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be effectively ventilated? A 80% B 95% C 90% D 75% E 85% Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 2, Requirements The question addresses natural ventilation and a percent of occupied areas, which means an analytic model will be used. You must provide the minimum ventilation rates required by ASHRAE 62.1-2004 Chapter 6, for at least 90% of occupied spaces.
Question 2 A project is being built on a 6 acre Greenfield site. A civil engineer has determined that the existing imperviousness of the site is 25%. The project team would like to qualify for SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design. What are the options needed to qualify for this point? A Implement a stream channel protection strategy with quantity control B Reuse stormwater volume generated for non-potable uses, such as landscape irrigation or custodial uses C Implement a management plan that reduces water runoff by 25% D Filter and treat water onsite E Ensure that post-development peak discharge is less than or equal to the predevelopment peak discharge Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 6.1, Requirements
A Greenfield site is completely undeveloped. The existing imperviousness would be less than or equal to 50%, so Option 1 would need to be chosen from the requirements. The two possible options that would qualify for Option 1 of SS Credit 6.1 are 'Implement a stream channel protection strategy with quantity control' or 'Ensure post-development peak discharge is less than or equal to pre-development peak discharge'.
Question 3 For a site to be considered a Brownfield site what type of information does the project team need? A EPA declaration only B Declaration from the local real estate commission C Declaration from the previous owner D Declaration from the EPA office or from a state agency Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 3, Submittal Documentation
Question 4 A project team is designing a stormwater management system to earn SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design: Quantity Control. State and local regulations are not applicable to the system. In order to use the harvested rainwater for irrigation, pressurization of the system will be required. What else will the project team need to address based on adding this feature? A Type of water treatment required B Commissioning of the system C Length of time the stormwater can be held D Conveyance system Notes: See Reference Guide, SS Credit 6.1, Approach, Guidelines Pressurization will require a pump, pressure tank, and filter. Pressurization will consume
energy so the system will need to be commissioned. Conveyance must be addressed to keep the stormwater from being connected to domestic or commercial potable water systems. State and local regulations would require the project to address the length of time stormwater can be held, and water treatment. Don't confuse water treatment with pretreatment. Pretreatment is for removing debris and sediment, while treatment is the removal of biological impurities and can involve the use of chemicals.
Question 5 A technology firm is deciding on a location to build a new data center. Which of the following sites would be most appropriate? A Land with a plant species from the State threatened species list B Undeveloped land that is 40 feet from a stream C Undeveloped land whose elevation is level with the 100-year flood plain as defined by FEMA D Organic tree nursery defined by the USDA as prime farmland E Developed site 30 feet from a fishing stream F Land that is 80 feet from a wetland as defined by the U.S. Code of Regulations CFR Notes: The 'developed site' would be most appropriate because the site was already developed. A previously developed site doesn't have to meet the same requirements for SS Credit 1, Site Selection. The other answer choices fail to meet the requirements of SS Credit 1 Site Selection.
Question 6 A condominium project will have 100 residential dwellings with an estimated 200 occupants. The project team is trying to achieve SS Credit 4.2 Alternative Transportation: Bicycle Storage & Changing Rooms. How many secure bicycle storage spaces will be required?
A 5 B 40 C 10 D 20 E 30 Notes: Residential buildings require covered storage available for securing bicycles for 15% or more of building occupants. 200 occupants x 15% = 30 spaces
Question 7 What three standards can achieve EA Credit 1 Optimize Energy Performance? A ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide B ASHRAE 90.1-2004 C ASHRAE 62.1-2004 D Advanced Buildings Core Performance Guide E CBECS Notes: See LEED NC 2.2 Reference Guide, EA Credit 1, Requirements http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=3198
Question 8 What aspects does a contractor need to document to achieve EQ Credit 3.1 Construction IAQ Management Plan: During Construction? A MERV 8 filtration media was used for permanently installed air handlers
B A building flushout with a total air volume of 14,000 cu. ft. per sq. ft. of floor was used C On-site absorptive materials were protected from moisture damage D MERV 13 filtration media was used for temporary air handlers Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide, EQ Credit 3.1 Requirements
Question 9 ASHRAE 90.1-2004 does not apply to which of the following elements? A Ice melting systems B Interior doors C Parking garage ventilation D Parking garage lights E Skylight ratings F Heated swimming pools Notes: See EA Prerequisite 2, Strategies for a detailed listing of all the systems addressed by ASHRAE 90.1-2004 Interior doors are not included, because they are not part of the building envelope. Question 10 A mixed use office building will have multiple tenants. The building will have office spaces, as well as several retail spaces, including a bank, coffee shop, and a small cafeteria. The project team is implementing automatic shutoffs of interior lights to achieve significant energy savings. Some of the interior lights have light trespass. Each of the spaces will have its own lighting zone. What statement is true regarding interior lights for achievement of SS Credit 8 Light Pollution Reduction? A Seasonal lighting schedules are required to earn the credit
B Automatic sweep timers are not acceptable to earn the credit C Each zone cannot exceed 80% lighting power density D Manual overrides are required E Each zone must have the lights off at least 2,190 after-hours per year Notes: See Reference Guide, SS Credit 8, Approach, Option 2 The project description states that automatic shutoffs will be used to achieve the credit. The project cannot choose Option 1 for the interior lights because some of the lights have light trespass. Manual overrides are required when the alternative compliance path is used. Sweep timers, occupancy sensors, and master panels can all be used. Seasonal lighting schedules will help to reduce lighting use further, but are not required. Lighting power density relates to the exterior lighting, not interior.
