200 Clive has been monitoring his IDS and sees that there are a huge number of ICMP

Echo Reply packets that are being received on the external gateway interface. Further inspection reveals that they are not responses from the internal hosts' requests but simply responses coming from the Internet. What could be the most likely cause? A. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a smurf attack. B. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a land attack. C. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a fraggle attack. D. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a DoS attack. 201 Bob wants to prevent attackers from sniffing his passwords on the wired network. Which of the following lists the best options? A. RSA, LSA, POP B. SSID, WEP, Kerberos C. SMB, SMTP, Smart card D. Kerberos, Smart card, Stanford SRP 202 Which of the following encryption is not based on Block Cipher? A. DES B. Blowfish C. AES D. RC4 203 How would you describe an attack where an attacker attempts to deliver the payload over multiple packets over long periods of time with the purpose of defeating simple pattern matching in IDS systems without session reconstruction? A characteristic of this attack would be a continuous stream of small packets. A. Session Splicing B. Session Stealing C. Session Hijacking D. Session Fragmentation 204 Hampton is the senior security analyst for the city of Columbus in Ohio. A . Bill connected to a Rogue access point B. Bill spoofed the MAC address of Dell laptop C. Toshiba and Dell laptops share the same hardware address D. Bill brute forced the Mac address ACLs 205 Hping2 is a powerful crafter tool that can be used to penetrate firewalls by creating custom TCP A – this command will generate a single TCP SYN packet with source port 1037, destination port 22, with a sequence number 15 spoofing the IP address 10.10.0.6 B- this command will generate a single TCP SYN packet with source port 1037, destination port 22, with a sequence number 22 spoofing the IP address 192.168.0.9

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C- this command will generate a multiple TCP SYN/ACK packet with source port 22, destination port 1037, with a sequence number 19 spoofing the IP address 192.168.0.9 D - this command will generate a multiple TCP SYN packet with source port 1037, destination port 22, with a sequence number 15 spoofing the IP address 10.10.0.6 206 Samuel is the network administrator of DataX communications Inc. He is trying to configure his firewall to block password brute force attempts on his network. He enables blocking the intruder's IP address for a period of 24 hours time after more than three unsuccessful attempts. He is confident that this rule will secure his network hackers on the Internet. But he still receives hundreds of thousands brute-force attempts generated from various IP addresses around the world. After some investigation he realizes that the intruders are using a proxy somewhere else on the Internet which has been scripted to enable the random usage of various proxies on each request so as not to get caught by the firewall use. Later he adds another rule to his firewall and enables small sleep on the password attempt so that if the password is incorrect, it would take 45 seconds to return to the user to begin another attempt. Since an intruder may use multiple machines to brute force the password, he also throttles the number of connections that will be prepared to accept from a particular IP address. This action will slow the intruder's attempts. Samuel wants to completely block hackers brute force attempts on his network. What are the alternatives to defending against possible brute-force password attacks on his site? A. Enforce a password policy and use account lockouts after three wrong logon attempts even through this might lock out legit users B. Enable the IDS to monitor the intrusion attempts and alert you by e-mail about the IP address of the intruder so that you can block them at the firewall manually C. Enforce complex password policy on your network so that passwords are more difficult to brute force D. You can't completely block the intruders attempt if they constantly switch proxies 207 Which of the following steganography utilities exploits the nature of white space and allows the user to conceal information in these white spaces? A. Snow B. Gif-It-Up C. NiceText D. Image Hide 208 Melissa is a virus that attacks Microsoft Windows platforms. To which category does this virus belong? A. Polymorphic B. Boot Sector infector C. System D. Macro 209 Kevin has been asked to write a short program to gather user input for a web application. He likes to keep his code neat and simple. He chooses to use printf(str)

