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14

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E~Ti, xcvovsq: T] ITEPl"oMEpa GUAAaPi~ovtm AOS t'1, I1E to aKoAou90 <pOlvi'jEV (i] oi<p90yyo)' I1E 10 nponvouucvo

ornv eivot crnv apx,; t'1, i"I;'1<;, oruv eivoi oW'1E'
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16

30 KE<JJAAAIO TONOI, I1NEYMATA, 1:TIE:H

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to",

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'tOVlOj.lOU

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17

2) 'O,av 1] l."youoa £iva. l'aKpOxpOYl]. 1] npo"apal."yolKJll 8.v eovi~",a .. (1j {Jaa().laaa. UA.A.u) rfi, {JuaIA.iaa~,. (tipeao,. aUu) cJpiawr;. 3) H nponapal. .. youoa, Mal' tovi~E'ta .. "aip"" "O¥tOt. o!;Eia: !lI'WI'dJa. "apliyopor;. "efe0l'al.

4) K08. j:lPDXlixpo"'1 ouUap... Ma" ,ovi~a.. naip"El "U"to ee o~£ia: vi'lJOr;. ni"or;. ciyaeor;. 5) H I'UKPOXPO"'1 napal.1\youaa, 6ta" tOvi~01. naipv.. o~£ia eI'''PO, ano flUKpOXPO"'1 l.1\yoooa: e1jK'1.' KWI'~. naloeliw. KAafw. 6) H I'UKpOXPOYll napol.1\youaa. otav tovi~E'tal. naip"" n.punIOlI'Sv1] £f1n~ aM j:lPDXlixpoYl] l.1\youaa: KfinOl;. xwpor;. !pe';ye. KWl'al. 7) H 880 .. flUKPOXP0"'1 oul.l.uj:l1\ npo" tOY tOVlol'6 l.oyap"'~Sta, j:lPDXUXPO"'1: aJAa~. KAi)l~. I'£fpat;. rdt;Ir;. Mrpov (IlA. § 33, Il)· 8) H papEia O1]f1£lfiIVSt010111 88ol1 t1]~ o~~ 1'6vo Ot1] l.1\youoa, 0tal' o&v IIKOl.uuO£i 0111:1]1\ ~ syKM'tIK1\ (1lA.· § 43,1 ern § 50): 0 {JamA.';, r~v ui» "po, tanrov t"'POVA~V O/JK 1}aBeiv£ro - roir; I'iv 'E.U~alv ea£1 ma<o,. roi, fJappcipm, !poP£poe; - ro r. {JappapIKov «ai ro tAA~VI"OV -

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E!;atpi:o£IC; ~)... § 102, 2 (rou A.£W, rcjj AE<P KtA.).

ro~ dyaeo~.

18

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Aiwv, UOV'ro" Aiov,.e, KT/..
app~v, iipoevo;

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[3:}". § 88. 3
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§ 145.

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1tpOl1YOU,Ll£VTJ~

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=

f.p{(w·

crl))l1t;\Ey~ata vr, YO, va croYX:WV£t)"[TlK£ npcorc ~E to OOOV1U(O t, 6, 9 os 0 Kat S1!€ltU EytVE a1to~oA:rl "(00 v ue avrsxrcon toll nponvoousvoo I3pux6xpovou fjlWvTjEVWo;: niivt-ja = 7r6vaa = miaa. 1falow8ivr-ja = 7laIow8ivaa :::: 7rGl&v8eiba. tKovr;ia ~ tKovua = tKovaa (rrl3. § 64, 4).
OOj.l!.pooVtKa

«no tu

1. AnD

'to

pnun brcvri(}t;!J.at

._

nuipVffi

6t.Oij

6.vUflf.O"u.

nupEflPci.}.i\OIJUI.

33

e) Atp0l1oiCllaq

aUl1tp<ilvCIlv

68. A(jIO!1Oimaq IJUI1'P<ilvou lI.tyEtllt 1] ~EtIlPOAi] tDU cr" cr"~'I'rovo 0~OlO ~" aUo II~Ecrro<;EltO~EVO i] Itp01]yoi>~Evo omv [alII A.tl;q (ltp. § 62, 4). EE 'tE'tOLU 1tEpi1t"tIDOTJ AEJ..lEon 'to o\JIlCPmvo d <p 0 110 1 cO V e r a l Jl£ 'to aUo. I) x£I1u<o (", P. cp), OtlIV PpE9Ei EIolltpO<;l1ltO EVPWO I1I1CPO~OlrovEto tilt ~E nuro, 01]A_y[VEtIlI Kill IIUtO 11: pUtt-l'a = pUl'I'a' tpi'{J-l'a = rpiiJl'a·
YEypaf{J-l'ivor; = YEYPUl'l'ivoc;.

2) To <JlIP'<Jtu<o <J U<JtEP' 1I1t0 uypo (l., p) i] EVPIVO (p., v) crE apxm6ta"tou~ Xp6vous, a<p0Il-0lfi>9TpLe npci:rta Il& auto, &1t£ua OJ.1oo.:;£ytve IIItAo1toiTJcr1] rrov OUO ououov crufl<Provwv (ll, PP -1'1', w) KII. avriKra"'1 toU ItpOTJYDU~"VOUppaxuXpovou <pWvijEVto<; (§ 62, 7, Il):
(utillw, (KaOarpW, (vil'w, (KprVW,

9. uriA) {-urEA-ua

= {url/Aa'

9.

KaOtip-)

S-Ka.Oap-aa

9_ VEI'-)

a.

{-v£l'-<1a

=

=

sKa.fJappa {v"'l'a'

{vEl'l'a

=

=

sKrio.,pa·

KpIV-) Ii-Kplv-ua

= IiKplvva

=

IiKplva.

3) To OIlpL<mJ<O e, oruv IlpE9Ei QL1tpo<; IlltO to tVP'VD Y, "uvij9w<; a<poflOlrov£r1lt ~" auto: uPiu-vv-1'1 = UpiVVVI'I, (ciJa-VV-1'1 = (<.OWVI'I,
fleAo"oo-V1/uOr;

=

flelo,,6vv'luoc,.

4) To 1JIli<pWYO (>E apXlltomto~ j Xpovou<;: a) ocrep' 1I1t0 to 1.. acpOI1Olro91jK" flE auto: (a. riYYEA-) ayyiA-jw = ayyiUw, (9. Uf{Jal-) Uf{JriA-jw = "f{Jillw' P) ""tEP' 1I1t0 to Y >i to p, MIIV Ulti]pxE npiv a1l0 auta E >i , >i u, a<poflolro91]KE Itp<i>ta '" to Y Ii to p, tnElta 0l1w<; <rIVE o.1tA.o1[oi1]a 11 toiv 500 61l0lCOV CiOJ.U.provwv Kat avtEKta01l 'tot> nponvoouevou e ae sa., rou i Of: l Kat roo U 0'& u: (9. «tev-) Krev-jw = Kriww = xteivo» (9_ onep-) onip-k» = aneppo» = oneipo» (9. oictto-) oiKrrp-jW = oiKrippw = oiKtfpw' (6. d,uvv) d,uvv-jw = a.uvvvw = dpJvw. 5) To EVPLVOY,omv PpE9Ei Ej1npO<;tmo to tvptvO 11 >i E~ltPO<; alto rn uypa l., p, cruvij9w<; II<POflolroVEtIlt ue auta: Wl;vv-I'ivor; = wI'.Vl'l1ivoc" 7Iav!1F.yi(i'lr; = 7ICII'l"yiO'lr;, ""'lV-I'<l~r; = ""'!I'I',l"r;, ltaV-AEUKOr; = 7IriAAEUlcor;,
uv~-piw

=

uvppiw,

7Ialiv-pOla

=

ttaAippOla.

34

69. Av't'iijE.tu uno o,n O'UI1~aiVEl O'''t'11V ueouokoon, ym vu OlE.UKOAUV£11 npocpopa o.nocpl::uyoVtat oe 0Pl0J.1£VE:C; 1tEpl7tnOoElt:; OUO ouoio O'UMooivo '" Olio aAAEnan'1AE, OUna~ES TIl, i5m, AES'1S· 'Erm n.x. to XE' xopeDKa vtverm KcxopevKa, to YZYvWOKW yiVEtUl yzvwoxw K'tA_ To omV0!lEVO auto A.£YE't'at avop.oiooCJ1)1 H «vouotooq sivci 0.60 etOoov:
tat

I) A vOJ1Oiro"'1 I'" .pOII" a) 'Oruv 5uo YEttOVIKES "uAAa~ES ~lla, A£S'1, apxil;ouv e-re aq>Olvo rore K(lVOVlKO: vivetm rporrq too oouccovoo '[TIS npO:fIT)S 01)~~jI..af1i!s o-ro avtia-rDtx6 tOU \jItA07tVOO (to X yiVEtat K, to 'P yivarm x, to 9 yivEtnt 'r): (xopevw) Xe·xopw"a ~ "exopw"a' (<povtrJw) <pE·rp6vwKa ~ "E,
CUaU1tVDO, <pOVEUKa' (8rJw) Bi-8uKa 8i-Bryv - iriBryv' " Bpi~, ~ riBuKa, Bu-B~(Jol'al ~ ruB~(Jollat· (riBEllat)

c-

rpixe, (ovrt 8piXe<;), (cvri Bporpr}) KtA. AA/..a "E ~EPIKts Ats",; .. rnnotx; AtSE(JlV liE yiVf.TUI cvouoioxrn. 0'11...to oaooltvoo <PUAUYstUlOE Olio yEttOVIKE, "unup£, ano E1tiop'ta'1 QAAOOV cmyy£vlI(ffiv tUTCWV zoo tXOUV K(lVOVLKa to oacrU1tVoo: wp8dJ0'1V (OltW, wp8waa, dp(}waw KtA.), t8iAXBryv (onw, {8d~a,8iJ..~w KtA.), dpv.{)o8~pac; (07tW, oovdiotoooo; KtA.). ~) H cvouokoon ue rponn yiVEtIll Ka1lDtE xut ,na uvpc. 'Erci '1 KE<pM-alyia (~ KEq>aAO-ItDVoS)£rIVE KE!palapyia, lI/B-aAYo<; ~ A~eapyo,· tOW, cv aA'lBeuEl '1 EtulLowyia, to 'OEUtEpO 1.. tpalt'1K£ 'no crUYY£VIKO ton uvpo P (1t~. rnv avd8E!11 nopeiu oro VWEAA. YPI/yopa ~ yA~yopa).

raic; Bp.S (B. BpIX-), aAM.: rplxa, (ovn BPIX0c.), Bpil{lw (B, BPEq>-), rpirpw (ovrt Bpi<pw), rpo!p~

ana:

<J\JIl<l>rovu, to

a) 'Oruv oe 8Uo yettOVIKtS "l)na~£S ~Ia, AtS'1S unapxouv wiota tva nrto aUta KanOtE [l1to~Ii}"A.£t(ll: yiyvof.1a1 :::- Y{VO/lal. Yl-

I.

AnD

TO

avouotooucu

-oufial

=

1'lV0I-IJll

cvouoroc.

B\O~op£,[II(6C;.

35

YWUOKW ~ YIVCVaKW, (rtupnx. tou d'yw) dyljyoXa ~ dyljoxa, rppnrp[a ~ '110tpia (rrB. 1"0 w:m:A.A.. 1l6v1jvra uvti 1[t:vr~vra 01[0 TO rr£vnjKoVTa). P) 'Orcv anopai..i..£tat OWKATJPTJ ooUapi), to tporvoucvo IcCy!:tal ""A.).aI3U<11 aVOlloiOl"'1 i) aMoAoyia: reTpd71e(a ~ rpd71"(a, dl1rpupopc';, ~ d/Jrpope';r;, oxumonou; ~ axiunoix; (np. tn VW!:AA. anocottntnpto ~ a710oonmno, J,JdoKaAor; ~ JaG/WAO,). ~ Tpon~ OUIl'ProVOlV
70. Tc ouuecovc, £1<"r6~UIT6 tt~ )l£tU~OAf.~ 1tOU 1tupoumasouv ue TTl aoyxwveuoTJ (§ 67), tTJV u'Po~oiwaTJ (§ 68) i) tTJV avo,1O("'O"TJ (§ 6?), nu9aivouv Kat )lEPtlct~ 0.11.1\.£<; ui\J..ayt<; nOD AEyoVtm '['ponES:: I) Oupuv.t<o (sc, y, X) i) X.,AII'o (n, 13, '1') oruv Pp(OK£tUl eunoor; arr6 OOQVt'lKO (t, 0, 8)- JlEaa os .. u At1;Tl, av EiVUt t'n:p61tvoQ cr u p n V £ u u a T Iu ~e tat, OTtA.- yivEtm ouonvoo IJE to E1tO)lEVO 060VllKO (Y{VE1Ul 1.IftAOnVOO qurp6S ure6 IIJlWnVOO i) usco !:~np6<; uno ueco li Snounvoo eunpot; cno ouminvoo). H rcroicu doooS rponn A£y£,a. ""llnv£lJlla"ollo,:

(iKUy-W) idey-r,;, ideK-r6c;· (ypdrp-w) ypurp-rrJ, ~ ypantoc(J"hK-W) t-JIWK-O~V ~ iOlwX-Oryv· (rp{fJw) t-rp{fJ-Bryv ~ trp{rp-O~v' (8. «puu», np. KpvqJ-a) KPVqJ-J~v ~ KpvfJ-O~v. 2) To OUPUVIICO I< i) X ql7lpO, ana to Il KaVOV1Ka tptn!:t<u O!: y: (71UK-W) "UK-l1a ~ "UY-l1a' (OIWK-W) OIWK-l1rJr;~ OIWY-116C;'(topdaow, rapax-, np. wpax-~) te-tapar-uivoc ~ tetopav-uivoc.

e.

K,a.,AAAU

cs

Jlf:.pIlCE<;

Ai:l;w;

Sicrnpouvnn

'[0

OtJl-'rtAEYl-'n'[n'

KfJ.. lJl: aXIl1j.

aiwq. fJpaw',

3) OOovnl<o q.mp6<; uno aUo ooovn"o ~ !:~np6s ano to Il KOVOV1KU tpsm:tat OE 0: (8. xapler-) xaplfir-tepoc; ~ xaplia-repor;· (",'UO-Ol1al) i-"",;o-Bryv ~ "",evo-Bryv· (nel-(Jol1al) f.-71el(l-li~v ~ brda-Bryv· "i-""O-I1U1 ~ "i",w-I1U1' ((ii5-w) #-l1a ~ q.a-l1u.
AAAQ ncccuevc:

oe

J.ll;PU(t~ "Ar(},r;,

At~El~.

n,r(}EUt;,

to 000ym.6 tJJ1tp6~ anc 6:)J..o OOo\l1"\KO dr.uo<;, KabJ.1.ot;, dpIBllor;, 7ru(}JJrlV K.a.

