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 c   c   c c r The Philippine icultue and Food Quality and Safety System 1- r FM Goal and Objectives 27 r The rmplementin Rules. Taets and uent Status 28 r    .

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   47  c cc   c c rr  FM PSS and The Philippine icultue and Fishey Safety and Quality Systemc 54 rr  FM PSS and rts rmplementation 57 rr  Stakeholdes Views on FM PSS 58 rr   !.

"#   58 rr   $%&  '(  65 rr  rmpotant rssues and Global evelopment in Food Supply. Quality ontol and onsume Potection 70  c   c c rrr  icultue and Fisheies Safety uthoity 77 rrr     .

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%$  82 rrr  . - . / 0 84 rrr  Review of uent onoFunded  Pojects and Othe FMRelated Laws 85   c .

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Fiue 1 Sample Philippine icultue and Fisheies Safety ency
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Oanizational Stuctue
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Table 1 Functions of encies Mandated by FM and Othe
Related Laws 14
Table 2 Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety Sevices:
Mandate and functions of the Philippine Govenment
encies 18
Table - epatment of icultue encies and Thei
Responsibilities 29
Table 4 FM rRR ( O 6, S1998) Stipulations,  O No 17,
S1998 uthoization and  and FPS ctivities To
Meet Requiements of the FM rRR and O No 17 55
Table 5 Stakeholdes¶ ssessment of FM Poduct
Standadization and onsume Safety: (

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Table 6 Stakeholdes¶ ssessment of FM Poduct
Standadization and onsume Safety:  

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 6- Table 8 Stakeholdes' ssessment of FM Poduct 64 Standadization and onsume Safety:  %  & r $ .

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and Seconday Pocessin´ Philippine National odex ommittee 52 onsideations of Food Safety 71 Food Leislation 72 The Responsibilities of the rnspection Sevice 7- Risk nalysis omponents 74 National Refeence Laboatoies ± Thei Functions 8- c c 5 . 48 ³Pimay Pocessin´.  70 ï  c Page c FM hapte 7 28 FM rRR efinition of ³Fesh aicultue and fishey poducts´.

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 c÷  c c ÷  SQ SEN onsultative ommittee fo Standads and Quality FM icultue and Fisheies Modenization ct FS icultue and Fisheies Safety ency MS icultue Maketin ssistance Sevice O dministative Ode PESS sia Pacific Economic oopeation. Subommittee on Standads and onfomance r ueau of nimal rndusty R ueau of icultual Reseach F ueau of Food and us FPS ueau of icultue and Fisheies Poduct Standads FR ueau of Fisheies and quatic Resouces Pr ueau of Plant rndusty PRE ueau of Posthavest Reseach and Extension PS ueau of Poduct Standads  odex limentaius ommission P odex ontact Point LS ental Laboatoy Sevice OFM onessional Ovesiht ommittee on icultual and Fisheies Modenization O otton evelopment uthoity odex odex limentaius  epatment of icultue PS epatment of icultue  Policy nalysis Sevice M epatment of udet and Manaement FrMP ivesified Fam rncome and Maket evelopment Poject OH epatment of Health OST epatment of Science and Technoloy Tr epatment of Tade and rndusty TrPS Trueau of Poduct Standads EO Executive Ode FO Food and icultue Oanization FRMs Fisheies and quatic Resouce Manaement ouncils FrQS Fisheies rnspection and Quaantine Sevice Fr Fibe rndusty evelopment uthoity FNRr Food and Nutition Reseach rnstitute c 6 .

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 c÷  c c c ÷  c FP Fetilize and Pesticide uthoity GMO Genetically Modified Oanisms HP Hazad nalysis ontol ontol Point rG rmpovin Govenance in icultue ueaucacy rPP rntenational Plant Potection onvention rRR rmplementin Rules and Reulations rRS rnspection and Reulation Sevice rSO rntenational Standads Oanization rTr rndustial Technoloy evelopment rnstitute JO Joint epatment dministative Ode LGUs Local Govenment Units L Livestock evelopment ouncil LS Laboatoy Sevice MO Memoandum of eement MRLs Minimum Residue Levels NFRMs National Fisheies and quatic Resouces Manaement ouncils N National odex ommittee NrN National rnfomation Netwok NF National Food uthoity NMrS National Meat rnspection Sevice NN National Nutition ouncil NRL National Refeence Laboatoy NSP National Seed evelopment Poam NT National Tobacco dministation PS Policy nalysis Sevice P Philippine oconut uthoity PF Philippine Fish evelopment uthoity PNS Philippine National Standad PQS Poduct Quality System PSS Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety R -720 Republic ct. Food. onsume ct of the Philippines R 7607 Mana ata fo Small Fames c 7 . and osmetic ct of 196- R 4109 Republic ct. u. Standadization Law of the Philippines R 7190 Republic ct. Local Govenment ode R 7-94 Republic ct.

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 c÷  c c c ÷  c SPS Sanitay and Phytosanitay Standads SPUs State and Pivate Univesities and ollees SR Sua Reulatoy uthoity SUs State Univesities and ollees WHO Wold Health Oanization c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 8 .

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includin  !c !"#"$%"!$#c "#c #&'(c ")(!*c . and pepae said sectos fo the challenes of lobalization mon the stateies to accomplish this oal is the appopiation of funds fo citical poduction and maketin suppot sevices.    c !c!"#"$%"!$#c"#c#&'(c")(!*c'+#(#!c 1 The oal of FM is to modenize the aicultue and fisheies sectos of the county in ode to enhance thei pofitability.$ ( The vision of FM is ³ .-c &(.

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The Philippine aicultue and fisheies safety and quality system is chaacteized by numeous ovenment units that have ovelappin and uncoodinated standads fomulation and enfocement functions Thee ae aps despite the ovelaps The system is eneally inefficient and eactive rt appeas to pioitize food expot issues The aicultue and food standads fomulation and enfocement functions ae shaed by the epatment of icultue (). and delineate poduct coveae and aspects of standads development and enfocement functions with concened aencies This was a vey c 9 . stoae facilities. hapte 7. abattois. distibution. expotation. hence the equiement fo FPS to coodinate. the epatment of Health (OH). pimay and secondaypocessed aicultual and fishey poducts Specifically. collaboate. packain. the FPS The authos of FM econized the ovelaps of the powes and functions of FPS with those of othe  aencies as well as non aencies. impotation.&   0 2 Title r. and (c) conduct eula inspection of pocessin plants. Sections 6064 of the FM mandated the epatment of icultue () to establish the FPS to set and implement standads fo fesh. (b) conduct eseach on poduct standadization. alinment of the local standads with intenational standads. labelin. the epatment of Tade and rndusty (Tr) and LGUs /(c  cc"#c3 c"#c!&c!"!&c c 4 The FMpescibed ceation of FPS with the pomise of substantial fundin in addition to the  eula budet did not help impove the aifisheies safety and quality system o povide adequate suppot fo its efficient opeation The ceation of FPS was an attempt to inteate the aicultue and fisheies safety and quality contol functions into one oanization. the powes and functions of FPS ae: (a) fomulate and enfoce standads of quality in the pocessin. as well as public and pivate makets in ode to ensue feshness. pesevation. safety and quality of poducts /(c!"!(c)c!/(c/$0$++$#(c 1$ 0!(c"#c$&/($(&c")(!*c"#c2"0$!*c*&!(' c . and advetisin of aicultual and fisheies poducts.

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hih value commecial cops. of which only one with pemanent position (the iecto) The othes ae eithe contactual employees o staff seconded fom othe  aencies Until mid2006. ains. FPS had 11 pesonnel. and livestock poams espite the obstacles. enfocement of standads and eulations. abaca and coconut. the opeationalization of FPS. no budet. and livestock and poulty lmost all the eions aeed that PSS had inadequate budet fo all eiht commodity oups Five out of the eiht commodity oupins acoss all eions aeed that the PSS implementation was poo. FPS was seveely handicapped with a small office space and with limited office funitue rts opeations pactically depended on fundin fom the  ice. but special appeciation was iven to the moe ecent activities on mycotoxin consultations and tainin. infomation and tainin fo all supply chain paticipants and povision of accessible laboatoy testin facilities Thee was also a call fo the eview of the mandate of FPS. with no staff. namely. FPS manaed to complete the fomulation of -9 poduct standads (29 of which have been adopted as Philippine National Standads). hih value. con. no capability and no tack ecod 5 The ceation of FPS fosteed a divide especially amon the  standads and eulatoy aencies FPS was peceived as a theat to the othe aencies especially because the specific poduct coveae and functions with ead to standads fomulation and enfocement o eulation wee not povided rn fact the rRR even made it moe tenuous when it elaboated on the functions that wee clealy within the puview of the othe aencies FM¶s pesciption was like ³supeimposin´ FPS in the existin aicultue and fisheies quality and safety system in the  and in othe aencies 6 To make mattes wose. and ed tide monitoin that is quite wellknown Pioity focus fo intevention include: fast tack standads fomulation. the PSS omponent has not accomplished its objective of ensuin consume safety and pomotin the competitiveness of aicultue and fisheies poducts 8 Stakeholdes¶ views atheed duin the Reional FM Review Wokshops showed that the PSS has modeate impact on the commodity industies. FPS was neve appopiated a budet since 1998 FPS was added to the aleady lon list of unfunded ovenment aicultue and fisheies quality and safety aencies Within the 7 yeas of the life of FM. and the activation of the LGUs in the inspection system The poposed budet allocation fo PSS is 6% c 10 . ice. pomotion of the use of standads. includin at the local level. fisheies and aquacultue. con. and the ³ode of Hyienic Pactice fo the Sale of Fesh icultue and Fisheies Poducts in Makets and uthoized Outlets´ and ³Guidelines fo the etification of Good icultual Pactices fo Fuits and Veetables Famin´ !"4(/0(&5c$(6&c#c3 c 7 s of the mid2006 o 9 yeas afte the FM was passed. FPS was neve eally opeationalized s of the end of 2005.  c÷  c c tall ode fo a band new ueau.

