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# DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB

SLAB NO:S2
Length of the slab ( L ) = 4160 mm
Breadth of the slab ( B ) = 2450 mm
Thickness of slab = 150 mm
Grade of concrete (fck) = 25 N/mm2
Grade of reinforcement (fy) = 415 N/mm2
STEP-1
Thickness of slab durability consideration
Over all depth of slab = 150 mm
Effective depth (150-25-10/2) = 120 mm
STEP-2
Design load
Dead load (0.15X25) = 4.00 kN/m2
Live load = 4.00 kN/m2
Floor finish = 1.50 kN/m2
9.5 kN/m2
say 9.50 kN/m2
design load = (Factored load) 14.25 kN/m2
STEP-3
Maximum factored moment and checking for depth
Ly/Lx = 1.70
αx = 0.111 (as per IS 456:2000 Table no: 27)
αy = 0.039 (as per IS 456:2000 Table no: 27)
Mx=αx.w.Lx2 Mx = 9.51 kN.m
My=αy.w.Lx 2
My = 3.33 kN.m
Check depth for maxi. B.M (Mmax.) = 0.138fckbd2
therefore,depth reqd(d) = 52.49 < 120 mm
STEP-4
Area of Steel
for steel in Short direction d = 120 mm
Mu/bd2 = 0.66
As per table no: 3 of SP16-1980
Percentage of steel (pt) = 0.189
Area of steel required (As) = 227 mm2
as per table no: 96 of SP16-1980 10# @ 340mm c/c (231 mm2)
Spacing less than 3d
for steel in Long direction d (120-10) = 110 mm
Mu/bd2 = 0.27
As per table no: 3 of SP16-1980
Percentage of steel (pt) = 0.084
Area of steel required (As) = 92 mm2
as per table no: 96 of SP16-1980 10# @400mm c/c (196 mm2)
PROVIDED REINFORCEMENT 10# @ 150mm c/c (524 mm2) Main reinf.
10# @ 150mm c/c (524mm2) Dist reinf.
STEP-5
Check for Deflection
Basic span ratio = 26 (as per cl. 23.2.1 of IS 456-2000)
Percentage of steel along Lx = 0.189 (needed)
Modification factor (F1) = 2 as per fig.4 of IS 456-2000)
Allowable L/d ratio (basicxF1) = 52 mm
Actual span/depth ratio (2.45/0.15) 20.42 mm
52 > 20.42
Therefore, the actual ratio is less than the allowable ratio. It is enough to control deflection
HENCE OK
DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB
SLAB NO:S2
Length of the slab ( L ) = 4160 mm
Breadth of the slab ( B ) = 3430 mm
Thickness of slab = 150 mm
Grade of concrete (fck) = 25 N/mm2
Grade of reinforcement (fy) = 415 N/mm2
STEP-1
Thickness of slab durability consideration
Over all depth of slab = 150 mm
Effective depth (150-25-10/2) = 120 mm
STEP-2
Design load
Dead load (0.15X25) = 4.00 kN/m2
Live load = 4.00 kN/m2
Floor finish = 1.50 kN/m2
9.5 kN/m2
say 9.50 kN/m2
design load = (Factored load) 14.25 kN/m2
STEP-3
Maximum factored moment and checking for depth
Ly/Lx = 1.21
αx = 0.085 (as per IS 456:2000 Table no: 27)
αy = 0.058 (as per IS 456:2000 Table no: 27)
Mx=αx.w.Lx2 Mx = 14.28 kN.m
My=αy.w.Lx 2
My = 9.81 kN.m
Check depth for maxi. B.M (Mmax.) = 0.138fckbd2
therefore,depth reqd(d) = 64.33 < 120 mm
STEP-4
Area of Steel
for steel in Short direction d = 120 mm
Mu/bd2 = 0.99
As per table no: 3 of SP16-1980
Percentage of steel (pt) = 0.288
Area of steel required (As) = 346 mm2
as per table no: 96 of SP16-1980 10# @ 220mm c/c (357 mm2)
Spacing less than 3d
for steel in Long direction d (120-10) = 110 mm
Mu/bd2 = 0.81
As per table no: 3 of SP16-1980
Percentage of steel (pt) = 0.234
Area of steel required (As) = 258 mm2
as per table no: 96 of SP16-1980 10# @300mm c/c (262 mm2)
PROVIDED REINFORCEMENT 10# @ 150mm c/c (524 mm2) Main reinf.
10# @ 150mm c/c (524 mm2) Dist reinf.
STEP-5
Check for Deflection
Basic span ratio = 26 (as per cl. 23.2.1 of IS 456-2000)
Percentage of steel along Lx = 0.288 (needed)
Modification factor (F1) = 2 as per fig.4 of IS 456-2000)
Allowable L/d ratio (basicxF1) = 52 mm
Actual span/depth ratio (3.43/0.15) 28.58 mm
52 > 29
Therefore, the actual ratio is less than the allowable ratio. It is enough to control deflection
HENCE OK
DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB
SLAB NO:S2
Length of the slab ( L ) = 4300 mm
Breadth of the slab ( B ) = 4160 mm
Thickness of slab = 150 mm
Grade of concrete (fck) = 25 N/mm2
Grade of reinforcement (fy) = 415 N/mm2
STEP-1
