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SC-FDMA for 3GPP LTE uplink

Hong-Jik Kim, Ph. D.

11 a/b/g WiMAX 802.20 1xEV-DO WiMAX 802.11 802 11 Cordless WiFi n 802.16e Area Local A 802.16d NG – ed DSL / Cable /DSL Fixe POTS Fiber / DLC Voice & Messaging Broadband Existing 2004-2006 Rollout 2006+ 2 Hong-Jik Kim .Wireless Broadband – The New Category ile UMTS / Mobil 3GPP LTE WCDM Cellular A Wireless Broadband HSDPA 802.

5G 4G ? J Japan PDC WCDMA HSDPA HSUPA Rel. 7 Europe GSM GPRS Rel. 5 Rel. 6 Rel. 3GPP Standard 2G 2. 6 LTE R99 DL UL Multi-Carrier OFDMA North Shared S a ed C CH Shared S a ed C CH DL MIMO O TDMA EDGE DL/UL MIMO America HARQ HARQ AMC AMC 3 Hong-Jik Kim .5G 3G 3.

20MHz > Peak data rate (scaling linearly with the spectrum allocation) • DL (2 Rx @ UE) : 100Mb/s for 20MHz spectrum allocation • UL (1 Tx @ UE) : 50Mb/s for 20MHz spectrum allocation > Spectrum efficiency • DL : 3-4 times HSDPA for MIMO (2.25.2) • UL : 2-3 times HSUPA for MIMO(1. (15).2) > Reference Antenna configurations (targets) • DL : 2Tx and 2 Rx • UL : 1 Tx and 2 Rx > Latency • C-plane : < 50-100ms to establish U-plane • U-plane U plane : < 10ms from UE to ser server er > Capacity • 200 users for 5MHz.5. 400 users in larger g spectrum p allocations ((active state)) > Mobility • LTE is optimised for low speeds 0-15km/h but mobility is maintained for speeds up to 350km/h 4 Hong-Jik Kim . 2. 10. 5.3GPP LTE objectives > Scalable bandwidth : 1.

OFDMA Nu Nc Nc Np+Nc Bit Constellation S/P Symbol Stream mapping converter to Nc-point Subcarrier IFFT Cyclic P/S Mapping Prefix converter > High g PAPR • Need for PAPR reduction scheme especially for UL > Various mappings from Nu data symbols to Nu subcarriers among Nc subcarriers > Receiver is based on FFT 5 Hong-Jik Kim .

1 Cornerstone Technology for WiMAX. . B’’ MIMO . NT ‘Space-Time NR Codeword’ 2.8 28 2. Tx . 10MHz. QAM Symbol Multi-Element - Transmitter Symbol Receiver 1 1 A A’’ Tx Antenna er x Encode Rx Decoderr B . C Channel Matrix. . .2 18 1. capacity peak rates & coverage Space-Time Space-Time Multi-Element .7 51 5. .OFDM / MIMO > OFDM – robust in dense environments > OFDM / MIMO perfect long term marriage > Achieves considerable increase in capacity.H C’’ . . 3GPP2 Evol and 802.5GHz. 3GPP LTE.8 44 4. .4 37 3. . . t0 t1 t2 . .20 P Practical ti l Deployments D l t with ith 2X4 C Configurations fi ti – Cable C bl & A Antenna t S Solutions l ti 6 Hong-Jik Kim . . .TDD OFDMA MIMO (Tx:Rx) 1x1 1x2 2x2 2x4 4x2 4x4 Bits/Sec/Hz/Sector 12 1.

UL: Single Carrier (SC)-FDMA > DFT-spreading of data symbols in frequency domain > Low PAPR > Subcarrier mapping • Distributed mapping • Frequency diversity • Transmit signal similar to IFDMA • Localized mapping • Multi-user Multi user diversity (frequency domain scheduling) • transmit signal similar to narrowband single-carrier > MMSE equalization to restore code orthogonality 7 Hong-Jik Kim .

