# Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

**Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
**

Department of Marine Technology

**STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND STRENGTH ASSESSMENT
**

Prepared By

**HJ. YAHYA BIN SAMIAN
**

yahya@fkm.utm.my Department of Marine Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 81310, UTM Skudai Johor Bahru, JOHOR

July 2005

Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note - 1/16

**SHIP STRUCTURES DESIGN
**

3.0 Introduction

Structural design is an important design task and one of the most difficult parts in ship design that often required deep understanding and vast experience. It requires good knowledge on ship structures and often involves a lot and tedious calculation, initial estimation (guestimate) with little information, judgement and critical decision making. Whilst strength is the most important aspect in structural design which is not to be compromised at any time, it is also important to consider the weight and function of the ship so that the ship can be operated in cost effective manner. Therefore it is essential that the designer have a good exposure and had gone through structural design exercise before embarking on serious design project.

**1.0 Structural Design Process
**

The ship structure is design upon completion of lines plan and general arrangement design as indicated in Figure 1. Structural design is also an essential part of production process as it provides important data for material ordering and costing. In general practice, the midship scantling of the ship is to be designed first and the rests / detailing of the structures will be derived from it. Midship scantling is also important to determine the overall strength of the ship, which need to be known at the early of design stage. The design process may differ from one rule to another, but generally it involves determination of rule dimensions, material selection, framing systems, determination of plating thickness and stiffener / frames sizes, midship scantling drawing and strength assessment.

**4.0 Aim of the Note
**

This note is written to facilitate the participants with a brief guideline on how ship structures should be designed based on the Lloyds Register Rules and Regulations. The details can be referred to the rules and the participant will be given a copy of the selected part of the rule during the hands on project.

**2.0 Midship Scantling Calculation Procedures Using Lloyds Rules
**

The ship structures can be designed with three different approach; From first principles (rational design), using rules and regulation / standards, or mixed of both above. Design from first principles is tedious and involves a large amount of man- hours. It

Department of Marine Technology, FKM, UTM, 2005

Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note - 2/16

**SHIP STRUCTURES DESIGN
**

often done for novel or military vessels. For Merchant ships, the structural design is normally designed based on rules and regulation developed by classification societies. The conventional rules use formula that were based purely on empirical data of previous good designs and often are overly designed. The new approach, however, as in Lloyds Register, had incorporated first principles calculation in the formula especially in the strength assessment. This will allow the designer to rationalize his/her design in order to be more cost effective. The midship scantling calculation procedures using Lloyds Register Rules is shown in Figure 2. It basically involves determination of rule dimensions measured from lines plan drawing, selection of material properties, equipment number and design loading appropriate to the required location. Once these basic data have been determined (same procedure for all types of ships), the following calculation will be based on the specific type of ship being designed. As an example in Figure 2, the general cargo is selected and the scantling design involves calculation of plating thickness for deck, shell envelope, scantling for deck and shell envelope stiffening members, bottom structures and bulkheads thickness and stiffeners sizes. Upon completion of midship scantling calculation, strength assessment need to be carried out. In order to do this accurately, first the midship scantling need to be drawn / sketched in scaled and all measurement must be taken from this drawing. Then the overall section modulus of the ship structures or hull girder can be calculated using the standard procedures. The Hull bending strength and shear strength will be determined based on the hull girder section modulus. For local strength, the plate panel strength assessment will be done using hull buckling strength criteria. The strength assessment procedure is shown in Figure 4. Although the scantling formula used in Lloyds rules may differ form other rules, the basic concept and calculation procedures in general, remain the same. Therefore it is expected that once the designer has experienced in one particular rule, he/she will be able to design in other rules without any difficulty.

**5.0 Hands on Structural Design Project
**

The participants will be given a hands on structural design task of a selected general cargo. The step by step design procedure is given in Table 1. All the necessary formula, calculation sheets, drawings and diagrams will also be given during the hands on structural design project.

Department of Marine Technology, FKM, UTM, 2005

Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note - 3/16

**FIGURE 1: Structural Design Process
**

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS RULE DIMENSION MATERIAL PROPERTIES MAIN DIMENSIONS LOADING CALCULATION SELECTION OF FRAMING SYSTEM PLATING THICKNESS HYDROSTATICS CALCULATION NESTING STIFENERS SCANTLING OTHER STRUCTURES SCANTLING GENERAL ARRANGEMENT STRUCTURES SCANTLING LIST MIDSHIP SCANTLINGDRAWING STRENGTH ASSESSMENT MATERIAL COST MATERIAL TAKE OFF STRUCTURAL DETAILING SHELL EXPANSION

HULL FORM DESIGN

PRELIMINARY WEIGHT ESTIMATION

Preliminary Design

Strutural Design Process

Production Design

Department of Marine Technology, FKM, UTM, 2005

5 BULKHEADS (Part 4.1 – 6.2.2)
DESIGN LOADING (Part 3.3 – 4.5) HULL BUCKLING STRENGTH (Part 3. Chapter 1.3) HULL BENDING STRENGTH (Part 3.1. Chapter 4. UTM. Chapter 1.4/16
FIGURE 2 : Midship Scantling Calculation Procedures – Lloyds Rules
ALL SHIPS
RULE DIMENSIONS (Part 3.3. Section 7. Chapter 1. Section 1.5. Chapter 1.8)
GENERAL CARGO
SYMBOLS & DEFINITIONS (Part 4. Chapter 1.2) SHELL ENVELOPE PLATING (Part 4.5) DECK PLATING (Part 4. Chapter 2.9
SHELL STIFFENING (Part 4.1 – 5. Section 7.4)
STRENGTH
MIDSHIP SCANTLING DRAWING
EQUIPMENT NUMBER (Part 3. Chapter 3.1.1.4) STRUCTURAL IDEALIZATION (Part 3. Section 6.1 –7.1)
MIDSHIP SECTION MODULUS
MATERIAL PROPERTIES (Part 3.1 –6. Section 5. Section 6. Chapter 1.6. Section 7.1 – 8. Section 4.4)
HULL SHEAR STRENGTH (Part 3. Chapter 1.7
BOTTOM STRUCTURES (Part 4.1 – 9. FKM. Section 1. Section 5.4. Chapter 4.3)
Department of Marine Technology. Section 4. Chapter 3. Section 4. Chapter 1. Section 9.1 –5. 2005
. Section 5.1) DECK STIFFENING (Part 4. Chapter 4.1. Section 3. Chapter 1.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note .1. Chapter 3.4)
BULKHEAD REQUIREMENTS (Part 3. Section 6.

