200 Clive has been monitoring his IDS and sees that there are a huge number of ICMP

Echo Reply packets that are being received on the external gateway interface. Further inspection reveals that they are not responses from the internal hosts' requests but simply responses coming from the Internet. What could be the most likely cause? A. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a smurf attack. B. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a land attack. C. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a fraggle attack. D. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a DoS attack. 201 Bob wants to prevent attackers from sniffing his passwords on the wired network. Which of the following lists the best options? A. RSA, LSA, POP B. SSID, WEP, Kerberos C. SMB, SMTP, Smart card D. Kerberos, Smart card, Stanford SRP 202 Which of the following encryption is not based on Block Cipher? A. DES B. Blowfish C. AES D. RC4 203 How would you describe an attack where an attacker attempts to deliver the payload over multiple packets over long periods of time with the purpose of defeating simple pattern matching in IDS systems without session reconstruction? A characteristic of this attack would be a continuous stream of small packets. A. Session Splicing B. Session Stealing C. Session Hijacking D. Session Fragmentation 204 Hampton is the senior security analyst for the city of Columbus in Ohio. A . Bill connected to a Rogue access point B. Bill spoofed the MAC address of Dell laptop C. Toshiba and Dell laptops share the same hardware address D. Bill brute forced the Mac address ACLs 205 Hping2 is a powerful crafter tool that can be used to penetrate firewalls by creating custom TCP A – this command will generate a single TCP SYN packet with source port 1037, destination port 22, with a sequence number 15 spoofing the IP address 10.10.0.6 B- this command will generate a single TCP SYN packet with source port 1037, destination port 22, with a sequence number 22 spoofing the IP address 192.168.0.9

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C- this command will generate a multiple TCP SYN/ACK packet with source port 22, destination port 1037, with a sequence number 19 spoofing the IP address 192.168.0.9 D - this command will generate a multiple TCP SYN packet with source port 1037, destination port 22, with a sequence number 15 spoofing the IP address 10.10.0.6 206 Samuel is the network administrator of DataX communications Inc. He is trying to configure his firewall to block password brute force attempts on his network. He enables blocking the intruder's IP address for a period of 24 hours time after more than three unsuccessful attempts. He is confident that this rule will secure his network hackers on the Internet. But he still receives hundreds of thousands brute-force attempts generated from various IP addresses around the world. After some investigation he realizes that the intruders are using a proxy somewhere else on the Internet which has been scripted to enable the random usage of various proxies on each request so as not to get caught by the firewall use. Later he adds another rule to his firewall and enables small sleep on the password attempt so that if the password is incorrect, it would take 45 seconds to return to the user to begin another attempt. Since an intruder may use multiple machines to brute force the password, he also throttles the number of connections that will be prepared to accept from a particular IP address. This action will slow the intruder's attempts. Samuel wants to completely block hackers brute force attempts on his network. What are the alternatives to defending against possible brute-force password attacks on his site? A. Enforce a password policy and use account lockouts after three wrong logon attempts even through this might lock out legit users B. Enable the IDS to monitor the intrusion attempts and alert you by e-mail about the IP address of the intruder so that you can block them at the firewall manually C. Enforce complex password policy on your network so that passwords are more difficult to brute force D. You can't completely block the intruders attempt if they constantly switch proxies 207 Which of the following steganography utilities exploits the nature of white space and allows the user to conceal information in these white spaces? A. Snow B. Gif-It-Up C. NiceText D. Image Hide 208 Melissa is a virus that attacks Microsoft Windows platforms. To which category does this virus belong? A. Polymorphic B. Boot Sector infector C. System D. Macro 209 Kevin has been asked to write a short program to gather user input for a web application. He likes to keep his code neat and simple. He chooses to use printf(str)

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where he should have ideally used printf(?s? str). What attack will his program expose the web application to? A. Cross Site Scripting B. SQL injection Attack C. Format String Attack D. Unicode Traversal Attack 211 You are scanning into the target network for the first time. You find very few conventional ports open. When you attempt to perform traditional service identification by connecting to the open ports, it yields either unreliable or no results. You are unsure of which protocols are being used. You need to discover as many different protocols as possible. Which kind of scan would you use to achieve this? (Choose the best answer) A. Nessus scan with TCP based pings. B. Nmap scan with the -sP (Ping scan) switch. C. Netcat scan with the -u -e switches. D. Nmap with the -sO (Raw IP packets) switch. 212 Ports scans are often used to profile systems before they are attacked. Knowing what ports are open allows an attacker to determine which services can be attacked A – modify the kernel to never send reset(RST) packets B – block TCP/IP packets with FIN flag enabled at the firewall C- enable IDS signatures to block these scans D you cannot block a hacker from launching these scans on your network 213 Consider the following code: If an attacker can trick a victim user to click a link like this and the web application does not validate input, then the victim's browser will pop up an alert showing the users current set of cookies. An attacker can do much more damage, including stealing passwords, resetting your home page or redirecting the user to another web site. What is the countermeasure against XSS scripting? A. Create an IP access list and restrict connections based on port number B. Replace "<" and ">" characters with ?lt; and ?gt; using server scripts C. Disable Javascript in IE and Firefox browsers D. Connect to the server using HTTPS protocol instead of HTTP 214 An nmap command that includes the host specification of 202.176.56-57.* will scan _______ number of hosts. A. 2 B. 256 C. 512 D. Over 10,000 215 Study the following e-mail message. When the link in the message is clicked, it will

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MAC Flooding B. Creates an account with a user name of Anonymous and a password of noone@nowhere. Note that hacker. Shmoo C.com is not an official SuperShopper site! What attack is depicted in the below e-mail? Dear SuperShopper valued member.com/in. Once you have updated your account records your SuperShopper will not be interrupted and will continue as normal.com A. Create a FTP server with write permissions enabled. Man in the middle attack 216 Which of the following is not considered to be a part of active sniffing? A.com. what do you infer 4 . It has come to our attention that your account information needs to be updated due to inactive members. 218 Jacob would like your advice on using a wireless hacking tool that can save him time and get him better results with lesser packets. If you could please take 5-10 minutes out of your online experience and renew your records you will not run into any future problems with the online service. Which tool would you recommend from the list below? A. E-mail spoofing C.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=update-run SuperShopper Technical Support http://www. Kismet B.take you to an address like: http://hacker. for the safety and integrity of the SuperShopper community we have issued this warning message. Aircrack D.supershopper. Opens up a telnet listener that requires no username or password. This notification expires within 24 hours. failure to update your records will result to your account cancellation. social engineering D. MAC Duplicating 217 What is the expected result of the following exploit? A.xsecurity. frauds and spoof reports. John the Ripper 219 Given the following extract from the snort log on a honeypot. C. SMAC Fueling D. Due to concerns.xsecurity. Creates a share called "sasfile" on the target system.supershopper. However. Phishing attack B. B. You would like to recommend a tool that uses KoreK's implementation.htm. ARP Spoofing C. Please follow the link below and renew your account information. https://www. D.

2005 US-SPAM 1030 Act D. nmap -sS -PT -PI -O -T1 <ip address> B. 2004 CANSPAM Act B. Telnet to port 8080 on the web server and look at the default page code 223 Which of the following attacks takes best advantage of an existing authenticated connection A. nmap -sF -P0 -O <ip address> 221 How would Jeffrey access the wireless network? A – Sniff the wireless network and capture the ssid that is transmitted over the wire in plaintext B – Run wepcrack tool and brute force the ssid hashes C – Attempt to connect using wireless device default SSIDs D – Jam the wireless signal by launching denial of service attack 222 John has performed a scan of the web server with NMAP but did not gather enough information to accurately identify which operating system is running on the remote host. Session Hijacking C. Connect to the web server with a browser and look at the web page D. Spoofing B. A new port was opened B.from the attack? A. Which of the following commands will help you achieve this? A. The exploit was successful D. Telnet to an Open port and grab the banner B. Password Sniffing D. A. How could you use a web server to help in identifying the OS that is being used? A. nmap -sO -PT -O -C5 <ip address> C. A new user id was created C. nmap -sF -PT -PI -O <ip address> D. Password Guessing 224 Which of the following act in the united states specifically criminalizes the transmission of unsolicited commercial e-mail(SPAM) without an existing business relationship. The exploit was not successful 220 You are concerned that someone running PortSentry could block your scans. and you decide to slow your scans so that no one detects them. 1990 Computer Misuse Act 5 . 2003 SPAM Preventing Act C. Connect to the web server with an FTP client C.

Blake is concerned about how his particular server might look to an outside attacker so he decides to perform some footprinting scanning and penetration tests on the server. Poisoned the local DNS cache of the server 228 Jane wishes to forward X-Windows traffic to a remote host as well as POP3 traffic. hardened the operating systems and disabled all unnecessary service on all the servers. Unfortunately.536 bytes. The tool size of this ICMP packet once reconstructed is over 65. Ping of Death 226 Data is sent over the network as clear text (unencrypted) when Basic Authentication is configured on Web Servers. Fraggle C. MD5 B. Blake is especially concerned about his since telnet can be a very large security risk in an organization. what type of attack is Bryce attempting to perform? A. there is proprietary AS400 emulation software that must run on one of the servers that requires the telnet service to function properly.0 After pressing enter twice. Submitted a remote command to crash the server D. True B. Downloaded a file to his local computer C. SYN Flood D.225 Bryce the bad boy is purposely sending fragmented ICMP packets to a remote target. Blake telents into the server and types the following command: HEAD/HTTP/1. He has enabled hardware and software firewalls. Which of the following tools can she use to protect the link? A. She would line to tunnel the information to the remote end but does not have VPN capabilities to do so. RSA D. She is worried that adversaries might be monitoring the communication link and could inspect captured traffic. False 227 Blake is in charge of securing all 20 of his company's servers. A. Grabbed the banner B. Blake gets the following results: What has the Blake just accomplished? A. PGP 229 6 . From the information given. SSH C. Smurf B.

43. Spoofing B.4.23.1 xor 0 =1 d. you want to grab a copy of it by sniffing.34. Session Hijacking 7 .1 xor 1 =1 b.5 D.0 xor 1 = 1 230 While examining a log report you find out that an intrusion has been attempted by a machine whose IP address is displayed as 3405906949. open source software being used to run FTP services on a server in your organization. macof B. 192. You perform a ping 3405906949.2. webspy C.4 231 When Jason moves a file via NFS over the company's network.5.Which òf the following exclusive Or transforms bits is not correct? a.4 C.3. 199. It looks to you like a decimal number. 10. Which of the following IP addresses will respond to the ping and hence will likely be responsible for the the intrusion ? A. filesnarf D.9 B. nfscopy 232 What is the advantage in encrypting the communication between the agent and the monitor in an Intrusion Detection System? A. Alerts are sent to the monitor when a potential intrusion is detected D. Which of the following tool accomplishes this? A.0 xor 0 = 0 c. 203. They notice that there is excessive number of functions in the source code that might lead to buffer overflow? A9 B 17 C 20 D 32 E 35 234 Which of the following attacks takes best advantage of an existing authenticated connection A. Encryption of agent communications will conceal the presence of the agents B.0. An intruder could intercept and delete data or alerts and the intrusion can go undetected 233 The programmers on your team are analyzing the free. The monitor will know if counterfeit messages are being generated because they will not be encrypted C.

Password Sniffing D. 137 and 139 B. Blocking access to the scanning clients by the targeted host B. Password Guessing 235 SSL has been seen as the solution to several common security problems. 139 and 445 237 You are gathering competitive intelligence on Certkiller . 236 Null sessions are un-authenticated connections (not using a username or password. The IP range used by the target network B. False 240 8 . D. Using denial-of-service software against a range of TCP ports C. How can this help you in footprint the organization? A. How strong the corporate security policy is D. There are two job postings for network and system administrators. Having multiple computers each scan a small number of ports. Administrators will often make use of SSL to encrypt communication from point A to point B. SSL will slow down the IDS while it is breaking the encryption to see the packet content. SSL will trigger rules at regular interval and force the administrator to turn them off. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few Internet job-hunting sites. Which TCP and UDP ports must you filter to check null sessions on your network? A. B. then correlating the results 239 SNMP is a connectionless protocol that uses UDP instead of TCP packets? (True or False) A. Blocking access to the targeted host by each of the distributed scanning clients D. True B.C. C. SSL will mask the content of the packet and Intrusion Detection System will be blinded.) to an NT or 2000 system. An understanding of the number of employees in the company C. 238 A distributed port scan operates by: A.com. 139 and 443 D. 137 and 443 C. The types of operating systems and applications being used. Why do you think this could be a bad idea if there is an Intrusion Detection System deployed to monitor the traffic between point A and B? A. SSL is redundant if you already have IDS in place.

You understand that all users are required to use passwords that are at least 8 characters in length. It is done by well known hackers and in movies as well. you come to know that they are enforcing strong passwords. This flag releases the connection resources. What tool could larry use to help evade traps like honeypots? A – send-sage proxy server B honeyd evasion server C KFsensor tunneling server D specter relay server 243 You have retrieved the raw hash values from a Windows 2000 Domain Controller. A. All passwords must also use 3 of the 4 following categories: lower case letters. D. A.Why is Social Engineering considered attractive by hackers and also adopted by experts in the field? A. host A can continue to receive data as long as the SYN sequence number of transmitted packets from host B are lower than the packet segment containing the set FIN flag. B. True B. Online Attack B. numbers and special characters. Using social engineering. False 242 The FIN flag is set and sent from host A to host B when host A has no more data to transmit (Closing a TCP connection). It is easy and extremely effective to gain information. capital letters. 241 The FIN flag is set and sent from host A to host B when host A has no more data to transmit (Closing a TCP connection). host A can continue to receive data as long as the SYN sequence number of transmitted packets from host B are lower than the packet segment containing the set FIN flag. True B. what would be the fastest type of password cracking attack you can run against these hash values and still get results? A. With your existing knowledge of users. It does not require a computer in order to commit a crime. C. This flag releases the connection resources. However. It is not considered illegal. However. likely user account names and the possibility that they will choose the easiest passwords possible. False 243 Larry is a criminal hacker with over 20years of experience in breaking into systems…. Dictionary Attack 9 .

workstation and routers B. Why do you think this occurs? A. 161 D. Which port number Steve should scan? A. The zombie you are using is not truly idle. B. To create a denial of service attack.COM. 169 246 Which of the following would be the best reason for sending a single SMTP message to an address that does not exist within the target company? A. C. D. 69 B. 150 C. your antivirus program springs into action whenever you attempt to open. Use private VLANS 10 . Hybrid Attack 244 Pearls productions. type the following code in notepad and save the file as EICAR. During your scanning you notice that almost every query increments the IPID regardless of the port being queried. To gather information about procedures that are in place to deal with such messages. Place static ARP entries on servers.C. A stateful inspection firewall is resetting your queries. Hping2 cannot be used for idle scanning. These ports are actually open on the target system. C. 249 How do you defend against ARP spoofing? A. D. True IDS Sensors to look for large amount of ARP traffic on local subnets C. A – intercept the communication between the client and the server and change the cookie to make the server believe that there is a user with higher privileges B brute force the encryption used by the cookie and replay it back to the server C – inject the cookie ID into the web url and connect back to the server Steve scans the network for SNMP enabled devices. To verify information about the mail administrator and his address. run or copy it X50!P%@AP[4\PZX54(P^)7cc)7}$SAVFILE-STANDARD-ANTIVIRUS-TEST-FILE!$H+H* 248 You are manually conducting Idle Scanning using Hping2. Brute Force Attack D. To gather information about internal hosts used in email treatment. A . One or two of the queries cause the IPID to increment by more than one value. B. 247 You have installed antivirus software and you want to be sure that your AV signatures are working correctly.

he notices that it is not running nearly as fast as it used to. Travis also notices a window or two pop-up on his screen. rm . The hacker is planting a rootkit B. rm rf/root/. even when he has not been on the Internet. Every once in awhile. The hacker compromised and "owned" a Linux machine. The hacker is attempting to compromise more machines on the network 252 Travis works primarily from home as a medical transcriptions.rf /usr/sbin/namedps -aux | grep inetd . rm /sbin/por359 ? 00:00:00 inetd rm: cannot remove `/sbin/portmap': No such file or directory rm: cannot remove `/tmp/h': No such file or directory >rm: cannot remove `/usr/sbin/rpc. rm -rf . rm /tmp/h . After about two months of working on his new computer. Take a look at the following Linux logfile snippet. Session Hijacking Attack D. rm /sbin/portmap . ps -aux | grep portmap .rf /usr/sbin/namedps -aux | grep inetd . but they quickly disappear. rm /tmp/h . anti-spyware software and always keeps the computer up-to-date with Microsoft patches. SSL Spoofing Attack B.c [root@apollo /]# [root@apollo /]# ps -aux | grep inetd . rm/sbin/portmap . His network was recently compromised.D. rm . After another month of working on the computer. Travis frequently has to get on the Internet to do research on what he is working on. Travis computer is even more noticeable slow. rm -rf .bash* . Identity Stealing Attack C. ps -aux | grep portmap . The hacker is running a buffer overflow exploit to lock down the system D. ps -aux | grep portmap . rm /sbin/por359 ? 00:00:00 inetd 359 ? 00:00:00 inetd rm: cannot remove `/tmp/h': No such file or directory rm: cannot remove `/usr/sbin/rpc. rm /usr/sbin/rpc. Use ARPWALL system and block ARP spoofing attacks 250 What type of attack is shown in the above diagram? A. Travis is really worried about his computer because he spent a lot of money on it and he depends on it to work. which is why he bought the new computer.bash_history . Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) Attack 251 John is the network administrator of XSECURITY systems. The hacker is trying to cover his tracks C.bash* . He analyzes the logfiles to investigate the attack. rm -rf /root/. ps -aux | grep portmap . What is the hacker trying to accomplish here? [root@apollo /]# rm rootkit.portmap .portmap': No such file or directory [root@apollo /]# ps -aux | grep portmap [root@apollo /]# [root@apollo /]# ps -aux | grep inetd . rm /usr/sbin/rpc. Travis uses antivirus software.bash_history .portmap .portmap': No such file or directory [root@apollo /]# rm: cannot remove `/sbin/portmap': No such file or directory A. He just bought a brand new Dual Core Pentium Computer with over 3 GB of RAM. Travis scans his 11 . He has seen these windows show up. He uses voice recognition software is processor intensive.

Sniffer. it can also be used for a few other purposes as well. Since has drive is a 200 GB hard drive. Logic Bomb's triggered at random times creating hidden data consuming junk files 253 James is the lone IT technician for a small advertising agency in the Midwest … A genius B GFI LANGuard C Nmap D Snort 254 Snort is an open source Intrusion Detection system. it is found that the education website requires any computer accessing the site must be able to respond to a ping from the education's server. After handing the issue over to her company's IT department. Travis's Computer is infected with Self-Replication Worm that fills the hard disk space D. Firewall. he notices that his computer only has about 10 GB of free space available. Sniffer. She contacts the website's support team and they report that no one else is having any issues with the site. Sniffer C. Packet Logger. Proxy D. he should have around 150 GB of free space. Change the IP on Angela's Computer to an address outside the firewall B. IDS. Change the settings on the firewall all outbound traffic on port 80 D. Which of the choices below indicate the other features offered by Snort? A. What ca Angela's IT department do to get access to the education website? A. Since Angela's computer is behind a corporate firewall. she gets an error message stating that the page can't be reached. content inspector 255 Angela is trying to access an education website that requires a username and password to login. IDS. What is mostly likely the cause of Travi's problems? A. Use a Internet browser other than the one that Angela is currently using 256 12 . her computer can't ping the education website back. Travis thinks this is very odd. IDS. He spends over four hours pouring over the files and folders and can't find anything but before he gives up. Change the settings on the firewall to allow all incoming traffic on port 80 C. When Angela clicks on the link to access the login page. Travi's Computer is infected with Stealth Torjan Virus C. IDS.through Windows Explorer and check out the file system. Travis downloads Space Monger and adds up the sizes for all the folders and files on his computer. According to his calculations. folder by folder to see if there is anything he can find. Sniffer B. Travis's Computer is infected with stealth kernel level rootkit B. However.

10 D. Pings to 192. The firewall is blocking all the scans to 192. She is not concerned about being stealth at this point.1. antispam systems and intrusion detection/prevention tools in your company’s network. MyDoom 13 .10 seems to hang without returning any information. WebDav B.1.168. Run nmap XMAS scan against 192.1.10 258 NetBIOS over TCP/IP allows files and/or printers to be shared over the network.You went to great lengths to install all the necessary technologies to prevent attacks.168.168. A untrained staff or ignorant computer users who inadvertently become the weakest link in your security chain 257 You want to know whether a packet filter is in front of 192.1. b.1. A basic nmap scan of 192.168. antivirus software.10 C. A. A FIN Scan B. MS Blaster D.168.168. choose the exploit against which this rule applies. Use NetScan Tools Pro to conduct the scan B.they are using windows based web servers C they are not using a stateful inspection firewall D they are not using an intrusion detection system 261 Study the snort rule given below: From the options below. What should you do next? A. A 445 B 139 C 179 D 443 259 Nathalie would like to perform a reliable scan against a remote target.10 don't get answered. Run NULL TCP hping2 against 192. Which of the following type of scans would be the most accurate and reliable? A. A UDP Scan D. The TCP Connect Scan 260 While scanning a network you observe that all of the web servers in the DMZ are responding to ACK packets on port 80. A Half Scan C. SQL Slammer C. they are using UNIX based web servers.10. A . such as expensive firewalls.1.

RSA C.asp?pressReleaseID=5 AND xp_cmdshell 'format c: /q /yes '. This is the output returned from the server.asp?pressReleaseID=5 AND xp_cmdshell 'iisreset -reboot'. Identify the user context of the web application by running_ http://www. Format the C: drive and delete the database by running: http://www.example.example. Bad quality assurance on software produced. Because of privacy laws that are in the process of being implemented. schools and lenders is carried out through email. PGP B. Bad permissions on files. For this reason. Usage of non standard programming languages. Reboot the web server by running: http://www. C. 3DES D. What is the most common cause of buffer overflow in software today? A. D.example.262 Richard is a network Administrator working at a student loan company in lowa. he is looking for a low/no cost solution to encrypt email. drop database myDB. OTP 263 You are conducting pen-test against a company's website using SQL Injection techniques.com/order/include_rsa.1))) > 109 C. Most communication between the company. This company processes over 20. -265 A buffer overflow occurs when a program or process tries to store more data in a buffer (temporary data storage area) then it was intended to hold. Identify the database and table name by running: http://www. Richard wants to get ahead of the game and become compliant before any sort of auditing occurs.example. High bandwidth and large number of users. The only problem for Richard is that his department only has couple of servers and they are utilized to their full capacity.com/order/include_rsa. -D. What is the next step you should do? A.com/order/include_rsa_asp?pressReleaseID=5 AND USER_NAME() = 'dbo' B. You enter "anuthing or 1=1-" in the username filed of an authentication form. Much of the email communication used at his company contains sensitive information such as social security numbers. what service is being exploited? 14 .000 students loan a year from colleges all over the state. Richard wants to utilize email encryption agency-wide. 266 Giving the following exract from the snort log on a honey pot. Since a server-based PKI is not an option for him. B. What should Richard use? A.com/order/include_rsa.asp?pressReleaseID=5 AND ascii(lower(substring((SELECT TOP 1 name FROM sysobjects WHERE xtype='U').

1) 16.net (68.wdc1.ALTER.cox.111 ms 13 0.1) 12.227 ms 17.Level3.net (67.nv.512 ms 9 so-7-0-0.1.416 ms 3 ip68-98-176-1.170.98.173) 14.207 ms 4 ip68-100-0-137.137) 17.74) 27.NewYork1.cox.1.12) 21.1) 13.948 ms ip68-100-0-1.324 ms 13.4) 12. You discover your target system is one hop beyond the firewall.NYC8.ALTER.0.nv.63.439 ms 220.nv. you send SYN packets with the exact TTL of the target system starting at port 1 and going up to port 1024.958 ms 13.net (68.nv.1.176.943 ms 14.182) 20.1.553 ms 15.16.670 ms 20. Snort B.244.411 ms 19.100.net (68.160.247.net (68.938 ms 10 so-4-0-0.244.NET (152.960 ms 19.743 ms 16.Level3.177 ms 25.cox.nv.1. Firewalking C.29.613 ms 2 ip68-98-176-1. TCPflow D.933 ms 20.98.0.1) 16.net (64.so-6-0-0.NewYork1.nv.133 ms 18.526 ms 18.NYC4.202 ms 11 uunet-level3-oc48.so-2-0-0.166 ms 204.153) 30. Enumeration D.159.16.830 ms 12 0.100.169 ms 14.bbr1.net (209.net (209.159.170 ms 6 so-6-0-0.gar2.203 ms 22. Footprinting B.cox.285 ms 0.1.254) 0.317 ms 21.Level3. What is this process known as? A. argus C.XL1.nv.NewYork1.858 ms 23.NewYork1.108 ms 15 .0.17.Level3.NET (152.Level3.440 ms 17. Using hping2.63.net (64.21.net (209.104 ms 7 unknown.724 ms 3.TL1.254 (172.415 ms 8 so-0-1-0.A fpt B ssh C telnet D smtp 267 Which tool/utility can help you extract the application layer data from each TCP connection from a log file into separate files? A.9.1.41) 17. Idle scanning 269 1 172. Tcpdump 268 You are attempting to map out the firewall policy for an organization.edge1.938 ms 5 68.929 ms 24.78) 21.334 ms 19.4 (68.063 ms 20.176.gar1.level3.1.nv.

