Dell™ PowerConnect™ 27XX Systems

User’s Guide

w w w. d e l l . c o m | s u p p o r t . d e l l . c o m

Notes, Notices, and Cautions
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your computer. NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to avoid the
problem.

CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death.

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Information in this document is subject to change without notice. © 2006 Dell Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden. Trademarks used in this text: Dell, Dell OpenManage, the DELL logo, and PowerConnect are trademarks of Dell Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
Models PC2708, PC2716, PC2724, PC2748

October 2006

Contents
1 Introduction
System Description
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7 7 8 8 8 9 9 11 11 12 12 13 13

8 1-Gigabit Ethernet Ports . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1-Gigabit Ethernet Ports . . . . . . . . . . 24 1-Gigabit Ethernet Ports + 2 SFP Combo ports 48 1-Gigabit Ethernet Ports . . . . . . . . . . Features . General Features . . . . . . . . . . . MAC Address Supported Features . . . Layer 2 Features . . . . . . . . . . . VLAN Supported Features . . . . . . . Class of Service (CoS) Features . . . . Ethernet Switch Management Features Port Default Settings . . . . . . . . .

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2

Hardware Description
Switch Port Configurations . Physical Dimensions . LED Definitions
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PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 Front Panel Port Description

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Power LED . . . . . . Managed Mode LED. . Fan LED (2748 only) . . Port LEDs . . . . . . . Managed Mode Button Switch Ventilation Fan .

Cables, Port Connections, and Pinout Information .

1000BASE-T Cable Requirements . . . . . . . RJ-45 Connections for 10/100/1000BASE-T Ports SFP Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pin Connections for SFP Interfaces . . . . . .

Contents

3

Power Connectors .

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Internal Power Supply Connector

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Installing the Dell™ PowerConnect™ 27XX
Installation Precautions Overview
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Site Requirements . Unpacking .

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Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . Handling Static Sensitive Devices Package Contents . . . . . . . . Unpacking the Device . . . . . . Mounting the Device .

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Installation Precautions Installing the Device .

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Installing the Device in a Rack . . . . . . . Installing the Device on a Flat Surface . . . Connecting the Device to AC Power Supply Connecting the Device to the Network

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Starting and Configuring the Dell™ PowerConnect™ 27XX
Viewing Switch Operation . Initial Configuration
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Using the Dell™ OpenManage™ Switch Administrator
Understanding the Interface
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Using the OpenManage Switch Administrator Buttons Information Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . PowerConnect Switch Management Buttons . Starting the Application

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4

Contents

. . . . . . . . . . . Downloading Files From Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Port Mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defining VLAN Interface Settings Configuring LAG Membership . . Downloading Files From Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enabling Storm Control . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating VLAN Membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 42 Displaying Configuration on Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing Jumbo Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Integrated Cable Test for Copper Cables Optical Transceivers Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing System IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local User Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 70 71 71 72 73 . . . . . . . . . Managing System Files . . . . . . . . . . Mapping DSCP Values to Queues 8 Viewing Statistics RMON Statistics . . 75 Contents 5 . . . . . 43 43 44 47 49 50 51 52 54 55 55 60 61 63 64 65 Viewing the Switch Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mapping CoS Values to Queues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Configuring QoS Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Configuring Quality of Service Quality of Service (QoS) Overview CoS Services Defining CoS Settings . . . .Resetting the Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Configuring System Information Defining Switch Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defining Interface Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 Contents .

These switches can be used to connect workstations and other network devices. PowerConnect 2716.1 Introduction This User’s Guide contains the information needed for installing. and PowerConnect 2748 Webmanaged Gigabit Ethernet switches. 8 1-Gigabit Ethernet Ports The following figure illustrates the PowerConnect 2708 front panel. System Description This section describes the hardware configurations of the PowerConnect 2708. PowerConnect 2716. 7 . Figure 1-1. while enhancing and improving network traffic control. PowerConnect 2708 Front Panel The PowerConnect 2708 switch supports 8 GbE copper ports. The switches are managed by Dell’s OpenManage Switch Administrator. and PowerConnect 2748.The PowerConnect management features are designed to minimize administrative management effort. configuring and maintaining the PowerConnect 2708. These PowerConnect devices are ideal for the small to medium business that requires high performance network connectivity along with advanced web management features. PowerConnect 2724. PowerConnect 2724. such as: • • • Servers Hubs (Wireless LAN Access Points) Routers The PowerConnect devices are primarily for the Small Office/Home Office (SOHO) that require high performance edge connectivity.

PowerConnect 2724 Front Panel The PowerConnect 2724 switch supports 24 GbE copper ports and has two SFP combo ports (1000BASE-SX or 1000BASE-LX). 24 1-Gigabit Ethernet Ports + 2 SFP Combo ports The following figure illustrates the PowerConnect 2724 front panel. PowerConnect 2716 Front Panel The PowerConnect 2716 switch supports 16 GbE copper ports. Figure 1-3.16 1-Gigabit Ethernet Ports The following figure illustrates the PowerConnect 2716 front panel. 48 1-Gigabit Ethernet Ports The following figure illustrates the PowerConnect 2748 front panel. Figure 1-2. Figure 1-4. PowerConnect 2748 Front Panel 8 .

the switch enters Managed Mode with the default IP address of 192.1. except when QoS (Quality of Service).2.2. when the Managed Mode button is pressed. Flow Control or Back Pressure is active on a port where the HOL blocking prevention mechanism is disabled on the whole system. the receiving port prevents buffer overflows by occupying the link so that it is unavailable for additional incoming traffic. However. Managed Mode — Provides switch management through a web interface. By default. The switch does not have an IP address. To use Secure Mode. Once enabled. nor is there a web management interface and thus cannot be managed. the user presses the Managed Mode button. From Unmanaged Mode. 9 . when the Managed Mode button is pressed. To exit Secure Mode. This is done by removing the IP address to the switch so that it becomes inaccessible. The default status on all ports is set to OFF. the switch enters Unmanaged Mode. and the packets at the head of the queue are forwarded before packets at the end of the queue.Features General Features Head of Line Blocking Prevention Head of Line (HOL) blocking results in traffic delays and frame loss caused by traffic competing for the same egress port resources.168. the user puts the switch in Managed Mode. This is the system default. this applies to links operating at Half Duplex only. • • Back Pressure Support On half-duplex links. The user may enable or disable this feature on a per-port basis. HOL blocking queues packets.1. In Secure Mode the switch retains configuration through power cycles just like Managed Mode. Management Modes • Unmanaged Mode — Operates independent of user-configuration. it prevents users from making any further configuration changes to the switch. From Managed Mode. and then switches to Secure Mode via the web interface. Secure Mode (PowerConnect 2748 only) — Secure Mode works by the user configuring the switch in Managed Mode and then enabling Secure Mode. and maintains the device configuration through power cycles. the device is configured so that the HOL blocking prevention mechanism is active at all times. configures the switch as desired. From Secure Mode when the Managed Mode button is pressed.168. the switch enters Managed Mode default configuration with the default IP address of 192.

Auto MDI/MDIX works on 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet ports. upon explicit user action. This feature is automatically enabled for the entire system and cannot be turned off by the user. Cable analysis is available on Copper Cables (10BASE-T/100BASE-T/1000BASE-T). When the system initiates a cable-testing operation. The Jumbo Frames Support feature. and is only done when the link is down. the following parameters are detected: • • • Cable Type and Status Cable Length Fault-Distance 10 . Standard wiring for end stations is Media-Dependent Interface (MDI) and the standard wiring for hubs and switches is known as Media-Dependent Interface with Crossover (MDIX). Port advertisement allows the system administrator to configure the port speeds advertised.Auto Negotiation Auto negotiation allows an Ethernet switch to advertise modes of operation. Jumbo frames are used for server-to-server transfers. such as cable opens and cable shorts on copper links. in order to prevent buffer overflows. Virtual Cable Testing (VCT) VCT technology provides the mechanism to detect and report potential cabling issues. and to automatically configure both Ethernet switches to take maximum advantage of their transmission capabilities.3X) On Full Duplex links (FDX). The main benefits of this facility are reduced transmission overhead and reduced host processing overhead. the flow control mechanism allows the receiving side to signal to the sending side that transmission must be halted temporarily. AutoMDI/MDIX Support The switch automatically detects whether the cable connected to an RJ-45 port is crossed or straight through. Jumbo Frames Support Jumbo frames are frames with an MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size of up to 10K bytes. utilizes the network optimally by transporting the same data using less frames. The auto negotiation function provides the means to exchange information between two Ethernet switches that share a point-to-point link segment. Flow Control Support (IEEE802.

All nodes connected to these ports accept and attempt to process these frames. and 2724 switches support a total of 8K MAC addresses. regardless of the VLAN tag. and the PowerConnect 2748 supports a total of 16K MAC addresses. Broadcast and Multicast frames are flooded to all ports on the relevant VLAN. 11 . When Layer 2 frames are forwarded. Frames are forwarded based on their destination MAC address only. Layer 2 Features Port Mirroring The port mirroring mechanism monitors and mirrors network traffic by forwarding copies of incoming and outgoing packets from a monitored port to a monitoring port. the switch performs classic bridging.MAC Address Supported Features MAC Address Capacity Support The PowerConnect 2708.1D) is not performed (where frames are forwarded based only on their destination MAC address). Managed and Secure Modes VLAN-aware MAC-based Switching In Managed or Secure mode. Users can specify which target port receives copies of all traffic passing through one or more source ports. Automatic Aging for MAC Addresses MAC addresses from which no traffic is received for a given period of time are aged out. thus placing load on both the network links and the host operating system. 2716. a similar functionality may be configured for untagged frames. Storm Control Storm Control enables limiting the amount of Multicast and Broadcast frames accepted and forwarded by the switch. The MAC addresses are stored in the Bridging Table. However. Unmanaged Mode Classic Bridging In Unmanaged Mode. Addresses are associated with ports by learning them from the incoming frames source address. the switch system always performs VLAN-aware bridging. Classic bridging (IEEE802. Auto-Learning MAC Addresses The switch enables MAC address auto-learning from incoming packets. This prevents the Bridging Table from overflowing.