Chapter 3.1. Loading Calculation – Based on (Part 3. determine the Material Properties Factors as in (Part 3. The design load must be calculated based on the position (height) of the structures in consideration. Also calculate the Equipment Number based on (Part 3. used (Part 3.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note . FOR ALL TYPES OF SHIPS 3 Based on the GA and Lines Plan Drawing Determine the Rules Dimension. Preparation of Calculation Sheets – see examples in Table 2(a) and 2 (b). L. Section 1. Chapter 2.
4
5
6
Department. D. position of collision bulkhead and aft end bkhd arrangement. Select material to be used.8). CB etc. Section 6. design head. Determine the appropriate design Load. For high Tensile steel or Aluminum. Chapter 1. Chapter 1.4) to determine the minimum number of bulkheads. GA. Hydrostatics.5.1. A sketch (scaled) on Midship Frame Section is required based on Lines Plan and GA Drawing. T.1). B.5/16
TABLE 1 : Structural Design Project – Hands On
STEP 1 2 TASKS Preparing Data and Drawings (Lines Plan. UTM.14. If Bulkheads Number and Location need to be checked.1). Section 7. tanks and bkhds.16. Capacity Plan etc).3).2. stowage factors etc for decks. 2005
. These factors will be used throughout the scantling calculation. Section 5. FKM. Section 4. Transverse bkhds location need to be adjusted to the nearest frame location. of Marine Technology. Chapter 3. Also determine the weather /strength /freeboard deck as required by (Part 3.

6/16
Structural Design Project – Hands On
STEP TASKS FOR GENERAL CARGO 7 8 9 10 11 Determining the Basic Data for calculation as required in (Part 4. Section 3. Chapter 3. Chapter 1. Calculation of Deck Stiffening Section Modulus for Deck Longitudinals. Section 1. Stiffeners. Chapter 1. and Side Shell)as required by (Part 4.3.1 – 5.
12
Department of Marine Technology. The scantling of shell envelope stiffening members should also be determined based on Structural Idealization as specified in (Part 3.3). 2005
. UTM.4).4). thus it should be determined based on shipyard standard practices. Stringers. No specific formula is given.1 – 6.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note . Calculation of Deck Plating Thickness based on (Part 4. The scantling of deck stiffening members should be determined based on Structural Idealization as specified in (Part 3. Section 4. Chapter 3. Beams. and Primary Structures based on (Part 4. Section 4. Calculation of Shell Envelope Plating Thickness (Keel. Chapter 1. Section 3. and Girders based on (Part 4. Bottom & Bilge.2). Selection of Framing Systems (Longitudinal or Transverse) and Frame Spacing.3 – 4. Section 6. Section 5.4). etc spacing need also to be selected.3. Longitudinals.1.1. Calculation of Shell Envelope Stiffening Section Modulus for Logituidinals or Transverse.3). FKM. Chapter 1. Chapter 1.5).

14
16
17
Department of Marine Technology. UTM. GA and scantling list. Section 7. Calculation of Bulkheads Platting Thickness and Stiffeners Section Modulus for watertight deep tank bulkheads and Shaft Tunnel based on (Part 4.4). The calculation includes Girders.1 – 8. Hull girder should consists of all continuous longitudinal structures as specified in (Part 3. which should at least includes Name. FKM. Use Calculation Tables as shown in the example in Table 4 and the formula given Table 5 & 6. Section 3.1 – 9. Section 9. Clearly label the structures name and size. Calculation of Moment of Inertia and Section Modulus of the Hull Girders. Chapter 3. Preparation of Midship Scantling Drawing / sketches based on lines plan. Chapter 1. See example Figure 3. The scantling drawing should be drawn in scale.7/16
Structural Design Project – Hands On
STEP 13 TASKS Calculation of Bottom (Single or Double Bottom) Structures Plating Thickness and Stiffening members Section Modulus as required by (Part 4. sizes (thickness and stiffeners scantling). Floors.2).Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note . See example in Table 3. This list will be used for strength calculation and materials take off.5). and Inner Bottom Plating and Longitudinals. numbers. STRENGTH ASSESSEMNT 15 Preparation of Scantling List. Chapter 1. 2005
.

Section 6.9). Permissible Shear Stress as required by (Part 3. Permissible Still Water BM.1 – 6.5). Strength is to be determine by comparing the required minimum or permissible to the actual or design value.7). the strength Assessment need to be carried out once again. Factors of reduction.1 – 5.1 – 7. Section 7.8/16
Structural Design Project – Hands On
Determine the Hull Bending Strength by Calculation of Design Vertical Wave BM. Section 5. Design Shear Stress. UTM. Determine the Hull Shear Strength by calculating Design Wave SF. and Minimum Moment of Inertia as required by (Part 3. 2005
. Permissible Hull Vertical Bending Stress. Chapter 4. Chapter 4. FKM. Minimum section Modulus. Design Stress and comparing with Scantling Criteria as given by (Part 3. The modification can be in the form of adding/removing structures. Design Still Water BM. Permissible Still Water SF. changing plating thickness or/and changing section modulus for stiffening members. Chapter 4.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note . Modification of Structural Scantling may be required either to increase the strength (in case of inadequate strength) or reducing strength (in case of excessive strength / overly design). Based on the Strength Assessment. Strength is to be determine by comparing the permissible to the design value Determine the Hull Buckling Strength (Local Strength) by calculating or checking the Elastic Critical Buckling Stress.
18
19
20
21
Department of Marine Technology. It is recommended that once modification has been carried out. Design Still Water SF.

1 (Table 3.15 but must 0.2 1.1 (Table 3.3.5.3 .5.3 . UTM.5 1.8 Pt.Prime Structures(m) Standard Stowage (m^3/tonnes) Permissible Cargo Loading (KN/m^2) Equivalent Permissible Head (m) h1 h1 C 4.0 ≤ E ≤ 0. .1) Pt.1)
Frd.5.5.2.04E 1. Ch.2.9/16
TABLE 2(a) : Example of Scantling Calculation Sheet
LLOYDS SCANTLING CALCULATION : LOADING NO 1 2 2(a) Design Load for Beam/Long (KN/m^2) Design Load for Prime Structure (KN/m^2) p p ITEM (unit) General Loading SYMBOL FORMULA INPUT Weather Deck (Standard Cargo) CALCULATION RESULT DESIGN REF Pt.64 + 14.3.3 .41E E = (0.2 + 2.147 Equivalent Design Head Beam/Long(m) Equivalent Design Head . 2005
.1 (Table 3.003L)/(DT)-0. Ch.0.075L from FP
12.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note .0914 + 0.3.73 29.5.1)
Department of Marine Technology.2.5. FKM.39 8. Ch.