A place robots.10.alter.191 ms 52.333 ms You perform the above traceroute and notice that hops 19 and 20 both show the same IP address. A buffer overflow exploit.22) 52.63.NET (152. Henry is executing commands or viewing data outside the intended target path B.com <http://www.855 ms 19 www.ATM6-0. A SQL injection exploit. On further research you come across a perl script that runs the following msadc functions: What kind of exploit is indicated by this script? A.customer.189) 51.935 ms 49. Henry is using a denial of service attack which is a valid threat used by an attacker C.XR1.NET (152.561 ms 54.73) 51.14) 51.ALTER.63. A chained exploit.TL1.921 ms 51. A buffer under run exploit.937 ms 49.244 ms 33. A stateful inspection firewall D.NET (152. C.22) 53.XL1.GW5. Henry is taking advantage of an incorrect configuration that leads to access with higher-than-expected privilege D.so-4-1-0.280 ms 53.MIA4.target. While it is effective. A Honeypot C.82. E.so-3-0-0. B.894 ms 33.195. A host based IDS B. so as to prevent legitimate users from gaining access.ATL5.target. This probably indicates what? A.target.pl attack script to execute arbitrary commands on an NT4 web server.net (65.005 ms 51.129) 37.so-7-0-0. Henry uses poorly designed input validation routines to create or alter commands to gain access to unintended data or execute commands 272 www wanderers or spiders are programs that traverse many pages in the world wide web by recursively retrieving linked pages.647 ms 18 target-gw1.ALTER. D.571 ms 56.195.14 0.055 ms 17 117.165 ms 49. you find it tedious to perform extended functions.41) 50.target.195.com/> (65.com <http://www.897 ms 50.63.239.ALTER.ALTER.txt file in the root of your website with listing of directories that you don’t want to be crawled. What type of attack is Henry using? A.MIA4.121 ms 58.86.63.239.571 ms 56. An application proxying firewall You have been using the msadc. 271 Henry is an attacker and wants to gain control of a system and use it to flood a target system with requests.855 ms 20 www.466 ms 16 0.MIA1.com/> (65.239.NET (152. B place authentication on root directories that will prevent crawling from these spiders C enable SSL on restricted directories which will block these spiders from crawling 16 . A SUID exploit.101.910 ms 15 0.

It is created by the server upon connection by the client C. The attack was social engineering and the firewall did not detect it C. If (I <= 200) then exit (1) D. He created a webpage to discuss the progress of the tests with employees who were interested in following the test. Dave successfully embeds a keylogger. The attack was deception and security was not directly compromised D. let's say that you've entered your credit card information into a form that uses the GET method. A. How was security compromised and how did the firewall respond? A. Factorization 17 . It is created by the client after verifying the server's identity 277 One of the most common and the best way of cracking RSA encryption is to being to derive the two prime numbers. Encrypt the data before you send using GET method 276 Which of the following best describes session key creation in SSL? A. The test was announced to the employees.com/creditcard. which are used in the RSA PKI mathematical process. This means that anyone with access to a server log will be able to obtain this information. The attack did not fall through as the firewall blocked the traffic B. Security was not compromised as the webpage was hosted internally 275 The GET method should never be used when sensitive data such as credit is being sent to a CGI program. The firewall protects the network well and allows strict Internet access. The URL may appear like this: https://www. He also added some statistics on the webpage. It is created by the server after verifying theuser's identity B. Use HTTOS SSLV3 to send the data instead of plain HTTPS D. If the two numbers p and q are discovered through a _________________ process. This is because any GET command will appear in the URL and will be logged by any servers. If (I >= 200) then exit (1) 274 Dave has been assigned to test the network security of Acme Corp.asp?cardnumber=454543433532234 The GET method appends the credit card number to the URL. How would you protect from this type of attack? A.xsecurity-bank. For example. Never include sensitive information in a script C. then the private key can be derived. It is created by the client from the server's public key D. Replace the GET with POST method when sending data B. the stack should stop because it cannot hold any more data. If (I > 200) then exit (1) B.D place “HTTP: NO CRAWL” on the html pages that you don’t want the crawlers to index 273 Choose one of the following pseudo codes to describe this statement: If we have written 200 characters to the buffer variable. A. If (I < 200) then exit (1) C. Visitors were allowed to click on a sand clock to mark the progress of the test.

Samuel notices a pop up at the bottom of his screen stating that his computer was now connected to a wireless network. Samuel just received a new laptop for his birthday and has been configuring it ever since. D. he was able to get online and surf the Internet. streadd() D. After benchmarsheets the network’s speed. a security analyst for XYZ associates. Why does this happen in the VPN over wireless implementation? A. which causes additional overhead. the attacker will attempt to increase his privileges by escalating the used account to one that has increased privileges. ARP Spoofing C. VPNs use larger packets then wireless networks normally do. B. Give users a strong policy document 282 Samuel is high school teenager who lives in Modesto California. strcat() C.B. Bob discovers that throughput has dropped by almost half even though the number of users has remained the same. strcpy() B. SYN Flood 281 Once an intruder has gained access to a remote system with a valid username and password. While tweaking the registry. strscock() 280 Steven. C. Smurf Attack B. Hashing D. The stronger encryption used by the VPN slows down the network. such as that of an administrator. Give users two passwords D. Brute-forcing 278 In an attempt to secure his wireless network. Give users tokens B. Using a VPN on wireless automatically enables WEP. 279 Which of the following built-in C/C++ functions you should avoid to prevent your program from buffer overflow attacks? A. Samuel is a straight 'A' student who really likes tinkering around with computers and other types of electronic devices. users begin complaining about how slow the wireless network is. Using a VPN with wireless doubles the overheard on an access point for all direct client to access point communications. Ping of Death D. is analyzing packets captured by Ethereal on a Linux Server inside his network when the server starts to slow down tremendously. Immediately after the implementation. What would be the best countermeasure to protect against escalation of priveges? A. Samuel did some quick research and was able to gain access to the wireless router 18 . Steven examines the following Ethereal captures: A. Bob implements a VPN to cover the wireless communications. Prime Detection C. Give user the least amount of privileges C. All of a sudden.

0xDDDDDDDDDDDD 284 How many bits encryption does SHA-1 use? A. 256 bits 285 Harold has just been hired on as the senior network administrator for the university of central Michigan. As an analyst what would you conclude about the attack? 19 . The next day Samuel's fried said that he could drive around all over town and pick up hundred of wireless networks. What has Samuel and his friend just performed? A. 0xAAAAAAAAAAAA C.000 client computers. A . which is the most common NOOP instruction for the Intel processor. Webdriving 283 John the hacker is sniffing the network to inject ARP packets. This really excited Samuel so they got into his friend's car and drove around the city seeing which networks they could connect to and which ones they could not. You are assigned the task of analyzing this entry. You figure that the attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack. Warchalking D. 0xBBBBBBBBBBBB D. 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF B. 64 bits B. He essentiablly is in charge of 200 servers and about 10. What is the destination MAC address of a broadcast frame? A. tripwire B nessus C saint D satan 286 You receive an e-email with the following text message A – virus hoax B spooky virus C stealth virus D polymorphic virus 287 The following is an entry captured by a network IDS. 160 bits D. Warwalking C. You also notice "/bin/sh" in the ASCII part of the output.he was connecting to and see al of its settings? Being able to hop onto someone else's wireless network so easily fascinated Samuel so he began doing more and more research on wireless technologies and how to exploit them. You notice the value 0x90. 128 bits C. Wardriving B. He injects broadcast frames onto the wire to conduct MiTM attack.

A. he quickly typed www. LOCAL_SYSTEM D. Routing table injection 289 What port number is used by LDAP protocol? A. To help make sense of this problem. 464 290 You have successfully run a buffer overflow attack against a default IIS installation running on a Windows 2000 Server. So. The attacker is creating a directory on the compromised machine C. Joseph called a friend of his at his home to help troubleshoot the problem.masonins. while Smith and his friend could see the defaced page. One night. and used Secure Shell (SSH) to log in directly to the Web server. The server allows you to spawn a shell. DNS poisoning D. reconnected to the internal network. Joseph surfed to the Web site using his laptop. Stealth keylogger C. and determined that every system file and all the Web content on the server were intact. which was directly connected to Mason Insurance's internal network. After his modem connected. The attacker is attempting an exploit that launches a command-line shell 288 Joseph was the Web site administrator for the Mason Insurance in New York. No changes were apparent. Joseph decided to access the Web site using his dial-up ISP.masonins. IUSR_COMPUTERNAME C. Covert keylogger B. How did the attacker accomplish this hack? A. 389 C. According to Smith. Administrator B. The attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack and has succeeded D. he disconnected his dial-up line. who's main Web site was located at www. you need elevated permission. Smith. Software keylogger D.com in his browser to reveal the following web page: H@cker Mess@ge: Y0u @re De@d! Fre@ks! After seeing the defaced Web site. the main Mason Insurance web site had been vandalized! All of its normal content was removed and replaced with an attacker's message ''Hacker Message: You are dead! Freaks!'' From his office. In order to perform the actions you intend to do. ARP spoofing B. Joseph saw the intact Mason Insurance web site.com. The Web site appeared defaced when his friend visited using his DSL connection. He disconnected his laptop from the corporate internal network and used his modem to dial up the same ISP used by Smith. The buffer overflow attack has been neutralized by the IDSS B. 110 B. Joseph received an urgent phone call from his friend. SQL injection C. Which of the following options would be your current privileges? A. 445 D. Whatever account IIS was installed with 291 Which of the following keyloggers cannot be detected by anti-virus or anti-spyware products? A. You need to know what your current privileges are within the shell. He ran Tripwire against the entire Web site. the Web site looked completely intact. Hardware keylogger 20 . In his browser. Joseph uses his laptop computer regularly to administer the Web site.

This is an example of what kind of attack? A. It used TCP as the underlying protocol.5 kernel. Reverse Engineering D.292 Jonathan being a keen administrator has followed all of the best practices he could find on securing his Windows Server. The law states: Section1 of the Act refers to unauthorized access to computer material. servers. The roll out expenses has posed constraints on purchasing other essential security equipment and software. Jack tells Jane that there has been a problem with some accounts and asks her to tell him her password 'just to double check our records'. It is used by all network devices on the market. and devices about performance or health status data. pretending to be an administrator from Brown Co. Reverse Psychology B. The attacker guessed the new name B. It is susceptible to sniffing. IP Chains C. This protocol has long been used by hackers to gather great amount of information about remote hosts. D. The attacker used to sid2user program D. Jane believes that Jack is really an administrator. The organization requires an option to control network traffic and also perform stateful inspection of traffic going into and out of the DMZ. Faking Identity 295 Jim's organization has just completed a major Linux roll out and now all of the organization's systems are running the Linux 2.'s computers and obtain their secret double fudge cookie recipe. Social Engineering C. The attacker used the user2sid program C. and can access Brown Co.. to find the cookie recipe. 294 Jack Hacker wants to break into Brown Co. Which of the following features makes this possible? (Choose two) A.'s computers. Jack now has a user name and password. IP ICMP 296 The United Kingdom (UK) he passed a law that makes hacking into an unauthorized network a felony. IP Sniffer D. and tells him her password. He renamed the Administrator account to a new name that can't be easily guessed but there remain people who attempt to compromise his newly renamed administrator account. Which built-in functionality of Linux can achieve this? A. an accountant at Brown Co. C. This states that a person commits an offence if he causes a computer to perform any function with intent to secure unauthorized access to any program or data held in any computer. B. The attacker used NMAP with the V option 293 SNMP is a protocol used to query hosts. Jack calls Jane. IP Tables B. It uses community string that is transmitted in clear text. Spoofing Identity E. How can a remote attacker decipher the name of the administrator account if it has been renamed? A. 21 .

the Section 1 offence is still committed. (http = "login. You want to sniff their email message traversing the unprotected WiFi network.passport. This section is designed to deal with common-or-graden hacking. Even if it is not possible to prove the intent to commit the further offence. Bob can explain that by using passwords to derive cryptographic keys it is a form of a programming error. Computer Misuse Act 1990 B. B. What is a good example of a programming error that Bob can use to illustrate to the management that encryption will not address all of their security concerns? A. 298 You are sniffing as unprotected WiFi network located in a JonDonalds Cybercafe with Ethereal to capture hotmail e-mail traffic. (http contains "e-mail" ) && (http contains "hotmail") C. Computer incident Act 2000 C. integrity and enable strong authentication but it cannot mitigate programming errors. C. Cyber Crime Law Act 2003 D.com" ) && (http contains "POP3") 299 22 . Bob can explain that a random generator can be used to derive cryptographic keys but it uses a weak seed value and it is a form of programming error. For conviction to succeed there must have been the intent to cause the modifications and knowledge that the modification had not been authorized What is the law called? A. It can provide data privacy. Section 2 of the deals with unauthorized access with intent to commit or facilitate the commission of further offences. You see lots of people using their laptops browsing the web while snipping brewed coffee from JonDonalds. Which of the following ethereal filters will you configure to display only the packets with the hotmail messages? A. but it does not secure the application from coding errors. Bob can explain that a buffer overflow is an example of programming error and it is a common mistake associated with poor programming technique. having worked with it for many years. D. not necessarily one covered but the Act). Section 3 Offences cover unauthorized modification of computer material.passport. Cryptography is used to secure data from specific threat. Bob can explain that by using a weak key management technique it is a form of programming error. An offence is committed under Section 2 if a Section 1 offence has been committed and there is the intention of committing or facilitating a further offense (any offence which attacks a custodial sentence of more than five years.For a successful conviction under this part of the Act. the prosecution must prove that the access secured is unauthorized and that the suspect knew that this was the case. (http contains "hotmail") && ( http contains "Reply-To") B. (http = "login. which generally means the creation and distribution of viruses. Cyber Space Crime Act 1995 297 Bob has a good understanding of cryptography.com" ) && (http contains "SMTP") D.

Per the Department of Defense. Deceptive Channel 302 What hacking attack is challenge/response authentication used to prevent? A. Bounce Channel D. 3 23 . Session hijacking attacks D. Joseph's supervisor has told him that they would like to use some type of hardware device in tandem with a security or identifying pin number. OTP D. 2 C. SYN Stealth Scan 301 How would you describe a simple yet very effective mechanism for sending and receiving unauthorized information or data between machines without alerting any firewalls and IDS's on a network? A. A. Crafted Channel C. Proximity cards 300 What type of port scan is shown below? A. all DoD users and the users of their contractors must use two-factor authentication to access their networks. Covert Channel B. Password cracking attacks 303 Data is sent over the network as clear text (unencrypted) when Basic Authentication is configured on Web Servers. What type of device should Joseph use for two-factor authentication? A. Security token B.Joseph has just been hired on to a contractor company of the Department of Defense as their senior Security Analyst. 1 B. Joseph's company has already researched using smart cards and all the resources needed to implement them. False 304 ARP poisoning is achieved in _____ steps A. Biometric device C. Replay attacks B. XMAS Scan D. but found the smart cards to not be cost effective. Scanning attacks C. Joseph has been delegated the task of researching and implementing the best two-factor authentication method for his company. Joseph has been instructed on the Company's strict security policies that have been implemented and the policies that have yet to be put in place. True B. Idle Scan B. Windows Scan C.

This flag releases the connection resources. 4 305 What port number is used by LDAP protocol? A. He wonders if his firewall has been breached. Eric network has been penetrated by a firewall breach B. However.txt file in the root of your website with listing of directories that you don’t want to be crawled. host A can continue to receive data as long as the SYN sequence number of transmitted packets from host B are lower than the packet segment containing the set FIN flag. 445 D. False 307 Eric notices repeated probes to port 1080. Eric has a Wingate package providing FTP redirection on his network D. Somebody is using SOCKS on the network to communicate through the firewall 308 Eric notices repeated probes to port 1080. A place robots. B place authentication on root directories that will prevent crawling from these spiders C enable SSL on restricted directories which will block these spiders from crawling D place “HTTP: NO CRAWL” on the html pages that you don’t want the crawlers to index 273 311 Johnny is a member of the hacking group orpheus1. 389 C. He learns that the protocol being used is designed to allow a host outside of a firewall to connect transparently and securely through the firewall. What would be your inference? A.D. Somebody is using SOCKS on the network to communicate through the firewall 309 www wanderers or spiders are programs that traverse many pages in the world wide web by recursively retrieving linked pages. The attacker is using the ICMP protocol to have a covert channel C. What would be your inference? A. True B. 110 B. A. He learns that the protocol being used is designed to allow a host outside of a firewall to connect transparently and securely through the firewall. The attacker is using the ICMP protocol to have a covert channel C. He is currently working on 24 . Eric network has been penetrated by a firewall breach B. Eric has a Wingate package providing FTP redirection on his network D. He wonders if his firewall has been breached. 464 306 The FIN flag is set and sent from host A to host B when host A has no more data to transmit (Closing a TCP connection).

Hashes are sent in clear text over the network. SmurfCrack D. C. by using an unused service account that had a very weak password that he was able to guess. A security breach has occurred as a direct result of this activity. C. A – DNS reflector and amplification attack B DNS cache poisoning attacks C dns reverse connection attacks 25 . Reconfigure the firewall B. SMBCrack C. B. Johnny wants to crack the administrator password. You write security policies and conduct assesments to protect the company's network. Conduct a needs analysis C. It is the first resource record type in the SOA. what is denoted by a 'zone'? A. He has used this modem to dial in to his workstation. What tool would be best used to accomplish this? A. located in a DMZ. Converts passwords to uppercase.breaking into the Department of Defense's front end exchange server. but does not have a lot of time to crack it. Install a network-based IDS D. B. D.xsecurity. He wants to use a tool that already has the LM hashes computed for all possible permutations of the administrator password. The employee explains that he used the modem because he had to download software for a department project. He was able to get into the server. Enforce the corporate security policy 316 a hacker would typically use a botnet to send a large number of queries to open DNS servers.com domain using google search engine. thereby bypassing your firewall. Which of the following are known weaknesses of LM? (Choose three) A. During one of your periodic checks to see how well policy is being observed by the employees. Inc.xsecurity.com 314 Windows LAN Manager (LM) hashes are known to be weak. It is a collection of domains.com B – search?|:www. A – link:www.xsecurity. It is a collection of resource records. D. you discover an employee has attached a modem to his telephone line and workstation. Makes use of only 32 bit encryption. It is the first domain that belongs to a company. 315 You are the Security Administrator of Xtrinity. How would you resolve this situation? A. 313 You are footprinting the www. RainbowCrack B. PSCrack 312 When referring to the Domain Name Service. Effective length is 7 characters.

He is confident that this rule will secure his network hackers on the Internet. He enables blocking the intruder's IP address for a period of 24 hours time after more than three unsuccessful attempts. His agency is currently undergoing a mandated security audit by an outside consulting firm. Samuel wants to completely block hackers brute force attempts on his network. But he still receives hundreds of thousands brute-force attempts generated from various IP addresses around the world. you discover that the organization is using one domain for web publishing and another domain for administrator and business operations. Later he adds another rule to his firewall and enables small sleep on the password attempt so that if the password is incorrect. When you stop your scan. he also throttles the number of connections that will be prepared to accept from a particular IP address. Enable the IDS to monitor the intrusion attempts and alert you by e-mail about the IP address of the intruder so that you can block them at the firewall manually C. 318 Samuel is the network administrator of DataX communications Inc. it would take 45 seconds to return to the user to begin another attempt.D dns forward lookup attacks 317 While performing ping scans into a target network you get a frantic call from the organization's security team. After some investigation he realizes that the intruders are using a proxy somewhere else on the Internet which has been scripted to enable the random usage of various proxies on each request so as not to get caught by the firewall use. Oklahoma. A –active attack B – port scanning C vulnerability mapping D passive information gathering 320 Steven is a senior security analyst for a state agency in Tulsa. B. the smurf attack event stops showing up on the organization's IDS monitor. Scan more slowly. The consulting firm is halfway through the audit and is preparing to perform the actual penetration testing against the agency's network. The firm first sets up a sniffer on the agency's wired network to capture a reasonable amount of traffic to 26 . What are the alternatives to defending against possible brute-force password attacks on his site? A. Do not scan the broadcast IP. Since an intruder may use multiple machines to brute force the password. Enforce a password policy and use account lockouts after three wrong logon attempts even through this might lock out legit users B. How can you modify your scan to prevent triggering this event in the IDS? A. Spoof the source IP address. They report that they are under a denial of service attack. Only scan the Windows systems. This action will slow the intruder's attempts. D. You can't completely block the intruders attempt if they constantly switch proxies 319 While doing a penetration test. C. He is trying to configure his firewall to block password brute force attempts on his network. Enforce complex password policy on your network so that passwords are more difficult to brute force D.

323-2. abcd326 What is the advantage in encrypting the communication between the agent and the monitor in an Intrusion Detection System? A. This capture only takes about 30 minutes to get 10 GB of data. Because wireless access points act like hubs on a network B. Steganography B.412-2. GoogleTalk 324 Buffer overflows are one of the top flaws for exploitation on the internet today. Alerts are sent to the monitor when a potential intrusion is detected D.462 Ghz D 900MHz-2.15-5. Merge Streams C. MSN Messenger C. or display to traditional file browsing utilities like dir or Windows Explorer A.462 GHz 323 Hackers usually control Bots through: A. even when encrypted C. NetBIOS vulnerability D. IRC Channel B. Alternate Data Streams 322 You come across a wifi network in your neighborhood.462 GHz C 2. Because wireless traffic uses only UDP which is easier to sniff D.analyze later. Yahoo Chat E. Trojan Client Software D. The monitor will know if counterfeit messages are being generated because they will not be encrypted C. Encryption of agent communications will conceal the presence of the agents B. This takes approximately 2 hours to obtain 10 GB of data. A 5. Why did capturing of traffic take much less time on the wireless network? A. An intruder could intercept and delete data or alerts and the intrusion can go Stack based buffer overflow Active buffer overflow Dynamic buffer overflow Heap based buffer overflow 27 .825 GHZ B 2. The consulting firm then sets up a sniffer on the agency's wireless network to capture the same amount of traffic. Because wireless networks can't enable encryption 321 _____ is found in all versions of NTFS and is described as the ability to fork file data into existing files without affecting their functionality. size. Because all traffic is clear text.

B. Use a ping flood against the IP of the sniffing NIC and look for latency in the responses. C. The contract was for vulnerability assessment tools and network based IDS systems. Which of the following type of scans would be the most accurate and reliable? A. VPNs use larger packets then wireless networks normally do. What do you thin is the main reason behind the significant increase in hacking attempts over the past 28 . Bob discovers that throughput has dropped by almost half even though the number of users has remained the same. D. The stronger encryption used by the VPN slows down the network. Using a VPN with wireless doubles the overheard on an access point for all direct client to access point communications. While researching on that particular brand of IDS you notice that its default installation allows it to perform sniffing and attack analysis on one NIC and caters to its management and reporting on another NIC.Undetected 327 In an attempt to secure his wireless network. users begin complaining about how slow the wireless network is. She is not concerned about being stealth at this point. The sniffing interface cannot be detected. A Half Scan C. Bob implements a VPN to cover the wireless communications. B. C. Using a VPN on wireless automatically enables WEP.c A 0x90 B 0x80 C 0x70 D 0x60 329 Nathalie would like to perform a reliable scan against a remote target. D. The sniffing interface is completely unbound from the TCP/IP stack by default. After benchmarsheets the network’s speed. The TCP Connect Scan 330 During the intelligence gathering phase of a penetration test. 331 Statistics from cert. Set your IP to that of the IDS and look for it as it attempts to knock your computer off the network. Assuming the defaults were used. you come across a press release by a security products vendor stating that they have signed a multi-million dollar agreement with the company you are targeting. Why does this happen in the VPN over wireless implementation? A. which causes additional overhead. how can you detect these sniffing interfaces? A. Send your attack traffic and look for it to be dropped by the IDS. 328 You are programming a buffer overflow exploit and want to create a NOP sled of 200 bytes in the program exploit.org and other leading security organizations has clearly showed a steady rise in the number of hacking incidents perpetrated against companies. A FIN Scan B. A UDP Scan D. Immediately after the implementation.

the Blue Screen was there. Lori should not scan TCP ports. Paula also noticed that the hard drive activity light was flashing meaning that the computer was processing some thing. Paula's Netwrok was scanned using Dumpsec C. Unauthorized access D. She checks the network IDS live log entries and notices numerous nmap scan alerts. The user said he stepped away from his computer for only 15 minutes and when he got back. so she is unsure of some of the settings available in the software she downloaded.years? A. She has been instructed to perform a very thorough test of the network to ensure that there are no security holes on any of the machines. The user's computer is running Windows XP. The ease with which hacker tools are available on the Internet. 332 Lori has just been tasked by her supervisor conduct vulnerability scan on the corporate network. One of the option is to choose which ports that can be scanned. D. Paula's Network was scanned using FloppyScan B. how many ports should she select in the software? A. C. If Lori is supposed to scan all known TCP ports. Lori wants to do exactly what her boos has told her. What is Paula seeing happen on this computer? A. Paula knew this should not be the case since the computer should be completely frozen during a Blue screen. There was IRQ conflict in Paula's PC D. 1024 C. Web server attack B. Denial of service attack 335 Which of the following activities would not be considered passive footprinting? A. New TCP/IP stack features are constantly being added. Tool like Nessus will cause BSOD 334 Which type of attack is port scanning? A. B. Paula walks over to the user's computer and sees the Blue Screen of Death screen. Paula has just received a call from a user reporting that his computer just displayed a Blue Screen of Death screen and he ca no longer work. Perform multiple queries through a search engine 29 . Lori's company does not own any commercial scanning products. It is getting more challenging and harder to hack for non technical people. Information gathering C. but the Blue screen looks like a familiar one that Paula had seen a Windows 2000 Computers periodically. so she decides to download a free one off the Internet. There is a phenomenal increase in processing power. 1025 D. only UDP ports 333 Paula works as the primary help desk contact for her company. Search on financial site such as Yahoo Financial B. but she does not know ports should be scanned. Lori has never done a vulnerability scan before. 65536 B.

they invite the world to send HTTP requests. He also notices that almost all the traffic is originating from a specific address. No SSL configured. You want to connect Ethernet wire to your cable modem and start using the computer immediately. Bill asks the help desk manager if he has received any calls about slowness from the end users. Attacks buried in these requests sail past firewalls. He has also read that when an organization deploys a web application. cross-side scripting and buffer overflows are just a few common vulnerabilities B. A. The Geotrace utility runs a traceroute and finds that IP is coming from Panama. Bill knows that none of his customers are in Panama so he immediately thinks that his 30 . no firewall filters set and no SSL configured are just a few common vulnerabilities D. Visible clear text passwords. broken access control. SSL. but the help desk manager says that he has not. Windows is dangerously insecure when unpacked from the box. no firewall filters set and an inattentive system administrator are just a few common vulnerabilities 337 You just purchased the latest DELL computer. filters. What are some common vulnerabilities in web applications that he should be concerned about? A. missing latest security patch. Bill logs on to a couple of this routers and notices that the logs shows network traffic is at all time high. and there are a few things that you must do before you use it. anonymous user account set as default. Non-validated parameters. Configure "Windows Update" to automatic F. No IDS configured. Bret is determined to weed out any vulnerabilities. and IDS without notice because they are inside legal HTTP requests. anonymous user account set as default. Install the latest signatures for Antivirus software E. broken account and session management. Bill receives a number of calls from customers that can't access the company website and can't purchase anything online. missing latest security patch. Bill decides to use Geotrace to find out where the suspect IP is originates from. Enable "guest" account C. New Installation of Windows Should be patched by installation the latest service packs and hotfixes B. anonymous user account set as default. which comes pre-installed with Windows XP. no firewall filters set and visible clear text passwords are just a few common vulnerabilities C. Go through the rubbish to find out any information that might have been discarded 336 Bret is a web application administrator and has just read that there are a number of surprisingly common web application vulnerabilities that can be exploited by unsophisticated attackers with easily available tools on the Internet. Scan the range of IP address found in their DNS databas D.C. McAfee antivirus software and a host of other applications. missing latest security patch. Create a non-admin user with a complex password and login to this account 339 Bill has started to notice some slowness on his network when trying to update his company's website while trying to access the website from the Internet. platform hardening. Install a personal firewall and lock down unused ports from connecting to your computer D.

