List 1 (a

)
1. Spark = a momentary flash of light.
2. Flint = very hard quartz that makes sparks.
3. Percussion = the impact of one object striking another, or the noise or shock created when two
objects hit each other.
4. Paleolithic = second part of the Stone Age.
5. Chipping = break a small piece off from.
6. Charcoal = a black or dark gray form of carbon, produced by heating wood or another organic
substance in an enclosed space without air.
7. Peasants = .v¬ ·¬ ...+:· .-:·. + -+ +~-:-.s:|-..-:| + -+।
8. Briskly = done quickly and energetically.
9. Tinder = ~|-:×. +·~:· +·:¬ ·:- c:: :·· ·-।
10. Combustibility = the quality of being capable of igniting and burning.
11. Inflammable = -:·..+·¬-:·...:·|।
12. Quest = a search for an alternative that meets cognitive criteria/the act of searching for
something.
13. Cognition = the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning.
14. Tipped = part fitted on an end.
15. Combust = cause to burn.
16. Splints = a thin sliver (A small thin sharp bit of wood or glass or metal) of wood/wood sliver for
lighting fires.
17. Dipped/Dip = Go down momentarily/¬.- +-::- .s:·::·:।
18. Irritation = the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed/abnormal sensitivity to
stimulation.
19. Patently = in a way that can easily be seen or understood.
20. Distort = Alter the shape of (something) by stress/Make false by mutilation or addition; as of a
message or story.
21. Stuffed = filled with something/completely full.
22. Extol = praise/glorify/honor.~+a··+: +.:।
23. Mediocre = ·:+:|. ·::·.।
24. Skeptical = tending not to believe things but to question them/+··-·:-|।
25. Breeding = the mating and producing of young/somebody’s upbringing, education, and training
in manners and other social skills.
26. Strategy = an elaborate and systematic plan of action/a carefully devised plan of action to
achieve a goal, or the art of developing or carrying out such a plan/the science or art of planning
and conducting a war or a military campaign.
27. Document = writing that provides information/a written account of ownership or obligation.
28. Optimism = the tendency to believe, expect, or hope that things will turn out well.
29. Co-ordinate = to place or class things together/to organize a complex enterprise in which
numerous people are involved and bring their contributions together to form a unified whole/o
make moving parts, for example, parts of the body, work together in sequence or in time with
one another, or to work together in this way.
30. Programmers = a person who designs and writes and tests computer programs.
31. Masquerading = a party at which masks and costumes are worn/to pretend to be somebody or
something else.
32. Flaw = an imperfection in an object or machine/defect or weakness in a person's character/an
imperfection in a plan or theory or legal document that causes it to fail or that reduces its
effectiveness/add a flaw or blemish to; make imperfect or defective.
33. Reasoning = the use of logical thinking in order to find results or draw conclusions.
34. Caliber = a degree or grade of excellence or worth/ diameter of a tube or gun barrel.
35. Premise = a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn/a
statement given as the evidence for a conclusion/a proposition that forms the basis of an
argument or from which a conclusion is drawn.
36. Dubious = uncertain about an outcome or conclusion/likely to be dishonest, untrustworthy, or
morally worrisome in some way/+:¬·+ + /+:¬·¬·+।
37. Censured = official expression of disapproval/to subject somebody or something to severe
criticism.
38. Isle = an island, often a small one.
39. Wight = an Isle and county of southern England in the English Channel.
40. Damning = proving or showing that somebody or something is guilty, wrong, or very bad/ very
critical or unfavorable
41. Damn = wish harm upon; invoke evil upon.
42. Repute = estimation or character according to what people in general think.
43. Optimistic = tending to take a hopeful and positive view of future outcomes.
44. Persuade = .+:· |+- +.:¬ ·: ·: +.:¬ .:|¬ +.:·.-|« c ~+:-· +·:-::· ·+:~:+ a:.:|s¬ +.:. to
make somebody believe something, especially by giving good reasons for doing so.
45. Devote = dedicate/ give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause.
46. Apes = to copy somebody or something in an absurd or mindless way/ any of various primates
with short tails or no tail at all.