Question 11 Prior to project registration, a non-USGBC member company project leader can access which LEED resources? A USGBC customer service B LEED Online C LEED Project Score Card (checklist) D CIR database E LEED letter templates Notes: LEED Online and LEED letter templates are available only after project registration. Once a project has been registered, the project administrator and anyone assigned to the project can access those sources through LEED Online.
The project scorecard is available free of charge from USGBC's website. USGBC customer service is available to answer questions about the registration process, and general questions about projects prior to project registration. USGBC Company Members, LEED Registered Project Team Members, and Workshop Attendees have access to view CIRs. (Note: workshop attendees only have access for one year from the date of the workshop)
Question 12 The project team will not meet the threshold requirements of a particular LEED credit. What is the proper course of action that the team should take regarding this credit? A Appeal the credit B Apply for an ID credit C Apply for an exception D Submit a CIR E Not include the credit in the final application Notes: There will be times when a credit planned on being earned may not be achievable. For example, maybe not enough electricity can be saved for an EA credit, or maybe the building owner changes his or her mind about a particular credit to cut building costs. If a credit cannot be earned, do not include that credit in the final application. Note the question asks what should be done regarding this credit, not what should be done to achieve certification. If the loss of the credit impacts the number of points needed for certification or a certain level of certification, the project team needs to find a way to make up the lost points.
Question 13 On a 20-acre project, local zoning requires 4 acres of open space. How many total acres of open space must the project contain to qualify for SS Credit 5.2 Site Development? A 6 acres
B 8 acres C There is not enough information to answer; you must know the size of the building footprint D 4 acres E 5 acres F 10 acres Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 5.2, Requirements Option 1 states the local zoning open space requirements for the site must be increased by 25%. 4 acres * 1.25 = 5 acres
Question 14 What statement is true about the LEED Online Certification Process? A Building ratings can be given during the Design phase B The process can be completed in two, three, or four steps C The LEED-NC fee structure is different than for LEED-EB D Documentation can only be submitted in two steps using separate Design and Construction submittals E The LEED-NC fee structure is the same for LEED-CI and LEED EB Notes: See USGBC website: http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=1108 The NC fee structure has a design review, a construction review, and a combined design & construction review. Each of phase has different costs. The EB fee structure has only a certification review. While the NC design review and the EB certification review have the same costs, the fee structures are different since NC has 1-2 additional sets of fees. The LEED-NC fee structure is the same for LEED-CI. LEED-EB, however, has a different fee structure.
No certification awards or building ratings are given during the Design phase.
Question 15 A major renovation is taking place on a historic warehouse. The team does not want to replace the entire HVAC&R system. What must happen to achieve EA Prerequisite 3 Fundamental Refrigerant Management? A Buy ozone credits for the total load of CFCs released in the system due to leakage B Make a phase out plan for CFC-refrigerants C Replace the HVAC&R system D Get a state exemption for the HVAC&R system E Replace all CFC-based refrigerants Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EA Prerequisite 3, Potential Technologies & Strategies
Question 16 What are the requirements for SS Credit 8 Light Pollution Reduction? A Do not exceed 80% of the lighting power densities for exterior areas and building facades as defined by ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004 B Projects must conform to zones defined by IESNA RP-33 C Interior lighting including emergency lights shall be automatically turned off during non-business hours D Do not exceed 50% of the lighting power densities for exterior areas and building facades as defined by ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004 E LZ1 zones must have designed fixture lumens emitted at an angle of 45 degrees or higher
Notes: The correct answer, per the SS Credit 8 requirements is 'All projects shall be classified under one of the following zones, as defined by IESNA RP-33...'. For exterior lighting, do not exceed 80% of the lighting power densities for exterior areas ***AND*** 50% for building facades. The answer choice for 'Do not exceed 80%' would need to be changed to 'and 50% for building facades' to be a correct answer. 'Interior lighting including emergency lights shall be automatically turned off during nonbusiness hours' is incorrect because emergency lights can remain on during non-business hours. 'LZ1 zones must have designed fixture lumens emitted at an angle of 45 degrees or higher' is incorrect because for LZ1, 0% of total initially designed fixture lumens are emitted at an angle of 90 degrees higher than the nadir (straight down).
Question 17 As part of a redevelopment effort the city is renovating a 20,000 sq. ft. warehouse into office space and will implement a recycling program for the space. To be compliant with MR Prerequisite 1 Storage & Collection of Recyclables what is the minimum calculated size needed for the recycling area? A 225 sf. B No minimum size is required to demonstrate compliance with this prerequisite C 125 sf. D 175 sf. Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR P1 - Approach & Implementation, Calculations There is no standard of reference for this credit. In the reference guide, MR P1, Table 1 shows recycling area 'guidelines' - however, these area sizes are not specific requirements. Per the Approach and Implementation - 'Table 1 provides guidelines for the recycling storage area based on overall building square footage. The requirements for this prerequisite do not regulate the size of the recycling area.'
And per the Calculations - 'There are no calculations required to demonstrate compliance with this prerequisite. Table 1 is provided as a guideline...' No minimum size is required, only that a recycling collection area is provided.
Question 18 The LEED for New Construction Rating System gives project teams the ability to implement sustainable design strategies effectively only by using which of the following: A Independent verification B Whole building approach C Incremental approach D Flexible approach E Independent analysis Notes: By taking into consideration the building site, the building structure, all of the systems, and the use of the building, the project team applies a 'whole building' approach. While the LEED Rating System is flexible and independent, effective sustainable design strategies rely on a whole building approach, not a part or incremental approach.