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Fr. of FM is !c+. NMrS. Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety. oanizational c 11 .  - FS shall inteate the aicultue and fisheies safety and quality system to achieve effective collaboation and coodination amon the diffeent aencies of . OH. pomote unifom application of consume potection measues. includin multi yea fundin fo infastuctue and facilities development and eseach e uthoize collection of fees fo sevices and etention of aency collections fo specific and aeed upon uses 12 The )$&!c ++&(c "'(#'(#! to hapte 7. enfocement of standads) at the same time Policy should be sepaate fom implementation in accodance with the equiements of cuent intenational best pactice +&(c '(#'(#!&c!c  c 11 FM hapte 7. Tr and LGUs The oles. less than a thid of the espondents ae satisfied with PSS Moe than half of the espondents did not know that FPS exists waeness of FPS was hihest amon the espondents fom Reion 4 Of those who wee awae of FPS. Pr. i e . b Modify the oanization. NT.  c÷  c c 9  suvey of poduces oups selected fom amon the FM eional wokshop paticipants was conducted to detemine thei awaeness of the PSS components and FPS and its mandate rn all eions. NF and FP c Establish a Laboatoy Sevice (LS) and a National Refeence Laboatoy (NRL) that confom to intenational standads and the wold¶s best pactice d llocate budet fo institutional and physical stenthenin of the aicultue and fisheies quality and safety contol system. fomulation of standads) and an implementation function (i e . should be amended to stenthen the aicultue and fisheies poduct contol. SR. moe timely action to potect consumes and moe cost efficient and effective use of esouces and expetise The FM rRR and elated Os will have to be amended as well The poposed amendments ae: a Establish the icultue and Fisheies Safety uthoity (FS). r. P. and the eulatoy aencies. powes and functions of FPS. Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety. FR. only a little moe than half of the espondents wee awae of the functions and taet accomplishments Less than onetenth of the espondents knew of standads done by FPS and othe ovenment aencies Thee wee fewe espondents who wee awae of the standads enfoced 10 The cuent esponsibilities o mandate of FPS ae not ealistic and not achievable The mechanism fo the implementation of FPS mandate is unwokable FPS should not pefom a policy function (i e . O.$(c)c!/(c(&!"70$&/'(#!c)c!/(c 1$ 0!(c "#c $&/($(&c ")(!*c !/$!*c .

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and plant and animal health inspection and eulation The ole of the LGUs in enfocement should be claified to avoid confusion that leads to conflict as well as aps 16 FPS should continue to act as odex ontact Point (P) rt should also be host and Secetaiat to the National odex ommittee (N).The function would include poduct quality and safety. . utilization. (b) uidelines and codes of pactices.$ (c. oles of the  enfocement aencies fom those of the ueau of ustoms should be diffeentiated 14 The !/$ poposed amendment is the establishment of a Laboatoy Sevice at the same level as FPS and the rnspection and Reulatoy Sevice The LS will be the new manaement stuctue fo all laboatoies (moe aptly efeed to as ³sevice laboatoies´) and a National Refeence Laboatoy (NRL) that is yet to be established The oanization and confiuation of the sevice must be detemined and caefully decided 15  aencies which cuently pefom standads development function should be stipped of this powe ll  c(10"!$#c"#c(#) ('(#!c)# !$#&c!/"!c"(c (#!0*c #(c 38c 3 8c 8c 3 8c  8c  8c  8c  8c  8c "#c  c &/0c7(c #&0$"!(c#(c"#c#&+( !$#c"#c (10"!$#c(. PSTr ole should be econized and followed On the othe hand.(#'(#!c $#c !/(c "1$ 0!(c "#c )$&/($(&c &( ! FPS will fomulate new standads. both food and nonfood. This &( #c ++&(c "'(#'(#! concens the function and oanization of FPS FPS should be made the &0(c &!"#"&c )'0"!$#c "1(# *c )c 1.  c÷  c c components and activities shall be based on a typical food contol aency povided in the FO/WHO Guidelines  poposed stuctue eflects the pincipal functions o key aeas of esponsibility 1. and (c) standads of hyiene rt should pioitize mandatoy standads ove voluntay standads in its wok poam rt will set pioities fo eseach needs elated to standads fomulation Standads fomulation should be caied out in close coodination with FOH Likewise. staffin and fundin of all laboatoies that ae so impotant to standads fomulation and eulation The FS shall have oveall supevision of the LS. and eview and update existin standads to hamonize them with intenational standads The coveae of FPS function shall include: (a) poduct standads fo fesh and seconday pocessed poducts. poduct eseach and development could be pefomed by ovenment eseach o academic institutions These activities ae usually funded with esouces fom commodity poams o R anyway They also compete fo esouces within the aency 18 The )!/c amendment is the establishment of a ental Laboatoy Sevice (LS) to addess the citical issues of the state. but FPS shall have specific auditin ole consistent with the mission and functions of the FS c 12 . pefomance. the SPS Enquiy and Notification Point 17 Maket development and maket pomotion activities fall unde the puview of and should be tuned ove by the eulatoy aencies to MS Fo most eulatoy aencies.

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the 9(:!(#(c  . some sevices could be shifted to a ³use fee´ system which simply means use pays fo sevices.$&$#c&/0c"!/$%(c"00c # (#(c"1(# $(&c!c(!"$#c"00c)((&c 00( !(c7*c !/(c"1(# *c!c7(c&(c!c&&!"$#c+("!$#c$#&!("c)c7($#1c!#(c.  c÷  c c 19 Fo the )$)!/ amendment.c )#$#1c &/0c '"4(c &+( $)$ c +. inspection fo cetification/acceditation/pemits. especially if the policy makes choose to adopt an inteated system to minimize duplication and eliminate the aps and enhance efficiency as ecommended in this epot 22  and OFM should evisit the onoin pojects to eview the elevance and consistency of the cuent effots unde those pojects with the icultue and Fishey ontol objectives unde the poposed FM amendment  should ensue that the pojects ae alined with the objective of stenthenin of the aicultue and fishey contol system to potect the Filipino consume as well as consumes of the Philippine expot poducts equally and pomotes the competitiveness of Philippine poducts in the domestic as well as foein makets c c c c c c c c c c c c c 1- . and laboatoy sevices The )$)!/c (. fo example.(c!c!/(c 3("c)c("&* (.$(6c)c  c?c (0"!(c"6&c"#c(#!c#c@( !&c 21 The eview and amendment of FM is the best time to conduct a compehensive eview of the Philippine aicultue and fishey safety system.$&$#&c )c '0!$<*("c )#$#1c )c $#)"&! !(8c )" $0$!$(&c "#c (=$+'(#!>c(&(" /c)c &!"#"&c &(!!$#1>c"#c(&(" /c(0"!(c !c "1$ 0!(c "#c)$&/($(&c&")(!*c$&&(& 20 To addess the etenal fundin constaints.

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the epatment of Health (OH). and osmetics ct of 196-. the epatment of Tade and rndusty (Tr) and the local ovenment units (LGUs) The powes. (c) Local Govenment ode of 1991. us and evices. as amended by Executive Ode 175. includin: (a) Standadization Law of the Philippines of 1964.  c÷  c c  cc  c   c c c c  c /(c/$0$++$#(c 1$ 0!(c"#c $&/($(&c2"0$!*c"#c")(!*c*&!('c c 1 The aicultue and food standads fomulation and enfocement functions ae shaed by the epatment of icultue (). and (f) Executive Ode --8 of 2001  2 . oles and esponsibilities of these aencies ae defined by at least six laws that diectly elate to FM. (b) Food. Seies of 1987. (d) onsume Welfae ct of 1998. (e) Fisheies ode of 1998.

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the PS undetakes the development. eional and intenational standads. acceditation of manaement system of cetification bodies. national eistation scheme fo quality assessos. Pimaily.&   2 The Standadization Law of the Philippines (Republic ct 4109) enacted in 1964 established the ueau of Poduct Standads (PS) unde the epatment of Tade and rndusty (Tr) (then the epatment of ommece) as the National Standads ody (NS) of the Philippines PS suppots industy and potects consumes' welfae thouh: development and pomulation of standads. poduct cetification and othe standadization activities . PS ensues that Philippines' voice is head. acceditation of competence and capability of testin and calibation laboatoies. intenational coopeation on standads and confomance. of which many ae developed in patneship with technical committees and wokin oups s Philippine epesentative in the rntenational Oanization fo Standadization (rSO). pomulations and pomotion of Philippine National Standads (PNS) to ensue the Philippine consumes will et the value of thei money PS povides sevices to the public and povide necessay technical infastuctue to make Philippine companies moe competitive PS in involved in the development and application of national. poduct testin and cetification. and tainin poams on intenational standads. woldwide c 14 .

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!c cc c BCc J K L J K L J K L s s s E )c BBCc X C G H P O [ \ ` 8c  c c !$c c DC8c c R S R S R S D BFAD D BFAD D BFAD H E V P H H E O I U E F O !c )c B c c c c c B c Y [ \ E O I E F O c c c )c B c Z M U G H QE $0 c !  $% !$ c= c c CBc DTrBP c DTrBP c DTrBP c \ [ ! c  !!c c R FAFDC FAFDC D TrTDr c R R D TrTDrc D TrTDrc c c .

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and the puity. includin safety. (c) to potect the public aainst uneasonable isks to injuy associated with consume poducts. and (d) to undetake eseach on quality impovement of poducts and investiation into causes and pevention of poduct elated to deaths. efficacious and ood quality dus and devices in the county. dus. the  with espect to poduct elated to aicultue. bannin. to develop and povide safety and quality standads fo consume poducts The concened depatments wee mandated to establish consume poduct quality and safety standads which shall consist of the followin: c 16 . and (d) stenthen the ueau of Food and us 5 The ommissione of ustoms in Manila o the Reional Food and us Supeviso is equied to cause the delivey to F samples taken at andom fom evey incomin shipment of food. dus and devices and cosmetics. devices and substances. and pue. and the Tr with espect to othe consume poducts and. pomote his eneal welfae and to establish standads of conduct fo business and industy The law mandates the ovenment: (a) to develop and povide safety and quality standads fo consume poducts. unsafe. the adoption of an official National u Fomulay. (c) adopt measues to ensue the ational use of dus and devices.       & 45* 6! *789    % /  $ 7:&4. the epatment of Health (OH) was tasked to: (a) establish standads and quality measues fo foods. such as. devices and cosmetics which ae bein impoted o offeed fo impot to the Philippine ivin notice to the owne o consinee   &  &446!7*4.7 c 4 The ueau of Food and us was iven the authoity administe and enfoce the laws eadin the safety and puity of foods and cosmetics. inefficacious o of doubtful theapeutic value. includin pefomance o useoiented standads codes of pactice and methods of tests. safe. and the use of eneic names in the labelin of dus.  and Tr in the development and enfocement of standads of quality and safety of poducts unde thei espective authoities The OH would enfoce the ules and eulations with espect to food. ecallin o withdawin fom the maket dus and devices which ae not eisteed. dus. safety. cosmetics.9 6 The onsume ct of the Philippines (R 7-94) was enacted to potect the inteest of the consume. pefomance and compaative utility of consume poducts. efficacy and quality of dus and devices bein made available to the public rn the implementation of the law. (b) adopt measues to ensue pue and safety supply of foods and cosmetics. illness and injuies 7 The law spelled out the esponsibilities of the OH. but not limited to. (b) to assist the consume in evaluatin the quality.