12 . DHCP service is an on-going process. DHCP is an extension to BootP. The switches support four queues per port. until a BootP server replies. Link Aggregation The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 switches support up to six aggregated links. Packets sharing common attributes can be grouped in the same VLAN. The switch can then configure these values to the TFTP client and try to download a valid runtime image. The underlying mechanism for supporting bandwidth management and control is based on the use of multiple priority queues for classifying traffic.VLAN Supported Features VLAN Support VLANs are collections of switching ports that comprise a single broadcast domain. Packets are classified as belonging to a VLAN based on either the VLAN tag or based on a combination of the ingress port and package contents. The benefits of this facility are: • • • • Fault tolerance protection from physical link disruption Higher bandwidth connections Improved bandwidth granularity High bandwidth server connectivity A LAG is composed of ports with the same speed set to full-duplex operation. The information replied is then used to provide the switch system with a TFTP server IP address and a download file name. BootP and DHCP Clients DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) enables additional setup parameters to be received from a network server upon system startup. Class of Service (CoS) Features The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 system enables users to define various services for traffic classes of service. The BootP client is operational if there is a corrupted or invalid software image. The BootP client then continuously attempts to find a BootP server. by sending BootP requests to all ports on the default VLAN. Each of the six aggregated links may be defined with up to four member ports to form a single Link Aggregated Group (LAG). Port Based Virtual LANs (VLANs) Port-based VLANs classify incoming packets to VLANs based on their ingress port.

The system provides a means to collect the statistics defined in RMON and to view the results.1p is a spinoff of the 802.1Q (VLANs) standard. The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 system can classify according to IPv4 information (DSCP). which serves HTML pages. TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 switches support software boot image and software download through TFTP. whereby packets are related to the same Class of Service. RMON defines current and historical MAClayer statistics and control objects.A CoS is defined by the user. 802. through which the system can be monitored and configured. The 802. using the Web management interface in the system. Port Default Settings The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 devices’s port default settings are as follows: Function Flow Control (user-configurable) Backpressure (user-configurable) Auto Negotiation Speed (user-configurable) Auto Negotiation Duplex (user-configurable) MDIX (not user-configurable) Default Setting Off (disabled on ingress) Off (disabled on ingress) Enabled (1000 Mbps) Enabled (Full Duplex) On (relevant to copper ports only) 13 .1p Support The IEEE 802.1p traffic is classified and sent to the destination. Class Of Service 802.1p signaling technique is an OSI Layer 2 standard for marking and prioritizing network traffic at the data link/MAC sub-layer. it is assigned to one of the queues. The switches support one RMON group for Ethernet statistics. allowing real-time information to be captured across the entire network. Ethernet Switch Management Features Web-Based Management With a Web-based management interface. No bandwidth reservations or limits are established or enforced. Remote Monitoring Remote Monitoring (RMON) is an extension to the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). the Ethernet Switches’ system can be managed from any Web browser. After a packet has been classified. The system contains an Embedded Web Server (EWS). which provides network traffic statistics.

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15 . PowrConnect 2708 Front Panel On the front panel there are eight ports which are numbered 1 to 8. restores the device’s default settings configuration. 2716. A Managed Mode push-button. These ports support autonegotiation. Figure 2-1. The Gigabit Ethernet ports can operate at 10. full-duplex mode. On the left side of the front panel is the Managed Mode LED which indicates the Ethernet switch operational status. top down and left to right. 2724 and 2748 switches use 10/100/1000BASE-T ports on the front panel for connecting to a network.2 Hardware Description Switch Port Configurations PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 Front Panel Port Description The Dell™ PowerConnect™ 2708. located on the right side on the front panel. and flow control. The Power LED on the front panel indicates whether the device is powered on or not. The following figures illustrate the front panels and back panels of the PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 switches. The combo 1000 Mbps optical ports can only operate at 1000 Mbps. On each port there are LEDs (Light Emitting Diode) to indicate the port status. 100 or 1000 Mbps. duplex mode (Half or Full duplex).

located on the right side on the front panel. On each port there are LEDs to indicate the port status. A Managed Mode push-button. The Power LED on the front panel indicates whether the device is powered on or not.Figure 2-2. restores the device’s default settings configuration. PowerConnect 2716 Back Panel 16 . which are numbered 1 to 16. top down and left to right. On the left side of the front panel is the Managed Mode LED which indicates the Ethernet switch operational status. there are 16 ports. PowerConnect 2716 Front Panel On the front panel. Figure 2-4. PowerConnect 2708 Back Panel Figure 2-3.

PowerConnect 2724 Front Panel On the front panel there are 24 ports which are numbered 1 to 24. the SFP port will be the active port. PowerConnect 2724 Back Panel 17 .Figure 2-5. There are two SFP (Small Form-Factor Plugable) ports. designated as ports 23 and 24. On each port there are LEDs to indicate the port status. which offers high-speed 1000BASE-SX or 1000BASE-LX connection. restores the device’s default settings configuration. The system automatically detects the media used on a combo port. Port features and port controls are determined by the physical connection used. A Managed Mode push-button. for fiber connection. NOTE: Only one of the two physical connections of a combo port can be used at any one time. located on the far right side on the front panel. On the left side of the front panel is the Managed Mode LED which indicates the Ethernet switch operational status. The Power LED on the front panel indicates whether the device is powered on or not. If both RJ-45 and SFP ports are present. and utilizes the information in all the control interfaces. The two combo ports are logical ports with two physical connections: • • An RJ-45 connection for Twisted Pair (TP) copper cabling An SFP port for swappable optical transceiver. Figure 2-6. top down and left to right. NOTE: The system can switch from the RJ-45 to the SFP (or vice versa) without resetting the device. whereas the RJ-45 port will be disabled.

The Fan LED indicates the device fan operations status and the Power LED on the front panel indicates whether the device is powered on or not. which are numbered 1 to 48. Figure 2-8. there are 48 ports. If both RJ-45 and SFP ports are present. On each port. top down and left to right. On the top right side of the front panel is the Managed Mode LED. NOTE: The system can switch from the RJ-45 to the SFP (or vice versa) without resetting the device. and utilizes the information in all the control interfaces. Port features and port controls are determined by the physical connection used. The system automatically detects the media used on a combo port. A Managed Mode push-button. The four combo ports are logical ports with two physical connections: • • An RJ-45 connection for Twisted Pair (TP) copper cabling. An SFP port for swappable optical transceiver. There are four SFP (Small FormFactor Plugable) ports. The following figure illustrates the back panel of the PowerConnect 2748 device.Figure 2-7. 47 and 48. PowerConnect 2748 Front Panel On the front panel. designated as ports 45. sets the device management mode. for fiber connection. the SFP port will be the active port. located on the far right side on the front panel. whereas the RJ-45 port will be disabled. PowerConnect 2748 Back Panel 18 . which indicates the Ethernet switch operational status. which offers high-speed 1000BASE-SX or 1000BASE-LX connection. 46. The back panel contains an AC Power Supply Interface. NOTE: Only one of the two physical connections of a combo port can be used at any one time. there are LEDs to indicate the port status.

and Managed Mode status.2 mm (1.) Width — 440 mm (17. The switch is not turned on.) Depth — 161. The following table describes the Managed Mode LED indications.992 in. Power LED On the PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 front panel there is a Power LED.70 in.) Depth — 230.366 in.) The PowerConnect 2716 and PowerConnect 2724 switches have the following physical dimensions: • • • Height — 43. Table 2-1. Power LED Indications LED Color Green Solid Off Description The switch is turned on.2 mm (1. 19 .04 in. fan status.2 mm (1.) The PowerConnect 2748 switch has the following physical dimensions: • • • Height — 43.7008 in.7 mm (6. power supply.Physical Dimensions The PowerConnect 2708 switch has the following physical dimensions: • • • Height — 43.32 in) Depth — 255 mm (10.7008 in. Managed Mode LED On the PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 front panel there is a Managed Mode LED monitoring the switch node as well as indicating diagnostic test results.079 in.) LED Definitions The front panel contains LEDs that indicate the status of links.) Width — 330 mm (12.) Width — 256 mm (10.50 mm (9. The following table describes the Power Supply status LED indications.075 in.

No valid image. Diagnostics has failed. The following figure illustrates the RJ-45 10/100/1000BASE-T LEDs. Table 2-3. One or more fans have failed. or Managed Mode transition. Speed/Link/Activity is indicated on the left LED and the duplex mode is indicated on the right LED. Port LEDs 10/100/1000BASE-T Port LEDs Each 10/100/1000BASE-T port has two LEDs. Indicates Unmanaged mode or Secure mode (2748 only).Table 2-2. Managed Mode LED Indications LED Color Green Flashing Green Solid Amber Solid Amber Flashing Off Description Indicates diagnostics in progress. Fan LED (2748 only) On the PowerConnect 2748 front panel there is a fan LED. Fan LED Indications LED Color Green Solid Red Solid Description All fans are operating correctly. firmware loading. Figure 2-9. Indicates the switch is in Managed Mode. The following table describes the fan status LED indications. RJ-45 Copper-based 10/100/1000BASE-T LEDs The RJ-45 LED indications are described in the following table: 20 .

the switch restores the configuration values to factory default settings.255. The port is currently not operating The port is currently transmitting in Full Duplex mode. 21 . and the password is not configured (appears blank).0 Graphical User Interface (GUI) login user name changes to Admin. The DHCP client is set off. SFP LED Indications LED Color Green Static Off Description Link is established. RJ-45 Copper based 10/100/ 1000BASE-T LED Indications LED Left LED Color Green Static Green Flashing Amber Static Amber Flashing Off Right LED Green Static Off Description The port is linked at 1000 Mbps. The device is rebooted. pressing the Managed Mode button causes: • • • • • Factory default configuration (192. Managed Mode Button The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 has a Managed Mode push button on the front panel. The port is operating in Half Duplex mode. From Unmanaged or Secure Mode (2748 only). The port is linked at either 10 or 100 Mbps.168. with Read/Write privilege.255. SFP Port LED The following table describes the SFP LED indications. Subnet mask changes to 255. The Managed Mode button is for changing between Managed Mode and Unmanaged (or Secure) Mode.1) is set as the switch IP address. The port is transmitting or receiving data at 1000 Mbps.Table 2-4. Green Flashing Activity is occurring.2. The port is transmitting or receiving data at 10 or 100 Mbps. Table 2-5. After a change from Unmanaged (or Secure) Mode to Managed Mode. No link is established.