Question 19 Air quality testing of the given contaminants is conducted as part of which credit requirements? Formaldehyde Particulates (PM10) Total Volatile Organic Compounds (TVOC) Carbon Monoxide (CO)
A EQ Credit 1 Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring B EQ Credit 3.2 Construction IAQ Management Plan - Before Occupancy C EQ Credit 2 Increased Ventilation D EQ Credit 3.1 Construction IAQ Management Plan - During Construction E EQ Credit 4.2 Low-Emitting Materials - Paints & Coatings Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 3.2, Requirements, Air Quality Testing
Question 20 The project team for a 25,000 sq. ft. office building wants to earn 4 points by increasing the energy performance of the building. What compliance paths could the project team follow? A CBECS B Advanced Buildings Core Performance Guide C Building Performance Rating Method D ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide E Advanced Building Benchmark Notes: This question asks about EA Credit 1, Optimize Energy Performance. Option 1 - A 25,000 sq. ft. building would need to follow the Building Performance Rating Method for ASHRAE 90.1-2004 using a whole building energy simulation OR Option 3 - Advanced Buildings Core Performance Guide for buildings under 100,000 sq. ft. that are not warehouses, healthcare, or laboratories. For a building that is 20,000 sq. ft. or less, 4 points can be earned by using the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide.
Question 21 Which statements are true for achieving EA Credit 5 Measurement & Verification? A The M&V period shall cover no less than 10 months after occupancy B ECM isolation is an accepted approach C The M&V plan must be uploaded with the submittal documentation D The person responsible for energy engineering is the best person to design the M&V plan E The standard of reference for this credit is IPMVP Volume 2 Notes: ECM & Whole Building Calibrated Simulation are accepted approaches for this credit. The energy engineering analyzing person should be responsible for designing, coordinating, and implementing the M&V plan. The submittal documentation requires the IPMVP option, a copy of the M&V plan, and a narrative of special circumstances. The standard of reference is IPMVP Volume 3, not IPMVP Volume 2. The M&V period must be at least 12 months, not 10.
Question 22 A project wants to provide for ongoing accountability of a building's energy consumption. What must be done to meet this goal? A Install metering equipment B Monitor post-construction activity for no less than one year C Measure energy use at the main meters D Perform a partially measured retrofit isolation
Notes: The question asks about meeting EA Credit 5, Measurement & Verification. See LEED NC 2.2 Reference Guide, EA Credit 5, Approach and Implementation
Question 23 During an early design review, a project team has decided to consolidate the building footprint and add underground parking. These changes can contribute to earning which credits? A SS Credit 7.1 Heat Island Effect: Non-Roof B EA Credit 3 Enhanced Commissioning C SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design: Quantity Control D SS Credit 4.4 Alternative Transportation: Parking Capacity Notes: Stormwater runoff volumes can be reduced by consolidating the building footprint and designing the building with underground parking, a strategy that also reduces heat island effects. (SS Credit 6.1 and SS Credit 7.1) Changing the building footprint and where parking is located does not necessarily mean that total parking capacity will change for SS Credit 4.4
Question 24 What are needed to be eligible for LEED certification? A Recycle area with storage bins B Reduce potable water consumption for irrigation by 50% C Conform the ESC plan to the most stringent of 2003 EPA Construction General Permit or local codes D LEED AP must be on staff for the project
E For a naturally ventilated, small office building, have air quality comply with ASHRAE 90.1-2004 F Prohibit smoking in the building Notes: This question tests your knowledge of the prerequisites of the credit sections. To be eligible for LEED certification the project must meet all the prerequisites. A recycle area is needed to meet MR Prerequisite 1. An Erosion and Sedimentation Control (ESC) Plan is needed to meet SS Prerequisite 1. A LEED AP is not required for LEED certification. Having a LEED AP on staff will earn 1 point for ID Credit 2. For naturally ventilated buildings, the air quality of the building must comply with ASHRAE 62.1-2004, Paragraph 5.1. ASHRAE 90.1-2004 deals with energy performance for small office buildings, and the answer choice asks about air quality. Prohibiting smoking in buildings is not required for certification; it is an option for certification. A project could prohibit smoking in common areas and have a designated smoking room, such as in an airport. Reducing potable water consumption for irrigation by 50% would earn WE Credit 1.1, but this credit is not required for certification.
Question 25 As part of an urban redevelopment effort, a city is renovating a 30,000 sq. ft. timber frame warehouse into a multi-use project with an additional 50,000 sq. ft. of new construction. This 80,000 sq. ft. project will reuse the warehouse, replace single pane glazing with energy efficient windows extracted and manufactured in a city 250 miles away, and install reclaimed wood floors donated from a local company. The site has a zero-lot-line.
Based upon this given information, which credits may be applicable to the LEED certification application for this project? A MR Credit 4.1 Recycled Content B SS Credit 5.1 Site Development: Protect or Restore Habitat C MR Credit 1.1 Building Reuse D MR Credit 3 Materials Reuse E MR Credit 5 Regional Materials Notes: The energy efficient windows manufactured in a neighboring city can apply towards MR Credit 5 Regional Materials. The reclaimed wood floors can apply towards MR Credit 3 Materials Reuse. MR Credit 1.1 can be achieved because the existing building is being reused and the addition will be less than 2 times the square footage of the existing building. Not enough information is given to know if the project can earn SS Credit 5.1. Because the site has a zero-lot-line, a vegetated roof would be necessary for this credit. Not enough information is given to know if the project can earn MR Credit 4.1.
