installation in exterior walls that are associated with the
air supply and distribution system as specified in Section 08 91 00 METAL
LOUVERS.

2.7.6 Air Vents, Penthouses, and Goosenecks

Fabricate air vents, penthouses, and goosenecks from galvanized steel


sheets with galvanized structural shapes. Provide sheet metal thickness,
reinforcement, and fabrication that conform to SMACNA 1966. Accurately fit and
secure louver blades to frames. Fold or bead edges

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of louver blades for rigidity and baffle these edges to exclude driving rain.
Provide air vents, penthouses, and goosenecks with bird screen.

.7.7 Bird Screens and Frames

Provide bird screens that conf orm to ASTM E 2016, No. 2 mesh, aluminum or
stainless steel. Provide "medi urn-1ight" rated aluminum screens . Provide
"light" rated stainless steel screens. Provide removable type frames
fabricated from either stainless steel or extruded aluminum.

.7.8 Radon Exhaust Ductwork

Fabricate radon exhaust ductwork installed in or beneath slabs from Schedule 40


PVC pipe that conforms to ASTM D 1785. Provide fittings that conform to
ASTM D 2466. Use solvent cement conforming to ASTM D 2564 to make joints.
Otherwise provide metal radon exhaust ductwork as specified herein.

.8 AIR SYSTEMS EQUIPMENT

.8.1 Fans

Test and rate fans according to AMCA 210. Calculate system effect on air
moving devices in accordance with AMCA 201 where installed ductwork differs
from that indicated on drawings. Install air moving devices to minimize fan
system effect. Where system effect is unavoidable, determine the most
effective way to accommodate the inefficiencies caused by system ef fee t on the
installed air moving device. The sound power level of the fans shall not exceed
85 dBA when tested according to AMCA 300 and rated in accordance with AMCA 301.
Provide all fans with an AMCA seal. Connect fans to the motors either directly
or indirectly with V-belt drive. Use V-belt drives designed for not less
than 150 percent of the connected driving capacity. Provide variable pitch motor
sheaves for 11 kW and below, and fixed pitch as defined by AHRI Guideline D.
Select variable pitch sheaves to drive the fan at a speed which can produce the
specified capacity when set at the approximate midpoint of the sheave
adjustment. When fixed pitch sheaves are furnished, provide a replaceable
sheave when needed to achieve system air balance. Provide motors for V-belt
drives with adjustable rails or bases. Provide removable metal guards for all
exposed V-belt drives, and provide speed-test openings at the center of all
rotating shafts. Provide fans with personnel screens or guards on both suction
and supply ends, except that the screens need not be provided, unless otherwise
indicated, where ducts are connected to the fan. Provide fan and motor
assemblies with vibration-isolation supports or mountings as indicated. Use
vibration-isolation units that are standard products with published loading
ratings. Select each fan to produce the capacity required at the fan static
pressure indicated. Provide sound power level as indicated. Obtain the sound
power level values according to AMCA 300. Provide standard AMCA arrangement,
rotation, and discharge as indicated. Provide power ventilators that conform
to UL 705 and have a UL label.

i ,8.1.1 Centrifugal Fans

Provide fully enclosed, single-width single-inlet, or double-width


double-inlet centrifugal fans, with AMCA Pressure Class I, II, or III as
required or indicated for the design system pressure. Provide impeller wheels
that are rigidly constructed and accurately balanced both statically and
dynamically. Provide forward curved or backward-inclined airfoil design fan
blades in wheel sizes up to 750 mm. Provide backward-inclined airfoil design fan
blades for wheels over 750 mm in diameter. Provide fan wheels over 900
mm in diameter with overhung pulleys and a bearing on each side of the wheel.
Provide fan wheels 900

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mm or less in diameter that have one or more extra long bearings between the
fan wheel and the drive. Provide sleeve type, self-aligning and
self-oi1i ng bear ings with oil reservoi rs, or preci s ion self-aligning
roller or ball-type with accessible grease fittings or permanently lubricated
type. Connect grease fittings to tubing for serviceability f rom a si ngle
acces s ible poi nt. Provide L5 0 rated bea ring life at not less than
200,000 hours as defined by ABMA 9 and ABMA 11. Provide steel, accurately
finished fan shafts, with key seats and keys for impeller hubs and fan pulleys.
Provide fan outlets of ample proport ions, des i gned for the at tachment of
angles and bolt s f or attaching flexible connections. Provide
automatically operated inlet vanes on suction inlets. Provide automatically
operated outlet dampers.
Unless otherwi se indi cat ed, provide mot nr.s that do not exceed
1800 rpm and have totally enclosed enclosures. Provide reduced-voltage-start
type motor starters with weather-resistant enclosure. Provide remote manual
switch with pilot indicating light where indicated.

2.8.1.2 In-Line Centrifugal Fans

Provide in-line fans with centrifugal backward inclined blades, stationary


discharge conversion vanes, internal and external belt guards, and adjustable
motor mounts. Mount fans in a welded tubular casing. Provide a fan that
axially flows the air in and out. Streamline inlets with conversion vanes to
eliminate turbulence and provide smooth discharge air flow. Enclose and
isolate fan bearings and drive shafts from the air stream. Provide precision,
self aligning ball or roller type fan bearings that are sealed against
dust and dirt and are permanently lubricated. Provide L50 rated bearing life
at not less than 200,000 hours as defined by ABMA 9 and ABMA 11. Provide
motors with dripproof enclosure. Provide magnetic motor starters
across-the-line with general-purpose enclosures. Provide remote manual
switch with pilot indicating light where indicated.

2.8.1.3 Centrifugal Type Power Roof Ventilators

Provide direct driven centrifugal type fans with backward inclined,


non-overloading wheel. Provide hinged or removable and weatherproof motor
compartment housing, constructed of heavy gauge aluminum. Provide fans with
birdscreen, disconnect switch, motorized dampers, sound curb, roof curb,
and extended base. Provide dripproof type motor enclosure. Provide centrifugal
type kitchen exhaust fans according to UL 705, fitted with V-belt drive,
round hood, and windband upblast discharge configuration, integral residue
trough and collection device, with motor and power transmission components
located in outside positively air ventilated compartment. Use only lubricated
bearings.

2.8.1.4 Propeller Type Power Roof Ventilators

Provide direct driven fans. Provide hinged or removable weathertight fan


housing, fitted with framed rectangular base constructed of aluminum or
galvanized steel. Provide totally enclosed fan cooled type motors. Furnish
motors with nonfusible, horsepower rated, manual disconnect mount on unit.
Furnish fans with motor operated dampers, birdscreen sound curb. Use only
lubricated bearings.

2.8.2 Coils

Provide fin-and-tube type coils constructed of seamless copper tubes and aluminum
fins mechanically bonded or soldered to the tubes. Provide copper tube wall
thickness that is a minimum of 0.508 mm.. Provide aluminum fins that are 0.19
mm minimum thickness. Provide casing and tube support sheets that are not
lighter than 1.6 mm galvanized steel, formed to provide structural strength.
When required, provide multiple tube supports to prevent tube sag. Test each
coil at the factory under

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water at not less than 2.76 MPa air pressure and make suitable for 1.38 MPa
working pressure and 149 degrees C operating temperature unless otherwise
stated. Mount coils for counterflow service. Rate and certify coils
to meet the requirements of AHRI 410.

2.8.2.1 Water Coils

Install water coils with a pitch of not less than 10 rnm/m of the tube length
toward the drain end. Use headers constructed of cast iron, welded steel
or copper. Furnish each coil with a plugged vent and drain connection
extending through the unit casing. Provide removable water coils with drain
pans.

2.8.3 Air Filters

List air filters according to requirements of UL 9 00, except list high


efficiency particulate air filters of 99.97 percent efficiency by the DOP Test
method under the Label Service to meet the requirements of UL 586.

2.8.3.1 Extended Surface Pleated Panel Filters

Provide 50 mm depth, sectional, disposable type filters of the size


indicated with a MERV of 8 when tested according to ASHRAE 52.2. Provide initial
resistance at 2.54 m/s that does not exceed 0.09 kPa. Provide UL Class 2
filters, and nonwoven cotton and synthetic fiber mat media. Attach a wire
support grid bonded to the media to a moisture resistant fiberboard frame.
Bond all four edges of the filter media to the inside of the frame to
prevent air bypass and increase rigidity.

2.8.3.2 Extended Surface Nonsupported Pocket Filters

Provide 750 mm depth, sectional, replaceable dry media type filters of the
size indicated with a MERV of 13 when tested according to ASHRAE 52.2. Provide
initial resistance at 2.54 m/s that does not exceed 0.1125 kPa. Provide UL
Class 1 filters. Provide fibrous glass media, supported in the air
stream by a wire or non-woven synthetic backing and secured to a galvanized steel
metal header. Provide pockets that do not sag or flap at anticipated air
flows. Install each filter with an extended surface pleated panel filter as
a prefilter in a factory preassembled, side access housing or a factory-made
sectional frame bank, as indicated.

2.8.3.3 Sectional Cleanable Filters

Provide 50 mm thick cleanable filters. Provide viscous adhesive in 20 L


containers in sufficient quantity for 12 cleaning operations and not less
than one L for each filter section. Provide one washing and charging tank for
every 100 filter sections or fraction thereof; with each washing and charging
unit consisting of a tank and double drain rack mounted on legs and drain rack with
dividers and partitions to properly support the filters in the draining
position.

2.8.3.4 Holding Frames

Fabricate frames from not lighter than 1.6 mm sheet steel with rust-inhibitor
coating. Equip each holding frame with suitable filter holding devices.
Provide gasketed holding frame seats. Make all joints airt ight.

2.8.3.5 Filter Gauges

Provide dial type filter gauges, diaphragm actuated draft for all filter
stations, including those filters which are furnished as integral parts of
factory fabricated air handling units. Gauges shall be at least 98 mm

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in diameter, with white dials with black figures, and graduated in 0.0025
kPa, with a minimum range of 0.25 kPa beyond the specified final resistance for
the filter bank on which each gauge is applied. Provide each gauge with a screw
operated zero adjustment and two static pressure tips with integral
compression fittings, two molded plastic vent valves, two 1.5 m minimum lengths
of 6.35 mm diameter aluminum tubing, and all hardware and accessories for gauge
mounting.

2.9 AIR HANDLING UNITS

2.9.1 Factory-Fabricated Air Handling Units

Provide single-zone draw-through typeblow-through double-deck type units as


indicated. Units shall include fans, coils, airtight insulated casing,
prefilters, secondary filter sections, an d air blender drives, access
sections where indicated, mixing box combination sectional filter -mixing box,
spray type humidifier, vibration -isolators, and appurtenances required for
specified operation. Provide vibration isolators as indicated. Physical
dimensions of each air handling unit shall be suitable to fit space allotted to the
unit with the capacity indicated. Provide air handling unit that is rated in
accordance with AHRI 430 and AHRI certified for cooling.

2.9.1.1 Casings

Provide the following:

a. Casing sect ions 50 mm double wa11 type , constructed of a minimum 1.3


mm galvanized steel, or 1.3 mm corrosion -resisting sheet steel conforming
to ASTM A 167, Type 304.Inner casing of double -wall units that are a
minimum one mm solid galvani zed steel or
corrosion-resisting sheet steel conforming to ASTM A 167, Type 304.
Design and construct casing with an integral insulated structural galvanized
steel frame such that exterior panels are non -load bearing.

b. Individually removable exterior panels with standard tools. Removal shall not
affect the structural integrity of the unit. Furnish casings wi th access
sect ions, according to paragraph AIR HANDLING UNITS, inspection doors,
and access doors, all capable of opening a minimum of 90 degrees, as
indicated.

c. Insulated, fully gasketed, double -wall type inspection and access


doors, of a minimum 1.3 mm outer and one mm inner panels made of either galvanized
steel or corrosion-resisting sheet steel conforming to ASTM A 167, Type 304.
Doors shall be rigid and provided with heavy duty hinges and latches.
Inspection doors shall be a minimum 300 mm wide by 300 mm high. Access doors
shall be a minimum 600 mm wide, the full height of the unit casing or
a minimum of 1800 mm, whichever is less. Install a minimum 200 by 200 mm
sealed glass window suitable for the intended application, in all access doors.

d. Double-wall insulated type drain pan (thickness equal to exterior ca sing)


constructed of 1.4 mm galvanized steel , conforming to ASHRAE 62.1.
Construct drain pans water tight, treated to prevent corrosion, and
designed for positive condensate drainage. When 2 or more cooling coils
are used, with one stacked above the other, condensate from the upper coils
shall not flow across the face of lower coils. Provide intermediate
drain pans or condensate collection channels and downspouts, as required to
carry condensate to the unit drain pan out of the air stream and without
moisture carryover. Construct drain pan to allow for easy visual inspection,
including underneath the coil without removal of the coil and to

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allow complete and easy physical cleaning of the pan underneath the coil
without removal of the coil. Coils shall be individually removable
from the casing.

e. Casing insulation that conforms to NFPA 90A. Single-wall casing


sections handling conditioned air shall be insulated with not less than 25
mm thick, 24 kg/cubic meter density coated fibrous glass material having
a thermal conductivity not greater than 0.033 W/m-K. Double-wall casing
sections handling conditioned air shall be insulated with not less than 50
mm of the same insulation specified for single-wall casings.
Foil-faced insulation is not an acceptable substitute for use with double
wall casing. Double wall insulation sha11 be completely sealed by
inner and outer panels.

f. Factory applied fibrous glass insulation that conforms to ASTM C 1071,


except that the minimum thickness and density requirements do not apply,
and that meets the requirements of NFPA 90A. Make air handling unit
casing insulation uniform over the entire casing. Foil-faced insulation is
not an acceptable substitute for use on double-wall access doors and
inspections doors and casing sections.

g. Duct liner material, coating, and adhesive that conforms to


fire-hazard requirements specified in Section 23 07 00 THERMAL
INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS. Protect exposed insulation edges and
joints where insulation panels are butted with a metal nosing strip or coat
to meet erosion resistance requirements of ASTM C 1071.

h. A latched and hinged inspection door, in the fan and coil sections. Plus
additional inspection doors, access doors and access sections where
indicated.

2.9.1.2 Cooling Coils

Provide coils as specified in paragraph AIR SYSTEMS EQUIPMENT.

2.9.1.3 Air Filters

Provide air filters as specified in paragraph AIR SYSTEMS EQUIPMENT for types
and thickness indicated.

2.9.1.4 Fans Provide the

following:

a. Fans that are double-inlet, centrifugal type with each fan in a


separate scroll. Dynamically balance fans and shafts prior to
installation into air handling unit, then after it has been installed in
the air handling unit, statically and dynamically balance the entire fan
assembly. Mount fans on steel shafts, accurately ground and finished.

b. Fan bearings that are sealed against dust and dirt and are precision
self-aligning ball or roller type, with L50 rated bearing life at not less
than 200,000 hours as defined by ABMA 9 and ABMA 11. Bearings shall be
permanently lubricated or lubricated type with lubrication fittings readily
accessible at the drive side of the unit. Support bearings by structural
shapes, or die formed sheet structural members, or support plates
securely attached to the unit casing. Do not fasten bearings directly
to the unit sheet metal casing. Furnish fans and scrolls with coating
indicated.

c. Fans that are driven by a unit-mounted, or a floor-mounted motor


connected to fans by V-belt drive complete with belt guard for externally
mounted motors. Furnish belt guards that are the

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three-sided enclosed type with solid or expanded metal face. Belt drives
sha11 be des i gned for not less than a 1.3 service factor based on
motor nameplate rating.

d. Motor sheaves that are variable pi tch for 20 kW and below and f ixed
pitch above 20 kW as defined by AHRI Guideline D. Where fixed sheaves are
requi red, the use of var iable pi tch sheaves is allowed during air
balance, but replace them with an appropriate fixed sheave after air
balance is completed. Select variable pitch sheaves to drive the fan at
a speed that produces the specified capacity when set at the approximate
midpoint of the sheave
adjustment. Furnish motors for V-belt drives with adjustable bases,
and with totally enclosed enclosures.

e. Motor starters of reduced-voltage-start type with weather-resistant


enclosure. Select unit fan or fans to produce the required capacity at
the fan static pressure with sound power level as indicated. Obtain the
sound power level values according to AMCA 300, ASHRAE 68, or AHRI 260.

2.9.1.5 Access Sections and Fi1ter/Mixing Boxes

Provide access sections where indicated and furnish with access doors as shown.
Construct access sections and filter/mixing boxes in a manner identical to the
remainder of the unit casing and equip with access doors. Design mixing boxes
to minimize air strat i f icat ion and to promote thorough mixing of the air
streams.

2.9.1.6 Diffuser Sections

Furnish diffuser sections between the discharge of all housed supply fans and
cooling coils of blow-through single zone units and filter sections of those
units with high efficiency filters located immediately downstream of the air
handling unit fan section. Provide diffuser sections that are fabricated
by the unit manufacturer in a manner identical to the remainder of the unit
casing, designed to be airtight under positive static pressures up to 2 kPa and
with an access door on each side for inspection purposes. Provide a diffuser
section that contains a perforated diffusion plate, fabricated of galvanized
steel, Type 316 stainless steel, aluminum, or steel treated for
corrosion with manufacturer's standard corrosion-resisting finish, and designed
to accomplish uniform air flow across the down-stream coil while reducing the
higher fan outlet velocity to within plus or minus 5 percent of the required face
velocity of the downstream component.

2.10 TERMINAL UNITS

2.10.1 Room Fan-Coil Units

Provide base units that include galvanized coil casing, coil assembly drain pan
valve and piping package, outside air damper, air filter, fans, motor, fan
drive, motor switch, an enclosure for cabinet models and casing for concealed
models, leveling devices integral with the unit for vertical type units, and
sound power levels as indicated. Obtain sound power level data or values for these
units according to test procedures based on AHRI 350. Sound power values apply
to units provided with factory fabricated cabinet enclosures and standard grilles.
Values obtained for the standard cabinet models are acceptable for concealed
models without separate test provided there is no variation between models as to
the coil configuration, blowers, motor speeds, or relative arrangement of
parts. Provide automatic valves and controls as specified in paragraph
SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS/SERVICES, subparagraph CONTROLS. Fasten each unit
securely to the building structure. Provide units with capacity indicated.
Provide room

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fan-coil units that are certified as complying with AHRI 4 4 0, and meet the
requirements of UL 1995.

2.10.1.1 Enclosures

Fabricate enclosures from not 1ighter than 1 . 3 mm steel, reinforced and


braced. Provide enclosures with front panels that are removable and have
7 mm closed cell insulat ion or 13 mm thick dua1 densi ty foil f aced fibrous
glass insulat ion. Make the exposed side of a high densi ty, erosion-proof
material suitable for use in air streams with velocities up to 23 m/s.
Provide a discharge grille that is adjustable and that is of such design as to
properly distribute air throughout the conditioned space. Plastic discharge
and return grilles are acceptable provided the plastic material is certified by
the manufacturer to be classified as flame resistant according to UL 94 and the
material complies with the heat deflection criteria specified in UL 1995.
Provide galvanized or factory finished ferrous metal surfaces with corrosion
resistant enamel, and access doors or removable panels for piping and control
compartments, plus easy access for filter replacement. Provide duct di
scharge collar f or concea1ed models.

2.10.1.2 Fans

Provide steel or aluminum, multiblade, centrifugal type fans. In 1ieu


of metal, fans and scrolls could be of non-metallic materials of suitably
reinforced compounds with smooth surfaces. Dynamically and statically balance
the fans. Provide accessible assemblies for maintenance. Disassemble
and re-assemble by means of mechanical fastening devices and not by epoxies or
cements.

2.10.1.3 Coils

Fabricate coils from not less than 10 mm outside diameter seamless copper
tubing, with copper or aluminum fins mechanically bonded or soldered to the
tubes. Provide coils with not less than 13 mm outside diameter flare or
sweat connectors, accessory piping package with thermal connections suitable
for connection to the type of control valve supplied, and manual air vent.
Test coils hydrostatically at 2000 kPa or under water at 1700 kPa air pressure.
Provide coils suitable for 1400 kPa working pressure. Make provisions for coil
removal.

2.10.1.4 Drain Pans

Size and locate drain and drip pans to collect all water condensed on and dripping
from any item within the unit enclosure or casing. Provide condensate drain pans
designed for self-drainage to preclude the buildup of microbial slime and thermally
insulated to prevent condensation and constructed of not lighter than 0.9 mm type
304 stainless steel or noncorrosive AES plastic. Provide insulation with a
flame spread rating not over 25 without evidence of continued progressive
combustion, a smoke developed rating no higher than 50, and of a waterproof type
or coated with a waterproofing material. Design drain pans so as to allow no
standing water and pitch to drain. Provide minimum 19 mm NPT or 15 mm
OD drain connection in drain pan. Provide plastic or metal auxiliary drain
pans to catch drips from control and piping packages, eliminating insulation of
the packages; if metal, provide auxiliary pans that comply with the
requirements specified above. Extend insulation at control and piping
connections 25 mm minimum over the auxiliary drain pan.

2.10.1.5 Manually Operated Outside Air Dampers

Provide manually operated outside air dampers according to the arrangement


indicated, and parallel airfoil type dampers of galvanized construction.
Provide blades that rotate on stainless steel or nylon

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sleeve bearings.

2.10.1.6 Filters

Provide filters of the fiberglass disposable type, 25 mm thick, conforming


to ASTM F 1040. Filters in each unit shall be removable without the use of
tools.

2.10.1.7 Motors

Provide motors of the permanent split-capacitor type with built-in thermal


overload protection, directly connected to unit fans. Provide motor switch
with two or three speeds and off, manually operated, and mounted on an identified
plate inside the unit below or behind an access door. In lieu of the above
fan speed control, a solid-state variable-speed controller having a minimum
speed reduction of 50 percent is allowed. Provide motors with
permanently-lubricated or oilable sleeve-type or combination ball and
sleeve-type bearings with vibration isolating mountings suitable for continuous
duty. Provide a motor power consumption, shown in watts, at the fan
operating speed selected to meet the specified capacity that does not exceed
the following values:

Free Discharge Motors

Uni t Capaci ty (L/S) Maximum Power Consumpt ion (Watts)


230V
94 110
142 110
189 150
283 210
378 240
472 250
566 400

High Static Motors

Uni t Capaci ty(L/S) Maximum Power Consumption (Wat ts)


94 145
142 145
189 210
283 320
378 320
472 530
566 530

2.10.2 Coil Induction Units

Provide base unit that includes air plenums, air-discharge nozzles, air
discharge grilles, recirculation grilles, water coil assembly, valve and
piping package, condensate drain pan, and adjustable air-balancing dampers,
plus an enclosure for cabinet models and casing for concealed models. Make
each unit capable of producing not less than the capacity indicated without
exceeding the indicated static pressure. Provide a sound power level as
indicated with power level data or values for these units based on tests conducted
according to ASA S12.51. Sound power values apply to units provided with
factory fabricated cabinet enclosures and standard grilles. The values
obtained for the standard cabinet models are acceptable for concealed models
without separate tests, provided there is no variation between models as to coil
configuration, air discharge nozzles, air balancing dampers, or relative
arrangement of parts. Provide automatic valves and controls as specified in
paragraph SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS/SERVICES, subparagraph

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CONTROLS. Secure each unit to the building structure. Provide units


with capacity indicated.

2.10.2.1 Enclosures

Fabricate enclosures from not lighter than 1.2 mm steel, reinforced


and braced. Provide a removable front panel of enclosure and
insulate when required acoustically and to prevent condensation. Provide
discharge grilles that are adjustable an d properly distribute air throughout
the conditioned space. Plastic discharge and return grilles are not
acceptable. Provide access doors for all piping and control compartments.

2.10.2.2 Air Plenums

Fabricate plenums from galvanized steel with interior acou stically baffled
and lined with sound absorbing material to attenuate the sound power from
the primary air supply to the room. Provide heat -resistant nozzles that
are integral with or attached airtight to the plenum. Where coil induction
units are supplied with vertical runouts, furnish a streamlined, vaned,
mitered elbow transition piece for connection between the unit and ductwork.
Provide an adjustable air -balancing damper in each unit.

