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AM<J)IKTIONIA A9HNAl998

EAAAAA KATA MAKEL10NIKHI MEIONOTHTAI HL1IKHTOY "OYPANIOY TaSOY"

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.. EYPDBAAKANlKH IYNANTHIH TnN HrETDN Movuxa 'ta upSpa nou EXOUV

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------

.. MAKEJONIKO rAENTI I:THN E~EIIA 40 Sa stvm 1t01riA.T]~ UAT]~,

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aJ-lilvo KaAoKaipl 0 AAe~<lV'tap TIo1to<paKt, roc; 1tp6eopoc; 'tTJC; 'EvroO"TJC; rcov KaTa'YoJ-lilvrov a1to 'tTJ MaKeoovia TOU At'Yaioo, a1teuWy6TJKe orov OHE Kat eeeae TO l;il'tTJlla TOU e1taVa1t(lTplaIlOU 'trov 1tOAtnKrov 1tpoalj)Uyrov zou eeropoUV'tut "IlTJ 'EAATJvec; 'to 'YtvoC;". I:'tTJv ai'tTJO"TJ au'ti] a1tuV'tTjae 0 eK1tpooro1tOC; 'tTJC; Y1t<l'tTJC; ApllOaTeiac; 'YtIl 'ta At- 1(UuDJ-lIl'tll TOU Avepro1toU (31.8.99), Kal tOU avaxotvoios On us to eeJ-lll ea acrxoATJect TJ EmTpo1ti] AvepCil1tlvrov AtKalCilJ.lclTrov TOU opyaVlO"llOu. 0 K. TI01to<pO"Kt eiXe 'tTJv KaA.OaUVTJ va Il<lc; O"'telAel (07troc; Kat ce 1tOAAoUC; 0TJ1.lOawypu<pOuC; a' 6AlJ 'tTJv Eupro1tTJ) tva avtl'Ypaq>O 'tTJC; ai'tTJcri]c; rou 1tpOC; TOV OHE. E, Aomov, TJ emO"'toAil tOO eqn:aae ara 'Ypucpcia lluC; UVOlX'ti], 0 q>cl.KeAoC; ilTUV lla.AtO"'ta e1ttOelKTlKcl. O"KtO"J-lilvoc;, oe[YJ-lIl OTllJ un6eeO"TJ 1tIlpaJ-lilvet O"'ta XEptll rcov "U1tTJpeauDv" 1tOU roec xp6vtll 'tTJ xetpil;oV'tav, KUt ~E~ata Sev t:xouv <lAATJ atpa'tTJYlKT], 1tapu TO oocrtK6 <paKeArolla KUt TOV eK<pO~taJ.l6 oorov tOAlloUV vn acrxoATJeouv J.l!l TO U1tato aUT6 "dNtKO 'tal11tou".

To Tall1tOU, 1tpuYJ-lIlTt, 1tapaJ-lilvet. 'Eva 1tp6cr<paTo oe[Yl1a 'tou eiOaJ.l!l Kat O"'tTJV eMTJVtKT]

AOIKUl JUGOl! a"ova

H aUV'tpo<p~ TOU K. TI61t0q>0"Kt, lJ BaGlllKt), 1tpocreEtet J.l!l 1tu60C; 'tTJ OtKi] 'tTJC; otil'YTJO"TJ:

"Ka'tuyoJ-lllt a1tO tu Il&PTJ 'tTJC; KaO"'topt6.c;. Trope 'to xropt6 IlOU l..&yeTat <D"teAtu, otu J-lIlKe06vtKa 'to I..&yalle rKputae. 'Hl1OOV 1tatoi orcv 1tMlKroaav ot crullllopieC; Ile TOUC; Muooec;. 'EPXOV1:av vUxra 'YtIl va Kl..&ljIouv Kat va KaTaaTpEIjIOuv. '01t0l~ uvn- 0"'t!lK6tav TOV O"KOTrovav. A vayKaaTT]KaJ.l!l va opyavroaouJ.l!l 'tTJV ulluvU l1aC; aTO Xropl6, roa1tOU Iltll Il&pa J-lIlC; 1teptKUKAroaav Kat J-lIlC; J.lclSeljlav OAoUC; O"'tTJv eKKATJcria. Mac; 1tTJ'Yaivave ytIl O"K6'troJ-lll Kat KU1tOtOC; etOO1tOITJae tOY ATJIlOKpanKO I:TpaTo Kat ilpeav Kat I1<lc; earoaav. MeTU I1<lc; ~avaJ.lclS!lljlav Kat I1<lc; xroptaav. Tc apaevtKu 1tatOul 'ta 1ti]pav oro Nsoropto Kt !lilaC; Ilac; 1ti]yav KOvtU orn aUvopu. EKe! J-lIlC; Ilul;!l'l'av ot aV'tupT!lC;. 'Evac; aoeA.-

M)..K6AONIKO GNHMGPCDTIKO AS>.. TIO

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<p6S IWI> mcO'tOOGrJKE". H KUpia BamAtKl'J OEV Il7tOPEi, aK6~ lCat f.lE't6. llurO atOOva, va <roll<j>tAtol8Ef f.Le 'tI]v tOEa On 'tI]S O''tEPOUV 'to OtKaimlla 'tI]S E7ttO''tpoqnls· "Kavaue roec xpovta vo ~pOUf.Le o €vas 'tOY 6.A.A.ov lCat 'toopa f:x.m fl£Ya.A.o 7t6vo crnv KapOtU 7tOU uou a7tayopE'IJouv va yupicrm. Oi Tsp~VOl 7too EKavav 'tooo lCalCO O''tov KOO'!lO !l7tO-

'Eva ano Ta eyKaf'ahJppiva xmpJo. atnv KaUTOpJo. (KOUTOVp)

pouv EA.E'68Epa va !l7taivouv 0"tl]V EM6.oa. I1otO ElVat 'to OIKO !lIlS €y1CA.lllla 7tOU 7tOA.€IlTJO'allE 0"t0 iOto xap6.lCm~ IlE 'tOUS 'EUllvES lCat avalCa'tE'I'aIlE 'to ai~ !!US ~~i 'toUS; !1EV ~ll't6.IlE TI7tO'ta. Na 00'6f.Le uovo 'tOY 't07t0 Ilas". I1apaKoAou8ooV'tas 'tl]V UVU7tOlCpt'tl] vOO"taA.yia 'tI]S, Ka'taA.a~aivoullE 'to Airyo 7tOU O''t'lv 7tEPwx1'J 'tI]S MaKEooviaS Ka'taPWV't1ll A.€yoV'taS "'ta ~€Va aya7tll't6. vc 0'01l stvci'' (Nrouoxo NavtcpO'Kt, Epm'ttK6. 0llJ.lO'ttK6. 'tpayouOta, kK07tta 1971).

!1i7tAa 0''tI] BaO'tA,tKl'J 7tapaKOAou8Ei 'tI] OtTJyllcrTJ 'tI]S €vas U7t' 'toUS aolWpous 'tI]S· "TUXEpoS" amos· Etvai 'to'f:x.OS U7t!'JKOOS, Kt €'tO't OEV Il7tOpEO'av va EIl7tOOiO'oov Ot EUllvtKES apxES 'tI]v ElO'o06 rou oro ElJ.llvtK6 tliacpOS. Movo 'tI]v Ka8uO"ttpllO'av Aiyo: aKptJ36>s 51 xpOVta. H mKpa rou EllcpllAiou Kill TOU ~Evt'tellou 7teptO'O'E'lJEt: "Me TOV EIlCPUAtO EytVE fl£Ya.A.o KaK6 Kat O''t"tS 0110 7tAEllpES. To 6CPEAOS TJTav yta 6AOUS wtO't€vto. AtllE 'toopa vn <ro1l<j>tA,tol80ullE, va oooO'OUIlE 0 €vas 'to Xtpt orov 6.A.A.o. Na ~POUIlE €vav 'tp6no vc Il7tOPEO'ooIlE ve ~TJO'OUIlE. AJJ..fJ. OU<mlX.OOS, alColla Kat tropn, lC6.- 7tOtOS !!US AtEt 6X,t". Em 'tpulV'ta xpovta 7t!'JyatVE ernv EUllvlKl'J 7tPEO'J3Eia Ot1]V TC:JEXia (TaexoO'Ao~aKia 7taA.w'tEpa) yta vo ~lltTJO'Et 6.0Eta E7tava7ta'tpwJ.l0'6 Kal OEV rou towav KaJ.lul an6.V't1l0''l, OU'tE apVll'ttKl'J. "Ileplusvc 51 xp6VlCl yta

vc tp8m €va IlTJva crnv EU6.0a va om 'to xmpw uou Kat 'tOUS cpiAouS uou, xmpi<; 'tI]v 'tamO't1]'t6. uou, aA.M IlE 'to'f:x.t1C1l t8aY€v€ta"· 0 cruvOIltA,lltTJS J.las oumcoAEUE'tat va IltA,TJO'el. H O'U)'KiVllO'll 'tOY myet. 'Exel yp6.'I'el Kt €va 7tOill~ Yla va eKCPP6.O'Et 'tI] VOO"taA. yia TOil Kal 'tI]v aiO'&rjO'll alitKias zou ru8et:

@t).ovv va uon KOI{IOVV Ta qrrepti Na unv uxopioor xiota va vopioo:

Eto xospix» ro otdu uo» nov rouo a)la7tw EK vtov va to ~avat;f!uOJ.

Niooc e{3pf!/Cav ubpa tponoo; 01 apxtr; Era rtA1'f rov etxoatob alwva

Na v{3pit;ovv xai va {3AaUTl'fJ.loiJv

Na u{3f!vovv ro ovou« uo» an' ra J.I'lrpwa. Aer; KI eiuo: 0 mo aluxpOr; exOpor;

To» E(}vovr;-Kparovr;, f'lr; Iloxpioo;

KI OJ.lOJr; eyw ovo87tore e/CrpwV'1ua KalCOAaAla Evavn /Cparovr; Kaz narpioor;.

KI eow sivai uta epwf'lu" anAf!

Ildx; elval ovvarov tua auvnatia

XUlaoer; va <1J.Iv1'fUTeiJel npw1'fv f'lr; exOpoiJr; Kat usva va ue tuuope: J.Ie xpooooio;

MtO'a O"tt<; Aiy~ fl£pes; zou tJ.letve erqv EU6.oa emmctcpGrJKe ouo cpoPEs'to xropw rou. Ot AtyOO''tO{ yvroO"toi ron 'tOY Of:x.GrJKav IlE emcpuAa~ . "Kcnoio; EKAEtoav Kat ns 7toptes· !1EV ns all7tUpeecv, aA.M 'ttS EKA.EtO'UV. Yn6.pxet aKolla cpoJ3os oru XroPul 'tI]S Kooropue;". AJJ..fJ. n f:x.ouv va eoJ3ll80w ot Xmptavoi 'too; "<I>oJ30uV'tat aKOlla Kat 'tI] yA.OOO'O'a va IltA,TJO'OUV Kat Kot't~OUV y'lJpro 'tOUS IlTJnros Kat 'tous OBt KUVEi<;. 0 KOOlloS cpoJ3<i'tat on Sa ~av6.p9Et 0 Xropo<puAaKas. EmmctcpGrJKa Kat 'to r ¢Il!lO Kat 'to Btrot, k' 6Ao 'to OPOIlO eiOa ouv- 8iJ~'ta Yla 'to J3amAtU xct ro tavos. Ta yp6.'I'aVB 'toopa, O"tt<; 29 AuyouO"tou, xm 'tpO!lll~av lt6.At 'tOY lCOO'!lO" .

I1p6.Y!llln. k'tl]V lCOPllcpTJ ron Birot, 0"t0 0- P01ttOtO ltOIl 06GrJlCav oi 'teA.Eu'taies flUXES rou EIlq>UAioll ltOAEJ.lOU, tva 1lV'1!l£lo f:x.el 0t1]8ei ano 'touS Vt1C1l'tEs yta vc nllTJO'Bt 'tOY e8vtlCo O"tpa'to. Alto tors zou t7ta'l'av oi €7tiO'llIlOt sopmouoi 'tI]S "llfl£pas 'tI]S vi1C1lS" (29 AuyouO"to1»), rnv epyoA.nJ3ia f:x.01)V avaA.6.J3Et O'ro~re!a a7tOO'fparrov Kat aKpOO~tES opyavOOO'El<;, cruvE7ttlCOllp0'6!lEVES alto f.LepiOa nOAl'ttlCOOV O''teA.exOOv 'tI]S E7tiO'1lllllS Ntas !11J!lOlCpa'tias;. 'Eqnuocv Kat O''ta 'I'M rorv aGrJva'iKoov E<P1JIlEPiOrov 'ta E7tetO'OOta 7t01) 7tpOK6.4- ocv 'tOY 7tEpaO'flEvo AUyoUO'fo O''tI]v 7tEpwx1'J oi a-

M>..K6AONIKO

6 GNHMGPCDTIKO ABA. TIO

KpOO~IOt VOO"tcU.:yoi roo avnKoflflOUVlO"tlKoU KpatOUe; Kat tile; xoUvtac;.

E7tlO"lCEcpEl11KUJJ£ zpw a7t6 Aiyec; flBPE<; to J.lV11JJ£io aUt6. Y mlPXav aK6fla ta O"t£cpavta a7t6 tIlv mo 7tp60"cpatll E7tt0POfli] troy VOO"taA ywv tOU £flcpUAIOU fliO"oue;. Ta AoUAoUOLa dxuv apxiO"Et va ~£pctvovrci, aAAa ot KOpOEAEe; avtexav UK6fLa. ~i-

7tAa O"ta oV6fLata ot<icpoprov £CPeOP07tOAefllO"ttKWV opyavwO"€<OV, ~exwptl;av ot tD7ttKBc; opyavwcr£tc; tile; Neue; ~1')flOKputiae;, 7tOU eotvav to xowobouNmnK6 XPWfLa O"tO 6Ao CJK1')VlK6. ITtO ~£paflEvO a7t' 6Aa, to O"t£cp<lvt tile; val;lO"tlKi]e; "Xpuai]e; Auyi]e;". 1crroe; eueo vc i]tav fl7tayulttKO a7t' tIlv up-

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~Htav Xpiotovysvvc tOU 1982, orov 0 7tproGu- 7toupy6e; 't1')C; "AAAayi]e;" Avoproc; ITa-

7tavopeou cvccoweoe 't1')V a7t6- <pa0"1') 't1')C; KU~epVl]O"1')C; tOU ITAEOK va Em'tpe'l'£l tOY eAe'66£po €7tava7tatptO"fl6 troy "EUi]vrov to yEvoe;" 7tOAItIKOOv 7tpoocpUrrov tOU Efl<pUAiou. Mscc CJ't1')V eucpopia 't1')C; crttYfli]e;, AiYOI eoroO"av 't1') otouon 0"1') fl(l0"la cr't1') "fllKpi1" autT] £~aipEO"1') - 7tOU ornv 7tpaYfl(l'tlK6- 't1')ta, 6flO>e;, eeopooos lC6ofl7tOcrec; oelCciOE<; XtAt6.0ec; av6poo7tOue;. H a7tpoK6.l..U7tta patcrlO"tlKi] autT] Ot6.KPtcr1'), T] O7tOia CJ't1')V OUO"la avayvooptl;E 'tT]V u7tap~T] ESvO'tlKi]e; (av 6x1 ESvIKT]e;) crl..a~OflOKeooVlKi]e; fl&lOv6't1')tac; 0"tT]V WT]VlKi] M(l1(eoovia -xrn fl6.l..lO"ta flBO"ro fltac; E7tOOOuVT]C; OtaOlKacriac; a7toKl..elcrflOu, ttc; cruvt7tetec; 't1')C; 0- 7toiac; Evtro6av rooo ot iOlOl 01 0"1..a~6cprovot 7tOAl'tlICOi 7tpocr<pUyec; ooo lCal 01 crsvoi <royyEV£ic; tOUC;, 7tOU 7taptfl&lVaV CJ't1')V EAMoo- a7tOtU7t6J6T]KE 6eO"fl1K6o CJ't1')V KOlvT] a7tOcpaO"1') ap. 106841 troy U7toupyoov EcrroteplKoov (I'. r€VVl]fl(lt<lC;) Kal ~T]j.L T6o~eroC;

(I', EKOUAapiKT]C;) 't1')C;

29.12.1982. AKoAoU6T]O"e to

1985 0 vouo; 1543 yta rnv emO"tpocpi] rerv 7t&plOUcrtOOV rorv 7tOAl'tlICOOV 7tpocr<p\ryrov, ta euepysti]flata tOU onotou ceopoeoov PTJt60 flOv6oXa 6crouC; EiXav i]01') E-

o pa'tCJIG'tIKOS anoKrlclCJI'OS

7taVa7ta'tplO"tEi fl& ~<l0"1') mv 7tpOllYouJJ£VI] pU6fltcr1')·

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EXe'tllC<l fl& to. KPltT]pta 7tOU Ka60pil;ouv 't1')V tK~aO"1') K606£ tEtotac; "aUtOtEAouC; ~et6ocrE<OC;", to tyypacpo 7tapaflEvEI mro1tT]l..6. M7tOpoUfl&, oxrrooo, EIlAoya vc U7t06tcroufl& 1tO>C; OEV flEvEI eve-

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H &MlJVtKft lCU~BPVljcrlj cpveittn tOY eAeUO&PO &'ltUVu'ltUtplallo tOW 'ltOAtnKIDV npompuyrov, &n:&t.Oft atlj Bopain EUUou umipxow '''It&ptoXee; J.l& &Uuia9Tjtlj 'ltAlJeualltaKl) aUvO&crlj " , 0\ KUtotKot rcov oxoiev exouv "J.l&\ffiJlivrJ e9vtKl) cmv&lOlJcrlj". Iloioc to M&t; 0 lOwe; 0 crljJ.l&ptvOC; 'ltpOSOpOc; tljC; ~llIlOtcpU~, KroGT1\; I:-r&tpuvo1t01Jlo;, rnv S'ltOXll zoo, roc; u'ltOupyoe; EarotEptKIDV tljS lCU~epVljcrljS KUPUIlUVAft, U'lt0xpErovOtaV va &~llyftaEt atlj BouAft tlj aKon:tJ.lOtlJtU tlJC; a'ltoPPl'l'lJS OXEttKOu Ult1)llUtOC; tljS tOtE uvt\'ltoAit&UcrljS. Km f.UlA.tatU Oxt Ilia <popa -yeyOVOS 1tOU Oa ll1topouas vn ~llYlJO&i ros Ilta U1tO ttS auv1)O&tc; PlltOptKes &~apa&tc; tOU auVtlJPllttKOU 1tEA.o'ltovvTtatOU 1tOAttlKOU-, aUU os OUO om<popEttKBs 1t&pt1ttIDa&tc; 1tOU u1texouv ustu~ touS 0'60 OA.OKA.llPU XPOVtu!

H 1tPIDtlj ayop&ucrlj eytvs attc; 20.1.1978, KUta tlj au~fttlJcrlj 01lO&t.OIDV &n:sprot1)a&rov tOU ~OK Kut tOU KKE. "AS d1tro, taoS U1tavtrov, 1toiot Eivut ot A.Oy01 Ot ozotot Sn:t~a.M.OUV tlJv KUto. 1t&pi1ttOOatv xptotv Kut ot ozoiot OSV aull~t~U~OvtUt KUta tlJv uvtiAll'l'iv IlUS J.l& tOY A.&yo!!&Vov eAeU9spov s1tuvU1tatptaIlOv", E~llyoua& 0 K. :EtS<pUV01tOUAOS. "Evcv s~ umIDv, KUta tP01tOV suxovtKOV, Ot&~ftAOSV xrn 0 ~tOttIlOS 1tpOEOpOS tlJS EM, K. HAwu. EYID oev d!!at aUll<POOVOS J.l& toy XUpaKtljptaJ.lOV tOY ozoiov eoooas. ~sv EillUt aUll<PoovoS Ott vMPXOUV :EAu~OIlUK&OOV&S, uUU n:tatwoo Ott U1tapxouv OellatU 1tAlleualltuKftS cmvOeaEoos. Kat 1ttatWOO Ott U1tapxouv 1tEpwXai tOU to'ltOU J.lUS AiaV &uuiaOlltOt KUt J.l& 1tpoa<putov KUt us a1tootepav ioroptev, Kat 1ttat&UOO Ott u- _ 1tapxouv avOPOO1tot otaa'lt(l(Jtai tT}S EMllvtKfts Kat E9vtKfts AMllA.&yyUllS· Amous tOUS avOPID1tOUS OSV tOUS &1tteuIlOU!!&V Kat tOUS a1toKA.eio!!&V a1to to va eAOouv Stc; tljv EMnoa. Kat umos sivat evas a1to tOUS lCUptIDtEPOUS A.6youS, oui tOY onotov xp&la~Stat 0 atOlltKOS &'l[(lva1tatptaJ.lOs". KA.&ivovtas tljv 0lltAia tOU, 0 U1toupyOS Eoerrspucdrv tT}S N.~. oev Oa 1tapeAetn:E va "Kap<PIDa&l" tT}v uvn- 7tOAit&ucrlj ym OlYAroCTaia, mxuP~O!!&VO~ Ott "BXOUJ.l& ~P&l KataVOllatV &tc; lOtrottKas au~lJt1)-

a&tc;, &tc; tas O'ltoiaS -uS to 1tOUJ.l&- yiv&tat Ilia 1tAllP&atepa Kal Ae7ttoJ.l&p&atepa s~etaatc; tOOV O&llatrov". :Ea<pBatSpOC; um'jp~&, emv lOta ~fttljcrlj, 0 tote U1toupyOS ~lllloCllas Ta~llC; Avucna- 0'10; M1taAKo;: E~ttYIDvtac; ytati ot :EAu~OllalC&(iOV&S 1tOAtnlCOi 1tpoa<puysc; stvet "&9vtlCa En:tKivOWOl", lCateOSas atlj BOUATJ eva 1tpoa<pato (14.1.78) eyypu<po tOU Fpuoetou E9vlKl)C; AoeoAetUC; Knoroptdg, aU!l<poova Il& to ozoio KUtotlCOS tou xoopwu Kopnooo; &ixs "U7t07teaEt oro 'l[(lpa- 1ttOOlla" va 1tapayysiA.&l "~ouAyaptKO aalla" Kata tOY 1tpoa<puto ywptaallo tOU Kapvo.~IlAtoU, oro KIl<pevdo tOU xoopwu tou ...

Til tOto. IlKPt~IDS En:tXEtPTJ!!llta emorpctWOvto.t Kat atljv E1tOIlEVlJ au~TJtlJcrlj (14.4.80), J.l& a<poP!lTJ Ilia aKolllJ E1tEPIDtljcrlj ~OUA.&UtIDV rrov 0'60 KOllllatOOV: "EepEtE Ott u1tapxouv 1tEplOxec; Etc; tljv XIDpav J.lUS J.l& &Ullia9TjtES 1tAlJeualltuKBs cmvOeCTEtc;", U1t&Veulli~Et 0 K. :EtE<Po.VOn:OU/coC;. "EepEtE Ott U1tUpXOUV 1tEptoxes E1C; rnv XIDpav 1lUC; us a1tIDtEPlJ K0.1 aUrXPOVlj urropic, Kat ~epStE on umipxo1)V a' autes ns 1tEptoXeC; aVOPOO1t01 us J.l&tOO!lEv" E9v1Kft auv&iolJcrlj: 0 VOIDV vostroi. Ss» lJll7tOPID va &i1tOO mOtE 1tEplaaot&po Kat <pavta~O!lat on svvosirs 7tavt&S n &WOID. Ecv &1t&tpe- 1tEtO [0 O!!aOtKos &1tavo.1tatp1all0C;] Oa EOlJlltoUPysito KivouvoS as OOpta!!evES S9vtKIDS &uaia9Tjt&S 1tsptoxes". To 1t10 svolll<pepov etVat, ecroco, II 0.auv1)Olatlj ~&~at6tljta tOU ytu oou &n:p6K€ttO vc aKo/couOijaouv tlJ (Otu~Ae1t6J.l&VlJ) lCU~€PVljttKl) SVaMaYTJ tOU 1981: "Av, ~t6ttIlOt Ki>ptot ouvcO&A.q>Ot, 0 0llaotKO; &1tuva1tatpta!l0S s1tEtpe1t&to, Oa 0llllloupyouas lley6.A.o €9vtKOV Kivowov. Kat Oa rrrv o.vo.A.a.~lJ aut1)v mv EUOUVTjV to ~OK Otav ea eA9Tj StC; tlJV s~oucriav, ea tOY aVaA.a.~ll J.l& lleyaAo OappOS· ea tOY avaA.a.~lJ us tljv motooo~iav on OSV 1tPOlC€ttut va ~A.a.'I'lJ ta €9vtKa au!l<pepovtu. Kat Oa to KaVlj, Oa avaM~lJ rrtv &UOi>Vlj ron, EJ.l&ts, aVaA.all~avOvt&S tas tOlKaS Ilac; &UOi>vaS, apVOull€OIl curov tOY 0llaOlKov E- 1tuvll1tatpt<J!lOV" .

MJo..KSAONIKO

8 6NHM6PCDTIKO ABA TIO

1948. H IillSUcTJ e~ooo~ reov ~A.a~ol1aKE06vIDv <paivE't1lt 1tID~ OEV o<pE1AO'tav 110VO cr'tTJ ouiXU'tT) ~ia Kat 'to <p0~0 rorv 1tOM:lltKOOV E1ttXEtpitcrEIDV. ~E Srypa<po ron 'to'tE U1tOUpyOU B. EM.ac)o~ Ap. MltacruiKOU 1tpO~ 'to YITEE (8EcrMICTJ 28.1.1948, up. 1tpID't. 82), 1tPO'tEtVE'tat II crucr'tT)lillttKit EllvoKa9apcrrt ID~ uvriSoro ornv wpucrll m~ IIpOcrIDPtVit~ Ku~epvncrn~ 'tIDV av'taptoov: "llEoo!iEvou Ott oi EallocrAIlUOt KOIluouvurrci ExOUV U1tO 'tOY eM:YXov 'tIDV Kilt a~ 1tEptoxa~ crA.aUO<poovou~, 't~ O1toia~ m9Ilvoo'tIl't1l OPYIlVWVOUV K1l9' OV 'tP01tOV Kilt 'tTJV 1tEpt<pepEtaV Kopscrkov-Kccroptec, Otll'tPExOIlEV 'tOY Kivouvov va EUpE9wIlEV 1tpO 1l11l~ IlpKE'ta !lEYaA.ll~ A.mpwO~ MIlKEOOvtKit~ Yll~ IlmOVOIlOU IlE tOiav otoiKTtcrtv Kat tO~ apx~ ( ... ). M 0 Em~UA.M:'t1lt K1l9' ll~, 61tm~ ll1to'tpa1tEi II 0lllltOUPYll9Eicrll KIl'tacr'tllcr~ Kilt E!l1tOOtcr9Tt II E1teK'tIl~ 'tIlU'tTJ~ oui cr'tPIl'tWlttKWV E1ttXE1PitcrEIDV, m 01toiat vc Illl <pEtcr90w 'tIDV ~UA. YllptKWV XIDpteov 'tTJ~ 1tEPUPEP~ 'tIlU'tTJ~, 'ta oxota <ptA.o~EVOUV, U1t09aA.1tOUV Kat Evtcr)C'6ouv 'tOU~ cruIlIlOpi't~, WatE Kilt EV 1tEPt1t'tWcrEt crul11tt'6~EID~ 'tIDV cr'tPIl'ttO)ttKWV 111l~ OUVUIlEIDV oi crull110pitilt E1tIlVEPXOIlEVOt va I1TtV EUpOUV 'ta cr1ti'ttll 'tIDV Kat'ta XIDpia 'tIDV" ...

1962. H oitllEUcrn 'tIDV crmttc:Ov Kat XIDPIl<ptc:OV 'tIDV "q>UyaOIDV" (aKOI1ll Kt O'tIlV IlU'tU KIl't01KOUvtIlV Kat KaMl£pyOUVtIlV 1l1t0 'tt~ OtKOYEvEtE~ 'tOU~) IlE 'to N1l2536 rou 1953 Kat II Ka'tucr'tpIDO"ll EVO~ 1tPOYPUI1- 1l1l't0~ E1tOtKtcrIlOU 'tIDV E1tiI1IlXIDV 1tEPWXWV IlE "1t0A.{'t~ llM:yl1tvn~ WllvtKO'tTJ'tO~", yevvncrllV evil tOtO'tU1t0 "A.6Il1t1 E9vtKO<PPOVIDV" 1tOU EiXE cro E~it~ Ku9E crul1<pepov va I11tAoKapEl -i'j ecr'tID vu 1tEptopicrEtrnv 1taA.lwocr'tTJcrll 'tIDV 1tpOcr<pUyIDV. TumKo~ EK1tpOcrID1tO~ amwv 'tIDV KUKA.mV, 0 ~ouM:mit~ Kcoropua; 'tTJ~ EPE II. rUtOK~ 911 ~OIl~llpoicrEt 't~ KU~EPVitcrE~ 'tn~ OEKIlEt1a<;; rou '60 IlE aA.M:1tcillll~ KtVOUVOAoytKe~ aVIl<pope~. 'Tlcpcrnpstrm 'tWPIl 'tEM:mllim~ MO'tE E1tavll1ta'tptcr!l6~ YEpOvtIDV Kilt YUVatKWV, 'tIDV ozokov til 'teKVIl eoptoxovrci Et~ 'til 0110Pll K0l1110UvtcrttKu KPU'tTJ, Kilt IlVaA.ll'l'~ 'tIDV 1tEPtoUcrtc:OV 'tIDV at ozotcr Eixov OtaVEI1ll9Ei E~ KIlAoU~ eMllVIl~ KIlMl£pYll'ta~", Ota~USOUIlE cs Ilta 1l1t' Ilu'te<;;, 1too Il1tEU9uVE'tllt orov ltpID9u1toupyo KIlPlllillvAit (10.12.1962). "06'tID~ 0!1ffi~ 0lll1tOUPYEitat Ka'tucr'tllcr~ E- 1tlKivouvo~ oui rqv E9vtKitV Ilcr<pUM:tIlV Kilt OtU 'tTJV IlKEplltO'tTJ'ta ron 1t1l'tpiou EOU<poo~. lltott llE'tIl~U 'tIDV E1tIlVa1tIl'tpt1;o~IDV crAa~o<pwvIDV, icrID~ ot 1tM:icr'tOt eivrn 1tpUK'tOPE~ rou 1tavcrA.a~tcrlloU Kilt Eltll. vepxovtat ota vc cruYKpatitcrouv 'til EMX!cr'tll U1tOM:llllla'ta 'tIDV IlvtE9vtKWV cr'tOtXEimV Et~ tTtV IltcrEMllVtKitv 'tIDV cr'tUcrtV" .

1965. H iOta KtvOUVOAoyia 'tIDV ellvtK0<PPOVIDV IlllXavtcrllwV opyiacre KIl'tU 'to Olll10KpattKO OulM:tllllll 'tTJ~ 'EvIDcrll~ Kevrpou. "EXEt ota1t1cr'tIDgei Ott crrtllaV'ttKo~ apt9110~ EK'tIDV e1tllV1l1ta'tptcr9Ev'tIDV Kilt tOim~ 'tIDV veapu~ llAtKia~ rotourmv, stvm e1tllpEacr~Ot EK 'tTJ~ 1tapIlIlOVit~ 'tIDV e~ 't~ KOIlIlOUvtcrttKU~ XWpll~ Kilt 'tTJ~ KIlMl£PYll9Eicrll~ llE'tIl~U amwv 1tp01tIlYUVOIl~ E1ti'tou 'I'EUOOIillKeOOvtKOU", eK'tt!lci -A.X.Ilta aKpID~ Il1tOPPll'tTJ EKgecrrt 'tTJ~ KYII ytll 'tTJV Ka'tucr'tllcrrt oro V0l10 <I>A.ffiPtv~ (IOUV1O~ 1965). "06'tOt yivov'tllt <pop~ crAIl~tKWV cruV9rt!lci'tIDV Kat XPllcrtll01tOtoW KUpim~ 'to yA.mcrcrtKOV tOiIDIlIl, ~eA.'ttO)~OV, W~ 'to EOtOUX9rtcrav eK1:0~ EA.Moo~" .

1982. Aiyou~ l1itve~ Ile'tu rnv KU~EPVTJttKit aA.A.arTt 'too 1981, etitcrta eK9Ecrrt 'tTJ~ YITEA ytll 'to MIlKEOOvtKO (16/2/82, IIp. 1tpID't. 650217-50428) ege'te yta (1tOMocrtit) <popa ID~ cr'tOXo 'tIDV KPllttKWV zpocr1t1l9Etc:OV 'tTJV "~aM:t'l'l1 'tTJ~ xpitcrrt~ ron yA.mcrcrtKOU tOtc:Olill'tO~" Kilt ltpocre9E'tE: "To cr'tOtXEio IlU'tO Kilt 1l0VO 91l it'tav apKe'to va ll1tomicrEl 01totaOitlto'te O"Ke'l'l1 E1tIlVa1tIl'tptcrIlOU 'tIDV IIoAt'ttKwv IIpOcr<pUYIDV 1tOU ElVllt EYKIl'tecr'tTJ~Ot cr'tll rtoUYKocrA.a~ia, ot ozotoi exouv YilAOUXll9Ei l1e 'tTJV "MaKeOOvtKit tOell", 'tTJV "IillKEOOVtKit yA.fficrcrll Kilt KOUA'tOUPIl", IlVE~Up'tTJ'ta 1lE'tTJ crullllE'tOXit rou; it OX! cr~ cutovouionKe~ opyavwcret~ lliO<I>, NO<I> Kilt EVepyE~ Il1tO(J1tllcrrt~ EMllvtKWV EOIl<pWV KIl'ta rnv 1tEpiooo 1946- 1949". AKOAoU9rtcrE, 'tOY llEKell~pto 'tTJ~ io~ xpovui~, llU1tOuPytKit a1to<pacrll yta 'tOY ll1toKAEtcrl16 'tIDV "1111 EMitvIDv 'to yEvo~" a1to 'tOY ollaOtKO rnllVll1tIl'tptcrI10 'tIDV 1tOAt'ttKwv 1tpOcr<pUyIDV.

Ta 1tapa1tUVID up9pa sival a1to TOV <do» TIle; KllPWKUTlK1)e; ElmJ9spOT\l1tiae; 21.11.19991

MkK€AONIKO

6NHM6PCDrlKO A6A rrto 9

A vaKolvro(JEI~ 'Ton OYP ANIOY TOSOY

BMHO>KMTO OYPANIO TO:O

HE4>ANOY fl.PArOYMH 11 T.III. 51, 531 00 4>J\OPINA, GREECE

Til". - cpa~.: 038546548,45044 E-mail: misirkov@line.gr http://www.florina.org

rpAQPINA IAEPMH 31.0.3.2000

To OYPANIO TOEO OEV crullJ.lECEXEt a~ EKA.oy&; 'tT]~ 9 A1tptAiou 2000. H IWYUAT] oucovouucq E1tt~UpUVaT] Iltru; OEU'tEPT]~ Ka'tU aE1pu ruOYtKfj~ avullt'tpT]<JT]~ Aiyou~ uovo llitVE~ llE'tu n~ EKAOY&; ytU 'tT]V aVUOEU;T] trov IlEMOV ron EUPOO1tU'iKOU KOtVO~oUAiou a1to'tEAEaE UVU1tEP~AT]'tO EIl1tOOto, Ku9tcr'troV'ta~ unuyopEmtKfj 'tT] crullllE'toXit rou a'tt~ E1ttKdIlEVE~ EKA.oyE~.

