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of the study, scope and delimitations of the study and definition of terms.
Background of the Study Nowadays, there are many artificial and cosmetic things that is in the market. One of the most popular is shampoo. We think that we will produce a shampoo in a natural way. So that s how we come up with okra and aloe vera to help replace other artificial products into an environmental one.
Statement of the Problem Generally, this study aimed to determine the effectively of okra and aloe vera in strengthening of hair. Specifically, study sought to answer the following questions. 1. Can okra and aloe vera be used as raw materials in making shampoo? 2. How effective are aloe vera and okra on the tensile of the hair? 3. Is there any significant difference in the effectivity of different concentration of okra and aloe vera in strengthening hair?
Hypothesis There is no significant difference in the effectively of different concentration of okra and aloe vera in strengthening hair.
Scope and Delimitation of the Study This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness if Okra and Aloe Vera can be made as an homemade shampoo. This study also aimed to determine that Okra and Aloe Vera can strengthen the tensile of the hair.
Significance of the study This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness if Okra and Aloe Vera can be made as an homemade shampoo. This study also determines which is more effective in strengthening hair.
Definition of terms Okra - tall tropical Asian annual plant (Abelmoschus esculentus) widely cultivated in warm regions for its edible, mucilaginous green pods. The edible pods of this plant, used in soups and as a vegetable. Also called regionally gumbo. In this study, okra will be utilized as a hair strengthening ingredient Aloe Vera - The mucilaginous juice or gel obtained from the leaves of this plant, widely used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical preparations for its soothing and healing properties. In this study, okra will be utilized as a hair strengthening ingredient Shampoo - Any of various liquid or cream preparations of soap or detergent used to wash the hair and scalp. In this study, shampoo will be producing from okra and aloe vera.
Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature This chapter represented the review of related literature and studies about okra and gugo that can be made as an homemade shampoo and can strengthen the tensile of the hair.
Okra Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) Moench, known in many English-speaking countries as lady's fingers or gumbo) is a flowering plant in the mallow family. It is valued for its edible green seed pods. Originating in Africa, the plant is cultivated in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions around the world. The name "okra", most often used in the United States and the Philippines, is of West African origin and is cognate with " k r " in Igbo, a language spoken in Nigeria. Okra is often known as "Lady's Fingers" outside of the United States. In various Bantu languages, okra is called "kingombo" or a variant thereof, and this is the origin of its name in Portuguese ("quiabo"), Spanish, Dutch and French, and also of the name "gumbo", used in parts of the United States and English-speaking Caribbean for either the vegetable, or a stew based on it. In the United Kingdom it is often called as "bhindi", from its Hindi name "bhindi" or "bhendi". It is a tall-growing, warm-season, annual vegetable from the same family as hollyhock, rose of Sharon and hibiscus. The immature pods are used for soups, canning and stews or as a fried or boiled vegetable. The hibiscuses like flowers and upright plant (3 to 6 feet or more in height) have ornamental value for backyard gardens. From Arabia, the plant spread around the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and eastward. The plant was introduced to the Americas by ships plying the Atlantic slave trade by 1658, when its presence was recorded in Brazil. It was further documented in Suriname in 1686.Okra may have been introduced to southeastern North America in the early 18th century. 3
It was being grown as far north as Philadelphia by 1748. Thomas Jefferson noted that it was well established in Virginia by 1781. It was commonplace throughout the southern United States by 1800 and the first mention of different cultivars was in 1806.
Okra seed pod In Caribbean islands, okra is eaten as soup, often with fish. In Haiti it is cooked with rice and maize, and also used as a sauce for meat. It became a popular vegetable in Japanese cuisine toward the end of the 20th century, served with soy sauce and katsuobushi, or as tempura. Okra forms part of several regional "signature" dishes. Frango com quiabo (chicken with okra) is a Brazilian dish that is especially famous in the region of Minas Gerais. Gumbo, a hearty stew whose key ingredient is okra, is found throughout the Gulf Coast of the United States and in the South Carolina Lowcountry. Breaded, deep fried okra is eaten in the southern United States. Okra is also an ingredient expected in callaloo, a Caribbean dish and the national dish of Trinidad and Tobago. Okra is also eaten in Nigeria, where draw soup is a popular dish, often eaten with garri or cassava. In Vietnam, okra is the important ingredient in the dish canh chua. Okra slices can also be added to ratatouille, combining very well with the other ingredients of this French popular dish. Okra leaves may be cooked in a similar way to the greens of beets or dandelions. The leaves are also eaten raw in salads. Okra seeds may be roasted and ground to form a caffeinate-free substitute for coffee. When importation of coffee was disrupted by the American Civil War in 1861, the Austin State Gazette noted, "An acre of okra will produce seed enough to furnish a plantation of fifty negroes with coffee in every way equal to that imported from Rio. Okra oil is a pressed seed oil, extracted from the seeds of the okra. The greenish-yellow edible oil has a pleasant taste and odor, and is high in unsaturated fats such as oleic acid and linoleic acid. The oil content of the seed can be quite high at about 4
