EDU-CRAFT

EDUCATIONAL AIRCRAFT
Company

THE AERODYNAMIC TUTOR….

LOGO

Company

LOGO

STAGES OF PRESENTATION
2nd STAGE 3rd STAGE

1st STAGE

INTRODUCTION CONSTRUCTION AND AND

FUTURE SCOPE
AND

CONCEPT OF PROJECT

WORKING

FUTURE PLANNING

Company

LOGO

OBJECTIVE

 AIRCRAFT:Aircraft is a flying machine used for transportation, military and different scientific experiments purpose.  This project is made to give you an idea about various axes on which airplane rotates. This project explains various terms of airplane such as climb, descend, bank or roll, and yawing. This movement takes place on its three axes they are vertical, longitudinal, and lateral which are perpendicular to each other and intersect at the airplane's center of gravity (cg). To control position and direction a pilot must be able to control rotation about each of them. This is a maneuver project in which the various parts of airplane through which airplane rotates on its axis’s are controlled by means of electric servo motors.

Company

LOGO

LAYOUT OF AERO PLANE
RUDDER

AILERONS

ELEVATOR

Company

LOGO

EXPLANATION

Now as we mention above aircraft moves along three axis. These three axis are as mentioned below.  Lateral Axis (Pitch Axis)


Longitudinal Axis (Roll Axis)
Vertical Axis (Yaw Axis)

Company

LOGO

LATERAL AXIS

The lateral axis passes through the plane from wingtip to wingtip. Rotation about this axis is called pitch. Pitch changes the vertical direction the aircraft's nose is pointing. The elevators are the primary control of

pitch.
ELEVATOR

PITCH AXIS

Company

LOGO
UP DOWN ELEVATOR MOVEMENT CLIMB DESCEND  PITCH AXIS

Relative movement about this axis is called PITCHING. Pitching is the process of climbing or descending the aircraft, by tilting it about its pitch axis The pitching motion is being caused by the deflection of the elevator of this aircraft. The elevator is a hinged section at the rear of the horizontal stabilizer. There is usually an elevator on each side of the vertical stabilizer. The elevators work in pairs; when the right elevator goes up, the left elevator also goes up.

Company

LOGO

LONGITUDINAL AXIS

The longitudinal axis passes through the plane from nose to tail. Rotation about this axis is called bank or roll. Bank changes the orientation of the aircraft's wings with respect to the downward force of gravity. The pilot changes bank angle by increasing the lift on one wing and decreasing it on the other. This differential lift causes bank rotation around the longitudinal axis. The ailerons are the primary control of bank. The rudder also has a secondary effect on bank. RIGHT
AILERON LEFT AILERON

ROLL/BANK AXIS

Company

LOGO
RIGHT AILERON MOVEMENT RIGHT ROLL/BANK UP DOWN UP DOWN LEFT AILERON MOVEMENT

LEFT ROLL/BANK

Relative movement about this axis is called ROLLING. Rolling is the process of tilting the aircraft, about its roll axis. Ailerons can be used to generate a rolling motion for an aircraft. Ailerons are small hinged sections on the outboard portion of a wing. Ailerons usually work in opposition: as the right aileron is deflected upward, the left is deflected downward, and vice versa.

Company

LOGO

VERTICAL AXIS

The vertical axis passes through the plane from top to bottom. Rotation about this axis is called yaw. Yaw changes the direction the aircraft's nose is pointing, left or right. The primary control of yaw is with the rudder. Ailerons also have a secondary effect on yaw.

RUDDER

YAW AXIS

Company

LOGO
RUDDER MOVEMENT

YAWING MOTION

YAW AXIS

It is the process of taking turn by allowing the aircraft to rotate about it’s vertical (yaw axis) by means of rudder. The yawing motion is being caused by the deflection of the rudder of this aircraft. The rudder is a hinged section at the rear of the vertical stabilizer.

