You are on page 1of 66

Unofficial version1

(including stipulations of the Federal Council of Germany (Bundesrat),


approved by the Federal Government on March 18, 2009)

Key
Bold face type = new text (highlighted by underlining in the summary and in paragraph
headings)
In some appendices not all changes are indicated (see relevant notes).
Deletions are not indicated separately.

Regulation
amending the German Energy Saving Ordinance

of 2.......................

on the basis of section 1 paragraph 2, section 2 paragraphs 2 and 3, section 3 paragraph 2,


section 4, each in connection with section 5, section 5a sentences 1 and 2, section 7
paragraph 3 sentences 3 and 4 and paragraph 4 as well as section 7a paragraph 1 of the
German Energy Saving Act (EnEG) in the version of the public notice from September 1,
2005 (Federal Law Gazette: BGBl. I pg. 2684), of which section 4 and section 7 are amended
by section 1 of the Act of [insert: date of the executed copy of the Third Act amending the
Energy Saving Act] and section 7a is added, the Federal Government orders:

*) This regulation provides for the implementation of Directive 2006/32/EC of the European Parliament and
Council of 5 April, 2006 on energy end-use efficiency and energy services and repealing Council Directive
93/76/EEC (OJ L 114 of 27.04.2006, pg. 64).
Sections 1 to 5, 8, 9, 11 paragraph 3, sections 12, 15 to 22, section 24 paragraph 1, sections 26, 27 and 29 serve
the implementation of Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament and Council of December 16, 2002 on
the total energy efficiency of buildings (OJ L 1 of 4.1.2003, pg. 65).
Section 13 paragraphs 1 to 3 and section 27 serve the implementation of Council Directive 92/42/EEC of May
21, 1992 on efficiency requirements for new hot-water boilers fired with liquid or gaseous fuels (OJ L 167 of

1 The accuracy of the unofficial version cannot be guaranteed.


2 Note: In accordance with Article 3 of the Amendment Ordinance, this ordinance becomes effective on
the first day of the sixth calendar month following promulgation; the promulgation is forthcoming.
2

22.6.1992, pg. 17, L 195 pg. 32), last amended by Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and Council
of July 6, 2005 (OJ L 191 of 22.7.2005, pg. 29).
3

Summary of Contents

Part 1
General Regulations
Part 6
Section 1 Scope of application Common regulations, regulatory offences
Section 2 Definitions
Section 22 Mixed-use buildings
Part 2 Section 23 Rules of technology
Buildings to be constructed Section 24 Exceptions
Section 25 Exemptions
Section 3 Requirements for residential buildings Section 26 Responsible parties
Section 4 Requirements for commercial buildings Section 26a Private proofs
Section 5 Allowance on electricity from Section 26 Responsibilities of the district
renewableenergies heating inspector
Section 6 Impermeability, minimum air exchange Section 27 Regulatory offences
Section 7 Minimum thermal insulation, heat
bridges Part 7
Section 8 Requirements for small buildings and Final provisions
modular buildings
Section 28 General interim regulations
Part 3 Section 29 Interim regulations for energy
Existing buildings and systems performance certificates and issuers
Section 30 abrogated
Section 9 Modification, extension and expansion Section 31 Entry into force, repeal
of buildings
Section 10 Retrofitting in systems and buildings Appendices
Section 10a Shutdown of electrical thermal
storage systems Appendix 1 Requirements for residential buildings
Section 1 Maintenance of energy quality Appendix 2 Requirements for commercial
Section 12 Energy inspection of air-conditioning buildings
systems Appendix 3 Requirements for the modification of
external components and the
Part 4 construction of small buildings;
Heating, air-handling systems and hot water general constraints and stipulations for
supply the evaluation of existing residential
buildings
Section 13 Start-up of boilers and other heat Appendix 4 Requirements for impermeability
generating systems and minimum air exchange
Section 14 Distribution devices and hot water Appendix 4a Requirements for the start-up of
systems boilers and other heat generating
Section 15 Air-conditioning and other air-handling systems
systems Appendix 5 Requirements for thermal insulation
of pipelines and fittings
Part 5 Appendix 6 Sample energy performance
Energy performance certificates and certificate - residential buildings
recommendations for the improvement of Appendix 7 Sample energy performance
energy efficiency certificate - commercial buildings
Section 16 Issue and use of energy performance Appendix 8 Sample notice energy performance
certificates certificate based on energy demand
Section 17 Basic principles for energy performance Appendix 9 Sample notice energy performance
certificates certificate based on energy
Section 18 Issue on the basis of energy demand consumption
Section 19 Issue on the basis of energy Appendix 10 Sample modernisation
consumption recommendations
Section 20 Recommendations for the improvement Appendix 11 Requirements for the content of
of energy efficiency training
Section 21 Issuing authorisation for existing
buildings
4

Part 1
General Regulations

Section 1
Scope of application

(1) This regulation applies to

1. buildings, in so far as they are heated or cooled using energy, and

2. systems and equipment serving the heating, cooling, air handling and lighting technology
and the hot water supply of buildings in accordance with No. 1.

The use of energy for production processes in buildings is not subject to this regulation.

(2) With the exception of sections 12 and 13, this regulation does not apply to

1. commercial buildings used primarily for the breeding or keeping of animals,

2. commercial buildings which must be large-scale and kept open for long periods in
accordance with the purpose of their use,

3. underground constructions,

4. installations under glass and growing rooms for the breeding, propagation and sale of
plants,

5. air halls and tents,

6. buildings, which are intended to be repeatedly set up and taken down and temporary
buildings with a scheduled service life of up to two years,

7. buildings which are dedicated to church services or other religious purposes,

8. residential buildings which are intended to be used less than four months a year and

9. other craftwork, agricultural, commercial and industrial commercial buildings which are
heated in accordance with their purpose to an indoor temperature of less than 12 degrees
Celsius or are heated for less than four months a year and cooled for less than two months
a year.

Section 13 alone is to be applied to components of plant systems that are not spatially
connected to buildings in accordance with paragraph 1 Sentence 1 No. 1.
5

Section 2
Definitions

Within the context of this regulation

1. residential buildings are buildings, which according to their purpose are used primarily
for living, including residential, retirement and nursing homes and similar facilities,

2. commercial buildings are buildings, which do not fall under No. 1,

3. small buildings are buildings with no more than 50 square metres of floor space,
3a. historical buildings are buildings or building complexes protected under state law,

4. heated spaces are those spaces which are heated directly or through connection with
another room on the basis of intended use,

5. cooled spaces are those spaces which are cooled directly or through connection with
another room on the basis of intended use,

6. renewable energies are solar radiation energy, environmental heat, geothermal


energy, hydroelectric power, wind energy and biomass energy,

7. a boiler is a heat-generating device consisting of boiler and burner which serves the
transfer of heat generated by the burning to the heat carrier water,

8. devices are boilers which can be equipped with a burner and burners intended to be used
for the equipping of a boiler,

9. the capacity is the largest heating or cooling capacity in kilowatts established by the
manufacturer and guaranteed to be maintainable in constant operation observing the
given level of efficiency,

10. a low-temperature boiler is a boiler that can be operated continually with an input
temperature of 35 to 40 degrees Celsius and in which, under certain circumstances,
condensation of the water vapour contained in the exhaust gases may occur,

11. a condensing boiler is a boiler which is constructed for the condensation of a large
proportion of the water vapour contained in exhaust gases,

11a. electrical thermal storage systems are heating systems with a power supply that
can be interrupted by energy suppliers, which store heat only in the periods outside
of intermittent operation through resistance heat in a suitable storage medium,
6

12. living space is the area established in accordance with the German Residential Space
Ordinance (WoFLV) or on the basis
of other statutory provisions or recognised rules of technology for the calculation of
living space,

13. floor space is the floor space which is heated or cooled in accordance with recognised
rules of technology,

14. the building floor space is the area calculated in accordance with Appendix 1 No. 1.3.3,

15. net floor space is the net floor space that is heated or cooled in accordance with
recognised rules of technology,

Part 2
Buildings to be constructed

Section 3
Requirements for residential buildings

(1) Residential buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the annual
primary energy demand for heating, hot water preparation, ventilation and cooling does not
exceed the value of the annual primary energy demand for a reference building of the
same geometry, building floor space and alignment with the technical reference design
given in Appendix 1 Table 1.

(2) Residential buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the
maximum levels of the specific transmission heat loss related to the heat transmitting surface
area in accordance with Appendix 1 Table 2 are not exceeded.

(3) The annual primary energy demand is to be calculated according to one of the
procedures stated in Appendix 1 No. 2 for the residential building to be constructed and
the reference building. The residential building to be constructed and the reference
building are to be calculated using the same procedure.

(4) Residential buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the
requirements for summer thermal insulation in Appendix 1 No. 3 are complied with.
7

Section 4
Requirements for commercial buildings

(1) Commercial buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the annual
primary energy demand for heating, hot water preparation, ventilation, cooling and lighting
installations does not exceed the level of the annual primary energy demand of a reference
building of the same geometry, net floor space, alignment and utilisation, including the
arrangement of the utilisation units to the technical reference design indicated in Appendix 2
Table 1.

(2) Commercial buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the
maximum levels of the average heat transfer coefficients of the heat-transmitting surface
area in accordance with Appendix 2 Table 2 are not exceeded.

(3) The annual primary energy demand for the commercial buildings to be constructed and
for the reference building is to be calculated according to one of the procedures stated in
Appendix 2 No. 2 or 3. The commercial building to be constructed and the reference building
are to be calculated using the same procedure.

(4) Commercial buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the
requirements for summer thermal insulation in Appendix 2 No. 4 are complied with.

Section 5
Allowance on electricity from renewable energies

If electricity from renewable energies is used in buildings to be constructed, the


electricity may be deducted from the delivered energy demand in the calculations in
accordance with section 3 paragraph 3 and section 4 paragraph 3, when it is

1. generated in direct spatial relation to the building and

2. used primarily in the building itself with only the surplus energy amount being
fed into a public grid.

The maximum amount of current that may be allowed in accordance with sentence 1 is
that of the calculated power requirement of the respective usage.
8

Section 6
Impermeability, minimum air exchange

(1) Buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the heat-transmitted
surface area including the joints is permanently airtight corresponding to the recognised rules
of technology. The joint permeability of outside windows, French windows and skylights
must satisfy the requirements of Appendix 4 No. 1. If impermeability is tested in accordance
with sentences 1 and 2, proof of airtightness can be taken into account in the calculation
required in accordance with section 3 paragraph 3 and section 4 paragraph 3, if the
requirements of Appendix 4 No. 2 are satisfied.

(2) Buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the minimum air
exchange required for the purposes of health and heating is ensured.

Section 7
Minimum thermal insulation, heat bridges

(1) In buildings to be constructed, components which border on outside, the ground or


building parts with significantly lower interior temperatures are to be designed in such a way
that the requirements of the minimum thermal insulation are satisfied in accordance with the
recognised rules of technology. If, in buildings to be constructed, the neighbouring
construction in connecting buildings is not protected, the building partition walls must
maintain the minimum thermal insulation in accordance with sentence 1.

(2) Buildings to be constructed are to be designed in such a way that the influence of
constructive heat bridges on the annual heating demand is kept as low as possible in
accordance with recognised rules of technology and the economically justifiable measures in
each individual case.

(3) The remaining influence of the heat bridges in determination of the annual primary
energy demand is to be taken into account as required by the respective calculation
method applied. If equivalence proofs would have been required, these are not required
for heat bridges whose contiguous components show lower heat transfer coefficients
than those used as a basis in the sample solutions of DIN 4108 Supplement 2 : 2006-03.
9

Section 8
Requirements for small buildings and modular buildings

If the values for heat transfer coefficients of the exterior components stated in Appendix 3 are
complied with in small buildings, the remaining requirements of this Part are considered
fulfilled. Sentence 1 is to be applied correspondingly to buildings which are intended to
have a service life of a maximum of five years and are made up of modules each with a
floor space of up to 50 square metres.

Part 3
Existing Buildings and Systems

Section 9
Modification, extension and expansion of buildings

(1) Modifications within the context of Appendix 3 Nos. 1 to 6 in the case of heated or cooled
spaces in buildings are to be designed in such a way that the heat transfer coefficients of the
exterior components concerned as established in Appendix 3 are not exceeded. The
requirements of sentence 1 are considered fulfilled if

1. modified residential buildings overall do not exceed the annual primary energy demand
of the reference building in accordance with section 3 paragraph 1 and the maximum
value of the specific transmission heat loss related to the heat-transmitting surface area
in accordance with Appendix 1 Table 2,

2. modified commercial buildings overall do not exceed the annual primary energy
demand of the reference building in accordance with section 4 paragraph. 1 and the
maximum values of the average heat transfer coefficients of the heat-transmitting
surface area in accordance with Appendix 2 Table 2

by more than 40 percent.

(2) In the cases of paragraph 1 sentence 2, the calculation methods given in section 3
paragraph 3 and section 4 paragraph 3 are to be used as required by sentences 2 and 3 and
section 5 accordingly. If

1. data on the geometric dimensions of buildings is missing, this can be determined by


simplified estimate;
10

2. energy reference values for existing building and system components are not available,
verified empirical values for building and system components of comparable age groups
can be used;
recognised rules of technology can be used in this connection; compliance with such rules is
assumed if simplifications are used for data collection and the determination of energy
parameters and verified empirical values, which have been published in the Federal Bulletin
(Bundesanzeiger - BAnz) by the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban
Affairs (BMVBS) in agreement with the German Federal Ministry of Economics and
Technology (BMWi). When applying the procedure in accordance with section 3 paragraph 3,
the general constraints and stipulations are to be observed in accordance with Appendix 3 No.
8.

(3) Paragraph 1 is not to be applied to modifications of exterior components, if the area of


the modified components affects no more than 10 percent of the total building component
area of the building.
(4) In the extension and expansion of a building by heated or cooled spaces with a minimum
of 15 and a maximum of 50 square metres of contiguous floor space, the relevant external
components are to be designed in such a way that the heat transfer coefficients established in
Appendix 3 are not exceeded.