H 1tOAt'ttKfj 1tapEIl~aaT] ron KOIlIlU'to~ oro u!lfuoo~ 1tpOaEX&; OtUa'tT]llU 9u Ku90ptcr9d cro EnpOOnatKo KOtVO~OUAto !!Eau uno 'tT] crullllE'toxit rou oro cruvU<J1ttcr!!6 'toov usiovoroxov Kat 1tEpupEpElUKroV KOIl!1U'tOOV «Eupoo1ta'iKfj EAEiJ9EpT] LUIlIlUXiu» (EF A) Kat 'tT]V KotVo~ouAEunKfj OIlUOU «GREENSIEF A», t01ai'tEpu OE llE'tu ~ 20 A1tpv..loU 2000 T]IlEPOIlT]viu IlE'tu 'tT]V onofn 'to OYP ANIO TOEO 60. a1to'tEAEi 1tAitPE~ !!EAa~ 'tT]~ E.F.A.

kE on a.<popu 'to. 1tOAt'ttKU 1tpuYlla'tU a'tT] xropu Ila~, a'tT] nOAmKfj aKllvTt uAAU KU1 ce EninEoo K01vooviu~, U1tUPXOUV OUO (curo <pUVT]KE tOlUi'tEPU IlE 'to 1tOUIlO a'tT] 1tprolJv rtouyKoaAu~iu) tOwAoytK01tOAtnKOi 1tOAa1. 0 1tpro'to~ u1to'tEui'tUt uno Iliu tOtOru1tlJ crullllUxtu U1tO «E9vtKOaocrtuAla'tE~ aptorsPOU~», 01tOO~ EK<PPUSE'tat KiJplU U1tO 'to K.K.E., 0!1U0~ UKPOO&;t<OV U1tO KOtVo~ouAEunKou~ Kat E~OOKOtvo~ouAEunKou~ xropou~ KUt EKKAlJalUanKOU~ KUKAou~. AU'tit T] «crullllUxiu» EK<PPUSEt ESvtKlanKfj, U\l'tl£UPOO1tutKfj 1tOAt'ttKfj tOwAoyia, E1tlKlVOUVT] ylU 'tT] OlJIlOKPUrlU, 'tT]V apitVT] Kat 'tOV WpOO1ta'iKo 1tpOaavu'toAtallO 'tT]~ xropu~. 0 OEU'tEPO~ U1tO'tEAEi'tUt U1tO 1tOAtnKE~ OUVUIlE~ 1tOU ~ptaKOV'tUt OO~ a't01l1KE~ EK<ppuaEt~ es OtU<popOU~ 1tOAmKOU~ xropou~, OO~ crull1tayit~ IltKP&; 1tOAtnKE~ OUVUIlE1~ oro xropo 'tT]~ E~OOKotVO~O'llAEunKfj~ Uptcr'tEPU~ Kat IlEllovoojlEva U'tOIlU (1tuVE1tta'tT]lllUKOi, OlJllOatoypu<pOt K.U.), 0 0- 1tOlo~ em avn9E<JT] IlE rov 1tPro'to 1tOAa EK<PpUSEt uv'tlESvtKtcrnKfj, WPOO1tu'iKfj 1tOAt'ttKfj tOwAayia, OO<pEAtlllJ ylU t1]v oT]1l0Kpurla, t1]v EtpitVT], Kat 'tOV mpoona'ilCo npoaClVCl'tOAtO'IlO 'tT]~ XropCl\;. ~'llamxro\; 0 OEU'tEPO~ nOAa~ OE cruVtO"tU !!EXPt aitllEpa llaStKO nOAt'ttKO PEUIlCl.

Au'tft T] KU'tua'tU<JT] EtVCll os IlEYciAo ~Cl9!!6 anO'tEAEaIlU ron E9v01(EV'tpU(OU EMT]Vop90oo~ou 1l0V'tEAa'll 1t(lVOO oro oxoio, Clno 'tT]v iOpucrit ron Kat ytCl OEKUEm~ OOllit9T]KE 'to crUrXPOVO VEOEMT]VtKO KPU'tO~~

LE on a<popu ~ E1ttKElIlEVE~ EKAoyE~ 'to OYP ANIO TOEO ntcr'tEUEt 1tOO\; 1tPE1tEt vu 'll1toa'tT]ptX90uv 9EaE~ 1tOU EK<PPUSO'UV IlE au<pitvElU 9E't1KE~ nOAlnK&; os slJ'tltlla'tU aE~aIlOU 'tT]\; OtCl<popEnKO'tT]'tU~ ce yAooacrtKO, 1tOAtnanKO it KOtVOOVtKO E1tlnEOO, IlE ~ClcrtKfj npOun09E<JT] 'tT]V avayvropl<JTJ xm tov aE~uallO 'tOOV OtKUtooIlU'tOOV rooo 'tT]~ MUKEOOVtKfj~ oco Kat 'tT]\; TO'llpKlKfj~ E9v1Kfj~ IlEtov6'tT]'t~ oo~ 'tE'tOt~, 9EaE~ tOmi'tEpu <JT]llaV'ttKE~ ym 'tT]V UVU1tTIl~T] 'tT]~ 1tOAt'tlKfj~ OT]IlOKPUria.~ a'tT] xropu Il(l~·

Nn 'llnoa'tT]ptx90uv 1tOAtnKE~ O'UVUllEl~ 1t0'll rl9EV'tut oX! aoptcr'tU 'll1tEP rou E'llpOO1ta'iKou zpoocvu'toAtcrllOU 'tT]~ xropu~, 'tT]~ EtpitVT]~ xm 'tT]V OlJIlOKpUrlU~ uUU ElVUt 'tau'toxpova uvn6E'tE~ IlE «UVU'tOAtKOOp9000~E9) E1ttAoYE~ Kat E9vOKEV'tptK&; ClV'tv..it'l'E~ 01tOO~ ClU'tE~ EK<PPusov'tat uno 'tOV KUpiapxo 10WAaytK01tOAt'tlKO 1tOAa aitllEPCl.

To OYP ANIO TOEO Kaui 'ttAa~ 'to'll~ 'I'lJ<Po<popO'll~, 'tou~ <piAo'll~ uUU Kat OAO'll~ 'tou~ nOAt'tE~ vn unoa'tT]p~o'UV IlE 'tT]V 'l'it<PO 'tou~ EKdvE~ 't1~ nOAt'tlK&; O'UVUIlE~ no'll EK<PPUSO'UV 9E(jE~ lCOV'tU a' en't&; rcou 'll1toa'tT]PtSEt 'to OYP ANIO TOEO !!Eaa a1tO 'to nOAt'tllCO ron llavupEa'tO.

H nOAITIKH rPAMMA TElA

M)"'KeAONIKO

1 0 GNHMGP({)TIKO A,GA TIO

METACI)PAIH AnO TO npCTOTVnO KEIMENO THI EnlITOAHI

Oi Ilpcowoi / Eupol1tai:Kl'J EAs66SPTJ ~Uf.1f.1axta oro EUpC01ta'lK6 KOWO~OUA10

BpU~EAs~ 3 MalOU 2000

Ilpoc 'tOY TIpco6u7toupy6 'tTJ~ EM.ciOo~ Koerc ~TJf.1i'tTJ

kya1tTJ'tE K. ~TJf.1i'tTJ

~'to ovouc trov Ilpcowev Kat 'tTJ~ Eupco1tai:Kl'J~ EAs66sPTJ~ ~Uf.1f.11lXi~ oro EUpC01ta"iK6 Kowo~UAlO 6a 6EAaf.1S va SK<ppUcrOUf.1S rnv aVTJcruxia f.1a~ os crXEcrlJ f.1S ~TJnlf.1ll'tU yAcocrcrtKl'J~, 1tOAt'ttcrnKl'J~ Kat s6vtKl'J~ lOtat'tsp6'tTJ'ta~ cr'tTJ xropa cra~ Kat tOlai'tspa os 6n a<popu 'to si}'tTJf.1a 'tTJ~ MaKsOoVlKl'J~ yArocrcra~.

Ms 'tTJv u1tO')'pa<pi} 'tTJ~ crnf.1~acrlJ~ IUaicrlO yta rn l1tKatffif.1a'tU 'tow MSlOV0nl'tCOV (!:S1t'tEf.1~PlO~ '98), TJ EM.ciOa avaf.1<pi~oAa KlviJ6TJKS 1tpO~ 'tTJv ococr'ti} Ka'teU6uvcrlJ. BE~ata lttcr'teUOUf.1S ltCO~ 0 SKCJU')'xpOVlcr).l6~ 'tTJ~ SMTJVtKl'J~ Kotvcovia~ ea altatnlcrsl ola<pops'ttKl'J ltpocri;yytcrTJ os 6n a<popu 'tTJv Ka'toxUpcocrlJ rrov uetovonxov olKatcof.1u'tcov. Am6 ytVS'tIlt Sltt'taKnKl'J avu')'KTJ cr'ta ltAaic:na 'tTJ~ ota01Kacria~ 'tTJ~ Eupcoltai:Kl'J~ svo1toiTJcrlJC;.

TItcr'teUOUf.1S on 'to 6Ef,1a 'tTJ~ MaKsoovtKl'J~ yAfficrcra~ ea ltpi:1tSl va aV'tlf.1S'tcomcr6si f.1l:cra alt6 Eva SltOlK000f,1TJnK6 OtciAoyO f.1S rnv Ai}'I'TJ stOtKroV f.1s'tpcov cr'ta 1tAalcrta f.1i~ 1tOAt'ttKl'J~ ltpocr'tacriac; Kat aVUlt'tU~TJe; 'tTJ~. 01tCOe; aKpt~ro~ TJ EMTJVlKl'J yAfficrcra OtKatoU'tat vu EXSt 'tTJ 6EcrlJ· 'tTJe; avuf.1SO"a o't~ u1t6- AOl1tS~ SUpC01tai:KE~ yAffiO"crs~ O'tO f.1SyaAOK00f,10 'tTJe; 1tOAt'ttK01tOAt'tlOf,1tKl'Je; Kat 1tOAU<pCOVlKl'Je; svcof.1l:VTJ~ EuproltTJ~ Emt aKpt~ro~ Kat TJ MaKsoovtKl'J yAfficroa 1tpi:1tSl vc ExSt 'tTJ OtKl'J 'tTJe; 6EcrlJ cto f.1tKp6KOcrf,10 - as OXEO"TJ f,1s 'tTJv EuproltTJ- 'tTJ~ SMTJVlKl'Je; 1tOAUS6vtKl'J~ Kat 1tOAUYAcocrcrtKl'J~ ltpayJ.ta'tlK6'tTJ't~.

Alt6 aUnl 'tTJV UltO'l'TJ 6a 6EAaf.1S va cra~ S1ttcrlJJ.tUVOUf.1S 'tTJV avaYKatO'tTJ'ta yta 'tTJv s1ticrTJJ.tTJ avayvroptcrlJ 'tTJe; MaKsoovtKl'J~ yAffiocr~, 'tTJ Ka'tox;6pcocri} 'tTJ~ f.1S 'tTJV slO"aycoyi} 'tTJ~ ow SKltatOsunK6 crnO"'tTJf.1Il cr~ 1tSptOXE~ ozoie; OJ.ttAsi'tat Kat 'tTJ OTJf.1toupyia f,1TJxavlO"f,1ffiv ltOU vc S1tt'tPE'I'OUV 'tTJv 1tapoucria 'tTJe; ma M.M.E.

ea eEAaf.1S 1toM 'tTJ cruvspyaoia cr~ Kal slf.1llmS ota'ts6stllSvOl va oae; SVTJf.1SprocrOUf.1S yta 'ta tox;6ov'ta crs UAAs~ xropse; f.1l:ATJ ~ ozoie; aV'tlltpooco1tSUOuJ.ts.

Ilepuievoups oro xovnvo f.1l:AAoV 'tTJv a1tciV'tTJcri} o~

Me run],

Heidi Hautala Co-President

Paul Lannoye Co-President

Nelly Maes Vice President

AEPII1H - <DAffiptva 15.05.2000

~~ 11 Kat 12 Maiou av'ttltpocrCOltsia'tou OYPANIOY TOSOY cruf,1J.ts'tsixs f.1S 'tTJV tOtO'tTJ'ta ron J.ti:Aou~ 1tapa'tTJPTJnl 'tTJV ozolu Ka'tExet soro Kat Eva xp6vo cr~ spyaO"ise; 'tTJe; ~UVEAsucrTJ~ 'tTJ~ EnpCOltalKl'J~ KOlVO~UAsu'tlKl'J~ OJ.tUOo~ «EUpCOltlllKl'J EAs66sPTJ ~uJ.tJ.taxia» (EFA).

H EF A sivat cruvacrlttcrJ.t6e; EUpC01talKrov ueiovonxev Kat 1tSpt<pSPStaKroV K0J.tJ.tU'tcov Kat Spucr'tTJPlO1tOlSi'tat cro EUpCOKOlVO~OUAlO J.taSi f.1S 'tTJV oJ.tUoa 'tTJv TIPIlOtVCOV, cruVlO"'troV'tIl~ rqv 'ti:'tap'tTJ as O'6vaJ.tTJ KOLVo~ouAsunKl'J of,1uoa «EFAIGREENS» J.tS 48 EUpCO~OUAsu'tEC;.

Avcusoc cr'ta 6Ef,1a'ta 1tOU cruSTJnl6TJKIlV crqv TJf.1Spi}crta otci'ta~TJ i}'tav Kat 'to si}'tTJf,1a 'tTJ~ OlenpUVOTJe; 'tTJ~ Eupco1tIli:Kl'Je; 'EVCOcrlJ~, TJ OXEcrlJ Kat TJ eEcrlJ 'tCOV J.ttKProV s6vrov, xcoprov Kat zspupepeuov 0"'tTJ f.1SAAovnKl'J Evcof.1l:VTJ EuproltTJ, Kaeroe; Kat STJnlf.1ll'ta opyuvcocrTJe; 'tCOV KOf,1J.tU'tCOV ce ltaVSUpC01talK6 miltsoo.

M)"KeAONIKO

6NHM6PCDTIKO A6A TIO 11

'Eva a7t6 'ta ~aatKa eSIla'ta 't'l]~ rll.u;piIa~ Otam~l1~ a7tO''tsN:m:: Kat 'to' ~iI'tfllla 'tfl~ MaKeOO'vtKiI~ yMOaaa~ ernv EMaoa.

o EK7tp6aro7t0'~ ron OYPANIOY TOEOY sesm:"tO' ~iI'tfl!1a 't'l]~ avayvoopt<Tll~ 't'l]~ MaKsoO'vtKiI~ yMOaaa~ ro~ s7ti<TllIl11~ IlElO'vO'nKiI~ yMOaaa~ crnv EM6.0a, 't'l]~ EtaayroyiI~ 'tfl~ oro SM11VlK6 sK7tatOsunK6 mJa't'l]lla Kaeoo~ s7ti<Tll~ Kat 'tfl~ slaayroyiI~ 't'l]~ oru M.M.E. a~ 7tEPtOXS~ 67tO'u au-riI O'IltN:i"tat.

I1ps7tet vc <TllllEtroesi on 11 O'llaou txov EFA I GREENS sa'tStN: e7tta"tO'AiI SKKA11<Tll yta 'to' ~iI't'l]1lQ. uu't6 7tpO'~ rov 7tpro9u7tO'upy6 't'l]~ EM6.oO'~ K. l:l1lli'tfl 't'l]v ozoin 7tpO'au7tO'ypci<pO'uv SK IlEPO'u~ rorv 48 Eupro~O'uw'toov oi 'tpe~ 7tp6S0PO'l 'tfl~ O'!1IiOQ~, HEIDI HAUTALA, PAUL LANNOYE (u7t6 'tQU~ Ilpcowouc) Kat NELLY MAES (a7t6 'tflV EFA). Ms rqv e1tta'tQATJ KaN:i'tat 11 eM11VlKiI KU~SPVfl<Tll vo sq>ap!16aet esnKiI 7tO'AtTIKiI a"ta usiovonxc ~l1-riIllQ."ta tOtai'tspa os as en aq>O'pa 't'l]v MaKsoO'VlKiI IlStov6'tfl'ta a't'l]v EM6.oa.

TO' OYP ANIO TOEO S7ttcr11llQ.ivEt 7tro~ sivat 11 7tpoo't'l] q>O'pa non 'to' ~iI'tflllQ. au"t6 "ties"tat as roco u'lfllA6 s7ti7tE00' a'ta 6pyuva 'tfl~ Eupro7talKiI~ 'Evro<Tll~ Kat au't6 O'q>siN:'tat ornv 7tpO'7tapaaKsuiI Kat covroviousvn opa<Tll rmv IlEMOV ton 'to'u~ 7tPO'l1y0'6!1EVO'u~ IlTJV~ am 7tA.a.iata ron Eupro7ta.ilCO'U Kowo~O'uAiou.

l:'t'l]V 7tapa7tavro onvcvmon "tS9flKS S7tl<Tfl~ a7t6 rqv 7twpa rou OYPANIOY TOEOY"tQ ~iI'tflJla 't'l]~ a1tay6psu<Tll~ 't'l]~ opa<Tll~ 'tQU lC6JlJla'tQ~ 'tfl~ MalCeoQVlKiI~ JlEtQv6'tfl'ta~ «OMO ILINDEN PIRIN» a'tfl BO'UAyapia, xoopu 11 ozoic eSN:t vc auvosesi IlE mv Eupro7tuiKiI 'Eveoon, EVSP'YStU 61lro~ 11 ozoio; OEV aull~a.O~St IlE n~ sUpro7tUtK~ apxs~ Kat a~is~.

MimI 't'l] mxpO'oO' EV6~ s'tou~ U7t6 'tfl tOtO'tfl"tu ron IlEAoU~ 1tUpa'tflP11-riI "to OYPANIO TOEO aullllE'tExSt ouotcrrrucn a7t6 aiI!-lspa tcr6nllQ. as 6~ ~ OpU<T't'l]pt6'tfl"ts~ Kat U7tOXPsOOa~ 't'l]~ l:UJlJl<lxia.~.

Axoecotorrpcs e7ti<Tll~ a't'l]v E7t6!1EVfl YEVtKiI l:uvtAsua11 va yivst S7tl<TflIl11 avuKiIpu~l1 'tQU OYPANIOY TOEOY ro~ 1tAiIpe~ !1EAO'u~ 't'l]~ EFA, ySYQv6~ 1tOU uvoiyst 7tMQV vss~ 1tPQQ1tnKE~ ytu"tO' KiVfllla

H IIOAITIKH fPAMMATEIA

EYPonA"iKo KOINOBOY J\IO

ErrPACDO ynOBOJ\HI KOINOBOY J\EYTIKHI EnEPOTHIHI (1)

7tpO'~ "to' YTIOYPI1KO l:YMBOY AlO KOMMIl:ION (X)

IIpQq>QptKiI SpOO'tfl<Tll (Rule 42)

(X)

o YTIOBAAAnN: Hautala, Lannoye, Maes, Lagendijk crov ovoun 't'l]~ 0!-l6.0Q~ (GREENS/EFA)

E>EMA: MaKsoO'Vt1q] fMOaau amy EM6.oa

KElMENO(2)

Ot yMOaa~ sivat IlEPQ~ ron 7tAoU"tQU 'tfl~ Eupoo1tll~. Ms 't'l]v uVUKiIpU~l1 'tQU S7tQ!iEvQU s'tO'u~ ro~ 'Eronq rcov fAroaaoov ot Eupro7tatKQi esa!1Oi sos~av 1tro~ 7tPS1tSt vc OQesi 1tpO''tspat6't'l]"tu as onto 'to' ~iI'tfllla. Ilspu a1t6 'tflV E7tia11ll11 uvuyvoopta11 IlEPlKOOV S9vlKOOV YAroaaoov U1t6 EUpro7ta.lKO'U~ eSaIlQU~, sivrn ~ronKiI~ a11Jl<la~ E7tl<Tfl~ YlU 'tflv'Evroa11 Kat 'tu 1lEA.11 't'l]~ ve acrXQA11eQUv IlE 't'l] 1tPQa"tuaiu 'tfl~ Eupro1ta'iKiI~ yAroacrtKiI~ KUl1tO'A.tTIanKiI~ Otuq>QPsnK6't'l]"t~ stOtlCa Ss oe On aq>opa 't~ A.ty6"tepo OtaOSOQ!iEv~ yMOaa~.

ApKe"ta u1t6 'to. otE9viI xsiusvc avayvropi~O'uv 'to' otKairolla mQU~ 1tQAi"ts~ vc Ota't'l]pO'uv Kat vn KUMtEpyO'UV 'tfl YMOaaa rouq. TO'v 7tEpacr!iEvQ Mapnc 'to' EUpro7tUllCO KQtVQ~oUA.to ljIiIq>tcrs !-lia. axsnKiI 1tupaypuq>Q a't'l] l:ull~ua11 'tfl~ E.E. 7tO'u aq>QP6. 'tU E>SIlEAtOO011 dtKUtOOJl<l'ta.

l:'tflv EM6.oa, 11 MalCsoO'vtKiI 'YMOaaa OEV sivat E7tl<Tfllla avuyvroptcr!1Evll.

M.Io..K6AONIKO

12 6NHM6PWTIKO AeA TIO

IIapo/."o nou II yMhaaa XPllO"tIW7tOlsi1:at as Ka6T)j.l£ptviJ ~UO"T) cs apKE"tSe; 7tEPtOXSe; aUnl OEV U7tUPXSt xrrv ours a1:O EK7tatOSU"ttKO aUa"tT)lla oms ma M.M.E.

ea E~E"tuaEt II Emrponf (KOMMll:ION) 7troe; aE J.lia Eupoo7tT) rcov IIOAUOOV 9a 7tpS7tEt va U7t(iP~Et u7tOanlP~ll a"tT) zpootucic Kat KaMtSpYEta OAmV rcov YAmaaoov; ea E~E"tUaEt II E7tt"tpom') "tT)V u7toanlP~ll axsoMv 1tOU 9a 1tpOSpxov"tat a1to opyavOOaEtc; Ot oxots; opaa"tT)pto7totouv"tat 9EnKa yta "to STt"tT)J.la "tT)e; MaKSOOvtKi(e; yMhaaae; cmv EMuoa; Ilotc auyKsKptJ.lSva J.lS1:pa 9a 7tPO"tdVEt II E7tt"tpom') ore 7tAaiO"ta "tT)e; avaKi(pu~lle; "to E1tOJ.lEVOU s"toue; roe; 'E1:OUe; rerv rAmaaOOV;

IIapaKo/."ou9Ei II E1tt"tpom') "tT) OtaOtKaaia U7toypa<pTte; Kat S1ttKUproO"T)e; "tT)e; Eupro1ta"iKi(e; l:ull~aO"T)e; yta "ttc; IIEpt<pEPEtaKSc; Kat Msiovonxa; rMhaaEe;; ea 1tPO"tdVEt II E7tt"tpom') 01troe; SKavs "to Eupro7tatKO KOtvO~OUAto "to 7tEpaaJ.lSvO Mapno va u7toypa<psi Kat E7ttKUpro9Ei II 7tapa7tQvro l:ull~aO"T);

Y7toypa<pTt (a) Hj.l£POllllvia: 16.05.00

.---------1 ANAKOINm:H TOY OYPANIOY TO:OY f---------. <I>AOOptva - AEPVlH 29.05.2000

ME a<pOPIlTt "ttc; OTjAOOaEtc; roo EK7tpOaOO1tou TU1tou "tT)e; KU~SpVT)O"T)e; K. PS7t7ta (25.05) on «ll KU~SpVT)O"T) OEV UV"ttj.l£"tro7ttSEt STt"tT)lla avayvooptO"T)e; MaKEOOVtKi(e; yMhaaae; a"tT)v EM6.oa» "tT)v wta aKpl~OOe; llllspa Kat oopa 1tOU aV"tt7tpoaro7tda ron OYPANIOY TOSOY SOLVE o"uVMSU~ll "tU7tOU yta "to iotO 9SIla ornv ateouaa "tT)e;'EvroO"T)e; AV"ta7tOKpt"tOOV SSvou TU7tou, E1ttO"T)llaivouj.l£ "ta 7tapaKu"tro:

IIpo<pavooe; 0 SK7tpoaro7tOe; ro7tOU "tT)e; KU~SpVT)O"T)e; OEV SXEI EVT)J.lEpro9si yta rnv S1tta1:OATt - SKKA.llO"T) "tT)e; oll6.0ae; rcov IIpaaivrov Kat "tT)e; Eupro1ta'lKi(e; EA.eU9EPlle; l:ullllaxiae; (GREENS / EF A) 7tpOe; rov 7tpro9u7toupyo "tT)e; EMaoOe; yta avayvooptO"T) "tT)e; MaKEOOVtKi(e; rMhaaae; roe; uetovoruop; yMhaaae; crnv EMaoa. H E1tta"toATt m6.A.911Ks a"tT)v EMllvtKi( KU~SpVT)O"T) ane; 3 Motou U7toyeypullJ.lSvTJ EK J.lSpOUe; "tT)e; oJ.laOOe; a7to rou; 7tpOSOpOue; Heidi Hautala, Paul Lannoye Kal Nelly Maes.

ME "tT)v E1ttO""tOATt J.lE"ta~u 6.A.Amv KaA.ehat II eMllVlKi( KU~SpVT)O"T) vu Aa~Et J.lS"tpa yta "tT) 1tpoa"tuaia Kat rqv UVU1t"t\l~Tt "tT)e; 07troe; Eivut II EtauyroyTt "tT)e; oro SK7tatOSU1:tKO aUa"tT)J.lU a"tT) paatKi( Kat J.lS0"T) EK1taWSUO"T) an<; 7tEPtOXSe; O1tOU EKetVT) oJ.ltA.ei"tat Kat Tj 1tpO~ATt "tT)e; a7tO tn KpanKu M.M.E.

ME"tu a1tO Suo E~OOIlUOEe;, ane; 16 MUlOt> 1)1tO~ATt6T)KE yta 1:0 ioto STt"tT)IlU KOlVo~ot>AsunKi( E7tEPOO"tT)O"T) oro EUproKOtVO~OUAtO t>1toyeypaJ.lJ.lSvTJ uno rou; rpsu; nposopoue; Heidi Hautala, Paul Lannoye, Nelly Maes Ku900e; Kat a7to rov 7tpOO1:O uV"tt7tpOSOpO roiv IIpaaivrov OAA.av06 K. Lagendljk. EVSpyEt<l II ozotc a7tOOEtKWEI "to EVOta<pSpOv Kat "tT)v suata6T)aia rrov IIpaaivrov Kat "tT)e; E<I>A oro STt"tT)J.la "tT)e; MUKEOOvtKi(e; YAooaaae; ornv EMaoa.

To OYPANIO TOSO E1ttO"T)J.luivEt nroe; OEV stvci Ku90AOU SUXaPUHO a1:te; aV"tt7tpoaronEiee; rou not> J.lE"tSxot>V aE OtEevete; O"UvuV"tftaEtc; tOtUi"tEPU oro EuproKotVO~OUAtO vc 9s"tot>V SllnlIlU"tU zou EKeS"tOt>V "tT) xoopa J.lue;. Etvm OJ.lroe; t>nOXPEroJ.lSv0 va 1:0 KaVEt E7tEtOTt UV1:tJ.lE"tro7tiSEt O"UVExOOe; "tT)v aPVTJO"T) "tT)e; EMTjvtKi(e; 7toAt"tEiue; not> SK<ppUSE"tat 0""tT) KaAu"tEPll nEpmroO"T) J.lE Tt1ttO tpono J.lE 9SaEtc; ouv (1)"tSc; "tot> KUJ3EpVT)1:tKOU EK1tpOaoonot>.

EA1I:ii;0t>IlE II KU~SpVT)O"T) KUt 0 KU~EpVT)"ttKOe; EK1tpoaronoe; j.l£ rnv E7tta1:OAij SKKA.TjO"T) vu avnAllCP90w "tT) ao~upo"tT)m "tot> SllnlJ.lU1:Oe; tOtai"tspa OE J.lE"ta Kat "tT)v 1<Otvo~ouA.sunKi( E7t8POO"tT)0"T) rou IIpoeope!ou rrov IIpucr!vrov Kat "tT)C; E<I>A.

KaA.ouJ.lE "tT)V EMllVtKi( KU~SpVT)O"T) va aE~aa"tei "tT)V u7toypacpTt "tT)e; a"tT) l:uJ.l~aO"T) maiato rou l:t>Il~uAiou "tT)e; Et>poo7tT)e; yta rn LltKutOOIlU"tU rorv Meiovornnov , vu "tT)V <pSp8t 7tpOe; E1ttKUproO"T) a"tT) BOt>Ait xropie; 7teptoptanKSe; ollMhaEtc; Kat ve E<pUPIlOaEt oou 7tpO~A.S7tov"tat os ut>nlv Yta ne; E9vtKse; J.lEtOVO"tT)"tEe; crqv xoopu J.lue;.

T &e; J.lE tOtai"tEPO EVOtacpSPOv eu 1tEptJ.lSvOt>J.lE ne; U1l:0'l'Etc; 11:01) eu EKcppuaEt 0 KU~EpVT)nKOe; eK1tpoaro1l:0e; Kat II SAAllvtKi( KU~SpVT)O"T) a"tT)v cvnnpootoaeiu 1:OU Et>proKOtvO~Ot>Aiou II onoia npOK81"tUt vc 81ttO"K8<peEi cto uJ.lEao J.lSMOV 7t8ptOxSe; "tT)e; Bopeiaq EM6.oue; an<; 07toise; oj!tA.ei"tat II MUKeOOVtKi( yAooaaa.

H IIOAITIKH rPAMMATEIA

M)"K6AONIKO

SNHM6P<DTIKO ASA TIO 13

,_---- r,o l'n 616oClKOdio l'ns 6dcJClClos l'lJV EKOrrilJv----,

(0 Tidoe; eivai Tr/e; EAW8spow7riae;)

«ME a.popptJ 'to otJPooUrupu 'ttl; ECPtJJ1Epiou; 041; noo 0tJP00u:69t)KE 'ttIv IIEp7t'ttJ G'tt; 11.05.2000 G't0 oeoto UVUCPEP&'tUt 'to OYP ANIO TOEO KUt TO ovopci P01), TO MOlO 1lltoypciCPEI 0 UV'tllltOKpt'tt); 'ttl; EcptJJ1&piOll; G'tll I:KOltlll TciKtJ; Atapav'tt);, Eltl'tPS",'tE P01) va Eltt01)pUVID 'ta napaKU'tID.

A1JG'tuJ(w; 0 TciKtJ; AlIlflUV'tt); napanAtJPocpopEi OlllG'tPE(JAWvov-ra<; mJVm&1J~tJ flO1J ID; EK7tPOOID1t01J 't01J OYP ANIOY TOEOY G'ttJV EcptJflEp10a "DNEVNIK" on01J G't0 npID'tO't1JltO 0tJPooUrufla, 'to on010 Kal 041; Enl(J1)vci1t'tID Y1v&'tal avacpopci ano flEp01J; p01J (000 CPOPE; paAtG'tU) OE "Et<JaYIDYtJ 'ttl; MaKEOOVIKt); YAWOO«; G't0 ElltJVIKO EK7tUtO&1J'tlKO cnJG'ttJfla" Kal OJ(t OE "civotYfla paKEoOVIKWV (JJ(OUiIDV" OltID; UVUCPSPEI ",&1JOEG'ta'tU 0 TciKtJ; AlIlflaV'tt);, G'tO cip9po

T01J.

K. At&1JOuv-rci, G'ta nOAvna9a BaAKcivw nOAU; cpopt<; G't0 napEA90v ullci 01J<JT1JJ(W; Kal 7tpoocpaTU 'tU flEwvonKci ;tJ'tt)JlUTU unO'tEUOUV 'ttIV UcpOPfltJ yw (Jwlonpuyw; UKOfltJ KUI Yla nOUfllKE; (J1)ppa~Et;. EJ1&l;, ot EOvlKci MaKEOOVE;, nOA1'tE; 'ttl; Ellcioo; KUI 'ttl; E1JpIDnaiKt); 'EVID01)4i av-rtAup(JaVOJlaG'tE 'tt<; &1Jata9t)ow" 11 Kal Tt<; npoKaTaA11",Et<; nov 1JnuPxo1Jv G'ttJv Ellciou Kat OE ulli" BaAKavIKE" J(WPE" G'ttJV ltuw",,,cpia TOV nAtJOuOJlOV OTav yiVETlll avacpop.a OE JUlWVOTlKa oiKaubJlaTa.

IIlG'tw01JJ1& OE nID; 01 EOvtKE; f'EWVO'ftJ'tE" lOluiTEpa G'ta BaAKcivw npEltEI J1& 'ttl (J1)f'nEplcpopci T01J; va E'YY1)wv-ral Kal va Ka9t)(J1)XU;01JV TOV nUW"'tJcplKO nAtJOuoJlO nID" OEV ano(JUn:01JV JlEOa uno 'ttIV UOKtJ01) 'tIDV OIKatIDJlci'tIDV 'tOO; G'ttJ OW'tupU~tJ 'ttl; EIPtJVtJ; KUl O'ttlV allayt) TIDV 1JnaPJ(ov-rIDV nOAI'tiKrov (J1)VOPIDV, YlIl'tl amo trupiID" 0tJl. 01 BaAKaviKoi PE'YaAoWEa'tt<Jfloi oOt)YtJoav Kat oOtJYo1lV OE noufllKE; (J1)YKPOVOEt;.

I'i' amo aKpI(Jro.C; 9EIDPOVJ1& nID; tJ KaAvTEPtJ lv01) mo 9Efla 'ttl" MaKEOOVIKt); YAWooa; G'ttJv Ellcioa OEV Elval tJ 0tJJU01JPYia EVO; aVE~ciP'ttJT01J napcilltJAo1J EK7tatO&1J't'lKOV (J1)o-rt)pu'to; anOKAElmlKci G'ttJ JlaKEOoVlKt) YAWooa (a1JTO napanEl1nEI OE anoO;(I01) Oupi;ona; UCK Kal "nUVEltlo'tt)JlIO T&'to(Jo1J"), aAM 11 EloayClJ'Y11 'ttl; ero Ell1lVIKO EK7tUlO&1JTlKO cnJG'ttJl1a G'ttJ (JaolKt) Kal pE01) EK7taiO&1J01) ml<; nEpIOXE; ono1J a1l'tt) 0I1WiTal. Mia l'ETOlll AV01) 941 (J1)fl(Jcillil 9&'tiKU roG'tE 11 ElltJVIKt) KOIVIDVia va 0&)(0&£ &1JKow'tEpa 'to olKalrofla G't0 OlllCPOp&'tIKO xm va ano(JuuI cpofJw; KalnpOKa'taAtJ",Et<; TOO napEA90v-r0c;.

01 napanciVID anO",EI<; E;(01JV EnaVEtAtJflJtiiva EKcppaG'tEi 't000 ano EpEva npOOIDnlKci 000 Kal ano TO OYP ANIO TOEO G't0 nOAI'tIKo 't01J f'avlcptmo Kal aKplfJw; 01 iOlE; maval1\cp9tJKav G'ttJv npoocpa'ttl EnlGKE"'tJ UV'tl1tPOOro1tEia; 't01J OYP ANIOY TOEOY G'ttJv topa 'tOY E1JpIDnaiKov KotVOfJ01JAio1J OTt<; Bp1>~slli;.

AVTtAaJlfJcivEmE K. ot&1JOuv-rci 'ttIv 'tEpcimw olllcpopa avcipEoa mt; 000 9EOEI; Kat 't01J; Olacpop&'tlKo1l; (J1)VEtppOV;, EpE9iofla'ta 1\ Kal (J1)flnEpcioflaTa n01J npoKaui moo; avayvromE; 041; allci Kal &1JpVTEpa G'ttJV KOlv1j yvrol111 TO cip9po T01J (J1)VEPya'ttl 041;.

Av OEV tmapJ(EI 7tP09E01) ylIl napa7tAfJpocpOP'I01) 11 Kal npOKaTciAfJ"'fJ ano TOV TUKfJ AU1flav'tt) G'E papo; flO1J (fla;) TOTE 'TO flOVO nov flOO flSvEI va 1J7tOO&G'o) Elval OTt sival aviKavo; vu pE'tacppaOEI OO)G'tci TpEI<; GElpt; KEipEVO. AEV VOI1~ETE O't'l Eival a1J'to aVEni'tpEltTO Yla tvav OfJPooIOYPcicpo nov fJpiOK&'tal J(pOVW Tropa G'ttJ YEITOVIKt) f'a; J(ropa;

METIJlt), IIavloS Xp • BOCJK07t01JAO;

(AT]flocrteUTl]KE crTl]V EqJT]flEpiliu «EAzu9EP01:ll1tiu» Tl]V Tptm 16 Mniou 2000)

MJ..K6AONIKO

14 GNHMGPCDTIKO AEL\. TIO

Ano TO THAEonTIKO MHNYMA THl OAKKE riA Til BOYAEYTIKEl EKJ\OrEl TOY 2000

I:~ j30UA£utlK~ EKA01~ tTJ~ 9'" AltpiATI to OYPANlO TOED xou EK1tpoO"roltEi tO~ E9vtKcl Mo.KE86v~ OEY eA.a.~E flepo~. M6vo 0 EKAoyIK6~ cruvOUo.O"fl6~ tTI~ OAKKE fliATlO"E Ko.So.pcl yta. «flo.KEOOVtlCTt E9vtKi] flElov6tT1to.» xm flclA10"to. oro ltPOl'tO o.lt6 to. Mo tTlAEOlttlKcl ltEVtclAE7tto.. Ko.tTtyYEW:: tOY EAAl]VlK6 E9vtKlO"fl6 flE OlclCPOp~ ltOA.ltlK~ Seo"E~ 61t(O~:

«IIpcino, tx01JJ1E &1tlXI:1ptJcn:1 J1E 1]<nJlTI IJ1JVI:WlJOTJ va allaI;01JJ1E aKOJia Kal "I: OlKOVOJilKO a7tOKAEUJJiO TO ovo"a T1J~ Ji1Kp1]~ Kal OXOOOV U07tJ..11~ A11J1OKpaTla~ T1J~ MaKI:80via9> ••• <cAEllTEPO exouflE cruj.11tapo.to.xSEi Ylo. flla OE1(o.Etia us tOY flEYo.A.UtEPO ~o.A.Ko.V10 O"cpayeo. Ko.t ltapo.~lo.crtft cruv6prov ltOU £ivai TI kEP~ia. .. ·

«TpITo, &IJia<n1: 11 J10Vll xropa <n1JV E. 'EvroOTJ nOll apvoU"a<n& T1JV 1J7tapl;lJ TroV &6vlKroV J1EWVOT1]TroV <no t8acpo~ J1(l~ Kal KaTa7tl£~o1JJ1E &T<J1 T1JV TOVPK1KlJ Kal T1J J1(lK&80v1K1] e- 9vlK1] J1EWvOntTa» •••

AutO. to. o.V"ClYPclCPOUflE 0.7[6 tTlv ECPTlflEpioo. tTI~ OAKKE tTlv «NEA ANATOAH» ilapo.O"KEUTt 14 AltpiATI 2000 o"EA.. 7.

