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• • • • Born: August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana, United States Died: June 25, 2009 in California, Los Angeles, United States Nationality: American Occupation: Pop singer
Michael Joseph Jackson Grammy Award, rhythm and blues vocal--male, 1979, for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"; American Music Award, favorite male soul/rhythm and blues vocalist, 1980; American Music Award, favorite male soul/rhythm and blues vocalist, 1981; American Music Award, favorite soul/rhythm and blues single, 1981, for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"; Rolling Stone Magazine Music Awards Critics' Picks, best singer-male, best artist, and best soul artist, all 1983; Rolling Stone Magazine Music Awards Critics' Pick, best video, 1983, for "Beat It"; Grammy Award, recording for children, 1983, for E.T. The Extra Terrestrial; People's Choice Award, all-around favorite male entertainer, 1984; Grammy Award, album of the year, 1984, for Thriller; Grammy Awards, record of the year and best male rock performance, both 1984, for "Beat It"; Grammy Award, best contemporary/pop male solo vocal, 1984, "Thriller"; Grammy Awards, best rhythm and blues song and best rhythm and blues male solo vocal, both 1984, for "Billie Jean"; Grammy Award, best video album, 1984, for Making Michael Jackson's Thriller; Grammy Award (with Quincy Jones), non-classical producer of the year, 1984; American Music Award, soul/rhythm and blues video, 1984, for "Beat It"; American Music Awards, soul/rhythm and blues favorite male vocalist, pop/rock favorite male vocalist, and special award of merit, all 1984; NAACP Image Award, 1984; Grammy Award (with Lionel Richie), song of the year, 1986, for "We Are the World"; Grammy Award, best engineered non-classical recording, all 1988, for Bad; Grammy Award (with Quincy Jones), non-classical producer of the year, 1988; American Music Award, soul/rhythm and blues favorite single, 1988, for "Bad"; Grammy Award, best music video--short form, 1989, for "Leave Me Alone"; H. Claude Hudson Award, 1989; Grammy Award, best engineered non-classical recording, 1992, for Dangerous; "Living Legend" Grammy Award, 1993; Soul Train Music Award for Humanitarian of the Year, 1993; CableAce Award, performance in a music special or series, 1993, for Michael Jackson in Concert in Bucharest: The Dangerous Tour; The Innovator's Award, Institute for Musical Arts, 1996; World Music Award, 1996; named best male artist, MTV-Europe, 1996; American Music Award, favorite male artist pop/rock, 1996; inducted (as a member of The Jackson Five) into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 1997; inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a solo artist, 2001; American Music Awards, Artist of the Century, 2002; inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame, 2002; Bambi Award, for Pop Artist of the Millennium, 2002; Diamond Award, World Music Awards, 2006, to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Thriller; numerous Billboard Awards and American Music Awards.
One of the most popular singers in history was Michael Joe Jackson (born 1958). A performer since he was five years old, he was one of the few child stars ever to achieve greater success as an adult than as
even as he continued to live with his mother. Destined for Solo Stardom Almost immediately. the Jacksons signed a contract with Motown Records. The fame and popularity of the group spread until they were booked at the Apollo Theater in New York City's Harlem. and regarded music as a ticket to success. Katherine. Michael Jackson was born in Gary. Katherine. died at birth). Through his record albums and music videos he created an image imitated by his millions of fans. became the caretaker of the Jacksons' careers. the longer the Jackson 5 existed. With the support of Ross. Later that year Diana Ross. but relentlessly drove him to promote the careers of his children. The Jackson 5 Is Born The Jackson children were taught the gentler aspects of music by their mother." and "I'll Be There. The boys sang along with her. These solo albums sold as well as those of the Jackson 5." each selling over one million copies. became associated with the boys during a "Soul Weekend" in Gary. He was raised in a family that listened to music constantly and sang continuously. While performing at the Apollo in 1968. However. Michael's amazing talent asserted itself. and their joyful harmonizing took on a life of its own when the boys formed a family band that became a success at amateur shows and talent contests throughout the Midwest. The group managed to survive his voice change and a bitter break with Motown Records in 1976. As the lead singer. Michael took his brothers to the top of the charts with the group known as the Jackson 5. Indiana. the Jackson 5 were topping the charts and riding a wave of youth adulation with such hits as "ABC. which he nurtured zealously. they were discovered by Motown recording artist Gladys Knight and pianist Billy Taylor. the fifth of nine children (his mother. whose style of dressing and dancing was instantly recognizable all over the world. Two years later. Brandon. 1958. The fact that he had marginal success with a group of his own caused him to attempt to exert control over his children's careers even after they were adults. his dancing and stage presence caused him to become the focus of the group. Berry Gordy. on August 29.Weinland 1 a child. The squabbles among the siblings and between them and their father might well have caused Jackson to withdraw from his family. who would become a crucial figure in Michael Jackson's life and career. the legendary Motown mogul. Indiana. . Gordy recognized Michael's special appeal and released solo albums of the child. This dream eluded him. The struggle for the control of the musical destiny of the Jackson family was a constant source of turmoil. had ten children. From the age of five. in 1970. Jackson's father ran a crane at a steel plant. who sang folk songs and spirituals to them. but he dreamed of becoming a successful rhythm and blues musician." "The Love You Save. Marlon's twin brother. the more apparent Michael's importance to the group's success became.