Question 26 A fuel-efficient vehicle must meet which requirement to qualify for SS Credit 4.3, Alternative Transportation: Low-Emission & Fuel-Efficient Vehicles? A Green Seal score of 30 or more B Green Label score of 40 or more C Green Label score of 30 or more D Green score of 40 or more E Green-e score of 25 or more
Notes: See LEED NC 2.2 Reference Guide, SS Credit 4.3, Requirements
Question 27 A project will renovate an old historic building into new office space. The surface area of the existing building structure and envelope is 100,000 sq. ft. How much of the existing building structure and envelope will need to be reused to achieve MR Credit 1.2 Building Reuse? A 65,000 sq. ft. B 85,000 sq. ft. C 50,000 sq. ft. D 75,000 sq. ft. E 100,000 sq. ft. F 95,000 sq. ft. Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 1.2 You need to maintain 95% of the existing walls, floors & roof to earn 2 points (1 point for MR Credit 1.1, and 1 point for MR Credit 1.2). 100,000 sq. ft. * 0.95 = 95,000 sq. ft.
Question 28 Fundamental and enhanced commissioning can differ in several ways. Select the additional tasks that the commissioning authority will perform to achieve enhanced commissioning. A Conduct a design review prior to producing mid-construction documents
B Complete a summary commissioning report C Develop a Basis of Design D Document the Owner's Project Requirements E Review the building operation within 10 months after substantial completion F Verify installation and performance of systems Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EA Credit 3, Approach and Implementation, Table 1
Question 29 Which credits use a Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) factor in the calculations? A EQ Credit 8.2 Daylight & Views B Exemplary performance ID credit for WE Credit 3 Water Use Reduction C SS Credit 4.1 Alternative Transportation D SS Credit 4.3 Alternative Transportation E EQ Credit 6.1 Controllability of Systems F WE Credit 3.1 Water Use Reduction Notes: This question tests your ability to know how the credit calculations are performed for some credits. The following credits use FTE in their calculations: 1. WE Credit 2 Innovative Wastewater Technologies 2. WE Credit 3 Water Use Reduction. This includes WE Credit 3.1, 3.2 and exemplary performance 3. SS Credit 4.2 Alternative Transportation: Bicycle Storage & Changing Rooms 4. SS Credit 4.3 Alternative Transportation: Low-Emission & Fuel-Efficient Vehicles 5. SS Credit 4.4 Alternative Transportation: Parking Capacity
SS Credit 4, Exemplary Performance may also use FTE in the calculations, depending on how it is implemented.
Question 30 The ASHRAE Standard 55-2004 applies to which of the following? A EQ Credit 6.2 Controllability of Systems B SS Credit 8 Light Pollution Reduction C EA Prerequisite 2 Minimum Energy Performance D EQ Credit 8.1 Daylight & Views E EQ Credit 7.2 Thermal Comfort F EA Credit 1 Optimize Energy Performance Notes: ASHRAE Standard 55-2004 identifies the factors for thermal comfort and the process for developing comfort criteria for a building space and the occupants of that space. 'This standard specifies the combinations of indoor space environment and personal factors that will produce thermal environmental conditions acceptable to 80% or more of the occupants within a space. The environmental factors addressed are temperature, thermal radiation, humidity, and air speed; the personal factors are those of activity and clothing.'
Question 31 A company is planning a new 20-story condominium. Which strategy will help achieve Environmental Tobacco Smoke Control? A Seal penetrations in walls between units B Weather strip doors leading to common hallways C Designated smoking areas located 15 feet away from entries
D Designated smoking areas located 20 feet away from entries Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Prerequisite 2 Designated smoking areas must be at least 25 feet from entries. However, 25 feet is not the answer choice, as both 15 and 20 feet are incorrect choices for this question. The question is intended to test your ability to understand right answers and not pick either of two incorrect choices. Picking 15 or 20 feet because 25 feet is not listed would be incorrect. Always be aware of questions and answers that try to trick you.
Question 32 Which are pre-consumer recycled items? A Grass clippings B Steel beams created from metal reclaimed from the manufacturing line C Cotton insulation manufactured from factory reject denim jeans D Cabinets made from newspaper print overruns E Carpets made from nylon that includes scraps from production F Demolition debris used on another project Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 4, Definitions Pre-consumer content is material diverted from a waste stream during the manufacturing process. Excluded from pre-consumer content are materials that have been reutilized within the same process that generated them, such as rework, regrind, or scrap that is generated in the process and that is then put back into the process. Both cabinets and cotton insulation are created from scraps from other manufacturing processes prior to the scraps reaching consumers. Scraps that are reclaimed and used to manufacture the same items (carpet, steel beams)
do not count as pre-consumer content or post-consumer content, and thus must be excluded.
Question 33 How can EA Credit 5 Measurement & Verification assist with LEED-EB? A IPMVP will lead to increased energy savings B ECM strategies qualify for LEED-EB credits C M&V strategies will lower costs for LEED-EB D Provides for energy use accountability over time Notes: This question tests your knowledge of the various rating systems. Knowing what each rating system is used for is part of the exam objectives. Part of the EB rating system relates to operations and maintenance. Energy use over time would apply to EB.
Question 34 A project is three points short of receiving a platinum rating. The project team believes the project earned the three points and want to file an appeal. What aspects apply to the appeals process? A The appeal must include three copies in individual three ring binders B The appeal will cost $500 / Credit C The appeal must be submitted online within 15 business days D Original, re-submittal and appeal documentation must be submitted E The appeal must be submitted online within 25 business days
Question 35 Energy Conservation Measure Isolation for EA Credit 5 Measurement and Verification, is most suitable for what type of building? A Multiple building campuses B Smaller / less complex buildings C Residential complexes D Larger / more complex buildings Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EA Credit 5, Approach and Implementation
Question 36 A college building used for engineering classes has a baseline water use of 400,000 gallons. What amount of water use after project design will earn an exemplary credit in WE Credit 3? A 160,000 gallons B 320,000 gallons C 300,000 gallons D 240,000 gallons E 200,000 gallons Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, WE Credit 3, Exemplary Performance The question asks for the amount of water use after the design. 400,000 - 160,000 (40% reduction) = 240,000 (new water usage level) 160,000 is not the correct answer. 160,000 is the amount of water that would need to be saved to earn Exemplary Performance, not the amount that will be used in the design.
