Tigris

1

Tigris
Tigris
Arabic: ‫ةلجد رهن‬‎, Nahr Dijlah, Turkish: Dicle Nehri, Armenian: Տիգրիս Tigris River

About 100 km from its source, the Tigris enables rich agriculture outside Diyarbakır, Turkey. Countries Basin area Tributaries  - left  - right Cities Source  - elevation  - coordinates Mouth  - location Length Basin Discharge  - average  - max  - min Batman, Khabur, Greater Zab, Lesser Zab, 'Adhaim, Diyala, Cizre Wadi Tharthar Diyarbakır, Mosul, Baghdad Lake Hazar 1150 m (3773 ft) 38°29′0″N 39°25′0″E Shatt al-Arab Al-Qurnah, Basra Governorate, Iraq 1850 km (1150 mi) 375000 km² (144788 sq mi) for Baghdad 666 m3/s (23520 cu ft/s) 1825 m3/s (64449 cu ft/s) 155 m3/s (5474 cu ft/s) Turkey, Syria, Iraq Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran

It is navigable as far as Baghdad by shallow-draft vessels. Pahlavi tigr means "arrow".Tigris 2 Map of the Tigris-Euphrates basin area [1] [2] The Tigris River is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia.[4] which can be interpreted as "the swift river".[1] The Tigris unites with the Euphrates near Basra. Ctesiphon. the Euphrates originally had its outlet into the sea separate from that of the Tigris. literally Arvand River. stands on the banks of the Tigris. Geography The Tigris is about 1. The remaining 1. The Tigris has long been an important transport route in a largely desert country. the other being the Euphrates. and Seleucia. in the same family as Old Persian tigra. Modern Persian têz. contrasted to its neighbor.[3] Baghdad. whose leisurely pace caused it to deposit more silt and build up a higher bed than the Tigris. Another name for the Tigris. it does not appear that this was the original name of the river. River trade declined in importance during the 20th century as the Basra-Baghdad-Mosul railway and roads took over much of the freight traffic. This stretch of 44 km is the only part of the river that is located in Syria. This form was borrowed and gave rise to Akkadian Idiqlat."pointed" (compare tigra-xauda). The river then flows for 400 km through Turkish territory. The port city of Basra straddles the Shatt al-Arab. while the city of Lagash was irrigated by the Tigris via a canal dug around 2400 BC. However. the capital of Iraq. In ancient times. rising in the Taurus Mountains of eastern Turkey about 25 km southeast of the city of Elazig and circa 30 km from the headwaters of the Euphrates River. According to Pliny and other ancient historians. is also located on the river and derives its name from it. used from the time of the Persian Empire.418 km are entirely within the Iraqi borders. but rafts are needed for transport upstream to Mosul. but is still modeled after the Akkadian name Purattu. tiz "sharp". Notable Tigris-side cities included Nineveh. many of the great cities of Mesopotamia stood on or near the Tigris. drawing water from it to irrigate the civilization of the Sumerians. the word was adopted into Greek as Tigris ("Τίγρις" which is also Greek for "tiger"). and from this junction to the Persian Gulf the mass of moving water is known as the Shatt-al-Arab. From Old Persian Tigrā.850 km long. Ufratu. This is similar to the Persian name of the Euphrates. the Euphrates. Etymology The original Sumerian name was Idigna or Idigina. Today the name Arvand Rud is the Persian name for the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers which in Arabic is called Shatt al-Arab. Saddam Hussein's hometown. which does have a meaning in Persian. before becoming the border between Syria and Iraq. probably from *id (i)gina "running water". The river flows south from the mountains of southeastern Turkey through Iraq. is Arvand Rud. . but that it (like the Semitic forms of the name) was coined as an imitation of the indigenous Sumerian name. Tikrit.

Middle Persian:Tigr. -ιδος. -ητος. Tigris ἡ Τίγρης. -ētos. לקדיח‬Ḥîddeqel Biblical Aranzah Dîcle Old Persian:Tigrā. Iraq Language Akkadian Arabic Aramaic Armenian Greek Hebrew Hurrian Kurdish Persian Sumerian Syriac Turkish Idiqlat Name for Tigris ‫ . ho Tígris.ܬܐܠܓܝܕ‬Diglath Տիգրիս. hē. Modern Persian:‫ هلجد‬Dijle Idigna/Idigina ‫ ܬܵܠܩܹܕ‬Deqlaṯ Dicle [5] . ὁ Τίγρις. -idos ‫ . hē Tígrēs.Tigris The name of the Tigris in languages that have been important to the region: 3 Tigris River Outside of Mosul. ἡ.لقاٌدح‬Ḥudaqil ‫ . ‫ .ةلجد‬Dijla.

