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The English language is the descendant, and a remainder of the old Anglo-Saxon tongue. The new language has lost many of the inflections and words of earlier times. On the other hand, it has borrowed to the extent of half its vocabulary, from other languages, especially French and Latin. With these additions it is still, essentially, a Teutonic language, like German, Swedish, and Dutch. The source of all these languages is the Indo-European reservoir of vocabulary and speech patterns, which once stretched all the way from India westward across most of Europe. The Angles and the Saxons were originally west Germanic tribesmen who spoke a dialect known as Low German. This form of speech evolved in northern German and the Netherlands, but was transplanted to Britain in the sixth century when they invaded the islands. The Angles, mythologically the kin of the god-hero Ingvi-Frey, established themselves in the north and east of the place now called Ing lande, or England. The Saxons populated the south and the west, squeezing the former Celtic-speakers into narrow land holdings In Cornwall, Ireland, Wales and the highlands of Scotland. In the oldest memorials to the Anglo-Saxons, which were completed some three hundred years after the first invasions, four dialects are recognizable, these being the speech of Northumbia, Mercia, Kent, and Saxonia. Although the Saxon literary language eventually dominated that of the other groups, they retained the word Anglisc, or English, to describe the common language which developed in Britain. It is thought that the term Anglo-Saxon (an English-speaking Saxon) was at first political in meaning, being applied to language by modern scholars. Wic craeft, or witchcraft, was the business of the Anglo-Saxon wicce and wicca, who are now lumped as “witches.” They had the same relationship to the general population as that of the Celtic druids to the common-folk of their provinces. The magicians of the Anglo-Norman period (from 1066 A,D.) were similarly regarded, and the doings of all three groups became entangled in British mythology and folklore. While the druidic schools were extinguished by the 1620s, the covens of witches lasted a little longer, although they no longer exist in uncorrupted form.

Glossaries and dictionaries are Anglo-Norman inventions, the former being repositorties for unusual words requiring commentary and explanation beyond a simple definition. The first glosses were interlinear translations made upon medieval manuscripts by men who attempted to explain the peculiarities of the different written languages on which English is based. The glossary is very much a Celtic knot for mind-play, the parts being individaully accessible, the whole a strangely jointed beast, difficult to comprehend. Rod C. Mackay

ÃE, law (of god). AEG, pl. ÆGRU. egg. AELF, elf. ÆLF-SCIENE. beautiful. ÆREND- (D)RACA. m. a messenger. ÆRIST, ressurection. ÆSC, ash-tree, Danish war ship, spear; ON. askr. ÆSC-PLEGA, battle. ÆT(T)REN, poisonous, poisoned. AGLAEA, monster AGLÆC-WIF, monster woman. AGYLTAN, sin. AHLÛTTRIAN, make pure. ALTARE

ÂM, weaver’s reed. AMBYRE, favourable (wind). AMERIAN, purify. AMIERRAN, ruin, destroy, mar, hinder. ANDA, envy, malice, hostility. ANDA-SACA, adversary. AND-WYRDAN, answer. ANGEL ANGEL- SYNN, English race. ANGEEL-THêOD, English nation. ANN-GINN GAP, beginning cleft. ANGLE, the English speakers. ÄN-HAGA, recluse. ANTECRIST, Anti-Christ. APULDER, apple tree. ÄRFAEST, virtuous, good. ÄRLEAS, impious, wicked. ÄSÆLAN, bind. ASÄWAN, sow. ÄSCEÄDAN. purify.

ASTIUNE, ASTRION, sapphire. ÄSWINDAN, waste away, perish, disappear. ÄTH, oath. ÄT(T)OR, poison ÄWEAFAN, weave. ÄWEGgeWITEN, departed. ÄWENDAN, turn, direct, change, alter, transform. ÄWEIRGAN, curse. ÄWIHT, anything. AXE, AXEN, ashes. BALE, evil. BAS, base. BÆL, funeral pyre. BARERNE-LÄC, burnt offering. BÄN, bone. BANNAN, summon up, call. BEADU-LÄC, battle-offering, sword. BËAG, ring (as ornament or money). BEALDOR, prince. BEALU, evil, malicious.

