Some suggested reading • Anderson Digby C & Michael Mosbacher (Eds) (1997) The British Woman Today: A Qualitative Survey

of the Images in Women's Magazines.London: Social Affairs Unit [see Redfern below for a critique] Archer, D, B Iritani, D Kimes & M Barrios (1983) 'Face-Ism-- 5 Studies of SexDifferences in Facial Prominence', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45(4): 725-35 Barthel, Diane (1992): 'When Men put on Appearances: Advertising and the Social Construction of Masculinity", in Craig op.cit. Benwell, Bethan (Ed) (2003) Masculinity and Men's Lifestyle Magazines. Oxford: Blackwell Beynon, John (2002) Masculinities and Culture. Buckingham: Open University Press Bignell, Jonathan (1997) Media Semiotics: An Introduction. Manchester: Manchester University Press [caution - labels photographic media as primarily iconic rather than primarily indexical] Bordo, Susan (1999) The Male Body: A New Look at Men in Public and in Private. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux Breazeale, Kenon (1994) 'In Spite of Women: Esquire Magazine and the Construction of the Male Consumer', Signs 20(1), Autumn Caughie, John, Annette Kuhn & Mandy Merck (Eds.) (1992) The Sexual Subject: A Screen Reader in Sexuality. London: Routledge Chandler, Daniel (1998) 'Notes on "the Gaze"'. [WWW document] URL http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/gaze/gaze.html Chandler, Daniel (1998) Semiotics for Beginners. [WWW document] URL http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/S4B/sem09.html Chandler, Daniel (2002) 'Levi Strauss Launderette (1985) [Notes]' [WWW document] URLhttp://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Modules/MC30820/launderette. html [for references to the male body in advertising generally] Chandler, Daniel (2007) Semiotics: The Basics (2nd Edn.). London: Routledge Chapman, Rowena & Jonathan Rutherford (Eds) (1996) Male Order: Unwrapping Masculinity. London: Lawrence & Wishart Churcher, Sharon & Steven S Gaines (1994) Obsession: The Lives and Times of Calvin Klein. New York: Carol Publishing Group Clare, Alexander (1998) 'A Semiotic Analysis of Magazine Ads for Men's Fragrances' [WWW document] URLhttp://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Students/awc9401.html Cleto, Fabio (Ed) (1999) Camp: Queer Aesthetics and the Performing Subject. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press Cooper, Emmanuel (1995) Fully Exposed: The Male Nude in Photography. London: Routledge Courtney, Alice E & Thomas W Whipple (1983) Sex Stereotyping in Advertising. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books Craig, Steve (1991) 'Images of Men and Masculinity in the Mass Media: A Selected Research Bibliography' [WWW document] URLhttp://www.rtvf.unt.edu/html/craig/pdfs/mascbibl.PDF Craig, Steve (1992): 'Men's Men and Women's Women: How TV Commercials Portray Gender to Different Audiences'. In Robert E Kemper (Ed):Issues and Effects of Mass Communication: Contemporary Voices. San Diego, CA: Capstone Publishers pp. 89-99; [WWW document] URLhttp://www.rtvf.unt.edu/html/craig/pdfs/menmen.pdf Craig, Steve (Ed.) (1992) Men, Masculinity and the Media. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Culbertson, Philip (1998): 'Designing Men: Reading the Male Body as Text' Textual Reasoning 7; [WWW