536 bytes. D. Smurf Attack B. Perform a SYN scan on port 21 to identify any additional systems that might be up. 341 You are conducting a port scan on a subnet that has ICMP blocked. From the information given. Rescan every computer to verify the results. D. Making use of a protocol in a way it is not intended to be used. the hacker has successfully compromised the Linux System of Agent Telecommunications. He is deleting log files to remove his trace C. He is infecting the hard disk with random virus strings 343 Bryce the bad boy is purposely sending fragmented ICMP packets to a remote target. He is wiping the contents of the hard disk with zeros D. Now Bill needs to find out more about the originating IP Address. What Internet registry should Bill look in to find the IP Address? A. Steven examines the following Ethereal captures: A. It is one of the weak channels used by WEP which makes it insecure. Connect to open ports to discover applications. A server program using a port that is not well known. C. B. what type of attack is Bryce attempting to perform? A. Upon performing various tasks. APNIC 340 Which definition among those given below best describes a covert channel? A. ARIN C. Beetlesman finally runs the following command on the Linux box before disconnecting. The tool size of this ICMP packet once reconstructed is over 65. You have discovered 23 live systems and after scanning each of them you notice that they all show port 21 in closed state.do ?dd if=/dev/random of=/dev/hda && dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/hda done What exactly is John trying to do? A. B.i<1. a security analyst for XYZ associates. SYN Flood D. for((i=0. is analyzing packets captured by Ethereal on a Linux Server inside his network when the server starts to slow down tremendously.company is under a Denial of Service attack. Smurf B. Fraggle C.i++)). He is making a bit stream copy of the entire hard disk for later download B. C.He has downloaded sensitive documents and database files off the machine. 342 John Beetlesman. Perform a ping sweep to identify any additional systems that might be up. Ping of Death 344 Steven. LACNIC B. RIPELACNIC D. It is the multiplexing taking place on a communication link. Inc's WebServer running Apache. What should be the next logical step that should be performed? A. ARP Spoofing 31 .

The packet TTL value is too low and can't reach the target 347 What is Cygwin? A. Train more National Guard and reservist in the art of computer security to help out in times of emergency or crises. D. In this context. Gif-It-Up C. Educate everyone with books. Cygwin is a free C++ compiler that runs on Windows B. touch -acmr /etc /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. Cygwin is a free Unix subsystem that runs on top of Windows C.etc 2. UDP is filtered by a gateway C. Jack has been sweeping the network but has not been able to get any responses from the remote target. The destination network might be down F. Snow B. The host might be down B. passwd dns -d 32 . Hire more computer security monitoring personnel to monitor computer systems and networks. Image Hide 349 After studying the following log entries. SYN Flood 345 Bob is acknowledged as a hacker of repute and is popular among visitors of "underground" sites. this knowledge has a risk associated with it. However. passwd nobody -d 6. 346 Jack is conducting a port scan of a target network. as it can be used for malevolent attacks as well. ICMP is filtered by a gateway D. /usr/sbin/adduser dns -d/bin -u 0 -g 0 -s/bin/bash 7. articles and training on risk analysis. Bob is willing to share his knowledge with those who are willing to learn. Check all of the following that could be a likely cause of the lack of response? A. mkdir -p /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. Cygwin is a free Windows subsystem that runs on top of Linux D. mkdir -p /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. touch -acmr /etc/passwd /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. how many user IDs can you identify that the attacker has tampered with? 1. and many have expressed their interest in learning from him. Cygwin is a X Windows GUI subsytem that runs on top of Linux GNOME environment 348 Which of the following steganography utilities exploits the nature of white space and allows the user to conceal information in these white spaces? A. The TCP window Size does not match E. B.C. Ping of Death D.etc 5.etcpasswd 3. NiceText D. He knows that his target network has a web server and that a mail server is up and running. what would be the most affective method to bridge the knowledge gap between the "black" hats or crackers and the "white" hats or computer security professionals? (Choose the test answer) A. vulnerabilities and safeguards. Make obtaining either a computer security certification or accreditation easier to achieve so more individuals feel that they are a part of something larger than life.etcpasswd 4. C.

8. touch -acmr /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/.etcpasswd /etc/passwd 9. touch -acmr /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/.etc /etc A. IUSR_ B. acmr, dns C. nobody, dns D. nobody, IUSR_ 350 What attack is being depicted here? A. Cookie Stealing B. Session Hijacking C. Cross Site scripting D. Parameter Manipulation 351 On a backdoored Linux box there is a possibility that legitimate programs are modified or trojaned. How is it possible to list processes and uids associated with them in a more reliable manner? A. Use "Is" B. Use "lsof" C. Use "echo" D. Use "netstat" 353 Two months later, a group of hackers called “hackjihad” found a way to access the one-time password list issued to customers of jaco banking systems. A – implement biometrics based password authentication system B configure your firewall to block attempts of more than three wrong tries C implement rsa secureid based authentication system 354 A simple compiler technique used by programmers is to add a terminator 'canary word' containing four letters NULL (0x00), CR (0x0d), LF (0x0a) and EOF (0xff) so that most string operations are terminated. If the canary word has been altered when the function returns, and the program responds by emitting an intruder alert into syslog, and then halts what does it indicate? A. The system has crashed B. A buffer overflow attack has been attempted C. A buffer overflow attack has already occurred D. A firewall has been breached and this is logged E. An intrusion detection system has been triggered 355 While testing web applications, you attempt to insert the following test script into the search area on the company's web site: <script>alert('Testing Testing Testing')</script> Afterwards, when you press the search button, a pop up box appears on your screen with the text "Testing Testing Testing". What vulnerability is detected in the web application here?

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A. A hybrid attack B. A buffer overflow C. Password attacks D. Cross Site Scripting 356 Ethernet switches can be adversely affected by rapidly bombarding them with spoofed ARP responses. He port to MAC Address table (CAM Table) overflows on the switch and rather than failing completely, moves into broadcast mode, then the hacker can sniff all of the packets on the network. Which of the following tool achieves this? A. ./macof B. ./sniffof C. ./dnsiff D. ./switchsnarf 357 Spears Technology, Inc is a software development company located in Los Angeles, California. They reported a breach in security, stating that its "security defenses has been breached and exploited for 2 weeks by hackers. "The hackers had accessed and downloaded 90,000 address containing customer credit cards and password. Spears Technology found this attack to be so to law enforcement officials to protect their intellectual property. How did this attack occur? The intruder entered through an employees home machine, which was connected to Spears Technology, Inc's corporate VPN network. The application called BEAST Trojan was used in the attack to open a "Back Door" allowing the hackers undetected access. The security breach was discovered when customers complained about the usage of their credit cards without their knowledge. The hackers were traced back to Beijing China through e-mail address evidence. The credit card information was sent to that same e-mail address. The passwords allowed the hackers to access Spears Technology's network from a remote location, posing as employees. The intent of the attacker was to steal the source code for their VOIP system and "hold it hostage" from Spears Technology, Inc exchange for ransom. The hackers had intended on selling the stolen VOIP software source code to competitors. How would you prevent such attacks from occurring in the future at Spears Technology? A. Disable VPN access to all your employees from home machines B. Allow VPN access but replace the standard authentication with biometric authentication C. Replace the VPN access with dial-up modem access to the company's network D. Enable 25 character complex password policy for employees to access the VPN network. 358 Liza has forgotten her password to an online bookstore. The web application asks her to key in her email so that they can send her the password. Liza enters her email liza@yahoo.com'. The application displays server error. What is wrong with the web application? A. The email is not valid B. User input is not sanitized C. The web server may be down D. The ISP connection is not reliable 359

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Jake works as a system administrator at Acme Corp. Jason, an accountant of the firm befriends him at the canteen and tags along with him on the pretext of appraising him about potential tax benefits. Jason waits for Jake to swipe his access card and follows him through the open door into the secure systems area. How would you describe Jason's behavior within a security context? A. Trailing B. Tailgating C. Swipe Gating D. Smooth Talking 360 Dan is conducting a penetration testing and has found a vulnerability in a Web Application which gave him the sessionID token via a cross site scripting vulnerability. Dan wants to replay this token. However, the session ID manager (on the server) checks the originating IP address as well. Dan decides to spoof his IP address in order to replay the sessionID. Why do you think Dan might not be able to get an interactive session? A. Dan cannot spoof his IP address over TCP network B. The server will send replies back to the spoofed IP address C. Dan can establish an interactive session only if he uses a NAT D. The scenario is incorrect as Dan can spoof his IP and get responses 361 Basically, there are two approaches to network intrusion detection: signature detection, and anomaly detection. The signature detection approach utilizes well-known signatures for network traffic to identify potentially malicious traffic. The anomaly detection approach utilizes a previous history of network traffic to search for patterns that are abnormal, which would indicate an intrusion. How can an attacker disguise his buffer overflow attack signature such that there is a greater probability of his attack going undetected by the IDS? A. He can use a shellcode that will perform a reverse telnet back to his machine B. He can use a dynamic return address to overwrite the correct value in the target machine computer memory C. He can chain NOOP instructions into a NOOP "sled" that advances the processor's instruction pointer to a random place of choice D. He can use polymorphic shell code-with a tool such as ADMmutate - to change the signature of his exploit as seen by a network IDS 362 You are performing a port scan with nmap. You are in hurry and conducting the scans at the fastest possible speed. However, you don't want to sacrifice reliability for speed. If stealth is not an issue, what type of scan should you run to get very reliable results? A. XMAS scan B. Stealth scan C. Connect scan D. Fragmented packet scan 363 Certkiller .com is legally liable for the content of email that is sent from its systems, regardless of whether the message was sent for private or business-related purpose. This could lead to prosecution for the sender and for the company's directors if, for example, outgoing email was found to contain material that was pornographic, racist or likely to incite someone to commit an act of terrorism.

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True B. then no damage is done because the password will no be accepted a second time. Each time the customer needs to log into the e-banking system website. in charge of all aspects of the DoD’s internal network security. If something must be kept open. Stack based buffer overflow B. B.ejacobank. truying to find an entry into the network. A. the customer enters the next password on the list. As one would expect. Instead of issuing banking customer with a single password. The two popular types of buffer overflows prevalent today are: A. False Question 72: Shauna is the Senior Security Analyst for the Department of Defense. Firewalking Question 99: You are the security administrator of Jaco Banking System located in Boston. you give them a printed list of 100 unique passwords.com) authentication system. … What effective security solution will you recommend in this case? A. Implement Blometrics based password authentication system. Obfuscantion C. the DoD is constantly probed and scanned by outsite IP addresses. If someone sees them type the password using shoulder surfing. What technique is Shauna using here? A. Shauna leads a large team of junior security analysts that make sure all entry points are closed off. Honeypot B. Tunneling D. Question 101: Buffer overflows are one of the top flaws for exploitation on the Internet today. You are setting up ebanking website (http://www. MiTM or keyloggers. Implement RSA SecureID based authentication system D. unless that entry point must be kept open for business purposes. Once the list of 100 passwords is almost finished. Active buffer overflow 36 . Abuffer overflow occurs when a particular operation/function writes more data into a variable then the variable was designed to hold. Enable a complex password policy of 20 characters and ask the user to change….You can always defend yourself by "ignorance of the law" clause. Configure your firewall to block logon attempts of more than three wrong tries C. Shauna and her employees’ duty is to make sure that hole is not exploited by outside attackers. the system automaticlly sends out a new password list by encrypted e-mail to the customer. Record the customer face image to the authentication database. ….

How was Bill able to get Internet access without using an agency laptop? A. Heap based buffer overflow Question 103: You are having trouble obtaining accurate results while conducting a port scan against a target network…. Which one of the following statements is most porbably true? A. The systems have all ports open C. The first new systems scanned shows all ports open. B. His primary responsibility is to ensure that all physical and logical aspects of the city’s computer network are secure from all angles. Toshiba and Dell laptops share the same hardware address D.C. Question 113: More sophisticated IDSs look for common shelicode signatures… 37 . you decide to perform a NULL scan with NMAP. Search engines like Google… How will you stop web spiders from crawling certain directories on your website? A. The systems are Web Servers B. The systems are running a host based IDS Question 104: Hampton is the senior security analyst for the city of Columbus in Ohio. Bill is an IT technician that works with Hampton in the same IT department…. Place “HTTP:NO CRAWL” on the html pages that you don’t want the crawlers to index. Dynamic buffer overflow D. The system are running Windows D. Bill spooted the MAC address of Dell laptop C. Bill connected to a Rogue access point B. When both steath an connect scans do not work. Place robots. Bill brute forced the Mac address ACLs Question 107: WWW wanderers or spiders are programs that traverse many pages in the World Wide Web by recursively retrieving linked pages.txt file in the root of your website with listing of drectories that you don’t want to be crawled. Enable SSL on the restricted directories which will block these spiders from crawling D. Place authenticateion on root directories that will prevent crawling from thers spiders C.

They reverse the working instructions into opposite ordder by masking the IDS signatures D. Untrained staff or Ignorant computer users who inadvertently become the weakest link in your security chain Question 133: Mason is the network administrator of ata Machine Systems. uncompress…. you discover that the organization is using one domain for web publishing…. Which of the following command Mason should run in Knoppix to permanently erase the data? 38 . You pull up your hardware WiFi sniffer from your car and tune into 802. Presence of “weakest link” in the security chain What is Peter Smith talking about? A. They compress shellcode into normal instructions. Passive Information Gathering Question 131: You come across a WiFi network in your neighborhood.How does a polymorphic shelicode work? A.. using loader. What frequency will you tune the Wireless hardware device to? A. only a randon number and an encrypted randon number are sent A. He has been pushed aside in promotions due to office politics…. They encrypt the shellcode by XORing values over the shellcode. C. Question 123: This is an authentication method in which is used to prove that a party knows a password without transmitting the password in any recoverable form over a network. During what phase of the penetration test would you normally discover this? A. This authentication is secure because the password is never transmitted over the network. even in hashed form. antivius software. Challenge/Response Authentication Question 129: While doing a penetration test. and then executing the derypted shellcode B. such as expensive firewalls.11a network to sniff the Wireless traffic for sensitive data. Inc. using loader code to decrypt the shellcode. 5. They convert the shellcode into Unicode. antispam systems and intrusion detection/preventiion tools in your company’s network….15-5.825 GHz Question 132: You went to great lengths to install all the necessary technologies to prevent hacking attacks.

Scan the network using Nmap for the services used by these reflectors Question 142: Larry is a criminal hacker with over 20 years of experience in breaking into system. a contractor for the Department of Defense…. KFSensor tunneling server D.1. Birthday attack C. Honeyd evasion server C. $ wipe-fik/dev/hda1 Question 188: You are trying to hijack to telnet session from a victim merchine with IP address 10.5 to Cisco router at 10. she went to a mandatory secuity awareness class (Security5) put on by her company’s IT… 39 . Sequence nubmer 82980070 Acknowledgement number 17768885 Question 137: Frederickson Seurity Consultants is currently conduction a security audit on the networks of Hawthorn Eterprises. What are the next sequence and acknowledgement numbers that the router will send to the victim machine? A. What tool could Larry use to help evade traps like honeypots? A. Send-Safe proxy server B. Dictionary attack D. Larry’s main objective used to entail defacing government and big corporation websites.0. Brute force attack B.0..0. On Monday. You sniff the traffic and attempt to predict the sequence and acknowledgement numbers to successfully hijack the telnet session. SPECTER relay server Question 145: Stephanie works as a records clerk in a large office building in downtown Chicago. Brute service attack Question 138: Reflective DdoS attacks do not send traffic directly at the targeted host… How would you detect these reflectors on your network? B.0. What method of attack is best suited to crack these password in the shortes amount of time? A.A.

Netcraft B. What type of Denial of Service attack is represented here? A. What does this most likely indicate? A. A Honeypot B. $ sudo chrootkit Question 173: Attacker forges a TCP/IP packet. which causes the victim to try opening a connection with itself…. SYN Flood attacks D. SMURF Attacks Question 181: You have been charged with performing a number of security test against… What would be considered passive scanning? A.What should Stephanie use so that she does not get in trouble for surfing the internet? A. Whois C. A statefull inspection firewall D. LAND attacks B. A host based IDs C. Stealth IE C. Targa attacks C. Stealth Anonymizer B. Unpatched Windwos XP and Windows Server 2003 machines are vulnerable to these attackes. Cookie Disabler Question 147: You perform the following traceroute and notice that hops 19 and 20 both show the same IP address. An application proxying firewall Question 168: Which of the following commands will you run in Linux to check for the presence of rootkits? A. Firewalking 40 . Stealth Firefox D.

ptes. Never use a password that can be found in a dictionary C. Friendly Pinger Question 186: Harold works for Jacobson Unlimited in the IT department as the security manager…. LanManger hashes are broken up into two 7 character fields. Steganography 41 . He needs to turn offf statefull inspection on his firewalls D. Never use a password related to the hostname. Putty cannot make SSH connections Question 379: Michael is a junior security analyst working for the National Security Agency… What technique has Michael used to distuise this keylogging software? A.D. He needs to open port 24 on his firewalls C. B. Harold should use LC4 instead of John the Ripper Question 187: Finding tools to run dictionary and brute forcing attackes against FTP and Web servers is an easy task for hackers.… E. Use a word that has more than 21 characters from… Question 190: John is the network adminstrator for Frederickson Machinery in Tampa. … PuTTY Fatal Error: Network error: Connction reset by peer Why was John not able to connect? A. domainname… D. Harold should have used Dmpsec instead of Pwdump6 C. … What defensive measures will you take to protect your network from these attacks? A. Harold’s dictionary file was not large enough D. He needs to open port 22 on his firewalls B. Why did the 14 chareacter passwords not take much longer to crack than the 8 character passwords? A. Never leave a default password B. Never use a password related to your hobbies.

Answer: C Explanation: The ethical hacker uses the same techniques and skills as a cracker and the motive is to find the security breaches before a cracker does. C. Answer: C Explanation: Ethical hacking is only about defending your self or your employer against malicious persons by using the same techniques and skills. B. B. A person whohacksfor an ethical cause C. D. D. a ethical hacker has the owners authorization and will get paid even if he does not succeed to penetrate the target.B. … This process involves human interaction to fix it. The ethical hacker is just a cracker who is getting paid. DOS attacks which involves flooding anetwork or system D. The ethical hacker does it strictly for financial motives unlike a cracker. QUESTION 2: What does the term "Ethical Hacking" mean? A.. The ethical hacker does not use the same techniques or skills as a cracker. A person whohacksfor defensive purposes D. ADS D. Someone who is hacking for ethical reasons. The ethical hacker has authorization from the owner of the target. QUESTION 4: What is "Hacktivism"? 42 . What kind of Denial of Service attack was best illustrated in the scenario above? A. QUESTION 3: Who is an Ethical Hacker? A. Brownies Inc. Wrapping C. C. Someone who is using his/her skills for ethical reasons. Someone who is using his/her skills for offensive purposes. Simple DDOS attack B. Someone who is using his/her skills for defensive purposes. A person whohacksfor ethical reasons B. DOS attacks which is done accidentally or deliberately C. There is nothing that says that a cracker does not get paid for the work he does. A person whohacksfor offensive purposes Answer: C Explanation: The Ethical hacker is a security professional who applies his hacking skills for defensive purposes. DOS attacks which involves crashing a netword or system QUESTION 1: What is the essential difference between an 'Ethical Hacker' and a 'Cracker'? A. Hidden channels Question 374: Bob was frustrated with his competitor.

B. To gather information about procedures that are in place to deal with such messages. D. Answer: C QUESTION 33: What type of port scan is shown below? A. QUESTION 5: Where should a security tester be looking for information that could be used by an attacker against an organization? (Select all that apply) A. To create a denial of service attack. Organization's own web site Answer: A. It uses a TCP Timestamp packet that will elicit a time exceed in transit message. SYN Stealth Scan QUESTION 35: An attacker is attempting to telnet into a corporation's system in the DMZ. Acts of hacktivism are carried out in the belief that proper use of code will have leveraged effects similar to regular activism or civil disobedience.A. To gather information about internal hosts used in email treatment. The 43 . Answer: C QUESTION 30: Which of the following would be the best reason for sending a single SMTP message to an address that does not exist within the target company? A. It manipulated flags within packets to force gateways into generating error messages. To verify information about the mail administrator and his address. E. B. Web sites E. None of the above Answer: A Explanation: The term was coined by author/critic Jason Logan Bill Sack in an article about media artist Shu Lea Cheang. F QUESTION 14: How does Traceroute map the route that a packet travels from point A to point B? A. Hacking for a cause B. D. XMAS Scan D. News groups D. It manipulates the value of time to live (TTL) parameter packet to elicit a time exceeded in transit message. CHAT rooms B. Windows Scan C. C. C. Search engines F. B. C. Hacking ruthlessly C. WHOIS database C. It uses a protocol that will be rejected at the gateways on its way to its destination. An association which groups activists D. D. Idle Scan B.

He is still unable to connect to the target system. you receive the following results from an nmap scan: Starting nmap V. QUESTION 78: Neil notices that a single address is generating traffic from its port 500 to port 500 of several other machines on the network.483 seconds What should be your next step to identify the OS? A.121. The attacker is trying to determine the type of VPN implementation and checking for 44 . Fragmented packet scan Answer: C Explanation: A TCP Connect scan. He needs to use an automated tool to telnet in. If a port is open the operating system completes the TCP three-way handshake. B. This scan is eating up most of the network bandwidth and Neil is concerned.attacker doesn't want to get caught and is spoofing his IP address.org/nmap/ <http://www. It is a network fault and the originating machine is in a network loop B.222: (The 1592 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: filtered) Port State Service 21/tcp open ftp 25/tcp open smtp 53/tcp closed domain 80/tcp open http 443/tcp open https Remote operating system guess: Too many signatures match to reliably guess the OS. C. what type of scan should you run to get very reliable results? A. XMAS scan B. D. He is attacking an operating system that does not reply to telnet even when open. what would you infer from this scan? A. As a security professional. Connect scan D. Perform a firewalk with that system as the target IP B. If stealth is not an issue. It is a worm that is malfunctioning or hardcoded to scan on port 500 C.1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 277. The firewall is blocking port 23 to that system.insecure. After numerous tries he remains unsuccessful in connecting to the system.10ALPHA9 ( www. you don't want to sacrifice reliability for speed.12. Connect to the active services and review the banner information Answer: D QUESTION 77: You are performing a port scan with nmap. You are in hurry and conducting the scans at the fastest possible speed. Stealth scan C. Nmap run completed -. and the port scanner immediately closes the connection. The attacker is trying to detect machines on the network which have SSL enabled D. What is the most probable reason? A.insecure. Perform a tcp traceroute to the system using port 53 C. Run an nmap scan with the -v-v option to give a better output D.org/nmap/> ) Interesting ports on 172. However. named after the Unix connect() system call is the most accurate scanning method. QUESTION 49: While attempting to discover the remote operating system on the target computer. He cannot spoof his IP and successfully use TCP. The attacker rechecks that the target system is actually listening on Port 23 and he verifies it with both nmap and hping2. 3.