Question 37 The materials cost of a building renovation is $5 million. What cost of reused building materials would the project team need to spend to achieve 3 points for MR Credit 3 Materials Reuse? A $100,000 B $500,000 C $750,000 D $250,000 Notes: To earn 3 points on this credit, you will need to achieve MR Credit 3.1, 3.2, and Exemplary Performance. Exemplary performance is equal to at least 15% of the total materials cost. $5,000,000 * 0.15 = $750,000
Question 38 What types of water on a residential condominium project could not be used to qualify for WE Credits 1.1 and 1.2? A Laundry water B Captured rainwater C Black water D Public water, non-potable E Kitchen sink water F Recycled waste water Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, WE Credit 1.1, Requirements
Waste water from toilets and urinals is considered blackwater and cannot be used for irrigation (unless it has been treated first). The definition of gray water is in the definitions section of WE Credit 1 - Graywater is 'untreated house-hold wastewater which has not come into contact with toilet waste.' Graywater includes used water from bathtubs, showers, bathroom wash basins, and water from clothes-washer and laundry tubs. It does not include water from kitchen sinks or dishwashers. We have received many questions on this graywater issue - does the soap from showers matter, what if someone washed diapers in the laundry - the main point to remember is that the definition of greywater includes shower and laundry water and that LEED allows graywater use.
Question 39 Planting grass on a disturbed site area can contribute to earning which of the following? A SS Prerequisite 1, SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design: Quantity Control, SS Credit 7.1 Heat Island Effect: Non-Roof, and SS Credit 7.2, Heat Island Effect: Roof B SS Prerequisite 1 C SS Prerequisite 1, SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design: Quantity Control, and SS Credit 7.1 Heat Island Effect: Non-Roof D SS Prerequisite 1 and SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design: Quantity Control Notes: According to LEED, planting grass is not an approach to use to earn SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design, thus the only possible choice is SS Prerequisite 1. Most often, planting turf grass is discouraged due to water needed for growth and sustainment.
Question 40 The heat island effect can vary temperatures by more than ________. A 10 Degrees Fahrenheit B 5 Degrees Fahrenheit
C 15 Degrees Fahrenheit D 20 Degrees Fahrenheit Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 7.1, Considerations, Environmental Issues
Question 41 Which of the following standards sets VOC limits for aerosol adhesives? A CIBSE AM10 B ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2004 C GS-36 D SCAQMD Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 4.1, Requirements, Aerosol Adhesives GS-36 states that 'GS-36 is a standard that sets VOC limits for commercial adhesives'. Per the Green Seal website, GS-36 covers many adhesives: http://www.greenseal.org/certification/environmental.cfm SCAQMD 1168 would be a correct answer, but since only the organization is listed (SCAQMD) and not the standard (SCAQMD 1168), GS-36 is the correct answer.
Question 42 A major renovation of an old office building is underway, including replacing the roof. The surface area of the roof is 30% of the building structure and envelope. The foundation, walls, and 75% of the interior non-structural elements will be reused for the project. The roof materials will be donated to a local Habitat for Humanity project.
Which credits could the team apply this information to in the process of earning the credits? A MR Credit 1.2 Building Reuse B MR Credit 2 Construction Waste Management C MR Credit 1.3 Building Reuse D ID point for MR Credit 1.3 Building Reuse E MR Credit 1.1 Building Reuse Notes: The roof could be applied toward MR Credit 2 to achieve a point. It may not be enough to earn the whole point, but would help the project reach that goal. 75% of the interior non-structural elements will be reused, qualifying for MR Credit 1.3. The surface area of the roof only equals 30% of the exterior structure, and the roof will be replaced. MR Credit 1.1 cannot be earned unless 75% of the existing walls, floors, and roof are reused. There is no ID point for MR Credit 1.3.
Question 43 Water needs to be treated to which standard to qualify for WE Credit 2? A EPA Water Cleanliness Standards B Local ordinances C Removal of 85% of solid particles D Tertiary standards E State water cleanliness standards Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, WE Credit 2, Submittal Documentation
Question 44 Which standard does EA Prerequisite 2 - Minimum Energy Performance use? A ASHRAE 90.1 B EPA Act of 1992 C Standards for Fundamental Conditioning D ASHRAE 62.1 E ANSI/ASTM - E779-03 Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EA Prerequisite 2 - Minimum Energy Performance, Summary of Referenced Standards
Question 45 Which of the following products can be used to help achieve MR Credit 7 Certified Wood? A Oikos certified wood B Green-e certified wood C FSC certified wood D GreenSpec certified wood Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 7, Requirements
Which materials can be utilized for MR Credit 6 Rapidly Renewable Materials? A Sunflower seed board panels B Recycled hardwood flooring C Light bulbs D Granite countertops E Pine flooring F Cotton batt insulation Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 6, Potential Technologies & Strategies
Question 47 How close does a building's entrance need to be to a rail or bus line to qualify for SS Credit 4.1 Public Transportation Access? A 1/2 mile walking distance from two or more separate rail lines B 1/4 mile walking distance from one bus line C 1/2 mile walking distance from two or more separate bus lines D 1/4 mile walking distance from two or more separate bus lines E 1/2 mile walking distance from one rail line Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 4.1, Requirements
Question 48 The Basis of Design is an important part of the commissioning process. At a minimum, which items must be included in the BOD?