High-speed workstations. 22 . RJ-45 Pin Numbers The RJ-45 pin number allocation for the 10/100/1000BASE-T ports is listed in the following table. However. Port Connections. hubs. routers.Switch Ventilation Fan The PowerConnect 2748 switch has three fans and the PowerConnect 2724 switch has one fan for system ventilation. For each device. and Pinout Information This section explains the switch physical interfaces. provided if all four wire pairs are connected. The PowerConnect 2708 and PowerConnect 2716 devices have no internal fans. 1000BASE-T Cable Requirements All Category 5 UTP cables that are used for 100BASE-TX connections also operate with 1000BASET. and comply with the IEEE 802. Copper cable diagnostics are supported. or other switches are connected through standard RJ-45 connectors to the switch physical interface ports. Table 2-6. Cables. it is recommended that enhanced Category 5 (Category 5e)cable is used for all critical connections or any new cable installations. Connectors and Cables Connector Port/Interface RJ-45 10/100/1000BASE-T Port Cable Cat.5 The following figure illustrates the RJ-45 pin connector pin numbers. Ports. located on the front panel. Full Duplex. The Category 5e specification includes test parameters that are only recommendations for Category 5. RJ-45 Connections for 10/100/1000BASE-T Ports The 10/100/1000BASE-T ports are copper Twisted-Pair ports. and provides information about cables and port connections. Figure 2-10. and Auto.3ab standards. the supported mode is set to Half Duplex.

Only one of the two physical connections of a combo port can be used at any time. The system automatically detects the media used on a combo port. the SFP port will be the active port. and utilizes this information in the control interfaces. The system can switch from the RJ-45 to the SFP (or vice versa) without a system reset. The optical transceiver provides access to a set of parameters that can be monitored and displayed to the system administrator. whereas the RJ-45 port will be disabled and ignored.Table 2-7. PowerConnect 2724 switch supports SFP diagnostics. NOTE: If both RJ-45 and SFP ports are present. and the PowerConnect 2748 switch supports four SFP transceivers combo ports for various fiber-based modules (1000BASE-SX or 1000BASE-LX). 23 . RJ-45 Pin Number Allocation for 10/100/ 1000BASE-T Ethernet Port Pin No Function 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 TxRx 1+ TxRx 1TxRx 2+ TxRx 2TxRx 3+ TxRx 3TxRx 4+ TxRx 4- SFP Ports The PowerConnect 2724 switch supports two SFP transceivers combo ports.

Loss of signal indication. Receiver ground (common with transmitter ground) Receiver ground (common with transmitter ground) Receiver ground (common with transmitter ground) Receiver inverted data out. The internal power supply supports input voltages between 100 and 240 VAC. laser output disabled on high or open. 24 . no connection required. grounded within the module. Module definition 1. Receiver ground (common with transmitter ground) Receiver power supply Transmitter power supply Transmitter ground (common with receiver ground) Transmitter non-inverted data in Transmitter inverted data in Transmitter ground (common with receiver ground) Power Connectors The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 switches are powered by using the AC internal power supply. Module definition 2. logic 0 indicates normal operation. clock line for serial ID. Module definition 0. Receiver non-inverted data out. data line for serial ID. Internal Power Supply Connector The PowerConnect 2708. PowerConnect 2724 and PowerConnect 2748 switch systems supports a single internal power supply to provide power for switching operations. SFP Pin Connections Pin No Use 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Transmitter ground (common with receiver ground) Transmitter fault Transmitter disable. AC coupled. The AC power connector is located on the back panel of the switch. Rate select.Pin Connections for SFP Interfaces Table 2-8. PowerConnect 2716. AC coupled.

Ensure that the airflow around the front. installation procedures. read and follow the safety instructions located in the Product Information Guide. No configuration is necessary. If the user wishes to use the switch as a managed switch. Do not service any Ethernet device except as explained in the system documentation. Ensure that the Ethernet device is not exposed to radiators or heat sources. The switch is delivered from the factory in Unmanaged Mode.3 Installing the Dell™ PowerConnect™ 27XX This chapter contains information about unpacking. CAUTION: Observe the following points before performing the procedures in this section: • Observe and follow the service markings. they need to change the switch 25 . as it may cause a fire or electric shock. The process consists of physically installing these devices and configuring them. and 2748 devices. 2724. The process of installing the PowerConnect switch consists of both hardware and software instructions. and how to make cable and port connections for the PowerConnect 2708. If the user wishes to use the switch as an unmanaged switch. Use the Ethernet device only with approved equipment. they can simply plug the switch in and start using it. Opening or removing covers marked with a triangular symbol with a lighting bolt may cause electrical shock. and back of the device chassis is not restricted. sides. 19-inch rack-mountable devices. Ensure that the Ethernet device is not exposed to water. Installation Precautions CAUTION: Before performing any of the following procedures. Do not push foreign objects into the device’s hardware enclosure. These components are to be serviced by trained service technicians only. Allow the Ethernet device to cool before removing covers or touching internal equipment. • • • • • • Overview The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 are standard 1U chassis high. 2716.

verify that the site selected for the device meets the following site requirements: • Power — The device is installed within 1. Allow clearance for cabling. Verify that water or moisture cannot enter the device case. broadcast amplifiers. If you suspect a problem with one of these parts.5 m (5 feet) of a grounded. Cabling — Cabling is routed to avoid sources of electrical noise such as radio transmitters.to Managed Mode. 26 . Ambient Requirements — The ambient unit operating temperature range is 0 to 45C (32 to 113F) at a relative humidity of up to 95%. placed on a tabletop. General — Ensure that the power supply is correctly installed. power lines. easily accessible outlet 220/110 VAC. Site Requirements The PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 devices can be mounted in a standard equipment rack. and ventilation. and energy levels are present inside any component that has this label attached. Safety attached. contact a service technician. 50/60 Hz. Clearance — There is adequate frontal clearance for operator access. If the device has two power supplies. Before installing the unit. CAUTION: Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following label Figure 3-1. • • • • Unpacking NOTE: Before unpacking the device. or mounted on the wall. power connections. Caution Label CAUTION: Hazardous voltage. and fluorescent lighting fixtures. current. non-condensing. the site should have two power outlets with different power feeders. inspect the packaging and report any evidence of damage immediately to Dell. The chapter "Starting and Configuring the Dell™PowerConnect™ 2708/2716/2724/2748 for Managed Mode Operation" explains how to set the switch to Managed Mode. There are no serviceable parts inside these components.

Do not place the Ethernet switches on a metal table. 27 . To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. While the Ethernet switch is still in its static-protective package. Remove all packing material. keep staticsensitive Ethernet switches in their static-protective packages until they are ready to be installed. Do not leave the Ethernet switches where others can handle and possibly damage the Ethernet switch. Report any damage immediately to Dell. Inspect the device and accessories for damage. Open the box or remove the box top. inspect the packaging and report any evidence of damage immediately to Dell. (This drains static electricity from the package and from your person. Handle the Ethernet switches carefully. observe the following precautions: • • • • Limit your movement. • • Package Contents While unpacking the device.) Remove the Ethernet switch from its package and install it directly into a rack without setting it down. Take additional care when handling Ethernet switches during cold weather because heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. procedure.Handling Static Sensitive Devices NOTICE: Static electricity can damage electronic Ethernet switch system. ensure that the following items are included: • • • • • • The device AC power cable Self-adhesive rubber pads (for on-shelf installation) Rack-mount kit for installation Documentation CD Product Information Guide Unpacking the Device To unpack the PowerConnect device: NOTE: Before unpacking the device. touch it to an unpainted electrically grounded metal part for at least two seconds. If it is necessary to set the Ethernet switch down. To avoid damage. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around your person. however it is recommended to wear one for the following 1 2 3 4 5 Place the box on a clean flat surface. Carefully remove the device from the package and place it on a secure. holding it by its edges or its frame. stable and clean surface. NOTE: An ESD strap is not provided. place it in its static-protective package.

sides. Ensure that the device is not exposed to radiators and/or heat sources. wiring. Ensure that the airflow around the front. Ensure that the cooling vents are not blocked. These components are to be serviced by trained service technicians only. Use the device only with approved equipment. Observe and follow the service markings. Allow the device to cool before removing covers or touching internal equipment. Opening or removing covers marked with a triangular symbol with a lighting bolt may cause electrical shock. Ensure that the device is not exposed to water. and over-current protection. Ensure that the power cable. extension cable. Ensure that the power source circuits are properly grounded. • • • • • • • • • • 28 . To determine the possibility of overloading the supply circuits. Ensure that the device does not overload the power circuits. There are three device mounting options: • • • Installing in a Rack Installing on a Flat Surface Installing on a Wall Installation Precautions CAUTION Before performing any of the following procedures. Do not install the device in an environment where the operating ambient temperature might exceed 40ºC (104ºF). Compare this total with the rating limit for the circuit. CAUTION Observe the following points before performing the procedures in this section: • • • Ensure that the rack or cabinet housing the device is adequately secured to prevent it from becoming unstable and/or falling over. add together the ampere ratings of all devices installed on the same circuit as the device. as it may cause a fire or electric shock.Mounting the Device The following mounting instructions apply to the PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724/2748 devices. read and follow the safety instructions located in your Product Information Guide. and back of the device is not restricted. and/or plug is not damaged. Do not push foreign objects into the device. Do not service any device except as explained in the system documentation.

mount the devices from the bottom up. Insert the unit into the rack. ensuring that the rack-mounting holes on the device line up to the mounting hole on the rack. Bracket Installation for Rack Installation 2 3 4 5 Insert the supplied screws into the rack mounting holes and tighten with a screwdriver. Secure the unit to the rack with the rack screws (not provided). Fasten the lower pair of screws before the upper pair of screws.Installing the Device The following mounting instructions apply to all three hardware configurations of PowerConnect 2708. To install the device in a rack. 2724 and 2748 devices. Repeat the process for the rack-mounting bracket on the other side of the device. The following figure illustrates where to mount the brackets. perform the following: 1 Place the supplied rack-mounting bracket on one side of the device ensuring the mounting holes on the device line up to the mounting holes on the rack mounting bracket. This ensures that the weight of the unit is evenly distributed during installation. 2716. 29 . Figure 3-2. CAUTION: When mounting multiple devices into a rack. Installing the Device in a Rack CAUTION: Disconnect all cables from the unit before mounting the device in a rack or cabinet. The section describes how to install a single device as a standalone device. Ensure that the device ventilation holes are not obstructed.