1i euxpo; uno 1"011

1"0 E:VPIVO

~I, orcv Pp(crK!:tul ucrt!:p' nno ocovnev i) cno AESE1I; tPE1tEtat O'E 0: (dotiroc;) 1TAovrlO, ~ "AO';OIO,- (dlldvaroc;) dllavaria ~ dllavao{a· (y,,V, OE 1tOAAtC;

4) To , "'IS cruUap~o;

36

P(,,~,

vepovtoc) vepovtio: ~ l£povoio. ~ vepoooia- (iKWV, iKOVW<;) iKOvnoc; - CKOVOIO,~ tKOV(JlOi;' ypaipOVTl ~ ypaipOVIJI ~ ypaipOVIJI (np. § 62, 7. P Kat § 64, 4) .
ICU.

. AUiJ.

cc I-Kpu,:~ Ai:1;,~

n

o:"lla~"

-1'1-

IlEW:1 (llle'tcil'J..:rrrrl:

arno~.

OKOf'l{X;.

tvavr{o~

5) To. f:vPIVo. v, oruv Ppi""E-ra1 Ef11tpOS uno <a oopcvocc (", y, X) i] e~repo<; areo <0 ~ <pi:ree-ral cre y. El'repOS areo W, X"I.I"o. (n, II, tjI) i] El'repOS nrto to 'I' -rp&m:'tat 0'& po f:,..._1tp6~ uno tn ol10VTlK:U (r, 0, 9) It EJ11tp6r; uno 6.11.1.0v I'EVEl al'E<6.Il"T]<o: 1wv-KaKraroc; = 7laYKaKlaroc;, Gvv-ypaf{Jl1J :::. alJyypaf{Jw. uvv-Xaipw = IJvyxa{pw, tv-!;vw ~ ty!;vw· tV-1tvtw ~ 'pnvtw, 1tav-{JamAtuc; ~ naulkunA£ti" (ndJ..,v +ipo.TO<;) taAiv-iparoc; ~ reaAlI'iparoc;. (ev+",vxri) ,v-",VXOC;~ 'p1 "'V10<;' o.11.1illreav-T_d.riC;. iipo.V-Tal. 1taA1V-JpopW, Gvv-Biw, tv-vow_ IIIl. § n

71. ANAKE<!>AAAUlTIKOE IIINAKAE ME TA EIIOYilAIOTEPA IIASH KAI EYMIIAErMATA EYM<I>nNnN I. 'AtjIOlva K,y.x+a
(§ 67.1)

TON

=(

(~uAaK-~ q>uAa( (q>Aoy-~ q>Ao( (6vuX-~ ovo(
{Kwvam-cj
KWVW'I'

K.Y.X+O=XO (Ii 70. 1)

7r./i.q>+a =
(§ 67. I)

1/1

(t-nAiK-o"V tnAiXo"v (t-Uy-o"v) tUXo"v (t-rapax-o"v) trapaxo"v (t-)'Eirr-lJ~v) <Aei",o"v (t-TpifJ-o"vJ <rpilJ!o"v (t-KPUq>-o"V) e-

IApa{J-~ 'Apal/l (lypaq>-ua) lypal/la (rci,,~r-~ ra,,~<;
(t).7rl(j-~t).7rl\;

rr.{l.'1!+1J q>1J =
(§ 70,

r.o.O+a (§ 64.5)

.::; 0

K,Y.X+P

=

YI1

(6pVlIJ-~ OPVl<; (VUKl-~ vtiK-""VU( (I;'WK-/10~ olwY/1o<;

r.o.IJ+IJ~ alJ

KpVlpB~v (t-nAcir-lJ~v)

37

(§ 70, 2)

("Vly-pot;! ""W'O\" (rapax-pat;! rapaypa<;

(§ 70,3)

tnMae~.
(t-"/F.Iio-B~v) t'l/£ljaB~v (tner(J-8r;v) Enda07]v

",P,IIHP=PP (§ 68,1)

(pU,,-pa) (rpiP-pa)

pAilllla rPii<pa

",P,rp+o =po (§ 70, I)

(ICPVII'-/j~v) ICPVP/j~V

(ypdrp-pa) ypuppa r,o,B+p.
= GJ,l

(".dr-pa) (tpuo-pa)

"Mapa ifpezapa

<,y,X+j

= moo)

(rpvAdIC:iw) fPuA.drrw (dUdy-jw) dAAarrw (rapdx-jw) rcpurrcc

(§ 70.J)_

(§ 67,2,0)

(Tu;i8-p.a) xeioua

K,y,X+t=KT (§ 70,1)

(""I«ot;! (Tay-roc) (opvx-rat;!

"'.ICra\" raKTOC; opoIC,a,

i] y+j=(

(dpndy-jw) cipnciCw (oijJwyjw) oipw(w

o+j
n,p,f{Ht

= 1,
a

(naio-jw) (tpiJ-jw) [tuivt-ja)

nail,w ipil,w tuiaa

= xr

(U-!..m-ral)
Al'mral

U-

(§ 67, 2. ~) vt=]

(§ 70,1)

(pf,-p!.ap-ra,}_pi-

r

»

f3J..a7rTal
(yi-ypall'-ra,) yi-

(§ 67. 2. y)

(f.Kovr -ja) {Kovaa

voanuu
t,o.O+! (§ 70.3)

(nGl&v8ivr-ja) 7tmt5ev8eiaa

= or

(xap,er-repot;!

z«-

pliaupoc;
(",.,;o-<~t;! ",.';ar~<;

(mB-tor;) moroc;

v+a =
f)":" v+a

.
=1'

2. HI'''p",.a (jJiAdv-t;! a

a

pi!.a,

V+K::::

yK

(tv-KPV7fTW) C.YKpV7fTW (iv-ypdrpw) tyypa!pw

(1COIJ,liv-OI) lWlpiol

(§ 64.4)

V+Y

=

YY

38

v+x ~YX VZ'+a '!vo+u= - vB+a;:;,"': (§ 64, 6)

(auv-xaipw) olJYXat"pw (tv-~"'")

=a
';" (J
IT

~

(dvOplii''''-m) OPliiaJ

d.-

.+~~ y~
(§ 70,5)

i~ilm

(o7rivo-Gw) onduw (lciv8-aopal) pal v+P~ PP v+fP;;;;:.
IiqJ

neiao-

VHI:

=jJ77:

(ouv-1Cdoxw) aUj,macrxw
(tv-paAAw) tppaA)'w (tv-<pai.w) q,rpaivw (e,-V'uXD<j epV'uXD, (ov.-Myw) .lEyw (ouv-pallfwJ ovpptimw (t'-pa"Tw) av'!-

p+p ~ p{Jp v+p ~ v~p (§ 65,1
Kat

(peol1P-p(a) pea~ppp(a (dv-p01j dvOpo, 2)

V+V' ~1lV' (§ 70, 5) V+A ~

II

.+p ~ pp (§ 68,5) av+}
=

alv

(papa.)w) (xdp)w)

Ilapa{vw xafpw

it V+P= vp

ap+j ~ alp op+j: (§ 66)

~vpdJrrCJJ
(b-PIVD<j {'PIVD, (aAM
Kat

Dip

(pop-ja) poipa

(ppm,)

v+,u ;;;;:.pp
(§ 68,5)

(lv-wivw)tpp.ivw (w~U.-piVD<j W~VppiVD<; (~'Pav-pivo<j

h)~ II (§ 68,4,a)

(orpd!.-jw) arpdllw (dyyi!.-jw) dyyillw

f!

V+jJ

= op

vtpanpivoc;,
vrpaopa

(ue-iuav-uevoc):
Jlsp.ra(Jpivor.;;, /i{aopa

39

!l.EYTEPO

MEPOE

TYIIOAOrIKO

50 KE<I>AAAIO MEPH TOY AOrOY KAI ETOIXEIA TON MEPON 1. Mtp'1 .ou

IlIAIPEEH

TOY AOrOY

A.Oyou. KAna Km OKAno. 0... 0, XapaK'''P~

T6,,0~ KO'aA'1~'1,

vrm

12. 0) 0, AtC,"S TIlS apxaias EAATlVlK,,<;,onoo<; Kat TTl<;vms, xoopi1;ooe 8 i: \( a E i S 1], nOD AEyoVtat .,..£p" 'toll AOyOU. Ta [lEP'1 WU Jc6you eivci: I) cip8po, 2) 0110\00"'''', 3) £"10,,,0, 4) 0-

v<",vu"ia, 5 i p""a, 6) "E.OX", 7) emppnpc, 8) "poO.,,'1, 9) "Gv~.""OS «m 10) .nup<i>v'1"a. To OUOW:OtlKO Kat to E1tlenO Atyovtat Kat OVO"UTCL P) Ano ru &i:Ku [lEPTl .OU JeOyou.o tc,'llp<i>tIl, to apOpo, W ouotoonKU, to E1ti9£to. 11uvrrcvoufc, 'W p1lJ,.lU Kill 11 j..LEtOx1), A£yoVtat Kl...lta, ytutl K A l v 0 v T a" OTlA. K"aEV" ono au.a 1l0POU"UICETat oro A.6yo [IE Olaq>opE<; 1'0pq>tS: 6 otpatubtnc ovroe; \lfIM;v {xwv rrjv Ke<pa).,.,v paxerm' oi arpauwwl ovrOi \lfIAae; {xovree; rae; Ke<paAde; paxovwl. T" }..Ol1la rsooso« uspn TOU AOyOU, TO EnipP'1l'u, '1 np60E"'l, 0 "OVOE"[lOS K{l\ W emotovnuu, MYOVTm ad"o, YlO.i OEV KA(vovTm, O'1A. ncpoucrui~ovtat <HO AOYO no:vta ).It rnv i&la ,.wpqnl:
l'vv. t,:nJ. «ai, ({leU.

73, at Otciq>OPES [lOp1j>t<;nco nnipvei [Ita K}..mi Mc,Tl AtyovTm '0"0' aUT"S TTl<;Mc,'1S: i[pwr;, i[pwo<;, i[PWE<; KT}...- dKOU"" dKOUtlr;, aKoU", nA. ypa'l"D, ypaq>tlr;, ypaq>tl KTA. U KciaE 1:ono [ltaS Mc,TJ<; c,EX",piCoVTOt 060 I'tPTJ: '1 KO'aA'1~'1 Kat TO

a."o.
a) KO'aA'1~1J AEYETat TO flETapATlT6 [lEPOS 'Tle; KAn"e; Mc,Tl<; npoc TO TtAos TTlS: <., -0<;, -0<; KTA., -W, -£1<;,-£1 KTA. 40

0) 0q..a
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IJ:YE"at to
dKOV-,

1/pw-,

a~£"a.~A'1"O~tpo<; ypaqJ-.

"'1, KAlP;,

AE~'1'

npoc "'1V up-

tEMma[o<; <p96yyo<; roo 9t~a"0<; IJ:Y£1at xapaK1iipa~. 0 xapaKt~urropei vu sivct <p(I)VTJ£V TJ"')~<P(I)vo' 1t.)(. rou et~(HO<; npca- xapaKtTJpas W· roo 9E~a"0<; aKOV- )(apanTJpas ou- "all 9t~ato<; ypaqJ- XapaK"TJpas pcq 'II.

o

2. II'OI'I"'"
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~01)V

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a

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{z p 9 p o , "0 0 u11 J.L E r 0 X il O'XllJ.LU'tt Ft' auto to. n€v't€ aottl KAna jlepTl
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tKelj'I!C;,

11 yevu<i), '1 fiott"i), '1 OI<'£1'''<i) Kat '1 KA'lttKl). P) Arto "t'l~ nevre 1t'tWOEl<; 11 QVOJlUO"tlKTJ Kat 11 KATJtlKTi 'AEYOVlat opOet;, 11 YEVUO;. tl 001:lICf] Kat 11 UlttU'ttKt, AEYOV'tUl nl..aYlE~. 76. 'Ono»; O'TTI vt.u, Etm xm rrrnv apxu(u EAATlV1Ktl ro n rurnxd, EK'tOC; uno ne; 1ttci)t1"f:1S, f.XOUV uxouu Y tv 0 C;, a P 18 1.10 Kat 1( A t o n. a) Tn YEV'l HOV n'WJlu;:OOV Eivat rpta: aposvu(o, 9tJA.UKO Kat ooohepo: Jj )jJ)T'IP, TO P,PUov (~A. § 81·82) - 6 KUA.O,. 1/ Ka'\Jj, TO KUA.OV . EKeivo - 6 ypaqJwv. ~ ypaqJOvau, ni ypdrpov. 01 apl9Jloi ttov :1T(OTtKOOV O''t'T\V apxaia yAroocra Tt'tuv "tPW;: 0 £\11.
riKf.iV~,

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oovcpovs: crt yiVE-

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41

60 KE<I>AAAIO TO AP0PO 78. 'Ap9po Bivat II "ovoa61.l.aPll K1.m'l U~ll!!OU KaVOVtK«)(PllOll'01tou:itat s,..mp6~ ((no Tn ovouur«, ornv J.lVTUJ.~vEUOVtm aTO 'A.6yo roc; vvoia't« Kat oprouevc: " !!auip, ~ l1iir~p, ro riKvov. To apepo K1.ivB'tat t'tat: EVtKo, apt91'''' ovouuonxn
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70 KEI!>AAAIO OYLIALTIKA rE"'KO I. Op.",,"';
Yla 'ta OlJO'UIO''ttiCcI

Ka. &aipEUll

rtov oumam.Kmv

79. OV0f.l.u'tu OUdLUO'tlKU it U1tAOx; OUOUlO''tl.m UYOVTUl 01 I(AllE~ Af.~Bt, noo alll1aivouv 1) npooumc, ~wa iJ "paYI1o'cu teat 2) BvtpYEta, xntnaTfl"ll ~ (ot6't1]'t«. I) TO' OUOlMttteCt nco onuctvoov npoocono, ~wo iJ npliYI'aw Uyovtm dUYKtKpq4tva: iivIJpw7tor;, Innoc, yitpvpa. 2) Tu ouotco-rucd not) onunivoov cveoyem, l((ltlr.O'tuO'TJ TJ lOl6nl'tu AE:yovnn Uff'l1PQj1i:vU: epyaa{a, c:vmx{a, euyiveza. 42

80. A no rc ouoiccrrcu:
I) AEyoV't"al .rupLa OVOJla'to ooc rrquuivouv OplO',uEVO rrpoa{t)1to, ~roO.

torte TJ ltpay~a: Zeur;, EWKptir~r;, pIV()Or;'

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2) ~Eyov'[m npOO'lyoplKO: i} 1C00VO: pvolJ.Q'to ooc crrutaivouv tva crUVDA.O uno npoocoxc, t;ffia Ti npa:Yllu'tu nou nvrpcouv o ro iom" 6ioos: dwjp. innor;, opoc, ,,6Alr;.