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cetification. (c) equiements as to the methods of samplin. desin. (c) levy. composition. (c) make appopiate ode fo ecall. class.  c÷  c c (a) equiements as to pefomance. and (e) equiements that a consume poduct be maked with o accompanied by clea and adequate safety wanins o instuction. (e) efuse admission into the Philippines of any consume poduct that fails to comply with an applicable consume poduct quality and safety standad o ule. (d) investiate the causes of and maintain a ecod of poductelated deaths. distibuto. (b) upon pomulation of the standads. mateial. illnesses and injuies.Seies rn this O. dimensions. and diect the manufactue. functions and duties unde existin laws. packain of a consume poduct. is o has been detemined to be injuious. assess. unsafe and daneous. o equiements espectin the fom of wanins o instuctions 8 The concened depatments wee instucted to: (a) adopt existin standads o fomulate. the concened depatments wee iven the followin functions and duties: (a) undetake eseaches. weihts. eiht ueaus of the  wee iven powes to ceate c 17 . develop and establish quality and safety standads fo consume poducts in coodination with othe ovenment and pivate aencies closely associated with these poducts. analysis and test of samples of consume poducts and mateials submitted. collect and etain fees as ae necessay to cove the cost of inspection. tests and codes used to check the quality of the poduct. finish. testin and cetification esouces at a iven time. is substandad. tanspotin and packain. and (f) accedit independent competent testin laboatoies 10 The mandates of the  unde the onsume ct wee elaboated by O 9 of the 199. publicize them and conduct infomation campain. constuction. contents. (d) take measues to make a list of new consume poducts and cause the publication by the espective manufactues o impotes of such list of poducts with thei desciption. (d) equiements as to pecautions in stoae. ade. unsafe and daneous. to assist in monitoin the maket fo the pesence of hazadous o non  cetified poducts and othe foms of violations. (e) accedit independent. pohibition o seizue fom public sale o distibution. (b) inspect and analyze consume poducts fo puposes of deteminin confomity to established quality and safety standads. o has a mateial defect 9 rn addition to thei powes. (e) establish consume poduct standads and ant the Philippine Standad etification mak afte deteminin the poduct¶s compliance with the elevant standad. othe appopiate means to expand the monitoin and enfocement outeach of the depatment in elation to its manpowe. competent nonovenment bodies. consume poducts that is found to be injuious. develop and popose consume poduct quality and safety standads toethe with business and consume sectos in specialized technical committees oanized fo the pupose. (b) equiements as to kind. o selle of such defective poducts to extend any o all of the emedies to the injued peson.

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ueau of nimal rndusty (r). ueau of Fisheies and quatic Resouces (FR). while the NMrS and FR have new laws stenthenin thei standads fomulation and enfocement functions c 2+ . Sua Reulatoy dministation (SR).  c÷  c c Poduct Quality and Safety Standads These ae the National Food uthoity (NF). Fetilize and Pesticide uthoity (FP). Philippine oconut uthoity (P) and the National Meat rnspection ommission (now National Meat rnspection Sevice o NMrS) These aencies and the Fibe rndusty evelopment uthoity and the National Tobacco dministation aleady have existin standads fomulation mandates. ueau of Plant rndusty (Pr).

6!   . and those which ae essential to the pomotion of the eneal welfae. includin aicultual suppot sevices. includin to eulate and inspect meat. potection and sustained manaement of the county¶s fishey and aquatic esouces. (d) Optimal utilization of offshoe and deepsea esouces. poulty. (c) rmpovement of poductivity of aquacultue within ecoloical limits. includin pomotion of health and safety of its inhabitants Local ovenment units wee likewise anted othe powes.($ &  &446!7489 c 11 The Local Govenment ode anted evey local ovenment unit (LGU) the powes fo its efficient and effective ovenance. functions and esponsibilities fo povision of basic sevices and facilities. milk. fuits. fish. slauhtehouses) c 12 The LGUs wee mandated to dischae the functions and esponsibilities of national aencies and offices devolved to them. fish pots. The Philippine Fisheies ode of 1998 (R 8550) was enacted on 19 Febuay 1998 to ensue the attainment of the followin objectives of the fishey secto: (a) onsevation.::89 1. public makets. and (e) Upadin the posthavest technoloy c 18 . to eulate the slauhte. amon othes c   &44. sevices and facilities elated to eneal hyiene and sanitation (such as enfocement of fishey laws quality contol of copa. (b) Povety alleviation and the povision of supplementay livelihood amon municipal fishefolk. veetables and othe foodstuffs. sale and disposition of animals fo human consumption as well as powes to adopt quaantine eulations and pevent the intoduction of disease.

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ules and eulations as well as intenational aeements of which the Philippines is a State Paty. on boad fishin vessel.  c÷  ccc 14 hapte rrr of the Fisheies ode of 1998 povided the econstitution of ueau of Fisheies and quatic Resouces (FR) as a line ueau of the  with the followin functions elated to fish quality and standads: (a) povide advisoy sevices and technical assistance on the impovement of quality of fish fom the time it is cauht (i e . (b) implement intenational aeements/commitments on biosafety and bio divesity as well as pevent the movement o tade of endemic fishey and aquatic esouces to ensue that the same ae not taken out of the county. (c) quaantine such aquatic animals and othe fishey poducts detemined o suspected to be with fishey pests and diseases and pevent the movement o tade fom and/o into the county of these poducts so pohibited o eulated unde existin laws. and (d) develop valueadded fisheypoducts fo domestic consumption and expot 15 Futhemoe. and (e) document and authoize the movement o tade of fish and fishey poducts when found fee of fish pests o diseases and collect necessay fees pescibed by law and eulations c 27 . the Fisheies ode povides fo the stenthenin of the Fisheies rnspection and Quaantine Sevice (FrQS) in FR fo puposes of monitoin and eulatin the impotation and expotation of fish and fishey/aquatic esouces The FrQS shall have the followin functions: (a) conduct fisheies quaantine and quality inspection of all fish and fishey/ aquatic poducts comin into and oin out of the county by ai o wate tanspot. at landin aeas. fish makets. to the pocessin plants and to the distibution and maketin chain). (d) examine all fish and fishey poducts comin into o oin out of the county which may be a souce o medium of fish pests o diseases and/o eulated by existin fishey eulations and ensue that the quality of fish impot and expot meet intenational standads. (b) advise and coodinate with Local Govenment Units (LGUs) on the maintenance of pope sanitation and hyienic pactices in fish makets and fish landin aeas. (c) implement an inspection system fo impot and expot of fishey/ aquatic poducts and fish pocessin establishments consistent with intenational standads to ensue poduct quality and safety. to detect the pesence of fish pest and diseases and if found to habo fish pests o diseases shall be confiscated and disposed of in accodance with envionmental standads and pactices.

÷ ÷c®  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

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   &    $   2&     0 /  $6  9**.&88 c 16 Executive Ode --8 was neve implemented rt was an attempt to claify the oles of the diffeent aencies unde the . includin FR as well as the National Fisheies Reseach and evelopment rnstitute (NFRr)  !  75873.

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eseach.  17 This ct econizin Pr expetise and inheent functions on pesticide esidue analysis and pesticide fomulation. technoloy tansfe and cop potection made Pr as the sole aency mandated to: (a) monito the level of chemical esidues of aicultual cops and bypoducts and ecommend policies fo safety of consumes. focused and ational delivey of necessay suppot sevices. seed poduction and cetification. and pepae said sectos fo the challenes of lobalization The main stateies to accomplish this oal ae (a) the povision of an adequate. and (b) the appopiation of funds fo the suppot sevices and othe puposes mon the citical poduction and maketin suppot sevices econized by FM is Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety (PSS) sevice The vision of FM is ³ . and pomote use of oanic fetilize and inteated pest manaement  3c  c"0c"#c7@( !$.(&c c 18 The oal of FM is to modenize the aicultue and fisheies sectos of the county in ode to enhance thei pofitability.

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expotation. and  onduct eula inspection of pocessin plants. stoae facilities. as well as public and pivate makets in ode to ensue feshness. and advetisin of aicultual and fisheies poducts. abattois. alinment of the local standads with the intenational standads. labelin. distibution. Sections 6064 of the FM mandated the epatment of icultue () to establish the FPS to set and implement standads fo fesh.  onduct eseach on poduct standadization. packain. safety and quality of poducts c 28 . pesevation. impotation.&   0 19 hapte 7. pimay and secondaypocessed aicultual and fishey poducts The powes and functions of FPS wee detailed as follows: u Fomulate and enfoce standads of quality in the pocessin.

÷ ÷c¯  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

 c÷  ccc °  c/"+!(cc?c !c!"#"$%"!$#c c#&'(c")(!* Oection 60. Declaration of Policyùr    %&  .

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and consult with both pivate and ovenmental aencies.. as well as public and pivate makets in ode to ensue feshness. and opeationalization of FPS. pesevation. eseach institutes educational establishments and such othe individuals and entities with expetise in the field of poduct standads and consume safety  <!   . shall establish the ueau of icultue and Fisheies Poduct Standads (FPS) c ± ( !$#c c.&    c ( !$#c c3("c)c 1$ 0!(c"#c$&/($(&c !c!"#"& The epatment. labelin. rmplementin Rules and Reulations of R 84-5. expotation. stoae facilities. distibution. abattois. Õ onduct eseach on poduct standadization. 1998 c 29 .The FM rRR and the FPS O 17 povisions. alinment of the local standads with the intenational standads. and (b) those concenin the powes and functions. dated July 10. and thei status ae summaized in Table - c cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc - Quoted fom epatment of icultue dministative Ode 6. and in consultation with the epatment of Tade and rndusty and the ueau of Food and us. and details of activities of FPS The rRR povisions ae pesented below accodin to the above classification. packain. impotation. safety and quality of poducts ( !$#c c0c)c :+(!&c"#c . and Õ onduct eula inspection of pocessin plants.("1(c The FPS shall set and implement standads fo fesh.*: c c  c /(c'+0('(#!$#1c 0(&8c"1(!&c"#c(#!c!"!&c 20 The implementation of FM was uided by the rmplementin Rules and Reulations (rRR) contained in the  dministative Ode No 6  1998 and issued on 10 July 1998 The rRR povisions can be classified into two types   (a) those elatin to the establishment. within six (6) months afte the appoval of this ct. pimay and seconday pocessed aicultual and fishey poducts ( !$#c c6(&c"#c# !$#&c The FPS shall have the followin powes and functions: Õ Fomulate and enfoce standads of quality in the pocessin. seek the sevices of. oanization and manaement. and advetisin of aicultual and fisheies poducts.$&(&c The FPS may coodinate.