08 cm (2 inches) on each side. if it is not installed on a rack or on a wall. drill the holes and place all plugs (not provided) in the holes. Repeat the process for the wall-mounting bracket on the other side of the device. On the wall mark the locations where the screws to hold the device must be prepared. Place the supplied wall-mounting bracket on one side of the device. and 12. ensuring that the mounting holes on the device line up to the mounting holes on the rack-mounting bracket. Installing the Device on a Wall Figure 3-3. such as a desk-top. Place the device on the wall in the location where the device is being installed. The surface must be able to support the weight of the device and the device cables.Installing the Device on a Flat Surface The device can be installed on a flat surface. Ensure that the device has proper ventilation. On the marked locations. 30 .7 cm (5 inches) at the back. The following figure illustrates where to mount the brackets. while leaving 5. 1 2 3 1 Attach the self-adhesive rubber pads (provided with the device) on each marked location on the bottom of the chassis. Set the device on a flat surface. Bracket Installation for Wall Mounting 2 3 4 5 6 Insert the supplied screws into the rack-mounting holes and tighten with a screwdriver.

Ensure that the ventilation holes are not obstructed. 31 .7 Secure the unit to the wall with screws (not provided). Figure 3-4. Mounting Device on a Wall Connecting the Device to AC Power Supply 1 Using a 5-foot (1.5 m) standard power cable with safety ground connected. connect the power cable to the AC connector located on the back panel.

To connect the switch to the network: 1 2 Attach one end of a Twisted-Pair cable to the device’s RJ-45 connector and the other end to a switch or server.) in length. a straight through cable must be used. As each connection is made. switches or routers) that supports auto-negotiation. confirm that the device is connected and operating correctly by examining the LEDs on the front panel. 32 . NOTE: Do not plug a phone jack connector into an RJ-45 port. NOTE: If autonegotiation is turned off on the ports. Back Panel Power Connector 2 After connecting the device to a power source.Figure 3-5. Connecting the Device to the Network To connect to an uplink port. Standard straight-through twisted-pair cables can be used to connect to any other Ethernet network (systems. servers. Use only twisted-pair cables with RJ-45 connectors that conform to FCC standards. Make sure each Twisted Pair cable does not exceed 100 meters (328 ft. This will damage the Ethernet device. The RJ-45 ports on the Ethernet switch supports automatic MediaDependent Interface/Media-Dependent Interface with internal crossover wiring (MDI/MDIX) operation under Auto-Negotiation mode. use Category 5 Unshielded Twisted-Pair (UTP) cables with RJ-45 connectors at both ends. the (green or amber) Link LED corresponding to each port on the device is illuminated indicating that the connection is valid.

you will need to follow the instructions detailed here in the remaining sections of this chapter. If the process fails in the PowerConnect 2708/2716/2724 switch the Managed Mode LED indicator turns solid red. Initial Configuration The switch is delivered from the factory in Unmanaged Mode. If the user wishes to use the switch as an unmanaged switch. Viewing Switch Operation The power-on self-test (POST) runs every time the switch is initialized. they can simply plug the switch in and start using it. If you require basic connectivity and do not want to manage these devices. This section describes how to enter Managed Mode and configure the switch.dell. If a critical problem is detected. The PowerConnect device provides you the flexibility of basic network connectivity without significant effort or advanced network connectivity with web-managed features and funtionality. The release notes can be downloaded from support. and checks hardware components to determine if the device is fully operational before completely booting. When a critical problem is detected. 33 . The boot process runs approximately 10 seconds. The Managed Mode LED indicates whether POST has passed successfully or failed. The initial configuration of the device uses the following assumptions: • • The PowerConnect device was never configured before and it is in the same state as when received.com. the Managed Mode LED indicator is off if in Unmanaged Mode. When POST completes successfully.com.dell. and solid green if in Managed Mode. If you desire to manage the device. the POST process fails and the Managed Mode LED indicator turns solid amber (PowerConnect 2748). the program flow stops. once you have powered up the device and connected your network cabling you may stop there. read the release notes for this product. The PowerConnect device booted successfully. No configuration is necessary.4 Starting and Configuring the Dell™ PowerConnect™ 27XX NOTE: Before proceeding. NOTE: It is recommended that the most recent revision of the user documentation is obtained from the Dell Support Website at support.

it is advisable to configure the device with new configuration parameters. On first deployment of the device (after the device is initially connected with the default settings). Click OK. The device is delivered in Unmanaged Mode. The device must be changed to Managed Mode before it can be configured. 34 . which serves HTML pages through which the device can be monitored and configured. To change to Managed Mode.1. every port is a member of the VLAN 1 in Managed Mode). To configure the switch with new system-specific parameters. perform the following steps: 1 Open the IP Addressing window in the EWS. see Local User Database. and Mozilla. Leave the Password field blank (for first time Managed Mode access). etc. mouse clicks. and the default password is left blank.2. the device must be fully operational in Unmanaged Mode (Managed Mode LED has stopped blinking and is off).The following information must be obtained from the network administrator before configuring the device: • • • The IP address to be assigned to the VLAN 1 interface through which the device is to be managed (by default. The following login screen is displayed when the device is first connected: Figure 4-1. The system supports Embedded Web Server (EWS). Once the Managed Mode LED has stopped blinking. press the Managed Mode button. Login Screen 1 2 3 Enter admin in the User Name field.). To change User name and Password. When the Managed Mode LED stays lit. The system internally configures the device according to Web-based input (including menu selections. The switch supports the following browsers: Microsoft IE V6. The IP subnet mask for the network The default gateway (next hop router) IP address for configuring the default route. the default User Name is 'admin'. The default IP address is 192. the switch is ready to be configured.168. The switch reboots and the Managed Mode LED blinks for approximately 90 seconds and stays lit.x and higher.

Click Apply Changes. 35 .2 3 Enter the IP address. Subnet Mask and Default Gateway as supplied by the System Administrator. The switch is configured with the updated configuration parameters.

36 .

which serves HTML pages through which the user can monitor the switch interface. The tree view provides an expandable view of the features and their components.5 Using the Dell OpenManage™ Switch Administrator This section provides an introduction to the Embedded Web Server (EWS). Understanding the Interface The home page contains a Tree View — located on the left side of the home page. Switch Status 37 . Figure 5-1.

table information. 3 The information buttons provide access to information about the Ethernet switch and access to Dell Support. Table 5-1. The functions in the tree view provide a view of all the components under a specific feature.The following table lists the interface components with their corresponding numbers. The Ethernet switch view provides information about switch ports. Depending on the option selected. and feature components. current configuration and status. Interface Components Component 1 Description The tree view contains a list of the different Ethernet switch features. 2 38 . the area at the bottom of the Ethernet switch view displays other Ethernet switch information or dialog boxes for configuring parameters.

Table 5-2. 39 . Online help containing information to assist in configuring and managing the Ethernet switch.Using the OpenManage Switch Administrator Buttons This section describes the buttons found on the Dell™ PowerConnect™ OpenManage Switch Administrator interface.com. Logs out of the application and closes the browser window. if the IP Addressing page is open. About Log Out PowerConnect Switch Management Buttons The PowerConnect Switch Management buttons provide an easy method of configuring the switch information. Information Buttons Information buttons provide access to on-line support and online help. the help topic for that page opens when Help is clicked. For example. as well as information about the OpenManage Switch Administrator interfaces. The online help pages are linked directly to the page currently open. The following table mentions the switch management buttons available. Contains the version and build number and Dell copyright information.dell. Information Buttons Button Support Help Description Opens the Dell Support page at support.

For information about assigning an IP address to the Ethernet Switch. Prints the Network Management System page or table information. Starting the Application 1 2 Open a Web browser. NOTE: Passwords are both case-sensitive and alphanumeric. For information about recovering a lost password.168. Activating the Managed Mode button recovers the factory default setting (no password)." 3 When the Enter Network Password window opens.2. Enter the Ethernet Switch IP address (the default IP address is: 192. PowerConnect Switch Management Buttons Button Apply Changes Refresh Print Description Applies changes to the Ethernet Switch.Table 5-3. NOTE: The Ethernet switch is configured with a default IP address. 4 Click OK. Refreshes Ethernet Switch information. see "Viewing System IP Address.1) in the address bar and press <Enter>. enter a user name and password. user login and password. The Dell PowerConnect OpenManage Switch Administrator home page opens. see "Managed Mode Button". 40 .

click Reset in the tree view. To open the Reset page. The device is reset. Click OK. Figure 5-2. 41 . A confirmation message displays.Resetting the Device The Reset page resets the device. Reset 1 2 Click Reset.

the data is divided into groups. Data Display on Demand Example 42 . The system administrator can peruse the configuration information by either selecting a specific interface or using the Previous and Next links. When the system retrieves vast amounts of configuration data.Displaying Configuration on Demand The EWS shortens user wait time by providing Data Display on Demand. The following screen displays an example of data display on demand: Figure 5-3.

and System Up Time. Service Tag. 43 . Serial Number. and modifying switch parameters. Firmware Version — Defines the version of the product firmware. including the Product Name. Boot Version — Displays the current boot version running on the device. Defining Switch Information Viewing the Switch Status The Switch Status page contains parameters for configuring and viewing general switch information. Figure 6-1. MAC Address — Specifies the switch MAC address. Location Name.6 Configuring System Information This section provides information for defining system parameters including switch status features. the system MAC Address. Asset Tag. System Name. click Switch Status in the tree view. To open the page. Switch Status Product Name — Defines the name of the product. downloading switch software. Firmware Version.