Ch.05LL 0.4.3.1 6.Ch.3 .1)
2 : Ship Without Extending Part of Underwater Body more than LL (Other Than Passenger Ships) 2(a) Collsion Bulkhead Ship <= 200 m Distance From Fore End of LL (m) Minimum Maximum 2(b) Collsion Bulkhead Ship > 200 m Distance From Fore End of LL (m) Minimum Maximum 10 0.3.Ch.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note .08LL 0. 2005
.3.2.3 .1 (Table 3.1.1 6.1 (Table 3.2)
LL from Pt.1.4.4.4. Ch.08LL
Pt.2) LL from Pt.4.1 INPUT CALCULATION RESULT DESIGN REF Pt.1. FKM.10/16
TABLE 2(b): Example of Scantling Calculation Sheet
LLOYDS SCANTLING CALCULATION : BKHD NUMBER AND COLLISION BKHD NO 1 ITEM (unit) No of Bulkheads SYMBOL FORMULA See Table 3.4.8
Department of Marine Technology.8
Pt. UTM. Ch.3 .3.1 (Table 3.2.3.4.

3 4.6x15x15 T.15 2.6x20x20 T .11/16
TABLE 3: Example of Scantling List
STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION Bottom Plate Inner Bottom Plate Deck Plate Side Plating Centre Girder Side Girder Long BKHD bilge Plating Margin Plate Deck Longi Side Longi -1 Side Longi -2 Side Longi -3 Inner Botton Longi Bottom Longi Bilge Longi -1 Bilge Longi -2 Size Thickness (mm) Web (mm) 6 6 8 7 7. FKM.5x10x10 I – 6x15x15 I – 6x15x15 No. 2005
.6x15x15 T.4 1.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note .4 6.8 8.6x15x15 Bulb .5 0 0.8 10 6.4 1.5 6 6 8 6 L .3 6.15 1. 1 1 1 4 3 5 2 2 Z (m From Keel) 0 2.5x20x10 Top Hat .3 2.15
Department of Marine Technology.43 1. UTM.55 9.

5m
SIDE GIRDER t = 6 mm BOTTOM LONGL A = 12 cm2
BILGE LONGL A = 10 cm2 2.5 m 1.5 m 1.5 m 4m
1.25 m
1.12/16
FIGURE 3: Example of Midship Scantling Drawing
8m 1.3m BILGE PLATE t = 10 mm
1m BOTTOM PLATE t = 10 mm
2.0m
1m
2m
1m
1m
BILGE PLATE t = 6 mm
2.8 m 2. 2005
.25 m
Department of Marine Technology. FKM.5 m
DECK PLATE t = 8 mm DECK LONGL A = 12 cm2 SIDE PLATE t = 7 mm LONG BKHD PLATE t = 6 mm
1.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note .5m
2.0m
INNER BOTTOM PLATE t = 6 mm INNER BOTTOM LONGL A = 12 cm2 CENTRE GIRDER t = 6 mm 0.75 m 1.0m
2.5 m
SIDE LONGL A = 12 cm2
2. UTM.

63 22.00 0.3 6.72 10.01 39.9 7.mm) 6 0 24 6 2.15 1228.31
3
Type HP HP HP VP VP VP VP IP IP Sec Sec Sec Sec Sec Sec Sec Sec
Angle (deg)
h (m)
30 11.5 4 7.20 9.55 15.77 38.54 (mm) (m From Keel) (m.3 2.15 0.8 6 6.72 320 3200 331.88 6 2.8 2.25
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 494.5 0 0.28 ∑ Io
11 Side Longi -2 12 Side Longi -3 13 Inner Botton Longi x 5 14 Bottom Longi x 2 15 Bilge Longi -1 16 Bilge Longi -2
Department of Marine Technology.16 82.4 43.48 1769.7 2.52 32.96 7.3
1.13/16
NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
TABLE 4: Example of Section Modulus Calculation L t Z A
STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION Bottom Plate Inner Bottom Plate Deck Plate Side Plating Centre Girder Side Girder Long BKHD bilge Plating Margin Plate Deck Longi x 4 (4x10/10) Side Longi -1 (1x12/10) (m) 4 5.4 41.624 16.485 2038.976 186.8 33 8 10 32 7 6.00 ∑ 1s t Mmt 384.18 1.84 99.2 1.43 1.4 258.15 53.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note .16 23.41 48.mm) (m3.19 25.85 ∑ 2nd.928 276.311 13.4 1 1 292.63275 29.2 8 1.472 42.61 2.8 8.32 8051.2 4 2. UTM. 2005
.mm) 0 0 0 266.15 36.3 4.5 1.4 21 6 1.43 1.2 4.02 ∑A
1st Mmt 2nd Mmt 2 (m .15 4 1.00 0. Mmt
Io (m .2 1.67 47. FKM.33 0.56 5.4 16.8 7.24 9.mm) 0 0 92.16 10.00 0.00 0.

cm 2 m 2. FKM.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note .02 1228. UTM.mm m m 3.cm 2 m 2.66 m 2.49 4942.mm m 3.85 494.cm 2
Measure (h) – ( c) or (c ) (i) whichever greater (j) (g) / (i) (j) x 2
4.00 4.27 80297. 2005
.mm m 2. Moment = Total Io = Total I about Keel = Total I about NA = Height of Deck = Max y (ydeck or Ykeel) = Section Modulus (Half) = Section Modulus (Full) =
VALUE 292.79
m
(k)
Required Section Modulus (Lloyds Rules)
SM required = SF = SM actual / SM required = 10422.28 85461.5562 m.272 2.21 8051.cm 2 m or m 2.28 10.00 5.cm 2 m 2.78
m 2. Moment = Dist of NA from Keel = Total 2nd.mm m 2.cm 2 Calculated based on emphirical Formula Acceptable but overly designed
Department of Marine Technology.21
5.78 27713.cm 2
UNIT
VALUE
UNIT
(a) (b) ( c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h)
(b)/(a) ∑ 2nd.14/16
TABLE 5 : Example of Section Modulus Calculation
Actual Section Modulus
FORMULA ∑A ∑ 1 Mmt
st
ITEM Total Area = Total 1st.79 13856. Mmt ∑ Io (d) + (e) (f) – (a)*(c)2
80518.