BEALU-NITH, crime. BEARU, grove. geBAD, prayer. BEGANG, circuit. BEORG, hill BEORN, man. BERA, bear. BERN-GAST, barn-ghost. BESOM BESMîTAN, defile. BEWAWAN, blow upon. BEWITIAN, overlook, watch over, accomplish something. geBIDDAN, pray. BIERSAL, the Saxon kobold who protected the contents of the cellar in exchange for a jug of beer each day. BIL(E)-WIT, simple, innocent, kind. The equivalent of the Germanic bilwis or pilwiz, a tree spirit given offerings to protect children from disease. Sometimes described as having “sickles” on the big toe, which could be use to ravage the crops of offending farmers. This spirit tangled the hair of men and animals as they slept and was released from bondage to its tree at the quarter-days. geBIND, binding. BI-SMER, besmear, insult.

BLÂC, pale, white, bright. BLÆD, m. blast, breath, life, prosperity, glory, riches. BLETSIAN, blessed. BLETSUNG, blessing. BÖCCRAEFT, bookcraft, literature, reading. BÖCERA, scribe. BÖCLÆDEAN, Latin. BÖC-LAND, lands protected by book magic, privately held. BODA, messenger; bodian, announce, preach. BÖNDA, householder. Conf. hüs-bönda, husband. BOR, a friend. BREGO, prince, chief. BRETEN, Britain. BRET-WËALAS, foreigners from Britain, the Welsh. BRIM, ocean, water. BRIM-LITHEND, pirate, sea-wanderer. BRIM-MANN, sailor, pirate. BRIM-WYLF, she wolf of the ocean (lake). BRITTAS, Britons. BRITTISC, Brittish. BRUN, bright.

BRYD, bride. BUCCA, he-goat. BûGAN, to bow or show homage. BüR, bower, chamber. BURG, city, fortresss CÄSERE, emperor, supreme ruler. CAORL, karl, common man. CNYTTAN, bind. CORN CRAEFT, power, strength, courage, a host. CRAEFTIG, powerful, mighty, in control. CRIST, Christ; Cristes böc, the God-spells or Gospels. CRISTEN, Christian. CWËN, queen. CYNE-DÖM, kingdom, rule, government. CYN(IN)G, king. CYNN, kindred, race, family. DAEG, day, (life) time. DËATH-WIC, death-dwelling, DËMA, judge.

DENU, f. valley. DËOFUL, full of god, devil. DËOFUL-GIÉLD, idol. DËOFUL-SEOC, possessed. DËORWIERTHNES, treasure. DET, death. DÏEGOL, secret. DËOR, wild beast. DOL, dull, foolish, proud DÖM, doom, judgement, decree, law, opinion, decision, choice. DRACA, dragon. DRIGHTTE, lord. DRINK-HAEL, toast. DRY-CRÆFT, sorcery DRYTEN, king, lord, the Lord. DRYHT-FOLC, people, nation. DÜN, hill, mountain, dune. DUNNIR, thunder. geDWIMOR, phantom geDWOL, god, false god.

ËAD-WELA, bliss. ËAGE, eye. ËA-LAND, island. EALD, old. EALDOR, prince, king life. EALDSEAXAN, Old Saxons, those remaining on the Continent. EALD-geSTRËON, ancient treasure. ELL-WIHTA, f. pl. all creatures. EALU, ale. EARN, eagle. EASTER-DÆG EASTRON, Easter. ËCE, everlasting. EFEN-NIHT, f. equinox. ELLOR-GAST, alien supernatural. geENDIAN, to die. ENGEL, angel. ENGLE, Angle, the Ennglish. ENT, giant. EOFOR, m. wild boar.

