Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) Steel scrap or Pig iron or Sponge iron is used as the raw material in this

process. Here the raw material is melted using heat generated with the aid of an electric arc produced by graphite electrodes. Here again the output is crude steel. The crude steel produced from the above said processes are either used for producing ingots or fed in the continuous casting process cycle. Ingot definition- Molten steel cast in vertical cast iron moulds intended for rolling after heating in two stages i.e. in a primary mill and then in a finishing mill.

DESCRIPTION OF THE MANUFACTURING PROCESS FOR MS INGOTS: The raw material required for the manufacture of MS INGOTS is Iron Scrap of 75-80 tons per day, Sponge iron at 10 tons per dayand Electric Power is required for melting. The iron scrap is stored in the scrap yard inside the factory and consumables and stores in the storeroom. The required quantities of iron scrap, metals and sponge iron are charged into the furnace with the help of magnetic cranes. The furnaces are medium frequency essentially consisting of a power source, a coil, refractory lining, housing for coil in the lining and crucible. The process consists of charging the furnace with scrap and then inducing a much heavier secon dary current in the charge, which result in heating the metal charge by resistance. Any slag formed on the top of the surface of the molten metal is periodically removed out. The top of the furnaces are provided with MS hood with ducting and connected to induce draft fan to remove any small quantities of gases produced during the melting and sent to scrubbing system. Since these are electric furnaces, the fumes generation from them is very less. When the required temperature is attained (1100 Degree Celsius) the furnace is titled with the help of a hydraulic system and the molten metal is poured in to the cast iron ingot moulds kept prepared in the pouring pit. The furnace has a melting capacity of 6.0 tones per every two hours, taking into consideration the time for patching and sintering. Testing of liquid metal ensures chemical composition of the final products. The INGOTS are then striped out of the moulds with the help of crane, allowed to cool, stacked and them dispatched. The induction furnaces are cooled by circulating water through cooling coils inside the furnace. Fresh water is added in to cooling water sump to compensate the evaporation losses. This water is never thrown out. The power requirement will be 620 - 650 unit per tone of ingots produced. Good green belt in an area of about 4.00 acres is developed in the peripheral and other locations inside the plant premises for arresting propagation of particulate and gaseous discharge from the plant. The domestic wastewater discharged, which is about 5 cu.m/day. will be collected in a common collection tank and treated in septic tank and soak pits.

The solid waste of slag formed during the melting process, which is removed by the workers and disposed off as landfill within the factory premises in low lying area. The quantity of slag generated is about 6.0 tonnes/day.

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[2] ChargewaveEnergykem Private Limited

Mr. P SrinivasAnandPrakash 9-1-7/83-84, Flat No. 15, 2nd Floor, Deepthi Apartments, Sardar Patel Road Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh - 500 003, India Email : srinivas.ap@chargewave.net ,activiser@chargewave.net

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[4] Electrotherm India Limited

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[5] South India Corporation Agencies Ltd. (Refractory Division) Mr.Isidore (91)-(44)-24764992 / 24764994 +(91)-(44)-24764990 No.96,Vanagarma Village, PoonamalleeHoigh Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu - 600 095 (India) [6] SMS Concast Engineering (India) Pvt. Ltd. Cybernex 6th and 7th floor F.P. 399 Shankarseth Road GhorpadePeth Pune 411037 India Tel.: (+91-20) 6609 09 09 Tel.: (+91-20) 2444 72 56 Tel.: (+91-20) 2444 72 57 Fax: (+91-20) 6609 09 19 E-mail:sales@sms-concast.in

[7] Magnalenz Mr.ChinmayYagnik B/4, Shakriba Ind. Estate, B/h Indogerman Tool Room Ltd., Phase IV, Vatva, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. +91-9426533835 Tel: +91-79-25840023-24, +91-79-32917163, +91-79-65120554, Fax: +91-79-25841065

[8] Fluxo Induction Furnaces Private Limited

Mr. Suresh K Nair Plot No. 9 A, SIDCO Industrial Estate, Ambattur Chennai, Tamil Nadu - 600 098, India Email : nairsureshkumar@hotmail.com ,fluxoengg@eth.net

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Aman Machine Tools Private Limited

Mr. B D Ghavri, Mr.PremGhavri

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[10] Pees Induction Equipments P Ltd Mr. T. Jayanthinauthan 327 & 328, Sheela Nagar, Opposite VelRs Medical College Of, Physiotherapy, Alamathi Main Road, Avadi Chennai, Tamil Nadu - 600 062, India Email : pees_fcc@yahoo.com ,peesinductionequipments@gmail.com Telephone : +(91)-(44)-64996989 Mobile : +(91)-9444122843/ 9940613540 Fax : +(91)-(44)-23783655

[11] Eddy Melt Mr.AnandGanu C 87, M. I. D. C., Hingna Industrial Estate Nagpur, Maharashtra - 440 025, India Email : eddymelt@yahoo.co.in Telephone : +(91)-(712)-2286825 Mobile : +(91)-9226595148/ 9226595148 Fax : +(91)-(712)-2286825 [12] * NIC Jaipur* (equipments) Mr.Sumit K Sharma (CEO) Corp. Add. 73/35 A, Patel Marg, Mansarorer Jaipur, Rajasthan, India - 302 020 Telephone: +(91)-(141)-3242493 Fax: +(91)-(141)-3912339 Mobile / Cell Phone: +(91)-9829191374 / 9314494293

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