Kishori Chithrapata

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Leveraging ICTs for education and empowerment of adolescent girls

A collaborative project of UNICEF, IT for Change, Mahila Samakhya Karnataka and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

*images created by adolescent girls

Background

Reetha stopped going to school because her mother was not well. Someone had to cook and take care of the household.

Manjula discontinued her education because she had to get married.

Context

Launched in 2009, the Kishori Chithrapata (KC) project works with around 55 kishoris* in two village hubs – Attiguppe and Hosavaranchi – and a school – Mahila Shikshana Kendra (in Mysore district, Karnataka). The project explores the innovative use of video, radio and computing technology to empower out-of-school kishoris through constructivist learning.

* adolescent girls

Goals
To contribute to empowerment of kishoris through new empowering learning processes, new empowering social roles and new empowering skills To contribute to community development by encouraging dialogue between the kishoris and the community members

Advocacy for absorption of models developed through this project in various girls education and empowerment programmes

Objectives
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To build kishori collectives To create organic links between kishori collectives and Sanghas (women's collectives) To create platforms with the help of ICTs for voicing their opinions and aspirations To generate acceptance and recognition of issues related to their lives at the community level

Status

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3 Learning nodes established ● Attiguppe village, ● Hosavaranchi village, ● Mahila Shikshana Kendra (MS Kendra) – a residential bridge school for high school drop outs New kishoris enrolled from neighbouring villages at 2 nodes – Attiguppe village and Hosavaranchi village
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- Bridge course to speed up the learning process of newcomers completed - Basics of photography, video, audio recording and computers completed at both nodes
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Hosavaranchi village kishoris talk about their experiences of learning basic photography. To watch the video, click here

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Number of Kishoris at each node Attiguppe village: 07

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Hosavaranchi village: 09

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MS Kendra: 33

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Curriculum begins ● At Hosavaranchi village: “Strength of collective” module half completed, and in progress ● At Attiguppe village: “Identity” module started Status of training: ● At MS Kendra: Trainings completed for the current academic year. Photography, video, decision making, some gender inputs, confidence building covered and feedback about the training programme obtained
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Learning how backgrounds add meaning to a photograph

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Exploring magnifications – photographs from far and near

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Some of the topics covered so far:
Working in a team; roles of director, camera person, assistant; production processes; exploring your village; collectives and why they form; what collectives have accomplished in the village and how; body image; gender sensitisation; identity of self, and so on

Topics chosen for shoots and recordings:
Benefits of sangha, gram panchayat (local government), telecenter, anganwadi (government run childcare centres), forests, KC trainings, toilets, collectives and so on
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Attiguppe village kishoris talk about their experiences of learning basic photography. To watch the video, click here

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Curriculum

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Detailing of curriculum themes

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Field processes

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Meetings of the management committee (MC) of the telecentre at Attiguppe village and Hosavaranchi village nodes Enlisting new kishoris – MC members drive the agenda at Shiriyur and Halevaranchi villages Social trainings start – to build collective identity and to start the reflexive process

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Highlights from the third quarter

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One day Mysore picnic

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Project outputs so far

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Two films made by CCID* team Training modules for each node – 55 Audio visual training tools Short video clips Audio programmes Photos taken by kishoris Reports, documents and logs

*Centre for Community Informatics and Development –
the field unit of IT for Change

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Challenges

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Dropping out due to:

Marriage Mobility issues Fear of the male gaze Household needs become priority – agricultural labour, care-taking of siblings and men in the family

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Challenges
Vulnerabilities of being an adolescent

Patriarchy in the mind: How to get the notions out before getting the kishoris in for the training? As a young girl, “It is difficult for me to walk a kilometre, I get tired in the sun light, what use can this be to me”, “I feel shy to come”, “how can I have a say regarding my marriage?”

Patriarchy as a culture: “I can not come since my mother-in-law is sick – what will people say?”, “I can not come because I am engaged – what will people say?” “I will send my daughters only if you teach them in the room and not outside”...
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Challenges - CCID* team

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Condensing the detailed modules for bridge course Catering to greater number of kishoris at Mahila Shikshana Kendra Pace of the project set by socio-cultural factors Always being watchful and ready to handle conflicts and constraints More capacity building required for the next level of trainings – both technical and social
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How not to be affected by drop outs and marriages? Bigger social change is important but how to bounce out of current disappointments? Curriculum: Intense process of transferring knowledge of various issues thorough ICTs.

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Patterns of change

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Confident and courageous new kishoris Old kishoris take up new roles of being mentors and motivators to the new kishoris Tara and Radha – prepared training module for interacting with MS Kendra kishoris Many have negotiated marriage postponement
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Patterns of change

Employment opportunities open up – 1 girl from MS Kendra is asked to be a photographer in a studio (to work part-time while she continues to go to college), 1 girl from Halevaranchi village asked by another studio, 2 girls sought out by an agency to take photos of senior citizens. Kishoris aspire to be 'working women' and start articulating it
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Sangha women start engaging with adolescent issues – young girls' marriage, facilitating meetings and so on No more cliques! The kishoris work in any group amiably and sincerely Kishoris who didn't speak earlier now not only answer questions but describe and question

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Thank you

www.ITforChange.net
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