2.2.1.3. 4 packets received.10 Answer: C QUESTION 83: A specific site received 91 ICMP_ECHO packets within 90 minutes from 47 different sites.7 ms --. 0% packet loss round-tripmin/avg/max = 0. ping packets cannot bypass firewalls B.1.2.3. You send a ping request to the broadcast address 192.2. hping2 uses stealth TCP packets to connect Answer: C QUESTION 89: Why would an attacker want to perform a scan on port 137? A.2.7 ms len=46 ip=10.4 flags=RA seq=2 ttl=128 id=55447 win=0 rtt=0. Run nmap XMAS scan against 192.4 PING10.3.2. What should you do next? A.2.168.3.2.10 seems to hang without returning any information.10. A basic nmap scan of 192.4) from 10. you must use ping 10.3.4 ping statistics --3 packets transmitted. hping2 uses TCP instead of ICMP by default D. 100% packet loss [ceh]# .10. To discover proxy servers on a network B. --. 13 of the ICMP_ECHO packets had an ICMP ID:0 and Seq:0. 0 packets received.8/0.1. You suspect ICMP is blocked at the firewall.7/0.4 (eth0 10.3. To check for file and print sharing on Windows systems D.3. To discover information about a target host using NBTSTAT QUESTION 91: One of the ways to map a targeted network for live hosts is by sending an ICMP ECHO request to the broadcast or the network address.168. Run NULL TCP hping2 against 192.7 ms len=46 ip=10.4 flags=RA seq=1 ttl=128 id=54935 win=0 rtt=0.8 ms A. 77 of the ICMP_ECHO packets had an ICMP ID:39612 and Seq:57072.3.3.1.IPSec QUESTION 80: You want to know whether a packet filter is in front of 192.2. What can you infer from this information? A./hping2 -c 4 -n -i 2 10.10 don't get answered. The live hosts will send an ICMP ECHO Reply to the attacker source IP address. Pings to 192.2.2.168.255. The request would be broadcasted to all hosts on the targeted network. Next you use hping2 tool to ping the target host and you get a response. You do not get a response. Use NetScan Tools Pro to conduct the scan B.1.8 ms len=46 ip=10.4 flags=RA seq=0 ttl=128 id=54167 win=0 rtt=0.3.4 hping statistic --4 packets tramitted.4 (10.3.168.2.1.10 D.4 HPING 10.4 switch C.4 flags=RA seq=3 ttl=128 id=55959 win=0 rtt=0.168.10.2.168.3.3.5. ICMP ID and Seq numbers were most likely set by a tool and not by the operating system QUESTION 86: You ping a target IP to check if the host is up. The packets were sent by a worm spoofing the IP addresses of 47 infected sites B.4): NO FLAGS are set. Why does the host respond to hping2 and not ping packet? [ceh]# ping 10.2. To disrupt the NetBIOS SMB service on the target host C.168.10 C.80 : 56(84) bytes of data. The firewall is blocking all the scans to 192. 45 . 40 headers + 0 data bytes len=46 ip=10.3.

168.168. A. Educate everyone with books.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=4.168.5. 64 bytes from 192. vulnerabilities and safeguards. Here is the output of the SIDs: s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-100Johns s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-652Rebecca s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-412Sheela s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-999Shawn s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-777Somia s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-500chang s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-555Micah From the above list identify the user account with System Administrator privileges. D. B. John B. Only 13 hosts send a reply while others do not.7 ms ------There are 40 computers up and running on the target network.255) from 192. The above scenario is wrong. C. Train more National Guard and reservist in the art of computer security to help out in times of emergency or crises. and many have expressed their interest in learning from him.[root@ceh/root]# ping -b 192.5.5. In this context. Chang G.5. Shawn E. Windows machines will not generate an answer (ICMP ECHO Reply) to an ICMP ECHO request aimed at the broadcast address or at the network address. Answer: D QUESTION 98: Bob is acknowledged as a hacker of repute and is popular among visitors of "underground" sites. Make obtaining either a computer security certification or accreditation easier to achieve so more individuals feel that they are a part of something larger than life.5.168.5: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=5. Linux machines will not generate an answer (ICMP ECHO Reply) to an ICMP ECHO request aimed at the broadcast address or at the network address.5. You should send a ping request with this command ping 192. Why? A. this knowledge has a risk associated with it.0-255 C. Hire more computer security monitoring personnel to monitor computer systems and networks. Sheela D.1 : 56(84) bytes of data. Somia F. However. as it can be used for malevolent attacks as well.5.168. You cannot ping a broadcast address.1 ms 64 bytes from 192. B. D. articles and training on risk analysis. Bob is willing to share his knowledge with those who are willing to learn. QUESTION 99: Peter extracts the SIDs list from Windows 2000 Server machine using the hacking tool "SIDExtractor". He 46 .255 (192.168.255 WARNING: pinging broadcast address PING192.168. what would be the most affective method to bridge the knowledge gap between the "black" hats or crackers and the "white" hats or computer security professionals? (Choose the test answer) A. Rebecca C. Micah Answer: F QUESTION 122: Eric has discovered a fantastic package of tools named Dsniff on the Internet.

USER. Eve uses the ENUM tool to enumerate Alice machine. However. though you do not see any evidence of an attack or other wrong doing. The attacker is attempting an exploit that launches a command-line shell QUESTION 140: Study the snort rule given below: From the options below. Man-in-the-middle C. Eve is trying to connect as an user with Administrator privileges B. Eve is trying to escalate privilege of the null user to that of Administrator Answer: C QUESTION 124: Which of the following represents the initial two commands that an IRC client sends to join an IRC network? A. Poisoning Attack Answer: B QUESTION 123: Eve is spending her day scanning the library computers. LOGIN. MS Blaster D. The attacker is creating a directory on the compromised machine C. The buffer overflow attack has been neutralized by the IDSS B. You figure that the attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack. ARP Proxy D.txt) do net use * \\10. you are concerned about affecting the normal functionality of the email server. LOGIN. For /f "tokens=1 %%a in (hackfile.3\c$ /user:"Administrator" %%a What is Eve trying to do? A. She notices that Alice is using a computer whose port 445 is active and listening. NICK C. From the command prompt. PASS D. A. Eve is trying to carry out a password crack for user Administrator D. You would like to block this.1. You also notice "/bin/sh" in the ASCII part of the output.2.has learnt to use these tools in his lab and is now ready for real world exploitation. SQL Slammer C. The attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack and has succeeded D. What would you call this attack? A. WebDav B. USER. choose the exploit against which this rule applies. You notice the value 0x90. You are assigned the task of analyzing this entry. From the following options 47 . you discover that people are able to telnet into the SMTP server on port 25. He was able to effectively intercept communications between the two entities and establish credentials with both sides of the connections. NICK B. which is the most common NOOP instruction for the Intel processor. she types the following command. MyDoom Answer: C QUESTION 158: While examining audit logs. USER Answer: A QUESTION 132: The following is an entry captured by a network IDS. Interceptor B. Eve is trying to enumerate all users with Administrative privileges C. The two remote ends of the communication never notice that Eric is relaying the information between the two. As an analyst what would you conclude about the attack? A.

Hybrid Attack QUESTION 162: You are the Security Administrator of Xtrinity. With your existing knowledge of users. Brute Force Attack D. Using social engineering. Shut off the SMTP service on the server. grabs the /etc/passwd file when connected to UDP port 55555 D. Converts passwords to uppercase. capital letters. Dictionary Attack C. Switch from Windows Exchange to UNIX Sendmail. you come to know that they are enforcing strong passwords. Reconfigure the firewall B. C. All passwords must also use 3 of the 4 following categories: lower case letters. you discover an employee has attached a modem to his telephone line and workstation. B. The employee explains that he used the modem because he had to download software for a department project. Effective length is 7 characters. Enforce the corporate security policy QUESTION 166: What does the following command in netcat do? nc-l -u -p 55555 < /etc/passwd A. -u tells netcat to use UDP instead of TCP 48 . Force all connections to use a username and password. You understand that all users are required to use passwords that are at least 8 characters in length. During one of your periodic checks to see how well policy is being observed by the employees. Hashes are sent in clear text over the network. Makes use of only 32 bit encryption. numbers and special characters. He has used this modem to dial in to his workstation. How would you resolve this situation? A. deletes the /etc/passwd file when connected to the UDP port 55555 Answer: C Explanation: -l forces netcat to listen for incoming connections. A security breach has occurred as a direct result of this activity. Conduct a needs analysis C. what would be the fastest type of password cracking attack you can run against these hash values and still get results? A. C. You write security policies and conduct assesments to protect the company's network. Which of the following are known weaknesses of LM? (Choose three) A. Inc. Install a network-based IDS D. thereby bypassing your firewall. D. D. likely user account names and the possibility that they will choose the easiest passwords possible. loads the /etc/passwd file to the UDP port 55555 C. E.choose how best you can achieve this objective? A. Block port 25 at the firewall. Answer: E QUESTION 159: Windows LAN Manager (LM) hashes are known to be weak. B. Online Attack B. QUESTION 160: You have retrieved the raw hash values from a Windows 2000 Domain Controller. logs the incoming connections to /etc/passwd file B. None of the above.

1 and syn. QUESTION 167: What hacking attack is challenge/response authentication used to prevent? A. Character Mapping C.addr==192. It deals with the way in which systems convert data from one form to another. A successful attack can compromise the user's password.-p 5555 tells netcat to use port 5555 < /etc/passwd tells netcat to grab the /etc/passwd file when connected to.168. A. Disable LM authentication in the registry D. Canonicalization B. Disable LSASS service in Windows XP C. Scanning attacks C. Session Fragmentation Answer: A QUESTION 175: _____ is the process of converting something from one representation to the simplest form. Session Splicing B.168. Character Encoding D. Stop the LM service in Windows XP B.0.1 and tcp. Session hijacking attacks D. ip == 192.0.168.168. Image Hide Answer: A QUESTION 172: LM authentication is not as strong as Windows NT authentication so you may want to disable its use.addr = 192. because an attacker eavesdropping on network traffic will attack the weaker protocol. Session Stealing C.microsoft.0. UCS transformation formats QUESTION 203: Which of the following display filters will you enable in Ethereal to view the three-way handshake for a connection from host 192.EXE tool from Microsoft website Answer: C Explanation: http://support. Gif-It-Up C.equals on Answer: C QUESTION 205: When Jason moves a file via NFS over the company's network. ip.equals 192.1 and tcp. NiceText D.syn D. Session Hijacking D. ip.com/kb/299656 QUESTION 173: How would you describe an attack where an attacker attempts to deliver the payload over multiple packets over long periods of time with the purpose of defeating simple pattern matching in IDS systems without session reconstruction? A characteristic of this attack would be a continuous stream of small packets. Snow B.1? A. How do you disable LM authentication in Windows XP? A. Which of the following tool accomplishes this? 49 . Replay attacks B. ip. A. you want to grab a copy of it by sniffing.flags.1 and syn = 1 C. Password cracking attacks Answer: A QUESTION 170: Which of the following steganography utilities exploits the nature of white space and allows the user to conceal information in these white spaces? A.0.0.syn B.168. Download and install LMSHUT.

Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a fraggle attack. webspy C.equals 10. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a smurf attack. Crafted Channel C. 2 C. What filter will you apply? A. Further inspection reveals that they are not responses from the internal hosts' requests but simply responses coming from the Internet. ip. word.22 Answer: B QUESTION 222: Clive has been monitoring his IDS and sees that there are a huge number of ICMP Echo Reply packets that are being received on the external gateway interface. 4 QUESTION 210: How would you describe a simple yet very effective mechanism for sending and receiving unauthorized information or data between machines without alerting any firewalls and IDS's on a network? A. What could be the most likely cause? A. C. B. Bounce Channel D. 3 D.22 C.0. A hacker prevents a legitimate user (or group of users) from accessing a service D. A hacker tries to decipher a password by using a system.22 D. ip.0. filesnarf D.0. D. Answer: A QUESTION 225: How does a denial-of-service attack work? A. macof B. which subsequently crashes the network B.0. nfscopy QUESTION 208: What is the command used to create a binary log file using tcpdump? A.0./log C. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a land attack.0. Covert Channel B.A. A hacker uses every character.0. tcpdump -l /var/log/ Answer: B QUESTION 209: ARP poisoning is achieved in _____ steps A.22 B.0. A hacker attempts to imitate a legitimate user by confusing a computer or even another person C.src == 10. ip = 10.address = 10. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a DoS attack. tcpdump -vde -r log D. 1 B. or letter he or she can think of to defeat authentication Answer: C QUESTION 231: Henry is an attacker and wants to gain control of a system and use it to flood a 50 .0. tcpdump -w . ip.22.0. You want to view only packets sent from 10. tcpdump -r log B. Deceptive Channel QUESTION 211: You have captured some packets in Ethereal.

Henry is executing commands or viewing data outside the intended target path B. Jack tells Jane that there has been a problem with some accounts and asks her to tell him her password 'just to double check our records'. Faking Identity Answer: C Explanation: This is a typical case of pretexting. This time she envisages using a different kind of method to attack Brownies Inc. Jane believes that Jack is really an administrator. Henry uses poorly designed input validation routines to create or alter commands to gain access to unintended data or execute commands Answer: B QUESTION 232: Eve decides to get her hands dirty and tries out a Denial of Service attack that is relatively new to her. pretending to be an administrator from Brown Co. an accountant at Brown Co. to find the cookie recipe. P2P Networks Answer: A Explanation: Pretexting is the act of creating and using an invented scenario (the pretext) to persuade a target to release information or perform an action and is usually done over the telephone. Eve tries to forge the packets and uses the broadcast address. What kind of attack is being illustrated here? (Choose the best answer) A. In person D. Email C. so as to prevent legitimate users from gaining access. and can access Brown Co. and parts with her password. She launches an attack similar to that of fraggle. SYN Floodfg D. Jack calls Jane. Jack now has a user name and password. Henry is taking advantage of an incorrect configuration that leads to access with higher-than-expected privilege D.. Social Engineering D. Ping of Death Answer: A QUESTION 236: What is the most common vehicle for social engineering attacks? A. QUESTION 238: Jack Hacker wants to break into Brown Co. an accountant at Certkiller pretending to be an administrator from Certkiller . to steal the cookie recipe. QUESTION 237: Jack Hacker wants to break into Certkiller 's computers and obtain their secret double fudge cookie recipe. and tells him her password. Smurf B. Jane does not suspect anything amiss. Reverse Psychology B. What is the technique that Eve used in the case above? A. Jacks calls Jane. Phone B.'s computers and obtain their secret double fudge cookie recipe.target system with requests. Pretexting is the act of creating and using an invented scenario (the pretext) to persuade a target to release information or perform an action and is usually done over the telephone. This is an example of what kind of attack? 51 . Spoofing Identity E. Henry is using a denial of service attack which is a valid threat used by an attacker C. Jack tells Jane that there has been a problem with some accounts and asks her to verify her password with him "just to double check our records". Reverse Engineering C. Bubonic C.'s computers. What type of attack is Henry using? A. Jack can now access Certkiller 's computers with a valid user name and password.

Rapid Development Engineering Answer: B QUESTION 249: Dave has been assigned to test the network security of Acme Corp. How would you describe Jason's behavior within a security context? A. Security was not compromised as the webpage was hosted internally Answer: B QUESTION 258: How would you prevent session hijacking attacks? 52 . Reverse Psychology B. issue special cards to access secured doors at the company and provide a one-time only brief description of use of the special card B. How was security compromised and how did the firewall respond? A. Jason. an accountant of the firm befriends him at the canteen and tags along with him on the pretext of appraising him about potential tax benefits. Smooth Talking QUESTION 248: Sabotage. Reverse Social Engineering C. He created a webpage to discuss the progress of the tests with employees who were interested in following the test. He also added some statistics on the webpage. holding a box. Trailing B. Visitors were allowed to click on a sand clock to mark the progress of the test. Faking Identity Answer: B QUESTION 243: Bob waits near a secured door. Social engineering B. The test was announced to the employees. The attack did not fall through as the firewall blocked the traffic B. to post a sign that states "no tailgating" next to the special card reader adjacent to the secured door C. to educate all of the employees of the company on best security practices on a recurring basis Answer: D QUESTION 244: Jake works as a system administrator at Acme Corp. Swipe Gating D. The attack was social engineering and the firewall did not detect it C. Just as the employee opens the door. He waits until an employee walks up to the secured door and uses the special card in order to access the restricted area of the target company. Bob walks up to the employee (still holding the box) and asks the employee to hold the door open so that he can enter. Reverse Engineering D. Social Engineering C. The attack was deception and security was not directly compromised D. What is the best way to undermine the social engineering activity of tailgating? A.A. Advertising and Covering are the three stages of _____ A. The firewall protects the network well and allows strict Internet access. Dave successfully embeds a keylogger. Tailgating C. Jason waits for Jake to swipe his access card and follows him through the open door into the secure systems area. Reverse Software Engineering D. Spoofing Identity E. setup a mock video camera next to the special card reader adjacent to the secured door D.

Using non-Internet protocols like http secures sessions against hijacking C.com) 2. VLAD the Scanner. SSL operates at the transport layer and S-HTTP operates at the application layer D. By changing hidden form values in a local copy of the web page D. Use get* to download all pages locally for further inspection. B. Whatever account IIS was installed with Answer: C QUESTION 269: You work as security technician at Certkiller . SSL operates at the application layer and S-HTTP operates at the transport layer QUESTION 284: Scanning for services is an easy job for Bob as there are so many tools available from the Internet. there are many other alternative ways to make sure that the services that have been scanned will be more accurate and detailed for Bob. By using SQL injection B. In order to perform the actions you intend to do.com/tools/) However. 53 . Which of the following options would be your current privileges? A. In order for him to check the vulnerability of Certkiller . Which of the processes listed below would be a more efficient way of doing this type of validation? A. Use get() to download all pages locally for further inspection.com/sara) 3. You need to know what your current privileges are within the shell. While doing web application testing. C. D. he went through a few scanners that are currently available. by Advanced Research Organization (http://www-arc. Administrator B. IUSR_COMPUTERNAME C. SARA.bindview. Here are the scanners that he uses: 1. Axent's NetRecon (http://www. What would be the best method to accurately identify the services running on a victim host? A. you might be required to look through multiple web pages online which can take a long time. Using the manual method of telnet to each of the open ports of Certkiller . LOCAL_SYSTEM D. by Razor (http://razor. Using Cheops-ng to identify the devices of Certkiller . QUESTION 276: An attacker has been successfully modifying the purchase price of items purchased at a web site. Use mget to download all pages locally for further inspection. The server allows you to spawn a shell. Using unpredictable sequence numbers secures sessions against hijacking Answer: D QUESTION 261: You have successfully run a buffer overflow attack against a default IIS installation running on a Windows 2000 Server. They have also verified the IDS logs and found no attacks that could have caused this.A. Using hardware-based authentication secures sessions against hijacking D. Use wget to download all pages locally for further inspection. SSL operates at the network layer and S-HTTP operates at the application layer B. By using cross site scripting C.axent. you need elevated permission. Using biometrics access tokens secures sessions against hijacking B. What is the mostly likely way the attacker has been able to modify the price? A.com. B. SSL operates at the application layer and S-HTTP operates at the network layer C. There is no way the attacker could do this without directly compromising either the web server or the database QUESTION 278: What are the differences between SSL and S-HTTP? A. The security administrators verify the web server and Oracle database have not been compromised directly.

C. The web application emailed the administrator about the error QUESTION 291: While testing web applications. Role-based Access Control D. Given this attack profile. drop table logins-- 54 . transfer money between accounts. The server error has caused the application to malfunction D. Using a vulnerability scanner to try to probe each port to verify or figure out which service is running for Certkiller . The web application picked up a record at random B. when you press the search button. Instead. 200 years D. 16 million years QUESTION 301: Bank of Timbuktu was a medium-sized. pay bills and conduct online financial business using a Web browser. The bank has deployed a new Internet-accessible Web application recently. using which customers could access their account balances. John Stevens reviewed the Web application's logs and found the following entries: Attempted login of unknown user: John Attempted login of unknown user: sysaR Attempted login of unknown user: sencat Attempted login of unknown user: pete ''. regional financial institution in Timbuktu. Strangely. A buffer overflow C. The web application returned the first record it found C. money was transferred between accounts. Authorized Access Control C.After one month in production. several customers complained about the Internet enabled banking application. D. the account balances of many bank's customers has been changed! However. 23 days C. Using the default port and OS to make a best guess of what services are running on each port for Certkiller . What do you think has occurred? A. you attempt to insert the following test script into the search area on the company's web site: <script>alert('Testing Testing Testing')</script> Afterwards. A. A hybrid attack B.com". a pop up box appears on your screen with the text "Testing Testing Testing". They are greeted with a message "Your login information has been mailed to johndoe@gmail. Mandatory Access Control B. It secures information by assigning sensitivity labels on information and comparing this to the level of security a user is operating at. Password attacks D. QUESTION 288: Bryan notices the error on the web page and asks Liza to enter liza' or '1'='1 in the email field. 5 minutes B. How long will it take to crack the password by an attacker? A. What vulnerability is detected in the web application here? A. Attempted login of unknown user: ' or 1=1-Attempted login of unknown user: '. John Stevens was in charge of information security at Bank of Timbuktu. money hadn't been removed from the bank. Discretionary Access Control QUESTION 298: You have chosen a 22 character word from the dictionary as your password. Cross Site Scripting QUESTION 295: _____ ensures that the enforcement of organizational security policy does not rely on voluntary web application user compliance.

OpenApplication("WebUsersConnection") sSQL="SELECT * FROM Users where Username=? & Request("user") & _ "?and Password=? & Request("pwd") & "? Set RS = objConn. preventing legitimate users from gaining access QUESTION 312: What is the problem with this ASP script (login. The Hacker attempted Session hijacking. The ASP script is vulnerable to SQL Injection attack C.Execute(sSQL) If RS.asp") End If %> A. C. sessionID= 0x90627579944CCB811 Login of user mike. Jimmy can submit user input that executes an operating system command to compromise a target system B. The Hacker attempted a brute force attack to guess login ID and password using password cracking tools. B. The Hacker attempted SQL Injection technique to gain access to a valid bank login ID. The Hacker used a random generator module to pass results to the Web server and exploited Web application CGI vulnerability. knows that he can take advantage of poorly designed input validation routines to create or alter SQL commands to gain access to private data or execute commands in the database. then logged in to receive a session ID. Jimmy can utilize an incorrect configuration that leads to access with higher-than-expected privilege of the database D.asp)? <% Set objConn = CreateObject("ADODB. The ASP script is vulnerable to Session Splice attack D.EOF then Response.Login of user jason. sessionID= 0x75627578626F6F6B Login of user daniel. an attacker. QUESTION 310: Jimmy. sessionID= 0x98627579539E13BE Login of user rebecca.Redirect("login. in which the Hacker opened an account with the bank. The ASP script is vulnerable to Cross Site Scripting attack Answer: B QUESTION 318: In an attempt to secure his wireless network. He concludes that since his access points require the client computer to have the proper SSID.asp?msg=Invalid Login") Else Session. sessionID= 0x9062757935FB5C64 Transfer Funds user jason Pay Bill user mike Logout of user mike What kind of attack did the Hacker attempt to carry out at the bank? (Choose the best answer) A. 55 . The ASP script is vulnerable to XSS attack B.Redirect("mainpage. D. What technique does Jimmy use to compromise a database? A.Connection") objConn.Authorized = True Set RS = nothing Set objConn = nothing Response. Jimmy can utilize this particular database threat that is an SQL injection technique to penetrate a target system C. Bob turns off broadcasting of the SSID. guessed the next ID and took over Jason's session. Jimmy can gain control of system to flood the target system with requests. it would prevent others from connecting to the wireless network.

What authentication mechanism is being followed here? A.Unfortunately unauthorized users are still able to connect to the wireless network. QUESTION 324: While probing an organization you discover that they have a wireless network. D. WEP attack QUESTION 327: On wireless networks. Shmoo C. D. Why are SSID not considered to be a good security mechanism to protect a wireless networks? A. Unauthorized access point attack C. single key authentication C. War Chalking D. The SSID is the same as the MAC address for all vendors. you put up an access point and override the signal of the real access point. and the station responds by encrypting the plaintext. Aircrack D. The SSID is to identify a station. What would be the easiest way to circumvent and communicate on the WLAN? A. All access points are shipped with a default SSID. The SSID is transmitted in clear text. D. you are able to capture it. Answer: B QUESTION 329: Jackson discovers that the wireless AP transmits 128 bytes of plaintext. John the Ripper QUESTION 333: Derek has stumbled upon a wireless network and wants to assess its security. As users send authentication data. no authentication B. Bob forgot to turn off DHCP. B. B. Bob's solution only works in ad-hoc mode. Steel a client computer and use it to access the wireless network. C. 56 . open system authentication Answer: C QUESTION 330: Jacob would like your advice on using a wireless hacking tool that can save him time and get him better results with lesser packets. Kismet B. SSID is used to identify the network. It then transmits the resulting ciphertext using the same key and cipher that are used by WEP to encrypt subsequent network traffic. From your attempts to connect to the WLAN you determine that they have deployed MAC filtering by using ACL on the access points. C. Attempt to crack the WEP key using Airsnort. not a network. Rouge access point attack B. QUESTION 326: In order to attack a wireless network. Which tool would you recommend from the list below? A. You would like to recommend a tool that uses KoreK's implementation. The SSID is only 32 bits in length. B. Attempt to brute force the access point and update or delete the MAC ACL. C. shared key authentication D. What kind of attack is this? A. The SSID is still sent inside both client and AP packets. Why do you think this is possible? A. Sniff traffic if the WLAN and spoof your MAC address to one that you captured.

As part of his network architecture. alert tcp any any -> any any 21 (content:"user root". alerttcp any any --> 192.168.) D.168.1. Use Ettercap to discover the gateway and ICMP ping flood tool to generate traffic QUESTION 335: Study the snort rule given below and interpret the rule. he has included a host that is fully exposed to attack. Which built-in functionality of Linux can achieve this? A. What is the correct action to be taken by Rebecca in this situation as a recommendation to management? A. Rebecca should make a recommendation to set all child-process to sleep within the execve() D. msg: "mountd access".) A. There is no known workaround that exists for this vulnerability. An alert is generated when any packet other than a TCP packet is seen on the network and destined for the 192.However. unprotected by a firewall or filtering router.0 subnet on port 111 QUESTION 358: Jim's organization has just completed a major Linux roll out and now all of the organization's systems are running the Linux 2.) B. This vulnerability exploits a condition in the Linux kernel within the execve() system call. The system is on the public side of the demilitarized zone. IP ICMP QUESTION 364: Which of the following snort rules look for FTP root login attempts? A. An alert is generated when a TCP packet is generated from any IP on the 192.1.) C. He intends to use AirSnort on the captured traffic to crack the WEP key and does not know the IP address range or the AP. alert ftp -> ftp (content:"user password root". An alert is generated when a TCP packet originating from any IP address is seen on the network and destined for any IP address on the 192. IP Tables B.168. Rebecca should make a recommendation to hire more system administrators to monitor all child processes to ensure that each child process can't elevate privilege Answer: B QUESTION 368: Ron has configured his network to provide strong perimeter security. Use any ARP requests found in the capture B.1.0/24 111 (content:"|00 01 86 a5|". IP Chains C.1. Rebecca should make a recommendation to upgrade the Linux kernel promptly C. The roll out expenses has posed constraints on purchasing other essential security equipment and software.5 kernel. What would you call such a host? 57 . Rebecca should make a recommendation to disable the () system call B.1. IP Sniffer D.0 subnet and destined to any IP on port 111 D.168.168.0 subnet C. How can he generate traffic on the network so that he can capture enough packets to crack the WEP key? A. The organization requires an option to control network traffic and also perform stateful inspection of traffic going into and out of the DMZ. alert tcp -> any port 21 (message:"user root". Derek can use a session replay on the packets captured C. Derek can use KisMAC as it needs two USB devices to generate traffic D.) QUESTION 366: Rebecca is a security analyst and knows of a local root exploit that has the ability to enable local users to use available exploits to gain root privileges. alert tcp -> any port 21 (msg:"user root".0 subnet B. he does not find enough traffic for a good capture. An alert is generated when a TCP packet is originated from port 111 of any IP address to the 192.