Company

LOGO

DETAILS OF COMPONENTS
BLOWER

AERO MODEL

SERVO MOTORS

DPDT SWITCH

SPHERE BUSHING

• Wingspan 70cms • Nose tip to tail tip dist. 60cms • Height of model 9cms • Tail plane height 11cms

• Voltage 230Volts • Speed 3000rpm

• Voltage 12v • Current 1.5Amp. • Speed 1rpm

• Voltage 12v • current 2Amp.

JUMBLE • Dia. Of RIN sphere 8mm • height of bushing 12cm

Company

LOGO

1. AERO MODEL

It is the model of aero plane made up of material known as Styrofoam, which is hardened than thermo cole. It is the main component of the project. It gives the required motion when control surfaces are operated.

Company

LOGO

2. BLOWER

Blower is used to blow the air on the aero plane model which produces the air drag effect like in the real aircraft. Honeycomb structure screen is placed in front of blower to convert the turbulence flow of air into streamline flow.

Company

LOGO

3. SERVO MOTORS
Servo motor is the motor which gives limited rotations in both the directions i.e. in clockwise and in anticlockwise direction.

In project ,we are using 3 servo motors to operate the control surfaces of aero model like ailerons, elevators and rudder.

Company

LOGO

4. DPDT SWITCHES

DPDT switch means dual pole dual throw switch that is, it has two poles and it can supply the current in two directions.

We are using this switch to operate the servo motors in two opposite directions which in turn operate the control surfaces. This switch has 6 terminals, DC supply is given to middle 2 terminals & end terminals are connected to servo motor in cross direction.

Company

LOGO

5. SPHERICAL BUSHING

Spherical bushing and rod end forms a spherical pair which allows the sphere inside the race to rotate freely . The design makes them particularly suitable where oscillating or tilting movements must be permitted at relatively slow sliding speeds. We are connecting the ball of this joint to aero model which will give free rotation to model when control surfaces are operated.

Company

LOGO

CONSTRUCTION

An Aero model is fixed rigidly to the eye of the spherical bushing. Servo motors are connected to the control surfaces of the plane (elevators, aileron, rudder) and are driven by DPDT switches through remote control. This whole construction is enclosed in transparent box of acrylic sheet like wind tunnel. A blower with honeycomb structure screen is placed in front of aero model to convert turbulent flow into streamline air flow .

Company

LOGO

CONSTRUCTION DIAGRAM
SPHERICAL BUSHING

Company

LOGO

WORKING

 When blower blows the air through honeycomb structure screen it converts turbulent air flow into streamline flow.  When air flows over the aero model, it experiences air drag. When DPDT is operated it will operate servo motor which is attached to the elevators by means of mechanical linkage. When servo motor is operated both elevators will move in upward direction. Hence the air which is coming from the blower will strike the elevators in backwards direction causing the plane to move in upward direction.  Similarly, servo motor will operate ailerons and rudder to give required motion with respect to related axes.

Company

LOGO

ADVANTAGES

 It will help in understanding the basic dynamic principle of the aero plane.  Due to the spherical bushing simultaneous movement on three axis is possible like braking, floating, etc .  Real effects can be observed because of blower.  Because of the variable flow rate of blower, air drag principle can be easily understood.

Company

LOGO

DISADVANTAGES

 Complete action of aero model about any axis is not possible.  Because of the Styrofoam material used for the model, it’s life is short.

Company

LOGO

FUTURE SCOPE

 Other secondary control surfaces like spoilers, flaps, air brakes, winglets, slats, etc. can be added to give other movements.  On the same project various dynamic flow testing can be done like in wind tunnel.  Additional instruments or sensors like attitude meter can be placed to study different terms.

Company

LOGO

COST ESTIMATION
QUANTITY COST

COMPONENT

BLOWER
AERO MODEL SERVOMOTOR DPDT SWITCH SPHERICAL BUSHING

1 1 3
3
1

1,500 /800 /1,800 /60 /250 /-

ACRYLIC SHEETS
MECHNICAL LINKAGE

16 sq. feet
-

1,100 /200 /-

OVERHEADS
TOTAL

-

1,300 /7,010 /-

Company

LOGO

FUTURE PLANNING
FINAL PROJECT ‘EDU CRAFT’

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful