Laquipampa protected natural area, a shelter full of life

Blgo. Fish. Juan Carlos Ullilén Zaravia. Master in Environmental Engineering Sciences. Graduate school National University Pedro Ruiz Gallo, Lambayeque - Peru jcuz1@hotmail.com

Abstrac: the visited to the area laquipampa, the evaluation was in the area of Algarrobillo, and the area of the Quebrada Shambo, conducting assessments of areas, the problems that afflicting the presence of farmers, and livestock in the buffer zone and as concerned and the buffer zone, the declined of forests and increasing of areas of culture rice and as there are conflicts for the water, are problemas that affect this area. In the quebrada of Shambo, the presence of peoples from grazing animals, this area should not exit any animals grozing and people, this have affected the ecosystem of the area. Keys words: Laquipampa, Quebrada,

Introduction Protected natural area now represent one the instruments more effective conservation in situ or natural. ( species, ecosystems and environmental services) in this sense and in compliance whit commitments through conservation on Biological biodiversity (1992) the countries of latin America and the Caribbean, efforts have been made administrative reorganization animed at under the concept of national systems and establishment of new protected areas in their, whit these actions has been provided whit legal protection and operational threat by population growth expanding the agricultural frontier and over exploitation of them. But social problems in the regaion do not allow that such strategies completely reverse the processer of environmental destruction of the elements that make up and environmental services they provide to our societies, the means at their disposal govermments to manage protected areas are insufficient so many only exist in the instrument the same buildind whitout it is provisions come applied in reality. Most countries agree to say that the ANP spaces have been fundamental conservation of natural ecosystems and biodiversity of latin America, However no significant problems are extensive that constantly threaten ecosystem stability. In our country establishing the Ministry of Environment whit the function of designing establishing implementing and monitoring national policy and national strategies management of natural resources and biodiversity that is why the creation of protected areas Peru is a megadiverse country at the ecosystem species genetic and cultural diversity and Lambayeque city have a natural protected Areas wildlife Laquipampa which house great variability of species birds, mammals, insects, amphibians, reptiles, medicinal plant, ornamental and ruins etc. The wildlife refuge Laquipampa is a natural are protected by the Peruvian Government and part National System of natural Areas filed protected by the state as defined by SupremeDecree Nº 045-2006- AG the submission of this report aims show how important is this natural area for our country not only as a protection area for endangered species as white winged, guan and also show the importance, this diffusion area for ecotourism also show the deficiencies that still exits in this natural area Result Laquipampa it comes from the quechua word meaning “ the plain of tears” ( llaquipampa) subsequenthy changed by Laquipamppa LLaquipampa. Established on July 6, 2006, Supreme Decree Nº 045.2006-AG Conservation objectives Keep a representative sample dry forest northwest that serves as habitat for white winged spectacled bear, Andean condor endemic bird species also the following objectives

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protect water courses found inside protected natural area which in addition to the values and environmental services. Preserve the scenic beauty of the area To coduct scientific research and or technological behavior, management, captive, breeding and stocking and white-winged other species of flora and fauna . Strengthen capacities local area management and other actions leading to conservation of biological diversity. Maintain relationships whit local peoples, providing technical suppor

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Under the Ministry of environmental National Service of protected Natural Areas Sernanp Characteristics of the area: Location: Department of Lambayeque Ferreñafe province, district Incahuasi, and it has an area of 8328.64 hectareas it extends form the milk river valley (200 m) to 2600 m Average temperature 28ºC, Rainy season December to March 26, 2011. Accessibility: Route Ferreñafe – Pitipo. Traversing Batangrande, Motupillo, and the Algarrobito, up to the San Antonio Community of Laquipampa the Journey takes approximately 4 hours from the city of Chiclayo capital od the department. Hydrography: Rivers Moyano and Sangana. Up the river downstream whit river Milk

Ecoregions: Equatorial dry forest: Its height is between 240 to 1300 m, predominates specis as palo blando, palo santo, overo Monane tropical dry forest: Ist heights is between 100 -2000 m rainier is natural vegetation is very limited and zero in some areas because the lands are eroded

Biodiversity:

Flora:

Noteworthy Flora: palo santo, overo, pasallo, huayrul, higuerón, cerezo,

hualtaco, sapote, palo blanco, palo colorado, hierba santa, faique, cedro.
Fruit: pitajilla y chirimoya. Medicinals plants: overo y flor blanca Plant for dyeing: nogal y pasallo Forest dry species: hualtaco, guayacán y palo santo. These species have

been preyed througthout the nort coast.