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where he should have ideally used printf(?s? str). What attack will his program expose the web application to? A. Cross Site Scripting B. SQL injection Attack C. Format String Attack D. Unicode Traversal Attack 211 You are scanning into the target network for the first time. You find very few conventional ports open. When you attempt to perform traditional service identification by connecting to the open ports, it yields either unreliable or no results. You are unsure of which protocols are being used. You need to discover as many different protocols as possible. Which kind of scan would you use to achieve this? (Choose the best answer) A. Nessus scan with TCP based pings. B. Nmap scan with the -sP (Ping scan) switch. C. Netcat scan with the -u -e switches. D. Nmap with the -sO (Raw IP packets) switch. 212 Ports scans are often used to profile systems before they are attacked. Knowing what ports are open allows an attacker to determine which services can be attacked A – modify the kernel to never send reset(RST) packets B – block TCP/IP packets with FIN flag enabled at the firewall C- enable IDS signatures to block these scans D you cannot block a hacker from launching these scans on your network 213 Consider the following code: If an attacker can trick a victim user to click a link like this and the web application does not validate input, then the victim's browser will pop up an alert showing the users current set of cookies. An attacker can do much more damage, including stealing passwords, resetting your home page or redirecting the user to another web site. What is the countermeasure against XSS scripting? A. Create an IP access list and restrict connections based on port number B. Replace "<" and ">" characters with ?lt; and ?gt; using server scripts C. Disable Javascript in IE and Firefox browsers D. Connect to the server using HTTPS protocol instead of HTTP 214 An nmap command that includes the host specification of 202.176.56-57.* will scan _______ number of hosts. A. 2 B. 256 C. 512 D. Over 10,000 215 Study the following e-mail message. When the link in the message is clicked, it will

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Note that hacker.htm. what do you infer 4 . Create a FTP server with write permissions enabled.supershopper.com. social engineering D. Due to concerns. Once you have updated your account records your SuperShopper will not be interrupted and will continue as normal. However. It has come to our attention that your account information needs to be updated due to inactive members. D. 218 Jacob would like your advice on using a wireless hacking tool that can save him time and get him better results with lesser packets. ARP Spoofing C. You would like to recommend a tool that uses KoreK's implementation. Creates a share called "sasfile" on the target system. C. John the Ripper 219 Given the following extract from the snort log on a honeypot. Please follow the link below and renew your account information. If you could please take 5-10 minutes out of your online experience and renew your records you will not run into any future problems with the online service. This notification expires within 24 hours.xsecurity.supershopper. MAC Flooding B.com is not an official SuperShopper site! What attack is depicted in the below e-mail? Dear SuperShopper valued member. Opens up a telnet listener that requires no username or password. B.xsecurity.com/in. Phishing attack B. Creates an account with a user name of Anonymous and a password of noone@nowhere. https://www.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=update-run SuperShopper Technical Support http://www.take you to an address like: http://hacker. frauds and spoof reports. for the safety and integrity of the SuperShopper community we have issued this warning message. Aircrack D. MAC Duplicating 217 What is the expected result of the following exploit? A.com A. E-mail spoofing C. Which tool would you recommend from the list below? A. Man in the middle attack 216 Which of the following is not considered to be a part of active sniffing? A. Shmoo C. Kismet B. SMAC Fueling D. failure to update your records will result to your account cancellation.

Telnet to an Open port and grab the banner B.from the attack? A. A new port was opened B. The exploit was not successful 220 You are concerned that someone running PortSentry could block your scans. Which of the following commands will help you achieve this? A. 2004 CANSPAM Act B. A. 2003 SPAM Preventing Act C. and you decide to slow your scans so that no one detects them. nmap -sF -PT -PI -O <ip address> D. Telnet to port 8080 on the web server and look at the default page code 223 Which of the following attacks takes best advantage of an existing authenticated connection A. nmap -sO -PT -O -C5 <ip address> C. Password Sniffing D. Connect to the web server with a browser and look at the web page D. A new user id was created C. nmap -sF -P0 -O <ip address> 221 How would Jeffrey access the wireless network? A – Sniff the wireless network and capture the ssid that is transmitted over the wire in plaintext B – Run wepcrack tool and brute force the ssid hashes C – Attempt to connect using wireless device default SSIDs D – Jam the wireless signal by launching denial of service attack 222 John has performed a scan of the web server with NMAP but did not gather enough information to accurately identify which operating system is running on the remote host. 2005 US-SPAM 1030 Act D. Password Guessing 224 Which of the following act in the united states specifically criminalizes the transmission of unsolicited commercial e-mail(SPAM) without an existing business relationship. The exploit was successful D. Session Hijacking C. Connect to the web server with an FTP client C. nmap -sS -PT -PI -O -T1 <ip address> B. 1990 Computer Misuse Act 5 . How could you use a web server to help in identifying the OS that is being used? A. Spoofing B.

