Wet scrubber

The term wet scrubber describes a variety of devices that remove pollutants from a furnace flue gas or from other gas streams. In a wet scrubber, the polluted gas stream is brought into contact with the scrubbing liquid, by spraying it with the liquid, by forcing it through a pool of liquid, or by some other contact method, so as to remove the pollutants. The design of wet scrubbers or any air pollution control device depends on the industrial process conditions and the nature of the air pollutants involved. Inlet gas characteristics and dust properties (if particles are present) are of primary importance. Scrubbers can be designed to collect particulate matter and/or gaseous pollutants. Wet scrubbers remove dust particles by capturing them in liquid droplets. Wet scrubbers remove pollutant gases by dissolving or absorbing them into the liquid. Any droplets that are in the scrubber inlet gas must be separated from the outlet gas stream by means of another device referred to as a mist eliminator or entrainment separator (these terms are interchangeable). Also, the resultant scrubbing liquid must be treated prior to any ultimate discharge or being reused in the plant. There are numerous configurations of scrubbers and scrubbing systems, all designed to provide good contact between the liquid and polluted gas stream. Figures 1 and 2 show two examples of wet scrubber designs, including their mist eliminators. Figure 1 is a venturi scrubber design. The mist eliminator for a venturi scrubber is often a separate device called a cyclonic separator.

in many cases. To obtain high efficiency removal of 1 micrometer (or less) particles generally requires high energy devices such as venturi scrubbers or augmented devices such as condensation scrubbers. Wet scrubbers can achieve high removal efficiencies for either particles or gases and. Additionally. Various tower designs exist. with the packed tower and the plate tower being the most common. can achieve a high removal efficiency for both pollutants in the same system. If the gas stream contains both particle matter and gases. Contents [hide] y y y y y y y 1 Advantages and disadvantages 2 Wet scrubber systems 3 Categorization of wet scrubbers 4 Material of construction and design 5 Bibliography 6 References 7 External links [edit] Advantages and disadvantages . in some instances. Low energy devices such as spray towers are used to collect particles larger than 5 micrometers. the best operating conditions for particles collection are the poorest for gas removal.Figure 2 . wet scrubbers are generally the only single air pollution control device that can remove both pollutants. obtaining high simultaneous gas and particulate removal efficiencies requires that one of them be easily collected (i. In general.e. Good gas-to-liquid contact is essential to obtain high removal efficiencies in absorbers. The greater the number of liquid droplets that are not captured by the mist eliminator the higher the potential emission levels. However. Wet scrubbers that remove gaseous pollutants are referred to as absorbers. A number of wet scrubber designs are used to remove gaseous pollutants. a properly designed and operated entrainment separator or mist eliminator is important to achieve high removal efficiencies. A wet scrubber's ability to collect small particles is often directly proportional to the power input into the scrubber.. that the gases are very soluble in the liquid or that the particles are large and readily captured) or by the use of a scrubbing reagent such as lime or sodium hydroxide.Packed bed tower Figure 2 has a tower design where the mist eliminator is built into the top of the structure.

resulting in high operating costs. Wet scrubbers can neutralize corrosive gases.For particulate control. Also. Table 1. Ability to collect both gases and particulate matter Water and dissolved pollutants can form highly corrosive acid solutions. asphalt plants. and large power plants. Proper construction materials are very important. In wet scrubbers. No secondary dust sources Once particulate matter is collected. steel mills. resulting in smaller overall size of equipment. high-humidity gas streams No temperature limits or condensation problems can occur as in baghouses or ESPs. fertilizer plants. Some advantages of wet scrubbers over these devices are as follows: y y y y Wet scrubbers have the ability to handle high temperatures and moisture. Table 1 summarizes these advantages and disadvantages. Using water eliminates the possibility of explosions. are smaller than those of other control devices. Therefore. Handles high-temperature. Water-disposal problems Settling ponds or sludge clarifiers may be needed to meet waste-water regulations. Difficult product recovery Dewatering and drying of scrubber sludge make recovery of any dust for reuse very expensive and difficult. including fans and ducts downstream. wet-dry interface areas can result in corrosion. flue gases are cooled. Minimal fire and explosion hazards Various dry dusts are flammable. Wet scrubbers have been used in a variety of industries such as acid plants. wet scrubbers (also referred to as wet collectors) are evaluated against fabric filters and electrostatic precipitators (ESPs). Relative advantages and disadvantages of wet scrubbers compared to other control devices Advantages Small space requirements Disadvantages Corrosion problems Scrubbers reduce the temperature and volume of the unsaturated exhaust stream. Some disadvantages of wet scrubbers include corrosion. the need for entrainment separation or mist removal to obtain high efficiencies and the need for treatment or reuse of spent liquid. vessel sizes. High power requirements High collection efficiencies for particulate matter are attainable only at high pressure drops. [edit] Wet scrubber systems . Smaller sizes result in lower capital costs and more flexibility in site location of the scrubber. it cannot escape from hoppers or during transport. Wet scrubbers can remove both gases and particulate matter.