mm) 2nd.mm) 2nd. Moment = A x Z2 or 1st Moment x Z (m3 .mm) 2nd.mm) Io = Inertia Moment = 0 (Negligible) Diagram t
L
Z From Keel Diagram
TYPE 3 : Inclined Plate
Data Required and Calculation L = Length (m) t = Thickness (mm) h = Distance of Centroid to base = L/2 x Sin( θ ) Z = Distance of Centroid from keel (m) A = Area = L x t (m.mm)
t L h
θ
Z From Keel
TYPE 4 : Sections
Data Required and Calculation A = Area (m. Moment = A x Z2 or 1st Moment x Z (m3 .mm) Io = [A x (2xh) 2 ] / 12 (m3 . Moment = A x Z (m2 . Moment = A x Z2 or 1st Moment x Z (m3 .15/16
TABLE 6: Formula for Midship Section Modulus
TYPE 1 : Vertical Plate
Data Required and Calculation L = Length (m) t = Thickness (mm) Z = Distance of Centroid from keel (m) A = Area = L x t (m.mm) 1st . Moment = A x Z2 or 1st Moment x Z (m3 .mm) = Area (cm2 /100) = Area (mm2 /1000) Z = Distance of Centroid from keel (m) 1st .mm) Io = 0 (Negligable) Sections can be grouped together provided they have the same centroid position (Z) Diagram
Z From Keel
Department of Marine Technology. Moment = A x Z (m2 .mm) Io = Inertia Moment = L3 x t (m3 .Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note .mm) t L Z From Keel Diagram
TYPE 2 : Horizontal Plate
Data Required and Calculation L = Length (m) t = Thickness (mm) Z = Distance of Centroid from keel (m) A = Area = L x t (m. UTM.mm) 1st .mm) 1st . FKM. 2005
.mm) 2nd. Moment = A x Z (m2 . Moment = A x Z (m2 .

UTM.16/16
FIGURE 4: Strength Assessment Procedure
Scantling
DETERMINATION OF RULE DIMENSION ASSUMING INITIAL DESIGN VALUES & FACTORS CALCULATION OF PLATES AND STIFFENERS SCANTLING MIDSHIP SCANTLING DRAWING / SKETCHES
Overall Strength
HULL BENDING STRENGTH Calculation of. a) Critical Buckling For Plate b) Critical Buckling For Longi c) Design Stress d) Scantling Criteria
NO
Comparison Between Design and Permissible
Comparison Between Design and Criteria YES NO
MIDSHIP SECTION MODULUS & INERTIA
HULL SHEAR STRENGTH YES Calculation of. of Marine Technology. 2005
. a) Design Wave Shear Force b) Design Still Water Shear Force c) Design Shear Stress d) Permissible Still Water SF
YES
STOP
CHANGING INITIAL DESIGN VALUES & FACTORS
Department.Structural Design and Strength Assessment Note . FKM. f) Design Wave Bending Moment g) Design Still Water Bending Moment h) Minimum Hull Section Modulus i) Permissible Still Water BM j) Permissible Vertical BM k) Local Scantling Reduction Factors
Local Strength
HULL BUCKLING STRENGTH Calculation of.

2005
. All formula shown in the calculation sheets should be checked with the formula given in rules.
Department of Marine Technology. Under no circumstances do they represent the complete calculation process provided in the rules. UTM.STRUCTURAL SCANTLING CALCULATION SHEETS
(Based on LLOYDS Rules and Regulation 1997)
Important Note The calculation sheets used in this short course were designed for the purpose of demonstrating the calculation procedures and examples of selected structures and for a specific type of ship. FKM.

1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – RULE DIMENSIONS & EQUIPMENT NUMBER CALCULATION RESULT
NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
ITEM (unit) Length (m) Breadth (m) Depth (m) Draught (m) Block Coef Length Bet PP (m) Length Load Line (m) Block Coef at LL Equipment Number Displacement (Tonnes) Freeboard Height (m) Area in Profile View (m 2)
SYMBOL L B D T Cb Lpp LL Cbl EqN Disp H A
FORMULA
INPUT
DESIGN
REF Pt.Calculation Sheet – Rule Dimensions . UTM.1.1 A = L x (H + Hss) Hss = Height of SuperStrctures
Department of Marine Technology.8 Pt.1 .3 Pt.3.6.1.3.Ch.Ch.3.Ch.6.Ch.1.6.1.7.1 .1 .3.Ch.6 Pt.1.3.6.Ch.6.Ch.6.1.1 .3.4 Pt.1.3. FKM.1 .6. 2005
.Ch.3.1.Ch.1 .5 Pt.7 Pt.1 .6.1 Pt.1 .1.3.9
EqN = Disp^2/3 + 2BH+A/10
Pt.1 .

95 or 1.3.3.1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – MATERIAL PROPERTIES CALCULATION RESULT
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
DESIGN
REF
A : For Steel (Mild and High Tensile Steel) 1 2 3 Material Types High Tensile Steel Factor For Hull Girder SM Specific Min Yield Stress High Tensile Steel Factor For Local Strength KL SigmaO k = 235/SigmaO or = 0.1. UTM.1
Pt. FKM.2 Pt.2.0 ka*c Pt.1)
4
K
Pt.2 .1.3.3 (Table 2.2 .Ch. 2005
.3.2) Pt.2 .2.1.3
Department of Marine Technology.Ch.Ch.Ch.Calculation Sheet – Material Properties .66 whihever higher B : Aluminum Alloy 1 2 3 Aluminum Alloy Types Yield Stress (N/mm^2) Thickness Equi Factor Factor 4 SM equi Factor SMeF SigmaA TeF (ka)^0.Ch.2 .3.1.1.2 .1.2 (Table 2.1.5*c ka = 245/sigmaA c = 0.3.

Prime Struct(m) Standard Stowage (m^3/tonnes) Permissible Cargo Loading (KN/m^2) Equivalent Permissible Head (m) h1 h1 C 1. Ch.04E 1. Ch.3.3.5.1) Pt.2 + 2.6.1 (Table 3.04E 1.2.12L from FP (KN/m^2) Design Load for Beam/Long Design Load for Prime Structure p p 8.147 Equi Design Head Beam/Long(m) Equi Design Head .2. Ch.Ch.5. 2005
.2. D & T refer to Pt.5.39 8.5 1.Calculation Sheet – Loading .1 .5.1)
2(c)
Department of Marine Technology.15 but must 0.3.3.3 .1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – LOADING
NO 1 ITEM (unit) General Loading 2 : Weather Deck (Standard Cargo) Aft of 0.41E E = (0.5+ 14.3 .5. FKM.3 .0 <= E <= 0.5.2 + 2.2 Pt.41E 8. UTM.0914 + 0.1 (Table 3.003L)/(D-T)-0.5+ 14.5 SYMBOL FORMULA INPUT CALCULATION RESULT DESIGN REF Pt.1.1) L.1 (Table 3.