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out of the 67 positions offeed by  ae funded and the est wee not since they have been vacant fo a lon time Nevetheless.  Secetay Leonado Q Montemayo committed to Secetay oncodin of M the abolition of 97 vacant positions fom the vaious aencies and bueaus fo the ceation of 60 new positions fo FPS Howeve.of FM and the rRR rt also equied FPS to coodinate with  and non aencies with simila functions The Secetay also desinated Ms oncepcion Lizada as the fist FPS iecto On 19 Octobe 1999 FPS submitted a poposal fo 60 staff positions On 9 Octobe 2001. 2004 that the  Pesonnel ivision cetified that the 67 vacant positions to fund the ceation of -7 positions of FPS ae still vacant On 14 ecembe 2004. FPS complied with the equest of M to submit the ueau¶s activities based on its mandated powes and functions unde FM On 19 Januay 2005. the Pesidential Manaement Staff unde the Office of the Pesident wote a lette to Secetay oncodin instuctin he to appove the eulaization of FPS positions and its inclusion in the 2005 national budet rt was only in Mach 18.ecembe 1998  ctin Secetay William  a issued O No 17  1998 establishin FPS unde the Office of the Secetay fo the effective implementation and enfocement of aicultue and fisheies poduct standads The said O likewise specified and elaboated FPS powes and functions consistent with Section 6. the  Pesonnel ivision found out that most of the positions offeed wee aleady filled up On 11 ecembe 2002  Secetay Luis P Loenzo wote to Secetay oncodin on the abolition of 67 vacant positions fo the ceation of -7 FPS pemanent plantilla positions includin the availment of one (1) leal expet and one (1) toxicoloical expet as local consultants rn Mach 200-. M appoved on 16 Mach 2005 17 positions fo desinated sections of FPS. FPS was infomed by M that only . namely: a) Office of the iecto b) Standads evelopment ivision c) Laboatoy Sevices ivision d) Technical Sevices ivision c 45 . )  6!5 9  Status: On .

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esouces and systems within the paametes and timeline of the  Rationalization Poam  has yet to meet the above M equiements 22 2 .  c÷  ccc Hiin fo the 17 appoved positions is in the final stae Howeve. b) onfimation of the savins of the Pesonal Sevices budet to fund the appoved 17 positions. ctivity and Poject (PP) Stuctue. facilities. includin: a) Submission to M of the Poam.  needs to submit a poposal to ationalize the poduct standads activities. FPS still needs to comply with equiements set by the M in the Mach 2005 appoval of the 17 positions. and c) Submission of Repots on Funded Vacant/Vacated Reula Positions and Positions filled Futhemoe.

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the latest vesion of its oanizational chat appoved by the M in its lette of 16 Mach 2005 appovin the staff complement of FPS. one each seconded fom Pr and r c 46 . rndusty ompliance and onsume Potection Unde the Poduct Standads and Technical Sevices ae the Standads evelopment and Pomotion and Technical Sevices ivision On the othe hand. Laboatoy Sevices ivision and Technical Sevices ivision s of the end of 2005. the final thee (-) divisions ae Standads evelopment ivision. 4 seconded fom Fr. namely (1) Standads evelopment. 4 contactual (includin a janito). FPS had 11 pesonnel: one with pemanent position (the iecto).   )$  (Rule 61 2)  Status: The FPS is headed by a ueau iecto who was appointed on 19 Septembe 2005 afte havin been Or since 16 July 2001 The FPS Oanizational Stuctue in ³nnex ´ of O 17. (2) Standads Enfocement. Seies 1998 included 2 ssistant iecto positions manain the Poduct Standads and Technical Sevices and. Hamonization and Pomotion ivision. rndusty ompliance and (-) Technical Sevices ivision and onsume ffais and Special Pojects ivision Howeve. rndusty ompliance and onsume Potection include the rndusty ompliance and onsume ffais ivision On 28 Januay 2000 Secetay Edado J naa issued O No 1 2000 (mendin dministative Ode No 17 1998) amendin the oanizational stuctue of FPS abolishin the pevious desination of two (2) ssistant iectos This was eplaced by one (1) ssistant iecto unde which thee (-) divisions wee ceated.

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development and implementation Fo standads development/fomulation. O 17  1998 povided that FPS shall coodinate. FPS coodinates with pivate and ovenment aencies thouh the Technical ommittees which has epesentation fom industy stakeholdes. and NGOs. 2006  ecile McMuay as Senio Technical dviso to advise on stenthenin safety and quality assuance systems fo maket development rn paticula. eseach institutions and academic institutions FPS has yet to tap leal expets Unde the Wold ankassisted ivesified Fam rncome and Maket evelopment Poject (FrMP). educational establishments and such othe individuals and entities with expetise in the field of poduct standads and consume safety in view of the hihly technical and leal expetise needed in the standads. FPS hied on Febuay 1-. Goes. @( (Rule 64 1) Status: Sec 71. seek the sevices of. and consult with both pivate and ovenment aencies. eseach institutes. omino F asaba and  Maxima E Flakie commissioned to wok on Steamlinin of c 47 . the consultant woked on the institutional and physical stenthenin of FPS econizin that the cuent system of contol was not as effective as it should be lon with the intenational expet wee two local expots.

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fish sold fesh) Õ ³Pimay pocessin´ efes to the physical alteation of aw aicultual o fishey poducts with o without the use of mechanical facilities (tuna sold as sushi.Fc Õ ³Fesh aicultual and fishey poducts´ efes to aicultual and fisheies poducts newly taken o captued diectly fom its natual state o habitat. dessed chicken) Õ ³Seconday pocessin´ efes to the physical tansfomation of semi pocessed aicultual o fishey poducts (died fish)  <!   .*: -0 r . o those newly havested o atheed fom aicultual aeas o bodies of wate used fo aquacultue (e  ..

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rS 65 020 20 abbae PNS/FPS 17:2004 rS 65 020 20 alamansi/calamondin PNS/FPS -0:2006 rS 65 020 20 anation.rS 65 020 20 potted plants hysanthemum (spay type) PNS/FPS 05:200. shelled PNS/FPS 10:2004 rS 65 020 20 uian PNS/FPS 12:2004 rS 65 020 20 Es (table) PNS/FPS -5:2005 rS 65 020 20 Lettuce (head) PNS/FPS 19:2004 rS 65 020 20 Mano (fesh) PNS/FPS 1-:2004 rS 65 020 20 Manosteen PNS/FPS -1:2006 rS 65 020 20 Ochid (spay type) PNS/FPS 06:200.rS 65 020 20 hysanthemum (standad) PNS/FPS 04:200. its PNS/FPS 15:2004 rS 65 020 20 on. fesh PNS/FPS 02:200.rS 65 020 20 on.rS 65 020 20 offee beans (een) PNS/FPS 01:200.rS 65 020 20 Oanic icultue PNS/FPS 07:200.rS 65 020 20 aot PNS/FPS -8:2006 rS 65 020 20 auliflowe PNS/FPS18:2004 rS 65 020 20 hysanthemum (live flowein PNS/FPS 0-:200.rS 65 020 Papaya PNS/FPS --:2006 rS 65 020 20 Pili nuts PNS/FPS -4:2005 rS 67 080 10 Pineapple PNS/FPS 09:2004 rS 65 020 20 Pummelo PNS/FPS 11:2004 rS 65 020 20 Roses PNS/FPS 24:2005 rS 65 020 20 Tomato PNS/FPS 26:2006 rS 65 020 20 Viin coconut oil PNS/FPS 22:2004 rS 67 200 10 c 50 .  c÷  ccc FPS has finalized the followin standads:c  !c c'7(c nthuium PNS/FPS 2-:2005 rS 65 020 20 anana (saba/cadaba) PNS/FPS 08:2004 rS 65 020 20 occoli PNS/FPS 16:2004 rS 65 020 20 ulb onions PNS/FPS 14:200.

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the system is not wokin Fo example. pocuement of adequate facilities and thei opeation. oanizational and pocedual adjustments). FM was an attempt to inteate the aicultue and fisheies safety and quality contol system into one oanization Govenment was detemined to achieve effective collaboation and coodination amon aencies acoss the entie food o supply chain thouh the establishment of FPS FM is indeed headed in the iht diection Howeve. tainin and infomation collection and dissemination activities. especially the HP appoach when the United States Food and u dministation imposed this equiement of all facilities fo its poducts to be allowed enty into the United States Moe ecently.  needs to make sinificant poess in food safety and quality and consume potection The famented food supply chain and lae numbes of small poduces involved in food chain inceases the isk of food exposue to unhyienic envionments. and paticipation in intenational foa on food safety -.  c÷  ccc  ccc c   c  c  c c "#c !/(c /$0$++$#(c 1$ 0!(c "#c $&/(*c ")(!*c "#c 2"0$!*c*&!('c -1 The Philippine aicultue and fisheies safety and quality system is chaacteized by numeous ovenment units that have ovelappin and uncoodinated standads fomulation and enfocement functions (Table 4) Thee ae aps despite the ovelaps The system is eneally inefficient and eactive rt appeas to pioitize food expot issues nd based on the ecent cases of foodbone illnesses and deaths. the Euopean Union issues. the eulation of the use of chlopyifos in manoes. pocessin and stoae of food by the small businesses caused by lack of appopiate facilities and knowlede and expetise in technoloy application pose poblems c c 55 . also on fishey poducts. the contol of mano pulp weevil infestation. thee ae well known accomplishments of the  in the aeas of contol of foot and mouth disease and the pevention of the vian rnfluenza Vius infection. foced the FR undetake seious system ovehaul (i e . mainly to comply with the impot equiements and be econized as a Philippine ³competent´ authoity Howeve. amon othes The  should be commended fo its ole in makin the Philippines the only sinificant poulty poduce that has not been affected by the pandemic -2 The ovenment has not appopiated funds fo PSS The FMP fo 2000 2004 did not contain such a budet line item The only fundin FM ot wee the salaies of the iecto and pesonnel detailed fom othe  aencies FPS was fotunate to have been anted fundin suppot by the  commodity poam udet has not been made available fo even the basic equiements of hiin qualified pesonnel. eseach. albeit unsuccessfully. contamination and adulteation The continuin poo poshavest handlin. the fisheies secto was foced to be seious in cetification of fish manufactuin plants. includin laboatoies and equipment.