No. O"TJflEwO"ouflE ltro~ oMKATlPTJ tTJV o.vo.KoivroO"Tj yta.ti OEY KatE~o.ivEI to «O.T.» crtt~ EKAoy~ rnv OTlflOcrlEUO'E TI «N.A.» O"tO i010 cpuUo cmv O"EA. 4.

npOKHPY::H nOY MOIPAITHKE AnO TO ME.P.A. lTHN nEPIOXH CJ)ACPINAl - nToAEMA"iI1AI

METono PlzornArTIKHr APlrTEPAr- ME.P.A.

• AVEI;UPT1JTO, aV'tlKanlTaJ..l<nlKO, 8l&6vl<nlKO J1&TC07tO I;tvrov, J1EWVOT1Krov Ka1 Ell1]vrov &PYa~OJ1€vrov yw a7tOTpOn1] TOO 7tOUJ101J.

• 'OA.a TO. 81Katci>J1(lta <n1JV <JA.apOJ1(lK&80V1K1] (1] J1(lK&80V1K1]) J1EWVOntTa, <n1J Ji01J<J01JJ..J1(lV1K1]

Ka1 T01JPKOY&V1] J1EWvOntTa.

• I<Ja 81Katci>J1(lTa <n01J~ AA.pavoU~ Ka10A.01l~ T01J~ I;tv01J~ &PYUT~.

• 'El;ro lJ EllUaa ano TO NATO, avT1Ka7ttTaJ..1<nlK1] an08£<JJ1&1lOTJ ano T1Jv E.E., KUTro 11 ONE.

• KUTro 01 K1Jp&pv1]<J&~ TOO K&<paA.aiolJ Ka1 troy 7tOUJ1COV.

• EpyanK1] El;01J<Jla <n1JV Ellalia Ka1 TO. BaJ..KUvw, a'Yrov~ yw T1JV KOJiJ101JV1<nlK1] K01vroVla xrop~ <JVvopa.

Epya~Of.lEV01-~! NeOI xm v~!

H A.EYOf.lEVTJ 1t(lYKOO'flIOltOiTJO'TJ tou KEcpa.A.a.iou Kat TJ o.m:A.eugeproO'TJ rorv o.yopcOv, cvri vc OOTJyftoouv O"E ElpT]VTJ Kat OTJf.lOKPo.tia., 67[(0~ tAEyo.v, OOTtYTJO'o.V O'E ltoA.tf.lOu~ Ka.t ~o.p~o.pOtTJto.. EtOtKcl O'to. BaAKclvm, 0 EV'tEIVOf.lEVO~ o.V'tayrovluflo~ flEta9J H.ll.A. Kal E.E. cs O'WOUo.UflO ue tOU~ aV'tayroV1o"f.lOU~ reiv tOmKcOv aO'tlKcOv tcl~EroV tTJ~ ltEplOx.it~, OOTtYTJO"o.V O"E ev« umcrsuro flaKeAElo. MEt~u autcOv reov aO'tlKcOv tcl~EroV O"UYKataMyEtat Kat TJ WTJV1KTJ, TJ ozoto UtTJV ltpo01tcl9Eui tTJ~ vc altOKtituEI moveKtTJf.l<l anevaV'tl O'tTJv aV'tayroviO'tpui tTJe; Toupxta, wEluypaflflil;Etal us roue f.l&YclAOU~ If.l7l:EptaAlUt~ Kal <ptclVEt O'tO O'TJflEio vc O'teA.VEI O'tpat6 Katoxitc; O'tO Koau<p01t€OlO.

Ot tflltEptaA.tO't~ XPT]crtflOltoiTjO"av ccv tOEOA.011KO 01tA.o Kat ltPOUX11f.l<l tTJ~ Enefl~acrft~ tOU~ to emXeipT]f.l<l tTJ~ «ltpoO'taui~ rmv OtKalCllf.lcltrov trov flE10VOti]troV». H 9eAT]O'TJ ym E9vtKO autoKa90plU!l0 Ko.t 0 aycOv~ evcvno O'tTJv EElvtKTJ KUtUmeO'TJ UltOKtvft9TjKE Kat O'tTJ cruv£x.Eta XE1payroyft9TjKE, apx.tKO: a7[6 roue fEPflUVOUe; Kat eltEtta altO tOU~ AflEPtKUVoU~, ym vn Em~clAA.oW tTJ ~iatT], tflltEPtaAlUtlKTJ aUayft rcov 0"\1- vopov, auti] tTJ attYflit, O"E ~O:pOc; tTJC; rtOuyKOUA.a~~. Aut6 em~E~Utc09TjKE a7t6 tTJ OPO:O'TJ tOU UCK, 0 0- ltOioC; flEtUtPO:1tT]KE UE KaSapo UltOXeiP10 txov IflltEPtaAIO'tcOV. Kat auto O"\Ive~TJ, ytati 0 UCK ltote OEY 0"\1- veoEO'E tOV EElvIKO uYcOva flE tTJv 1tclATI Kato: tOU If.l7l:EptaAlUf.lOU Kat tOU KE<pa.A.a.iou.

M .... K6AONIKO

6NHMePC:D,IKO A6A ,10 15

'Exet avoii;et AO\1tOV, tva~ VEO~ 1<llKAO~ U1tOOaUA1ml~ tOU e9vUClO"nKoU Kat 9p11O"KeunKou fiicrou~ Kat tTl~ OteKoiKllO"T]~ Kat VEWV aMayrov trov ouvoprov.

DA.e~ oi aO"nK~ ta~et~ tTl~ 1teptOxil~ uxoxpivovtm on evOta<pEPOVtat yta. t~ fiElOvOtTlte~ uovo torv avnnaAroV Kpatrov , evro taut6x;pova Katam£l;ouv ru; OtK~ tOU~. H eM11vua'l acrnJdj t~l1 KOntetat yta ta OtKatIDfiata tWV Kooopcpev Kat O"tpE<petat avotxtu Kata tOU «<PiAOU» O"ep~tKOU A.a.oU! Koxrsnn yta ta OtKatIDfiata «ov EAAi)VroV cmv AA.~avia, evro eKfiEtalleUetat ~avauO"a tOU~ AA.~ClVOU~ epyat~ Kat Katam~et OA.e~ ~ ueiovornre; O"tO eorotepuco rrov O"UVOpwv tTl~. Ta~tJdj Kat e9vtJdj KCltameO"T] nave XEpt-XEpt fie ow to «Stnipst Kat ~aO"iA.eue». MOUO"OUAf!CLVOl, roupxoyeveic, zounxot, aA~avoi, O"Aa~Ofi!!.KeOOV~ Kat EAA11ve~ epyut~ a1tO ta~tKa aOEA<pta fiEtatpe1tovtat ce e9vtKOU~ ex9poU~. To eM11vtKO KpatO~ XP11O"tfiO- 1toi11O"e oAa ta 1tPOllyoUf.leYa XPOVta aKOfia Kat tOU~ 1tpoO"<pUye~ 1tOAefiOU tTl~ M. Acria.~ tTlv iOta O"ttYfii) 1tOU tOU~ eKfiEta.MeUtTlKe, tOU~ KatameO"e i) tOU~ evO"rof!CLtwO"e.

IOtaitepCl KpiO"tfiE~ Kat 1toM e1ttKivouve~ sivm ot e~eAii;e~ omv rrr Ll MaKeoovia~, 01tOU 11 e1ttAoyT) tOU fKAtYKOPO<p vu u1totaxgei orouq AfiEPtKUVOU~, E<pepav to KpatO~ tOU O"e eugeia avrigeO"T] fie tOU~ kEP~OU~ Kat am va fiEtroO"ouv ~ tPt~E~ fie rqv aA~aVtJdj usiovorntn, ~ o~vav ce onusto ve a1tetAoUv Kat rnv wta mv u1tOcrtacri) tOU. Oixnconxc 11 rrr Ll MaKeoovia~ fiEtatpa1tllKe oe atu1tO nporscropcto fie nueptKaVOVato'iKa O"tpateUfi!!.ta O"tO eororepuco tTl~. AKOfi!!. Xetpotepa, 11 O"T]fiEptvi) e9vtKtO"ttJdj KU~epVllO"T] tTl~ O"Ufifi!!.Xia~ tOU VMRO 1tapaoiOet KOfif!CLna. tTl~ xropa~ O"tO eM11VtKO Ke<paA.a.to, to onoto 1tpollyoUf.leYa ~e~oUfitO"e tOU~ epya~of.leYOu~ tTl~ xropa~ fi!!.~. kUfif!CLXTlO"e fie mv eM11VtJdj KU~EPVllO"T] tOU ITA.kO.K., ~e- 1tOuArovta~ tOU~ 1tuvte~ yta. I.Lta xou<pta OpCl~.

Ansvcvn os auter; t~ ~eA.ii;e~, noM KpiO"tfi11 O"T]fi!!.O"ia a1tOKta 11 O"tUO"T] tTl~ eMllVtJdjr; epycmJdjr; tU~I1~ Kat tTlr; AptO"tepur; anevavtt O"tOUr; aA~avou~ epyat~ Kat ru; fiElOv6t11te~. AMa to iOlO KpiO"tfi11 eivm Kat 11 crtaO"T] tOU Ka9evor; a1tO aUtoU~ anevavtt O"tOUr; eAA11ve~ epyater;. Kat KUpiro~ eivm e1teiyouO"a 11 avuYK11 yta OtKOOOfillO"T] evo~ cpiorepo», Ote9vtO"ttKOU fiEtronou.

To ME.P.A. O"tTl OtaJdjpu~i) tOU ypa<pet: «Oi Aaoi tWV BaAKavirov Kat tTlr; eupUtep11~ 1teptoxil~ npe1tet vc op9roO"ouv to !!Etwno tOU~ orov tfi1teptaAtO"fiO Kat rov nOA.e110, vc napafiEpiO"ouv tOV e9vlKtO"f!O, to PCltO"tO"fiO Kat tOV 9P11O"KeunKo <pavattO"f!O, vo ayrovtO"tOUV yta 'tT)V etp11vtJdj O"Ufi~iroO"T] tmv A.a.rov, fie O"e~aO"fiO .. ov OtKatWfiatWV OAroV ttov e9vrov, nov uetovorrpxov Kat tWV 1tOAtttO"!!IDV, O"ta 1tA.a.ima tTl~ 1tciA.llr; tOU~ yta. tnv ta~tJdj a1teA.eugeproO"T] Kat tTlV KOlVWVtJdj xetpa<petTlO"T]» .

To ME.P.A. 1ttO"teUet Ott 1tpEnet ve avayvwptO"tOUV O"tTl O"Aa~Ofi!!.KeOOVtJdj (i) fiaKeOoVtJdj) fiE10VOtTlta oAa ta OtKatIDfi!!.tU tTl~: to otKairofi!!. tTl~ eA.eUgep11~ XPiJO"T]~ tTl~ yA.roO"O"~, tTl~ KClMtEpyeta~ tOU 1tOAtttO"fiOU tTl~, tTlr; eK1taioeuO"T]r; Kat tTl~ eA.eUgep11~ npoO"~aO"T]r; crta MME.

TClutoxpovCl ~eKCl9ap~et Ott ~aO"tKO KPlti)plO u1tepao"1ttO"T]r; ClUtroV trov OlKCltoof!CLtroV Kat KOtvi)r; naAllr; npe1tet va stvm 0 K6.getO~ OtaxroptO"f.lOr; a1to tOU~ AfiEPtKaVou~, to NATO Kat tTlv tfi1tepta.A.tO"ttJdj E.E. Dnro~ Kat 11 av~aptTlcria. ozo to Ke<pCLA.a.lO, o~ ~ aO"ttK~ tU~e~, ~ KU~epvi)O"e~ tOU~, ta opyava Kat rou; fillxavtO"fioU~ roue, Eire auti) Aeyetat KU~ePVllO"T] tTl~ EMaoar;, eire tTl~ rrr Ll MaKeoov~, sire tTlr; T oupKia~, strs 01tOtaO"oi)1tote aMllr;.

KOlVOr; O"tOxOr; stvct 111tUA11 yta tTlv a1totponi) tOU 1tOAefiOU, rnv avatponi) tTlr; NEa~ Ta~I1r;. Nc <pUyet to NATO a1to ta Ba.A.KaVla Kat OA.e~ 0\ xroper; rcov BaAKavirov a1tO to NATO. H avttKCl1tttaAtO"ttJdj a1tOoEO"fiEUO"T] tTl~ EMtioar; a1to rnv E.E., 11 naAll Kata tTl~ ONE. H avatponi) O1tOtaO"oi)1tO'te eM11vtJdjr; KU~EPVllO"T]~ 1tOU aKoAou9ei mv 1tOAmJdj tOU NATO, tTl~ E.E. Kat tOU Ke<paA.a.iou. KOlVOr; Ote9vtcrnKor; ayrovar; Kata tTlr; eKfiEtaMeuO"T]~ tTlr; epyattJdj~ t~l1r;, ave~apti)tror; xprofi!!.tO~, yA.roO"O"~ i) e9vtKOtTlta~. Korvo O"Ufiq>epov stvat 11 e1tavaO"tattJdj avatponi) tTlr; ao"ttJdj~ KUptapxia~ crqv EMaoa Kat ta Ba.A.KaVta, 11 epyattJdj Ol1fioKparia, fie 1tPOO1tttJdj tTlv KOl1fiOuvtO"ttJdj xowcovin xwp~ mrvopn.

k~ eKAOY~, ITA.LO.K. KfJ.\ N.Ll. etvm oi eK<ppaO"te~ tOU Ke<pa.A.a.iou Kat terv tfi1teptaA10"ttKroV smOtID~erov tOU, eivfJ.\ ouvafiE~ nou u1tllpetOUv Kat tOY Ote9vtO"f!O Kat tOV e9vtKtO"f.lO tOU Ke<pa.A.a.iou. Mnupo orn OUO autu KOfifi!!.ta! 0 kYN, 1tOU O"UfifiEteiXe em «fi!!.KeOOvtKa» e9vuacrnKa O"UA.A.a.A11ti)Pta tOU 92, KOAaKeUet tropa 1JI11<Po9T)ptKa t~ fiEtoVOtTl't~ O"tO OVOfi!!. tTl~ lJleUttKll~ euatO"9T)O"iar; tTl~ E.E. To KKE O~e tTl O"Ufifiax;ia. fie tOU~ e9vtKtO"tEr; tU1tOU Zoupapt Kat KavEM11.

fJ'HtPI~E - ~THPIEE TO METllIIO PIZO~IIAITIKH~ APIiTEPAI

M ..... KSAONIKO

16 6NHMep(J)TIKO AGA TIO

THJ\E-AIAMAPTYPIA

Lne; EUPOlEKAOYEe; tOU 1999 0 cruvouuO").lOe; 't6PEtUl ytun '\)mlPXE Ot(lKplOTJ crnc; EKAoyEe; KUl 1t0le;

tou OYP ANlOY TOaOY EA.U~E ).tEpOe; oru; <Pl).lOOVE'tUl 1] <p0lvi] tou KKE u1t6 tu KpU'ttKU UA.A.U

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@sO'/vIKT) yta va toUe; OOOO'01)IlE 'tTJV EtOtllTJ KaO'Eta IlE tpayooota tE'tOta 1tOU aKOU).lE O''tTJv ll>A.ooptva,

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'tTJA.EOn:nKou :Eu).l~oUA.iou Kat 'tTJV U1to<puOTJ 'tTJ~ KUl 'tTJM01t'ttKoi) n:ou EtVat ucrttKoi. IlOtE to KKE

~taKO).l).lUnJdj~. :EtO tEA.O~ u<pTJcrU).lE 'tT)v KaO'EtU Olll).l<J.PWpTJ6T)KE ylll tu ~OlKOlVO~O'UAeuttKU

).l<J.~ UAAU KU).lta un:UV'tT)OTJ oev AU~U).lE uv 6u mv KO).l).l<J.tU 1tOU <pl).lffiVOV'tUt a1t6 1a l\flvffi Katu

UVU).lEtUOOOcrEt. KOPOV;

Il>EtO~ crnc; eKAOYEe; 2000 to KKE OtCl).l<J.p looAto~ 2000. NiKO~ :EUK.

(H ETI, 1'/ ET3, 1'f TV MAKEAONIA Kat "CO TV WEST pf:Ce&of1av to t1'fA.e01ttIKO p"vvpa)

I, To EMl1VlKO Kal TO MaKEOOV1KO 'E9vo~ I,

(EllIITOAH ITO «ABA TOM,)

KuptE otEu6uV'tu, oro up6po tOU K. :EtU).lKOU To MmceoovlKo Zf{Ufpa. oTJ).lomeu6ev oro te'6xo~ 7 t01)1tEptOOtKOU cra~, IOtattEp1] evWn:OlOTJ uou EKavE 1] EK<ppaOTJ 101) cruyypa<pEa: «To n:pocrOln:O ).lOU EA.a).l1te a1t6 Eva (TJAi6w) xa).lOyeA.o aU'tUpEOKetae;. ll>atV6).l01)v vrozcpiouevo; a1t6 ESvtlCtcr).l6».

llapa 'to yeyovo~ on 1] EK<ppaOTJ a'lJ'tij 6u).lil;;el Aiyo 'tTJv euayyeAtJdj pTJOTJ «H ev 1tOAAai~ a).lapnau; 1tepl1tSO'OOO'a yuvi]» oev 1tavet va e).l1teptExel Kal 'tT) lleyaAoaVVTJ 't01) 6appou~ 'tTJ~ OTJ1l6ma~ (1)'toKpmJdj~, 1tpuy).lU 1tOlJ ouO'wxooe; Aei1te1 cruxva O''tTJv eA.ATJvtJdj oTj).lomoypa<pIJdj olav6TjOTJ. To 1teptEx6).lEV0 rou ap6pO'U ).lapwpsi ilIa voorpomc evo~ VEOlJ av6poo1tolJ 1tOU KUtaVOTjcrs on 1] xoopa ).la~ 1tPE1tSl va aYKuAuiO'et tOEoAOYIKa t1] <ptAoO'o<pia tOU n:ap6vto~ Kat roo ).lEAAOvtO~ euPOl1tUi:KOU yiyveO'6at.

:ElJ).ln:ATjpOl).la'ttKa, a~ 1lO'U emtpa1tSi va ava<pEpOl on nptv an:o to 1880 MaKeOOVlKO 'EBvor; Ssv umlpxs, 01 ~acre1.<; tOU EevOU~ nutou tE6TjKaV to 1893 0"'tTJ @eO'craAoviKT), ue rnv iopuOTJ 'tTJ~ EMEO a1t6 t01)~ otavoou).lEVou~ rou Aaou autou, NtEAtO'ecp KAn:. To MaKEoovIK6 ESvOC; sivnt 6VtOl~ teXVTJt6, 61t0l~ Kat to EU1]vuco Kat to BO'UAyaptKO, ovtae; to an:OtEAeO').l<J. 'tTJ~ EupOln:ai:Jdj~ ~lIlcpoonOTJ~, 1] on:oia eKcppuO''tT)KE n:OA.t'ttK6. an:6 'tTJ yaAAtJdj en:av6.maOTJ tOU 1789, Ilpw an:6 'tT) YUAAtJdj e1tavucr'tuOTJ, Ot KUtOtKOl Kat tcov 'tptOOV autoov ESvOOV a1toteAouO'av t).l1)lla tOU Tsvou; 10lV Pmunicov TJ POl).ltOOV, us emKEcpaA1).e; tOV Op66oo~0 llatpt6.PX1] 'tT)~ KOlVO'taVnvov1to),T)~. AKO).la Kat to 1821 eva tep6.0"'tt0 nococto trov Ka'tOiKOlV 'tTJ~ e1tavaotatT)).lEVT)~ elluOtJdj~ 1teptoxiJ~ oev ).ltAouoe eAA1]VtK6., UAA6. KlJPiroe; ap~avtttKa Kat ~AUXtKa, 1t6.VOl oe an:o to 90% reov aYOlvIOtOOV tOU 1821 1)taV a"'~avtJdj~ KatayOlyiJ~.

o eAA1]VtKO~ Aao~ U1tOCPEPEt UKO).lU Kat a1)).lepa a1tO to tEpa1000E~ 1tp01tayuVOtcr'ttKO emv6TJ).la: pia 'fIv).,f{-Pla (JPtlrJKeia-eva tBvor;.

To cru).l1tEpaO).la sivrn 6n 1] ).l6VTJ olacpop6. uv6.).lEua oro EAATJvtK6 Kat 0'10 Muxeoovuco ESvO~ - a).lcpO'tspu anOtEA.EO').lU 'tTJC; yaAAIJdje; e1tavamaOTJ~- sival on OTJ).llOupyiJ6T)Kav ).lE olacpopa 100 etOOV, 6).l0le; Kat ta 0-00 ESv1] EXO'UV OIKuiOllla U1tUp~Tje;, KlJpiOlC; 61l0l~ EXOW unox,pEOlOTJ eKUtEp0l6ev O'e~aa).lOu.

LJp. Tctbpvio; NaKpar:i;ac; , Potepvtau OUavoiac; (AvuoT)).loaieu01] a1tO to 1tSPWIlIKO «ABATON» TeUxoe; 9, rOYN.-IOY 1\..2000, asA. 10.)

MA."6AONI "0

6NHM6PQJ,IKO AGA 110 17

MEIONOTIKA ZHTHMATA KAI TA::IKH IYNElflHIH

H "I'\TJ~oma Sld<Al]crT] yux 'tl]V aVaYVWplcrT] &evtKWV ~lOVOTij'troV ano 3 ~tOVO'ttKOUS 130UA.&tn:SC; Kat 13 pstovonxe; ij ~Tj K1)f3epvt]'ttKsc; opyavwuets us 'tl]V e1JKmpia 'tl]C; ()"1)~nAijproOlJS 25 xp6vo)V (1974 - 1999) an6 'tl]V uI'WKa'tuu'WcrT] 'tl]S ol]~OKpatias (24 10UAlol)", scpEpE Kat nUAt (HO npo<JKijvtO, ~ MOVO 'tpono, 'ta I;Tj't:ij~a'ta IJXE'tlKU us ns ~ElOVO'tl]'tES IJtTJv EAMou. DAeS Ot nOA1'tuceS 01lVU~E«; 'tonoSeTijSl]KaV Kat Sa 't01t09E'tl]90uv UPKE'tSC; !popSC; uno OCO Kat 7tSpU nuvro IJ' umu. TIpLV 1tpOIJ1tU9iJIJOU~E vn aVUO~Ol)~ Opt(J~EC; 1tAeupSC; 1:OU I;TJ'tij~a1:Oe;, nupouutUl;Ol)~ 'to KEi~evo 'tl]C; "OTJ~O(JlUe; SKKAl]crT]C;" Kat't«; "unoypa!p6c;".

"Xalp&T~O~J1E T1JV a1lpwvij crn~n:Jvijprotnt 25 xpovrov an:o T1JV an:Ol(aTUenaGII T1Jo; 01J!WKpo.Tiao; CJT1JV EllUoo.. E7tl9v~oi>J1E OlWlo; va &n:1tnt~UV01lJ1E on, n:apu Tt<; avaJ.l<PUJP11T1JT&<; ll&lTubCJ&t<; erov ToJiEa TroV av9pro7tivrov 01- Katm,wTrov KaTU T1JV T&UvTaia 25&Tia, 1J Ell1JVlKij A1J!wKpaTia txet J.lW CJopo.P11· aOvvaJ.lia:

OEV o.vayvrop~El T1JV ll7tap;1J &9vlKIDV J1ElOVOTllTrov ero Eoa<po<; T1J<;, n:ap' olo n:01l 7tolloi 'Ell1Jv&<; n:OliT&<; a~T07tpoCJolOp~oVTal E9v1KU ro<; TOllPK01 11 MaKEoovE<;. OL 1ln:oypa<povT&<; n:01l EiTE avllK01lJ.lE ent<; J1EIOV6TlJTE<; o.UTE<;, &iTE 1ln:f:paCJn:~ouJ1E roo; J.l1J K1lPEpV1JTlKE<; opyavIDCJEt<; Ta OLKaubJ.laTa T01l<;, KalollJ1E T1Jv Ell1JvLKij n:olLT&io.:

1. Na avayvropi(JE1 T1Jv lln:ap;1J J.laKEOOV1Kijo; Kat T01lPK1KijC; J.lEtOv6TlJTa<;.

2. Na En:1K1lPID(JEt aJiECJro<; T1J l:.llJ.lpatnt ID.ai(JlO 1w T1JV IIpoenaCJia TroV E9vlKIDV MElovoTllTroV T01l l:.1lJ.lpo1llio~ T1J<; EupID1t1Jo; xropi<; KaJlia n:&p10p1en1Kij oijlmtnt 1W T1JV E<pap~OY11 T1J<;.

3. Na E<pap~oCJE1 Tt<; apx;E<; T1J<; l:.i>JlpaGII<;. 6n:ro<; Ka1 TroV CJXETlKIDV KE1JlEvroV T01l 0- AI:E, IDenE va enaJ.laTll(JEl Ka9E OtclKp1GII 1\ oiro;1J KaTa TroV J1EI.IDV TroV J1ElOVoTllTroV a1lTIDV Ka1 va yiV01lV aVTi9ETa (Jspaenu olo. Ta 01- KaubJ.l«Ta T01l<;".

To Ksip.evo 1ln:oypa<po1lv an:o T1Jv T01lPK1Kij J.lElov6TlJTa:

Mmp6l AKij<poylo1l, f30UAe1J't:ijC; Euv9T]e; TIle; N.A., rKalijn: l:.. rKal11n:, pouAeu't:ije; Po061tT]e; ron IIAI:OK, Kat M01lena<pa M01lena<pa, POU-

AeuTijS PoM1tT]S ton LYN. "Evoor; TOUPKroV AuIJKUA.coV Tl]e; l'\u'ttKije; @pUKl]e;'''', "MElOVO'tlKOC; EK7tOAl't:l<J't:lKOC; KUt Mopcorruco; LUl,wyoe; XtAiue;", "O~tAOe; 1>Ot'tTj'twv MEtovoTl]'tue; l'\unKije; @pUKl]e;", "LuMoyoe; EmIJTl]flOVCOV MElOV6Tl]'tue; Au'ttKije; 0puKl]e;", "LUflPOUAeu1:tKij E1tt'tponij ToupKtKije; MEtoV6't:Tj'tUC; Au'ttKijc; @puKl]C;", "TOUPK1Kij 'Evoon Euv9TjC;", "Toupxucn NEOAUiu Kouomvnc" .

A7to T1J MaKEoovlKij M&lOVOT1JTa:

"MuKEBovtKij KiVl]IJl] Av9promvcov AtKUtro~arcov", "OupUVlO To~o- Eupco7tu't1<::o Ktvquu" KUt "L'tSYTJ MUKWOVlKOU TIOA,l't:l(J(.l0u".

M1J K1lP&PV1JTtKE<; opyaVIDCJ&t<;:

"EMllVlKij O~Ba yux rn I'\tKUtW~'tU 'tffiV MElOvornrcov", "EMllVlKO TIupaTl]pl]TijplO rcov LU~Cj)roV1WV ron EA(JiVKt" Kat "Ent'tpo1t11 yux 'tu . Av9pwn1Vu I'\tKUtW~'tU Kat Kuru 't01) Parctouou (KaAa~'t:U)".

IIOAITIKEl:. TOII00ETID:EIl:.

o K1)f3EpVl]TIKOe; EK1tpO(Jronoc; tKuvs A6yo yta uVl(JrOPTJ'tEC; Ka't:(I(JKEU6c; KUt U1t&PUJ.lUV9TjKE Tl]e; BTJ~OKpuTIKoTl]'tac; Tl]e; EMl]VlKijC; KOtVroviuC; Kat TOU (JepuIJ~ou TroV U'tO~tKWV BtKatro~a'trov KUt .COV npoocomKWV EA,eUeeptWv. "H ~OU(JOUA~aVlKij ~tOV6TTj'tu anOlcaflpaVEt ru aya9u Tl]e; t(JOVOJ.lia~ Kat Tl]e; t(Jo1toAtrEiue;", (J1)1.l1tAijpro(Je. ts XU~TjA.OU~ rovou; 0 eK1tp6IJro1t0e; Tl]e; N.I'\ J.llATJ(JE yux u~a(Jt~S 'tonoeeTij(JEt~ KevS~ 1tePtEXO~ou. "H EMuoa crs~E'tat xropic; KIlI·tia E~uipE(Jl] oAa 'to. U'OJ.1tKO: OlKUtWp,a'tU 1tOU u1toppeouv U1tO 'to AtEevsc; AiKatO".

H AAtKU TIunup1')ya {lswPll(JE on l] KiVl]crT] sivrn Kun 1tIlPU1tUVCO an6 1tEpiepyl] Kat Bev EtVat Ka60wu u{lwo.. LUVEOS(JS Tl]V KtVl]nKOTl].a (JTU {leflara tcov ustovorrrnov ~ 'to veo oOrJ.1a ron NATO, to tu~q>covo L'tIl{lepOTTj'tue; "fLU 'tTl NOTtOUVIl1:OAtKij EupW1tl] Kat rov eMTjvO.OUPKtKO omAfY'{O. "Oi umoupyoi uuTije; TIle; evSPYEUXc;, uvnKSt~KU BE ~pi<JKOV!llt ~OVO ~(Ju <JTl]V E"-AaBu". 0 N. KcovIJ'tav'tonouws "UbEtUUE" 'to POUAeuTij 'tOU LYN Moootnen Mooorceu, evw 0 A. Lap,apac; KUM(Je 'to: KOj.t~Uta ore ozotc Uvf]KOUV ot 3 ~lOVO'ttKOi ~ouAeu'tec; va avaAa~ouv ne; e1J- 9UvSC; 1:OUC; an6vavn orov EMl]VlKO "-u6.

MA.K6AONIKO

18 6NHM6PCDTIKO AGA TIO

NEil 'tp01t11 mlPE 'to 01..0 9EJ.lIlllE ~ 011M:Oosu; ron YIIEE r. IIIl1tIlVOPEOU crov Il>~ 9,61 (29/7/99): "Hrcv A.6.90r; Ilu'tl'j 11 mcA11Pl'j IlvnoPIla11Il1tEvIlV'tt a'tTl AoyUCll 'tTlr; 0111l6a1ur; EKKA11Gllr;··· Y1t(lpxollV OlE8vetr; alJll~UaE~. Etvct 1toM 1t191lv6 KU1totll a'ttYIll'j VIl IlvIlYKlla'toull£ VIl OCX'tOUIlE 'tOY E8vtK6 Ilmo1tpoaOWptall6 'tow usiovomnov ... ~E IlE VOt<i1;El IlV KU1totOr; 1tpOaowpi1;E't1lt oor; MIlKE- 1)6vllr; l'j ToupKor;, IlPKE! VIl 1111 011IlWUpyEi npo~I..l'jJ.lll't1l a'tTl XWPIl (IlMuYil cuvoporv) ... "

NECI &iisUa ClvnopaGsmv.

o U1tOupyor; TU1tou KUI..m!,E 'tOY YIlEE, u- 1toypulllllaE 01J.(l)r; on 11 EI..A.6.oll IlE ~ua11 'tTl ~llV- 91'jKll 'tTlr; Aoo1;uVllr; IlVllyvoopt1;Et rrtv U1tIlP~11 1l0U- aOuI..llllvtKTJr; Kilt 6xt 'tOUpKtKllr; IlEwv6'tTl'tIlr;. 0 EK1tp6aooxor; 'tTlr; N~ 1;l'j'tTlaE 'tTlV 1tIlPIli't11Gll 'tOU YIIEE, 0 ozotoc "1lE ~ ua'tOXEr; 011M:OaE~ 'tOU ev91lPPUVEl 'tTlV AYKUPIl". 0 ~. Tao~6Aur; IltA11aE ym 1l1tllpUOEK'tEr; 't01t09e't1'jaE~ Kilt ~ auvsoEaE IlE 'tOY EU11VO'tOUPKtKO ot<i/..oyo 1tOU oev E1tpe1tE VIl eiXE ~EKtvr,aEl ymn 911 ~A.6.IjIEt 'til E9vtKU Illlr; 9sJ.lIl'tIl. H IIOAAN aE IlvllKoivooal'j 't11r; IlV(l(PSpsi, "EiVllt I..ll1tl1P6 Evllr; 'EU11Vur; YIlEE VIlIll..A.6.- 1;Et uovo; 'tOU 'tTl ~llV9l'jKll 'tTlr; Aoo1;UvrJr; U1tEP rmv 'tOUpKtKOOV alJj.UpEp6V'toov". 0 N. KovcrcvroaouI..or; 1;11'tU aE~lla!l6 'tTlr; ~llV91'jKllr; 't11r; Aoo1;uVllr; Kilt 'tOOV IlPXWv 'tOU OAl:E Kilt 'tOU ~UIl~OUI..iou 'tTlr; EupW1t11r; ym ~ ustovotnte; oor; 'tTlV KuAU'tEP11Il1tUV'tllGll 'tTlr; xWpllr; os 61..our; ocot E1ttXE1POUV VIl XP11a1IlO1tOll'jaollV 'til IlEtoVOnKU 1tpO~I..l'jJ.lll't1l oor; IlOX1..6 ym ll1toa't1l9Ep01tOt11ttKSr; EV'tUamr;.

o EK1tp6aoo1t0r; 'tOU 'tOUPKtKOU YIIEE ~EPIlS't A'tIl't1;llvI..i Ei1tE: "Aev eWll a'tll /..6ym rou 'EU11VIl YIIEE KU1tOm YPIlIlIll'j 1toM OtllCPOPEttKTJ u1t6 'tTlv E1tiGllIl11 Kill yvooa'tl'j EU11vtKTJ 9sGll ... AVIlj.UpW~l'j'tTl't1l a't11 ~. 0pciKll U1tUPXEl 'tOUpKtKTJ ueiovorqtn, Amo oev 1ll..A.6.1;Et IlE ~ 011M:OaEtr; reov EUilvoov IlPllooimv".

01 Il>IAEAEY0EPOI 91..i~ov'tllt own Ilm KIl't' IlPxiJv aooa'tl'j 1l1..A.6. ll1tpOaEK't1l (Kilt 1l0tKlltoI..6Y11't1l ytll YIIEE) Om't1>1tOOIJ.Ev'l1 't01t09E'tTlGll EytVE IlV'ttKEiIlEYO EKIlE't<iUeuGllr;, roco Il1tO 'tTlV 'tOUPKtKll 1tAeupU 6ao Kilt oro eorotspuco 'tTlr; XWpllr; ym IltKPOKOIlIlU'ttKOUr; Kilt EaOOKOIlJ.lllttKOUr; l..6your;.

