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The following brief descriptions are meant to introduce you to the possibilities for applying Lotus Leaf Coatings to your products. Each formulation combines elements of these technologies customized for your application(s). Please contact Mark Walztoni for more information at +(505) 603-5810 or at firstname.lastname@example.org
Durable Polymer/Aerogel Based Superhydrophobic Coatings; A Composite Material
Background Aerogels are unique solids with up to 99% porosity. Such large porosities impart a number of useful properties to aerogels, including high surface area, low refractive index, low dielectric constant, low thermal-loss coefficient, and low sound velocity. However, the potential of aerogels has not generally been realized because conventional supercritical aerogel processing is energy intensive and conventional aerogels lack durability. Furthermore, most superhydrophobic coatings contain fluorine, which can be environmentally unfriendly and may not be cost effective to manufacture. Thus, there is a need to overcome the limitations in producing durable and inexpensive superhydrophobic aerogel coatings. Technology The coating consists of two materials: amorphous silica and a custom engineered polymer. Careful processing of the material system produces a highly advanced nanocomposite coating. The coating can be applied to any type of surface regardless of shape, size or composition by spin-coating, ink-jet printing, blade-casting, dip-coating, and aerosol spraying. Abrasion resistance testing shows that the water contact angle of the thin film is reduced only by 10º to 20º in the worst cases, demonstrating the enhanced durability of the material. This means that the coating does not need to be reapplied very often. Applications/Advantages Benefits of this material system include the durability and the optical clarity of the coating, which can be uncommon for most superhydrophobic materials. The coating is transparent and requires only a very thin film (Less than 150 nanometers) to exhibit its exemplary properties. It stands out from other types of superhydrophobic materials because it can be made inexpensively without complicated processing and applied to nearly any surface. Applications for this invention would include self-cleaning surfaces, non-fogging displays, anti-icing, insulation for mechanically abusive applications, sustainable corrosion protection, water collection in harsh environments and other potential applications.
A Superhydrophobic Aerogel That Does Not Require Per-Fluoro Compounds or Contains Fluorine
Background Among other things, the staggering costs stemming from corrosion of steel infrastructure, demonstrates a tremendous need to develop multifunctional coatings that can outperform traditional coatings. In recent years many different approaches have been tested for achieving corrosion resistant materials. Today’s most common two-layercoating method can include a hydrophobic bottom layer and a hydrophobic or super-hydrophobic top layer used to prevent water and/or salt ions from penetrating through the surface. However, most superhydrophobic coatings contain fluorine, which can be environmentally unfriendly and may not be cost effective to manufacture. Thus, there is a need to overcome these and other problems by providing a robust and inexpensive superhydrophobic coating that does not contain fluorine. Technology This invention is a method to produce a superhydrophobic/ultrahydrophobic material that does not contain per-fluoro compounds or fluorine. Like similar sol-gel based coatings that are water repellant, this material is prepared in a way similar to film Aerogels; however, the surface chemistry responsible for the inherent material roughness and super water repellency is comprised differently. This attribute makes the material less costly to produce and renders it safe for biological applications. Also, by not utilizing fluoro-alkyl silanes and similar fluorinated reagents for its manufacture, the material can be considered very environmentally friendly. Lastly, this material has the ability to be
Contact: Mark Walztoni Chief Business Development Officer email@example.com +(505) 603-5810
which provide an ability to perform highly controlled reactions upstream of fluidic analysis. Take for example the Lotus flower that grows in muddy/murky waters yet emerges and remains remarkably clean. Contact: Mark Walztoni Chief Business Development Officer mark@lotusleafcoatings.” The coating will cause water droplets to bead up. This method of coating will enable water droplets to entrain particle contaminants and parasites.com +(505) 603-5810 Page 2 . Advantages and Applications Cost Effective Environmentally Friendly Safe for Biological Applications Does not contain per-fluoro compounds or fluorine Water Repellency Corrosion Prevention/Surface Protection Anti-Microbial Coatings Anti-icing Fabric Protection from Liquids and Stains Defogging of Display Panels and Lenses Drag Reduction and Anti-Fouling Properties in Marine Environments Preparation of Hydrophobic Coatings Background Nature makes use of hydrophilic/hydrophobic coatings in very unique and effective manners. spin-coating. For instance properly placed hydrophilic/hydrophobic regions would allow for the collection and directed control of rolling droplets. taking any contaminants or parasites along with it. easy to clean. particularly a hydrophobic coating.Lotus Leaf Coatings: Technology Overview applied using a variety of methods such as aerosol spraying. instead of the traditional “no-slip” conditions. and the flowing fluid. It is now recognized that these fluid behaviors (rolling and bouncing of liquid droplets and self-cleaning of particle contaminants) arise from a combination of the low interfacial energy and rough surface topography of waxy deposits covering the surface. dip-coating. seem to cause water to bead up and roll off. a property known as super-hydrophobicty. Applications/Advantages Coating of pipe interiors to enhance fluid flows and allow fluid velocities to remain constant Coatings can be used to surface treat stones. thereby cleaning them from the surface. water droplets actually roll rather than flow. The interface between the pipe. It is now recognized that the fascinating fluid behaviors observed for the Lotus plant arise from a combination of the low interfacial energy and rough surface topography of waxy deposits covering their leaves. or objects that can deteriorate due to environmental factors Ship hull lining and propellers Coating of swimming apparels to reduce drag in water movement These coatings can be used to coat the inside of pipes resulting in a phenomenon that appears to break boundary condition rules governing fluid flow. The leaves of the Lotus. exhibits a frictionless effect which causes the water to roll at the interface. surface tension confined fluidic devices that are nonfouling. This control would give the ability to create container-less. The ability to control collection and flow allows for the coalescence/mixing of droplets. Millimeter slip-lengths have been measured in macro-scale tubing that suggest a two to three order of magnitude reduction in the pressure/energy required to pump water in micro-fluidic channels. At very shallow angles of inclination or with the slightest wind. or blade casting and it can be produced consistently with extremely low refractive indices as well as optical clarity. works of art. If there was a way to harness this capability within certain fields the implications could be profound. This coating mimics the self-cleaning properties of a lotus leaf and reproduces the “lotus effect. and allow transport of highly concentrated fluids with no loss to the walls. allowing fluid velocities to remain constant throughout. as well as many other flowers. Technology This technology describes a method for making a coating. which has been coated with a super-hydrophobic.