It is the first resource record type in the SOA. What would be your inference? A. Use "echo" D. He infers port 23 as running Telnet service. On typing other commands. They are not using an intrusion detection system. What are you most likely to infer from this? A. Honeypot B. C. he sees only blank spaces or underscores symbols on the screen. Eric network has been penetrated by a firewall breach 58 . He has identified the operating system as Linux and been able to elicit responses from ports 23. D. It is a collection of resource records. They are using UNIX based web servers. Answer: B QUESTION 392: Statistics from cert. He learns that the protocol being used is designed to allow a host outside of a firewall to connect transparently and securely through the firewall. It is the first domain that belongs to a company. DWZ host D. D. It is getting more challenging and harder to hack for non technical people. Use "lsof" C. DMZ host C. QUESTION 391: When referring to the Domain Name Service. New TCP/IP stack features are constantly being added. B. D. The client confirms these findings and attests to the current availability of the services. he gets a blank screen in response. This indicates that the telnet and SMTP server have crashed QUESTION 371: On a backdoored Linux box there is a possibility that legitimate programs are modified or trojaned. C. The services are protected by TCP wrappers B. When he tries to telnet to port 23 or 25.org and other leading security organizations has clearly showed a steady rise in the number of hacking incidents perpetrated against companies. They are using Windows based web servers. 25 and 53. There is a honeypot running on the scanned machine C. They are not using a stateful inspection firewall. Use "netstat" QUESTION 383: While scanning a network you observe that all of the web servers in the DMZ are responding to ACK packets on port 80. port 25 as running SMTP service and port 53 as running DNS service. He wonders if his firewall has been breached.A. C. Use "Is" B. Bastion Host QUESTION 370: Clive is conducting a pen-test and has just port scanned a system on the network. QUESTION 414: Eric notices repeated probes to port 1080. B. There is a phenomenal increase in processing power. It is a collection of domains. B. What do you think is the main reason behind the significant increase in hacking attempts over the past years? A. An attacker has replaced the services with trojaned ones D. How is it possible to list processes and uids associated with them in a more reliable manner? A. What can you infer from this observation? A. what is denoted by a 'zone'? A. The ease with which hacker tools are available on the Internet.

A buffer overflow exploit. Use HTTPTunnel or Stunnel on port 80 and 443 Answer: D QUESTION 418: A program that defends against a port scanner will attempt to: A. Cryptography is used to secure data from specific threats but it does not secure the data from the specific threats but it does no secure the application from coding errors.B. Use reverse shell using FTP protocol D. D. While it is effective. Log a violation and recommend use of security-auditing tools C.pl attack script to execute arbitrary commands on an NT4 web server. QUESTION 429: Bob has a good understanding of cryptography. He can use a shellcode that will perform a reverse telnet back to his machine B. which of the following options is he likely to choose? A. you find it tedious to perform extended functions. and anomaly detection. The signature detection approach utilizes well-known signatures for network traffic to identify potentially malicious traffic. Additionally. Limit access by the scanning system to publicly available ports only D. He could in turn drop a shell from the remote machine. The attacker is using the ICMP protocol to have a covert channel C. He can use a dynamic return address to overwrite the correct value in the target machine computer memory C. Update a firewall rule in real time to prevent the port scan from being completed QUESTION 427: You have been using the msadc. He can chain NOOP instructions into a NOOP "sled" that advances the processor's instruction pointer to a random place of choice D. he has installed a firewall (Cisco PIX) that will not allow users to connect to any outbound ports. integrity and enable strong authentication but it can't mitigate programming errors. there are two approaches to network intrusion detection: signature detection. He shuts down all unnecessary ports and services. Jack. C. What is a good example of 59 . Assuming an attacker wants to penetrate John's network. Use Monkey shell C. Sends back bogus data to the port scanner B. He can use polymorphic shell code-with a tool such as ADMmutate .to change the signature of his exploit as seen by a network IDS QUESTION 417: John has a proxy server on his network which caches and filters web access. which would indicate an intrusion. having worked with it for many years. Use ClosedVPN B. A buffer under run exploit. a network user has successfully connected to a remote server on port 80 using netcat. Somebody is using SOCKS on the network to communicate through the firewall QUESTION 415: Basically. On further research you come across a perl script that runs the following msadc functions: What kind of exploit is indicated by this script? A. A chained exploit. Eric has a Wingate package providing FTP redirection on his network D. How can an attacker disguise his buffer overflow attack signature such that there is a greater probability of his attack going undetected by the IDS? A. A SQL injection exploit. The anomaly detection approach utilizes a previous history of network traffic to search for patterns that are abnormal. It can provide data privacy. B. A SUID exploit. E.

he find the following: What does this file contain? A. CR (0x0d).txt' but when he opens it. Information gathering C. High bandwidth and large number of users. A firewall has been breached and this is logged E. and the program responds by emitting an intruder alert into syslog. A buffer overflow. QUESTION 435: A simple compiler technique used by programmers is to add a terminator 'canary word' containing four letters NULL (0x00). What would Steven be considered? A. A picture that has been renamed with a . An intrusion detection system has been triggered QUESTION 454: Which type of attack is port scanning? A. B. B. BlackHat Hacker C. LF (0x0a) and EOF (0xff) so that most string operations are terminated. The system has crashed B. Bob can explain that using passwords to derive cryptographic keys is a form of a programming error C. Usage of non standard programming languages. Whitehat Hacker B. C. QUESTION 431: While investigating a claim of a user downloading illegal material. the investigator goes through the files on the suspect's workstation. Steven runs external and internal tests and then creates reports to show the companies where their weak areas are. Bluehat Hacker QUESTION 463: Certkiller . Bob can explain that a random number generation can be used to derive cryptographic keys but it uses a weak seed value and this is a form of a programming error QUESTION 430: A buffer overflow occurs when a program or process tries to store more data in a buffer (temporary data storage area) then it was intended to hold. and then halts what does it indicate? A. If the canary word has been altered when the function returns. Unauthorized access D.a programming error that Bob can use to explain to the management how encryption will not address all their security concerns? A. What is the most common cause of buffer overflow in software today? A. Bob can explain that using a weak key management technique is a form of programming error B. Denial of service attack QUESTION 461: Steven works as a security consultant and frequently performs penetration tests for Fortune 500 companies. A buffer overflow attack has already occurred D. Steven always signs a non-disclosure agreement before performing his tests. Bad quality assurance on software produced. An encrypted file. D. He comes across a file that is called 'file. A buffer overflow attack has been attempted C. Web server attack B. D.com is legally liable for the content of email that is sent from its systems. C. Bob can explain that a buffer overflow is an example of programming error and it is a common mistake associated with poor programming technique D. Bad permissions on files. Grayhat Hacker D.txt extension. 60 . A uuencoded file.

outgoing email was found to contain material that was pornographic. Lori has never done a vulnerability scan before. True B. He has segmented his network into several subnets and has installed firewalls all over the network. 61 . where certain addresses are barred from accessing a site. Blocking ICMP type 13 messages B. so she decides to download a free one off the Internet. He has placed very stringent rules on all the firewalls. which provide an IP address's domain. False QUESTION 464: The terrorist organizations are increasingly blocking all traffic from North America or from Internet Protocol addresses that point to users who rely on the English Language. How should mark protect his network from an attacker using Hping2 to scan his internal network? A. racist or likely to incite someone to commit an act of terrorism. This could lead to prosecution for the sender and for the company's directors if. This information is shared among the co-hackers. What is this masking technique called? A. so she is unsure of some of the settings available in the software she downloaded. She has been instructed to perform a very thorough test of the network to ensure that there are no security holes on any of the machines. He does need to have port 80 open since his company hosts a website that must be accessed from the Internet. Companies today are engaging in tracking competitor's through reverse IP address lookup sites like whois. but she does not know ports should be scanned. Lori wants to do exactly what her boos has told her. for example. the hacker's system immediately mounted a distributed denial-of-service attack against the federal system. Website Cloaking B. Use stateful inspection on the firewalls QUESTION 480: Lori has just been tasked by her supervisor conduct vulnerability scan on the corporate network. You can always defend yourself by "ignorance of the law" clause. When normal users visit the website they are directed to a page with full-blown product details along with attractive discounts. For example if you are using a machine with the Linux Operating System and the Netscape browser then you will have access to their website in a convert way.com. When federal investigators using PCs running windows and using Internet Explorer visited the hacker's shared site. Mirrored WebSite QUESTION 479: Mark works as a contractor for the Department of Defense and is in charge of network security. When the competitor visits the companies website they are directed to a products page without discount and prices are marked higher for their product. This is based on IP-based blocking. Mark is fairly confident of his perimeter defense. IP Access Blockade D. Block All Incoming traffic on port 53 C. He has spent the last month securing access to his network from all possible entry points. One of the option is to choose which ports that can be scanned. Website Filtering C. but is still worried about programs like Hping2 that can get into a network through convert channels. Block All outgoing traffic on port 53 D. Lori's company does not own any commercial scanning products. A. Hackers sometimes set a number of criteria for accessing their website.regardless of whether the message was sent for private or business-related purpose. blocking everything in and out except ports that must be used.

However. Brute force the company's PABX system to retrieve the range of telephone numbers to dial-in QUESTION 486: The FIN flag is set and sent from host A to host B when host A has no more data to transmit (Closing a TCP connection). 1025 D. Lori should not scan TCP ports. A hacker can sneak past all the expensive firewalls and IDS and connect easily into the network. Gerald calls the company that owns the proxy server and after searching through their logs. Search the Internet for leakage for target company's telephone number to dial-in B. Gerald logs onto the management console for his IDS and discovers an unknown IP address that scanned his network constantly for a week and was able to access his network through a high-level port that was not closed. Through wardialing an attacker searches for the devices located in the target network infrastructure that are also accessible through the telephone line. they trace the source to another proxy server in Switzerland. Stealth Scan B. Connect using ISP's remote-dial in number since the company's router has a leased line connection established with them D. how would you discover what telephone numbers to dial-in to the router? A. A. Run a war-dialing tool with range of phone numbers and look for CONNECT Response C. FIN Scan Answer: A QUESTION 488: Gerald. What tool Geralds's attacker used to cover their tracks? 62 . how many ports should she select in the software? A. Gerald traces the IP address he found in the IDS log to proxy server in Brazil. host A can continue to receive data as long as the SYN sequence number of transmitted packets from host B are lower than the packet segment containing the set FIN flag. 1024 C. 65536 B. False Answer: A QUESTION 487: Which type of scan does not open a full TCP connection? A. 'Dial backup' in routers is most frequently found in networks where redundancy is required. After performing routine maintenance on his servers. XMAS Scan C. has just discovered that his network has been breached by an outside attacker. Dial-on-demand routing(DDR) is commonly used to establish connectivity as a backup. they trace the source back to a proxy server in China. As a security testers. Gerald calls the company in Switzerland that owns the proxy server and after scanning through the logs again. it is one of the dangers most commonly forgotten by network engineers and system administrators. Null Scan D.If Lori is supposed to scan all known TCP ports. the systems administrator for Hyped Enterprise. True B. his discovers numerous remote tools were installed that no one claims to have knowledge of in his department. This flag releases the connection resources. only UDP ports QUESTION 485: War dialing is one of the oldest methods of gaining unauthorized access to the target systems.

To create a user with administrative privileges for later use QUESTION 497: Samuel is the network administrator of DataX communications Inc.It then provides links that enable those missing patches to be downloaded and installed. How can a remote attacker decipher the name of the administrator account if it has been renamed? A. Hping2 diagnosis C. Nmap protocol/port scan QUESTION 494: Jonathan being a keen administrator has followed all of the best practices he could find on securing his Windows Server. He renamed the Administrator account to a new name that can't be easily guessed but there remain people who attempt to compromise his newly renamed administrator account. A. A Bo2K System query D.A. The attacker used NMAP with the V option QUESTION 496: Maurine is working as a security consultant for Hinklemeir Associate. Tor B. MBSA B. Install a backdoor for later attacks C. 63 . She has asked the Systems Administrator to create a group policy that would not allow null sessions on the network. He is trying to configure his firewall to block password brute force attempts on his network. The attacker used the user2sid program C. Maurine is trying to explain to the Systems Administrator that hackers will try to create a null session when footprinting the network. He enables blocking the intruder's IP address for a period of 24 hours time after more than three unsuccessful attempts. ISA C. Enumerate users shares B. Why would an attacker try to create a null session with a computer on a network? A. BSSA C. An SNMP Walk B. The attacker used to sid2user program D. But he still receives hundreds of thousands brute-force attempts generated from various IP addresses around the world. Cheops Answer: A QUESTION 489: Which of the following is a patch management utility that scans one or more computers on your network and alerts you if you important Microsoft Security patches are missing. He is confident that this rule will secure his network hackers on the Internet. ASNB D. Escalate his/her privileges on the target server D. After some investigation he realizes that the intruders are using a proxy somewhere else on the Internet which has been scripted to enable the random usage of various proxies on each request so as not to get caught by the firewall use. The attacker guessed the new name B. IAS D. The Systems Administrator is fresh out of college and has never heard of null sessions and does not know what they are used for. PMUS QUESTION 491: While reviewing the results of a scan run against a target network you come across the following: What was used to obtain this output? A.

After about two months of working on his new computer. If the password is 7 characters or less. After another month of working on the computer. than the second half of the hash is always: A.Later he adds another rule to his firewall and enables small sleep on the password attempt so that if the password is incorrect. folder by folder to see if there is anything he can find. You can't completely block the intruders attempt if they constantly switch proxies QUESTION 498: LAN Manager passwords are concatenated to 14 bytes and split in half. The two halves are hashed individually. Travis uses antivirus software. What are the alternatives to defending against possible brute-force password attacks on his site? A. What is mostly likely the cause of Travi's problems? A. he should have around 150 GB of free space. 0xAAD3B435B51404EE B. Travis downloads Space Monger and adds up the sizes for all the folders and files on his computer. which is why he bought the new computer. Since an intruder may use multiple machines to brute force the password. Logic Bomb's triggered at random times creating hidden data consuming junk files QUESTION 500: Which of the following is an attack in which a secret value like a hash is captured and then reused at a later time to gain access to a system without ever decrypting or 64 . Travis thinks this is very odd. He just bought a brand new Dual Core Pentium Computer with over 3 GB of RAM. even when he has not been on the Internet. 0xAAD3B435B51404BB D. Samuel wants to completely block hackers brute force attempts on his network. Enforce a password policy and use account lockouts after three wrong logon attempts even through this might lock out legit users B. Travis frequently has to get on the Internet to do research on what he is working on. 0xAAD3B435B51404AA C. Every once in awhile. Since has drive is a 200 GB hard drive. but they quickly disappear. Travis's Computer is infected with stealth kernel level rootkit B. he also throttles the number of connections that will be prepared to accept from a particular IP address. he notices that it is not running nearly as fast as it used to. Enforce complex password policy on your network so that passwords are more difficult to brute force D. He has seen these windows show up. 0xAAD3B435B51404CC Answer: A QUESTION 499: Travis works primarily from home as a medical transcriptions. Travis computer is even more noticeable slow. Travis is really worried about his computer because he spent a lot of money on it and he depends on it to work. Enable the IDS to monitor the intrusion attempts and alert you by e-mail about the IP address of the intruder so that you can block them at the firewall manually C. it would take 45 seconds to return to the user to begin another attempt. Travi's Computer is infected with Stealth Torjan Virus C. Travis also notices a window or two pop-up on his screen. He uses voice recognition software is processor intensive. he notices that his computer only has about 10 GB of free space available. anti-spyware software and always keeps the computer up-to-date with Microsoft patches. This action will slow the intruder's attempts. According to his calculations. He spends over four hours pouring over the files and folders and can't find anything but before he gives up. Travis's Computer is infected with Self-Replication Worm that fills the hard disk space D. Travis scans his through Windows Explorer and check out the file system.

decoding the hash. A. Replay Attacks B. Brute Force Attacks C. Cryptography Attacks D. John the Ripper Attacks QUESTION 501: You are the IT Manager of a large legal firm in California. Your firm represents many important clients whose names always must remain anonymous to the public. Your boss, Mr. Smith is always concerned about client information being leaked or revealed to the pres or public. You have just finished a complete security overhaul of your information system including an updated IPS, new firewall, email encryption and employee security awareness training. Unfortunately, many of your firm's clients do not trust technology to completely secure their information, so couriers routinely have to travel back and forth to and from the office with sensitive information. Your boss has charged you with figuring out how to secure the information the couriers must transport. You propose that the data be transferred using burned CD's or USB flash drives. You initially think of encrypting the files, but decide against that method for fear the encryption keys could eventually be broken. What software application could you use to hide the data on the CD's and USB flash drives? A. Snow B. File Snuff C. File Sneaker D. EFS QUESTION 502: You are the security administrator for a large online auction company based out of Los Angeles. After getting your ENSA CERTIFICATION last year, you have steadily been fortifying your network's security including training OS hardening and network security. One of the last things you just changed for security reasons was to modify all the built-in administrator accounts on the local computers of PCs and in Active Directory. After through testing you found and no services or programs were affected by the name changes. Your company undergoes an outside security audit by a consulting company and they said that even through all the administrator account names were changed, the accounts could still be used by a clever hacker to gain unauthorized access. You argue with the auditors and say that is not possible, so they use a tool and show you how easy it is to utilize the administrator account even though its name was changed. What tool did the auditors use? A. sid2user B. User2sid C. GetAcct D. Fingerprint Answer: A QUESTION 505: You have successfully brute forced basic authentication configured on a Web Server using Brutus hacking tool. The username/password is "Admin" and "Bettlemani@". You logon to the system using the brute forced password and plant backdoors and rootkits. After downloading various sensitive documents from the compromised machine, you proceed to clear the log files to hide your trace.. Which event log located at C:\Windows\system32\config contains the trace of your brute force attempts? A. AppEvent.Evt B. SecEvent.Evt

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C. SysEvent.Evt D. WinEvent.Evt QUESTION 507: William has received a Tetris game from someone in his computer programming class through email. William does not really know the person who sent the game very well, but decides to install the game anyway because he really likes Tetris. After William installs the game, he plays it for a couple of hours. The next day, William plays the Tetris game again and notices that his machines have begun to slow down. He brings up his Task Manager and sees the following programs running (see Screenshot): What has William just installed? A. Remote Access Trojan (RAT) B. Zombie Zapper (ZoZ) C. Bot IRC Tunnel (BIT) D. Root Digger (RD) QUESTION 509: You are writing an antivirus bypassing Trojan using C++ code wrapped into chess.c to create an executable file chess.exe. This Trojan when executed on the victim machine, scans the entire system (c:\) for data with the following text "Credit Card" and "password". It then zips all the scanned files and sends an email to a predefined hotmail address. You want to make this Trojan persistent so that it survives computer reboots. Which registry entry will you add a key to make it persistent? A. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices B. HKEY_LOCAL_USER\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices C. HKEY_LOCAL_SYSTEM\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices D. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices Answer: A QUESTION 510: You are sniffing as unprotected WiFi network located in a JonDonalds Cybercafe with Ethereal to capture hotmail e-mail traffic. You see lots of people using their laptops browsing the web while snipping brewed coffee from JonDonalds. You want to sniff their email message traversing the unprotected WiFi network. Which of the following ethereal filters will you configure to display only the packets with the hotmail messages? A. (http contains "hotmail") && ( http contains "Reply-To") B. (http contains "e-mail" ) && (http contains "hotmail") C. (http = "login.passport.com" ) && (http contains "SMTP") D. (http = "login.passport.com" ) && (http contains "POP3") QUESTION 513: Harold is the senior security analyst for a small state agency in New York. He has no other security professionals that work under him, so he has to do all the security-related tasks for the agency. Coming from a computer hardware background, Harold does not have a lot of experience with security methodologies and technologies, but he was the only one who applied for the position. Harold is currently trying to run a Sniffer on the agency's network to get an idea of what kind of traffic is being passed around but the program he is using does not seem to be capturing anything. He pours through the sniffer's manual but can't find anything that directly relates to his problem. Harold decides to ask the network administrator if the has any thoughts on the problem. Harold is told that the sniffer was not working because the agency's network is a switched network, which can't be

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sniffed by some programs without some tweaking. What technique could Harold use to sniff agency's switched network? A. ARP spoof the default gateway B. Conduct MiTM against the switch C. Launch smurf attack against the switch D. Flood switch with ICMP packets Answer: A Explanation: ARP spoofing, also known as ARP poisoning, is a technique used to attack an Ethernet network which may allow an attacker to sniff data frames on a local area network (LAN) or stop the traffic altogether (known as a denial of service attack). The principle of ARP spoofing is to send fake, or 'spoofed', ARP messages to an Ethernet LAN. These frames contain false MAC addresses, confusing network devices, such as network switches. As a result frames intended for one machine can be mistakenly sent to another (allowing the packets to be sniffed) or an unreachable host (a denial of service attack). QUESTION 514: How do you defend against ARP spoofing? A. Place static ARP entries on servers, workstation and routers B. True IDS Sensors to look for large amount of ARP traffic on local subnets C. Use private VLANS D. Use ARPWALL system and block ARP spoofing attacks Answer: A,B,C QUESTION 515: The network administrator at Spears Technology, Inc has configured the default gateway Cisco Router's access-list as below: You are tried to conduct security testing on their network. You successfully brute-force for SNMP community string using a SNMP crack tool. The access-list configured at the router prevents you from establishing a successful connection. You want to retrieve the Cisco Configuration from the router. How would you proceed? A. Send a customized SNMP set request with spoofed source IP Address in the range192.168.1.0 B. Run a network sniffer and capture the returned traffic with the configuration file from the router C. Run Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) tunneling protocol from your computer to the router masking your IP address D. Use the Cisco's TFTP default password to connect and download the configuration file Answer: A,B QUESTION 516: What does the following command in "Ettercap" do? ettercap-NCLzs -quiet A. This command will provide you the entire list of hosts in the LAN B. This command will check if someone is poisoning you and will report its IP C. This command will detach ettercap from console and log all the sniffed passwords to a file D. This command broadcasts ping to scan the LAN instead of ARP request all the subset IPs QUESTION 518: Steven is a senior security analyst for a state agency in Tulsa, Oklahoma. His agency is currently undergoing a mandated security audit by an outside consulting firm. The consulting firm is halfway through the audit and is preparing to perform the actual penetration testing against the agency's network. The firm first sets up a sniffer on the agency's wired network to capture a reasonable amount of traffic to analyze later. This takes approximately 2 hours to obtain 10 GB of data. The consulting firm then sets up a sniffer on the agency's wireless network to capture

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Local Area Networks D. B. Yahoo Chat E. simply allocate a micro-record of 16-bytes for the incoming SYN object. The client should then generate a RST packet telling the server that something is wrong.D Explanation: All above helps protecting against SYN flood attacks. When the client responds with a normal ACK. MSN Messenger C. send a SYN-ACK with a carefully constructed sequence number generated as a hash of the clients IP Address port number and other information. Answer: A. Most TCP/IP stacks today are already tweaked to make it harder to perform a SYN flood DOS attack against a target. Don't use this technique unless you understand 68 . Instead of allocating a record. Micro Blocks. that special sequence number will be included. Peer to Peer Networks QUESTION 529: Data is sent over the network as clear text (unencrypted) when Basic Authentication is configured on Web Servers. Because wireless access points act like hubs on a network B. This capture only takes about 30 minutes to get 10 GB of data. A. Attacker creates a random source address for each packet. even when encrypted C.C. Direct in person C.the same amount of traffic. Because wireless networks can't enable encryption QUESTION 521: The SYN Flood attack sends TCP connections requests faster than a machine can process them. Instead of allocating a complete connection.The server sends a wrong SYN|ACK back to the client. True B.B. D. C. SYN flag set in each packet is a request to open a new connection to the server from the spoofed IP Address Victim responds to spoofed IP Address then waits for confirmation that never arrives (timeout wait is about 3 minutes) Victim's connection table fills up waiting for replies and ignores new connection legitimate users are ignored and will not be able to access the server How do you protect your network against SYN Flood attacks? A. At this point. Thus the server first allocates memory on the third packet of the handshake. RST cookies . which the server then verifies. Reduce the timeout before a stack frees up the memory allocated for a connection. Email B. Stack Tweaking. Because wireless traffic uses only UDP which is easier to sniff D. Because all traffic is clear text. Trojan Client Software D. the server knows the client is valid and will now accept incoming connections from that client normally. TCP can be tweaked in order to reduce the effect of SYN floods. IRC Channel B. False Answer: A Explanation: Using HTTP basic authentication will result in your password being sent over the internet as clear text. GoogleTalk QUESTION 527: What is the most common vehicle for social engineering attacks? A. not the first. Why did capturing of traffic take much less time on the wireless network? A. SYN cookies. QUESTION 522: Hackers usually control Bots through: A.

