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Volume 7 Issue 6 July 2010
Preparing for Pawar Pages 2-4
The Numbers Game Page 8-9
Preparing for Pawar Identifying the top Twenty20 talent
6-7 8-9 10 11 12
A perfect ten in the carnival Caribbean for ICC World Twenty20 2010 The Numbers Game Anti-Doping Inspiring students through cricket Preparing the Decision Makers
This edition of ICC Cricket Quarterly is the ﬁnal edition that will be produced of the magazine in its current format. Future analysis of the major issues affecting international cricket will now be available on a more regular basis at www.icc-cricket.com. Back issues of Cricket Quarterly are also available for download from the ofﬁcial ICC website. CHRIS HURST
ICC CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS MANAGER
Sharad Pawar (r) at the ICC Cricket World Cup ticket launch with ICC Chief Executive Haroon Lorgat (l).
The ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 will be one of the most important events in Sharad Pawar’s Presidency.
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ICC Cricket Quarterly catches up with the incoming ICC President Sharad Pawar on the major issues facing the game in the coming years. Mr Pawar, an eminent politician and cricket ofﬁcial in India, takes over the ICC Presidency from David Morgan at the ICC Annual Meeting in Singapore on July 1. In a wide ranging discussion he reﬂects on all aspects and area of the great game of cricket.
What do you envisage as the future roles of the three formats of the game? The three formats are essential for the game to expand and to consolidate itself in different markets across the world. • Test Cricket – This will always be the true test of skills and endurance. Test cricket is something that players will always want to excel in. It is the ultimate test of playing ability and endurance. Today there are 10 Test playing nations. Hopefully over the years it is our endeavour that this number of 10 should grow further. • One-day cricket began in the 1960’s in England and the ICC made it a regular inter country tournament in 1975. Over the years this format has become a permanent ﬁxture in all cricketing countries calendars. This format also allowed many more countries to participate and has increased the popularity of the game considerably. • Twenty20 is the newest format of the game and yet again it has expanded to newer markets and also to acquire newer, younger audiences to the game of cricket. Many sports like football were taking away younger audiences and with Twenty20, we were not only able to retain them but expand the game to new markets. What developments will differentiate the formats in the next few years? The three formats are quite distinct in themselves. Technology has over the years helped to make the game more interesting and ICC will continue to invest in new and innovative technologies. In Test cricket experiments are being contemplated to see if the day/night format will work, One-day cricket has already evolved from a day format to both day and day/night, while Twenty20 is new and the three hour format is working well so there is no need to tinker with that. Each format has its own unique appeal which the ICC will seek to enhance. What should be done to improve the context for international matches e.g. Test Championship, League model? This is something the ICC will work on, and all Test playing countries are trying to work out a solution for this. Hopefully we will see a consensus in this area soon. What do you see as the ICC’s role in the design and administration of the calendar? ICC’s role is to work with all its Members to put together the cricket calendar. We will continue to work with our Members to streamline this process and ensure that the FTP guidelines are implemented by all nations. How should the balance of the cricketing calendar change – bi-laterals, ICC events, non-ICC events? The calendar is a complex exercise which involves all the Members and it takes years to do. The FTP for 2012 onwards is something all Members have been working towards and it deals primarily with bilateral series and ICC events. Hopefully a consensus will be reached soon. Where should investment in world cricket be focused and what should the objectives be? World cricket investment should be focused in building new infrastructure in countries where it’s needed, and in grass-roots programmes, academies for young cricketers and opening of new markets like China, USA, Europe and Africa. How should cricketing integrity (values, principles, expectations, methods ...) be best maintained? Through cricket, one can learn the great life values of integrity and respect; it affords opportunities for development of communication, leadership and team skills; it embraces individual excellence and ﬂair, while also valuing cooperation and communication within a team environment; and through its egalitarianism, it enables people of all backgrounds to have equal access and opportunity to participate. It also requires dedication to meeting performance standards of the skills themselves. Many nations have started an education programme for youngsters and we encourage that.