47. Absurd = Inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense.
48. Offspring = the product, consequence, or effect of something/ the descendants of people,
animals, or sometimes plants.
49. Clot = a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid/ change from a liquid to a
thickened or solid state/ a stupid or clumsy (~+|.~·:|¬¬) person.
50. Primate = a member of an order of mammals with a large brain and complex hands and feet,
including humans, apes, and monkeys/ an archbishop or high-ranking bishop/ somebody holding
the highest rank.
51. Foetus = »+.an unborn vertebrate at a stage when all the structural features of the adult are
recognizable.
52. Consolation = +:<·:.a:·:-. comfort to somebody who is distressed or disappointed.
53. Subliminally = entering, existing in, or affecting the mind without conscious awareness.
54. Subliminal = .- +¬:+ |·--|. +:s¬· ¬:· -::+ ·:. :s¬:·.. .-:.:·:~:. ·|:s।
55. Sinister = ~·¬.~|·º+.. threatening or suggesting malevolence, menace, or harm.
56. Stammer = .¬:¬-::·:. speak with hesitations and repetitions.
57. Pollinate = +.:· -« +.:. fertilize by transferring pollen.
58. Haul = to transport something that is heavy and bulky from one place to another/ +·:- |:·:।
59. Almond = +::·:-:·.-·:|·।
60. Rafts = .¬-:. .¬-:- ¬:|+:- |·:- -:c-:.a large number or amount.
61. Nile = ·|- ·-।
62. Catch on = understand, usually after some initial difficulty/ become popular.
63. Bonanza = a sudden happening that brings good fortune/ +· |+ c .+i¬:·. ~·-·+:.|।
64. Stacked = arranged in a stack/ dishonestly arranged/ an offensive term used to describe a
woman in terms of her physical characteristics/ disposed at different heights prior to landing.
65. Uncapped = to remove an upper limit or restriction from something.
66. Carousel = a conveyer belt that carries luggage to be claimed by air travelers.
67. Whirl = revolve quickly and repeatedly around one's own axis/ confused movement.
68. Pour = rain heavily/ to flow down or out, especially in large quantities/ Move in large numbers.
69. Mites = a tiny eight-legged creature related to spiders and ticks. Some mites live freely and
some as parasites that can carry disease, attack plants, and cause human allergies/ .|«.+:+:.~¬.-
+|.·:+..-:| |·· ।
70. Ageing = growing old.
71. Corpus = the main part of something/ the capital or principal of a sum of money/ a collection of
writings.
72. Provenance = where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence.
73. Professorial = relating to or characteristic of professors.
74. Bespectacled = wearing eyeglasses.
75. Weighty = having relatively great weight/ heavy/ of an important or serious nature.
76. Pronouncement = a formal or authoritative statement/ an authoritative declaration.
77. Nuance = ~- . ·¬:·¬. ·+ ·¬.:|-. +v ¬:.¬·.. +v .-.:¬·:।
78. Dusty = covered with a layer of dust/ Lacking originality or spontaneity/ no longer new.
79. Vibrant = a+¬·:·. vigorous (.¬¬v| ·: a·-) and animated/ of sounds that are strong and
resonating/ of colors that are bright and striking ·~+- +|- ·: |·v:-+.
80. Vernacular = the everyday language of the people in a particular country or region, as opposed
to official or formal language/ the architecture of a particular place or people, especially the
architectural style that is used for ordinary houses as opposed to large official or commercial
buildings.
81. Transcribed = recorded for broadcast/ copy something/ translate something.
82. Wolf down = eat hastily (done in a hurry).
83. Picky = having specific and inflexible likes and dislikes and, therefore, hard to please or satisfy.
84. Sifting = to separate something out with a sieve (s:-|·), or by a process of selection or
elimination.
85. Intuitively = known automatically.
86. Voicing = the act of adjusting an organ pipe (or wind instrument) so that it conforms to the
standards of tone and pitch and color/ give voice to.
87. Inventive = good at creating new things/ marked by independence and creativity in thought or
action.