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 c÷  ccc  3 c  cc"#c!&c'+0('(#!"!$#c -4 The enactment of FM with its pomise of substantial fundin in addition to the  eula budet. as pat of the Geneal dministation and Suppot Sevices since it has not been included in the FM rn the meantime. the fate of FPS laely depends on the outcome of the studies on the ationalization of the  The inteim measue suested by M is fo FPS to be loded in the Office of the Secetay. FPS was seveely handicapped with a small office space with limited office funitue. and failue to fulfill all its functions -7 Even with the appoval of the 17 positions and the ecuitment completed. the aencies did not accept the delineation of functions Most aencies use the existin powes and authoities iven by the laws and odes which ceated thei aencies rt is amazin how the tu of wa pesists to this day even thouh FPS is diectly unde the Office of the Secetay -6 To make mattes wose. coopeatin and acceptin FPS with a possible unique suppotive ole. FPS activities will emain limited until the  complies with the equiements by the M -8 The cuent esponsibilities o mandate of FPS ae not ealistic and not achievable The mechanism fo the implementation of FPS mandate is unwokable n analysis of the cuent authoization o mandate and confiuation conducted by  McMuay showed that they ae not achievable and not c 58 . FPS was neve eally opeationalized Until ecently. hih value. and the ceation of FPS did not help impove the ai fisheies safety and quality system o povide adequate suppot fo its efficient opeation The ceation of FPS also fosteed a divide especially amon the  standads and eulatoy aencies rt was peceived as a theat to the othe aencies especially because the specific poduct coveae and functions with ead to standads fomulation and enfocement o eulation wee not povided rn fact the rRR even made it moe tenuous when it elaboated on the functions that wee clealy within the puview of the othe aencies FM¶s pesciption was like ³supeimposin´ FPS in the existin aicultue and fisheies quality and safety system in the  and in othe aencies -5 rt is lamentable that stonest esistance to FPS was shown by the  aencies rnstead of collaboatin. specifically unde the Office of the Undesecetay fo Staff Opeations. and 7 staff rts opeations pactically depended on fundin fom the  ice. FPS was neve appopiated a budet since 1998 FPS was added to the list of ovenment aencies involved in food quality and safety that could not be and have not been effective pimaily because of lack of budet despite FM¶s commitment fo inceased fundin fo the aicultue secto and the ¶s opeations Within the 7 yeas of the life of FM. con. and livestock poams The failue of FPS to obtain appoval of the staffin and budet fo both pesonnel and opeations is the pincipal eason fo the vey much delayed opeationalization of FPS.

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the team held wokshops and conducted a suvey of key infomants in 16 eions of the county to elicit comments on the FM benefits to the diffeent aicultual based industies and feedback eadin the pioities of the law ­   c megional Worksho sc 40 The eional wokshop paticipants wee divided into elevant commodity oupins Each oup was asked to assess the eneal impact. viin coconut oil This may be an effect of the seies of seminas and consultations cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c 17 ecil H McMuay rnstitutional and Physical Stenthenin of the ueau of icultue and Fisheies Poduct Standads Technical Repot ivesified Fam rncome and Maket evelopment Poject /Wold ank Feb 2006 c 59 . ivin the easons fo the atin.  c÷  ccc appopiate17  Mc Muay pointed out that FPS should not be an implementin aency. HP tainin in the fisheies secto and FPS standad settin activities and consultations Geneal rmpact of Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety 41 Table 5 shows that the FM PSS had eneally modeate impact acoss commodity oups baca and oconut Reion 4 is the ate fo these commodities Paticipants fom this eion aee that the FM PSS omponent had hih impact on coconut industy (paticulaly viin coconut oil. but only modeate impact on abaca industy oconut poduces and pocessos ae awae and conscious about poduct safety Thee was also inceased demand by consumes fo hih quality coconut poducts. effots on detection and contol of aflatoxin and othe mycotoxins. e  . but a policy settin body with ovesiht function and the powe to scutinize that the policies/standads ae bein implemented satisfactoily thouhout the Philippines Policy should be sepaate fom implementation in accodance with the equiements of cuent intenational best pactice FPS should not be esponsible to pefom a policy function (i e . and popose budet allocation fo the component The wokshop outputs eflect the eneal lack of awaeness and undestandin of poduct quality and safety contol The paticipants ae also eneally unawae of the FM PSS component and FPS and its powes and functions Those who ae awae of FPS questioned the capability of FPS iven its delayed opeationalization and lack of pesonnel Nevetheless paticipants expessed satisfaction with wellknown and ecent activities of FPS and othe elated aencies (Pr and FR) such as. fomulation of standads) and an implementation function (i e . copa and coi). implementation and budet of the PSS. enfocement of standads) at the same time  c !"4(/0(&c$(6&c#c  cc -9 s pat of the eview. identify the majo issues and concens. ed tide monitoin.

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 c÷  ccc conducted by FPS and P in connection with the fomulation of VO standads Unlike the coconut industy. the abaca industy was only modeately affected by the PSS Standads ae used only in the expotes¶ adin and balin facilities and not by the poduces at the havest and posthavest points of the supply chain Table 5 Stakeholdes¶ ssessment of FM Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety Geneal rmpact j    .

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icultual Technicians and othe LGU aicultue pesonnel on pevention. livestock aises. 6. detection and contol of aflatoxin and othe mycotoxins contamination The five eions appeciated the consultations and demands fo moe of such tainin to cove moe LGU pesonnel and moe aeas On the othe hand.  on Five out of 11 eions (Reions -. the capability of FPS pesonnel to pefom thei functions. and the lack of field sevices by FPS since it has no field office Paticipants fom said 5 eions also want FPS to fast tack the pepaation of standads fo con and con poducts Reions 1 and RMM paticipants aee that PSS had no impact since the PSS c 60 . 4. espondents wee concened about the failue to opeationalize FPS. and 9) epesented in the wokshop ae convinced that the FM PSS had a modeate impact on the con industy The main eason fo this atin is the conduct of a seies of consultations and tainin of fames. 4.

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c 61 . 7 and 9 wee convinced that the FM PSS had modeate impact on the ice secto Some fames said they ae not awae of standads Those who know the standads ae not stictly followin them Even impoved milled ice sold does not meet the 97% puity equiement rmpope spayin can be a possible health hazad n equal numbe of eions (1. 5. cooded baoon containes. 6 and RMM) aeed on the low impact of the PSS Paticipants find NF¶s enfocement of standads lax. and the absence of an oanic famin cetifyin body at the local level Fisheies and quacultue The majoity of eions ave FM PSS a modeate impact atin fo a vaiety of easons Fo Reion r. -. and ae. GMP and HP ae used fo quality assuance. theefoe. lack of testin facilities and equipment (especially moistue teste. and lack of poshavest facilities ae the easons why they believe the PSS did not make a diffeence in the ains industy Reion 10 and Reion 11 paticipants aeed that fames ae not awae of standads and those who know do not apply the standads lthouh NF applies standads on moistue content and puity. and the failue of LGUs to implement poduct standads and food contol due to lack of capability ae manifestations that the PSS is not makin a ood impact Reion 4 pointed out a lot of ood thins but still ated the PSS impact modeate These ae: standads ae in place. not adoptin them Fo RG Reion paticipants.  c÷  ccc was not implemented in Reion 1. and theefoe do not implement them Reion 6 paticipants ae happy with the implementation of rnteated Pest Manaement (rPM) and oanic ice poduction Howeve. municipal odinance on fisheies exist but ae not stictly implemented onsume infomation dissemination is not implemented well Reion 2 paticipants pointed out the public misinfomation on the quality and safety of fishey poducts. lack of contol on the use of food colos and othe additives. it cannot influence poduces to adopt standads except when they sell to NF The fact is fames do not always sell to NF Some paticipants complained that NF is too stict when evaluatin the quality of the fames¶ ains offeed to it Rice Paticipants fom Reions 4. Reion 12 and RG) ated the PSS implementation impact on the ains secto low R paticipants did not feel FM PSS They ave impotance to hamonizin the Philippine standads with intenational standads and the enfocement of these standads They esent the fact that tades dictate quality standads Reion 12 paticipants did not believe that fames ot any benefits fom the PSS implementation Fames still have no awaeness of standads. lack of awaeness of standads. they aised the issue of the lack of infomation dissemination on oanic famin. and filthy fish boilin vats in the pocessin of smoked fish). unsanitay pocessin of some poducts (e  . while RMM paticipants said the poduction poam in that aea focused on ice and not con Gains Moe than half of the eions epesented (R. and assistance on acceditation is povided On the othe hand. while poduces know little about standads.

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e  .paticipants believe that FPS has not eally been opeationalized mainly because it had no staff rn Reion 4. and politically influenced implementation of PSS18 ae some of the easons fo Reion 5¶s atin Reion 8¶s easons fo the ³modeate´ atin ae: selective implementation of standads. and fish cauht usin cyanide continue to be sold).indicated that the inadequate budet and untimely elease pevented the fomulation of standads fo pocessed meat Reion 4 is concened that standads and eulations ae not enfoced. and impope handlin of live animals tanspot to makets c cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc 18 No claification is available in t he tanscipts of the wokshop epots 19 Note that FPS is not involved in ed tide monitoin c 62 . lack of political will to enfoce standads. and lack of standads fo pocessed fishey poducts Lack of ovenment fish inspection is the only eason fo the ³modeate´ atin iven by RG Reion Hih Value ommecial ops Five eions aeed that PSS has a low impact on HV Reion 2 has limited awaeness of standads The activities implemented in the Reion wee not identifiable with FM PSS Reion . impope labelin of poducts. quality contol sevices and tainin The ood ed tide monitoin is the only positive feedback fo Reion 10 19 Reion 10 has a numbe of issues. absence of quality contol in hatcheies. lack of inspectos. absence of fish inspection pio to sale (spoiled. NMrS ules and eulations ae stictly enfoced. lack of equipment and qualified pesonnel fo cyanide and fomalin tests. and eula inspection is conducted fo acceditation rn RMM. standads fo Halal slauhtein Howeve. thee ae concens about the pevalence of backyad slauhtein. lack of qualified pesonnel to do inspection in the municipality. absence of monitoin and suveillance due to lack of pesonnel. six ave ³modeate´ impact atin Reion . LGUs failed to implement food contol measues. and use by buyes of standads othe than FR¶s Reion 9 is contented with the availability of standads. paticulaly the detemination of aflatoxin in feeds and bioloic esidues rn Reion 9. they wee not awae of the existence of FPS and aicultue and fisheies poducts standads FPS was consideed an infant aency by Reion 5 The standads fomulated ae limited and the compliance with available standads si low The public has limited awaeness of the standads and consume safety issues Livestock and Poulty Of the 15 eions which ave atins. impovements ae needed in the packain and labelin of meat and meat poducts Reion 12 adopts standads and thee ae eula tainin on standads. implementation of PSS activities should be impoved. and standads ae not hamonized with intenational standads s fa as Reion 5 is concened. namely: limited implementation of food contol.  c÷  ccc Reion 5 paticipants believe that PSS deseves the modeate impact atin because of: lack of awaeness on poduct standads and consume safety.