Entertaining batters like Tamim Iqbal will play an important role in maintaining the popularity of Test cricket.
What changes should the ICC lead in tackling these? ICC takes these issues seriously and we continuously work with all Members to promote such values. What do you see as the operational strengths of the ICC? Governance is something we all keep working on. Our job is to continue to be more transparent and ensure all Members do the same. There may be some shortcomings but the ICC is constantly helping every one of its Members to overcome any such shortcomings. What do you think the role of the ICC Executive should be? The role of the Executive should be to help and advice its Members to better govern their own cricketing boards.
What are the operational strengths and weaknesses of the ICC? The strengths of ICC are that all Members discuss all issues collectively and all Members adhere to all decisions taken by the Executive Board. We have a strong secretariat and good people who have dedicated themselves to the development of the game. We work as a team and Members respect diverse views and have commitment to the promotion of cricket. What investment in social responsibility programmes is appropriate for cricket? Through cricket, one can learn the great life values of integrity and respect; it affords opportunities for development of communication, leadership and team skills; it embraces individual excellence and ﬂair, while also valuing cooperation and communication
within a team environment; and through its egalitarianism, it enables people of all backgrounds to have equal access and opportunity to participate. It also requires dedication to meeting performance standards of the skills themselves. ICC takes this role seriously and has various programmes. What are the major changes you envisage in world cricket over the next 5 years – and what are the challenges in implementing these? The next ﬁve years are important for all of us as we see a very bright future for cricket. Whilst there is great optimism, at the same time there are challenges. These include: Expansion into new markets – There is extreme competition from other sports. We need to ensure we are able to capture the imagination of the fans and penetrate the market. Build new infrastructure around the world – Here again we need to protect the revenue generated by the game to be ploughed back into infrastructural improvements Get more and more countries to play competitive Test cricket – Players need to embrace Tests, but Twenty20 seems to give them more money so we need to ﬁnd a balance for all formats. Popularity – Many smaller countries are losing out to football and rugby in their markets and thus losing revenues. We need to try and help them win back audiences and so they can continue to build the sport and grassroots programmes and build new infrastructure. Anti-corruption – We need to take all possible steps in this important area so that the game is not brought into any disrepute anywhere in the world.
Sharad Pawar believes that social responsibility is an important part of international cricket. The new ICC President believes tournaments like the ICC World Twenty20 2010 have helped raise the proﬁle of the sport amongst young people.
THE TOP TWENTY20 TALENT
Who’s the world’s best Twenty20 player? A few years ago this question would probably have been of only marginal interest to cricket followers, but the rapid growth of this new form of the game has brought Twenty20 players to centre stage.
Never in cricket has the rate of scoring been so important, and in the T20 ranking system, scoring runs fast is the single most signiﬁcant thing a batsman can do. Twenty runs off six balls will, in many circumstances, be worth more to his side than 40 runs off 30. There’s a similar story in bowling, where wicket-taking has traditionally been the mark of achievement for bowlers. But in Twenty20, a team will not often manage to take all ten of the opponents’ wickets, which means wicket-taking is far less signiﬁcant. The dominant factor in bowling is now economy, and a miserly spinner who takes 0 for 15 off four overs is generally doing more for his team’s cause than a strike bowler taking 3 for 40. In the new ICC T20 Rankings, all these factors are being incorporated into a beta system that is being tracked against current international match results and will be released when sufﬁcient data has been veriﬁed. Who IS top? For that, you have to wait a little bit longer, because the international game is so young that there are still not many players who have played enough matches to have a meaningful ranking. As with the other player rankings, new players start at zero, and won’t get a full ranking until they’ve played a decent number of games – around 15. Until he’s fully qualiﬁed, a player’s ranking can be very volatile, leaping up or down 20 places or more after each game. So while the ICC World Twenty20 will continue to determine who the best T20 team is in the world, fans will have to wait a little longer to ﬁnd out who the leading player is according to the ofﬁcial rankings.