2.10.2.3 Coils

Fabricate coils from not less than 10 mm outside d iameter seamless copper
tubing, with copper or aluminum fins, mechanically bonded or soldered to
the tubes. Furnish coil connections with not less than 13 mm
outside diameter flare or sweat connectors, accessory piping package with
terminal connections suitable for connection to the type of control valve
supplied, and manual air vent. Test coils hydrostatically at 2000 kPa
or under water at 1700 kPa air pressure and provide coils suitable for 1400
kPa working pressure.

2.10.2.4 Screens

Provide easily accessible lint screens or throwaway filters for each unit.

2.10.2.5 Drain Pan

Size and locate drain and drip pans to collect condensed water dripping from
any item within the unit enclosure. Provide drain pans constructed of
not lighter than 0.9 mm steel, g alvanized after fabrication, and thermally
insulated to prevent condensation. Provide insulation that has a flame
spread rating not over 25 without evidence of continued progressive
combustion, a smoke developed rating no higher than 50, and that is a
waterproof type or coated with a waterproofing material. In lieu of the above,
drain pans constructed of die -formed 0.8 mm steel are allowed, formed from
a single sheet and galvanized after fabrication and insulated and coated as
for the 0.9 mm steel material or of die-formed 0.9 mm type 304 stainless steel
insulated as specified above. Pitch drain pans to drain. Provide drain
connection when a condensate drain system is indica L ed. Make connect
i on a minimum 19 mm NPT or 15 mm OD.

2.10.3 Variable Air Volume (VAV) and Dual Duct Terminal Units

a. Provide VAV and dual duct terminal units that are the type, size,
and capacity shown, mounted in the ceiling or wall cavity, plus units
that are suitable for single or dual duct system applications.
Provide actuators and controls as specified in paragraph SUPPLEMENTAL
COMPONENTS/SERVICES, subparagraph CONTROLS.

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b. Provide unit enclosures that are constructed of galvanized steel not


lighter than 0.85 mm or aluminum sheet not lighter than 1.3 mm.
Provide sing1e or multiple discharge outlets as required. Uni ts with
f1ow limiters are not acceptable. Provide unit air volume that is
factory preset and readily field adjustable without special
tools.

c. Attach a flow chart to each unit. Base acoustic performance of the


termina1 units upon units tested according to AHR1 880 with the
calculations prepared in accordance with AHRI 885. Provide sound power
level as indicated. Show discharge sound power for minimum and
375 Pa inlet static pressure. Provide acoustical lining according
to NFPA 90A.

2.10.3.1 Constant Volume, Single Duct Terminal Units

Provide constant volume, single duct, terminal units that contain within the
casing, a constant volume regulator. Provide volume regulators that control
air delivery to within plus or minus 5 percent of specified air flow subjected
to inlet pressure from 200 to 1500 Pa.

2.10.3.2 Variable Volume, Single Duct Terminal Units

Provide variable volume, single duct, terminal units with a calibrated air
volume sensing device, air valve or damper, actuator, and accessory relays.
Provide units that control air volume to within plus or minus 5 percent of
each air set point volume as determined by the thermostat with variations in
inlet pressures from 200 to 1500 Pa. Provide units with an internal
resistance not exceeding 100 Pa at maximum flow range. Provide external
differential pressure taps separate from the control pressure taps for air
flow measurement with a 0 to 250 Pa range.

2.10.3.3 Variable Volume, Single Duct, Fan-Powered Terminal Units

Provide variable volume, single duct, fan-powered terminal units with a


calibrated air volume sensing device, air valve or damper, actuator, fan and
motor, and accessory relays. Provide units that control primary air volume
to within plus or minus 5 percent of each air set point as determined by the
thermostat with variations in inlet pressure from 200 to 1500 Pa. Provide
unit fan that is centrifugal, direct-driven, double-inlet type with forward curved
blades. Provide either single speed with speed controller or three-speed,
permanently lubricated, permanent split-capacitor type fan motor. Isolate
fan/motor assembly from the casing to minimize vibration transmission.
Provide factory furnished fan control that is wired into the unit control system.
Provide a factory-mounted pressure switch to operate the unit fan whenever pressure
exists at the unit primary air inlet or when the control system fan operates.

2.10.3.4 Ceiling Induction Terminal Units

Provide ceiling induction unit with a calibrated primary air volume sensing device,
primary air valve, induced air damper, and insulated induction tube.
Arrange unit to induce air from the ceiling plenum to maintain a maximum total
flow circulated to the conditioned space. Vary primary air upon demand of the
room thermostat. Upon a demand for maximum cooling, provide a unit that
delivers 100 percent primary air and, at minimum cooling, delivers 25 percent
primary air. Provide a terminal unit capable of closing to full shut off
without additional actuators or linkage changes. Provide terminals that
reset primary air volume within plus or minus 5 percent determined by the
thermostat regardless of upstream changes in the static pressure. Provide
a minimum inlet static pressure that does not exceed 250 Pa, including a maximum
of 75 Pa downstream static pressure. Provide external

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differential pressure taps separate from control pressure taps for primary
air flow measurement with 0 to 250 Pa range. Make each unit norma1ly
closed upon loss of pneumatic pressure. Factory pipe actuator and accuracy
controls requiring only field installation of 138 kPa pneumat ic ma in air
and room thermostat.

2.10.3.5 Series Fan Powered Variable Air Volume (VAV) Terminals

Provide units factory assembled, designed, tested, rated in accordance


with AHRI 880, that are AHRI certified, listed in the AHRI DCAACP and
that produce a supply air discharge mix by modulation of conditioned primary air
and recirculating of return air. Provide units that include casing,
centrifugal fan and motor, primary VAV damper or valve, electronic volume
regulator, discharge air damper, primary air inlet cone with high and low
pressure flow sensors, recirculating air filter frames, filter, and
electrical disconnect.

a. Casing: Provide removable full bottom access panels for servicing


internal components without disturbing duct connections. Insulate inside
of casing with manufacturer's standard insulation. Provide units that
have recirculating air inlet equipped with filter frame, round primary
damper or valve, and unit mounting brackets.

b. Fans and motors: Provide centrifugal, forward curved, multiblade, fan


wheels with direct-drive motors. Provide motors that are the high
efficiency permanent-split capacitor type with thermal overload
protection, permanently lubricated bearings, and have three speeds or are
equipped with solid state speed controllers. Provide isolation between fan
motor assembly and unit casing. Provide fan and motor that is removable
through casing access panel.

c. Flow sensor: Provide ring or cross type sensor with minimum of two pickup
points which average the velocity across the inlet. Obtain flow measurement
within plus or minus 5 percent of rated airflow with 1.5 diameters of
straight duct upstream of unit and inlet static variation of 124 to 1240
Pa. Supply flow measuring taps and calibration flowchart with each
unit for field balancing airflows.

d. Primary VAV damper or valve: Provide galvanized steel damper blade that
closes against gasket inside unit. Connect damper to operating shaft with
a positive mechanical connection. Provide nylon bearing for damper shaft.
Cylindrical die cast aluminum valve inlet tapered to fit round flexible ducts
with integral flow diffuser and beveled self-centering disc. Provide
damper or valve leakage at shutoff that does not exceed 2 percent of capacity
at 250 Pa pressure.

e. Regulator: Provide electronic volume regulator. Electronic controls


contained in NEMA ICS 6, Type 1 enclosure sealed from airflow.
Provide unit with controls mounted on side or on air valve. System powered
regulators are not permitted. Provide volume regulator that resets
primary air volume as determined by thermostat, within upstream static
pressure variation noted in paragraph titled "Flow Sensor." Volume
regulators shall be field adjustable, factory set and calibrated to
indicated maximum and minimum primary airflows, direct acting and normally
closed upon loss of pneumatic pressure.

f. Electrical: Provide unit that incorporates single point electrical


connection with electrical disconnect. Electrical components shall be UL
or ETL listed, installed in accordance with NFPA 70 and mounted in control
box. Units UL or ETL listed as an assembly do not require airflow switch
interlock with electric heating coil, when factory assembled.

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g. Filters: Provi de UL list ed throwaway 2 5 mm thick f


iberglass filters, standard dust -holding capacity.

2.10.4 Unit Ventilators

Prov ide unit vent ila tors that i nclude an enclosure, ga1vani zed
casi ng, coil assembly, valve and piping package, drain pan, air
filters, fan assembly, fan dr ive, motor, motor cont rol1er,
damper s, damper opera tors, and sound power level as indicated.
Obtain sound power level data or values for these units according to
test procedures based on AHRI 350. Sound power values apply to units provided
with factory fabricated cabinet enclosures and standard grilles, when
handling standard flow for which the unit air capacity is rated. Secure
each unit to the building structure. Provide the unit ventilators with
capacity indicated. Provide the year -round classroom type unit ventilator
with automatic controls arranged to properly heat, cool, and ventilate
the room. Provide automatic valves and controls as specified in paragraph
SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS/SERVICES, subparagraph CONTROLS. Make the
sequence of control any one of the standard ANSI cycles specified in
paragraph CONTROLS.

2.10.4.1 Enclosures

Fabricate enclosures f rom not 1ighter than 1.6 mm ga1vani zed steel,
reinforced and braced, or all welded framework with panels to provide
equivalent strength. Provide casing that is acoustically and thermally
insulated internally with not less than 13 mm thick dual density
fibrous glass insulation. Make the exposed side a high density,
erosion-proof material sui table for use in air streams with veloci ties
up to 246 m/s. Fasten the insulation with waterproof, fire -resistant
adhesive. Design front panel for easy remova1 by one person. Provide
discharge grilles that have adjustable grilles or grilles with adjustable
vanes and properly distribute air throughout the conditioned space.
Provide return grilles that are removable where front panel does not provide
access to interior components. Plastic discharge or return grilles
are not acceptable. Furnish removable panels or access doors for all
piping and control compartments. Provide fan switch that is key
operated or accessible through a locked access panel. Install gaskets
at the back and bottom of the unit for effective air seal, as required.

2.10.4.2 Fans

Provide fans that meet the requirements of ASHRAE 90.1 - SI as specified


in paragraph AIR SYSTEMS EQUIPMENT. Provide galvanized steel or
aluminum, multiblade, centrifugal type fans, dynamically and
statically balanced. Equip fan housings with resilient mounted,
self-aligning permanently lubricated ball bearings, sleeve bearings,
or combination ball and sleeve bearings, capable of not less than 2000 hours
of operation on one oiling. Provide direct -connected fans.

2.10.4.3 Coils

Provide coils that are circuited for a maximum water velocity of 2.4 m/s
wi thout excessive pressure drop and are otherwi se as speci f ied for
hot water coils in paragraph TERMINAL UNITS.

2.10.4.4 Drain Pans

Size and locate drain and drip pans to collect all condensed water
dripping from any item within the unit enclosure. Provide drain pans
constructed of not lighter than 1.2 mm steel, galvanized after
fabrication, and thermally insulated to prevent condensation. Provide
insulation that is coated with a fire -resistant waterproofing material. In
lieu of the above, drain pans constructed of die -formed 1.0 mm steel

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is allowed, formed from a s ingle sheet and galvani zed after fabr i ca
t ion and insulated and coated as for the 1.3 mm steel material, or of
die-formed 1.3 mm type 304 stainless steel insulated as specified above.
Pitch drain pans to drain. Furnish drain connection unless otherwise
indicated. Make the minimum connection 19 mm NDT or 18 nun OD.

2.10.4.5 Filters

F iberg la ss di sposable type, 2 5 mm thick, rated in accordance wi th ASTM


F 1040, installed upstream of coil.

2.10.4.6 Dampers

Provide an outside air proportioning damper on each unit. In addition,


provide a vane to prevent excessive outside air from entering unit and to prevent
blow-through of outside air through the return air grille under high wind
pressures. Where outside air and recirculated air proportioning dampers are
provided on the unit, an additional vane is not required. Provide face
and bypass dampers for each unit to ensure constant air volume at all positions
of the dampers. Furnish each unit with a factory installed control cam
assembly, pneumatic motor, or electric motor to operate the face and bypass
dampers and outside air damper or outside air and recirculated air dampers in
the sequence as specified in paragraph SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS/SERVICES,
subparagraph CONTROLS.

2.10.4.7 Motors

Provide permanent spli t-capaci tor type motors with bui11- in therma1 overload
protection and automatic reset. Mount motor on a resilient mounting,
isolated from the casing and suitable for operation on electric service
available. Provide a manually operated motor switch that provides for 2 or
3 speeds and off, mounted on an identified plate inside the unit below or behind
an access door. In lieu of speed control, provide a solid state variable
speed controller having minimum speed reduction of 50 percent.

2.10.4.8 Outside Air Intakes

Provide the manufacturer's standard design outside air intakes furnished wi th


13 mm mesh bird screen or louvers on 13 mm centers.

2.11 ENERGY RECOVERY DEVICES

2.11.1 Rotary Wheel

Provide unit that is a factory fabricated and tested assembly for air-to-air
energy recovery by transfer of sensible heat from exhaust air to supply air
stream, with device performance according to ASHRAE 84 and
that delivers an energy transfer effectiveness of not less than 85 percent with
cross-contamination not in excess of 0.1 percent of exhaust airflow rate at
system design differential pressure, including purging sector if provided with
wheel. Provide exchange media that is chemically inert,
moisture-resistant, fire-retardant, laminated, nonmetallic material which
complies with NFPA 9OA. Isolate exhaust and
supply streams by seals which are static, field adjustable, and replaceable.
Equip chain drive mechanisms with ratcheting torque limiter or slip-clutch
protective device. Fabricate enclosure from galvanized steel and include
provisions for maintenance access. Provide recovery control and rotation
failure provisions as indicated.

2.12 FACTORY PAINTING

Factory paint new equipment, which are not of galvanized construction.

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Paint with a corros ion resist ing pa int finish according to ASTM A 123/A 123M
or ASTM A 924 /A 924M. Clean, phosphatize and coat internal and external
ferrous metal surfaces with a paint finish which has been tested according
to ASTM B 117, ASTM D 1654, and ASTM D 3359. Submi t evidence of
satisfactory paint performance for a minimum of 12 5 hours for units to be
installed indoors and 500 hours for units to be installed outdoors.
Provide rating of failure at the scribe mark that i s not less than 6,
average creepage not grea t er than 3 mm. Provi de rating of the
inscribed area that is not less than 10, no failure. On units
constructed of galvanized steel that have been welded, provide a final shop
docket of zinc-rich protective paint on exterior surfaces of welds or welds
that have burned through from the interior according to ASTM D 520 Type I.

Factory painting that has been damaged prior to acceptance by the Contracting
Officer shall be field painted in compliance with the requirements of paragraph
FIELD PAINTING OF MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT.

2.13 SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS/SERVICES

2.13.1 Chi11ed, Condenser, or Dual Servi ce Wa ter Piping

The requirements for chi11ed, condenser, or dual service water piping and
accessories are specified in Section 23 64 26 CHILLED, CHILLED-HOT, AND
CONDENSER WATER PIPING SYSTEMS

2.13.2 Condensate Drain Lines

Provide and install condensate drainage for each item of equipment that
generates condensate in accordance with Section 22 00 00 PLUMBING, GENERAL
PURPOSE except as modified herein.

2.13.3 Backflow Preventers

The requirements for backflow preventers are specified in Section 22 00


00 PLUMBING, GENERAL PURPOSE.

2.13.4 Insulation

The requirements for shop and field applied insulation are specified in Section
23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.

2.13.5 Controls

The requirements for controls are specified in Section 23 05 93 TESTING,


ADJUSTING, AND BALANCING OF HVAC SYSTEMS and 23 09 23.13 20 BACnet DIRECT
DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR HVAC.

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION

After becoming familiar with all details of the work, verify all dimensions in
the field, and advise the Contracting Officer of any discrepancy before
performing the work.

3.2 INSTALLATION

a. Install materials and equipment in accordance with the requirements of


the contract drawings and approved manufacturer's installation
instructions. Accomplish installation by workers skilled in this type
of work. Perform installation so that there is no degradation of the
designed fire ratings of walls, partitions, ceilings, and floors.

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b. No installation is permitted to block or otherwise impede access to


any exi st ing machine or system. Install all hinged doors to swing
open a minimum of 120 degrees. Provide an area in front of all access doors
that clears a minimum of 910 mm. In front of all access doors to
electrical circuits, clear the area the minimum
di s tance to energ i zed ci rcu its as spec i f ied i n OSHA St anda rds,
pa r t 1910.333 (Electrical-Safety Related work practices)and an additional
910 mm.

c. Except as otherwise indicated, install emergency swi tches and a1arms


in conspicuous locations. Mount all indicators, to include
gauges, meters, and alarms in order to be easily visible by people in
the area .

3.2.1 Condensate Drain Lines

Provide water seals in the condensate drain from all units . Provide
a depth of each seal of 50 mm plus 0.1 mm for each Pa, of the total static pressure
rating of the unit to which the drain is connected. Provide water seals that are
constructed of 2 tees and an appropriate U-bend with the open end of each tee
plugged. Provide pipe cap or plug cleanouts where indicated. Connect
drains indicated to connect to the sanitary waste system using an indirect waste
fitting. Insulate air conditioner drain lines as speci f ied in Section
23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.

3.2.2 Equipment and Installation

Provide frames and supports for tanks, compressors, pumps, valves,


air handling units, fans, coils, dampers, and other similar items requiring
supports. Floor mount or cei1ing hang air handling units as indicated.
Anchor and fasten as detailed. Set floor-mounted equipment on not less than
150 mm concrete pads or curbs doweled in place unless otherwise indicated. Make
concrete foundations heavy enough to minimize the intensity of the vibrations
transmitted to the piping, duct work and the surrounding structure, as
recommended in writing by the equipment manufacturer. In 1ieu of a concrete
pad foundation, buiId a concrete pedestal block with isolators placed between
the pedestal block and the floor. Make the concrete foundation or concrete
pedestal block a mass not less than three times the weight of the components
to be supported. Provide the lines connected to the pump mounted on pedestal blocks
with flexible connectors. Submit foundation drawings as specified in
paragraph DETAIL DRAWINGS. Provide concrete for foundations as specified
in Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE.

3.2.3 Access Panels

Install access panels for concealed valves, vents, controls, dampers,


and items requiring inspection or maintenance of sufficient size, and locate them
so that the concealed items are easily serviced and maintained or completely
removed and replaced. Provide access panels as specified in Section 05 50
13 MISCELLANEOUS METAL FABRICATIONS.

3.2.4 Flexible Duct

Install pre-insulated flexible duct in accordance with the latest printed


instructions of the manufacturer to ensure a vapor tight joint. Provide hangers,
when required to suspend the duct, of the type recommended by the duct
manufacturer and set at the intervals recommended.

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3.2.5 Metal Ductwork

Install according to SMACNA 1966 unless otherwise indicated. Install duct


supports for sheet metal ductwork according to SMACNA 1966, unless
otherwise specified. Do not use friction beam clamps indicated in SMACNA
1966. Anchor risers on high velocity ducts in the center of the vertical
run to allow ends of riser to move due to thermal expansion. Erect supports on
the risers that allow free vertical movement of the duct. Attach supports
only to structural framing members and concrete slabs. Do not anchor
supports to metal decking unless a means is provided and approved for preventing
the anchor from puncturing the metal decking. Where supports are required
between structural framing members, provide suitable intermediate metal
framing. Where C-clamps are used, provide retainer clips.

3.2.5.1 Underground Ductwork

Provide PVC plastisol coated galvanized steel underground ductwork with coating
on interior and exterior surfaces and watertight joints. Install ductwork as
indicated, according to ACCA Manual 4 and manufacturer's instructions.
Maximum burial depth is 2 m.

3.2.5.2 Radon Exhaust Ductwork

Perforate subslab suction piping where indicated. Install PVC joints as specified
in ASTM D 2855.
3.2.6 FRP Ductwork

Provide fibrous glass reinforced plastic ducting and related structures that
conform to SMACNA 1403. Provide flanged joints where indicated. Crevice-free
butt lay-up joints are acceptable where flanged joints are not indicated.
When ambient temperatures are lower than 10 degrees C, heat cure joints by
exothermic react ion heat packs.

3.2.7 Ki tchen Exhaust Ductwork

3.2.7.1 Ducts Conveying Smoke and Grease Laden Vapors

Provide ducts conveying smoke and grease laden vapors that conform to
requirements of NFPA 96. Make seams, joints, penetrations, and
duct-to-hood collar connections with a liquid tight continuous external weld.
Provide duct material that is a minimum 1.3 mm. Type 304L or 316L, stainless
steel . Include with duct construction an external perimeter angle sized
in accordance with SMACNA 1966, except place welded joint reinforcement on
maximum of 600 mm centers; continuously welded companion angle bolted flanged
joints with flexible ceramic cloth gaskets where indicated; pitched to drain at
low points; welded pipe coupling-plug drains at low points; welded fire
protection and detergent cleaning penetration; steel framed, stud bolted,
and flexible ceramic cloth gasketed cleaning access provisions where indicated.
Make angles, pipe couplings, frames, bolts, etc., the same material as
that specified for the duct unless indicated otherwise.

3.2.7.2 Exposed Ductwork

Provide exposed ductwork that is fabricated from minimum 1.3 mm, Type 304L or 316L,
stainless steel with continuously welded joints and seams. Pitch ducts to
drain at hoods and low points indicated. Match surface finish to hoods.

3.2.7.3 Concealed Ducts Conveying Moisture Laden Air

Fabricate concealed ducts conveying moisture laden air from minimum 1.3 mm. Type
300 series, stainless steel . Continuously weld, braze, or

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MEPALAIN

M E PA LA
IN

solder joints to be liquid tight. Pitch ducts to drain at points indi


cated. Make trans i t ions to other neta1s 1 i qu id t ight, companion
ang1e bol ted and gasketed.

3.2.8 Acoustical Duct Lining

Apply lining in cut-to-size pieces a 11ached to the interior of the duct with
nonflammable fire resistant adhesive conforming to ASTM C 916, Type I, NFPA
90A, UL 723, and ASTM E 84. Provide top and bottom pieces that lap the
side pieces and are secured with welded pins, adhered clips of metal, nylon,
or high impact plastic, and speed washers or we1ding cup-head pins instalied
according t o SMACNA 19 66. Provide welded pins, cup-head pins, or adhered
clips tha t do not di stort the duct, burn through, nor mar the f ini sh
or the surface of the duct . Make pins and washers flush with the
surfaces of the duct liner and seal all breaks and punctures of the duct 1
iner coating with the nonf1ammable, fire resistant adhesive. Coat exposed
edges of the liner at the duct ends and at other j oints where the 1 ining
i s subj ect to erosi on with a heavy brush coat of the nonf1ammable, fire
res istant adhesive, to prevent delamination of glass fibers. Apply
duct liner to flat sheet metal prior to forming duct through the sheet metal
brake. Additionally secure lining at the top and bottom surfaces of the duct
by welded pins or adhered clips as specified for cut-to-size pieces. Other
methods indicated in SMACNA 1966 to obtain proper installation of duct liners
in sheet metal duct s, including adhesives and fas teners, are acceptable.

3.2.9 Dust Control

To prevent the accumulation of dust, debris and foreign material during


construction, perform temporary dust control protection. Protect the
distribution system (supply and return} with temporary seal-offs at all
inlets and outlets at the end of each day's work. Keep temporary protection
in place until system is ready for startup.

3.2.10 Insulation

Provide thickness and application of insulation materials for ductwork, piping,


and equipment according to Section 23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL
SYSTEMS. Externally insulate outdoor air intake ducts and plenums up to the
point where the outdoor air reaches the conditioning unit or up to the point where
the outdoor air mixes with the outside air stream.

3.2.11 Duct Test Holes

Provide holes with closures or threaded holes with plugs in ducts and plenums as
indicated or where necessary for the use of pitot tube in balancing the air system.
Plug insulated duct at the duct surface, patched over with insulation and then
marked to indicate location of test hole if needed for future use.

3.2.12 Power Roof Ventilator Mounting

Provide foamed 13 mm thick, closed-cell, flexible elastomer insulation to


cover width of roof curb mounting flange. Where wood nailers are used,
predrill holes for fasteners.

3.2.13 Power Transmission Components Adjustment

Test V-belts and sheaves for proper alignment and tension prior to operation
and after 72 hours of operation at final speed. Uniformly load belts on drive
side to prevent bouncing. Make alignment of direct driven couplings to within
50 percent of manufacturer's maximum allowable range of misalignment.