2.. r£vo.:;
81. To ytvor;

"t'O>V o\Jmuo"t'lKc:DV

§ 76, a) to ~EX",pi~o~£ !Cano," ana tTJV Kata'-TJ~TJ (iiv()pw"-o,, oixi-a, Oivop-ov), ltavtO'r€ ouo»; !Cat !CUPl(J)<; rto to ap9po lWU rraipvouv: urm , 00'0 mnpvouv to ap9po c:\ sivct n apo£vuco:, occ nuipvouv to apBpo it t:ivat 8'1AUKO. KUL ooc ztuipvouv to ap9po to stvct ouoo .. pa: d iiv8pW710r;, ~ o..u"""o,, TO 71aayo,. 82. To ouoiccnxc mTO TO ytvor; TO ~'X",pi~ow: I) aE "ovo"a,a~TJ"ta ,,' iva yivo,· aura sivct TJ cpcsvixd TJ 9"Au!Ca T] ouocrepo Kat £1tOJ.!f:VWt; EXOUV uovo svuv rurto: 6 dvnp, 1j )!vv1. TO rr.KVOV n ovpavoc; ~ 8dAaaaa, Jivopov· 2) ce JlOVOKO'tO:l.'1K'ta )LE 1£\''1 iJ ouotco-nxri KOI\'OU y&vOUC;· aDtcl EXODV Suo ytvll (upoevixc 'ern &r]AUKO), aA~..aevov runo, KOIVQ Kat vic ro
nov OUmaa"ClKOlV (ltp.

ouo

ro

ouo, Kat tu ~EX",pi~o~.

povo

ana to apepo:

uu(vyo,· 6 /lovr; - ~ /lovr;· 6 [""or; - " 3) ce O'Ka'~TJ".a ue 800 YOvTJ' ama txoov 000 ytvTJ (cpccvixo !Cat B~lcuK6) KUI 000 ronoo<;, svcv y,a !CuBe yi:vo<;: 6 71Ol~nir; - 1) notntpta- 6 {r.pt.';, - 1) bipela' 6 /laUIAevr; - 1) /laa[).loaa· d .l.iwv 1) .l.imva.

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3.. AP18J.l~ 83. 01

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upt9llO( rrov ouciorucov,

rpstc: 0 EVU<O<;,0
Yrr:IIPIOUV I) I:tOY u) noAAa. Ipia, XP1VHO"f'lr; 1PCIC; aplOllouC;

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Kuru TTlV KAtOn 1[01) (IVTlKO\)V'ret ollola.a'rlKO: AtYOVtat

np(t)'tinu ..ltO,

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44

80 KE<I>AAAIO nPflTH KAIEH TON OYEIAETIKON

I. npru"CoKll'[Q amJvQlpE'ta

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Kat

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86. Kuru rnv npWtT) di011 KAivov't"at ovouom upoevrxd upoevncc A.TJyOUV o€ -alt TJ Of: -Ill! Kat tn 9T]Am::6. crc -0

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<PAINOMENIKEE K!!N

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47

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f3o~eCl(f
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(i)

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auvw)Joo{a

I'blWr1Jr::;
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im,uiAelG dai{3tla
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m

(I)

)Jvp)J7JKla

xaundnns; (~Awr~\'

f.t3ai{3f.Ia lV&l(rKt~ ..

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J. coro; rrou

OOllY0O; u1..oyrov KlA. -- 2. m:rt6<; 1tOU tXEl TCO.nU ,.HlAAUi· m ccrpo.; en ):'Wptu. 4. fluaiAIO'cro.

49

aVOla EVVOia

uqJ/Jpa AliJpa, <J>a{opa

neiVa niva

iA~ (,) (i)
div~ (i) J.{~v~ (i) ),,;"~ (u) viK~ (,) v';p~~ (iI) n),civ~ (a) "u),~ (ii) pU)J1'/Y

euvora 6,uoVOJU 7tpOVOla anvOJa ouO'1tVOla CU1Z'A.Ola d1loppora Pold.~ XpOltl -ApTcum6 opyOla lJ'1rpvra )Juia yata, vpaia pam. fJoipa rr6!pa, nP4Jpa unefpa, urpaijJa

avpa, )aupa oavpa, 8~pa
Bupa

np';~va (0) (Kot npulJv'1) fl{(a (f) pi,a' (,)

11) G. -Q
ap,Ua &iKr.A.Aa Ou,<;Ua pOi).),a

-q,

(em p{v~)
opaKalvli (lcalVCi eE:pa7raJvli

lialva
rpialva'

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aKti~~ (a) a"cie~ (a) tUX~ (6)
v)"1

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lJiAlaaa

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y) aiux0vT] (u) p).ap~ (ei) ociq!V~ (a) 6(K~ (I) O{V~· (,)

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("13.

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5. 11 POOIO ICOI 0 IWp1tO':';1:11~.- 6. qm:pwn; lhAot;. -. 9. 0PI_IT;. qiopn opojJoC;.

800..- 7. r.pyaJ..tio yta PlV\<J!JU, },.ijJu.- 8.

mp'-)

50

(e.

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= 'Ep!L~')

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'yev.

(lpLe~O<; (uvda)
{!Lvaa9 (!Lvaq.) (pvaav) (pvaa) !'Va !LVar; IiVq.

0 ('Epl'ia9 toii ('EPliiov)

'Ep!Lfir; 'Ep!LoiJ 'EPIl'J 'Eppfiv 'Eppfi

>I
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(coxia)
(avKia0 (avl(iq.) (auKiav)

aVICfi aVl(fir; aU1(1}

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nJ;
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aUKfi

(r.!J) (,EP!Lia)

(ovxza)

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of rwv ('Ep!LSaI) ('Ep!Lewv) 'Eplia; 'EPliwv 'EP!Lai<; 'EP!Lar; 'Ep!La;

apL8~o<;
(pvaal) (pvawv) (pvaal0 (pvaar;) (pvaal)

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noV rai<; rdr; (r.!J)

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(ooxeat)
(aul(ewv) (aul(ialr;j

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aUKwJ.' aUKai(; aUKur; aUKur

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Oar. alt. KA.

roi<; ('EppSal0
rovr; ('Ep!Liar;)

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(ovxiac) (ovxscu)

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IlpLO~6r;
'Eppa f/1V(ia) !iVa (ooxca) IivaiV (aUldalv) aUKa aVKa;v. (pvaalv)

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TO

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to
aVK;;

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(=

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:4nt:UJ7c,. eaJ..iic,.- Kurd '[Q I1wi lCAivoVTCU: :48"va, Navd,uvyoalff, dAW1l'~Kr1 (= Sepuo. UAeTrOuc;), K.VV;; (= Otp~w Poo;; (= tptav'tcu,pu),) ..ul), YUAn 1(.0.., 1C0:0000; IWI TO

OVOIlU

EVIICO.

93. Tu O:I.W1lPTH.l.EVU npWtOKAltU oooico-cucc tXOl)V Kat ~E'tci T11 covetpeen tl~ l(ata}..fJ~€u;nov ooovctpsnov ronoiv. Movo to EO O"tOV EVllCO to ouvcrpouv os 'l: 6 'Ep!Lear; - 'Eplifir;. >I aVKea -ooxi], rfir; aDdar; - aVKfir; K1A.· aHa: rour; 'Epuia; - 'EP!Lar;. rdr; ooxea; -aDKa, KrA.

51

90 KE<I>AAAIO tl.EYTEPH KAIEH TnN OYElAETIKnN

1.

AF.:UtEpOKl.UQ

aouvaipt:.ta

Dumaa'tlKu

«posvucc

94. Knni tTl OEUtEp'1 KliOTJ KAivov!at ovoucrn !Cat nov tPlWV y£.vwv: Kat 911A.m;:u nou ~1iyoov O"E -oc Kat oubsrepn 1'[OD A:l1YOUV os -ov,

(e. dv8pw7rO·)

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(e.

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6 rcjj

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50T. alt. K~.

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(w)

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dypa, dypou dyprji dypav dype

v"aou tij v?juqJ r~v vijaov (w) v!jao

di,

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v!jaor;

600, 600u 60ip doov

do,

llA~eUVTtK6<; aple~6<; ov.
vsv,

at

iivBpw7tOl

nov dv8pw7[fJ)v 60T. roir; dv8pw7rOL<; mt. dv8pw7rour; K~. (w) o.V8pW7rOL

rov~

dypoi dypwv dypoir; dypou<; dypoi

at
rwv wir; rei, (w)

v"aoL vtjawv Vl/(Jo~ vl/(Jou<; v!jaot

600i vowv 600ir; 600u<; 600i

tl.UtKO<; apte~o<;
OV.,

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dypofv

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(e. IlVarryplO-) (9. bwpo-) (e. ~vro-) (e. IlVar~plo·) (9. bwpo-) (9. !fivro-)

52

Evixoc aple~os ov. TO YEV. 1:06 oor. rcjJ err. ro K1... (ill) !1UGnjplov J<jipov !1UOr11P{OU Jwpou Jwp<p !1UGr11P{Q; Jwpov !1uort/fJlov !1uort/plOv Jwpov ¥Iurov ¥Iuro!J ¥Iurq; ¥IUfoV fPvrov dutKO, ov., nrr. TW, !CA. (dJ)
YE:V" 80t. TOrV

m.'l8UV1tlCO<; aple~i>.<; !1UGTljplU Jwpa rwv !1UGr11P{rov Jwpwv rOIl; !1UGr11P{O"; JWpOl, rd pUGnjpro Jwpa (ill) pUGn/pro Jwpa aple~o<; Jwpw JWpOlV
qJVrw <pvrofv

ra

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ffJvrofi;

¥Iura rpvra

!1UGr11piro p.var'f/pimv

95. OAIKEE

'H <l>AINOMENIKEE KATAAHEEIE TON OYLIAHIKON THE B' KAIEHE OubtTEPO ilUtKO<; -w
-OlV -OIV

ApcrEVlKO Kat EVlK6<; OV, yEV. OOt.
urr, -or;
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napa''1Ptl''81~ 96. Arto TU OUcrtU(HlKU t'lS W lCAia'l,: 1) To: «posvixc KUl tu Gr]}..01o:a tXOl.)V oe <lAEt; ru; nt"woet~ tu; l5l~ mA~~"S (xm ra ~£X",pi~OU~E uovo uno to upepo),
2) nut. To: Ol)ottEpa
lOU tOU 1C(l-

Ota(ptpouv
EVt!COU

uno

rc cporvucn
Iw·niA. Kuni.A.

xm 'tIT BllAU1ca

O'1:TJv

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I('A:rl't'.

(onou txouv 1t}~lle.(ono» exouv

-0\1) KUl

ct nv ovou., rn-

-a).

53

97. a) Ta olJott&pa tOW tttornxcov (os OM<; n<; Klda".;) aXllIHl,H;ollv
orov nantdj svoco
K'at O'tOV

1tA.T)6. rps«; 1t'troO'n<; OJ.1ow;:

't'TJV OVOJl«O"ttK'';,

mv at-

Kat '11V K1..11"K';. Il) H Kat<x1..11S11a rmv OIlOEttproY o1..roy Y'YtKii roiv 1[JoronKwv "Vat Ilpax6xpoVT]: «i WiAii. nJ awpii. rei (Jwpau'i. ui yevvaiii. eK,iva. rei rI!,wvtd. 98. flINAKAE AEYNAIPETIJN OYEIAETIKIJN THE B' KAIEHE (noo 1)"XVEt to,ro_ '11v opeoypa<pia rmv 1..ES,roV) LAPEENIKA

aO).o,' {JIoe; ypiipoe; 0pVAOe;
oUpde; xaoxivo;

K[vo;;""e;, xptxo; Kvdoe;
Kiipo;

AOI,UOc;" MKo, payoe; POAVPooe;' IJVOpO,6 IJvOOr; IJUAOe; vavoe; "ayo,
tuinnoc

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n;..lm;17

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OIC(jpoC;9 01rIVOC;

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OXIVOC;I~

1. (cxo 'to 1it:8Am;) «yOlvnr;, l(a't6pe(LJ~a.- 2. upc. I(UI &r]A..- 3. neivn, mTOocin.4. 110looJ.lunK"T1cpoeoec, nuvoillcA.a,5. KUlIJOAIPOr;.-6. TtUpaXH0J.l£vO moepo.- 7. 1tAT}e. rd aim (~}...§ 147).- 8. veovvo ~roou, toioor;tOU AlOVtaplou.- 9. KOJ.lJ.lCLTt xccpc. nco ~£. uno ncnerca 1('0.-r0. TIl. A<lSEOOT)' aUl(OC;: Aani1r'l.10. o10llva.1 I. cetpu, YPUIlIlT). up6:oa (onoml:ir,non:).12_ Of;tpti ana uv8pwoout;. mp(l"tu:i:ru;.:;. nAoia I(tA .. )'purrti at; nupurnSTJ.- 13. IWAOV(I. (,,\)pi(O~)'la (J"ti)PI~lJ) UUIli:t~: KlWV' EVW tj aTr;A'1 E1tI,01J.~\{] 1(AUInl. 11ttPQ sou XJ"'101Ile6~ vrc OpOOT}1.l0, 11MK'U ue t:nrypaQl11 KtA.14. eurorcoc HIt; LUPlUt; (evo rf EVP0f;. TO VIlai).- 15. llaoTtx6oEvtpO.16. 13061')..0 (U1[OI(Op. axolVJov).17. p6~o<;. KOAot;, OI(Ailpa ~6yl(rol-'u tOo.O&Pl-lumt;.18. tclqk)t; OXTJJ1UT1(i~tvoC; J1[: ocrpo uno X(i)j.lu crE oxTJI.Hl J1'ICPOU M)(POU.- 19. to IC6pUr)I1U nou (JXTlJ101i~EllJ PUXTJ 1lJC; KOJ.u;;l..m;.- 20. 1(Urorcoc TIle; Xtou (tyro rJ Xio~. 'to vnot).
.c...

54

2. ElHAYKA fiJi!Joc; a.PKroC; 70, Kci;J~).or; Kci;Jrvor; Kdaor; KvOvOi; KV1Cpor; IiVprOr;21 Nd~o, Ilapo;

3.0YLlETEPA

"UvOor;
7t.piVOC;22

dOAOVB

avrpov
a.arpov {JdOpov rov
Kp{VOV

Pti{J&JC; Ejjpor;" EKjjpor; rdrppor; XiO~2.

virpovJO (Tj )Jrpov)'· ~v.tov

nroov31
npdoov
7Z"nJOVJ2

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arum[siov33

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puprov29

aUKov rpvUov" QJjj).ov"

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2. 461ltepOKAI.u

""~PlJl'iva

oOOta"n,,"

99. To 7t'PICfCfOtWa oootcemxd "tT]<;~. I(AiCfT]<; t01) npiv a7to "to xapa7 ""tTjpa 0 t;r;OI)V ciAAO 0 Tj £ ouvoipoevrct cs oA', n, ""tWCf£l,. Ta ouoteCfrtK<ial)rci Atyovrm furutEpiiKAttu ""VlJPIJI'tva ouma" .. ,," (7tp. § 92). napali£iYI'-m:a (8. 6l(nAoo· ~ BK"),OU-} (8. n),oo· ~ "Aou-) Ev,,,6,
ov.