RSA D. False 227 Blake is in charge of securing all 20 of his company's servers. From the information given. She would line to tunnel the information to the remote end but does not have VPN capabilities to do so. Which of the following tools can she use to protect the link? A. Blake is especially concerned about his since telnet can be a very large security risk in an organization.536 bytes. She is worried that adversaries might be monitoring the communication link and could inspect captured traffic. Blake gets the following results: What has the Blake just accomplished? A. The tool size of this ICMP packet once reconstructed is over 65. Grabbed the banner B. Unfortunately. Fraggle C. SSH C. Blake is concerned about how his particular server might look to an outside attacker so he decides to perform some footprinting scanning and penetration tests on the server. SYN Flood D. Submitted a remote command to crash the server D. He has enabled hardware and software firewalls. Blake telents into the server and types the following command: HEAD/HTTP/1. A.225 Bryce the bad boy is purposely sending fragmented ICMP packets to a remote target. Ping of Death 226 Data is sent over the network as clear text (unencrypted) when Basic Authentication is configured on Web Servers. hardened the operating systems and disabled all unnecessary service on all the servers. True B. Downloaded a file to his local computer C. Poisoned the local DNS cache of the server 228 Jane wishes to forward X-Windows traffic to a remote host as well as POP3 traffic.0 After pressing enter twice. what type of attack is Bryce attempting to perform? A. MD5 B. PGP 229 6 . there is proprietary AS400 emulation software that must run on one of the servers that requires the telnet service to function properly. Smurf B.

Which òf the following exclusive Or transforms bits is not correct? a. filesnarf D.4 231 When Jason moves a file via NFS over the company's network.34. An intruder could intercept and delete data or alerts and the intrusion can go undetected 233 The programmers on your team are analyzing the free. It looks to you like a decimal number. Spoofing B. 10.4 C. Which of the following tool accomplishes this? A.1 xor 1 =1 b.2. open source software being used to run FTP services on a server in your organization.0 xor 0 = 0 c. Session Hijacking 7 .5.43. Encryption of agent communications will conceal the presence of the agents B.0. You perform a ping 3405906949.5 D.0 xor 1 = 1 230 While examining a log report you find out that an intrusion has been attempted by a machine whose IP address is displayed as 3405906949. macof B. They notice that there is excessive number of functions in the source code that might lead to buffer overflow? A9 B 17 C 20 D 32 E 35 234 Which of the following attacks takes best advantage of an existing authenticated connection A.1 xor 0 =1 d. webspy C.3. nfscopy 232 What is the advantage in encrypting the communication between the agent and the monitor in an Intrusion Detection System? A. 199.9 B. 203. 192. Which of the following IP addresses will respond to the ping and hence will likely be responsible for the the intrusion ? A. The monitor will know if counterfeit messages are being generated because they will not be encrypted C. Alerts are sent to the monitor when a potential intrusion is detected D.23.4. you want to grab a copy of it by sniffing.

How can this help you in footprint the organization? A. C. 236 Null sessions are un-authenticated connections (not using a username or password. Administrators will often make use of SSL to encrypt communication from point A to point B. There are two job postings for network and system administrators. SSL will trigger rules at regular interval and force the administrator to turn them off. Having multiple computers each scan a small number of ports. The types of operating systems and applications being used. SSL will mask the content of the packet and Intrusion Detection System will be blinded. Password Guessing 235 SSL has been seen as the solution to several common security problems. 139 and 445 237 You are gathering competitive intelligence on Certkiller .C. Why do you think this could be a bad idea if there is an Intrusion Detection System deployed to monitor the traffic between point A and B? A. SSL will slow down the IDS while it is breaking the encryption to see the packet content.) to an NT or 2000 system. Which TCP and UDP ports must you filter to check null sessions on your network? A. Blocking access to the scanning clients by the targeted host B. SSL is redundant if you already have IDS in place. The IP range used by the target network B. False 240 8 . 139 and 443 D. 238 A distributed port scan operates by: A. Blocking access to the targeted host by each of the distributed scanning clients D. 137 and 139 B. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few Internet job-hunting sites. B. then correlating the results 239 SNMP is a connectionless protocol that uses UDP instead of TCP packets? (True or False) A. An understanding of the number of employees in the company C. Using denial-of-service software against a range of TCP ports C. How strong the corporate security policy is D. True B. D. Password Sniffing D.com. 137 and 443 C.

True B. False 242 The FIN flag is set and sent from host A to host B when host A has no more data to transmit (Closing a TCP connection). Online Attack B. B. However. It is done by well known hackers and in movies as well. A. what would be the fastest type of password cracking attack you can run against these hash values and still get results? A. capital letters. True B. numbers and special characters. All passwords must also use 3 of the 4 following categories: lower case letters. This flag releases the connection resources. With your existing knowledge of users. host A can continue to receive data as long as the SYN sequence number of transmitted packets from host B are lower than the packet segment containing the set FIN flag. host A can continue to receive data as long as the SYN sequence number of transmitted packets from host B are lower than the packet segment containing the set FIN flag. You understand that all users are required to use passwords that are at least 8 characters in length. This flag releases the connection resources.Why is Social Engineering considered attractive by hackers and also adopted by experts in the field? A. It is easy and extremely effective to gain information. Dictionary Attack 9 . It is not considered illegal. What tool could larry use to help evade traps like honeypots? A – send-sage proxy server B honeyd evasion server C KFsensor tunneling server D specter relay server 243 You have retrieved the raw hash values from a Windows 2000 Domain Controller. However. Using social engineering. False 243 Larry is a criminal hacker with over 20years of experience in breaking into systems…. likely user account names and the possibility that they will choose the easiest passwords possible. A. C. you come to know that they are enforcing strong passwords. 241 The FIN flag is set and sent from host A to host B when host A has no more data to transmit (Closing a TCP connection). D. It does not require a computer in order to commit a crime.

B. C.C. D. To verify information about the mail administrator and his address. Why do you think this occurs? A. During your scanning you notice that almost every query increments the IPID regardless of the port being queried. run or copy it X50!P%@AP[4\PZX54(P^)7cc)7}$SAVFILE-STANDARD-ANTIVIRUS-TEST-FILE!$H+H* 248 You are manually conducting Idle Scanning using Hping2. workstation and routers B. A stateful inspection firewall is resetting your queries. C. 150 C. 69 B. 161 D. your antivirus program springs into action whenever you attempt to open. type the following code in notepad and save the file as EICAR. Brute Force Attack D. Hybrid Attack 244 Pearls productions. The zombie you are using is not truly idle. These ports are actually open on the target system. Place static ARP entries on servers. B. 169 246 Which of the following would be the best reason for sending a single SMTP message to an address that does not exist within the target company? A. Use private VLANS 10 . 247 You have installed antivirus software and you want to be sure that your AV signatures are working correctly. D. Hping2 cannot be used for idle scanning. To gather information about procedures that are in place to deal with such messages. A . Which port number Steve should scan? A. To create a denial of service attack. To gather information about internal hosts used in email treatment. 249 How do you defend against ARP spoofing? A. True IDS Sensors to look for large amount of ARP traffic on local subnets C. One or two of the queries cause the IPID to increment by more than one value.COM. A – intercept the communication between the client and the server and change the cookie to make the server believe that there is a user with higher privileges B brute force the encryption used by the cookie and replay it back to the server C – inject the cookie ID into the web url and connect back to the server Steve scans the network for SNMP enabled devices.

rf /usr/sbin/namedps -aux | grep inetd .portmap': No such file or directory [root@apollo /]# ps -aux | grep portmap [root@apollo /]# [root@apollo /]# ps -aux | grep inetd . Travis also notices a window or two pop-up on his screen. The hacker is trying to cover his tracks C. even when he has not been on the Internet. After another month of working on the computer. ps -aux | grep portmap . Session Hijacking Attack D. ps -aux | grep portmap .portmap . The hacker compromised and "owned" a Linux machine. Travis scans his 11 . The hacker is planting a rootkit B.bash_history . His network was recently compromised. Take a look at the following Linux logfile snippet. The hacker is running a buffer overflow exploit to lock down the system D. Every once in awhile. rm -rf . rm /usr/sbin/rpc. ps -aux | grep portmap .bash* .portmap . What is the hacker trying to accomplish here? [root@apollo /]# rm rootkit. After about two months of working on his new computer. rm /usr/sbin/rpc. SSL Spoofing Attack B. He uses voice recognition software is processor intensive. rm -rf /root/. He just bought a brand new Dual Core Pentium Computer with over 3 GB of RAM. Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) Attack 251 John is the network administrator of XSECURITY systems. anti-spyware software and always keeps the computer up-to-date with Microsoft patches. but they quickly disappear. He analyzes the logfiles to investigate the attack. Travis is really worried about his computer because he spent a lot of money on it and he depends on it to work.c [root@apollo /]# [root@apollo /]# ps -aux | grep inetd . rm . rm rf/root/. he notices that it is not running nearly as fast as it used to. rm . rm -rf .bash* . rm /sbin/por359 ? 00:00:00 inetd rm: cannot remove `/sbin/portmap': No such file or directory rm: cannot remove `/tmp/h': No such file or directory >rm: cannot remove `/usr/sbin/rpc.rf /usr/sbin/namedps -aux | grep inetd . The hacker is attempting to compromise more machines on the network 252 Travis works primarily from home as a medical transcriptions. rm /tmp/h . rm /sbin/por359 ? 00:00:00 inetd 359 ? 00:00:00 inetd rm: cannot remove `/tmp/h': No such file or directory rm: cannot remove `/usr/sbin/rpc. Travis frequently has to get on the Internet to do research on what he is working on. rm /sbin/portmap . Travis uses antivirus software.bash_history . rm /tmp/h . Use ARPWALL system and block ARP spoofing attacks 250 What type of attack is shown in the above diagram? A. He has seen these windows show up.D. Identity Stealing Attack C. rm/sbin/portmap .portmap': No such file or directory [root@apollo /]# rm: cannot remove `/sbin/portmap': No such file or directory A. Travis computer is even more noticeable slow. ps -aux | grep portmap . which is why he bought the new computer.