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3.3 EQUIPMENT PADS

Provide equipment pads to the dimensions shown or, if not shown, to con form
to the shape of each piece of equipment served with a minimum 7 5 mm margin
around the equipment and supports. Allow equipment bases and foundations,
when constructed of concrete or grout, to cure a minimum of Id calendar days
before being loaded.

3.4 CUTTING AND PATCHING

Install work in such a manner and at such time that a minimum of cutting and
patching of the building structure is required. Make holes in exposed
locations, in or through existing floors, by drilling and smooth by
sanding. Use of a jackhammer is permitted only where specifically
approved. Make holes through masonry wal1s to accommodate sieeves with an
iron pipe masonry core saw.

3.5 CLEANING

Thoroughly clean surfaces of piping and equipment that have become covered with
dirt, plaster, or other material during handling and construction before such
surfaces are prepared for final finish painting or are enclosed within the
building structure. Before final acceptance, clean mechanical equipment,
including piping, ducting, and fixtures, and free from dirt, grease,
and finger marks. When the work area is in an occupied space such as
office, laboratory or warehouse protect all furniture and equipment from
dirt and debris. Incorporate housekeeping for field construction work which
leaves all furniture and equipment in the affected area free of construction
generated dust and debris; and, all floor surfaces vacuum-swept clean.

3.6 PENETRATIONS

Provide sleeves and prepared openings for duct mains, branches, and other
penetrating items, and install during the construction of the surface to be
penetrated. Cut sleeves flush with each surface. Place sleeves for round duct
380 mm and smaller. Build framed, prepared openings for round duct larger than
380 mm and square, rectangular or oval ducts. Sleeves and framed openings are
also required where grilles, registers, and diffusers are installed at the
openings. Provide
25 mm clearance between penetrating and penetrated surfaces except at grilles,
registers, and diffusers. Pack spaces between sleeve or opening and duct or
duct' insulation with mineral fiber conforming with ASTM C 553, Type 1, Class
B-2.

a. Sleeves: Fabricate sleeves, except as otherwise specified or indicated,


from 1 mm thick mill galvanized sheet metal. Where sleeves are installed in
bearing walls or partitions, provide black steel pipe conforming with ASTM
A 53/A 53M, Schedule 20.

b. Framed Prepared Openings: Fabricate framed prepared openings from 1 mm


galvani zed steel, unless otherwise indicated.

c. Insulation: Provide duct insulation in accordance with Section 23 07 00


THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS continuous through sleeves and
prepared openings except firewall penetrations. Terminate duct insulation
at fire dampers and flexible connections. For duct handling air at or below
16 degrees C, provide insulation continuous over the damper collar and
retaining angle of fire dampers, which are exposed to unconditioned air.

d. Closure Collars: Provide closure collars of a minimum 100 mm wide, unless


otherwise indicated, for exposed ducts and items on each side

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of penetrated surface, except where equipment is installed. Install


collar tight against the surface and fit snugly around the duct or
insulation. Grind sharp edges smooth to prevent damage to penetrating
surface. Fabricate collars for round ducts 380 mm in diameter or less
from 1 mm galvanized steel. Fabricate collars for square and rectangular
ducts, or round ducts with mi nimum dimensi on over 380 mm from 1.40 mm
galvanized steel. Fabricate collars for square and rectangular ducts with
a maximum side of 380 mm or less from 1 mm ga1 vanized steel. Install
collars with fasteners a maximum of 150 mm on center. Attach to collars
a minimum of 4 fasteners where the opening is 300 mm in diameter or less,
and a minimum of 8 fasteners where the opening is 500 mm in diameter or
less.

e. Firestopping: Where ducts pass through fire-rated walls, fire


partitions, and fire rated chase walls, seal the penetration with fire
stopping materials as specified in Section 07 84 00 FIRESTOPPING.

3.7 FIELD PAINTING OF MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT

Clean, pretreat, prime and paint metal surfaces; except aluminum surfaces need
not be painted. Apply coatings to clean dry surfaces. Clean the surfaces to
remove dust, dirt, rust, oil and grease by wire brushing and solvent
degreasing prior to application of paint, except clean to bare metal on metal
surfaces subject to temperatures in excess of 50 degrees C. Where more than
one coat of paint is specified, apply the second coat after the preceding coat
is thoroughly dry. Lightly sand damaged painting and retouch before applying the
succeeding coat . Provide aluminum or light gray finish coat.

a. Temperatures less than 50 degrees C: Immediately after cleaning, apply one


coat of pretreatment primer applied to a minimum dry film thickness of
0.0076 mm, one coat of primer applied to a minimum dry film thickness of
0.0255 mm; and two coats of enamel applied to a minimum dry film thickness
of 0.0255 mm per coat to metal surfaces subject to temperatures less than
50 degrees C.

b. Temperatures between 50 and 205 degrees C: Apply two coats of 205 degrees
C heat-resisting enamel applied to a total minimum thickness of 0.05 mm to
metal surfaces subject to temperatures between 50 and 205 degrees C.

c. Temperatures greater than 205 degrees C: Apply two coats of heat-resisting


paint applied to a total minimum dry film thickness of
0.05 mm to metal surfaces subject to temperatures greater than 205 degrees
C.

3.8 IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS

Provide identification tags made of brass, engraved laminated plastic, or


engraved anodized aluminum, indicating service and item number on all valves
and dampers. Provide tags that are 35 mm minimum diameter with stamped or
engraved markings. Make indentations black for reading clarity. Attach
tags to valves with No. 12 AWG 2 mm diameter corrosion-resistant steel wire,
copper wire, chrome-plated beaded chain or plastic straps designed for that
purpose.

3.9 DAMPER ACCEPTANCE TEST

Submit the proposed schedule, at least 2 weeks prior to the start of test.
Operate all fire dampers and smoke dampers under normal operating conditions,
prior to the occupancy of a building to determine that they function properly.
Test each fire damper equipped with fusible link by

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having the fusible link cut in place. Test dynamic fire dampers with
the air handling and distribution system running. Reset all fire dampers
with the fusible links replaced after acceptance testing. To ensure optimum
operation and performance, install the damper so it is square and f ree f
rom racking.

3.10 TESTING, ADJUSTING, AND BALANCING

The requirements for testing, adjusting, and balancing are specified in


Section 23 05 93 TESTING, ADJUSTING AND BALANCING FOR HVAC. Begin testing,
adjusting, and balancing only when the air supply and distribution,
including controls, has been completed, with the exception of performance
tests.

3.11 PERFORMANCE TESTS

After testing, adjusting, and balancing is complete as specified, test each


system as a whole to see that all items perform as integral parts of the system
and temperatures and conditions are evenly controlled throughout the building.
Record the testing during the applicable season. Make corrections and
adjustments as necessary to produce the conditions indicated or specified.
Conduct capacity tests and general operating tests by an experienced engineer.
Provide tests that cover a period of not less than 5 days for each system
and demonstrate that the entire system is functioning according to the
specifications. Make coincidental chart recordings at points indicated on the
drawings for the duration of the time period and record the temperature at space
thermostats or space sensors, the humidity at space humidistats or space
sensors and the ambient temperature and humidity in a shaded and weather
protected area.

Submit test reports for the ductwork leak test, and performance tests in
booklet form, upon complet ion of test ing. Document phases of tests
performed including initial test summary, repairs/adjustments made, and
final test results in the reports.

3.12 CLEANING AND ADJUSTING

Provide a temporary bypass for water coils to prevent flushing water from
passing through coiIs. Inside of room fan-coi1 uni tscoi1- induct ion units,
air terminal units, unit ventilators, thoroughly clean ducts, plenums, and
casing of debris and blow free of small particles of rubbish and dust and then
vacuum clean before installing outlet faces. Wipe equipment clean, with no
traces of oil, dust, dirt, or paint spots. Provide temporary filters prior
to startup of all fans that are operated during construction, and install new
filters after all construction dirt has been removed from the building, and the
ducts, plenums, casings, and other items specified have been vacuum cleaned.
Maintain system in this clean condition until final acceptance. Properly
lubricate bearings with oil or grease as recommended by the manufacturer.
Tighten belts to proper tension. Adjust control valves and other miscellaneous
equipment requiring adjustment to setting indicated or directed. Adjust
fans to the speed indicated by the manufacturer to meet specified conditions.
Maintain all equipment installed under the contract until close out documentation
is received, the project is completed and the building has been documented as
beneficially occupied.

3.13 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

3.13.1 Operation and Maintenance Manuals

Submit six manuals at least 2 weeks prior to field training. Submit data complying
with the requirements specified in Section 01 78 23

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA. Submit Data Package 3 for the


items/units listed under SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data

3.13.2 Operation And Maintenance Training

Conduct a training course for the members of the operating staff as


designated by the Contracting Officer. Make the training period consist
of a total of 16 hours of normal working time and start it after all
work specified herein is functionally completed and the Performance Test s
have been approved. Conduct field instruct ion that covers all of the i
terns contained in the Operat ion and Maintenance Manua1s as we11 as
demonstrations of routine maintenance operat ions. Submi t the proposed
On-site Training schedule concurrently with the Operation and Maintenance
Manuals and at least 14 days prior to conducting the training course.

-- End of Section --

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SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS DIVISION 23 - HEATING,

VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING

SECTION 23 23 00

REFRIGERANT PIPING

10/07

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES
1.2 SUBMITTALS
1.3 QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.3.1 Qualifications
1.3.2 Contract Drawings
1.4 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1 . 5 MAINTENANCE
1.5.1 General
1.5.2 Extra Materials

PART 2 PRODUCTS

STANDARD COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS


ELECTRICAL WORK REFRIGERANT
PIPING SYSTEM
PIPE, FITTINGS AND END CONNECTIONS (JOINTS)
4.1 Copper Tubing
4.2 Solder
,4.3 Brazing Filler Metal
2 . VALVES
,5.1 Refrigerant Stop Valves
.5.2 Check Valves
.5.3 Liquid Solenoid Valves
.5.4 Expansion Valves
.5.5 Safety Relief Valves
.5.6 Evaporator Pressure Regulators, Direct-Acting
.5.7 Refrigerant Access Valves
PIPING ACCESSORIES
.6.1 Filter
Driers
.6.2 Sight Glass and Liquid Level Indicator
2.6.2.1 Assembly and Components
2.6.2.2 Gauge Glass
2.6.2.3 Bull 1s-Eye and Inline Sight Glass Reflex Lens
2.6.2.4 Moisture Indicator
.6.3 Vibration Dampeners
.6.4 Flexible Pipe Connectors
.6.5 Strainers
.6.6 Pressure and Vacuum Gauges
Temperature Gauges
.6.7
2 . 6
1 Stem Cased-Glass
2.6.7 2 Bimetallic Dial
2.6.7 3 Liquid-, Solid-, and Vapor-Filled Dial
2.6.7 4 Thermal Well
.6.8 .8 Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports
.6.9 Escutcheons
FABRICATION ,7.1 Factory
2 2 Coating .7.2 Factory Applied
2.7 Insulation
2 2

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PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION
3.2 INSTALLATION
3.2.1 Directional Changes
3.2.2 Functional Requirements
3.2.3 Fittings and
3 2 3 1 Threaded Connections End Connections
3 2 3 2 Brazed Connections
3 2 3 3 Weided Connect ions
3 2 3 4 Flared Connections
3 2 3 5 Flanged Connections
2 4 Valves
3 2 4 1 General
3 2 4 2 Expansion Valves
3 2 4 3 Valve Identification
2 5 Vibration Dampers
2 6 Strainers 3 3 3
2 7 Filter Dryer 3.2.8 Sight
Glass
3.2.9 Discharge Line Oil Separator
3.2.10 Accumulator
3.2.11 Flexible Pipe Connectors
3.2.12 Temperature Gauges
3.2.13 Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports
3.2.13.1 Hangers
3.2.13.2 Inserts
3.2.13.3 C-Clamps
3.2.13.4 Angle Attachments
3.2.13.5 Saddles and Shields
3.2.13.6 Horizontal Pipe Supports
3.2.13.7 Vertical Pipe Supports
3.2.13.8 Pipe Guides
3.2.13.9 Steel Slides
3.2.13.10 High Temperature Guides with Cradl
3.2.13.11 Multiple Pipe Runs
3.2.13.12 Structural Attachments
3.2.14 Pipe Alignment Guides
3.2.15 Pipe Anchors
3.2.16 Building Surface Penetrations
3.2.16.1 Refrigerated Space
3.2.16.2 General Service Areas
3.2.16.3 Waterproof Penetrations
3.2.16.4 Fire-Rated Penetrations
3.2.16.5 Escutcheons
3.2.17 Access Panels
3.2.18 Field Applied Insulation
3.2.19 Field Painting
3.2.19.1 Color Coding
3.2.19.2 Color Coding Scheme
3.3 CLEANING AND ADJUSTING
3.4 TRAINING COURSE
3.5 REFRIGERANT PIPING TESTS
3.5.1 Preliminary Procedures
3.5.2 Pneumatic Test
3.5.3 Evacuation Test
3.5.4 System Charging and Startup Test
3.5.5 Refrigerant Leakage
3.5.6 Contractor's Responsibility

-- End of Section Table of Contents --

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Revision August 2010

SECTION 23 23 00

REFRIGERANT PIPING
10/07

PART 1 GENERAL 1.1

REFERENCES

The publica t ions 1i st ed be!ow f nrm a part of thi s speci f icat


ion to the extent referenced. The publications are referred to within
the text by the basic designation only.

AIR-CONDITIONING, HEATING AND REFRIGERATION INSTITUTE (AHRI)

AHRI 711 {2009} Performance Rating of Liquid-Line


Driers

AHRI 720 (2002} Refrigerant Access Valves and


Hose Connectors

ANSI/AHRI 750 (2007) Thermostatic Refrigerant


Expansion Valves

ANSI/AHRI 760 (2007) Performance Rating of Solenoid


Valves for Use With Volatile Refrigerants

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEATING, REFRIGERATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING


ENGINEERS (ASHRAE)

ANSI/ASHRAE 15 & 34 (2007; Std 15 Errata 2007, 2009, &


Addenda a-f & h; Std 34 Errata 2007, 2008,
Addenda a-v, x-ae) ANSI/ASHRAE Standard
15-Safety Standard for Refrigeration Systems
and ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 34-Designation and
Safety Classification of Refrigerants

ASHRAE 17 (2008) Method of Testing Capacity of


Thermostatic Refrigerant Expansion Valves

AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY (AWS)

AWS A5.8/A5.8M (2004; Errata 2004) Specification for


Filler Metals for Brazing and Braze Welding

AWS BRH (2007) Brazing Handbook

AWS Dl.l/Dl.lM (2008; Errata 2008) Structural Welding


Code - Steel

AWS Z.49.1 (2005) Safety in Welding, Cutting and


Allied Processes

ASME INTERNATIONAL (ASME)

ASME B16.22 (2001; R 2005) Standard for Wrought


Copper and Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure
Fittings

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Revision August 2010

ASME B16.26 (2006) Standard for Cast Copper


Alloy Fittings for Flared Copper Tubes

ASME B31.1 ASME (2007; Addenda a-2008) Power Piping

B31.5 (2006} Refrigeration Piping and Heat


Transfer Components

ASME B40.100 (2005) Pressure Gauges and Gauge At


tachments

ASME BPVC SEC (2007; Addenda 2008; Addenda 2009)


IX Bo i1er and Pressure Vessel Code;
Sect ion
IX, Welding and Brazing Qualifications

ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)

ASTM A 53/A 53M


12007) Standard Specification for Pipe,
Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated,
Welded and Seamless

ASTM A 653/A 653M (2009a) Standard Specification for Steel Sheet,


Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated
(Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

(2009) Standing Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog)


ASTM B 117 ASTM B 2 Apparatus

(2008) Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for


80 Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service

(2008) Standard Specification for Solder Metal

(2009) Standard Specification for Composition Bronze or Ounce


ASTM B 32 ASTM B 62 Metal Castings

(1999; R 2005) Standard Specification for Seamless


Copper.Tube (Metric)
ASTM B 7 5M ASTM B
(2000; R 2009) Standard Specification for Liquid and Paste
Fluxes for Soldering of Copper and Copper Alloy Tube
813
(2006) PTFE Resin Skived Tape

(2000; R 2005) Zinc Dust Pigment


ASTM D 3 308 ASTM D
(2009c) Standard Test Method for Surface Burning
5 20 ASTM E 84 Characteristics of Building Materials

MANUFACTURERS STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY OF THE VALVE AND FITTINGS


INDUSTRY (MSS)

(2009) Pipe Hangers and Supports -Materials,


Design and Manufacture, Selection,
MSS SP-58 Application, and Installation

(2003) Pipe Hangers and Supports -

MSS SP-69

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Selection and Application (ANSI Approved


American National Standard)

1.2 SUBMITTALS

Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation; submi


t tals not having a "G" des ignat i on are for in f ormat ion only. When used,
a designation following the "G" designation identifies the office that will review
the submittal for the Government. Submit the following in accordance with
Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:

SD-02 Shop Drawings

Refrigerant Piping System; G, AE

Drawings, at leas t 5 weeks prior to beg inning construet ion,


provided in adequate detail to demonstrate compliance with contract
requirements. Drawings shal1 consi st of:

a. Piping layouts which ident ify all valves and f it t ings.

b. Plans and elevations which identify clearances required for


maintenance and operation.

SD-03 Product Data

Refrigerant Piping System

Manufacturer's standard catalog data, at least 5 weeks prior to the


purchase or installation of a particular component, highlighted to
show material, size, options, performance charts and curves, etc.
in adequate detail to demonstrate compliance with contract requirements.
Include in the data manufacturer's recommended installation
instructions and procedures. Provide data for the following components
as a minimum:

a. Piping and Fittings

b. Valves

c. Piping Accessories

d. Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports

Spare Parts

Spare parts data for each different item of equipment specified in Army
projects only.

Qualifications; G, AE

copies of qualified procedures, and list of names and identification


symbols of qualified welders and welding operators, prior to
non-factory welding operations.

Refrigerant Piping Tests; G, AE

A schedule, at least 2 weeks prior to the start of related testing,


for each test. Identify the proposed date, time, and location
for each test.

Demonstrations; G, AE

A schedule, at least 2 weeks prior to the date of the proposed

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training course, which identifies the date, time, and location


for the tra ining.

Verification of Dimensions

A letter, at least 2 weeks prior to beginning construction,


including the date the site was visited, conformation of existing
conditions, and any discrepancies found.

SD-06 Test Reports

Refrigerant Piping Tests

Six copies of the report in bound 216 by 279 mm booklets


documenting all phases of the tests performed. The report shall
include initial test summaries, all and repairs/adjustments made,
the final test results.

SD-07 Certificates

Service Organization; G, AE

A certified list of qualified permanent service organizations


for support of the equipment which includes their addresses and
qualifications. The service organizations shall be reasonably
convenient to the equipment installation and be able to render
satisfactory service to the equipment on a regular and emergency
basis during the warranty period of the contract.

SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data

Maint enance
Operation and Maintenance Manuals

Data Package 2 in accordance with Section 01 78 23 OPERATION AND


MAINTENANCE DATA.

Six complete copies of an operation manual in bound 216 by 279


booklets listing step-by-step procedures required for system
startup, operation, abnormal shutdown, emergency shutdown, and
normal shutdown at least 4 weeks prior to the first training
course. The booklets shall include the manufacturer's name, model
number, and parts list. The manuals shall include the
manufacturer's name, model number, service manual, and a brief
description of all equipment and their basic operating features.

Six complete copies of maintenance manual in bound 216 by 279 booklets


listing routine maintenance procedures, possible breakdowns and
repairs, and a trouble shooting guide. The manuals shall include piping
layouts and simplified wiring and control diagrams of the system as
installed.

1.3 QUALITY ASSURANCE

1.3.1 Qualifications

Piping shall be welded in accordance with the qualified procedures using


performance qualified welders and welding operators. Procedures and
welders shall be qualified in accordance with ASME BPVC SEC IX. Welding
procedures qualified by others, and welders and welding operators qualified
by another employer may be accepted as permitted by ASME B31.1 Notify the
Contracting Officer 24 hours in advance of tests to be performed at the work site,
if practical. The welder or welding operator shall apply the personally
assigned symbol near each weld made,

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as a permanent record. Structural members shall be welded in


accordance with Section 05 12 00 STRUCTURAL STEEL.

1.3.2 Contract Drawings

Because of the small scale of the drawings, it is not possible to


indicate all o ffsets, fittings, and accessories that may be
required. Carefully investigate the plumbing, fire protection,
electrical, structural and finish conditions that would affect the work to
be performed and arrange such work accordingly, furnishing req uired
offsets, fittings, and accessories to meet such conditions.

1.4 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

Protect stored items from the weather, humidity and temperature


variations, dirt and dust, or other contaminants. Proper
protection and care of all material both before and during installation
is the Contractor's responsibility. Replace any materials found to be
damaged at the Contractor's expense. During installation, cap
piping and simi 1ar openings to keep out dir t and other foreign matter.

1.5 MAINTENANCE

1.5.1 General

Operation and maintenance data shall comply with the requirements of


Section 01 78 23 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA and as specified
herein.

1.5.2 Extra Materials

Submit spare parts data for each different item of equipment specified, after
approval of detail drawings and not later than 2 months prior to the
date of beneficial occupancy. The data shall include a complete list of
parts and supplies, with current unit prices and source of supply, a
recommended spare parts list for 1 year of operation, and a list of the
parts recommended by the manufacturer to be replaced on a routine basis.

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 STANDARD COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS

a. Provide materials and equipment which are standard p roduct s of a


manufacturer regularly engaged in the manufacturing of such products,
that are of a similar material, design and workmanship and that
have been in satisfactory commercial or industrial use for 2 years
prior to bid opening.

b. The 2 year use shall include applications of equipment and


materials under similar circumstances and of similar size. The 2
years experience shall be satisfactorily completed by a product which
has been sold or is offered for sale on the commercial market throu gh
advertisements, manufacturer's catalogs, or brochures. Products
having less than a 2 year field service record will be acceptable if
a certified record of satisfactory field operation, for not less than
6000 hours exclusive of the manufacturer's fact ory tests, can be
shown.

c. Products shall be supported by a service organization. System


components shall be environmentally suitable for the indicated
locations.

d. Exposed equipment moving parts, parts that produce high operating


temperature, parts whi ch may be electrically energized.

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and parts that may be a hazard to operating personnel shall be insulated,


fully enclosed, guarded, or fitted with other types of safety
devices. Install safety devices so that proper operation of
equipment is not impaired. Welding and cutting safety requirements
sha11 be in accordance with AWS Z4 9.1 .

2.2 ELECTRICAL WORK

Electrical equipment and wiring shall be in accordance with Section 26 20


00 INTERIOR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. Field wiring shall be in accordance with
manufacturer's instructions.

2.3 REFRIGERANT PIPING SYSTEM

Refrigérant piping, valves, fittings, and accessories sha11 be in accordance


with ANSI/ASHRAE 15 & 34 and ASME B31.5, except as specified herein.
Refrigerant piping, valves, fittings, and accessories sha11 be compatible
with the fluids used and capable of withstanding the près sures and tempera tures
of the service. Ref rigérant piping, vaIves, and accessori es used for ref
r igérant service shal1 be cleaned, dehydrated, and sealed {capped or plugged)
prior to shipment from the manufacturer's plant.

2.4 PIPE, FITTINGS AND END CONNECTIONS (JOINTS)

2.4.1 Copper Tubing

Copper tubing shall conform to ASTM B 280 annealed or hard drawn as required.
Copper tubing shall be soft annealed where bending is requi red and hard drawn
where no bending is required. Soft annealed copper tubing shall not be
used in sizes larger than 35 mm. Joints shal1 be bra zed except that joints
on 1ines 22 mmand smal1er may be flared. Cast copper alloy fittings for
flared copper tube shall conform to ASME B16.26 and ASTM B 62. Wrought copper
and bronze solder-joint pressure fittings shall conform to ASME B16.22 and
ASTM B 75M. Joints and fittings for brazed joint shall be wrought-copper or
forged-brass sweat fittings. Cast sweat-type joints and fittings shall not
be allowed for brazed joints. Brass or bronze adapters for brazed tubing may
be used for connecting tubing to flanges and to threaded ends of valves and
equipment.