(5) If, in cases of paragraph 4, the additional contiguous floor space exceeds 50 square
metres, the relevant exterior components are to be designed in such a way that the new section
of the building complies with the regulations for the building to be constructed in accordance
with section 3 or section 4.

Section 10
Retrofitting in systems and buildings

(1) The proprietors of buildings may no longer operate boilers which are filled with liquid
or gaseous fuels and which were installed or set up before October 1, 1978. Sentence 1 is not
applicable if the existing boilers are low temperature or condensing boilers, or to heating
systems whose capacity is less than four kilowatts or more than 400 kilowatts or to boilers in
accordance with section 13 paragraph 3 Nos. 2 to 4.

(2) Proprietors of buildings must ensure that in heating systems, previously


uninsulated, accessible heat distribution and hot water pipes as well as fittings not
11

situated in heated spaces are insulated in accordance with Appendix 5 in order to reduce
heat dissipation.

(3) The proprietors of residential buildings and commercial buildings which,


according to their purpose, are heated for at least four months per year and to an indoor
temperature of at least 19 degrees Celsius, must ensure that previously uninsulated top
floor ceilings of heated spaces, which are accessible (although they cannot be walked on),
are insulated in such a way that the heat transfer coefficient of the ceiling does not
exceed 0.24 watts/(m²⋅K). The obligation in sentence 1 is considered fulfilled if, instead of
the storey ceiling, the previously uninsulated roof above it is correspondingly insulated.

(4) , After December 31, 2011, paragraph 3 is to be applied accordingly to previously


uninsulated top storey ceilings of heated spaces that can be walked on.

(5) In residential buildings with no more than two flats where the proprietor was resident in
one flat on February 1, 2002, the obligations in accordance with paragraphs 1 to 4 are only
required to be fulfilled in the event of a change of proprietor after February 1, 2002. The time
limit for fulfilment of the obligation is two years from the first property transfer. If in the
event of a change of proprietor before January 1, 2010 a period of two years has not yet
elapsed, the insulation of the topmost ceilings of heated spaces in such a way that the heat
transfer coefficient of the storey ceiling does not exceed 0.30 watts/(m²K) is sufficient.

(6) Paragraphs 2 to 5 are not to be applied if the expenses required for the retrofitting
cannot be recouped from the resulting savings within an appropriate period.

Section 10a
Shutdown of electrical thermal storage systems

(1) In residential buildings with more than five flats, proprietors may no longer
operate electrical thermal storage systems according to the provisions of
paragraph 2 if the heating in the buildings is produced exclusively by electrical
thermal storage systems. Sentence 1 is to be applied accordingly to commercial
buildings which, according to their purpose, are heated for at least four months and
to an indoor temperature of at least 19 degrees Celsius, if more than 500 square
metres of floor space is heated using electrical thermal storage systems. Sentences 1
and 2 are not applicable to electrical thermal storage systems with no more than 20
watts heat output per square metre of floor space of a residential, office or other type
of utilisation unit.
12

(2) Electrical thermal storage systems installed or set up before January 1, 1990
may not be operated after December 31, 2019. Electrical thermal storage systems
installed or set up after December 31, 1989 may not be operated after expiration of
30 years after installation or setup. If significant components of the electrical
thermal storage systems were replaced after December 31, 1989, they may not be
operated after expiration of 30 years after the replacement. If several heaters are
operated in a building, the application of sentences 1, 2 or 3 overall is to be based on
the second oldest heater.

(3) Paragraph 1 is not to be applied if

1. it conflicts with other public law obligations,


2. the expenditure required for the shutdown and installation of a new heating
system could not be recouped by the resulting savings within a reasonable
period, even through claiming possible subsidies, or
3. if
a) the building application for the building was filed after December 31, 1994,
b) the building already conformed to the requirement level of the German
Ordinance on Thermal Insulation (WSV) of August 16, 1994 (Federal Law
Gazette: BGBl. I pg. 2121) at the time of building completion
or
c) the building was brought up to at least the requirement level stated in letter
b by later modifications.

In determining the energy parameters of the building in accordance with sentence 1


No. 3 letters b and c, the provisions on the simplified data collection can be applied in
accordance with section 9 paragraph 2 sentence 2 and the data provision by the
proprietor in accordance with section 17 paragraph 5. Section 25 paragraphs 1 and 2
remain unaffected.

Section 11
Maintenance of energy quality

(1) Exterior components may not be modified in such a way that the energy quality of the
building is changed for the worse. The same applies to systems and equipment in accordance
with Part 4 if they were to be considered in the proof of the requirements of energy-saving
Federal Law regulations.
13

(2) Equipment in systems which reduces energy demand in accordance with paragraph 1
are to be kept operational by the operator and are to be used as intended. Use and maintenance
within the meaning of sentence 1 is considered given if the influence of a device reducing
energy demand on the annual primary energy demand is counterbalanced by other installation
engineering or structural measures.

(3) The systems and equipment of heating, cooling and air circulation technology as well as
those of the hot water supply are to be operated appropriately by the operator. Components
having a significant influence on the degree of efficiency of such systems are to be serviced
and repaired by the operator regularly. Specialist qualification is a requirement for servicing
and repair. Qualified persons are those who possess the necessary specialised knowledge and
expertise for performance of servicing and repair work.

Section 12
Energy inspection of air-conditioning systems

(1) Operators of air-conditioning systems installed in the building with a cooling capacity
of more than twelve kilowatts must have energy inspections of these systems performed by
persons authorised within the meaning of paragraph 5 within the timeframes specified in
paragraphs 3 and 4.

(2) The inspection includes measures to check components affecting the level of efficiency
of the system and the size of the system in relation to the cooling needs of the building. It
relates particularly to
1. the examination and evaluation of influences which are responsible for the layout of the
system, particularly changes of the use and occupancy of the space, the utilisation periods,
the inner sources of heat as well as the relevant structural-physical features of the building
and of the set values required by the operator with regard to air volume, temperature,
humidity, operating time and tolerances, and
2. the establishment of the efficiency of significant components.
Advice is given to the operator in the form of brief, technical indications of measures for the
cost-effective improvement of energy parameters of the system, for its replacement or for
alternative solutions. The inspecting person must certify to the operator the results of the
inspection giving his name and address and his professional title.

(3) The first inspection should be carried out in the tenth year after start-up or the
replacement of significant components such as heat transmitters, ventilators or refrigerating
14

machines. Notwithstanding sentence 1, the systems that are over four and up to twelve years
old on October 1, 2007 must undergo an initial inspection within six years, the systems over
twelve years old must undergo inspection within four years and the systems over 20 years old
within two years of October 1, 2007.
(4) After the initial inspection the system must undergo a repeat inspection at least every
ten years.
(5) Inspections may only be conducted by experts. Experts are, in particular,
1. persons with a professional degree in in the fields of supply engineering or building
services with at least one year of professional experience in planning, construction,
operation or testing of cooling and ventilation systems,
persons with a professional degree in a) the fields of mechanical engineering, electrical
engineering, process engineering, construction engineering or
b) another technical field with a training focus on supply engineering or building services
with at least three years professional experience in planning, construction, operation or
testing of cooling and ventilation systems.

Equivalent apprenticeships gained in another member state of the European Union, another
state party to the Treaty on the European Economic Area or in Switzerland and which can be
documented by proof of apprenticeship, are equivalent to the apprenticeships named in
sentence 2.

(6) The operator must present upon request the certification on performance of the
inspection to the authority responsible according to state law.
15

Part 4
Heating, air-handling systems and hot water supply

Section 13
Start-up of boilers and other heat generating systems

(1) Boilers which are fired with liquid or gaseous fuels and whose capacity is at least four
kilowatts and at most 400 kilowatts, may only be installed or set up for the purpose of start-up
in buildings if they have CE labelling in accordance with section 5 paragraphs 1 and 2 of the
regulation on the bringing into circulation of boilers and equipment in accordance with the
Building Products Act of April 28, 1998 (Federal Law Gazette: BGBl. I pg. 796) or in
accordance with Article 7 paragraph 1 sentence 2 of Council Directive 92/42/EEC of May
21, 1992 on efficiency requirements for new hot-water boilers fired with liquid or gaseous
fuels (OJ L 167 of 22.6.1992, pg. 17, L 195 pg. 32) last amended by Directive 2005/32/EC of
the European Parliament and Council of July 6, 2005 (OJ L 191 of 22.7.2005, pg. 29).
Sentence 1 also applies to boilers assembled from equipment if the parameters derived from
the EC conformity declaration accompanying the equipment are observed.
(2) Boilers may only be installed or set up in buildings for the purpose of start-up if
the requirements of Appendix 4a are met. In cases where the shutdown of electrical
thermal storage systems is required in accordance with section 10a, the requirements of
Appendix 4a are also to be applied to other heat generating systems whose heating
capacity is greater than 20 watts per square metres of floor space. Exceptions to this are
existing buildings, if their annual primary energy demand does not exceed the value of the
annual primary energy demand of the reference building by any more than 40 percent.

(3) Paragraph 1 is not to be applied to

1. individually produced boilers,

2. boilers designed for operation with fuels which differ significantly from the standard
liquid and gaseous fuels available,

3. systems exclusively for hot water preparation,

4. kitchen stoves and equipment designed primarily for heating the space in which it is
installed or set up, but which also deliver hot water for central heating and for other
purposes,
16

5. Equipment with a capacity of less than six kilowatts for the supply of a hot water
storage system with gravity circulation.

(4) Boilers with a capacity of less than four kilowatts or more than 400 kilowatts, and
boilers in accordance with paragraph 3 may only be set up or installed in buildings for the
purpose of start-up if they are insulated against heat loss in accordance with recognised rules
of technology.

Section 14
Distribution devices and hot water systems

(1) Central heating must be furnished upon installation in buildings with central automatic
devices for the reduction and shutdown of the heat supply as well as for the activation and
deactivation of electrical drives depending on

1. the outside temperature or another suitable reference variable and

2. the time.

If the devices required in sentence 1 are not installed in existing buildings, the proprietor must
upgrade them. In the case of water heating which is connected without heat exchangers to a
small district or district heating supply, sentence 1 is considered complied with as regards the
reduction and shutdown of heat even without the corresponding devices in the house and
customer installations, if the flow temperature of the small district or district heating network
is regulated in conjunction with the exterior temperature and the time by corresponding
devices in the central generation plant.

(2) Heating-related systems with water as a heat carrier must be equipped upon installation
in buildings with automatic devices for room-by-room regulation of the room temperature.
Sentence 1 does not apply to individual heating equipment which is designed for operation
with liquid or solid fuels. With the exception of residential buildings, group regulation is
permissible for groups of rooms of the same type and use. Notwithstanding sentence 1,
underfloor heating in buildings constructed before February 1, 2002 may be fitted with
devices for room-by-room adjustment of the heat output to the heating load. If the equipment
required in sentences 1 to 3 is not present in existing buildings, the proprietor must upgrade
them.

(3) In central heating with a capacity of more than 25 kilowatts, the circulating pumps of
the heating circuits are to be equipped upon initial installation and upon replacement in such a
17

way that the electrical power input adjusts automatically to the operation-related requirements
with at least three levels, provided this does not conflict with any safety-related requirements
of the boiler.

(4) Circulation pumps must be furnished upon installation in hot water systems with
automatic devices for switching on and off.

(5) Upon initial installation and upon replacement of heat distribution and hot water pipes
as well as of fittings in buildings, the heat dissipation is to be limited in accordance with
Appendix 5.

(6) Upon initial installation in buildings of equipment in which heat or hot water is stored,
and in the case of their replacement, their heat dissipation is to be limited according to
recognised rules of technology.

Section 15
Air-conditioning and other air-handling systems

(1) Upon installation in buildings of air-conditioning systems with a cooling capacity of


more than twelve kilowatts and air handling systems for a volume power of delivery air of at
least 4 000 cubic metres per hour, as well as upon replacement of central devices or air duct
systems of such systems, these systems must be designed in such a way, that

1. the electrical power of the individual ventilators related to the delivery volume or
2. the weighted average value of the electric power of all delivery and exhaust air fans
related to the relevant delivery volume
does not exceed the threshold value of Category SFP 4 in accordance with DIN EN 13779 :
2007-09 at design flow rate. The threshold value for Class SFP 4 can be increased by
tolerances according to DIN EN 13779 : 2007-09 Part 6.5.2 for gas and HEPA filters as
well as heat feedback components of Classes H2 or H1 in accordance with DIN EN
13053.

(2) Upon installation of systems in buildings in accordance with paragraph 1 sentence 1 and
in the case of replacement of central controllers of such systems, if these systems are intended
to directly change the humidity of the ambient air, these systems must be equipped with
automatic regulating devices, in which separate target values for the humidification and
dehumidification can be set and the directly measured humidity of the supply or exhaust air
serves as a reference variable. If such devices are not present in existing systems in
accordance with paragraph 1 sentence 1, the operator must upgrade in the case of air-
18

conditioning systems within six months of expiration of the relevant time limit in section
12 paragraph 3, in the case of other ventilation and air-conditioning systems with
appropriate application of the time limits in section 12 paragraph 3.

(3) Upon installation of systems in buildings in accordance with paragraph 1 sentence 1 and
in the case of replacement of central controllers or air duct systems of such systems, these
systems must be furnished with devices for automatic regulation of flow rates depending on
the thermal and material loads or for timed setting of the flow rates if the supply air rate of
these systems per square metre of net floor area serviced exceeds nine cubic metres per hour,
in residential buildings per square metre of building floor space serviced. Sentence 1 does not
apply if increased supply air flow rates are required in the rooms serviced based on industrial
or health protection or if load changes cannot be ascertained either by technical measurement
or over the course of time.

(4) If cooling distribution and cold water pipes and fittings belonging to systems
within the meaning of paragraph 1 sentence 1 are initially installed or replaced in
buildings, their heat absorption is to be limited in accordance with Appendix 5.

(5) If systems in line with paragraph 1 sentence 1 are installed in buildings or central
controllers of such systems are replaced, these must be equipped with a device for heat
recovery which at least corresponds to Class H3 in accordance with DIN EN 13053 :
2007-09. For the number of operating hours the general constraints on usage in
accordance with DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02 are decisive, and for the air flow rate it is the
external air flow rate.
19

Part 5
Energy performance certificates and recommendations
for the improvement of energy efficiency

Section 16
Issue and use of energy performance certificates

(1) When a building is constructed, the builder must ensure that, if he is also proprietor of
the building, an energy performance certificate is issued to him or to the proprietor of the
building in accordance with the sample in Appendix 6 or 7 taking as a basis the energy
parameters of the completed building. Sentence 1 is to be applied accordingly if

1. modifications are made to a building within the meaning of Appendix 3 Nos. 1 to 6 or

2. the floor space of the heated or cooled rooms of a building is increased by more than half

and in so doing the procedure in accordance with section 9 paragraph 1 sentence 2 is to be


used and calculations made for the whole building in accordance with section 9 paragraph 2.
The proprietor must present the energy performance certificate upon request to the authorities
responsible according to state law.

(2) Should a piece of land with a building upon it, a right equivalent to real property relating
to a piece of land with constructive property or ownership or part ownership of a property be
sold, the seller must make available to the potential buyer an energy performance certificate
with the content according to the sample in Appendix 6 or 7, at the latest immediately after
the potential buyer has requested this. Sentence 1 is applicable correspondingly to the
proprietor, lessor, landlord and lease provider in the case of rental, lease or upon leasing of a
building, flat or any other independent units of use.

(3) For buildings with more than 1 000 square metres of floor space in which public
authorities and other institutions provide public services for a large number of people and
which are therefore frequented often by these people, energy performance certificates are to
be issued in accordance with the sample in Appendix 7. The proprietor must display the
energy performance certificate in a place that is visible to the public; the notice can also be
prepared in accordance with the sample in Appendix 8 or 9.

(4) The provisions of this Part do not apply to small buildings. Paragraphs 2 and 3 are not
applicable to historic buildings.
20

Section 17
Basic principles for energy performance certificates
(1) The issuer must issue energy performance certificates in accordance with section 16 on
the basis of the calculated energy demand or the energy consumption recorded as required by
paragraphs 2 to 6 and sections 18 and 19. It is permissible to state the energy demand as well
as the energy consumption.
(2) Energy performance certificates may be issued only on the basis of energy demand in
cases of section 16 paragraph 1. In cases of section 16 paragraph 2, energy performance
certificates for residential buildings with less than five flats, and for which the building
application was filed before November 1, 1977, are to be issued as from October 1, 2008
based on the energy demand. Sentence 2 does not apply if the residential building

1. already complied with the requirement level of the thermal insulation ordinance of
August 11, 1977 (Federal Law Gazette: BGBl. I pg 1554) upon completion of the
building or
2. was brought up at least to the requirement level stated in number 1 through later
modifications.
The provisions on simplified data collection in accordance with section 9 paragraph 2
sentence 2 and data provision by the proprietor in accordance with paragraph 5 can be used
for determination of the energy parameters of the residential building in accordance with
sentence 3.
(3) Energy performance certificates are issued for buildings. They are to be issued for parts
of buildings if the parts of the building are to be treated separately in accordance with section
22.
(4) Energy performance certificates must correspond in content and design to the samples
in Appendices 6 to 9 and must contain at least the information required there for the relevant
type of certificate and not marked as voluntary; they are to be signed by the issuer with his
name, address and professional title either by hand or by reproduction of the signature.
Additional data may be attached.

(5) The proprietor can provide the data required for the issue of the energy performance
certificate in accordance with section 18 paragraph 1 sentence 1 or paragraph 2 sentence
1 in connection with Appendices 1, 2 and 3 No. 8 or in accordance with section 19
paragraph 1 sentences 1 and 3, paragraph 2 sentence 1 or 3 and paragraph 3 sentence 1.
The proprietor must ensure that the data provided by him in accordance with sentence 1
is correct. The issuer may not use the data provided by the proprietor as a basis for his
21

calculation if there is good reason to doubt the accuracy of the data. If in the issue of the
energy performance certificate, the issuer uses data which he has established himself,
sentence 2 is to be applied accordingly.
(6) Energy performance certificates are to be issued for a validity period of ten years.

Irrespective of this, energy performance certificates become invalid when a new energy
performance certificate is required in accordance with section 16 paragraph 1.

Section 18
Issue on the basis of energy demand

(1) If energy performance certificates for buildings to be constructed are issued on the basis
of the calculated energy demand, these are to be based on the results of the calculations
required in accordance with sections 3 to 5. The results are to be stated in the energy
performance certificates if the statement of this information for energy demand values is
provided for in the samples in Appendices 6 to 8.

(2) If energy performance certificates are issued for existing buildings on the basis of
calculated energy demand, section 9 paragraph 2 is to be applied accordingly to the required
calculations. The results are to be stated in the energy performance certificates if the statement
of this information for energy demand values is provided for in the samples in Appendices 6
to 8.

Section 19
Issue on the basis of energy consumption

(1) If energy performance certificates are issued for existing buildings on the basis of
energy consumption recorded, the energy consumption adjusted for weather conditions
(energy consumption reference value) is to be calculated as required in paragraphs 2 and 3.
The results are to be stated in the energy performance certificates, if the statement of this
information for energy consumption reference values is provided for in the samples of
Appendices 6, 7 and 9. The provisions of section 9 paragraph 2 sentence 2 on simplified data
collection are to be applied accordingly.

(2) In residential buildings, the energy consumption for heating and central hot water
preparation is to be determined and stated in kilowatt hours per year and square metre of
building floor space. The building floor space can be determined for residential buildings with
up to two flats and a heated basement at a set rate of 1.35 times the value of the living space,
22

in other residential buildings at a rate of 1.2 times the value of the living space. In commercial
buildings the energy consumption for heating, hot water preparation, cooling, ventilation and
light installations is to be determined and stated in kilowatt hours per year and square metre of
net floor area. The energy consumption for heating is to be adjusted for weather conditions.
(3) For the determination of energy consumption
1. consumption data from heating cost statements in accordance with the German Heating
Cost Ordinance for the entire building,
2. other appropriate consumption data, in particular energy supplier statements or
appropriately conducted consumption measurements, or

3. a combination of consumption data in accordance with numbers 1 and 2

are to be used; in so doing the statements from a continuous period of 36 months are to be
used as a basis, including the latest available statement period. In the determination in
accordance with sentence 1, longer periods of non-occupancy are to be taken account of by
appropriate calculation. The decisive energy consumption is the average consumption in
the period used as a basis. An appropriate procedure which corresponds to the recognised
rules of technology is to be used for adjustment of the energy consumption for weather
conditions. Observation of the recognised rules of technology is assumed if in the
determination of energy consumption parameters, simplifications are used which have been
published in the Federal Bulletin (Bundesanzeiger - BAnz) by the German Federal Ministry
of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs in conjunction with the German Federal Ministry
for Economics and Technology.
(4) The values to be entered in the energy performance certificate as comparative values for
energy consumption reference values of a commercial building are those that have been
published in the Bundesanzeiger by the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and
Urban Affairs in conjunction with the German Federal Ministry for Economics and
Technology.

Section 20
Recommendations for the improvement of energy efficiency

(1) If measures for cost-effective improvements of the energy parameters of the building
(energy efficiency) are possible, the issuer of the energy performance certificate must issue
the proprietor, upon issue of an energy performance certificate appropriate, accompanying
recommendations in the form of brief technical notes (modernisation recommendations). In
the process, reference can additionally be made to further notes in publications of the German
23

Federal Ministry for Transport, Building and Urban Affairs in conjunction with the German
Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology or third parties authorised by them. The
provisions of section 9 paragraph 2 sentence 2 on simplified data collection are to be applied
accordingly. If modernisation recommendations are not possible, the issuer must notify the
proprietor of this upon issue of the energy performance certificate.

(2) The presentation of modernisation recommendations and notification in accordance


with paragraph 1 sentence 4 must correspond in content and design to the sample in
Appendix 10. Section 17 paragraphs 4 and 5 are to be applied accordingly.
(3) Modernisation recommendations are to be attached to the energy performance certificate
with the content in accordance with the samples in Appendices 6 and 7.

Section 21
Issuing authorisation for existing buildings

(1) For the issue of energy performance certificates for existing buildings in accordance
with section 16 paragraphs 2 and 3 and of modernisation recommendations in accordance
with section 20, the only authorised persons are
1. persons with a professional degree in
a) the fields of architecture, structural engineering, construction engineering, building
services, physics, structural physics, mechanical or electrical engineering or
b) another technical or scientific field with a main focus on a field named under letter a,
2. persons within the meaning of No. 1 letter a in the area of architecture with a specialism
in interior design,
3. persons who fulfil compulsory approval conditions for entry into the register of craftsmen
for a building, expansion or installation engineering trade or for chimney sweeping, and
master craftsmen of the trades not subject to approval in these fields and persons who are
entitled on account of their training to exercise such a trade independently without the
title of master craftsman,
4. officially recognised or tested technicians whose main training focus also includes the
assessment of building cladding, the assessment of heating and hot water preparation
systems or the assessment of ventilation and air conditioning systems,
5. persons, who are authorised under structural engineering regulations of the Federal
States to sign structural engineering proofs of thermal insulation or energy saving in
the construction of buildings, within the scope of the relevant entitlement to such
proofs,
24

when, with the exception of the persons named in No. 5, they fulfil at least one of the
conditions stated in paragraph 2. The issuing authorisation in accordance with sentence 1
Nos. 2 to 4 in conjunction with paragraph 2 only refers to energy performance certificates for
existing residential buildings including modernisation recommendations within the meaning
of section 20. Sentence 2 applies accordingly for persons named in sentence 1 No. 1, who
do not fulfil the conditions of paragraph 2 Nos. 1 or 3 but whose further training
satisfies the requirements of paragraph 2 No. 2 letter b.

(2) The precondition for issuing authorisation in accordance with paragraph 1 sentence 1
Nos. 1 to 4 is
1. a main focus during the course of study on the area of energy-saving construction or,
following a course of study without such a focal point, a minimum of two years
professional experience in basic structural engineering activities concerned with
construction or installation engineering,
2. a successful course of further training in the field of energy-saving construction, which
a) in cases of paragraph 1 sentence 1 no. 1 corresponds to the basic content of Appendix
11,
b) in cases of paragraph 1 sentence 1 nos. 2 to 4 corresponds to the basic content of
Appendix 11 nos. 1 and 2,
or
3. a public appointment as a sworn expert for a subject area in the field of energy-saving
construction or in basic structural engineering activities concerned with construction or
installation engineering .

(3) Section 12 paragraph 5 sentence 3 is to be applied accordingly to apprenticeships


within the meaning of paragraph 1.

Part 6
Common regulations, regulatory offences

Section 22
Mixed-use buildings
25

(1) Sections of a residential building, which differ significantly from residential use with
regard to the nature of usage and the building fittings and which make up a not insignificant
part of the building floor space, are to be treated separately as commercial buildings.
(2) Sections of a commercial building, which are used for residential purposes and make up a
not insignificant part of the net floor area, are to be treated separately as residential buildings.
(3) For the calculation of partition walls and partition ceilings between building sections, in
cases of paragraphs 1 and 2, Appendix 1 No. 2.6 sentence 1 applies accordingly.

Section 23
Rules of technology

(1) The German Federal Ministry for Transport, Building and Urban Affairs can, in
conjunction with the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, refer to
publications by expert authorities on recognised rules of technology through publication in the
Federal Bulletin (BAnz), if reference is made to such rules in this regulation.

(2) Norms, technical regulations or other provisions of other member states of the European
Union and other states party to the Treaty on the European Economic Area, as well as Turkey,
are also components of the recognised rules of technology if compliance with them
permanently guarantees the required protective level with regard to energy saving and thermal
insulation.

(3) If an evaluation of building materials, components and systems with regard to the
requirements of this regulation is not possible based on recognised rules of technology, since
such rules do not exist or there is significant deviation from them, the authority responsible
under state law must be provided with the required proofs for evaluation by some other
means. Sentence 1 does not apply to building materials, components and systems

1. which carry CE labelling in accordance with the German Building Products Act or other
legal regulations for the implementation of European Community Law whose
regulations also include requirements for energy saving, and, according to these
regulations, have permissible classes and power levels as established by the countries,
or
2. for which, according to building regulations on the use of building products, the
observation of this regulation is also ensured.

(4) The German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs and the German
Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology or a third party on their behalf can, in line
26

with this regulation, besides public notices in the Federal Bulletin (BAnz), also publish
notices free of charge on the internet.

(5) If the dated technical rules to be applied under this regulation make reference to
undated technical rules, these are to be applied in the version that corresponds to the
version at the time of publication of the dated technical rule.

Section 24
Exceptions
(1) If, in historical buildings or other building fabric particularly worthy of conservation, the
fulfilment of the requirements of this regulation has a detrimental effect on the fabric or the
appearance or other measures lead to disproportionately high costs, then the requirements of
this regulation can be deviated from.

(2) If the goals of this regulation are attained to the same extent by measures other than
those provided for in this regulation, the authorities responsible under state law shall allow
exceptions upon request.

Section 25
Exemptions

(1) The authorities responsible under state law must allow release from the requirements of
this regulation upon request if the requirements in individual cases, due to special
circumstances, cause unreasonable expense or in some other manner lead to undue hardship.
Undue hardship exists, in particular, if the required expenses cannot be recouped by the
resulting savings within the usual period of use, in the case of requirements for existing
buildings within a reasonable period.
(2) Undue hardship within the meaning of paragraph 1 can also result from the fact that
a proprietor must at the same time or within a short period of time fulfil several
obligations for reasons of energy saving under this regulation or other public-law
regulations and this cannot be reasonably expected of him.
(3) Paragraph 1 is not to be applied to the provisions of Part 5.

