# Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department

WATER STORAGE TANK Design Description: Bulk storage of liquids is generally handled by closed tanks to prevent escape of volatile and contamination. In some instances, such as water storage, where contamination and dilution are not a factor, large reservoirs can be employed. Natural terrain, concrete-walled excavations, or concrete tanks are the typical construction. Reinforced-wall design is required and the concrete must be waterproofed with a suitable paint to prevent any possibility of leaking. Design Selection: This tank is selected to supply the water needed by the spray washer, reactor (degumming machine), the sink – and – float tank and, hot washing tank Design Considerations: 1) 2) 3) 4) Capacity of the tank Type of material being handled Classification of tank to be used Material of construction

Data and Assumptions:
1)

The amount of water stored in the tank is 2952.77 kg H2O. The tank is vented for an easy flow of water. Assume H= 4/3 D, since this is a common ratio used for tank designs. Allowance of 20% as safety factor is used.

2) 3) 4)

Design Requirements: 1) 2) 3) Volume of the tank Height and diameter of the tank

Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department

4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10)

Design Calculations: The density and the mass of the water are as follows:
ρH2O=1000 kg/m3 mH2O=2952.77 kg H2O

Therefore the volume of the tank is,
VH2O=2952.77 kg H2O1000 kg/m3 VH2O=2.95 m3

Basis: per batch of operation 1) Volume of the tank Calculating for the volume of water in the tank and assuming 20% allowance as safety factor,
Vtank=VH2O(1.20) Vtank=3.54 m3

Use 3.60 m3 water storage tank. 2) Height and diameter To compute for the standard ration of the water storage, assume H=4/3 D,
Vtank=π4D2H

But, H=4/3 D Therefore, the diameter and height of the tank are:
Vtank=π3D3 3.54=π3D3 D=1.50 m 4.92 ft;H=2.00 m (6.57 ft)

Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department

Use 1.60 m and 2.00 m for diameter and height, respectively. 3) Working pressure
Ptotal=Poptimum+Hρ

Since the tank is vented, Poptimum= 14.7 psi, and H=2.00m (6.57 ft) Therefore,
Ptotal=14.7lbsin2+6.57ftft2144 in262.4 lbsft3 Ptotal=17.55 psi

Use 18 psi as working pressure. Plate Design: 4) Shell thickness For shell thickness, use Eqn. 4-3, Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton, p. 85,
ts=PD+C2Se-P

Where: S = ultimate tensile strength P = maximum allowable working pressure D = diameter C = allowance for corrosion e = efficiency To find the maximum allowable tensile strength, use Eqn. 4-1 of Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton, p. 84,
S=Su×Fa×Fr×Fs×Fm

Where: Su = ultimate tensile strength Fa = radiograph factor Fr = stress relieving factor Fs = ultimate strength factor Fm = material factor Thus, Su = 13000 psi (for low-carbon nickel steel, PED, p.69)

Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department

Fs = 25% Fm = 1.00 Fr = 1.00 Fa = 1.00 PED, p.88)

(Table 4-2, PED, p.84) (for high tensile strength carbon steel, PED, p.81) (if stress relieving, radiographing is not required,

Substituting to the equation of maximum allowable tensile strength, S = 13,000 x 1.00 x 1.00 x 1.00 x 0.25 = 3250 psi For double-butt joint, e = 0.80 C = 1/16 in (based on material factor, PED, p.89) (Plant Design and Economics for Chemical For corrosion allowance, Engineering by Peters, p. 542) Substituting to the equation,
ts=PD+C2Se-P ts=17.55 lbs/in26.57ft12 inft+1/16 in23,250lbsin20.80-17.55lbsin2 ts=0.27 in ≈6.78 mm

Use 7 mm shell thickness of the tank 5) Head thickness For thickness of head: A standard dished head was chosen for simplicity and availability
th=Plw2Se

Refer to Eqn. 4-6, p.86, PED Since:
Do=Di+2ts Do=59.58 in

Di = 1.50m (59.04 in)

From PED, p.69

Calculating the ratio, R = kr/L
Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn

00 m2 for surface area of the tank. h=L-L2-D24 h=53. 6) Depth of the head (h): From Eqn.87.32 in ≈8.21 m3 Use 0.042-59. 4-15. 92.23 m Use 0. using the equation 4-6 of PED. PED W=1.97 in ≈0. p.83 in2≈1. p. the value of the head thickness.0424 h=8. PED. 8) Surface area of the head (A): From Eqn.92. 9) Bottom thickness: Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . PED.05h23L-h (all values in inches) Substituting the previously computed values to the above equation would give.80 With S = 3250 psi.04-53.18 mm Use 9 mm as head thickness.28 hL A=2987. V=12685.30 m3 as volume of the head. A=6. p. p. 4-14. from table 4-3. th=PLW2Se th=0.93 m2 Use 2. V=1. as calculated previously. 4-16. PED.07 For the value of W.30 m as the head depth of the tank.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department R=0. 7) Volume of the head (V): From Eqn.92.26 in3≈0.