2.4.2 Solder

Solder shall conform to ASTM B 32, grade Sb5, tin-ant imony alloy for
service pressures up to 1034 kPa. form, Solder flux shall be liquid or paste
non-corrosive and conform to ASTM B 813.

2.4.3 Brazing Filler Metal

Filler metal shall conform to AWS A5.8/A5.8M, Type BAg-5 with AWS Type 3 flux,
except Type BCuP-5 or BCuP-6 may be used for brazing copper-to-copper joints.

2.5 VALVES

Valves shall be designed, manufactured, and tested specifically for


refrigerant service. Valve bodies shall be of brass, bronze, steel, or
duct ile iron construct ion. Valves 2 5 mm and smal1er shal1 have brazed
or socket welded connections. Valves larger than 25 mm shall have butt welded
end connections. Threaded end connections shall not be used, except in pilot
pressure or gauge lines where maintenance disassembly is requ ired and welded
flanges cannot be used. Internal part s shal1 be removable for inspection
or replacement without applying heat or breaking pipe connections. Valve stems
exposed to the atmosphere shall

SECTION 23 23 00 Page 8
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- Revision August 2010

be stainless steel or corrosi on resistant meta1 plated carbon stee1 .


Direction of flow shall be legibly and permanently indicated on the valve
body. Control valve inlets shall be fitted with integral or adapted st
ra iner or filter where recommended or requ i red by the manufacturer. Purge,
charge and receiver valves shall be of manu facturer's standa rd con f i gurat
ion.

2.5.1 Refrigerant Stop Valves

Valve shall be the globe or full-port ball type with a back-seating stem
especially packed for refrigerant service. Valve packing shall be replaceable
under line pressure. Valve shall be provided with a handwheel or wrench opera
tor and a sea1 cap. Valve shal1 be the straight or angle pattern design
as indicated.

2.5.2 Check Valves

Valve shall be the swing or lift type as required to provide positive shutoff
at the differential pressure indicated. Valve shall be provide with resilient
seat.

2.5.3 Liquid Solenoid Valves

Valves shall comply with ANSI/AHRI 760 and be suitable for continuous duty
with applied voltages 15 percent under and 5 percent over nominal rated voltage
at maximum and minimum encountered pressure and temperature service conditions.
Valves shall be direct-acting or pilot-operating type, packless, except that
packed stem, seal capped, manual lifting provisions shall be furnished.
Solenoid coils shall be moisture-proof, UL approved, totally encapsulated or
encapsulated and metal jacketed as required. Valves shall have safe
working pressure of 2760 kPa and a maximum operating pressure differential of at
least 1375 kPa at 8 5 percent rated voltage. Valves shall have an operating
pressure differential suitable for the refrigerant used.

2.5.4 Expansion Valves

Valve shall conform to ANSI/AHRI 750 and ASHRAE 17. Valve shall be the
diaphragm and spring-loaded type with internal or external equalizers, and bulb
and capillary tubing. Valve shall be provided with an external superheat
adjustment along with a seal cap. Internal equalizers may be utilized where
flowing refrigerant pressure drop between outlet of the valve and inlet to the
evaporator coil is negligible and pressure drop across the evaporator is less than
the pressure difference corresponding to 1 degree C of saturated suction
temperature at evaporator conditions. Bulb charge shall be determined by the
manufacturer for the application and such that liquid will remain in the bulb at
all operating conditions. Gas limited liquid charged valves and other valve
devices for limiting evaporator pressure shall not be used without a distributor
or discharge tube or effective means to prevent loss of control when bulb becomes
warmer than valve body. Pilot-operated valves shall have a characterized plug
to provide required modulating control. A de-energized solenoid valve may be used
in the pilot line to close the main valve in lieu of a solenoid valve in the
main liquid line. An isolatable pressure gauge shall be provided in the pilot
line, at the main valve. Automatic pressure reducing or constant pressure
regulating expansion valves may be used only where indicted or for constant
evaporator loads.

2.5.5 Safety Relief Valves

Valve shal1 be the two-way type, unless indicated otherwise. Valve shall bear
the ASME code symbol. Valve capacity shall be certified by the National Board
of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. Valve

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- Revision August 2010

sha11 be of an automatically reseati ng des ign after act iva t ion.

2.5.6 Evaporator Pressure Regulators, Direct-Acting

Valve shall include a diaphragm/spring assembly, external pressure adjustment


with seal cap, and pressure gauge port. Valve shall maintain a constant
inlet pressure by balancing inlet pressure on diaphragm against an adjustable
spring load. Pressure drop at system design load shall not exceed the pressure
difference corresponding to a 1 degree C change in saturated refrigerant
temperature at evaporator operating suction temperature. Spring shall be
selected for indicated maximum allowable suction pressure range.

2.5.7 Refrigerant Access Valves

Refrigerant access valves and hose connections shall be in accordance with AHRI
720.

2.6 PIPING ACCESSORIES

2.6.1 Filter Driers

Driers shall conform to AHRI 711. Sizes 15 mm and larger shall be the full
flow, replaceable core type. Sizes 13 mm and smaller shall be the sealed
type. Cores shall be of suitable desiccant that will not plug, cake, dust,
channel, or break down, and shall remove water, acid, and foreign material
from the refrigerant. Filter driers shall be constructed so that none of
the desiccant will pass into the refrigerant 1ines. Minimum bursting
pressure shal1 be 10.3 MPa.

2.6.2 Sight Glass and Liquid Level Indicator

2.6.2.1 Assembly and Components

Assembly shall be pressure- and temperature-rated and constructed of materials


suitable for the service. Glass shall be borosilicate type. Ferrous components
subj ect to condensat ion shal1 be electro-galvani zed.

2.6.2.2 Gauge Glass

Gauge glass shall include top and bottom isolation valves fitted with automatic
checks, and packing followers; red-line or green-line gauge glass; elastomer
or polymer packing to suit the service; and gauge glass guard.

2.6.2.3 Bull's-Eye and Inline Sight Glass Reflex Lens

Bull's-eye and inline sight glass reflex lens shall be provided for dead-end
liquid service. For pipe line mounting, two plain lenses in one body
suitable for backlighted viewing shall be provided.

2.6.2.4 Moisture Indicator

Indicator shal1 be a self-reversible action, moisture reactive, color changing


media. Indicator sha11 be furni shed wi th ful1-color-print ing tag
containing color, moisture and temperature criteria. Unless otherwise
indicated, the moisture indicator shall be an integral part of each
corresponding sight glass.

2.6.3 Vibration Dampeners

Dampeners shall be of the all-metallic bellows and woven-wire type.

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2.6.4 Flexible Pipe Connectors

Connector shall be a composite of interior corrugated phosphor bronze or


Type 300 Series stainless steel, as required for fluid service, with
exterior reinforcement of bronze, stainless steel or monel wire braid.
Assembly sha11 be cons trueted with a safety fact or of not 1ess than 4
at 150 degrees C. Unless otherwise indicated, the length of a flexible
connector shal1 be as recommended by the manufacturer for the service int
ended.

2.6.5 Strainers

Strainers used in refrigerant service shall have brass or cast iron body, Y-or
angle-pattern, cleanable, not less than 60-mesh noncorroding screen of an
area to provide net free area not less than ten times the pipe diameter with
pressure rating compatible with the refrigerant service. Screens shall be
stainless steel or monel and reinforced spring-loaded where necessary for
bypass-proof construction.

2.6.6 Pressure and Vacuum Gauges

Gauges shall conform to ASME B40.100 and shall be provided with throttling type
needle valve or a pulsation dampener and shut-off valve. Gauge shal1 be a
minimum of 8 5 mm in diameter wi th a range f rom 0 kPa to approximately 1.5
times the maximum system working pressure. Each gauge range shall be selected
so that at normal operating pressure, the needle is within the middle-third of
the range.

2.6.7 Temperature Gauges

Temperature gauges shall be the industrial duty type and be provided for the
required temperature range. Gauges shall have Celsius scale in 1 degree
graduations scale (black numbers) on a white face. The pointer shall
be adjustable. Rigid stem type temperature gauges shall be provided in therma1
wel1s located within 1.5 m of the f inished floor . Universal adjustable
angle type or remote element type temperature gauges shall be provided in
thermal wells located 1.5 to 2.1 m above the finished floor. Remote
element type temperature gauges shall be provided in thermal wells located 2.1
m above the finished floor.

2.6.7.1 Stem Cased-Glass

Stem cased-glass case shall -be polished stainless steel or cast aluminum, 229
mm long, with clear acrylic lens, and non-mercury filled glass tube with
indicating-fluid column.

2.6.7.2 Bimetallic Dial

Bimetallic dial type case shall be not less than 89 mm, stainless steel, and
shal1 be hermetically sealed with clear acrylic lens. Bimeta1lie element
sha11 be si1icone dampened and unit fitted with externa1 calibrator adjustment.
Accuracy shall be one percent of dial range.

2.6.7.3 Liquid-, Solid-, and Vapor-Filled Dial

Liquid-, solid-, and vapor-filled dial type cases shal1 be not less than
89 mm, stainless steel or cast aluminum with clear acrylic lens. Fill shall
be nonmercury, suitable for encountered cross-ambients, and connecting
capillary tubing shall be double-braided bronze.

2.6.7.4 Thermal Well

Thermal well shall be identical size, 13 or 19 mm NPT connection, brass or


stainless steel. Where test wells are indicated, provide captive

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plug-fitt ed type 13 mm NPT connect i on su i table for use with ei ther engraved
stem or standard separable socket thermometer or thermostat . Mercury shall not
be used in thermometers. Extended neck thermal wells sha11 be of su f f
ic ient length to clear insulat ion thickness by 2 5 mm.

2.6.8 Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports

Pipe hangers, inserts, guides, and supports shall conform to MSS SP-58
and MSS SP-69.

2.6.9 Escutcheons

Escutcheons shall be chromium-plated iron or chromium-plated brass, either one


piece or split pattern, held in place by internal spring tension or set screws.

2 . 7 FABRICATION

2.7.1 Factory Coating

Unless otherwise specified, equipment and component items, when fabricated


from ferrous metal, shall be factory finished with the manufacturer's standard
finish, except that items located outside of bui1dings sha11 have weather
resistant f ini shes that will wi thstand 12 5 hours exposure to the salt
spray test specified in ASTM B 117 using a 5 percent sodium chloride solution.
Immediately after completion of the test, the specimen shall show no signs of
blistering, wrinkling, cracking, or loss of adhesion and no sign of
rust creepage beyond 3 mm on either side of the scratch mark. Cut edges
of galvanized surfaces where hot-dip galvanized sheet steel is used shall be
coated with a zinc-rich coating conforming to ASTM D 520, Type I.

2.7.2 Factory Applied Insulation

Refrigerant suction lines between the cooler and each compressor and cold gas
inlet connections to gas cooled motors shall be insulated with not less than
19 mm thick unicellular plastic foam. Factory insulated items instal1ed
outdoors are not requ i red to be f i re-rated. As a minimum, factory
insulated items installed indoors shall have a flame spread index no higher than
75 and a smoke developed index no higher than 150. Factory insulated items
(no jacket) installed indoors and which are located in air pienums, in
cei1ing spaces, and in attic spaces shall have a flame spread index no higher
than 25 and a smoke developed index no higher than 50. Flame spread and smoke
developed indexes shall be determined by ASTM E 84. Insulation shall be tested
in the same density and installed thickness as the material to be used in the actual
construction. Material supplied by a manufacturer with a jacket shall be tested
as a composite material. Jackets, facings, and adhesives shall have a
flame spread index no higher than 25 and a smoke developed index no higher than
50 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 8 4 .

PART 3 EXECUTION

3 . 1 EXAMINATION

After becoming familiar with all details of the work, perform a verification of
dimensions in the field, and advise the Contracting Officer of any
discrepancy before performing any work.

3.2 INSTALLATION

Pipe and fitting installation shall conform to the requirements of


ASME B31.1. Pipe shall be cut accurately to measurements established at
the jobsite, and worked into place without springing or forcing.

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completely clearing all windows, doors, and other openings. Cutting


or other weakening of the building structure to facilitate piping
installation will not be permitted without written approval. Pipe or
tubing shall be cut square, shall have burrs removed by reaming, and
shall permit free expansion and contraction without causing damage to the
bui1ding structure, pipe, joints, or hangers.

3.2.1 Direct ional Changes

Changes in direction shall be made with fittings, except that bending


of pipe 100 mm and smaller will be permitted, provided a pipe bender is used
and wide weep bends are formed. Mitering or notching pipe or other similar
construction to form elbows or tees will not be permitted. The centerline
radius of bends shall not be less than 6 diameters of the pipe.
Bent pipe showing kinks, wrinkles, flattening, or other malformations will
not be accepted.

3.2.2 Functional Requirements

Piping shall be installed 4 mm/m of pipe in the direction of flow to ensure


adequate oil drainage. Open ends of refrigerant lines or equipment shall
be properly capped or plugged during installation to keep moisture, dirt, or
other foreign material out of the system. Piping shall remain capped
until installation. Equipment piping shall be in accordance with the
equipment manufacturer's recommendations and the contract drawings.
Equipment and piping arrangements shall fit into space allotted and allow
adequate acceptable clearances for installation, replacement, entry,
servicing, and maintenance.

3.2.3 Fittings and End Connections

3.2.3.1 Threaded Connections

Threaded connections shall be made with tapered threads and made tight with PTFE
tape complying with ASTM D 3308 or equivalent thread-joint compound applied to
the male threads only. Not more than three threads shal1 show after the
joint is made.

3.2.3.2 Brazed Connections

Brazing shall be performed in accordance with AWS BRH, except as modified


herein. During brazing, the pipe and fittings shall be filled with a pressure
regulated inert gas, such as nitrogen, to prevent the formation of scale.
Before brazing copper joints, both the outside of the tube and the inside of
the fitting shall be cleaned with a wire fitting brush until the entire joint
surface is bright and clean. Brazing flux shall not be used. Surplus
brazing material shall be removed at all joints. Steel tubing joints shall
be made in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. Joints in steel
tubing shall be painted with the same material as the baked-on coating within 8
hours after joints are made. Tubing shall be protected against oxidation during
brazing by continuous purging of the inside of the piping using nitrogen.
Piping shall be supported prior to brazing and not be sprung or forced.

3.2.3.3 Welded Connections

Welded joints in steel refrigerant piping shall be fusion-welded. Branch


connections shall be made with welding tees or forged welding branch outlets.
Pipe shall be thoroughly cleaned of all scale and foreign matter before the
piping is assembled. During welding the pipe and fittings shall be filled
with an inert gas, such as nitrogen, to prevent the formation of scale.
Beveling, alignment, heat treatment, and inspection of weld shall conform
to ASME B31.1. Weld defects shall

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be removed and rewelded at no addi t i onal cost to the Government. Electrodes


sha11 be stored and dried in accordance with AWS Dl.1/Dl .1M or as recommended
by the manufacturer. Electrodes that have been wetted or that have lost
any of their coating shall not be used.

3.2.3.4 Flared Connections

When flared connections are used, a suitable lubricant shall be used between the
back of the flare and the nut in order to avoid tearing the flare wh i1e t i
ghtening the nu t.

3.2.3.5 Flanged Connections

When steel refrigerant piping is used, union or flange joints shall be provided
in each line immediately preceding the connection to each piece of equipment
requiring maintenance, such as compressors, coils, chillers, control
valves, and other similar items. Flanged joints shall be assembled
square end tight with matched flanges, gaskets, and bolts. Gaskets shall be
suitable for use with the refrigerants to be handled.

3.2.4 Valves

3.2.4.1 General

Refrigerant stop valves shall be installed on each side of each piece of equipment
such as compressors condensers, evaporators, receivers, and other similar
items in multiple-unit installation, to provide partial system isolation as
required for maintenance or repair. Stop valves shall be installed with stems
horizontal unless otherwise indicated. Ball valves shall be installed with
stems positioned to facilitate operation and maintenance. Isolating valves
for pressure gauges and switches shall be external to thermal insulation.
Safety switches shall not be fitted with isolation valves. Filter dryers having
access ports may be considered a point of isolation. Purge valves shall be
provided at all points of systems where accumulated noncondensable gases would
prevent proper system operation. Valves shall be furnished to match line
size, unless otherwise indicated or approved.

3.2.4.2 Expansion Valves

Expansion valves shall be installed with the thermostatic expansion valve bulb
located on top of the suction line when the suction line is less than 54 mm in
diameter and at the 4 o'clock or 8 o'clock position on lines larger than 54 mm.
The bulb shall be securely fastened with two clamps. The bulb shall be
insulated. The bulb shall installed in a horizontal portion of the suction
line, if possible, with the pigtail on the bottom. If the bulb must be
installed in a vertical line, the bulb tubing shall be facing up.

3.2.4.3 Valve Identification

Each system valve, including those which are part of a factory assembly, shall
be tagged. Tags shall be in alphanumeric sequence, progressing in direction
of fluid flow. Tags shall be embossed, engraved, or stamped plastic or
nonferrous metal of various shapes, sized approximately 34 mm diameter, or
equivalent dimension, substantially attached to a component or immediately
adjacent thereto. Tags shall be attached with nonferrous, heavy duty,
bead or 1ink chain, 14 gauge annealed wire, nylon cable bands or as approved.
Tag numbers shall be referenced in Operation and Maintenance Manuals and system
diagrams.

3.2.5 Vibration Dampers

Vibration damper shall be provided in the suction and discharge lines on

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spring mounted compressors. Vibration dampers shall be installed


parallel with the shaft of the compressor and shall be anchored firmly
at the upstream end on the suction line and the downstream end in the di
scharge 1ine.

3.2.6 Strainers

Strainers shall be provided immediately ahead of solenoid valves and


expansion devices. Strainers may be an integral part of an
expansion va1ve.

3.2.7 Filter Dryer

A liquid line filter dryer shall be provided on each refrigerant circuit


located such that all liquid refrigerant passes through a filter dryer.
Dryers shall be sized in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations
for the system in which it is installed. Dryers shall be installed such
that it can be isolated from the system, the isolated portion of the
system evacuated, and the filter dryer replaced. Dryers shall be installed
in the horizontal position except replaceable core filter dryers may be
installed in the vertical position with the access flange on the bottom.

3.2.8 Sight Glass

A moisture indicating sight glass shall be installed in all refrigerant


circuits down stream of all filter dryers and where indicated. Site
glasses shall be full line size.

3.2.9 Discharge Line Oil Separator

Discharge line oil separator shall be provi ded in the discharge line from
each compressor. Oil return line shall be connected to the
compressor as recommended by the compressor manufacturer.

3.2.10 Accumulator

Accumulators shall be provided in the suction line to each compressor.

3.2.11 Flexible Pipe Co nnectors

Connectors shall be installed perpendicular to line of ..motion being


isolated. Piping for equipment with bidirectional motion shall be fitted
with two flexible connectors, in perpendicular planes. Reinforced
elastomer flexible connectors sha ll be installed in accordance with
manufacturer's instructions. Piping guides and restraints related to
flexible connectors shall be provided as required.

3.2.12 Temperature Gauges

Temperature gauges shall be located specifically on, but not limited to


the following: the liquid line leaving a receiver and the suction line
at each evaporator or liquid cooler. Thermal wells for insertion
thermometers and thermostats shall extend beyond thermal insulation surface
not less than 25 mm.

3.2.13 Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports

Pipe hangers, inserts, and supports shall conform to MSS SP -58 and MSS
SP-69, except as modified herein. Pipe hanger types 5, 12,
and 26 shall not be used. Hangers used to support piping 50 mm and larger
shall be fabricated to permit adequate adjustment after erection while
still supporting the load. Piping subjected to vertical movement, when
operating temperatures exceed ambient temperatures, shall be supported

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by variable spring hangers and supports or by cons tant support hangers.

3.2.13.1 Hangers

Type 3 shall not be used on insulated piping. Type 24 may be used


only on trapeze hanger systems or on fabricated frames.

3.2.13.2 Inserts

Type 18 inserts shall be secured to concrete forms before concrete is placed.


Continuous inserts which allow more adjustments may be used i f they otherwise
meet the requirements for Type 18 inserts.

3.2.13.3 C-Clamps

Type 19 and 23 C -clamps shall be torqued in accordance with MSS SP -69


and have both locknuts and retaining devices, furnis hed by the
manufacturer. Field-fabricated C-clamp bodies or retaining devices are
not acceptable.

3.2.13.4 Angle Attachments

Type 20 attachments used on angles and channels shall be furnished with an


added malleable-iron heel plate or adapter.

3.2.13.B Sadd les and Shields

Where Type 39 saddle or Type 40 shield are permitted for a particular


pipe attachment application, the Type 39 saddle, connected to the
pipe, shall be used on all pipe 100 mm and larger when the temperature of
the medium is 16 degrees C or higher. Type 40 shields shall be
used on all piping less than 100 mm and all piping 100 mm and larger carrying
medium less than 16 degrees C. A high density insulation insert of
cellular glass shall be used under the Type 40 shi eld for piping 50 mm and
larger.

3.2.13.6 Hori zontal Pipe Support s

Horizontal pipe supports shall be spaced as specified in MSS SP -69 and a


support shall be installed not over 300 mm from the pipe fitting joint
at each change in direction of the piping. Pipe supports shall be
spaced not over 1.5 m apart at valves.

3.2.13.7 Vertical Pipe Supports

Vertical pipe shall be supported at each floor, except at slab -on-grade,


and at intervals of not more than 4 . 5 m not more than 2.4 m from end of risers,
and at vent terminations.

3.2.13.8 Pipe Guides

Type 35 guides using, steel, reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)


or graphite slides shall be provided where required to allow longitudinal
pipe movement. Lateral restraints shall be provided as required.
Slide materials shall be suitable for the system operating temperatures,
atmospheric conditions, and bearing loads encountered.

3.2.13.9 Steel Slides

Where steel slides do not require provisions for restraint of lateral


movement, an alternate guide method may be used. O n piping 100 mm
and larger, a Type 39 saddle shall be used. On piping under 100 mm,
a Type 40 protection shield may be attached to the pipe or insulation and
freely rest on a steel slide plate.

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3.2.13.10 High Temperature Guides with Cradles

Where there are high system temperatures and welding to piping is not desirable,
then the Type 35 guide shall include a pipe cradle, welded to the guide
structure and strapped securely to the pipe. The pipe shal1 be separated
from the slide material by at least 100 mm, or by an amount adequate for
the insulat ion, whichever i s greater.

3.2.13.11 Multiple Pipe Runs

In the support of multiple pipe runs on a common base member, a clip or


clamp shall be used where each pipe crosses the base support member. Spacing of
the base support members shall not exceed the hanger and support
spacing required for an individual pipe in the multiple pipe run.

3.2.13.12 Structural Attachments

Attachment to building structure concrete and masonry shall be by cast- in concret


e inserts, bu i11- in anchors, or masonry anchor devices. Inserts and
anchors shal1 be applied with a safety factor not less than 5. Supports
shall not be attached to metal decking. Masonry anchors for overhead appli
cat ions shal1 be constructed of ferrous materi als only. Structural steel
brackets required to support piping, headers, and equipment, but not shown,
shall be provided under this section. Material used for support shal1 be as
speci f ied under Sect ion 05 12 00 STRUCTURAL STEEL.

3.2.14 Pipe Alignment Guides

Pipe alignment guides shall be provided where indicated for expansion loops,
offsets, and bends and as recommended by the manufacturer for expansion joints,
not to exceed 1.5 m on each side of each expansion joint, and in lines 100 mm
or smaller not more than 600 mm on each side of the joint.

3.2.15 Pipe Anchors

Anchors shall be provided wherever necessary or indicated to localize expansion


or to prevent undue strain on piping. Anchors shall consist of heavy steel
collars with lugs and bolts for clamping and attaching anchor braces, unless
otherwise indicated. Anchor braces shall be installed in the most effective
manner to secure the desired results using turnbuckles where required.
Supports, anchors, or stays shall not be attached where they will injure the
structure or adjacent construction during installation or by the weight of
expansion of the pipeline. Where pipe and conduit penetrations of vapor barrier
sealed surfaces occur, these items shall be anchored immediately adjacent to each
penetrated surface, to provide essentially zero movement within penetration
seal. Detailed drawings of pipe anchors shall be submitted for approval before
installation.