(8. de reo-

~ dcr ou-)

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eKn).ouc;

lK7rAou eK"A<p
eKnAouv

[KnAou

("Aoo<;) (7<Aoou) (nl.o<p) (nMov) (nMe)

11'..l.ov 7r..1.CP nAoiiv nADu

raii

r0
ro
(w)

(auriov) (Ouriov) (auri<p)
(oariDv) (oaiiov)

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dorcjj darouv
oarou))

21. ,JUpmVT'!. I!\)ptta. (CVW fa )JfipmJ), 0 ICapnoc; 1T!C;).- 22, (coo. !Cat Ih]~.) POMVt&lIi. 1tOUpvnpl.- 23. (JJ... up. 14.- 24. ~A. up. 20." 25. (cno '10 .u:8Aov) tTm8;\'ov, (3JXl13Eiov.- 26. 1(OUVIU.- 27. AlVapl.28. to xPTi!l1l noo Slvcnn ytll mv ll1toAU-CPWO"T]I((L1[OlOU.IljlOII3Ti. uvtnIlOIP~,- 29, I3A.up. 21.- 30. vitpo Iur t. Urpol') lIv9paKIK~ 065u.- 31. j.J.1tt~EAt.- 2, 3 pl.--: 33. crount>34. q>U1Ao uno CEV1:PO. o.vfb; K1:1.- 35. ytvoC;. jpuAil.

cptua-

55

m.~OovnK6c; ap,O,,6c; ov.
')'EV.

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alt.

{K,uO' rwv (tK7UOWV) {K,uWV 'W;~ (bC7U00l<j. {K,uOl, to", (tKiliov<J {P'MOV~
[ruOl

({K,uOOl)

KA. (,J) (lKnAoO')

(,uOOl) (,uOwv) (,u60,~ (,uOov<J (,uOo,)
ftUl1Cor;

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10k

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(,J)

(60rta) (60riwv) (60rtolC,) (60<ia) (60ria)

data do-rwv
dcrTO~

data data

ap181l0t;

ov., alr.rw, KA.(,J)(tK,uow) lKnAW, (nAow) ,uw, rw vsv., Oat. roiv (tK7tAOOIV) lKMorV, (nlOOIV) nAOlv, roiv

(oot/fw) (ooriOlv)

oorw do-ww

Kuru to {1I:nA.OVE;' J(AiVOVl"aL: 0 dn6nlolJ~, mphtJ.ooc" Kan:inA.Oot:;, {"pave, (= [KPOll), xerpapPQvr:; (= ;(t:tllappo~), rn K6pm OVOI1(l"[ofleJpj"Bovr;, fldv(Jou,;; nit, KOeWS Kat to 1h);I... t11CPOXOf)t:; (= uopia, il.ayi}vt). Kutn to nlovc, x:liVQv'tOl: d 8povr:; (= 66pu~oo:;). vouc,. 1TVOVr:; (-:. 1I:VOll), {Jove, (: PCUlJ,o). xvovr; (= lYOOO\). xove; (= XWlJ,o) )(tA.., 1CQ9ro~ KQL to 0"1; (-lOr;) . o(J~ ouvvrvtxn (d6~Alpt&o.;,).ibeA.rpJOoUr; (= flVO¥lo.;), (dw:lfllaocot;) dW':lfllabovr; (:=0 yl00:; TOU nptorou E~aOt:p~ou n tTlC, npril'Tl1~ ~ctO£P<Pi1c,). (Orryarprbioo;j 8vyar,OIoofic, (= )'lOC; tTIr; Buy(utpw;) nA..Kuru 'to dOTQUV K.A{veral to (Kavcov) Kavotrv (= 1(OVlO'tpO).

napa ..... p.,"..~
100. 1) To <provi]tvta 0 xm E TO]v (JUV'lP'l~EVrov OEUTEPOKA.lTwv. oruv UKOA.ou9ei ~t(Jro~ uou:p' ano auto. 0 xupaxtTlPUC;0, eovcrpouvrm I1E a aUtDV oe OU (1l)'6o~ - n.J.o6"~. oatiov - darovv), UA.AlWC; xuVOvtm Kani TTl cruvaipE(J'l E~lIPO~ uxo tl<; rcaTaAiJ~£l, (,uoov - ""OU, ".to,!, ",t601 ".toi,,,A.,OoTioD - d(Jmu, drn:ia - Ooni rcTA.). 'Erot ot aU"'1P'lJ1EV£, xcrnAiJ!;£lC; nov ouotucrnxrhv uurdrv OlU<ptpouv a1t6 r«; rcaTaAiJ~£l<; TIDV uouvaipetrov OUOUlO"tllCWV TIle; tr KAiOTlS IJ.OVO crnv OVO).L«O"ttKll, o.tn(tl1K~
Kat 1CA:'1nKt; tOU EYlKOU.

""<P,

Ol lItcOO"', TWV covnpnuevoiv TI]SW rcAi"'1<; TOvi1;ovml (JT'lV iota <J1JA.A.ai31l, ornv onole tOVi9>tUl II ovcpuonxf roo e·VlKOU: TO oaTOPV, rou ooro6", r<j) oorcjj, rd ooni, rwv oarwv KtA.· '[0 [ow (JulJ~ai. VEl avti9E-rU ~E tOY xcvovc (§ 54) xrn am (Ji>VeEm 1I0U "PIV anD TI] (Juvuipw'l iJtUV otnv OVOJ1. TOU EVlKOi> rrpo1!npo!;i>ToVU: 6 {K,,).oOr; lK"AOVr;, tOu {K""doD - {K,uOV (ani TOU {K",tOUj, nilv {"",tOw v - {f("Awv (ani t!K2) '04, nAwv) KTA..

56

3. A mK1( o.unp1)

KAimJ

10 I. MEpl1Ca OUOlaonKU t1), W KAiol]S ATJYouv DXI Of; -oc Kal -ov, aAAli OE -.,~ Kat -mv. Tu OUOlaOtlKu auta 1IQU OUV1l8i1;ovtav xupko ornv atnriJ OUIMKtO MYOV<U1 Uttll(01<Mta, Kat 1) 1<Ai(1) roue AtYEt(ll UttlKI\ o.utEj>1) KAiOTJ. nupuli&lYIiUtU (e. npoveco-) (0. J.ew-) (6. tUw-) (6. dvwyew~)

EVtKD, aptOl'o, OV. YEV. DOt.
Ul'T.

KA.

np6V6(o~ rou np6V6(o r0 np6V6(p tOV np6vs(Ov (w) np6vs(O~ 0

).60), ).w)

).e0 ).ewv -<ew,

" T6

ciAOI<;

to
rou

vi, ciAOI
ciA(p
"J.co(v) ,,'\01<;

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to

rrp

dvwYf:(DY dvwyeID dvWyet:p
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(w)

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rd (w)

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(= npoveoc) K;\{VOVmt ora KUpta ovounrc Avt5p6yewc;. Bouipecac. TI.lv.5cipewc; 1(.0:. Kceu '(0 6 .h:wc; (:0:: Aao<;) KA.ivoVTm: £1 I'UVC; ('" vao<;). 0: itaywc;, Kat A.aywc;, 6 !"awe; (= 1[OYOV1), ~ KwC; 11:.0. Kurd TO ~ ti'...i.wC; (= to aA.roVl) lCA.ivovmt: 0 KaAWC; (= xovtp6 csorvr), t1 [(1.)(; (= uuyij), 6 ~A8wC;.~ Kiosc. ~ Tiwr;. 0 Mivwr; ,,;.0.. Kern TO ouoiT. d~wyewv KAlVOV'Wl l1oVOV QUaE· tepa £1t19£'tQ §§ 166·167). Kmd to 0
"f,(i\'ew~ ;-,tll)c;.
Lf,<;~fA.LWC;, MC~'1

on..

57

nupatqpqa~ 102. Ta atnKOKA.lTa ouoiccnxd:
1) qmMyouv attt; l(a'taA:ri~l:lr; OA.COV rciv
Tt'tcjmECDV '[0
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U7toy€ypa~j.ltvo

L DnO\) anr;

(lvtiO'tOlXEr;

KU-rUATJSEL<;

HI<; KOlvit<; OtUttP.lt~ KA.iaq, U7[(ipXp I (mtOYEypUI1I1EVO 1[pOartrptlflfli:l] vo): up AU;", of A&0, wi, ).&0" toiv AU;"V (KUt6. ru KO'V6. rep ).a<,O,of ..lam: rot~ laoi~. roi'v laoiv)· 2) qmA.<iyouv aE OA.f, n<; 1[tmatt<; tOY iOlO rovo non txtl '1 ovouco-nKT]toU £vtKOU Kal crnv LOla auA.A.aj}l]: ,) AEW<;,roiJ ).EW KtA.. - ,) raw" roiJ raw KtA.. - ,) npOVEW" toiJ 1tpOVEW "tA.· 3) txouv t'1V KA.'1ttKl] 01101U I1t t'lv OVOI1UOnKl]' 4) I1tPl"U aX'1flati~ouv rnv amatu(l] tOU tvucou X"'pi, ro teAm) v: t~V MW, ttlv tW, t6v /tOw. tliv Kw, rdv Mivw x.c, (KUta mv r' KA.iaq).

100 KECIIAAAIO TPITH KAIEH Tl1N OYEIAETIKl1N

rEVtKU )'UI to OI)(Jl(J(JtIKU tqC; y' d,iaq .. 410ipeaq 'tIDY 1'PltOKM"'CQ)V oucnaMI.KIDV 103. Kala mv 'tpi't11 KAlal'( K'AivQVt'U1 QV0J.lUt'U lCat nov tpuov YEVO)V 1t EplttoaUA.A.apq «lA.. § 85,2). Tu tPltOK'Al'tU oumcorucd omv EVlrr; ovouuouxn AllYOUV c' tva UltO "a ","'vl]tvta U, .. u, ... l] a' Eva \11[0 tu aUfl",,,,va v, p, <;(~, 'II)' ("11V eviKit Y£VlKT]A.ityouv ce it -ou,. 104. I) Ano ra upcsvixd Kat 91'\AUKU"'1, tpit'1, KA(a'1<; 1l0AM aX1'\I1Uti~ouv t.'1V EVlKit ovouacnxn us t1'\V KataA'1~1'\ ., Kat Myovtat KOtOAqKtl1(U (f[pw-" 11.0';-0;)· fltPlKU Ofl"'<; t'1 OX1'\flut(~ouv X",pi<; Kafllu KUtUA'1~1'\ Kat A.tYOVtat OKOtUl.qKtO (XIWV. tlxw). 2) Ta ouotttpa t1'\<; y' KA.(a'1<; KUVOVIKU aX'1flati~ouv t1'\V ovouco n-

-0" -~

58

1(11, crnnnxf KaL KAT]tlK'; tOU EVIKOO xwpi<;; KatUAll;;Tl (eivrn OllA. nxuttiAT] re): aWl'a. aaw (n~. § 123. 4). e 105. 1) Ano to. OUOlaatlKii 1T]~ y- KAioT], {tleleo. EXouv cr. oAe<; tl, ~t,"aw; EW jlOVO eEjla Kat YI' 0.016 ).tYOVtat 1l0v60.,UI (XlrWv. XlrWV-o<;), Kat UAACl 1IapO\)ota~OVtat I.U;'ouo Ot.,.iurn, ytati O'E ,.u:PtKt.C; 1I-roocr£.tC; EK1'£1VOUV to 1jl00vijev tT]~ Te/..wtaia~ OI)AAa~ij, tou etjlo.to~ Kal Yl' «oro AEvovrci o,"A.660lla (t)yeI'OV-OI;,"yel''''")' 2) 1:10 omA.68ejla tPl1oKAlto. to Mjla nOI) tXEI ornv tEAw1Oio. ol)).Ao.~Ti jlo.KpOXpoVo ecovnev MYEtat ,axup6 O':lla (notunv, Mrrvp). EV," to iiAAO nou EX" OtTjV 1Eicw1Oio. crl)AAa~iJ ~po.XUXpovo orovnsv UFtal aou-

vaeo 04ta

("OIWV-.

pryrop-).

106. To 8tllU ern uovobeuu ouciuorucc

tlls y' K)~(crll<; ~picrK£.tat mID

r'q Y£VIK1l tOU £V1KOU, acpou at,pOlp£Elti uno eurnv II KataAll~l1: nivax-oi; (e. 1rIvaK-).dryrfjp-oc; (0. K).ryrryp-). 1:10. otnA.6gejlo. to tcrXIlPO SEjla pplaKetal nITO rriv ovouco-rucf tOU .E.VIK06 Kat TO aouvato arto TTl ytVIKi] tOU EVtKOU,nqiou o.ljlatpe6El tl KUraA1]~1]: 6 t)y'I'WV (tcrxupo S. 1)'I"l'wv-), toii 1jYEIJOV-Or;(o.Mvaro 6. t)yelJov-)' 6 11011'~V (toXUpo fl. 11011"/V-), tOt! noiuevor; (a&iJvo.tO xoiuev-). 107. Kurd to xapaKtijpo. 10. OUOlo.aTtKii t1], { KAlaT], Olatpouvrat: a) os qKOVl1tv.OAllK'to.: fjpw-" fjpw-OC;' 110).1i;, 110).'-"',' P) os 0ll1l<Poov61..11K'to.: KOpa~. xooax-oc; aw).1)v, awAljv-o<;.

e.

A'. <IIO"'ll.VtOl..ll1<.o.

o ue r e o-e s x e 'll. a•. ",.,

y' 1<1..'011.
YEV. -"'0 ••

108. a) Ko.to.l..llK'tl1<tl llov60""a napolieiYllato. (8. "pw-) ov. 0 YEV. IOU OOt, rep alt. rov KA. (w)
fjpw-<; fjpw-o<; fjpw-. fjpw-a fjpw-<; (8, Tpw-)

(0. tipw-)

(6.Tpw-)

E~lI(o<; aptOjlOS
Tpw-r; Tpw-dr; Tpw-l Tpw-a Tpw-r;

rH.Tj8I)vtLK<)S apl8~6<; of
;;pw-" ~pw-"'v fjpw-a.(v) TpOl-&r;

rwv
wi<;

rou~ fjpw-a.
(w)

Tp4-cov Tpco-oitv)
Tpw-a, TpOl-&,

;;pw-e<;

59

L'l.U[1CO,apI9"o,
OV., UH.

rw,

!cA_ (w) fjpw-&, TpOj-E (=

YEV.,

bOT.

toiv ~PW-OlV,

Tprc-ow

Kcm

to Tp<f)(; IrLAiv£talO Owe;

to

to'OK<2.1.l)·

1t13.

§ 145.

109.

Il)

Ka.aJ..'1~I"O

I'0v66""a

(I. -I><;,

Y.V. -uoS

napaS£iYfla•a (9. porpu-) (9. (xeu-) EV11CO<; ple"OS a
ov,

(9. bpu-)

yEV. 00 t , alt.
Ki,..

0 roD

rep
rQv (w)

porpu-s porpu-os porpu-I porpu-v porpu

(xev-<; "xev-oc; (XeV-! (Xev-v (Xev

1)

rfir,

rif
!lIV (w)

opv-, opu-or, opu-;" opv-v opv

III.,,9uvt1KOC;apl9llo, ov.
vev. of rwv

oor.
alt.