System Name (0-32 Characters) — Defines the user-defined switch name. and Seconds. click IP Addressing in the tree view. and Default Gateway Address to manage the device. enables the secure mode. The system time is displayed in the following format: Days. Secure Mode (2748 only) — When checked.Asset Tag (0-16 Characters) — Specifies the user-defined switch reference. and 15 seconds. Subnet Mask and Default Gateway are then set dynamically. 22 minutes. Serial Number — Specifies the device’s unique serial number. and the switch is updated. Define the fields. When the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client is enabled. Location Name (0-32 Characters) — The location where the system is currently running. To open the page. the switch is configured according to the new IP and Default Gateway addresses received from the DHCP server. The IP Address. Click Apply Changes. Hours. For example. 2 hours. Service Tag — The service reference number used when servicing the switch. the switch requests from the DHCP server to assign a dynamic IP Address. Minutes. As soon as Apply Changes is clicked. Viewing System IP Address The IP Addressing page enables to manually set the static IP Address. the current configuration will be saved and the device will become Secure and will no longer be able to be configured. Defining Switch Information: 1 2 3 Open the Switch Status page. Subnet Mask and the device’s static Default Gateway Address. 44 . The default is unchecked (disabled). Subnet Mask Address. When the DHCP Address is applied. 41 days. The switch status parameters are defined. System Up Time— Specifies the amount of time since the last switch reset. assigned by the manufacturer.

NOTE: The displayed values are not configured to the device. 45 5 . The system Static IP address parameters are applied to the switch. received from the DHCP server. currently assigned to the device. Default Gateway — Specifies the static Default Gateway Address. DHCP Default Gateway — Defines the Default Gateway Address received from the DHCP server. Updating Static IP Address 1 2 3 4 Open the IP Addressing page. The DHCP default value is Disable. Verify that the DHCP field is Disable. and Default Gateway Address. Reconnect the device with the new IP Address.Figure 6-2. Subnet Mask Address. Subnet Mask and Default Gateway fields. This field enables the DHCP client. DHCP IP Address — Specifies the IP Address received from the DHCP server. IP Addressing DHCP — The DHCP client can be enabled to acquire the network configuration dynamically. Subnet Mask— Specifies the subnet mask of the static IP Address. DHCP Mask — Specifies the Subnet Mask received from the DHCP server. IP Address — Specifies the static IP Address currently assigned to the device. Click Apply Changes. currently assigned to the device. Apply DHCP Address — Activates the IP Address. Manually enter the IP Address.

DHCP Subnet Mask. and DHCP Default Gateway Address received from the DHCP server are saved and configured in the device only after the Apply Changes button is clicked on. The dynamic DHCP IP Address. DHCP Subnet Mask. Record the updated dynamic fields. The switch requests from the DHCP server to assign a new dynamic IP Address. A reset-to-Default recovers the device default configuration. Change the DHCP to Enable. Click Apply Changes. Subnet Mask. and Default Gateway Address to manage the device. The switch is reconnected to the new DHCP client address. 6 46 . 5 Click Apply Changes. 4 Check the box for Apply DHCP Address. NOTE: The displayed values are not configured to the device. NOTE: The new dynamic DHCP IP Address. and DHCP Default Gateway Address are displayed. Enter the new DHCP Address in the Browser address line.Configuring DHCP Client 1 2 3 Open the IP Addressing page. The new dynamic DHCP Address is configured in the switch.

Defining Interface Configuration
The Interface Configuration page enables the user to set the port parameters, such as port speed, port type, and additional port operational attributes. To open the page, click Interface Configuration in the tree view.
Figure 6-3. Interface Configuration

Interface — The current interface type for a port or a LAG, for which interface parameters are defined. Interface Type — Specifies the port’s maximum speed and the port media type, required for the appropriate cable type connection. For example, 100M-Copper or 1000M-Fiber. Admin Status — Enables or disables traffic forwarding through the port. When Up is selected, the traffic is forwarded through the port. When Down is selected, no traffic is forwarded through the port. Current Port Status — Specifies whether the port is currently operational or non-operational. Operational Status — Indicates the port operational status. The possible field values are: Suspended — Indicates that the port is currently active, and it is currently not transmitting or receiving traffic. Active — Indicates that the port is currently receiving and transmitting traffic. Disable — Indicates that the port is currently disabled and therefore, not receiving or transmitting traffic. Admin Speed — The rate configured for the port. The port type determines what speed setting options are available. Admin Speed can only be designated when auto negotiation is disabled on the configured port. 47

Current Port Speed — The actual synchronized port speed, in bits per second. Admin Duplex — Full Duplex (FDX) indicates that the switch interface supports transmission between the device and another station, in both directions simultaneously. Half Duplex (HDX) indicates that the interface supports transmission between the device and the other station in one direction only at a time. Current Duplex Mode — The synchronized port duplex mode of transmission. Auto Negotiation — Enables Auto Negotiation on the port. This feature is a protocol between two link partners that enables a port to advertise its transmission rate, duplex mode and flow control capacity to its partner (Auto Negotiation has to be enabled on both communicating devices to operate). Current Auto Negotiation — Specifies the current Auto Negotiating status. The possible statuses are On or Off. Admin Advertisement — Designates the possible parameters of transmission: Max Capability, 10 Mbps at Half Duplex, 10 Mbps at Full Duplex, 100 Mbps at Half Duplex, 100 Mbps at Full Duplex, or 1000 Mbps at Full Duplex. Current Advertisement — Specifies the current advertised port rate and mode of transmission. Backpressure — The Backpressure mechanism makes it possible to avoid a temporary congestion and buffer overflow in the switch, by prohibiting transmission from an input device to the congested output device, when the number of packets in the output device exceeds a given threshold value. The Backpressure mode is used in Half Duplex mode. The receiving port can use backpressure (that is, occupy the link so it becomes unavailable for additional traffic), to temporarily prevent the sending port from transmitting additional traffic. Backpressure can be enabled or disabled by setting the field. Current Backpressure — The current backpressure setting. Flow Control — The Flow Control mechanism enables lower speed devices to communicate with higher speed devices by requesting that the higher speed device refrains from sending packets. Transmission is temporarily halted to prevent buffer overflow. Flow Control can be enabled or disabled by setting this field. Enables or disables flow control, or enables Auto-negotiation of flow control on the port. Current Flow Control — Specifies the current Flow Control setting. The possible statuses are Enable, Disable, or Auto Negotiation. MDI/MDIX — Displays the MDI/MDIX status on the port. Hubs and switches are deliberately wired opposite the way end stations are wired, so that when a hub or switch is connected to an end station, a straight through Ethernet cable can be used, and the pairs are matched up properly. When two hubs or switches are connected to each other, or two end stations are connected to each other, a crossover cable is used to ensure that the correct pairs are connected. The possible field values are: MDIX (Media Dependent Interface with Crossover) — Use for hubs and switches. MDI (Media Dependent Interface) — Use for end stations. 48

Auto — Use to automatically detect the cable type. Current MDI/MDIX — Displays the current MDI/MDIX status of the port. LAG — Specifies if port is a part of a LAG (Link Aggregated Group).
Configuring the Interface
1 2 3

Open the Interface Configuration page. Define the fields. Click Apply Changes. The switch port parameters are applied and displayed in the currently updated window.

Viewing Jumbo Frames
Jumbo Frames transports identical amounts of data in fewer frames. Jumbo frames are accepted at ingress (incoming traffic) and generated at egress (outgoing traffic). This mechanism ensures less overhead, lower processing time, and fewer interruptions. Internal frames may be effected by enabling Jumbo frames. NOTE: The PowerConnect™2708 switch does not support Jumbo Frames. NOTE: A change in Jumbo Frames support requires power cycling of the device. The Jumbo Frames page enables or disables the transmission of jumbo packets. To open the page, click Jumbo Frames in the tree view.
Figure 6-4. Jumbo Frames

Jumbo Frames — Enables or disables jumbo frames on the Ethernet switch.

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Current — Shows what the current status is for Jumbo Frames support. After Reset — Indicates the Jumbo Frames status after the next time the switch is powered on.
Enabling Jumbo Frames
1 2 3

Open the Jumbo Frames page. Select Enabled in the Jumbo Frames field. Click Apply Changes. The Jumbo Frames are enabled on the device after power cycling.

Creating VLAN Membership
The VLAN Membership page contains a port table for assigning ports to VLANs. Ports are assigned VLAN membership by toggling through the Port Control settings. The VLAN Membership page contains fields for defining VLAN groups. The switch supports the mapping of 4094 VLAN IDs up to 64 VLANs. The VLAN Membership page also displays the VLAN ID currently defined and enables to statically create a new VLAN. To open the page, click VLAN Membership in the tree view.
Figure 6-5. VLAN Membership

Ports can have the following values: T — The interface is a member of a VLAN. All packets forwarded by the interface are tagged. These packets contain VLAN information. U — The interface is a VLAN member. Packets forwarded by the interface are untagged.

50

Show VLAN ID — Displays the list of the VLAN IDs as defined in the switch.Blank — The interface is not a VLAN member. Remove VLAN — Removes a selected VLAN from the switch. Click Apply Changes. The VLAN is removed from the switch. click VLAN Interface Settings in the tree view. Select VLAN ID or Create VLAN field. PVID. Frame Type. Removing VLANs 1 2 3 Open the VLAN Membership page. Defining VLAN Interface Settings The VLAN Interface Settings page displays the parameters. VLAN Name — Defines a new VLAN in the switch. Click Apply Changes. and Ingress Filtering. To open the page. The switch VLAN change is applied. Showing/Creating VLANs 1 2 3 Open the VLAN Membership page. 51 . including Interface type. Select the VLAN to be removed. Packets associated with the interface are not forwarded. Create VLAN — Designates the ID of the particular VLAN defined.

VLAN 4095 is defined as the discard VLAN.Figure 6-6. VLAN 1 cannot be deleted from the system. The switch VLAN Port Settings parameter(s) change(s) is applied. LAG. Configuring LAG Membership The switch supports six LAGs per system and four ports per LAG. Updating the VLAN Interface Settings 1 2 3 Open the VLAN Interface Settings page. The possible field values are 1-4094. thus the packets classified to this VLAN are dropped. When a port is added to a LAG. 52 . The default VLAN is only used as a port default VLAN ID (PVID). Ingress Filtering — Enables or disables incoming filtering by the interface. or VLAN that is configured on the switch. VLAN Interface Settings Interface — Indicates the interface number of the port. Ingress filtering discards packets which do not include an ingress port. if no other PVID value is configured. VLAN 1 is used as the default VLAN. Admit All — Tagged and untagged packets are accepted by the interface. Frame Type — Packet type accepted by the LAG. All ports must have a PVID defined. The possible values are: Admit Tag Only — Only tagged packets are accepted by the interface. the default VLAN’s VID will be used. PVID (1-4095) — Assigns a VLAN ID to untagged packets. it acquires the properties of the LAG. Select the interface (port or LAG) Click Apply Changes.