Paul notices when he uses his wireless connection. SMBCrack C. but found the smart cards to not be cost effective. DNS Spoofing QUESTION 541: Joseph has just been hired on to a contractor company of the Department of Defense as their senior Security Analyst. He was able to get into the server. RainbowCrack B. He has enabled numerous security features such as changing the default SSID. Paul checks the router's logs and notices that the unfamiliar machine has the same MAC address as his laptop. Which of the following tools could be used for this purpose? A.what the ramifications of this are. enabling WPA encryption and enabling MAC filtering on hi wireless router. Joseph's supervisor has told him that they would like to use some type of hardware device in tandem with a security or identifying pin number. CACLS. the speed is sometimes 54 Mbps and sometimes it is only 24mbps or less. Joseph's company has already researched using smart cards and all the resources needed to implement them. What is Paul seeing here? A. SmurfCrack D. Proximity cards QUESTION 543: What does the this symbol mean? 69 . He is currently working on breaking into the Department of Defense's front end exchange server. Biometric device C. What type of device should Joseph use for two-factor authentication? A.EXE D. all DoD users and the users of their contractors must use two-factor authentication to access their networks. Joseph has been delegated the task of researching and implementing the best two-factor authentication method for his company. Joseph has been instructed on the Company's strict security policies that have been implemented and the policies that have yet to be put in place. ARP Spoofing D.EXE B. CLACS. Security token B. but does not have a lot of time to crack it. QUESTION 530: Barney is looking for a Windows NT/2000/XP command-line tool that can be used to assign display or modify ACLs (Access Control Lists) to files or folders and that could also be used within batch files. PSCrack QUESTION 540: Paul has just finished setting up his wireless network.EXE C. Per the Department of Defense. MAC Spoofing B. Macof C. located in a DMZ. NTPERM.EXE QUESTION 535: Johnny is a member of the hacking group orpheus1. He wants to use a tool that already has the LM hashes computed for all possible permutations of the administrator password. Johnny wants to crack the administrator password. PERM. by using an unused service account that had a very weak password that he was able to guess. What tool would be best used to accomplish this? A. Paul connects to his wireless router's management utility and notices that a machine with an unfamiliar name is connected through his wireless connection. OTP D.

Blake is especially concerned about his since telnet can be a very large security risk in an organization. Bob decides to use strategic antenna positioning. Where is the password file kept is Linux? A. hardened the operating systems and disabled all unnecessary service on all the servers. He places the antenna for the access point near the center of the building. /etc/passwd C. With the 300-foot limit of a wireless signal. Blake telents into the server and types the following command: HEAD/HTTP/1. Poisoned the local DNS cache of the server QUESTION 552: Angela is trying to access an education website that requires a username and password to login. /bin/shadow Answer: A QUESTION 549: Blake is in charge of securing all 20 of his company's servers. Wireless signals can be detected from miles away. Bob's network is not safe QUESTION 548: You are trying to compromise a Linux Machine and steal the password hashes for cracking with password brute forcing program. WEP Encrypted Access Point D.0 After pressing enter twice. /etc/shadow B. she gets 70 . Open Access Point B. Unfortunately. Downloaded a file to his local computer C. Closed Access Point Answer: A QUESTION 544: In an attempt to secure his 802. his wireless network will be safe from attack. When Angela clicks on the link to access the login page. He has enabled hardware and software firewalls. /bin/password D. Grabbed the banner B. WPA Encrypted Access Point C. Bob's network will not be safe until he also enables WEP B. Which of he following statements is true? A. Bob's network is safe C. Blake is concerned about how his particular server might look to an outside attacker so he decides to perform some footprinting scanning and penetration tests on the server.11a D. For those access points near the outer edge of the building he uses semi-directional antennas that face towards the buildings center. Bob's network will be sage but only if he doesn't switch to 802.11b wireless network. there is proprietary AS400 emulation software that must run on one of the servers that requires the telnet service to function properly. There is a large parking lot and outlying filed surrounding the building that extends out half a mile around the building.A. Submitted a remote command to crash the server D. Bob figures that with this and his placement of antennas. Blake gets the following results: What has the Blake just accomplished? A.

EIP B. Unicode Bytes Answer: A QUESTION 558: In Buffer Overflow exploit.C QUESTION 557: When writing shellcodes. IP Routing or Packet Dropping C. IDS Spoofing or Session Assembly D. Null Bytes B. QUESTION 559: 71 . and other tools exist in the wild.B. which of the following registers gets overwritten with return address of the exploit code? A. it points to your next command. IP Splicing or Packet Reassembly Answer: A Explanation: The basic premise behind session splicing. is to deliver the payload over multiple packets thus defeating simple pattern matching without session reconstruction. What ca Angela's IT department do to get access to the education website? A. IP Fragmentation or Session Splicing B. strscock() Answer: A.an error message stating that the page can't be reached. Currently. QUESTION 556: Which of the following built-in C/C++ functions you should avoid to prevent your program from buffer overflow attacks? A. streadd() D. her computer can't ping the education website back. The datagram is not reassembled until it reaches its final destination. What is this technique called? A. it is found that the education website requires any computer accessing the site must be able to respond to a ping from the education's server. Root Bytes C. After handing the issue over to her company's IT department. Change the IP on Angela's Computer to an address outside the firewall B. EEP Answer: A Explanation: EIP is the instruction pointer which is a register. Change the settings on the firewall all outbound traffic on port 80 D. It would be a processor-intensive tasks for an IDS to reassemble all fragments itself and on a busy system the packet will slip through the IDS onto the network. strcat() C. you must avoid _________________ because these will end the string. Char Bytes D. Use a Internet browser other than the one that Angela is currently using QUESTION 554: This IDS defeating technique works by splitting a datagram (or packet) into multiple fragments and the IDS will not spot the true nature of the fully assembled datagram. strcpy() B. A. or IP Fragmentation. She contacts the website's support team and they report that no one else is having any issues with the site. This payload can be delivered in many different manners and even spread out over a long period of time. EAP D. Since Angela's computer is behind a corporate firewall. Whisker and Nessus have session splicing capabilities. ESP C. Change the settings on the firewall to allow all incoming traffic on port 80 C.

112039 eth0 < 192.802163 eth0 < 192.112143 eth0 < 192. Hashing D.10 QUESTION 82: An nmap command that includes the host specification of 202.000 QUESTION 129: What type of attack is shown in the above diagram? 72 .1 > victim: ip-proto-74 0 (ttl 48.1. nmap -sR 192. Brute-forcing QUESTION 565: Microsoft Authenticode technology is used for: A.168.176.168.111982 eth0 < 192. nmap -sV 192. Digital Signing Activex controls B.168. 2 B.168.1 > victim: ip-proto-162 0 (ttl 48. tcpdump-vv host 192.1.168.Which programming language is NOT vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks? A. A.168. id 32834) 17:34:46. Factorization B.802216 eth0 < 192. id 26292) 17:34:46.1. Over 10.168. 512 D.168. id 35585) 17:34:46. id 51058) tcpdump-vv -x host 192. Prime Detection C.168. then the private key can be derived. Digitally Signing JavaScript Files D. ActiveX C.168.1. C++ D.10 D.1.10 > victim: ip-proto-130 0 (ttl 59.1 > victim: ip-proto-117 0 (ttl 48.1 > victim: ip-proto-117 0 (ttl 48. A. id 42060) 4500 0014 a44c 0000 3b82 57b8 c0a8 010a c0a8 0109 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 A. If the two numbers p and q are discovered through a _________________ process.1 > victim: ip-proto-25 0 (ttl 48.1. 256 C.802266 eth0 < 192.168.* will scan _______ number of hosts.1.1.112092 eth0 < 192.168.168.1 > victim: ip-proto-25 0 (ttl 48.168.731739 eth0 < 192. id 36166) 17:34:45. nmap -sS 192. id 33796) 17:34:45.10 17:34:45.10 C.1. id 47066) 17:34:46. which are used in the RSA PKI mathematical process. Digitally Signing Java Applets QUESTION 569: Study the log below and identify the scan type.1.1. Java B. Assembly Language QUESTION 561: One of the most common and the best way of cracking RSA encryption is to being to derive the two prime numbers.1.1.10 B. nmap -sO -T 192.1 > victim: ip-proto-162 0 (ttl 48.10 17:35:06. Digitally signing SSL Certificates C.56-57.1.

Cross Site Scripting C.exe:anyfile. ADS C. Session Hijacking Attack D. 0182BD0BD4444BF836077A718CCDF409 D. NTFS D. Hexcode Attack B. Multiple Domain Traversal Attack D. the attacker could pose as the server or client after a legitimate authentication and gain unauthorized access to data. insert and modify at will. E52CAC67419A9A224A3B108F3FA6CB6D Answer: B. 44EFCE164AB921CQAAD3B435B51404EE C. messages between two parties without either party knowing that the link between them has been compromised. BA810DBA98995F1817306D272A9441BB B. QUESTION 130: Study the following log extract and identify the attack. E Notice the last 8 characters are the same QUESTION 168: What file system vulnerability does the following command take advantage of? typec:\anyfile. Timestamps 73 .exe A. Backdoor access Answer: B QUESTION 169: Attackers can potentially intercept and modify unsigned SMB packets.A. HFS B. SSL Spoofing Attack B. B757BF5C0D87772FAAD3B435B51404EE F. Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) Attack Answer: D Explanation: A man-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is an attack in which an attacker is able to read. modify the traffic and forward it so that the server might perform undesirable actions.exe > c:\winnt\system32\calc. A. Unicode Directory Traversal Attack Answer: D QUESTION 147: Which of the following LM hashes represent a password of less than 8 characters? (Select 2) A. Which of the following is NOT a means that can be used to minimize or protect against such an attack? A. Alternatively. Identity Stealing Attack C. CEC52EB9C8E3455DC2265B23734E0DAC E.

Enable Active Scripts Detection at the firewall and routers. Use get* to download all pages locally for further inspection./ 2. SARA. by Razor (http://razor. SMB Signing C. A large number of SYN packets appearing on a network with the corresponding reply packets.ext?template%2e%2e%2e%2e%2e%2f%2e%2f%65%74%63 The request is made up of: 1./. D. there are many other alternative ways to make sure that the services that 74 .. The source and destination address having the same value. Axent's NetRecon (http://www.. D. Use SSL authentication on Web Servers. QUESTION 275: Take a look at the following attack on a Web Server using obstructed URL: http://www. The source and destination port numbers having the same value. C. %65%74%63 = etc 3. QUESTION 284: Scanning for services is an easy job for Bob as there are so many tools available from the Internet. B.example. In order for him to check the vulnerability of Certkiller . A large number of SYN packets appearing on a network without the corresponding reply packets.bindview. C. QUESTION 236: What is the most common vehicle for social engineering attacks? A. C. by Advanced Research Organization (http://www-arc. P2P Networks QUESTION 269: You work as security technician at Certkiller . Phone B./.B. you might be required to look through multiple web pages online which can take a long time. 487 QUESTION 230: SYN Flood is a DOS attack in which an attacker deliberately violates the three-way handshake and opens a large number of half-open TCP connections.com/tools/) However. Use mget to download all pages locally for further inspection. 419 D. 88 C. Sequence numbers monitoring QUESTION 206: What port number is used by Kerberos protocol? A. Which of the processes listed below would be a more efficient way of doing this type of validation? A. File permissions D. Configure Web Server to deny requests involving Unicode characters. The signature for SYN Flood attack is: A. Create rules in IDS to alert on strange Unicode requests. Here are the scanners that he uses: 1..com/sara) 3.axent.com/script.com. %2f = / 4. he went through a few scanners that are currently available.com) 2. D. While doing web application testing. B. Use get() to download all pages locally for further inspection. Use wget to download all pages locally for further inspection. VLAD the Scanner. Email C. B. In person D. %2e%2e%2f%2e%2e%2f%2e%2f% = . %70%61%73%73%77%64 = passwd How would you protect information systems from these attacks? A. 44 B.

and have invested considerable resources in protecting their Internet exposure. Using the manual method of telnet to each of the open ports of Certkiller . Double Quote C. QUESTION 424: What is the purpose of firewalking? A. QUESTION 303: Bob has been hired to do a web application security test. D. Semi Column B.) A. C. A White Hat test QUESTION 460: Which of the following best describes Vulnerability? A. A weakness or error that can lead to compromise QUESTION 465: Bill has started to notice some slowness on his network when trying to update his 75 . An action or event that might prejudice security C. It's a technique used to discover Wireless network on foot B. However. It's a technique used to map routers on a network link C. Bob wants to validate whether SQL Injection would be possible. Using Cheops-ng to identify the devices of Certkiller . Continuously survey the area for wireless devices. It's a technique used to discover interface in promiscuous mode D. A Black Hat test C. their main concern is the possibility of an employee elevating his/her privileges and gaining access to information outside of their respective department. Exclamation Mark QUESTION 328: Bob reads an article about how insecure wireless networks can be. He gets approval from his management to implement a policy of not allowing any wireless devices on the network. Disable SNMP on the network so that wireless devices cannot be configured. What would be the best method to accurately identify the services running on a victim host? A. It's a technique used to discover what rules are configured on a gateway QUESTION 450: A client has approached you with a penetration test requirements. B. Single Quote D. Bob notices that the site is dynamic and infers that they mist be making use of a database at the application back end. Train users in the new policy. C. What kind of penetration test would you recommend that would best address the client's concern? A. A White Box test F. Using the default port and OS to make a best guess of what services are running on each port for Certkiller . The loss potential of a threat B.have been scanned will be more accurate and detailed for Bob. They are concerned with the possibility of external threat. What is the first character that Bob should use to attempt breaking valid SQL requests? A. D. A Grey Hat test E. A Grey Box test D. A Black Box test B. Using a vulnerability scanner to try to probe each port to verify or figure out which service is running for Certkiller . B. Disable all wireless protocols at the firewall. An agent that could take advantage of a weakness D. What other steps does Bob have to take in order to successfully implement this? (Select 2 answer.

Nmap with the O (Raw IP Packets switch 76 . Now Bill needs to find out more about the originating IP Address. Bill receives a number of calls from customers that can't access the company website and can't purchase anything online. He also notices that almost all the traffic is originating from a specific address. ARIN C. but the help desk manager says that he has not. Paula's Network was scanned using FloppyScan B. Nessus sacn with TCP based pings B. Bill knows that none of his customers are in Panama so he immediately thinks that his company is under a Denial of Service attack. Paula also noticed that the hard drive activity light was flashing meaning that the computer was processing some thing. but the Blue screen looks like a familiar one that Paula had seen a Windows 2000 Computers periodically. you want to discover as many different protocols as possible. FTP C. Bill asks the help desk manager if he has received any calls about slowness from the end users. The user said he stepped away from his computer for only 15 minutes and when he got back. Paula knew this should not be the case since the computer should be completely frozen during a Blue screen. Tool like Nessus will cause BSOD Answer: A QUESTION 483: You are scanning the target network for the first time. SMB B. There was IRQ conflict in Paula's PC D. You are able to detect few convention open ports. APNIC QUESTION 481: Samantha has been actively scanning the client network for which she is doing a vulnerability assessment test. SAMBA D. RIPELACNIC D. What Internet registry should Bill look in to find the IP Address? A. While doing a port scan she notices ports open in the 135 to 139 range. What is Paula seeing happen on this computer? A. Netcat scan with the switches C. the Blue Screen was there. Paula has just received a call from a user reporting that his computer just displayed a Blue Screen of Death screen and he ca no longer work. What protocol is most likely to be listening on those ports? A. Nmap scan with the P (ping scan) switch D. The user's computer is running Windows XP. LACNIC B. While attempting to perform conventional service identification by connecting to the open ports. As you are unsure of the protocols in use. Bill logs on to a couple of this routers and notices that the logs shows network traffic is at all time high. Paula walks over to the user's computer and sees the Blue Screen of Death screen. Bill decides to use Geotrace to find out where the suspect IP is originates from. The Geotrace utility runs a traceroute and finds that IP is coming from Panama.company's website while trying to access the website from the Internet. She checks the network IDS live log entries and notices numerous nmap scan alerts. Paula's Netwrok was scanned using Dumpsec C. FINGER Answer: A QUESTION 482: Paula works as the primary help desk contact for her company. Which of the following scan options can help you achieve this? A. the scan yields either bad or no result.

The TCP window Size does not match E. Internet cache file is piped to pwd. Inc is a software development company located in Los Angeles. Password history file is piped to pwd. It is used by ALL devices on the market D. which was connected to Spears Technology. Dumps SAM password hashes to pwd.F QUESTION 493: SNMP is a protocol used to query hosts. It is susceptible to sniffing B. "The hackers had accessed and downloaded 90. Michael has just logged on to one of the network's domain controllers and is about to run the following command: What will this command accomplish? A. however that the new password policy requires that everyone must have complex passwords with at least 14 characters. It uses TCP as the underlying protocol C. Spears Technology found this attack to be so to law enforcement officials to protect their intellectual property.C.txt B. Michael wants to ensure that everyone is using complex passwords that meet the new security policy requirements. Dumps Active Directory password hashes to pwd. The security breach was discovered when customers complained about the usage of their credit cards without their 77 . He knows that his target network has a web server and that a mail server is up and running. It uses a community string sent as clear text Answer: A. stating that its "security defenses has been breached and exploited for 2 weeks by hackers. They reported a breach in security. The application called BEAST Trojan was used in the attack to open a "Back Door" allowing the hackers undetected access.E. including its password policies. The destination network might be down F.000 address containing customer credit cards and password. UDP is filtered by a gateway C. Which of the following features makes this possible? A. Hackers have used this protocol for a long time to gather great amount of information about remote hosts. The packet TTL value is too low and can't reach the target Answer: A. Michael has been charged with strengthening the company's security policies. Due to certain legacy applications. Inc's corporate VPN network. He has informed the company's employes.txt QUESTION 506: Spears Technology. Check all of the following that could be a likely cause of the lack of response? A.txt C.Answer: D QUESTION 484: Jack is conducting a port scan of a target network. Jack has been sweeping the network but has not been able to get any responses from the remote target. Michael was only able to enforce a password group policy in Active Directory with a minimum of 10 characters. How did this attack occur? The intruder entered through an employees home machine.txt D. The host might be down B.D QUESTION 504: Michael is the security administrator for the for ABC company. ICMP is filtered by a gateway D. servers and devices about performance or health status data. California.

What attacks can you successfully laugh against a server using the above technique? A. Install a hardware SSL "accelerator" and terminate SSL at this layer C. Inc exchange for ransom. IP Spoofing Attacks QUESTION 555: John runs a Web Server. Session Hijacking attacks B. the attack connects to a service first with its own IP address. records the sequence number chosen and then opens a second connection from a forget IP address. what type of attack is Bryce attempting to perform? A. Ping of Death QUESTION 528: After a client sends a connection request (SYN) packet to the server. SYN Flood D. Enable the firewall to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic QUESTION 567: Which of the following encryption is not based on Block Cipher? 78 . Web Page defacement attacks D. Denial of Service attacks C. but can guess the correct responses. How would Jon protect his network form these types of attacks? A. QUESTION 523: Bryce the bad boy is purposely sending fragmented ICMP packets to a remote target. How would you prevent such attacks from occurring in the future at Spears Technology? A. Fraggle C. John become suspicious and views he firewall logs and he notices huge SSL connections constantly hitting web server. If the source IP Address is used for authentication. This sequence number is predictable. He looks up the IDS log files and sees no Intrusion attempts but the web server constantly locks up and needs rebooting due to various brute force and buffer overflow attacks but still the IDS alerts no intrusion whatsoever. Enable the IDS to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic D. Install a proxy server and terminate SSL at the proxy B. Replace the VPN access with dial-up modem access to the company's network D. The hackers were traced back to Beijing China through e-mail address evidence. The hackers had intended on selling the stolen VOIP software source code to competitors. The intent of the attacker was to steal the source code for their VOIP system and "hold it hostage" from Spears Technology. Enable 25 character complex password policy for employees to access the VPN network.knowledge. the attacker can use the one-side communication to break into the server. The credit card information was sent to that same e-mail address. Recently his Web Server has been under constant hacking attacks.536 bytes. the server will respond (SYN-ACK) with a sequence number of its choosing. Allow VPN access but replace the standard authentication with biometric authentication C. Disable VPN access to all your employees from home machines B. IDS and firewall on his network. Smurf B. The tool size of this ICMP packet once reconstructed is over 65. Hackers have been using the encrypted HTTPS protocol to send exploits to the web server and that was the reason the IDS did not detect the intrusions. From the information given. posing as employees. The attack doesn't see the SYN-ACK (or any other packet) from the server. which then must be acknowledge (ACK) by the client. The passwords allowed the hackers to access Spears Technology's network from a remote location.

Question: 185 Why is Social Engineering considered attractive by hackers and also adopted by experts in the field? A. his wireless network will be safe from attack. C.net. The IP range used by the target network B. Question: 153 Bill has successfully executed a buffer overflow against a Windows IIS web server. Ulf’s network is safe. D. Blowfish C. B. D. Which of the following statements is true? A.A. Ulf decides to use a strategic antenna positioning. Which of the processes listed below would be a more efficient way of doing this type of validation? A. C. Ulf’s network will not be safe until he also enables WEP. B. B. he tries to overwrite it with another page again in vain. How can this help you in footprint the organization? A.11a. Question: 140 In an attempt to secure his 802. He places the antenna for the access points near the center of the building. QUESTION 118 You are gathering competitive intelligence on an Certkiller . There are two job postings for network and system administrators. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few Internet job-hunting sites. Use get* to download all pages locally for further inspection. C. He first attempts to use the “Echo” command to simply overwrite index. There is a large parsheets lot and outlying filed surrounding the building that extends out half a mile around the building. For those access points near the outer edge of the building he uses semi-directional antennas that face towards the building’s center.com. C. D. He then attempts to delete the page and achieves no progress. Finally. There are two job postings for network and system administrators. How strong the corporate security policy is D. RC4 Question: 118 You are gathering competitive intelligence on an Examsheets. The system is a honeypot. An understanding of the number of employees in the company 79 . While doing web application examing. With the 300 feet limit of a wireless signal. An understanding of the number of employees in the company C. The IP range used by the target network B. It is easy and extremely effective to gain information. Ulf figures that with this and his placement of antennas. What is the probable cause of Bill’s problem? A. Wireless signals can be detected from miles away. How can this help you in footprint the organization? A. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few Internet job-hunting sites. Ulf’s network is not safe.net. It is not considered illegal. It is done by well known hackers and in movies as well. Use wget to download all pages locally for further inspection.html and remains unsuccessful. The types of operating systems and applications being used. B. you might be required to look through multiple web pages online which can take a long time. Question: 122 You work as security technician at Examsheets. It does not require a computer in order to commit a crime. AES D. D. He has been able to spawn an interactive shell and plans to deface the main web page. Use mget to download all pages locally for further inspection. There is a problem with the shell and he needs to run the attack again. Ulf’s network will be safe but only of he doesn’t switch to 802. Use get() to download all pages locally for further inspection. DES B.11b wireless network. You cannot use a buffer overflow to deface a web page. The HTML file has permissions of ready only.

com C.google. John wants to ensure that the downloaded tool has not been Trojaned. Compare the file's virus signature with the one published on the distribution media QUESTION 590: In the context of Trojans. Proxy D. Use NNTP websites to search for these postings D. LACNIC. A single packet (such 80 . ARIN. IDS.C. Use get() to download all pages locally for further inspection QUESTION 149 Snort is an open source Intrusion Detection system. Sniffer B. D. IDS. As the application comes from a site in his untrusted zone. RIPE NCC. LATNIC QUESTION 122 You work as security technician at Certkiller . RIPE NCC. PICNIC. it can also be used for a few other purposes as well. Compare the files' MD5 signature with the one published on the distribution media D. QUESTION 119 Your Certkiller trainee Sandra asks you which are the four existing Regional Internet Registry (RIR's)? A. APNIC D. Search in Google using the key strings "the target company" and "newsgroups" B. Packet Logger. Which of the following options would indicate the best course of action for John? A. ARIN. Obtain the application via SSL B. Use get* to download all pages locally for further inspection. A tool used to encapsulated packets within a new header and footer. Obtain the application from a CD-ROM disc C. B. Sniffer. LACNIC B. The types of operating systems and applications being used. While doing web application testing. you might be required to look through multiple web pages online which can take a long time. How strong the corporate security policy is D. Search for the target company name at http://groups. NANIC. D. An encryption tool to protect the Trojan. IDS. As an ethical hacker. Search in Google using the key search strings "the target company" and "forums" QUESTION 594: John wants to try a new hacking tool on his Linux System. APNIC C. C.com. ARIN. However. Which of the choices below indicate the other features offered by Snort? A. A tool used to calculate bandwidth and CPU cycles wasted by the Trojan. B. APNIC. QUESTION 589: Smurf is a simple attack based on IP spoofing and broadcasts. IDS. you could use the information in newsgroup posting to glean insight into the makeup of a target network. Which of the processes listed below would be a more efficient way of doing this type of validation? A. content inspector -------------------------------------------------------DUPT---------------------------QUESTION 596: System Administrators sometimes post questions to newsgroups when they run into technical challenges. ARIN. Use wget to download all pages locally for further inspection. APNIC. what is the definition of a Wrapper? A. Sniffer. Use mget to download all pages locally for further inspection. RIPE NCC. How would you search for these posting using Google search? A. C. A tool used to bind the Trojan with legitimate file. Sniffer C. Firewall.

what is the hacker really trying to steal? A.as an ICMP Echo Request) is sent as a directed broadcast to a subnet on the Internet. In order to use this tool on the Windows Platform you must install a packet capture library. Brute Force attack in which the Hacker attempted guessing login ID and password from password cracking tools B. PCAP B. All the machines on that subnet respond to this broadcast. in which the hacker opened an account with the bank. There is no way of finding out until a new updated signature file is released QUESTION 584: Based on the following extract from the log of a compromised machine. A properly configured gateway D. What is the name of this library? A. instead money was transferred between accounts. the account balances of many of the bank's customers had been changed ! However. then logged in to receive a session ID. John Stevens reviewed the Web Application's logs and found the following entries. money hasn't been removed from the bank. The Hacker used a generator module to pass results to the Web Server and exploited Web Application CGI vulnerability. guessed the next ID and took over Jason's session. wwwroot D. QUESTION 517: Windump is a Windows port of the famous TCPDump packet sniffer available on a variety of platforms. By spoofing the source IP Address of the packet. a hacker can often flood a victim with hundreds of responses for every request the hacker sends out. NTPCAP C. SAM file C.After one month in production. Customers can access their account balances. File integrity verification tools B. IRC servers are the primary victim to smurf attacks B. The Hacker attempted Session Hijacking. transfer money between accounts. LibPCAP 81 . Thus.txt B. Anti-Virus Software C. John Stevens is in charge of information security at Bank of Timbukut. C. IDS devices are the primary victim to smurf attacks C. Mail Servers are the primary victim to smurf attacks D. The Hacker first attempted logins with suspected user names. SPAM filters are the primary victim to surf attacks QUESTION 588: Virus Scrubbers and other malware detection program can only detect items that they are aware of. har. Given this attack profile. Who are the primary victims of these attacks on the Internet today? A. Repair file QUESTION 536: Bank of Timbuku is a medium-sized. pay bills and conduct online financial business using a web browser. then used SQL injection to gain access to valid login IDs D. several customers have complained about the Internet enabled banking application. What kind of attack did the Hacker attempt to carry out at the Bank? A. all the responses will get sent to the spoofed IP Address. regional financial institution in Timbuktu. Which of the following tools would allow you to detect unauthorized changes or modifications of binary files on your system by unknown malware? A. The bank has deployed a new Internet-accessible Web Application recently. Strangely.