Fans and ductwork move the flue gas stream through the system and eventually out the stack. Medium-energy scrubbers have pressure drops between 12. Scrubbers may be classified by pressure drop as follows: y y y Low-energy scrubbers have pressure drops of less than 12.Wet scrubber systems generally consist of the following components: y y y y y y y Ductwork and fan system A saturation chamber (optional) Scrubbing vessel Entrainment separator or mist eliminator Pumping (and possible recycle system) Spent scrubbing liquid treatment and/or reuse system An exhaust stack A typical wet scrubbing process can be described as follows: y y y y y y y Hot flue gas from a furnace enters a saturator (if present) where gases are cooled and humidified prior to entering the scrubbing area. Next. The saturator removes a small percentage of the particulate matter present in the flue gas.7 cm (5 in) of water. or pressure drop. devising categories into which all of them neatly fit is extremely difficult. The gas flows through a second scrubber. thereby making this type of categorization difficult.7 and 38. However. most scrubbers operate over a wide range of pressure drops. A recirculation pump moves some of the spent scrubbing liquid back to the venturi scrubber where it is recycled and the remainder is sent to a treatment system. the gas enters a venturi scrubber where approximately half of the gases are removed. Gas-side pressure drop refers to the pressure difference. where the rest of the gases (and particulate matter) are collected. .1 cm (5 and 15 in) of water. High-energy scrubbers have pressure drops greater than 38. disregarding the pressure that would be used for pumping or spraying the liquid into the scrubber. Treated scrubbing liquid is recycled back to the saturator and the packed bed absorber. depending on their specific application. a packed bed absorber. Scrubbers for particle collection are usually categorized by the gas-side pressure drop of the system. that occurs as the exhaust gas is pushed or pulled through the scrubber.1 cm (15 in) of water. [edit] Categorization of wet scrubbers Since wet scrubbers vary greatly in complexity and method of operation. Venturi scrubbers have a minimum particle removal efficiency of 95%. An entrainment separator or mist eliminator removes any liquid droplets that may have become entrained in the flue gas.

Categories of wet collectors by energy source used for contact Wet collector Gas-phase contacting Energy source used for gas-liquid contact Gas stream Liquid-phase contacting Wet film Combination y y Liquid stream Liquid and gas streams Energy source: y y Liquid phase and gas phase Mechanically aided Liquid and gas streams Mechanically driven rotor [edit] Material of construction and design Corrosion can be a prime problem associated with chemical industry scrubbing systems.Another way to classify wet scrubbers is by their use . Wet scrubbers can also be categorized by the manner in which the gas and liquid phases are brought into contact. Scrubbers are designed to use power. or energy. this distinction is not always clear since scrubbers can often be used to remove both types of pollutants. Fibrereinforced plastic and dual laminates are often used as most dependable materials of construction. Again. Floor scrubber . [1] Table 2.to primarily collect either particulates or gaseous pollutants. These categories are given in Table 2. from the gas stream or the liquid stream. or some other method to bring the pollutant gas stream into contact with the liquid.