Section 26
Responsible parties
27

(1) The builder is responsible for compliance with the provisions of this regulation, provided
no other responsible party is expressly designated in this regulation.

(2) Compliance with the provisions of this regulation is also the responsibility of those
persons within the scope of their respective sphere of influence who are are employed on
behalf of the builder in the construction or modification of buildings or building systems
engineering.

Section 26a
Private proofs

(1) Any party who performs work in the course of business on or in existing buildings
for the purposes of
1. modifying external components within the meaning of section 9 paragraph 1
sentence 1,
2. insulating top floor ceilings within the meaning of section 10 paragraphs 3 and 4,
and in connection with paragraph 5, or
3. initial installation or replacement of boilers and other heat generating systems in
accordance with section 13, distribution devices or hot water systems in accordance
with section 14 or air-conditioning or other ambient air technology systems in
accordance with section 15, must confirm in writing to the proprietor immediately
after conclusion of the work that the construction or system parts modified or
installed by him meet the requirements of this regulation (contractor declaration).

(2) The contractor declaration provides proof of fulfilment of the obligations arising
out of the provisions stated in paragraph 1. The contractor declaration is to be retained
by the proprietor for at least five years. The proprietor must submit the contractor
declarations upon request to the authorities responsible under state law.

Section 26b
Responsibilities of the district heating inspector

(1) The district heating inspector as grantee checks heating systems within the scope of
the fireplace inspection to establish whether
1. boilers, which should have been shut down in accordance with section 10 paragraph
1, also in conjunction with paragraph 5, are still in operation and
28

2. heat distribution and hot water pipes and fittings, which should have been insulated
in accordance with section 10 paragraph 2, also in conjunction with paragraph 5, are
still uninsulated.
(2) In heating systems which are installed in existing buildings, the district heating
inspector as grantee also checks within the scope of the first fireplace inspection after
installation whether

1. central heating systems are fitted with a central automatic device for reducing and
shutting off heat supply as well as for the activation and deactivation of electrical
drives, as required under section 14 paragraph 1,
2. circulating pumps in central heating systems are fitted with devices for the
automatic adjustment of the electrical power input in accordance with section 14
paragraph 3,
3. in the case of heat distribution and hot water pipes and fittings, heat dissipation is
limited in accordance with section 14 paragraph 5.

(3) In the case of non-compliance, the district heating inspector notifies the proprietor
in writing of the obligations arising out of the provisions stated in paragraphs 1 and 2
and sets a reasonable time limit for their subsequent fulfilment. If the obligations are not
fulfilled within the established period, the district heating inspector immediately notifies
the authority responsible under state law.

(4) The fulfilment of the obligations arising out of the provisions stated in paragraphs
1 and 2 can be certified by presentation of contractor declarations to the district heating
inspector. No further inspection by the district heating inspector is then required

(5) An inspection in accordance with paragraph 1 is not made if a comparable


inspection has already been made by the district heating inspector in compliance with
state law for the respective heating system before [insert: date of the entry into force of
this regulation].
29

Section 27
Regulatory offences

(1) A regulatory offence within the meaning of section 8 paragraph 1 No. 1 of the German
Energy Saving Act is committed by anyone who deliberately or carelessly
1. contrary to section 3 paragraph 1, incorrectly constructs a residential building,
2. contrary to section 4 paragraph 1, incorrectly constructs a commercial building,
3. contrary to section 9 paragraph 1 sentence 1, executes modifications,
4. contrary to section 12 paragraph 1, fails to have an inspection performed or performed
on time,
5. contrary to section 12 paragraph 5 sentence 1, performs an inspection,
6. contrary to section 13 paragraph 1 sentence 1, also in conjunction with sentence 2,
installs or sets up a boiler,
7. contrary to section 14 paragraph 1 sentence 1, paragraph 2 sentence 1 or paragraph 3,
fails to equip a central heating system, a heating system or a circulation pump, or fails to
do this on time
or
8. contrary to section 14 paragraph 5, fails to restrict the heat dissipation of heat
distribution or hot water pipes or fittings or fails to do this on time.

(2) A regulatory offence within the meaning of section 8 paragraph 1 No. 2 of the German
Energy Saving Act is committed by anyone who deliberately or carelessly
1. contrary to section 16 paragraph 2 sentence 1, also in conjunction with sentence 2, fails
to make available an energy performance certificate or fails to make it available in full or
on time,
2. contrary to section 17 paragraph 5 sentence 2, also in conjunction with sentence 4,
fails to ensure that the data prepared is correct,
3. uses as a basis for his calculations, data provided in contravention of section 17
paragraph 5 sentence 3, or
4. issues an energy performance certificate or modernisation recommendations in
contravention of section 21 paragraph 1 sentence 1.
(3) A regulatory offence within the meaning of section 8 paragraph 1 No. 3 of the
German Energy Saving Act is committed by anyone who deliberately or carelessly fails
30

to provide certification, fails to provide this correctly or on time in contravention of


section 26a paragraph 1.

Part 7
Final provisions

Section 28
General interim regulations

(1) This regulation is to be applied in the version valid at the time of the filing of the
building application or the building notice to projects whose object is the construction,
modification, extension or expansion of buildings.

(2) This regulation is to be applied in the version valid at the time of submission to the
responsible authority to projects not subject to building approval which are to be submitted
for the attention of the local authority under building regulations.

(3) This regulation is to be applied in the version valid at the time building
construction commences to other projects not subject to building approval, especially
projects not subject to approval, notice or specific procedures.

(4) Notwithstanding paragraph 1 the new law is to be applied at the request of the builder,
if a final decision has not yet been made on the building application or following building
notice.

Section 29
Interim regulations for energy performance certificates and issuers

(1) Energy performance certificates for residential buildings completed before 1965 must
be made available in cases of section 16 paragraph 2 from July 1, 2008, for residential
buildings constructed later, from January 1, 2009. Sentence 1 is not to be applied to energy
demand certificates which were issued for residential buildings in accordance with section 13
paragraph 1 or 2 of the German Energy Saving Ordinance in a version valid before October
1, 2007.

(2) Energy performance certificates for commercial buildings must be

1. made accessible in cases of section 16 paragraph 2 and

2. issued and displayed in cases of section 16 paragraph 3


31

from July 1, 2009.

Sentence 1 No. 1 is not to be applied to energy and heat demand certificates which were
issued for commercial buildings in accordance with section 13 paragraph 1, 2 or 3 of the
German Energy Saving Ordinance in a version valid before October 1, 2007.
(3) Energy and heat demand certificates in accordance with versions of the German Energy
Saving Ordinance valid before October 1, 2007 and heat demand certificates in accordance
with section 12 of the German Thermal Insulation Ordinance of August 16, 1994 (BGBl. I pg
2121) are deemed energy performance certificates within the meaning of section 16
paragraph 1 sentence 3, paragraphs. 2 and 3; the validity period of these certificates is ten
years from the date of issue. The same applies to energy performance certificates issued
before October 1, 2007

1. by district bodies or by third parties at the instigation of such bodies according to


uniform rules or

2. in application of the provisions contained in the draft of this regulation enacted by the
German Federal Government on April 25, 2007 (published at Bundesrats-Drucksache
282/07).

(4) For the issue of energy performance certificates for existing residential buildings in
accordance with section 16 paragraph 2 and of modernisation recommendations in
accordance with section 20, in addition to the persons named in section 21, authorised persons
are also those who were registered before April 25, 2007 with the Federal Office of
Economics and Export Control (BAFA) as authorised applicants in accordance with the
German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology’s guideline dated September 7,
2006on the promotion of local consultation on the economical and efficient use of energy in
residential buildings (Federal Bulletin ref: BAnz. pg. 6379).

(5) For the issue of energy performance certificates for existing residential buildings in
accordance with section 16 paragraph 2 and of modernisation recommendations in accordance
with section 20, in addition to the persons authorised under section 21, authorised persons are
also those who on April 25, 2007 had concluded professional training in construction
materials trading or in the building materials industry and had successfully concluded a
further training course in energy consultancy in construction materials trading or in the
building materials industry. Sentence 1 applies accordingly to persons who commenced such
a further training course before April 25, 2007, after their successful conclusion of the
training.
32

(6) For the issue of energy performance certificates for existing residential buildings in
accordance with section 16 paragraph 2 and of modernisation recommendations in
accordance with section 20, in addition to the persons named in section 21, authorised
persons are also those who on April 25, 2007 had successfully concluded a further training
course in energy consultancy to the craftwork industry. Sentence 1 applies accordingly to
persons who commenced such a further training course before April 25, 2007, after their
successful conclusion of training.

Section 30
abrogated

Section 31
(Entry into force, repeal)
33

Note: All of Appendix 1 was revised (for reasons of clarity, bold face typing/underlining
was not used).

Appendix 1 (to sections 3 and 9)


Requirements for residential buildings

1 Maximum values of the annual primary energy demand and of the specific transfer
heat loss for residential buildings to be constructed (for section 3 paragraphs 1 and
2
1.1 Maximum value of the annual primary energy demand
The maximum value of the annual primary energy demand of a residential building to
be constructed is the annual primary energy demand, based on building floor space,
for a reference building of the same geometry, building floor space and alignment as
the residential building to be constructed, calculated according to one of the
procedures given in No. 2.1, which corresponds to the stipulations of Table 1 with
regard to its design.

If an electrical hot water system is to be installed in the residential building to be


constructed, this may be taken account of instead of Table 1 Line 6 as a central flat
system without storage in accordance with the general constraints given in Table 5.1-3
of DIN V 4701-10 : 2003-08, amended by A1 : 2006-12. The resulting maximum value
of the annual primary energy demand is to be reduced in cases of sentence 2 by 10.9
kWh/(m²a); this does not apply to execution of measures for energy saving in
accordance with section 7 No. 2 in connection with No. VI.1 of the Appendix to the
German Renewable Energies Heat Act (EEWärmeG).

Table 1
Design of the reference building

Reference design / value


Line Component/system (measuring unit)
Parameter (for Lines 1.1 to 3)
1.1 Outside wall, storey ceiling
against external air
Heat transfer coefficient U = 0.28 W/(m²K)

1.2 Exterior wall against ground,


foundation slab, walls and
ceilings to unheated spaces Heat transfer coefficient U = 0.35 W/(m²K)
(except those in accordance with
Line 1.1)
34

Reference design / value


Line Component/system
(measuring unit)
1.3 Roof, top-floor ceiling,
walls to long pane of roof Heat transfer coefficient U = 0.20 W/(m²K)

1.4 Windows, French doors Heat transfer coefficient Uw = 1.30 W/(m²K)


Overall level of energy permeability
of glazing g┴ = 0.60

Heat transfer coefficient Uw = 1.40 W/(m²K)


1.5 Skylights Overall energy transmittance of the
g┴ = 0.60
glazing
1.6 Dome lights Heat transfer coefficient Uw = 2.70 W/(m²K)
Overall energy permeability of the
g┴ = 0.64
glazing
1.7 Outside doors Heat transfer coefficient U = 1.80 W/(m²K)
2 Components according to Lines
Heat bridge tolerance ΔUWB = 0.05 W/(m²K)
1.1 to 1.7
3 Airtightness of building cladding In the case of calculation according to
• DIN V 4108-6 : 2003-06: with leak test
Rated value n50
• DIN V 18599-2 : 2007-02: according to
Category I
4 Sunscreen device No sun protection device
5 Heating system • Heat generation through condensing boiler (improved), domestic fuel oil,
Set up:
-for building with up to 2 flats within the thermal cladding
-for building with more than 2 flats outside of the thermal cladding
• Layout temperature 55/45 °C, central distribution system within the heat
transmitting surface area, inside lines and assigned pipes, pumps laid out
(controlled, Δp constant), pipeline network hydraulically aligned, thermal insulation
of pipelines according to Appendix 5
• Heat transfer with free static heating surfaces, alignment to normal exterior wall,
thermostat valves with proportional range 1K
6 Hot water preparation system • Central hot water preparation
• Joint heat preparation with heating system according to Line 5
• Solar plant (multi-purpose system with flat plate collector) corresponding to the
provisions of DIN V 4701-10 : 2003-08 or DIN V 18599-5 : 2007-02
• Storage tanks heated indirectly (standing), same setup as heat generating device,
layout in accordance with DIN V 4701-10 : 2003-08 or DIN V 18599-5 : 2007-02
as
- Small solar plant with AN smaller than 500 m² (bi-fuel solar storage)
- Large solar plant with AN greater than or equal to 500 m²
• Distribution system within the heat transmitting surface area, inside lines, common
installation wall, thermal insulation of pipelines according to Appendix 5, with
circulation, pump laid out if required (controlled, Δp constant)
7 Cooling No cooling
8 Ventilation Central exhaust air system, demand-led with controlled DC ventilator

1.2 Maximum values of the specific transmission heat loss related to the heat
transmitting surface area
The specific, transmission heat loss related to the heat transmitting surface area of a
residential building to be constructed may not exceed the maximum values given in
Table 2.
Table 2
Maximum values of the specific transmission heat loss
related to the heat transmitting surface area
35

Maximum value of the


Line Type of building
specific transmission heat loss

1 Detached with AN ≤ 350m² H ′T = 0.40 W/(m2K)


residential
building with AN > 350m² H ′T = 0.50 W/(m2K)
2 Semi-detached residential building H ′T = 0.45 W/(m2K)
3 All other residential buildings H ′T = 0.65 W/(m2K)
4 Extensions and expansion of
residential buildings in accordance H ′T = 0.65 W/(m2K)
with section 9 paragraph 5

1.3 Definition of the reference values


1.3.1 The heat-transmitting surface area A of a residential building in m² is to be determined
in accordance with Appendix B of DIN EN ISO 13789 : 1999-10, Case “External
dimensions”. The areas to be taken account of are the outer boundary of an enclosed
heated zone. In addition, the heat-transmitting surface area A is to be established in
such a way that a one-zone model is created as described in DIN V 18599-1 : 2007-02
or in DIN EN 832 : 2003-06, which includes at least the heated spaces.

1.3.2 The heated volume of the building Ve in m³ is the volume which is enclosed by the heat
transmitting surface area A determined according to No. 1.3.1.

1.3.3 The building floor space AN in m² is determined for residential buildings as follows:
AN = 0.32 m −1 ⋅ Ve
with AN building floor space in m²
Ve heated building volume in m³.

If the average storey height hG of a residential building, measured from the surface of
the floor to the surface of the storey to the surface of the floor of the storey above, is
more than 3 m or less than 2.5 m, then, notwithstanding sentence 1, the building floor
space AN is calculated as follows:

⎛ 1 ⎞
AN = ⎜⎜ − 0.04 m −1 ⎟⎟ ⋅ Ve
⎝ hG ⎠

with AN building floor space in m²


hG height of storey ceiling in m
Ve heated building volume in m³.
36

2 Calculation method for residential buildings (for section 3 paragraph 3, section 9


paragraphs 2 and 5)

2.1 Calculation of annual primary energy demand

2.1.1 The annual primary energy demand Qp for residential buildings is to be determined in
accordance with DIN V 18599 : 2007-02. As primary energy factors, the values for the
non-renewable proportion in accordance with DIN V 18599-1 : 2007-02 are to be used.
For this, the value to be used for liquid biomass is that for the non-renewable proportion
“domestic fuel oil EL” and for gaseous biomass, the value for the non-renewable
proportion “natural gas H” are to be used. For liquid or gaseous biomass within the
meaning of section 2 paragraph 1 No. 4 of the Renewable Energies Heat Act
(EEWärmeG), the value 0.5 can be used for the non-renewable proportion if the liquid
or gaseous biomass is generated in direct spatial relation to the building. Sentence 4 is to
be applied correspondingly to buildings which stand in spatial relation to each other and
are supplied directly together with liquid or gaseous biomass within the meaning of
section 2 paragraph 1 No. 4 of the Renewable Energies Heat Act (EEWärmeG). For
electrical power, the value 2.6 is to be used as primary energy factor for the non-
renewable proportion notwithstanding sentence 2. The general constraints named in
Table 3 are to be used in the calculation of the annual primary demand of the reference
residential building and of the residential building.
37

Table 3
General constraints for calculation of the annual primary energy demand
Line Parameter General constraints
1 Shadow factor FS FS = 0.9
provided the structural conditions are not taken
account of in detail.
2 Solar heat gains - Emission level of the exterior surface for heat radiation:
via opaque ε = 0.8
components - Level of radiation absorption by opaque surfaces:
α= 0.5;
for dark roofs a level of
α = 0.8 can be assumed instead.

2.1.2 As an alternative to No. 2.1.1, the annual primary energy demand Qp for residential
buildings can be determined in accordance with DIN EN 832 : 2003-06 in conjunction with

DIN V 4108-6 : 2003-06∗) and DIN V 4701-10 : 2003-08, amended by A1 : 2006-12;


section 23 paragraph 3 remains unaffected. As primary energy factors, the values for the non-
renewable proportion are to be used in accordance with DIN V 4701-10 : 2003-08, amended
by A1 : 2006-12. No. 2.1.1 sentence 3 to 6 is to be applied accordingly. The annual heating
demand Qh to be established in this calculation is to be determined according to the monthly
balance procedure in line with DIN EN 832 : 2003-06 with the general constraints stated in
DIN V 4108-6 : 2003-06*) Appendix D.3. Simplifications for the calculation given in DIN V
4108-6: 2003-06*) in accordance with DIN EN 832: 2003-06 may be applied. To take account
of ventilation systems with heat recovery, the methodology notes under No. 4.1 of DIN V
4701-10: 2003-08, amended by A1: 2006-12, are to be observed.

2.1.3 If structural or installation engineering components are used in residential buildings, and
there are no recognised rules of technology for their energy evaluation or published,
verified empirical values in accordance with section 9 paragraph 2 sentence 2 clause 3,
then components which display similar energy properties are to be used for this.

2.2 Consideration of hot water preparation

In residential buildings, the energy demand for hot water is to be considered in the
calculation of the annual primary energy demand as follows:

a) For calculation in accordance with No. 2.1.1, the useful energy demand for hot water
is to be set in accordance with Table 3 of DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02.

∗) Amended by DIN V 4108-6 Amendment 1 2004-03.


38

b) For calculation in accordance with No. 2.1.2, the useful heat demand for hot water
preparation QW within the meaning of DIN V 4701-10 : 2003-08, amended by A1 :
2006-12, is to be set at 12.5 kWh/(m²a).

2.3 Calculation of specific transmission heat loss

The specific transmission heat loss H′T in W/(m²K) related to the heat transmitting
surface area is to be established as follows:
HT
H ′T = in W/(m²K)
A
with

HT transmission heat loss in W/K, calculated in accordance with DIN EN 832 : 2003-
06 with the general constraints stated in DIN V 4108-6 : 2003-06*) Appendix D.
Simplifications given in DIN V 4108-6 : 2003-06*) for the calculation procedure in
accordance with DIN EN 832 : 2003-06 may be applied;

A heat-transmitting surface area in accordance with No. 1.3.1 in m2.

2.4 Heated air volume

In calculating the annual primary energy demand in accordance with No. 2.1.1, the
heated air volume V in m3 is to be established in accordance with DIN V 18599-1 :
2007-02. When calculating in accordance with No. 2.1.2 it is to be established in
accordance with DIN EN 832 : 2003-06. Simplified, it may be calculated as follows:

- V = 0.76⋅Ve in m3 in residential buildings of up to three full storeys

- V = 0.80⋅Ve in m3 in all other cases

with Ve heated building volume in accordance with No. 1.3.2 in m3.

2.5 Determination of the solar heat gains in prefabricated houses and comparable buildings
If buildings are constructed in accordance with plans which have been created for
several buildings at various locations, the calculation of the solar gains may be done
assuming that all the windows of these buildings were facing east or west.

2.6 Connected constructions

In the calculation of buildings connected to each other, building partition walls

*) Amended by DIN V 4108-6 Amendment 1 2004-03.


39

a) between buildings which, according to their purpose are heated to indoor


temperatures of at least 19 degrees Celsius, are assumed not to be diathermal and not
considered in the determination of the heat transmitting surface area A,

b) between residential buildings and buildings which, according to their purpose are
heated to indoor temperatures of at least 12 degrees Celsius and less than 19 degrees
Celsius, are weighted in calculation of the heat transfer coefficient with a
temperature correction factor Fnb in accordance with DIN V 18599-2 : 2007-02 or in
accordance with DIN V 4108-6 : 2003-06*) and

c) between residential buildings and buildings with significantly lower indoor


temperatures within the meaning of DIN 4108-2 : 2003-07 are weighted in the
calculation of the heat transfer coefficients with a temperature correction factor Fu =
0.5.
If heated sections of a building are calculated separately, sentence 1 letter a applies
analogously to the partition surfaces between the building sections. If connected
residential buildings are constructed simultaneously, they may be treated as one
building with regard to the requirements of section 3. The provisions of Part 5 remain
unaffected.

2.7 Allowance for mechanically-operated ventilation systems

Within the scope of the calculation in accordance with No. 2, the allowance of heat
recovery or a control-engineered reduced air exchange rate is only permissible in the
case of mechanical ventilation systems if

a) there is evidence of the impermeability of the building in accordance with Appendix


4 No. 2 and

b) the air exchange achieved using the system satisfies the requirement in section 6
paragraph 2.
The reference values of the ventilation systems to be applied in the allowance for heat
recovery are to be defined in accordance with recognised rules of technology or taken
from the general building supervisory approvals of the products used. Ventilation
systems must be equipped with devices which allow the user to set the air flow rates of
each unit of use. It must be ensured that the heat gained from the exhaust air is used
first before the heat generated by the heating system.

*) amended by DIN V 4108-6 Amendment 1 2004-03.


40

2.8 Cooling energy consumption


If the ambient air is cooled, the annual primary energy demand calculated in
accordance with DIN V 18599-1: 2007-02 or according to DIN V 4701-10: 2003-08,
amended by A1: 2006-12 and the information on the delivered energy demand
(electrical energy) in the energy performance certificate in accordance with section 18,
as required by the technology used for cooling per m² of cooled building floor space,
are to be increased as follows:

a) when using permanently installed room air conditioners (split, multi-split or compact
units) of the Energy Efficiency Classes A, B or C in accordance with Commission
Directive 2002/31/EC of March 22, 2002 implementing Council Directive
92/75/EEC with regard to energy labelling of household air conditioners (OJ L 86 of
3.4.2002, p. 26) and when cooling by means of household ventilation systems with
reversible heat pump
the annual primary energy demand by 16.2 kWh/(m²a) and the delivered energy
demand by 6 kWh/(m²a),
b) when using cooling surfaces in the room in connection with cold water circulation
systems and electrical coolers, e.g., via reversible heat pump,
the annual primary energy demand by 10.8 kWh/(m²a) and the delivered energy
demand by 4 kWh/(m²a),
c) when the energy demand for cooling is covered by renewable heat sinks (such as
ground probes, soil collectors, cisterns)
the annual primary energy demand by 2.7 kWh/(m²a) and the delivered energy
demand by 1 kWh/(m²a),
d) when using equipment which is not listed under letters a to c,
the annual primary energy demand by 18.9 kWh/(m²a) and the delivered energy
demand by 7 kWh/(m²a).
41

3 Summer thermal insulation (for section 3 paragraph 4)


3.1 As the maximum permissible solar transmission reference value in accordance with
section 3 paragraph 4, the values established in DIN 4108-2 : 2003-07 Part 8 are to be
maintained.
3.2 The solar transmission reference value is to be determined in accordance with the
procedure stated in DIN 4108-2: 2003-07 Part 8. If an engineering procedure
(simulation calculation) is used for the calculation in accordance with sentence 1, then,
notwithstanding DIN 4108-2: 2003-07, general constraints are to be observed which
adequately reflect the current climatic conditions at the location of the building.

Note: All of Appendix 2 was revised (for reasons of clarity, bold face type/underlining was not
used).

Appendix 2 (to sections 4 and 9)


Requirements for commercial buildings

1 Maximum values of the annual primary energy demand and the heat transfer
coefficients for commercial buildings to be constructed (for section 4 paragraphs
1 and 2)

1.1 Maximum values of the annual primary energy demand

1.1.1 The maximum value of the annual primary energy demand of a commercial building to
be constructed is the annual primary energy demand, related to the net floor area,
calculated according to the procedure stated in No. 2 or 3 for a reference building of the
same geometry, net floor area, alignment and use as the commercial building to be
constructed which conforms to the provisions of Table 1 with regard to its design. The
subdivision with regard to usage as well as the calculation method used and general
constraints for the reference building must agree with those for the building to be
constructed; in the subdivision with regard to the installation engineering equipment and
the daylight supply, differences are permissible which are due to the technical design of
the building to be constructed.

1.1.2 The design details in Line Nos. 1.13 to 7 of Table 1 are to be considered for the
reference building only to the extent and in the way that they are implemented in the
42

building. The local design of the hot water system (Line 4.2 of Table 1) may
additionally only be considered for such building zones as show a hot water demand of a
maximum of 200 Wh/(m²d).

Table 1
Design of the reference building

Parameter Reference design / value


Line Component / System
(for Lines 1.1 to 1.13) (measuring unit)
Target room Target room
temperatures in case of temperatures in case of
heating to > 19°C heating to between 12 and
< 19°C
1.1 Outside wall, storey Heat transfer coefficient U = 0.28 W/(m²K) U = 0.35 W/(m²K)
ceiling against external
air
1.2 Curtain wall Heat transfer coefficient U = 1.40 W/(m²K) U = 1.90 W/(m²K)
(see also Line 1.14)
Overall energy permeability of the
glazing g⊥ = 0.48 g⊥ = 0.60
Level of light transmission of the
glazing τD65 = 0.72 τD65 = 0.78
1.3 Wall against ground, Heat transfer coefficient U = 0.35 W/(m²K) U = 0.35 W/(m²K)
foundation slab, walls and
ceilings to unheated spaces
(except components in
accordance with Line 1.4)

1.4 Roof (if not under Line 1.5), Heat transfer coefficient U = 0.20 W/(m²K) U = 0.35 W/(m²K)
top-floor ceiling, walls to
long pane of roof

1.5 Glass roofs Heat transfer coefficient UW = 2.70 W/(m²K) UW = 2.70 W/(m²K)
Overall energy permeability of the
glazing g⊥ = 0.63 g⊥ = 0.63
Level of light transmission of the
glazing τD65 = 0.76 τD65 = 0.76
1.6 Light bands Heat transfer coefficient UW = 2.4 W/(m²K) UW = 2.4 W/(m²K)
Overall energy permeability of the
glazing g⊥ = 0.55 g⊥ = 0.55
Level of light transmission of the
glazing τD65 = 0.48 τD65 = 0.48
1.7 Dome lights Heat transfer coefficient UW = 2.70 W/(m²K) UW = 2.70 W/(m²K)
Overall energy permeability of the
glazing g⊥ = 0.64 g⊥ = 0.64
Level of light transmission of the
glazing τD65 = 0.59 τD65 = 0.59
1.8 Windows, French windows Heat transfer coefficient UW = 1.30 W/(m²K) UW = 1.90 W/(m²K)
(see also Line 1.14)
Overall energy permeability of the
glazing g⊥ = 0.60 g⊥ = 0.60
Level of light transmission of the
glazing τD65 = 0.78 τD65 = 0.78
1.9 Skylights Heat transfer coefficient UW = 1.40 W/(m²K) UW = 1.90 W/(m²K)
(see also Line 1.14) Overall energy permeability of the
glazing g⊥ = 0.60 g⊥ = 0.60
Level of light transmission of the
glazing τD65 = 0.78 τD65 = 0.78
1.10 Outside doors Heat transfer coefficient U = 1.80 W/(m²K) U = 2.90 W/(m²K)
43

Parameter Reference design / value


Line Component / System
(for Lines 1.1 to 1.13) (measuring unit)
1.11 Components in Lines 1.1 Heat bridge tolerance ΔUWB = 0.05 W/(m² ΔUWB = 0.1 W/(m²K)
and 1.3 to 1.10
K)
1.12 Building Rated value n50 Category I Category I
impermeability (according to Table 4 (according to Table 4
of DIN V 18599-2 : of DIN V 18599-2 :
2007-02) 2007-02)
1.13 Daylight supply with Daylight supply factor • no sun or glare shield present: 0.70
sun and/or glare shield CTL,Vers,SA in accordance with • glare shield present: 0.15
DIN V 18599-4 : 2007-02
1.14 Sunscreen device For the reference building, the actual sunscreen device of the building to
be constructed is to be assumed; it results from the requirements for
summer thermal insulation in accordance with No. 4.
If sunscreen glazing is used for this, the following reference values are to
be applied for this glazing:
• in place of the values of Line 1.2
- overall level of energy permeability of glazing g⊥ g⊥ = 0.35
- level of light transmittance of the glazing τD65 τD65 = 0.58
• in place of the values of Lines 1.8 and 1.9:
- overall level of energy permeability of glazing g⊥ g⊥ = 0.35
- level of light transmittance of glazing τD65 τD65 = 0.62
2.1 Type of lighting - in zones of uses 6 and 71): as in the designed building
- otherwise: direct/indirect
each with electronic connection and bar-shaped fluorescent lamp
2.2 Regulation of lighting Presence control:
- in zones of uses 4, 15 to 19, 21 and 311) with
presence detector
- otherwise manual
daylight dependent control: manual
Constant light control (see Table 3 Line 6)
- in zones of Uses 1 to 3, 8 to 10,
28, 29 and 311): present
- otherwise none
3.1 Heating (ceiling height Condensing boiler “improved” in accordance with DIN V 18599-5 : 2007-
≤ 4 m) 02, fan burner, domestic fuel oil EL, setup outside of thermal cladding,
- Heat generating water content > 0.15 l/kW
device
3.2 Heating (ceiling height - in the case of static heating and convection heating (local postheating
≤ 4 m) in air-conditioning system):
- Heat distribution Double-pipe network, external distribution pipelines in the unheated
area, internal ascending pipes, internal connection pipes, system
temperatures 55/45 °C, hydraulically aligned, Δp constant, pump laid
out if required, pump with intermittent operation, no overflow valves,
for the reference case the pipe length is to be determined with
70 percent of the standard values and the ambient temperatures in
accordance with the standard values in line with DIN V 18599-5 : 2007-
02.
- in the case of central air-conditioning system:
Double-pipe network, system temperature 70/55 °C, hydraulically
aligned, Δp constant, pump laid out if required, for the reference case
the pipe length and the position of the pipelines are to be assumed as for
the building to be constructed.
44

Parameter Reference design / value


Line Component / System
(for Lines 1.1 to 1.13) (measuring unit)
3.3 Heating (ceiling height - in the case of static heating:
≤ 4 m) free heating surfaces on the exterior wall with glass area with radiation
- Heat transfer shield, proportional controller (1K), no auxiliary power.
- in the case of convection heating (local postheating in A/C system):
Controlled variable room temperature, high quality of control.
3.4 Heating (ceiling height Heating system:
> 4 m) Hot air heating with normal induction ratio,
side air outlet, proportional controller (1K) (in acc. with DIN V 18599-5 :
2007-02)
4.1 Hot water Heat generating device:
-central system Solar plant in accordance with DIN V 18599-8 : 2007-02 No. 6.4.1, with
- flat-plate collector: Ac = 0.09 (1.5 A NET FLOOR AREA ) 0.8
-Volume of the (underlying) solar section of the storage:
- -V s,sol = 2 (1.5 · ANFA) 0.9
-in the case of ANFA > 500 m² “large solar plant”
(ANFA: net floor area of the zones serviced by central system)
Remaining demand via heat generating device of the heating system:
Heat storage:
indirectly heated storage (standing), setup outside the thermal cladding
Heat distribution:
with circulation, Δp constant, pump laid out if required, for the
reference case, the length and the position of the pipelines is to be assumed
as in the buildings to be constructed.
4.2 Hot water Electric flow heater, one filling station and 6 m pipe length per device
- local system
5.1 Ventilation and air Specific power input ventilator PSFP = 1.0 kW/(m³/s)
conditioning
- Exhaust air system
5.2 Ventilation and air Specific power input
conditioning - Fresh air fan PSFP = 1.5 kW/(m³/s)
- Delivery and - Exhaust fan PSFP = 1.0 kW/(m³/s)
exhaust air system Tolerances in accordance with DIN EN 13779 : 2007-04 (Part 6.5.2) can only
without postheating be allowed for the case of HEPA filters, gas filters or heat recovery classes H2
or H1.
and cooling
function - Heat recovery via plate heat exchanger (cross current flow),
heat recovery rate ηt= 0.6
compression ratio number fP = 0.4
Air duct control: within the building
5.3 Ventilation and air Specific power input
conditioning - Fresh air fan PSFP = 1.5 kW/(m³/s)
- delivery and exhaust - Exhaust air fan PSFP = 1.0 kW/(m³/s)
air system with Tolerances in accordance with DIN EN 13779 : 2007-04 (Part 6.5.2) can only
controlled air be allowed for the case of HEPA filters, gas filters or heat recovery classes H2
conditioning or H1.
- Heat recovery via plate heat exchanger (cross current flow),
heat recovery rate ηt= 0.6
fresh air temperature: 18°C
compression ratio number fP = 0.4
Air duct control: within the building
5.4 Ventilation and air For the reference case, the device for air humidification is to be assumed to be as in the building
conditioning to be constructed
-Air humidification
5.5 Ventilation and air designed as variable-flow rate-system:
conditioning Compression ratio number fP = 0.4
- ventilation - only Air duct control: within the building
air conditioning systems
45

Parameter Reference design / value


Line Component / System
(for Lines 1.1 to 1.13) (measuring unit)
6 Room cooling - Cooling system:
cold water fan coil, parapet equipment
cold water temperature 14/18°C;
Cold water circulation system room cooling:
overtopping 10%;
specific electrical power of the distribution P d,spec = 30 Wel/kWcold
hydraulically aligned,
controlled pump, pump hydraulically decoupled,
seasonal as well as nightly and weekend shutoff

7 Cooling Generator:
piston/scroll compressor multi-level adjustment, R134a, air-cooled
cold water temperature
- in the case of more than 5000 m² net floor area conditioned by room cooling,
for this conditioning proportion 14/18 °C
- otherwise 6/12°C
Cold water circulation system generator including air-conditioning system cooling:
overtopping; 30%
specific electrical power of the distribution P d,spec = 20 Wel/kWcold
hydraulically aligned,
uncontrolled pump, pump hydraulically decoupled, seasonal as well as nightly
and weekend shutoff, distribution outside the conditioned zone.
The primary energy demand for the cooling system and the cooling function of the
ventilation and air conditioning system may only be allowed to 50% for zones of usage types 1 to
3, 8,
10, 16 to 20 and 31 1).
1
) usages in accordance with Table 4 of DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02
1.2 Area data
The gross internal floor space of the energy related data is the net floor space in
accordance with section 2 No. 15.

1.3 Maximum values for heat transfer coefficients

The heat transfer coefficients of the heat transmitting surface area of a commercial
building to be constructed may not exceed the values given in Table 2. Sentence 1 is not
to be applied to exterior doors.

Table 2
Maximum values of heat transfer coefficients of the
heat transmitting surface area of commercial buildings
46

Maximum values of heat transfer coefficients,


related to the average of the relevant components
Line Component Zones with target room Zones with target room
temperatures in the case of temperatures in the case of
heating > 19 °C heating from 12 to < 19 °C

1 Opaque exterior
components, if not
contained in components U = 0.35 W / (m²K) U = 0.50 W / (m²K)
of Lines 3 and 4

2 Transparent exterior
components, if not
contained in components U = 1.90 W / (m²K) U = 2.80 W / (m²K)
of Lines 3 and 4

3 Curtain wall U = 1.90 W / (m²K) U = 3.00 W / (m²K)

4 Glass roofs, light bands,


dome lights U = 3.10 W / (m²K) U = 3.10 W / (m²K)

2 Calculation method for commercial buildings (for section 4 paragraph 3 and


section 9 paragraphs 2 and 5)

2.1 Calculation of the annual primary energy demand


2.1.1 The annual primary energy demand Qp for commercial buildings is to be determined in
accordance with DIN V 18599-1 : 2007-02. As primary energy factors, the values for
the non-renewable proportion in accordance with DIN V 18599-1 : 2007-02 are to be
applied. Appendix 1 No. 2.1.1 sentence 3 to 6 is to be applied accordingly.
2.1.2 As general constraints for calculation of the annual primary energy demand, the general
constraints of use and climate data listed in Tables 4 to 8 of DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02
are to be used. Uses 1 and 2 in accordance with Table 4 of DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02
may be consolidated to use 1. In addition, energy demand proportions need only be
included in the determination of the annual primary energy demand of a zone under the
following conditions:

a) The primary energy demand for the heating system and the heating function of the
ventilation and air-conditioning system is to be balanced when, in the case of
heating, the target room temperature of the building or a building zone is at least 12
degrees Celsius and it is intended that the building heating will be used to heat to the
target room temperature for an average period of at least four months per year.
47

b) The primary energy demand for the cooling system and the cooling function of the
ventilation and air conditioning is to be balanced when the use of cooling technology
is provided for to cool the building or a building zone and it is intended that the
building cooling will be used to cool to the target room temperature for more than two
months per year and more than two hours per day.

c) The primary energy demand for vapour supply is to be balanced when such a supply
is provided for the building or a building zone due to the use of a ventilation and air
conditioning system in accordance with letter b for an average of more than two
months per year and more than two hours per day.

d) The primary energy demand for hot water is to be balanced when a useful energy
demand for hot water is to be used and the average daily useful energy demand for
hot water is at least 0.2 kWh per person and day or 0.2 kWh per employee and day.

e) The primary energy demand for lighting is to be balanced when a level of


illumination of at least 75 lx is required in a building or a building zone and an
average period of use of more than two months per year and more than two hours
per day is intended.

f) The primary energy demand for auxiliary powers is to be balanced when it occurs in
the heating system and the heating function of the ventilation and air conditioning
system, in the cooling system and the cooling function of the ventilation and air
conditioning system, in the vapour supply, in the hot water system and in the
lighting. The proportion of the primary energy demand for auxiliary powers for
ventilation is to be balanced when an average period of use of more than two months
per year and more than two hours per day is intended.
2.1.3 Notwithstanding DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02 Table 4, in zones of Uses 6 and 7, the
actual illumination level to be maintained may be applied, but for Use 6 with no more
than 1 500 lx and for Use 7 with no more than 1 000 lx. In the reference building, the
primary energy demand for lighting is to be calculated using the table procedure in
accordance with DIN V 18599-4 : 2007-02.

2.1.4 Notwithstanding DIN V 18599-2 : 2007-02, for opaque components bordering on


outside air, an area-weighted heat transfer coefficient for the whole building may be
formed and used in the zonal calculation in accordance with DIN V 18599-02 : 2007-02.

2.1.5 If structural or installation engineering components are used in commercial buildings


and there are no recognised rules of technology or published, verified empirical values
48

in accordance with section 9 paragraph 2 sentence 2 clause 3 available for their energy
assessment, then components that display similar energy parameters are to be used for
this.

2.1.6 The general constraints stated in Table 3 are also to be used in calculation of the annual
primary energy demand for the reference building and the commercial building.
Table 3
General constraints for the calculation of the annual primary energy demand
Line Parameter General constraints
1 Shadow factor FS FS = 0.9
if the structural conditions are not considered in
detail.
2 Construction index IV IV = 0.9
An exact determination in accordance with DIN V
18599-4 : 2007-02 is permissible.
3 Heating break - Heating systems in ceiling heights ≤ 4 m:
permanent setback operation in accordance with
the general constraints of use in Table 4 of DIN
V 18599-10 : 2007-02
- Heating systems in ceiling heights > 4 m:
permanent shut-off operation in accordance
with general constraints of use in Table 4 of
DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02
4 Solar heat gains - Level of emission of the outside surface for
via opaque components heat radiation: ε = 0.8
- Level of radiation absorption on opaque
surfaces: α = 0.5;
for dark roofs a figure of α = 0.8
can be used instead.
5 Maintenance factor of The maintenance factor WF is to be set as
lighting follows:
- in zones of Uses 14, 15 and 22 1)
by 0.6
- otherwise by 0.8.
Accordingly, the energy consumption for a
calculation range in the table method according to
DIN V 18599-4 : 2007-02, No. 5.4.1 equation
(10) is to be multiplied by the following factor:
- for Uses 14, 15 and 22 1) by 1.12
- otherwise by 0.84.
6 Consideration of When using a constant light control, the energy
constant light control consumption for a calculation range according to
DIN V 18599-4 : 2007-02, No. 5.1 equation (2) is
to be multiplied by the following factor:
- for Uses 14, 15 and 221) by 0.8
- otherwise by 0.9.
1)
Types of use according to Table 4 of DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02
49

2.2 Zoning

2.2.1 If in the case of a building, areas differ considerably with regard to their use, their
technical equipment, their inner loads or their daylight supply, the building is to be
divided into zones as required by DIN V 18599-1 : 2007-02 in connection with DIN V
18599-10 : 2007-02 and the stipulations in No. 1 of this Appendix. Uses 1 and 2 in
accordance with Table 4 of DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02 may be consolidated to Use 1.

