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To prevent the inside of house seen clearly from o ut si de .

To disperse l ig h t

Lamp shade (thin cloth) Frosted glass
To make copies of d ra w i ng s 3

4

Examples
2

c b

TRANSLUCENT MATERIALS
roof tiles

To prevent s un l i gh t en teri ng ho us e

To provide sh ad e furniture

ke y boat paper

kni fe

c oi n

mirror

From sand

Tracing 1 paper Certain plastic

a
Me asu ri ng bea ker cy lind er To see contents to measure v o lu m e s ac cur ate ly

2 3

1

hat
2

From rocks Objects From trees
To protect b od y

Objects

a b Glass

Objects

gl as s bo tt le

OPAQUE MATERIALS
c a b

d

Examples
4 3 clothe

a Metal

b

Objects behind cannot be seen clearly (blurred) Materials that allow some light to pass through windscreen

a

b

Measuring containers light bulb
To illuminate su rr ou nd in gs

Uses Clear Glass
2

TRANSPARENT, TRANSLUCENT, AND OPAQUE MATERIALS
1

containers
To keep c o n te n t s uns een

Wood

From crude oil (petroleum)

co nt ai ne r ruler t oy s

a

1

2

3
Plastic

b

Objects

Materials that do not allow any light to Objects pass through behind cannot be seen at all

Forms a shadow when light shines on it

4

From rubber tree sap (latex)

For drivers to see clearly

D A
YEAR 4 UNIT 5

MATERIALS AROUND US
6 8
Clay b
Objects

a

tyre ba ll g l ov e s

5

Rubber

b

Objects

Examples Clear Plastics
1

TRANSPARENT MATERIALS
b
Objects behind can be seen clearly

7
Cloth/ Fabric b
From earth Objects

Leather b

Uses Containers
To see contents

Transparency

To project image on larger screen

a
Materials that allow most light to pass through

a

From animal skin
s ho e s

MATERIALS (1/3)
C

Objects

a
From cotton, wool
wal let

belt

a

Materials that do not heat to pass 1 through

c
Heat insulators
2

INSULATORS
b a

2

vase

tiles bri ck

t ow e l

clothe cu rt ai n

Examples
C la y F ab ri c Gla ss

2

Electric insulators
1

Non-Metals

Plas tic W o o d R ub be r

Materials that do not allow electricity to pass through

Materials that DO NOT allow electricity and heat to pass through

CONDUCTORS AND INSULATORS
1
glass door

B

allows electricity to pass through

copper wire Metals iron nails steel knife Non-metals
ca rb on

a

Glass Plastic

2 1

Examples

c b

CONDUCTORS
d
Good conductors of elecricity are ALSO good conductors of heat Heat conductors
1

plastic

sheet

Allows light to pass through
a

7 6

PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS
3

1 2

Conduct electricity

b

1

Examples
2

c b a

Object placed behind can be seen Made of glass and clear plastic

5
Can be stretch
c b a
Can be pulled and stretched

4
Absorb w at e r
b

Conduct heat Float on w at e r
b

a b

allows heat to pass through
1

a lu m i ni u m steel wok

Metals

Examples
2

Materials that allow heat to pass through

2

Electric conductors
2 1

Materials that allow electricity and heat to pass through
w ir e s

Rubber
rubber band

2

Examples
1

Do not Absorb w at e r
b
Example
1

a

do not sink in water

Cooking utensils

pot

a
becomes wet when in contact with water
1 2

Examples
2

1

Wood

Examples

Spring
spring riders

Examples Metals

Materials that allow electricity to pass through
C op pe r

Returns to original shape when released (Elastic)

furniture

a
prevent from getting wet (Waterproof)

Examples

Plastics

b ot t le s

Cloth
t ow e l na pp y

c on ta in er s

Wood
paper tis sue

Metals
e le ct ri c steel i ro n pot steel base Iron wok Zi nc

Aluminium Ir on Steel

Plastic
t en t ra in co at

u mb r e ll a