Figure 6-7. The port is added to the LAG.The LAG Aggregation Configuration page displays the LAGs defined. Toggle the button under the port number to assign the LAG number Click Apply Changes. LAG Aggregation Configurfation Ports — Specifies the port(s) aggregated into the LAG and assigned to which LAG. click LAG Membership in the tree view. 53 . LAG Group — Adds a port to a LAG and indicates the specific LAG to which the port belongs. and the switch is updated. Adding a Port to a LAG 1 2 3 Open the LAG Aggregation Configuration page. To open the page. and the ports aggregated and assigned to them.

while the other image stores a second copy. Image files — System file images are saved in two Flash Files called images (Image 1 and Image 2). the image file. During the startup process. During the session. the system automatically boots from the non-active image. Files can be downloaded or uploaded via a TFTP server. before powering down the device. This applies to the PowerConnect 2748 switch configuration only. as well as all commands entered during the current session. • • 54 . the commands are copied back into the Running Configuration file from the Startup Configuration file. Commands are not overwritten. The Startup file is created by copying the configuration commands from the Running Configuration file or the Backup Configuration file. and the configuration files. This is a safety feature for faults occurring during the Software Upgrade process. Running Configuration File — Contains all Startup file commands. To update the Startup file. all new commands entered are added to the commands existing in the Running Configuration file. The device boots and runs from the active image. all commands in the Startup file are copied to the Running Configuration File and applied to the device. If the active image is corrupted. all commands stored in the Running Configuration file are lost. The active image stores the active copy. the Running Configuration file must be copied to the Startup Configuration file. After the device is powered down or rebooted. The next time the device is restarted. The configuration file structure consists of the following configuration files: • Startup Configuration File — Contains the commands required to reconfigure the device to the same settings as when the device is powered down or rebooted.Managing System Files Use the File Management section to manage switch software.

To open the page. click File Download in the tree view. click File Download in the tree view. Boot Code — Downloads the Boot file. and 2724 Switch Configuration) TFTP Server IP Address — The TFTP Server IP Address from which files are downloaded.Downloading Files From Server The File Download page contains fields for downloading files from the TFTP server. The possible field values are the following: Software Image — Downloads the software image file. Define the file type to download. Source File Name (1-64 Characters) — Specifies which file is downloaded. Figure 6-8. Destination File — The destination file type to which the file is downloaded. This applies to PowerConnect 2748 switch configuration only. Define the fields on the page. 2716. To open the page. Downloading Files From Server The File Download page contains fields for downloading files from the TFTP server. Downloading Files from Server 1 2 3 4 Open the File Download page. File Download (PowerConnect 2708. Click Apply Changes. 55 . The software file is downloaded to the switch.

The possible field values are: Software Image — Downloads the image file. Boot Code — Downloads the Boot file NOTE: The image file overwrites the non-active image. It is recommended to designate that the nonactive image will become the active image after reset. Source File Name (1-159 Characters)— Indicates the file to be downloaded. and then to reset the device following the download. If Firmware Download is selected. a dialog box opens which displays the download progress. If Configuration Download is selected. Firmware Download Server IP Address — The Server IP Address from which the firmware files are downloaded. During the image file download.Figure 6-9. Download via HTTP — Enables initiating an image download via the HTTP protocol. Configuration Download — The Configuration file is downloaded. Destination File Name — The destination file type to which the file is downloaded. the Firmware Download fields are grayed out. File Download (PowerConnect 2748 Switch Configuration) Firmware Download — The Firmware file is downloaded. The window closes automatically when the download is complete. the Configuration Download fields are grayed out. 56 . Download via TFTP — Enables initiating an image download via the TFTP server.

Source File Name — Indicates the configuration files to be downloaded. Define the file type to download. Configuration Upload Server IP Address — The Server IP Address to which the Configuration file is uploaded. The image file can also be uploaded from the File Upload to Server page. Upload via HTTP — Enables initiating an image upload using the http protocol. click File Upload in the tree view. Downloading Files from Server 1 2 3 4 Open the File Download page. Define the fields on the page. File Upload to Server Upload via TFTP — Enables initiating an image upload via the TFTP server. This applies to the PowerConnect 2748 switch configuration only. The software file is downloaded to the switch. Click Apply Changes. 57 . To open the File Upload to Server page. Figure 6-10.Configuration Download Server IP Address (1-159 Characters) — The Server IP Address from which the configuration files are downloaded. Uploading Files The File Upload to Server page contains fields for uploading the software from the TFTP server to the device.

Click Apply Changes. click Copy Files in the tree view. This applies to PowerConnect 2748 switch configuration only. The software is uploaded to the device. saves the current device configuration to the backup file.Destination File Name (1-159 Characters) — Indicates the Configuration file path to which the file is uploaded. Figure 6-11. Copy Files Save Running Configuring to Backup — When selected. To open the Copy Files page. The possible field values are: 58 . if the user copied the running configuration file to a user-defined configuration file called BACKUP-SITE-1. this list appears on the File Upload to Server page and the BACKUP-SITE-1 configuration file appears in the list. NOTE: This list of user-defined configuration files only appears if the user created backup configuration files. Uploading Files 1 2 3 4 Open the File Upload to Server page. Define the fields. Copying Files Files can be copied and deleted from the Copy Files page. Restoring Save Configuration — Restores the previously saved device configuration. Define the file type to upload. For example.

Reset to Default User/Password — Resets the device to the default user and password. Define the Source and Destination fields. when selected. Default User — Uses the default user for device configuration. when selected. The file is copied. Copying Files 1 2 3 4 Open the Copy Files page. Use Current IP — Uses the current IP address for device configuration. Click Restore Company Factory Defaults Click Apply Changes. and the device is updated. when selected. Click Apply Changes. When unselected. and the device is updated. specifies that the factory configuration default files should be reset.Use Saved IP — Uses the saved IP address for device configuration. 59 . Save User/Password — Saves the currently configured device user and password. maintains the current configuration settings. when selected. Restoring Company Factory Default Settings 1 2 3 Open the Copy Files page. when selected. when selected. The company factory default settings are restored. Restore Configuration Factory Defaults — When selected. Default Password — Uses the default password for device configuration.

Local User Database passwords can be up to 32 characters long. removes users from the User Name list. Select a user in the User Name selection list. Confirm Password — Confirm the user-defined password. The password appears in the ***** format. Passwords and access Level. For each Access Level.Local User Database The Local User Database page contains fields for defining User Names. There is no minimum length for the password. Local User Database User Name (1-20 Characters) — Defines a User-defined user name. Level — Indicates the User Access Level. Password (0-32 Characters) — Defines a User-defined alphanumeric password. Remove — When checked. and Read Only. The Local User Database User Name can be from 1-20 characters long. two users can be defined. Two Access Levels can be defined: Read/Write. 60 . click the Local User Database in the tree view. New — A new User Name to be added to the list. To open the page. The User Access rights and password are defined and the switch is updated. Assigning Access Level User Rights 1 2 3 4 Open the Local User Database page. Figure 6-12. Click Apply Changes. Define the relevant fields on the page.

click Integrated Cable Test in the tree view. Cables up to 120 meters long can be tested.Adding a User to the Local User Database 1 2 3 4 Open the Local User Database page. The User Name is removed from the list and the switch is updated. Select New and enter the field. Cables are tested when the ports are in the down state. Complete the fields for the new user. 61 . Check the Remove box. The new user information is saved and the switch is updated. Click Apply Changes. Click Apply Changes. Integrated Cable Test for Copper Cables The Integrated Cable Test page for copper cables contains fields for performing tests on copper cables. with the exception of the Approximate Cable Length test. and the type of cable error that occurred. Cable testing provides information about where errors occurred in the cable. To open the page. Running cable diagnostics tests the quality and characteristics of the copper cables attached to a port. Select User Name in the selection list. the last time the cable test was performed. Deleting a User from the Local User Database 1 2 3 4 Open the Local User Database page.

Figure 6-13. One of the following results may apply: No Cable — There is no cable connected to the port. Cable Fault Distance — Indicates the distance from the port where the cable error occurred. Click Test Now. Integrated Cable Test Port — The port to which the cable is connected. Running Integrated Cable Test 1 2 Open the Integrated Cable Test page. OK — The cable test passed successfully. The possible test results are either No Cable or Open Cable. The deviation may be up to 20 meters. 110m-120m. Select a port to be tested. NOTE: The cable length returned is an approximation in the ranges of up to 50 meters. Test Result — Specifies the cable test results. The copper cable test is performed and the results are displayed on the Integrated Cable Test for Copper Cables page. 3 62 . 80m110m. Last Update — The last time the cable was tested. 50m-80m. Short Cable — A short has occurred in the cable. Approximate Cable Length — The approximate cable length. Open Cable — The cable is not connected on the other side. or more than 120m. This test can only be performed when the port is up and operating.

NOTE: The Optical Transceivers Diagnostics analysis applies only to PowerConnect 2724 device’s SFP ports. Figure 6-14. Select an optic cable interface to be tested. Transmitter Fault — TX fault Loss of Signal — Indicates if a loss of signal (LOS) occurred in the cable. The optical transceiver provides access to a set of parameters that can be monitored and displayed to the system administrator. Output Power — Measured TX output power in milliwatts. Temperature — Internally measured transceiver temperature. 63 . Optical Transceivers Diagnostics Port — The port on which the cable is tested.Optical Transceivers Diagnostics The Optical Transceivers Diagnostics page contains fields for performing tests on Fiber Optic cables. Current — Measured TX bias current. To open the page. Displaying Optical Transceivers Diagnostics Test Results 1 2 Open the Optical Transceiver Diagnostics page. Input Power — Measured RX power in milliwatts. Data Ready — Indicates that the optical transceiver has achieved power up and data is ready. click Optical Transceivers Diagnostics in the tree view. which support the digital diagnostic standard SFF-4872. Voltage — Internally measured supply voltage.