TtAor; 11 AAtKu IIu1tllpl'jYIl oe alJVtV'tEU~l'j 'tTlr; crov Xp. MIlXllipll (Il>~ 9.61) a~ 29/7/99

rovtos: "~E otllcpoovw on U1tcipXOllV Kilt 1l0uaoul..IlUvm 'tOUpKtKllr; KIl'tllyooyl'jr;" s9EaE 61J.(l)r; 'tTlV 01..11 KtVllnK6'tl1't1l Kilt ~ 011M:OaE~ ron YIIEE aE Evil alJVOl..tKOtEPO 1tAuiato. "H KU~EpVT)aT) IlKol..ou9ei Ilm 1tOAl'ttKTJ O1tOU alJllllOPCPWVStIlt a'tTl VEil 001ll'j ron NATO Kilt Ilu'to GllllllivEt Il1tEIl1tOl..11Gll 1t0l..M:OV OtKlltmlJ.ci'tOOv. A1to rqv <iU11 'tPOCPOOO'tEi't1lt 0 e8vlKWIlOr;, smoo cov OtKlltol..oyin a't~ 1l1tEIlXOI..l'jaE~. Y1tUPXOllV, I..ot1tOV, auyKmvoovoUV'tu 00- XEin. To VEo o6yJ.lll ron NATO XP11atl101tOtEi 'til IlEtoVOttKU 1;T)'tl'jJ.lll't1l ym VIl KUVEl 1tl..1U'tatKO, VIl omvsllEt Ilyopsr; Kilt VIl aAM.1;Et 'til aUVOpll. EIlElr; MIlE Ott Eilllla'tE IlE OAer; ~ IlElOVO'tTl'tEr;, OXOU Kilt IlV 1;ollV, ~ U1tllpK'tEr; Kilt oXt ~ KIl'tUaKEUIlaIlEvEr;, on 1tpS1tEt VIl OtEKOtKOUV 'til OtKlltWJ.lIl'tci 'tour;, ore 1tAuiam 'tTlr; xwpur; 1tOU Ilvr,KOllV, llu1;i IlE 'tOY U1tOI..o11t0 AuO Kill VIl 1tpOaEXOllV VIl 1111 XPT)atIlO1tOtoUV't1ll 1tllpci 'tTl 9SAT)al'j 'tour; 1l1t0 SuVUIlE~, ot 01toier; 1l0VO ytll ~ 1lEl0VO'tTl'tEr; Sev OOiVE ... "

H a7toljl1] J.U1<; (oa. 'tOV 7CepIOOI1(OV evvoei)

H 0111l0am SKKA11Gll Kill 't1l1tllpll'tpciyou1i<i 'tTlr; aucpwr; oev EXEt onv IlCPOPlltl rqv E1tStEto 'tTlr; Il1tOKIl'tcimIlGllr; 'tTlr; 0111l0Kpll'tinr;. Etvci lUll KiVllGll cs 1tPOE1tlAeYIl£vr] auyKUpin: ~llVot<iaKeljlT) ~EpciYE~O (30-7-99) ym 'to ~ullcpoovo ~'t1l9EPO'tTl'tllr; ytll 'tTl N onllvll'tol..tKTJ E uPW1tT) Kilt EvIlP~11 eU11vO'tOUPKtKOU Olu/..6you (26/7/99). ~xeti1;E'tlll emGllr;, IlE 'tl1V 1tpoa1tci9E11l OtEU9E'tTlGllr; (otKOVO- 1l1KTJ, 1tol..mKTJ, a'tpllttoonKTJ) G'tllv 1tEptOXtl (B1ll..KUvtIl, A1Yllio, 0puKll, KU1tpor;). Apll ot IlU'toupyoi os iJpiaKoVTClt J10VO J1EGCI attr; IlE10v6'tTl'tEr; ('tOUpKtKTJ, IlIlKeOOV1KTJ) Kill orouc "EUllia~'tour; alJll1tllplla'tci'tEr; 'tour;" (1l11 KU~epVT)ttKEr; opYllvWaElr;). Bptcxovnn E1tiGllr;: (1) oro YEO 06y1l1l 'too NATO, HIIA, E.E., ~) omv KU~EPVllGll ~11- lli'tTl1tou ~U1tEl on 'til alJIlCPEPOV't1l 'tTlr; EU11vlKTJr; Ol..lYllpxinr; crqv la'toplKTJ 'tTlr; IlVtt1tIlI..6'tTl't1l IlE 'tTlv 'tOUPKtKT) Ol..tYIlPXill E~U1tT)PE'tOUV't1ll KIll..U'tEpc 1t(lipvoV'tar; U1t' 01jl11 'to dilla a'tTlv 1teptoxiJ Kill 1taYKoalllll Kal 0Xl KUVOV'tIlr; allv "'tUupor; sv naI..o1tooAeioo", Yl' Ilmo 1tpOAutEvEl 'to EOllcpOr; ylll 1l1a OtEU9E't1']Gll y) G'tllV 'to'6PK1Kll E~oo'tEplKTJ 1tol..mKTJ (1tllpEIl~aElr; llEaoo 1tpo~eveiou, 1l0ucptiur;, K.I...1t.).

MAKeAONIKO

6NHM6PwrlKO AeA. rIo 19

To on 01 mrroupyot Kat 01 T]OlKOi mrroopyoi Ssv sivrn Kat rooo "MroK~ ltEpl<J'tEP~" BE <JT]llaivEt on Bev umipXEl ltpO~A.T]tlCL (EOvtKOU au'tOltPOOBlOPl<JIlOl), OpT]<JKEU'tlICi]~ - EOvtICi]~ - ltOA.1- ncrnlCi]~ - KOLVCOVlICi]~ Ka'taltiE<JT]~). To Epya'ttK6 KiVT]tlCL Ka1 T] AP1<J'tEpo. Bev IlltOPEi va rl.E1VEl 'ta tt6.na. OU'tE IlltOpEi vc E'tEpOKaOopil;E'tat alt6 't~ BlCLKUtt6.voE~ " n~ B10.<pOPE~ EKBoX~ 'tT]~ aonlCi]~ ltOA.tnlCi]~ Ka1 Bl1tA.rotlCLria~ ('IJ1t0'tEAE1a(;), xoouoltOA.1'tl<J~~, Eev1KlOllo~, Elt10rnKo'tT]'ta, "uvn- 1IlltEptaA.10IlO~"). XpEt6.I;E'ta1 1l1a <J't0.<JT] apxcOv . /!"ev EiVCLl T] ltpOO'tT] <popo. ornv ioropic, 'toopa IlE 'to VEO B6ylla roo NATO ltOU XPT]crtIlOlt010UV'tCLl 01 ttE10v6'tT]'tE~ ttE "0'tpa'tT]Y1Ko 'tp61to" (yta ltPOoEyy1<JT] " 11a MaOT]). ITo.V'ta 'ta Kaltt'taA.1<J'tlKo. Kpo.-

BE~ata, 01 Eltava<J'to.'tE~ Epyo.'t~ sivrn 'tau'tOJ(pova Kat unEp 'tT]~ (J\)VEvCO<JT]~ rrov A.acOV Ka1 reov Epya'toov . Y nEp tOU vc onM1 T] EOvtICi] Evorqru Ka1 va OUVaJlcOVE1 T] 't~tlCi] svcmrc, Na X't'IJ1tT]OEi 0 EOvtKlO~~ Ka1 JlEoa <J't0 KUpiapXO EOvo~ Kat useu <J'tle; ttE10VO'tT]'t~.

H EMT]VlICi] AptO'tEpo. to npcil'to ltpo.YJla nou ltPEnEl vc BlCL1CT]pU~Et Y1a vc KEpBiOEl 0 EMT]VlK6e; A.a~ mv EJl1t1O'tOoUVT] 'tT]e; 'tOUPKl1CT]~, JlaKEOOVl1CT]e;, nOJlo.Kl1CT]e;, ROM Ka1 6n01~ 6.AAT]~ ll£lOV6'tT]'t~ I;El !lEoa 0'tT] XcOpa Eivat 6n, ovcyvcopil;Et to BtKaicoJla tOU EOvtKOU autoltpoO'BtOP10'JloU nov ueiovorqtcov.

H apV1JCJl] 1W KaTl T£'tOlO: 1) BEvel ~ JlElO'V6'tTjt~ rUpco an6 ~ T]YEoiEe; roo; Ka1 rUpco

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'tT] orcv Ko.VOUV na1xvWt ym ayop~, KE<po.A.am, noA.tnlCi] EmppO", oUvopa Kat noM nEp100otEPO orcv lto.VE Yl<l n6AEJlO XPT]crtJlOltOlOW ~ usiovo'tT]'t~.

o A' Kat 0 B' ITaYK60'Jl10~ KaOcO~ Kat 01 BaA.KaVlKOi IToAEllot Ssv Eytvav EJ(oV'tae; ypaJl!lEvo <J'tle; <JT]Jla~ tCOV EI·l1tOA.EJlCOV "noAEtt6.IlE yta xp1']Jla Ka1 ayop~". 01 <JT]Jla~ 'toue; Eypacpav "ltOAEJla.ttE 1m 'ta BiKCLla rerv aA.Utpco'tcov MEP<prov", yta "'tT]V Ultooti]p~ 'tcov aBuvo.'tcov EOvcOv", "evcvnc <J'toue; tJlnEpWA.tO''tEe;'' ('tT]~ illT]e; ~Epa.W nMropo.e;) K.O.K.

To EpyanK6 KiVT]lla Kat 01 EltaVao'to.tEe;, aKpt~ =tB1'] etvci evcvnc O'E o~ ne; (CL<J'tl~ nMrop~ KalnpcOta Kat rip1a svcvna <J'tT]V aonlCi] t<iQ1 'tT]e; XcOpa~ 'tou~ ('tT]V onoia EXOUV mEhllCov vn avnltaAt'l'Ouv), EiVCLl aVEltlcpuJmcra v.ttp tCOY E9vtKcOV Ka1 JlElOVOnKOOv BtKCLlCOtt6. OJ, .. , lOOP!.; VIl TO <J'taOIl~ouv ttE 13<i<JT] rov sv- 6o-acrruc6 a}J,.T]Aooitapcl'Y~.

CLno ~ "JlT]'tEP~ na'tpio~'" 2) BU<JKOAEUEt 'tT]v npOOEyy1<JT] ttE roue 'EUT]V~ Epyo.'t~, 3) Ou<JKOAEUEl 'tT] Bpo.<JT] rcov apt<J'tEpcOV Ka1 E1t<lVao'ta'toov Jlfua <J'tl~ ll£10v6'tT]'t~, 01 ozotoi E'tcrt an6 BUO'KOA.O'tEPT] OE<JT] npoo1t<lOOUV vc 'tpa~,,~o\lV 'ta npoAE'tapWKo., ayponKo., <ptroxo. KOJlJlo.na 'tT]e; usiovo'tT]'ta~ O'E av~o.P'tTJ'tT] Bp6.<JT] K6V'tpa 0''tT]V EOvtICi] ouO'nEipco<JT] rUpco ano 'tt~ a<J'tlK~ (Ka1 on1- OOOBpOJltK~ no~ cpop~) TJYEO'~ 'tOll~, 4) Ko.VEt ~ JlElOv6'tT]'tE~ E\l6.A.rot~ o'ta 1t<llxvWW 'tcov B1acp6pcov KpanO').lcOv n.x. ernv 1tEpllt'tCO<JT] 'tT]~ 'tOUPKl1CT]~ Kat 'tT]e; tlCLKE06vl1CT]e; ll£10v6'tT]'ta~ ~ aV'tl1tapaOEO~ EAMBa~- TOllpKi~, EU6.0ae;FYROM, <J't0 "aVaKo.'tEJla" 'tcov BaA.KWirov alt6 rouq Auspuccvoo; Kat Ellpconaioll~ tJl1tEPtaA.~ Ka1 ~ 'ton1KE~ aO'nKEe; 'to.~E~.

To KKE JlT] wayvcop~oV't~ 'to BtKaicotlCL rou EOvtKOU all'tonpooB10Pl<JJlOU 'IJ1tOVOJlEUEl rnv ltEl<J'tlK6'tTj'ta trov npo'tponcOv rou npoe; rnv roupKlKT] 1 usiovomrc: "ueou ore oUvopa 'tT]~ XcOpa~

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20 6NHM6PCDTIKO AQ.\. TIO

OIBICOtlC&i.cr't& 'ta otlCauOl1a'ta ouc'', "~~i 11& 'tOY WllVtKO A.a6", "1111 cm<; XPllCJtI101tOtlloo'l)v ... ".

E1tBt01'I 'to KKE ava<p&p611&V0 01:11 ®pal<l1 apeolC&'tat va 'l)ltBV!hJl1i~&1 'to K600~0 (vrouwo 11& n<; j.lBtOv61:11'tB<;), a<; OOUI1& aA.i)9&ta rt (J'I)l1ltepao~ j3yaiV&1 alt' a'l)'t6 'to ltapao&IYl1a. Av 01 :Eep~t &pya't&<; 'to 1987 -89 11& olaollMlO&!<; altat'touoav vc <J'tal1a'ti)o&! 11 Ka'talti&011 rorv AA.~VOOV rou Ko06~ Kat va ytVOUV o&~a<J'ta Kal 6;(l va a<patpOUV1:al. 'ta Katoxupco!!&va OtKauOl1a'ta 'too<; (KOlVO~OUA.10, IIaV&ltIo'ti)1110 K.A..lt.), 0 nA.~aVtK6<; &9Vtl<loj.l6<; 0& 9a &iX& avtpco9si. '000 11 e- 9vtKi) Katalti&OT] alt6 to lCa9s<J'too<; MtA.60B~l't<; (J'I)v&Xi~ovtav 11& 1:11v avoxil 1'1 Kal 1:11v 'l)ltocr'ti)Pt91 rou oep~IKoo A.aoU, t600 !!&oa o'too<; KooopcPO'l)<; Kepol~av 01 aKpaiol s9VtI<l<J't&<;, t600 Kepol~B wa<po<; T] IOta 1:11<; av&SaP'tllcria<;-alt6CJXlO11<;· Env &KatOvtaoE<; XlAlaO&<; :Eep~ot olaoi)A.covav OtO BeA.lypaol svavtta 01:11V s9voKa9apoll oro K600~0, 't0A.110Uj.IB vc tcrXUPtcr'tOUI1& ltCO<; 9a &ixs yiVSl mo OU(J\(OA.ll, av Oxl aouva1:11 T] va'tO'lKi) sm- 9S011 svcivtta 01:11v r tOUYKooA.a~ia. 0 nA.~avtK6<; ltA.ll!hJ0116<; rou Ko06~0'l) 0& 9a ~T]touos 'l)t09soia alt6 rou; VatOtKou<; "sA.eu9&pcot&<;". 'OOOt unoo'ti)pI~av Kan 'tetotO (It.X. 0 UCK m9ava) 9a 1'1- rcv cerouovouevot,

A'I)t6 ltpe1tBt va It&ll1 Aptcr'tEpa orou; 'EA.A.t]VE<; Epyat&<;: WOll TO KOGolIo, WOll Kcn TO mlO'll'a. y lto<J't11pi~O'l)11& ta oIKauO~'ta tCOV 11&10- vomnov t) 'tpa~al1& yta ltSptlt&tElE<; ltOA.&j.lCOV Kat o<payoov;

H Aptc1't&pa xcopi<; Kallla taA.clvt&'U011 ltpenSI va j.llt&! JlltPoo'ta erov ayoova yta 1:11V xct0xUPCOO11 6A.cov tCOV OtKatCOJlcltCOV rorv I1&I0Vo'ti)rrov Kat ltpoota Kat KUpta ron B9VtKOO am01tpoo- 01OP10IlOu2•

Ot aptcrtspoi !!&oa on<; Jl&Iov61:11t&<; ltpeIt&t va Jlltouv j.lltpoota O'tOV ayoova, yta KOtvt) ltaA.ll rorv I1&I0VO'ti)tCOV 11& tOV &MT]VtK6 A.a6, Yla vc rivouv ot j.lBIOV61:11tB<; ye<p'l)pa <PlAia<; Kat aMT]A.oKatav6T]011<; nov A.aroV, yta vo ltpoco9T]9&i T] loea 1:11<; sv61:11'ta<; rorv A.aroV ltepa lCat ltavco alt6 onvopa Kat alt' amou<; ltO'l) ru <pnaxvo'UV (&Kl1&tnA.A.eute<;).

IIto'teUOOI1& on 0 ~'I)A.eu'ti)<; rou :EYN MO'l)o'ta<pa MO'l)ota<pa3 OSV eltp&1ts alt6 KOlVOU 11& rou; 'U1t6A.otlto'l)<; va 'tolt09&'t119si yta to ~i)1:11~ 1:11<; E9vtKi)<; (J'I)vsioT]<JT]<; tCOV TOUPKCOV 1:11<; ~. ®pal<l1<;. 01 aycoVtOt&<; 1:11<; Aptcrtspa<; alt6 1:11 j.lBlov6't11ta a'l)'to'tEMil<; ltpe1t&l vc 9&touv a'l)'t6 zou yta tOV tOUPI<lKO ltA.T]!hJoJlO tT]<; ~. ®pal<l1<; slvrn corovonro Kal a1t6 KSI Kat nepa j.I~i 11& 't"T)V eA.A.T]VtKi) Apicrsp« va ltpoco9t)oouv tn 60a ltpoava<pepal1&,

H OT]lltO'I)pyia Ilta<; IlvnKllm'taA.lonKi)<; - OtE9vlonKi)<; Aptotspci<; ltspva avayKllonKa !!&oa altO 1:11v svacrx6A.T]011 j.IB 'ta ~T]'ti)~ta tCOV &9VtKOOV I1&I0VO'ti)'tcov. Ot oco<J'te<; Kat SEKa9ap&<; tOlt09E'ti)O&t<; 9a otanatOllYCO'Y0uv tllstKa-OtE9Vt<J'ttlCa evnv KOOIlO Kat !!&oa 01:11v WT]VtKi) &pya'tlKi) taST] Kat !!&oa on<; Jl&Iov61:11tB<;.

1. To KKE 9scopsi 't"T) llaKeOOVtKi) j.IBlOv6- 't"T)tll Ka'ta(J\(eUaolla Kat 1:11 otaxcop~&! alt6 1:11 "1l0'l)00'l)A.llaVtKi) ueiovomm nou olaKpivE"tal ce ltoA.it&<; 'tOUPI<lI<l1<;, ltOllal<ll<l1<; Kill a9maVtI<l1<; Kataycoyt)<;", ~& 9a avoiSO'l)11& 9scopT]nKi) (J'I)~1'I- 1:11011 ltEpi ustovornrov 11& to KKE, altMl<; 9a noul1& on tP~ouv ta K61<1CaA.a tCOV xtAtciocov V&KpOOV llaKe06vcov (0A.a~01l(x'Ke06vcov) nvruprdrv, j.IB 1:11 <JT] I1&ptvi) a9A.t6't11ta rou KKE, nsv1)vta XPOVtO llE"ta 'tOY T]PCOtKO Ilyoova tOO ~.:E.E

2. ®a stvm tpaytK6 Ot 1l0VOt no'l) 01:11v SA.A.T]VtKi) xowovtc aVllrvcop~ouv to O\Kaicollll au'tonpoooloptOj.lOO tCOV I1&tOvo'ti)'tcov va &ivat Ot &KO'U'YXPOVt<J't&<; ron :ET]lli1:11, Ot EK~OVt<J't&<; <piAo- EE rrov 1lT] K'U~&pVT]nKOOv opyavoooscov Kat Ot Sl:<pCOVT]!!&vOt, Kat' ovouc Apicrepot EK~OVtote<; 'tOO :EYN (IIanaytawal<l1<;, Mlti.cr1:11<;, ~allaVal<l1lC.A..n.)

3. :E1:11V &KltoJl1tt'l tOU Alter 5, ',[PAMMH IIYPO:E" ron oT]JlOcrtoypa<pou B&A.tO'I) AA.., 0 N. Mmo1:11<; <J'teA.qo<; rou :EYN j.I.S'te<psps &va crxOA.10 roo MO'l)<J'to<pa MO'l)<J'ta<pa altO ilia tOlconKi) (J'I)~i)'tT]<JT] no'l) sixav: ":E1:11V Toupxia 11& <p'l)A.cll<loav ccv a9w Kat !Co}.lIlO'l)VtO'ti) !Cat <J'tT]V EA.Moll geA.oUV va npooolOp~Ollat, Oxl ecv TOUPKO<;, aA.M oa 1l0'l)OOUA.llavo<;".

(To tipOpo eiva: ava0'lJl0(1{ev(1'1 ano TO neplOo'Ko «L1EATIO T'I~ OJl6.oa~ 1:vv-rporpwv TI/~ KO'VWV'Ktj~ Aplcrrep6.~»)

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GNHMGPCDTIKO AQ.\ TIO 21

~IKTYO KINHIEON nATA nOJ\ITIKA KAI KOINONIKA~IKAIOMATA BaAT£TUiou 35, 10681 A9qva, TI1/;. 3813928, fax 3840390

AEATIO TYllOY

R ZYNJlN'I'RZR 'I'IIN JllrJlIJl'l'IIN MJlKEAONIIN Z'I'O 'I"PNBO

L€ f.lUX f.laYEUnKit 'tonoO€cria oro T'pvJ30 'tI]S .6.T]f.loKpatiae; 'tI]e; MaK€Ooviae;, Aiya xv..wf!l;'tpa ano ru MnhoAa, f:ytv€ T] e'tijma <roVclV'tT]<JT] rcov Muxedovcov an' 01..0 'tOY xoouo crne; 30.07.00.

Of.lv..T]'tEc; cr'tT] Crl)V6.V'tT]<JT] TJ'tUv 0 npo€&poC; rrov ALyaux'tcOv MaKel)6vrov 1[OAtnKcOV 1[pompUyrov em MnhoAa AA£~uvrap Ilonocext, 0 1[pO€OPOC; 'tI]e; .6.T]f.loKpanKitc; AA't€pvan~ac; (DA) BamAL TonouplCo<pcrKl, IC.U.

AICOAoUOT]crav xoprooi&;, 'tpayouol(J't&; ICat xopEIJnlCcl <royKpo'tT)f.l(l'ta noo 'tpayouoT]oav ICaL XOpeljlav )UlICEOOVUCU OT]f.lO'ttICU tpaYOUOta ICat xopoue;. LUf.lf!l;'tElXE ICat 'to XOPEU'ttKO <l1YYKpO'tT]f.la a1[O mv O<p'toapevTJ (MEAi'tT]) <l>AcOptvae;.

I:nc; xtA1aoec; xoouou O6OTjK€ T] ElJKalpia va auvavTfJcrouv <royyBVeic; ICat q>iAouc; aJ.J..fJ. Kat va f.lOtp(lcrTOUV f!E rou; veorepouq nc; avalLvi]crete; 'toue; an6 'ta f.lf:PT] Kat tOUe; avOpcOnoue; zou aq>T]crav niern, Ioropte; ~epU;rof!OU nou exet va otTJYT]Oei KliOe f.laICeoovtKit OtKoYf:veta cr' MOLO ICp6.'tOe; ICt av ~pioxetm, Ilpooronu zou rc ~Af:nel<; npcO'tT] q>opa aJ.J..fJ. eou <paivovrat yvcOptf.la, oucetc ICt 01..0 Kat con Ouf.lil;ouv KunoLOv <piAo 1] <l1YYxroplavO. H vocr'taAyia, T] xapu aJ.J..fJ. Kat 0 novoe; yta tOOe; <l1YYYBVElc; Kat'toos t6nol><; nou 6.q>T1crav nioro avraJ.J..fJ.ooovrav ue to xaf.lOyeAo, 'ta ~oupKrof.l€va f.luna aJ.J..fJ. Kat'tl]v £Anioa.

y noo'tT]pi~ouf!E 'to ai'tl]f.la rcov f!EIOVonICcOV ~OUAeu'tcOV Moucmea Mouerced, rICaAin rKaAtn ICat M7ttpUA AKi<pOyAoU. KaOcOe; ICat usioVonKcOV ICat f.lT] lCU~epVT]ttKcOV opyavcOcrerov yta 'tI]v avaYVcOpl<JT] 'too OtKatcO~la'tOe; E()vUCOU mrronpocrotoptaf.lOU crnc; e()vtICEe; f!EtOVO'tT]'tec; nou unupxouv ernv EM6.0a, zou 'tautil;B'tat f.l€ 'tT]v napaooxft E1C f.lIipooe; rou WT]vtICOU ICpU'tOUe; on un6.pxow eOvtKEe; -xrn 6xt uovo OpT]crKEUnIC&;f!EtOvo'tT]'tec; cr'tl]v e1ttICp6.'tet6. roo,

Eivm anap6.0EKto ICat U1tOKpmKO, BVcO f.ltMf!E yux WT]vtKit ustovorrrtc O'tT]V AA~avia Kat 'EUT]Vec; (axt xplcrTtaVOUe; ... ) O'tT]V Toupxin, vn apvouf.laote on U1tUPXOUV 'tOUpICtKit Kal (crAa~O ))UlKeOOvtKit f!ElOvo'tT]'ta O'tT]v EM6.0a f.l€ 'tT] OtKit 'toue; auto<rovewT]<JT] Ota<p0pEnKit y'AcOcrcra Kat tlitahEpT] noAmcrf.ltKit 'tamo'tT]'ta.

Oooi, ayava1CTtcrf.lf:vOI Kat Oatf!OVOAoyOUvrsc, aVaKaAUntOW f.lia aKOf.lT] av6WT]vtKit ou-

vcouoota n(oro ano 'tT]V npro'toJ30uAia ttov 'tptcOV usiovonxov ~oUAeutcOv, KaA6 ElVal va Ouf.lT]OOUV Ott oro OVO)Ul 'trov "EOvtKcOv <rof.l<pep6vrrov" crtclJ- 1tT]oav eni OE1C~e; anf:vavrt oro aicrxoe; rorv "ecrro'teptKcOV auv6prov" O'tT]V 1tEPLoxft rou EXivou 1] cr'tl<; OtcO~Etc; nou U1tIicr'tT]crav ta 'teAEUtaia x.p6- vm 'EUT]vec; nOAi'tec; f!E (OAaJ30 )f.laKEOOVtKit EOvtKlj <roveiOT]<JT].

Ours T] awoxft, OUtE T] Blia<ptKlj aKepatO'tI]ta 'tT]e; EAMoae; anEv..ouvral ano rrrv avayvcOpl<JT] 'tI]e; U1tap~T1e; €OvtKcOV f!Etovo'tT)'trov oro see'teptKO 'tI]e; Kat tOY crE~crf.l6 OAroV 'trov OtKatrof.l6.rcov 'toue;. A vnOe'ta, T1 eOvtlCtcrnKlj Kat f.ltcraAA6- OO~T] avnf!E'tc01tt<JT] 'trov uetovonpxov evwxUel rnv ecrrocrTpEq>eta 'toue; Kat aVaYKa(;'ttK6. 'tl<; ~roOe( crnv tauttoT] f!E nc; "f.lT]'tEpec; 1ta'tpioec;" xm 6tt

Alhlva, 26-7-99

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<Ytuma 'tow SeVUCOlV blElOVOm'tOlV u1to'tsAsi uVUI.UpIOp"'tT]'ta eva uno rc crTJllUV'tIKO'tspa xsiuevu nou u109~!hJKav rc 'tsAsu'taia xpoVla ano 'tOY Opveviouo». Au'tu avacpepovcal ANTI IIPOAOrOY a1to 1:OU~ Avr. Mnpso"lla, Aivo-AJ...e~avopo :EIOtAIUVO O'tO ~l~Aio zoo KUtcA.oCPOP110E ano 't~ EK~O:EEI:E ANT. N. :EAKKOYM (A8HNA - KOMOTHNH 1997).

Eivm eva ~tPAio nou 'tL'tJ...ocpopsi'tat <ill IIPO:ETALIA TnN MEIONOTHTnN», " :EUJl~OTJ-1tJ...aiOlO rou :EuJl~oUAiou 'tT]~ Eupt'o7tTJ~ a1to 'to MPYMA MAPArKOIIOYAOY rIA TA MKAInMATA TOY AN8PruIOY. :EE 1tP011YouJlSVO 'tsUxo<; 'tT]<; N.30PA N03 avaO"Jl0msU'tT]KaV a1to 'tT]V s<p"JlSpilia «IIONTIKl» 'ta ap9pa 'tT]<; :EuJl~aOTJ<;. :E' amo 'to up9po 9a aaxoA,,90uJlS Aiyo zepiocotepo Ylan Jla<; acpopu Kat <pUOlKU 'to sM11VlKO KPCl'tO<; 9a 1tpenst S1tt'teJ...ou<; va Ka'taM.~St on" :EYMBALH-IlAAI:EIO a<popci Kat ronq E8NIKA MAKE~ONE:E crnv EUcioa.

M£xpl 'tEA." OK'tOO~p" rou 1997 'tT] :EYMBAlli rnv un6ypaljlav 36 Kpci'tT]-J16A." rou :EUJlpouAiou 'tT]<; Eupoo1tTJ<;, OUJl1tSpWlJl~aVOJltvTJ<; Kat 'tT]<; EUUoa<;. H :EUJl~a011 cipxlOS va laxUm a1to rnv 1~ <1>s~pouapiou 1998. Etvca 1tpuYJlUn Yf:'(ovo<; on " :EuJl~acrTJ- IDaicrtO rou 1995 SJl1tV6s'tat a1to ~ apxB<; 'tT]<; ~taKllPu~l1<; 'tT]<; K01tf:'(XciY11<; rou 1990 oxou slXS 1tapsups9si 'to'ts Kat cvnnpoOOl1tsla ano 2 MaKsl)6vs<; ron Atyaiou. T" :EYMBALH IlAAI:EJO KaJ...ouVCat va 'tT]V U1tOypciljlouv «lYll J10VO Ol..a "Ca J16All "Coo :EllJ1IlOUA(- 00 "'1l~Eupoomt~, alla Ka1 clAAa Kpcl"'1l1tOU ea KA1l6oov va cn>J1JU:"CclIYXOUV· 6EOlPll"C1KeJ. 01 cn>J1- JU:"COX&s J11tOPOOV va cp"Ccl(fOUV J1£xp1 "C~ HIlA Kat "COV KaVaOcl». H EUUoa U1ttypaljlE ~ 22 :Ee1t'tEIlJ3piou 1997 'tT] :EYMBALH - IlAAI:EIO ernv Eupoo1tTJ Yla mv npo<Ytaaia 'tOlV E8NIK.QN MEIONOTHTnN Kat ~ apXE<; NOEJ.lj3piOll 'tT] :Eull~cr11 yta 't1"]V 19ayevsta aUU 'to ap9po 20 zspi t9ayevsta<; Sev MSt va 'to Ka'tapyiJoEl. Kt ollffi<; o~ 1 0 ~EKEf1~p{OU 1tOU Eivat 11 IIArKO:EMIA

HMEPA TnN AN8PnrrINnN MKAInMATnN f1tA.aSt yta Av9poomva ~tKatOOf1U'tU, <pUOlKci yta ~ ~ xoop£<; 01tOU lCa'ta1ta'touvcat.

o ftoopyo<; IIa1tavopeou Ei1ts: «H EAM~A S1t16uJlS{ va avaMpsl "1tpOl'taYOlVIO'tlKO, aua 1tciVCOl~ SVEPYO" POAO crnv 1tpociomcrTJ nov uv- 9pOl1tivrov olKatrof1ci'trov Ka'tcl 't1"] OtclpKEla 'tTJ<; 1tPOEOpi.a<; 'tT]<; <YtO :Eull~OUAtO 'tT]<; EupOO1t11<;, a1to mv 1~ Metou 1998 (<<E», 10/12/98, crsJ.... 3).

o Ka!hJY11-rll<; ~lE9vou<; ~tKaiou Kat aUf1- j3ouJ...o<; YI1EE K. OtKOV0f1i011<; Ka'taJ...OylOE O'tl<; aOuvaf1l£<; 'tT]<; :EUf1J3aOTJ<; 'tTJV tUelljlTJ OPlOf10U yta 'tT] usiovomec; Kan nou «e9>1tTJPE'tei 'ta OUf1- <pEpovca 'tOlV Kpa'toov 1t0ll Eivat av'ti9s-ra JlS ~ JlSIOVO'tT]'t£<; Kat tn OtKatooJla'tci roue» «m», 29/1/98, osJ.... 21).

o K. U1to<;, 1tPEO~11<; Em nf1", emctparsuos 'to yvrocr'to aUv911f1a: «01 JlStOVO'tT]'tS<; ye<pUpa <pv..i.a<; Kat cruvspyacri.a<; JlS'ta~u trov J...aoov». o OE Ilpoeopo; 't1"]<; ~111l0Kpa'tia<; K. :E'ts<pavo- 1touJ...o<; cr'tTJ OEU'tSP11 aUvooo lCOPU<p,,<; rou :Euf1- j3ouA.iou 'tT]<; Eupoo1tTJ<; oro :E'tpacrj3oupyo, JlS eouflE'toxT! E1C1tpocrOO1tOlV a1tO 40 xoop£<;, 0'tT] OtKll 'too napEf1~OTJ ava<pep!hJKs JlS tOtai'tEP11 EJl<paOTJ o'ta av9poomva OtKauOJlU'ta 'tovi1;ovca<; 'tT] OTJJlUcria 1tOU a1tooiom " xoopa Jla<; erqv E<paPJloyll 'tT]<; ouv61llCTJ<; 1tAatcriou yta 'tT]V 1tpoo'taaia 'trov s9vtKOOV ueiovorrrrorv Kat U1toypcif1f1tos 'tTJv avaylCTJ 9scrf109t'tT]OTJ<; svo<; E1tt'tp07tOU yta 'ta OIKauillla'ta ron av9poo1toU (Auy" 11/10/97). AU'ta 1Ct ciUa 1toUU AevS ot E1C1tpocrro1tOl rou sM11VlKOU tcparoo; <Yta otE9v1l FORA aua orov Eivat va 'ta E<pap uoooov O'tT]V EUUoa lCclVOUV O"'tpo<p" 180 f1Otpoov.

Na unsv9uf1ioouJlS 6n 'tT] ~taKllPu~11 'tT]<; 'to'tE ~E (~tcicrlCEIjl11 yta 'tT]v Acr<pa.A.ma Kat 'tT] :EuvEpyaaia crnv Eupoo1tTJ) 'tT]v exEt unoypUIjIEt 11 EAMoa 1Ct OJlOl<; a1t6 'to'tE exOUV a01CTJ9Ei 1tOlVlKe<; Ott'o~Et<; svcivcta 0' amou<; zoo osv lCclvOllV n1tO'ta clUo 1tapa 1CtVoUVCat O'tO 1tVEUlla amoov 'tOlV OtaKTJpU~EOlV. AU-rll 11 uno<pacrTJ 'tT]<; K01teyxuY1l<; f1tAUgl yta auronpOOOlOpt0J.l0 nov E9vtKWV ustovo-r1l'trov 1Ct avayvrop~E'tat au'tOf1cl'tro~ un6 't~ xoop£<; cr~ 01toiE<; cvtpcoov.

MkK6AONIKO

eNHIvI6PCDTIKO A6A TIO 23

Ooo yta 'tl] crUIl~a<rl] - ltAaicrto, 'tT)V onola 'U1tSypaljle 0 yevtK6<; ypall,..,a'tEa<; KOtVO'ttKOW Ylt0gecrerov ron Y ltOUpyeloU E<;ro'teptKcilV ~'t. IIePclKl]<;, ltapOUcrla nov ~OUA.e1)'t(:OV eKltpocromrov ornv Kowo~oUA.evtUC11 ~uveA.eu<rl] rou ~UIl~OUAiou 'tT)<; Eupro1O]<; K. Bpsrrou, Nopnc Ka'tcr€A.l] (IIA~OK), Bnp. IIoAuliropa (NL\). Nitccc AOUM (Luvacrmcrll6<;), ~'tp. Kopcxc (KKE). ron Il6vluon cvrerpooroaou 'tT)<; EA.Mlia<; oro ~U~UAlO L\. Kevcrc Kat'tOU yev. ypalllla'tea rou OpycvicrllOU Nr. TapcriA., atm'] 9a ltpt7tet va rilxet elttKUpro<rl]<; (ultepljlij<pl<rl] alt6 'tT) BouAij - Iil]IlOcrleu<rl] cmv E<pl]J.t6pilia 'tT)<; Ku~epVl]<rl]).

M6'ta9) uov xroprov 1tOU rnv txet smxuprocret Kal to KotVO~OUAlO 'tou<; eivat Kat l] L\l]IlOKpatia 'tT)<; MaKeliovia<;. L\ev rnv exet 67ttKUprocrel 'to KotVO~OUAlO, ,..,txpt cr'ttYllij<;, Tl]<; ToupKia<; Kat 'tT)<; EA.Mlia<; «ill», 23/9/97), Iil]Aaliij 'tT)<; ltMOV ... «~p~apl]<;» Kat 'tT)<; 1tA.€OV ... <(7tOAmcrJ.t€VlJ<;» Xropa<;!.

l:T11v A9t\va

~'tT)V Eupro1O], l] EA.Mlia 'tT) ~YMB~H - IIAAI~IO riA THN IIPO~T~IA TUN EElNIK11N MEIONOTHTUN 'tT)v Ult6ypaljlE 'tOY ~67t'tell~pto ron 1997. 'OJ.tW<; l] Eupro1O] oro EUl]VlK6 Kowo~UAto liev e<p'tacre. AKO,..,a cruvexi~6'tat l] crK07tlIll] KroAUcrtEPYla yta va 67ttKUpro9ei altO 'tT)V EUl]VlKij BouAij, aA.A.cl1tOU ea 1tclet, strs 'to 9tAouv Bi'tE 6Xl 9a 'to ~clA.ouv 'to ge,..,a <r'tT) BOUAij. 0 AKl]C; Teoxa't~01tOuAo<; eiXE ltEl on ,..,txpt 'to <p9w6ltropo rou 1999 9a E1ttKUpro9ei, aA.A.cl aKolll] va to 1i0uJ.t6 au'to. Ilpocecro, 'tT)V 1 <l>e~pouapiou 2000 crnv A- 9fJva 1i1Opyavro9TjKe alt6 to KMPO Ilpo-domorp; Avepro1tivrov L\tKalrollcltrov (KE.II.A.L\.) Kat 'to Tllij,..,a IIoAmKij<; E1tWtTJlll]<; Kat L\l]J.l6crta<; L\toiKl]<rl]<; rou Ilcvemomutou A9l]vrov cru~ij'tT)<rl] Ile ge,..,a: <ill crUll~<rl] - ltAaicrto yta 'tT)V 7tpoclcr1tWl] troy e9vtKrov usiovornrorv 'IOU ~UIl~uAiou 'tT)<; Eupro1O]<; Kat l] <rl]llacrla 'tT)<; yID rnv EUMa», oro K6V'tptK6 KtlplO 'IOU Ilcvemcmuiou A9l]vrov. ~'tT) cru~ij'tT)crl] autTJ eK7tpooro7tOt 'IOU 'U1t. E~ro'teptKroV liijA.rocrav on ot ~eA~et<; a7tattouv 'tT)v emKUprocrij 'tT)<; a7to to KotVO~OUAto. 'Hlil] mv txouv entKUprocret 28 Xrope<; - ilEAl] 'IOU ~UIl~Aiou 'tT)<; Eupro1O]<; ~'tE).