8 Hong-Jik Kim .UL: Interleaved FDMA (IFDMA) 2π j kt T e can be used by different users comb-shaped spectrum > Also known as distributed SC-FDMA SC FDMA > Hybrid of single-carrier and OFDM concepts • Low PAPR (same as single carrier) > Orthogonal uplink as each user is assigned set of sub-carriers orthogonal to other users > Receiver is based on FDE (e.g. MMSE).

especially if channel dependent Channel estimation becomes degraded schedulingg is used for very large repetition factors Narrowband filter has longer impulse Tighter frequency synchronization may response Æ reduces “effective” CP be required length (IFDMA only) 9 Channel estimation not degraded at low bandwidths 9 Hong-Jik Kim .25 MHz Localized 5 MHz Distributed. RF = 4 Less frequency diversity 9 Larger frequency diversity Higher FER for narrowband users 9L Low-rate t andd high-rate hi h t users coexist i t Time domain channel has larger power peacefully fluctuations Difficult to choose appropriate MCS due to 9 Time domain channel has less power rapid channel fluctuations fluctuation Less accurate power control 9 More stable MCS selection Low rate user may block a high-rate Low-rate high rate 9 More M accurate t power control t l (broadband) user from the channel.Localized vs. Distributed 5/4 = 1.

5 msec SB SB CP LB#1 CP CP LB #2 CP LB #3 CP LB #4 CP LB #5 CP CP LB#6 #1 #2 > 1 sub-frame bf = 0.5ms 05 • 6 LB (Long Block) for user / control data transfer • 2 SB (Short (Sh t Block) Bl k) ffor pilot il t / control t ld data t ttransfer f 10 Hong-Jik Kim .Frame structure 1 sub-frame = 0.

Localized FDMA 10 data sub-carriers + 5 pilot sub-carriers 1 short h t bl block k 1 long block 1 TTI Data sub-carrier Pilot sub-carrier Unobserved sub-carrier sub-carrier.Cluster structure. short blocks 11 Hong-Jik Kim .

3 . 2 .4 Pilot sub-carrier of user 1.4 Unobserved sub-carrier sub carrier.3 . 2 . Interleaved FDMA 10 data sub-carriers + 5 pilot sub-carriers per user 1 TTI Data sub-carrier of user 1. short blocks 12 Hong-Jik Kim .Cluster structure.

e.Simulation Parameters ¾ Frequency hopping used on a TTI basis ¾ MCS: QPSK rate ¼. QPSK modulation with constant modulus in the frequency domain. ½. ¾ ¾ 1 transmit. 2 receive antennas (uncorrelated) ¾ ITU PB channel@3 km/hr ¾ One turbo block per TTI ¾ TTI=0.84MHz) 84MHz) ¾ Pilot power boost = 3dB (i. 13 Hong-Jik Kim . pilot signal amplitude = sqrt(2)*data signal amplitude) amplitude).359 359 MHz (=4*3 (=4 3. ¾ & 16 QAM rate ½.5ms ¾ Both ideal and estimated channel running side by side ¾ Pilot overhead: 1/7 ¾ Sampling Rate = 15 15.

v=3km/h 0 Loc. v=3km/h 10 -1 10 LER BL -2 QPSK 1/4. Perfect IR 16QAM 3/4 -3 10 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 SNR 14 Hong-Jik Kim . Perfect IR 16QAM 1/2 16QAM 3/4.Results for Loc. Perfect IR QPSK 3/4 16QAM 1/2.FDMA. Perfect IR 10 QPSK 1/4 QPSK 1/2.FDMA. Perfect IR QPSK 1/2 QPSK 3/4.

v=3km/h 10 -1 10 BLER R -2 2 10 QPSK 1/4. Perfect IR QPSK 1/2 QPSK 3/4 3/4. Perfect IR -3 16QAM 3/4 10 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 SNR 15 Hong-Jik Kim . v=3km/h 0 iFDMA.Results for IFDMA . Perfect IR 16QAM 1/2 16QAM 3/4. Perfect IR QPSK 3/4 16QAM 1/2. Perfect IR QPSK 1/4 QPSK 1/2.

FDMA QPSK 1/4 iFDMA QPSK 1/2 Loc.FDMA with real channel estimation .FDMA QPSK 3/4 iFDMA 16QAM 1/2 Loc.iFDMA/Loc.FDMA 16QAM 1/2 iFDMA 16QAM 3/4 Loc. v=3km/h 0 SUBBAND/DIVERSITY. Estimated channel.FDMA 16QAM 3/4 -3 10 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 SNR 16 Hong-Jik Kim . v=3km/h 10 -1 10 BLER R -2 2 iFDMA QPSK 1/4 10 Loc.FDMA QPSK 1/2 iFDMA QPSK 3/4 Loc.

Th k you Thank .