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pmi. A non-profit organization whose sole purpose is to develop and monitor Project Management as an Art and Science. and set forth standards that govern the discipline of Project Management Agreed by millions world-wide to be “the standard” in project management – regardless of the industry of application Most prestigious certifications issued to professionals that commit to Project Management as their chosen field PMI Website – http://www.org .
Deals with managing Information Technology project Standards and Principles of the PMI still apply Technical knowledge is a “nice to have” and not a “must have” – thanks to PMI’s standardization Often governed by Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC) methodologies Multitude of such methodologies exist and are followed by various corporations’ IT Organizations Methodology choices depend on the type of project. business need. and demand . environment.
Agile – Sequential in phases with short iterative cycles Most effective to deliver ever changing and increasing business needs Most suited for highly competitive market and business demands RUP provides a popular. according to a 2007 survey ASAP – Defined by SAP Labs for effective SAP implementations Provides step-by-step instructions and tools to effectively deploy SAP . well-defined Agile process (personal favorite) Waterfall – Definitive phases run sequential with each phase starting after the previous phase Most effective with fixed set of requirements Still used in about 70% of software development organizations.
Review PMI Standards. and how they align with PMI Phases. Phases and processes for Project Management Review three IT Project Management Methodologies (SDLC Methodologies) mentioned earlier Align SDLC Phases with PMI Phases Provide a list of PMI Processes. Waterfall Phases and ASAP Phases . RUP Phases.
Design Construction Transition Live Impl. Integration and Testing Final Prep ASAP Project Preparation Business Blueprint Realize Go Live . SDLC – Phase Comparisons New Project Changes and their color-coded impacts to the project PMI Initiating Planning Executing Closing Monitoring and Control Inception System Concepts Planning RUP Elaboration Req. & Depl Go Live Go Waterfall Dev.PMI Vs.
Schedule. Quality – everything to do with planning. Risks. assumptions. Estimates. Stakeholders. PMI – Defines Five Phases of a Project Initiating – Is where the project is identified and defined Project Objectives. and closed A key activity is Lessons Learned and archiving for historic purpose . Resources. verified. constraints. WBS. verifying scope Monitoring and Control – Requires a slide for itself (see next slide) Closing – Is where the project is delivered. team. accepted. works towards meeting the business need identified in planning and ensuring quality of the deliverable. any historical information Dividing large projects into smaller projects and build project charter Planning – Plan project through final delivery Project management plan. Scope. Activities. and project Kickoff Executing – Is where the chunk of work occurs Final team comes in. Budgets. Requirements.
risks.or end of Execution – More expensive (better to redirect them to new project (next product version) . scope. project Changes occurred in early Execution – Relatively less expensive Changes occurred mid. reporting etc. schedule. budgets. PMI Phases (Continued) Monitoring and Control (M & C)– Is where the Project Manager’s prowess (skill and experience) comes handy M & C plans. changes Team building. stakeholders expectations. or next version of the. A continuous endeavor in a project through the lifecycle The sooner M & C starts the smoother the project executes Changes and Change Management The late-breaking changes are very expensive to implement Today’s Reality – Changes occur throughout the project lifecycle Relevant Changes occurred in Planning – Include in current project Closing – Float another. resource. performance. expectations. resources. quality.
Close project. archive records…) RUP – PMI-Monitoring and Control Because of the iterative nature. etc) Transition Plans written. building any high-risk requirements. quality assurance All the PMI-Closing tasks (final scope verification and acceptance. final budget. delivery. etc) Construction PMI-Executing tasks (building all requirements. and rewrite plans) Elaboration PMI-Planning tasks (elaborating on requirements. all the M & C activities occur through the project . revising/creating plans) PMI-Executing tasks (developing prototypes. verifying them for quality and scope. reviewed and agreed Transition PMI-Executing tasks scope verification. update. Lessons Learned. Go Live. Rational Unified Process (RUP) – Defines Four Phase Inception Is where most of the PMI-Initiating and PMI-Planning work occurs Planning occurs throughout the project (review. Close contracts.