88. Humorous = amusing (·¬:.), or intended to make people laugh/ .+:++।
89. Tramp = travel on foot, especially on a walking expedition (|·|-º ~:·:·. -·· ·: ~|¬-:·).
90. Protruding = extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary.
91. Chink = a small narrow crack or slit/ a short light metallic sound.
92. Thistle = +:|: -« +:¬: :·· ·--. +:-: ·: ·|-:-:|·¬ +~|·|·º ·· ~|--|·:·-..·:v.।
93. Leaded = fixed in place by means of thin strips of lead.
94. Knocker = a big shot who knows it and acts that way/ a boastful immoderate person/ a metal
fixture attached with hinges to the door of a house, used for knocking on the door/ A person who
knocks (as seeking to gain admittance).
95. Clutch = take hold of/ grab/ hold firmly, usually with one's hands/ A tense critical situation.
96. Individualistic = marked by or expressing individuality.
97. Burrow = to move through something solid by digging or by creating a space/ ·¬ / (·¬) .-:~:।
98. Foul = violating accepted standards or rules.
99. Dismantle = |+.: |+.: +.:. |·.:·.+ +.:. tear down so as to make flat with the ground.

List 1(b)

1. Chic = elegant (~|¬¬:·..|s·|-.·:|¬· ¬:·) and stylish (:·|-·-).
2. Cosset = to give somebody or something excessive care and protection.
3. Submerged = ~ ·::·:. |··|÷¬ ·c-:. to keep something such as feelings or a secret hidden
from others.
4. Mound = a collection of objects laid on top of each other/ a small natural hill/ |s|·. G-:।
5. Moles = a small mammal that usually lives underground/ spy.
6. Disco = a club or party where people dance to recorded pop music, often introduced by a DJ.
7. Enquiry = a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest/ an instance of questioning/ a
search for knowledge.
8. Greet = to welcome somebody in a cordial and usually conventional way/ to address somebody
in a polite and usually conventional way on meeting.
9. Embankment = a long artificial mound of stone or earth/ built to hold back water or to support
a road or as protection.
10. Terrace = balcony/ a row of houses built in a similar style and having common dividing walls.
11. Subterranean = being or operating under the surface of the earth/ existing or carried on in
secret/ ¬·¬ :।
12. Maisonette = A self-contained (constituting a complete and independent unit in and of itself)
apartment (usually on two floors) in a larger house and with its own entrance from the outside/ a
small house.
13. Hobbit = a member of an imaginary kind of good-natured little people who have brown furry
legs and live underground. Hobbits are the creation of writer J. R. R. Tolkien, whose most
famous hobbit is Bilbo Baggins, the hero of.
14. Boast = wear or display in an ostentatious (.-:+ .--::¬ +-¬ +:. :··) or proud manner/ show off/
-v. ~·v:. +.:।
15. Stagnate = stand without moving/ stand still/ |·-- ·c-:।
16. Abound = a:s- ++ ·c-:. as. +|.·::+ |·-.·:· -:+:. be abundant or plentiful/ exist in large
quantities.
17. Notoriety = the state of being known for some unfavorable act or quality/ |-.:|¬।
18. Compel = force somebody to do something/ to make something happen by force.
19. Incentive = an additional payment (or other remuneration) to employees as a means of
increasing output/ something that encourages or motivates somebody to do something.
20. Compensation = v|¬+.+।
21. Quirk = ·-::-:-. a strange attitude or habit.
22. Arable = s:-:-:·.. capable of being farmed productively.
23. Pasture = a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock/ bulky food
like grass or hay for browsing or grazing horses or cattle.
24. Contingency = ~|·|-¬ +v:··:।
25. Missile = a weapon consisting of a warhead propelled by a rocket.
26. Bead = ¬+|··. ¬+·:-: ·¬.:|-. v-:+:- · G+:।
27. Beads = several beads threaded together on a string.
28. Surge = ~:-|-¬ ·c-:. ¬.:×. ·:¬: -:|·¬ ·c-:. to increase strongly and suddenly.
29. Spell = ·:·:· +.:. ¬:- ·-. ·.:|a+:-. to be a sign or indication of something.
30. Sculpture = creating figures or designs in three dimensions/ ¬:v- ।
31. Plunge = +:+ .-c-:. ~|·:- .--:।
32. Sag = s::+ ·: ¬:.·+¬ ·:+ ·.:·. ·:+ -:c-: ·: .· :+ -:c-:. to become weaker or lose intensity or
enthusiasm.