Fauna: In the forest dry of northern Perú there is rare breed of turkey called white wong, or winged (Penelope albipennis), is a native of Perú and is in danger of extinction worldwide there are only 350 specimens of this species while only Laquipampa between 20 to 26 in addition to this birs, we can find other species of domestic animals as the spectacled bear of andean bear, huayrulo, Andean condor, The greed turkey hawks, parrots, partridges, ferre, chilala, the parrot emerald, the red-headed parrot, bobcats, cougars. Species classified as vulnerable bearded turkey dove, ventriocracea Near threatened species: red- headed parrot, Guayaquil woodpecker, jays and hummingbirds Mammals: white tailed deer wild, cats, anteaters, peccaries. Birds: 157 species 33 endemic Reptiles: 17 species Amphibians: 2 species In addition to insect Cultural Resources Archaelologcal features representations and petroglyps for civilations Andean formative period of 1000 to 800 BCE

Tourism: In addition to observing winged guan: sighting area of these animals is in Lajas, Laquipampa tho miles 800 msnm. Mostjy you can see form 5:30 am to 8:00 am and 16:00 until 18:00 Brown turkey observation: takes place in the gorge of Shambo to 1100 m

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Lajas Falls: a 20 minute walk from office of the reserve in the same Laquipampa waterfalls are fours falling into wells 2 to 2.5 meters deep whit warm water is most refreshing in the months January to April From spectacled bear watching: is carried out to 1680 meters The Archaeological Zone clock to 1680 msnsm too.

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Areas assessed: A: The carob sector: Locate at 400 meters forest dry locanted in the tropical montane the area where the observation was made was approsimately 4000 m. on sea nevel. Besides the plant species predominate are, Caparis, Vichayo, Sapote, Palo santo. The sility clay soil type birds in the area: Trogon, Browns turkey. B. Sector Quebrada Shambo: Locate at 1100 meters this area is a montane tropical forest dry. Present a steeper varied flora that is mentioned a few such as Acacia, Guayaquiel , Cerry, addition of an introduce pine, The fauna is very diversed as deer, antearers, foxes, skunks, since this is a protected area shows the presence of livestock and the presence of settlers. Problems from Laquipampa: Algarrobito area at the end of the 60 years farms were located area, Cropland were Livestock and agriculture in the boundaries of the refuge tin the buffer zone, are locate on the banks of the river of rice farmers this has affected the decline of forest previously were located in this area sice the settlers hunted in this area causing declining species and species have been scared off higher areas the use of insecticides in rice farming makes the rives and land everyday are more contaminated the river banks have been shortened causing flooding area in the rainy moths when the river flow increases

Livestock: Livestock grazing animals was observed area protected area this brings to the erosion problem of soils in addition to loss of wealth flora of the area as a protected area there animals should not be in this area. Other conflicts in the area are the areas formalized this problem arises because before you know this area as a protected area and people were located in this area irrigation water used for cultivation. This affects the decrease in water affecting the residents of the area below.

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Poor monitoring by rangers due to a shortage of them, increased budget for individual contracts rangers in the area for more control Difficulty in access, there should be an improved access road Laquipampa area this should take into account the authorities of both the people and the regional government this would have a greater presence of tourism to the area

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This sould take into account the authorities of people and the regional govermment this would have a greather presence of tourism to the area

Conclusions: Protected Natural Area Laquipampa is an area of high Biodiversity which the authorities should care more for their protection. The presence of livestock and people in this area is affected in this area despite limited resources are serving a great jobMust share this place for the arrival of tourists take advantage of the weath of tourist attractions in the area.

Acknowledgemets: Thanks to those responsible the part for the informatino and the guide to the area , also Dr. Rolando Reategui by the kinds of practices in the area

References: De la Maza Elvira J. Current Status od Natural Protected Areas in latin America and the Caribbena United Nations Program for Environment Website:

http://www.pnuma.org/deat1/pdf/Estado% 20actual% 20of% 20the% 20Naturales% 20are% 20of% 20Protegidas% 20America% 20Latina% 20and% 20the% 20Caribe.pdf.

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Ochoa Vasquez I. Biodiversity Lambayeque. Website: http://www.monografias.com/trabajos54/flora-fauna-lambayecana/florafauna-lambayecana.shtml.
Wiky Sumaq Peru, Laquipampa Wildlife Refuge, March 16, 2011. Webpage:

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http://wiki.sumaqperu.com/es/Refugio_de_Vida_Silvestre_Laquipampa

Annex Anexo

Fig:1:Geográfical

location

from

Laquipampa

(http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_NyD2sgbeGXg/TRFKOO86ooI/AAAAAAAAFPE/fAd SCnTj6OQ/S250/P1060983.JPG)

Figure 2: road for Laquipampa.

Figure 3: River the milk

Figure 4: Forest dry tropical montane

Figure 5: Forest Laquipampa

Figure 6: Forest de Laquipampa

Figure 7: Forest flora dry tropical montane

Figure 8: . Forest flora dry tropical montane

Figure 9: Forest flora dry tropical montane

Figure 10: Insect of the zone from laquipampa.

Figure 11: Insect of the zone from Laquipampa

Figure 12: Reptile of the zone from laquipampa.

Figure 13: River of the zone from Laquipampa.

Figure 14: laquipampa

Figure 15: waterfall of the zone from Laquipampa

Figure 16: cultura of rice in the zone buffer of Laquipampa.

Figura17: culture rice near the river

Figure 18: Peoples in the zone from Laquipampa.

Figure 19: Animals of grazing in the zone Laquipampa.

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