Sniffer. IDS. Firewall. Packet Logger. What is mostly likely the cause of Travi's problems? A. Change the IP on Angela's Computer to an address outside the firewall B. Use a Internet browser other than the one that Angela is currently using 256 12 . Proxy D. he should have around 150 GB of free space. Sniffer C. Change the settings on the firewall all outbound traffic on port 80 D. Logic Bomb's triggered at random times creating hidden data consuming junk files 253 James is the lone IT technician for a small advertising agency in the Midwest … A genius B GFI LANGuard C Nmap D Snort 254 Snort is an open source Intrusion Detection system. IDS. he notices that his computer only has about 10 GB of free space available. Travis downloads Space Monger and adds up the sizes for all the folders and files on his computer. she gets an error message stating that the page can't be reached. Since has drive is a 200 GB hard drive. When Angela clicks on the link to access the login page. Travis's Computer is infected with stealth kernel level rootkit B. According to his calculations. it can also be used for a few other purposes as well. it is found that the education website requires any computer accessing the site must be able to respond to a ping from the education's server. Travis's Computer is infected with Self-Replication Worm that fills the hard disk space D. her computer can't ping the education website back. He spends over four hours pouring over the files and folders and can't find anything but before he gives up. She contacts the website's support team and they report that no one else is having any issues with the site. Sniffer B. What ca Angela's IT department do to get access to the education website? A. Travi's Computer is infected with Stealth Torjan Virus C. Change the settings on the firewall to allow all incoming traffic on port 80 C. Sniffer. IDS. folder by folder to see if there is anything he can find. After handing the issue over to her company's IT department. Since Angela's computer is behind a corporate firewall. However. Travis thinks this is very odd.through Windows Explorer and check out the file system. Which of the choices below indicate the other features offered by Snort? A. content inspector 255 Angela is trying to access an education website that requires a username and password to login. IDS.

1.You went to great lengths to install all the necessary technologies to prevent attacks.1. A 445 B 139 C 179 D 443 259 Nathalie would like to perform a reliable scan against a remote target. The firewall is blocking all the scans to 192. antispam systems and intrusion detection/prevention tools in your company’s network.168.1.1. they are using UNIX based web servers.168.10 seems to hang without returning any information. Run nmap XMAS scan against 192. A untrained staff or ignorant computer users who inadvertently become the weakest link in your security chain 257 You want to know whether a packet filter is in front of 192. MyDoom 13 .168.10. Run NULL TCP hping2 against 192. Use NetScan Tools Pro to conduct the scan B. A basic nmap scan of 192. What should you do next? A. antivirus software. b.1.10 258 NetBIOS over TCP/IP allows files and/or printers to be shared over the network. MS Blaster D. WebDav B. Which of the following type of scans would be the most accurate and reliable? A. The TCP Connect Scan 260 While scanning a network you observe that all of the web servers in the DMZ are responding to ACK packets on port 80.1. choose the exploit against which this rule applies.10 don't get answered. Pings to 192. A Half Scan C.168.168. SQL Slammer C. She is not concerned about being stealth at this point. A FIN Scan B. A. A . A UDP Scan D. such as expensive firewalls.10 D.they are using windows based web servers C they are not using a stateful inspection firewall D they are not using an intrusion detection system 261 Study the snort rule given below: From the options below.168.10 C.