H ~YMBA~H - IIAAI~IO a7tOKAete1 'tT)v a<poJ.tOtro<rl] troy J.t6lOVOtTJ'troV. 7teptAall~clvOVta\ apxe<; 7tOU 9a 7tp€7tet va E<papIlO~OVtat a7tO 'tT)V

KU~epVl]'ttKij 7tOAmKij Kat'tOv voJ.t0ge'tT), Oltro<; stvat l] 7tporo9Tj<rl] 'tT)<; 1tAijpoU<; mO'tT)ta<;, 1il]lltoupyia 7tpoiiltogecr6(J)V yID 'tT)V aVcl7t'tU~l] y A.rocrmKij<;, 9Pl]crK6U'ttKij<; Kal 7tOAmcrlltKij<; tauto'tT)'ta<; troy J.l6tovOtfJtrov, 0 cre~acrJ.l6<; omv EA.eu9Epia crKe- 1jIl]<;, cruvewl]<rl]<;, eK<ppa<rl]<;, 9pl]crKEla<;, l] 7tapoxii IiteuKOAUVcr6(J)V yID 'tT)v EKJ.lcl9Tj<rl] Kat liwacrKuAla 'tT)e; YArocrcra<;, l] liuvat6'tljta crUcr'ta<rl]<; Kat IitEiJ9uv<rl]<; IilKrov tOU<; llipUllcl'trov Kat Msorov EVl]llepro<rl]<;. H ~UIl~a<rl] IIAaicrto 7tpO~M7tEt Pl]tcl to IhKairolla TOll amonpO<J010P1<J1lcn'i.

o VOlllKO<; crUll~OUA.o<; 'IOU 7tpro9u7toupyou, Ka9TjYl]tTJ<; ruOpyo<; fla1talil]lll]tpiou, rovtos On «KaAoullacrte va U7t6p~UJ.t6 'tT) mcl<rl] 'IOU 7tapEA.- 90Vto<; avnJ.l6'tro1til;Ovta<; tOu<; J.l6lOVO'ttKOU<; euIl1tOAite<; Ila<; ro<; 7taprovuxwa Kal va a7t0Iiex9oUJ.t6 rnv aVcl7t'tU~l] J.l8tprov evcrrollcltro<rl]<;. ME 7tproteUoucra <rl]llacria 'tT) 1l0ucrouAIlaVlKij J.t6tovO'tT)ta 'tT)<; ElPclKl]<; Kat lieutEpeUoucra 'tT) crAa~OllaKelioVlKij. A7tO'teA.ei IiUcrKOAl] a1to<pa<rl], aA.A.cl clJ.l6cra gella l] KUpro<rl] 'tT)<; ~UIl~a<rl]<;. H 7tOAmKij ,..,a<; ropi,..,acrE J.t6 ~ 'tt<; crUyXPOVE<; avttA.ijIjlEt<;. Em~tat l] tcro'ttllia Kal 1tpO<; tt<; J.l6l0V6'tljtE<;, avayvrop~Ovta<; ta IitKauO,..,atcl rotx»

Mnopet va cra<; <paiVEtat «McrKOAl] a1t6- <pa<rl]» aA.A.cl 7tpe7t6t va 'to 7tP~EtE yID 'tT) Iil]J.tOKpatia. «To IitE9ve<; evlita<pepov mpe<p6'tat Ott<; usiovorrree;» 'U1tocrtfJp~av 01 OIltA.l]tE<; Mapia Bcoisstoo, 7tp6Elipo<; 'IOU KEIIAL\, M. TeAaAtclV, crUll~OUA.o<; tOU Ult. E~roteptKrov Kat cruvtclK'tT)<; Tl]<; ~UIl~a<rl]<;, 0 aKalil]lla'CK6<; A vtroVl]<; MltPEIiij,..,a<; Kt 0 1tpecr~l]<; s.r, Buprov ElEolirop0ltOUAO<;. ~. atm']v 'tT)v EKliijAro<rl] 1tap6UpicrKOvtaV Kal to m€A.exo<; 'IOU Oopnviou T6~ou - EuproltalK6 KlVl],..,a IIauAo<; BOcrK07tOUAO<;.

l:-rO EllproKO\VoJ!oiil..lO

Tov 67toJ.l6VO Ilijva tOY Mcpno l] OAoJ.l8- AIlta tOU crrollato<; rou EUproKotVO~UAiou ~e<ppacre tOY MOVO 1tpo~Al]lla'ttcrllo yta Illa crElPcl 7tapa~tclcrEt<; troy av9pro1tivrov IitKatrollcl'trov <r'tT)v Euprolta'(Kij 'Evro<rl], EKge<rl] 7tap61l0ta 'IOU ~tett N'ttltclPtJ.l6V't. To KeiJ.l6V0 1tOU 1jIl]<pi<r'tT)K6 alt6 'tT)v ltAllloljll]<pia troy 6Upro~OUAeutrov ava<pep6'tat Kal ma J.lclUov alt0Y0l]t6U'ttKcl motxeia 'tT)<; L\tE9voii<; AIlVl]crtia<;, crUll<Prova J.l6 tu 07toia to 1999 txouv <rl]J.l6lro9ei ltEptcrcrOtEPO ij Aty6tEPO cro~ape<; 1tapa~tclcrEt<; troy av9proltivrov IitKatrollcltrov oe 11 alt6 ta 15 KPcl'tT) 'tT)<; E.E. Oi ev A6yro 1tapa~tcl-

M.l..KSAONIKO

24 GNHMGPQ)TIKO AGA TIO

0"E1~ uq>opouv lCUpiro~ rnv Eltt!k>AiJ ltOWIDV, 'tU zoAtnKu otKUtIDjUl'tU KUt rnv npootnotn trov usiovomrrov.

Doov uq>opu rnv EMciou, 'to EUproKOWO!k>uAtO S11'tEi vu uVUyvropicrEt «1tAiJpro~» 'to otKuirollu 'troY uvnPP11O"tIDV O"lJVEio11O"TJ~, otouq ozotoo; OEY 9u ltpSltEt VU E1tt~ciMov'tut uMou EiOou~ Ult11- PEo"~ ro~ «tuuopic».

Ot I:IJpro~OUAEu'tS~ EmO"TJ~ KUAoW 'tT] ruAAin Kilt 'to BSAYtO vu ltPOXroPiJO"ouv «xrop~ KU9uO"'tSP11O"TJ» ernv \J1toypuq>iJ 'tT]r; EuproltutKiJr; ~UIl~uO"TJr; yw. 'tT]V Ilpoorcotc rcov E9vtKOOV MEtOVO'tl)'trov, EYID m&l;ouv 't1lv EAAAM, rnv OMuvoiu, 'to Aou~EIl!k>UPYO, 'tTJV ITop'toyuAiu Kilt 'tT] ~OU11oiu VU E1ttKlJPOOO"Ouv 'tT]V EY AfJyro crUll~UO"TJ.

To lOtO ui'tT]jUl Ultl:lJ9UVE't1lt Kilt O"nr; XOOper; non OEY &xouv UK61l11 UltOYpU'I'Et iJ EmlCUPID-

O"Et 'tOY EYPnrrAiKO XAPTH TON TOITIKO.N KAI MEIONOTIKO.N r Aill:~ON, 6ltror; 11 EAAAM, 11 l'tuAiu, 'to Buy to, 11 IpAnvoin, 11 Ilop'tOYuAin, 11 ~ou11oin Kilt 'to Hvousvo BucrtAEto - ltOU OEY &xouv UltOYPU'I'Et- KUt 11 Auctpte, 11 ~uvin, 11 rUMiu, 'to Aou~EIl~OUPYO Kt 11 IO"ltuviu ltOU OEY &XOUV ElttKlJPOOO"Et 'to XUp'tT]. T Ir; EK9So"Etr; ron 1998-99, 11 Eltt'tpoltiJ rou EUproltUtKOU KowobouAiou yw. nr; 9Ej.I£A1OOoEtr; EAEu9EP~ 'ttr; EiXE \)\09E'tl)o"EI~ 01l6q>rovu YlU r' uv9pooltwu otKUtIDjUl'tU O"'tT]V E.E. Kilt O"'tu Ulto'l'iJq>w. KPU'tT].

«EAEu9EPO't\J1tiu» :

1 0/2, 14/2, 1013 Kilt 1713 ron 2000.

K6J..1O

o "[YNA[nl[MO[" KO'tO 'tOU PO'tlSllStJOU

O ~YNA1:ITI~MO~ Slt' I:IJKlltpiu 't1lr; ITUYKOO"lltUr; HJl&pur; KU'tU rou PerotO")lOU E~soroo"E Aiyo nptv 'ttr; EKAOYSr; 'tT]r; 9 Altpv..iou 2000 uvuKoivroO"TJ KU'tu TOU pereiouo». E1ttO"TJIlUivE1 UU~UVO)lEVU KPOUO"JUlTU pa'tcrIO"nKiJr; O"lJllltEplq>opur; ornv EnpOO1tTJ. MtAUEI KlJPiror; Yla 'tour; oncovouucoo; us'tUVUO"'tEr;, UMU Kilt 'to OW.xroptO"ll0 Kpntouq - EKKA11O"iur;.

ME'ta~u uMffiv avuq>spEl:

* ~E~UO"Il0r; rov olKUWlIlU'trov nov &6vOTlKIDV, 9p11O"KI:IJ'ttKOOV, YAroO"crtKOOV Kilt O"ESOUuAtKIDV j.l£lOVO'tl)'trov.

* SS(ml.O"11 vouou KU'tU rorv ow.KpicrEroV.

* Ku9i£procr11 JUl9iJIlU'tOr; avnpa'tcrtcr'ttKiJr; o.yroYilr; a'ta crxOAEin.

* Altay6peucrTJ pu'tcrtcrnKiJr; ltP01to.yuvoar; o.ltO 'ta MMEK.T.A.

H pouAEu'tl)r; TOU ~YN ~TSMu AAq>i£p11 UltOO'tT]pil;Et: «H 1l6VTJ ltoAmKiJ altUv'tT]O"TJ Ult&vuvn oru q>uw6)lEVa SEYOq>O~IKiJr; ~inr; KUt TOU puTcrtO")lOU Eivat va. yiVEt ltPUYllu'ttKO'tT]'ta TO ltOAUltOAtnOlltKO O"'tOlXEio» (<<E» 22/3/2000, 0. 49).

H MS11 «ltOAUltOAtTlcrlllK6't1lTU» 't1lr; K.

AAq>i£P11, oucrTl)xOOr; xrn yw. TOUr; ltpOOOl:IJnKOUr;, q>TUVEt Jl&XPl TOUr; aMOOUltOUr;. I'io 'ttr; E9vlKS<; j.l£tOVOTT]TEr; O'tT]V EMMa SXETE llv..iJcrEI ltOTS K. AAq>i£P11; 0 OE KroVO"TUVTOltOUAOr; ltpOEOpO<; TOU l:YN YIU UM11 11W. q>opu TOV ~EKSIlPptO TOU 1999 EltlcrKSq>'t1lKE O'tT]V KoiTT] TOU I' aMIKOU ltOTal1ou 'tOY ~uq>ncrlllt6 TOU KUt TOUr; 2.500 crKT]viTEr; Towyuvour;. EVSPYE1U zou rqv E1ttKPOTID. ITUPOIlOlU EvspYEla EiXE KUVEl Kilt 0 Knvndmp; cr'tT] <l>Affipwa. Ilou sorocrE crltina crouc T crtYYUVOur;. 0 crKOltOr; roo OEY iJtUV uvnpatcrtcrttKO<; aMU 11 aq>OlloirocriJ rou; ... soocov tOUr; ~UltttcrE ltpOOta. Sa ltEpi)lEVU alto tOY K. KrovcrtaVtOltOUAo ltspav troy EltWKS'I'Erov zou EiXE KUvEt 0"'t1l ~11Il. 't1lr; MUKEooviu<; va EltlcrKEq>tEi rou; ~uM6your; MUKEOOVroV Ilpocrq>iryrov. O)lffir; OEY t6XE1 KUVE1ltOtS rroro, Kat vc IllJv EmcrK8ltTETUl uovo TOU<; Koupoou<; ltpocrq>uyEr; crTT]V ltAateia KOllIlOUVOOUpOll. TSTOlo. EmcrKe'I'TJ 8ltpC1te VUXe! KUVe! KUt IlUAla'tU mo IlltpOcrTu 0 Xo.piAo.o<; <l>AropUKT]r; TOU KKE ...

NiKOr; Lo.K.

M.Io..KSAONIKO

6NHM6PWTIKO A6A. TIO 25

H ETHIIA EK0EIH TOY ITE"iT NTlnAPTMENT riA TO 1999

!G9E xpOVO 'to LTEIT NTlIlAPTMENT KOWSt 'tTjV ETIt(HU eK9sai] 't01) ylU tu v9pffi1ttvu t.tKUuO~U'tU UVU 'tOY KOcr~O. Ilcpoomnotrpce <i'tTj OTJ~ocrto'tTj'ta an; 25 cDsppo1)apio1) ron 2000. 'Etrn ~eaa a' OAO 0.1)'t6 'to V'tOK01)~'tO uvacpepEt Kat yta 'tTJV EMUOa. Ot atXfl£e; T]'tav yta 'to crrocppOVlanK6 crUcr'tTJ!.la, ne; !.l£tOv6'tTj'tse;, rnv ucrovo ueuon. Avucpepst1troe;:

• «Y1tUPXOVV vouucoi zeptopiouot <i'tTj OTJj.t(01)pylu evcOcrsrov a1t6 SOvtKee; usiovorrrre;».

• «Mspuce; cpopee; TJ K1.lpepVTJcrTJ e9scrs 1)1t0 1tapaKOAoU9TJcrTJ CI'teAExTJ opyavcOcrsrov uv9pro1tivrov OtKUtroj.t6.'t<OV, 1tEPtAUllpaVO~<OV /;Evrov omAroIlU'tcOV, IlTJ op9000sec; oj.t6.ose; KUt ueiovotuce; 0IlUOSe;».

• «EVOHSU1COAOV9si va 1[UpU~SI 'to 1tPOPA.TJIlU OtUKplcrTJe; KU'tU SOvtKcOV uetovormrov, uM6. oe XUIlTJA.O'tSpu E1[l1IEOU U1[O 'tTJv 1tpOTJYOU!.l£VTJ XPOVlU».

• H EM6.oa «avayvropisst £1ticrTJllU 1l0VO 'tTj 1l01)cr01)AIlUVtKi] IlStOVO'tTJ'tu, Ils PUcrTJ 'tTj L1)V- 9T]KTJ 'tTJe; AosUVVTJe;, 't01) 1923, (Kat) 1tUpU 'to ysyovoe; on s1tavupEpuiroClS 'to OtKuiroj.tu trov 1tOA.t'tcOv ytU u1J't01tpoaOtOptcrIlO, TJ K1.lpepVTJ- r--------------------,

crTJ SSUKOA01)9el VU UPVel'tat vo uvayvroptSst SmClTJIlU rnv U1tUPSTJ j.tTl 1l0l)(!01)AIlUVlKcOV 0- j.t6.0<ov, K1.lpiroe; rouq crAaPocproV01)e;, KU'tro 0.- 1t0 'tOY OpO 'ustovorqrc'».

• «ESaM01), !.l£ptKU a'tOj.ta 1t01) uurozpoodtopisOV'tal roe; !.tEATJ IlIae; !.l£tOvo'tTJ'tae; 'to ppiClKOUY OUcrKOAo VU EKCPPUSOUV 'tTJV 't(1)'tO'tTJ'tu rou; SA.sU9spu KUt vo ota'tTJpT]crouv 'tTJV K01)A'tOUPU 'tove;' roerooo 1tPOPAT]IlU'tU (1)TIte; 'tTje; cpUClEroe; !.l£tro9rtKUV KU1troe; 'tTJ xpoVtti 1(01) 1tepucrs». (<<E» 26/2/2000).

H EM6.ou oX! 1l0VO oev uvuyvroPtSSt 'to. cr't01XSuOOTJ ~E10VO'tlKU OtKatcO~am 'troY MaKEbOV<oV onv EOv6'tTJm, aMa Ssv uvuyvroPtSS1 oors 'tTJ YAcOcrcru, ou'ts UMTl 1tOAtttcrj.ttK0'tTJtu 0.1)rou 't01) yrWEVT] 1tATJ9uaj.tou a'tTJ Mcxeoovto.

H tK9scrTJ 't01) L'tel't NTIIIAPTMENT 0.vuyvroPtSSt 1tepuv 'tTJe; j.ttUe; SOvtKi]c; IlEtOvo'tTJtae; era 1tAaicrlU 't01) SAATJVtKOU KpU't01)e; orov IltAUEt yta «sOvtKee; !.l£lOVO'tTJ'tSC;».

Evro crtle; 1tUAatO'tEpSe; EKgecrEtc; 0 EMTJVtKOe; tU1tOe; 1ta9atvs 1)crtspiu Kat I!tAOucrs ytu cpaV'tacrnKu crevupta 'troY Auspucovrov, cpe'tOC; sv e'tet 2000 E1.lWXcOC; oev 1tu9av cox aM6. ea'tro atro1tTJpu oev ropnovrm. Etuccrs Ilta IIP ArMA TIKOTHTA. t.f.v Ei~cr'ts oms 1tpUK'tOpEe;, oors AtYOcrtOi. Etuccrs 1tOAi'tEe; 'tTJe; XcOpae; au'ti]e; uMU Kat 'tTJe; E1)pro1tTJe; KUt STJ'tU!.l£ 'to. uurovontu, Ot aKpuiee; UV1:tOpucr'ttKee; u1t61j1Stc; rcov EMTJVtKcOV MME Atyoa'tsljlav, ornv oootc 'tTJV a1toau01tTJcruv. Movo !.ltU 1tspI9roplUKi] sCPTl!.l£PWU 0 «OPE>0t.030L TYIIOL» (3/3/2000) ue 1tpro'tOcreAtOo 'tTJe; KU'tUcpepov'tuv evUV'tlU orov 1)1t01)py6 ESro'tSptKcOV 'tTJe; EMUOUe;, 'tOY K. ruOpyo ITu1tavopeo1), 1t01) stpcoVlKU uvcoeporcv oro 1tpocrro1tO 't01) ouv 'tOY «I' sropyaKTJ» 1t01) elXS IltAT]crSt 1tspi «(l1)'t01tpocrOtOptCl~OU». H Eq>TJ!.l£piOa (1)'ti] eXEt ~VEt 1toM mcrro 6Xt ~OVO orrv tOeSe; UMa Kat <i'tTj ypaq>T] 'tTJe;, ypaq>et Ka9apruo1)cra, apa ~TJ A(tiKi] SCPTJ~EpWa.

EMHNIKO nAPATHPHTHPIO TON IYMCJ)ONION TOY EAIINKI

To EMTJVlKO ITupu'tTJPTlTItptO !.l£ E1ttKEcpaAT]e; 'tOY ITuvuyuO'tTJ t.Tl~Tl'tpa, eorocrs a'tl] OTl~OcrtO'tTJ'tu 'tTJv tK9EcrTJ ylU tlC; 1tUpUplaClEIe; tev av- 9pro1tivrov OtKatro~atrov crtTl xropa ~u<; 'to 1999. H eK9scrTJ uvaq>epet tTl OTl~tol)pyia 1tPOPATJllthrov os pupoe; fleAcOV SOvO'ttKcOV ueiovorntrov.

AUTIt 'tTJ cpopu S1tIai]~UVS KUt (1)0 9£'ttKa ClXOAtU. To Eva ucpopa tTl AEt'tovpyiu ron 9scrflou ton L1)VTJYOpou ron IToAi'tl] Kat 'to aAAO tlC; STlArocrete; 't01) 1)1t01)PYOU ESro'tEptKcOV rEropY(1) ITU1tUVopeov ytU 'tOY a1J't01[pocrOtoptClj.tO rorv !.l£AroV usiovonpxov (<<E» 21/1/2000).

MkKeAONIKO

26 GNHtvlGPCDT'KO AGA. TIO

TO BJ\EMMA TOY os YIIEA H TPITH AnO'PH

riA TON «EI\I\HNOXPIETIANIEMO», THN ANTAMArH TOY '22 KAI TO POAO TOY KPATOYE

Tov Tuivvn [JOVVIOV

To zapov ap()po b'lJ10t1leVV7IC8 rov LJ8ICeJ1{Jp'l rov '99 l1'l'OV «JIAPATHPHTH» I:8ppWV. JI8pI).aJ1{Jav81 ysvIICa 7Colla ()eJ1ara (JIayICOt1J1I07COi1'/t1IJ, ifJI).ot1orpoi"oTopia, LJ18Ovee; LJiICwo IC.a.) 7COV elva! 7CO).15 015t1/COAO va xwpet10vv (J8 J18pIICee; (Jdi&e;. a ap()poypa-

oo; ue V7 YVWl1'l'ft rov aVrleOvIICIl1'l'IKtl 07CrlKtl, 7CaipV81 ()et1lJ l1'l'OV Ou:u.oyo 7COV ooop«: «To 7CPOrlf.I.1'/reo evavrl V7e; allayfte; V7e; 7C[~e; ft V7e; YAWt1t1a<;» xat t1IJf.l.81WV81 atnv 81(JaywYtl rov orl emfJ6.lleraz «Aywvae; va J.!1'/V (JVf.I.{Jd obte ro evo:, oine TO ilio (x6.()1'/K8 0 [moe; OpOf.l.Oe; Yla tnv KO:f.I.ft).o:;)>> AVrl7Co:pepxsrO:l tUJI ro oiA'If.l.f.I.a, OI8P8Vv6. 1(0:1 7CPO(JO:Pf.l.Ot;81 ro: eponnuoxa ~ t1IJf.l.ePIVft 7CpaYJ.!O:rlKoV7ro: xai J.!e(JO: a' avrt1v avaintei ro «BAtJ1J.!O: rov OOVt1(Jea». Ileac O'l).o:oft Ba o:vro:- 7COICpl()015f.l.8 l1'l'OV K0t1f.1.0 7COV iliat;8l, 7COlo: eivai ro: 8rpOOlo: V7e; urtopku; xai 7C015 7Cpe7Cel v ' O:7COt1/C07COVf.l.8.

"To ttav eivai va eiatu itv8poncor;;" Eupomaiot .1w({Jwr:ll1'l'b;

00. tvtroOo. o.O"<paJ.£<Hepo., o.v TJIlO1JV q)1A6wy~ Kat eixo. etOtKeur:ei O"'to. 1tpOO"<pUytKU, roO"'t60"0 00. crxOA.tclO"ro optO"f.lSvee; OEO"ete; 1tOU 1to.pouO"i.o.O"e 't60"0 yA.o.<pupu 0 ~'to.'Opoe; Bo.O"oE1cqe; ("TIo.po.'tT)Pllr:TJe;" ~eppoov 21-10-99) !If: 0"'t6xo 'tOY Oe'ttK6 otciAoyo. H xowervtc f.lUc; xpeuil;e'to.t O"Uvo.iveO"ll, o.VoxTJ Kat 1tpo1t0.vr:6e; ~o.ew 1teptO"UMoYTJ 1tpOe; 'rIlv e1tepx6!lf:Vll "1to.yKOO"llt01toillO"ll". Kat ym va 1ter:UxOU!lf: o.u'tu stvci o.vuyKll va eilihl'et II ell1tugeto. Kat II f:1tt<po.veto.Ki] EpeUVo. Kat a<pe'tEpou vn e~o.O"<po.A.tO"'to'6v ot 1tpofuc09EO"etc; 'rile; eA.eugepor:u1ti.o.e; ym 6t..ee; 'ttc; YVOO!lf:e;, E<Hro Kt uv Bev eiVat BllIlO<ptA.eie; Kt evoxw'Ov 'toue; "euo.icr9T!'toue;".

~'to KeifleYo 1tOU UKOA.ou9ei Ssv U1tUPX01JV e1ttXf:tPTJflU'to. U1tEP 'rile; Ilto.c; TJ 'tT)e; UUlle; U1tO'Jllle;.

"To l£PO'"nJl1JTEO tvaVTt n)~ aMayit~ n)~ 1£«rnt~ it n)~ yMb(J(Ja~" 90. 0.1t0.V'tT)gei ue o.dTJ AoytKi]: AyooVo.e; vu Illlv O"UIl~ei ours 'to Eva outs to ciM.o! (Xu9T!Ke 0 {moe; Op6f.lOe; ym rnv Ko.IlTJA.o.;). AVr:mUPEPXOllo.t 'to BiA.llllflU Kat yt' MA.O A.6yo, Bev Ko.'to.A.o.~o.ivro oro upOpo 'tt emOtOOKe'tat, II to"'toptKi] UVUA.UO"ll Kt 0.1tOAoytO"Il6e; iJ veKpo.vuO"'to.O"ll KU1totroV "EUTJvrov". ~tePeuvoovr:o.c; 'tT)V o.A.TJOem KUt Oxt ru; 0"K01ttIl6- 'rIl'tee; Ou npoocpuoom rn epror:iJllur:o. O"'rIlV O"ll!lf:ptviJ 1tpo.YIlU'ttK6'rI1'ta Kat !1E0"0. c' UUr:TJV 90. o.Vo.Sll'rllge{ 'to "BA.EllflU ron OBUO"O"Eo.". TIooe; BllA.o.BiJ 9u uv't0.1toKptgei 0 veoEMllVo.c; orov K60"IlO nou o.A.A.aSet, zour stvru 'to. e<p6Bt6 ron cno 'tOY EA.A.llvtO"f.lO- XptO"'tto.vtO"ll6 Kat 1tO'O 1tpE1tet v' o.1tOO"K01tet.

IIpdna l£proTa o.ll<PtO"~ll'tOO yto. 'to o.v, 1tO'tE 'tE9T!Ke 0.1t6 roo; Ko.'tUK'tT)'tEe; 1tpOe; rou; puytuoee; II emA.oyiJ 'tT)e; yA.OOO"O"o.e; TJ 'tTjC; 9pllO"Kei.o.c;, TO(JO (;1JJlOKpa't'lKcl. Fie vc yivet rooro mcrsoro, 1tPE- 1tet vc u1to.V'tT)Oei cruyKeKptJ.lEvo. l£oli, 1£0TE Kat l£OWll~ "EMllvec; ~O"uvtO"e 'to BiA.llllllu, !If: uB0.cstcm O"'tOtxe{o. Kat 6xt !If: ioropuce; 1to.po.ooO"ete;.

Av ollroe;, E'rO"t O"UVEA.o.~o.v 'to siJ'rIlllo. ot 0- 9rollo.voi, roes vrpsaouot 1ttO 1tOA.'O yto. roo; Xo.O"u- 1tllBee; teov llJ.lf:PooV J.lo.e; 1tOU KUr:o.1to.'to'Ov Kat 'ttc;

y A.roO"O"tKEe; Kat 'ttc; 9PllO"Keu'ttKEe; eA.euOepiee; (EKOEO"Ete; AVOpro1ttO"'ttKOOV OpyuvooO"erov).

~E'6TEpO. Kprrnpio 'rile; YIIOXPEnTI~ Kat Oxt e9eAov'ttKi]e; o.v'to.A.A.o.yTJe; ron '22 Bev iJ'to.v II yA.OOO"O"u Kat II O"UvewllO"Tj, o.MU II OPllO"Kei.o., II A.uBio. A.iOoe; yto. 'to. EOvTj (J.ltMtE't) 'rile; 'tOUpKOKpo.r:i.o.e;. I't' o.ur:o KUt II O"UvOTJKll 'rile; ArosUVTje; J.ltA.cl KUpiroe; yto. J.l0uO"OUA.J.lUVOUe; Kat J.lll J.louo"ouA.J.lclvoue;.

OJ.lroe; ot XetpO'tEPOl KUVTJyoi ron EMllVtKO'O ctpcrou Bev TJ'to.v Ot KeJ.lo.A.tKoi, o.A.A.ci Ot 101..-

MA..K6AONIKO

6NHM6P(J)TIKO A6A TIO 27

A.1]V6<proVOl f.LOuO"OUA.IlUVOl, "'tOUPKOKPT]'tE~" KUt "BUMuME~", 1tOU EKi'hroX't1]KUV U1t6 'to 1914. AV'tlO"'tOlXU oi Ihu<popot xpUJ'ttuvoi 't1]~ M. AO"iu~, 61tro~ OlU1ttO"'tcOvouv ot toropucot, OEV O"'tT]ptSUV 't1]V 1tEptP61]'t1] EK.O"'tPU'tEiu, O"E av'tiSEO"1] !1E 'tou~ To"EPKEI;OU~ KUt 'tOU~ Q"\)V't1]P1]'ttKOU~ 0"0UA.1:uv6<ptA.OU~ 1tOU 1tOA£Il1]O"UV 0"'t0 1tA.wp6 trov EMT]VroV (ME'tU rrtv T]'t'tu EYKU'tUO"'tU81jKE ol!liou TO"EPKE~rov ornv Koill1]O"l] ~EppcOV).

Tu 1tupuoEiyllU'tU <pUVEProvouv on &9vuol Cf1)V&Wll<nJ, trO"l 01tro<; TtJv &VVoot'iJ1& cntJ1&PCl, o&v 1J1t1]Pl& YEVlKU orouq A.UOU~ 't1]~ SeoKpu'ttKTj~ uu'toKpu'topiu~. Km 1tpuyllU'tt, Ot &K-r01JPKlO"J1Oi KUt ot &~&MllvlO"J1oi SEKtVOUV O"UO"'t1]IlU'ttKU crov !1E0"01t6A.ep,0, yivov'tat "E1ttO"'tT]Il1]" KUt Q"\)vex~ovnn ro~ ... ~ !!EPE~ Ilu~: opEO"iPtOl TOUPKOl T] TouPKOIlUVOl oi KOUpOOl Kt upxuiot AyptUVE~ ot IIOIlUKOl!

DO"Ol OEV OtUpuO"uv "ozopprrrs;" EK8EO"e~ rorv KpU'ttKcOV ApXeirov, u~ O"K.e<p'toUv ~ &~opu:<; ytU 't1]V ll1]tptKTj rou; yA.roO"O"u T] 'tOY p6w trov vuK'tepwcOv lflouirov, 't60"0 1tpO~ rou; SEV6yA.roO"oou; 1tp60"<pUYE~, 60"0 KUt 1tpO~ 'tOu~ Y11YEVei~ MUKe06vE~.

Tptro. H E8vtKTj Q"\)vEi01]O"l] 1tPOEKU'I'E oru vE6'tEPU EUpro1tU"iKU xp6vtu (!1E'tu rrtv rUMtKTj E- 1tuvuO"'tuO"l]) ouv U1to'twO"IlU 't1]~ KPCl-rtK1]<; OtClq>w-rl<nJ<; (~xoA.eiu, ~1]1l60"tu ~tO{K1]O"1], Eru1]O"iu, ~'tpu't6~, Tu1to~, IIoA.mKTj Kat K61lIlU'tU, K.U.) KUt ~ 1tEptO"0"6'tEPE~ <pOPE~ -T] 1tUV'tO'tE ytu 'tOY OtUO"l]f.LO XOIl1tcrll1tUOUIl- 'to Kpa-rO<; &iVClt Cl1J-rO n01J y&VVa oro 'E8vo<;.

H ClV-riMCl<nJ O"'t1]V U<POIlOtro'ttKTj 1tOA.t'ttKTj reov KPU'ttKcOV Il1]XUVtO"!1ffiv, Q"\)1l1t&PtA.UIlPUVO!!EV1]~ KUt 't1]~ tOtro'ttKTj~ 1tpro'tOpouA.iu~ -e8vtKoi aUMoyOl, Of.LOYEVe~, e1ttxetp1]IlUm~- Q"\)VUV'ttE'tUt cr'tU XUpUK't1]Pto"'ttKU O"'tOlXEiu YMOO"O"Cl, 9pllO"Keia, E6tJ1Cl KClt voo-rponi&<; 't1]~ KUSElltU~ OIlUOU~ e- 8v6't1j'tu~. rvroO"'tU eivut 'tU U1tO'tEA£O"IlU'tU 't1]~ UVtO"l]~ IlUXTI~· Ot xtA.tUOe~ Ponuoi 't1]~ II6A.1]~ (KAl EM1]v6<proVOt KUt Xpumovot) 'tOUPK.E\lfUV IlUA.A.OV, 1tUpU <PUyUOEU't1]KUV, 'to iotO KUt oi Koupom E<p60"0v 'to E9vlKO Kpa-ro<; EKUVE 't~ !1EtoV6't1]'tE~ Vcl V-rpb!:ovTClt yw TtJv KCl-rClYOO'"(1] -r01J<; •••

Ki UKPtPcO~ EOcO EV'tO~E'tat 'to 1tp6PA.1]llu, mo YEVtK6 KUt 1tt0 PEUA.tO"'ttK6 u1t6 'to UPXlK6 oiA.1]IlIlU, UVEXE'tat 1] O"l]!1EPWT] KOwroviu KU'tt 'to OtU<P0PE'ttK6 u1t6 't1]V KUpiuPXTI tOEOA.oyiu; Em-

KatpO 7tA£OV epcO't1]llu, 01t01J KClJ1W nOlt-rEiCl -rrov BalKClvirov o&v dVCll1J1tEPavro Ka6E 1Jno'llia<;. H U<POlloiroO"l] ttov e8vtKcOV OJluorov O"e KUSE 1tepi- 1t'troO"1] Eivat ANH0IKH UP ASH KUt U1tuyopei>e'tut orov 1tOA.t'ttO"!iEvo K60"1l0. 0 uvSpro1tO~ OEV ElVat OMPO 1tOU Su 'to ll1toA.tuO"et~ Kat Su 'to UA.A.US~. ~T]!1EPU EA£yXOV'tUt 'tu Q"\)1l<PEPOV'tU 'tOU KpU'tOU~-E8v01)~ Kat 'tU e1ttxetpT]llu'tu 'troY avSpro- 1ttcr'ttKWV opyavcOO"erov Kut KOWroVlOA.6yroV opeIlU'ttO"'twv OEV eivut KuS6wu au8pu. ~'t0 1tA.aiO"to uu't6 1tPoxropu 1] eSE'tuO"1] 't1]~ "toroptcs;" Kat 't1]~ e8vtKTj~ Otu1tatouycOy1]O"l]~.

Tta 'tOY uv'tiA.oyo, ocev KaA.o7tpouipE'trov <popoilv'tm uVU"tp01tE~ 'tOU status quo KUt (1)O"upeO"'te~ KU'tuo"'tucre~, u7tuv't1]cre ell1teptO"'tu'tro!iEvu 0 IIu'tPtUPXTI~ BupSOWIlUio~ O"'t1]v ot1]llepiOa 't1]~ eecrlviK1]~:

" ... H KOWroVtKTj Q"\)vo:d1 OEV Ktvouvei>et u- 1t6 rqv nOA.U1tOA.t'ttO"lltKTj aUVSEO"l] 'troY lleyaA.roV O"1]!1EptVcOV KOWroVtcOV, aMu Ktvowei>6t: c) A1t6 rnv 1tpoO"1tuSetu 't1]~ opyuvrollEV1]~ Kpu'ttKTj~ T] 1)- 1tepKpu'ttKTj~ ESOllcriu~ vc u<pollOtcOO"et ptairo~ ~ uetovomre; (nv KUt -01tro~ El1te- (1)'tE~ oi usiovo't1]'te~, EV't6~ rorv KOA.1troV 't1]~ E.E. eivut O"epuO"'tE~) Kat P) A1tO 't1]v 1tpocr1tU8elO. opyuvro!iEvrov Kat 111] KPU'ttKcOV <pOPEroV T] ol!liorov vu E1teK'teivouv Ptuiro~ rnv 1tOA.t'ttO"lltKTj e7tlppoT] 't01)~ e7ti trov UMroV" ("EMmSepo'tll1tiu" 30-9-97).

Ft' uu'tou~ rou; A.6y01)~, 1] &leiJ6ePll 1J0iilll<nJ eivut 'to 1tA£OV 7tupuo6K't6 Kpt:tf]pto ytU rqv E8vtK6't1j'tU KUt 0 crepuO"llo~ 't01) OtKUtcOIlU'tO~ rou Cl1JTOnpoO"owplO"J1oii ElVat e1ttPepA.ll!iEvo~.

