Minimalism

Less Is More! *
Minimal Art emerged as a movement in the 1950s and continued through the Sixties and Seventies. It is a term used to describe paintings and sculpture that thrive on simplicity in both content and form, and seek to remove any sign of personal expressivity. The aim of Minimalism is to allow the viewer to experience the work more intensely without the distractions of composition, theme and so on. There are examples of the Minimalist theory being exercised as early as the 18th century when Goethe constructed an Altar of Good Fortune made simply of a stone sphere and cube. But the 20th century sees the movement come into its own. From the 1920s artists such as Malevich and Duchamp produced works in the Minimalist vein but the movement is known chiefly by its American exponents such as Dan Flavin, Carl Andre, Ellsworth Kelly and Donald Judd who reacted against Abstract Expressionism in their stark canvases, sculptures and installations. Minimal Art proved highly successful and has been enormously influential on the development of art in the 20th century.

The Minimalist movement began in the 1950’s and continued through to the 60’s and 70’s. Minimal art is characterized by its simplicity in both form and content, where personal expression is removed in order to achieve this. The intention of minimalist artists is to allow the audience to view a composition more intensely because the distractions of theme etc. have been removed. Minimalism can be detected as early as the 18th century where the artist Goethe constructed an Alatar of Good Fortune that consisted of a stone sphere and a cube. In addition, in the 1920’s artists such as Malevich and Duchamp created works that suggested at minimalist intentions. The Minimalist movement is similar to Conceptual Art in that the outcome is used to express a theory. Minimalism is also similar to Pop Art because of the impersonal attitude, and Land Art because of the use of simple forms. Minimalist artists of the time reacted against Abstract Expressionism, which is demonstrated by the stark canvases, simple installations, and minimalist sculptures. Some of the most famous minimalist artists include Dan Flavin, Carl Andre, Donald Judd, and Ellsworth.

He obtained a bachelor’s degree in history from Princeton University. Stella used black enamel (reflecting his choice as a commercial paint) and a housepainter’s brush. but especially in American art works in the 1950s and 1960s. The viewer sees in Marriage one of the many examples of Black Paintings that Stella created around this time. Stella responded with creative. he had the opportunity to visit NYC art galleries and react to the colorful and magnificent works of Abstract Expressionist artists like Jackson Pollock. almost commercial. The Museum of Modern Art houses Stella’s The Marriage of Reason and Squalor. values. textures. Heavy black stripes alternate with white pinstripes (blank canvas) in a uniform pattern that starkly contrasts with the vivid splashes of paint used by the Abstract Expressionists. The Minimalist tradition would continue for the rest of the twentieth century and expand into sculpture and architecture. The Minimalist work’s absence of pizzazz in technique allows the viewer to become immediately part of the canvas. “All I want anyone to get out of my paintings and all I ever get out of them is the fact that you can see the whole idea without any confusion. This style surfaced in early works like Kasimir Malevitch’s Black Cross (1915). The art composition is simplified by reducing the number of colors. lines. The works of the American artist. Stella noted in 1964. . Massachusetts. These simple works used minimal techniques to communicate more what the artist felt in response to the war or another issue than it reflected the artist’s technical capabilities.Introduction to the History of Minimalism Purity in art can be achieved through simplicity and unity. Frank Stella. Minimalism is a primarily American art movement often characterized as a reaction to the Second World War. works in 1959-1960 that minimized forms to basic elements. geometric composition using metallic paint that radiates outward from a small. The experience of wondering what the painting means is absent. II (1959). In 1936. In Six Mile Bottom (1960) in the Tate Collection. provide a great example of Minimalism. Even his works bordered on three-dimensional because his painting surfaces were stretched in a thick manner. the printmaker and painter Frank Stella was born in Malden.” Some Minimalist works were not as heavy on geometry as Stella’s early works. black rectangle in the center. the viewer observes a grey. and shapes so that the observer can readily identify the central concept or message. In the college years.

Famous Artists Of Minimalism Chronological Listing of Minimalists Use ctrl-F (PC) or command-F (Mac) to search for a name John Graham 18861961 Ukrainian/American Painter Barnett Newman 19051970 American Painter Art Prints Agnes Martin Tony Smith Ad Reinhardt Anne Truitt 19122004 19121980 19131967 19212004 Canadian/American Painter American Sculptor American Painter American Sculptor Ellsworth Kelly Born 1923 American Painter/Sculptor Art Prints .