A Architectural drawings of system locations B Primary design assumptions C Narrative descriptions of systems D Number of LEED APs on the design team E Standards including applicable codes, guidelines, etc. Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EA Prerequisite 1, Basis of Design
Question 49 A LEED AP needs to verify the albedo of surfaces for which credits? A EQ Credit 7.2 Thermal Comfort, Verification B SS Credit 8 Light Pollution Reduction C EQ Credit 4.4 Low-Emitting Materials - Composite Wood & Agrifiber D SS Credit 7.2 Heat Island Effect, Roof E SS Credit 7.1 Heat Island Effect, Non-Roof Notes: Albedo is synonymous with solar reflectance. The albedo of a surface must be known for all the materials that contribute to SS Credit 7.
Question 50 What are two responsibilities that the contractor has during the project construction phase that support the LEED documentation process? A Provide calculations for energy modeling B Provide calculations for waste diverted from landfill
C Provide site photometric plans D Provide Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) with paint submittals
Question 51 What is the best practice to achieve glare control for EQ Credit 8.1 Daylight and Views for sidelighting with daylight glazing? A Adjustable blinds B Louvers C Interior fins D Fixed interior elements E Exterior shading devices Notes: See LEED NC 2.2 Reference Guide, EQ Credit 8.1, Table 1
Question 52 When considering EQ Credit 6.2 Controllability of Systems, designers should evaluate the closely tied interactions between thermal comfort and acceptable indoor air quality based on which standards? A SCAQMD Rule 1113 B PEM C ASHRAE 55-2004 D Green Seal Plus, GS-11 E Green Seal, GC-03 F ASHRAE 62.1-2004
Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 6.2, Summary of Referenced Standards
Question 53 What is the most common failure in daylighting strategies, according to EQ Credit 8.1 Daylight & Views? A Low luminance ratio B Glare control C Fritted glazing D Poorly lighted surfaces Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 8.1, Approach and Implementation
Question 54 An office building project will have a total materials cost of $1 million. To qualify for exemplary performance on recycled content, what value of these recycled materials must be included? A $300,000 B $210,000 C $250,000 D $400,000 Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 4, Exemplary Performance For any recycled content, the total recycled value must be 30% or greater of the total
materials cost. $1M * 0.30 = $300,000
Question 55 A LEED project for a retail development has been denied credit for SS Credit 7.1 Heat Island Effect: Non Roof. The project anticipated earning the credit by having 50% of the parking spaces under deck. What can the project team do to correct the problem? A Install open grid paving for 25% of hardscapes B Plant trees that will provide shade within 10 years C Cover the deck with a material with an SRI of 29 D Place 100% of the parking under deck Notes: The project is seeking the credit under Option 2, which is to have 50% of parking spaces underground. To achieve this credit the parking deck for the project must have a roof with an SRI of at least 29.
Question 56 Which of the following people makes the final decision on MR Credit 5.1 Regional Materials? A Engineers B Contractors C Owner - Developer D Architects Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 5.1, Approach and Implementation
The General Contractor is typically responsible for documenting the amounts and values of regionally harvested and manufactured materials used on a project. The general contractor must track the materials cost of each locally harvested and manufactured product applied to the LEED credit. The General Contractor is the decision maker for MR Credit 5.1 according to the latest edition of the LEED for New Construction Reference Guide, version 2.2. Remember that the decision maker is the professional responsible for submitting and signing off on the LEED-Online letter templates and documentation, not necessarily the individual who makes the ultimate decision on certain specific aspects of the building and the design.
Question 57 For SS Credit 1 Site Selection, what should the project team do if the site selection involves special circumstances? A Donate dollars for toxic clean-up in the region equivalent to 5% project cost B Provide city approval for development on the site and also state approval, if necessary C Explain any site characteristics and non-standard tactics to achieve the intent D Provide confirmation that the project site does not meet any prohibited criteria E Provide parkland in equivalent amounts to the project site size Notes: This question asks what teams must do if the site involves special circumstances: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 1, Submittal Documentation - AND (For projects with Special Circumstances) Provide a narrative to describe any special circumstances or non-standard compliance paths taken by the project. All teams must 'Provide confirmation that the project site does not meet any of the prohibited criteria' - that is why this answer choice is wrong.
Question 58 After reviewing the reference guide what is the first step that a project team with a question about a LEED credit is likely to take? A Read the credit intent in the LEED Rating System B Submit a credit interpretation request C Call their designated LEED Project Manager at USGBC D Consult the credit interpretation database on the LEED web site Notes: Refer to the Guidelines for CIR Customers document from the USGBC website. Before submitting a CIR - and after reviewing the reference guide - the next step according to the document is to 'Review the CIR pages...'
Question 59 Which variables are used to determine the daylight factor as part of EQ Credit 8.1, Daylight & Views? A Interior light shelf B Window area C Floor area D Window geometry E Exterior light shelf Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 8.1, Definition of Glazing Factor
Question 60 Which of the following statements is not true of light shelf design?