2.2.2 For uses not listed in DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02,

a) Use 17 of Table 4 in DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02 can be used or

b) a use based on DIN V 18599-10 : 2007-02 can be determined and applied


individually based upon verified general knowledge.

In cases of letter b, the data selected is to be substantiated and attached to the certificate.

2.3 Calculation of the average value of the heat transfer coefficient

In the calculation of the average value of each component, the components are to be
considered according to the proportion of their surface. The heat transfer coefficients of
components bordering unheated spaces or the ground are also to be weighted with a
factor of 0.5. In the calculation of the average value of the foundation slabs bordering on
the ground, surfaces that are more than 5 m away from the outer edge of the building
need not be taken into account. The calculation is to be carried out separately for zones
with different target room temperatures if heating is required. For determination of the
heat transfer coefficients of the construction design used, the footnotes to Appendix 3
Table 1 apply accordingly.

3 Simplified calculation method for commercial buildings (for section 4 paragraph 3


and section 9 paragraphs 2 and 5)

3.1 Purpose and conditions for application

3.1.1 In the simplified procedure, the provisions of No. 2 are only to be applied if No. 3 does
not contain discrepant provisions.

3.1.2 In the simplified procedure, notwithstanding No. 2.2, the annual primary energy demand
of the commercial building may be determined using a one-zone model.

3.1.3 The simplified procedure applies to


50

a) Office buildings, if applicable with sales installations, business establishment or


restaurant,

b) Wholesale/retail buildings with a maximum of 1 000 m² of net floor area if, besides
the principal use, there is only office or storage area, sanitary facilities or traffic
areas,

c) Business establishment with a maximum of 1 000 m² net floor area, if, besides the
principal use, there is only office, storage, sanitary facilities or traffic areas,

d) Schools, gyms, kindergartens and day care centres and similar facilities,

e) Hotel facilities without indoor swimming pool, sauna or health spa area and

f) Libraries.

In cases of sentence 1, the simplified procedure can be applied if


a) the sum of the net floor area from the principal use in accordance with Table 4
Column 3 and the traffic areas of the building make up more than two-thirds of the
overall net floor area of the building,
b) the heating and hot water preparation for all spaces in the building is done in the
same way,
c) the building is not cooled,
d) a maximum of 10 percent of the net floor area of the building is lit by bulbs, halogen
lamps or by “indirect” lighting in accordance with DIN V 18599-4 : 2007-02 and
e) no ventilation and air conditioning system is used outside of the principal use whose
values for the specific power input of the ventilators exceed the corresponding
values in Table 1 Lines 5.1 and 5.2.

Notwithstanding sentence 2 letter c, the simplified procedure can also be applied, if


a) only a server room is cooled and the capacity of the unit providing cooling does not
exceed 12 kW or
b) a sales installation, a business establishment or a restaurant in an office building is
cooled and the net floor area of each cooled space does not exceed 450 m².

3.2 Special constraints and stipulations

3.2.1 Notwithstanding No. 2.2.1, in the calculation of the annual primary energy demand the
corresponding use in accordance with Table 4 Column 4 is to be used. The useful
energy demand for hot water is to be applied with the value from Column 5.
51

Table 4
General constraints for the simplified procedure for calculation
of the annual primary energy demand
Use (No. in
accordance with DIN Useful energy demand
Line Type of Building Principal Use
V 18599-10 : 2007- hot water1)
02, Table 4)
1 2 3 4 5
Individual office (No.
1)
Group office (No. 2)
Individual office
1 Office building Open-plan office (No. 0
(No. 1)
3)
Conference, meeting,
seminar (No. 4)
Office building with
sales installation or Individual office
1.1 as Line 1 0
business (No. 1)
establishment
1.5 kWh per seat in
Office building with Individual office
1.2 as Line 1 the restaurant and
restaurant (No. 1)
day
Wholesale or retail
Retail /
building with up to Wholesale, retail /
2 department store 0
1 000 m² net floor department store
(No. 6)
area
Business Workshop,
establishments with assembly, 1.5 kWh per
3 Business
up to 1 000 m² of the manufacture employee and day
net floor area (No. 22)
Without showers:
School, kindergarten,
Classroom, Classroom / group 85 Wh/(m2d)
4 and day care centre,
common room room (No. 8) With showers:
similar facilities
250 Wh/(m2d)
1.5 kWh per person
5 Gym Gym Gym (No. 31)
and day
Hotel facilities
without indoor
Hotel room
6 swimming pool, Hotel room 250 Wh/(m2d)
(No. 11)
sauna or health spa
area
Reading room, open Library, reading
7 Library 30 Wh/(m²d)
area room (No. 28)
1)
The area-related values refer to the overall net floor area of the building.

3.2.2 When applying No. 3.1.3, the maximum value and the reference value of the annual
primary energy demand are to be increased as follows:
52

a) in cases of No. 3.1.3 sentence 3 letter a, by a fixed rate of 650 kWh/(m²a) per m²
of cooled net floor area of the server room,

b) in cases of No. 3.1.3 sentence 3 letter b, by a fixed rate of 50 kWh/(m²·a) per m² of


cooled net floor area of the sales installation, the business establishment or the
restaurant.

3.2.3 The annual primary energy demand for lighting may be calculated in a simplified way
for the area of principal use which has the lowest daylight supply.

3.2.4 The annual primary energy demand determined is to be increased by 10 percent for both
the maximum value of the reference building in accordance with No. 1.1 and for the
maximum value of the building.

4 Summer thermal insulation (for section 4 paragraph 4)

4.1 As the maximum permissible solar transmission reference values in accordance with
section 4 paragraph 4, the values established in DIN 4108-2 : 2003-07 Part 8 are to be
maintained.

4.2 The solar transmission reference value for the commercial building to be constructed is
to be determined for each building zone according to the procedure stated there. If, for
calculation in accordance with sentence 1, an engineering procedure (simulation
calculation) is applied, then, notwithstanding DIN 4108-2 : 2003-07 general constraints
are to be applied which satisfactorily reflect the current climatic conditions at the site of
the building.

Appendix 3 (to sections 8 and 9)

Requirements for the modification of external components and the construction of small
buildings; general constraints and stipulations for the evaluation of existing residential
buildings

1 Outside walls

If outside walls in heated or cooled spaces are

a) replaced, installed for the first time


53

or renovated so that

b) cladding in the form of plates or plate-like components or disks as well as masonry


shells are applied,

c) insulation layers are installed or


d) the exterior plastering on an existing wall with a heat transfer coefficient greater
than 0.9 W/(m²K) is renovated,

the respective maximum values of the heat transfer coefficients in accordance with
Table 1 Line 1 are to be maintained. In the case of core insulation of multi-layered
masonry in accordance with letter c, the requirement is deemed fulfilled if the existing
gap between the layers is completely filled with insulant. In the case of installation of
interior layers of insulation in line with letter c, the requirements of sentence 1 are
deemed fulfilled if the heat transfer coefficient of the resulting wall construction
does not exceed 0.35 W/(m²K). If in the case of exterior walls in exposed timber
framework construction, which are to be assigned to Driving Rain Stress Group I
in accordance with DIN 4108-3 : 2001-06 and which are situated in especially
protected locations, measures are carried out in accordance with letter a, c or d,
the requirements in accordance with sentence 1 are deemed fulfilled if the heat
transfer coefficient of the resulting wall construction does not exceed 0.84
W/(m²K); in all other respects, the requirements of sentence 1 only apply to walls
in exposed timber framework construction in the case of measures in accordance
with letter b. If measures in accordance with sentence 1 are carried out and if the
thickness of the insulation layer is limited for technical reasons within the scope of
these measures, then the requirements are deemed fulfilled if the insulation layer
installed is as thick as possible according to recognised rules of technology (with a
rated value of heat conductivity λ = 0.040 W/(mK)).

2 Windows, French doors, skylights and glass roofs

If in heated or cooled spaces, outside windows, French doors, skylights and glass roofs
are renovated so that

a) the entire component is replaced or installed for the first time,

b) additional front or interior windows are installed or

c) the glazing is replaced,


54

the requirements of Table 1 Line 2 are to be satisfied. Sentence 1 does not apply to
display windows or glass door installations. In the case of measures in accordance with
letter c, sentence 1 does not apply if the existing framework is not suitable for inclusion
of the prescribed glazing. If measures are carried out in accordance with letter c and
if the thickness of the glass is limited within the scope of these measures for
technical reasons, then the requirements are deemed fulfilled if glazing with a heat
transfer coefficient of a maximum of 1.30 W/(m²K) is installed. If measures in
accordance with letter c are carried out on casement or linked casement windows, then
the requirements are deemed satisfied if a glass panel with an infrared reflective coating
with emissivity εn ≤ 0.2 is installed. If in the case of measures in accordance with
sentence 1

1. sound insulation glazing with an evaluated sound insulation of the glazing of


Rw,R > 40 dB in accordance with DIN EN ISO 717-1 : 1997-01 or a comparable
requirement, or

2. special construction insulation glass to withstand bullets, impact or explosion


according to recognised rules of technology or

3. special construction insulation glass as fire protection glass with an individual


element thickness of at least 18 mm in accordance with DIN 4102-13 : 1990-05 or a
comparable requirement

is used, the requirements of Table 1 Line 3 are to be fulfilled, notwithstanding sentence


1.

3 Outside doors

In the case of renovation of outside doors, only outside doors whose door area does not
exceed a heat transfer coefficient of 2.9 W/(m²⋅ K) may be installed. No. 2 sentence 2
remains unaffected.

4 Ceilings, roofs and roof pitch

4.1 Steep roofs

If in the case of steep roofs, ceilings under unfinished attic spaces and ceilings and walls
(including roof pitch) which form the upper border between heated or cooled spaces and
the outside air,

a) are replaced, installed for the first time


55

or renovated so that

b) the roof panel and/or exterior siding or boarding is replaced or reconstructed,

c) interior siding or boarding is installed or renovated,

d) insulation layers are installed,

e) additional siding or insulation layers are fitted on walls to the unheated attic,

the requirements in line with Table 1 Line 4a are to be fulfilled for the components
concerned. If in the case of measures in accordance with letter b or d, the thermal
insulation is executed as common rafter insulation and if the thickness of the insulation
layer is limited due to interior siding or the rafter height, then the requirement is deemed
fulfilled if the maximum insulation layer thickness possible is installed according to the
recognised rules of technology. Sentences 1 and 2 apply only to opaque components.

4.2 Flat roofs

If in the case of heated or cooled spaces, flat roofs are

a) replaced, installed for the first time

or renovated so that

b) the roof panels and/or exterior siding or boarding are replaced or reconstructed,

c) interior siding or boarding is applied or renovated,

d) insulation layers are installed,

the requirements of Table 1 Line 4b must be fulfilled. If in flat roof renovation, sloping
roofs are formed by the wedge-shaped arrangement of an insulation layer then the heat
transfer coefficient is to be determined in accordance with DIN EN ISO 6946 : 1996-11
Appendix C. The rated value of the heat transfer resistance at the deepest point of the
new insulation layer must guarantee the minimum thermal insulation in accordance with
section 7 paragraph 1. If measures are carried out according to sentence 1 and the
thickness of the insulation layer is limited within the scope of these measures for
technical reasons, then the requirements are deemed fulfilled, if the insulation
layer installed is as thick as possible according to recognised rules of technology (in
a rated value of heat conductivity λ = 0.040 W/(mK)). Sentences 1 to 4 apply only
to opaque components.

5 Walls and ceilings bordering unheated spaces, the ground and external air below
56

If, in heated spaces, ceilings or walls, which border on unheated spaces, the ground or
external air below are,

a) replaced, installed for the first time

or renovated so that

b) exterior sidings or boardings, damp barriers or drainages are installed or


renovated,

c) the flooring on the heated side is built up or renovated,

d) ceiling lining is attached on the cold side or

e) insulation layers are installed,

the requirements of Table 1 Line 5 are to be fulfilled if the modification is not covered
by No. 4.1. If measures are carried out according to sentence 1 and the thickness of
the insulation is limited within the scope of these measures for technical reasons,
then the requirements are deemed fulfilled if the insulation layer installed has the
maximal thickness possible according to recognised rules of technology (with a rated
value of heat conductivity λ = 0.040 W/(mK)).

6 Curtain walls

If, in heated or cooled spaces, curtain walls are renovated so that the entire component is
replaced or installed for the first time, the requirements of Table 1 Line 2d are to be
fulfilled. If, in measures according to sentence 1, special glazing is used according to
No. 2 sentence 2, the requirements of Table 1 Line 3C are to be fulfilled,
notwithstanding sentence 1.