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uoregon. William. NC: University of North Carolina Press Lehman.edu/~mpeters/jock. Varda Langholz (1975) Hidden Myth: Structure and Symbolism is Advertising. Journal of Visual/Verbal Languaging 7:1: 52-9 Kervin.r_kaye.edu/journals/tr/archive/volume7/Culberts on1. London: Macmillan Jackson. IL: Procopian Press McCracken.1. Race and Class in Media: A Text-Reader. & J. M. Denise (1987) 'Gender Coding in Magazine Advertisements'. Basingstoke: Macmillan McRobbie. Steven (Ed) (2000) Sex Appeal: The Art of Allure in Graphic and Advertising Design. Philadelphia. Richard ([1982] 1992a): 'Don't Look Now: The Male Pin-Up'. also in Dyer (1992b). Journal of Communication Inquiry14(1): 51-69 Kitch.) op. Lisle. Peter (1995) Running Scared: Masculinity and the Representation of the Male Body.edu/pmc/textonly/issue. 19001999. CA: Sage Dutton. 103-119 Dyer. Richard (1992b) Only Entertainment. London: Heinemann Flood. Angela (1991) Feminism and Youth Culture: From 'Jackie' to 'Just Seventeen'. Ellen (1993) Decoding Women's Magazines: From 'Mademoiselle' to 'Ms'. PA: Temple University Press Leiss. Chapel Hill. Columbus.html Heller. Richard (1993) The Matter of Images: Essays on Representation. New York: Allworth Press Hermes.) (1995) Gender.virginia. Nick Stevenson & Kate Brooks (2001) Making Sense of Men's Magazines. Thousand Oaks. Tim (1997) Men in the Mirror: Men's Fashion.) (1994) Gender and Utopia in Advertising. (Eds. Stephen S (1998) 'The Troubled Life of Boys: The Bully in the Mirror' [WWW document] URLhttp://www.iath. 265-76. London: Macmillan . London: Routledge Leymore. Masculinity and Consumer Society. L & A (Eds. op. pp.900/11. Cambridge: Polity Jobling. Paul (1999) Fashion Spreads: Word and Image in Fashion Photography since 1980. In Caughie et al. Erving (1976) Gender Advertisements. cit. G. cit. Oxford: Berg Kaye. Daniel Delis (2002) Advertising to the American Woman. London: Routledge Edwards.xyonline. New York: Harper Colophon [NB: A key source] Hall. London: Cassell Dyer. Denise (1990) 'Advertising Masculinity: The Representation of Males in Esquire Advertisements'. Roger (1995) Male Myths and Icons: Masculinity in Popular Culture. Kenneth R (1995) The Perfectible Body: The Western Ideal of Physical Development. Richard (2000) 'The Masculine Mystique' (review of Susan Bordo's The Male Body) [WWW document] URLhttp://www.. Joke (1995) Reading Women's Magazines. Michael (1992) 'The Men's Bibliography' [WWW document] URL http://mensbiblio.. Humez (Eds.net/ Goffman. Marjorie (1983) Forever Feminine: Women's Magazines and the Cult of Femininity. Cambridge: Polity Press Hill.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • document] URLhttp://etext. London: Cassell Ferguson.html Dines. Carolyn (2001) The Girl on the Magazine Cover. pp.txt Kervin.virginia. Peter. OH: Ohio State University Press Horrocks. New York: Basic Books Manca. Stephen Kline & Sut Jhally (1990) Social Communication in Advertising. London: Routledge Dyer.

Masculine and Representation. Catherine (2001) 'The British Woman Today: A Qualitative Survey of the Images in Women's Magazines [review]' . CA: Sage Nixon. Peter (Ed) (2000) Gay Masculinities. pp. Trevor (1975) Images of Woman: Advertising in Women's Magazines. London: Routledge Beasley. Frank (1996) Cultures of Consumption. Anxiety. Rebecca (2000) 'Advertisers' Strategies to Target Gay Audiences in Attitude and Gay Times' [WWW document] URLhttp://www. London: Orbis Barnard. 172-194 Millum.com/geek/shunyatazero/ Spicuzza. March Ableman. Arthur Asa (1989) Seeing is Believing: An Introduction to Visual Communication. Malcolm (2005) Graphic Design as Communication.theory.)Cultural Studies and Communications.06. Tom & Jacqueline Lambiase (Eds) (2003) Sex in Advertising: Perspectives on the Erotic Appeal. IL: University of Illinois Press Threadgold. Toronto: Oxford University Press. Josh (nd) 'The Androgynous Mystique: CK One. London: BBC/Penguin Betterton. Stanford: Stanford University Press Smicker. Mountain View. Faith and Lys Marigold (2001) Eve-olution: The 8 Truths of Marketing to Women.ibiblio. Ron & Marcel Danesi (2002) Persuasive Signs: The Semiotics of Advertising. In Michael Kaufman (Ed) Beyond patriarchy: Essays by Men on Pleasure.ac.com/papers/metro/07. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Riedel. and The Fluidity of the Self' [WWW document] URLhttp://www.org. Sydney: Allen & Unwin Wernick. Rosemary (Ed) (1987) Looking On: Images of Femininity in the Visual Arts and Media.angelfire. Heroin. John (1995) Photography and the Body.html Popcorn. London: Arnold. Andrew (1987) 'From Voyeur to Narcissist: Imaging Men in Contemporary Advertising'.html Thomas.html Schehr. London: HarperCollins Pultz. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson Redfern. Sean (1996) Hard Looks: Masculinities. London: Pandora • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • . New York: St Martin's Press Phillips. Lawrence R (1997) Parts of an Andrology: On Representations of Men's Bodies.00/cover/bo dyobsession1-0027. Thousand Oaks. Chicago. CA: Mayfield Berger. pp. 277-97 White. Sociology of Sport Journal 11(1). Philip G & James Gillett (1994) 'Reading the Muscular Body: A Critical Decoding of Advertisements in Flex magazine'.uk/mistry.thefword. In The F-Word: Conteporary UK Feminism [WWW document] URLhttp://www. In James Curran.htm Mort.uk/media/Students/rrp9601. Mahwah. Calvin (1998) Male Matters: Masculinity. Power and Change.metroactive. John (1972) Ways of Seeing. New York: Mouton de Gruyter (Chapter 1) Berger. Reena (nd) 'From "Hearth and Home" to a Queer Chic: A Critical Analysis of Progressive Depictions of Gender in Advertising' [WWW document] URL http://www. Terry & Anne Cranny-Francis (Eds) (1990) Feminine.• • • • • • • • • • McRobbie. Angela (1996) 'More! New Sexualities in Girls' and Women's Magazines'. Mary (2000) 'Beef Cake Blues' (from Metro) [WWW document] URLhttp://www. London: Chatto & Windus Mistry.aber. Paul (1982) Anatomy of Nakedness. New York: Routledge Nardi. Brian (1996): 'Reading the Gay Male Body' [WWW document] URL http://www. Spectatorship and Contemporary Consumption. David Morley & Valerie Walkerdine (Eds.org.org/grendel/malebody/abstract. and the Male Body on the Line.uk/reviews/2001/06/the_british_wo man_today_a_qualitative_survey_of_the_images_in_womens_magazines Reichert.