TtrClPTO. Aaoi 1tOU sep~cOvoV'tut U7tO 'tOY 't01t0 't01)~ !!EO"u os Ku'tuMll~ Q"\)v8TjKe~, KU'tUvroov ot <puvunK6'tepOl 7tOA£lltOt 7tpO~ rou; OtcOK'te~ 'tou~. 'Eeot eSllYEi'tUt II exSp6't1]'tu nnv ~EPprov-KoO"cropuprov, rcov TO"ull1]orov, oi <proVE~ rorv "Atyuta'tcOv Moxsoovorv'', 0 7tpOcr<puytKo~ eMllVtKO~ !16YaA.o"iOeu'ttcrIl6~ K.U. AIl<PtpUMro A.Ol1tOV uv Ot 1tpcOT)V eMllVO<ProVot 1l01)cr01)A.IlUVOt atcrSuvovtrn 'EMllve~, <POPUllUt 6JlOO~ rnv eK!1E'tuMEUO"l] rsrouov 0lluorov ..

EVOtU<pEP01)o"U 7t6pi7t'trocrll YlU 'to '22 Sa T]'tUV, cv oi ell1tOA.ellot -I!IiA.A.oV ot ll'YE't~ B~EA.o~ Kut A'tU'tOUPK- UnE<Peuyuv rnv MO"Il 't1]~ uv'tuA.A.ayT]~-e8voKu8upO"Il~, U1tO\lfT) 1tOU T) 0PUIlU'ttKTj e!17t6lPiu 't1]~ rtoll')'KoO"A.apiu~ rnv ou;8vo7toiT)cre Kat eSe't~e'tut II UPIlOVtKTj Q"\)JlpiroO"l] tmv A.UcOV, 7tEPU U1tO yA.roO"O"e~ KUt SpT)o"Ke~. H A.OytKT] KUt II

M.\.KeAONIKO

28 GNHMePOJTIKO AGA TIO

avuYKll, ootepa cero tocre~ avSprono6ucrie~ Kat t;TUut~, etmlY0Uvtat m'U.lepa Eva VEO j.lOVtEAo ~uv6nap~l]~. To f,lEMOV nov nOAue6vtKoov KpatOOV stvct l] A VOlXn] KOtv(llvia, onou Ssv Sa euOOKt}.lEi l] 1l0voKaMttpyeta tOU e6vtKOU KpUtOU~ EiVat o IIoi.:unol..lT\<J110r;, 0 JOlnor; nou avOil;ouv ow Ta M)1)MnlOm Kal 0 KaOE uvOpmnor; al<J6avETal ei..EiJOEpor;. Eival TJ (jnM<JocplJOl navoal(Jia ano Tl<; "IIol..lTEwr;" '1'01> III..O:Trova Kat T01> AUYo1><JTivou, mr; TOV E1>pmnaiKo omcpmTl<J110 Kal <JO<Jtal..l<J110 Kal KUOE allTJr; aVOpcOnlVl]r; KUTaKTTJ<Jl]r; n01> E~1>'I'cOVEl TO mJ<JTfJI1U.

IIoo~ OJ.lOO~ Sa }.lEta~ou}.lE ornv tliavuCll noA.tteia, otuv mcotrovovrm ot ~tvot crqv A6ijva; neo ~pim:etat l] etAtKplvet6. f,la~ orcv XaA.VU}.lE tOY KOcrJ.lO yta ta OtKUlOOuaru rorv 01-1.0- yevoov, aMU crtpayyaA.it;oU[.te n~ }.lElOVOtU(E~ eproVE~ oro eororspuco; KpmKt'l atOu~ aAAou<; x,ropic; uurojvco-

aia; NOJ.lit;ro

nro~ ijA.Se l]

crnYJ.lij TIJ<; u<pu- 1tVtcr1]~, va tapaKOUV1]SOUv cruvetoijcret~ Kat va KatayyeASouv <JTpEPUr; E1Jul<J6fJ<Jwr;. EivUl 'I'&'IlTOK01JI..TOt'ipU VII nIIGXil;El<; yta TTJV GIDTTJpia 0Pl<JJ1EvroV n01Jl..lcOV KUl VU UomcpopEir; yta 1tOl..l'Tl<JJ100r; KUl 'T01tOWl..tEr; 1t01J <JP1]V01JV. [tati eivat Vtpo7tij v' aKoUyoVtat ta "vromn" ij ta ~A.aXtKa; [tati rooo f,liao~ npo~ ta roupxucc; Msou oro ouao~ f,lovux,a ta Kavapivta KeAa1]Oouv; Ilota approatl]J.lEva J.luaA.a eJ.lnooit;ow tOY enavanatptcrJ.!6 npocrcpUyrov, nevijvta xroVta nAEov ano tOY ef,lcpUA.lO; AAAOU Sa ovoiyouJ.lE ta f,lana Kt aMoU Sa ta KA.eivou}.lE, (6nro~ cruVE~l] oro Koooopo) ij f,lta naYKOaf,lta ataSepij 1]StKt'l;

Opi<JTE TJ IIVUYKUWT1)'T1I J1mr; OtEOvl<JTlK1]r; IIuloEiar;, TTJr; 1tUVlIvOpronlVl]r; u(J1tiour; 1tOU Oil J11Ir; np0<JTUTt:UEl uno TTJV PUPPIIPO'T1)'TU TroV l<JX1lpcOV (Homo Homini Lupus) TTJv unl..TJ<JTia

'Tmv ol..iymv KUl TTJv OlJOl J11Ir; POU'I'TJ. Opl<JTE Kl TJ npoKl..TJ<Jl] yta "AvOpronour; xmpir; mJvopa" , 0 Op0J10r; 'T1)r; mJyxpOVl]r; oo~ur;.

IItJ11t'To. 0 EMl]VtcrJ.!6~ zou avaepEpe'tat orov "Xpueoov aMva" t1]~ EKKA1]aia~ Kat oro SP1]m:euOJ.lEVo But;avno tUutit;etat us tT)V etliroAoAatpia-nayavtaJl6. 'EM1]V~ cnlJlaWe neptaa6tepo tOY e6vtK6, 'tOY etliroAoA.atpl], napa tOY anOyovo ron IIeptdij. EM1]vtKt'l 7tatlieia eiVat l] KOcrJltKt'l - SUpaSev natlieia- nou avttOtacr'tEM£'tat an6 rnv eKKAl]otaonKt'l. ~n~ 1tl]YE~ '01tupxet f,lnEpOef,la Kat }.lE roo; npocrijAutOU~ eMl]vtOt~, lOuoaiou~ Kat AVatOA.lte<; Kat SEAOW npoao;o') tn ov6JlUta Kat ot epJ.ll]veie~ (n.x. eoaeplO lrouv. Keep tp', 20). 'Of,lro<; l] a-

vaepopu

oroo;

npoyovouq Kat to Aaf,lnpo napeA.S6v atl]v K1JptoA.e~ia eiVat l] &IlTJvoproJ1uiJOl Kl..TJpoVOI1W nou oev ustaoiOovtav epUA.ettKU Ka't' avuYKll. AM,rocrte ot But;avnvoi Seropouccv tOlle; ealltOUe; 'tOlle; anoy6voue; rrov Prounicov, a<JXeta av Ot "IIroyroVUtOl" Ssv Ef,lotat;av ornv 01jlT} Kat oro 1tVeUf,la }.lE tOY Auyoucro, tOY Mcpxo AllpijAlO TJ tOY IOUAtavo (B' Atncstou "Bllt;avnv6c; IIoA.mof,l6e;" 1979)

'Eicro. 0 EMl]Vtcrf,l6C; roc; cptAocro<pia (MeA.Etee; Kt apSpoypacpia tOU II. Tt;allUAiKo1J) etvat rspuono KecpciA.alO Kat oev Sa avaA.llSeL 0 Xptcr'Ttav1crf,l6e;, ~aA.J.lEvoe; an6 rnv JlTJ'tpa rou IOlloa'icrJ.lOu, Otl]pit;etat Kat orov "EMl]VtOJlO", oro J.lf.tpO zou tOY anaAAucroet an6 tOY uoumxo oecrnottof,lo (NeonA.atrovtcrf,lOe; Kat ~tro1Kt'l cptAocoetc),

H crUYKPOllcrl] rou XptcrttaVtcrJlOU npoe; tOY xoopcousvo EMl]Voprof,la'iKo KOcrJlO ijtav VOf,l0'tEA.e1a Kat Kavtva<; 1crtOp1K6e; oev ll11iOnJ.la tOY npooosuruco pol.,o ron EuayyeA.ioll, ave~aptl]ta nOll 01 "Ilcrspe;" oev npOE~l]crav ce crUvSeOl] tOU VEOll Kat rou naAtOu. A; f,ll] Jlae; otacpeUyet nro<; Kavtvae; ~roKpaTIJ<; J.lE tl] SUpaSev natlieia oev a-

MkK6AONIKO

GNHMGP(J)TIKO AGA TID 29

va<ptp~K€ cnt)V AYclmt, enov (Jl)vclv6pIDnO, cnt) ')'llVaiKa, enol>; l)OUJ..ol>;, cnt)V uro'"l'ta Kl al)UcpO<nlVl) TIDV #..acOV. 0 AnoenoJ..o; TIDV E6vcOV €1>J..OyfIO'€ '"Iv EpyaO'ia, OpyclVIDO'e '"Iv KOlVIDVIK11 AlllJl.eyyUlJ Kal tylVe 0 naTEpa; TOO AVTlpaTO'lenlKoU aycOva. XIDpi; T1JV enaVclenaO'l) 'tOO XplCJ'TOU l)£v Oa l>m\PXe TO lJOIKO llnOjJaOpO nOl> enepl(J)O'e 'tOY AW<pID'tl0'J10 Kal TO EllPIDnaiKli OIKOMJ1lJJ1a.

Nn, )'Ulri 8ev <p'tUV€t vc €illa<IT€ llovuXa cUTJv~. Ocr'tocro 0 "EUTJvexptcrnavlcrll0C;" €iva! V€OAoytcrllOC; Il€ 1tpo<pav!) crK01ttIlO"tTJ'ta Kat crnv oootc Ssv 8ta<pEP€t a1t6 'tOY ... ProcroxptcrnavlcrllO. Azopro 1troc; TJ Prollawp80co~TJ EroTJcrla Il€ 'tOY yA.rocrcrtKO cruV"tTJPTJ'ttcrIlO "tTJC; j3a1tricr"tTJK€ EUTJvop8080~TJ, avnA.alll3<ivollal 01lIDC; 1troc; TJ AutoKE<paA.TJ EKKATJcria "tTJC; EUa8oC; 8ev EylV€ ":EXtcrllUnKij" 01troc; TJ pOl>Ayap!Kij'to 187l.

o Xpumnvtcuo; €iva! OlKOUI!€VlKO waVlKO Ka! 6Xt pu/;avnv!)8l1tA.rollaria. Aev 1tPOcr<pEP€'tat yta EKI!€'t<lM.eoor], cpveirm "1t€ptoucrto A.a6" Kat €7tty€ta 86~a. KUKAo! "tTJC; EroTJcriac; 1t0l> xc"tTJyopouv TOV Ilu1ta, 1tE<P'tOUV crTa i8ta M~, orcv af!<ptcrpTJ'tOuv TOV Ila'tpwPXTJ Kat XPTJcr!f!01t010Uv TTJv Op80CO~la roc; f!tcrov 8I€icrcu<JTJC; crnc; A vetoAtK&c; xrop~. 'Ercn 'to "BA.E1l1lU tou 08ucrcrEa" €tvat 1tOVTJpO Kat 01 A.aoi 8ev 8a 'to €J.l.1tt<ITeUov-rat.

Tic va ~€Ka8apicrol>J.I.€ 'to /;iJ"tTJlla, napoevcOvu; Kal npoO'€1>X1] l)£v /;1l'YU;oV'taL, l)£v uOpoU;oV'tat, J1nopoUv 0JlID; va (Jl)V1>nclp~OllV O'e €1>OWKPITOll; pOJ..ol>;. Me AIAXllPll:MO EKtU..lJO'ia; Kal Kpcl'too;. "XptcrnavOOTJf!OKparia", roc; uovrepvo, tK80<JTJ rou "EMTJvexptcrnavtof!Ou"-Bu/;aVtlVl0J.l.0U Sev f!1t0- pst va U1tUp~et O"tTJv EUa8a. Xpt<IT080UAtKO{ 1ta- 1tOKatOaptcrT&c; 1tOU 8ev ouvawoov erov 8taXroptoJ.LO 1taipvouv 1tpoo8eto eoprlo xropic; 1tpOO7tTIKij va rn Ka'ta<pEpouv. CXOUV Kat oi WW! XPEOC; va Ka'ta8tKOOOUv, €K't6C; a7t6 TIc; orcupooopte; Kat 'ta aua erKA.tlf!a'ta "tTJC; 7ttO"tTJC; (1). Na OJ.l.OAOyt'Joouv on 'to But;<iVTw 7tAtlyroO€ 'tOY EUTJvtoJ.l.0 Kat Ssv 7tPOOE<p€P€ ouotconxn O'tO KricrtJ.l.O "tTJC; Eupro1tTJC; (2). Na 8eroPtl0ouv <l>aptcralKij TTJV €Uxaptcrtt'Jpta 8ETJ<JTJ 7tavro erov "Bpuxo" rou j3amAW 1tOU EPYaA.€ 28000 f!u'tta. Na KaTOOtKUOOUV 'tOY p6"-o reov No'tapu8rov Kat va /;TJttlOOUV mryyvroJ.l.TJ a1to 'tour; BaA.KavtKour; A.aOUr; yta "tTJV St- 7tA.tl Ka'toxiJ €1tt 'tOupKoKpa'tiar; (K BaKaM1tOU"-or;). To <pPOVtJ.LOT€PO 7tuv-rror; stvci va cr'tallUttl-

ost TJ EroTJoia Ku8€ €1tEJ.l.pa<JTJ 1tpOr; "tTJv IloAt't€la ("Ta rou Kaioopoq 'tro Kctocpi. .. "), )'Ulri KavEva; O'K01tO; o£v uyw/;el Ta J1&O'u.

H uVTi<paO'l) 'troY 1ta1ta8rov <patvetat, o'tav avall€tyvUov-ra! om "E6vtKU eEf!a'ta" Kat o'touC; 1tOA.Ef!OUr;: 1troc; €ivat cuva't6v 0 Evar; I€proJ.LEvOC; va €UA.oyd 'ta 67tA.a, 0 uUor; Cl1tO Cl7tEvavn 'ta €l8ptKU, 0 0€0r; 7tOU eivrn Ayel1tTJ 1tOlUVOO 1tPOO€UxTl 8a €tcrClKOOcr€t;

Ilo<JTJ oro<ppOmlVTJ KClt XUPTJ, €iX€ 0 KATJptKOr; 7tOU 8ev XtU1tTJcr€ "tTJv Kall1telVa Kl a1touoia/;€ a7t6 'tCl €6vlKl<JnKU cruMaATJttlpta!

"Epool'o. AvaJ.l.<pipoA.Cl TJ EUTJvtKij YAmOOCl €ivat EvCl eClUf!acrw €P'YaA.€io 1tOU 86~ao€ "tTJV 1tClyKOcrJ.l.ta 1toiTJ<JTJ. Aev dVCl! 6f!Olc; ClmocrK01tOr;. Km ioror; va f!TJv dX€ T6<JTJ EKriI-lTJ<JTJ av 8ev u- 7tt)PX€ TJ mlUTJIjfl] "tTJr; ATJf!OKpClriaC; Kat "tTJC; <l>tA.ooo<piar;. Ar; 80UJ.l.€ KClt Kel'tt aAAo. H apxClla <JKEIjfl] J.I.€ 'to av8pro1tOK€VTptKO "tTJr; ~ova 't€A.€U"tTJO€ 'to 338 n.X. (Xcipevsio, A8Clf!<iVTtOr; Kopatlr;) KClt TJ AvayEvV1JcriJ "tTJr; elP'YTJO€ 1toUOOr; mrovsc. copTJoav 'ta <p<O'ta <ITOV Mscckevc, evro u- 7tt)pxav oi KaA.U't€P~ J.l.TJxaver;, TJ EUTJvtKij KClt AClnVtKij yAmcroCl. Tonto Cl1tOC€tKVU€t on KUl'ia yMOO'O'a ano I'oVl) '"I; o£v l'£'YaJ..oupyd. AnevaVTiar; 0 Kae€ A.aOr;, crt KatillTJ~ cruvei)~, a<pt'JV€t apt<ITOuPYtlIlU'ta: "Eao; tOU rKtA.YKaJ.Ltc;" 'to 2500 z.X, "J\OIlU AOI!<l'trov" 'to 1000 n.X, <ITa EppalKel, 01 "BEC€r;" ore tV8tKa, 0 Aavn,r; crt 1tpro'tol'taA.tKu W. AC; 1tpOOE~OUJ.l.€ aK61-1TJ ru tcrtYYUvtKa 'tpayou8ta, TIc; ~tKclvtK~ l-11taAav't€r;

K.a.

:EUf!1t€paOllUnKa, af!<ptpauro av Ot xpucroei)p€r; AIl€P1KaVOt Kl Eupro1taict 7t€pwpit;ov-rat ornv EUTJvtKij J.l.ovuXa. Tam6XPova cruJ.l.<provro a1t6A.mCl on TJ YAmOcrCl rou m8€ A.aOU €lvat ava<paip€'to 8tKairollU Kat 7tOA.U oro<ITU 1tpO<ITa'teUetat a1to 'to AI€6vEC; AiKaw.

T€A.etrovov-rar; €1tt<JTJf!aivro 'tOY Klv8uvo: H U1tEpI!€'tPTJ 1tpOPOAtl TTJr; Ope080~lar; tl rou "IIoAtn<Jf!OU 'troY 1tpoy6vrov" (3) O€ cruv8uaoJ.l.6 Il€ rnv au'tapE<JKeW 1lUr; J.l.€ta'tpE1tetat eUKOA.a O€ I'IO'UiJ..oOO~ia Kl A V'tl€l>pID1tuiO',w. Kat ornv €- 1toxTl I!Clt; mrro <JTJllUiv€1 AIIOMONmH Kat f!ta Ka't<l<ITCl<JTJ 1tOU 8ev OCTJy€i ornv 1tp6ooo. Mta J.I.€yaA.TJ 1tpoo<popa, orcv 8ev tx€t €U'Y€vtK<l KlVTJtpa tl 1t€ptj3aA.A.e'tat a1t6 €8vtKO eyrol<JJ.LO, amonaytOm'iel 'tt)v cl..€1>gepia, 'to 1tpro'to /;1]'touJ.I.€Vo erov 1t0-

MJ..KeAONIKO

30 6NHMSP(DTIKO ABA TIO

AUaUv6sto K60f.lO nou ~OUf.L6 A<; f.l1]V ~SXVO:IlS KUt rnv 7tUpU~OAtl tOU O:CPPOVU 7tAouaiou ...

L1]f.L6lwam<; (1) Elvm yvroato: tU Uvtl6lKa <Jl]f.L6iu 'tl]<; IlaAatO:<; t1lU6iJ1C1]<; KUt rc f3l)sAUpO: SYKAtlll<lta rrov xptoncvdrv, SV ovouan 'tl]<; 7t!cr'tl]<;. Ano n]v Y nudu KUl 'to Kl£iG1JlO 'troY l:.xoMilv ro~ n]v b;pa E;t'tu<nJ, ~p!cr1CEt<; 7tOMO: vc KatuAoyiast<; orou; Il<lUPOCPOPSIlEvOU<; (J1(otal)tate<;. Ilepouoko; Kat emv a.M1] 7tAsupO: l)sv 7t e7tSt vu a7tomro7tO:tat to Ka6Eatw<; 'tl]<; rupavviu<;, 'tl]<; u- 7tOUCIOKputia<;, 'tl]<; l)ouAo1C'tl]criu<;, 'to K1>AWVSlO ayo<;, 1] ocpaytl 'tl]<; Lcpa1C'tl]piffi; KUI 'tl]<; XmpoVEIns, 0 ~E7tEaf.l6<; 'tOU crouou O'tOU<; eM.1]VlattKOu<; XPOVOU<;, oi qmAsnKt<; l)taKp!crEt<; 1) 7t6ptcpPOV1]<Jl]

7tpo<; 't01><; aM6- a<; u7tocpaai-

Xoprapiaao» av oev Ka'rQ(JTpO:tp'lKav Ta oxitta

yAroaoou<; - ~ap- aouf.L6, 6u 7t0-

R,<, TWV 7rOAJTlKWV 7rPOUtpv'YWV

puPOO<;, 0 uuo- protOUf.L6 <J'tl]

PUAtOIl0<; tOU AAKt~t6:l)1], 0 KalMu<; x.o, veu XtAlEM IlE 7tpoyovuca f.lV1]f.locruva KUt f.lUtUt-

(2) Evw oi ApU~S<; acrxoA1)!h'JKav IlE tOV Apurro- 6l)0~0 f!6'YaAoi:l)suno!lo 1) IlE avOtxtO: f.lUaAO: Kat 'teA1], StuKpi!h'JKav ora MU!h'Jf.la'tlKO:, X1]llEia K.a. 7tuYKOaf.llU <YOVspyaaia. E£KU9up~ouJlE Tl 9tKat l)ttl)rooav 'tt<; yvwast<; roue a7to m ta1tUVtKO: AoUJlE KUl PUnOUJlE n]V ••• I9aKfJ.

EK1tatlisU't1)pta, 1] ~u~uv'ttvtl l)lUv61]a1] nspiopi- * E/.Jt~ro 01 UVuyvO>UT~ VU Jl1Jv Kplvoov

O'tl]KS ornv tatoptoypacpia Kat'tl]V ljlaAf.lrol)ia. UV'tlOSOVTOMrylKa -ru CJXoi..ta JlOU. l:.oKup1Gn]Ku

(3) H smotpocptl oru; P~E<; 8sv <Jl]f.latvst 7tupa80- KanO"fe olUPa~oVTu~ "Movaxu 'tu 'l'OCPlU 'l'aplU

maKt<; atoA&<; tl uYO:Allu'tu atou<; 8p6JlOu<;. 'Gao UKOAoU90uv TO p&tiJlU .. ". T1JV UVU1KUWn]'tU KOttat;OUf.L6 7tpo<; ta maro, rooo 8sv 6u ~At7tOUf.L6 TOU UVT19S'tou OPOJloo OlUnlG'tmvro Kage cpopa ll7tpoato: !la<;. Ltlf.L6pa oi 7tpoKAtlast<; sivat OlUCPO- nou UKoUro nUP1VOU~ Myou~ 1lU n]v niGn] KUl p6'ttKe<; KUt 0 'tsAtK6<; crKo7t6<; !la<; osv tuuti~StUt, TO t9vo~ KUl n]V £1toJl&v1J pUnro KupupavlU oUts f.L6 to "tp61tato 'too MtA'tta81]", OUtS IlS to npoCJcpiryrov CJe UU'tOK1V1JTU KUl -rpUKTtp.

7tp6ro7t0 tOU "A8aJl6:vnvou" nptr&V1]. rIANNHl:. IIOYNIOL

'07tro<; sivat uvuxpoVla!l6<; KUt outo7tia va

S~StU~Et<; tOV KOa!lO xropi<; tou<; 7tpmtou<; 660A6- To 6.p8po eivai avao'lPouiwu'l a1l:o "tI/v e'l''1pepioa TWV J:epyoo<; tl vc ~At7t6t<; <1ltAtAA1]vs<;, <1ltAo06cpou<;, Em- ptbv "JIAPATHPHTHJ:" UTI!; 3 Kal 4 L18KEPPp'1 1999

attl!lOvs<; Kat IlOt1]tt<; a' Eva t11]!lOKpUnKO BU~<l-

vno, UAAo roco Katavt<l 7tap<lKutpo to KUvtlyt cpavtaaJl6:trov o'tl]v <Jl]IlEP1vtl Toopxiu. LE n 6a rocpsA1]6si 0 tOUPKO<; 7toAi'tl]<; uv tOU yvroOt01tOttloouus Ott K<l7tOtS sixs c'UJ.,1] YAWaaa tl 6p1]crKSia; o KUuras yivstat yta rnv suroxia tOO tl !ltl7tro<; rID tOV syrota!l6 Il<l<;; Ki av avttatpacpEi 1] ep6\JVu KUt Ilas 9u1l!crooV Ott Kat 8ro orov t67t0 !las oi Iltcroi 8sv JltAouaav ru SAA1]VlK<l, 7tm<; 6a uvttlipaaouf.L6; To 7tp6~A1]JlU sivat mou<; sva1toJlsivuvts<;

OUf.L6, vn npoucr7ticroUIlS 'tt<; sAsu6spiE<; tOllS, t1]v a~to1tpe-

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<nJJl&P1VoU noi..i'tlJ. EAsu6spa

MkK6AONIKO

eNHMepCDTIKO A.GATIO 31

CDIJ\IA KAI OXI nOJ\EMOI MET A='Y TON MaN THI EJ\J\AIlAI KAI THI TOYPKIAI

IIEPacrav Il£ptKOi Il1)VEe; a1to nc; 1 0 ~EK. 1999 01tOU ornv 1tpro'tl:uoucra 'tTJe; cDtAavotac;, 'to EMriVKt 1J Eupro1tai:Kl) 'EvroaTJ (E.E.) EoroaE 'to 1tpa.mvo <proe; yta rnv EV't<l91 'tTJC; Toopxlcc ornv E.E. Il£ 'to xapaK'tlJptcrllo 'tlJC; tI1I:0'l'itQnae; npOl; tvrai;TJ lropae;. Ot OEKa1tME XooPEC; 'tlJe; E.E. roe; yvoxrrov sivat: Tspuevto, raUia, M. Bpercvto, haA.ia, EUOou, Ia1tavia, ~avia, cDtA.uvoia, ~OU1Joia, IIop'toyaA.ia, BEA.yto, AOU~ql~OUpyO, OMavOia, Aoorptc, IpA.avoia.

'EXEt EYKatvtaaEt nc; EV'ta~taKEe; Ota1tpaylla'teUaEle; Il£ <iA.A.Ee; E~t VEEe; U1toljl1'J<ptec; XoopEe; oro 1tA.aimo 'tlJe; OteUpuva1Je; 1tOU Eivat lJ Boos, yapia, lJ Pouuaviu, 1J ~A.o~aKin, 1J At90uavia, lJ AEtovin KUt lJ M<iA. ru 01 oxote; a1tO'teA.ouv 'to OeU'tEpo KUlla teov U1t011'1)<ptrov 1tpOe; Ev'ta~1J xropoov (<<E» 16/2/2000). Ot XoopEe; au'tEe; 1tpocr'ti9EY'tat anc; 1)01J U1toljl1'J<ptse; Konpo, Ouyyapia, IIoA.rovia, T aExia, ~A.o~EVia Kat Ea90via, Il£ nc;. 01toiEe; ot Otu1tpawa'teUaEle; cixav apxiaEt 'to 1998 (<<E» 31/12/99)

H OE OA.o!!EA.ela tou Eupro1talKOU Kowo~oUA.iou EYEKptvE ane; 17/2 oro ~'tpaa~oupyo 'tTJ mJJl<pIDVia mJVOECfTJe; 'tlJe; E.E. IlE rqv ~lJll· 'tlJe; MaKEooviae; llVoiyoV'tae; t'tcrt Kat rnv 1tpoo1tnKl) Ma~lJe; 'tTJe; xoopae; au'tl)e; Il£ rnv E.E. (<<E» 18/2/2000)

~'tTJv 1tpro'teUouaa 'tTJe; cDtA.avoiae; 1tOU 1)tnv oi1tA.a ornv tors ~O~ts'ttKl) 'Evoxrq, 'to EsowKl cruVE~lJ Kat Eva UMO YEyovoe; aa<pooe; ll£YaM'tEPlJe; aTJllacriae; U1tO 'to 1tpoa<pa'to. 'Hrcv 'to 1975 1tOU U1tOypUc:p'tTJKE lJ TEAIKH IIP ASH TOY EA~INKI. Ilou 1)'tav U1tEP 'tlJe; roeo ot ~U'ttKEe; xoopEe; ooo Kat oi Ava'tOA.tKEe;. 'Etm EiXE cruvEA.9Et 'to'tE ornv c:ptAaVOtKl) 1tpro'teUouaa 'to ~UVEOptO yta rnv Aac:puA.eta Kat ~UVEpyacria crnv Eupoo1t1j, lJ yvrocr't1) ~.A.~.E. 1tOU Ka't01ttV ll£'toVOIlUa'tTJKE ce O.A.~.E.

To cruVEOpLO 1tOU uPXtaE 'to 1972, a1tO'tEA.et'to a1t6 35 Eupro1tai:Kte; XoopEe; (EK'tOe; 'tlJe; AA.~aviae;) crull1tEptA.all~llVOIlEvOU ron Burucavou, roiv HIIA Kat rou Kavaou.

ME 'tlJv TEA.tKl) IIpu~lJ ron EMriVKt 'to 1975 lJ Mocrxa 1tEroxE 'to crE~aa!!6 rcov uC:Ptcr'tull£-

vrov ouvoprov. Kat 'to EA.crtVKt rou 1975 Kat 'to EA.aivKt ron 1999 IltA.aVE yta 'tll av9poo1ttvu SiKatoo!!U'tU Kat 'to aE~aallo 'troY usiovornnov (<<E» 23 - 26 ~EK. 1999).

ANTMPA~Ell: !:THN EAAAAA

To «ME'tro1tO AoytKl)e; KU'ta ron E9vtKtaIlOU» xapaK'tlJPtSEt 9E'ttKO 'to YEyovoe; Kat 1troe; «H U1tOIJfl1c:ptO'tlJ'tU 'tlJe; ToupKiae; Il1tOPEi vc ouu~<iA.A.Et U1toc:pacrta'ttKU crnv KU'toxUproaTJ rrov nroIltKooV Kat ustovotucdrv OtKatro~'trov <5'tTJ YEt'tOVtKl) xoopa, orov EK01J!!OKpa'ttallo 'tlJe; .... » (<<E» 14/12/99)

H A.K.O.A. (AvavEronKl) KOIlIlOUVta'ttKl) OtKOA.oytKl) Aptorspn) « ... avoiYEt vtEe; ouvu'tornre; os o'tt a<popu rnv E~O~A.UVaTJ 'tON EMlJVO'tOUPKtKooV aXEaErov, 'to KU1tptaKO xct rov EKOlJlloKpu'ttallo 'tTJe; Toupxice; ... »

~'to UV'ti9E'tO 1tVeU!!U KtVEi'tat lJ E9vtKtcr'ttKl) a'tucrlJ UPVlJaTJe; 'tOU MtxuA.lJ XapUA.aIl1tiOlJ (<<E» 15/12/99) 1tOU Eivat 6!!Ota Il£ rou AV'tooVlJ ~a!!UPu 'tlJe; IIoA.mKl)e; A.vO~lJe;. AKOA.ou9ci 'to KKE Kat 'to ~. Ilptv a1to A.iya xp6vta (E1ti XaptA.aou cDA.ropuKlJ) 'to KOIl!!U au'to EiXE E1ttKpO't1)aEt rnv 1toA.mKl) 1tpocrsyytaTJe; EUOooe; Kat Toopxtcc roeo &1ti A. IIa1tavopEou ooo Kat E1ti K. MlJ'tcro'tuKlJ, 9illltcrE 0 MiKlJC; 0EooropUKlJe;. Evoo crTJllEpa Em IIa1taPTJya aKoA.ou9Ei'tE lJ 1toA.mKl) 'tlJe; ToupKoc:payae; Awvae; KaVEMlJ xm rou EMlJvop9000~ou K. Zoopcpn 1tOU 'to ospvow a' Eva tOl6W1to E9vtKtallo, ~Evo 1tpOe; nc; 1tapa06aEle; 'tlJe; Aptcr'tEpUe;, ouawxooe; (<<E» 17/12/99).

. ANTIAP AI:Ell: AIIO 5ENOYI:

IIAP MONTE!:

o haMe; 1tpro9U1toupyoe; Mccouio Nr' AA.E!!U llVEC:PEPE: «01troe; yvroPtSE'tllt, av lJ A.yKUpa OEY a1tOOEx9Ei 'toue; 6poue; Kat 'ttC; apXEC; 'tTJC; Ko- 1tEYXUY1JC;, Ot ota1tpay!!U'teUaE1C; OEY 9' apxicrouv» <ill» 8/112000).

o OE Btu KOK, 0 oA.A.av06c; 1tpro9u1toupy6c; (1)A.rocrE ce crt>VMEU~lJ roo ornv «ill» 18/112000) «... civat aac:pEC; on lJ T oupKin 1tpS1tEt va KUvEt 1toUO 1tpOKEt~OU vc aV'ta1toKpt9Ei cr'ta Kpicrt!!U

MkK6AONIKO

32 6NHfv16P(J)TIKO A6A TIO

t;T)Tft).tu'tu 7tOU EXOW aXEcrT] us 'tT) OT)).toKpu'tiu, ~ !l£toVO'tT)'ts<;, 'tU uvSpal7ttvu OtKUuO).tU'tU KUt rnv EvvO).tT) 't~T). 'OAm ).t7tOPOUV vn Sonv on T) Tonpxin om 7tA.T)poi us KUVEvU 'tp07tO 'tU KptTftptu 'tT)<; K07tByXU'YT)<; Kat SUV om SEAst ij om sivat as SEcrT] vn 'tu SK7tA.T)pOOast -KUt SVVOOU).ts J.tf.XPt KUt 'to rsA.w'tuio - T) 7tUA.T) 'tT)<; EupOO7tT)<; om ).t7topsi vu uVot.;st.

Av om SK7tA.T)P<OSOUv rn KptTftptU 'tT)<; K07tByXu'YT)<; - Kun 7tOU 7tpuy).tunKU 'to U7tsUX0).tUt- om Su auVSXtO"'tOUV Ot Otu7tpuy).tU'tsUast<;».

ANTIAPA!:En; I:THN TOYPKIA

'07t<o<; UVUcpEpUj.tS KUt oro 7tpOT)'YOUj.tSVO 'tsUxO<; ron MUKSOOVtKOU EVT)j.tSp<onKOU ~sA.'tiou, ot AvSp<07ttanKE<; Kat ot KOUpOtKE<; Opyuvooast<; 'tT)<; ToupKiu<; StOUV j.tS SsnKO ).tun 'tT)V SsnKij s~EA.tI;T), <0<; U7tO'l'ijcptu<; xoopu<; ytu vn yivst J.tf.A.o<; 'tT)<; E.E. 0 T)YE'tT)<; roo PKK A).t7tV'toUA.UX OrouMv EA,syS A.iyo 7tptV 'to EA.aiVKt (<<E» 9112/99) «~iX<O<; opoo; 7tPE7tSt va yivst OSKTij T) U7tOlj1T)cpt6- 'tT)'tu 'tT)<; Toupxtec orqv E.E. , 7tpuy).tu 7tOU Su siVUt <ocpEA.t).tO ytU rnv Ku'tua'tUcrT] 't<OV uvSPOO7ttv<Ov OtKUtCO).tU't<Ov ornv Toupxin»

T1JV xa1pttTtO'uv T06pKOl aplO"t'Epoi

o LEV'tU't AaA.uV'tu<;, OtKT)yopo<; SK7tpoa<o- 7t0<; 'tT)<; ToupKtKij<; 'Ev<ocrT]<; ytU tu OtKatOO).tU'tU rou AvSpoo7toU A.iyo zptv 'to EA.aiVKt «<E» 27/11199) EKUVS EKKA.T)O"T) crnv EA.Mou vc ).tT)V s).t7tooiast 'tT)v U7tO'l'T)cptO'tT)'tu 'tT)<; ToupKiu<; ytU EV'tu~T) crnv E.E. «0 uovo; rpono; VU POT)8T)Souv tu uvSPOO7ttVU OtKUtro).tU'tU a'tT) xoopu ).tu<; stvnt 0 euP<07tUIKO<; opo).to<;, J.tf.au U7tO 'tou<; ).tT)XuvtO"J.t0u<; rou ozoiou Su J.t7tOpEaSt vu 7ttEmEi T) Toopxtc oro aspaaJ.to 't<OV uvSp<07tiv<ov OtKUtCOJ.tci't<OV. AMuO<; Su yiVEt J.ttu xoopu 7tOU Su mtmsi oro Ea<O'tEptKO 'tT)<; Kat sivat ).ttu E1ttKivouVT) xoopu. Acpija'tE ).tU<; vu J.t7tou!l£ oro 7tpoSUA.uJ.to 'tT)<; Eupoo7tT)<; yturi cu'to 7tPOU7tOSE'tEt OtucpopsnKij 7tpoaEyytcrT] 't<OV pstovonrrcov» .