1<1..

rov~ (w)

to"

porpu-"> porpv-fJlv porpu-(JI(v) porpu-r, porpu-6~

l'xeV-"; l'xeV-WV 'XeV-Ol(V) "xev-r, (xev-e, L'l.0[1(0, apI9,,0,

ai

rcl, (w)

ra"

rwv

opv-sc; opu-wv opu-alev) opv-r, opu-e,

mr , rw, cl. (w) porpu-. vsv., oor. roiv porpv-olv
OV.,

l'xeV-S ixev-o,v

opo-e opu-oiv

Kcrd to p6rpvr; ICALVOVtm: d oraxm;. " rrlrvc; (riBo.:; 1tEUKOU), d Kavbm; (lllloll':6~ pnvMac;) 1(.0.. "aOro.; 1(Q.l '["0 ouOit. fa VaX!) (;:;; O'1.vQm). Kctu to Ix6m; K:A.1VOVTQI: ~ 'EPIV/5r:;, ~ lAVe; (= Aa01t1l). ~ toxlie;, 1 KAlHi«;, " om:pur;, " O(fJprJr;, l1C)."Our; 11:,0.Kurd to bpvr; !CAlVOVTUl: 6 Kal "',otic; ", (:..= ayploxolp0C;). d pur; (= novrtxr) 11:0U nrcv apxt1o::o.mYIJ.OAT]!C'tO (9.

ur;

Ilva-)

1(.0..

60

nopaT'lp""El~ 110. l:ta CjJCOY'leYtOA'l"ta tPltO,,1.,tta ollma,rmca os -Ur; (vsv. -eoc): I) H a1t1atll<1i tall eYI"oo aXI1!1atl!;£tal us rnv "ataAI1SI1 -v nvri -a !CUI 1] mr. tall 1tA1]O. !Ie mv "ata.A'lS1] -c nvrt -ar;: rov jJorpvv, rovr; jJotpot; 2) H 1(A1]tI"1'] rou EVI"OO "X'1!1ati!;etal xcopi<; Kata.A1]S1]: JJ Qorpv, JJ fX°';. 3) '01.01 0\ !lOVO"u~~O\ t1i1tOI 1(a1 1] altlatl1(1'] tau 1tA1]OIlVtI1WOvsvucc, orov aut" tOv{~6'tm 0''ITl AT)youaa, nuipvouv TtEptO"1to)J..I.E:VTJ avtieE"ta us tOY xcvovc (§ 39, I), " opur;, rl)v opuv, JJ opu, reio; opur; - rour; ixfiuo;;, teir; KAlT!)r;, reir; 'EpIVUr;.

III.

1) KataA'lK'tl""

Q • .u.66qw

" ". -u~ (yev. -6IlI<;) "'"

cpe. "'" 6111...us -~ (yev, -6IlI~ ouott, OE -u (rEV. -6IlI')

napalisly"ata (0. Jvvaill-, ouv,,!,e-) (9.110;"':, no.<e-) (0. "e).eKv-, (9. daw-, dore-)

lIdeKe-)

OV. YEV.

om.
uir. 1(1..

r';v

Iivva"El JVvalll-V (JJ) J"Valll

" rfi

die; livvaw-co~

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nOAI-r; "OAt-cor; 1I0Ati 1tOAI-V 1t6AI
nA1]9uvtl1(O,

rep

,; 1tiJ..eKv-<; rou "diKe-rot;
"diKE'

to

datu

rov mUtKV-v (JJ) mfAtKV
aplal'o,

rou uare-wr; rep aurBl ro aum (JJ) uam

Iivvd,uEl' YEV. rrov Iivvd,ue-lOv oat. rair; Juvci,ue-uJ.(v) alt. uir; "vva"",, d. (w) "vvall"',
ai

ov,

,,6ABlr; nOAt-cov "oM-al(v) "OAtlr; "OAtlr;

1teABKEl, rwy "eUKe-cov ro~ "eAiKe-m(v) TOUr;"dtKEl' (JJ) "eMKE!<;
of

fa

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rwv dare-wv ro~ uare-C71(v) ra aur~ (JJ) uar~ 61

)'EV"

OV., air. rw, KA. (ro) dOVallEt ,,6A.eI oor. toiv oovape-01V 1tOle-01V
KUl:O tiOVClJlI~
yiVIl'101<;, I().ivov't(lt J1jAWOIC;. ru n:p01taprn;UTOva

mUK8t "e'\eKi-olV
&t,il..I.lICQ:

dOTE I

dari-alP

"to

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tiVWO'IC;, K{XiTTJO'IC;, .7ro{1f(]I~ I(.it. Kat 'to upo . .1 ;rrpvraVIC;. Kceu TO :rrOA.IC;KAivovtat: ~ ,,6111,. 0 paV'w;. Q orpu; ".ct" K/leW!; KOt nolli ol<tuAla(3a a<Pl1P'11J..IEVQ oooteonxd: ),EOO'" O!JIU;, lI'fWOII; 1(TI... (~A. mv. § 113). KO,!Q ,0 ;ri,1.E:KVC; KAivovrca: 0 ntJxoc; 1(QI 0 npioPur; (j3.:\. § 149, 8).
yivccTlI;.

lIapat1JP1]aEt<;

112. Tc <P(()VT]OVtOAT]na cs -I(; iJ (rev. -ew,): 1) _Xouv Olio 9t,..ata: iv« rrs -I iJ -v ("OA..-, "nxv), orro to onoto oXT]j.tan~ovTal 11 ovouuonxn, 11 urnurucf Kat T] lCA:rrnKij ,[OU svrcoo, xm 6.).,1.0 9t,..a oe -e (1[o'\e-, nnxe-), cno to O"OLO oX1J~(l'!:iI;OVt(l1 0\ uAAeS "toocrEl~ 'tau EVlKOU Kat GAOe; 0 1tAl1eUVt"tK6.;, (Kat 8UlK6~)· 2) crtT] yev. rou evucoe txouv K(ltUAT]~T] (cvri -0,) xm tovil;ovml o:t1, YEvuciJ 'tOU EVlICOU Kat tOU 1tA1l8UVtuw() ornv itP0TtUPUATfYOOOIlIlVtlSEt(l ue rov K"v6V(l (§ 38, 2)· 3) ouvatpouv <0 X(lpaKti!pa e ~E to (lKOAou90 e iI I roiv Ka<aAiJ~E(()v os 81: at ,,6Ae-e, = n6'\81,' rqJ mixe-I = ,,~xel (8DIKO<; 7r~Xe-e = mixel, rw dure-e = dUrEl)' 4) OXT]~(ltil;ouv mv urnnt. too EVIKOU us mv Kl1taAT]~T] -v (r~v noAI-V, rov niixv-v), mv d.T]t. rou EVIKOUX(()pi<;K(ltaAT]~T] nOAI-, 7fiixo-) Kill t'T1V urnnr. tOO itAlleOVtl1COU ouoic fl€ rnv QVO)..lUOtll(TJ emo avaAOyia "po<; auti! (ai ,,6'\e., - «1, ,,6'\eI,· of mixer, - TO';, ,,~xelrJ·

-0,

-w,

tw

(w

w

62

113. I1INAKAE

<l>QNHENTOAHKTClN THE [' KAIEHE (yev. -ew,) (nou Ocixvet tOi(J)~ mv op90ypa'llia t(J)V Atl;uov)
K..taal~1
K1{0"l~
Kpiiall:;'

EE

-I,

dpo«;

vuere;
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jJdol(;

bpciou;
00(11';

niotu;

",,(aiC KVIJ!H;

~d(1'c,
duO'"
nVI~tc; 71:601(2

1Cpiilj, paXI, p;;al'"
pi'l'lc,

arvVIlf:;

rde"

rppr;icm; rpl.Km; xUalC; ljIijSH;l

raale; rpiipu;;,
rUVIJI;

JUUle; Blame;
f)),.-i1J/1<;
KtljJWIC;

..1.00t<; .uej~lc, (~ pi{1,)

PVGlt;,! 1100((;/'
rJrl:Wl<;

'l'i'i~l"

V{JPI, ~daJr:;
rpf)frnc,

nucn:u;J

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114. 0) KUtUAl1lCfll<U
(8. {3amAev-)

I'0voOqtU

lit

-ru~

-oii~

1<(11

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(8. ypav-)

(8. dAlev-) Evncot; ap.OIlOr;

(0. Boo-)

ov.
j-sv.

0 rcji
rov

pamAEv-~ {3aolUi paalU-a

dAftV-r;
dAlli-w<;Kilt

por;-~

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ypar;-<; ypa-o<; ypa'i' ypar;-v ypav

tOr; pamU-~

cil.tid<; cil.tii

po-Or,

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por;

nj
T~V

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(w) pamAer;

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(w)

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at ypd-e<; ypa-wv ypavr; ypu-e<;

ov.
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of rwv

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paarU-(J)v OOt. wi<; paor.lev-m(v)
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(w) {Jaar.lli,

dAft;<; {36-~ dAli-wv xm O1,O)v po-roy dArer;-m(v) pov-m(v) {3or;-, dAria<;KIltcil.t~ dAreir; {36-~

rwv

rai<; vpao-oitv)

ta,
(w)

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Km:(1 pll:Iic" Tu

xaAKf:V~ x.c.

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/3at:1/J.._su~d.ivoV1:U1: pm{Jf.uc" YOVl:vt;. ypap/Jau:.tJr.. yparpuk" tcouk; Koopnic;.. - 'Apiploat:6c;.. 'Axopvt:uc;. Mf.YapF.uc;. 1(,0..- KU'Hi TO UA.JF.u,:;KAivOV1TIl: AcnEIJ/3ocvr;. Iletoateik; nAaWll.;uc;. x.c. {Jove, Kat ypaGr. £ivai j.tova6u,a..

napot1'JP""Q~
at -eti<;, -ov" -av<; tll' v ron xapaKtijpa a1l0~UAAttCll npiv alto /lamU-we;, /lov-e;, /l0-6c;· ypav-c;, voa-o; KtA,

115. Eta
1) To

<proV1jEVtOAllKta

r

KAi"1lS:

<p<OVl'jEV:/lomAev-<;,

2) H KAllt.

/lamAev,

w /lov, w

tOU EVtKOIi &ivat cuotn

~E to

9.~a (XropiS KatUA11~l1): W

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116. Lta
2) H

<proV1j£VtOA1")Kta

-w<; (ani -00;): rov /laoIU-w" urnct. rou 1lA'le. EXEt KatUA11~l1 -dc: rou<;PaoIU-a<; (11 alt. rov<; /laUlAEic;, o!'ota ~E rnv ovounor. sivor ~EtaYEvtatEp11).
1) H YEV. too KatUAll~l1

.xEt

-EVC; t1")<; y' KAi"1l<;:

oro 9t~a ~8TU t11V a1l0~oAil rou u ouvatpeitm aE n: of paa.U-ec; ~ /laaiAeic;' r0 pamU-. ~ /laclIAei (OU1KO<; paalU-e ~ paalAcil, 11~. § 112.,3. 117. 'Oon <p<OV1j£VtOA11Kta oe -ev<; .loUV 1IptV uno to -cue; <provijEV oovmpouv 0'\)vit9ro<; 'W t£A.IKO e nou nnousvet O'tO 9t~a J1-E to m::6Aou8o co Kat a nov Ka'[aAit~e:rov 0'1"11YEVIK'll Kat (l1tlattKit tOU EVIKOU Kat 7tAll3) To • non d1l0~EVEt

ue to aKOAOUeO • ill

tcov KataAil~Erov

rro

(dAlEv\;.! rov ciAle-w, ~ ciAIW,' rov dAli-a ~ GAla· rwv ciAle-wv ~ MIa, - (6 ErJ/locv\;.! tOV ErJ/loi-wo; ~ ErJ/low<;· rov ErJpoi-a = ErJ/loa <TA.
eUVttKoli: UAt&V' tol'><; !lAtt-U<; =

64

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KAs,w (KAe,6-0r;) (KAe,6-, (KAS!o-a) KAswi

KA'IOOC; KMlOt KAetro

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).e.xw,

x.u..

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65

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yeirov-a yeirov

noiuev-a
"OIP;;V

ov.
yEV.

of

noiuiv-a;
1rOlji6V-WV

rwv
roil;

60t.

alt. "I..

roue;
(w)

"ollJi-UI(V) "olpe.-ar; nouuiv-ec '\"'''0<;

t1yepov-er; t1yepov-wv t1YElJo-m(v) tlyepov-ar;; t1yelJo.-e, ap,9!1o<; ~yelJov-e tlyelJov-olV

yeirov-er;

yclrov-wv yeiio-ou»)
yeirov-ar;;

yeirov-er;

TW. "I.. (w) "ollJe.-e noiutv-o,» YEV., SOt. toiv
OV., alt.

yetrov-e
yelrov-Olv
(BA .•

tv. §

132)

127. II. YypiiAIIKta

(xapaK •• A, p)

a) Movii8Efla: aKa'U).IIK.a (1£ -liP (YEV. -IIPO<;),-OIP (YEV. -01",,<;) Kal ouliEtopa (I' -np (YEV. -<I"",) (9. K).'1r'1P-)
EVl1coC;

(9. (xwp-) upt9!10C; (xwp' ixc'iJp-or;

(9 .• exiap-)

ov.
yEV.

0
TaU

K).'1r~p K)."r;;p-or;

ro
r06

vexiap?
viKrap-oc;

I. 0 1Jf.: mro-

IXWP = to ctcu nov PU-l' 01:1<; qJAt~Et; 'nov 6&Ov· opec utucroc- ctuc ocmoOl1A.Tj1:i!PlO I,jllfIlW\I.- 2. Tooro i:l~t 1l0VO EVlKO (PA. § 83. I. 8),

6)" T1

75

liot.
au. KA.

rep
rov
(ro)

KJ..'I"ijp-z KJ..~rijp-a KA.'Ir~p

zxwp-z ixwp-a iXr.iJp

r4J
ro (ro)

viKrap-l veKrap
Vf.Krap

nAT]8uvtl",,,; ov.
vsv,

ap.eIlD,

oi

rwv
ro~ wvr; (ro)

liot.
CUt.

KI...

KJ..~rijp-£r; KA~rljp-wv KA~rijp-al(v) KA.~rijp-ar; KA.'Irijp-£r;

zxwp-£r; zxwp-wv ixwp-Gz(v) zxwp-ar; zxwp-er; t>.UtKD, ap,SIlD,

ov., nrr. u», "A. (ro) Kl'lrijp-e rEV., Sot. toiv KA~rljp-ozv

zxwp-e ZXWP-01V

Il) 6.,,,M\O.,,u: uKurcV.1JKru... -IJP
(8. d8~p-,

(yev, -£po.;) K'" -cop (YEV. -opoc)
(8.

dBep-) (8. p~rwp-, p~rop)

dBlip-, dBep-) (8. p~rwp-, p~rop-) m'T]eUVtlKO, ap.Ollo, pljwp-cr; rJ~r6p-wv Mrop-m(v) pljwp-ar; Mrop-cr;

EVlKO, ap.ello, OV. rEV.
OOT.

rou
rcfj
tOV

0

orr. d.