Enter the relevant fields on the page. Status — Indicates if the port is currently monitored (Active). The source port network traffic remains active. Port Mirroring can be configured by selecting a specific port to copy all packets. or not monitored (Ready). Click Apply Changes. and different ports from which the packets are copied. it indicates that a specific source port is removed.3 Click show All. Source Port — Designates the port number from which source traffic originates. Remove — When checked. or both Tx and Rx. Port Mirroring Destination Port — Designates the port number to which port traffic is copied. 64 . Type — Indicates whether the source port is Tx. Adding A Port Mirroring Session 1 2 3 Open the Port Mirroring page. To open the page. The test is performed and the Optical Transceiver Diagnostics test table opens. The parameters of the Port Mirroring session are saved to the switch. click Port Mirroring in the tree view. but no mirroring session takes place on this port. The Port Mirroring page contains parameters of both source port and the destination port. Rx. Port Mirroring The Port Mirroring mechanism monitors and mirrors the network traffic by forwarding copies of incoming and outgoing packets from monitored ports (up to four ports) to a monitoring port. Figure 6-15.

to prevent Broadcast storms. Storm Control can be enabled or disabled per port. and Broadcast only. In addition to the count definition per port. the Broadcast rate threshold is configured to exclude certain values. Broadcast Control — Enables or disables forwarding Broadcast packet types on the switch. Broadcast. The Storm Control page is used to configure the settings of packet Storm Control. Enable Storm Control per port. Multicast & Broadcast. Multicast and Unknown Unicast frames are flooded to all ports on the designated VLANs on the switch. Multicast and Broadcast frames. The Storm Control page displays the type of packets.Enabling Storm Control When Layer 2 frames are forwarded. and discards excess packets when the rate exceeds the defined threshold value. Configuring Storm Control on the PowerConnect 2708 The PowerConnect 2708 switch measures the incoming Broadcast/Multicast/Unknown Unicast packet rate per port. The PowerConnect 2708 switch users can do the following: • • Set the threshold value for Broadcast packets on a per-port basis. Figure 6-16. Multicast and Broadcast frames. 65 . Broadcast Mode — Sets the mode of Broadcast Storm Control based on the types of traffic selected. Storm Control (PowerConnect 2708 Configuration) Port — The port from which the Storm Control is enabled. When the switch experiences an excessive amount of Broadcast/Multicast/Unknown Unicast frames on network links. Storm Control mechanism controls the amount of frames entering the switch. The possible options for types of traffic are Unknown Unicast. and the rate at which packets are received. or Broadcast frames only. with limitations based on: Unknown Unicast.

Figure 6-17. To open the page.Broadcast Rate Threshold (70-285000) — The rate of Broadcast threshold ranges from 70-285.000 packets per second. per device). The PowerConnect 2716 and PowerConnect 2724 switch users can do the following: • • Set the maximum number of Broadcast/Multicast frames allowed on each port. Storm Control (PowerConnect 2716/2724 Switch Configuration) Count Multicast with Broadcast — Enables counts Broadcast and Multicast traffic. Disable counts only Broadcast traffic. Configuring Storm Control on the PowerConnect 2716/2724 The PowerConnect 2716 and PowerConnect 2724 switches measure the rate of incoming Broadcast/Multicast packets rate separately. Modifying PowerConnect 2708 Storm Control Port Parameters 1 2 3 Open the Storm Control page. The default value is 1000. The count definition is global for the whole device.535 packets per second. Enable or disable packet storm control. Broadcast Rate Threshold (0-65535) — The rate of Broadcast threshold ranges from 0-65. click Storm Control in the tree view. Enter the fields. The default value is zero. on a per-port basis. 66 . The Storm Control port parameters are saved to the PowerConnect 2708 switch. in terms of number of packets per second. per port (the same rate is configured globally. Click Apply Changes. and discards excess packets when the rate exceeds the defined threshold value.

1000M) — The maximum rate (bytes per second) at which unknown packets are forwarded. Click Apply Changes. Mode — Sets the mode of Broadcast Storm Control based on the types of traffic selected. and Broadcast only.Port — The port from which the storm control is enabled. 67 . The default is Disable. Multicast & Broadcast. The possible options for types of traffic are Unknown Unicast.5K . Enter the fields. Broadcast Control — Enables or disables forwarding Broadcast packet types on the switch. Configuring Storm Control on the PowerConnect 2748 The following describes Storm Control for PowerConnect 2748: Figure 6-18. Storm Control Page (PowerConnect 2748 Switch Configuration) Port — The port from which the Storm Control is enabled. Modifying PowerConnect 2716/2724 Storm Control Port Parameters 1 2 3 Open the Storm Control page. Rate Threshold (3. The Storm Control port parameters are saved to the PowerConnect 2716/2724 switch. Broadcast Control — Enables or disables forwarding Broadcast packets on the switch.

The Storm Control port parameters are saved to the PowerConnect 2748 switch. The default value is 3500.The range is 3500 . Enter the fields. Modifying PowerConnect 2748 Storm Control Port Parameters 1 2 3 Open the Storm Control page. Click Apply Changes. 68 .1000000.

The result is an improved traffic flow for traffic with high demand. The table below details the VPT to queue default settings: Table 7-1. VLAN Priority Tag to queue assignments are user-definable.7 Configuring Quality of Service This section provides information for defining and configuring Quality of Service (QoS) parameters. Video. After a packet is classified. such as VLAN priority (VPT) and DSCP (DiffServ Code Point). it assigned to one of the output queues. Action — Defines traffic management where packets being forwarded are based on packet information and packet field values. VPT to Queue Default Settings CoS Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Forwarding Queue Values q2 (Best Effort) q1 (Lowest Priority) q1 (Lowest Priority) q2 (Best Effort) q3 q3 q4 (Highest Priority) q4 (Highest Priority) 69 . VPT Tag Classification Information VLAN Priority Tags are used to classify the packets by mapping packets to one of the egress queues. Quality of Service (QoS) Overview An implementation example that requires QoS includes certain types of traffic such as Voice. while other traffic can be assigned a lower priority queue. QoS Terms: • • Classification — Specifies which packet fields are matched to specific values. All packets matching the user-defined specifications are classified together. and real-time traffic. which can be assigned a high priority queue. The system supports four queues per port.

Egress queues are configured with a scheduling scheme by one of the following methods: • Strict Priority — Strict Priority (SP) allows the prioritization of mission-critical and timesensitive traffic over less time-sensitive applications. ensuring that time-sensitive applications are always forwarded before traffic with lower priority. All queues can participate in WRR.Packets arriving untagged are assigned a default VPT value. Weighted Round Robin (WRR) forwards entire queues in a Round Robin order. Thus. which is set on a per port basis. Weighted Round Robin — Ensures that a single application does not dominate the Ethernet switch forwarding capacity. The assigned VPT is used to map the packet to the egress queue. DSCP values can be mapped to priority queues. DSCP Mapping to Egress Queue Default Values D S C P Va l u e 0-15 16-31 32-47 48-63 F o r w a r d i n g Q u e u e Val u e s q1 (Lowest Priority) q2 q3 q4 (Highest Priority) CoS Services After packets are assigned to a specific egress queue. • 70 . The following table contains the default DSCP mapping to egress queue values: Table 7-2. For example. voice over IP traffic is forwarded before FTP or e-mail (SMTP) traffic. DSCP mapping is enabled on a per-system basis. CoS services can be assigned to the queue(s). under Strict Priority.

The CoS tag values are 0-7. 71 . CoS — The egress queue assignment is determined by the IEEE802. The Trust Mode relies on predefined fields within the packet to determine the egress queue. The possible Trust Mode field values are: None— All traffic is mapped to the best effort queue (q2). Figure 7-1. Interface — The specific port or LAG to configure. Configuring QoS Settings The CoS Settings page contains fields for enabling or disabling CoS. the traffic containing the predefined CoS or DSCP packet field is mapped according to the selected trust mode. To open the page. DSCP — The egress queue assignment is determined by the DSCP field. When no rules are defined. click CoS Settings in the tree view. In addition. This is the trust default value.Defining CoS Settings Class of Service global parameters are set from the CoS Settings page. the Trust mode can be selected. Set Default CoS For Incoming Traffic To — Sets the default CoS tag value for untagged packets. Disable "Trust" Mode on Interface — Disables Trust mode on the specified interface. Traffic not containing a predefined packet field is mapped to the best effort queue (q2). The default value is 0.1p VLAN priority tag (VPT) or by the default VPT assigned to a port. This setting overrides the Trust mode configured on the Ethernet switch globally. CoS Settings Trust Mode — Defines which fields within the packet are used to determine the egress queue.

NOTE: The interface Trust settings overrides the global Trust setting. To open the page. Queue — The queue to which the CoS priority is mapped. Click Apply Changes. Figure 7-2. Restore Defaults — Restores the Ethernet Switch factory defaults for mapping CoS values to an egress queue. Mapping CoS Values to Queues The Cos to Queue page contains fields for classifying CoS settings to traffic queues. This is the default value for queues. WRR — Specifies if traffic scheduling is based on the Weighted Round Robin (WRR) weights to assigned egress queues. where zero is the lowest and 7 is the highest. 72 . Configuring the Trust Mode: 1 2 3 Open the CoS Settings page. CoS to Queue Class of Service — Specifies the CoS priority tag values. Four traffic priority queues are supported. Trust Mode is enabled on the Ethernet switch. Strict Priority — Specifies if traffic scheduling is based strictly on the queue priority. click CoS to Queue in the tree view. Define the Trust Mode field.

The values are 14. To open the page. Click Apply Changes. Figure 7-3. DSCP to Queue DSCP In — The values of the DSCP field within the incoming packet. 73 . Select a value in the DSCP In column. where 1 is the lowest value and 4 is the highest.Mapping a CoS value to a Queue 1 2 3 Open the Cos to Queue page. Mapping DSCP Values to Queues The DSCP to Queue page provides fields for defining egress queue to specific DSCP fields. Click Apply Changes. and the switch is updated. click DSCP to Queue in the tree view. Mapping a DSCP value and assigning priority queue: 1 2 3 4 Open the DSCP to Queue page. The CoS value is mapped to an egress queue. Queue — The queue to which packets with the specific DSCP value is assigned. Define the egress queue for each CoS value. The DSCP is overwritten. Define the Queue fields. and the value is assigned an egress queue.