Accurate bowlers, like Daniel Vettori, will be rewarded in the new system.
Yuvraj Singh would be expected to feature highly in the T20 rankings.
With the Test and ODI Reliance Mobile ICC Player Rankings well established, Twenty20 rankings are the natural next development. But it’s not simply a case of taking one of the existing ranking systems, plugging in the new matches and seeing who comes out top. It has become increasingly apparent that we are witnessing new skills and new strategies, and that a good ODI player – let alone a good Test player – might not cut the mustard when it comes to T20. In other words, we are talking about a new type of cricket, where different statistics come into play. The most obvious difference between T20 and other forms of the game is in the scoring rate. Where ﬁve runs per over has been par for ODIs, in Twenty20 it is not uncommon for that rate to be nearly doubled. Traditionally, scoring 50 runs off 60 balls has always been an outstanding achievement, whatever the cricket. But in a T20 match, 50 off 60 balls is far less noteworthy. In fact in many matches this innings would be a liability, because if all the batsmen were to score at this rate, the innings total would be just 100, an inadequate score in international Twenty20.
FECT A PER
Party Time Caribbean Style Fans, enticed by affordable and accessible ticket pricing, were encouraged by the pre-event marketing campaign to ‘Bring It’ and supporters came in their thousands with their musical instruments to demonstrate that the Caribbean retains and displays a unique passion for the sport. The atmosphere for the beginning of West Indies match against Australia in St Lucia was electric – sadly the West Indies team couldn’t live up to the expectations of its magniﬁcent supporters. England’s triumph Under the captaincy of Paul Collingwood, England ﬁnally landed an ICC global trophy. England put up a series of impressive performances to comfortably reach the ﬁnal. Most pundits anticipated a closely fought ﬁnal against arch rivals Australia, but some spectacular hitting from Craig Kieswetter and Kevin Pietersen, who deservedly was named Player of the Tournament, helped England achieve a seven-wicket victory with three overs remaining. Out of the Ashes The story of Afghanistan reaching the ICC World Twenty20 was one that attracted media attention all over the globe and its players didn’t disgrace themselves. Noor Ali’s half century and some accurate fast bowling meant the team didn’t performed creditably against India, while Hamid Hassan and Samiullah Shenwari were both in outstanding form against South Africa. Indeed those two bowlers ended up ﬁnishing the tournament as the two most economical bowlers in the men’s event.
IVAL CARIBBEAN IN THE CARN
Mr Cricket does it again When Umar Akmal and Kamran Akmal smashed half centuries against Australia in the semi-ﬁnal to pose an imposing target of 192 to win it looked as though Pakistan were heading for their third successive ﬁnal. The prospect seemed even more likely when Michael Clarke’s Australia got off to a poor start. But Cameron White’s ﬁve sixes gave his side hope, though 48 runs were still needed off 17 balls and just three wickets in hand. Luckily for Australia, one man hadn’t given up hope, and Mike Hussey’s incredible innings of 60 not out off 24 balls sealed victory with one ball to spare and a place in Twenty20 folklore.
High Fives Australia looked on course to become the ﬁrst team in the ICC World Twenty20 2010 to pass the 200 marl, in its group match against Pakistan, when it reached 191-5 after 19 overs. Mohammad Aamer had other ideas though and produced one of the most remarkable overs in Twenty20 international historya ﬁve wicket maiden which included two run-outs for Kamran Akmal. Aamer’s efforts were all to be in vain though as Pakistan fell to a 34-run defeat.