Cost. cost/benefit analysis. Planning Phase (PMI-Planning) Project planning occurs in this phase including project management plan Requirements Analysis Phase (PMI-Planning) Gather and define requirements. PMI-Executing) Activities include analyzing requirements for design and system architecture Development Phase (PMI-Executing) Chunk of the project work (development and white box testing) Integration and Testing (PMI Executing. Activities. initial scope/objectives. PMI-Closing) Integrating developed components. Waterfall – Defines a total of 10 product lifecycle processes System Concepts Phase (PMI-Initiating. and final user acceptance Implementation/Deployment (PMI-Closing) Migrate the new system to production (Go Live) and close the project . PMI-Planning) Project Charter. Budget Design Phase (PMI-Planning. resource assessments. verifying (QA). risk management plan. WBS.
beyond project closure Monitor and maintain the final result of the project Disposition (last phase of the lifecycle) End of product lifecycle – defines how the product is decommissioned This activity itself could be a “project” of its own (based on PMI’s definition of a Project) . Waterfall (Cont…) – Defines three additional phases Not included in PMI’s Project Management processes For a good reason – these relate to Product Lifecycle (not Project) Initiation Phase (First Phase. Occurs before System Concepts) Typically occurs before project comes into existence An idea/opportunity/concept is identified and agreed for undertaking Operations and Maintenance (After Go Live) Post deployment (Go Live).
quality. budget. and project is closed . schedule. tasks. ASAP – Accelerated SAP – with Five Phases Project Preparation (PMI-Initiating. Final Preparation (PMI Executing. WBS. and build a project blueprint (complete project plan with schedule. Resources – the whole nine yards) Realization (PMI-Executing) Development and implementation of the blueprint Management of scope. risks etc. stakeholder expectation. “As Is” and “To Be” systems (Design). Scope. Gap Analysis. PMI-Planning) Blueprint (PMI-Planning and PMI-Executing) Requirements. activities. PMI-Closing) Testing. team building. verification and user acceptance Go Live (PMI-Closing) New system is migrated to live production.
Requirements Analysis Requirements Analysis Requirements Analysis Requirements Analysis Requirements Analysis Requirements Analysis Requirements Analysis Requirements Analysis Requirements Analysis Planning Planning ASAP Phase Project Preparation Project Preparation Project Preparation Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Project Preparation Project Preparation Estimate Activity Duration Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning .PMI Process Develop Project Charter Identify Stakeholders Develop PM Plan Collect Requirements Define Scope Create WBS Define Activities Sequence Activities Estimate Activity Resources Develop Schedule Estimate Costs Determine Budget Plan Quality Develop H R Plan PMI Phase Initiating Initiating Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning RUP Phase Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Inception Waterfall Phase System Concepts System Concepts Planning Requirements Analysis Planning.
Construction Waterfall Phase Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning.PMI Process Plan Communication Plan Risk Management Identify Risks Plan Qualitative Risk Analysis Plan Quantitative Risk Analysis Plan Risk Responses Plan Procurements Direct & Manage Project Execution PMI Phase Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Executing RUP Phase Inception Inception All Phases Inception Inception Inception Inception All except Inception Transition Inception Inception. Requirements Analysis Design. Development System Integration and Testing Planning. Requirements Analysis All Phases from Requirements Analysis All Phases from Requirements Analysis ASAP Phase Project Preparation Project Preparation Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Blueprint Realization Final Preparation Project Preparation Blueprint Realization Perform Quality Assurance Executing Acquire Project Team Develop Project Team Manage Project Team Executing Executing Executing . Elaboration Elaboration.
Int. Integration and Test Integration and Test Integration and Test All Phases from Requirements Analysis Integration and Test Go Live Go Live . Final Prep All Phases from Requirements Analysis Blueprint. Transition Controlling Transition Controlling All except Inception Controlling All except Inception Controlling All Phases Controlling Transition Controlling Transition Controlling Construction. Final Prep Final Preparation Go Live Go Live Executing Construction Development Controlling All Phases Development. Transition Controlling Transition Closing Transition Closing Transition Development. Int. Integration and Test Integration and Test Design. Development. Realization Realization Realization Realization. Final Prep Final Preparation Realization. Development. Final Prep Realization. & Test Development. & Test Design.PMI Process Distribute Information Manage Stakeholder Expectation Conduct Procurements Monitor and Control Project Work Perform Integrated Change Control Verify Scope Control Scope Control Schedule Control Costs Perform Quality Control Report Performance Monitor and Control Risks Administer Procurements Close Project or Phase Close Procurements PMI Phase Executing Executing RUP Phase All Phases All Phases Waterfall Phase ASAP Phase All Phases from Requirements Analysis Realization. Final Prep Final Preparation Final Preparation Realization. Final Prep Realization. Integration and Test Controlling Construction.
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