40%. Oil yields from okra crops are also high. At 794 kg/ha, the yield was exceeded only by that of sunflower oil in one trial. Common Okra seed is reported to contain only 15% oil. Nutritional Value & Health Benefits Okra is a powerhouse of valuable nutrients. Nearly half of which is soluble fiber in the form of gums and pectins. Soluble fiber helps to lower serum cholesterol, reducing the risk of heart disease. The other half is insoluble fiber which helps to keep the intestinal tract healthy decreasing the risk of some forms of cancer, especially colorectal cancer. Nearly 10% of the recommended levels of vitamin B6 and folic acid are also present in a half cup of cooked okra Nutrition Facts (1/2 cup sliced, cooked okra) Calories 25 Dietary Fiber 2 grams Protein 1.52 grams Carbohydrates 5.76 grams Vitamin A 460 IU Vitamin C 13.04 mg Folic acid 36.5 micrograms Calcium 50.4 mg Iron 0.4 mg Potassium 256.6 mg Magnesium 46 mg
Aloe vera Aloe vera, also known as the true or medicinal aloe, is a species of succulent plant in the genus Aloe that is believed to have originated in the Sudan. Aloe vera grows in arid climates and is widely distributed in Africa, India, and other arid areas. The species is frequently cited as being used in herbal medicine. Many scientific studies of the use of aloe vera have been undertaken, some of them conflicting. Despite these limitations, there is some preliminary evidence that Aloe vera extracts may be useful in the treatment of wound and burn healing, minor skin infections, Sebaceous cyst, diabetes, and elevated blood lipids in humans. These
positive effects are thought to be due to the presence of compounds such as polysaccharides, mannans, anthraquinones, and lectins.
Claims of medical properties Scientific evidence for the cosmetic and therapeutic effectiveness of aloe vera is limited and when present is frequently contradictory. Despite this, the cosmetic and alternative medicine industries regularly make claims regarding the soothing, moisturizing, and healing properties of aloe vera, especially via Internet advertising. Aloe vera gel is used as an ingredient in commercially available lotion, yogurt, beverages, and some desserts. It is common practice for cosmetic companies to add sap or other derivatives from aloe vera to products such as makeup, tissues, moisturizers, soaps, sunscreens, incense, shaving cream, and shampoos. Other uses for extracts of aloe vera include the dilution of semen for the artificial fertilization of sheep, use as fresh food preservative, and use in water conservation in small farms. The supposed therapeutic uses of aloe vera are not exclusive to the species and may be found to a lesser or greater degree in the gels of all aloes, and indeed are shared with large numbers of plants belonging to the family Asphodelaceae. Bulbine frutescens, for example, is used widely for the treatment of burns and a host of skin afflictions. Aloe vera has a long association with herbal medicine, although it is not known when its medical applications were first suspected. Early records of aloe vera use appear in the Ebers Papyrus from 16th century BCE, in both Dioscorides' De Materia Medica and Pliny the Elder's Natural History written in the mid-first century CE along with the Juliana Anicia Codex produced in 512 CE. Aloe vera is non-toxic, with no known side effects, provided the aloin has been removed by processing. Taking aloe vera that contains aloin in excess amounts has been associated with various side-effects. However, the species is used widely in the traditional herbal medicine of China, Japan, Russia, South 6
Africa, the United States, Jamaica, Latin America and India. Aloe vera may be effective in treatment of wounds. Evidence on the effects of its sap on wound healing, however, is limited and contradictory. Some studies, for example, show that aloe vera promotes the rates of healing, while, in contrast, other studies show that wounds to which aloe vera gel was applied were significantly slower to heal than those treated with conventional medical preparations. A more recent review (2007) concludes that the cumulative evidence supports the use of aloe vera for the healing of first to second degree burns. In addition to topical use in wound or burn healing, internal intake of aloe vera has been linked in preliminary research with improved blood glucose levels in diabetics, and with lower blood lipids in hyperlipidaemic patients, but also with acute hepatitis (liver disease). In other diseases, preliminary studies have suggested oral aoe vera gel may reduce symptoms and inflammation in patients with ulcerative colitis. Compounds extracted from aloe vera have been used as an immunostimulant that aids in fighting cancers in cats and dogs; however, this treatment has not been scientifically tested in humans.Topical application of aloe vera may be effective for genital herpes and psoriasis. However, it is not effective for the prevention of radiation-induced injuries. Although anecdotally useful, it has not been proven to offer protection from sunburn or suntan. In a double-blind clinical trial, both the group using an aloe vera containing dentifrice and the group using a fluoridated dentifrice had a reduction of gingivitis and plaque, but no statistically significant difference was found between the two. For bacteria, inner-leaf gel from aloe vera was shown to inhibit growth of Streptococcus and Shigella species in vitro.In contrast, aloe vera extracts failed to show antibiotic properties against Xanthomonas species.
Shampoo Shampoo is a hair care product used for the removal of oils, dirt, skin particles, dandruff, environmental pollutants and other contaminant particles that gradually build up in hair. The goal is to remove the unwanted build-up without stripping out so much sebum as to make hair unmanageable. Even though most modern shampoos include a conditioning component, shampooing is frequently followed by the use of conditioners which ease combing and styling.