(w)

dB~p dlJip-or; dlJip-1 dlJip-a dlJ~p

p.jrwp pljrop-or; p.jroP-l p.jrop-a rJiirop
6.UtKOc;

oi

rwv
rolf; rovr; (w) ap.ell0C;

dlJep-'r; dlJip-wv dlJep-m(v) dlJip-ar; dOep-,r;

ov .. orr. rw, d. Kurd
KAivDVtl!t 'to

(w) dlJip-c, Mrop-c

rEV., Sor. toiv dOip-OIV, rJ'IrOp-OIV.
a8tpac;)
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ovouc

tn ovoucro (} d~p

6 dlJ~p (~ '1 A""romn1 aKp'1 ora maxua. Kat 6 aifhjp, EUXPT]O'Ta J..10VO c'rov

(B}~.

§ 83. 1. Il). 76

nopo.'IP""W;

'"0 EYp.vOA'IK.OKO. Uy.,oA'IKm

''1''

y' KAi"""
v 'ow ovoun-

128. I) To <proV1'j&vta• !COl a qUtpOS 0"0 to xapa!c'tipa toiv cr. -II; {yev. -.vo,) rot -av (ysv. -avo,) €iVOt flOlCpoxpova:

rii<; dKriv-os,

TOV Tniiv-oc, TOV 1!eAeKaV-o" 2) Ta .vplv671.11Ktn !COt uyp6All!Ctn '11S y' K'-i"11S crXll!,a'[~O\lv xuvoVIKCt mv KATrr. ron svucou ouom us mv ovouccnxn tOU E:VIKOO: ~ aK'ric; - W dKTI'" <5 Tmiv Tmiv' 6 'EU~v 'EU~v' <5 t'iyepwv t'iyepwv· <5 ,wlpi;v 1!OIPtlV' <5 ixwp "xwp. AUci ,a ~apUtova ol1t7l.6Be!,a os -wv (yev, -ovoc) Kal -cop (yev. -opoci crXll!'at[1;ouv rnv !CA1]t. tOU eVl!COUouoto !'" to a6i>vato BE!,a: <5 yeirwv _:
EaAa,uiV-os'

riis

w

w

w

w

w

(lJ

yEir~v'

0 oaq,wv

-

w oai)lOv,

0 'ltunuv

-

w

'Idoov-

0 ptjrwp

-

w pii,rop

(~7I.. § 105). 3) 0 xapaKttipas A xm p efl"pos uno to criyfla 'I1S !Cata7l.11S11SncpcflEvel, svco 0 xapaKtti pas v efl!tpos 0"0 auto a,,0j5ii7l.7I.etat (XropiS aV'EKTOcrll rou nponvouucvou tuXOV PpaxuXpovou <provti.VtoS): 6 «A-S, m;s
aA-oi, KTU'" (6 Pi;rwp) TO;S ptjrop-o,' I/yepoar) a71.71.a: (dKrz'V-<J dKdS, ~ rars (dKTiv-az) d-

TO;'; (t'iy€pov-IJI)

(pJ... § 64, 4)

129. Arto to uyp07l.T]Kta ouotncrucc t1]S y' K7I.["I1<; to 0l1tA6Befla 6

ti pIjT~P, t'i (JoydT~p, ti yaori;p (~ !COlAla), t'i A'iPtir'1P !Coi aw'!p auy!co"tOUV (0T]7I..a"o~a71.71.ouv) a" Opta!'EV&S "twaEt<; to & 1:0U a8Uvatou 8Eflams K01 yt' uuto UYOVtlll cruYKo'''''I'""a ("p. § 62, I).
"aujp,

a

napali£iYl'a."
(B. natnp-, natep-) (B. dvnp-, dvep-) EVlKOS apl8!,os ov. vev. OOt.
alt.

(B. A'1P'1T'1P-, A'1P'1rep-)

a
toii

1!an

lP

dvi;p

t'i
tiiS

A'1P>ir'1P AriP'1'p-oS A,jP'l'P-l AtiP'l.p-a AtiP'lrep

up
tOIJ

" ... p-dc 7tll't'p-i natsp-a
1!(irep

civlip-dr; civlip-i livlip-a
avep

uJ
ti;v

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(w)

(w)

77

OV.

YEV. lW., 60t. tor, alt. rou,

0'

nk~Ol>YtlKO~ aplO,,~ narip.t~ nlnlpoUJv 1Ia.p·ck·GI(v) narlp-a, narlp·tt .'i~6p·t, o~6p-wv ov!ip·ck-Gl(v) ayllp·a, .'iySp·tt

tL.UtKO~ ap,O"O~ ov., alt. rw, Kk. (w) lIarip'" .'iv6p·s yey., 60t. roil> lIarip·o .. IIySp·or.

"A.

(w)

napa,,,pila .. ~ 130. Ana 'u oUYK01lt611'VU UfpOA"OCtU y' KAlO"~: t~, I) Ta ovOll., d nat~p, II Jl~t'1P, ~ Buyclr'1P Ka' II )'Oorllp aUfKOntOUY, &~A,x6vouv, to I tall. OtliatO, Ot'1 f'v. "al 50t. tau Bvncou KClI tll 60t. O tau 1I).119UVtll(0';· 6vOliU ~ iJ'1Jl~r'1p C"'~ "Miy'a; nt"''''~ tOil 'O'KO';, to "al to Ovol1a d dvrjp on~ nMY'rt; ntdJo£l~ tau £VI"OUKa, at O~ tl~ nt"o£,~ tau 1IA118uOt'KOU tOU SUrKO';,OtL~01l01£~£II11P~ ana to xo· Ka' pOKtf!pa avantuoatta, to OUII'I''''vO6 fla va &ltIlKO).UVOtllJ npo'l'op6. (0. dv,p" dvp' d.Jp.)· 1Ip. § 65, 2· 2) ta ovOliata 7[ar~p, Jl~r'1p, lIuycir'1P 'Kal yaorl)p Otll ytV. Kal 60r. tOU OO'Koilrovl~ovto, Otlj Af)youoa (narpd" narpl' • Jl'1rpd" Jl1lrpl' InA.)' to ,OVOIIO dVI)p tovlena, orlj ).,.,yoooa Otlj y,VIK" Ka, 5ot. tau ,VIICOU KCI'tOU GUrKa';Kal otlJ y.v. tau 1IAljO. (d""po" dv6pl' • d""poilo • d""pwv)' to OVOliatJ'IJI~r'1p tovienal Ot". nponapaAilYouoo at OArt; tl~ "t"a&,~ tOU 'Y'KOIi, tKt~ on6 tljY OVOliOOtLKi). 131. To ouY"OntOll,va ovOliOta: I) aX'lllad~ouv t'lv LCAljt.all £VILCOU t Ollola "' to a5uvato Dtlla rClI tovlr;oYtal a' aUtfl. EnaV", OtllV apltlKi) oul.).aP.il: w ndnp, lIuyartp, w tJl}1I1lrepLetA.'II0VOto OVOII"yaorrlp oXlJI'atlr;£l tlJ. KAnt. tau ''''KOU O"ola III tll. OVOl1aatlK;p yaor~p· 2) at'l GOt. taU 111.110. ovd"wa onO to aUYKDI'l'tvo Ot"a Kill t'l. Ell' tdl'l~'I,y,a ~a &LCulCoAuv9£l npD'I'opO, n,,{pyOUVtv" PPll1;uXpoyOII " ~ou lOYt~It"': narp·d-a,(v), d""p·d-a,(v)· nj}, D 62, 2.

w

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132. llINAKAI: BNPINOAHKTON KAI yrpOAHKTON OYI:IAI:TIKON THE r' KAII:HE (nol) 5t1xv£L LaIO)~ T~V op80ypa<pta TO)V ).~£O)v)

I. BNPINOAHKTA

-'IV -l1vo~

d '!ill". d 608111'1'. d pc¥,arav -dva( (hcn ~Ql: 6 (hcli Kal: d Ifald" d .hIX~"', d 1fUp~v. "..tIled., Tlrdv, 6 "(II.t~v, ~ ""p~y'), A {v,dv, :'Kapvdv, d p~v, p"l'Il, :..tKJ'civ, EoJ'purdv), (hoI KOL: d aM~v, d lldv, TaU llal'll, K.~, 6 Clrp~V,d (~) X~v d.l. -i~ -IV",

-liv -avo,

-"vo~ -"va,

d d!l<lpw. -wvo~ d YUVOIICWV -WI'O' (tT(lL ~aL: d 6a,w.lv.

1e"'~V,

d,!I<lpwv, Lta,wv,
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dpv,8liJv, "ap8IvWv"
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-(111'0, -(111'0, -(lillO,

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-~v -£vo~

d adx~v' -il'O, (tta. Ka.: d .tIP~V,

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,.,pdt,"

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~tpoc; TOU Gft'tlGU. 6ftOV tl'IYII¥ O~ ftapOtvClji' ~ np. ~.... vv6l; 0nty "'Kp6IJO' A., ''K AOqyuc;.- II. "Ola.a~.n. (uRbo 10 4-v. " )'wf80(" '* oay6vl) IICd...~ ROU tXt' 'IOUGIC." tvO oay6vlo " 'IOUOKCO"_tvo ... ~iI.,ou~o.- u:dvoc; IIIDU txtl f.I.,ycU,(1. xtl).la.13.

n""."w"

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At:vKa)..{wv,

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Z Ijvwv. 'Iipwv.

KAiwv, K6vwv,
Kpiuov, KVAWV, Mirwv, ll;'arwv, 1:0AWV. </Ja{owv. Xdpwv. XiAWV. X{pwv. 'f2p{wv. f Nipcov, TpvlfJwv/ ,<.0..). 0) OVOj.l. ap;t. j.l'1V6lV raMA";'V -';;vo<;. ('<0\ Kat: :4 vBear~p"hv. ·EAalfJ~{3oAIWV.
MOVVIXIWV.

AUAwv -,;;vo<; 'EAIKWV -,;;vo, ('<m Kat: ~ Ka).v&iJv. 6 Ktikupd)», " (6) KOAOIfJWV. 6 MapaBwv. " 1:,owv. ~ 1:,/Cv';'v). Kpouov -wvo~ x.d. ~) e6V\IC(; napos6<ova

(t't'Ol Kat:

dYKUJV -wvo~ 0 alwv.
Aelf1.WV,

{3ov{3';'v. /COIfWv.
KO}.OIj?WVU',

rd ..aucov", Xel!UIw.
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o AdKWV -wvo<; o twv -wvo, lC.n.
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~ d~,)wv -ovo<; (errn KUl: " dAy~OWV.

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o

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crt papoL

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15. tA.a'9~ TtAotaplo.- 16. IClj~O. ICAUOwv\oj.t6c;.- 17. ncnccocco.> 18. llAO\a 10 (tKp6u10 Oll~tio E\l6e; 1tpQY)J.a10C;, (a)~ KOp. 0\1. Ko).orpwv ('Wl'o(_j, nOA-T] TT]S Aaiu.20.
7rM1U

l(J)vi(lS OTT] M.

K0p50vt. AoUp( 6tp!JfLnVO' roc;cup.
A£«Y'ta.00l;

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TT]V

13' leA-tOll: 6 rLl<!'Wc;.roo rvqx.i;)·
ol(oo;J..1)n xou
TproEI

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-(!lP -<>jIoS

d aV1:01q){irrop

-opoc

6 riewv -ovoC; (hen Kat: 'AAUiK,uWV, (JpaXlWV, yeitcov,
i'VOJ,llWV, oai,uw,v,
KiwV24,

(d ,;, awrcp). .. .i)p -£po, D drip -ipoi; (erot
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CKUKtWP, lWVTOKparWp

Tiiocov.
7fV£VIlWV,

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2. YfPOAHKTA .i)p ''1po~
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<I rpO£ipJ2, rpB6Ip6, (Sor. rcA. roi<; rpBelpal), ~ xeip, X6lpo, (om. Itl-.. mi<; Xepa{, ~A. § 150, 19).

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() niJ.wpJO -sopot;
(IlETay. B(Krwp, npaiteop K:<i.).

·wpor;

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25. ~owoP"Yoe;,
nOD "TO

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poik; dpol~P "" ~60l WeiJXl.

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28. KA.tlj)nt~,- 29. 'to oi~a

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81

III. I:'YI10).1]UO

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133. 0) AJIlTIlVLKLI OKO..al.1]~O ee -1]~ (Y.'" 1j -~ij~ (Y.'" -deoll~) (B. EWKparsa-. lIspldeea-) (B. l:wKparsa-.

lIsprdeea-)

EVlKQ.; ap,BIIOe; ov. ve», 00"<. mr. d. 0
rOD

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rep

rov (w)

l:wKpaTl]~ EWKpar~ EWKpam EWKpaTl] EWKpars<;

lIsprdii~ lIeplKAtoll~ IIsp.K).ri ilSPlKAtO ilSP{KJ.... ~

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AlOyiv'1r;., JIOIJr10'1C;, 'f7C1COKpar'1r;. 1ooKpdr'1r;. '/rpIKpa:r'1C;. floAVKpar'1C;.

Karel to EWKpa.r'l~ )(A.lVOV"utl: 'APlOrD{JtV1JC" 'AplororiA."r;..

x.u.

n"'"''t1]piJo~
134. Ta apaEVlKci. cnY!loA.1]na as -1]~ (vev, -ouc) Kat -KA.ii~ (y£v.rclloll<;j sivm DAn Kopm ovoucro Kat: I) EXOUV BEl'a ce -ees Ikuxpatno-, ilep,KAeea-· 2) crnv QVDIlUOtlK'TJ tOU EVU(OU SEV nnipvoov JCa'['aA"'~l1 Kat EKtEivouv to !3paxoxpovo <pwvtiev • rou 9tl1amc; ae 11: ElJ)l(par'lC;. ilepIKU'l'. xrn lie aUvaipECI1] ilep,KAijc;· 3) an, 1tMYLE, mroa",,; tOU eV1KOO a1to!3ci.A.A.OUV xapan';pa to o cvaueon ora 860 <pwvtievta (131.. § 64, I) KUl E1telra covmpouv ru DUO uurd <pwvllEvTu: tOU I(J)fcparco-oc;, EWKparc-oc;, EWKpdrovc;' ujj Eoncpsiteo-«, EWICpa!E-l EWKparcl' rov EWKpareo-a. EWKpcire-a, EWKpatn- roD ilEp'KUea-o<;. ilEp'KUe-oc;. ilcp,KAiov<;· rep ilEpIKAiea-l. ilt;p'KUE-I. ilSP'KMol (Kat II€ OeOt6Pll auvaip€CI1]=) ilep'K"€;' rov lIt;p'KU€a-a. il€pIKUe-ii. ilSP'KUci xm amiv. il€P1K)J;· 4) CI't1]v dllt. tOU EVlKOOoev nnipvouv KataA.lll;11 Ka1 aVEPa~ouv rov rovo: EWKpare<;. lI€p'K).er<; (lie covcipccn anD to il€p{K).€EC;)·

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w

82

5) ooc 1..fryoov OE -KAiie; ouvaipouv to E TI)<; oOA1..UJ3it, dr.-. oruv iJorapn alto ao<o UlCOAoU9,i 'I it E it .. , ([[epIKU"r;) [[epIKAiir;. ([[epiKA"r;) [[epiKAEIi:;.([[ep'KUtI) [[epldei· 6) K'UVQVl1(a tX01)V I!OVQ EVl1CO apt9JlQ· otuv Oil-roc; XPTJOlI!01tOlOUVtm orov nA'Ie. cr;(Tllla<iCovm' rn OE -nc (yev, -ouc) Ka<u rnv u' KAla" (ol Eo» xpdtxu ",1...) xm <a 0' -d.ij~ (YEV. -KUOUe;) lW<U TI)v y' KAlcr" (ol [[epIKAi-e, = [[epIKAe;, 1«A.).