A Building latitude determines the depth of the overhang B Provides an ideal shelf for building vegetation C Can be a roof surface D Creates daylight glazing areas on windows Notes: Light shelves are one strategy for EQ Credit 8.1 Daylight and Views. A light shelf is an architectural element that allows daylight to penetrate deep into a building. This horizontal light-reflecting overhang is placed above eye-level and has a high-reflectance upper surface. This surface is then used to reflect daylight onto the ceiling and deeper into a space. Light shelves are generally made of an extruded aluminium chassis system and aluminium composite panel surfaces. Extruded components can be painted or anodized and they are all field fabricated and assembled from stock lengths. Light shelves are typically used in high-rise and low-rise office buildings, as well as institutional buildings. This design is generally used on the southern side of the building, which is where maximum sunlight is found, and as a result is most effective. Not only do light shelves allow light to penetrate through the building, they are also designed to shade near the windows, due to the overhang of the shelf, and help reduce window glare. Exterior shelves are generally more effective shading devices than interior shelves. A combination of exterior and interior shelves will work best in providing an even illumination gradient. For maximum benefit, perimeter lighting should be controlled by photo-sensors, with lighting zones appropriate to the particular installation
Question 61 Which statements are true regarding agrifiber products as they apply to achieving EQ Credit 4.4 Low-Emitting Materials? A Requires Green Label certification B Can contain no more than 25% urea-formaldehyde resins C Requires a Chain of Custody (CoC) document D Must not contain any added urea-formaldehyde resins E Can be made using old growth trees F Must be inside of a building's weatherproofing system
Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 4.4, Requirements & Definitions
Question 62 A renovation project will incorporate an existing building but will not meet the requirements for MR Credit 1.1 Building Reuse. The reused portions of the existing building can be applied to which credits? A MR Credit 1.2 Building Reuse B MR Credit 7 Certified Wood C MR Credit 3.1 Materials Reuse D MR Credit 2.1 Construction Waste Management E MR Credit 3.2 Materials Reuse Notes: Refer to the LEED NC 2.2 Reference Guide, MR Overview Under the special notes the reference guide states that 'Projects that are incorporating existing buildings but do not meet the requirements for MR Credit 1 may apply the reused portions of the existing buildings towards the achievement of MR Credit 2 Construction Waste Management. MR Credit 3, Materials Reuse is a correct answer because: 'If they (items for reuse) are used for another purpose (i.e, doors made into tables), they contribute to earning MR Credits 3.1 and 3.2' See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 1, Approach and Implementation Question 63 Which standard sets VOC limits for commercial interior non-flat paints? A GS-03 B GS-11 C SCAQMD Rule 1113 D GC-03
E ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2004 F GC-11 Notes: Green Seal is an independent nonprofit organization that promotes the manufacture and sale of environmentally responsible consumer products. GS-11 is a standard that sets VOC limits for commercial flat and non-flat paints.
Question 64 Which of the following requires project drawings for LEED documentation purposes? A SS Credit 4.2 Alternative Transportation B EQ Credit 8.1 Daylight & Views, using the Glazing Factor Calculation Method C EQ Credit 3.2 Construction IAQ Management Plan D SS Prerequisite 1 Construction Activity Pollution Prevention E SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design Notes: SS Prerequisite 1 requires copies of the project drawings to document the erosion and sedimentation control measures implemented on the site. SS Credit 4.2 requires project drawings to show the location(s) of secure bicycle storage areas and shower/changing facilities. EQ Credit 3.1 (not EQ Credit 3.2) requires photos to highlight implemented construction IAQ practices. SS Credit 6.1 does not require drawings or photos. EQ Credit 8.1 does not use drawings when using the Glazing Factor Calculation Method.
The contractor and project team on a new mixed- use project have chosen to use window assemblies that contain FSC-certified wood. How can the amount of wood that is FSCcertified be determined for the assemblies? A By total volume B By adding the cost of the window assemblies to the total new wood material value C By adding the weight of the window assemblies to the total FSC-certified wood weight D By total weight E By the default materials cost F By total cost Notes: The amount of FSC-certified wood can be calculated for assemblies as a percent of the total weight, volume, or cost of the wood. The default materials cost is not used in the calculation of FSC certified wood. The FSC-certified wood material value and the total new wood material value must be known.
Question 66 Which salvaged materials will contribute to achieving MR Credit 3.1 Materials Reuse? A Wiring B Elevators C Bricks D Copper pipes Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 3.1, Requirements Mechanical, electrical, plumbing components, and specialty items such as elevators and equipment shall not be included in this calculation.
Question 67 A project in a 3 story multi-use building will have operable windows. To achieve EQ Credit 6.2 Controllability of Systems, the credit requires at least 50% of building occupants to have individual comfort controls. Operable windows can be used instead of comfort controls for occupants of areas that are ____ feet inside and ___ feet to either side of the operable part of the window. A 10, 10 B 20, 20 C 10, 20 D 20, 10 Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 6.2, Requirements
Question 68 All carpet cushions must meet what standard to achieve EQ Credit 4.3 Low-Emitting Materials: Carpet Systems? A Carpet and Rug Institute VOC Standard B Green-e C Green Label D ASHRAE 90.1-2004 E Green Score F Green Seal, GC-03 Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Credit 4.3, Summary of Referenced Standards Green Label Plus is for carpets, Green Label is for carpet cushion (pads), although according to the CRI: 'CRI is planning to voluntarily enhance its cushion testing program as part of its Green Label Plus program.'.
Question 69 At a minimum, a project team must successfully do which of the following to obtain a LEED Certification? A Gather documentation for the credits intents B Register the project with the USGBC C Record all vendors used on the project D Gather documentation for the prerequisites E Hire a USGBC approved consultant F Gather documentation for 26 points of the 69 points available
Question 70 Which of statements are true about a CIR? A CIR submission text is limited to 600 words B Your contact information should be included C The credit name must be stated D The CIR should be formatted as a letter E CIR rulings guarantee credit rewards F CIRs can be submitted for Prerequisites Notes: Refer to the USGBC Guidelines for CIR Customers With regards to the credit name or your contact information: 'Do not state the credit name or your contact information. The database automatically tracks this data.'