His success as the Scarecrow may also be seen as a preview of what was to come in his videos. Diana Ross. He also involved himself in many philanthropic efforts. for Jackson seemed to care most about dancing. Jackson and Jones collaborated on Jackson's solo album Off the Wall." and "Thriller"--made him the major pop icon of the early 1980s. this time on the vocal arrangement for USA for Africa's "We Are the World" to raise funds for the impoverished in Africa. Moonwalk. a 13-year-old boy accused Jackson of sexually abusing him at the star's Neverland ranch. He sang the only hit to emerge from its soundtrack album ("Ease On Down the Road") in a duet with the film's star. Thriller fully established Jackson as a solo performer and his trio of hit songs from the album--"Beat It. Bad (1987) and Dangerous (1991). The scandal cost Jackson his endorsement contract with Pepsi and a film deal. who arranged and conducted the film's score. In 1993. Jackson and Jones again collaborated on the blockbuster Thriller album. In 1992.Weinland 1 Having been successful in his appearances in a television variety show and as an animated cartoon character. Jackson settled out of court. The album sold ten million copies and earned critical praise." "Billie Jean. and its title. In 1985. In 1982. Rocked By Scandal Despite Jackson's popularity and philanthropic efforts. Jackson had established himself as the single most popular entertainer in America. Jackson remained in the entertainment spotlight throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s. In 1979. Jackson was also notable as a crossover performer. In 1993. The spectacular success of the Thriller album and video enabled him to break the color barrier of album-oriented radio stations and the powerful music video channel. refers to a dance that he popularized. he was presented with the "Living Legend Award" at the Grammys and the Humanitarian of the Year trophy at the Soul Train awards. Although Jackson's next two albums. he became the subject of a major scandal. did not produce the phenomenal results of Thriller. MTV. . Jackson founded "Heal the World" to aid children and the environment. By 1983. it was not surprising to Jackson's fans that his appearance in the musical film The Wiz (1978) was the only distinguished aspect of this African American version of The Wizard of Oz. he reunited with Quincy Jones. His sexual preference was called into question and his public image was severely damaged. He dedicated his autobiography to Fred Astaire. Emergence of a Pop Icon Jackson's work in The Wiz was also notable in that it introduced Jackson to producer Quincy Jones. while always maintaining his innocence.
I apologize to anyone I might have hurt. In August of 1996. Another album. anti-Semitism. at a benefit concert for victims of terrorist attacks against the United States. has never been so tormented. Many critics of Jackson speculated that the marriage was an attempt to improve his public image. They married later that month in Sydney. Ohio on May 6. in November of 1996. seemed to contain anti-Semitic lyrics. D. He and his brothers were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland. that he was to be a father. Australia. "It's the ambiguity I'm concerned of when it [the song] reaches 20 million buyers around the world.. The couple's second child. Jackson continued to keep a busy schedule during 1997. and later that year he released his first all-new album in ten years.Weinland 1 In 1995. Jr. Prince Michael Jackson II. stating that "my choice of words may have unintentionally hurt the very people I wanted to stand in solidarity with. 1997. although the New York Times preferred the new songs. The album received good reviews from both the New York Times and Rolling Stone. Many of Jackson's fans were shocked when he announced. who had protested the lyrics. or audacious." He wrote a letter to Rabbi Marvin Hier. The child's mother was Debbie Rowe. .C. Invincible only sold about 2. Jackson was again the subject of scandal following the release of his new album HIStory: Past. Rowe filed for divorce from Jackson on October 8. calling the re-mixes the "least interesting" music on the CD. daughter Paris Michael Katherine Jackson. Jackson and Presley divorced. was released on May 29. "His singing . "They Don't Care About Us". and six million worldwide by July 2002. a long-time friend of Jackson. ." Hier replied. 1997. One of the songs on the album. Early in 2001 he was inducted as a solo artist into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland. He told the Associated Press that the song was supposed to "say no to racism. Prince Michael Jackson. Book I. and Future. 1997.1 million copies in the United States. their son. Village Voice reviewer Armond White said of the new material. the world's fascination with the talent and career of Michael Jackson overflowed into the 2000s. Despite the demands of fatherhood. Jackson accused his label ." Marriage and Fatherhood In May of 1994. He also attended the showing of his 40-minute musical Ghosts at the Cannes film festival on May 8. Additionally he made an appearance at the MTV Music Video Awards and appeared as a headliner at RFK Stadium in Washington. called Invincible. Jackson later had a second son. Jackson publicly apologized and changed the lyrics. with an unknown woman.. Ohio. On February 13. was born at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center for Holocaust Studies. Present." As the 20th century drew to a close. 1997. Though Sony spent $25 million promoting the record. Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix. Jackson stunned the world when he married Lisa Marie Presley. containing re-mixes of songs from HIStory plus five new songs. was born in 1998. 1999. daughter of the late rock legend Elvis Presley. and stereotyping. at a private ceremony in the Dominican Republic.
