Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Great Depression Scrapbook Proposal Character: Tom Joad One page diary - In early 30s - Formerly in prison - Lives with family, mother, father, brother, uncle, grandma, grandpa in dust bowl - Harsh times in dust bowl - Describe difficulties in living in dust bowl o Crops dying out o Bad weather o Dust and sand storms almost daily. Each day need to clean out the dust o Dust settles on food before we eat o Can only have two meals a day with the little crops we grow - Jail life is more promising for survival than living as a farmer o Story of someone who went to jail because it was so bad - Save up money to migrate west Hey, I haven¶t gotten back to you since I was sent to prison for killing a man. Well we got a lot of catching up to do, don¶t we? Man, these times aren¶t like they used to be. The 20s were something, but 10 years late and I return from prison to this hell hole. Oklahoma aint too beautiful no more. I just got out of prison and I¶m living with ma, pa, my brothers Noah, Al, and Winfield, my sisters Rose of Sharon and Ruthie, uncle John, and grandpa and grandma. It¶s a big family, and its gonna be hard for pa to feed all of us. Seems like we¶re all gunna have to work. It¶s hard living in these times. The crops are all dying out because of the bad weather and the regular dust storms. Heck, I think we have one of those at least once a day. Every morning ma will call out to everyone to help broom out all the dust that¶s collected in the house. We can only have 2 meals a day with the crops like this. Even after we clean it all out, the dust settles on our food before we even eat it! Dust, dust, dust. It¶s so hard to make a living here that our old neighbor Jack go to jail on purpose to have a roof under his heads and 3 meals a day he don¶t gotta pay for! Sometimes I have second thoughts of going back to jail. Well the family¶s working

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

hard cuz were saving up our money enough to go to California. I hear it¶s clean and everyone got a job there. I. Newspaper article describing harsh times

Picture of family migration westward to California The dust storms have gotten so bad our gud old neighbor mrs. Wilson couldn¶t take it anymore. The winds so strong with dust it killed her almost instantly. We¶re starting to read a lot about these dust storms in the papers. The whole world knows what we¶re going through by now.

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Dust storms have continually increased in frequency and strength. Many citizens are wondering when these disasters will end. About 40 big storms swept through the Dust Bowl yeast year in 1935, and this dust reduced visibility for people to less than a mile. The most destructive storms,

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

often called ³black blizzards,´ carry tons of soil all the way to the East Coast. They are beginning to cause great heat among residents, and some are predicting that the end of the world is at hand. The filthy air is damaging people¶s lungs and causing illnesses such as ³dust pneumonia.´ Piles of dirt have to be shoveled out of houses and away from barn doors. Cars and tractors are ruined. Many Dust Bowl residents feel defeated by the dust storms and the poor economic conditions. A majority persists, however, and has gained the nickname ³stickers.´ Others left for new opportunities on the West Coast, where the poverty-stricken migrants from Oklahoma and other Midwestern states are not becoming known as ³Okies.´ Fortunately, the federal government has developed programs to aid Dust Bowl residents. The Soil Conservation Service, for instance, is teaching special methods of farming, such as contour plowing, limited tillage, and terracing in order to reduce erosion and protect the soil. The Civilian Conservation Corps has started ³shelterbelt´ projects to break the force of the winds. Trees are planted in small groves from Childress, Texas, to the Canadian border.

II. -

Letter to Eleanor Times are horrible Forcing people to leave Pay people to tear down houses http://www.okcc.state.ok.us/Home/stewardship/dust-bowl_photo.jpg Houses are in need of repair but not enough money No crops in bad weather wo no money We cannot make a living here Need government help Provide specific example Day before neighbors house completely flew apart in dust storm and baby died.

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

It seems like everyone needs help now and is even asking the 1st lady herself! Walking home one day I found a pile of letters all over the ground. The mailman must have dropped a load by accident. I picked up a letter that caught my eye by a person named A.L.C. This letter helped make me feel like my family wasn¶t the only one going through all this suffering. With the lack of money and food, I decided one night to right the first lady a letter myself. I did so in secrecy, for if pa was to catch me asking for help, I would have been punished and he would have been humiliated. Every night I added to my letter until one night I finally finished. Today I will send my letter to Mrs. Rosevelt! I hope she sends something back!

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Tulsa, Oklahoma March. 9, 1936 Dear Mrs. Rosevelt: I am 20 years old and will be 21 the 18th of this month. I am shut in my house. I have been sick ever since the 12 of January. I m living with ma, pa, my brothers Noah, Al, and Winfield, my sisters Rose of Sharon and Ruthie, uncle John, grandpa and grandma. You see, I have a big family, and its really hard to always put food on the table. We can only have two meals a day and the house is falling apart. My parence's are very poor people. Im too ol for school, but nun of my siblings can go to school with the money we gettin. And doubt if they can this year. I have nothing I can do but sit around and I get so lonely I don't know what to do cuz there are no places for a job. And if you want to cheer me up and make me one of the happies men in the world just send me some money to get a cheap raido. I have got proof by the neighbors that I am sick and have nothing to do. My parence names is Mr. + Mrs. Joad. My name is Tom. I live at Kismet. Many, many thanks if you would cheer me up that way I wouldn't spend it for nothing but a radio. The whole family could use a radio. I only ask for a cheep one. Tom Joad Tulsa, Oklahoma P.S. I live in the dust bowl. We produced almost no crop this year. At first, pa wouldn t take goverment help since he had farmers pride. We had to nearly starve for him to finaly give up. Now we have to live off of the releif and theres no injoyment out of that. But were thankful for it. My ma is sick an Grapa lives very poorly. He s got a week heart. And that keeps my heart broken all the time. I got nothing to amuse myself wit and no work. thanks alot