A project is on a Greenfield site, and the project team would like to qualify for SS Credit 5.1 Protect or Restore Habitat. What strategies to limit site disturbance are not acceptable to achieve this credit? A Share facilities B Clearly mark the construction boundaries C Utilize tuck-under parking D While grading the entire site, ensure that biofertilizers are used to condition the soil for vegetation E Use pervious paving F Locate the building on the site in an area that will minimize disruption to ecosystems Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 5.1, Potential Technologies & Strategies
Question 72 What are important facts to remember when submitting a CIR? A Submit the CIR as a letter narrative B Do not include confidential project information C Carefully review the credit and reference guide before submitting D Include your name and project details
Question 73 A project with a 30,000 sq. ft. building footprint has been designed with a 100% green roof. Renewable energy certificates will provide 25% of the electricity. The project team is revising the design to decrease the size of the green roof by 5,000 sq. ft. and add 5,000 sq. ft. of photovoltaic cells to the roof. What other credits/prerequisites will this design change affect?
A EA Credit 6 Green Power B SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design: Quantity Control C EA Prerequisite 1 Fundamental Commissioning of the Building D EA Prerequisite 2 Minimum Energy Performance E SS Credit 7.2 Heat Island Effect: Roof F EA Credit 2 On-Site Renewable Energy Notes: Adding photovoltaic cells will contribute to EA Credit 2 On-Site Renewable Energy. Renewable energy systems (wind, solar, etc.) are part of the commissioning process for EA Prerequisite 1. Decreasing the size of the green roof will alter stormwater quantity, thereby impacting SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design. Green roofs do not include areas with solar energy panels. Since the original design had a 100% green roof, adding solar energy panels will have no effect on SS Credit 7.2 Heat Island Effect. Adding photovoltaic cells will not change the energy efficiency of the building and its systems. The project does not qualify for EA Credit 6 because 25% of the building's electricity comes from renewable energy certificates, not the 35% required for that credit. Therefore, adding solar panels will have no effect on EA Credit 6.
Question 74 Which of the following are true regarding ID Credit 1.3? A Can be awarded for exemplary performance B Title of the ID credit must be submitted C Can be awarded if two or more LEED APs were used on the project D Can be awarded for innovative performance E Earning the ID credit on one project will result in the credit being awarded on other projects
F Can be awarded for using 90% FSC certified wood Notes: ID Credit 1.3 is one of four ID credits that can be earned. ID Credit 1, Innovation in Design requires the following documentation: 1. Specific title for the ID credit being pursued 2. Narrative statement of the credit intent 3. Narrative statement describing the credit requirements 4. Detailed narrative describing the project's approach to achievement of the credit. This narrative should include a description of the quantifiable environmental benefits of the credit proposal. 5. Copies of any specific construction drawings or exhibits that will serve to illustrate the project's approach to the credit. Note the difference between ID credits for 'exemplary' performance, and 'innovative' performance: Reference: http://www.usgbc.org/Docs/LEEDdocs/IDcredit_guidance_final.pdf MR Credit 7, Certified Wood requires 95% FSC certified wood or greater to earn exemplary performance. ID Credit 1 does not deal with LEED APs, ID Credit 2 does. Additionally more points are not awarded for having more than one LEED AP on a project.
Question 75 Which of the following mistakes are common errors that teams make when calculating energy savings for the Performance Rating Method for EA Credit 1 Optimize Energy Performance? A Using Energy Consumption instead of Energy Cost B Using Fenestration Assembly U-factor instead of Center-of-Glass Performance C Teams use the Performance Rating Method instead of the Energy Cost Budget Method D Not supplying enough information for energy measures that incorporate the Exceptional Calculation methodology E Calculating non-tradable surfaces as tradable surfaces
F Not accounting for task lighting Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EA Credit 1, Calculations, Common Mistakes
Question 76 A major renovation project has a $10 million budget. What estimated value of materials is needed to earn an Innovation in Design point for regional materials? A $3.6 million B $3.0 million C $2.0 million D $1.0 million E $4.0 million F $1.8 million Notes: The default value of the materials is calculated by using a 45% rate (see pg. 233, NC Reference Guide, Second Edition 2006 or pg 279, Third Edition), or $4.5 million. For an ID point, 40% of regional materials must be used, or 40% x $4.5 million = $1.8 million
Question 77 What criteria must be met to qualify for SS Credit 2 Development Density and Community Connectivity Option 2? A Construct or renovate within a community of 50,000 sq. ft. per acre density B Construct or renovate on a previously developed site C Construct or renovate where the site has pedestrian access between the buildings and services D Construct or renovate within 1/2 mile of a neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net E Construct or renovate within a community of 60,000 sq. ft. per acre density
F Construct or renovate where the site is located with two metro bus lines within 1/4 mile Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 2, Requirements The question asks for Community Connectivity, which is Option 2. The 60,000 sq. ft. and 50,000 sq. ft. per acre development density choices are not correct because they would apply to Option 1 and not Option 2.
Question 78 Which factor is used in the calculation of MR Credit 6 Rapidly Renewable Materials? A Cost B Regional materials C Area D Weight E Volume Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, MR Credit 6, Requirements
Question 79 A new manufacturing building will have employees that work on one of three nonoverlapping shifts. No local zoning exists for parking. How would you calculate parking requirements for SS Credit 4.4 Alternative Transportation: Parking Capacity? A Use the total number of employees B Use FTE for one of the shifts, but use that same FTE number consistently C Use 1/3 of the total number of employees D Use FTE for the largest shift
Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, SS Credit 4.4, Calculations, Option 2
Question 80 An architect is designing a residential building. What is the minimum distance that a designated smoking area must be from any outdoor air intakes to achieve EQ Prerequisite 2 ETS Control? A 50 ft. B 30 ft. C 25 ft. D 15 ft. E 20 ft. Notes: See LEED NC Reference Guide 2.2, EQ Prerequisite 2, Requirements
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