Most floor cleaning machines were professionally designed that varies to its features and sizes to be more effective and versatile to the different type of floor surfaces. but will scrub. A good example of floor scrubber is Dupla 500. The dirty water will be lifted to the 13-litre central recovery tank that can be easily lifted from the cleaning machine for emptying.A wide variety of popular floor scrubbers or cleaners can be seen in different machine shops. It actually saves about one hour and 40 minutes. basketball courts and halls. visit or call Duplex Cleaning Machines leading supplier of exclusive range of commercial and industrial cleaning machines throughout Australia and New Zealand Article Source: http://EzineArticles. Its size is about 380mm in height and 500mm in width. this floor cleaning machine will provide a thorough clean with 100 percent saving on chemicals. vinyl. While using floor scrubber such as Dupla 500. entrance ways and baseboard. For more information and free demonstration. wash and dry floors in a single pass. Floor scrubber can be used efficiently and revitalize floor surfaces of swimming centres. engineering and mechanical plants. timber or stone. very maneuverable. That is how fast and effective this floor scrubber is on cleaning floor surfaces because it scrubs. Cleaning this floor thoroughly will take about two hours to complete the task with the use of other floor cleaning method. A four rotating cylindrical agitator brushes will then work and allows cleaning right up to the edge of walls. food processing. Dupla 500 will not simply clean floor surfaces just like mopping. Washes and vacuum floor of basketball courts and halls.com/4865763 . It has a twin vacuum squeegees that lift dirt and water all while drying the surface at the same time. delivery and receiving docks of engineering and mechanical plants. easy to operate and its articulated handle makes it even more compact for transporting or storage. It is very effective on disinfecting areas around swimming pool including sidewalks. flotex. carpet. Floor scrubbers like Dupla 500 is a specialized cleaning machine on all types of floor surfaces whether the floor surface is tile. It is seven times faster than the traditional floor cleaning methods. in just 15 minute. The floor was deeply cleaned leaving the surface dry. washes and dries floors in a single pass. job is done. How does it work? Floor scrubbers like Dupla 500 dispenses liquid from the extra-large 18-litre clean solution tank. Floor scrubbers are fast and effective for cleaning especially for facilities having large areas. How fast and effective? Imagine floor cleaning a basketball court having an area of 400 square meters. which means there is still time to spend cleaning other areas. Hard to clean tiles and grout of food processing is easily clean. This floor cleaning machine is known to its effectiveness in tackling floor surfaces fast with extreme result. It washes and vacuums exterior sidewalks.

hotels. office buildings. It is also used for cleaning large floor areas especially in hospitals. tiled platforms in railways. malls and factories. These help to pick up the dirty water immediately and collect it in another tank by vacuum action. service centers. shopping complexes. commercial premises.Industrial floor scrubber Cleaning Machinery Industrial Floor Cleaning Machinery y y y y y y Scrubber. Technical Specifications Scrubber cum Drier Scrubber cum Drier . workshops. Polisher & Carpets Cleaner Heavy Duty three Brush Scrubber Auto Scrubber Drier Ride on Scrubber Drier Walk behind Sweeper Ride on Sweeper Wire Brush Scrubber Machine The wire brush scrubber machines are designed for providing cleaning solutions dispensed on floor and round brush for floor scrubbing. industrial canteens.

workshops. roads.500 m3/hour. Features y y y y Covers large area with least effort Easy to fit brushes Recovery tank full level indication through buzzer High power suction for effective cleaning Mechanical Sweeping Machine The Company offers a wide range of mechanical sweeping machines.even small screws. petrol stations. service centers. The area performance of these machines is up to 1. hotels. industrial canteens. shopping complexes. nails and bolts. office buildings. Mechanical sweeping machine picks up dust automatically and leaves even corners spotlessly clean. leaves . This machine is suitable for cleaning small areas and narrow passages particularly handy. which are extensively used for its portable and cordless operation. malls and factories. Amsse mechanical sweep picks up dust. paper. manoeuvrable and easy to operate. and tiled platforms in railways.Mechanical Sweeping Machine Motorised Sweeping Machine The auto scrubber drier picks up the dirty water immediately and collect it in another tank by vacuum action. Use it indoor on floors or outdoor on paths. granules. It keeps the surroundings neat and litterfree with minimal cost and effort. These industrial cleaning and clean room products are useful for cleaning large floor areas especially in hospitals. . commercial premises. etc. etc. parking lots.

