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# 39.A committe including 3 boys and 4 girls is to be formed from a group of 10 boys and 12 girls.

## How many different committee can be formed from the group?

40.In a certain country, the car number plate is formed by 4 digits from the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,

8 and 9 followed by 3 letters from the alphabet. How many number plates can be formed?

41.In how many ways can the letters of the word “Pre-University” be arranged?

42.A child has 3 pocket and 4 coins. In how many ways can he put the coins in his pocket.

43.How many necklace of 12 beads each can be made from 18 beads of different colours?

44.How many words can be formed with the letters of the word ‘OMEGA’ when:

## (iv) Vowels being never together.

45.In how many different ways can the letters of the word, 'MACHINE' be arranged?

46.In how many different ways can the letters of the word, 'VISUAL' be arranged so that, the
vowels may occupy only the odd position?

47.In how many different ways can the letters of the word, 'ENGLAND' be arranged so that, the
vowels always come together?

48.In how many different ways can the letters of the word, 'QUESTION' be arranged so that, the
vowels always come together?

49.In how many ways, can a group of 2 boys and 3 girls be made out of a total of 6 boys and 4
girls?

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50.Out of 6 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 4 consonants and 2 vowels can be
formed?

51.A family has three children. What is the probability that the family has 2 boys and a girl given
the middle child is a boy?.

52.Laurie, an avid golfer, gives herself a 70% chance of breaking par (scoring less than 72 on a
round of 18 holes) if the weather is calm, but only a 15% chance of breaking par on windy days.
The weather forecast gives a 40% probability of high winds tomorrow. What is the likelihood that
Laurie will break par tomorrow, assuming that she plays one round of golf?

## 53.Each of the 11 letters A, H, I, M, O, T, U, V, W, X and Z appears same when looked at in a

mirror. They are called symmetric letters. Other letters in the alphabet are asymmetric letters. How
many three letter computer passwords can be formed (no repetition allowed) with at least one
symmetric letter?

54.A bag contains 5 yellow balls and 6 orange balls. When 4 balls are drawn at random
simultaneously from the bag, what is the probability that not all of the balls drawn are orange?

55. How many 7-digit even numbers less than 3,000,000 can be formed using the following digits:
1, 2, 2, 3, 5, 5, 6?

56. A farmer has 28 white sheep and 8 black sheep. Any two sheep are taken for shearing at a time.
Use a tree diagram to find the probability that:
a. Both sheep are white

## d. The two sheep are of different colours.

57. In an election with only 2 candidiates, x voters voted for candidiate A and 36 voters voted for
candidate B. If a voter is to be chosen at random, write down the expression for the probability that
a voter who voted for candidate A will be chosen. Given that the probability of a voter who voted
for candidate A will be chosen is 0.4. Find the value of x.

58. A math teacher gave her class two tests. 25% of the class passed both tests and 42% of the
class passed the first test. What percent of those who passed the first test also passed the second
test?

59.A candidate is required to answer 6 out of 12 questions of the midterm paper which are divided
into two groups each containing 6 questions and he is permitted to attempt not more than 4 from
ant group. In how many different ways can he make up his choice?

60.A pizza place offers 3 choices of salad, 20 kinds of pizza and 4 different desserts. How many
different 3-course meals can one order?

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61. A university student must take a modern language, a natural science, a social science, and
English. If there are four different modern languages, five natural sciences, three social sciences ,
but each student must take the same English course, how many different ways can the student
select his course of study?

62. The executive of the Manitoba Association of Mathematics Teachers consists of 3 women and
2 men. In how many ways can a president and secretary be chosen if:
(a) The president must be female and the secretary male?
(b) The president must be male and the secretary female?
(c) The president and secretary are of opposite sex?

n! n! ( n +1)! n n +1!
63. Simplify: (a) (b) (c) (d)
( n +1)! ( n −1)! n! ( n +1) n!
n 2 ( n −1)!
(e)
n!

64. How many distinguishable permutations are there of the letters in the following words?
(a) AARDVARK (b) BOOKKEEPERS

65. How many distinct ways can 3 red flags, 2 blue flags, 2 green flags and 4 yellow flags be
arranged in a row?

66. How many different arrangements can be made using the letters in the word TEETH, if the
word must start with H?

67.Using the letters of the word FACTOR (without repetitions), how many four-letter code words
can be formed:
(a) starting with R?
(b) with vowels in the two middle positions?
(c) With only consonants?
(d) With vowels and consonants alternating?

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68. Manitoba license plate numbers consist of 3 letters followed by 3 digits. How many different
plates could be issued?