3.2.16 Building Surface Penetrations

Sleeves shall not be installed in structural members except where indicated or


approved. Sleeves in nonload bearing surfaces shall be galvanized sheet metal,
conforming to ASTM A 653/A 653M, Coating Class G-90, 1.0 mm (20
gauge). Sleeves in load bearing surfaces shall be uncoated carbon steel
pipe, conforming to ASTM A 53/A 53M, Standard weight. Sealants shall be
applied to moisture and oil-free surfaces and elastomers to not less than 13
mm depth. Sleeves shall not be installed in structural members.

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3.2.16.1 Refrigerated Space

Refri gera ted space bu ilding surface penetrat ions shal1 be fit ted with
sleeves fabricated from hand-lay-up or helically wound, fibrous glass
reinforced polyester or epoxy resin with a minimum thickness equal to equivalent
size Schedule 40 steel pipe. Sleeves shall be constructed with
integral collar or cold side shall be fitted with a bonded slip-on flange or
extended collar. In the case of masonry penetrations where sleeve i s not
cast - in, voids shal1 be f i1led with latex mixed mortar cast to shape
of sleeve and flange/externa1 collar type sleeve sha11 be assembled with
butyl elastomer vapor barrier sealant through penetration to cold side
surface vapor barrier overlap and fastened to surface with masonry anchors.
Integral cast-in collar type sleeve shall be f1ashed as indicated.
Normally noninsulated penetrating round surfaces shall be sealed to sleeve bore
with mechanically expandable seals in vapor tight manner and remaining warm and
cold side sleeve depth shall be insulated with not less than 100 mm of
foamed-in-place rigid polyurethane or foamed-in-place silicone elastomer.
Vapor barrier sealant shall be applied to finish warm side insulation surface.
Warm side of penetrating surface shall be insulated beyond vapor barrier sealed
sleeve insulation for a distance which prevents condensation. Wires in
refrigerated space surface penetrating conduit shall be sealed with vapor
barrier plugs or compound to prevent moisture migration through conduit and
condensation therein.

3.2.16.2 General Service Areas

Each sleeve shall extend through its respective wall, floor, or roof, and
shall be cut flush with each surface. Pipes passing through concrete or masonry
wall or concrete floors or roofs shall be provided with pipe sleeves fitted
into place at the time of construction. Sleeves shall be of such size as to
provide a minimum of 6 mm all-around clearance between bare pipe and sleeves or
between jacketed-insulation and sleeves. Except in pipe chases or interior
walls, the annular space between pipe and sleeve or between jacket
over-insulation and sleeve shall be sealed in accordance with Section 07 92 00
JOINT SEALANTS.

3.2.16.3 Waterproof Penetrations

Pipes passing through roof or floor waterproofing membrane shall be installed


through a 5.17 kg/sq. m copper sleeve, or a 0.81 mm thick aluminum sleeve, each
within an integral skirt or flange. Flashing sleeve shall be suitably formed,
and skirt or. flange shall extend not less than 200 mm from the pipe and be set
over the roof or floor membrane in a troweled coating of bituminous cement.
The flashing sleeve shall extend up the pipe a minimum of 50 mm above the roof
or floor penetration. The annular space between the flashing sleeve and the
bare pipe or between the flashing sleeve and the metal-jacket-covered insulation
shall be sealed as indicated. Penetrations shall be sealed by either one of the
following methods.

a. Waterproofing Clamping Flange: Pipes up to and including 250 mm in


diameter passing through roof or floor waterproofing membrane may be
installed through a cast iron sleeve with caulking recess, anchor lugs,
flashing clamp device, and pressure ring with brass bolts. Waterproofing
membrane shall be clamped into place and sealant shall be placed in the
caulking recess.

b. Modular Mechanical Type Sealing Assembly: In lieu of a


waterproofing clamping flange and caulking and sealing of annular space
between pipe and sleeve or conduit and sleeve, a modular mechanical type
sealing assembly may be installed. Seals shall consist of
interlocking synthetic rubber links shaped to continuously fill the
annular space between the pipe/conduit and

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sleeve with corrosion protected carbon steel bolt s, nu t s, and pressure


plates. Links shall be loosely assembled with bolts to form a
continuous rubber belt around the pipe with a pressure plate under each
bolt head and each nut. After the seal assembly is properly positioned
in the sleeve, tightening of the bolt shall cause the rubber sealing
elements to expand and provide a watertight seal rubber sealing elements
to expand and provide a watertight seal between the pipe/conduit seal between
the pipe/conduit and the sleeve. Each sea1 assembly sha11 be sized as
recommended by the manufacturer to fit the pipe/conduit and sleeve
involved. The Contractor electing to use the modular mechanical type
seals shall provide sleeves of the proper diameters.

3.2.16.4 Fire-Rated Penetrations

Penetration of fire-rated walls, partitions, and floors shall be sealed as


specified in Section 07 84 00 FIRESTOPPING.

3.2.16.5 Escutcheons

Finished surfaces where exposed piping, bare or insulated, pass through


floors, walls, or ceilings, except in boiler, utility, or equipment
rooms, sha11 be provided with escutcheons. Where sieeves project
slightly from floors, special deep-type escutcheons shall be used.
Escutcheon shall be secured to pipe or pipe covering.

3.2.17 Access Panels

Access panels shall be provided for all concealed valves, vents, controls,
and items requiring inspection or maintenance. Access panels shall be of
sufficient size and located so that the concealed items may be serviced and
maintained or completely removed and replaced. Access panels shall be as
specified in Section 05 50 13 MISCELLANEOUS METAL FABRICATIONS.

3.2.18 Field Applied Insulation

Field installed insulation shall be as specified in Section 23 07 00 THERMAL


INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS, except as defined differently herein.

3.2.19 Field Painting

Paint ing required for surfaces not otherwise specified, and finish painting
of items only primed at the factory are specified in Section 09 90 00 PAINTS
AND COATINGS.

3.2.19.1 Color Coding

Color coding for piping identification is specified in Section 09 90 00 PAINTS


AND COATINGS.

3.2.19.2 Color Coding Scheme

A color coding scheme for locating hidden piping shall be in accordance with
Section 22 00 00 PLUMBING, GENERAL PURPOSE.

3.3 CLEANING AND ADJUSTING

Clean uncontaminated system(s) by evacuation and purging procedures currently


recommended by refrigerant and refrigerant equipment manufacturers, and as
specified herein, to remove small amounts of air and moisture. Systems
containing moderate amounts of air, moisture, contaminated refrigerant, or
any foreign matter shall be considered

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contaminated systems. Restoring contaminated systems to clean condition


including di sassembly, component replacement, evacuat ion, flushing,
purging, and re-charg ing, sha11 be per formed using cu rrently approved
refrigerant and refrigeration manufacturer's procedures. Restoring
contaminated systems shall be at no add i t i ona1 cost to the Government as
determi ned by the Contract ing Officer. Water shal1 not be used in any
procedure or test.

3.4 TRAINING COURSE

Conduct a training course for 5 members of the operating staff as


designated by the Contracting Officer. The training period shall cons ist
of a total 8 hours of norma1 working t ime and start after the
system is functionally completed but prior to final acceptance tests. The field
posted instructions shall cover all of the items contained in the approved
operation and maintenance manuals as well as demonstrations of routine
maintenance operations.

3.5 REFRIGERANT PIPING TESTS

After all components of the refrigerant system have been installed and connected,
subject the entire refrigeration system to pneumatic, evacuation, and startup
tests as described herein. Conduct tests in the presence of the Contracting
Officer. Water and electricity required for the tests will be furnished by
the Government. Provide all material, equipment, instruments, and
personnel required for the test. Provide the services of a qualified technician,
as required, to perform all tests and procedures indicated herein. Field
tests shall be coordinated with Section 23 05 93 TESTING,
ADJUSTING, AND BALANCING OF HVAC SYSTEMS.

3.5.1 Preliminary Procedures

Prior to pneumatic testing, equipment which has been factory tested and
refrigerant charged as wel1 as equipment which could be damaged or cause
personnel injury by imposed test pressure, positive or negative, shall be
isolated from the test pressure or removed from the system. Safety relief valves
and rupture discs, where not part of factory sealed systems, shal1 be removed
and openings capped or plugged.

3.5.2 Pneumatic Test

Pressure control and excess pressure protection shall be provided at the source
of test pressure. Valves shal1 be wide open, except those leading to the
atmosphere. Test gas shall be dry nitrogen, with minus 55 degrees C dewpoint
and less than 5 ppm oil. Test pressure shall be applied in two stages before
any refrigerant pipe is insulated or covered. First stage test shall be at
69 kPa with every joint being tested with a thick soap or color indicating
solution. Second stage tests shall raise the system to the minimum refrigerant
leakage test pressure specified in ANSI/ASHRAE 15 & 34 with a maximum test
pressure 25 percent greater. Pressure above 690 KPa shall be raised in 10
percent increments with a pressure acclimatizing period between increments.
The initial test pressure shall be recorded along with the ambient temperature
to which the system is exposed. Final test pressures of the second stage shall
be maintained on the system for a minimum of 24 hours. At the end of the
24 hour period, the system pressure will be recorded along with the ambient
temperature to which the system is exposed. A correction factor of 2 kPa will
be allowed for each degree C change between test space initial and final ambient
temperature, plus for increase and minus for a decrease. If the
corrected system pressure is not exactly equal to the initial system test
pressure, then the system shall be investigated for leaking joints. To
repair leaks, the joint sha11 be taken apart, thoroughly cleaned, and
reconstructed as a new joint. Joints repaired by caulking,

SECTION 23 23 00 Page 20
Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEP-Trades - MEPALAIN
Revision August 2010

remelting, or back-welding/brazing shall not be acceptable. Following repair,


the entire system shall be retested using the pneumatic tests described above.
The entire system shall be reassembled once the pneumatic tests are
satisfactorily completed.

3.5.3 Evacuation Test

Following satisfactory completion of the pneumatic tests, the pressure


shall be relieved and the entire system shall be evacuated to an absolute pressure
of 300 micrometers. During evacuation of the system, the ambient
temperature shall be higher than 2 degrees C. No more than one system shall
be evacuated at one time by one vacuum pump. Once the desired vacuum has been
reached, the vacuum line shall be closed and the system shall stand for 1
hour. If the pressure rises over 500 micrometers after the 1 hour period,
then the system shall be evacuated again down to 300 micrometers and let
set for another 1 hour period. The system shall not be charged until a vacuum
of at least 500 micrometers is maintained for a period of 1 hour without the
assistance of a vacuum line. If during the testing the pressure
continues to rise, check the system for leaks, repair as required, and
repeat the evacuation procedure. During evacuation, pressures shall be
recorded by a thermocouple-type, electronic-type, or a
ca1ibrated-micrometer type gauge.

3.5.4 System Charging and Startup Test

Following satisfactory completion of the evacuation tests, the system


shall be charged with the required amount of refrigerant by raising pressure
to normal operating pressure and in accordance with manufacturer's procedures.
Following charging, the system shall operate with high-side and low-side
pressures and corresponding refrigerant temperatures, at design or improved
values. The entire system shall be tested for leaks. Fluorocarbon
systems shall be tested with halide torch or electronic leak detectors.

3.5.5 Refrigerant Leakage

If a refrigerant leak is discovered after the system has been charged, the
leaking portion of the system shall immediately be isolated from the
remainder of the system and the refrigerant pumped into the system receiver or
other suitable container. Under no circumstances shall the refrigerant be
discharged into the atmosphere.

3.5.6 Contractor's Responsibility

At all times during the installation and testing of the refrigeration system,
take steps to prevent the release of refrigerants into the atmosphere. The
steps shall include, but not be limited to, procedures which will minimize the
release of refrigerants to the atmosphere and the use of refrigerant recovery
devices to remove refrigerant from the system and store the refrigerant for reuse
or reclaim. At no time shall more than 85 g of refrigerant be released to the
atmosphere in any one occurrence. Any system leaks within the first year shall
be repaired in accordance with the requirements herein at no cost to the Government
including material, labor, and refrigerant if the leak is the result of
defective equipment, material, or installation.

-- End of Section --

SECTION 23 23 00 Page 21
Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEPALAIN
MEP-Trades - Revision August 2010

SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS DIVISION 23 - HEATING,

VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING

SECTION 23 25 00 CHEMICAL TREATMENT OF WATER FOR

MECHANICAL SYSTEMS

11/08

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES
1.2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
1.3 SUBMITTALS
1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1 Drawings
1.5 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.6 MAINTENANCE

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 STANDARD PRODUCTS


2 . 2 NAMEPLATES
2.3 ELECTRICAL WORK
2 . 4 GAUGES
2.5 WATER ANALYSIS
2.6 CHILLED WATER SYSTEM
2.6.1 Chilled Water Treatment
2.6.2 Chilled Water Test Kits
2.7 SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS/SERVICES

PART 3 EXECUTION

3 . 1 EXAMINATION
3 . 2 INSTALLATION
3.3 PIPING
3.4 TRAINING COURSE
3.5 TESTS
3.5.1 Chilled; Water T esting (monthly)
3.5.2 Quality Assurance Testing
3.5.2.1 Chilled Water Quality Assurance Testing (quarterly)
3.5.3 Corrosion Testers
3.6 INSPECTIONS
3.6.1 Inspection General Requirements

-- End of Section Table of Contents --

SECTION 23 25 00 Page 1
Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEP-Trades - MEPALAIN
Revision August 2010

SECTION 23 25 00

CHEMICAL TREATMENT OF WATER FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS

1 1 /08

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES

The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the


extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the basic
designation only.

ASME INTERNATIONAL (ASME)

ASME B40.100 (2005) Pressure Gauges and Gauge


Attachments

ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)

ASTM D 2688 (2005) Corrosivity of Water in the


Absence of Heat Transfer (Weight Loss
Methods)

ASTM D 596 (2001; R 2006) Reporting Results of

Analysis of Water

NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)

NEMA MG 1 (2007; Errata 2008) Standard for Motors


and Generators

1.2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

This section covers the provisions and installation procedures necessary for a
complete and totally functional water system(s) chemical treatment. Provide
and install the systern with all necessary System Components, Accessories,
Piping Components, and Supplemental Components/Services.

1.3 SUBMITTALS

Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;


submittals not having a "G" designation are for information only. When used,
a designation following the "G" designation identifies the office that will review
the submittal for the Government. Submit the following in accordance with
Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:

SD-03 Product Data

Water Treatment System; G, AE


Water Analysis; G, AE

Six complete copies, at least 5 weeks prior to the purchase of the


water treatment system, of the proposed water treatment plan including
a layout ; control scheme ; a list of existing make-up water
chemistry, including the items listed in paragraph Water Analysis;
a list of treatment chemicals to be added; the proportion of
chemicals to be added; the final treated water control levels;
and a description of health, safety and environmental concerns for
handling the chemicals plus any

SECTION 23 25 00 Page 2
Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEP-Trades - MEPALAIN
Revision August 2010

special ventilation requirements.

Spare Parts

Spare parts data for each different item of material and


equipment specified.

Field Instructions

Instructions, at least 2 weeks prior to construction


completion, including equipment layout, wiring and control
diagrams, piping, valves and control sequences, and typed
condensed operation instructions. The condensed operat ion
instructions shall include preventative maintenance procedures,
methods of checking the system for normal and safe operation, and
procedures for safely starting and stopping the system. The posted
instructions shall be framed under glass or laminated plastic and
posted where indicated by the Contracting Officer.

Tests; G, AE

Test schedules, at least 2 weeks prior to the start of related testing,


for the condenser/chilled/boiler/condensâte/feedwater water quality
tests. The schedules shall identify the date, time, frequency
and collection location for each test.

Demons trations ; G, AE

A schedule, at least 2 weeks prior to the date of the proposed


training course, which identifies the date, time, and location
for the training.

SD-06 Test Reports

Condenser Water Quality Assurance Tests

Test reports in bound 216 by 279 mm booklets. The reports shall


identify the chemical composition of the condenser water. The reports
shall also include a comparison of the manufacturer's or chemical vendor
1
s recommended operating conditions for the cooling tower and condenser
in relation to the actual condition of the condenser water. Any
required corrective action shall be documented within the report.

Steam Boiler Water Quality Assurance Tests

The water quality test report identifying the chemical composition of


the boiler, feedwater and condensate water. The report shall include
a comparison of the condition of the boiler water with the
manufacturer's or chemical vendor's recommended conditions. Any
required corrective action shall be documented within the report.

SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data

Water Treatment System

Six complete copies of operating and maintenance manuals for the


step-by-step water treatment procedures. The manuals shall include
testing procedures used in determining water quality.

SECTION 23 25 00 Page 3
Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEP-Trades MEPALAIN
- Revision August 2010

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE

1.4.1 Drawings

Because of the small scale of the drawings, it is not possible to indicate


all offsets, fittings, and accessories that may be required. Carefully
investigate the plumbing, fire protection, electrical, structural and
finish conditions that would affect the work to be performed and arrange such
work accordingly, furnishing required offsets, fittings, and accessories
to meet such conditions.

1.5 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

Protect all equipment delivered and placed in storage from the weather,
humidity and temperature variations, dirt and dust, or other contaminants.

1.6 MAINTENANCE

Submit spare parts data for each different item of material and equipment
specified, after approval of the detail drawings, not later than 2 months
prior to the date of beneficial occupancy. The data shall include a
complete list of parts and supplies, with source of supply

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 STANDARD PRODUCTS

a. Provide materials and equipment which are standard products of a


manufacturer regularly engaged in the manufacturing of such product s, that
are of a similar material, des ign and workmanship and that have been in
satisfactory commercial or industrial use for two years prior to bid
opening.

b. The two-year use shal1 include applications of equipment and


materials under similar circumstances and of similar size. The two years
experience shall have been satisfactorily completed by a product which has
been sold or is offered for sale on the commercial market through
advertisements, manufacturer's catalogs, or brochures. Products having
less than a two-year field service record will be acceptable if a
certified record of satisfactory field operation, for not less than 6000
hours exclusive of the manufacturer's factory tests, can be shown.

c. All products shall be supported by a service organization. Submit a


certified list of qualified permanent service organizations for support of
the equipment, including their addresses and qualifications. These
service organizations shall be reasonably convenient to the equipment
installation and shall be able to render satisfactory service to the equipment
on a regular and emergency basis during the warranty period of the contract.

d. The selected service organization shall provide the chemicals required,


the concentrât ions required, and the water treatment equipment sizes and
flow rates required. The company shall provide all chemicals required
for the chilled water systems and fill the systems with chemicals to the
levels specified. The chemical shall meet the requirements of this
specification as well as the recommendations from the manufacturers of the
condenser and cooling tower. Acid treatment chemicals shall not be used.

2.2 NAMEPLATES

Each maj or component of equipment shal1 have the manufacturer's name,

SECTION 23 25 00 Page 4
Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEP-Trades MEPALAIN
- Revision August 2010

address, type or style, and cata1og or serial number on a plate securely attached
to the item of equipment. Nameplates shall be provided for :

a. Pump(s)

b. Pump Motor(s)

2.3 ELECTRICAL WORK

Electrical equipment, motors, motor efficiencies, and wiring shall be in


accordance with Section 26 20 00 INTERIOR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. Provide
electrical motor driven equipment specified complete with motors, motor
starters, and controls. Elertrical characteri sties and enclosure type
shall be as shown, and unless otherwise indicated, all motors of 745
W and above with open, dripproof, or totally enclosed fan cooled enclosures,
shall be high efficiency type. Field wiring shall be in accordance wi th
manufacturer's instruct i oris. Each motor shal1 conform to NEMA MG 1
and be of sufficient size to drive the equipment at the speci f ied capaci
ty withou t exceeding the namepla te rat ing of the motor. Al1 motors shal1
be cont inuous duty wi th the enclosure spec i f ied. Provide motor starters
complete with therma1 overload protect ion and other appurtenances necessary
for the motor cont rol indi ca t ed. Furni sh motors with a magnetic
across-the-1ine or reduced voltage type starter as required by the manufacturer.
Motor starter shall be provided with NEMA 3R enclosures. Manual or
automatic control and protective or signa 1 devi ces required for the operat
ion spec i f ied and any control wiring required for controls and devices
specified, but not shown, shall be provided.

2 . 4 GAUGES

Gauges shall conform to ASME B40.100, Class 1, 2, or 3, Style X,


Type I or III as required, 115 mm in diameter with phenolic or metal case.

2.5 WATER ANALYSIS

Conditions of make-up water to be supplied to the boilers, cooling towers and


chilled water systems reported in accordance with ASTM D 596 are as follows:

Date of Sample Temperature Silica


(SiO 2) Insoluble Iron, total (Fe) degrees C.
Aluminum (Al) Calcium (Ca) Magnesium ppm (mg/L)
(Mg) Carbonate {HCO 3) Sulfate (SO ppm (mg/L)
4) Chloride (CI) Nitrate (NO 3) ppm (mg/L)
Turbidity pH ppm (mg/L)
Residual Chlorine Total Alkalinity ppm (mg/L)
Non-Carbonate Hardness Total Hardness ppm (mg/L)
Dissolved Solids Conductivity ppm (mg/L)
ppm (mg/L)
2.6 CHILLED WATER SYSTEM A 18.92 L shot feeder shall be ppm (mg/L)
ppm (mg/L)
provided on the chilled water piping as ntu

ppm (mg/L)
ppm (mg/L}
ppm (mg/L)
ppm (mg/L)
ppm (mg/L)
micromho/cm

SECTION 23 25 00 Page 5
Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEP-Trades - MEPALAIN
Revision August 2010

indicated. The feeder shall be furnished with an air vent, gauge glass,
funnel, valves, fittings, and piping.

2.6.1 Chilled Water Treatment

Treat chilled water with either a borax/nitrite type treatment or a molybdate type
treatment. Both types of treatment can be used with glycol. Borax/nitrite
treatment shall be maintained at the limits of
600 to 1000 ppm nitrite, 40 - 50 ppm copper corrosion inhibitor {TT or
MBT), and pH of 8.5 to 9.5. Molybdate treatment shall be maintained at
the limits of 100 to 125 ppm molybdate, 40 - 50 ppm copper corrosion
inhibitor (TT or MBT), and pH of 8.0 to 9.0.

2.6.2 Chilled Water Test Kits

One test kit of each type required to determine the water quality as
outlined within the operation and maintenance manuals shall be provided (e.g.
pH and nitrite or molybdate).

2. 7 SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS/SERVICES

Drain and makeup water piping shall comply with the requirements of Section
22 00 00 PLUMBING, GENERAL PURPOSE. Drains which connect to sanitary
sewer systems shall be connected by means of an indirect waste.

PART 3 EXECUTION

3 . 1 EXAMINATION

After becoming familiar with all details of the work, verify all dimensions
in the field, and advise the Contracting Officer of any discrepancy, before
performing any work.

3.2 INSTALLATION

Provide all chemicals, equipment and labor necessary to bring all system
waters in conformance with the specified requirements. Perform all work in
accordance with the manufacturer's published diagrams, recommendations, and
equipment warranty requirements.

3.3 PIPING

Connections between dissimilar metals shall be made with a dielectric union.

3.4 TRAINING COURSE

Conduct a training course for the operating staff as designated by the Contracting
Officer. The training period shall consist of a total 8 hours of normal working
time and start after the system is functionally completed but prior to final
acceptance tests. The field instructions shall cover all of the items
contained in the Operation and Maintenance Manuals as well as demonstrations of
routine maintenance operations.

3.5 TESTS

If the waters of the mechanical systems are not in conformance with the
specified requirements or in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations,
the water treatment company shall take corrective action to enable compliance.
Daily operational tests shall be performed in the directed frequencies to
maintain required control to prevent corrosion, sealing and damage to
equipment during operation

SECTION 23 25 00 Page 6
AI Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEPALAIN
MEP-Trades - Revision August 2010

3.5.1 Chilled Water Testing (monthly)

Once a month, the following tests will be performed on chilled water.

PH [ ___ ]
Nitrite or Molybdate I ___ ] ppm (mg/L)
Conductivity I 1 micromho/cm

3.5.2 Quality Assurance Testing

Conduct quality assurance testing periodically by an independent water


treatment lab/consultant to verify to managers that the mechanical and water
treatment systems are being maintained properly. Provide the Quality Assurance
evaluation reports to the government.