Sikeston, Missouri January 20, 1938

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Dear Mrs. Roosevelt, I am writing this letter in hopes that you will answer in my favor. My father H. C. has been in bed from a stroke for almost a year. We have no money and my brother works but makes $3.00 a week and there are eight in our family. My step-mother is very good to me and I try to help her. She takes in washings and I have to walk for six or eight blocks and then carry the washings home. I have to go of a morning before school and it has been very cold here. If you could send me a bicycle to ride when I go after washings for her I shall appreciate it. I am in eighth grade at school and work very hard to make passing grades. The Principal of the school bought two of my sisters and me a pair of slippers so we would not have to stay at home. If you would do this for me I shall be able to help my step-mother more. If you send me one I would like a girls bicycle. I am about 4 feet 3 inches tall so if you send me one you can judge as to what size. Loving and appreciatingA. L. C.

III. -

Car Advertisement

Jalopies http://murdercycles.com/v-web/gallery/albums/album35/jalopy_b_w.sized.jpg Cheap and efficient Get your dodge ¶21 today! Good used cars. Bargains. Clean, runs good

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Right now our family is looking at what cars to buy. After a few years of eating only 2 meals a day and selling any extra crops we get, we have almost saved enough money for one of these cars. We have almost saved up enough money to buy a jalopy. Hopefully we can get a car and bargain at a good price to finally be on our way to California. I cannot wait to see what is in store for us. We have narrowed it down to a few, but I picked out my favorite one from a ripped out advertisement from a magazine. It looks a little bent out of shape, but it will run good and for a long time. It¶s a sturdy one. After all, that¶s what it says on the paper!

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

IV. -

Recipe

Apples, beans, canned beef, flour and pork products were distributed through local relief channels

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Green Beans

o 1 -2 lb green beans o 1 lb pork, ends o salt o 1 cup vinegar o 1/2 onion o water, to cover Break beans in half and put in large kettle. Add rest of ingredients. Bring to full boil. Cover half way, lower heat to minimal and keep it for 3 hours Scoop out with slotted spoon or serve with broth. Having only 2 meals a day, its important to have filling meals. My grandpas old recipe of green beans keeps everyone filled until the next meal with the little food we have to eat. I would say we have green beans 5 times a week and we cant complain. It¶s a really great meal!

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

V.

Moving to California Map

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Finally got the car we wanted. It was the one I chose in the magazine. It has lasted up till now, and I¶m confident it will last all the way to California. We got a big car to fit everyone in the family. We have been stuffing all our possessions wherever there is room. The back is full of beds, blankets, and personal items. We are planning to go through route 66 straight for Los Angeles. Halfway there, we will stop for the night in New Mexico for a few nights and take a rest. But otherwise we are headed in a straight route to California. We cant lose any time because there is work waiting for us.

VI.

Advertisement for farmer jobs

There is no work left in Oklahoma with the dust storms. The crops are dying and the farmers are suffering. Dad is trying his best to save up enough money but everyone that doesn¶t have a job is moving to the west. I picked up this sheet of a job position that¶s in Arizona. I hear there is a lot more opportunity in California. On the way to California, we will stop at Arizona and see if there are any spots still left for me to work. Right now we can use all the money we can get. One guy on the street said that the employers need 5000 people but send this sheet to 100,000. I hope there¶s still room for me.

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

VII.

Relief

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

Finally my dad let our family get relief from the local government aid centers. I guess enough people were going through the same thing my family was and so the president has decided to help us. At first, dad wouldn¶t let us get help from someone else because he was a prideful farmer, but after we had starved for long enough, he had enough. I could see the look of defeat on pa¶s face when he said we could go to the office and get our relief. Today me and pa go to the relief centers and get our checks. Hopefully this will be enough to keep us alive long enough to make it to California.

VIII. Response to dust bowl and farm crisis-Roosevelt

Reading the paper today and I saw this article about the president. After all this suffering, we can now get some help. When I showed this to pa, he threw the paper on the ground in shame. I guess being a farmer, it¶s hard to accept outside help. But we really need the help. I don¶t know how much longer the family can last on 2 meals a day of green beans. I will try and convince pa this is the best thing for our family. Until then, I can just sit around and wait.

Eamon Barkhordarian 12/13/10 Period A & B Navarro and Ichikawa

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