## 69. Consider the digits 1, 3, 5, 7, 9. If repetitions are allowed, find:

(a) How many 3 digit numbers can be formed.

(b) How many 3 digit numbers can be formed if the number must be less than 600
and divisible by 5

70. How many ways can 5 people sit in a row if two of them insist on sitting together?

71. How many ways can 5 people sit in a row if two of them insist on not sitting together?

72. How many ways can four married couples sit on a park bench if
(a) every husband and wife must sit together?
(b) The men and women must alternate?

73.Three brothers and 3 sisters are lining up for a picture. How many arrangements are there:
(a) Altogether?
(b) With brothers and sisters in alternating positions?
(c)
74. Five students walk into a French classroom with 10 desks. How many different seating
arrangements are possible?

75. Winnipeg stadium has 4 entrances and 9 exits. In how many ways can 2 people enter together
but leave by different exits?

76.How many ways can a chairperson, a secretary and a treasurer be selected from a
committee of 8 people?

## 77.How many 5 digit numbers can be found from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 if: ( no repetition)

(a) The odd digits occupy the odd places?
(b) The odd digits occupy the odd places in ascending order?

## 78. Using the letters in THURSDAY:

(a) how many 4 letter words are possible?
(b) how many 4 letter words end in Y?
(c) How many do not start with an R and end with a Y?

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79. (a) How many ways can 8 people be seated around a circular table?
(b) How many way can they be seated if 2 of them insist on sitting next to each other?

80. Five men and 5 women sit around a circular table, men and women alternating. How many
ways can this be done?

81. How many 4 digit numbers larger than 5600 can be made using the digits 0, 1, 2, 5, 6, 8, 9
(no repetitions);

## 82. Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 0 (no repetitions):

(a) how many 4 digit numbers are possible?
(b) How many are divisible by 5?
(c) How many are even?

83. A book collector has 5 different books by Dickens, 3 different plays by Shakespeare, and 3
different novels by D. Steele. She also has an original story by Margaret Laurence. How many
ways can they be arranged on a shelf if the books by each author are to be kept together?

84. (a)How many ways can 8 people be seated around a circular table if Nicky and Monica
insist on sitting together?
(b) if, in addition, George and Brent refuse to be seated together, how many ways can this
be done?

85. How many ways can 4 girls and 2 boys sit at a movie theatre row (which contains 6 seats),
if:
(a) One girl must be seated on each end?
(b) All the girls insist on sitting together?

86. (a) How many 5 letter words are possible using the letters in WINTER?
(b) How many contain I as the second letter?
(c) How many do not start with an E?

87. The letters in the word BARRIER are arranged all at a time.
a)Find the number of permutations
b)Find the number of arrangements beginning with the letter R
c)Find the number of arrangements beginning with exactly one R.

88. An investment club has a membership of 4 women and 6 men. A research committee of 3
is to be formed. In how many ways can this be done if:
(a) There are to be 2 women and 1 man on the committee?
(b) There is to be at least 1 woman on the committee?
(c) All three have to be the same sex?

PART II

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Q1. A card is drawn at random from an ordinary pack of 52 playing
cards. Find the probability that the card (i) is a jack (ii) is not a jack

Q2. A bag contains 3 white, 4 black and 5 red balls. If 3 balls are drawn
at random determine the probability that (i) all 3 are red (ii) all 3 are black (iii) 2 red and one is
black (iv) one of each color is drawn.

## Q3. A room has3 lamp. From a collection of 10 light bulbs of which 6

are not good, a person selects 3 at random and puts them in the sockets. What is the probability
that he will have light from all the three lamps?

Q4. A class contains 16 boys and 10 girls of which half of the boys and
half of the girls are fat. Find the probability that a student chosen at random is a boy or a fat
student

## Q5. A bag contains 25 balls marked 1 to 25. One ball is drawn at

random. What is the probability that it marked with a number of multiple of 5 or 6.

Q6. The probability that a contractor gets an electric contract is 2/7 and
that of his getting a plumbing contract is 3/5. If the probability of his getting at least one of the
contract is 5/7. what is the probability of his getting both the contracts.

## Q7. let the population of adults of a small village be categorized

according to sex and employment status as:

## Employed Unemployed Total

Male 460 40 500
Female 140 260 400
Total 600 300 900

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If a person is chosen at random find the probability that it is
(i)Male (ii)Employed Person (iii)Male and Employed Person (iv)Male or Employed Person

Q8. From a well shuffled pack of 52 playing cards, one card is drawn.
Find the probability that it is (i) a King (ii) a diamond (iii) the queen of hearts (iv) either the
queen of heart or the jack of spades (v) either a two or three (vi) not the ace of spades (vii)
not a club (viii) not a face card (ix) either a king, queen or a jack.