WENTY20 2010 N FOR ICC WORLD T
Last ball drama India knew that it needed to defeat Sri Lanka by 20 runs or more to have any chance of progressing through to the semi-ﬁnals on net run-rate, and posted a respectable total of 163-5 off 20 overs. Two quick wickets gave India the upper hand as Sri Lanka slowly successfully edged its way to the initial target of 144. With that milestone achieved, Angelo Mathews and Chamara Kapugedera raised the tempo, although with 25 runs needed off the last eight balls the task was still daunting. Three consecutive sixes changed all that and with three needed from the ﬁnal ball, Kapugedera put the game beyond doubt with a huge six, and helped Sri Lanka earn a semi-ﬁnal spot. Super Centurions, Part One Prior to the start of the tournament, there had only been two centuries in the history of men’s international Twenty20 cricket. Suresh Raina, who made an outstanding 101 off 60 balls in the group stages against South Africa, and Mahela Jayawardene, who hit a hundred off 64 balls, against Zimbabwe, joined this exclusive club during the course of the tournament, although a young West Indies star was also to join them in the women’s competition.
20 2010 The ICC World Twenty emorable ced one of the most m produ the ICC. ents in the history of tournam orable on ten of the most mem Look back etition. moments in the comp
Super Over Thriller England and Australia have been two of the strongest sides in the history of international women’s cricket and on the opening day of the ICC World twenty20 women’s event at Warner Park, St Kitts they produced one of the closest matches in the history of the game. After both teams ﬁnished with scores tied after 20 overs, a one-over eliminator still couldn’t separate the teams, meaning that Australia claimed victory on the virtue of hitting more sixes in the match!
a Fitting Finale When New Zealand’s White Ferns restricted Australia’s women to 106-8 off 20 overs, it looked like it was set for a comfortable victory to make up for disappointment in both the ICC Women’s World Cup ﬁnal and the ICC World Twenty20 2009 ﬁnal. But wonderful bowling from the Southern Stars though caused problems for New Zealand, with Ellyse Perry (3-18) in fantastic form. With an unlikely 24 runs needed off eight balls, Sophie Devine suddenly sparked into life and smashed a four and a six. Some fantastic boundary ﬁelding ensured that the White Ferns needed a boundary from the ﬁnal ball to take the game into a one-over eliminator, but Perry kept her nerve to seal a dramatic three-run win.
Super Centurions, Part Two 18-year-old Deandra Dottin’s 22-ball half-century against Australia at the ICC World Twenty20 2009 illustrated her potential as one of the most exciting batters in international cricket. In the opening match of the 2010 women’s event, Dottin stunned the cricketing world with a remarkable innings of 112 not out against South Africa, with her second ﬁfty taking just 12 balls! She became the ﬁrst woman to score an international T20 century and broke the all-time record (including men’s cricket) for the fastest T20 international hundred.
The ICC Cricket Committee met in May at Lord’s Cricket Ground to consider some statistical trends in the international game.
THE NUMBERS GAME
Cricket is a game famous for having followers with a love of statistics but how often do you hear players, spectators, the media and even administrators refer to things such as volume of cricket, over-rates, run rates and the attractiveness of ODI cricket, without necessarily using evidence to back up their arguments? and reﬂects the views of the game’s most important constituencies from players to coaches to administrators to umpires to match referees to the media, statisticians, broadcasters and lawmakers. reading, although they obviously don’t take into account the rise of domestic Twenty20 competitions. Now the information is available to help the game’s policy makers as the ICC commissions research, on an annual basis, into some of the key trends of the game (from 1 April 2009 – 31 March 2010) to inform the ICC Cricket Committee and other committees – and the results are extremely positive. That ICC Cricket Committee, chaired by former West Indies captain Clive Lloyd, meets on an annual basis to discuss some of the most important cricket policy topics In May, the Committee, which was attended by the likes of India coach Gary Kirsten, considered information on a wide range of topics, which had been sourced by Cricket Archive and were presented by leading statistician David Kendix, who also sits on the Committee, to provide a fascinating insight into the state of the modern game. • The nine Test country average is 78 playing days per annum, stable for some time (always in range 76-80 days per annum) • India, Australia and England play consistently more than the average number of days; now in the mid-90s • NZ, SL, SA and WI play close to the average number of days per annum, although Bangladesh (64) and Pakistan (56) are some way below average • The amount of cricket played by an average of the game’s 20 most active players has recently fallen by around 10% (from 72 to 65 days p.a.), but as team volumes are unchanged, this suggests they play a slightly smaller proportion of their team’s days
The ICC Cricket Committee meets on an annual basis to discuss some of the major policy issues effecting the world game.