[6] Daniel received one of his visions "when I was by that great river the Tigris". to which the Tigris has historically been notoriously prone following melting of snow in the Turkish mountains around April. located on the Tigris. Later he colluded with Anu and the Teshub to destroy Kumarbi (The Kumarbi Cycle).Tigris 4 Tigris river in Baghdad Management and water quality The Tigris is heavily dammed in Iraq and Turkey to provide water for irrigating the arid and semi-desert regions bordering the river valley. Recent Turkish damming of the river has been the subject of some controversy. Damming has also been important for averting floods in Iraq. the Tigris is the third of the four rivers branching off the river issuing out of the Garden of Eden. one of the three gods spat out of Kumarbi's mouth onto Mount Kanzuras. Iraq both its environmental effects within Turkey and its potential to reduce the flow of water downstream.[7] In Sumerian mythology. which was divinized. He was the son of Kumarbi and the brother of Teshub and Tašmišu. who ejaculated and filled the river with flowing water. is the largest dam in Iraq. the Tigris was created by the god Enki. In the Book of Genesis. for Tigris River in Mosul. Aranzah (or Aranzahas in the Hittite nominative form) is the Hurrian name of the Tigris River.[8] In Hittite and Hurrian mythology. . Religion and mythology The Tigris appears twice in the Bible. Mosul Dam.

A. p. Paris (1980). Water Resources 36 (4): 380–395.pdf) • Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law (http://www. The Literature of Ancient Sumer. Mitchell.org/uploads/media/knowledge/Geopolicity Managing the Tigris and Euphrates Watershed . Black. IV. [6] Genesis 2:14 [7] Daniel 10:4 [8] Jeremy A. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.The Challenge Facing Iraq1280855782. Delitzsch. php?option=com_wrapper&view=wrapper&Itemid=82) Peace Palace Library . [3] Pliny: Natural History. (2009). (1991). Mikhailova.1134/S0097807809040022. 6–8.Tigris 5 Notes [1] Isaev.ppl. Sumerisches Glossar. V.V. [5] E.F. VI. Glossaire de la langue Hourrite.html) • Managing the Tigris and Euphrates Watershed (http://zunia. 21. The Euphrates River and the Southeast Anatolia Development Project. ISBN 0809315726. 128-131 [4] F. Oxford University Press 2004. evolution. W. Leipzig (1914).. 6.A.org: Tigris (http://www. pp. XXVI. Laroche.nl/index.livius. ISBN 0-19-926311-6 p. M.org/men-mh/mesopotamia/tigris. and hydrological regime of the mouth area of the Shatt al-Arab River". 55.. doi:10. J. 220-221 External links • Livius. "The hydrology. [2] Kolars.