7 Requirements Note: Modifications to Table 1 are not marked.

Table 1
Maximum values of heat transfer coefficients
in initial installation, replacement and renovation of components

Residential buildings Zones of


and zones of commercial buildings
Measure
Line Component commercial buildings with indoor
according to
with indoor temperatures from 12
temperatures > 19°C to < 19°C
Maximum values of heat transfer coefficients
Umax 1)
1 2 3 4
57

Residential buildings Zones of


and zones of commercial buildings
Measure
Line Component commercial buildings with indoor
according to
with indoor temperatures from 12
temperatures > 19°C to < 19°C
Maximum values of heat transfer coefficients
Umax 1)
1 2 3 4
1 Outside walls No. 1 a to d 0.24 W/(m2K) 0.35 W/(m²K)
2a Outside windows,
French doors No. 2 a and b 1.30 W/(m²K) 2) 1,90 W/(m²K) 2)

2b Skylights No. 2 a and b 1.40 W/(m²K) 2) 1.90 W/(m²K) 2)


2c Glazing No. 2 c 1.10 W/(m²K) 3) No requirement
2d Curtain walls No. 6
1.50 W/(m²K) 4) 1.90 W/(m²K) 4)
sentence 1
2e Glass roofs No. 2a and c 2.00 W/(m²K) 3) 2.70 W/(m²K) 3)
3a Outside windows,
French doors,
No. 2 a and b 2.00 W/(m²K) 2) 2.80 W/(m²K) 2)
skylights with
special glazing
3b Special glazing No. 2 c 1.60 W/(m²K) 3) No requirement
4)
3c Curtain walls with No. 6 2.30 W/(m²K) 3.00 W/(m²K) 4)
special glazing sentence 2
4a Ceiling, roofs and
No. 4.1 0.24 W/(m²·K) 0.35 W/(m²K)
roof pitch
4b Flat roofs No. 4.2 0.20 W/(m²·K) 0.35 W/(m²K)
5a Ceilings and walls
No. 5 a, b, d
against unheated 0.30 W/(m²K) No requirement
and e
spaces or the earth

5b Floor construction No. 5 c 0.50 W/(m²K) No requirement


5c Ceilings bordering
No. 5 a to e 0.24 W/(m²K) 0.35 W/(m²K)
external air below
1) Heat transfer coefficient of the component taking account of the new and existing component layers; for the calculation of opaque
components, DIN EN ISO 6946 : 1996-11 is to be used.

2) Rated value of the heat transfer coefficient of the window; the rated value of the heat transfer coefficient of the window is to be
taken from technical product specifications or determined in accordance with the energy reference values for building products
published in line with regional building regulations. These include, in particular, energy reference values from European technical
approvals and energy reference values of the regulations according to Building Standard List A Part 1 and on the basis of
stipulations in general building supervisory approvals.

3) Rated value of the heat transfer coefficient of the glazing; the rated value of the heat transfer coefficient of the glazing is to be taken
from technical product specifications or determined in accordance with the energy reference values for building products published
in line with regional building regulations. These include, in particular, energy reference values from European technical approvals
and energy reference values of the regulations according to Building Standard List A Part 1 and on the basis of stipulations in
general building supervisory approvals.

4) Heat transfer coefficient of the curtain wall; this is to be determined according to recognised rules of technology.
58

8 General constraints and stipulations for the evaluation of existing residential


buildings (for section 9 paragraph 2)

The calculation methods in accordance with Appendix 1 No. 2 are to be applied for
existing residential buildings with the following stipulations:

8.1 Heat bridges are to be taken account of through an increase of the heat transfer coefficient
by ΔUWB = 0.15 W/(m²K) for the entire heat-transmitting surface area, if it is the case
that more than 50 percent of the exterior wall has an internal insulation layer and a
connective solid ceiling.

8.2 Notwithstanding DIN V 4108-6 : 2003-06∗) Table D.3 Line 8, the air exchange rate is to
be set in the calculation in the case of obvious leakage, as in windows without a
functional lip seal or in the case of heated attics with roof areas without airtight planes, at
1.0 h-1.

8.3 In determining the solar gains in accordance with DIN V 18599 : 2007-02 or DIN V
4108-6 : 2003-06*) Part 6.4.3, the reduction factor for the frame area of windows is to be
set at FF = 0.6.

Appendix 4 (to section 6)

Requirements for impermeability and minimum air exchange

1 Requirements for outside windows, French windows and skylights

Outside windows, French windows and skylights must correspond to the classes in
Table 1.

Table 1

Classes of the joint permeability of outside windows,


French windows and skylights

Number of full storeys Joint permeability class in line with


Line
of the building DIN EN 12207-1 : 2000-06
1 up to 2 2
2 more than 2 3

∗) amended by DIN V 4108-6 Amendment 1 2004-03.


59

2 Certificate of impermeability of the entire building

If in the application of section 6 paragraph 1 sentence 3, an inspection of the


requirements is carried out in accordance with section 6 paragraph 1, the flow rate
measured in accordance with DIN EN 13829 : 2001-02 with a pressure difference
between inside and outside of 50 Pa – relative to the heated or cooled air volume – may
not exceed the values stated below. For buildings

- without ventilation and air 3.0 h-1 and


conditioning systems

- with ventilation and air conditioning 1.5 h-1 .


systems.
60

Appendix 4a (to section 13 paragraph 2)

Requirements for the start-up of boilers


and other heat generating systems

In cases of section 13 paragraph 2, installation and setup for start-up purposes are
only permissible if the product of the heat generation expenditure factor eg and the
primary energy factor fp does not exceed 1.30. The heat generation expenditure
factor eg is to be determined in accordance with DIN V 4701-10 : 2003-08, Tables
C.3-4b to C.3-4f. If primary energy factors are not determined directly in this
regulation, the primary energy factor fp is to be determined for the non-renewable
proportion in accordance with DIN V 4701-10 : 2003-08, amended by A1 : 2006-12.
If low temperature boilers or condensing boilers are used as heat generating
devices in small district heating supply systems, the requirement of sentence 1 is
deemed fulfilled.

Appendix 5 (to section 10 paragraph 2, section 14 paragraph 5 and section 15


paragraph 4)
Requirements for thermal insulation of pipelines and fittings

1 In cases of section 10 paragraph 2 and of section 14 paragraph 5, the requirements


of Lines 1 to 7 and in cases of section 15 paragraph 4 of Line 8 of Table 1 are to be
fulfilled, unless something different results from other provisions of this Appendix.
61

Table 1

Thermal insulation from heat distribution and hot water pipes, cooling distribution and cold
water pipes and fittings

Minimum thickness of the insulation


Line Type of piping/fitting layer, related to a heat conductivity of
0.035 W/(mK)

1 Internal diameter up to 22 mm 20 mm

2 Internal diameter over 22 mm up to 35 mm 30 mm

3 Internal diameter over 35 mm up to 100 mm same as internal diameter

4 Internal diameter over 100 mm 100 mm

5 Piping and fittings in accordance with 1/2 the requirements


Lines 1 to 4 in wall and ceiling openings, in of Lines 1 to 4
the intersection area of pipelines, at line
connection points, in central network
distributors

6 Central heating piping in accordance with 1/2 the requirements


Lines 1 to 4, which were laid after of Lines 1 to 4
January 31, 2002 in components between
heated spaces of different users

7 Pipelines in accordance with Line 6 in the 6 mm


floor construction

8 Cooling distribution and cold water pipes 6 mm


and fittings of air handling and air
conditioning systems

If, in cases of section 14 paragraph 5, heat distribution and hot water pipes border
on external air, these are to be insulated with twice the minimum thickness in
accordance with Table 1 Lines 1 to 4.

2 In cases of section 14 paragraph 5, Table 1 is not to be applied if central heating


pipelines in accordance with Lines 1 to 4 are located in heated spaces or in components
between heated spaces of a user and their heat dissipation can be influenced by exposed
seal-off devices. In cases of section 10 paragraph 2 and of section 14 paragraph 5,
Table 1 is not to be applied to hot water pipes up to a length of 4 m, which are not
included in the circulatory system or equipped with electrical tracing (branch lines).
62

3 In materials with heat conductivity other than 0.035 W/(mK), the minimum thickness of
the insulation layers must be converted accordingly. For the conversion and the heat
conductivity of the insulation material, the calculation method and calculation values
contained in recognised rules of technology are to be used.

4 In the case of heat distribution and hot water pipes, as well as cooling distribution and
cold water pipes, the minimum thicknesses of the insulation layers in Table 1 may be
reduced to the extent that an equivalent restriction of heat dissipation or heat absorption
is also ensured in other pipe insulation layouts and taking account of the insulating effect
of the pipe walls.

Note: In the following sample energy performance certificates, individual changes


(see the amending ordinance with grounds) have been made, which, for technical
reasons, it was not possible to highlight using bold face type.
63

Appendix 11 (to section 21 paragraph 2 No. 2)

Requirements for the content of training

1 Purpose of training

The training required in accordance with section 21 paragraph 2 No. 2 should render
the issuers of energy performance certificates for existing buildings in accordance with
section 16 paragraphs 2 and 3 and of modernisation recommendations in accordance
with section 20 able to correctly apply the provisions of this regulation including the
technical rules and regulations for energy-saving construction, in the issue of such
energy performance certificates and modernisation recommendations. The training
should include practical exercises and, in particular, convey the specialised knowledge
mentioned below.

2 Focal points of the content of training on existing residential buildings


2.1 Inventory and documentation of the building, the building construction and the technical
installations
Determination, evaluation and documentation of the influence of the geometric and
energy parameters of the building cladding including all installation parts and heat
bridges, airtightness and identification of leakages, the structural-physical properties of
building materials and building products including the associated constructive-static
aspects, the energy parameters of installation engineering components including their
operational setting and maintenance, the impact of user behaviour and of vacancy and
of climatic general constraints and effects of the weather on energy consumption.

2.2 Evaluation of the building cladding

Determination of the input and calculation values for energy calculation such as heat
conductivity, thermal resistance, heat transfer coefficient, transmission heat loss,
ventilation heat requirement and utilisable internal and solar heat gains. Performance of
the required calculations in accordance with DIN V 18599 or DIN V 4108-6 and
application of simplified assumptions and methods of calculation and evaluation.
Consideration of measures for summer thermal insulation and calculation in
accordance with DIN 4108-2, familiarity with measurement of airtightness and
determination of the airtightness rate.
64

2.3 Evaluation of heating and hot water preparation systems


Detailed evaluation of components of a heating system as regards heat generation, heat
storage, heat distribution and heat dissipation. Knowledge of the interaction of
building cladding and installation engineering, performance of calculations in
accordance with DIN V 18599 or DIN V 4701-10, evaluation of systems for generation
of alternative and renewable energy and heat.

2.4 Evaluation of ventilation and air-conditioning systems


Evaluation of various types of ventilation systems and their construction characteristics,
consideration of fire and noise protection requirements for air handling systems,
performance of calculations in accordance with DIN V 18599 or DIN V 4701-10,
fundamental knowledge of air-conditioning systems.
2.5 Provision of proofs
Knowledge of the energy requirements for residential buildings and building
regulations (esp. minimum thermal insulation), execution of proofs and calculation of
the annual primary energy demand, determination of the energy consumption and its
mathematical evaluation including adjustment for weather conditions, issue of an energy
performance certificate.
2.6 Basic principles of the assessment of modernisation recommendations including their
technical feasibility and cost-effectiveness

Knowledge and empirical values of amortisation and cost-effectiveness calculations for


individual components and systems including investment costs and cost savings; of
empirical, economic (cost-effective), generally realisable modernisation
recommendations for cost-effective improvement of the energy parameters of a
residential building; of the advantages and disadvantages of certain suggestions for
improvement taking account of the construction and legal framework conditions (e.g., in
the case of changing sources of thermal energy, boundary construction, boundary
margins); of current support programmes; of relevant structural-physical and static-
constructive influences such as heat bridges, condensation, water vapour transport,
mould infestation, component connections and suggestions for additional sealing
measures; of the selection of materials to ensure airtightness (compatibility, efficacy,
durability) and the effects of thermal protection measures on noise and fire protection.
Preparation of empirical, economical (cost-effective), generally realisable modernisation
recommendations for cost-effective improvement of energy parameters.
65

3 Focal points of the content of training on existing commercial buildings


In addition to the main points listed under No. 2, the training should in particular impart
the following specialised knowledge of commercial buildings.

3.1 Inventory and documentation of the building, the building construction and the technical
installations

Energy modelling of a building (heated/ cooled volume, conditioned/non-conditioned


spaces, installation engineering supply area); determination of the limits of the system
and division of the building into zones according to the appropriate use conditions;
allocation of geometric and energy reference values to the zones and supply areas;
interaction of building and installation engineering (offset of balance shares);
application of simplified procedures (e.g. one-zone model); establishment of heat
sources and heat sinks and of the useful energy demand of zones; determination,
evaluation and documentation of energy parameters of air-handling systems, particularly
air-conditioning and lighting systems.

3.2 Evaluation of the building cladding


Determination of the input and calculation values and energy evaluation of façade
systems, particularly curtain walls and glass fronts; evaluation of systems for summer
thermal insulation and situations where there is shade or obstruction by other buildings.
3.3 Evaluation of heating and hot water systems
Calculation of the delivered energy demands for heating and hot water including the
losses in the technical processing steps in accordance with DIN V 18599-5 and DIN V
18599-8; evaluation of combined heat and power systems in accordance with DIN V
18599-9, balancing of small district and district heating systems and the use of
renewable energies.
66

3.4 Evaluation of air handling and other cooling systems


Calculation of the cooling demand of buildings (useful cold) and of the power output
for air conditioning; evaluation of different types of ventilation and air handling
systems and their construction features; consideration of the fire and noise protection
requirements for these systems; calculation of the energy demand for humidification
with a steam generator; determination of transfer and distribution losses; evaluation of
component tempering; performance of calculations in accordance with DIN V 18599-
2, DIN V 18599-3 and DIN V 18599-7 and the use of renewable energies.

3.5 Evaluation of lighting and illumination systems


Calculation of the delivered energy demands for lighting in accordance with DIN V
18599-4, evaluation of daylight use (windows, daylight systems, lighting level,
maintenance value of the level of illumination, etc.), the regulation of artificial light
depending on daylight (type, control strategy, functional range, switching system, etc.)
and the artificial lighting (light source, switchgears, bulbs, etc.).
3.6 Provision of proofs
Knowledge of energy requirements for commercial buildings and building law
(particularly minimum thermal insulation), execution of proofs and calculation of the
annual primary energy demand, determination of energy consumption and its
mathematical evaluation, including adjustment for weather conditions, issue of an
energy performance certificate.
3.7 Basic principles for evaluating modernisation recommendations including their
technical feasibility and economic efficiency
Preparation of empirical, economical (cost-effective), generally realisable
modernisation recommendations for cost-effective improvements of the energy
parameters of commercial buildings.

4 Scope of training
The scope of the training overall and the individual focuses should take account of the
purpose and the requirements of this Appendix and the previous training of the relevant
participant.