39 Pt.3 .37 2.3. Ch. Ch.1 (Table 3.1 (Table 3.5.5.3 .39 p h1 C 18.1) 7.1) p h1 C 7.39
Pt. Ch.5.3. UTM. FKM.5.1 (Figure 3.6 1.07Htd Htd Pt.All Structures Standard Stowage (m^3/tonnes) p h1 C 14.5.All Structures Standard Stowage (m^3/tonnes) Permissible Cargo Loading (KN/m^2) Equivalent Permissible Head (m) Mach Space.14 2 1.1 (Table 3. 2005
.5.07Htd Htd (m) = Cargo Head in Twee Deck Htd 1.5.2
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF Pt.2.2. W/Syop and Stores Design Load for All Structures 4(c) (KN/m^2) Equi Design Head (m) .2.2.3.3 .1)
4 : Cargo Deck Standard Cargo Load Design Load for All Structures (KN/m^2) 4(a) Equi Design Head (m) .1)
Department of Marine Technology. Ch.Calculation Sheet – Loading .5.3 .3.All Structures Standard Stowage (m^3/tonnes) Ship Stores Design Load for All Structures 4(d) (KN/m^2) Equi Design Head (m) .

12 L from FP h1 h1 h1 h1 See Weather Deck (2) h3 0.5.5.3 .3.1) Pt. Ch.S/s Deck 6( c) 6(d) 6(d) Equi Design Head (m) .5 h3 or 1.2 which ever greater 1.5.2nd Tier Beams & Longl Equi Design Head (m) .2.5.3
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF
5: Accommodation Deck Accommodation Deck Design Load for All Structures (KN/m^2) Equi Design Head (m) .1 (Table 3.39 Pt.All Structures Standard Stowage (m^3/tonnes) p h1 C 8.1)
Department of Marine Technology.3 .5.45 (+ 0.3 . Ch.24E if exposed) 0. 2005
. FKM.5.2.2.6 (+ 0.24E if exposed)
6(b) Equi Design Head (m) .Calculation Sheet – Loading .1)
5(a)
6 : Superstructure Deck 6(a) For F'castle deck Frd of 0.1 (Figure 3.3 .3.1 (Table 3.1) Pt.5.3.1 (Figure 3.2. Ch.1st Tier Beams & Longl Equi Design Head (m) .9 (+ 0. Ch.24E if exposed) 0.3rd Tier Beams & Longl
Pt.5. UTM.3.

82T 1.5.3 .Plate & Stiffeners Standard Stowage (m^3/tonnes) Permissible Cargo Loading (KN/m^2) Equivalent Permissible Head (m) Watertight Bulkhead Design Loading (KN/m^2) .5
8(c)
Pt.2)
Department of Marine Technology.2.Plate & Stiffeners Equi Design Head (m) .3 .1)
8 : Inner Bottom Ship Without Heavy Cargo Notation Design Loading (KN/m^2) .5.1 (Figure 3..4
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF Pt.39T
8(a)
T refer to Pt.1 (Table 3.Ch.3.Calculation Sheet – Loading .1..3.2. Ch.5. 2005
.1 . UTM.5.975 p h1 C 1.07h4 h4 = Appropriate Design Head 0.6.39 9. Ch.3.Plate & Stiffeners Standard Stowage (m^3/tonnes) p h1 C 10.Plate & Stiffeners Equi Design Head (m) . FKM.

8
Department of Marine Technology.08LL Pt.1 (Table 3.2) LL from Pt.4.1 (Table 3.2.4.3.3 .Ch. Ch. UTM.1)
2 : Ship Without Extending Part of Underwater Body more than LL (Other Than Passenger Ship) 2(a) Collision Bulkhead Ship <= 200 m Distance From Fore End of LL (m) Minimum Maximum 0.08LL Pt.3 .1
INPUT
DESIGN
REF Pt.3.05LL 0.3 .4.3.2.4.1 6.Calculation Sheet – Bkhd No & Collision Bkhd . Ch.4. FKM.Ch.3. 2005
.1 6.1 (Table 3.1.4.2) LL from Pt.1.4.1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – BKHD NO & POSITION OF COLLISON BKHD CALCULATION RESULT
NO 1
ITEM (unit) No of Bulkheads
SYMBOL
FORMULA See Table 3. Ch.3.1.8
2(b) Collision Bulkhead Ship > 200 m Distance From Fore End of LL (m) Minimum Maximum 10 0.

1 .4.71x10^-2 x L x e^(-0.2 (Table 2. FKM.3.1.025
Pt.Ch.1)
Pt. Ch.0044L) not to lee than 1.2.1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – DECK PLATING
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF
1 : Basic Input Data 1 Higher Tensile Strength kL Factor .For Local Strength Spacing for Secondary s Stiffeners (mm) Spacing for Primary S Members (m) Wave Head (m) Relative Density CW Rho 7.Calculation Sheet – Deck Plating .5
Department of Marine Technology. 2005
.2 .For Hull Girder Higher Tensile Strength k Factor . UTM.1.1.

1 (Table 1.2
2(b) Inside Line of Opening Thickness (mm) t t = 0.1)
Pt. FKM.7.4.00083 x s1 x sqrt(LK)+2.5 But not less than 6. Ch.6 or 700 whichever Lower L1 = L but<=190
REF
2(a) Outside Line of Opening Thickness (mm) t Pt.4.5.2
NO
ITEM (unit)
CALCULATION DESIGN RESULT 2 : Strength / Weather Deck Plating (Longitudinal Framing) SYMBOL FORMULA INPUT t = 0.2. 2005
.4.Calculation Sheet – Deck Plating .4.5 s1 = s but bot to less than 470+L/0. Ch.4 .1 (Table 1.1 .2.001 x s1 x (0. Ch.3.5 Which ever Greater FD = Scant Reduction Factor s1 = s but bot to less than 470+L/0.059L1+7) x SQRT(FD/KL) OR t = 0.1)
Department of Marine Technology.4.4.1 . UTM.6 or 700 whichever Lower Pt.00083 x s1 x sqrt(LK)+2.

2 (Table 2. UTM. FKM.For Local Strength Spacing for Secondary Stiffeners (mm) 1(a) Spacing for Primary Members (m) Wave Head kL k s S CW 7.5. 2005
.1.4.3.Ch.1 .4 .71x10^-2xLxe^ (-0.Calculation Sheet – Shell Plating .1)
Scantling Reduction FD Factor above Neutral Axis Scantling Reduction FB Factor below Neutral Axis
Department of Marine Technology. Ch. Ch.1.0044L) Pt.2 Pt.1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – SHELL ENVELOPE PLATING CALCULATION RESULT
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
DESIGN
REF
1 : Basic Input Data and Preliminary Calculation Basic Input Data Higher Tensile Strength Factor .7.For Hull Girder Higher Tensile Strength Factor .2 .2.5 Pt.1.3.

3.1 (Table 1.1 (Table 1.5.5.6 or
Pt.1 .5.Calculation Sheet – Shell Plating .2T
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF
s1
s1 = s but not less than 470+L/0.1 . Ch. Ch.6T FM FM the greater bet FD and FB Pt.3)
.2)
1(b) Preliminary Calculation
700mm Whichever less L1 RB hT1 L1 = L but <= 190 Bilge Radius (mm) hT1 = (T+CW) But hT1 <= 3.4.2
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL f1 hT2
FORMULA f1 = 1/(1+(s/1000S)^2) hT2 = (T+0.4.5CW) But hT2 <= 1.4.5.