Tu; SEaEt<; UU'tE<; n<; E~Ecppuas cs aut;ij'tT)crT] 7tOU opyuv<oaE T) EMT)vtKij 'Ev<oaT) ytu 'tU ~tKUtro).tU'tU ron AvSpoo7toU j.tS SEJ.tU «AvSpoo7ttvU

~tKUuOlla'tu KUt j.tStovo'tT)'tE<;, EMUOU, Tonpxtc cro KU'tOOcpA.t 'tOO 21 au uuOvu» 07tOU 0 'EMT)VU<; 7tpOEOpO<; N. AA.tptt;u'to<; E7tEKptVS 'tT)v SMT)VtKij 7tOA.tnKij U7tEvuvn a~ usiovornre; ... » (<<E» 27111199).

BEpatu 0 KUSEvU<; aE 7tOtu s8v6'tT)'tu ij 0- 7tOtuOij7tO'tE j.tStovo'tT)'tU avijKEt sivut t;ij'tT)).tU U'tOJ.ttKOu umo7tpoaOtOptallou Kat orov 7toMoi A.f.vS on UvijKOUV os ).ttu !l£piOu 7tOU A.f.yE'tUt MUKSOOvtKij ij Toupxucn E8vo'tT)'tu tote au'toJ.tci't<O<; om Eivut J.ttu 1tpoa<01ttKij EV'tsA.d><; E1ttA.oyij uA.M U1tO'tEAsi J.ttu oJ.tuou. LUYKSKptJ.tEvU J.tf.au otu sMT)VtKU 7tA.uiatu U1tO'tEA.oUj.tS J.ttu j.tSto'l'T)cpiu a'tu 1tA.uiatu 'tOO EMT)VtKOu KPU'tOU<; upa Ei).tUa'ts EK 't<OV 1tpayJ.tci't<Ov J.ttu J.tEtoVO'tT)'tU. Ooo ytu 'to SEJ.tU ).tU<;, 'tu EMT)VO'tOUPKtKU: Tt UaxTJJ.to U1tUPXEt a'tT)v 1tpo'tUcrT] tou LWUa1ttaJ.tQu ytu 'tT) IlSicocrT] 't<OV otpunorrucbv OU1tUVOOV EA.Moo<; KUt ToupKiu<; KU'tU 25% Cf'tT)V 1tupouaa anyJ.tij (tOtuiTspu ocov ucpopu 'tu E1ttSSnKu 01tA.u); (<<E» 29/9/99). 'H 'to vu U7toypucpsi Eva aUJ.tcp<Ovo J.tT) E1tiSEcrT]<; !l£'t~u 't<OV ouo X<Opoov;

Eivm CPUVEPO on Kat emv Toupxia KUt crnv EA.Mou U1tUPXOUV OT)J.toKpunKE<; OWU!l£l<; 1tOU orcv J.ttA.UVE ytu OtKUlroJ.tU'tU a'tt<; !l£toVO'tT)'tE<; 'to SVVOOUV Kat a1tO 'tT)V J.ttu 7tA.wpU 'tOU Atyuiou KUt a1to 'tT)v UMT). Orcv oJ.t<o<; 0 K. A7toa'toMKT)<; 't<OV EMT)VtKOOV Evo1tA.cov ~WUJ.tE<OV J.ttA.aEt, zpo'tPE1tEt uovo rnv Toopida ytu rrtv « ... 1tpoa'tua{u 't<OV ustovornnov !l£ PUcrT] 'ta KptTftptu 'tT)<; Ko- 1tsyxuyT)<; ... » Tov EXE'tE uKouaSt - OtupUaEl vc utMst KUt YIU ~ IlEtoVO'tT)'tE<; orqv EMuoa; «<E» 27/112000)

To a'tEA.EXo<; ton «IopuJ.tu'to<; uvSp<o1tiv<ov ~tKato)J.tci't<Ov» M7touA.f.v't ITEKEP UVUCPEPEt <ill E.E. E1tT)pSUt;Sl (evvost ornv Toupxia) 'tu 1tpuy).tU'tu <0<; EvU puSJ.to. 1f0T) upx.iauj.tS va aut;T)'tU!l£ 1tt0 sA.suSspa. T oopu J.t1tOPro va ypu'I'<O n<; a1tO'l'Et<; uou». Tta 'tT) xpijcrT] 'tT)<; KOUpOtKij<; yA.d>aau<; Sa 1tst : «Acpijvow vo KUKA.ocpOpouv KU1tOtu plpA.ia ornv KOUpOlKij J.tE'tU U1tO S1ttA.oyTJ, A.oyOKPlaia. H KOUPOlKij Su 1tpf.1tEt VU oJ.twi'tUt KUt vu OlOUaKE'tUt SA.sUSSpU us vouo» «<E» 112/2000).

M .... KeAONIKO

SNHMSPCD,IKO ASA ,10 33

«nPAIINH» KAPTA ITOYI «OMOrENEII» «KOKKINH» ITOYI MAKEAONEI

D1tcoe; YPUljfll1l£ Kilt oro 1tp01lYQU!l£VQ teOxQe; tOO M:ATIOY, to' VQ~QaxEOto (via) ytIl to'I>e; Q~QysvEic; 'tCOV EMijvcov, ~1tijKE tEA.tKU oto EM1]VtKO KQtvQ~QUAtQ Kilt Ijfllq>ia'tl]KE 'tQV isvUPll tQU 2000.

H 1l9roJ,tIl'ttKij IlV'tt1tQALtEUaT] J,tlli;i ue 'to' K1)~SpVWV KoJ,tJ,ta ij'tav aUJ,tCPCOVQt a' OAa. Or YKptVtEe; 'tQU ~QUAEU'tij ~EPPWV 'tT]e; Nti K. E. XlltnOll ijtllV 9ElltPQ, Il1tAU ytll VIl KUVEt av'ttnQAi'tSUaT] ... (E~UJJ...oU sivat OWlltOV va ~1]V ta ~PQW ot OUQ Ilovnoi K. E. XIl'inOlle; Kt 0' uJJ...oe; Ilovno; 'tQU IIALOK, uCPU1tQupyoe; EaCOtEptKWV r. ll>Affipi- 01]e;;)

o K. XattiOlle;, stcr'lYll'tije; 'tT]e; Nti, siVIlt yvcoatOe; S9vtKOCPPCOV, 0' K. ll>AffipiOlle; (KtAKic;) otyQUPIl OSV Eivat tQU Otall£tpijllatOe; tQU. Kilt crou; OUQ VQIlQUe; unuPXQw XtAWOSe; MIlKS06vse; 1tQAt'ttKQi npoacpuyse; aE OWq>QPEc; XWpEe;, yt' au.QUe; M~1] osv AEvE. I1A~OK Kilt Nti as 1tQAAU ano IlUtU 1tQU O'VQ~ui;QW S9vtKU i;ll'tijllllta til ~piaKQW 1tEpicplllla! 0 K. EX. ~iAllas ytll «~toll1]xavia 1tapUVQIlCOV EM1]VQnotijascov», O1tCOe; rovtos XIlPIlK'tT]Pta'ttKU.

o os uq>U1tQUpyoe; EKIlVE nuV'tcoe; ~tIl 1tPQa9ijKfl Il£ 'tT]V oaoia 1tPQ~M1tImlt ll ... ellTlvo1toiTlcnJ tQU ovouero; ooorv Ilno roue 1taAtwQatQuvre; 1tUPooV tSAtKU rqv eU1]vtKij t9llyEvetll. TO' crcoato K. uq>u1tQupye, Eivllt IlV geAouIl£ vUllaate 0llJ,lQKputee;, oooi Il1tO aUtQUe; Kilt a1to uovo. tou; geAQW VIl aAAU~QW tu Qvo~atU roix, ae; to' KUVQW, ceoi OSV geA,Qw, Ile; J,l1]V to' KUVQW. itllti VIl yivet us to' i;opt;

o K. E.X. KIl'tijyyetAe on 0' teco" ypllJ,lJ,lutell" 1tUAtWQaTQUVtCOV eixe syKlltua'tijaet a'tl] 0eaallA,QviKfl epyaa'tijptQ 6K06a6co<; 1tAuatwV 1ttaTQ1tOl1]'ttKWV (senu. MAKEtiONIA 13/1/2000, cr. 13). ~' Evil tetOlQ via OSV Il1tQPQuae VIl ~1] IltAijcret Kt 0' otllYPllcpeic; U1tO to' IIALOK, Xp. K1]- 1tQUpOe;, 1tUVCO oro OtKO tQU pu9J,l0. 0 K. UCPU- 1tQupyoe; otSl>Kpivtae Ott to' tieAnQ ITuAtWQatQuVtCOV 9u oioetut ae OA,QUe; Kilt OXt ~OVQ oe ocoi»; SIl 1tPQepXQvt<lt U1tO tte; xwpee; 'tT]e; 1tpw1]V ~Q~te'ttKije; 'EVCO<rfle;. ll>llivet<lt Ott eXQw aKQ1tO VIl cpePQW 1tQUQUe;. [tlln 1tepu U1tO til IlPX1KU 1000

atpeJ,lllatll 1tQU U1toypuq>1]Ke ij01] 1] aUll~ua1] 1tapaXWPll<rfle; oro YnQupYEiQ MIlKEOQviae; - 0puKfle; ano 'tT]v K'tT]j.lIl'ttKij Etmpsin ti1]J.waiou (KEti) npQe; to' E9vtKO iOpUJ,l1l A1tQKatUataaT]e; ITaAtWQaTQUV'tcov OJ,loysvwv EUijvcov (ElY AnOE), U1tO tu Q1tQill 't<l 661 atpe~llata sivrn oro VQIlO Euv91]" Kat ta 300 oro VQIlO ll>A6Jptvae;, 1tPQ~MnEtllt atuOtuKu VIl Il£tll~t~aatQuv xt UMa 11.500 atpEllllata Kllt01ttV (UPIlYE nQu;) (se. MAKEtiONIA 30/12/99, a. 1).

Y 1tUPXEt EYKUKAtoe; tQU YIIEXflM: 1tQU Ex6t 1tto SUVotKee; pu9lliaet<; ytIl tQUe; «1taAtWQatQUV'tEe;» a1t' on ytIl ta UtQj.lIl ps co~apu 1tPQ~Aijj.llltll UYEiae; 01tCOe; Surmordrvonv ot iOtot oi EAEYKtee; 01]J,lOatue; otoiKflaT]e; (<<E» 22/12/99, a. 48).

o U1tQUpyoe; MaKeOQviae; - 0puK'le; K. iWVV1]e; MllyKptW'tT]e;, 9uJ,lil;et Ott 0' VOIlQe; uUtOe; Il£ptJ,lVU ytu 'tT] ocopeuv 1tapQxij otKQ1teOCOV, 'tT]V ateAi] eKOQ<rfl QtKQOQJ,ltKije; aostae; Kilt 'tT] XQpijY1]aT] E1ttOQtOlJ!l£VCOV ollveirov «ill» 28/12/99, a. 59). Tu sv AOyco OUVStIl, 1tO'U ~eKtVO'UV a1tO 11 SKllt. oPX. SIl E~QCPAoUVtut UtO'KIl os 15 XPOVtIl, svw to' 30% (3.000.000) ron 1tQaO'u a1tQt6AEi ocopeuv e1ttOo'tT]<rfl a1tO 'tT]V 1tO'A.tteia ... Aurd Kat UMa ea. J,t1tO'pouocus VIl ypuljfQUIl£ yt' autO to' SeJ,lu nQU yiv6- tat ytll «e9vtKQUe; AOyQUe;». H syKlltuataaT] yivetut e1ttAeK'ttKu oe Ettv91], ll>A6Jpivu, Kcoropui K.A.1t. 0 K. K. KapallavAije; a'tT] BO'UAij !!Eaa, atu91]Ks crnv O'~tAia ron tOtai'tepu oro i;ij'tT]j.lIl 1tQU xapaK'tT]pil;Et S9vtKo Kat acpQPU 'tte; j.lIli;tKee; eU1]VQ1tOlijaEt<; rECOpytllVWV, Tcerosvoiv tllV eYKutUatuaT] roue oe aKpt'ttKee; 1tEptOXee; Kat tOtroe; ern ~OpStIl aUVQPU j.lIle;.

Kuveiq Sev tQAJ.tU vc 1tEt vn yiVEt 1taAtWOa'tT]aT] tCOV 1tpayj.lll'ttKU 1taAtwO'atO'UVtCOV, tCOV MaKe06vcov 1tO'At'ttKWV 1tPQacpUycov. AUtO'i ijaav (t1t0 EOW, KatUYQvtat a1to sow, 6ixuv i;i]aEt eow, upa 1taAtWQatQUv.

o ~O'uAEutije; tQU I1A~OK a1to to' VQj.l6 0eaaaAoviKfle; K. XUPlle; TatOKue;, oijAffia6 a'tT]v ecp1]~. MAKEtiONIA 12/1/2000, a. 12 «Ot aAAuyee; 1tQU s1tecpeps oro via 1] K1)~epV1]aT] xwouvtm os 96'ttKT] Kateu6uvaT]. E~UKQAQUesi vc 1tupulle-

MkK6AONIKO

34 eNHMep(J)TIKO AeA. TIO

vet ro~ !l€'YaAo t;T)'t01)Jl€V0 T) Ka'tclPnaTJ evo~ vojnK01) 1tA.at<rlou 1tOU Sa emxetpT]<m vu puS!liaet 'ta 'tepclana. 1tpo~A.T]!la'ta rcov 1taA.twoa'touV'trov os 0, n a<popcl 'tT)V a7tOK'tT)O"T) tSaytveID~ KaSoo~ Kat oru S&!!U'ta 7tOU crxetit;,OV'tat ue rnv epyaaia., 'tT)v Ka'tou<ia Kat rnv eK7taiOeuO"T) ... »,

«A yyf:A.w<popo~» 12/1, «Mcoceoovtc» 12/1,

«EA.euSepo'tU7tia.» 12/1, 1311, 14/1 rou 2000. L1'Jpeiwurr !!ev f:i!lat Ka'tcl 'tT)e; u7toooxi1~ crnv EMaoa 7tOA.t'toov a7to 'tT)V 1tpOOT)V E}:}:!!. Ka'tav'tcl O!lro~ Kopotoia T) «7taA.twoa'tT)O"T) reov ouovevev» Kat 0 a7t0KA.f:1a!!6~ 'tT)e; f:7t1O"'tpO<pT]~ rorv V't07t1O)V MaKeo6vrov.

EYPOBAAKANIKH IYNANTHIH TON HrETCN THI BAAKANIKHI ITO BOYKOYPEITI

IIpaY!la't07totT]9ljKe T) 'tPt'tT) OtaaKf:'I'T) KOpU<pT]~ oro BOUKOUp&an an~ 11-13 <I>f:~poua.piou 2000.

• Ot TJY&'te~ reov xropoov 'tT)~ BaA.KaV1K1']~ oro 't&A.O~ uxEypa'l'av !lID ota.K1']pU~T) 7tOU ro~ 7tpooro ~T]f.La ava<p&pf:'tat T) o&af.Lf:U<JT) yta. 'tT) 0T)!l10UPYia. f.L&aa oro 2000 rrev Ka'tclMT)A.rov O"UV9ljKOOV yta 'tT)V em'tf:U~T) 'tT)~ f:wSf:pT)e; OIDKiVT)O"T)~ 1tpoaoo7trov, ayaSoov Kat Kf:<paA.a.tOU !l€'ta~ rorv xropoov 'tT)~ 7tepwxi1~, KaSoo~ Kat !lE 't~ XOOPf:~ 'tT)~ U7tOA.ot1tT)~ Eupoo1tT)~, !!&aa a'ta 7tA.ataID <pUO"1Kcl trov uxapxouaoov o1f:9voov u- 1t0xpf:OOaErov.

• Em~f:~airoaav rnv 7tpoSf:aT] 'tou~ 7tf:pt rou a- 7tapa~ia.mou rrov ouvopcov.

• }:'tT) OIDK1']pU~T) 'tovit;,f:'tUt f:7tiO"T)~ T) avuYKT) 'tT)~ O"Uf.L~OA.T]~ OA.roV trov xropoov yta 'tT) OT)!llOUPYia. 'troY Ka'taMT)A.roV O"UV9ljKOOV OT)!lOKpa'ti.a.~, stPT]VT)~, acr<paA.f:ID~, cr'tUSf:po'tT)'tae; Kat O1KOVOf.L1K1']~ aVcl7t'tU~T)~, yta. rnv a7to'tpoxij vsev nspt<pf:pEtaKOOV cruyKpouaErov Ka1 7tOA.&!lrov O"'tT)v 7tEP1oxf1.

• Fur 'to KoaO"U<p07t&010 rovtcrrpcs on 7tP&7tf:t va ev'taSf:t T) 7tpOa7tclSf:1a «f.Ltae; OT)!lOKpanK1']~, 7tOA.Uf:9v1K1']~ Kat 7tOA.UXOA.t'tta!ltK1']e; xowevtae; ... ».

A7t' on ~A.&7tOU!l€ Kal f:OOO a' aU'tij 'tT) O"UVclV'tT)O"T), UU'to 1tOU 'tOue; evolu<p&pet etVal 101O'tf:A.T] O"U!l<P&povra.. rta. aVSpoomva 01KatOO!la'ta Ka1 Y1a 7tOA.U7tOA.t'ttaf.L1K&~ K01VroVif:~ omv !ltA.clV oev &XOUV 'tOY YOU Y1a 'tte; Ka'ta7ta'tijaf:le; aVSpromvrov Kat !l€WVO'ttKOOV OtKatro!lcl'trov 7tOU ytVOV'tat ornv iOta 'toue; 'tT) xoopa aMcl evvooov ym touc clMOU~. Ooo yID 'tT) «f1cl(Joa» EOOO S&A.oUV f:w8f:pa va OtaKtvstun ro Kf:<pclA.atO. H EA.A.<ioa onv 7t1O ouva'tij 01-

KOVO!ltKcl xoopa Of: crUyKPtO"T) !l€ 'tte; <iMf:e; XOOpf:e; reov Ba.A.Kavirov T] Kat.u'tf:pa Sa &A.eya 01 iOWt ot 'EMT)Vf:~ vc KtVOUVTat f:wSf:pa O't~ clUee; XOOpf:e;. AA.A.cl ot MaKf:06Vf:e; 7toA.t'ttKoi 7tpOO<pUyf:~ vc !IT)v &:X;OUV 'to litKairollU vc yupicrouv 7ticrro Of: f:MT)V1- KO~ &lia<poe; 07tOU Kat yevvij9ljKav.

Oi &~t Eupro~aA.KclVtOt 7tOU U7t&ypa'l'av 'tT) XAPTA <I>IAIA~ KAI ~YNEprA}:IA~ ~TA BAAKANIA T]'tuv OA.Ot, f:K'tOe; 'tT)e; ~f:p~tae;. !!T)A.. T) AA.~avi.a., T) BouA.yapia. (Kocroe), T) !!T)!lOKpa'tia. 'tT)e; MaKf:Ooviae; (Tpnucoeoxi), T) EA.A.<ioa (~T)!li'tT)e;), T) Pouucvic Kat T) Tonpxic (E'tcrE~h).

o U7tOupyoe; A!luvnc; 'tT)~ BouA.yapia.e; M7tOtKO Noso 7tpO&'tPf:'I'f: rnv EA.A.<ilia Kat 'tT)V ToupKi.a. vc cr'ta!la'tijaouv 'toue; o'tpa't1O)nKOU~ f:~07tA.tO!lOUe; Kat «vu t.uoouv 't~ !laKpoxpOV1f:e; liID<popee; rou; !l€ 7tOA.t'ttKcl !leaa».

« Y 1tclPXEl tvae; av'tayroV10!l0~ ym rouq f:~01tA.ta!lOUe; VOna. 'tT)e; xoopae; !la~, 'tOY onoto liev liexo!lao'tf: !l€ euXapio'tT)O"T)), rovioe cs ouvevrsu~T] ron oro <<A0001&1V'tf:V't Ilpe;», «!!ev morseou!l€ on au'to~ 0 aV'tayrovlo!lO~ a1tO'tf:m a7tf:tA.T] yla'tT) BouA.yapia. ytan &xou!l€ e~atpEnKu <ptA.1K&c; crxeoE1~ !l€ rnv ToupKi.a. Kal 'tT)V EMUOU, KUl liev <po~o!lacr'tf: 'ta 07tA.a. 7tOU o"uYKev'tpOOVEt 0 tvae; f:vcvriov ron liMou», «0 aV'tayrovlO!lOe; trov ~o- 1tA.10!lOOV Ssv Sa t.uOf:t 'ta 7tpO~A.T]!!U'tu 'toue;». TeA.oe; f:7tf:aT]!lavf: 0 K. Nose 7troe; T) ToupKia K(11 11 EMulia «~ooeUouv UOK07ta 'ta xpT]f.La'tu roo;».

Eyoo uv Em<JT)!lUvro 7troe; 6xt uovo clOK07tO ~OOf:!lu yiVf:'ta1 uA.A.<i stver KiJpla f:~ ~uPoc; TOU c- 1tA.oU A.aou troy Mo xropoov.

IITJYT]: «EA.eu8EPO'tU7tia.» 9/2, 11/2, 121212000

MAK6AONIKO

GNHMGPGJTIKO AGA TIO 35

BAJ\KANIKO nAPKO 01 nPEInEI

Me 7tpro'to~ouA.ia tTJ<; EMaoa<; Kat !I£'t6. uno 7tpOcm6.Sel£<;, 7tpaYJ.la't07tOtTj!hjKE tTJv Tptrn 2 <l>e~pouapiau 7tOU Tj'tav Kat 1) nUYKOOJlla 1)J1&pa TroV lY)'pOTonrov orov AytO Fspuavo <l>"-ropiVIJ<; TJ CJl)v6.VtTJOTl ttov 'tpui>v 7tprofhmoupyrov nov Kpa'trov 7tOU stvrn y6pro a1tO TI<; ITpE(J1te<;. EKet 1t6.vro (no 'tpte9vE<; EylVe T( CJl)v6.VtTJCITI ron K. K. LT(J.litTJ (EMaoa), rou K. 1- A.1p Mstu (AA.~via) xnt rou K. A. fKCOpyKie<pcrKl (t1T(J.lOKpa'tia tTJ<; MaKeoovia<;).

AvaKTJPuX!hjKe T( 7tEptOxfl os BaA.KaVtKO IT6.PKO Kl a7tO'teAct tTJv 7tprotTJ 15taCJl)voptaKf] 1tpocr'ta'teu6!I£VIJ 1teptOxfl cr'ta BaA.K6.vta. 0 Atot» 1t't0"0 fKeOpyKie<paKt (fEOPfIt1EBCKIt1) 7tf]ye O"tTJ CJl)v6.VtTJCITI a1t6 J.lta CJl)VOptaKf] 7tUA.T( xou 1tapsuews KA.EtO"n'] a1t6 'to 1960 yta vc U1toyp6.ljIet ).lal;i !I£ 'tou<; 15uo 6.MoU<; 7tProS/you<; yta 'tOY uypo~t6't01tO 1tOU 7tpoO"'ta'teUE'tat a7t6 tTJ t1te9vf] :I:llll~aG1J PaIlOcIP. Mnopsi vc Tj'tUv XtOvtO").lEvO 'to rozto Kat 7tayro).lEvo tu vep6. tTJ<; A.iIlVIJ<; 6J.lffi<; 'to KAiJ.la Tj'tav 1toM SepJ.l6 !I£'ta9> tcov tPlroV noA.tnKroV.

o 'EUTJva<; 7tprofhmoupy6<; t6VWe On: <ill IIpEO"7ta anOteAct CITlJ.lcio CJl)v6.VtTJCITI<; rpuov xropov xm maupo15p6J.lt avtaUayT]<; 1tOA.tTtcrJ.lOu». Elnil;ouJlE Emro Kat Tropa Ollro~ va KaTaolKcII;et T1Jv EVEpyeW TroV ell1)V1Krov ajIXrov !tou T1Jv TeA.lruTalu OeKaE'tlu OEV cIcptJoav va nepaoouv OE Ell1)vtKO EOO'PO~ Ta JlO1l0tKcI opyava TOU flJEPOU~ M01lma'P(l)'P (flJEPYC MYCTAflJOB) (!tou t\Od£ vu na~El 1l0U01K1] ant flJMflplva OE "tonlKo yUvrl - oXt KpaT1Ko K«VOV10IlEVO ano A01jva). Avceoweos 0 K. LT(J.litTJ<; xm tTJ oT(J.ltOupyia 1tOA.Ue9vlKOU EK1tat15euTlKOU Kat speuvnTlKOU KMPOU, 1tOU Sa J.leA.et6. TO OtKocrUO"tTJ).la tTJ<; 1teploxfl<; Kat Sa 1tpOcr<pEpet a1tacrx6A.TjCITI O"E VEOU<; avSpro1tOU<;. ea cr'teyacrtEi oro xropo roo tXOuOYEVVljTlKOU O"taSJ.lou, 7too crT]!I£pa 15ev ActtOOpyci, Kat Sa xpTjJ.lato15otTJSci a1to to r' Kotvoruco ITA.aimo Lti]ptl;Tj<; (K.IlL.) !I£ 500 EK. 15paX).l£<;. Too; rpsu; 1tproOu7toupyou<; U7to15ExtTJKav Ot KatOtKOt tTJ<; 7tEptoxfl<; !I£ A.ouA.oU15ta Kat 1toM SepJ.lT(. 0 15TjJ.larxo<; ITPEO"7trov f. rEPJ.laviOT(<; 15TjA.roO"e: «Nn npoorersuooous tOY U7t6 el;a<p6.vt01] A.UKO, aU6. Kat autOu<; nou X6.V01JV ta 7tpO~t6. roo;». (<l>aivE'tat7tro<; t6A.J.lTjO"e vc evota<pepSei yta

m I;roa 1too e~a<pavil;Ovtal Kt OXl yta rou; avSpro- 1t01)<; Kat tTJ yA.roO"cra touq 1too I;ouve O"tTJv nsptoxTj ... ) 0 1tproSU7toupy6<; tTJ<; AA.~viU<; K. MEta suxfl!hjKE «vc epSEt ypTjyopa Tj ropa, 1tOU Tj J.lETaKiVlJOTl J.lETU~U rrov xroprov Sa yiVE'tUt xropi<; 15tapati]pta».

Afl1JV Kat nOTE 041 UyaflE EJlE(~.

Bal..KaV1KO NTa~o~

o IA.1p MEta J.lEtE<pEPE O"tOV 'EUTjva npm- 0u7toupy6 K. LTjJ.litTJ lua 1tp6'taCITl, tTJv 1tatp6tT)ta tTJ<; 07t0ia<; J.lo.A.lma t)tEl 0 AA.pav6<; 1tpeO"peutf]<; O"tTJv ASf]va Kcerpioe P6J.l1t0, va 15T(J.ltoupyT]SEt 15T(A.. tva «<l>opouf.1 tTJ<; IIpEO"7tu<;», oro 7tAutO"tO tOO ozoio Sa 7tpaYJ.lat01tOlOUvtal 'taKtlKE<; ouvcvrnose; evaMa~ O"'tt<; 'tPEt<; xroPE<; Kat Sa e~Et6.l;ovrm oul<popa 1tOA.tnKa, OlKOV0J.llK6. Kat 6.A.A.a OEJ.la'ta (lJ.lOt~atOU ev15ta<pepovto<;. 0 15E 'EUTjVU<; 7tpeO"pT(<; O"tTJv AA.~ AM~av15po<; MaUw<; 1tOU i]tav Kl au't6<; 7tUprov crtt<; IIpeO"1tee;, evro crxOA.iaI;E !I£ 'tou<; 6.Uou<; EK1tPOcrro1tou<; tcov tpui>v xroprov tt<; E~eA.~Et<; 0"tTJ t11aaKeljlT( tOO Ntapo<;, eptl;E J.lta toEa rome va opyavroSEi J.lla paAKavtKf] 15WaKE- 1jITj, av6.A.oyTj !I£ aun'] roo N'taP6<; yta I;TJti]).lata OlKOV0J.lIKf]<; ava~Tj<; tTJ<; 7tEPtoxfl<;· 01 tpEt<; 7tproOu7toupyoi CJl)f.1<proVIJcrav J.l' aun'] rqv 1tp6taCITI Kat U7tf]P~E CJl)J.l<provia vc opiorow OL ITPEO"1tE<; ro<; E15pa au'tou tOU <l>6pooJ.l 7tOU ovoucorrpce CJl)J.lPOA.tK6. «BaA.KavtKO N'taP6<;». 0 A. fKEOpyKie<pcrKl ei1tE: «L'tTjV IIpEO"7tU svdrvovtm, Oxl uovov 11 A.iJ.lVIJ, aMa tpEl<; xropee;, tpel<; 1tOA.tTtcrlloi», Kat a<pttproo"E tva f.le'{Mo ).l£po<; tTJ<; Of.1tA.ia<; tOU crtt<; 1tpro'toPoUA.tee; tTj<; xropac; 'too Yla mv 1tpomacria rou 1tEptp<iMOvtO<;. Ot 'tPEt<; xroPE<; Sa E1ttOlro~ouv vu E~aO"<paA.icro1JV tTJ CJl)f.1f.1etoxfl Kat tcov 6.A.A.rov PaA.K(lVtKroV xroprov. 0 K. LTJJ.litTJ<; rovios, 1tro<;, avri vc el;Etal;ou!I£ oro NtaPQ<; tTJv Ka't6.O"taCITI O"'ta BaA.K6.Vta, eiVat KaA.utEpa va yiVetal auti] Tj 151a15tKama CJtt<; IIpeO"7tE<;, 67tou Sa Ka'ta<pS6.vo1)V 7tpocrro1ttK6tTJ'tE<; a1t6 15w<pOpE<; xropee;. To 1tp6.mvo <pro<; 06!hjKE romE TJ 1tprotTJ ot6.aKeljlTj va yivEl 'to 2001.

'Etot <pe'to<; roo; 06!hjKE Tj euKatpta vu IltA.Tjoouv yta ).l7til; vsc.., ~'ta OlKOA.oytK6. a1to<p6.mocv yta J.lta o"Etpa a7t6 evepyEI£<; 7tOU O"tOXeUouv:

• LtTJ 15taXEiptOl] tcov VEProV rrov A.lf.1VroV.

MJ...K6AONIKO

36 6NHM6PCDTIKO A6A TIO

• LtTlV 1tpomaoia tTIr; aypUl<; ~Olilr; Kal tTIr; ~10- 1tol1aA6tT1ta<;.

• LtTlV sq>aplWYil roiv apxwv tTIr; a£lq>OpUC11r; ysOlpyiar; Kat KtTIvO'tpoq>iar;.

• LtTlV svtain 'toupmnKll aSlo1toi11CJ'T] tOU q>UCJlKOU Kal1tOA.l'tlonKoU 1tA.oUtou.

• LtTI 1itaxsiplCJ'T] 'tOlV aO'tlKWV Kal ySOlpytKWV A.UIUl'tOlV.

• L'tTl ~shiroCJ'T], CJUvtllP11CJ'T] Kat avaoetSll 'tTlr; 1t(xpaoocrtaKllr; apxt'teK'tOVLKllr; Kat 6A.rov rcov put;avnvwv Kat J.I£'tapu~avnvwv J.lVTtJ.I£iOlV tTIr; n:eplOX1lr;·

EA.n:iI;ouJ.lS Kl SJ.lei<; 01 elMKo. MaKsli6vEr; 1tOlr; at EIK6vEr; Kat 01 aYlOYpaq>le<; tTIr; n:EPlOX1lr; non ESUq>aviCJtTIKav va Savayupioouv nioto oro q>UCJlKO 'tour; XWpo. 01 9r)oaupoi mrroi n:ou aivm KPUIlIlEvOl ma un:OyEla il ce KOU'ter; va pyouv oe Kotvil eea 'tOlV 1tlmwv. Ot aYloypaq>ier; J.lS KUptAA.tKll ypaq>iln:ou ol3ilo'tTlKaV xm an:o 1t(IVOl stvrn ypallftEva eA.A.T]VlKa ypaJ.lJ.lata va an:OKammae0'6v. Na ~T]tllOEt oT]J.l6CJla auyyvWJ.l1111 'tomKll En:iCJ'T]J.l11 elCKA.lloia rou EMllV1KOU Kpa'rour; Yla 'tTlv Ka'teoo.q>lCJ'T] 'tOlV J.l11 EMllVtKWV elCKA.llCJlWv. '01t0lr; ~il'tTlOE 11 EMT]VlKll ElCKA.llma an:6 mv namKll ElCKA.11crla va n:El auyyvwJ.l11 ym n<; croupoeopte; reov <1>po.Y1<OlV 1<a'to. tTIr; KOlvo'tavnvoun:OA.11r; 'to 1204, etOI Kat 01 oean:o'tE<; rcov n:epwxwv zou eXOW KUvel n:OA.l'tlCJ'tlKo. - ep11CJlCEU'tlKa EyKA.ilJ.la'ta CJtTI «l>A.<Optva, Kucropta, KtAKir;, l:epper;, ~po.J.la, 0ecrcraA.oviKTt, n'toA.EJ.laioa, toeocra va ~T]tllOOW auyyvWJ.lll Kat va an:oKa'taotlloouv on an:€!lEIvE Kal on Ka'teOtpE'!'av.

Tnv OA.11 SKoilA.roCJ'T] avotSe J.lE OJ.ltAia roo 0 uq>U1tOupyor; nE)m.~ 0. KOA.IOn:UvOr;, 0 osoto; Eixe avaMl3EI tTIv lCUpla EU9i>VTt ym rnv ElC1t6VTtCJ'T] tTIr; omKllPuS11r; nou U1tOYPo.q>I1KE. Y n:ev9i>J.lloe on CJtTI xwpa !lU<; 11 olKoCJUcrtillla'ta exow n:EptAT]q>eei orov KaTUAoyo TOlV UYPO'tOn:OlV nou npoorcrsnovtm an:6 tTl l:uv9i]KTt Ramsar, evw exouv Ka'taypaq>ei crUVOAtKo. n:epin:ou 400.

KaA.tr; eiva I 01 CPtAIKE<; E1tICJlCe,!,Et<; Kl 6Aer; auter; 01 CJUvepyacrier; Kl €n:psn:s va siXav yivEI an:o n:aAto'tEpa. KaA<i cptA.eUtTlKaV J.lS xpnot, ,!,apl Kal liMa EO€OJ.lata orouq 'l'apaoEr; tOlV Ilpeonov.

LOlmo. evoXA.11!li:vor; 0 Kwo'tar; LllJ.lltllr;, orov Oex9r)KE EPWtTlCJ'T] yla 'to l:UJ.lcpOlVO L'taesp6- tTITar; ere BaA.Ko.Vla, n:apatllPlloE: «npen:sl va 'to n:pOcr€S01)J.lS to n:Epll3aUOv. EV't'o.SEI to l:UJ.lq)OlVO

Ltaeep6tTtta<;, aAA.o. exE1 CJ'T]J.lUcrla Kat OE n:01O n:EPtj3aMov ~OUJ.lS».

Krn EYeD va npoo6t(JOl ma AOyla t01J K. l:1JI'itt). Ka#..oi 0\ I.:6KOl., 0\ 1J'fpopWtonol., to Kpa(Ji Ka\ to ",ap\ to>V IIPEG7teDV aua 0\ av- 9pOlnOt a1Jtoi n01J yEVV1\91JKav ma XOlpm a1Jta 'Ytati (J1)vex~&\ Kat 0 l:1JI'itt)e; va t01Je; anoKA.ei&\ ano tlJ 'Y1J T01Je;; Turri 11 KoumOloia rtov A9r)vrov va J.ln:opEi va uvcorvset tOY Kaeap6 atpa tTIr; 1teplOX1lr; 1<al 0 Ma1<Eli6vur; va J.lT)v J.ln:opei va n:u&t OtO an:itl tOU Kal va aVa1tVeUoEI Kl aut6r; tOY aepa rorv J3owwv, rrov XOlpacptcOv TOU, 'tTlr; A.iJ.lVTtr; rou, rou XOlptOU tOU;

«~npo LTH TH» WE 6n Mcrav o'tt<; npean:E<;, npaYJ.lUnKO «OW po CJtTI y1'p> ea il'tav av yUp~av Kat ot UVepOln:Ol 'tTlr;. 0 iOto<; 0 Kwoto. LllJ.litTIr; o.VUq>€p9r)KE CJtTI J.lUKpairoVTt, A.aJ.l1tpil toropin tTIr; n:Ep1ox1lr;, nou 'tEKJ.lT)ptcOve'to.l an:o 'to. un:oJ.I£wapm 'trov ElCKA.T)CJlWV Kat on J.lS'ta 'to ~eUrepo nuYK60J.l1O nOA.eJ.lO EPllJ.lw9r)Ke.