and rally champion Mohammed Bin Sulayem. Formal charges against Jackson were filed in December 2003. following the broadcast of the Bashir documentary in 2003. 2005. as well as plotting to kidnap the youngster and his family in 2003. Jackson defended as "loving" his practice of letting young boys sleep in his bed. Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection.com summed up. Jackson sought refuge after the trial in the tiny Middle Eastern emirates of Dubai and Bahrain. including holding them against their will at Neverland. Hounded by the press. California authorities searched Jackson's Neverland Ranch. they claimed. as their contract was set to expire in 2004. the judge issued a gag order for both sides. in 2003. In February of 2003. who. Jury selection began on January 31. If he had been convicted. It might have been his last release on Sony/Epic. Because of the leaks and related issues. By this point in Jackson's life. Jackson was booked on child-molestation charges that month and released on $3 million bail. following allegations that he molested a young boy who had visited the Neverland Ranch and spent the night there several times. consistently portrayed the singer as a naive victim of the accuser's family. "Prosecutors alleged that. were grifters--schemers--with a habit of wheedling money out of the rich and famous. a son of the king of Bahrain. According to CNN. Jackson and five associates plotted to control and intimidate the accuser's family to get them to go along with damagecontrol efforts. This order did not prevent some of the grand jury testimony of the young victim from being released shortly before the trial was to begin. the charges also included Jackson giving alcohol to the boy. however. In November of 2003. As James . In April 2004. an unflattering television documentary by British journalist Martin Bashir called Living With Michael Jackson was broadcast. Jackson's lawyers. with both sides allegedly leaking information. After seven days of deliberation.com. Scandals and Legal Woes Jackson's private life overshadowed his musical career in the early 2000s. In the program. The case remained in the public eye through 2004. he could have been sent to prison for nearly 20 years. though fans continued to insist on his innocence and rally to his side. his private troubles had overtaken the depth and breadth of his musical accomplishments to many observers. many observers were skeptical about the validity of the trial results. where he stayed as a guest of Sheik Abdulla bin Hamad al-Khalifa. and Jackson's trial started at the end of February. a grand jury indicted the 46-year-old pop star on charges of molesting the boy at the center of the trial. reviled by the public. The molestation charges related to alleged incidents between Jackson and the accuser after the Bashir documentary aired. the jury exonerated Jackson of all ten charges against him." CNN.Weinland 1 of not supporting his album or career properly. testimony and closing arguments lasted nearly 14 weeks before the jury got the case. Although Jackson was found not guilty. He released his greatest hits box set.
crushed his family. . August 24. Jackson emerged again in March 2009 when he announced his plans for a highly anticipated concert series called "This Is It. in the Great Mausoleum at Forest Lawn cemetery in Glendale. September 3.jackson. of its friends and business interests. June 26. Source: CNN. he was given the Diamond Award to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Thriller.000 for failing to pay his former employees or provide workers' compensation insurance for them. 2009.com/id/32542682/?GT1=43001. Source: CNN. September 3. However. June 25. who fined him $169. friends. and the entertainment world.html. 2009: It was announced that the Los Angeles County coroner had ruled Jackson's death a homicide. Jackson never had the chance to make his triumphant return.com. Final Years Jackson reappeared in public for the World Music Awards in London late in 2006." As a guest of the royal family in Bahrain.msn. August 24. Jackson remained the King of Pop. his untimely and shocking death on June 25. 2009. after suffering cardiac arrest. produced by 2 Seas Records. 2009.jackson/index. Criticism of the government. In addition.funeral/index. "Bahrain and Dubai give Jackson something that few places can: tightly controlled media. The partnership with Sheikh Abdulla bin Hamad Al Khalifa ended in a lawsuit. she was considering suing for custody of their two children. 2009: Jackson died on June 25. saying that she feared they were vulnerable to mistreatment. http://www. it was clear that even in death. Jackson's troubles did not end when he disappeared from the public view. With a global outpouring of sorrow at his passing.cnn.msnbc. On another front. California.Weinland 1 Montague wrote in the New Statesman. only family and close friends will be in attendance. His former wife. This was his first public appearance since the molestation trial. in Los Angeles.com." planned for London in July 2009. sued him for not paying what he had promised to pay after their divorce in 1999. is simply not tolerated. California. http://www. http://www.html. Source: MSNBC. 2009. 2009. He was planning to release a new album in 2007. Jackson could enjoy a level of seclusion that was simply not possible to find in the Western world.com. Debbie Rowe.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/Music/06/25/michael.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/Music/09/03/michael. He was 50. his Neverland Ranch was ordered closed in 2006 by California authorities. However. a label owned by the son of the king of Bahrain.cnn. 2009: It was announced that Jackson will be interred on the evening of September 3. 2009.