Identify the user context of the web application by running_ http://www. What should Richard use? A.example. Identify the database and table name by running: http://www.000 students loan a year from colleges all over the state.asp?pressReleaseID=5 AND xp_cmdshell 'iisreset -reboot'.com/order/include_rsa. he is looking for a low/no cost solution to encrypt email. Format the C: drive and delete the database by running: http://www. drop database myDB. High bandwidth and large number of users. This company processes over 20. Much of the email communication used at his company contains sensitive information such as social security numbers. Bad permissions on files.com/order/include_rsa. PGP B. The only problem for Richard is that his department only has couple of servers and they are utilized to their full capacity.example. schools and lenders is carried out through email.com/order/include_rsa. -265 A buffer overflow occurs when a program or process tries to store more data in a buffer (temporary data storage area) then it was intended to hold. D. RSA C. Since a server-based PKI is not an option for him. Most communication between the company. Because of privacy laws that are in the process of being implemented. What is the most common cause of buffer overflow in software today? A. what service is being exploited? 14 . B. For this reason.262 Richard is a network Administrator working at a student loan company in lowa. Richard wants to utilize email encryption agency-wide. -D. Richard wants to get ahead of the game and become compliant before any sort of auditing occurs.1))) > 109 C.example. Usage of non standard programming languages. This is the output returned from the server. C. Reboot the web server by running: http://www. What is the next step you should do? A. Bad quality assurance on software produced. You enter "anuthing or 1=1-" in the username filed of an authentication form.asp?pressReleaseID=5 AND xp_cmdshell 'format c: /q /yes '. 3DES D. OTP 263 You are conducting pen-test against a company's website using SQL Injection techniques.com/order/include_rsa_asp?pressReleaseID=5 AND USER_NAME() = 'dbo' B.asp?pressReleaseID=5 AND ascii(lower(substring((SELECT TOP 1 name FROM sysobjects WHERE xtype='U'). 266 Giving the following exract from the snort log on a honey pot.example.

cox.160. You discover your target system is one hop beyond the firewall.100.16.244. Footprinting B.203 ms 22.137) 17.ALTER.104 ms 7 unknown.Level3.net (68.411 ms 19.XL1.16.so-6-0-0.78) 21.1) 16.cox.0. Tcpdump 268 You are attempting to map out the firewall policy for an organization.958 ms 13.NewYork1.ALTER.670 ms 20.254) 0.159.1.net (64.Level3. you send SYN packets with the exact TTL of the target system starting at port 1 and going up to port 1024.98.938 ms 10 so-4-0-0.nv.416 ms 3 ip68-98-176-1.net (209.NewYork1.NYC8.1.NewYork1.NewYork1.1.324 ms 13.nv.133 ms 18.247.net (68.1) 12.net (68.gar1.960 ms 19.159.512 ms 9 so-7-0-0.1.1. Using hping2.207 ms 4 ip68-100-0-137.NET (152.170 ms 6 so-6-0-0.41) 17.nv.415 ms 8 so-0-1-0.1.TL1.A fpt B ssh C telnet D smtp 267 Which tool/utility can help you extract the application layer data from each TCP connection from a log file into separate files? A. Snort B.170.Level3.wdc1.929 ms 24.cox.334 ms 19.166 ms 204.4) 12.0.Level3.177 ms 25.285 ms 0.526 ms 18.21.858 ms 23.169 ms 14.1) 16.173) 14.net (209.227 ms 17.17.63.0.724 ms 3.830 ms 12 0.nv.111 ms 13 0. Firewalking C.202 ms 11 uunet-level3-oc48.254 (172.108 ms 15 .948 ms ip68-100-0-1.1) 13.nv. What is this process known as? A.NET (152.933 ms 20.943 ms 14.net (68.244.nv. Enumeration D.74) 27.4 (68.9.net (67.153) 30.317 ms 21.98.176.182) 20.1.so-2-0-0.176.63.Level3. Idle scanning 269 1 172.613 ms 2 ip68-98-176-1.nv.gar2.440 ms 17.29.edge1. argus C.063 ms 20.cox.NYC4.nv.439 ms 220.553 ms 15.net (64.12) 21.level3.1.net (209.100.743 ms 16.938 ms 5 68. TCPflow D.bbr1.