EOH, m. rune name for “horse.” EORL, jarl, man, hero. EORTH-BUEND,m m. earth-dweller. EORTH-SCRÆF, earth cavern. EOTENISC, of giants. ESE, gods. ESNE, in the form of gods, men. ETEN, giant. FALSSHIPE, falsehood. FÆDER, the Father, father. FÆG, doomed to death. FÆMNE, f., virgin. FAESTEN-DÆG, fast-day FE, money FETCH, doppleganger, guardian. geFETI(G)AN, fetch. FIREN, f., crime. FITHELE. fiddle. FLÖD-WEG, ocean path. FLOT, sea.

FLOTA-MANN, sailor, pirate. FNÆST, breath, blowing. FOLC, folk. FOLC-WIGA, warrior. FOR-SËOTHAN, boil away, wither. FORTH-FARAN, to die. FORTHWEARD, in the future. FORTHgeWITEN, dead. FOR-HOLE, conceal. FOR-SAPE, transform. FOR-WEGAN, kill. FOLTLES, fetch. FRËA, m. lord, king, God (Christ). FRËOD, f. peace. FRËOLS-BRYCE, m. a violation of the festival. FRËOLS-TID, festival. FRUM-SCEAFT, creation. FRYMP(U), f. beginning. FUGUL-DÆG, day on which eating poultry is allowed. FULE, foul.

FYLLO, feast, fill up. FYR, fire. GÆLSA, prideful, wantonness. GAEST, see gäst, ghost. GÆST-LIC, unearthly GAMEN, merriment, games, delight. GÄST (Æ) destroy, spirit, demon spirit, Holy Ghost. GÄT, f. goat. GËAC, cuckoo. GEALGA, gallows. GEALG-MÖD, sad. GEAT-WEARD, m. porter. GËOSCEAFT-GÄST, ancient ghost or spirit. GERARD, GERRIOD, the Devil. GIEST, guest. GIGANT, giant. GIMM-STÄN, gem-stone. GISEL, hostage. GLEEMAN GOD, god or God.

GODER HELE, good fortune. GOLD-HORD GRUND-WIERGAN FO, undersea monster. of evil intent.” GRYRE, terror. GYDEN(E) f. goddess (god). GYFEN, ocean HALE, hall. HALWEL, healing water. HÆGTESSE f.. witch HÆTHEN HÄLGA, saint. geHÄTLAND. hot-land, promised land. HE, HA, she HËAH-CRÆFT m. skilled. HËAH-FÆDER, high-father, God the Father. HËAN(N)ES, height, loftiness. HEARPE HEFELDIAN, to begin the web (for weaving). HELEN, hide. Literally a “ground-plain woman

HELL HELL-SCEATHA, devil. HEOFON-CYNING HEOFON-TUNGOL, star of heaven. HEOLSTOR-COFA, tomb, chamber of darknesss. HEOR(O)T, hart, stag. HEORU, sword. HEVEN-RICHE, Kingdom of Heaven. HILDE-BILL, war sword. HLÆFDIGE, lady, queen. HLÄFWEARD, lord, master, patron. HOL, hollow, hole, den. HOLT-WUDU, wooded forest. HORD, treasure. HORS-WAEL walrus. HRÆW, corpse. HRIM, rime, frost. HRING, ring. HRYRE, fall, death. HÜTH, plunder, booty.