74 .

To open. The system provides a means to collect the statistics defined in RMON and to view the results using the Web management interface. click RMON Statistics in the tree view. Figure 8-1.8 Viewing Statistics RMON Statistics Remote Monitoring (RMON) is an extension to the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) which provides network traffic statistics. Drop Events — Number of dropped events that have occurred on the interface since the system was last reset. RMON defines current and historical MAC-layer statistics and control objects. allowing real-time information to be captured across the entire network. 75 . There is no SNMP management interface in the system. RMON Statistics Interface — Specifies the port or LAG for which statistics are displayed. The RMON Statistics page contains links for viewing network information from a remote location. NOTE: The PowerConnect™ 2708/2716/2724/2748 devices support one RMON group for Ethernet statistics. Refresh Rate — Amount of time that passes before the statistics are refreshed.

CRC & Align Errors — Number of CRC and Align errors that have occurred on the interface since the system was last reset. Broadcast Packets Received — Number of good Broadcast packets received on the interface since the system was last reset. but excludes framing bits. excluding framing bits. Multicast and Broadcast packets. Jabbers — The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits. Undersize Packets — Number of undersized packets (less than 64 octets) received on the interface since the system was last reset.Received Bytes (Octets) — Number of octets received on the interface since the system was last reset. Collisions — Number of collisions received on the interface since the system was last reset. Multicast Packets Received — Number of good Multicast packets received on the interface since the system was last reset. but including FCS octets) received on the interface since the system was last reset. 76 . Viewing Interface Statistics 1 2 Open the RMON Statistics page. Frames of xx Bytes — Number of xx-byte frames received on the interface since the system was last reset. Fragments — Number of fragments (packets with less than 64 octets. but including FCS octets). and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error). This number includes bad packets and FCS octets. since the system was last reset. including bad packets. This number does not include Multicast packets. The interface statistics are displayed. Select an interface type and number in the Interface field. Oversize Packets — Number of oversized packets (over 1518 octets) received on the interface since the system was last reset. The allowed range to detect jabber is between 20 ms and 150 ms. Received Packets — Number of packets received on the interface.

an IP address of a BootP server on a network. user. For digital switch modules. because routers do not forward broadcast frames. Broadcasting A method of transmitting packets to all ports on a network. or interface. Best Effort Traffic is assigned to the lowest priority queue. bandwidth is defined in Bits per Second (bps) or Bytes per Second.Glossary This glossary contains key technical words of interest. Routers bind Broadcast domains. Bandwidth Assignments The amount of bandwidth assigned to a specific application. 77 . Boot Version The boot version. Enables a workstation to discover its IP address. BootP Bootstrap Protocol. Bandwidth Bandwidth specifies the amount of data that can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time. and packet delivery is not guaranteed. Broadcast Domain Ethernet switch module sets that receive broadcast frames originating from any Ethernet switch module within a designated set. or a configuration file loaded into the boot of a switch module. A Auto-negotiation Allows 10/100 Mpbs or 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet ports to establish for the following features: • • • B Duplex/ Half Duplex Mode Flow Control Speed Back Pressure A mechanism used with Half Duplex mode that enables a port not to receive a message.

for example. Two parties can transmit information at the same time. a walkie-talkie. 78 . overloading network resources or causing the network to time out. Class of Service is the 802.3. Duplex Mode Permits simultaneous transmissions and reception of data. where 10. a telephone. such as a network address.Broadcast Storm An excessive amount of broadcast messages simultaneously transmitted across a network by a single port. Only one party can transmit information at a time.1p priority scheme. 100 or 1000 Mbps is supported. CoS provides a method for tagging packets with priority information. End System An end user Ethernet switch module on a network. Supports data transfer rates of Mpbs. Domain A group of computers and Ethernet switch modules on a network that are grouped with common rules and procedures. D DHCP Client An Internet host using DHCP to obtain configuration parameters. A CoS value between 0-7 is added to the Layer II header of packets. DSCP DiffServe Code Point (DSCP). C Class of Service Class of Service (CoS). where zero is the lowest priority and seven is the highest. There are two different types of duplex mode: • • Full DuplexMode — Permits for bisynchronous communication. E Egress Ports Ports from which network traffic is transmitted. for example. Forwarded message responses are heaped onto the network. Half DuplexMode — Permits asynchronous communication. DSCP provides a method of tagging IP packets with QoS priority information. Ethernet Ethernet is standardized as per IEEE 802. Ethernet is the most common implemented LAN standard.

An Engineering organization that develops communications and networking standards. Packets are queued. Allows gateway or destination host to communicate with a source host.F Flow Control Enables lower speed Ethernet switch modules to communicate with higher speed Ethernet switch module s. Frame Packets containing the header and trailer information required by the physical medium. Host A computer that acts as a source of information or services to other computers. to report a processing error. HTTP HyperText Transport Protocol. operation. Packets at the head of the queue are forwarded before packets at the end of the line. IEEE 802.1p Prioritizes network traffic at the data-link/MAC sublayer. and is compatible with existing 10/100 Mbps Ethernet standards. H HOL Head of Line. IEEE 802. and administration of VLANs within Bridged LAN infrastructures. 79 . for example. I ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol. Fragment Ethernet packets smaller than 576 bits. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.1Q Defines the operation of VLAN Bridges that permit the definition. Transmits HTML documents between servers and clients on the internet. that the higher speed Ethernet switch module refrains from sending packets. G Gigabit Ethernet Gigabit Ethernet transmits at 1000 Mbps. that is.

IP Address Internet Protocol Address. Contains the physical address of a client or server station. see Defining LAG Membership. lower processing time. and ensures fewer interrupts. A unique address assigned to a network Ethernet switch module with two or more interconnected LANs or WANs. Specifies the format of packets and there addressing method. LAN Local Area Networks. L LAG Link Aggregated Group.Ingress Port Ports on which network traffic is received. 80 . in which the packet’s source MAC address is recorded. J Jumbo Frames Enables transporting the identical data in fewer frames. Aggregates ports or VLANs into a single virtual port or VLAN. The MAC Address is a hardware specific address that identifies each network node. Jumbo Frames reduce overhead. A network contained within a single room. MAC Address Learning MAC Address Learning characterizes a learning bridge. campus or other limited geographical area. M MAC Address Media Access Control Address. For more information on LAGs. MAC Address Learning minimizes traffic on the attached LANs. Layer 2 processing is faster than Layer 3 processing because there is less information to process. IP addresses packets and forwards the packets to the correct port. Packets addressed to unknown addresses are forwarded to every bridge interface. building. Packets destined for that address are forwarded only to the bridge interface on which that address is located. Layer 2 Data Link Layer or MAC Layer. IP Internet Protocol.

Port Mirroring Monitors and mirrors network traffic by forwarding copies of incoming and outgoing packets from one port to a monitoring port. Port speeds include: • • • Ethernet 10 Mbps Fast Ethernet 100Mbps Gigabit Ethernet 1000 Mbps Protocol 81 . A cable used for end stations. PING uses the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo function. Port Physical ports provide connecting components that allow microprocessors to communicate with peripheral equipment. MDIX Media Dependent Interface with Crossover (MDIX). P Packets Blocks of information for transmission in packet switched systems. Verifies if a specific IP address is available. for example parts of an IP address. Managed Mode Provides switch management through a web interface. Port Speed Indicates port speed of the port.MAC Layer A sub-layer of the Data Link Control (DTL) layer. A packet is sent to another IP address and waits for a reply. Mask A filter that includes or excludes certain values. MDI Media Dependent Interface. PING Packet Internet Groper. This utility is essentially a System Administrator’s tool used to verify if network connections are intact. Multicast Transmits copies of a single packet to multiple ports. and maintains the device configuration through power cycles. A cable used for hubs and switches.

A set of rules that governs how Ethernet switch modules exchange information across networks. 82 .

Services may include file storage and access to applications.100. Manages LANs. SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol. For example.100. QoS allows network managers to decide how and what network traffic is forwarded according to priorities. Router A Ethernet switch module that connects to separate networks. Subnet Mask Used to mask all or part of an IP address used in a subnet address. Subnets are portions of a network that share a common address component. SNMP based software communicates with network Ethernet switch with embedded SNMP agents. T TCP/IP Transmissions Control Protocol.Q QoS Quality of Service. application types.100 are part of the same subnet. TCP guarantees packet delivery. Ethernet switch modules that share a prefix are part of the same subnet. Routers operate at a Layer 3 level. Switch Filters and forwards packets between LAN segments. SNMP agents gather network activity and Ethernet switch status information. 83 . all Ethernet switch modules with a prefix of 157. Enables two hosts to communicate and exchange data streams. Routers forward packets between two or more networks. and source and destination addresses. and guarantees packets are transmitted and received in the order their sent. Provides network information to be collected from a single workstation. Switches support any packet protocol type. S Server A central computer that provides services to other computers on a network. R RMON Remote Monitoring. On TCP/IP networks. and send the information back to a workstation. Startup Configuration Retains the exact switch configuration when the switch module is powered down or rebooted. Subnet Sub-network.

Logical subgroups with a Local Area Network (LAN) created via software rather than defining a hardware solution.255.0.184.TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol.184. V VLAN Virtual Local Area Networks. and which bits are ignored. Optimizes port usage by linking a group of ports together to form a single trunk (aggregated groups).255. U Unicast A form of routing that transmits one packet to one user. Trunking Link Aggregation. if the destination IP address 149.0. A wildcard of 0.198 and the wildcard mask is 255. 84 . Uses User Data Protocol (UDP) without security features to transfer files. A wild switch module mask of 255. W WAN Wide Area Networks.00. Wildcard Mask Specifies which IP address bits are used. Networks that cover a large geographical area. the first two bits of the IP address are used.36. while the last two bits are ignored.0 indicates that all the bits are important. For example.36.255 indicates that no bit is important.