Mehrunes Dagon. Owen. Eivind F Øyangen. Montecarlocars. Neutrality. Fullstop. Izzedine. Discospinster. Nightrider083. MonoAV.5  Contributors: Margret Studt Image:Haifa street. Hatmon.wikipedia Image:Tigris river Mosul. Akhilleus. MichaelTinkler. BlueMoonlet. Neverquick. SidP. Dbachmann.org/w/index. Phasechange.0  Contributors: User:Uspn Image: Tigr-euph. Petr Kopač. AdamJacobMuller.php?title=File:B124ellst. Michael Bracken License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Zsero. Kaszeta.org/w/index. Lamro. Scipius. Avjoska. Rjwilmsi.5. Hans Dunkelberg. Wlee1994. Epbr123. Jossi. Keilana. Autodidactyl. Frankenpuppy. Llywrch. Tano4595 Image:TigrisRiver. J Crow. Bleh999.php?oldid=416185760  Contributors: 334a. Nilfanion. Modeha. Cemal. Gerry Lynch.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Original uploader was Zzztriple2000 at en. John Alan Halloran. Ixfd64. Will Beback. as seen from the medical city hospital across the tigres. AA. Glasszone33. Looie496.JPG  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3. Luuva. Whereizben.php?title=File:Tigris_River_At_Diyarbakir. Darwinek. Bobismeiamjim.php?title=File:Tigr-euph. Kumail1989. Carinemily. Wikipelli. Leoadec. Magichands. CommonsDelinker. SeanMack.org/w/index. Hammer1980. Jeames. Wfaldas. Future Perfect at Sunrise. Licenses and Contributors Image: Tigris_River_At_Diyarbakir. Wwoods. Justinz84. D6. Bryan Derksen. Wenli.php?title=File:Tigris_river_Mosul. PM. Cjc13. RandomCritic. AnakngAraw. Badseed. Flibjib8. Jeff3000. Kameraad Pjotr. Diyarbakir. Islander.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Sgt. 0/ .php?title=File:Haifa_street. I8beanboy. Uspn. Bogdangiusca. Ginsengbomb.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2. Radagast83. Wahabijaz. BanyanTree. JForget.php?title=File:TigrisRiver. Vanished user 03. Jahdemin. Bertilvidet. Absar. Nick C. Katalaveno. Zozo2kx. Timir2. Pb30. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3.wikipedia._as_seen_from_the_medical_city_hospital_across_the_tigres. Moshe Constantine Hassan Al-Silverburg. Hibernian. Click23. Sopholatre. Zoeperkoe. Gun Powder Ma.wikipedia. Riverouse. Olivier. DRTllbrg.Z-man. Peaceworld111. NewEnglandYankee.wikipedia. Perique des Palottes. Vahram. Green Giant. Jamie C. Joe feyzullah.wikipedia. Monedula.png  Source: http://en. Jcelebiler. Carlossuarez46. Unukorno. DoubleAW.wikipedia. Andreim27. NHRHS2010. Ev. Eugene van der Pijll.JPG  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Fnsnet Image:B124ellst. Fransvannes. Bobbyjoe34. Garzo.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2. Kmg90. JDG. William Allen Simpson. AnonGuy. Conversion script. Highvale.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Meco. Unschool.png  Source: http://en. White Cat. Hottentot. Hut 8. Luk.iritsyan. Schwern. WhiteCat. Pogoism. Aram-van. Captain panda. Kgrad.wikipedia. Matthiasb. El C. Johan1298. CanadianLinuxUser. Alansohn. Mani1. Lazman. Neptunes2007. Hayabusa future.steenhard. Miles2468. Rafy. Musical Linguist. Batobalani. Zundark. Mr. Vanka5. Vonones. Rayis. Don Alessandro. RodC. Madritor. Tirigan. Paul-L. The Thing That Should Not Be.org/w/index. Man vyi. Axamir. Baristarim. Nedim Ardoğa. Yom.org/w/index. PaulMeier. Mikegodwin.JPG  Source: http://en. Youandme. Graham87. Neelix. Stevenmitchell.Article Sources and Contributors 6 Article Sources and Contributors Tigris  Source: http://en. Mircea cs. Sentinel. Gilgamesh. Kikos. Wizardman. Grafen. Luna Santin. MaximalPlus.jpg  Source: http://en. R. Dfitzgerald. Betacommand. MoonMan. GB fan. CeeGee. DancingPenguin. Lorenzarius. Skryinv. Alborz Fallah. The Lesser Merlin.wikipedia. Vivio Testarossa. Phantomsteve. Quarl. BD2412. MosheA.JPG  Source: http://en. Omnipedian. D4niel11. 383 anonymous edits Image Sources. Keegan. Zzztriple2000. Khoikhoi. SchfiftyThree. Crazysane. Emo muzik sux. Dewet. Mychele Trempetich. Soonerzbt. Blanchardb. Nothingmuch. Sprinter77. Avono. Chickenman121. Cyrius. Digidanno. Anthony Appleyard. Iustinus. Marianocecowski. Aliyarmor.jpg  Source: http://en.org/w/index. Liquidcable. EliasAlucard. Denizz. Webmaster. Rmhermen. Patxi lurra. Adi87.5  Contributors: Kmusser. NeilEvans.org/w/index. रोहित रावत. SparrowsWing. Myasuda. Kmusser.