33. Mould = -:s. -::s :¬|. .¬|-. +|~· ·¬.:|-. -:¬:. -:¬: +~:।
34. Puff = ·- .-:+ .-:-: ·: ·:¬:+ ¬.:· +.:. .¬::. |···:+ .+-:. ·:|·:¬ + .-c-:. an inhalation followed
by an exhalation, especially when smoking.
35. Versatility = having a wide variety of skills/ able or meant to be used in many different ways.
36. Form = the shape or appearance of a thing that makes it identifiable.
37. Formability =
38. Curtain = +-:. +-: |-:- .s:+ .-c-:. hanging cloth used as a blind (especially for a window).
39. Viability = capable of normal growth and development/ capable of being done in a practical and
useful way.
40. Extinct = no longer in existence/ lost or especially having died out leaving no living
representatives/ ~- ·:- a।
41. Inbreeding = The act of mating closely related individuals/ ~-¬··।
42. Predator = someone who attacks in search of booty (-:+ -|·¬ ·:-)/ -·+. |·+:|.।
43. Catastrophe = an event resulting in great loss and misfortune/ A sudden violent change in the
earth's surface/ |·+- -।
44. Epidemic = ··:·:|.. A widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected
at the same time.
45. Arboreal = of or relating to or formed by trees/ · v +¬|+ ¬. · v·:+|।
46. Marsupial = animal with a pouch (small soft bag) e.g. +:×:.।
47. Corporate = of or belonging to a corporation (group acting as single entity)/ done by or
characteristic of individuals acting together.
48. Recession = the state of the economy declines; a widespread decline in the GDP and
employment and trade lasting from six months to a year/ ·¬:।
49. De = undo, reverse, do the opposite.
50. Layering = make or form a layer (v.).
51. Aspire = to seek to attain a particular goal/ to soar (to fly or rise high in the air) to a great
height. ~+:+:¬: ¬:|~¬ ·c-:।
52. Contact = close interaction/ the act of touching physically/ .-:·::-:· +.:।
53. Pan-European = relating to all the nations of Europe.
54. Archamps =
55. Anecdot = ·:v· .+::·: ·.:|« ·: ·|·: +¬:+ +·|va +:|··|।
56. Anecdotal = relating to anecdotes or in the form of anecdotes/ consisting of or based on
secondhand accounts rather than firsthand knowledge or experience or scientific investigation.

53. or cause. 51. make imperfect or defective. for example. 33. existing in. untrustworthy. 44. 52. / 54. 48. or very bad/ very critical or unfavorable 41. often a small one. 43. Apes = to copy somebody or something in an absurd or mindless way/ any of various primates with short tails or no tail at all. Damning = proving or showing that somebody or something is guilty. activity. Premise = a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn/a statement given as the evidence for a conclusion/a proposition that forms the basis of an argument or from which a conclusion is drawn. 35. work together in sequence or in time with one another. wrong. Masquerading = a party at which masks and costumes are worn/to pretend to be somebody or something else. Foetus = /an unborn vertebrate at a stage when all the structural features of the adult are recognizable. especially by giving good reasons for doing so. parts of the body. 40. 45. Isle = an island. Clot = a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid/ change from a liquid to a ) person. Reasoning = the use of logical thinking in order to find results or draw conclusions. 34. Primate = a member of an order of mammals with a large brain and complex hands and feet. Censured = official expression of disapproval/to subject somebody or something to severe criticism. Flaw = an imperfection in an object or machine/defect or weakness in a person's character/an imperfection in a plan or theory or legal document that causes it to fail or that reduces its effectiveness/add a flaw or blemish to. Programmers = a person who designs and writes and tests computer programs. or affecting the mind without conscious awareness. or effect of something/ the descendants of people. Optimistic = tending to take a hopeful and positive view of future outcomes. including humans. Consolation = / / comfort to somebody who is distressed or disappointed. apes. Dubious = uncertain about an outcome or conclusion/likely to be dishonest. 47. Absurd = Inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense. thickened or solid state/ a stupid or clumsy ( / 50. 42. Subliminally = entering. or sometimes plants. Subliminal = . Caliber = a degree or grade of excellence or worth/ diameter of a tube or gun barrel. 38. 30. 49.make moving parts. 39. Damn = wish harm upon. or to work together in this way. and monkeys/ an archbishop or high-ranking bishop/ somebody holding the highest rank. 32. Repute = estimation or character according to what people in general think. Offspring = the product. Wight = an Isle and county of southern England in the English Channel. Devote = dedicate/ give entirely to a specific person. animals. Persuade = / ( ) / to make somebody believe something. 31. consequence. or morally worrisome in some way/ / 37. invoke evil upon. 36. 46.