HWÆL, whale. HWÆTE, m. wheat. HWEALF, concave, hollow. HWËOL, wheel. HWIT, white, bright. IEG, IEGLAND, island. INNOTH. womb, entrails. IREN, ISE(R)N, iron. IRENA-SAXA, f. The matriarchal god of the Anglo-Saxons. with the Old Norse goddess Frigga. IRLAND IRMIN, IRNIN, m. obs. iron. The patriarchal god of the Anglo-Saxons. Corresponding with the Old Norse god Odin. IRMINSUL, Irmin’s tree, corresponding with the Yggdrasil of Odin. LÄC, gift, sacrifice, offering, booty. LACU f. lake, pond. LÆCECRAEFT, leech-craft, medicine. LAGU m. water, ocean. The law. LAND LEATHOR, crime. LECHE, leech, healer. Correponding

LEMMON, sweetheart. LËOTHCRAEFT, the art of poetry. LIEG m. fire. LIEGITU. Tu’s fire, lightning. LIFFÆSTAN, endow with life. LIOTH-FRUMA, creator of light. LIST, art, skill. LITHER, wicked LOC LYBB, poison. LYKE-WAKE, death-watch. LYFT-FÆT, air vessel. LYT, av. little. LYTLING, little one. MÆG vb. can, am able. MÆG pl. MAGAS (Æ), kinsman, son. MÆGDEN, maiden, virgin, girl. MÆGEN n. strength, capacity, virtue, troop, force. MÆGTH, tribe, nation, family. MÆTAN. dream.

MASS-THANE. Christian priest. MEALT MERE-GRUND MERE-HENGEST MERE-WIF MERGEN ME(O)TOD, creator god. MIDDEN-EARD, MID-DUN-GEARD MÖDOR-NICHT MÖLD-ÆRN MÖNA MORGEN(N) MORGEN-COLLA geMOT MUNT MYNE, witan’s love. NÆD, snake. NAESS NA-WIHT, not at all, nothing, without being, not embodied. NEMN(I)AN, name, call upon.

NËOLNES, abyss, depths NICHT SCUA, night shadow. NICOR, sea monster. NIED, need. geNIP, mist. NIP-WUNDOR, portent. OMBER, amber. ON-BINDAN ON-FORAN, before time. ON-GINNAN ON-LICNES, a likeness, idol. ÖR, berginning. ORGANAN, musical instrument. PAENS, pagans. PARAYS, paradise. PEOHTAS, Picts. PLOUGH STOTS PRASSIUNE, chrysoprase. PRIKY ARES, a prude, horseman’s pride. RICE, sovereignty

RIHT-NORTHAN-WIND RIP. harvest. RÖD, cross. RÖDE-TÄCH RÜN, secret, mystery, council. RÜN-WITA SÄCRED SAE DEOR, sea beast. SAE DRACA, sea serpent. SAETERNES-DÆG SAMNIAN SANG-CRAEFT SÄW(O)L SC(E)ADU geSCEAFT f. creature, being, creation, decrees of fate rendered by the gods. geSCEAP SCED SCEOCCA, SCUCCA, m. demon. SCEPEN, m. creator-god SCIN-HI(O)W, phantom, illusion.

SCOP-geREORD SCOTTAS SCOTT-LAND SE, sea. SEOCCA, SCUCCA, demon, succubus. SCRYING MIRROR, crytal mirror used in fortune-telling. SCU, shadow, shade. SCYTTIC, Scot’s Gaelic SËARIAN, sear, wither. SËARU, art, skill artifice, armour. SËARU-CRAEFT, artifice SËARU-THANCOL, wise. SËARU-WRENC m. treachery. SEAXE mpl. Saxons. From seax, a short handled sword. SELE-DREAM, m. festivity. SËO, eye. SHANNY SHIRE-MOOT, court held half yearly. SHUCK, the Black Shuck; Woden’s dog. SIERWUNG, artifice.