World Book. is also a major recording artist. Gale Student Resources In Context.. with Michael. The group became a sensation with the string of hits "I Want You Back" (1969) and "ABC.). B. The Jacksons were guided in their early careers by their father. ______________ Contributor: • Shawn Brennan. 1998. In addition to singing. Web." World Book Advanced. Web. Randy (Steven Randall. Joseph Jackson. 1954-.com/books? id=sMquvCkamFMC&pg=PA48&lpg=PA46&ots=ZvnRXqtlRx&dq=michael+jackson+goi ng+solo . including bubblegum pop. Source Citation: "Michael Joseph Jackson. 2009." and “The Love You Save” (all 1970). http://en. with Jermaine as lead singer. Jackson Five were five brothers who became one of the most famous American popular music groups. funk.. with 10-year-old Michael as the lead singer and dancer. 1957-. Jermaine (Jermaine LaJaune.).. In 1968. co-wrote the hits “Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)” (1978) and “Lovely One” (1980). Randy played a number of instruments and. 27 Oct. World Book. The brothers moved to Epic Records in 1976. The Jackson Five. He died suddenly on June 25. the three older brothers performed as the Jackson Brothers. The Jacksons' first hit was “Enjoy Yourself” (1976). That year. Inc. Shawn. 27 Oct. Michael Jackson went on to become an international superstar as a solo artist. rock. Janet Jackson. Michael and Marlon later joined the group as singers and percussionists.org/wiki/Michael_Jackson#External_links http://books. The Jackson Five were Jackie (Sigmund Esco.).). Tito (Toriano Adaryll.google. Detroit: Gale. The Jackson Five was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. the group signed with Motown Records as the Jackson Five.).. a former musician. the Jacksons’ sister. Indiana.com/life/music/news/2009-10-09-michael-jackson_N. 1953-. from an accidental overdose of an anesthetic administered by his physician because of insomnia.. Michael. His album Thriller (1982) is the world’s best-selling album. The Jackson Five later had hits with “Never Can Say Goodbye” and “Mama’s Pearl” (both 1971) and “Dancing Machine” (1974). World Book recommends the following format: Brennan. Jr. http://www.Weinland 1 October 12. Marlon (Marlon David. Senior Editor. 2009. Berry.." Encyclopedia of World Biography.. The Jacksons had success with their “Triumph Tour” (1981) and “Victory Tour” (1984).. 2010. the Jacksons’ youngest brother. 1961-. Source: USA Today. performed together from the mid-1960’s to the early 1990’s and had hits in a variety of musical styles.ö was released posthumously.. and Michael (Michael Joseph. 2010... rhythm and blues. 2009: The Jackson recording.A. See also Gordy. How to cite this article: To cite this article. ôThis Is It. The brothers were known for their bright vocal harmonies and exciting." "I'll Be There. October 12. Jackson. In 1964..wikipedia. This page was last modified on 2 November 2010 at 08:09. soul. and disco. and the group began performing as the Jacksons. "Jackson Five.usatoday. replaced Jermaine. independent filmmaker and record producer. In addition to singing.htm. 2010. The Jackson brothers were born in Gary. tightly synchronized dance moves.. 1951-. later known as the Jacksons. Jermaine played rhythm guitar and bass and Tito played lead guitar. 1958-2009).
2010.org. 2010. Web. Edina. . 2010.biography. Web. 2010.Weinland 1 Pratt. 1998. Web. Michael Jackson: King of Pop. Web. "Michael Jackson.." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2010. Print. Mary K. Brennan. 2010. Mary K. Shawn.com." Biography. Gale Student Resources In Context. Print. MN: ABDO Pub. 27 Oct.com/articles/Michael-Jackson-38211?part=1>." World Book Advanced. http://www. 2010. 2010. 08 Nov. 27 Oct." Wikipedia. <http://www. "Jackson Five. "Michael Jackson Biography.. World Book. MN: ABDO Pub. 27 Oct.biography. 27 Oct.com/articles/Michael-Jackson-38211?part=1 Works Cited Pratt. Michael Jackson: King of Pop. Edina. "Michael Joseph Jackson. Detroit: Gale.
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