. 60. 57. 85. 65. 56. Picky = having specific and inflexible likes and dislikes and. Haul = to transport something that is heavy and bulky from one place to another/ / 59. as opposed to official or formal language/ the architecture of a particular place or people. 66. attack plants. Dusty = covered with a layer of dust/ Lacking originality or spontaneity/ no longer new. Intuitively = known automatically. 73. Bonanza = a sudden happening that brings good fortune/ 64. Vibrant = resonating/ of colors that are bright and striking ( ). menace. Pour = rain heavily/ to flow down or out. Mites = a tiny eight-legged creature related to spiders and ticks. Professorial = relating to or characteristic of professors. Transcribed = recorded for broadcast/ copy something/ translate something. Uncapped = to remove an upper limit or restriction from something. Rafts = 61. Vernacular = the everyday language of the people in a particular country or region. . Carousel = a conveyer belt that carries luggage to be claimed by air travelers. or harm. Ageing = growing old. 82. 71. Sinister = / / threatening or suggesting malevolence. Some mites live freely and some as parasites that can carry disease. Weighty = having relatively great weight/ heavy/ of an important or serious nature. / fertilize by transferring pollen. 81. 63. Catch on = understand. Pollinate = 58. 69. 72. Nile = 62. Whirl = revolve quickly and repeatedly around one's own axis/ confused movement. Pronouncement = a formal or authoritative statement/ an authoritative declaration. therefore. Nuance = . hard to please or satisfy. 83. Provenance = where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence. 84. Almond = / /a large number or amount. 74. / 78. 80.55. especially the architectural style that is used for ordinary houses as opposed to large official or commercial buildings. Stacked = arranged in a stack/ dishonestly arranged/ an offensive term used to describe a woman in terms of her physical characteristics/ disposed at different heights prior to landing. Bespectacled = wearing eyeglasses. Sifting = to separate something out with a sieve ( ). or by a process of selection or elimination. 67. especially in large quantities/ Move in large numbers. and cause human allergies/ / / / 70. Wolf down = eat hastily (done in a hurry). / vigorous ( ) and animated/ of sounds that are strong and 79. 75. Stammer = / speak with hesitations and repetitions. usually after some initial difficulty/ become popular. Corpus = the main part of something/ the capital or principal of a sum of money/ a collection of writings. 68. 76. 77.