Thickness of slab durability consideration
Over all depth of slab = 150 mm
Effective depth (150-25-10/2) = 120 mm
STEP-2
Design load
Dead load (0.15X25) = 4.00 kN/m2
Live load = 4.00 kN/m2
Floor finish = 1.50 kN/m2
9.5 kN/m2
say 9.50 kN/m2
design load = (Factored load) 14.25 kN/m2
STEP-3
Maximum factored moment and checking for depth
Ly/Lx = 1.03
αx = 0.066 (as per IS 456:2000 Table no: 27)
αy = 0.062 (as per IS 456:2000 Table no: 27)
Mx=αx.w.Lx2 Mx = 16.29 kN.m
My=αy.w.Lx 2
My = 15.21 kN.m
Check depth for maxi. B.M (Mmax.) = 0.138fckbd2
therefore,depth reqd(d) = 68.71 < 120 mm
STEP-4
Area of Steel
for steel in Short direction d = 120 mm
Mu/bd2 = 1.13
As per table no: 3 of SP16-1980
Percentage of steel (pt) = 0.332
Area of steel required (As) = 398 mm2
as per table no: 96 of SP16-1980 10# @200mm c/c (393mm2)
Spacing less than 3d
for steel in Long direction d (120-10) = 110 mm
Mu/bd2 = 1.26
As per table no: 3 of SP16-1980
Percentage of steel (pt) = 0.371
Area of steel required (As) = 408 mm2
as per table no: 96 of SP16-1980 10# @190mm c/c (413mm2)
PROVIDED REINFORCEMENT 10# @ 150mm c/c (524 mm2) Main reinf.
10# @150mm c/c (524mm2) Dist reinf.
STEP-5
Check for Deflection
Basic span ratio = 26 (as per cl. 23.2.1 of IS 456-2000)
Percentage of steel along Lx = 0.332 (needed)
Modification factor (F1) = 1.7 as per fig.4 of IS 456-2000)
Allowable L/d ratio (basicxF1) = 44.2 mm
Actual span/depth ratio (4.16/0.15) 34.67 mm
44.2 > 34.67
Therefore, the actual ratio is less than the allowable ratio. It is enough to control deflection
HENCE OK
DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB
SLAB NO:S3
Length of the slab ( L ) = 6045 mm
Breadth of the slab ( B ) = 4160 mm
Thickness of slab = 150 mm
Grade of concrete (fck) = 25 N/mm2
Grade of reinforcement (fy) = 415 N/mm2
STEP-1
Thickness of slab durability consideration
Over all depth of slab = 150 mm
Effective depth (150-25-10/2) = 120 mm
STEP-2
Design load
Dead load (0.15X25) = 4.00 kN/m2
Live load = 4.00 kN/m2
Floor finish = 1.50 kN/m2
9.5 kN/m2
say 9.50 kN/m2
design load = (Factored load) 14.25 kN/m2
STEP-3
Maximum factored moment and checking for depth
Ly/Lx = 1.45
αx = 0.102 (as per IS 456:2000 Table no: 27)
αy = 0.048 (as per IS 456:2000 Table no: 27)
Mx=αx.w.Lx2 Mx = 25.07 kN.m
My=αy.w.Lx 2
My = 11.92 kN.m
Check depth for maxi. B.M (Mmax.) = 0.138fckbd2
therefore,depth reqd(d) = 85.24 < 120 mm
STEP-4
Area of Steel
for steel in Short direction d = 120 mm
Mu/bd2 = 1.74
As per table no: 3 of SP16-1980
Percentage of steel (pt) = 0.529
Area of steel required (As) = 635 mm2
as per table no: 96 of SP16-1980 10# @120mm c/c (654mm2)
Spacing less than 3d
for steel in Long direction d (120-10) = 110 mm
Mu/bd2 = 0.99
As per table no: 3 of SP16-1980
Percentage of steel (pt) = 0.287
Area of steel required (As) = 315 mm2
as per table no: 96 of SP16-1980 10# @230mm c/c (341mm2)
PROVIDED REINFORCEMENT 10# @ 100mm c/c (785 mm2) Main reinf.
10# @150mm c/c (524mm2) Dist reinf.
STEP-5
Check for Deflection
Basic span ratio = 26 (as per cl. 23.2.1 of IS 456-2000)
Percentage of steel along Lx = 0.529 (needed)
Modification factor (F1) = 1.5 as per fig.4 of IS 456-2000)
Allowable L/d ratio (basicxF1) = 39 mm
Actual span/depth ratio (4.16/0.15) 34.67 mm
39 > 34.67
Therefore, the actual ratio is less than the allowable ratio. It is enough to control deflection
HENCE OK
1.50 1.75 1.70
0.1 0.11 0.01 0.11
0.05 0.04 -0.0071 0.0389

## 0.65 0.7 0.66

0.186 0.2 0.003 0.189

## 0.4 0.45 0.27

0.113 0.13 -0.035 0.078
1.20 1.30 1.21
0.08 0.09 0 0.09
0.06 0.06 -0.0005 0.0585

0.95 1 0.99
0.276 0.29 0.012 0.288

## 0.8 0.85 0.81

0.231 0.25 0.003 0.234
1.00 1.10 1.03
0.06 0.07 0 0.07
0.06 0.06 -0.0003 0.0617

## 1.1 1.15 1.13

0.322 0.34 0.010 0.332

## 1.25 1.3 1.26

0.369 0.39 0.002 0.371
1.40 1.50 1.45
0.1 0.1 0 0.1
0.05 0.05 -0.0027 0.0483

## 1.7 1.75 1.74

0.515 0.53 0.014 0.529

0.95 1 0.99
0.276 0.29 0.011 0.287