Only scan the Windows systems. Perform multiple queries through a search engine C. Which of he following options would be a possible reason? A. FTP B.D. WinPCAP QUESTION 165: In the context of Windows Security. D. These ports are actually open on the target system D. you notice that almost every query increments the IPID. One or two of the queries cause the IPID to increment by more than one value. Enable Remote Desktop on her computer. The Zombie you are using is not truly idle C.regardless of the port being queried. They report that they are under a denial of service attack. 82 . B. Go through the rubbish to find out any information that might have been discarded QUESTION 490: You are conducting an idlescan manually using HPING2. Install screen capturing Spyware on her computer. what service is being exploited? : A. Search on financial site such as Yahoo Financial B. He was able to get off early… A. A stateful inspection firewall is resetting your queries QUESTION 570: While performing ping scans into a target network you get a frantic call from the organization's security team. How can you modify your scan to prevent triggering this event in the IDS? A. A pseudo account that was created for security administration purpose QUESTION 421: Given the following extract from the snort log on a honeypot. Telnet D. SMTP QUESTION 467: Which of the following activities would not be considered passive footprinting? A. Spoof the source IP address. B. Harold just got home from working at Henderson LLC where he works as an IT technician. SSH C. When you stop your scan. Scan the range of IP address found in their DNS database D. A pseudo account that has no username and password D. Scan more slowly. C. An account that has been suspended by the admin C. C. the smurf attack event stops showing up on the organization's IDS monitor. Hping2 can't be used for idlescanning B. A user that has no skills B. Do not scan the broadcast IP. During the scanning process. what is a 'null' user? A. ------------------------------------------TUNGH--QUESTION 401. Install hardware keylogger on her computer.

D. A. OTP D. Biometric device C. ssp/ProPolice (as used by OpenBSD). Security token B. Canary B. A. Non-executing stack QUESTION 403 Which of the following keyloggers cannot be detected by anti-virus or anti-spyware products? A. Reverse Psychology E. Hex editing C. Covert keylogger B. and Microsoft’s /GS option use ______ defense against buffer overflow attacks. Proximity cards 83 . Faking Identity B. Spoofing Identity C. Stealth keylogger C. Format checking D. Install VNC on her computer. Reverse Engineering QUESTION 405 Joseph has just been hired on to a contractor company of the Department of Defense as their Senior Security Analyst… A. QUESTION 402 StackGuard (as used by Immunix).’s computers and obtain their secret double fudge cookie recipe. Social Engineering D. Software keylogger D. Hardware keylogger QUESTION 404 Jack Hacker wants to break into Brown Co.

Machine A: netcat –l –e magickey –p 1234 < testfile Machine B: netcat < machine A IP> 1234 C. Tripwire B. SAINT D. Machine A: netcat –l –p 1234 < testfile –pw password Machine B: netcat <machine A IP> 1234 –pw password D. Use cryptcat instead of netcat QUESTION 407 Harold has just been hired on as the senior network administrator for the University of Central Michigan… A.0. Machine A Machine B.5 to Cisco A.QUESTION 406 An attacker runs netcat tool to transfer a secret file between two hosts. Sequence number 82980070 Acknowledgement number 17768885 B. Sequence number 17768729 Acknowledgement number 82980070 84 .0. Machine A : netcat –l –p –s password 1234 < testfile Machine B : netcat < machine A IP > 1234 B. Nessus C. SATAN QUESTION 408 You are trying to hijack a telnet session from a victim machine with IP address 10. A.

display. FIN Scan QUESTION 410 Harold works for jacobson Unlimited the IT department as the security manager. A. You want to prevent attackers from running any sort.exe C. A. CACLS. Block TCP at the firewall B. LanManger hashes are broken up into two 7 character fields B.exe B. Sequence number 82980010 Acknowledgement number 17768885 QUESTION 409 Which type of scan does not Open a full TCP connection? A. Stealth Scan B. CLACS. Sequence number 87000070 Acknowledgement number 85320085 D. Block UDP at the firewall C. NTPERM. Harold should have used Dumpsec instead of Pwdump6 C. Block ICMP at the firewall D. 85 .C. PERM. XMAS Scan C. or modify ACLs. A. Harold should use LC4 instead of john the Ripper. Null Scan D. QUESTION 411 Barney is looking for a Windows NT/2000/XP command-line tool that can be used to assign. There is no way to completely block tracerouting into this area.exe QUESTION 412 You are the security administrator for a large network. Harold’s dictionary file was not large enougn D.exe D.

D. SQL injection Attack C. It opens a security-delayed window based on the port being scanned C. A. Bob’s network will be safe but only if he doesn’t switch to 802. Bob’s network is safe C. With the 300-foot limit of a wireless signal. alert tcp any any -> any any 21 (content:”user root”. QUESTION 415 Which of the following snort rules look for FTP root login attempts? A. 40-bit encryption 86 . Cross Site Scripting. 11b wireless network.) B. Bob’s network will not be safe until he also enables WEP B. A.QUESTION 413 In an attempt secure his 802. It informs the cracker of which vulnerabilities he may be able to exploit on your system. It defines exactly what software you have installed B. B. alert ftp -> (content:”user password root”. It doesn’t depend on the patches that have been applied to fix exitsting security holes.) D.11a D. Unicode Traversal Attack QUESTION 417 Steven the hacker realizes the network administrator of Acme Corporation is using syskey in Windows 2000 Server to protect his resources A. alert tcp -> any port 21 (msg:”user root”.) QUESTION 416 Kevin has been asked to write a short program to gather user input for a web application. Bob decides to use strategic antenna positioning.) C. Wireless signals can be detected from QUESTION 414 Fingerprinting at Operating System helps a cracker because: A. Format String Attack D. alert tcp -> any port 21 (message:”user root”.

B. A. B. Factorization B. C. Prime detection C. It’s a technique used to map routers on a network link. Shared key authentication D. Hashing D. He shuts down all unnecessary ports and services. 128-bit encryption D. 256-bit encryption QUESTION 418 One of the most common and the best way of cracking RSA encryption is to begin to derive the two prime numbers. Use Monkey shell C. No authentication B. Single key authentication C. A. A. It’s a technique used to discover interface in promiscuous mode. Open system authentication QUESTION 421 What is the purpose of firewalking? A. 87 . Use reverse shell using FTP protocol D. 64-bit encryption C. Use ClosedVPN B. It’s a technique used to discover Wireless network on foot. Brute-forcing QUESTION 419 John has a proxy server on his network which caches and filters web access. and the station responds by encryting the plaintext. Use HTTPTunnel or Stunnel on port 80 and 443 QUESTION 420 Jackson discovers that the wireless AP transmits 128 byte of plaintext.

packet #120 A. the attacker will attempt to increase. He needs to use an automated tool to telnet in C. 121-231 D. SMURF Attacks QUESTION 426 88 . This causes the system to go into an infinite loop trying to resolve this unexpected connection. 121-371 E. 120-321 B. 200-250 QUESTION 424 Once an intruder has access to a remote system with a valid username and password. Give user the least amount of privileges QUESTION 425 Attacker forges a TCP/IP packet. The server and the client .D. Give users a strong policy document D. Give users two passwords C. He cannot spoof his IP and successfully use TCP D. which causes the victim to try opening a connection with itseft.. 120-370 C. Give users tokens B. LAND attacks B. B. SYN Flood attacks D. Targa attacks C. A. A. He is attacking an Operating system that does not reply to telnet even when open QUESTION 423 You want to carry out session hijacking on a remote server. A. It’s a technique used to discover what rules are configured on a gateway QUESTION 422 An attacker is attempting to telnet into a corporation’s system in the DMZ. The firewall is blocking port 23 to that system.

./bin/ls%20-al C. IDS.com/example?accountnumber=67891&creaditamount=99999999 B. Password Sniffer B.asp?lname=smith%27%3bupdate%20usertable%20set %20password%3d%27AxOr%27%3b--%00 D.php?mydata=%3csript%20src=%22http%3a%2f %2fwww. However. IDS. http://www. WinHttrack QUESTION 429 Snort is an open source Intrusion Detection System. Sniffer D.. IDS.com/script.victim. Proxy B.Identify SQL injection attack from the HTTP requests shown below: A. Loads the /etc/passwd file to the UDP port 55555 C. LOphtCrack C.cgi?foo=. A. http://www. Logs the incoming connections to /etc/passwd file B. deletes the /etc/passwd file when connected to the UDP port 55555 QUESTION 428 Daryl is a network administrator working for Dayton Technologies.com/cgiin/bad.cOm%2fbadscript. Packet Logger.xsecurity. Sniffer. The Ploblem Daryl is having A.yourserver.%fc%80%80%80%80%af. Sniffer.Since Daryl’s backgrounds is in web application development.com/search. John the Ripper D.myserver. Firewall.myserver. http://www. http://www. content inspector 89 . IDS. Grabs the /etc/passwd file when connected to UDP port 55555 D. Sniffer C. it can also be used for a few other purposes such as a sniffer.js%22%3e%3c%2fscript%3e QUESTION 427 What does the following command in netcat do? Nc 55555 < /etc/passwd A.

Someone who has at least 12 years of hacking experience QUESTION 432 Stephanie works as a records clerk in a large office building in downtown Chicago. 443 QUESTION 431 What does the term ‘Hacktivism’ means? A. 445 B. A. Snow B. 179 D. Someone that has an urge to constantly hack C. File snuff C. You are trying to intercept the traffic from a victim machine. Your firm represents many important clients whose names always must remain anonymous to the public. Administrator will often time make use of SSL to encrypt communications from point A to point B. Stealth Firefox D. File sneaker D. EFS QUESTION 434 SSL has been seen as the solution to a lot of common security problems.QUESTION 430 NetBIOS over TCP/IP allows files and/or printers to be shared over the netword. Someone who is hacking for a cause B. Stealth IE C. On Monday. she went to mandatory security A. A. Stealth Anonymizer B. 90 . Someone who subscribe to hacker’s magazine D. Cookie Disabler QUESTION 433 You are IT manager of large legal firm in California. 139 C.

A. Shut off the SMTP service on the server C. SSL will mask the content of the packet and Intrusion Detection System are blinded D. Switch from Windows Exchange to Unix Sendmail D.0. To discover proxy servers on a network B. To discover information about a target host using NBTSTAT QUESTION 437 You have retrieved the raw hash values from a Windows 2000 Domain Controller. Block port 25 at the firewall B. Firewalls cannot inspect traffic coming through port 443 B. A. To disrupt the NetBIOS SMB service on the target host C. Bod has followed all the for securing the operating system and IIS. SSL will trigger rules at regular interval and force the administrator to turn them off C. Firewalls cannot inspect traffic coming through port 80 91 . Firewalls can only inspect outbound traffic C. None of the above QUESTION 436 Why would an attacker want to perform a scan on port 137? A. To check for file and print sharing on Windows systems D. Encryption Attack D.A. Hybrid Attack B. SSL is redundant if you already have IDS’s in place B. you discover that people are able the telnet into the SMTP server on port 25 A. Dictionary Attack C. Brute Force Attack QUESTION 438 Bob has set up three web server on Windows Server 2003 IIS 6. SSL will slow down the IDS while is it breaking the encryption to see the packer contend QUESTION 435 While examining audit logs.

Firewalls cannot inspect traffic at all. By using SQL injection B. The security administrators verify the web server and Oracle database have not been A. By changing hidden form values in a local copy of the web page D. There is no way the attacker could do this without directly compromising either the web server or the database QUESTION 441 Why type of port scan is shown below? A.D. Idle Scan 92 . A. By using cross site scripting C. Bob can explain that a random number generator can be used to derive cryptographic keys but it uses a weak seed value and this is a form of a programming error QUESTION 440 An attacker has been successfully modifying the purchase price of items purchased at a web site. Bob can explain that using a weak key management technique is a form of programming error B. having worked with it for many years. they can only block or allow certain ports QUESTION 439 Bob has a good understanding of cryptography. Bob can explain that a buffer overflow is an example of programming error and it is a common mistake associated with poor programming technique D. Bob can explain that using passwords to derive cryptographic keys is a form of a programming error C. Cryptography is used to secure data from specific threats.

The IP range used by the target network B. A. System C. Semi Column C. A.B. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few internet job-hunting sites. Double Quote D. Enable the Firewall to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic 93 . Recently his Web server has been under constant hacking attacks. Windows Scan QUESTION 442 Melissa is a virus that targeted Microsoft Windows platforms. Polymorphic D. To which category does this virus belong? A. Bob notices that the site is dynamic and must make use of a back end database. There are two jobs for network and system administrators. FIN Scan C. Install a proxy server and terminate SSL at the proxy B. Boot Sector infector QUESTION 443 Bob has been hired to do a web application security test. An understanding of the number of employees in the company QUESTION 445 John runs a Web server. Macro B. Single Quote B. IDS and firewall on his network. Enable the IDS to filler encrypted HTTPS traffic D. XMAS Scan D. How strong the corporate security policy is C. Exclamation Mark QUESTION 444 You are gathering competitive intelligence on a organization. A. The types of operating systems and applications being used D. Install a hardware SSL “accelerator” and terminate SSL at this layer C.

John the Ripper Attacks QUESTION 449 What does ICMP (type 11. Replay Attacks B. A buffer overflow exploit E. Digitally signing SSL certificates C. code 0) denote? 94 . A SUID exploit B. A buffer under run exploit QUESTION 447 Microsoft Authenticode technology is used for A. Digitally signing Java Applets QUESTION 448 Which of the following is an attack in which a secret value like a hash is captured and then reused at a late A.pl attack script to execute arbitrary commands on an NT4 web server A.QUESTION 446 You have been using the msadc. Cryptography Attacks D. Digitally signing ActiveX controls B. A chained exploit C. Digitally signing Javascript files D. A SQL injection exploit D. Brute Force Attacks C.

Derek can use a session replay on the packets captured C. Use any ARP requests found in the capture B.168.A.1. John the Ripper Attacks QUESTION 453 Study the log below and identify the scan type Tcpdump –vv host 192. Destination Unreachable QUESTION 452 Which of the following is an attack in which a secret value like a hash is captured and then reused at a later time to gain access to a system.10 95 . Unknown Type B.1. Source Quench D. Time Exceeded C. Cryptography Attacks D. Unknown Type B. Derek can use KisMAC as it needs two USB devices to generate traffic D. Time Exceeded C. A. code 0) denote? A. Use Ettercap to discover the gateway and ICMP ping flood tool to generate traffic QUESTION 451 What does ICMP (type 11. nmap R 192.10 A. Replay Attacks B. However. Destination Unreachable QUESTION 450 Derek has stumbled upon a wireless network and wants to assess its security. Source Quench D.168. he does not find enough traffic for a good capture A. Brute Force Attacks C.

1. Bob notices that the site is dynamic and must use of a back end database.syn D.0.10 QUESTION 454 Which of the following display filters will you enable in Ethereal to view the three-way handshake for a connection from host 192. nmap S 192.B.1 and syn.addr = 192. ip.1 and syn = 1 C.flags. ip == 192. All IVs are vulnerable to attack B. Air Snort uses a cache of packets C.168. A majority of weak IVs transmitted … QUESTION 457 Bob has been hired to do a web application security test.168.168.168.168. Single Quote B.0. Try to hang a around the local pubs or restaurants near the bank… B. Try to conduct Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) QUESTION 456 Why do you need to capture five to ten million packets in order to crack WEP with AirSnort? A. nmap V 192.168.0. Look for “zero-day” exploits at various underground hacker website … C.169.1? A.1.10 D.equals 192.0.10 C. Bob want to see if SQL injection A. Semi Column 96 . A. Air Snort implements the FMS attack … D.0.1 and tcp.168. ip.addr == 192. nmap –sO –T 192.1.1 and tcp.syn B. Launch DDOS attacks against Merclyn Barley bank router and firewall system D. ip.equals on QUESTION 455 You are trying to break into a highly classified top-secret mainframe computer with highest security system in place at Merclyn Barley bank located in Log Angeles.

PI – O <ip address> 97 . LACNIC B. APNIC‘ QUESTION 461 You are concerned that someone running PortSentry could block your scans. 419 D. 487 QUESTION 459 What us the problem with this ASP script (login. The ASP script is vulnerable to Cross Site Scripting attack QUESTION 460 Bill has started to notice some slowness on his network when trying to update his company’s website and while trying to access the website from the Internet A. The ASP script is vulnerable to SQL Injection C. 44 B. The ASP script is vulnerable to XSS attack B. ARIN C.C. Exclamation Mark QUESTION 458 What port number is used by Kerberos protocol? A. A. 88 C. Nmap –sF – PT .asp)? sSQL = “SELECT * FROM users where Username A. RIPE LACNIC D. Double Quote D. Nmap –sF – P0 – O <ip address> B. The ASP script is vulnerable to Session Splice attack D.

Password cracking attacks QUESTION 463 How doest traceroute map to the route a packet travels from point A to Point B? A. It uses a protocol that will be rejected by gateways on its way to the destion B. TCPdump C. Place authentication on root directories that will prevent crawling from these spiders C. WinPcap QUESTION 468 WWW wanderers or spiders are programs that traverse many pages in the World Wide Web by recursively retrieving linked pages. It uses a TCP timestamp packet that will elicit a time C.txt file in the root of the …. B. Enable SSL on the restricted directory which … D. IDSwakeup D. Nmap –sO – PT – O – C5 <ip address> D. Scanning attacks C. Place robots. located in Florida On Monday morning A. Place “HTTP:NO CRAWL” on the html … 98 . Replay attacks B.O – T1<ip address> QUESTION 462 What hacking attack is challenge/response authentication used to prevent? A. It manipulates the flags within packets to force gateways into generating error messages D. A. Nmap –sS – PT – PI .C. Tcpslice B. Session hijacking attacks D. It manipulates the value of the time to live (TTL) within packet to elicit a time exceeded in transit message QUESTION 467 You are senior security analyst for Hammerstreet in.

Blowfish C. A. Wardriving B. 25 and 53… 99 . Warwalking C. He has identified the operating system as Linux and been able to elicit response from ports 23. He has enabled numerous security features A. The system is not properly patched C.10ALPHA9 A. RC4 QUESTION 471 Samuel is a high school teenager who lives in Modesto California. ARP spoofing D. AES (Rijndael) D. Samuel is a Straight ‘A’ student who really likes tinkering around with computer. Warchalking D. The system is not firewall enabled B.3. DES B. Macof C. Webdriving QUESTION 472 Paul has just finished setting up his wireless network. MAC spoofing B. DNS spoofing QUESTION 473 Clive is conducting a pen-test and has just port scanned a system on the network. The system is a Windows Domain Controller QUESTION 470 Which of the following encryption is not based on block cipher? A.QUESTION 469 What can you conclude from the following nmap result? Starting nmap V. The system is not running Linux or Solaris D.

Install a personal firewall and lock down unused ports from connecting to your D. New installation of windows should be patched by installing the latest service packs and hotfixes B. you want to grab a copy of it by sniffing.xsecurity. Create a non-admin user with a complex password and logon to this account G. You can start using your computer since the vendor such as DELL. D. Pagerank:www. Nfscopy QUESTION 475 You are footprinting the www.xsecurity. This indicates that the telnet and SMTP server have crashed QUESTION 474 When Jason moves a file via NFS over the company’s network.com domain using Google search engine.A.xsecurity.com D. A. Enable “guest” account C.com C. Link:www. A.com QUESTION 476 You just purchased the latest DELL computer. McAfee antivirus software an a host of other applications. Webspy C. An attacker has replaced the services with trojaned ones. A. Install the latest signatures for Antivirus software E. which comes pre-installed with Windows XP. There is a honeypot running on the scanned machine C. Search?|:www. Level1:www.xsecurity. The services are protected by TCP wrappers B. Filesnarf D.com B.xsecurity. Macof B. Configure “Windows Update” to automatic F. HP QUESTION 477 ________is found in all versions of NTFS and is described as the ability to fork file data into existing files without affecting 100 .

a security analyst. Additionally. Use HTTPTunnel or Stunnel on port 80 and 443 QUESTION 479 While testing web applications. Cross Site Scripting QUESTION 480 What port number is used by LDAP protocol? A. he has installed a firewall (Cisco PIX) A. Use closedVPN B. A buffer overflow C. Steganography B. A hybrid attack B. No. 464 QUESTION 481 June. you attempt to insert the following test script into the search area on the company A. 110 B. Alternate Data Streams QUESTION 478 John has a proxy server on his network which caches and filters web access. 389 C. June can use an antivirus program since it compares the parity bit 101 .A. NetBIOS vulnerability D. Yes. June can’t use an antivirus program since it compares the size B. 445 D. Use reverse shell using FTP protocol D. Password attacks D. He shuts down all unnecessary ports and services. understands that a polymorphic virus has the ability to mutate and can change its known viral signature A. Merge Streams C. Use Monkey shell C.

C. Yes. June can use an antivirus program since it compares the signatures D. No. Jun can’t use an antivirus program since it compares the signatures QUESTION 482 You have been using the msadc.pl attack script execute arbitrary commands on an NT4 web server. While it is effective, you find it tedious

A. A SUID exploit B. A chained exploit C. A SQL injection exploit D. A buffer overflow exploit E. A buffer under run exploit QUESTION 483 Jim was having no luck performing a penetration test on his company’s network. He was running the test from home and had downloaded every scanner. A. Security scanners cannot perform vulnerability linkage B. Security scanners are not designed to do testing through a firewall C. Security scanners are only as smart as their database and cannot find unpublished vulnerabilities D. All of the above QUESTION 484 Steven, a security analyst for XYZ asscociates

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A. Smurf attack B. ARP spoofing C. Ping of Death D. SYN flood QUESTION 485 Consider the following code: URL:http://www.xsecurity.com/search.pl?text=<script>alert(document.cookie)</script> A. Create an IP access list and restrict connections based on port number B. Replace “<”and”>” characters with ?il;?and ?gt C. Disable Javascript in IE and Firefox browsers D. Connect to the server using HTTPS protocol instead of http QUESTION 486 The following is an entry captured by network IDS. You are assigned the task of analyzing this entry.

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A. The buffer overflow attack has been neutralized by the IDS B. The attacker is creating a directory on the compromised machine C. The attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack and has succeeded D. The attacker is attempting an exploit that launches a command-line shell
QUESTION 487 A program that defends against a port scanner will attempt to: A. Sends back bogus data to the port scanner B. Log a violation and recommend use of security-auditing tools C. Limit access by the scanning system to publicly available ports only D. Update a firewall rule in real time to prevent the port scan from being completed QUESTIYON 488 An attacker has been successfully modifying the purchase price of items purchased at a web site. A. By using SQL injection B. By using cross site scripting C. By changing hidden form values in a local copy of the web page D. There is no way the attacker could do this without directly compromising either the web server or the database QUESTION 489

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Someone spoofed Clive’s IP address while doing a fraggle attack QUESTION 493 What does this symbol mean? 105 . A. Brute-forcing QUESTION 491 Microsoft Authenticode technology is used for: A. Digitally signing ActiveX controls B. RainbowCrack B.Johnny is a member of the hacking group Orpheus1 A. Factorization B. Digitally signing java Applets QUESTION 492 Clive has been monitoring his IDS and sees that there are a huge of ICMP Echo …. Prime detection C. Someone spoofed Clive’s IP address while doing a DoS attack C. Someone spoofed Clive’s IP address while doing a smurf attack D. SMBCrack C. Digitally signing javascript file D. Hashing D. SmurfCrack D. PSCrack QUESTION 490 One of the most common and the best way of cracking RSA encryption A. Someone spoofed Clive’s IP address while doing a land attack B. Digitally signing SSL certificates C.

Website Cloaking B. Sequence numbers monitoring QUESTION 496 The terrorist organizations are increasingly blocking all traffic from North America or from internet protocol addresses that point A.2.3.A. IP Access Blockade 106 . Website Filtering C.4 switch C. Closed access point QUESTION 494 You ping a target IP to check if the host is up. WPA encrypted access point C. A. File permissions D. You must use ping 10. WEP encrypted access point D. Timestamps B. Open access point B. SMB signing C. Ping packets cannot bypass firewalls B. modify the traffic A. hping2 uses TCP instead of ICMP by default D. hping2 uses stealth TCP packets to connect QUESTION 495 Attackers can potentially intercept and modify unsigned SMB packets.

Firewalking QUESTION 498 Statistics from cert. To discover proxy server on a network B. Increase in processing power B. Mirroring Website QUESTION 497 Shauna is the Senior Security Analyst for the Department of Defense A. Obfuscation C. New TCP\IP stack features are constantly being added D. To disrupt the NetBIOS SMB service on the target host C. To discover information about a target host using NBTSTAT QUESTION 500 What type of attack is shown in the above diagram? 107 . The ease of getting hacker tools on the internet C. Tunneling D. It is getting harder to hack and more challenging for non technical people QUESTION 499 Why would an attacker want to perform a scan on port 137? A.D. To check for file and print sharing on Windowns Systems D. Honeypot B.org and other leading security organizations have clearly A.

