Impact on the Capacity and Performance with the Implementation of a Second Carrier in 3G Network

Ting-Huei Lin, Ph.D.

Senior Engineer Mobile Business Group, Chunghwa Telecom Co., Ltd.

CHT Mobile Network Status HSDPA Planning Strategy Key Impacts of HSDPA Conclusions


GSM/WCDMA is the dominant system. All WCDMA systems had launched HSDPA service.Mobile Market in Taiwan System Operator GSM WCDMA HSPA V V V FDD:2x15M TDD: 5M FDD:2x15M TDD: 5M FDD:2x15M TDD: 5M FDD:2x10M TDD: 5M V V V V cdma PHS WiMax 2000 2x20M Taiwan population CHT TWN FET VIBO APBW FITEL …+5 v - v v - - - - Highly competitive mobile market Many systems and operators within 36. 3/20 .000 km2 Penetration rate is more than 100%.

… The largest mobile operator in Taiwan Subscribers > 9.the largest integrated telecom operator in Taiwan Fixed. Internet.Chunghwa Telecom Mobile CHT. satellite.2 millions Mobile market shares 34% GSM900/1800 & WCDMA/HSPA network Subscribers (millin) Source: NCC 4/20 . mobile.

CHT simultaneously promotes new devices. Following network migration. such as CHT9000. CHT aggressively migrates 3G network to provide the best service to our customers. 5/20 . etc. iPhone….CHT 3G Migration CHT9000 CHT9100 iPhone 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 WCDMA HSDPA HSUPA HSPA+ As the leading 3G operator in Taiwan. Diamond.

all 3G operators in Taiwan provide PS flat rate service HSPA increases network capacity and traffic loading 6/20 .3G Traffic Growth 3G traffic and network load increase quickly Most of increasing 3G traffic is PS data Traffic of high speed data increases ~ 30% per quarter PS flat rate and smart phone induces heavy data traffic Under keen market competition.

Mobile Coverage Solutions EDGE 3G/HSPA repeater WiFi WiFi repeater WiFi repeater WiFi GSM/GPRS EDGE 3G/HSPA Urban Rural Suburban Urban GSM/GPRS offers wide-area seamless coverage 3G/HSPA offers broadband coverage EDGE compensates 3G broadband coverage hole Repeater extends coverage range Home/ public WiFi provides broadband access for indoor/hotspot 7/20 .

5% <0.Carrier Allocation for CHT 3G Scenario Single Carrier F1(R99) Single Carrier F1(R99+HSDPA) Two Carriers F1(R99) F2(HSPA) Two Carriers F1(R99+HSPA)+ F2(HSPA) Three Carriers F1(R99)+ F2(HSPA)+ F3(R99+HSPA) Application Status •Special enterprise area •For voice and SMS only area •Rural and low traffic area •For coverage •Urban and sub-urban area •For performance and capacity •High traffic hot spot •For capacity •Extra high traffic hot spot •For capacity ~0.5 % 28 % 71 % ~0.1% 8/20 .

Key Impacts of HSDPA Ec/No Code Mobility Source: Tommi Heikkilä 9/20 .

HW and SW Impact More HSDPA carriers enabled. investment to HW and SW upgrade will be increasing accordingly. more hardware resources demanded Enabling HSDPA must occupy a large block of CEs More amplifier power and RF device allocated for multi-carriers. olu cv Tr aff i me on si fee n pa se ex en c HW li SW Cost & Time Revenue capacity Ne tw o 10/20 tion migra W HW+S rk co st . Must upgrade many new SW features Some functions are cost by traffic capacity Following HSPA performance migration.

Fixed power Dynamic power Dedicated 2nd carrier can allocate more power to HSDPA. HSDPA power setting depends on coverage and traffic strategy. High power -> high throughput and coverage Priority to HSDPA traffic or to R99 DCH traffic.HSDPA Power Allocation HSDPA power can be set to be fixed or dynamic power allocation. Throughput -3 -6 Ec/No -9 -12 -15 11/20 .

To achieve good performance. 0 1-cell -3 2-cell_X 3-cell_X Ec/No (dB) HSDPA Throughput -6 En HS able DP A No-dominant cell area -9 Ec/No -12 -15 4 8 12 Ptx_total (W) 16 20 12/20 .Ec/No Impact Enabling HSDPA will increase average Node B power and degrade Ec/No. all RRM functions referred to Ec/No need to be optimized.

only increase 20~40% average throughput.Iub Transport Double HSDPA speed capability. HSDPA traffic Source: Harri Holma ~20% ~40% 13/20 . HSDPA demand more transport bandwidth. Traditional E1 is not the economic and efficient transport for HSDPA traffic.

signaling and synchronization 10/20/30M NG-SDH for PS E1 TDM E1 STM-1 GE MR Ethernet NG SDH Next step: all-IP transport Need new version Node B or extra-interface module Need synchronization source Ethernet PTN or NG SDH GE 14/20 .CHT Mobile Backhaul Strategy Initial solution: increase E1 to support HSDPA traffic Now mainly for low peak-rate site (< HSDPA 3.6M) E1 TDM E1 Today solution: E1+Ethernet hybrid backhaul E1 for CS traffic.

need to occupy code resource. Dedicated carrier can provide more codes for HSDPA Codes for DCH. HS-SCCH Codes for HS-DSCH 15/20 .Code Resource Code resource will be insufficient for high rate HSDPA Common channels and R99 traffic. as well as HSDPA. Code congestion rate will increase after enable high rate HSDPA HSDPA for shared carrier is often down-rated by code congestion.

but HSDPA is HHO. HSDPA link-budget is different from R99 Traffic distribution between multi-carrier has to be adjusted by mobility parameters Direct HSDPA UE to HSDPA carrier Load balance for multi-carrier Mobility parameters setting will be depended on carrier scenario.Mobility Parameters Mobility parameters planning become more complex after enabling HSDPA Ec/No is suddenly degraded by activating HSDPA R99 DCH is SHO. network function and traffic strategy 16/20 .

2nd carrier for HSDPA HSDPA UE make PS call is re-directed to 2nd carrier idle voice data 3G F2 (HSPA) : R99 UE : R5/R6 UE 3G F1 (DCH) 2G 17/20 .Network Mobility Optimization 1st carrier for idle mode. CS and R99 PS Setting cell reselection parameter to push all UE in idle mode to 1st carrier.

Performance and Capacity Activating 2nd carrier for HSDPA traffic can improve the HSDPA throughput Dedicated carrier provide more power and codes Voice call performance is improved after removing HSDPA loading in shared carrier Less Ec/No degraded by loading Shared to Dedicated Carrier Shared to Dedicated Carrier 18/20 .

Indoor.Comparison for Shared and Dedicated Carrier Shared Carrier Scheme Dedicated Carrier Advantage .Faster Deployment .Cost Efficient . Hot Spot.Simpler parameter planning -Minimum Impact to existing R99 performance -Better HSDPA performance Disadvantage -Less capacity improvement -Code tree limitation -Impact exist Rel 99 performance (Ec/No degradation) -Additional HW & site recommissioning required -More complex parameter planning High capacity area (Dense Urban. Recommen Less capacity critical area ded Area (rural area) 19/20 .

Conclusions Enabling HSPA will enhance QoE of customers. The benefits for launching HSPA still depend on marketing and sales’ strategy. Market competition and quickly increasing PS traffic drive the demand for HSPA. but increase CAPEX and OPEX. mainly for HSDPA throughput and R99 QoS. Dedicated HSDPA carrier can get better network performance. 20/20 .