1I 1tI0 oroo'tu ea tA.eya EP11J.l<09r)Ke Oxl an:6 'touC; F EPJ.lavOUC; cpammec; aAA.o. an:6 KUn:OIOUC; Xetp6'tspouC;, erov eA.A.l]V1K6 eJ.lCPUA.LO n:6A.eJ.lo. 01 I' epucvot oev otcOsav rov K6oJ.lo a1t6 rc Xroplo. TOU<;, aMli 11 cpaolmo-oEl;lo. 'tTlC; en:ornr; EKeiVTtC;, aAA.o. Kal 01 KU~Epviloetc; J.ltxpl ollJ.lSpa CJUvexi~ow oro OpOJ.lO xou Olo.A.ESe 0 ME'taSac; Kat oi OOOiA.oyOl terv fEPJ.lavWV xm l3aSi~ow CJtTIv iOta 1tOA.l'tlKll ypaJ.lJ.lil oi J.lS't€n:Et'ta lCUI3EPv1l0et<;.

o j30UA.EUtllC; <1>A.<Opwa<; rou nALOK ftwpyor; At<iVTtC; avalj)ep9r)KE CJtTI OlCA.T]pil nJ.lOlpia rmv KatoiKrov, A.Oyro 'tTlC; mo.CJ'T]C; nou Kpo.'tTloav otov EJ.lIj)UALO. Ems auyKEKPI!li:va: «Xpovin oA.6- 1CA.11pa, Ssv J.l1topOUoav va yivouv n:a1taOE<;, oaOKaA.ot, aOTUVOJ.ltKOt». A&e; Ka\ mll'£pa yivllTa\ KanoWe; nanae; 1\ a(J't1)VOJ1lKOe; 1'£ tOV naMllO J11JTpo7tolitt) 1\ tov KaLvoiipyw (to lj)&pJ1€vO 1\ TOV &KA.eKTO t01J KavTtcbt1) av IhllcblY&1 MaK&Mvae;!

XUtPE'ttOJ.lO a1tT)U9uVE 0 T. M7tA.uCJlCo, ypaJ.lJ.lut€ac; tTIC; LUJ.lPaCJ'T]C; PaJ.loup Kat 0 A. XOcpJ.lUV, E1tinJ.loc; n:poeopoc; 'tTlC; OLE9vouC; OIKOA.oYIKllC; opyUvroCJ'T]C; WWF. L'tTlV eKoilA.OlCJ'T] 1tupaJ3peeIJKUV OOCJ'T]C; oi U1toupyoi f. MaYKptwtTlC; Ko.t f. naOXaAiOT)C;, 0 crUJ.lJ3OUA.oC; rou n:pro9u1toupyou f. navtaywc;, l] NiKTt fOUAUVSpil, SK7tPOOOln:Ot OUCOA.oytKWV opyavwoErov, Ka9r)yT]t€C; 7tavem-

.. O't1'JJ.ltrov-K.a.

«EA.EUeepO'tU1tia» 27/1, 29/1, 3/2, 5/2 (2000).

MAK6AONIKO

GNHMGPCDTIKO A6.0.. TIO 37

nOJ\ITIKOI 'H E0NlKOI npOICJ)VrEI

To Oella TI]e; Ka'UOXE<J1le; 11:EptOUma.Kffiv 01:0tXEirov 11:oA.tnKffiv npooq>uyoov rou EIlq>UA.iou IlE MaKEoovlKi) Ka.aywyfj oi onoiot E1tavana'pi<rtT]xcv 11:pooq>a.a ornv EM1]vtKi) MaKEoovia E~aKOA.OUOEi va uuopstrot 0.0 KEVO. Y 11:UPXEt q>UOtKU Kat 1] J.lEYUA.1] 11:A.Etoljf1]q>ia rmv MaKE- 06voov oi oxotoi E~aKOA.OUOOUV va 11:apallevow aK61l1] 0.0 11:apa11:e.aOlla Kat oi n6p.Ee; TI]e; EAzuOEpiae; Kat TI]e; Ll 1]IlOKpatiac; 11:apallevow aK61l1] KMto.ee; yta roue avOpamoue; uuwUc;.

Oooi, A.omOv, U11:6 amoue; E1tempEljfav OE 11:0A.Etc; J.lE 11:A.1]6uOIlO avoo rrov 11:ME xtAtUOOOV Ka.oiKOOv, 611:ooe; yta 11:apUOEtYlla 1] <llA.ffiprvc Kat 1] 'BoEooa, OEV exOW otKairolla vu ~avaKa'OlKioow i] vu EmOtopOffioouv nc; 11:aA.t.te; Ka.mKiEe; roue, ~E 11:0A.A.U ano tu atK011:Eoa 011:0U U11:UPXOUV .a Ktiolla.a amu exow yiVEt Ka.ana'ti]oEtc; Kat 011:ooe; Ilac; aveq>Epav at iotot ot OtKatQUxOl at Ka.a11:a'ti]oEte; au.ee; f:ytvav TI]V 11:Epiooo 11:OU mrroi i].av 11:oA.tnKoi E~optmat OE XffipEe; rou ava'OA.tKOU 1l11:A.OK Kat Kavevae; q>opeae; E~oumac; OEV tKavE oro eMXtmo .0 xpeoe; roo, vn EVOtaq>Ep'Oci yta 'to 11:epaoJ.lU trov nepiououov amffiv orou; vojuuou; Ku'6xoue; i] 1CA.1]POVOIlOUe;.

~i]J.lEpa J.lE'tU a11:6 .60a xpovm OE Ilta EA.A.Uoa U11:otiOE'tat xffipa 01]lloKpanKi) a11:0- OEtKWE'tUt on au.o OEV taxUEt mlv.a Kat on 0 aOtKT]llevoe; civat Suo q>opee; aOtKT]llevoe; EVffi o EUV01]!1EvOe; sivrn 11:Uv.a EUV01]!1EvOe;. Auroi ot Uv0poo11:at ayooVi<rtT]Kav Kat 11:0A.eIl1]oav yta TI]v 11:a.pioa roue Kat 11:oUoi cero au.oue; eooooav Kat TI] ~ooi] tou; 0' eurov rov ayffiva. Apyo.Epa orcv 0 Ll1]1l0KpanK6e; ~.pa.6c; eOtw~E rou; fEPllavoue; cero TI]v EMuoa, at uullllaXtKee; owcillEtc; a11:oq>cimoav vu llatpUoouv .a BaA.KUvla OE ~ffiVEe; Emppoi]e; J.lE a- 11:meA.EOlla va 01]lltoupyi]00l)V evav KIltVOUptO EIlq>UA.to 11:0A.EIlO. Au'ti] TI] q>opu at vtKT].ee; eywav 1]'TI]llevOI Kat aVaYKU<rtT]Kav OE evav U1t0xpEoonKO ~EPt~<OIlO an6 TI] YEVe.Etpa

roue, ME'tU ano .60a xp6vta ~opiae; Em.et..oue; rouq OivE'tut 1] EUKatpia va Entmpeljfow orov .ono roix; 6xt 0llooe; ouv reonuot 'BM1]ve; nOA.l'tEe; aA.A.ci ouv avaYKaio KaK6 6n<Oc; i]rev 11:uv-ra oi amOanOKaA.OUJ.lEVOl MaKEMVEe;. 10ooe; Oa rou; npo.tllOUoav nA.oUotOue; rouptcte; i] OIKOVOlltKOUe; J.lE'tavumEe;. EIlElc; 11:uv-ra avapoonOllamE nooe; anOKaA.OUv.at aurot nou EYKa.aA.Emouv .a <rnina roue, .a xoopUq>ta .oue; TI] "fTI rorv npoy6voov rou; Kat 6- rev Emmpeq>ow llE'ci an6 xp6vta OEV J.l1topoov vc Kavouv 'tT]V 11:apalltKpi] Epyama Emot6pOoo<J1le; IlE ano.eA.E0lla rn <rnina rou; vu Ka.appeouv Kat oi iOtOl avaYK~ov.at vc VOtKtU~OW ~eva O1tina. Mi]nooe; «oro oac; 6u1l~Et rov Oouaaea TI]e; IOUKT]e;; AA.A.U aK61la Kt au.6e; ciXE TI]v TI1]VEA.61tT] vc rov 11:EPtllevEt. Au.6 11:0U OEV Ilae; WE at U1tEUOuvOl q>OPElc; Kat Ilae; aq>i]vouv ava11:Uv't1].a Ep<OTI]llanKU civat au.6 zou anoq>EUyOUVE nciv.o'E va O~ouv 01]A.aOi] ytati IlOvO <rtT] <llA.ffipwa, TI]V 'EoEooa i] TI]v Kcoropui uuvav-rciJ.lE .e.OtEe; Ka.amuoeu; Kat 6xt mT]V U1t6A.o111:T] EA.A.Uoa. Mi]nooe; at nOA.tnKo{ 11:p6a(j>UyEe; au'ti]e; TI]e; KaTI]yopiae; stvct corot 11:0U mT]V Ka.oxij E~attiac; TI]e; noA.tnKi)e; K.K.E. nou A.aOE!1Eva .oue; xapaK'ti]pies ccv ~A.a~OllaKEMvEe;, .ffipa exow anoA.eOEt TI]v unap~1] roix aUllq><ova IlE TI]v YnoupytKi) a11:6q>a<J1l ron 82 rou ~KOUA.apiKT] - fEVVTJlla.u.

Edv 1] EMuoa OeA.Et vc A.f:yE.at aT]J.lEpa o1]1l0KpanKi) xffipa J.lE EUpoona'(Ki) npoonnKi) npE1tEt va EmmpeljfEt 6A.Ee; nc; nEptOUmEe; OE 6A.oue; roix nOA.tnKOUe; np6aq>uYEe; XooPlc; Kallia OtUKpt<J1l. Em<J1le; ooo a11:6 ru nsptoumaKU .oue; mOlXEia Ka.a7ta'ti]OTj1Cav ano otciq>opoue; E1tt'ti]OEtOUe; Oa npE1tEt va ano~1]IltooOOUV 01:0 aKepUto. HA.oC; vu ooOouv 0<0- PEUV UOEtEe; yta ava7taA.a{oo<J1l E1ttot6pO<O<J1l i] E7trna<J1l 6A.wv rev O1tmffiv .oue;.

TIUv.o

M~K6AONIKO

38 6NHMGPCDTIKO A6A. TIO

IENLfIA4JEPOYIEI EllIITOAEII

AIXlJclAWTOI TI1~ l(JTopia~ (Arro 'rr/V EAEYfJEPOTYTlIA 91612000)

Kbpie <5IWOvvra,

01 &K<Ppa<n~ TIle; «mcA.l]pi]e; ypa!!!!i]e;» ere &9vtKa Ot!!(lta &Vt'IJltOlot6.~OUV, cruxva xOlpie; oroix&ia, J.Ul TIl OUVOl!!QOlOA.oyla ttov Auspixuvdrv Kal tOU «IIapaTIlP'1TI1Piou». l1IKairo!!a "toue; vc U1tOme60vtal <no KaO&ri rov :Eopoe; i] rou; OlOlVl<n~, ocpeiAouv o!!O)e; 1t&plaao"t&po a&~o.aflo attc; J.UlIOIjlT]cpier; Yla va 1t&{Oouv yta to OtKo.IO nov «ao&MpO>v AaO>v». Aurovonro. o.olK&itall] 7ttva tOUe; xOlpie; TIlV curoxprnxf].

o <po~oe; ltOU 1tapaTIlP&it:al yta to xcwoopYIO, aKOfll] Kal yta TIlV aA.i]O&la, xapaKTIjp{~&1 1t&ptccorspo TIl Xo>pa flac;, 1tOU cpatv&t:al alWaA.OlTII TIle; Ictoplnq, H KaKOJ.Ul"to.x&IP10"l] tOU ltap&A.OOVtOe; ltEplaa&U&1, VOfl~Ol, <na OXOA.ta tOU 1(. TPlaVTIj. (<<E», 15 Kat 20 Mctou) xm Oteprot61flat ltoaa BuuflaO'tlKa a1;~ouv ta «avO&llI]VlKa K&vtpa»:

1) H papilvoooa yvcilll1) oui(J1)llooV yl..ooGGOUr'(oov o'n ta oW:GooOtvta GtOlX&io: t1)e; apxalOllaK&OOVUO)e; OEV Eival &1tapKl) Yla aGqllu..tI eeIlnl:paGJ1«tll, nap' ow nOll 0 Kopll<paioe; KpetGJ1I:p Kattl..1)~1: Ge OW:<pOpl:tlKl), cruyyEV1Kl) npoe; t1)v dl.1)V1Kl), yl..cilGGCL

2) 01 nounue; npOGl:YYlGI:tc; nal..lcilv Kal vtoov nav&1tlGt1)!1W:Kcilv, aKofHI Kal 1) aPIua]

cr6111)IjI1) tOll llanapPllYoltOllWll yw: tOlle; MaKI:06vl:<; Kal tOlle; Bll~avtlvoiJc;, tOlle; OltOiolle; a<palpoiJGI: ano tOY e9vlKo KOPIlO (A~1) llolit1) «POllavtlKa X1'ovla: IOI:Ol..oyil:c; Kat voo-rpOltil:c; Gt1)v EllaOa 1830-1880»).

3) H avatpopa tOOV cruvollt.l..1)tcilv tOOV llpoEopoll t1)e; 4111l0Kpatiac; Gttc; apxal6t1)tt:e; t1)e; llepG&ltollle;: «0 ~avopoe; ••• OEV tltav 'Ellllvac;, tlTav MaKI:(;Ovac;». ( (<1:», 29-11-99).

4) To EYX£lpiOw t1Ie; B' AllKdoll: «Bll~avtlVOe; llOMtlGIl09> 1979, MOll 0 Kilptl.Mle; Kal 0 M£90010e; IlVTtIlOVIlUOvtal anOKUIGtIKa ooe; MaKI:06vl:<;, EVO> Gta npOGtpaTa «OtllaTa Ieropt«9> Yla to MaKI:OOVlKO, Gt1)v nOlllGtltOll pll~avtlvtJ avaopOlltl, OEV llnapxl:l Kallia avatpopa.

Aa!!1t&1 &1tiO"I]e; l] altouma tOU «'UWtEV» a- 7t6 tOY &fl1t&IPoyv61!!OVa KOlq>O.

Ilpoc t:l Aol1tOV to «<nofltiXl» Kal 01 stpevster; yta rou; xpi]<ner; tOO l1taOtKWOU;

y 1tG.pxouv 1tA.&iO'ta 1tapaO&ty!!(lta 1tOU 0&1- X;VOUV 7t6ao OX&tlKa 1tapOU01a~&tat l] Iorootc xm, to a1tOUoowtepo, zooo &~i]flla stvai I] to&OA.OytKi] KataXPl]aT] TIle;·

ruivVTte; llollvwC;, HpaKUla ~&ppcilv

Kbpu: ,)lwOvvra,

:EtO aq>ttpOlfla tOU 1t&pt001KOU aae; yta tOY :ETP A TH MYPIBHAH Kat m>yK&Kplfl£va C1TIjv «<l>v..lKi] Kou~&vt(l» tOU ouyypacpea J.Ul rnv ~amA.taaa <l>pelO&piKl] (1951) Ota~a~OUJ.Ul:

«ApX~&t va J.Ul POlta yta to A.oyotex;vtK6 uou epyo . Kupiex; to &Volaq>epov TIle; &KOl]A.o>vetat &tOtKa yta to ~1~A.io uoo «H ZOO EN TA<l>Q». 0tA.et vc fltiO&t 1tOle; to typa1jla, ce ltOta l]A.tKta, n stvci 0 7t6- A.&flOe; XapaKOlflatOlv, Kat <no ttAoe; .... ytati aut6e; 0 06pu~0e; evcvriov tOU fltaa ornv AKaOl]fli-

0. •.• »

rVOlpi~ovtac; TIlv a1tay6p&U0"I] tOU ~t~A.iou ato. xp6vta TIle; OIKt:a"topiae;, 6ltOle; xm <no. Ka"t01tlvc, yevvatal to ep61TIlflo. 1tOla stvm l] ~aeut&P'1 atria TIle; a1tay6p&U0"I]e; Kat ytari «aut6c; 0 Oopu~oc; ... C1TIjV AKo.Ol]flia.», zou O&v a<pOpoua& TIlV 0l]!!QKparia i] tOY Ol]flottKtC1fl6.

H a1t6.vt!]O"I] 0601]K& a7t6 tOY Ol]flOO1oypa<pO KOl<n6ltOUAo cs flta «I:u~i]TIlO"I] C1TIjV <l>v..oao-

q>1Ki]» (AGf]va 1992) Kt Ex&l &1tlKo.lP'1 1tOA.mKi] Kat «&9vtKi]» O"I]fl(lma.

o A.oyOttxvlle; <no K&CPaAalO «Za~o.A.l] flti'iKOl» typa1jl& (1917) ta ~r; altOKaA.U1ttlKa yta tOUe; KatOIKOUe; tOO Movcorqpiou (M1titOA.a):

- ••• fiGtoGo, O£ 9tM1llV va' Vat "tin «MnolllYKap» (Boillyapol), "tltl: (~ppID) ~&pllol), "tltE (OKPpt9> (EIl1)vl:<;) • Movaxa «MaKl:vtov OptOvt(9)-

I:i]J.Ulpa, avttAa~av&t:at 0 KaOtvar; ytari «curo; 0 06pu~0e; ... C1TIjv AKaOT)flia.» Kal ytari 0 KaO&O"tOlttK6r; MupI~i]A.l]e; O&V C1U!!1t&pttAa~& attc; fl&taltOA.&flIK~ &K06ae1<; tOU ~t~A.iou TIlv teAeuto.io. q>paO"l] MovaXa «Mcxsvrov Oprovrot» (Op0600~ot MaK&06v&e;).

EUXapt<n61 yta TIlv <pv..o~&Via rIANNm: IIOYNIOE

(AvaOl]flOaleuO"l] alt6 to 1t&ptoOtK6 rIA TI)

M)"KeAONIKO

6NHM6PaJTIKO A6A TIO 39

HOOLIGANS KAI XOV I\lrKANOI

rr0A.U~ AOyO~ yta 'to 1tSpt~6TJ't0 MeOV A."ILIW «BoilA. yapOt» oro A.e';tKO VEOeA.A.TJVtKij~ Mltafllttvtoo'tTJ.

A V'ttopaa~, KpalY'(~, aa<paA.ICl'ttKa j.1£'tpa, y€VtKa lLe'ta<popa ron xouA.tY1<avtalL0tl alto 'tOY <pUcrtK6 xoopo -ro yTJltllOO- all o~ ~ 1lK0TJA.ooallt~ Kat IlK<ppaolll~ 'tTJ~ KotvlJ.)via~. L'tTJV OtUOPOIL" alto 'to KA.etCl't0 xoopo 'tOU YTJ1t!lOOU ltP~ 'tTJV ImptltepTJ KOtVlJ.)vtKij tOU nopsta u<piCl'ta"tat Ilta ljIlA.ollS"taA.A.a91 ro~ npo<; 'tTJv EIl<Pllvt<n] Kal "tou<; Cl't6xou<;.

Ot KA.aacrtKoi XOUA.IY1<aVOl sivat a'tTJj.1£A.TJ"tOl IlS nporilLTJ<n] cro 1tS'tcrtVO Kal'tO t/;tV, vscpoi IJ.)~ em TO MEiCl'tOV, Spoov EV 91lPILOO Kat EV Xopoo, un6 'tTJV smlpeta aA.K06A. i) aUoov OteyepTtKOOV epTJaKlltOOV " 9ptlA.rov, A.a1l~avoj.1£voov unooopioo<; cruvO<pA.e~ioo<;, eyKe<paA.tKa ij oro xpcvio €1tt'tlY'(Xavovta<; to an(lpcirrrro vtOltaptalLa ILE a'tOxo 'tTJV (lVUOIll/;TJ 6xt tou nrouou (curo xavllt(ltltaVTIlA.OO~ ij OEV umlPXllnote) aUa 'tTJ<; 0ILUOu<;. (Aye).aia crulL1tSptcpopa). Oi aA.A.Ot oi ILTJ KA.aacrtKoi Spouv IlKt~ YTJ1tSooov. IlpooqnA.8Cl'tIlPO<; xoopo~ TJ noA.mKij ij all KaTooTllpo Ilnl1t€00 rc «KOlVa» (U<pIl'tTJpia TOOV nOA.lTlKoov). AUTOi €ivat ypa~a'toj.1£vol, xouorouucptousvot, 1tapcpoUlLaptallevOt Spouv EV 'VUXPOO, IlS 1lSA.e'tTJj.1£vIl<; KlVi)allt<;, Mava, xpovOOtaypalllW'ta, crUlL~OUA.oU<; Kat 1lUeA.1- ';ia (e"tcrt A.8vE 'tTJV KiVTJ<n] reov ep1tETOOv).

Ta KiVTJ'tpa TOU~ tOIOtEA.ij, Ta j.1£aa TOU<; U1tocrxeaEt<;, 'YA.tl'VtIlO Kat poua<pena, Ot a'tOxOt 'tou<; KPU<poi, aiyoupa ntouucot Kat Oxt OIlUOtKOi. Eooo "to a't01L0 €iVUl TO KMPO "tOU K60110U, TJ ollaoa, TO KOI1- j.ta Kat TJ opyavOO<n], stvm TO j.1£ao. 'OA.a aUta smueA.OO<; KaA.UIlj.1£va I!E lluvMu 1tu'tptoonKo. AUotE rnv 1tpoCl'tacriu 'IOU KOlVOtl crulL<PtpoVTo<; ij 'IOU KaA.oil, EmKaA.otlVTat I!EPtK~ <pop~ 'It<; upx~ Ila<; (Kat yivovtm npo"taaEt<;) "tl<; napa06aEt<;, rc 9Eia, 'tTJ <pUA.ij, 'tTJV ioropie, 'tU yoviOta, 'to DNA, 'ta alLtvo.;ta Kat OnOijltO't1l ltOU 9a 1tpoatOtOE otn KiVTJtpa tOU<; I!EyuA.eio, ytari upya TJ ypijyopu 6A.u 'tOU<; TU KtpOTJ 9u tn Il';apyupooaouv oro MaKOA.o crri~o 'tTJ<; KOtVOOVIKij<; avtA.tl;TJ<; yta vc ~pe90tlv os 7tA.eOVEKnK6tEpTJ 9t<n] evUV'tt woov.

o K. M1t<lllmvtOO'tTJ~, A.ol1t6v toooae a' autT] 'tTJV Ka'tTJyopia rov XOUA.tY1<o.vrov TO ~ijlla Kat to E<paA.tT]pto 1tOU 'Vo.x;vouv (auto. eival Ka9TJILEptv6 tOU<; ev/;UIlU) nou K0.ge 1tpooi cvcpemovnn: «Lijl!Epa n np£1tS1 va Kavro yta va IlS npooe.;ouv, va ';e1t€tax;too A.iyo mo 'VTJM, va 7ttaouv 'ta <poo'ta 1tciVIJ.) uou;»

Tu MME 1t<lpaKoA.ou90tlv auti] 'tTJv KiVTJ<n] an6 'to ~OtlPKO Cl'ta crUwE<pa Kat ano ta crUwll<pa oro ~OtlPKO Ilta KiVTJ<n] nou TJoovi/;€l nprotuyrovlCl't~ Kat 9Ea'te~, avooo~ ij K0.9000<; acrxEto, npxei TJ KiVTJ<n] va stvm ypi]yoPTJ 'Yta va 1tpOKaA.€i IA.tyyo 'toco 1tOU va }l1t€pOEtlOUlLe 'ta crUwe<pa I!E 'to ~OtlPKO to UljlTJAO us to XallTJA.O Kat IlUt~ va xavetat 1] aia9l]<n] rou xoopou KUI TJ lKaVo'tTJ'ta Kpi<n]~ yta va xaVEtat to v6TJIla rcov A.8';erov, va usvoov Ot etK6vE<; ltOU EVaUaaaoVTal oe KUtatYICl'tIKOtl<; pu91L0tl<;.

ea IlS pootT]oetE Kat noo<; v' avttOpaaoullE EI!Ei<; nou OEV eilWCl'tE XOUA.IY1<IlvOl os autT] 'tTJV 1tpOKA.TJ<n] va os a1tOKaA.otlV BouA.yapo. Ma IlS ustoiaj.ta KatavoTJ<n]<; 'tTJ<; patcrtCl'ttKij~ tOU ge<n]<;. Erotpuos KUI EcrU to patcrtCl'tIKO oou KataA.oyo Kat Kateta/;E 6A.a 'ta e9VTJ 'tTJ~ BaA.KavtKij<; crUll<pe:lVa IlS rn yOUCl'tU O'OU: AA.~avoi, Ap~avi'tE~, Lep~Ol, BotlA.yapol, 'EUTJVE<;, Poouavoi, Toepcoi, BA.aXOl, Fu<ptOt, TcrtYYIlvOI, MUKe06VE<;. MEta aKe'Vou av ult6:pxel Ka1tOta avootepTJ, avnKet!lSVlKij aPX1'l, 1tOU 9a lL1topotlO'e va ClUVT6:';EI evav tetOIO Ka't6:A.oyO I!E aVootEpoU<; KUt Ka'tootEpou<; A.aou<;. Me A.aotl<; zou 1tpe1t€t va Eivat 1t€pfl<pavol yta 'tTJv Ka'tayooyT) tou<; KUt A.aotl<; ltoultpe1t€t va vtp81tOvtat. To ovoun tou<; OE 9a to XPTJcrtI!Q1t010UllS «U~PICl'ttKOO9). rive yta A.iyo BouA.'Yap~, LKomav~ ij TOUPKO<;. IToo<; 9u vtoo9ate KUptE llEYaA.oWE6:'tTJ; e' uuroxrovouours UltO vtp0ml yta 'tTJv Katayroyij em<;; Liyoupa 6X'. ea ~piaKu'tll 1taA.t K6:1tOlOU<; llu9ou<;, Ylari os ILMou<; O'tTJpi/;etal 'tTJV u1tap';TJ aU<;, aA.M 'tetola U1t<lP';TJ €ivat 'VlmoaiO'9l]<n] u1tap';TJ<;.

Orov A.omov K6:1tOIO<; wTJvu<; au<; a1tOKaA.8ael BouA. yapo U~PtCl'ttKOO<; xm Kat(lXPTJCl'ttKOO~ Eaei<; xalloyeA.6:te Kat tOY a1tOKaA.eitE u~plCl'ttK6 Kal Kat(lXPTJCl'ttKo wTJva. XalLorEA.atE Own 00<; IlTJ pcto'IatT]<; 'to BoilA. yapo~ OEV 'to llKM~ate ro~ U~PICl'ttK6 Kat 00<; pa'tcrtatT]~. rtari aVTa1tOoooO'a'tE 'ta j.1£ytCl'ta a<pou oro OIKO aa<; A.e.;IK6 'to A.flj.t1W 'EUTJvu<; Eivat ouvdrvnuo tOU a1t<lterova~, 'VEtl'tTJ, IlIKPOIl1tlvoooopo U1t€p<plaA.ou av aKOA.ou9f!O'Et cru/;ij'tTJ<n] roe 9ul1i1;et rnv Ka'tayroyij tOU, TJ 1tl9avOtEpl] €ivai TOtlPKO~, TOUpKOeUTJVa<;, AA.~avo<;, Ap~avi'tTJ<;, BMxo<;, POUILOtlV~, ru<pto~, LA.6:~O<;. 'OA.a aUTa 1toA.maj.1£va Kat ue Ka'tav6TJ<n] 'toviI;ovt6:<; tou 6n EO'6:<; OEV AU<; 1tSlp6:/;llt 1tOU stvai tetOtO~ av aUT6<; OEV exEt ltp6~A.TJIW Kat I!E ej.t<pa<n] -6A.0l av9poonol EilWCl'te.

ruhp'Yor; K.. Et1EEEA

MJ..K6A.ONIKO

40 6NHM6PCDTIKO Aa.. TIO

MAKEAONIKO r J\ENTI ITHN EAEIIA

rU1 auTJ Ilta xpovui, 6nox; Kal ltaAaunEpa ornv opuln ai(louoa rou <l>.O.E. (<l>umOAU1;PlKO~ '0- IltA~ 'EOEOO~), o{ltAa mom; Ka'tappaK't~ ltpaYlla'tOltmij&I]KE 0 E'tij01O~ xopo~ rou MOp!p(l>UKOU IIoArnonKoU l:llU6yOll KEpam~ «APIl:TOTEi\.IU:», to lli~~aTO 12 <l>E~po\)(lpioll 2000. To OAOWKnO yUvn zon KpafTJOE )l£xpl ltproi~ fTJ~ KllplUKij~ ltEptAall~IlVE ltapaOOmaKo~ TomKoii~ xop~ Kill TpayouOta alt6 fTJV oPX1lmpa roiv N. MltOTO<pCtP'1 - e. KapllllltaOTt «01 BOPEIOh), a.").;).iJ. Kill EUI]VlKa rpcyooota. To KiJplO ltp6ypa!llla ijtav IlE xop6 Kill rpcyOWl !m] MaKEOOVtKij Kat TJ rimll OEY MEtaOE K1l90- Aoll alt6 tOU<; veapou<; zou x6pEUav oiXro<; ma!lafTJ!lo.

y mlPXE Ilta !!Er6.l..TJ I;rovtaVlIl Ka9ro~ 0\ «KAT APP AKTEE Et.EEEAE» so<pui;av altO VEOAaill. ElliilJlEl !!Er6.l..TJ~ lli90uo(l{; OTO Xropt6 KpovtotAo~o (KPOH!..IEAOBO - Kspuota) ltavta ~piOKOllV !!EraAE<; a19Ollo~ Kl ~ irrav apKEta xtAl6!lEtpa !laKpul altO to XroP10, 0 K60!lo~ IlvtaltOKpi&ljKE Kat amij fTJ xpOVla. EtT]V aPX1l TOU YAEVnOU ltapa~pteTjKE Kal 0 IIaoxaAioTJ<;. H ropllill oPX1lmpa !!E TpaY0u010Tij TOV NiKO Mltoto<ptlpTJ alt6 fTJv ltsplOxfl fTJ<; AP101lill<; f:xEl Kata.;lro9lii EOW KalltoAM :x.p6vla. IIpocr<pata J!6.I..lmll ~yijKIi Kat oe CD !lla crul..l..oyij OEKIl TpayouolwV !!E TOV nTAo «E<paT!lltll MaKIiVtOVOK(l».

NiKOr; 2:.

I

MOVEIKH nAPOVEIAEH

I

Ta Tsl..tiu'ta(a :x.p6vta Kill ~aOlKa !!ETa fTJV sll<paVlOTt orov Sl..l..TJV1KO Xwpo TOll Fxopov MltPSyKO~IT~ zoo lilxs !!EraATJ amlX'lOTt Kat <pU<JIKCt S!lltoptK6fTJta, 01 EI..I..TJVtKt~ OtOKoypa<pIK~ Etatpis~ apxtoav va EYOla<pEpOvtal Yla t~ IlvrlmO\x~ !lltaVt~ !!E XaAKlVa opyava nou ouvcvnovrm <pllOlKa !lOVO ornv KIiVt. Kal t.Ut. MaKEOovia.

Auta nou xpw Illt6 Aiya xp6Vla ijtav IlltayopEUJ!Eva Kal ultOltta aKouOlllltll, crit!lEpa apxlcrav vn yivovtat tTJ~ !l60~ yta tOY vEotullva yAEVtl;t. 'Eroi KllKl..o<p6- pnouv KaltO\a CD alt6 yvrom~ opxflmp~ 6nro~ liiv(ll TJ oPX1lmpa tou NU<JT] - rlllVVCtKTJ xm roo ruhP'YT] OoPOUIlTJ altO tTJV EUPUtEpTJ ltliP10xfl fTJ~ 'EOIiOcr~ !!E TitAo (T payouola 1HXroC; l..6yla), Oltox; alto t1]Y IOta ltEploxfl stvm Kal to CD rrov XPlloo06.KtllAroV tOU yvromoU ~ KAaplVima Ilsrpou AyavaKTJ.

KaA1'] Kal all96VUKij 9a fAzya TJ ltpo<J1tCt9ElCt roo; 6- Ilroe; TJ aA1']9Eta K(ll "to tEA1KO altOTtl..Eo!lCl, alt' 6ltO\a !lEpla Kal uv "to aKoUoEI Kal "to aVaAuoEl "to EllltEtPO aun ron MaKE06va 9a to ~Plil MIEO.

IIapaOootaK~ oPX1lmplie; nou vc KaAUlt,OllV ltOA1- UO'IK~ 1iK0TJAdJOE~ 1'] <pEou~aA ltapaoomaKije; 1l0llOIKijC;, 1'] xoprov 1'] aK6!la Kat yUvtta 1'] yallom; IlE (11- o&I]"tij Kal <JXE06v aWltapKtTJ rqv ltapooola tpayoll<hou !!E /..6yla rnv cruvaVt6.!lE uovo orqv ltEPloxf! tT]e; Ksvrp. K(1I t.m. MIlKEOoV~ Kal ltou9EY6. aUoU orov KOO!!O oI..6KATJPO·

nan CtpaYE, &a avaprotTJ9Ei·m; !l1']ltroe; OEII U1t6.p:x.Ollv tpayou<ha, T] Ilijltox; 0\ 6.v&prolto\ &K&I OEII ExOllV K~ <provEc;, llT]ltroc; tn "tpayooota xa9TJKaV us tTJV napooo rou xp6VOll, ij ll1']ltox; IiEII apEoouv orov K6cr1l0, loox; Kal vc !lTJV SylVav aKOIlTJ tTJC; 1l60~, 9E1..Et& va lla9Et& tEA1KCt ltOta &IV(1I TJ aAij9&ta;

H aAij9&ta &Ivat On TO MaKSOOVlKO IIapaOO<JtaK6 "tpayouol EIIIEHMA sivrn aKO!lTJ altl1yopEUIlEvO 6nox; xm TJ yAdJooa rou,

o 1l0VOe; nou "t6AIlTJ06 Kal KllKAO<pOPTJOE !lla OAoKATJProllEvTJ OOll1..61(1. !ll> MaK600vlKO~ OKOltOUC; K(1I tpayouota altO rnv It&Ploxf! 'ES&OOIl K(1I AAllro1tla &1- val 0 yvromoc; ~ N1KOAac; Mltoto~apTJe; 0 onoioq 1..6- yro rou IlltllyOpEUttKOU I1lt6 T~ EI..I..TJV1K~ oloKoypa<PIK~ Etlllpl~ avaYK6.0911K& Vll IlltEU9uv96i 06 otouvno &KtOC; EAMooc; Kat <JUYK&Kpl!lEvIl OfTJV Y61tOV1Kij !l~ t.TJ!lOKpana fTJ~ MI1KEOovlllC;. 0 tltA~ TOU CD 61v(1I SVADBA MAKEDONSKA Ii11AaOT] MAKEt.ONIKOE r AMOE Kill Elvlll YPIl!lJ!EvOe; !lE AaUVlKOUe; xapaKtijp~. etAoll!lE vc ltlOtEUoll!!E Ott to EKaVE 'YI1l va olU~aI;Etal EUKOAOt6Pll 1l7t6 totx; 'EI..I..TJV~ !lla Kill TJ KUptAAlKij ypa<pT] etvm <JXE06v aYV(j)ofTJ ora J!t\PTJ ~.

01 ntAoI troy tpayollolwV !!E tTJv oElpa nou aKoUyovan stvm:

1) ZA TEBE LIGNA NEVENO (Tia aiva OJ.l.OpffJ'I KOlrtla)

2) MOMA MAKEDONKA (MaKEoovitlaaa) 3)OVGARANI (Mcli"1, XOJPIO "1r; tf>).cbPlVIuj

4) SULEJMAN AGA

5) BAJ POSTOLE (Tpayovol TOV Bosfjooa Anomol llerpchfj)

6) SVADBA MAKEDONSKA (MaKsOovIKDr; yapor;)

7) TlHO MIRKA (To TpaYOVOI nov eivai ypapJ.i.l:vo U"I P;V*J.I.'1 "1r; '1POJioar; ano TO Povailofjo, Elp*V'Ir; Fxivn) 8) NIZ RAMNI DVORI SETASE (Is J.l.EYtUer; avMr; nepnoxoioe)

9) ABRE GIGO (AX fjps 8sio)

10) SLUSAM KAJ SUMAT SUMITE (AKOVOJ TOV *XO TOV ooaovr;)

To "tEAEUtalo amo KOIl~n elvat !lla ltOI..U KaAij OlaOKEUT] OE ll0vtEpva 1iK0oxf! rou ltapaoo<JtaKoU Kal ltoM 'YvromoU tpayouoloU Eoufll"tE IlltoUKltE.

Ilavto

EAAHNIKOl:

A ITIMAKEAONIKOl:

ArnNAl:

A1t6 TO 'IAwrev 01'11 ZUYKOPlTOaVll (J 903 - 1905)

MeyUJ.11 Iloosi«

BAl:KOY KAPATZA

TO MYPQMA THI: AIQNIOTHT AI.

rrOIHMAT A

~I<lJPOI

o ct»IAlnnm:. APAfOYMHI: fIATH METONOMAI:IA

THI: MAKEAONIKHI: fA!lI:I:AI:

AIrOPP'lTO IllrOpV'lpa TOt} 1948

KCPfCTIA 1996

.Ap'i'"mol1iu 1 999