Hence. Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . tbottom = 8.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department The same values and calculation of thickness of head were done on thickness of bottom.18 mm (9 mm). since thead = tbottom.

Desin Selection: Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department SODIUM HYDROXIDE TANK Design Description: Bulk storage of liquids is generally handled by closed tanks to prevent escape of volatile and contamination. Reinforced-wall design is required and the concrete must be waterproofed with a suitable paint to prevent any possibility of leaking.

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department This tank is selected to store and supply the sodium hydroxide needed in the alkaline sorbing (degumming) process. Design Considerations: 1) 2) 3) Capacity of the tank Type of material being handled Classification of tank to be used Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .

3) Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . Density of sodium hydroxide is 2100 kg/m3 Assume H= 4/3 D.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department 4) 5) Material of construction Quantity of material moved per unit time Data and Assumptions: 1) 2) The tank is closed to avoid contamination of the NaOH solution. since this is a common ratio used for tank designs.

60 kg (refer to the material balance) Design Requirements: 1) 2) 3) Volume of the tank Height and diameter of the tank Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . Mass of NaOH is 93.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department 4) 5) Allowance of 20% as safety factor is used.

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) Working pressure Shell thickness Head thickness Depth of the head Volume of the head Surface area of the head Bottom thickness Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .

60 kg 2100 kg/m3 Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . VNaOH=93.60 kg Therefore the volume of the tank is.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Design Calculations: The density and the mass of the sodium hydroxide are as follows: ρNaOH=(2100kgm3) mNaOH=93.

04 m3 Basis: five days of operation (15 batches) 1) Volume of the tank Calculating for the volume of water in the tank and assuming 20% allowance as safety factor.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department VNaOH=0. Vtank=VNaOH1.79 m3 Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .2(15 batches ) Vtank=0.

8 m3 water storage tank. Vtank=π4D2H But. the diameter and height of the tank are: Vtank=π3D3 Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . 2) Height and diameter To compute for the standard ration of the water storage. H=4/3 D Therefore. assume H=4/3 D.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Use 0.

7. 3) Working pressure Ptotal=Poptimum+Hρ Since the tank is not vented.79=π3D3 D=0.H=1. Poptimum= 14.91 m 2.99 ft. respectively. and H=1.98 ft) Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department 0.21 m ( 3.30 m for the diameter and height of the storage tank.21 m (3.98 ft) Use 1.0 m and 1.

7+3. Ptotal=14.32 psi Use 19 psi as working pressure.92 lbsft3 Ptotal=18.98ftft2144 in2130.) Shell thickness Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Therefore. Plate Design: 4.

use Eqn. p. ts=PD+C2Se-P Where: S = ultimate tensile strength P = maximum allowable working pressure D = diameter Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department For shell thickness. 4-3. Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton. 85.

p.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department C = allowance for corrosion e = efficiency To find the maximum allowable tensile strength. S=Su×Fa×Fr×Fs×Fm Where: Su = ultimate tensile strength Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . 84. use Eqn. 4-1 of Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton.

84) Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . PED.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Fa = radiograph factor Fr = stress relieving factor Fs = ultimate strength factor Fm = material factor Thus. Timmerhaus) (Table 4-2. Su = 9000 psi Fs = 25% (for Stainless steel type 304. p.

Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .00 x 1.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Fm = 1. radiographing is not required. PED.00 Fr = 1.88) (for high tensile strength carbon steel. p.00 x 0.25 = 2250 psi For double-butt joint. S = 9000 x 1.00 x 1. Substituting to the equation of maximum allowable tensile strength.81) (if stress relieving.00 Fa = 1. p.00 PED.

p. PED.32 psi(35.80 C = 1/16 in (based on material factor.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department e = 0. Engineering by Peters.88 in)+1/16 in22250lbsin20.32 psi Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . 542) Substituting to the equation. ts=PD+C2Se-P ts=18. p.89) (Plant Design and Economics for Chemical For corrosion allowance.80-18.

66 mm Use 5 mm shell thickness of the tank.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department ts=0.18 in ≈4. 5. PED Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .) Head thickness: For thickness of head: A standard dished head was chosen for simplicity and availability th=Plw2Se Refer to Eqn. 4-6.86. p.

p.06 Do Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .) L=29.24 in Di = 0.88 in kr=knuckle radius=0.69 Crown radiusL=Di-6 (in in.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Since: Do=Di+2ts Do=36.88 in) From PED.91 m (35.