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infomation dissemination and pomotion of standads adoption. detection and contol of aflatoxin. monitoin and enfocement. consultation and tainin on quality and safety assuance measues (e  . LGU icultue Staff.  c÷  ccc udet llocation fo Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety 42 lmost all the eions aeed that PSS had inadequate budet allocation (Table 6)  few eions believed that it was moe appopiate to ive a ³none´ (meanin no budet) esponse considein that thee was eally no FM budet allocated if budet incemental to the  eula budet was consideed The paticipants feel that the PSS budet was not enouh fo fundamental activities that would make a diffeence to the aicultue and fisheies secto as envisioned by FM Fundin was needed fo the implementation and expansion of statup activities. HP) fo poduces. and consumes. setup o upade of facilities and equipment fo laboatoy testin and make these sevices accessible. GMP. pocessos. laboatoy maintenance and opeatin expenses. and FPS and LGU pesonnel and pesonnel capability buildin Table 6 Stakeholdes ssessment of FM Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety udet llocation  c . such as: standads fomulation fo many poducts.

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 c÷  ccc rmplementation of Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety 4. Five of the eiht commodity oupins acoss all eions aee that the PSS implementation was poo (Table 7) The easons fo this atin ae pactically the same as the easons of the budet atin Paticipants in the wokshops made special mention the consultations and tainin fo the detection and contol of aflatoxin (especially in con) that wee stated in 2005 by the on Poam Fo fisheies and aquacultue secto. ed tide monitoin is quite wellknown and appeciated Table 7 Stakeholdes¶ ssessment of FM Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety rmplementation  .

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infomation and tainin fo poduces. and povision of accessible c 64 . consume education.   Pioity Focus fo rntevention and Poposed udet llocation 44 The pioities fo intevention spans the FM mandated functions of FPS. both fesh and pocessed. standads pomotion amon poduces. maketes and pocessos. maketes and pocessos. includin: fast tack standads fomulation fo aicultue and fisheies poducts. enfocement of standads and eulations.

÷ ÷c¿  ccc .

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0% c $ (c. livestock. includin its pesence in the local level. fisheies. Tade and Othe Sevices omponents Of the seven commodity oups. bestin only rnfomation Suppot.  c÷  ccc laboatoy testin facilities (Table 8) Howeve.c (1$#&-cc Fomulation of standads fo poducts 7 2% HP tainin of poduces and pocessos rnfomation campain on consume safety amon poduces and consumes Stict enfocement of poduct standads Povision of laboatoies in stateic places Tainin of stakeholdes on poduct quality and safety Ensue quality fishey poducts in pepaation fo expot tadin and ensue consume safety ompetent manpowe fom FR Finish standads poposed by the National Seaweeds evelopment Poam (NSP) Setup FPS in the eion c 65 .7% safety Set policy to allow  to evolve the poceeds fom aflatoxin examination/analysis fo the pocuement of eaents and othe laboatoy supplies c"$#&c.c (1$#&-cc FPS needs to finalize quality standad fo con À consume .Gc)c  c 31(!-c c#c. the opeationalization of FPS.c (1$#&-cc None . and the activation of the LGUs¶ ole in the inspection system 45 The oveall aveae budet allocation poposal fo PSS is 5 57%. thee is also a call fo the eview of FPS¶ mandate.c (1$#&-cc None 2 8% c$&/($(&c. poposin the hihest budet allocation anin fo 7 ± 7 6% This is pobably because of the expot/impot oientation of these commodities Table 8 Stakeholdes' ssessment of FM Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety: Pioity Focus fo rntevention and Poposed udet llocation c   c3 c c   cc c  cc  c. and HV have the hihest PSS intevention equiement.

÷ ÷cÁ  ccc .

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 c÷  ccc Table 8 ont¶d c cHc. tomic bsoption homatoaphy.c (1$#&-cc rmpose sanctions to violatos (uses and vendos) fo dispensin bioloics 7 6% Stictly implement/enfoce existin policies and poduct standads Review FPS mandate Stenthen. less than a thid of the espondents ae satisfied with the FM PSS (Table 9) Moe than half of the espondents fom Reions 11 and 12 wee satisfied with the PSS rn contast. (1$#c3-cc None 5 0% c #!Fcc8c$8c+"c. and RMM) Less than half of the espondents did not know o could not answe pobably because they wee unawae of this FM component c 66 . povide budet and facilities fom national and local ovenments aft compehensive poam on poduct standadization rntensify infomation dissemination thouh ti media Stict enfocement of poduct standads fo meat and meat poducts by LGU udet allocation fo poduct standads Upade and utilize existin lab facilities fo antibiotic and chemical esidues efine standads Povide complete facilities and equipment c 7" "c. RG and RMM had the least satisfied espondents Those who ae not satisfied make up less than a fouth of the espondents Vey few wee vey satisfied and epesented only thee eions (2.c (1$#&-cc rnfomation dissemination and enfocement of standads 7 0% Laboatoy facilities Full opeationalization of FPS Upadin of needed laboatoy facilities fo accedited methods of analysis (Hih Pefomance Liquid homatoaphy. FPS and its mandate  total of 181 espondents epesentin 16 eions paticipated in the suvey (Tables 99E and Tables 1010) 47 rn all eions of the county. and Gas homatoaphy LGUs to eulaly monito fetilize and pesticide esidues fo fuits and veetables followin meat inspection system Stict enfocement of the food labelin laws c$.(&! 4cÂc0!*c. 9. (1$#c3-c c None 5 0% c c c à   c Ourvey of Producers¶ Äroups 46 Poduces oups wee selected fom amon the FM eional wokshop paticipants They wee equested to fillout the questionnaie on the espondents¶ awaeness of the PSS component.

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while a fouth wee awae (Table 9) waeness of FPS was hihest amon Reion 4 espondents On the othe hand.espondents wee unawae of FPS 49 Of those who knew about FPS¶ existence.  c÷  ccc 48 Moe than half of the espondents do not know that FPS exist. only a little moe than half wee awae of is functions and taet accomplishments (Table 9) Moe than two thids of the espondents do not know the functions and the taet accomplishments of FPS (Table 9) 50 Less than on tenth of the espondents know of standads that have been fomulated by FPS o othe ovenment aencies (Table 9) lose to two thids have no awaeness of the Philippine standads Table 9 Suvey of Poduces¶ ssociations: . thee quates of the Reion .

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 ($    (1$#c c+( $)$ c !c!"#"&cc Size standads fo flowes on R Rice anana Meat packain Gains Reion 2 Hybid seeds Livestock poducts rnbed seeds GMP Reion - HP Pili nut standads Reion 5 OEX rdentification of aflatoxin in fuels hlopyifos maximum esidue level accepted in Japan and US Reion 6 ypemethin maximum esidue level accepted in Japan and US Veetable Poulty Reion 7 E on Rice HP OEX Reion 9 rSO GMP Pesticide esidues baca Size and quality standads Veetables rnsecticide esidue Manoes Reion 10 Soilless owin Tuna anana Pineapple oconut Rice Rice Mano Reion 11 anana Pineapple oconut Reion 12 anana Rubbe c 70 .

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contamination with filth. Quality and Consumer Protection8 5. flavo.(#'(#!c 1(# $(&c #) $#1c!"#"&c r Reion 5 FR Pr c c c  c '+!"#!c &&(&c "#c 07"0c (. stoae. it does not pesent an appeciable health isk c&")(!* implies absence o acceptable levels of contaminants. pocessin. natually occuin toxins o any othe substance that may make food injuious to health on an acute o chonic basis c="0$!* can be consideed a complex chaacteistic of food that detemines its value o acceptability to consumes c ="0$!* is about all positive o neative attibutes that influence the value the consume ives on the poduct This includes positive attibutes such as the oiin. colo. adulteants. distibution and pepaation of food to ensue that when eaten.   (1$#c . textue. 25th Session Repot. and neative attibutes. and offodos cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c 20 dapted fom: ssuin Food Safety and Quality: Guidelines fo Stenthenin National Food ontol Systems FO/WHO Rome 200- 21 ommittee on Wold Food Secuity. such as spoilae. nutitional content and pocessin method of the food.(0+'(#!&c $#c c ")(!*8c 2"0$!*8c #!0c"#c#&'(c!( !$#c Food Oafety. MayJune 1999) c c 71 . discoloation. c &")(!* may defined as all conditions and measues necessay duin the poduction.

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hamonization of standads. 0 55 The Philippines has commitments unde intenational tade aeements The Wold Tade Oanization (WTO) and SEN Fee Tade aeements cove tade libealization as well as supplemental and complementay issues such as. ecipocal econition of tests and cetification of poducts. the application of Sanitay and Phytosanitay (SPS) Measues and equivalence. eulations and standads ± Laws taditionally consist of leal definitions of unsafe food. and intoduction of eate tanspaency in standads and confomance 56 The FO/WHO Guidelines states that most county food safety and quality systems typically have the followin components: a Food elated laws. and the pesciption of enfocement tools fo emovin unsafe food fom commece and punishin esponsible paties Food laws and eulations must be elevant and enfoceable n inadequate food law will have a neative impact on the effectiveness of food contol activities Updated standads ae also impotant Food legislation should: Õ $.

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(f) developin emeency esponse pocedues. and cayin out isk analysis  c rnspection Sevices ± Qualified. efficient and host food inspection sevice is essential to the administation and implementation of food laws The eputation and inteity of the food contol system is only as ood as the inteity and skill of the inspectos ïhe responsi ilities of the inspection service include: Õ r      .  c÷  ccc b Food elated contol manaement ± This petains to the establishment of a leadeship function and administative stuctues fo: (a) development and implementation of an inteated national food contol statey. (c) secuin funds and allocatin esouces. (b) opeation of a national food contol poam. tained. (d) settin standads and eulations. (e) paticipation in intenational food contol elated activities.

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includin: a Maximizin isk eduction by applyin the pinciple of pevention as fully as possible thouhout the poduction. pefeence is fo a peventive appoach that contols pocesses by applyin ood pactices such as ood aicultual pactices (GP). ood manufactuin pactices. ` c c cc . pocessin and maketin chain. and ood hyienic pactices (GHP).  %  D"B ! 88*    57 rn stenthenin national food contol systems FO ecommends that county authoities take into consideation basic pinciples and values that stenthen food contol activities.

c 75 . c Establishin emeency pocedues fo dealin with paticula hazads (e  . ecall of poducts). vendo and consume in ensuin food quality and safety. tanspote. this calls fo an inteated appoach which emphasizes the vital ole of the poduce.c  b ddessin the famtotable continuum (o the supply chain). pocesso.