cit. London: Routledge Churcher. op. MD: Johns Hopkins University Press Hecker. Fiona & Claire Pajaczkowska (Eds) (2001) Feminist Visual Culture. Daniel (2001) Semiotics: The Basics. cit. Culture and Identity. Alexander (1998) 'A Semiotic Analysis of Magazine Ads for Men's Fragrances' [WWW document] URLhttp://www. Michael & Philip Smith (2002) Researching the Visual: Images. New York: Harper & Row Hall. Jib (1996) Advertising and Popular Culture. Emmanuel (1995) Fully Exposed: The Male Nude in Photography.ac. Tim (1997) Men in the Mirror: Men's Fashion. Philip (1998): 'Designing Men: Reading the Male Body as Text' Textual Reasoning 7. London: Routledge Courtney. Patrizia (2004) The Clothed Body. NJ: Prentice-Hall . John. Chicago: University of Chicago Press Dutton.edu/ALTJNL/Editorials/Klein_index. London: Routledge Fowles. Whipple (1983) Sex Stereotyping in Advertising.bu. Judtih A. Richard (1992b) Only Entertainment. London: Cassell Ellenzweig.edu/mzank/STR/tr-archive/tr7/Culbertson1.) (1992) The Sexual Subject: A Screen Reader in Sexuality. IL: NCTE Gochenour. New York: University Books BLOCK (Ed) (1996) The Block Reader in Visual Culture. Jessica & Stuart Hall (Eds) (1999) Visual Culture: The Reader. Objects. pp. (1977) Body Politics: Power. London: Routledge Chandler. Gaines (1994) Obsession: The Lives and Times of Calvin Klein. London: Cassell Dyer. CA: Sage Forceville. MA: Lexington Books/D C Heath Heller.html (student essay) Cooper. Lazar (2001) No-Copy Advertising. Alice E. Sidney & David W. Susan (1999) The Male Body: A New Look at Men in Public and in Private. Gillian (1982) Advertising as Communication. (Eds. London: Methuen Dyer. New York: Columbia University Press Emmison.cc. London: Routledge Bordo. Hove: RotoVision Edwards. Richard ([1982] 1992a) ‘Don’t Look Now: The Male Pin-Up’. New York: Routledge Caughie. Thousand Oaks. Masculinity and Consumer Society. Stewart (Eds) (1988) Nonverbal Communication in Advertising. Englewood Cliffs. London: Sage Evans. Sharon & Steven S. Annette Kuhn & Mandy Merck (Eds.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Birren. Phil (nd) 'Calvin Klein's "Pornographic Gaze"' [WWW document] URL http://www. also in Dyer (1992b). (1995) The Perfectible Body: The Western Ideal of Physical Development. Thousand Oaks.html Davis. Roy F. Kenneth R.aber. Lexington. Fred (1992) Fashion.html Goffman. (Ed) (1994) Images in Language.. Urbana.) op. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux Calefato. New York: Allworth Press Henley.uk/media/Students/awc9401. 103-119 Dyer. [WWW document] URLhttp://www. In Caughie et al. London: Routledge Dzamic. New York: Carol Clare. pp. Allen (1992) The Homoerotic Photograph: Male Images from Durieu/Delacroix to Mapplethorpe. 265-76. Nancy M. Media and Mind. CA: Sage Fox.emory. (1990) Nonverbal Sex Differences: Accuracy of Communication and Expressive Style. & Thomas W. Sex and Nonverbal Communication. Erving (1979) Gender Advertisements. Charles (1998) Pictorial Metaphor in Advertising. Contexts and Interactions in Social and Cultural Inquiry(Introducing Qualitative Methods). Baltimore. Steven (Ed) (2000) Sex Appeal: The Art of Allure in Graphic and Advertising Design. Faber (1956) Selling Color to People.. Oxford: Berg Carson. Lexington: MA: Lexington Books Culbertson.

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