Identity Stealing Attack C. Guess the sequence numbers QUESTION 502 Study the following log extract and identify the attack 108 .A. Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) Attack. SSL Spoofing Attack B. Session Hijacking Attack D. Take one of the parties offline D. Take over the session B. Reverse sequence prediction C. QUESTION 501 Bob is going to perform an active session hijack against brownies inc. He has found a target A.

Hexcode Attack B. Unicode Directory Traversal Attack QUESTION 503 John is using a special too on his Linux that has a database containing signatures A. Hping2 D. Nmap C. nessus QUESTION 504 Which type of attack is port scanning? A.A. Web server attack B. Cross Site Scripting C. Denial of service attack QUESTION 505 109 . Multiple Domain Traversal Attack D. Information gathering C. Make B. Unauthorized access D.

. The username/password is "Admin" and "Bettlemani@". Bob is willing to share his knowledge with those who are willing to learn.) D. He looks up the IDS log files and sees no Intrusion attempts but the web server constantly locks up and needs rebooting due to various brute force and buffer overflow attacks but still the IDS alerts no intrusion whatsoever. Enable the IDS to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic D. Make obtaining either a computer security certification or accreditation easier to achieve so more individuals feel that they are a part of something larger than life.) QUESTION 507 Bob is acknowledged as a hacker of repute and is popular among visitors of "underground" sites. alert tcp -> any port 21 (message:"user root". Hackers have been using the encrypted HTTPS protocol to send exploits to the web server and that was the reason the IDS did not detect the intrusions. QUESTION 508 You have successfully brute forced basic authentication configured on a Web Server using Brutus hacking tool. Install a hardware SSL "accelerator" and terminate SSL at this layer C. Which event log located at C:\Windows\system32\config contains the trace of your brute force attempts? A. alert tcp -> any port 21 (msg:"user root". articles and training on risk analysis. B. as it can be used for malevolent attacks as well. John become suspicious and views he firewall logs and he notices huge SSL connections constantly hitting web server. this knowledge has a risk associated with it. Recently his Web Server has been under constant hacking attacks.) B.Evt C. SecEvent. IDS and firewall on his network. vulnerabilities and safeguards. alert ftp -> ftp (content:"user password root". Educate everyone with books. C. In this context.John runs a Web Server. what would be the most affective method to bridge the knowledge gap between the "black" hats or crackers and the "white" hats or computer security professionals? (Choose the test answer) A. AppEvent. After downloading various sensitive documents from the compromised machine. and many have expressed their interest in learning from him. SysEvent.) C. However. Hire more computer security monitoring personnel to monitor computer systems and networks. Train more National Guard and reservist in the art of computer security to help out in times of emergency or crises. Install a proxy server and terminate SSL at the proxy B. alert tcp any any -> any any 21 (content:"user root". How would Jon protect his network form these types of attacks? A. WinEvent. You logon to the system using the brute forced password and plant backdoors and rootkits.Evt 110 .Evt D. D. you proceed to clear the log files to hide your trace. Enable the firewall to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic John runs a Web server QUESTION 506 Which of the following snort rules look for FTP root login attempts? A.Evt B.

Any cookie can be replayed irrespective B. Rebound attack QUESTION 513 While scanning a network you observe that all of the web servers in the DMZ are responding to ACK packets on port 80. He likes to keep his code neat and simple. They are not using a stateful inspection firewall. Cross Site Scripting B. SQL injection Attack C. They are using UNIX based web servers. A. What attack will his program expose the web application to? A. The scenario is invalid as a secure cookie C. It works because encryption is performed at the network D. He chooses to use printf(str) where he should have ideally used printf(?s? str). They are using Windows based web servers. B.QUESTION 509 A company is legally liable for the content of email that is sent from its system A B True False QUESTION 510 Kevin has been asked to write a short program to gather user input for a web application. D. It works because encryption is performed at the application QUESTION 512 Matthew re-injects a captured wireless packet back onto the network. C. Format String Attack D. Spoof attack B. Injection attack D. QUESTION 514 111 . Unicode Traversal Attack QUESTION 511 Annie has just succeeded in strealing a secure cookie via a XSS attack. A. Replay attack C. They are not using an intrusion detection system. What can you infer from this observation? A.

Bob has followed all the recommendations for securing the operating system and IIS. Rapid Development Engineering QUESTION 518 John the hacker is sniffing the network to inject ARP packets. 0xAAAAAAAAAAAA C. 0xBBBBBBBBBBBB D. Someone who is hacsheets for ethical reasons. Firewalls can only inspect outbound traffic C. C. IDS Spoofing or Session Assembly D. Bob has asked his company's firewall administrator to set the firewall to inspect all incoming traffic on ports 80 and 443 to ensure that no malicious data is getting into the network. Someone who is using his/her skills for ethical reasons. Firewalls can't inspect traffic coming through port 443 B. Reverse Software Engineering D. IP Fragmentation or Session Splicing B. Someone who is using his/her skills for defensive purposes. IP Splicing or Packet Reassembly QUESTION 515 Bob has set up three web servers on Windows Server 2003 IIS 6. He injects broadcast frames onto the wire to conduct MiTM attack.This IDS defeating technique works by splitting a datagram (or packet) into multiple fragments and the IDS will not spot the true A. QUESTION 517 Sabotage. Advertising and Covering are the three stages of _____ A. D. Reverse Social Engineering C. IP Routing or Packet Dropping C. B. Why will this not be possible? A. Someone who is using his/her skills for offensive purposes. Firewalls can't inspect traffic coming through port 80 D. they can only block or allow certain ports QUESTION 516 What does the term “Ethical Hacsheets” mean? A. Social engineering B.0. He waits until an employee walks up 112 . holding a box. 0xDDDDDDDDDDDD QUESTION 519 Bob waits near a secured door. Bob is still concerned about the security of this server because of the potential for financial loss. What is the destination MAC address of a broadcast frame? A. 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF B. Firewalls can't inspect traffic at all. These servers are going to run numerous e-commerce websites that are projected to bring in thousands of dollars a day.

Using Winhex. ADMIN=no. OS. Encryption of agent communications will conceal the presence of the agents B. An intruder could intercept and delete data or alerts and the intrusion can go undetected QUESTION 521 Ivan is auditing a corporate website. Before Alteration: Cookie: lang=en-us. All that is available from the client site.to the secured door and uses the special card in order to access the restricted area of the target company. Only the IP address range. Cookie Stealing B. QUESTION 523 Which of the following LM hashes represent a password of less than 8 characters? (Select 2) A. The monitor will know if counterfeit messages are being generated because they will not be encrypted C. Alerts are sent to the monitor when a potential intrusion is detected D. and patches installed. Nothing but corporate name. Just as the employee opens the door. E52CAC67419A9A224A3B108F3FA6CB6D E. Bob walks up to the employee (still holding the box) and asks the employee to hold the door open so that he can enter. y=1 . 0182BD0BD4444BF836077A718CCDF409 F. BA810DBA98995F1817306D272A9441BB D. What is the best way to undermine the social engineering activity of tailgating? A. 44EFCE164AB921CQAAD3B435B51404EE B. to educate all of the employees of the company on best security practices on a recurring basis QUESTION 520 What is the advantage in encrypting the communication between the agent and the monitor in an Intrusion Detection System? A. Session Hijacking C. ADMIN=yes. he alters a cookie as shown below. issue special cards to access secured doors at the company and provide a one-time only brief description of use of the special card B. Cross Site Scripting D. y=1 . Parameter Manipulation QUESTION 522 Clive has been hired to perform a Black-Box test by one of his clients. time=12:30GMT . setup a mock video camera next to the special card reader adjacent to the secured door D. time=10:30GMT . D. IP Range. B757BF5C0D87772FAAD3B435B51404EE C. CEC52EB9C8E3455DC2265B23734E0DAC 113 . How much information will Clive obtain from the client before commencing his test? A. After Alteration: Cookie: lang=en-us. What attack is being depicted here? A. B. to post a sign that states "no tailgating" next to the special card reader adjacent to the secured door C. C.

What operating system is the target host running based on the open ports shown above? A. It is one of the weak channels used by WEP that makes it insecure D.0. It is a network fault and the originating machine is in a network loop B.28 ( www.1: (The 1628 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: closed) PortStateService 21/tcp filtered ftp 22/tcp filtered ssh 25/tcp open smtp 80/tcp open http 135/tcp open loc-srv 139/tcp open netbios-ssn 389/tcp open LDAP 443/tcp open https 465/tcp open smtps 1029/tcp open ms-lsa 1433/tcp open ms-sql-s 2301/tcp open compaqdiag 5555/tcp open freeciv 5800/tcp open vnc-http 5900/tcp open vnc 6000/tcp filtered X11 Remote operating system guess: Windows XP.insecure. Windows NT4 Server D. As a security professional. what would you infer from this scan? A.0. Windows 98 SE C. It is a worm that is malfunctioning or hardcoded to scan on port 500 C. This scan is eating up most of the network bandwidth and Neil is concerned. The attacker is trying to detect machines on the network which have SSL enabled 114 .QUESTION 524 You have initiated an active operating system fingerprinting attempt with nmap against a target system: [root@ceh NG]# /usr/local/bin/nmap -sT -O 10. NT4 or 95/98/98SE Nmap run completed -.Windows XP.0. Windows 2000. Windows 2000 Server QUESTION 525 Which definition below best describes a covert channel? A.1 Starting nmap 3. A Server Program using a port that is not well known QUESTION 526 Neil notices that a single address is generating traffic from its port 500 to port 500 of several other machines on the network. NT4 or 95/98/98SE. Windows 2000. Windows XP B.0. It is the multiplexing taking place on communication link C. Making use of a Protocol in a way it was not intended to be used B.1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 3.334 seconds Using its fingerprinting tests nmap is unable to distinguish between different groups of Microsoft based operating systems .org/nmap/) at 2003-06-18 19:14 IDT Interesting ports on 10.

B.xsecurity-bank. She contacts the website's support team and they report that no one else is having any issues with the site. Using Cheops-ng to identify the devices of Examsheets.com) 2. her computer can't ping the education website back. Change the settings on the firewall all outbound traffic on port 80 D. C. The URL may appear like this: https://www. Use HTTOS SSLV3 to send the data instead of plain HTTPS D. Encrypt the data before you send using GET method QUESTION 528 Angela is trying to access an education website that requires a username and password to login.axent. For example. D. he went through a few scanners that are currently available.D. Never include sensitive information in a script C. Change the IP on Angela's Computer to an address outside the firewall B. it is found that the education website requires any computer accessing the site must be able to respond to a ping from the education's server. This is because any GET command will appear in the URL and will be logged by any servers. by Razor (http://razor. What would be the best method to accurately identify the services running on a victim host? A.bindview. What ca Angela's IT department do to get access to the education website? A. Axent’s NetRecon (http://www.com/tools/) However. let's say that you've entered your credit card information into a form that uses the GET method. In order for him to check the vulnerability of Examsheets.com/creditcard. Using the default port and OS to make a best guess of what services are running on each port for Examsheets. Since Angela's computer is behind a corporate firewall. 115 . Use a Internet browser other than the one that Angela is currently using QUESTION 529 Scanning for services is an easy job for Bob as there are so many tools available from the Internet. SARA. After handing the issue over to her company's IT department.com/sara) 3. Replace the GET with POST method when sending data B. Here are the scanners that he uses: 1. there are many other alternative ways to make sure that the services that have been scanned will be more accurate and detailed for Bob. Change the settings on the firewall to allow all incoming traffic on port 80 C. by Advanced Research Organization (http://www-arc.asp?cardnumber=454543433532234 The GET method appends the credit card number to the URL. The attacker is trying to determine the type of VPN implementation and checking for IPSec QUESTION 527 The GET method should never be used when sensitive data such as credit is being sent to a CGI program. Using a vulnerability scanner to try to probe each port to verify or figure out which service is running for Examsheets. When Angela clicks on the link to access the login page. Using the manual method of telnet to each of the open ports of Examsheets. she gets an error message stating that the page can't be reached. This means that anyone with access to a server log will be able to obtain this information. VLAD the Scanner. How would you protect from this type of attack? A.

0. Connect using ISP’s remote-dial in number since the company’s router has a leased line connection established D.75 (http://www.insecure.169. Brute force the company’s PABX system to retrieve the range of telephone number to dial in QUESTION 531 Buffer X in an Accounting application module for Brownies Inc. (Overflows the buffer). The programmer makes an assumption that 200 characters are more than enough. Below is the code snippet. Because the counter starts with 0.QUESTION 530 Wardialing is one of the oldest methods of gaining unauthorized access to the targeted system A. Add a separate statement to signify that if we have written 200 characters to the buffer. The stack holds exact 200 characters so there is no need to stop before 200. Because there were no proper boundary checks being conducted. can contain 200 characters.0 seems to be a subnet 116 . QUESTION 532 Starting nmap 3. Bob decided to insert 400 characters into the 200-character buffer.org/nmap/) at 2006-09-25 00:01 EST host 192. Run a war-dialing tool range of phone numbers and look for CONNECT response C. we would stop when the counter is more than 200 C. Search the Internet for leakage of target company’s telephone number to dial-in the router B. the stack should stop because it can't hold any more data D. the stack should stop because it can't hold any more data Answer: A. we would stop when the counter is less than 200 B. Add a separate statement to signify that if we have written less than 200 characters to the buffer.C Explanation: I=199 would be the character number 200. Because the counter starts with 0. How can you protect/fix the problem of your application as shown above? A.

0. A Bo2K System query D. 23 days C. Run nmap –TX 192.1/24 B. An SNMP Walk B. Hping2 diagnosis C.1/24 QUESTION 533 You have chosen a 22 character word from the dictionary as your password.A. Sudo nmap –sP 192. How long will it take to crack the password by an attacker? A.0.168.0. Root nmap –sA 192.0. 16 million years QUESTION 534 While reviewing the results of a scan run against a target network you come across the following: What was used to obtain this output? A.168. Launch nmap –PP 192. Nmap protocol/port scan QUESTION 535 Study the log given below and answer the following questions 117 . 5 minutes B.1/24 C.1/24 D.168.168. 200 years D.

Idle scanning QUESTION 538 Which of the following best describes Vulnerability? A. Non-executing stack QUESTION 537 You are attemping to map out the firewall policy for organization. Format checking D. Using hping2.226. Hex editing C. A. Footprinting C. Enumeration D. Data being retrieved from 63. An action or event that might prejudice security C. A DNS zone transfer B.13 QUESTION 536 StackGuard (as used by Immunix). ssp/ProPolice (as used by OpenBSD). you send SYN A. An agent that could take advantage of a weakness 118 . and Microsoft's /GS option use _____ defense against buffer overflow attacks. You discover your target system is one hop beyond the firewall. The loss potential of a threat B.81.A. Firewalking B. An IDS evasion technique D. A buffer overflow attempt C. Canary B.

A. The web application returned the first record it found C. 119 . You write security policies and conduct assesments to protect the company's network. Automatically deleting Trojan horse programs B. True B. A security breach has occurred as a direct result of this activity. True B. False QUESTION 541 You are the Security Administrator of Xtrinity. How would you resolve this situation? A.D. During one of your periodic checks to see how well policy is being observed by the employees. Install a network-based IDS D. The web application picked up a record at random B. A. A weakness or error that can lead to compromise QUESTION 539 A digital signature is simply a message that is encrypted with the public key instead of the private key. Reconfigure the firewall B. False QUESTION 540 Data is sent over the network as clear text (unencrypted) when Basic Authentication is configured on Web Servers. Rejecting packets generated by Trojan horse programs C. thereby bypassing your firewall. He has used this modem to dial in to his workstation. The employee explains that he used the modem because he had to download software for a department project. Inc. Helping you catch unexpected changes to a system utility file that might indicate it QUESTION 543 Bryan notices the error on the web page and asks Liza to enter liza ‘or ‘1’=’1’ in the email field A. Conduct a needs analysis C. Enforce the corporate security policy QUESTION 542 A file integrity program such as Tripwire protects against Trojan horse attacks by: A. you discover an employee has attached a modem to his telephone line and workstation. The web application emailed the administrator about the error QUESTION 544 Bob is conduction a password assessment for one of his clients. The server error has caused the application malfunction D. Using programming hooks to inform the kernel of Trojan horse behavior D.

passwd dns -d 8. mkdir -p /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. D. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices B. L0phtcrack only sniffs logons to web servers. Hardware. dns 120 . nobody. Software. and Sniffing B.etc /etc A.etcpasswd 3. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices QUESTION 546 A user on your Windows 2000 network has discovered that he can use L0phtcrack to sniff the SMB exchanges which carry user logons.c to create an executable file chess. QUESTION 547 After studying the following log entries. However. This Trojan when executed on the victim machine. Windows logons cannot be sniffed. acmr. IUSR_ B. dns C. C.etcpasswd 4. It then zips all the scanned files and sends an email to a predefined hotmail address. HKEY_LOCAL_SYSTEM\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices D. Which registry entry will you add a key to make it persistent? A. /usr/sbin/adduser dns -d/bin -u 0 -g 0 -s/bin/bash 7. The user is plugged into a hub with 23 other systems. they are the most effective D.etcpasswd /etc/passwd 9. Hardware and Software Keyloggers C.A. Kerberos is preventing it. how many user IDs can you identify that the attacker has tampered with? 1. There is a NIDS present on that segment.etc 2. You want to make this Trojan persistent so that it survives computer reboots.etc 5. he is unable to capture any logons though he knows that other users are logging in. What do you think is the most likely reason behind this? A. touch -acmr /etc/passwd /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/.exe. Software only. passwd nobody -d 6. mkdir -p /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. touch -acmr /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. B. touch -acmr /etc /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. scans the entire system (c:\) for data with the following text "Credit Card" and "password". Password are always best obtained using Hardware key loggers QUESTION 545 You are writing an antivirus bypassing Trojan using C++ code wrapped into chess. touch -acmr /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. HKEY_LOCAL_USER\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices C.

The attack did not fall through as the firewall blocked the traffic B. Because of privacy laws that are in the process of being implemented. Much of the email communication used at his company contains sensitive information such as social security numbers. Dave successfully embeds a keylogger. Most communication between the company. Visitors were allowed to click on a sand clock to mark the progress of the test. The test was announced to the employees. How was security compromised and how did the firewall respond? A. IUSR_ QUESTION 548 Dave has been assigned to test the network security of Acme Corp. he is looking 121 . The attack was deception and security was not directly compromised D. Visitors were allowed to click on a sand clock to mark the progress of the test. Dave successfully embeds a keylogger. Richard wants to utilize email encryption agency-wide. He also added some statistics on the webpage. The attack was social engineering and the firewall did not detect it C. The firewall protects the network well and allows strict Internet access. He created a webpage to discuss the progress of the tests with employees who were interested in following the test. For this reason. The attack was social engineering and the firewall did not detect it C. He created a webpage to discuss the progress of the tests with employees who were interested in following the test. Security was not compromised as the webpage was hosted internally 551 Richard is a network Administrator working at a student loan company in lowa. The attack did not fall through as the firewall blocked the traffic B. Since a server-based PKI is not an option for him. How was security compromised and how did the firewall respond? A. schools and lenders is carried out through email. Richard wants to get ahead of the game and become compliant before any sort of auditing occurs. nobody. The only problem for Richard is that his department only has couple of servers and they are utilized to their full capacity. He also added some statistics on the webpage. The firewall protects the network well and allows strict Internet access. The test was announced to the employees. The attack was deception and security was not directly compromised D.D. This company processes over 20.000 students loan a year from colleges all over the state. Security was not compromised as the webpage was hosted internally QUESTION 549 QUESTION 550 Co’ 2 cau lap lai 550 Dave has been assigned to test the network security of Acme Corp.

122 . 3DES D. Tiger 554 Daryl is a network administrator working for Dayton Technologies. According to his calculations. He spends over four hours pouring over the files and folders and can't find anything but before he gives up. RSA C. even when he has not been on the Internet. Travis downloads Space Monger and adds up the sizes for all the folders and files on his computer. Travi's Computer is infected with Stealth Torjan Virus C. Travis's Computer is infected with stealth kernel level rootkit B. he notices that it is not running nearly as fast as it used to. code. What is mostly likely the cause of Travi's problems? A. Internet Explorer B. PGP B. Travis uses antivirus software. Travis is really worried about his computer because he spent a lot of money on it and he depends on it to work. Travis's Computer is infected with Self-Replication Worm that fills the hard disk space D. Logic Bomb's triggered at random times creating hidden data consuming junk files 553 Bob is a very security conscious computer user. Which of the following web browser can adequately fill this purpose? A. Since Daryl's background is in web application development. He just bought a brand new Dual Core Pentium Computer with over 3 GB of RAM. many of the programs and applications his company uses are web-based. Travis frequently has to get on the Internet to do research on what he is working on. Travis scans his through Windows Explorer and check out the file system. but they quickly disappear. Travis thinks this is very odd. Every once in awhile. he should have around 150 GB of free space. anti-spyware software and always keeps the computer up-to-date with Microsoft patches. After another month of working on the computer. After about two months of working on his new computer. Daryl sets up a simple forms-based logon screen for all the applications he creates so they are secure. OTP 552 Travis works primarily from home as a medical transcriptions. What should Richard use? A. which is why he bought the new computer. He plans to exam a site that is known to have malicious applets. he notices that his computer only has about 10 GB of free space available. folder by folder to see if there is anything he can find. Bob always make use of a basic Web Browser to perform such examing. He has seen these windows show up. Mozila C. Travis also notices a window or two pop-up on his screen. Travis computer is even more noticeable slow. Lynx D.for a low/no cost solution to encrypt email. He uses voice recognition software is processor intensive. Since has drive is a 200 GB hard drive. and more.

2003 SPAM Preventing Act C. Place static ARP entries on servers. Eve uses the ENUM tool to enumerate Alice machine.2.1. She notices that Alice is using a computer whose port 445 is active and listening.txt) do net use * \\10. Eve is trying to carry out a password crack for user Administrator D. For /f "tokens=1 %%a in (hackfile. A. True IDS Sensors to look for large amount of ARP traffic on local subnets C. Setup a backdoor 123 . WinHttrack 555 Which of the following act in the united states specifically criminalizes the transmission of unsolicited commercial e-mail(SPAM) without an existing business relationship. Install pactehs B. John the Ripper D. From the command prompt. Use private VLANS D. Use ARPWALL system and block ARP spoofing attacks 558 After an attacker has successfully compromised a remote computer. 2004 CANSPAM Act B. L0phtcrack C. Daryl wants a tool or program that can monitor web-based passwords and notify him when a password has been changed so he can use that tool whenever a user calls him and he can give them their password right then. Eve is trying to enumerate all users with Administrative privileges C. What tool would work best for Daryl's needs? A. Eve is trying to connect as an user with Administrator privileges B. Password sniffer B. what would be one of the last steps that would be taken to ensure that the compromise is not traced back to the source of the problem? A. workstation and routers B.The problem Daryl is having is that his users are forgetting their passwords quite often and sometimes he does not have the time to get into his applications and change the passwords for them. she types the following command. 1990 Computer Misuse Act 556 Eve is spending her day scanning the library computers. Eve is trying to escalate privilege of the null user to that of Administrator 557 How do you defend against f? A.3\c$ /user:"Administrator" %%a What is Eve trying to do? A. 2005 US-SPAM 1030 Act D.

C. A. Create a multiple false positives. what type of scan should you run to get very reliable results? A. Connect scan D. Which of the following strategies can be used to defeat detection by a network-based IDS application? (Choose the best answer) A. As part of his network architecture. Fragmented packet scan 560 Study the snort rule given below: From the options below. Create a SYN flood. Stealth scan C. The system is on the public side of the demilitarized zone. Unauthorized access point attack C. Honeypot B. choose the exploit against which this rule applies. unprotected by a firewall or filtering router. DWZ host D. What would you call such a host? A. He does not want to attack the system containing the IDS application. Create a covert network tunnel. you don't want to sacrifice reliability for speed. Bastion Host 564 Given the following extract from the snort log on a honeypot. Cover your tracks D. DMZ host C. what do you infer from the attack? 124 . Rouge access point attack B. WEP attack 562 An employee wants to defeat detection by a network-based IDS application. IIS Unicode 561 In order to attack a wireless network. D. You are in hurry and conducting the scans at the fastest possible speed. you put up an access point and override the signal of the real access point. WebDav B. you are able to capture it. XMAS scan B. Create a ping flood.C. As users send authentication data. What kind of attack is this? A. If stealth is not an issue. War Chalking D. Install a zombie for DDOS 559 You are performing a port scan with nmap. he has included a host that is fully exposed to attack. However. MS Blaster D. B. 563( hoi thay them) pass4sure dap an la A Ron has configured his network to provide strong perimeter security. SQL Slammer C.

The CEO of the company because he has access to all of the computer systems B. business partners. Social Engineering is the act of publicly disclosing information. Canonicalization B. contractors. EEP 567 Jake works as a system administrator at Acme Corp. UCS transformation formats 569 A majority of attacks come from insiders. which of the following statements best describe Social Engineering? A. ESP C. Jason waits for Jake to swipe his access card and follows him through the open door into the secure systems area. B. EIP B. Social Engineering is the means put in place by human resource to perform time accounting. How would you describe Jason's behavior within a security context? A. It deals with the way in which systems convert data from one form to another. and consultants D. Trailing B. A. people who have direct access to a company's computer system as part of their job function or a business relationship. D. Social Engineering is the act of getting needed information from a person rather than breaking into a system. A new user id was created C. C.A. A government agency since they know the company computer system strengths and weaknesses C. Character Mapping C. Social Engineering is a training program within sociology studies. EAP D. Who is considered an insider? A. which of the following registers gets overwritten with return address of the exploit code? A. Jason. Character Encoding D. The exploit was successful D. customers. A new port was opened B. The exploit was not successful 565 Within the context of Computer Security. temps. Disgruntled employee. A competitor to the company because they can directly benefit from the publicity generated by making such an attack 125 . 566 In Buffer Overflow exploit. Smooth Talking 568 _____ is the process of converting something from one representation to the simplest form. Swipe Gating D. an accountant of the firm befriends him at the canteen and tags along with him on the pretext of appraising him about potential tax benefits. Tailgating C. suppliers. vendors.

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