3.5.2.1 Chilled Water Quality Assurance Testing (quarterly)

Quarterly, the following tests shall be performed on chilled water.

PH f 1
Nitrite or Molybdate [ ____ ] ppm (mg/L)
Conductivity [ ____ ] micromho/cm
Iron (total, as Fe(2}0(3>) [ ____ ] ppm (mg/L)
Written evaluation summary

3.5.3 Corrosion Testers

Install corrosion coupon and rack systems to verify corrosion control in the
systems. Testers or coupons are installed in flowing system water
through a sidestream or rack system. Both mild steel and copper metal
samples are to be tested in the corrosion testers in accordance with ASTM D
2688. Samples are to be replaced and analyzed every 3 months. Rates of
corrosion less than 3 mpy for steel and 0.2 mpy for copper are acceptable.
Corrosion testers shall be installed on the piping systems of the following
systems.

Chilled water system

3.6 INSPECTIONS
...

3.6.1 Inspection General Requirements

Thirty days after project completion, inspect the cooling tower and condenser
for problems due to corrosion, scale, and biological growth. If the cooling
tower and condenser are found not to conform to the manufacturer's recommended
conditions, and the water treatment company recommendations have been
followed; the water treatment company shall provide all chemicals and labor
for cleaning or repairing the equipment as required by the manufacturer's
recommendations.

-- End of Section --

SECTION 23 25 00 Page 7
Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEPALAIN
MEP-Trades - Revision August 2010

SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS DIVISION 23 - HEATING,

VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING

SECTION 23 64 26 CHILLED

WATER PIPING SYSTEMS 08/09

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES
1.2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
1 . 3 SUBMITTALS
1.4 MODIFICATIONS TO REFERENCES
1.4.1 Definitions
1.5 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
1.6 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.7 PROJECT/SITE CONDITIONS
1.7.1 Verification of Dimensions
1.7.2 Drawings
1.7.3 Accessibility

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 STANDARD COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS


2. 2 STEEL PIPING
2.2.1 Pipe
2.2.2 Fittings and End Connections (Joints)
2.2.2.1 Threaded Connections
2.2.2.2 Flanged Connections
2.2.2.3 Welded Connections
2.2.2.4 Grooved Mechanical Connections For Steel
2.2.2.5 Dielectric Waterways and Flanges 2
. 3 VALVES
2.3.1 Gate Valve
2.3.2 Globe and Angle Valve
2.3.3 Check Valve
2.3.4 Butterfly Valve
2.3.5 Plug Valve
2.3.6 Ball Valve
2.3.7 Square Head Cocks
2.3.8 Calibrated Balancing Valves
2.3.9 Automatic Flow Control Valves
2.3.10 Pump Discharge Valve
2.3.11 Water Temperature Mixing Valve
2.3.12 Water Temperature Regulating Valves
2.3.13 Water Pressure Reducing Valve
2.3.14 Pressure Relief Valve
2.3.15 Combination Pressure and Temperature Relief Valves
2.3.16 Float Valve
2.3.17 Drain Valves
2.3.18 Air Venting Valves
2.3.19 Vacuum Relief Valves
2.4 PIPING ACCESSORIES
2.4.1 Strainer
2.4.2 Cyclonic Separator
2.4.3 Combination Strainer and Pump Suction Diffuser
2.4.4 Flexible Pipe Connectors
2.4.5 Pressure and Vacuum Gauges

SECTION 23 171 26 Page 1


Al Ain - Aircraft Haintenace Hangar MEPALAIN
MEP-Trades - Revision August 2010

2.4.6 Temperature Gauges


2.4.6.1 Stem Cased-Glass
2.4.6.2 Bimetallic Dial
2.4.6.3 Liquid-, Solid-, and Vapor-Filled Dial
2.4.6.4 Thermal Well
2.4.7 Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports
2.4.8 Escutcheons
2.4.9 Expansion Joints
2.5 PUMPS
2.5.1 Construction
2.5.2 Mechanical Shaft Seals
2.6 EXPANSION TANKS
2.7 AIR SEPARATOR TANKS
2.8 WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
2.8.1 Water Analysis
2.8.2 Chi lied Water
2.8.3 Chilled Water System
2.9 ELECTRICAL WORK
2.10 PAINTING OF NEW EQUIPMENT
2.10.1 Factory Painting Systems
2.10.2 Shop Painting Systems for Metal Surfaces
2.11 FACTORY APPLIED INSULATION
2.12 NAMEPLATES
2.13 RELATED COMPONENTS/SERVICES
2.13.1 Drain and Make-Up Water Piping
2.13.2 Field Applied Insulation
2.13.3 Field Applied Insulation
2.13.4 Field Painting
2.13.4.1 Color Coding
2.13.4.2 Color Coding For Hidden Piping
1 CHILLED WATER HEAT EXCHANGER
4
2 14 1 Thermal Design
.
2 14 2 Mechanical Design
.
2 14 3 Plates
.
2 14 4 Gaskets
.
2 14 5 Fixed and Movable Heads
.
2 14 6 Tie Bolts and Nuts
.
2 14 7 Ports
.
2 14 8 Surface Preparation and Painting
.

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 INSTALLATION
3.1.1 Welding
3.1.1.1 Employer's Record Documents (For Welding)
3.1.1.2 Welding Procedures and Qualifications
3.1.1.3 Examination of Piping Welds
3.1.1.4 Welding Safety
3.1.2 Directional Changes
3.1.3 Functional Requirements

3 1 4 1 Threaded Connections
3 1 4 2 Welded Connections
3 1 4 3 Grooved Mechanical Connections
3 1 4 4 Flared Connections
3 1 4 5 Flanges and Unions
31 5 Valves
31 6
3.1.8 Air Vent sPipe Connectors
Flexible
3.1.9
31 7 Temperature Gauges
Drains
3.1.10 Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and
Supports SECTION 23 64 26 Page 172
3.1.10.1 Hangers
3.1.10.2 Inserts
Al Ain - Aircraft Haintenace Hangar MEPALAIN
MEP-Trades - Revision August 2010

3.1.4 Fittings and End Connections

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 173


Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEPALAIN
P-Trades - Revision August 2010

3 1 1 3 C-Clamps
. 0
3 1 1 4 Angle Attachments
. 0
3 1 1 5 Saddles and Shields
. 0
3 1 1 6 Horizontal Pipe Supports
. 0
3 1 1 7 Vertical Pipe Supports
. 0
3 1 1 8 Pipe Guides
. 0
3 1 1 9 Steel Slides
. 0
3 1 1 10 Multiple Pipe Runs
. 0
3 1 1 11 Structural At tachments
. 0
3 1 1 Pipe Alignment Guides
1
3 1 1 Pipe Anchors
3.2 2E L E C T R I C A L I N S T A L L A T I O N
3.33 1 1C L E A NBIuNiGl dAiNnDg ASDuJrUfSaTcIeN GP e n e t r a t i o n s
3
3.4 FIELD TESTS
3 1 1 1 Refrigerated Space
3 . 4 ..1 3 E q u i p m e n t and Component Isolation
3 .34 .12 1 P2r e s sGuernee rTaels tSse r v i c e A r e a s
3 . 4 ..3 3 R e l a t e d F i e l d I n s p e c t i o n s a n d T e s t i n g
33 .14 .13 . 13 PWiaptienrgp rWoeolfd s P é n é t r â t i o n s
. 3
3.4.3.2 HVAC TAB
3 1 1 4 Fire-Rated Pénétrât ions
3.5 IN3 STRUCTION TO GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL
.
3 1 1 5 Escutcheons
-- E n d o f3 S e c t i o n T a b l e o f Contents --
.
3 . ] ■ Access Panels
1

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 174


Al Ain - Aircraft Ma i nt enace Hangar MEP-Trades MEPALAIN
- Revision August 2010

SECTION 23 64 26

CHILLED WATER PIPING SYSTEMS


08/09

PART 1 GENERAL 1.1

REFERENCES

The publi ca t ions 1i sted below f n r m a par t of this spec i f icat ion to
the extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the
basic designation only.

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF SANITARY ENGINEERING (ASSE)

ASSE 1003 (2001; Errata, 2003) Performance


Requirements for Water Pressure Reducing
Valves

ASSE 1017 (2003; Errata 2004) Temperature Actuated


Mixing Valves for Hot Water Distribution
Systems

AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION (AWWA)

AWWA C606 (2006) Grooved and Shouldered Joints

AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY (AWS)

AWS D1.1/D1.1M (2008; Errata 2009) Structural

Welding
Code - Steel

AWS Z49.1 (2005) Safety in Welding, Cutting and

Allied Processes

ASME INTERNATIONAL (ASME)

ASME Bl.20.1 (1983; R 2006} Pipe Threads, General


Purpose (Inch)

ASME B16.1 (2005) Standard for Gray Iron Threaded


Fittings; Classes 125 and 250

ASME B16.11 (2009) Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding


and Threaded

ASME B16.21 (2005) Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe


Flanges

ASME B16.3 (2006) Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings,


Classes 150 and 300

ASME B16.39 (2009) Standard for Malleable Iron


Threaded Pipe Unions; Classes 150, 250, and
300

ASME B16.9 (2007) Standard for Factory-Made Wrought


Steel Buttwelding Fittings

ASME B18.3.3M (1986; R 2008} Hexagon Socket Head


Shoulder Screws (Metric Series)

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 175


Al Ain - Aircraft Ma interlace Hangar MEP-Trades MEPALAIN
- Revision August 2010

ASME B31.9 (2008) Building Services Piping

ASME B40.100 (2005) Pressure Gauges and Gauge


Attachment s

ASME BPVC SEC (2007; Addenda 2008; Addenda 2009)


VIII Boi1er and Pressure Vessel Codes : Section
VIII Rules for Construction of Pressure
Vessel

ASTM INTERNATIONAL

(ASTM) ASTM A 106/A 106M


(2008) Standard Specification for
Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for
High-Temperature Service

ASTM A 183 (2003; R 2009) Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Track
Bolts and Nuts

ASTM A 47/A 47M (1999; R 2009) Standard Specification for Steel Sheet,
Aluminum-Coated, by the Hot-Dip Process

(2007) Standard Specification for Pipe,


ASTM A 53/A 53M Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped,
Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless

(1984; R 2009) Standard Specification for Ductile Iron


ASTM A 53 6 Castings

(2009a) Standard Specification for Steel Sheet,


ASTM A 653/A 653M Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated
(Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

(2003el; R 2009) Standard Specification for Welded and


Seamless Carbon Steel and Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe
ASTM A 733 Nipples

(2009) Standing Practice for Operating


Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus
ASTM B 117 ASTM D
(2008) Standard Classification System
for Rubber Products in Automotive
2000 Applications

(2006) PTFE Resin Skived Tape

ASTM D 3 308 ASTM D (2000; R 2005) Zinc Dust Pigment

520 ASTM D 596 (2001; R 2006) Reporting Results of Analysis of Water

(2009c) Standard Test Method for Surface Burning


Characteristics of Building Materials
ASTM E 84 ASTM F 1199
(1988; R 2004) Cast (All Temperatures
and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line
Strainers (150 psig and 150 degrees F
Maximum)

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CSA AMERICA, INC. (CSA/AM)

CSA/AM Z21.22 (1999; Addenda A 2000, Addenda B


2001; R
2004) Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply
Systems

CSA/ANSI Z21.22 (1999; Addenda A 2000; Addenda B


2001; R
2004) Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply
Systems

HYDRAULIC INSTITUTE (HI)

HI 1.1-1.2 (2000) Cent rifugal Pump Nomenclature

MANUFACTURERS STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY OF THE VALVE AND


FITTINGS INDUSTRY (MSS)

MSS SP-110 (1996) Ball Valves Threaded,


Socket-Welding, Solder Joint, Grooved
and Flared Ends

MSS SP-25 (2008) Standard Marking System for


Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions

MSS SP-58 (2009) Standard for Pipe Hangers and


Supports - Materials, Design and
Manufacture

MSS SP-67 (2002a; R 2004) Standard for


Butterfly
Valves

MSS SP-69 (2003; R 2004) Standard for Pipe


Hangers
and Supports - Selection and Application

MSS SP-70 (2006) Standard for Cast Iron Gate


Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends

MSS SP-71 (2005) Standard for Gray Iron Swing


Check Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends

MSS SP-72 (1999) Standard for Ball Valves with


Flanged or Butt -Welding Ends for General
Service

MSS SP-78 (2005a) Cast Iron Plug Valves,


Flanged
and Threaded Ends

MSS SP-80 (2008) Bronze Gate, Globe, Angle


and
Check Valves

MSS SP-85 (2002) Standard for Cast Iron G lobe &

Angle Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends

NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)

NEMA 250 (2008) Enclosures for Electrical


Equipment (1000 Volts Maximum)

NEMA MG 1 (2007; Errata 2008) Standard for


Motors
and Generators

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NEMA MG 11 (1977; R 2007) Energy Management


Guide
for Selection and Use of Single Phase
Motors

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NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)

NFPA 90A (2008; Errata 2009) Standard for the


Installation of Air Conditioning and
Venti1ating Systems

THE SOCIETY FOR PROTECTIVE COATINGS (SSPC)

SSPC SP 6/NACE No.3 (2007) Commercial Blast Cleaning

1.2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

Provide the water systems having the minimum service (design)


temperature-pressure rating indicated. Provision of the piping systems,
including materials, installation, workmanship, fabrication, assembly,
erection, examination, inspection, and testing shall be in accordance
with the required and advisory provisions of ASME B31.9 except as modified or
supplemented by this specification section or design drawings. This
specification section covers the water systems piping which is located
within, on, and adjacent to building(s) within the building(s) 1.66
meter line.

1.3 SUBMITTALS

Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;


submittals not having a "G" designation are for information only. When used,
a designation following the "G" designation identifies the office that
will review the submittal for the Government. Submit the following
submitted in accordance with Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:

SD-03 Product Data

Grooved Mechanical Connections For Steel; G, AE

Calibrated Balancing Valves ; G, AE

Automatic Flow Control Valves; G, AE

Pump Discharge Valve

Water Temperature Mixing Valve; G, AE Water

Temperature Regulating Valves; G, AE Water

Pressure Reducing Valve Pressure Relief Valve

Combination Pressure and Temperature Relief Valves Expansion Joints;

G, AE Pumps; G, AE

Combination Strainer and Pump Suction Diffuser Expansion

Tanks Air Separator Tanks SD-06 Test Reports

Piping welds NDE report

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Pressure tests reports; G, AE

Report shal1 be provided in bound 216 by 27 9 mm booklets. In the


reports, document all phases of the tests performed. Include initial
test summaries, all repa irs/adjustment s made , and the final test
results.

SD-07 Certificates

Employer's Record Documents (For Welding)

Welding Procedures and Qualifications

Certificates shall be submitted for the following items showing


conformance with the referenced standards contained in this section.

SD-08 Manufacturer's Instructions

Lesson plan for the Instruction Course ; G, AE

SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data

Requ i rements for data packages are spec i f ied Sect ion 01 7 8 2
3 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA,except as supplemented and modi f i
ed by this speci f ication sect ion.

Submi t spare part s data for each di f f erent i tern of equipment


specified, with operation and maintenance data packages. Include a
complete list of part s and supplies, with current uni t prices and
source of supply, a recommended spare parts list for 1 year of
operation, and a list of the parts recommended by the manufacturer
to be replaced on a routine basis.

Submit a list of qualified permanent service organizations with


operation and maintenance data packages. Include service organi zat
ion addresses and service area or expert ise. The service organizations
shall be reasonably convenient to the equipment installation and be able
to render satisfactory service to the equipment on a regular and
emergency basis during the warranty period of the contract.

Calibrated Balancing Valves, Data Package 3 ; G, AE Automatic Flow

Control Valves, Data Package 3; G, AE Pump Discharge Valve, Data

Package 2; G, AE Water Temperature Mixing Valve, Data Package 3;

G, AE Water Temperature Regulating Valves, Data Package 3; G, AE

Water Pressure Reducing Valve, Data Package 3; G, AE Pressure

Relief Valve, Data Package 2; G, AE

Combination Pressure and Temperature Relief Valves, Data Package 2; G,


AE

Expansion Joints, Data Package 2 ; G, AE

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Pumps, Data Package 3; G, AE

Combination Strainer and Pump Suction Diffuser, Data Package 2;


G, AE

Expansion Tanks, Data Package 2; G, AE Air

Separator Tanks, Data Package 2; G, AE

1.4 MODIFICATIONS TO REFERENCES

In each of the publications referred to herein, consider the advisory


provisions to be mandatory, as though the word, "sha11 " had been
substituted for "should" wherever it appears. Interpret references
in these publications to the "authority having jurisdiction", or words of
similar meaning, to mean the Contracting Officer.

1.4.1 Definitions

For the International Code Counci1 {ICC) Codes referenced in the


contract documents, advisory provisions shall be considered mandatory, the
word "should" shall be interpreted as "shall." Reference to the "code
official" shall be interpreted to mean the "Contracting Officer." References
to the "permit holder" shall be interpreted to mean the "Contractor."

1.5 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS

Exposed moving parts, parts that produce high operating temperature, parts
which may be electrically energized, and parts that may be a hazard to
operating personnel shall be insulated, fully enclosed, guarded, or
fitted with other types of safety devices. Safety devices shall be
installed so that proper operation of equipment is not impa ired.

1.6 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

Protect stored items from the weather, humidity and temperature variations,
dirt and dust, or other contaminants. Proper protection and care of all
material both before and during installation shall be the Contractor's
responsibility. Any materials found to be damaged shall be replaced at the
Contractor's expense. During installation, cap piping and similar openings
to keep out dirt and other foreign matter. Any porous materials found to be
contaminated with mold or mildew will be replaced at the Contractor's expense.
Non-porous materials found to be contaminated with mold or mildew will be
disinfected and cleaned prior to installation.

1.7 PROJECT/SITE CONDITIONS

1.7.1 Verification of Dimensions

The Contractor shall become familiar with all details of the work, verify all
dimensions in the field, and advise the Contracting Officer of any discrepancy
before performing any work.

1.7.2 Drawings

Because of the small scale of the drawings, it is not possible to indicate


all offsets, fittings, and accessories that may be required. The
Contractor shall carefully investigate the plumbing, fire protection,
electrical, structural and finish conditions that would affect the work to
be performed and shall arrange such work accordingly, furnishing required
offsets, fittings, and accessories to meet such

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condi t i ons.

1.7.3 Access ibi1 i ty

Install all work so that parts requiring periodic inspection, operation,


maintenanee, and repair are readily accessible. Install concealed valves,
expansion joints, controls, dampers, and equipment requiring access,
in locations freely accessible through access doors.

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 STANDARD COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS

Materials and equipment shall be standard products of a manufacturer


regularly engaged in the manufacturing of such products, which are of a
similar material, design and workmanship. The standard products shall have
been in satisfactory commercial or industrial use for 2 years prior to bid
opening.

The two year use shall include applications of equipment and materials under
similar circumstances and of similar size. The 2 years experience shall be
satisfactorily completed by a product which has been sold or is offered for sale
on the commercial market through advertisements, manufacturer's catalogs, or
brochures.

Products having less than a 2 year field service record shall be acceptable
if a certified record of satisfactory field operation, for not less than
6000 hours exclusive of the manufacturer's factory tests, can be shown.
System component s shal1 be environmentally suitable for the indicated locations.

The equipment items shall be supported by service organizations. These service


organi zations shall be reasonably convenient to the equipment installation
and able to render satisfactory service to the equipment on a regular and
emergency basis during the warranty period of the contract.

2.2 STEEL PIPING

Water piping shall be steel pipe tubing. Provide steel piping with a
ANSI/ASME Class 125 service rating, which for 66 degrees C the pressure
rating is 1207 kPa.

2.2.1 Pipe

Steel pipe, conform to ASTM A 53/A 53M, Schedule 40, Type E or S, Grades A or B.
Do not use Type F pipe.

2.2.2 Fittings and End Connections (Joints)

Piping and fittings 25 mm and smaller shall have threaded connections. Piping and
fittings larger than 25 mm and smaller than 80 mm shall have either threaded,
grooved, or welded connections. Piping and fittings 80 mm and larger shall
have grooved, welded, or flanged connections. The manufacturer of each
fitting shall be permanently identified on the body of the fitting in
accordance with MSS SP-25.

2.2.2.1 Threaded Connections

Use threaded valves and pipe connections conforming to ASME Bl.20.1. Used
threaded fitting conforming to ASME B16.3. Use threaded unions conforming to
ASME Bl6.39. Use threaded pipe nipples conforming to ASTM A 733.

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2.2.2.2 F1anged Connect i ons

Flanges shall conform to ASME B16.1, Class 150. Gaskets shall be


nonasbestos compressed material in accordance with ASME B16.21, 1.59 mm
thickness, full face or self-centering flat ring type. These gaskets sha11
contain aramid f ibers bonded with styrene butadeine rubber {SBR) or nitrile
butadeine rubber (NBR). Bolts, nuts, and bolt patterns shall conform to
ASME B16.1.

2.2.2.3 Welded Connections

Welded valves and pipe connections (both butt-welds and socket-welds types)
sha11 conform to ASME B31 .9. But t-welded fit t ings shal1 con form to
ASME B16.9. Socket-welded fittings shall conform to ASME Bl6.ll. Welded
fittings shall be identified with the appropriate grade and marking symbol.

2.2.2.4 Grooved Mechanical Connections For Steel

Rigid grooved mechanical connections may only be used in serviceable aboveground


locations where the temperature of the circulating medium does not exceed 110
degrees C. Flexible grooved connections shall be used only as a flexible
connector with grooved pipe system. Unless otherwi se spec i f ied, grooved
piping component s shal1 meet the corresponding criteria specified for the
similar welded, flanged, or threaded component specified herein.

Each grooved mechanical joint shall be a system, including coupling housing,


gasket, fasteners, all furnished by the same manufacturer. Joint installation
shall be in compliance with joint manufacturer's written instructions.

Use f i 11 ing and coupling houses of malleable i ron conforming to ASTM A 47/A
47M, Grade 32510; ductile iron conforming to ASTM A 536, Grade 65-45-12;
or steel conforming ASTM A 106/A 106M, Grade B or ASTM A 53/A 53M. Use
gaskets of molded synthetic rubber with central cavity, pressure responsive
configuration and conforming to ASTM D 2000 Grade No. 2CA615A15B44F172 for
circulating medium up to 110 degrees C or Grade No. M3BA610A15B44Z for
circulating medium up to 93 degrees C. Grooved mechanical connections shall
conform to AWWA C606. Coupling nuts and bolts shall be steel and shall conform
to ASTM A 183. Pipe connections and fittings shall be the product of the same
manufacturer. Provide joint installation be in compliance with joint
manufacturer's written instructions.

2.2.2.5 Dielectric Waterways and Flanges

Provide dielectric waterways with a water impervious insulation barrier capable


of limiting galvanic current to 1 percent of short circuit current in a
corresponding bimetallic joint. When dry, insulation barrier shall be able
to withstand a 600-volt breakdown test. Provide dielectric waterways constructed
of galvanized steel and have threaded end connections to match connecting piping.
Dielectric waterways shall be suitable for the required operating pressures and
temperatures. Provide dielectric flanges with the same pressure ratings as
standard flanges and provide complete electrical isolation between connecting
pipe and/or equipment as described herein for dielectric waterways.

2 . 3 VALVES

Provide valves with a ANSI/ASME Class 125 service rating, which for 66
degrees C, the pressure rat ing is 1207 kPa.

Valves in sizes larger than 25 mm and used on steel pipe systems, may be

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provided with rigid grooved mechanica1 joint ends. Such grooved end
valves shal1 be subj ect to the same requirement s as rigid grooved
mechanical joints and fit t ings and, sha11 be furni shed by the same
manufacturer as the grooved pipe joint and fitting system.

2.3.1 Gate Valve

Gate valves 65 mm and smaller shall conform to MSS SP-80 Class 125 and shall
be bronze with wedge disc, rising stem and threaded, soldered, or flanged
ends. Gate valves 80 mm and larger shall conform to MSS SP-70, Class
125, cast i ron with bronze trim, out side screw and yoke, and f1anged or
threaded ends.