SINC, treasure, SKALD SLEGE-FÆGE, death-doomed. SMARAGDE, emerald. SMIERENES, ointment. SORI GOST, sorry ghost, a wretched soul. STÆR, story, history. STÄN, stone. STERORFAN, die STEORRA, star. STIG, path. SUMOR SUNNE f. sun, sin. SWIKELE, treacherous. SWIN, wild boar. SWYV, whore, swyvyng, whoring. SYMBEL, banquet. TÄC, token. THANE THEOW

THRITHINGS THURSE THURSEHOLE, the dwelling place of the dark elfs. TIGELE f. tile. TO WICHE, bewitch. TRËOW, tree, truth, faith, agreement. TRIACLE, medicine. TUNGOL, luminary, star. TUNGOL-WITEGA TWËGAN f. & n. TWÄ, TÜ, two of parts. THEGEN, THENG, THËN, thane. THËOD-WITA m. sage, historian. THRÆD THRÆL THRINES f, trinity. THYRS, giant. UFAN, from above. ULTOR, vulture. UNIUNE, pearl. UN-LAGU, violation of law; Scand. ÚLOG

UN-LYBBA, poison. UN-geSEWENLIC, invisible. UN-WEDER ÜTOR-MERE, outer sea, open sea, ocean. ÜTH-WITA, scholar. WÄC, weak, slender, insignificant, mean. WAED, water, sea (often pl.) WÆG, wave. WÆGAN, afflict. WAEG-SWEORD WÆL, whirlpool. slaughter, field of battle, the slain. WÆLAN, afflict, torment, WÆL-CYRIGE, f. witch. sorceress, literally, “the chooser of those to be slain.” (cêosan). The nornr or wal kyre, the valkyrie, original reference to the heathen goddess of fate and battle. WÆL-GÆST, a murderous stranger. WÆL-SPERE, war-spear. WAEL-WULF, warrior. WÆR-LOGA, traitor, wicked man. WAETER-EGESA. water-terror. WÆTHAN, wander, rove, hunt.

WAAM, defilement, impurity. WAMM-DÆD, sin. WAMMSCATHA, fiend. WANHOGA, thoughtless. WANN, dark. WËA, grief, trouble, evil, suffering. WEALD, forest. WEALDEND, ruler, king. WEARD, guardian, possessor, lord. WÊAgeSITH, evil companion. WEDD, pledge, agreement. WEDER, weather. ME. weder, wind, air, storm, weather in general. Confers with obs. weddor and wodder orwether, as well as with the now abandoned weddow or wedew, a widow, and wede, weed. Similar to AS. weden, v. to fly in a rage, from wod, to go mad. The root is Woden, which, see. WEDERCRAEFT, obs. weathercraft, withercraft, widdercraft. The practise of magic. Note Eng. wither, the ME. widern, perhaps equivalent to their wederen, or weather. Confering with Germ. wedder, wind, air, storm and verweddern, to decay or become weather-beaten; to dry up, shrivel, lose body moisture, power, vigor or personal force; to shrink. Thus, weathercraft was seen as a magic applicible to all things containing moisture, from crops to men. WEG, way, road, path, course. WELA, wealth.

WELEG, willow. WENDELSÆ, the Mediterranean. WËOFED, bed, altar. Similar to weoh, wig, an “idol.” and beodh, table. WER, m. a man. WER-GIELD, price set upon the worth of a man’s life according to rank and social status; paid his kin in the event of homicide. WEST WESTAN, out of the west. WËSTE, waste WEST-SÆ, the Atlantic. WIC, a camp, a dwelling (by a cove), a sea-cove. WICAN, n. wicker, that which bends under applied force. See entry below. The ME. wiker or wikir. The Swedish vikker, branches or osiers of the willow. A small pliant twig, particularly a rod used in basket-making, or the construction of housing. Wickerwork, any piece of wicker-craft, e.g. a basket. A wike, or marker, made of wicker. WICAN, v. to yield, to give way; akin to wicke, the ME. wicked, Eng. wicked. Also confers with wicing, a pirate. Evil in practise or principle. Causing severe harm. Difficult, hard, troublesome. Mischevious, vicious, rougish. An Annglo-Norman reflection on the character of the leaders of the defeated Anglo-Saxons. WIC-ALR, witch-alder. Any tree or shrub of the genus Alnus. Usually grows in moist ground forming dense thickets. The wood is used by turners and the bark in tanning. WIC-BELLE, witch-bell, harebells or blue-bottle plants. WIC-BROM, witch-broom, the hexenbesen.