07 For the value of W. using the equation 4-6 of PED.17 in Calculating the ratio. R = kr/L R=0. the value of the head thickness. Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . as calculated previously. PED W=1. from table 4-3.80 With S = 2250 psi.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department kr=2.87. p.

h=L-L2-D24 Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . PED. 4-14.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department th=PLW2Se th=0.95 mm Use 7 mm as head thickness. p. 92.27 in ≈6. 1) Depth of the head (h): From Eqn.

8824 h=5. p.15m Use 0. V=1.92.99 in ≈0.88-(29. PED.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department h=29.2 m as the head depth of the tank.05h23L-h (all values in inches) Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . 4-15.88)2-35. 2) Volume of the head (V): From Eqn.

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Substituting the previously computed values to the above equation would give. PED.05 m3 Use 0. 3) Surface area of the head (A): From Eqn.1 m3 as volume of the head.92. V=3151. Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . 4-16.44 in3= 0. p.

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department A=6.28 hL A=1124.00 in2=0.73m2 Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .

since thead = tbottom.97 mm (7 mm). 4) Bottom thickness: The same values and calculation of thickness of head were done on thickness of bottom. tbottom = 6.80 m2 as the surface area of the head. Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Use 0. Hence.

which carry or transport solids from place to Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . consists of endless belts. suitably supported and driven. as the name suggests.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department BELT CONVEYOR WITH SPRAY WASHER Design Description: Belt conveyor.

This spacing ranges from about 5 feet for narrow belts Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . Belts are made of canvas. Belt conveyors are adapted to wide varieties and quantities of materials. Strip steel is employed for conveying materials through furnaces. require relatively low power and can transport solids for a long distance. The width of the belt varies from 14 to 16 in. and the number of idlers varies correspondingly. reinforced rubber or balata and strip steel.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department place.

Design Selection: The belt conveyor is selected to transport the water hyacinth stalks to the pressing equipment. This conveyor is designed with a built-in spray washer. Design Considerations: Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department down to 3 feet for the widest belts. It is designed with built – in spray washer to wash the stalks at the same time they are being conveyed.

80 kg Data and Assumptions: Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) Capacity of the belt conveyor Length of travel/length of the belt Type of material being handled Speed of the conveyor Number of spray nozzles Capacity based from material balance is 968.

55) 3) Ratio of feed to wash water is 1:2 4) The belt width is 36 in (3 ft) (from Perry’s Chemical Engineering Handbook section 21-10 5) The spray washer has 9 nozzles Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department 2) Normal speed range of belt conveyor is between 200 to 400 ft/min (from Unit Operations by Brown. p.

58) The safety factor for belt conveyor is 15 % (Timmerhaus. p. 36) Design Requirements: 1) 2) 3) Capacity of spray nozzles Capacity of belt conveyor Power requirement 7) Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department 6) The lump size of feed is 18 in for 36 in width belt conveyor (Unit Operations by Brown. p.

80 kg/batch of water hyacinth stalks 1) Capacity of spray nozzle: V=MD Where: M= mass of water D = density of water Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Design Computations: From material balance: Inlet capacity is 968.

94 m39 nozzles V= 0.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Since water to feed ratio is 2:1. Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .80 kg) M=1937.30 m3 of water per spray nozzle for washing.22m3nozzle Use 0.60 kg H2O D=1000 kg/m3 V= 1. M=2(968.

2lbskg×1 ton2000 lbs T=0.90kghr Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .80 kgbatch×1 batch8 hours×2.15) T=0. for future expansion. T=0.13tonhr(1.15tonhr 305.13tonhr 266.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department 2) Capacity of the belt conveyor (T) T=968.42kghr Giving an allowance factor of 15%.

3) Power requirement Using equations for power requirement (Unit Operations by Brown.03WS+T∆z990 Where: Hp = horsepower required F= friction factor. Hp=FL+LoT+0. p.58) for plain bearings.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Use 310 kg/hr as belt conveyor capacity. 0.05 for plain bearings Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .

ft. fpm capacity of belt conveyor. ton/hr Lo = 100 for plain bearings ∆z = increase in elevation of material. ft W = mass of moving parts including belts and idlers per foot distance centers of terminal pulleys (both runs).Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department L= S= T= length of conveyor between terminal pulleys. lbs Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn . speed of belt.

p. Unit Operations by Brown.0 lb/in of width per running foot W=1lbin-ft36 in(2 runs) W=72lbsft Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .58 Approximate weight of belt conveyors = 1.Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Computing for W. From table 16.

0372lbsft200 ftmin +(0)0.15990 Hp=2.84 hp Use 3 Hp since it is commercially available.15tonhr+0. Hp=0.0530ft+1000. since the length of the conveyor should be greater than the length of the spray washer. Spinning of Alkaline Sorbed Fibers from Eichhornia Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Stalks and Extruded Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottles for the Production of Textile Yarn .Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Department Assuming L = 30 ft.