(e. aio<oo-, aiboo-) Evrcoq ap,9~0.; ov. YEV. lien. 1j rii<; (lcr;(up6 _ 9. a(owo-) (aMva<o (uouvu<o (uMvu<o (lOx-up6 9. ai06o-o" ai06-o,) e. ai06o-" a(06-i)

a/ow,
ollioii, ollioi ul00'> (1113. § 134,3)

au.
K1...

t,,"

tij

e. aiMa-a,

aiM-a)

(w)

9. al'Owa-)

az'ow,

Kurd KUp.

'to ()VOj.tO ~ (l(6w~ t- V'tp01t1l) KAlVETUI Kat TO rrorrrr. ~ tiw~ (= (Juril) IWI .we; ov. 1f 'Hwr:; (;.;: ero TTl';; (lurilc;). AUTa. t:l0UV JlOVO EVIKO. f1~. KOI §§ 118-119.

136. y) OuOBtqlO oKO<Ol'l1<'fU OE -0, (YEV. -00,)

(9. pdoaEv",6.; ov.
YEV.

peAea- leal 6i5aipoa·. 6i5aipea-)
n1..,,9uvnKo, ap,e~oc

aple~6,

ro
toii rfji

PiAo,
{liAoue, {liA", PiAor; piAor;

om.
alt. d.

ro

(w)

{oal{JO, gbdipov, godiptl {oal{JO, {oarpo<;

tei nov ro;e; ul
(w)

Pd",,,
(li.<em(v) {la"

POll

PiA"

ti5dip'! toaipwv tJdrpeOl(v} tM.rp,! tM.rp,!

dUtKO, ap,e~o<;
OV.,

an.

rw, KA. (w) {lD.... toaiptl -

YEV.,

Oat. wiv Pdoiv,

ionipoi!' 83

Kurd 'to ~tA.O~ K"kivo\!'tUl Ttou..u 6\cnjA.AA~u: e8vor., evpor. (= TtAtito~). Ce5roC;, ,,00';, ,,{pM.;, ~ll,OoC;, J.if8o.;, CKEUoC;,ri..toc; x.d. (~L niv. § 138), KaOro,;; Ka.t "to KUp. 0\1. rc TC!ln 1['1 crov
KUlIl

nA.'10ovm;6.
'[0

Efiaq>o~ K'AlVOV1:al m rillay~ (=

"[pt(J6;ua~a:

po.;; Xcilpoo:;, \laoo:;),

apnOa

veod.

!liYf:80C;, ariJ.EX0';, ~aA-rOO:;) IC.o..

ieaevoc

(enlonuoq

ti

tG-

n"""'1]p"OQ~
137. Til OU8ttEPIl otYIlOA1]~tll oe -p<; (YEV. -ooc): I) txouv "PXt~O Stll" aE -Ea: pdea-, Marpea-· 2) aXTI!.J.u'ti~ouv mv ovouuct., attLUtLKTJ Kat KAll't. 'tOU £VlKOlJ xwpi.<; KCItclAl1STJ. aA-Au ane; 7t'twa£t~ au'tE<; to <pwvTJ£Y & nOD sivrn xpiv uno to xapalCti)pa to tptltOUV ce -0: pdEa- = PiAo<;, Marpea- = t:Jarpo<;· 3) 11£ 'to apxuco SElla at. -eo crxrllJ.a1'i~ouv 1'T'\ YEV. Kat Sot, tOU E:VIKOU KUl OAES "w; 1ttWaEt<; tOU flAllBuY'r. !Cal BUrKOU' U1tOPUAAOUV 6,.u:uC; a' au'tE<; to xapmC'tT1Pu a uvcueou otu ~60 <pffiVTJEVta Kal E1rE.lta ouvntpouv 'm <proVi)EVTa nurd, 01]A. to e+o crt ou (JJiJ.e-o<;= PfJ.ou<;), to HI aE E' (r0 piAe-1 = PiACI), to e+e crt s (OU'K. rOJ paE-" = pO.",), to HOI crE 01 (OU'K. roiV peU-olv = PdoiV), to c+w cr£ to (rwv Pd.iwv = PeAwvJ Kat to e+a ""VOVlI«; cs " (ca pac-a = piA,,)' cv Oll"'<; ltPIV alto to c 1!po1]ydtat riAAO e, tote ouvmpouv to c+a os a: cd xpie-a=xpia, !d KUe-a=KU,,' pA. § 64, l. 4) Ot1] oar. 1!1..1]O.OltOU ppicr~ovtat BUo a (piAea-at) til IlltAOITOtOUV at eve: pawl.

138. ITlNAKA.E .EI[MOAHKTON OYL'l.ETEPON TH.E [. KAI.EH.E (1tOU oEiXVEl tOims t1]V opOoypa<piu rorv M~£(jJV)

to ayoc;1 aAaO,
paBo<;

(i5.) (a) (u)

papo, PpiIJo,' oaao<;
Illaaf,la.-

(a)

(i)
(a)

Bappo,' Bdpao<;' Bpaaoc;'

(aJ (aJ
(a)
too a: Qo9a-

YrrOCJl'IIJ.EtWO'Et.;: 1. ccrdoc,
(jdppo, OF.ttl.= Bdppoc, TOAf,l'l"

I.lE IlEttiG£Ul']

"[O\) a:

2. papo~.- 3. 11 A. 8dpaot; ue. coouokocn 8p6.croC;(~A. § 62,3) = Bpucorrrtu.

84

rxvo<;
Kfime;' KparOr;
Kprior;'

(i) (a) (if) (u) (u) (if) (a) (0

VeiKO_' {,irpo, "alJo, "axor; uaTO<; nvi'yO<;9 paKor; piyor; aKarpo<; aKvroc;lO

(i) (a) (a) (a)

KUOO<;" KUpor; Kurot;1 MlJor; A.i"or;

(i)
(a)

uriqJoc; arppiyor; taxOe; reiXo<; tEUXOe; VI{IOr;
f{JVKOr:;11

(i)
(lj (a)

(i)
(a) (0)

I{IUXOl;

(u) (u)

uiao;

(i)

139. 6) 0u08t8pQ am<Ul.'11C'to
(0. Kpean-)

CJE

-D\;

(YEW. ~

q

-o<~)

(0. nepaa-, nepai-) EVI1,6~ aptOl'6<;

ov. vev. OaT.
ULr.

ro rou to
r(iJ (w)

KI..

(8. Kpean-) (xpeaa-oc; xpia-oc) (xptaa «, Kpta-i (0. «peaa-) (0. «peaa-]

Kpiar; Kp';"'r; Kptq. Kptar; Kptar;

"ipar; nioai-oi;

nsoat-, nip«;
nspas;

nA'10LJVnKO~ aPtO"O, ov. vsv, OOt.
ULt.

rd

(xpiaa-a, xoia: a)
(scpeda-cov, xpeti-iov (speaa-oi) (Kpiau-a. Kpia-a) (Kpiau-a. xpia-a)

rwv

ra

roi<;

KA.

(w)

Kpeo KpeiiJv Kpia-<Jl(v) Kpio Kpio

nspat-a nepdt-osv nipa ou») nepat-« rripar-a

4. YEVtlCij

ovcunctc

1:U>\I

ll£yaA(a)V

~lap\(il\l 1'1 9aAoamvcOv (lTw(ou, <J1(eUOUC;.

1:f:pQ-"Cwv.-

5. ncvepo

k:poo.-

6.

0091.
\lC1;.-

rpTI.U,l1.-

7.

TO

1(00..0

IlEPQi;

O'ciJ!lOT~

KTA..).- 8. I.j1tAovl.lda.
11

Q)'w-

9. H ma;pr~OAtK~ ~bJH}.-

10. or.f)I-W I(OTtpyUCi~H:VO_-

d'IO. rri ipVK', =

o:pUKtU.

85

vev.,

ov., urr. teo, KA. (W) (Kpiaa'e, «pia-e) 60t. roiv (tcpeaa-oiv,Kpea-OIV)

Kpea Kpeoi1J

7Cepar-f. nepdz-oiv

"apa''lpilo,,~ 140. I:lY",OAllKTa ou6ttEpa ce -cc EiVaL E~L: xoea; yipac; (~ ~pajJ;Eio), y~pa" neoa; teoa; xipa«. Arto (1\)tli: l) uovo ru OVOIl. xpeac, yipar;, y~par; txouv 6tlla nuvrou Kaeapa my1l0AllICtO crE -aa· aUta CI1tOpaAh.OUV ro a QVU.u,_E<JQ at" &uo oovnsv-o 'KaL tITElla ouvoipouv ta 860 nuta. ~(t)vli£Vta: tau (xpiao-ot; xpea-oc) Kpiwc;" rep (xpcao-i, xpea-t) Kpi'1- nA. (~A. § 64, I, IT~. § 134, 3 Kat § 137,3 Kat 4)· 2) to ovoua nipc; IJXT1I1ati?;Elrnv ovou., mr. Kat Kkrrr. tOU £VIKOU uno mYIlOAllKfO eElla o -cc xrop(~ K",aAll~l1, Kat ru; aAAES !tTW""'; uno at",a os -ar, ros OOOVtlKOAllKtO: roo nepat-oc. up nepat-i, rd neoai-a. nuv nepdt-cov KtA. (61tro~ aWl'a, roo odnun-oi; KTA.)· 3) til OVOIlIl tipar; crXllllllt(l;el toY evuco Kata TO ",!par;: tepac, WV tepai-oc; KtA. 4) to 6vDIlQ Kipac; en: OA.oUC; roue apte!lOUC; Kat "(0 ovouu rtrat; orov. 1t}~TJ8uvttK'6 KUl (lu·ileo crx:rumti~ov'tal KUl KU'to. rou; ouo tp61COUt;~ bTlA. Kat we; mY!lOA.TJKta (Kard to Kpiar:;) Kat me; OOOVtlKOA.T]ICta (Kara to 7ft pa,): xepcu; xepo»; Kat xepaioc, up Kip'1- Kat xepau KtA. - ITAll0. rd Kipa Kat «ipat-a, rwv KCPWJ.' leal xepdt-cov K'rA, - OU1"KO£ roJ «epa Kat xeoat-e, roi. xepoiv Km xeptit-otv- (ro ttpac) ITAll0. ra tepa xut ripar-a K"tA. - oUll,6~ Tepa leal tepat-e, toiv tepoiv Kat tepat-oiv5) to ovouo y~par; EXSl uovo svuco apIOIlO (§ 83, I, Pl.

to

ro

to

tOo

rw

86

141. KATAAH3EIE

T!1N OYEIAt=TIK!1N THE

r'

KAIEHE

Apoevncn Kat 9ri).UKo.
EVlKOC;
OV,

Ouot«pa n).'1eUVT, -ti -oc;(t'!-wr;) -I
-wv·

-c
-I

~

n"'1eUVT, -or;
-WI'

~UiKO<; EVtK6<;
-0 -OlV

~UlK6S
-E
-OlV -OlV

-

Y6V,

-or;(~-wr;) -a ~ v or; iJ-

OaT.
«it.

-OlV -<7I(V) -ar; Tj or; (-vc;)-o

KA,

-sc

-G

-<71(1') -ii -ti

-B -G

nllpIIT'1ptja.l<; an~

KIITQ"tj~.,~

TOWovollunov

'rt]~

y' K)'ia'1~

142. An6 ta OV6,WTII T'1, y' KAia'1,: I) tn apa.VIKo. Kat tc 9'1AUKa EXOUVa€ OA€e; TIe; 1tT")(me; He; ili1€C;

KU-

WA~S€\,' 2) III OUOEl€pa Ota<pEPOUV orro r« Opa€VtKa Kat e'l~_UKa "''1V ovou, OlT, Kat KA'11, tOU .VlKOIi Kat TOU n).'19UVTlKOU (n~, Kat §- 97), 143. To , Kat TO a aT'1 A~Youcro ''"V OVo"o.,,"V ''1S y' dla'1, ElVat lj YVWOli;, 1:~1J YVWOlV, rep aywvl, '"fotr; dywm - TOV dywVQ, rove; dy';",ae;, 10 yijpa, (alli: rei Kpia Kat Kpiri),
~paxuxpovu:

o

TO"'OIlO~ TmV ovollchmv

T'1~ --( diO'1~

1441 Iluipvouv 1t€pta1t,""EV1] aVTi9€w ". TOV xcvovo (§ 39,1). uv Kat OEV npoxurtroov «no O'UVUiPEOT]: a) at I'OVOaliAAa~Ol turret ''1S ovou .• umnr. Kat d'1" nou E'limv Xapcxrnpu r, v (ov, av): 6 «t; rov Klv, til K~ rove; Klc; - >i Jpur;, 1~" opuv, UJ opu, rar; Jpur; (n~, § 110.3) - 6 {Jour;, nlv {Jouv, {Jou, rovr; {Jour; 1 ypaur;, niv ypauv, til ypau (1t~, § 115), ~) '1 UlTlaTlKt'! 1tAll9, rrov oval'. a~ -vr; (Y€V, -vor;), uv tovil;£TUl ciT'1 A~youofl: <ovr; l;r_(lur; (1t~, § 110, 3)· Y) T\ OVO).!., ntr. Kat KATJt. TOU eVtKOU 'troy ouoerspeiv niip KUI oJ<;·

w

87

6) ~ OV0I'. Kat KA~t. lOU £VlKOUlOU e~A. ~ YAa"~ (~ KOUKOUB6.YlU)· s) ~ KA~,. lOU £VtKaU tWV avo". oe -£ue;: pam).," (§ 115, 2) 145. Tc l'avaauUa~a avo". T'lS y' Ki..ia'lS aT'l ysv. Kat 00'. OA(,)V 'nov nple,,",V lOvi1;ovTm "''1 Ai]youan (av,i8£Ta us rov xovovo §39. 3): '/ qlA6~, rife; qlAoy6e;, rli 'PAOYr' - revv q>AOYWV, raie; q>Aof/ - roiV q>,toyoiV. E~nl' pouvrm ttl "ovaauA),uBn 1 aqe; (~ Au"rrtioa), 6 '''OI«'I.AI), 10 OU" o n;a~. 6 Tpd»; Kat '[0 ifjW( reou TOVtSOV"[(1l (lUI YEV. TIA:n,6. <JtTlV rrupaA';youaa: rwv J~JWVI uov flwwv, rwv wrwv, rwv naioo)», rcav Tpouov. [(OV

w

ewe; (~

f{J(VTWV.