Composition Shampoo is generally made by combining a surfactant, most often sodium lauryl sulfate and/or sodium laureth sulfate with a co-surfactant, most often cocamidopropyl betaine in water to form a thick, viscous liquid. Other essential ingredients include salt (sodium chloride), which is used to adjust the viscosity, a preservative and fragrance. Other ingredients are generally included in shampoo formulations to maximize the following qualities:
y y y y y y
Pleasing foam Easy rinsing Minimal skin/eye irritation Feels thick and/or creamy Pleasant fragrance Low toxicity
Good biodegradability Slightly acidic (pH less than 7), since a basic environment weakens the hair by breaking the disulfide bonds in hair keratin.
No damage to hair
Many shampoos are pearlescent. This effect is achieved by addition of tiny flakes of suitable materials, e.g. glycol distearate, chemically derived from stearic acid, which may have either animal or vegetable origins. Glycol distearate is a wax. Many shampoos also include silicone to provide conditioning benefits. 8
Chapter 3 Methodology This chapter contained data gathering instruments, treatment/general procedure, and determination of hair strength. 9
Purpose & Research Design The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness if okra and aloe vera can be made as a homemade shampoo. This study also determines which treatment way more effective in strengthening hair. Data Gathering Instruments Materials and Equipment In this experiment we used aloe vera stem, okra fruits, coconut oil, and tap water as the main ingredients and the other materials are stove, clean pots for boiling of ingredients, strainer, mask, funnel, clean bottles where to put the concoction, bowls for soaking, hair comb, towel, and strands of hair. Treatments Setups A Okra and Aloe Vera B Aloe Vera C Okra Kind of Concentrations
This table shows the Scale 3 2 1 Strengthening Extremely tough Moderately tough Tough Effectivity Very Effective Effective Slightly Effective
Procedure First, enough hair strands were gathered for three treatments. Treatment of aloe vera and okra, treatment aloe vera, treatment okra. Five grams of aloe vera boiled in 70 ml water for 30 minutes and strained to extract the juice. The decoction was placed in a clean bottle. To prepare the okra decoction, 2 pieces okra fruits were boiled in 200 ml tap water for ten minutes. The cooked okra were masked for extraction and decoction was strained for the preparation of solution. The homemade shampoo was prepared from 50 ml aloe vera decoction and 50 ml okra decoction. The homemade shampoo was then prepared into three setups. Setup A is the treatment of aloe vera and okra, Setup B is the treatment of aloe vera only, and Setup C is the treatment of okra only. All setups will be put in the table.
Soaking Process of the Hair Strands The hair strands that have been divided enough for the three setups. The hair strands were soaked in the respective bowls and left about 30 minutes. After 30 minutes the hair strands were rinsed thoroughly with tap water.
Determination of Hair Strength To determine the strength of the hair strand, pulling it until it breaks. The breaking of hair strand will be recorded in a table and will be scaled.
Chapter 4 Results and Analysis
This chapter presented the data, analysis and interpretation of findings. It is in this part whereby the data have been sorted out, tabulated, subjected to statistical analysis and then the findings were interpreted.
Table 1 showed the difference in the hair strengthen and exposed treatments. Result showed that treatment A was extremely tough, treatment B was moderately tough and treatment C was tough. Table 1 Difference in the hair strengths as exposed to treatments.
Chapter 5 Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations Chapter 5 consisted of the following, namely (1) Summary, (2) Findings, (3) Conclusions and (4) Recommendations.
Summary Generally, this study aimed to determine the effectively of okra ang aloe vera in strengthening of hair. Specifically, study sought to answer the following questions. The homemade shampoo was then prepared into three treatments. Treatment A composed of aloe vera and okra, Setup B composed of aloe vera only, and Setup C composed of okra only. Result showed that Okra and Aloe Vera can be used a potential raw material component in strengthening hair.
Statistical tools Mean was used to determine if there is a significant difference in the comparative effectiveness of each treatment being tested. Mean is equal to the sum of all scores divided by the number of treatments. X=EX N X=Mean EX= Sum of all Scores N= Number of Treatment
Conclusions Based on the results obtained from the experiment, the researchers drawn the following conclusions: 1. Okra and aloe vera can be used as an alternative strengthening shampoo. 2. There was no significant difference in the effectivity of different concentration of okra and aloe vera in strengthening hair, in terms of strengthening, treatment was found to the effective than the rest of the treatments.
Recommendations On the basis of the conclusions formulated, the following recommendations are offered for possible further study. 1. Use other ingredient/concentration which was not yet tried. 2. Use more resources. 3. The researchers recommend utilizing other alternative ingredients. 4. Use any alternative herbal plants for more to make the things more complicated because this IP is so easy. 5. Use other finding or experiment to know more useful abilities of this homemade shampoo.
References http://images.hboys2011.multiply.multiplycontent.com/attachment/0/S4fLKwooCG4AAG0dNVk1 /sample%20ip.pdf?nmid=320399782 http://www.thefreedictionary.com/ http://www.wikipedia.com/ http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/okra http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/aloe vera Encarta premium (2009) http://www.Expiro.org/ http://Trojan.com/