2005
.4.For k Local Strength Spacing for Secondary s Stiffeners (mm) Relative Density Rho (Tonnes/m^3) Outside Line of Opening Section Modulus (cm^3) Z
Pt.5.1)
Pt. FKM.5 F1 = 0.3)
2(a)
Pt.043xsxkxhT1xle^2x F1 hT1 = L1/56 fo B-60 Ship hT1 = L1/70 for B Ship or 1. Ch. Ch.025 2 : Strength / Weather Deck Longitudinals Z=0.3.1 .3 .Calculation Sheet – Deck Stiffening .2
Department of Marine Technology. UTM.1.1.2 (Table 2.4.Ch.4 .3. Ch.3.3. Ch.1 .4.25C1 C1 = 60/(225-165FD) FD = Scant Reduction Factor Pt.1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – DECK STIFFENING CALCULATION RESULT
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
DESIGN
REF
1
Basic Input Data Material Factor .2.4.1 (Table 1.2 .1.7.5 not to lee than 1.For Hull kL Girder Material Factor .3
Pt.2 whicever greater L1 = L but <= 190 le = span length >= 1.

UTM.3 K2 = Factor based on 4(a) Location Bridge & Poop = 133 Elsewhere = 530 K3 = Factor based on Beam Adjacent to Ship Side = 3. Cargo and Accomodation Deck Strength / Weather Decks Z= Pt.5 Pt.2.8 Pt.3 B1 = B but <= 21.2) NO ITEM (unit) SYMBOL FORMULA INPUT le = span length >= 1.5 Section Modulus (cm^3) Z (K1K2TD+K3B1sh1le^2) (Table 1.5.3 . Ch.4.3 .5) k/10^4 or Z = 2K3B1skh1le^2 /10^4 K1 = Factor based on Deck No 1 Deck = 20 2 Decks = 13.2
CALCULATION DESIGN REF RESULT 4 : Deck Beams for Strength/weather.5. FKM.1 h1 = Weather Head (Figure 3.3.4.Calculation Sheet – Deck Stiffening . Ch.3
Department of Marine Technology.4.6 Elsewhere = 3.1 .3.3. 2005
.3 3 Decks = 10.5 4 decks or more = 9. Ch.

Calculation Sheet . FKM.1
SECTION IDEALIZATION FOR CALCULATION OF SECTION MODULUS
bf
FACE PLATE
tf
dw tp
tw
WEB PLATE BASE (ATTACHED) PLATE
b
Department of Marine Technology. 2005
. UTM.Stiffener Section Modulus .

3 .3.3. Ch.3 .1 (Table 3. Ch.1) Pt. 2005
. Ch.3.3*(l/b)^(2/3) But <= 1.3 . Ch.3.3.2.Stiffener Section Modulus . Ch.0 l (m) = (Dist of Primary support) b (m) = (Stiff Spacing) (l/b) = Ratio tp (mm) = Base Plate Thickness a*dw/10 + tw*dw^2/6000 + (1+(200*(A-a)) / (200*A+tw*dw)) [bf*tf*(tf/2+dw+tp)^2 + (tw*dw^3)/12 + tw*dw* (dw/2+tp)^2] /10^4 Pt. UTM.2) See Figure Above FORMULA INPUT CALCULATION RESULT DESIGN REF
5 6
Section Modulus Built Section (cm^3) Moment of Inertia about Base With Attached Plating (cm^4)
Z Ia
Department of Marine Technology.3.2.3.2.2.2
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – LONG/FRAME/STIFFENER SECTION MODULUS
NO 1 ITEM (unit) Face Plate Area (cm^2) SYMBOL a bf*tf/100 bf (mm) = Flange Width tf (mm) = Flange Thickness 2 3 4 Web Depth (mm) Web Thickness (mm) Base Plate Area (cm^2) dw tw A 10*f*b*tp f = 0. Ch.1 Pt.3.1 (Fig 3.1) Pt.7 Pt. FKM.2.3.3.3 (Table 3.4 .3.3 .6 Required in Pt.3. Ch.1 Pt.Calculation Sheet .3 .2.3.3 .3.7.3.3.

mm)
3
Type
Angle (deg)
h (m)
∑A
∑ 1s t Mmt
∑ 2nd.1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – HULL GIRDER SECTION MODULUS NO STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION L (m) t Z A (mm) (m From Keel) (m. FKM. Mmt
∑ Io
Department of Marine Technology.mm) Io (m .mm) 1st Mmt (m2. UTM. 2005
.Calculation Sheet – Hull Girder Section Modulus .mm) 2nd Mmt (m3.

mm m m 3. 2005
.mm m 3.cm 2 m 2. UTM.mm m 2.mm m 3. FKM.mm m 2. Moment = Total Io = Total I about Keel = Total I about NA = Height of Deck = Max y (ydeck or Ykeel) = Section Modulus (Half) = Section Modulus (Full) = VALUE m.mm
Department of Marine Technology.Calculation Sheet – Hull Girder Section Modulus . Moment = Dist of NA from Keel = Total 2nd.mm m m 2. Mmt ∑ Io (d) + (e) (f) – (a)*(c)2 Measure (h) – ( c) or (c ) whichever greater (g) / (i) (j) x 2 ITEM Total Area = Total 1st.cm 2 UNIT VALUE UNIT
Required Section Modulus (Lloyds Rules)
SM required = SF = SM actual / SM required = m 2.mm m 3.2
Actual/Design Section Modulus
FORMULA (a) (b) ( c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) ∑A ∑ 1st Mmt (b)/(a) ∑ 2nd.mm m or m 2.

0 for Unrestricted Sea-going Wave Bending Moment Factor f2 f2 = -1.Ch.1.5.7) for Hogging 2 : Design Value
Pt.Ch.2 .Calculation Sheet – Hull Bending Strength .2.Ch.3. FKM.4 .5.1
Yahya Samian.2 (Table 2.9Cb/(Cb+0.3. Dept.3.3. of Marine Technology.7) Pt.1C1C2L^2B(Cb+0.2.5.5 f1 =1.1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – HULL BENDING STRENGTH CALCULATION RESULT
NO 1
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
DESIGN
REF Pt.1)
Basic Input Data Higher Tensile Strength Factor kL For Hull Girder Higher Tensile Strength Factor k For Local Strength Ship Service Factor f1 f1 >= 0. UTM.4 .Ch.1. 2005
.1.4 .1 for saging (ve) Moment f2 = 1.1
2(a) Design of Vertical Wave BM Mw for restricted (KN-m) Mw (sagging) Mw (Hogging) Mwo (Knm) Mw = f1f2Mwo Mw = f1f2Mwo Mwo = 0.1.1 Pt.