110 KEcl>AAAIO ANflMAAA OYf:IAETIKA

146. Mepixc oumno-nxu tTl!; apxa(a~ EAAllV1K';<; OEV KAivovtat O!.WA<i.. Tu ooencernxu uutu AtYOV"CUt aVOlIJ1lA.a OUOlOO1'tKa. Ta avw~aAa ouoicerneu xe-ru to Eioor; tr)~ avooJluA.{w; n01) nupournuI;ouv £ivat I) avro!,aMI "ato to ytvo~, 2) £'ttpoKAlta, 3) !'£'taIlAUa,". 4) 1~'O"Alta, 5) tlKAlta
Kat

6) £Hall""".

1. AV"'J1UAU Kat" to ytvo~ ouctcorucd EXOUV (HOV TtAlleUV .. co up18Jlo OlfUPOPETlK6 n ytvoc; un' o,n o tov cvixo Ti EK1'6~ uno to [3amKo vevor; EXOUV uuYXp6vwC; I((.tl tva CtAAO.
MEPIKa

147.

88

EVlKO<; (1pl6~o<;

nA116uvnKO<;

(1pl6~oS

6 6 6 6 TO

""xvoe; ufroe; (jWI'OC; uraBl'oe; m:d6lOV

rd

AtiXV(1

ra
of of

ana
/jeul'oi Kat Kat Kat

Ta
- oi AOYOI Kat

ara8!Joi arab,a

rd rd
or

lieul'a aruBl'a
GtlihlOl

(Il.B.
fJpdXIa·.6

T(1

v€OeAA.:6 "AOVTOe; - ra "A015T'1' 6 fJpdxoc; - oi fJpdXOl

AOYO,

,a

Kat

fa

Adyza

K.<1.).

148.

M£.pIKU

QUOlUO'tl1C'U

Ex-auv orov

EVIKO

aptEl~6

bUD Y€Vl1:

EVlKO<;

IIA119uvnKos

6 CuyoC; xrn ro Cuyov 6 vwroc; Kat vwrov

to

ra Cvyd ui: vwra

2. EtEpOKl.ltO

149. EtEPOKA.ltO AtyoVtm IlEpllCa ouotnrrrucu 1WU O"Xll)lu'[i.SOV"tUl GtOV 1tA1l8uvtlKO li 0'£ J.lEpuct<; 1t'tW(J£lo; Kala. CLUqJopEnKi] KAlO'Tl il cruyxpovws K(lT<1 mv (Ota Kat KOTa OtaljlOPETlKTJ KA("l1' It·X·
I) .; tiIlVOS,

w

dpvwv, toft; dpvcial, rove; apvw; ("etta tn O\)YI(O1TTo~£va Tiis { KA("l1<;, uxo 9. apev-, apv- TaU <r1laVIOU ovou. 6 dpljv)· 2) {, "Ap'1S, rou Jlpew, (am, TO "Apnos; ~e (1vn~£Tax",pll"l1' § 62.5). Trp JlPS1. roy "Apn, OJ "Ape; (1(aTa rnv y' 1(A("l1) Kat urr. TOV "Apnv (KaTa -rnv a' KA(Ol1)' 3) i( yuvTJ (xnrn '11V a' 1(A("l1), fiie; YUValKOe;. Tif yuvalKt. f1v yuvaiKa. yuval - at yvvaiKec;, rwv YUVU1KWV, rafr; yvval~i, tar; YUVQfKa~, ill yvva{:.
(K(11(1 -mv { KA(Ol1)'

iov dpva - of

apw:~. rwv

rou d{.lvou KTA.

(K(lTa Tll

W

KAl"l1)

Kat

rou dpvo"

Trp

dpvi,

Ke,

89

4) OUKplJOV. tOU JaKpVov KtA. (Katci tl] W KAi01]) - Kat OVO~.• urr. Kal KAllt. JdKpu (Katci rnv r KAlO1])' 5) .; 9al.ii~ (anD to c9aJ.el7<;), rou c9aJ.ou, rep c9aJ.ff, roy c9a,triv (xurn rc OUVllPll~sva tll, a' KAiGl]S) - yev. Kal to'; c9dAew (Katci tn aHlKoJCAttal - Kat rou c9dAl7ro<;, rep c9dAl7tJ, fOV c9d.l.'1ta (!Catu rnv y' KAloll)' 6) .; Oioi""u~,oG Oili{nooo<;, rep Oiliinolir, ,;, O(liinov (!CUtU rnv y' r KA.) - Kat toii OiJinov, fav Oroinovv (!Catci ta oUVl]Pll~tva tllS W K1,.iollS. o"'''S rou nepinso», rdv nepinlovv)· 7} .; OvapoC; Kat Ovapov, rou dveipov KtA, (!Cata rn W KAloll), ro,; 0veipaxoc, refi oveipan .. -rei dVE:{para, rwv oVClparwv, TO~ oveipao: (KUtll ,tTlv r 1<AloT])'

to

t"

B) .; toii npeapwrou, up npeapwrr KtA. (mta mv a' KUOT]) - or' npeaper<;(~ of npeapevrar), froV npropewv. roi<; npeapear KtA.) (mtci rnv y' KAloll), oxo to 1I0lT]t. ov. 6 npeapvr; (~ 6 yipwv), rtou 01 ne~oypa<pol to sAeyav npeaptJrl7<;' 9) !!Up, toii nvpo<;, n:pnvpr' KtA. (Kata ttlV y' KAlO1]) - ui noo«, rwv nvpwv, wir; nupoi<; KtA_ (!CUtci tTl W KAloT])' 10) .; UlO., roil V{OU, frjJ vr'rjJ KtA., (KCltci tTl W KAloll) - Kal roil u{ior;. rrjJ uief .. of ulei'c;, rwv viiwv, rort; vieOl, roile; u(ef(; K''tA. (xcm rn y' K/I.(O:11)· 11) .; Xpm.; (~ O€p~a, tm6ep~i6a), rou xpwro<;. rrjJ xpwr(, rov xp(uta (Katn rnv y' KA(Oll) - aAw OOt. Kat xprjJ (!CUta ta UttlKOKAlta. OtT] <ppciO'l tv xfXil ~ illS to iitp~a)_

~t""

to

3. MEtun.... ma 150. ME'EUftA.am« heyov'tUl IJEplKU QUmUOtlKU TWU KAiVOVTal Kuni lJia OPlO~SVT] KA(OT] cre oAer; tiS ,mODElS. a),w to et~a rouq (u e r a IT A u a i , Oll"") J.1Etal3ciAAEtm DE OPl<'JIlE:vr.C; 7t1:WOEU;' 1t·X· I)'; 'AII6Umv, roil :.tnaHwv-or;. rrjJ :.tnaUWV-I, rov :.tn6Uwv-a Kat :.trr6Uw, ,;, ';4no,t.l.ov (e. :.tllo.V.wv-. :.tnoUw-. :.tnoUov-)· 2) 'to y6m, Tau yOvar-o<;. rcji y6var-l. ro y6vu - ra yovar-a. rwv yovdro Eta

W', roil; y6vaar KtA. (e. yovv-. yovar-)' 3) to ou...op (~ 06A(t)~a), rou be.l.iar-oc;. rrjJ beUar-1 KtA. (9. odcap-.
Jdwr-)' 90

"7:ft..

4) ~O oopu, rov 06par-or;, up 06par-. "d .. - rd oopar-a, uilv oopar-wv (9. oopv-, oopar-)' 5) .; Z~ rov ,1.-or;, r0 .1.-(, rov Ai-a, OJ Z8V (6. Zeu-, .1,-).
rov i{llar-o"

6) ~O " .. up (= "u"",n),
1/1!ar-wv

r0

i{llar-,

",ft..

-

ra

fillar'a,

rwv

nft..

(6. t/llap-,

tlllar-)·

7) " ~ rfir; KAwl-or;, rfi KA8IO-(, t~V d8lo-a "at t>lv dd-v. ai KA8;o-8r;. rwv d8l0-wv, rail; KA,,-af, ulr; KAeio-ar; rdr; deir; (6. dwl-, KA81-)' 8) ~O Kvtq>a<; (= ""orao,), roo (KvtrpEa-ar;, Kvtrp8-0r;) xvupoi»; r0 (Kvirpw-., xveoe-t) KvirpE' ("aTa TO f3iAor;· nl3. § 136) "at r0 (Kvirpa-a" Kvfrpa-i) ",virpq., ro Kvirpar; (KUTa TO Kpiar;· "13· § 139), XOlpi<; nft.'le. (6.

"a,

«veooo- Kat «vapeo-). 9) 0, 1\ KUoov, Kvv-6~, xov-i,

a"

Kvv-a,

KVOV - KtiV-6~, KVV-WV, Kv-oi(v},

KUV-

",vv-er;

10) ,)

"a~

(e.

KOWV-, ",OOV-, ",vv-), rov'l1aprvp-or;, roj'r;

r0

I1riprvp-', roor;

l1aprvp-e" l1aprvp-)'

twV l1aprvp-wv,

uapto-ot

Hlv I1ripwp-a, OJ uaot»; - 0; iuiptop-cu; K7:ft..(e. uapto-,

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w

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92

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6. E/J'''''tlKO 153. ElAEl1tt'IKO: QU(JlClO'tLKa A.E.yovrm OOIl €ivm EOX.Pl1O"Ht. uovo <JE. !ll:::plKt-; 7ttrocr£t~, Tsrotc €lvm: I) ot A. TO Ii<pu.o~, Til "vop Kat .0 liMP (~ opcun, onrcotc). nou eiVat EUXPllO"C£<; )JOVO <J"!T)V ovou., an. lCat K":rrr. 'tOU f.VtKOU (nfL "(Q VWEn.; ra /!eOu, "pwi !nll..). 2) Ol A. TO O£J.1OS' ~ otouc), Til "Ella.; Kat Til ,,£Au.; (~ ),allnpo <p0l<;), ( TrOU sivm £UXPTJcrt£~ E1tlOTJ<; ornv ovou., at .. Kat KA:rrt. rou EVlKOU' r. 3) T] ),. 1laA.T]~ (YEV.), EliXPT]atT] 1l0VO ern <ppaoT] pd).~r; (~ KatOl Im6 tT] ~(lOX<i),T])' 4) T] A. v"",m (mt. EV.), EtiXPT]OtT] ern <pp<iOTlic; viwra (~ tOU Xp6-

ro

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93

120 KE<l>AAAIO EIIIEJETA

rEV'KO
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to

tni9£'to '''IV E1I.9itrov

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I) nOAAa EiVaL tpIKatcU'1".a fl' tpia yi"'1, 0'11... EXOllV tpia YEVTJ (apcrCVIKO,8T)AllKOKat ouMrtPO) Kat rps«; Kam1..fJSEIS, )lia Yla KaeE YEVOS: 6 ooooc, 1j Grxplj, ooeov - 0 paB';r;, Ij paB"a, TO fJaBV· 2) apKE." sivm olKatoA'1l<ta fIE tpia yi"'1, 0'11... EXOllV rpi« YEVTJ,allAn J.l.OVO ouo l(ataAft~£t~, !Jia ym to opcevuco Kat 'to Elrlh.l)1('6 Kal Jl.la. ytu to olloErEpo: 6, 1) arpllovor;, arpllovov - 6, 1) t!7U!,eAljr;, b,,!'eUr;' 3) !'ep.Kd elva. "oyoKa-mAI1K.a fIE olio yi"'1, IiTJll. EXOllV uovo 060 yeVT), T9 apaEvlKo K01 .0 8T)AllKO, Kat !ita 1<DIV';mraATJE,TJ: 6, 1j "(Vile; - 6, >i rpvydr; -6, 1j ap"ae.

to

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1) tu r p I K a Hill T)K r c u e r P ia y EvTJ u;owatiCouv to OTJAllKO ncvrors Kata rnv a' 1(1..(011(ti OIKa{Il, 1j KIlAIj - >i pafJeia, 1j naaa) Kat to apaEVIKO 1(at to ollohEPO aAM 1«lra tT) W K/"iaTJ Kal aAAa Kat" mv Y' KAiCfTl (0 oiKalO<;, TO OiKaIOV, rev. rou OIKalOV - 6 ana.:;, TO anav, YEV. TOU "navroe;)'

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to

94

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95

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Kurd to evvoUl; KAivOVtlll EniOua OliVeEta ue OElitepo aUVOEtI"O tI<; ABS"<; vo,;,. nAO';,. Po';,. wo';,· n·x· avov,. 66ovov,. KaKOvov,. KOVipOVOV,. ooovov,' "nAOD,. OOonAovC;.eVnAou,' eopov,' "WOVC;.eoXPOVi;x.d,

nopatT]piJaa<; 163. Ta aUVTJP'llltvll OEllttPO"Alta EniB&tll: 1) aX'lllati~ovtat 6nOJ<; "at til avnatOlxa allV'1P'lI1EVa ouotno-nxa tT]S P' Kill tT]<; a' KA("'1<; OR §99 Kal §92)' 2) OEY EXOllV KA'1t1riI. 164. Lta ~plKa~tiA'11Ct1l aUVTJP'llltva EnWEta aE -G~ oAe<; 01 lt~ciJaEI<; Kill tOJV ~PlciJV y&vciJv tovi~OVtal OtT] ATJYOUOIl,a,,611'1 xm orcv OEV rovi~Etlll xcvevo alto ru <pOJvT]&vta1t0U ouvcipoevrm (avtiOEta lie tOV xevovn § 54): (wvoeo,.) wuao,;, - (a"iripeo,.) a,o'1poo<; - (dpyopem) dpyupai

99

(uno avaAoyiu 1tpO<; ru; 1t!CoaeL<;1tOU toVi~OVtul KUVOVLKU atl] Allyouau· 1t~. § 100, 2). 165. 1:ta OLKUtaA1]Kta auvl]pl]~tvu e1tieetu ae -ou~: I) to oa oro ttAO<; roo 1tAl]6. tOJV oUOetEpOJv ~EveL «cuvctpero: euvoa, euxpoa' 2) n Ai)YOUaa -01 tl]<; ovou. tOU 1tAl]e. tcov cposvocev Aoyapta~etUL PpuXUX.POVThuv xrn npoxumst uno ouvctpeon: eJvol, eJnAm (cxo avaJ..oyia Ttpo<; tn ucovcipern: of 9'a6101)' 3) O"-E; Ol 1t'tOOO'Elt:; Kat tOJV rpuov yevwv tovi1;ov-rat (HT]V nupuA_i]youall, (tKO,u.TJKat orcv TJ ).iryouou -nP01(U1ttEl uno ouvnipecrn rovirmevo» !pOJvi!evto<;: rou (evrooD) e"VQD, reov (e!!vowv) euvwv (aTto avawyia npoz; roo; tUTtout:; nou xcvovrec tovi1;ovtm crnv 1mpUA.Ttyoucra: evvooc;: euvov~, evvool - euvol KtA..).

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