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4N32/4N33

PHOTODARLINGTON
OPTOCOUPLER

FEATURES Dimensions in inches (mm)


• Very High Current Transfer Ratio, 500% Min.
• High Isolation Resistance, 1011 Ω Typical Pin One ID.
3 2 1
• Standard Plastic DIP Package Anode 1 6 Base
• Underwriters Lab File #E52744 .248 (6.30)
.256 (6.50) Cathode 2 5 Collector
• V VDE Approvals #0884 (Available with
D E

Option 1) 4 Emitter
NC 3
DESCRIPTION 4 5 6

The 4N32 and 4N33 are optically coupled isolators .335 (8.50)
.343 (8.70)
with a Gallium Arsenide infrared LED and a silicon
.300 (7.62)
photodarlington sensor. Switching can be .039 typ.
achieved while maintaining a high degree of isola- (1.00)
min.
tion between driving and load circuits. These opto- .130 (3.30)
couplers can be used to replace reed and mercury .150 (3.81)
relays with advantages of long life, high speed 4° 18° typ.
typ. .110 (2.79)
switching and elimination of magnetic fields. .020 (.051) min. .150 (3.81)
.010 (.25)
Maximum Ratings .031 (0.80) .014 (.35)
.018 (0.45) .035 (0.90)
Emitter .022 (0.55) .300 (7.62)
Peak Reverse Voltage ........................................3 V .100 (2.54) typ. .347 (8.82)
Continuous Forward Current .........................60 mA
Power Dissipation at 25°C..........................100 mW Electrical Characteristics (TA=25°C)
Derate Linearly from 55°C....................1.33 mW/°C Parameter Min. Typ. Max. Unit Condition
Detector
Emitter
Collector-Emitter Breakdown Voltage,
BVCEO .......................................................... 30 V Forward Voltage 1.25 1.5 V IF=50 mA
Emitter-Base Breakdown Voltage,
BVEBO ............................................................. 8V Reverse Current 0.1 100 µA VR=3.0 V
Collector-Base Breakdown Voltage,
Capacitance 25 pF VR=0 V
BVCBO .......................................................... 50 V
Emiter-Collector Breakdown Voltage, Detector
BVECO ............................................................ 5 V
Collector (load) Current...............................125 mA BVCEO* 30 V IC=100 µA, IF=0
Power Dissipation at 25°C Ambient ...........150 mW BVCBO* 50 V IC=100 µA, IF=0
Derate Linearly from 25°C......................2.0 mW/°C
Package BVEBO* 8 V IC=100 µA, IF=0
Total Dissipation at 25°C Ambient .............250 mW BVECO* 5 10 V IE=100 µA, IF=0
Derate Linearly from 25°C......................3.3 mW/°C
Isolation Test Voltage......................... 5300 VACRMS ICEO 1.0 100 nA VCE=10 V, IF=0
Between Emitter and Detector,
HFE 13K IC=0.5 mA
Standard Climate: 23°C/50%RH,
DIN 50014 Package
Leakage Path ........................................ 7 mm min.
Air Path................................................... 7 mm min. Current Transfer Ratio 500 % IF=10 mA,
VCE=10 V
Isolation Resitance
VIO=500 V/25°C ...................................... ≥1012 Ω VCEsat 1.0 V IC=2 mA,
VIO=500 V/100°C .................................... ≥1011 Ω IF=8 mA
Storage Temperature ...................–55°C to +150°C
Operating Temperature ...............–55°C to +100°C Coupling Capacitance 1.5 pF
Lead Soldering Time at 260°C .................... 10 sec. Turn On Time 5 µs VCC=10 V,
IC=50 mA

Turn Off Time 100 µs IF=200mA,


RL=180 Ω

*Indicates JEDEC registered values

5–1
Figure 1. Forward voltage versus forward current Figure 5. Non-saturated and saturated HFE versus
1.4 base current
5
10000
VF - Forward Voltage - V
1.3 Ta = -55°C

HFE - Forward Transfer Gain


Ta = 25°C Vce = 5 V
1.2 8000
Ta = 25°C
1.1 6000

1.0
4000
0.9 Ta = 100°C Vce = 1 V
2000
0.8
0
0.7 .01 .1 1 10 100
.1 1 10 100
IF - Forward Current - mA Ib - Base Current - µA

Figure 2. Normalized non-saturated and saturated Figure 6. Low to high propagation delay versus
CTRce versus LED current collector load resistance and LED current

1.2 80 Ta = 25°C, Vcc = 5V


NCTRce - Normalized CTRce

tpLH - Low/High Propagation


Normalized to: 1KΩ
1.0 Vce = 5 V Vth = 1.5 V
IF = 10 mA 60
0.8 Ta = 25 °C

Delay - µs
220Ω
0.6 Vce = 5 V 40
0.4 470Ω
20
0.2
Vce =1V 100Ω
0.0
.1 1 10 100 1000
0
0 5 10 15 20
IF - LED Current - mA
IF - LED Current - mA

Figure 3. Normalized non-saturated and saturated col- Figure 7. High to low propagation delay versus
lector-emitter current versus LED current collector load resistance and LED current
10 Normalized to: Vce = 5 V 20
tpHL - High/Low Propagation

Ta = 25°C
NIce - Normalized Ice

IF = 10 mA 1KΩ Ta = 25°C
1 15
Vce = 5 V Vcc = 5 V
Vce = 1V Vth = 1.5 V
delay - µs

.1
10

.01 100Ω
5

.001
100 0
.1 1 10
IF - LED Current - mA 0 5 10 15 20
IF - LED Current - mA

Figure 4. Normalized collector-base photocurrent Figure 8. Switching waveform and switching schematic
versus LED current

10 IF
Normalized to:
Ta = 25°C VCC
NIcb - Normalized Icb

1 Vcb = 3.5 V RL
IF = 10 mA
tD VO
.1 tR
VO
tPLH IF
.01

VTH=1.5 V
.001 tF
tPHL tS
.1 1 10 100
IF - LED Current - mA

4N32/33
5–2
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