÷ ÷c.

  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

inteated initiative which taet isks and impact on economic wellbein. includin detemination of pioities and use of esouces.rnspection and Enfocement Sinle ency System ± a sinle. unified aency fo food contol c) rnteated System ± a national inteated appoach 59 The Philippine system is basically a multi aency system which leads to poblems like duplication of eulatoy activities. f Establishin holistic. c 76 . and auditin .  c÷  ccc d evelopin sciencebased food contol stateies. thee ae at least thee types of oanizational aanements fo a national food contol system These ae: a) Multiple ency System ± multiple aencies ae esponsible fo food contol b) Sinle ency System ± a sinle. isk assessment and manaement. unified aency fo food contol 4 rnteated System ± Education and tainin 60 FO/WHO ecommends that ovenments conside a model which calls fo the establishment of an autonomous national aency fo activities at Levels 1 and 2. monitoin. ovenments conside the rnteated System to achieve effective collaboation and coodination between aencies The typical oanization of such a system consists of fou opeational levels: 1 Level 1 ± Fomulation of policy. Õ dvisin elevant ministeial officials on policy mattes. and development of standads and eulations 2 Level 2 ± oodination of food contol activity. and undetake stateic and opeational activities necessay to achieve those oals Othe functions of such an aency at the national level may include: Õ Revisin and updatin the national food contol statey as needed. famentation and lack of coodination o even conflict between bodies involved in policy. with existin multisectoal aencies etainin esponsibility fo Levels . inceased bueaucacy. and  Reconizin that food contol is a widely shaed esponsibility that equies positive inteaction amon all stakeholdes 58 ccodin to the FO/WHO. monitoin and contol of poduct safety FO/WHO suests that in evisin food contol system.and 4 activities The ole of the competent autonomous national aency is to establish national food contol oals. e Establishin pioities based on isk analysis and efficacy in isk manaement.

÷ ÷c   ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

Õ oodinatin the activity of the vaious inspection aencies and monitoin pefomance. standads and codes of pactice and pomotin thei implementation. Õ Suppotin eseach and development.  c÷  ccc Õ aftin eulations. Õ evelopin consume education and community outeach initiatives and pomotin thei implementation. and Õ Establishin quality assuance schemes fo industy and suppotin thei implementation c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 77 .

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety. SR.FS shall inteate the aicultue and fisheies safety and quality system to achieve effective collaboation and coodination amon the diffeent aencies of  as well as OH 64 The followin oles. r. i e . b Modify the oanization. Pr. NT. The )$&! poposed amendment to hapte 7.  c÷  ccc  cc   c c c  c '(#'(#!c)c!/(c  c c 61 FM hapte 7. Fr. and the eulatoy aencies. pomote unifom application of consume potection measues. of FM is to povide fo the (&!"70$&/'(#!c )c !/(c 1$ 0!(c "#c $&/($(&c ")(!*c !/$!*c . moe timely action to potect consumes and moe cost efficient and effective use of esouces and expetise The FM rRR and elated Os will have to be amended as well accodinly 62 The amendments poposed ae: a Establish the icultue and Fisheies Safety uthoity (FS). includin multi yea fundin fo infastuctue and facilities development and eseach. powes and functions of FPS. P. should be amended to stenthen the aicultue and fisheies poduct contol. NMrS. O. NF and FP c Establish the Laboatoy Sevice (LS) and a National Refeence Laboatoy (NRL) d llocate budet fo institutional and physical stenthenin of the aicultue and fisheies quality and safety contol system. oanizational components and activities ae based on a typical food contol aency descibed in the F/WHO Guidelines fo Stenthenin National Food ontol Systems cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c c c÷cc  !cc"#c c$"cc"cc%%c$!cc  &'$c(c÷)"%* c c 78 . and e uthoize collection of fees fo sevices and etention of aency collections fo specific and aeed upon uses  c 1$ 0!(c"#c$&/($(&c")(!*c !/$!* 22c 6.  . FR. Poduct Standadization and onsume Safety.

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

$!$(&c cccc [ FS shall be an autonomous body accountable to the  as  has esponsibility fo the sinificant pat of the aicultue and fisheies supply chain o the ³famtotable´ continuum  will aee with OH on the delineation of powes and functions to minimize ovelaps and pomote efficiency [ FS shall fomulate aifisheies poduct contol policy and povide advise to all concened epatments on all mattes concenin ai fisheies poducts contol. inspection. and pevent faudulent pactices by ensuin that aicultue and fisheies poducts taded meet the hihest standads of safety and quality povided by law b)  c 0(c"#c !$. [ FS shall fomulate the budet fo the aifisheies poduct safety and quality contol system and shall be accountable to the . includin food analysis. rLG. conditions of appointment o enaement. pomote tade. tenue of the membes of the M will be specified by the FM amendment Repesentatives fom the . [ FS shall be esponsible fo the identification of leislative needs. commissionin eseach. monitoin the efficiency and effectiveness of law enfocement and food suveillance activities.  c÷  ccc a)  c$&&$# FS mission shall be to potect the health and safety of consumes. OH. etc . monito and audit national aency. local aency and local ovenment units aifisheies poducts contol activities. Tr. [ FS shall coodinate the implementation of aifisheies contol measues. and OF may be appointed to the M Othe membes of the M should have expeience o expetise in one o moe of the followin fields: [ Public health and epidemioloy [ Food science and technoloy [ icultue and fisheies poduction c 79 . enfocement and education. [ FS shall ovesee the manaement of a ental Laboatoy Sevice [ FS shall use eseve enfocement powes in effect in the event that enfocement bodies default o ae nelient in thei duties c)  c"#"1('(#!c3"c c FS shall be ovened by a Manaement oad (M) with a haipeson and iectos The numbe. [ FS shall coodinate.

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

 c÷  ccc [ icultual science and animal health [ icultual maketin and tade [ Human nutition [ Food laws [ Public administation [ onsume ihts and affais The M shall have the followin esponsibilities: (1) Fomulate boad policy and esouce famewok fo FS activities within the law. food standads and codes of pactice. implementation and administation of inspection sevices. tade and consume oups. and isk assessment. and povide views and advice to M on food safety and quality and eulation (6) ppoint the hief Executive Office (EO) of the FS The M shall decide the extent of the deleation of its authoity to the EO (7) Ovesee FS and scutinize its pefomance to ensue it is tanspaent. r. NMrS. includin: scientific and technical questions elatin to food safety and hyiene. and (iii) Suppot Sevices/ommunication FS could pefom the Standads and rnspection functions thouh contacts with FPS and the rnspection aencies of the  (e  . nutitional value and content of food and labelin. namely: (i) nalysis and Suveillance/Reseach. rnspection. eseach. (4) Setup the scientific o technical committee that will assist and advise the oad in mattes of scientific natue. fai and efficient The M shall be accountable fo all the actions and opeations of the FS d)  c1"#$%"!$#"0c! !(  possible oanizational stuctue fo FS is shown in Fiue 1 The poposed stuctue eflects the pincipal functions o key aeas of esponsibility. (2) Povide advise to all concened epatments on mattes elatin to the FS mandate. and monitoin and evaluation includin eulatoy impact assessment (5) Setup the onsultative ommittee that will facilitate boad consultation with poduce. industy. (-) Povide oveall coodination. Pr. povidin scientific inputs in aicultue and fisheies safety and quality contol decisionsmakin pocesses. (ii) Standads. c 80 .

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

 c÷  ccc etc ) povided the powes and functions of these aencies ae modified as discussed in the followin sections c c c c c  <  .

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(b) uidelines and codes of pactices.  %  D"B ! 88* c c 65 The FS mission. both food and nonfood.(#'(#!c$#c!/(c"1$ 0!(c"#c)$&/($(&c&( ! FPS should fomulate new standads. and eview and update existin standads to hamonize them with intenational standads The coveae of FPS function should include: (a) poduct standads fo fesh and seconday pocessed poducts. and (c) standads of hyiene rt should pioitize mandatoy standads ove voluntay standads in its wok poam rt will set pioities fo eseach needs elated to standads fomulation Standads fomulation c 81 . tems of efeence and opeational plans at an appopiate time with the assistance of technical expets c c c  c 3 8c!/(c c 1(# $(&c"#c!/(c 1(# $(&c c 66 This &( # poposed amendment concens the function and oanization of FPS FPS should be made the &0(c &!"#"&c )'0"!$#c "1(# *c )c 1. oles and functions and oanizational stuctue discussed above should seve as eneal uide in the fomulation of its detailed oanization.

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

canned o bottled poducts) could aleady be specifically povided in the aeement Likewise. to avoid ecuence of cases of some ustoms pesonnel usupin the powe of the enfocement aencies by evesin the  enfocement aencies¶ decisions Manuals of pocedues should be updated and disseminated fo eveybody¶s uidance and compliance 67 FPS should continue to act as odex ontact Point (P) to facilitate continuous contact and infomation exchane with the odex ommission Like all its othe functions.  c÷  ccc should be caied out in close coodination with FOH Fo pocessed poducts. and fo effective paticipation in odex activities. and selection of appopiate technical expet/s in the county deleation to odex meetins 70 FPS should also be the SPS Enquiy and Notification Point (this function cuently with the  Policy nalysis Sevice) rn addition.. and seve as the inteative and consultative stuctue fo inteaency and intesectoal collaboation in aicultue and fishey modenization 2- 69  thouh FPS o NF should povide budet suppot fo the implementation of the N activities that ae essential to the attainment of expected outputs.'&$!&*  c cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc  c&""!c$c+c&c --. a system fo povidin contol authoities with an effective tool fo the exchane of infomation eadin measues taken to ensue food safety FPS should pomote the use of and implementation of standads Reseach in connection +c .$&("*!&*)#* . oles of the  enfocement aencies should be diffeentiated fom those of the ueau of ustoms. namely: identification of pioity odex issues and county positions on these issues. a mechanism fo facilitatin the inteation of elevant odex decisions into the national food standads and food safety contol poams.*c c 82 . FPS will have to aee on the specific poduct coveae with FOH The cuent pactice of FOH covein only tetiay pocessed poducts (e  . scientific database in suppot of county positions. the P should also be Host and Secetaiat of the N t the cuent state of FPS¶ oanizational development when it is still stivin to pefom its citical function of standads fomulation with limited fundin and pesonnel still ainin expeience and tainin. Seies of 1998 to assist the  in the monitoin and coodination of the aicultue and fisheies modenization pocess. FPS needs capability upadin and opeational budet suppot to pefom this function 68 rdeally. it makes pefect sense to tempoaily assin the esponsibility fo the N to anothe elevant  unit o aency NF seems to be an appopiate home fo the N with NF¶s mandate pe  dministative Ode No 6. an inteated wok plan and budet fo the eneation of scientific data. and a National odex rnfomation System (NrS). FPS (instead of the epatment of Foein ffais) should be the channel of communication fo infomation on the Euopean Union¶s Rapid let System fo Food and Feed (RSFF). PSTr ole in assinment of numbe fo standads to be adopted as national standads should be econized and followed On the othe hand. pepaation of county positions.