Q9. If two dice are thrown or rolled find the probability that:
a. Two faces shows the same number
b. The sum of the two faces are greater than 10
c. A total more than 7
d. at least one ace
e. a total of at most 4
f. The number on the first die is greater than the number of the second die.
g. A sum of 5 or a sum of 9
h. A total of 8.
i. At most a total of 5.

## Q10. A committee of four members is to be selected at random from a

group consisting of six men and four women. What is the probability that on his committee
men and women will get equal representation?
Q11. Of 150 people, 60 men and 90 are women, 30 of the men and 60 of
the women read newspaper daily. A person is to be selected at random from the lot. What is the
chance that selected would be a man or read newspaper.
Q12. from each of the three married couples one of the partner is selected
at random. What is the probability of their being all of one sex?
Q13. In a certain firm 6 persons (4female and 2 male) are eligible for
promotion to 2 higher positions. How many different combinations of these employees are
eligible for promotions? List them

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a. Assume that persons are selected at random for promotion then find the probability
that:
i. At least one of the persons promoted would be a female
ii. Exactly one female would be promoted
iii. No more than one female promoted
iv. No female would be promoted.
Q14. If each coded item in a catalog begins with 3 distinct letters followed by 4 distinct non-zero
digits, Find the probability of randomly selecting one of these coded items with the first
letter a vowel and the last digit even.
Q15. Two cards are drawn in succession from a deck without replacement. What is the
probability that both cards are greater than 2 and less than 8?
Q16. In a poker hand consisting of 5 cards, find the probability of holding
a. 3 aces;
b. 4 hearts and 1 clubs
Q17. Dom’s Pizza company uses taste testing and statistical analysis of the data prior to
marketing any new product. Consider a study involving three types of crusts ( Thin , Thin
with garlic and oregano, and Thin with bits of cheese). Dom’s is also studying three
sauces, ( standard, a new sauce with more garlic, and a new sauce with fresh basil)
a) How many combinations of crust and sauce are involved?
b) What is the probability that a judge will get a plain thin crust with a standard sauce for
his first taste test?
Q18. According to consumer digest (July/August 1996), the probable location of personal
computers (PC) in the home is as follows:
Adult bedroom: 0.03
Child bedroom : 0.15
Other bedroom: 0.14
Office or den: 0.40
Other rooms: 0.28
(a) What is the probability that a PC is in a bedroom?
(b) What is the probability that it is not in a bedroom?
(c) Suppose a house hold is selected at random from households with a PC; in what
room would you expect to find a PC?

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Q19. Interest centers around the life of an electric component . Suppose it is known that the
Probability that the component survives for more than 6000 hours is 0.42. Suppose also
that the probability that the component survives no longer than 4000 hours is 0.04.
(a) what is the probability that the life of the component is less than or equal to 6000
hours?
(b) What is the probability that the life is greater than 4000 hours?

Q20. Consider the situation in Q no.19. Let A be the event that the component fails a
particular test and B be the event that the component that the component displays strain
but does not actually fail. P(A)= 0.20 and P(B)=0.35.
(a) What is the Probability that the component does not fails the test?
(b) What is the probability that the component works perfectly well ( i.e neither
displays strain nor fails the test)?
(c) What is the probability that the component either fails or shows strain in the test?

Q21. Factory workers are constantly encouraged to practice zero tolerance when it comes to
accidents in factories. Accidents can occur because the working environment or
conditions themselves are unsafe. During last year, 300 accidents have occurred. The
percentages of the accidents for the condition combinations are as follows:
Shift Un safe conditions Human error
Day 5% 32%
Evening 6% 25%
Graveyard 2% 30%
(a) what is the probability that the accident occurred on the grave yard shift?
(b) What is the probability that the accident occurred due to human error?
(c) What is the probability that the accident occurred due to unsafe condition?
(d) What is the probability that the accident occurred on either the evening or grave yard
shift?

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Q22. probability that a mechanic serviced 3,4,5,6,7,8 cars on a given day is as follows:

## Cars serviced Percentage chance

3 12%
4 19%
5 28%
6 24%
7 10%
8 7%

(a) What is the probability that no m more than 4 cars will be serviced by the
mechanic?
(b) What is the probability that he will service fewer than 8 cars?
(c) What is the probability that he will service either 3 or 4 cars?

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