WIC-BUB, strong malt liquor. wort and water.

A fermented mixture of meal, yeast,


WIC-BUBER, obs. witches bubber, a silver bowl used to hold bub. WIC-BUTERE, witches butter, Nostoc, a gelatinous blue-green algae. WIC-CIC, witch-chick, the swallow. WIC-ELM, witch-elm, ME. wych-elm, the Scottish elm. WIC-FIR, St. Elmo’s Fire. WIC-GOLDE, witches gold, obs. witches gowan, the globeflower or dandelion. WIC-CNOTTA, witchcraft. witches knot, a tangle of hair supposedly caused by

WIC-MÆLUM, witches meal, Lycopodium powder. WIC-SABAT, witches sabbath. WIC-STICE, witches stitch, the herringbone pattern. WIC-THYMEL, witches thimble, the harbell, sea campion, fox glove, or bachelor’s buttons. WIC-TIL, witch-tilter, sword with a silver hilt. WIC-TRÉO, witches tree, the witch hazel tree. WIC-WERK, witches work, the obs. wit-cherry. WIC-WIF, obs. Scot. witches wife, any of the vetch plants. WIC-WUD, witches wood, the Wych-elm, Rowan, or Prickwood (Hawthorn). WIC-WULF, witches wolf, a werewolf of tyhe female sex.

WICCA, m. a witch. The ME. wicche, applied to either sex. This form confers with Fries. wikke, a witch; LG. verb wikken, to predict; Ice. vitki, a wizard, their verb vikta, to bewitch. Akin to the AS. wic, a sea-side village, the dwelling place of these folk. Confers with the Eng. wicked. WICCE, f. a witch. See above. WICE, f. week. WICG, a horse. WICIAN, to dwell, encamp, anchor, come to harbour. WICING, pirate. WIC geRËFA, bailiff. WIC-STOW, camp. WIDERSYNES, widdershins, backwards, in a direction contrary to that taken by the sun, left-handed, sinsister, topsy-turvy. Confers with widersun, against the sun. Also appears in obs. Eng. as widershins and widowshins. geWIDER, tempest WID-SÆ, open sea. WIDUWE, widow. WIELLA, well. WIERG-CWEDOLLIAN, curse. WIF, woman, wife. WIF-MANN, woman. WIG, war.

WIGA,warrior. WI(G)-HAGA, a phalanx of warriors. WIG-SIGOR, victory. WIHT(U), creature, being, a person, especially a preternatural fairy or witch. The Island of Wight. ME. wight, wiht, Eng. wight and white. Akin to Dan. wicht, a child; the OS & OHG wiht, a creature or thing; the Germ. wicht. Confers with the English words vigr, in figting trim, brave, valiant, strong, rough, active, swift, clever; wig, hair, especially long hair; wiggle, to totter, reel, wobble or stagger. Note also wighel (the AS. wiglian), to practise divination or sorcery, and wig-way, writhing, twisting, turning. WIHTSÆTAN. inhabitants of Wight. WILLIS, wells. WINE-DRYHTEN, lord. WINE-MÆG, kinsman. WINN, war. WINTER WINTER-CEARIG. sad with the gloom of winter (or old age). WIPPE, verb, to fasten with a withe or withes. See next defintion. WIPPE, noun, a withe from the ME. withe. Confers with the obs. Eng. withy, a willow branch. Any flexible slender rod, osier, twig or branch. A twisted band of such twigs, hence a halter or rope of similar plaited construction. WISDOM WISSIAN, guide. WIST, feast.