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

 . Pr. poduct eseach and development could be pefomed by ovenment eseach o academic institutions These activities ae usually funded with esouces fom commodity poams o R anyway They also compete fo esouces within the aency  c "7"!*c(. The !/$ poposed amendment is the establishment of a Laboatoy Sevice at the same oanizational level as FPS and the rnspection and Reulatoy Sevice This amendment takes the chanes in laboatoy sevices poposed by  onsultants  McMuay25 and  Flavie26 a step futhe The LS will be the new manaement stuctue fo all laboatoies (moe aptly efeed to as ³sevice laboatoies´) and a National Refeence Laboatoy (NRL) that is yet to be established The oanization and confiuation of the sevice must be detemined and caefully decided considein the objectives of the aicultue and fishey contol system and the volume of wok fo optimum coveae The plannin should addess the citical issues of: (a) existin laboatoies bein unde funded.$ (c c 7. and plant and animal health inspection and eulation The ole of the LGUs in enfocement should be claified to avoid confusion that leads to conflict as well as aps The study findins and ecommendations of  onifacio ayabyab24 ae impotant inputs to the establishment of the rRS The specific ecommendations ae on: (a) mechanisms fo centalizin/decentalizin and shain and inteation of quaantine sevice.$ (c. unde equipped. system. and (e) upadin of facilities.  c÷  ccc with poduct standads settin should be contacted to eseach institutions thouh the R competitive eseach ants as well as thouh FPS fundin R should be equied to clea with FPS all such eseach poposals 71  aencies which cuently pefom standads development function should be stipped of this powe ll  c(10"!$#c"#c (#) ('(#!c)# !$#&c!/"!c"(c (#!0*c #(c 38c 3 8c 8c 3 8c  8c  8c  8c  8c  8c "#c  c &/0c7(c #&0$"!(c#(c"#c#&+( !$#c"#c (10"!$#c(. FR and FPS. (b) sustainin the quality and quantity of sevice. c cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc 24 onsultant on Steamlinin of Quaantine Sevices unde the ivesified Fam rncome and Maket evelopment Poject 25 ecil H McMuay rnstitutional and Physical Stenthenin of the ueau of icultue and Fisheies Poduct Standads Technical Repot ivesified Fam rncome and Maket evelopment Poject /Wold ank Feb 2006 26 Maxima E Flavie. Ph  evelopment of Rationalization Plan of the epatment of icultue Reulatoy Laboatoies aft Repot. epatment of icultue/Wold ank Quezon ity (May 2006) c 8- .The function would include poduct quality and safety. and manpowe components FPS¶ ole in elation to the enfocement aencies is that of auditin the implementation of standads and enfocement of food contol standads and eulations 72 Maket development and maket pomotion activities fall unde the puview of and should be tuned ove by the eulatoy aencies to MS Fo most eulatoy aencies. (c) application of commecial pinciples and etention of income to r.

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

 c÷  ccc unde utilized. (b) lack of qualified laboatoy technical pesonnel and existin pesonnel unde tained. and (d) lack of ovesiht of eional laboatoies   c   c 3   c?c/($c# !$#&c c   > . and not to intenational standads. (c) duplication of laboatoy analysis.

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(c!c!/(c3("c)c("&* c c c c c 85 . i e .$(c)c!/(c"!/$%"!$#c)c"00c # (#(c"1(# $(&c!c (!"$#c "00c )((&c 00( !(c 7*c !/(c "1(# *c "#c !c 7(c &(c !c &&!"$#c +("!$#c $#&!("c)c7($#1c!#(c. consume safety. includin infastuctue developments. inspection fo cetification/acceditation/pemits. and laboatoy sevices The )$)!/c "'(#'(#!c &/0c+. hence the food contol standads ae popely implemented and enfoced c  c #$#1c#(c!/(c9 :!(#(c  . standads settin.  c÷  ccc 74 The LS shall be tasked with the establishment of the NRL. (e) advice  on all mattes concenin laboatoies. this calls fo institutional and physical stenthenin of the entie system.$&$#&c )c '0!$<*("c )#$#1c )c $#)"&! !(8c )" $0$!$(&c "#c (=$+'(#!>c(&(" /c)c&!"#"&c&(!!$#1>c"#c(&(" /c(0"!(c!c)c&")(!*c $&&(& 78 To addess the etenal fundin constaints. fom isk analysis. includin cucial infastuctue needed fo effective and efficient laboatoy sevices coveae that confom to intenational standads and the wold¶s best pactice The RL shall be funished with supeio and advanced equipment fo sophisticated and advanced analyses fo a bad ane of food safety issues. (b) eview of budets and appove capital expenditues and maintenance and opeatin costs. and efeence analyses The RL shall also pefom o ovesee the development and validation of national methods  McMuay povides details of the functions of the NRL 75 The FS functions elated to the LS would be: (a) ovesiht of laboatoy manaement plans. laboatoy facilities and equipment. tade facilitation and competitiveness To confom to the wold¶s best pactices. paticulaly those of FO/odex limentaius ommission and rntenational Standads Oanization 77 Fo the )!/ amendment. and (f) employ expets to addess paticula issues FPS shall conduct audits and pefomance assessment of laboatoies to povide assuance that laboatoies ae pefomin analytical functions that confom to intenational standads.c )#$#1c &/0c '"4(c &+( $)$ c +. (d) eview and comment on tainin poams. the 9(:!(#(c  . (c) conside issues of duplication and deployment. eulation and enfocement. eional and intenational standads and safety netwokin.c 76 Stenthenin the Philippine aicultue and fisheies quality assuance and contol system needs seious and pioity attention fo easons aleady enunciated in FM. some sevices could be shifted to a ³use fee´ system which simply means use pays fo sevices. infomation and tainin. and paticipation in eional and intenational meetins. fo example.

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

$(6c )c (#!c #<#(c  c @( !&c"#c !/(c  < (0"!(c "6&c 79 The eview and amendment of FM pesents an oppotunity fo the compehensive eview of the Philippine aicultue and fishey safety system especially if the policy makes choose to adopt an inteated system to minimize duplication and eliminate the aps and enhance efficiency as ecommended in this epot This will include eview of elated laws includin. Standadization Law of the Philippines of 1964. Local Govenment ode of 1991. the Fisheies ode of 1998. the Euopean Union ± Tade Related Technical ssistance. as amended by Executive Ode 175. us and evices. onsume Welfae ct of 1998. Seies of 1987. and Executive Ode --8 of 2001 80  and OFM should evisit the onoin pojects and eview the elevance and consistency of the cuent effots unde those pojects with the icultue and Fishey ontol objectives unde the poposed FM amendment Those pojects ae FrMP.  c÷  ccc  3c (. and osmetics ct of 196-. Economic Modenization thouh Efficient Refoms and Govenance Enhancement. and rnstitutional Gant fo Policy evelopment  should ensue that the pojects ae alined with the objective of stenthenin of the aicultue and fishey contol system to potect the Filipino consume as well as consumes of the Philippine expot poducts equally and pomotes the competitiveness of Philippine poducts in the domestic as well as foein makets c c c c 86 . Food.

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

Edalina P Seano. Teesita R Lalap. Libia L havez. Heidi S Gaballo. Lilibeth R abebe. Kaen  Roscom. ode Vrr05 FPS ccomplishment Repot. iene O otes Global ompetitiveness of Philippine ibusiness ± Poduct Quality System Technical Repot Foundation fo the dvancement of Food Science and Technoloy. Quezon ity (July 2000) epatment of icultue dministative Ode No 17 Seies of 1998 (eation of FPS) Maxima E Flavie. Fist Quate. Januay ± Mach 2004. ode Vrr06 FPS ccomplishment Repot. Fist Quate (JanuayMach) 2004.  c÷  ccc m   icultue and Fisheies Modenization ct (R 84-5) icultue and Fisheies Modenization ct (R 84-5) rmplementin Rules and Reulations ( O No 6 Seies of 1998) ssuin Food Safety and Quality: Guidelines fo stenthenin national food contol systems Food and icultue Oanization of the United Nations/Wold Health Oanization Rome 200- FPS ccomplishment Repot. Lydia O Matinez. Faah R Galvez. ivina G Sonido. iliman Quezon ity/ollee Launa Undated onifacio F ayabyab Steamlinin the Quaantine Sevices of the epatment of icultue epatment of icultue/Wold ank Quezon ity (May 2006) onsume ct of the Philippines (R 7-94)  rmplementin Rules and Reulations ( O No 9 Seies of 199-) Sonia Y de Leon. Januay ± Mach 2004. Fist Quate. Ph  evelopment of Rationalization Plan of the epatment of icultue Reulatoy Laboatoies aft Repot. ode Vrr12 Teesina alabia rmpovin Govenance fo the icultual ueaucacy ± Reulatoy Sevices Technical Repot. rnc . epatment of icultue/Wold ank Quezon ity (May 2006) National icultue and Fishey ouncil Website (http://nafc da ov ph/mandates php) accessed on .May 2007 c 87 . epatment of icultue/SEMEO Reional ente fo Gaduate Study and Reseach in icultue. Ph  .

÷ ÷c  ccc .

c ÷ ÷ ÷  c÷ c.

Povidin Funds Theefo.  c÷  ccc Joint dministative Ode: epatment of icultue dministative Ode No 1 Seies of 2005. epatment of Health dministative Ode No 200528 Seies of 2005 (eation of the National odex ommittee) ecil McMuay. Quezon ity (May 2004) c 88 . Quezon ity (May 2006) Stenthenin Quality ssuance and Othe Reulatoy Sevices Revised Final Repot unde the ivesified Fam rncome and Maketin evelopment Poject epatment of icultue. Ph  rnstitutional and Physical Stenthenin of the ueau of icultue and Fisheies Poduct Standads (FPS) Technical Repot unde the ivesified Fam rncome and Maket evelopment Poject epatment of icultue. Quezon ity (May 2006) Rationalizin the epatment of icultue. and fo Othe Puposes aft Executive Ode epatment of icultue.