129) 37.63.target.ALTER. E.target.466 ms 16 0.333 ms You perform the above traceroute and notice that hops 19 and 20 both show the same IP address. 271 Henry is an attacker and wants to gain control of a system and use it to flood a target system with requests. An application proxying firewall You have been using the msadc.target. A host based IDS B.63.910 ms 15 0.NET (152. A stateful inspection firewall D.921 ms 51.14) 51.41) 50.195.189) 51. A buffer under run exploit.894 ms 33. While it is effective.86.customer. What type of attack is Henry using? A.280 ms 53.ALTER.935 ms 49.XL1.63. A Honeypot C.937 ms 49.195.GW5.com/> (65. C. D.10. A place robots.647 ms 18 target-gw1.TL1.191 ms 52.239.897 ms 50.82.165 ms 49.pl attack script to execute arbitrary commands on an NT4 web server.22) 52. you find it tedious to perform extended functions.ATM6-0. Henry uses poorly designed input validation routines to create or alter commands to gain access to unintended data or execute commands 272 www wanderers or spiders are programs that traverse many pages in the world wide web by recursively retrieving linked pages.so-7-0-0.net (65.txt file in the root of your website with listing of directories that you don’t want to be crawled.so-3-0-0. so as to prevent legitimate users from gaining access.NET (152. Henry is taking advantage of an incorrect configuration that leads to access with higher-than-expected privilege D.73) 51.005 ms 51.561 ms 54. A chained exploit.239.855 ms 20 www.XR1.571 ms 56.ALTER.22) 53.101. On further research you come across a perl script that runs the following msadc functions: What kind of exploit is indicated by this script? A.alter.target.571 ms 56.121 ms 58.MIA1.com <http://www.63.244 ms 33.MIA4. This probably indicates what? A.MIA4.com <http://www.195. Henry is using a denial of service attack which is a valid threat used by an attacker C. B place authentication on root directories that will prevent crawling from these spiders C enable SSL on restricted directories which will block these spiders from crawling 16 .055 ms 17 117.com/> (65. A SQL injection exploit. B.14 0.NET (152. Henry is executing commands or viewing data outside the intended target path B.855 ms 19 www.ALTER.ATL5.239.so-4-1-0.NET (152. A buffer overflow exploit. A SUID exploit.

Security was not compromised as the webpage was hosted internally 275 The GET method should never be used when sensitive data such as credit is being sent to a CGI program. If (I <= 200) then exit (1) D. If (I > 200) then exit (1) B.com/creditcard. The URL may appear like this: https://www. He also added some statistics on the webpage. If (I < 200) then exit (1) C. If (I >= 200) then exit (1) 274 Dave has been assigned to test the network security of Acme Corp.xsecurity-bank. which are used in the RSA PKI mathematical process. This means that anyone with access to a server log will be able to obtain this information. He created a webpage to discuss the progress of the tests with employees who were interested in following the test. This is because any GET command will appear in the URL and will be logged by any servers. How would you protect from this type of attack? A.asp?cardnumber=454543433532234 The GET method appends the credit card number to the URL. It is created by the client after verifying the server's identity 277 One of the most common and the best way of cracking RSA encryption is to being to derive the two prime numbers. A. the stack should stop because it cannot hold any more data. Use HTTOS SSLV3 to send the data instead of plain HTTPS D. The attack did not fall through as the firewall blocked the traffic B. The attack was social engineering and the firewall did not detect it C. For example. If the two numbers p and q are discovered through a _________________ process. It is created by the client from the server's public key D. Never include sensitive information in a script C. Dave successfully embeds a keylogger. Replace the GET with POST method when sending data B. The firewall protects the network well and allows strict Internet access. Factorization 17 . It is created by the server upon connection by the client C. let's say that you've entered your credit card information into a form that uses the GET method. then the private key can be derived. Encrypt the data before you send using GET method 276 Which of the following best describes session key creation in SSL? A. How was security compromised and how did the firewall respond? A. It is created by the server after verifying theuser's identity B. Visitors were allowed to click on a sand clock to mark the progress of the test. The attack was deception and security was not directly compromised D. A.D place “HTTP: NO CRAWL” on the html pages that you don’t want the crawlers to index 273 Choose one of the following pseudo codes to describe this statement: If we have written 200 characters to the buffer variable. The test was announced to the employees.

SYN Flood 281 Once an intruder has gained access to a remote system with a valid username and password. All of a sudden. Samuel notices a pop up at the bottom of his screen stating that his computer was now connected to a wireless network. strcpy() B. Give users two passwords D. Using a VPN with wireless doubles the overheard on an access point for all direct client to access point communications. What would be the best countermeasure to protect against escalation of priveges? A. Give user the least amount of privileges C. 279 Which of the following built-in C/C++ functions you should avoid to prevent your program from buffer overflow attacks? A. Why does this happen in the VPN over wireless implementation? A. Give users tokens B. he was able to get online and surf the Internet. B. Smurf Attack B. The stronger encryption used by the VPN slows down the network. such as that of an administrator. Using a VPN on wireless automatically enables WEP. Samuel did some quick research and was able to gain access to the wireless router 18 . Samuel is a straight 'A' student who really likes tinkering around with computers and other types of electronic devices. Samuel just received a new laptop for his birthday and has been configuring it ever since. VPNs use larger packets then wireless networks normally do. strscock() 280 Steven. C. Hashing D. users begin complaining about how slow the wireless network is. which causes additional overhead. Bob discovers that throughput has dropped by almost half even though the number of users has remained the same. After benchmarsheets the network’s speed.B. the attacker will attempt to increase his privileges by escalating the used account to one that has increased privileges. streadd() D. a security analyst for XYZ associates. Immediately after the implementation. While tweaking the registry. Bob implements a VPN to cover the wireless communications. Give users a strong policy document 282 Samuel is high school teenager who lives in Modesto California. is analyzing packets captured by Ethereal on a Linux Server inside his network when the server starts to slow down tremendously. ARP Spoofing C. Brute-forcing 278 In an attempt to secure his wireless network. Prime Detection C. Steven examines the following Ethereal captures: A. strcat() C. Ping of Death D. D.