2.3.2 Globe and Angle Valve

Globe and angle valves 65 mm and smaller shall conform to MSS SP-80, Class 125.
Globe and angle valves 8 0 mm and larger sha11 con form to MSS SP-85, Class 125.

2.3.3 Check Valve

Check valves 65 mm and smaller shall conform to MSS SP-80. Check valves 80 mm and
larger shall conform to MSS SP-71, Class 125.

2.3.4 Butterfly Valve

Butterfly valves shall conform to MSS SP-67, Type 1 and shall be either the
wafer or lug type. Valves smaller than 2 00 mm sha11 have throt11ing
handles with a minimum of seven locking positions. Valves 200 mm and
larger shall have totally enclosed manual gear operators with adjustable
balance return stops and position indicators.

2.3.5 Plug Valve

Plug valves 50 mm and larger shall conform to MSS SP-78, have flanged or threaded
ends, and have cast iron bodies with bronze trim. Valves 50 mm and
smaller shall be bronze with NPT connections for black steel pipe and brazed
connections for copper tubing. Valve shall be lubricated,
non-lubricated, or tetrafluoroethylene resin-coated type. Valve shall be
resilient, double seated, trunnion mounted with tapered lift plug capable of
2-way shutoff. Valve shall operate from fully open to fully closed by
rotation of the handwheel to lift and turn the plug. Valve shall a weatherproof
operators with mechanical position indicators. Valves 200 mm or larger shall be
provided with manual gear operators with position indicators.

2.3.6 Ball Valve

Full port design. Ball valves 15 mm and larger shall conform to MSS SP-72 or
MSS SP-110 and shall be cast iron or bronze with threaded, soldered, or
flanged ends. Valves 200 mm or larger shall be provided with manual gear
operators with position indicators. Ball valves may be provided in lieu of
gate valves.

2.3.7 Square Head Cocks

Provide copper alloy or cast-iron body with copper alloy plugs, suitable for 125
psig water working pressure.

2.3.8 Calibrated Balancing Valves

Copper alloy or cast iron body, copper alloy or stainless internal working
parts. Provide valve calibrated so that flow can be determined when the
temperature and pressure differential across valve is known.

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 184


MEPALAIN

Valve shall have an integral pointer which registers the degree of valve
opening. Valve shall function as a service valve when in fully closed
position. Valve shall be constructed with internal seals to prevent
leakage and shall be supplied with preformed insulation.

Provide valve bodies with tapped openings and pipe extensions with positive shutoff
valves outside of pipe insulation. The pipe extensions shall be provided with
quick connecting hose fittings for a portable differential pressure meter
connections to verify the pressure differen tial. Provide metal tag on each
valve showing the liters per second flow for each differential pressure reading.

2.3.9 Automatic Flow Control Valves

Valve shal1 automatically maintain the constant flow indicated on the design
drawings. Valve shall modulate by sensing the pressure differential across
the valve body. Valve shall be selected for the flow required and provided
with a permanent nameplate or tag carrying a permanent record of the
factory-determined flow rate and flow con trol pressure levels. Provide
valve that controls the flow within 5 percent of the tag rating.
Valve materials shal1 be the same as speci f ied for the ball or plug
valves.

Provide valve that are electric type as indicated. V alve shal1 be


capable of positive shutoff against the system pump head, valve bodies shall
be provided with tapped openings and pipe extensions with shutoff valves outside
of pipe insulation. The pipe extensions shall be provided with quick
connecting hose fittings and differential meter, suitable for the operating
pressure specified. Provide the meter complete with hoses, vent,
integral metering connections, and carrying case as recommended by the valve
manufacturer.

2.3.10 Pump Discharge Valve

Valve shall shall perform the functions of a nonslam check valve, a manual
balancing valve, and a shutoff. Valve shall be of cast iron or ductile
iron construction with bronze and/or stainless steel accessories. Provide an
integral pointer on the valve which registers the degree of valve opening. Flow
through the valve shall be manually adjustable from bubble tight shutoff to
full flow. Valves s m a l l e r t h a n 5 0 mm s h a l l h a v e N P T c o n n e c t i o n s . Valves
50 mm and larger shall have flanged or grooved end connections. Valve design
shall allow the back seat for the stem to be replaced in the field under full line
pressure.

2.3.11 Water Temperature Mixing Valve Valve,

ASSE 1017 for water service.

2.3.12 Water Temperature Regulatin g Valves

Provide copper alloy body, direct acting, pilot operated, for the intended
service.

2.3.13 Water Pressure Reducing Valve

Valve, ASSE 1003 for water service, copper alloy body, automatic re -seating,
with test lever.

2.3.14 Pressure Relief Valve

Valve shall prevent excessive pressure in the piping system when the piping
system reaches its maximum heat buildup. Valve, CSA/AM Z21.22 and shall
have cast iron bodies with corrosion resistant internal working parts. The
discharge pipe from th e relief valve shall be the

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size of the valve outlet unless otherwi se indi ca t ed.

2.3.15 Combination Pressure and Temperature Relief Valves

CSA/AM Z21.22, copper a1loy body, automatic re-seating, test 1 ever,


and discharge capacity based on AGA temperature steam rating.

2.3.16 Float Valve

Valve, CID A-A-50541, Style A {angle pattern) . Where float rods


are extended for tank applications, extension shall be properly supported
and guided to avoid bending of f1oat rod or stressing of valve pilot
1inkage.

2.3.17 Drain Valves

Valves, MSS SP-80 gate valves. Valve shall be manua1ly-operated, 20 mm


pipe size and above wi th a threaded end connect ion. Provide va1ve with
a water hose nipple adapter.

2.3.18 Air Venting Valves

Automatic type air venting shall be the ball-float type with brass/bronze
or brass bodies, 300 series corrosion-resistant steel float, linkage and
removable seat. Air venting valves on water coils shal1 have not less than
3 mm threaded end connect ions. Air vent ing valves on water mains shall
have not less than 20 mm threaded end connect ions. Air vent ing valves
on all other applicat ions shal1 have not less than 15 mm threaded end
connections.

2.3.19 Vacuum Relief Valves

CSA/ANSI Z21.22

2.4 PIPING ACCESSORIES

2.4.1 Strainer

Strainer, ASTM F 1199, except as modified and supplemented in this


specification. Strainer shall be the cleanable, basket or "Y" type,
the same size as the pipeline. Strainer bodies shall be fabricated of cast iron
with bottoms drilled, and tapped. Provide blowoff outlet with pipe nipple,
gate valve, and discharge pipe nipple. The bodies shall have arrows clearly
cast on the sides indicating the direction of flow.

Provide strainer with removable cover and sediment screen. The screen shall
be made of minimum 0.8 mm monel, with small perforations numbering not less
than 60 per square centimeter to provide a net free area through the basket
of at least 3.30 times that of the entering pipe. The flow shall be into the screen
and out through the perforations.

2.4.2 Cyclonic Separator

Metal- bodied, with removal capability of removing solids 45 microns/325 mesh


in size and heavier than 1.20 specific gravity, maximum pressure drop of 35 kPad,
with cleanout connection.

2.4.3 Combinat ion Strainer and Pump Suction Di f fuser

Angle type body with removable strainer basket and internal straightening
vanes, a suction pipe support, and a blowdown outlet and plug. Strainer
shall be in accordance with ASTM F 1199, except as modified and supplemented
by this specification. Unit body shall have arrows clearly cast on the sides
indicating the direction of flow.

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 186


MEPALAIN

Strainer screen shall be made of minimum 0.8 mm monel, with small


per forat ions number ing not less than 60 per square cent imeter to
provide a net free area through the basket of at least 3.30 times that of
the entering pipe. F low shall be into the screen and out through the
perforations. Provide an auxiliary disposable fine mesh strainer which
shall be removed 30 days after start -up. Provide warning tag for
operator indicating scheduled date for removal.

Cas ing shal1 have connect ion sizes to match pump suet ion and pipe sizes,
and be provided with adjustable support foot or support foot boss to
relieve pipi ng strains at pump suet ion. Provide unit cas ing with
blowdown port and plug. Provide a magnetic insert to
remove debris from system.

2. 4 . A Flexible Pipe Connectors

Provide flexible bronze or stainless steel piping connectors with single


braid. Equip flanged assemblies with limit bolts to restrict
maximum travel to the manufacturer's standard limits. Unless
otherwise indicated, the length of the flexible connectors shall
be as recommended by the manufacturer for the service intended. Internal
sleeves or liners, compatible with circulating medium, shall be provided
when recommended by the manufacturer. Provide covers to protect the
bellows where indicated.

2.4.5 Pressure and Vacuum Gauges

Gauges, ASME B40.100 with throttling type needle valve or a pulsation


dampener and shut-off valve. Provide gauges with 115 mm dial,
brass or aluminum case, bronze tube, and siphon. Gauge shall have
a minimum of wi th a range f rom 0 kPa to approximately 1.5 t imes
the maximum sys tern working pressure. Each gauge range shall be select ed
so that at normal operat ing pressure, the needle i s wi thin the
middle-third of the range.

2.4.6 Temperature Gauges

Temperature gauges, shall be the industrial duty type and be provided for
the required temperature range. Provide gauges with fixed thread
connection, dial face gasketed within the case; and an accuracy within
2 percent of scale range. Gauges shall have Celsius scale in 1 degree
graduations scale (black numbers} on a white face. The pointer
shall be adjustable. Rig id stem type temperature gauges shall be
provided in thermal wells located within 1.5 m of the finished floor.
Universal adjustable angle type or remote element type temperature gauges
shall be provided in thermal wells located 1.5 to 2.1 m above the f inished
floor or in locations indicated. Remote element type temperature
gauges shall be provided in thermal wells located 2.1 m above the finished
floor or in locations indicated.

2.4.6.1 Stem Cased-Glass

Stem cased-glass case shall be polished stainless steel or cast aluminum,


229 mm long, with clear acrylic lens, and non -mercury filled glass tube
with indicating-fluid column.

2.4.6.2 Bimetallic Dial

Bimetallic dial type case shall be not less than 89 mm stainless steel, and
shall be hermetically sealed with c lear acrylic lens. Bimetallic element
shall be silicone dampened and unit fitted with external calibrator
adjustment.

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2.4.6.3 Liquid-, Solid-, and Vapor-Filled Dial

Liquid-, solid-, and vapor-filled dial type cases shall be not less than
89 mm, stainless steel or cast aluminum with clear acrylic lens. Fill
shall be nonmercury, suitable for encountered cross-ambients, and connecting
capillary tubing shall be double-braided bronze.

2.4.6.4 Thermal Well

Thermal well shall be identical size, 15 or 20 mm NPT connection, brass or


stainless steel. Where test wells are indicated, provide captive plug-fitted
type 15 mm NPT connection suitable for use with either engraved stem or standard
separable socket thermometer or thermostat. Mercury shall not be used in
thermometers. Extended neck thermal wells shall be of sufficient length to
clear insulation thickness by 25 mm.

2.4.7 Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports

Pipe hangers, inserts, guides, and supports: to MSS SP-58 and MSS SP-69.

2.4.8 Escutcheons

Provide one pi ece or spli t hinge metal plates for piping entering floors,
walls, and ceilings in exposed spaces. Secure plates in place by internal
spring tension or set screws. Provide polished stainless steel plates or
chromium-piated f i ni sh on copper a1loy plates in finished spaces. Provide
paint finish on metal plates in unfinished spaces.

2.4.9 Expansion Joints

Provide natural / elastic expansion. Avoid expansion jonts2.5 PUMPS

Pumps shall be the electrically driven, non-overloading, centrifugal type which


conform to HI 1.1-1.2. Pumps sha11 be selected at or within 5 percent
of peak efficiency. Pump curve shall rise continuously from maximum capaci ty
to shutof f. Pump motor shal1 conform to NEMA MG 1, be totally enclosed,
and have sufficient wattage for the service required. Pump motor shall have the
required capacity to prevent overloading with pump operating at any point on
its characteristic curve. Pump speed shall not exceed 3,600 rpm, except
where the pump head is less than 180 kPa, the pump speed shall not exceed 1,750
rpm. Pump motor shall be equipped with an across-the-line magnetic controller
in a NEMA 250, Type 1 enclosure with "START-STOP" switch in the cover.

2.5.1 Construction

Each pump casing shall be designed to withstand the discharge head specified plus
the static head on system plus 50 percent of the total, but not less than 862 kPa.
Pump casing and bearing housing shall be close grained cast iron. High points
in the casing shall be provided with manual air vents; low points shall be
provided with drain plugs. Provide threaded suction and discharge pressure gage
tapping with square-head plugs.

Impeller shall be statically and dynamically balanced. Impeller, impeller wearing


rings, glands, casing wear rings, and shaft sleeve shall be bronze. Shaft
shall be carbon or alloy steel, turned and ground. Bearings shall be
ball-bearings, roller-bearings, or oil-lubricated bronze-sleeve type
bearings, and be efficiently sealed or isolated to prevent loss of oil or
entrance of dirt or water.

Pump and motor shall be mounted on a common cast iron base having lipped edges
and tapped drainage openings or structural steel base with lipped

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edges or drain pan and tapped drainage openings.Pump sha11 be provided with s
teel sha ft coupling guard. Base-mounted pump, coupling guard, and motor
shall each be bolted to a fabricated steel base which shall have bolt holes
for secur ing base to support ing sur f ace. Pump shal1 be accessible for
servicing without disturbing piping connections. Shaft seals shall be mechani
cal- seals or stu f f ing-box type.

2.5.2 Mechanical Shaft Seals

Seals shall be single, inside mounted, end-face-elastomer bellows type with


stainless steel spring, brass or stainless steel seal head, carbon
rotating face, and tungsten carbide or ceramic sealing face. Glands sha11
be bronze and of the water-flush design to provide lubrication flush
across the face of the seal. Bypass line from pump discharge to flush
connection in gland shall be provided, with filter or cyclone particle
separator in 1ine.

2.6 EXPANSION TANKS

Tank shall be welded steel, constructed for, and tested to


pressure-temperature rating of 862 kPa at 66 degrees C. Provide tanks
precharged to the minimum operating pressure. Tank shall have a replaceable
polypropylene or butyl lined diaphragm which keeps the air charge separated
from the water; shall be the captive air type.

Tanks shall accommodate expanded water of the system generated within the
normal operating temperature range, limiting this pressure increase at all
components in the system to the maximum allowable pressure at those components.
Each tank air chamber shall be fitted with a drain, fill, an air charging
valve, and system connections. Tank shall be supported by stee1 legs or
bases for vertica1 installation or steel saddles for horizontal
installations. The only air in the system shall be the permanent
sealed-in air cushion contained within the expansion tank.

2.7 AIR SEPARATOR TANKS

External air separation tank shall have an internal design constructed of


stainless steel and suitable for creating the required vortex and subsequent
air separation. Tank shall be steel, constructed for, and tested to
pressure-temperature rating of 862 ka at 66 degrees C Tank shall have tangential
inlets and outlets connections, threaded for 50 mm
and smaller and flanged for sizes 65 mm and larger. Air released from a tank
shall be to the atmosphere . Tank shall be provided with a blow-down
connection.

2.8 WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS

When water treatment is specified, the use of chemical-treatment


products containing equivalent chromium (CPR) is prohibited.

2.8.1 Water Analysis

Conditions of make-up water to be supplied to the condenser and chilled water


systems were reported in accordance with ASTM D 596 and are as follows :

Date of Sample r l
Temperature r l degrees C
Silica (Sino 2 ) t 1 pp (mg/ 1 )
Insoluble r i pp (mg/ 1 )
Iron and Aluminum Oxides \ 1 pp (mg/ 1 )
Calcium (Ca) [ ] PP (mg/ 1 )
Magnesium (Mg) r l pp <
mg/1 )

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Sodium and Potas sium (Nan and AK) r 1 pp (mg/1)


Carbonate (HO 3) [ ] pp (mg/1)
Sulfate (SO 4) t 1 PP (mg/i)
Chloride (JCL) r i pp (mg/1)
Nitrate (NO 3) r i pp (mg/1)
Turbidity r i unit
PH.. _ r i
Residual Chlorine [ ] PP (mg/1)
Total Alkalinity r i PM (me/1)
Non-Carbonate Hardness r i PM (me/1)
Total Hardness r i PM (me/1)
Dissolved Solids r i PP (mg/1)
Fluorine r i PP (mg/1)
Conductivity r i McMahon/c

2.8.2 Chilled Water

Water to be used in the chilled water systems shall be treated to maintain the
conditions recommended by this specification as well as the recommendations
from the manufacturers of the condenser and evaporator coils. Chemicals shall
meet all required federal, state, and local environmental regulations for
the treatment of evaporator coils and direct discharge to the sanitary sewer.

2.8.3 Chilled Water System

A shot feeder shall be provided on the chilled water piping as indicated.


Size and capacity of feeder shall be based on local reguirements and water
analysis. The feeder shall be furnished with an air vent, gauge glass,
funnel, valves, fittings, and piping.

2.9 ELECTRICAL WORK

Provide motors, controllers, integral disconnects, contactors, and


controls with their respective pieces of equipment, except controllers
indicated as part of motor control centers. Provide electrical equipment,
including motors and wiring, as specified in Section 26 20 00 INTERIOR
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. Manual or automatic control and protective or signal
devices required for the operation specified and control wiring required for
controls and devices specified, but not shown, shall be provided. For
packaged equipment, the manufacturer shall provide controllers including the
required monitors and timed restart.

Provide high efficiency type, single-phase, fractional-horsepower


alternating-current motors, including motors that are part of a system, in
accordance with NEMA MG 11.

Provide polyphase, squirrel-cage medium induction motors, including motors


that are part of a system, that meet the efficiency ratings for premium
efficiency motors in accordance with NEMA MG 1. Provide motors in accordance
with NEMA MG 1 and of sufficient size to drive the load at the specified capacity
without exceeding the nameplate rating of the motor.

Motors shall be rated for continuous duty with the enclosure specified.
Motor duty requirements shall allow for maximum frequency start-stop operation
and minimum encountered interval between start and stop. Motor torque shall
be capable of accelerating the connected load within 20 seconds with 80 percent
of the rated voltage maintained at motor terminals during one starting period.
Provide motor starters complete with thermal overload protection and other
necessary appurtenances. Motor bearings shall be fitted with grease supply
fittings and grease relief to outside of the enclosure.

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Provide variable frequency drives for motors as specified in Section 26


29 23 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE SYSTEMS UNDER 600 VOLTS.

2.10 PAINTING OF NEW EQUIPMENT

New equipment painting shall be factory applied or shop applied, and shall
be as specified herein, and provided under each individual section.

2.10.1 Factory Painting Systems

Manufacturer's standard factory painting systems may be provided. The factory


painting system applied will withstand 125 hours in a salt-spray fog test, except
that equipment located outdoors shall withstand 500 hours in a salt-spray fog
test.

Salt-spray fog test shall be in accordance with ASTM B 117, and for that
test, the acceptance criteria shall be as follows: immediately after
completion of the test, the paint shall show no signs of blistering, wrinkling,
or cracking, and no loss of 3 mm on either side of the scratch mark. The
film thickness of the factory painting system applied on the equipment shall not
be less than the film thickness used on the test specimen.

If manufacturer's standard factory painting system is being proposed for use


on surfaces subject to temperatures above 50 degrees C, the factory painting
system shall be designed for the temperature service.

2.10.2 Shop Painting Systems for Metal Surfaces

Clean, retreat, prime and paint metal surfaces; except aluminum surfaces
need not be painted. Apply coatings to clean dry surfaces. Clean the
surfaces to remove dust, dirt, rust, oil and grease by wire brushing and
solvent degreas ing prior to appli cat ion of paint, except meta1 sur faces
subject to temperatures in excess of 50 degrees C shall be cleaned to bare metal.

Where hot-dip galvanized steel has been cut, resulting surfaces with no
galvanizing shall be coated with a zinc-rich coating conforming to ASTM D 520,
Type I.

Where more than one coat of paint is specified, apply the second coat after the
preceding coat is thoroughly dry. Lightly sand damaged painting and retouch
before applying the succeeding coat. Color of finish coat shall be aluminum or
1ight gray.

a. Temperatures Less Than 50 Degrees C: Immediately after cleaning, the metal


surfaces subject to temperatures less than 50 degrees C shall receive one
coat of pretreatment primer applied to a minimum dry film thickness of 0.0076
mm, one coat of primer applied to a minimum dry film thickness of 0.0255
mm; and two coats of enamel applied to a minimum dry film thickness of
0.O255 mm per coat.

2.11 FACTORY APPLIED INSULATION

Factory insulated items installed outdoors are not required to be fire-rated.


As a minimum, factory insulated items installed indoors shall have a flame
spread index no higher than 7 5 and a smoke developed index no higher than 150.
Factory insulated items (no jacket) installed indoors and which are located in
air plenums, in ceiling spaces, and in attic spaces shall have a flame
spread index no higher than 25 and a smoke developed index no higher than 50.
Flame spread and smoke developed indexes shall be determined by ASTM E 84.

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Insulation shall be tested in the same density and installed thickness as


the material to be used in the actual construction. Material supplied by a manu
facturer with a jacket shal1 be tested as a compos i t e material. Jackets,
facings, and adhesives shall have a flame spread index no higher than 2 5 and
a smoke developed index no higher than 50 when tested in accordance with ASTM
E 84.

.12 NAMEPLATES

Major equipment including pumps, pump motors, expansion tanks, and air
separa tor tanks sha11 have the manu facturer's name, type or style, model
or serial number on a plate secured to the item of equipment. The namepla t e?
of the distri bu ting agent will not be acc eptab 1 e . Plates sha11 be
durable and legible throughout equipment life and made of stainless steel.
Plates shall be fixed in prominent locations with nonferrous screws or bolts.

.13 RELATED COMPONENTS/SERVICES

.13.1 Drain and Make-Up Water Piping

Requirements for drain and make-up water piping and backflow preventer is
specified in Section 22 00 00 PLUMBING SYSTEMS.

.13.2 Field Applied Insulation

Requirements for field applied insulation is specified in Section 23 07


00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.

2.13.3 Field Applied Insulation

Requ i rement s for field insta1led insulat ion i s speci f ied in Sect ion
23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS, except as supplemented
and modified by this specification section.

2.13.4 Field Painting

Requirements for painting of surfaces not otherwise specified, and finish


painting of items only primed at the factory, are specified in Section 09 90
00 PAINTING, GENERAL.

2.13.4.1 Color Coding

Requirements for color coding for piping identi f icat ion are speci f ied in
Section 09 90 00 PAINTING AND COATINGS.

2.13.4.2 Color Coding For Hidden Piping

A color coding scheme for locating hidden piping shall be in accordance with
Section 22 00 00 PLUMBING, GENERAL PURPOSE .

2.14 CHILLED WATER HEAT EXCHANGER

Heat exchganger shall be plate type.

2.14.1 Thermal Design

To maintain velocity and reduce f ouling, uni t shal1 be s i zed to provide


100% of the area required. The unit shall be designed for future expansion to
accommodate a minimum of twenty {20) percent extra heat transfer surface
area. Liquid velocity through the inlet and outlet port s shal1 be a maximum
of 25 feet per second, to minimi ze pressure drop and erosion.

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2.14. Mechanical Design


2

Frame, tie bolts, and supports shall permit the future installation of
twenty (20) percent additional plates. This will also allow ease in
disassembly and cleaning of the unit as furnished

2.14. Plates
3

Minimum thickness of each plate shall be 0.5 mm. The plate nozzle
connections shall be arranged to force each fluid across the plate surface
in a diagonal path. This arrangement will insure proper fluid distribution.
Parallel flow paths shall not be permitted. Plate design must be adequate
to withstand a hydro test pressure of 1.3 times the design pressure. Each
flow channel shall be pressurized independently during testing. The design
of the plates must permit metal to metal contact between adjacent plates.
Designs which do not have metal to metal contact are not acceptable. Gasket
grooves must be designed such that in the compressed state, the gasket will
interlock between adjacent plates. Plates must be fully supported by the
carrier bar. Carrier bar surfaces that are in contact with the heat transfer
plates shall be stainless steel. The guide bar shall be designed to maintain
plate alignment- Guide bar shall not be used for support. Guide bar shall
be stainless steel. The first and last plates of the plate pack shall be
designed to prevent fluid contact with the fixed or movable heads.