75-((L350 350)/150)^1.4 .0
Pt.5 <L<=500 C2 for Midship C2 = 1.5.2
C1 for L < C1 = 0.2 5.75-((300L)/100)^1.5.5.3.2.Ch.Ch.Ch.4
Yahya Samian.0412L +4 90 C1 for L 90-300 C1 = 10. Dept. FKM.5.1)
Pt. 2005
.2.2
Mw for Sheltered Water (KN-m)
Mw Mw = 0.5f2Mwo (sagging) Mw Mw = 0.5f2Mwo (hogging)
Mw for short Voyage (KN-m)
Mw Mw = 0. UTM.4 .1 (Table 4.4 .3.2. of Marine Technology.75 <L<=350 C1 for C1 = 10.8f2Mwo (hogging)
Pt.Calculation Sheet – Hull Bending Strength .2.5
C1 for 300 C1 = 10.8f2Mwo (sagging) Mw Mw = 0.3.

of Marine Technology. FKM.5)*9.3
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF
2(b) Design Still Water BM Accurate (KN-m) Ms Calculate Directly from Loading Ms = Cs L^2.81 Cs =[0.Tanker
Approximate (KN-m)
Ms
SM at Base (m^3)
ZB
For Definition of Long Continuous See Pt.Ch. Dept.618+(110 – L)/462]/100 for 61 <= L <=110 m 2( c) Design Section Modulus SM at Deck (m^3) ZD Directly Calculated From Midship Directly Calculated From Midship Still Water BM Calculation Ship Design Book .3.4
Yahya Samian.5B(Cb + 0. UTM.3 3.Calculation Sheet – Hull Bending Strength . 2005
.

Dept. of Marine Technology.Mw Ms Bar = FBxSigmaxZBx10^3 . UTM.5 5.6
FD (Start) FB (Start) Sigma Sigma = 175/kL (N/mm^2)
Yahya Samian.7)/ 10^6 Ms Bar = FDxSigmaxZDx10^3 .Mw Whicever Less Ms Bar = FDxSigmaxZDx10^3 .5.3.Ch.4
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF
3 : Minimum or Permissible Value 3(a) Min Hull Section Modulus Min Hull SM (m^3) Zmin Zmin = f1kLC1L^2B(Cb+0. FKM. 2005
.Calculation Sheet – Hull Bending Strength .4 .Mw Ms Bar = FBxSigmaxZBx10^3 – Mw Whicever Less
3(b) Permissible Still Water Bending Moment Still Water BM (KN-m) Ms Bar (Sagging)
Ms Bar (Hogging)
Pt.

FKM.3. 2005
. Dept.7
COMPLIANCE SF1 Acceptable
Still Water BM criteria 4(b) Still Water BM Safety Factor SF2 SF2 = Msbar/Ms (hogging) OR SF2 = Msbar/Ms (Sagging) OR Whichever Less Acceptable
Reduction Factor Criteria Reduction Factor SF3 for plating SF3 = FD/0. of Marine Technology. UTM.75 for Longitudinals
Yahya Samian.75 or Longitudinals SF3 = FB/0.67 whichever Less 4( c) SF3 for SF3 = FD/0.75 Whichever Less
Aceptable
Not Acceptable Use FB = 0.67 or SF3 = FB/0.Calculation Sheet – Hull Bending Strength .Ch.5
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF
Local Scantling Reduction Vertical Bending Stress at Deck 3( c) Vertical Bending Stress at Base Reduction Factor at Deck Reduction Factor at Base Section Modulus Criteria Section Modulud Safety 4(a) Factor
SigmaD SigmaB FD FB
SigmaD =(Msbar + Mw)/ZD x 10^-3 SigmaB =(Msbar + Mw)/ZB x 10^-4 FD = SigmaD/sigma FB = SigmaB/sigma 4 : Strength Assessment SF1 = ZD/Zmin or SF1 = ZB/Zmin which ever Less
Pt.5.4 .

5 S E E = 206000 For Steel SigmaO = 235 lamO = sigmaO/sqrt(3) Pt.1
Specified Min Yield Stress SigmaO (N/mm^2) Specific Sheer Stress Higher Tensile Strength Factor .1.2 .1
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET – HULL BUCKLING STRENGTH CALCULATION RESULT
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
DESIGN
REF
Basic Input Data Spacing for Secondary Stiffeners (mm) Spacing for Primary Members (m) Modulud of Elasticity (N/mm^2) 1 s Pt.3.For Local Strength lamO kL
k
Department of Marine Technology.1 .4 .2.2.1) Pt.For Hull Girder Higher Tensile Strength Factor .1. Ch.1.Calculation Sheet – Hull Buckling Strength .2 (Table 2.7.Ch.3.4.Ch. 2005
. FKM. UTM.

3.7.Ch.sigmaO/4sigmaE) LamCR = LamO x(1 (iia) Critical Shear Stress LamCR LamO/4LamE) NO ITEM (unit) SYMBOL FORMULA INPUT
DESIGN
REF
Pt.2
CALCULATION RESULT 2 : Elastic Critical Buckling Stress For Plating Plating With Longitudinal Stiffeners Original Plate thickness Selected Plating / t (mm) Stiffeners Standard Deduction for dt Corrosion (mm) One side exposed dt = 0.05t (Range 0.7.1
Pt.1 (Table 4.3.4 .2. 2005
.Ch.4 .3. FKM.1 (Table 4.1 Pt.dt Deduction Critical Buckling Stress (i) SigmaE SigmaE = 3.4 .Calculation Sheet – Hull Buckling Strength .4 Horizontal Plate (mm) mm) Plate Thickness after tp t .7.Ch.7.3.7.2)
Department of Marine Technology.4 .2.7.7.5 Vertical Plate (mm) 1 mm) 2(a) One Side Exposed dt = 0.2.4 .7.6[1.3.15t (Range 2 .335+ (ii) LamE (N/mm^2) (s/1000S)^2] x E(tp/s)^2 (iii) 50 % of SigmaO 1/2sigmaO Correction Required (ia) Critical Buckling Stress SigmaCR sigmaCR = SigmaO x (1 .2) (ii) exceed (iii)
Pt.Ch.3.1t (Range 2 -3 Horizontal Plate (mm) mm) Two side exposed dt = 0.1 (Table 4.Ch.3.1)
Pt.1t (Range 2 -3 Vertical Plate (mm) mm) Two Side Exposed dt = 0.6E(tp/s)^2 (N/mm^2) Critical Shear Stress LamE = 3. UTM.