Are teams and players playing more international cricket than ever before?
Using ﬁgures from the past three years for teams and the last seven years for players, to average out discrepancies in countries’ schedules, the facts make interesting
Has Twenty20 cricket had an impact on the speed in which runs are scored in other forms of the game?
Although there are many factors to consider when answering this question, the run-rates for both Test and ODI cricket have increased in the last year. • Test run rate was 3.30 runs per overs (average for the 2000s was 3.22, 1990s was 2.87) • ODI run rate reached highest ever level of 5.19 (260 per 50 overs). Was 5.04 last year and averaged 4.97 over previous ﬁve years • T20I run rates were 7.55 (151 per 20 overs), in line with average of previous two years
Have over-rates improved in international cricket?
One of the biggest criticisms of international cricket is the pace at which teams bowl their overs. While the ICC continues to pursue initiatives aimed at speeding up the pace of play, the changes made in recent years have led to improvements. • There have been improvements in overrates for two successive years in all three forms of the game, e.g. – Tests 13.78, then 13.91, now 14.05 – ODIs 13.57, then 13.93, now 14.38 • These improvements are equivalent to 1.5 overs per six hour day in Tests and 12 minutes per 50 over innings in ODIs. • Interestingly, ODI over-rates in India and Sri Lanka are by far the slowest and in England they are the fastest, but Tests in India and Sri Lanka have higher over rates than Tests in England. • This perhaps suggests that bowling composition is the major over-rate driver for Tests, but climate is for ODIs. • The ﬁgures are before allowances for wickets, drinks and interruptions for over rate breach purposes.
Should Test matches be reduced to four-day rather than ﬁve-day games?
Some pundits have argued that it would be better for Test Matches to last for four days, rather than ﬁve, due to the number of games ﬁnishing early, but the evidence from the past year doesn’t back this up. • The proportion of draws fell to 22.5% in 2009; the long term trend is stable in range 20%-30% • Of the Tests with a positive result, the average duration was 4.45 days, the highest for 15 years
India’s Virender Sehwag has played a role in increasing scoring rates in all forms of the game.
What impact have Power Plays had on the attractiveness of ODI cricket?
When the Power Play was ﬁrst introduced to international cricket, back in 2005, many believed that it was needed to increase the attractiveness of 50-over cricket. The evidence suggests, certainly from a batting perspective, that they have added both variety and excitement to the game for spectators but there is quite a lot of predictability in when sides implement them. • Bowling power plays are taken immediately 91% of the time, and after over 16 only 3% of the time. • Batting power plays are being taken later, 54% start in overs 43-46, up from 42% previously, with an average of 35 runs being scored for the loss of 1.6 wickets. • Six hitting frequency does not vary between power play and non-power play overs, but fours become nearly twice as common (1 in 10 balls versus 1 in 19 balls).
Attacking batters like Kevin Pietersen have taken advantage of the Power Play overs.
For the past decade, cricket has led the sports world in the provision of anticorruption awareness to current and future international cricketers. The head of the ICC Anti-Corruption and Security Unit, Ravi Sawani, was recently invited to Lausanne to share cricket’s pioneering experiences with the other major international sports federations. Sawani and his team have developed a bespoke programme that is delivered face-to-face to cricketers around the world. Since the ICC became a signatory of the WADA Code in 2006, it has also provided support to its Members on anti-doping topics. While the responsibility for anti-doping education rests on the shoulders of the Member boards, the ICC has been providing a range of support resources to its Members and their players. These have included handy wallet cards distributed to
An online anti-doping education programme has been launched this year.