2.14.4 Gaskets

Gaskets shall be of the glued design, to prevent slippage during assembly and
cleaning of the unit. All gaskets must be elastomeric. Inelastic gaskets,
such as compressed asbestos, must not be used. Gaskets shall be designed so that
when the plates are tightened the gaskets will be compressed a minimum of 20 to
25 percent. Port holes in each plate must be fully gasketed and vented to
the atmosphere to force any leaks to the outside. This form of positive
venting will eliminate mixing of the process fluids due to gasket failure.
A high quality gasket adhesive shall be used. The adhesive shall be applied
to the plate gasket groove so that only one side of each gasket is glued.

2.14.5 Fixed and Movable Heads

All nozzle connections .shall be located on the fixed head for single pass
arrangements, unless otherwise specified. If the exchanger is multipass,
the fixed head connections shall be located on the bottom. For tie bolts of 1
inch or greater diameter, the fixed and movable heads shall be provided with
slotted holes, to facilitate assembly and disassembly of the unit. The
movable head shall be supported by the carrier bar and guided by the guide bar.
Design of the fixed and movable heads shall be per ASME BPVC SEC VIII, Division
1. Code stamping shall be provided. Unit design shall prevent the fixed and
movable heads from contacting the fluids circulated. Metal nozzle liners
compatible with the plate material, or nozzle projections shall be provided.

2.14.6 Tie Bolts and Nuts

The tie bolt length shall allow the addition of twenty (20) percent more plates.
Tie bolts and nuts shall be alloy steel, ASME B18.3.3M or bet ter, electrozinc
plated for improved corrosion res i stance.

2.14.7 Ports

Connections shall be male npt or 150 lb studded ports. For units with studded
ports, corrosion resistant stud bolts shall be provided by the manufacturer.
Metal port liners shall prevent the fixed and movable

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heads from contacting the fluids circulated. Metal nozzle liners compatible
with the plate material, or nozzle projections shall be provided.

2.14.8 Sur face Préparât ion and Pa i nt ing

Carbon steel surfaces will be Commercial Grit blasted per


SSPC SP 6/NACE No.3. arbon steel surfaces shall receive 40 to 80
micrometer of alkyd enamel paint.

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 INSTALLATION

Cut pipe accurately to measurements established at the jobsite, and work


into place without springing or forcing, completely clearing all windows,
doors, and other openings. Cutting or other weakening of the building
structure to facilitate piping installation is not permitted without written
approval. Cut pipe or tubing square, remove burrs by reaming, and
fashion to permit free expansion and contraction without causing damage to the
building structure, pipe, joints, or hangers.

Notify the Contracting Officer in writing at least 15 calendar days prior to the
date the connections are required. Obtain approval before interrupting
service. Furnish materials required to make connections into existing systems
and perform excavating, backfilling, compacting, and other incidental labor
as required. Furnish labor and tools for making actual connections to
existing systems.

3.1.1 Welding

Provide welding work specified this section for piping systems in conformance
with ASME B31.9, as modified and supplemented by this speci f icat ion sect ion
and the accompanying drawings. The welding work includes: qualification of
welding procedures, welders, welding opera tors, brazers, brazing
operators, and nondestruct ive examinât i on personnel; maintenance of welding
records, and examination methods for welds.

3.1.1.1 Employer's Record Documents (For Welding)

Submit for review and approval the following documentation. This


documentation and the subject.qualifications shall be in compliance with ASME
B31.9.

a. List of qualif ied welding procedures that is proposed to be used to provide


the work specified in this specification section.

b. List of qualified welders, brazers, welding operators, and brazing


operators that are proposed to be used to provide the work specified in this
specification section.

c. List of qualified weld examination personnel that are proposed to be used


to provide the work specified in this specification section.

3.1.1.2 Welding Procedures and Qualifications

a. Specifications and Test Results: Submit copies of the welding


procedures specifications and procedure qualification test results for
each type of welding required. Approval of any procedure does not
relieve the Contractor of the responsibility for producing acceptable welds.
Submit this information on the forms printed in ASME BPVC SEC IX or their
equivalent.

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b. Certifi cat ion : Bef ore assigning welders or weldi ng opera


tors t o the work, submi t a list of quaii f ied welders,
together wi th da t a and certification that each individual is
performance qualified as specif ied. Do not start welding work
prior to submitting welder, and weldi ng operator qua1 i f ica t i ons.
The cert i f i cat ion sha11 state the type of welding and positions
for which each is qualified, the code and procedure under which each
is qualified, date qualified, and the f i rm and indi v i dual cer t
i fying the qua1 i f icat ion tests.

3.1.1.3 Examination of Piping Welds

Conduct non-destructive examinations (NDE) on piping welds and brazing


and verify the work meets the acceptance criteria sp ecified in ASME B31.9.
NDE on piping welds covered by ASME B31.9 is visual inspection only.
Submit a piping welds NDE report meeting the requirements specified in ASME
B31.9.

3.1.1.4 Welding Safety

Welding and cutting safety requirements shall be in acco rdance with AWS Z4
9.1.

3.1.2 Directional Changes

Make changes in direction with fittings, except that bending of pipe


100 mm and smal1er i s permi t ted, provided a pipe bender i s used and
wide weep bends are formed. Mitering or notching pipe or other similar
construction to form elbows or tees is not permitted. The
centerline radius of bends shall not be less than 6 diameters of the
pipe. Bent pipe showing kinks, wrinkles, flattening, or other
malformations is not acceptable.

3.1.3 Functional Requirements

Pi tch hori zontal supply mains down in the direct ion of flow as
indicated. The grade shall not be less than 2 mm in 1 m. Reducing f i
11 ings shal1 be used for changes in pipe sizes. Cap or plug open
ends of pipelines and equipment during installation to keep dirt or other
foreign materials out of the system.

Pipe not otherwise specified shall be uncoated. Connections to


appliances shall be made with malleable iron unions for steel pipe 65 mm
or less in diameter, and with flanges for pipe 80 mm and above in diameter.
Connections between ferrous and copper piping shall be electrically isolated
from each other with dielectric waterways or flanges.

Piping located in air plenums shall conform to NFPA 90A requirements. Pipe
and fittings installed in inaccessible conduits or trenches under concrete
floor slabs shall be welded. Equipment and piping arrangements shall fit
into space allotted and allow adequate acceptable clearances for
installation, replacement, ent ry, servicing, and maintenance.
Electric isolation fittings shall be provided between dissimilar metals.

3.1.4 Fittings and End Connections

3.1.4.1 Threaded Connect ions

Threaded connections shall be made with tapered threads and made tight
with PTFE tape complying with ASTM D 3308 or equivalent thread -joint compound
applied to the male threads only. Not more than three threads shall show
after the joint is made.

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3.1.4.2 Welded Connections

Branch connections shall be made with welding tees or forged weld ing
branch outlets. Pipe shall be thoroughly cleaned of all scale and
foreign matter before the piping is assembled. During welding,
the pipe and fittings shall be filled with an inert gas, such as
nitrogen, to prevent the formation o f scale. Beveling,
alignment, heat treatment, and inspection of weld shall conform to ASME
B31.9. Weld defects shall be removed and rewelded at no additional
cost to the Government. Electrodes shall be stored and dried in
accordance with AWS D1.1/D1.1M or as recommended by the manufacturer.
Electrodes that have been wetted or that have lost any of their coating
shall not be used.

3.1.4.3 Grooved Mechanical Connections

Prepare grooves in accordance with the coupling manufacturer's instruct ions.


Pipe and groove dimensions shall comply with the tolerances specified by
the coupling manufacturer. The diameter of grooves made in the field shall
be measured using a "go/no -go" gauge, vernier or dial caliper, or
narrow-land micrometer, or other method specifically approved by the
coupling manufacturer for the intended application. Groove width and
dimension of groove from end of pipe shal1 be measured and recorded for
each change in grooving tool setup to verify compliance with coupl ing
manufacturer's tolerances. Grooved joints shall not be used in concealed
locations, such as behind solid walls or ceilings, unless an access panel
is shown on the drawings for servicing or adjusting the joint.

3.1.4.4 Flared Connections

When flared connect ions are used, a sui table lubri cant shal1 be
used between the back of the flare and the nut in order to avoid tearing
the flare while tightening the nut.

3.1.4.5 Flanges and Unions

Except where copper tubing is used, union or flanged joints sha11 b e


provided in each line immediately preceding the connection to each piece
of equipment or material requiring maintenance such as coils, pumps, control
valves, and other similar items. Flanged joints shall be
assembled square end tight with matched flanges, gaskets, and bolts.
Gaskets shall be suitable for the intended application.

3.1.5 Valves

Isolation gate or ball valves shall be installed on each side of each piece
of equipment, at the midpoint of all looped mains, and at any other points
indicated or required for draining, isolating, or sectionalizing purpose.
Isolation valves may be omitted where balancing cocks are installed to
provide both balancing and isolation functions. Each valve except check
valves shall be identified. Valves in h orizontal lines shall be
installed with stems horizontal or above.

3.1.6 Air Vents

Air vents shall be provided at all high points, on all water coils, and
where indicated to ensure adequate venting of the piping system.

3.1.7 Drains

Drains shal1 be provided at al l low points and where indicated to


ensure complete drainage of the piping. Drains shall be accessible, and
shall consist of nipples and caps or plugged tees unless otherwise indicated.

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3.1.8 Flexible Pipe Connectors

Connectors shall be attached to com ponents in strict accordance with


the latest printed instructions of the manufacturer to ensure a vapor
tight joint. Hangers, when required to suspend the connectors,
shal1 be of the type recommended by the flexible pipe connector
manufacturer and shal1 be provided at the intervals recommended.

3.1.9 Temperature Gauges

Temperature gauges shall be located on coolant supply and return piping at


each heat exchanger, on condenser water piping entering and leaving a
condenser, at each automatic temperature control device wi thout an
integral thermometer, and where indicated or required for proper
operation of equipment. Thermal wells for insertion thermometers
and thermostats shall extend beyond thermal insulation surface not
less than 2 5 mm.

3.1.10 Pipe Hangers, Inserts, and Supports

Pipe hangers, inserts, and supports shal1 conform to MSS SP -58 and
MSS SP-69, except as supplemented and modified in this specification
section. Pipe hanger types 5, 1 2, and 26 shall not be used.
Hangers used to support piping 50 mm and larger shall be fabricated to permit
adequate adjustment after erection while still supporting the load. Piping
subj ected to vert ical movement, when operat ing tempera tures ex ceed
ambient temperatures, shall be supported by variable spring hangers and
supports or by constant support hangers.

3.1.10.1 Hangers

Type 3 shall not be used on insulated piping. Type 2 4 may be used only
on trapeze hanger systems or on fabricated fra mes.

3.1.10.2 Inserts

Type 18 inserts shall be secured to concrete forms before concrete is


placed. Continuous inserts which allow more adjustments may be used if
they otherwi se meet the requirements for Type 18 insert s.

3.1.10.3 C-Clamps

Type 19 and 23 C -clamps shall be torqued per MSS SP -69 and have both
locknuts and retaining devices, furnished by the manufacturer.
Field-fabricated C-clamp bodies or retaining devices are not acceptable.

3.1.10.4 Angle Attachments

Type 20 attachments used on angles and channels shall be furnished with an


added malleable-iron heel plate or adapter.

3.1.10.5 Saddles and Shields

Where Type 39 saddle or Type 40 shield are permitted for a particular pipe
attachment applicat ion, the Type 3 9 saddle , connected to the pi
pe, shall be used on all pipe 100 mm and larger when the temperature of the
medium is 16 degrees C or higher. Type 40 shields shall be used on
all piping less than 100 mm and all piping 100 mm and larger carrying
medium less than 16 degrees C. A high density i nsulation insert of
cellular glass shall be used under the Type 40 shield for piping 50 mm
and larger.

3.1.10.6 Horizontal Pipe Supports

Horizontal pipe supports shall be spaced as specified in MSS SP -69 and


a

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support shall be installed not over 300 mm from the pipe fitting joint
at each change in direction of the piping. Pipe supports shall be
spaced not over 1.5 m apart at va1ves. Pipe hanger loads suspended
£rom steel joist with hanger loads between panel points in excess of 23 kg
shall have the excess hanger loads suspended from panel points.

3.1.10.7 Vertical Pipe Supports

Vertica1 pipe shall be supported at each floor, except at siab-on-grade, and at


int ervals of not more than 4.5 m, not more than 2.4 m f rom end of risers, and
at vent terminations.

3.1.10.8 Pipe Guides

Type 35 guides using, steel, reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or


graphite slides shall be provided where required to allow longitudinal pipe
movement. Lateral restraints shall be provided as required. Slide
materials shall be suitable for the system operating temperatures, atmospheric
conditions, and bearing loads encountered.

3.1.10.9 Steel Slides

Where steel slides do not require provisions for restraint of lateral


movement, an alternate guide method may be used. On piping 10 0 mm and
larger, a Type 39 saddle shall be used. On piping under 100 mm a Type
40 protection shield may be attached to the pipe or insulation and freely rest
on a steel slide plate.

3.1.10.10 Multiple Pipe Runs

In the support of multiple pipe runs on a common base member, a clip or clamp
shal1 be used where each pipe crosses the base support member. Spacing of the
base support members shall not exceed the hanger and support spacing required
for an individual pipe in the mult iple pipe run.

3.1.10.11 Structural Attachments

Attachment to building structure concrete and masonry shall be by cast-in


concrete inserts, built-in anchors, or masonry anchor devices. Inserts and
anchors shall be applied with a safety factor not less than 5. Supports
shall not be attached to metal decking. Supports shall not be attached to
the underside of concrete filled floors or concrete roof decks unless approved
by the Contracting Officer. Masonry anchors for overhead applications shall
be constructed of ferrous materials only. Structural steel brackets required to
support piping, headers, and equipment, but not shown, shall be provided
under this section. Material used for support shall be as specified under Section
05 12 00 STRUCTURAL STEEL.

3.1.11 Pipe Alignment Guides

Pipe alignment guides shal1 be provided where indicated for expans ion loops,
of f sets, and bends and as recommended by the manufacturer for expansion joints,
not to exceed 1.5 m on each side of each expansion joint, and in 1ines 100
mm or smaller not more than 600 mm on each side of the j oint.

3.1.12 Pipe Anchors

Anchors shall be provided where indicated. Unless indicated otherwise, anchors


shall comply with the requirements specified.Anchors shall consist of heavy
steel collars with lugs and bolts for clamping and attaching anchor braces,
unless otherwise indicated. Anchor braces shall be installed in the most
effective manner to secure the desired

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results us ing turnbuckles where requ i red.

Supports, anchors, or stays shall not be attached where they will injure
the structure or adjacent construction during installation or by the weight of
expansion of the pipeline. Where pipe and condui t penetrations of vapor
barrier sealed surfaces occur, these items shall be anchored immediately
adjacent to each penetrated surface, to provide essentially zero movement
within penetration seal.

3.1.13 Bu ilding Sur f ace Penetrat ions

SIeeves shal1 not be installed in s truetura1 members except where indi cated
or approved. Except as indica ted otherwi se piping sleeves shal1 comply with
requirement s speci f ied. SIeeves in nonload bear ing surfaces shall be
galvanized sheet metal, conforming to ASTM A 653/A 653M, Coating Class G-90,
1.0 mm. Sleeves in load bearing surfaces shall be uncoated carbon steel
pipe, conforming to ASTM A 53/A 53M, Standard weight. Sealants shall be
applied to moisture and oil-free surfaces and elastomers to not less thanl3 mm
depth. Sleeves shall not be installed in structural members.

3.1.13.1 Refrigerated Space

Refrigerated space building surface penetrations shall be fitted with sleeves


fabricated from hand-lay-up or helically wound, fibrous glass reinforced polyester
or epoxy resin with a minimum thickness equal to equivalent size Schedule 40 steel
pipe. Sleeves shall be constructed with integral collar or cold side shall be fitted
with a bonded slip-on flange or extended collar.

In the case of masonry penetrations where sleeve is not cast-in, voids shal1 be
filled with latex mixed mortar cast to shape of sleeve and flange/external
collar type sleeve shall be assembled with butyl elastomer vapor barrier sealant
through penetration to cold side surface vapor barrier overlap and fastened to
surface with masonry anchors.

Integral cast-in collar type sleeve shall be flashed with not less than 100
mm of cold side vapor barrier overlap of sleeve surface. Normally noninsulated
penetrating round surfaces shall be sealed to sleeve bore with mechanically
expandable seals in vapor tight manner and remaining warm and cold side sleeve
depth shall be insulated with not less than 100 mm of foamed-in-place rigid
polyurethane or foamed-in-place silicone elastomer.

Vapor barrier sealant shall be applied to finish warm side insulation surface.
Warm side of penetrating surface shall be insulated beyond vapor barrier sealed
sleeve insulation for a distance which prevents condensation. Wires in
refrigerated space surface penetrating conduit shall be sealed with vapor barrier
plugs or compound to prevent moisture migration through conduit and condensation
therein.

3.1.13.2 General Service Areas

Each sleeve shall extend through its respective wall, floor, or roof, and shall
be cut flush with each surface. Pipes passing through concrete or masonry wall
or concrete floors or roofs shall be provided with pipe sleeves fitted into place
at the time of construction. Sleeves shall be of such size as to provide a
minimum of 6.35 mm all-around clearance between bare pipe and sleeves or between
jacketed-insulation and sleeves. Except in pipe chases or interior walls, the
annular space between pipe and sleeve or between jacket over-insulation and sleeve
shall be sealed in accordance with Section 07 92 00 JOINT SEALANTS.

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 199


Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEP-Trades MEPALAIN
- Revision August 2010

3.1.13.3 Waterproof Penetrations

Pipes passing through roof or floor waterproofing membrane shall be installed


through a 5.17 kg/sq. m copper sleeve, or a 0.81 mm thick aluminum sleeve, each
within an integral skirt or flange.

Flashing sleeve shall be suitably formed, and skirt or flange shall


extend not less than 200 mm from the pipe and be set over the roof or floor
membrane in a troweled coating of bituminous cement. The flashing sleeve
shall extend up the pipe a minimum of 50 mm above the roof or floor penetration.
The annular space between the flashing sleeve and the bare pipe or between the
flashing sleeve and the metal-jacket-covered insulation shall be sealed as
indicated. Penetrations shall be sealed by either one of the following methods.

a. Waterproofing Clamping Flange: Pipes up to and including 250 mm in


diameter passing through roof or floor waterproofing membrane may be installed
through a cast iron sleeve with caulking recess, anchor lugs, flashing
clamp device, and pressure ring with brass bolts. Waterproofing membrane
shall be clamped into place and sealant shall be placed in the caulking recess.

b. Modular Mechanical Type Sealing Assembly: In lieu of a waterproofing


clamping flange, a modular mechanical type sealing assembly may be
installed. Seals shall consist of interlocking synthetic rubber links
shaped to continuously fill the annular space between the pipe/conduit and
sleeve with corrosion protected carbon steel bolts, nuts, and pressure
plates. Links shall be loosely assembled with bolts to form a
continuous rubber belt around the pipe with a pressure plate under each bolt
head and each nut.

After the seal assembly is properly positioned in the sleeve, tightening


of the bolt shall cause the rubber sealing elements to expand and provide
a watertight seal rubber sealing elements to expand and provide a
watertight seal between the pipe/conduit seal between the pipe/conduit and
the sleeve. Each seal assembly shall be sized as recommended by the
manufacturer to fit the pipe/conduit and sleeve involved. The
Contractor electing to use the modular mechanical type seals shall provide
sleeves of the proper diameters.

3.1.13.4 Fire-Rated Penetrations

Penetration of fire-rated walls, partitions, and floors shall be sealed


as specified in Section 07 84 00 FIRESTOPPING.

3.1.13.5 Escutcheons

Finished surfaces where exposed piping, bare or insulated, pass through


floors, walls, or ceilings, except in boiler, utility, or equipment
rooms, shall be provided with escutcheons. Where sleeves project slightly
from floors, special deep-type escutcheons shall be used. Escutcheon shall be
secured to pipe or pipe covering.

3.1.14 Access Panels

Access panels shall be provided where indicated for all concealed valves, vents,
controls, and additionally for items requiring inspection or maintenance.
Access panels shall be of sufficient size and located so that the concealed
items may be serviced and maintained or completely removed and replaced.
Access panels shall be as specified in Section 05 50 13 MISCELLANEOUS METAL
FABRICATIONS.

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 200


Al Ain - Aircraft Maintenace Hangar MEP-Trades MEPALAIN
- Revision August 2010

3.2 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION

Install electrical equipment in accordance with NFPA 70 and


manufacturers instruct ions.

3.3 CLEANING AND ADJUSTING

Pipes shall be cleaned free of scale and thoroughly flushed of all foreign matter.
A temporary bypass shall be provided for all water coils to prevent flushing
water from passing through coils. Strainers and valves shal1 be thoroughly
cleaned. Prior to test ing and balanci ng, air shal1 be removed from all water
systems by operating the air vents. Temporary measures, such as piping the
overflow from vents to a collecting vessel shal1 be taken to avoid water
damage during the venting process. Air vents shall be plugged or capped after
the system has been vented. Cont rol valves and other mi seellaneous equipment
requi ring adjustment shal1 be adjusted to sett ing i ndi cated or directed.

3 . 4 FIELD TESTS

Field tests shall be conducted in the presence of the QC Manager or his


designated representative to verify systems compliance with specifications.
Any material, equipment, instruments, and personnel required for the test
shall be provided by the Contractor.

3.4.1 Equipment and Component Isolation

Prior to testing, equipment and components that cannot withstand the tests
shall be properly isolated.

3.4.2 Pressure Tests

Each piping system shal1 be hydrostatically tested at a pressure not less than
1297 kPa (gage) for period of time sufficient to inspect every joint in
the system and in no case less than 2 hours. Test pressure shall be monitored
by a currently calibrated test pressure gauge. Leaks shal1 be repaired and piping
retested until test requirements are met. No leakage or reduction in gage
pressure shall be allowed.

Leaks shall be repaired by rewelding or replacing pipe or fittings. Caulking of


joints will not be permitted. Concealed and insulated piping shall be tested
in place before concealing.

Submit for approval pressure tests reports covering the above specified piping
pressure tests; describe the systems tested, test results, defects found
and repaired, and signature of the pressure tests' director. Obtain
approval from the QC Manager before concealing piping or applying insulation to
tested and accepted piping.

3.4.3 Related Field Inspections and Testing

3.4.3.1 Piping Welds

Examination of Piping Welds is specified in the paragraph above entitled


"Examination of Piping Welds".

3.4.3.2 HVAC TAB

Requirements for testing, adjusting, and balancing (TAB) of HVAC water


piping, and associated equipment is specified in Section 23 05 93
TESTING,ADJUSTING, AND BALANCING FOR HVAC. Coordinate with the TAB team,
and provide support personnel and equipment as specified in Section 23 05 93
TESTING, ADJUSTING AND BALANCING FOR HVAC to assist TAB team to meet the TAB
work requirements.

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 201


Al Ain - Aircraft Ma in t enace Hangar MEP-Trades MEPALA1N
- Revision August 2010

3.5 INSTRUCTION TO GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL

Furnish the services of competent instructors to give full instruction


to the designated Government personnel in the adjustment, operation, and
maintenance, including pertinent safety requirements, of the chilled
water , Instructors sha11 be thoroughly fami liar with all part s of the
installation and shall be instructed in operating theory as well as practical
operation and maintenance work. Submit a lesson plan for the instruct ion
course for approval. The lesson plan and instructi on course shall be based
on the approved operation and maintenance data and ma intenance manual s.

Conduct a training course for the opera t ing staff and maintenance staff
selected by the Contracting Officer. Give the instruction during the first
regular work week after the equipment or system has been accepted and turned
over to the Government for regular operation. The number of man-days (8
hours per day} of instruction furnished shall be one man-day.. Use
approximately half of the time for classroom instruction and the other time
for instruction at the location of equipment or system.

When significant changes or modifications in the equipment or system are made


under the terms of the contract, provide additional instruction to acquaint the
operating personnel with the changes or modifications.

-- End of Sect ion --

SECTION 23 64 26 Page 202