Ch.2.3.2.3.3
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
CALCULATION RESULT 3 : Elastic Critical Buckling Stress For Longitudinals FORMULA INPUT a = bf*tf/100
DESIGN
REF
3(a) Section / Longitudinal Properties Face Plate Area (cm^2) Flange Width (mm) Flange Thickness after Deduction (mm) Web Depth (mm) Web Thickness (mm) Base Plate Area (cm^2) FactorD Distance of Primary Support (m) Stiffener Spacing (m) a bf tf dw tw A f l b See Figure Above
10*f*b*tp f = 0.3.1 Pt.3*(l/b)^(2/3) But <= 1.3.3 . Ch.3.3. Ch. FKM.2.3.3 .1
Ratio (I/b) (l/b) Base Plate Thickness After tp Deduction (mm) Total Area (cm^2) Section Modulus Built Section (cm^3) At Z A + a + (tw*dw)/100 a*dw/10 + tw*dw^2/6000 + (1+(200*(A-a)) / (200*A+tw*dw))
Pt. Ch.3 .0
Pt. Ch.7 Pt.1(Table 3.3.3 3.3 . 2005
.3.2.1 (Fig 3.2) Pt. UTM.6
Department of Marine Technology. Ch.Calculation Sheet – Hull Buckling Strength .3.3.1) Pt.3.3 .3.2.2.

7.63tf / bf)] /10^4 Ip = dw^3tw/3 x 10^-4 Ip =( dw^3tw/3 + dw^2bftf) /10^4 Iw = dw^3tw^3 / (36x10^6) Iw = tfbf^3dw^2 / (12x10^6) Iw = p x (q+r)/10^6 p = bf^3dw^2 / (12x(bf+dw)^2) q = tf (bf^2 + 2bfdw+4dw^2) r = 3twbfdw Pt.Calculation Sheet – Hull Buckling Strength .4
Inertia Mmt including Bace Plate (cm^4) St Venant's Inertia Mmt for Flat Bars (cm^4) St Venant's Inertia Mmt for Section (cm^4)
Ia It
bftf(dw+tp)^2 + twdw^3/12 + twdw (dw/2 + tp) + b/4x(tp)^3 It = dwtw^3/3 x 10^-3 It = 1/3[dwtw^3 +bftf^3 x (1 .3)
Polar Inertia Mmt for Flat Ip Bar (cm^4) Polar Inertia Mmt for Section (cm^4) Sectorial Inertia Mmt Flat Iw Bar (cm^4) Sectorial Inertia Mmt Tee Section (cm^4) Sectorial Inertia Mmt for Other (cm^4)
Department of Marine Technology.0. UTM. FKM. 2005
.3 (Table 4.3. Ch.7.4 .

4 .5
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA SigmaE = 0.7.3
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF
3(b) Elastic Critical Buckling Stress Column Buckling Stress (i) SigmaE (N/mm^2) Torsional Buckling Stress (ii) SigmaE (N/mm^2) (iii) Web Buckling Stress (N/mm^2) SigmaE k Spring Stiffeness C kp yp SigmaEP m (iv) 50 % of SigmaO 1/2sigmaO
Pt.001ExIa / (AtxS^2) sigmaE = 0. FKM.8E (tw/dw)^2 k = 1.03CS^4 x 10^4 / EIw C = kpEtp^3 / [3s (1+1.001EIw(m^2+k/m^2)/ (ipS^2) + 0. (ii) and (iii) exceeds (iv)
Department of Marine Technology.Calculation Sheet – Hull Buckling Strength .7.3. UTM.385EIt/Ip SigmaE = 3.3 (Table 4. 2005
.33kpdwtp^3) / stw^3] kp = 1-yp yp = sigmaA / SigmaEP as critical buckling stress of plate to be selected from Table 4.3)
(i). Ch.7.

sigmaO/4sigmaE) sigmaCR = SigmaO x (1 .4
LamA LamA
LamA = 110/kL Based on Part 3.sigmaO/4sigmaE) FORMULA INPUT CALCULATION RESULT DESIGN REF
4 : Design Stress Longitudial Compressive Stress (N/mm^2) Minimum Compressive Stress Minimum Compressive 4(a) Stress above NA Minimum Compressive Stress Below NA Vertical Distance from NA to structure Shear Stress Initial estimation Design 4(b) Shear Stress Accurate Design Shear Stress
SigmaA SigmaA SigmaA Z
SigmaA = 30/kL sigmaA = sigmaDxZ/ZD sigmaA = sigmaBxZ/ZB Measure from dwg Pt.3.sigmaO/4sigmaE) sigmaCR = SigmaO x (1 . Ch 4.7. Ch.Calculation Sheet – Hull Buckling Strength . UTM. 2005
.4 . 6
Department of Marine Technology. FKM.6
Correction Required Critical Column Buckling (ia) SigmaCR Stress (N/mm^2) CriticalTorsional Buckling (iia) SigmaCR Stress (N/mm^2) Critical Web Buckling (iiia) SigmaCR Stress (N/mm^2) NO ITEM (unit) SYMBOL
sigmaCR = SigmaO x (1 .

(iia) SigmaCR/sigmaR as in 3(b) .7. 2005
.5 Beta SigmaR SigmaCR SF SigmaCR SF SigmaCR SF Beta = 1.(ia) SigmaCR/sigmaR as in 3(b) .3.(iia) SF = LamCR/LamA
Pt. Ch.(ia) SigmaCR/sigmaR as in 4(b) as in 2(a) . FKM.5 COMPLIANCE
Pt.3.1 Beta x sigmaA as in 3(b) .4 .4 .7.7
NO
ITEM (unit)
SYMBOL
FORMULA
INPUT
CALCULATION RESULT
DESIGN
REF
5 : Strength Assessment 5(a) Scantling criteria for plate Plate Buckling Factor Design Buckling Stress Critical Buckling Stress Safety Factor Design Shear Stress Critical Buckling Shear Stress Safety Factor 5(b) Scantling criteria for Longitudinal Longitudinal Buckling Factor Design Buckling Stress Critical Column Buckling Stress Safety Factor CriticalTorsional Buckling Stress Safety Factor Critical Web Buckling Stress Safety Factor
Beta SigmaR SigmaCR SF LamA LamCR SF
Beta = 1 Beta x sigmaA as in 2(a) .(iiia) SigmaCR/sigmaR
Department of Marine Technology.Calculation Sheet – Hull Buckling Strength . UTM. Ch.

FKM.CALCULATED BY :
NO ITEM (unit) SYMBOL FORMULA
DATE :
INPUT
SHEET NO :
CALCULATION DESIGN
OF :
REF
Department of Marine Technology. UTM. 2005
.