91. Mound = a collection of objects laid on top of each other/ a small natural hill/ / 5. . 4. 94. Individualistic = marked by or expressing individuality. 97. 8. Terrace = balcony/ a row of houses built in a similar style and having common dividing walls. 87. Cosset = to give somebody or something excessive care and protection. Protruding = extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary. Chink = a small narrow crack or slit/ a short light metallic sound. Dismantle = / / tear down so as to make flat with the ground. or intended to make people laugh/ 88. especially on a walking expedition ( ). Subterranean = being or operating under the surface of the earth/ existing or carried on in secret/ 12. 96. 90. Burrow = to move through something solid by digging or by creating a space/ / ( ) 98. Submerged = from others. 9. Leaded = fixed in place by means of thin strips of lead. List 1(b) 1. / 92. ). Disco = a club or party where people dance to recorded pop music. often introduced by a DJ. 10. Enquiry = a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest/ an instance of questioning/ a search for knowledge. 6. Moles = a small mammal that usually lives underground/ spy. Inventive = good at creating new things/ marked by independence and creativity in thought or action. usually with one's hands/ A tense critical situation. / / to keep something such as feelings or a secret hidden 3. Greet = to welcome somebody in a cordial and usually conventional way/ to address somebody in a polite and usually conventional way on meeting. used for knocking on the door/ A person who knocks (as seeking to gain admittance). Humorous = amusing ( 89. 95. 2. Thistle = 93. Voicing = the act of adjusting an organ pipe (or wind instrument) so that it conforms to the standards of tone and pitch and color/ give voice to. Maisonette = A self-contained (constituting a complete and independent unit in and of itself) apartment (usually on two floors) in a larger house and with its own entrance from the outside/ a small house. Chic = elegant ( / / ) and stylish ( ). Clutch = take hold of/ grab/ hold firmly. Knocker = a big shot who knows it and acts that way/ a boastful immoderate person/ a metal fixture attached with hinges to the door of a house. 7. Embankment = a long artificial mound of stone or earth/ built to hold back water or to support a road or as protection. Foul = violating accepted standards or rules.86. Tramp = travel on foot. . 99. 11.

30. Puff = / / / an inhalation followed by an exhalation. whose most famous hobbit is Bilbo Baggins. Quirk = / capable of being farmed productively. 20. Compel = force somebody to do something/ to make something happen by force. especially when smoking. Spell = / / / to be a sign or indication of something. 21. / / 33. Sag = / to become weaker or lose intensity or enthusiasm. Extinct = no longer in existence/ lost or especially having died out leaving no living representatives/ 41. Missile = a weapon consisting of a warhead propelled by a rocket. Compensation = / a strange attitude or habit. Stagnate = stand without moving/ stand still/ / / be abundant or plentiful/ exist in large 16. Versatility = having a wide variety of skills/ able or meant to be used in many different ways. 14. 17. Surge = 29. 28. Form = the shape or appearance of a thing that makes it identifiable. 27. Boast = wear or display in an ostentatious ( ) or proud manner/ show off/ / 15. Arable = 23. 24. Mould = / 34. Formability = / hanging cloth used as a blind (especially for a window). Beads = several beads threaded together on a string. Tolkien. Notoriety = the state of being known for some unfavorable act or quality/ 18. Predator = someone who attacks in search of booty ( )/ / . Inbreeding = The act of mating closely related individuals/ 42. Pasture = a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock/ bulky food like grass or hay for browsing or grazing horses or cattle. 22. 40. Bead = . 19. R. the hero of. 37. 26.13. Plunge = 32. Hobbit = a member of an imaginary kind of good-natured little people who have brown furry legs and live underground. 35. . Hobbits are the creation of writer J. R. Sculpture = creating figures or designs in three dimensions/ / 31. Curtain = / 39. / / to increase strongly and suddenly. Abound = quantities. 36. Contingency = 25. 38. Incentive = an additional payment (or other remuneration) to employees as a means of increasing output/ something that encourages or motivates somebody to do something. Viability = capable of normal growth and development/ capable of being done in a practical and useful way.

Anecdotal = relating to anecdotes or in the form of anecdotes/ consisting of or based on secondhand accounts rather than firsthand knowledge or experience or scientific investigation. 45. 51. 54. 50. Pan-European = relating to all the nations of Europe. many people are infected 44. Catastrophe = an event resulting in great loss and misfortune/ A sudden violent change in the earth's surface/ / A widespread outbreak of an infectious disease. Epidemic = at the same time. reverse. a widespread decline in the GDP and employment and trade lasting from six months to a year/ 49. Recession = the state of the economy declines. Contact = close interaction/ the act of touching physically/ 53. Anecdot = 56. 48. Marsupial = animal with a pouch (small soft bag) e. Aspire = to seek to attain a particular goal/ to soar (to fly or rise high in the air) to a great height/ 52. do the opposite. Corporate = of or belonging to a corporation (group acting as single entity)/ done by or characteristic of individuals acting together. Archamps = 55. 47. De = undo.43. Layering = make or form a layer ( ).g. Arboreal = of or relating to or formed by trees/ / 46. .

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