WIST-FULLIAN WIT, WITT, verb, to know, possessing wit. Having understanding, intellect, wisdom, training in erudition. Possessing skill or ingenuity. Similar to Freis. wit; Germ. witz; OHG. wizzi; Ice. vit; Dan. vid; Sw. vett, all of similar meaning. This word continued in English as wite, v.i. to depart and as v..t. to keep imprisoned, to guard. Akin to the Dan. witjen, to blame. The Enng. wit. confering with their twit, to accuse, reproach, blame, censure (all AngloNorman views of the word. From this, the following: WITA, WITE, wise man, concillor. Pl. WITAN, a witness or accomplice; members of the national council to the Anglo-Saxon king. They sat to assist in the administration of the realm and to take responsibility for judicial matters. WITA SUNNADAEG, HWITA SUNNADAEG, Whitesunday or Whisson Day. In earlier times the seventh Sunday in the year, ocurring 15 days after Easter. One of the English quarter- or rent-paying days, which the Christians described as the time of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentacost. WITA SUNNAHLÆFDIGE, Whitesunlady. Lady disassembles from the AS. hlaef, our word loaf or bread; the chatelaine or keeper of the keys for provisions. The chief female character in the Whitsunealus, one of the quater-day celebrations of ancient England. See also Wita sunnahlaefweard. WITA SUNNAHLÆFWEARD, the Whitesunlord. The “warden of the loaf.” The chief male character at the Whitsunnealus, which, see. WITACRAEFT, art or skill of the intellect, contrivence, invention or wit. The art of reasoning or logic, the practise of the witans. WITATRÉO, the Wit’s tree, Whitty or Whitten Tree, the mountain ash or wayfaring tree. Relates to obs. Eng. whitte, white; whitten, a one-time name for this tree or the gelder rose; whitter, to murmer in the wind, to chirp or twitter; whittle-whattle, a pretext, frivolous or cajoling talk; whiver, to quiver.

WIT(E)GA, sage, scholar, prophet, soothsayer. WITEGUNG, prophecy. WITAGEMOT, the Great Council of Old England. geWITENNES, departure, death. WITLESS, transferred to Eng. as obs. blameless. WITFUL, intelligent, wise. WITIG, wise. geWITNES, testimony. geWITT, reason, intelligence. geWITT-LOCA, the mind. WITHER-SACA, adversary. WITHIG, willow. WITHIG-WIELLE WITSUNNEALUS, the Whitsunales. A paraochial festival formerly held at the Whitsuntide in England, most recently for public pasttime and to raise funds for the Church. The word makes mention of the festive use of ale at this time. WITSUNNETID, the Whitesuntide or Whitson Tide. A week beginning with Whitsunday, but especially applied to the three days named Whitsunday, Whitmonday and Whittuesday, later described as the Tide of the Pentecost.

WÖD. mad. WÔDEN, akin to OSWÔDEN, OHG. WUOTAN, Ice. OTHINN. The Teutonic god ODIN. The supreme deity of the Aesir, displacing Thor as the chief of the

gods. The word confers with the English words wode, wind and wood. WÖH, crooked. WON, joy. WONDE, fear. WORD-CRÆFT WORD-HORD WORULD-SCAMU, public disgrace. WOUGH, wickedness. WRACU, revenge. WRITHAN, twist. WUD, WOD, wood. Wodiere, a wood-taker, a woodsman or forester, after the god Woden. Not the AS. wod, to go mad (presumably from isolation). The word is similar to woad, would and wed. WUDU, forest, woods. WUHT WULF, wolf-dog, wolf. WUNDOR WYNN WYRD WYRD WEBBEN geWYRDELIC, of historic interest, historical.

WYRD-WRITERE WYRM WYRM-LIC WYRM-CELE WYSCAN YFEL, evil, bad, wickedness, crime, mischief. YMBE, EMBE, around, about, once in twelve months, a swarm of bees, a circuit. YOL, Yule. YTH-FARU, flood. YTH-HOUNDS