participants at major events, background documentation on anti-doping processes and a 24-hour hotline for anti-doping queries. In May this year the ICC supplemented this activity with the launch of an online antidoping awareness programme, produced in partnership with online software specialists, Realwinner. “Our regular interactions with Members highlighted that an online resource of this nature would complement their current education programmes and broaden the reach of high-quality anti-doping resources across the cricket world,” explains the ICC’s Anti-Doping and Member Services Manager, Lorinda Rugless. “The ﬂexibility of this programme means that our Members can pick it up and use it in a way that meets their needs. They can target speciﬁc stakeholders to do relevant modules. For example, they could make it mandatory for all their Academy players or direct their coaching staff to undertake speciﬁc modules of the programme.” The programme is interactive with problem solving tasks and case studies and provides instant feedback to participants. It is available online, for download or through an innovative comic-strip approach with individual access managed through the speciﬁc Member boards. “Effective education of players and support staff on anti-doping is something we consider to be very important and the resources provided by ICC have been very helpful,” says the England & Wales Cricket Board’s Ethics and Compliance Manager Alison Faiers. “Tom Cleary, the ECB’s full time antidoping ofﬁcer has noted that “This online programme provides a promising supplement to our current activity and we are looking forward to piloting it in England & Wales.” The Realwinner programme is also used by governing bodies in cycling, rugby and volleyball. ICC is piloting the scheme in English and looking to introduce versions in other languages, starting with Hindi, from later this year. The project was made possible due to funding support from the Association of IOC-Recognised International Sports Federations (ARISF), a group of international federations ICC joined when it obtained IOC-recognition in 2007.
ICC supports Members with launch of online anti-doping education.
The England team with children from the Sport for Life programme in Barbados.
Late in 2009, the ICC approached Sport for Life! Caribbean to be its partner to provide a social legacy from the ICC WT20 2010 in the West Indies as part of the global Think Wise partnership. The Sport for Life! Caribbean programme is located at four Test cricket grounds in Barbados, St Lucia, St Vincent and Trinidad & Tobago where it provides a community education and cricket programme to thousands of children aged 10-16 who are failing to reach their potential at school and in society. Children come after school, at weekends and in the holidays and undertake sessions in maths, English, ICT, healthy lifestyle training and cricket. Sport for Life! has installed state-of-the-art IT centres and uses the same cricket nets as professional players. The programme succeeds in giving young people increased academic and cricketing skills using the power of the iconic Test cricket grounds to recruit them and an inspirational team of teachers and coaches to motivate them. Negotiations are underway for two further countries in the Caribbean to join the Sport for Life! programme in 2010. Already supported by the England & Wales Cricket Board, the West Indies Cricket Board and governments plus cricketing associations in the Caribbean, Sport for Life! recognises
that a partnership with the ICC has helped introduce the programme to an international audience, raise funds and provide further opportunity to expand on a global basis. It was an exciting step forward and the Caribbean Boards of Sport for Life! were inspired by its potential. Children during the tournament had the opportunity to spend an afternoon with the England cricket team’s Luke Wright, Ryan Sidebottom and James Tredwell in Barbados. It was the highlight of the year for the Sport for Life! students and when they were subsequently offered match tickets to the West Indies v Sri Lanka Super Eights match at the Kensington Oval, they thought they had arrived in heaven. In St Lucia, ﬁfty Sport for Life! students and their teachers attended West Indies v Australia on 11 May at Beausejour Cricket Ground. Most had never attended an international match before and had only visited the ground as part of their Sport for Life! programme. Their excitement was unparalleled though they were disappointed that West Indies lost again this time to Australia. The Sport for Life! International team in London organised two events to raise the proﬁle of the Caribbean programme as well as funds to ensure its stability in the Caribbean region. The ﬁrst, a partnership with the
ﬁve star Fairmont Royal Pavilion hotel and Barbados Tourism Authority, took place on Barbados’ famous west coast. The second, a reception hosted by the St Lucia Golf Club, took place on Wednesday 12 May at the Golf Clubhouse on Cap Estate in northern St Lucia. Sport for Life! Caribbean believes that its partnership with the ICC WT20 was a powerful and rewarding expression of support that has raised it onto a global platform. Sport for Life! International CEO Jane Power described it as “just the kind of support we need to help us expand to other countries too. We are proud to say that Sport for Life! Pakistan has already opened its ﬁrst learning centre in Mirpur and its ﬁrst Sport for Life! Community Cricket League in Birmingham, UK in June.”