Donald Judd 19281994 American Sculptor Art Prints Sol LeWitt 19282007 American Conceptual Artist Art Prints Jo Baer Born 1929 American Painter Robert Morris Born 1931 American Art Prints Dan Flavin 19331996 American Installation Artist Art Prints Carl Andre Robert Moskowitz Eva Hesse Born 1935 Born 1935 19361970 American Sculptor American Painter German/American Painter/Sculptor .

Frank Stella Born 1936 American Painter/Sculptor Art Prints Robert Mangold Born 1937 American Painter Brice Marden Born 1938 American Painter Art Prints Richard Serra Born 1939 American Sculptor Art Prints Keith Sonnier Born 1941 American Art Prints Peter Halley Faye HeavyShield Born 1953 Born 1953 American Painter Native Canadian Installation Artist .

The silhouette is tight-fitting or semifitted though the flowing but not puffy bottom is also allowed. sheath dress. juicy prints and patterns. Just remember Audrey Hepburn who was the muse for Givenchy House and the admirer of the elegant minimalist style to disprove the opinion. Blouses and tops come without pompous jabot and jackets are available without those high shoulders that are in. The modern fashion provides more freedom and more challenges to the consumers than it was a half of century ago. Though the opinion that self-expression is impossible without accessories. then a slight contrasting accent is welcome like a thin waistband of the other color or a brooch or an elegant pendant. white shirt and a pencil-skirt. or when the colors are blended to create the pattern.Minimalism In Fashion Chic of minimalism Some ladies misinterpret the word «minimalism» in most references. when a woman realizes that stylish and flamboyant clothes are not what she longs for to look chic and elegant. straight lines. without any folds. Flounces. as well as the basic set of jeans and white top of casual style. The color gamut is the factor that should be considered carefully. a lace of pearl is enough for a «lady» to become legendary as an actress and an icon of style. This is not minimizing of garments to wear as the mini skirt followers believe. This style is often loved after the age of careless youth. The sexual half-transparency is welcome. The prints and smaller patterns are not recommended. . patterns and floral prints. Two colors are possible to match when the upper wear is of one color and the bottom is of the other color. she refers to more laconic style of her attire. The same refers to Jacqueline Kennedy who is believed to be the standard of elegance. Moderate style or lack of too pronounced accents is one of the key rules to follow for the admirers of laconic style. attractive style is wrong. When she perceives that all is not gold that glitters. Modern classic style Minimalism in apparel should not be interpreted too narrow. When single-color attire is chosen. balloon skirts are allowed either and here the opaque and rich or supple faded shade should be provided. Pencil-skirt is not one to be limited. The dark color. The skirt is getting more temperate. There may be people who would speculate whether the minimalism style is essential with the loads of vivid details and accessories on the market available. ruches and patch-pockets are excluded. Today fashion designers do not stint themselves in only classic motifs like a little black dress. These women realized that they had to accentuate to the strict elegant classic style.

Calvin Klein. In 2010 at the ceremony of the Golden Globe celebrities appeared in dresses which were the total minimalism style models and among them was the black asymmetric dress by Valentino chosen by Jennifer Linn Aniston. Gwyneth Kate Paltrow aka Miss Minimalism was awarded her prize wearing an incredible dress by Ralph Lauren of the subtle and gender pink color. The collections by DKNY allow the particular freedom matching different colors and textures. the dress was not decorated with embroidery and accessories which only accentuated the temperate and delicate style of the actress.The smooth and even material is one of the requirements of the minimalism style. As in most cases at the solemn functions. Lots of Hollywood celebrities are among the admirers of this Spartan style. you may refer to the reputed fashionable brands that work in this style for many years like Helmut Lang. The Austrian designer Helmut Lang built his career inspired with the image of the naïve elegance and defencelessness. DKNY and Narciso Rodrigues. Masters of laconic style You are welcome to build your style by yourself. Though. Charlize Theron appeared for the Oscar Award wearing a vintage golden dress by Gucci which ideally sat on her. The balance is essential to keep since bijouterie or a fashionable print or jewelry comes as the accent to work independently excluding others. Nevertheless. they find their niche in the business dress-code and the fashionable minimalism. . trying this or that and creating the individuality in laconism. Silk and satin exclude the prints and accessories. The silhouettes by Narciso Rodrigues are more laconic though several colors are also applied without breaking the harmony. Any collection by Helmut Lang offers the models for a woman who longs for the highest chic. Calvin Klein always dares to experiment with the style compensating with the purest smoothness of models. They are people who can allow everything or almost everything to enjoy though they prefer something rather unpretentious but highly stylish.

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