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STANDARD 2: The student understands historical, ethical, and societal issues relating to technology.

Benchmarks Grade One Understands that • Knows that people design and make objects to solve a technology impacts culture problem or to improve the quality of life. and society. • Knows that tools can be used to observe, measure, make things, complete tasks and do things more efficiently. Practices responsible use of • Knows that the use of technology requires personal technology systems, responsibility. information, and software. Grade Two Understands that • Knows that computers influence work and play. technology impacts culture and society. Practices responsible use of • Knows the difference between personal work and the technology systems, work of others. information, and software. Grade Three Understands that • Knows that technology affects daily life (e.g., technology impacts culture transportation, communication, health care). and society. • Understands that technology changes continuously. Practices responsible use of • Knows the importance of giving credit to source when technology systems, using electronic data (e.g., text and graphics). information, and software. Grade Four Understands that • Knows there are safety issues involved with use of the technology impacts culture Internet (e.g., personal information, privacy, security). and society. Practices responsible use of • Demonstrates understanding of individual ownership of technology systems, computer work. information, and software. • Knows the concepts of software piracy and copyright violation. Grade Five Understands that • Knows that technology has costs and benefits (e.g., technology impacts culture environment, health care, work place, education). and society. Practices responsible use of • Knows appropriate citation formats for electronic technology systems, information. information, and software. • Describes the need for protection of software and hardware from vandalism.

Understands purpose for product licensing and methods

Understands that technology impacts culture and society. Practices responsible use of technology systems, information, and software.

for protecting software (serial numbers, limited launch or install, time constrained, CD required). Grade Six Knows that technology can be used to influence audiences. Understands and uses appropriate antivirus practices to protect computer systems. Understands and uses appropriate practices on networks and the Internet. Understands the issues and consequences of software piracy and copyright violation. Understands and uses appropriate citation formats for electronic information. Knows process for gaining permission to use copyrighted material. Understands when it is possible to use copyrighted material legally and how to give credit. Grade Seven Knows that technology has positive and negative affects on individuals, cultures, societies. Knows there is an interrelationship between technology and society (e.g., technological changes bring social, political, and economic changes). Discriminates between ethical and unethical access to information stored on a computer system (e.g., someone else's files, pirating software, changing data, destroying data). Practices on-line etiquette regarding time usage, appropriate content, and appropriate language. Grade Eight Understands technology's power in shaping perceptions (e.g., mass media). Knows the implications of network misuse in the workplace (e.g., inappropriate e-mail). Distinguishes between public and private data. Understands why personal software cannot be legally installed on school equipment. Grade Nine Understands alternatives, risks, costs and benefits of

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Understands that technology impacts culture and society.

Practices responsible use of technology systems, information, and software.

Understands that technology impacts culture and society. Practices responsible use of technology systems, information, and software. Understands that

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technology impacts culture and society. Practices responsible use of technology systems, information, and software.

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existing and emerging technologies (e.g., equity of access, environment, health care, biotechnology). Uses appropriate practices on network and Internet. Understands student e-mail constraints: -not private -use of "handles" -inflammatory messages inappropriate. Takes responsibility for all activity under individual password.