England’s Ryan Sidebottom passes on bowling tips to an aspiring bowler.
Jane Power, Chief Executive of educational charity Sport for Life! International, describes her organisation’s partnership with the ICC.
INSPIRING STUDENTS THROUGH CRICKET
CRICKET QUARTERLY 11
Umpire Billy Bowden reverses an LBW decision against Jacques Kallis of South Africa. Australian umpire Simon Taufel (L) and England colleague Umpire Ian Gould.
While most of the game’s stakeholders were making their way home from the thrilling ICC World Twenty20 2010 in the Caribbean, the game’s leading umpires and referees were gathering in Barbados in May to discuss the key issues relating to the ofﬁciating of the sport. The two-day workshop brought together the focused group of the Emirates Elite match referees and umpires, and Regional Umpire Performance Managers. Among the key topics discussed was the Decision Review System (DRS), with Paul Hawkins, who was responsible for the development of the Hawk-eye’s technology, giving a detailed presentation on Hawk-eye’s methodology and engaging in discussions on the system’s effectiveness and accuracy. The seminar, led by ICC Umpire and Referees Manager, Vince Van Der Bijl, also detailed an additional assessment process for the Elite and international umpires. Previously the umpires were assessed measuring the umpire’s overall “match grade”, a numerical average of the referees’ grading of each umpire; their “overall average”, made up of sixteen performance indicators under the four headings of critical decisions, general decisions, match management and self management and team work, as well as their actual correct decision percentages in international matches. This year a further assessment tool will be used to measure the key attributes which are directly aligned to the key Elite umpire criteria. These attributes are attitude and team work, preparation and knowledge, match management, correct decision making, technique and personal assessment and development. “There is a need to consider a broader range of speciﬁc factors other than correct decisionmaking based on appeals, a traditional evaluation method, which reﬂect the changing face and demands of Elite umpiring. In a Twenty20 match, for example, decisions on wides, no balls, the pace of the game and over rates are key to excellent ofﬁciating (with an average of only 5 appeals only in a T20 match), while in a Test Match (with an average of 55 decisions per Test) challenges such as dealing with bat-pad catches and crucial lbw decisions during a sustained period of pressure in the match creates different requirements. It should be noted that the DRS in Tests and the fast pace of Twenty20 matches demand real team work and collective leadership within the match ofﬁcials’ team – The Playing Control Team (PCT),” said Van Der Bijl. The seminar also focused on the roles and duties of the ﬁve Regional Umpire Performance Managers (RUPMs), who performance manage, coach and assist the elite and international umpires as they strive for on-ﬁeld excellence. Their aim is the continuous improvement and development of the elite and international umpires in their speciﬁc regions and to provide individual support to visiting umpires who ofﬁciate in their regions. The RUPMs are an integral part of the PCT and play an important role in the support of the elite umpires and working with the Home Boards in developing the aspiring next group of elite umpires. In addition the seminar was used as an opportunity to bring the umpires up to speed on other key issues affecting the game. This included discussing policy issues relating to playing conditions and regulations, and these concepts were taken forward to the ICC Cricket Committee (which met the following week) by the match ofﬁcials’ representatives, Ranjan Madugalle and Simon Taufel. Iain Higgins, ICC lawyer, focused on the ICC Code of Conduct and Sean Carroll, the newly appointed ICC Security manager shared the progress being made by the Anti-Corruption and Security Unit to further enhance the security of match ofﬁcials..
THE DECISION MAKERS
The game’s leading match ofﬁcials discuss key policy issues in seminar in Caribbean.