Dirt container can be easily removed for emptying and is non corrosive material. The adjustable side brush can be lifted up Solid frame manufactured out of Powder Coated Metal Infinitely adjustable main brush ensuring perfect Technical Specifications y y y y Overview Cleaning & Washing Machinery.(LxBxH) : 1500m2/hr : 700 mm : 36 Ltrs.Specifications Cleaning Capacity Cleaning Width Hopper Capacity Weight : 25 Kg. : 460x790x760mm Motorised Sweeping Machine Features y y y y y Main Brush on HDPE base with longer life. Equipment & Accessories o Industrial Vacuum Cleaners o Cleaning Machinery o Pressure Washers o Cleaning Trolleys o Clean Room Cleaners (Devices & Machines) Photo Gallery Company Profile . Pack Dimen.

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It actually saves about one hour and 40 minutes. easy to operate and its articulated handle makes it even more compact for transporting or storage. The floor was deeply cleaned leaving the surface dry. but will scrub. driven by forklift www.com/en Floor Cleaning Machines Single disk floor scrubber polisher Heavy-duty floor scrubber & drier www.inventa. very maneuverable. This floor cleaning machine is known to its effectiveness in tackling floor surfaces fast with extreme result. How fast and effective? Imagine floor cleaning a basketball court having an area of 400 square meters. which means there is still time to spend cleaning other areas. Dupla 500 will not simply clean floor surfaces just like mopping. wash and dry floors in a single pass. The dirty water will be lifted to the 13-litre central recovery tank that can be easily lifted from the cleaning machine for emptying. That is how fast and .in A wide variety of popular floor scrubbers or floor cleaner machines can be seen in the market today.com Inventa Road Vac Sweepers Industrial/ Battery/Engine Operated Road Sweepers.vacusatec. A four rotating cylindrical agitator brushes will then work and allows cleaning right up to the edge of walls.santoni- india.Use floor scrubber Use Floor Scrubbers for Fast and Effective Floor Cleaning Posted: Aug 15. Floor scrubbers are fast and effective for floor cleaning especially for facilities having big floor areas. Cleaning this floor thoroughly will take about two hours to complete the task with the use of other floor cleaning method.com Forklift Mounted Sweeper Cost efficient Street Sweeper 100% mechanical. Its size is about 380mm in height and 500mm in width. A good example of floor scrubber is Dupla 500. 2010 |Comments: 0 | Ads by Google vacuum toilet Wall hung vacuum WCs Vacuum drainage system www. While using floor scrubber such as Dupla 500. Mechanical Sweepers www. How does it work? Floor scrubbers like Dupla 500 dispenses liquid from the extra-large 18-litre clean solution tank. job is done. It is seven times faster than the traditional floor cleaning methods. It has a twin vacuum squeegees that lift dirt and water all while drying the surface at the same time. in just 15 minute.suiden. Most floor cleaning machines were professionally designed that varies to its features and sizes to be more effective and versatile to the different type of floor surfaces.

carpet. washes and dries floors in a single pass. food processing. engineering and mechanical plants. . basketball courts and halls. Hard to clean tiles and grout of food processing is easily clean. It washes and vacuums exterior sidewalks. Washes and vacuum floor of basketball courts and halls. delivery and receiving docks of engineering and mechanical plants. timber or stone. flotex. this floor cleaning machine will provide a thorough clean with 100 percent saving on chemicals.effective this floor scrubber is on cleaning floor surfaces because it scrubs. Floor scrubbers like Dupla 500 is a specialized cleaning machine on all types of floor surfaces whether the floor surface is tile. entrance ways and baseboard. Floor scrubber can be used efficiently and revitalize floor surfaces of swimming centres. It is very effective on disinfecting areas around swimming pool including sidewalks. vinyl.

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