Wardriving B. As an analyst what would you conclude about the attack? 19 . You also notice "/bin/sh" in the ASCII part of the output. What has Samuel and his friend just performed? A. tripwire B nessus C saint D satan 286 You receive an e-email with the following text message A – virus hoax B spooky virus C stealth virus D polymorphic virus 287 The following is an entry captured by a network IDS. He essentiablly is in charge of 200 servers and about 10. You figure that the attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack. What is the destination MAC address of a broadcast frame? A. 64 bits B. A . Warchalking D. 128 bits C. 160 bits D. This really excited Samuel so they got into his friend's car and drove around the city seeing which networks they could connect to and which ones they could not. 0xBBBBBBBBBBBB D. which is the most common NOOP instruction for the Intel processor. Webdriving 283 John the hacker is sniffing the network to inject ARP packets.he was connecting to and see al of its settings? Being able to hop onto someone else's wireless network so easily fascinated Samuel so he began doing more and more research on wireless technologies and how to exploit them. You notice the value 0x90. Warwalking C. 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF B. 0xAAAAAAAAAAAA C. He injects broadcast frames onto the wire to conduct MiTM attack. 0xDDDDDDDDDDDD 284 How many bits encryption does SHA-1 use? A. The next day Samuel's fried said that he could drive around all over town and pick up hundred of wireless networks.000 client computers. 256 bits 285 Harold has just been hired on as the senior network administrator for the university of central Michigan. You are assigned the task of analyzing this entry.

Whatever account IIS was installed with 291 Which of the following keyloggers cannot be detected by anti-virus or anti-spyware products? A. The server allows you to spawn a shell. Stealth keylogger C. How did the attacker accomplish this hack? A. Joseph received an urgent phone call from his friend. while Smith and his friend could see the defaced page. and used Secure Shell (SSH) to log in directly to the Web server. Routing table injection 289 What port number is used by LDAP protocol? A. Joseph uses his laptop computer regularly to administer the Web site. the Web site looked completely intact. Joseph called a friend of his at his home to help troubleshoot the problem. You need to know what your current privileges are within the shell.com in his browser to reveal the following web page: H@cker Mess@ge: Y0u @re De@d! Fre@ks! After seeing the defaced Web site. he disconnected his dial-up line. the main Mason Insurance web site had been vandalized! All of its normal content was removed and replaced with an attacker's message ''Hacker Message: You are dead! Freaks!'' From his office. He disconnected his laptop from the corporate internal network and used his modem to dial up the same ISP used by Smith. One night. he quickly typed www. So. The Web site appeared defaced when his friend visited using his DSL connection. According to Smith. To help make sense of this problem. In order to perform the actions you intend to do. and determined that every system file and all the Web content on the server were intact. 464 290 You have successfully run a buffer overflow attack against a default IIS installation running on a Windows 2000 Server. Joseph surfed to the Web site using his laptop. Administrator B. The attacker is creating a directory on the compromised machine C. reconnected to the internal network. 389 C.masonins. who's main Web site was located at www. ARP spoofing B.com. He ran Tripwire against the entire Web site. The attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack and has succeeded D. DNS poisoning D. After his modem connected. IUSR_COMPUTERNAME C. you need elevated permission. 445 D.A. The attacker is attempting an exploit that launches a command-line shell 288 Joseph was the Web site administrator for the Mason Insurance in New York. LOCAL_SYSTEM D. Software keylogger D. 110 B. The buffer overflow attack has been neutralized by the IDSS B. SQL injection C. Which of the following options would be your current privileges? A.masonins. Hardware keylogger 20 . Smith. Joseph saw the intact Mason Insurance web site. No changes were apparent. which was directly connected to Mason Insurance's internal network. Joseph decided to access the Web site using his dial-up ISP. Covert keylogger B. In his browser.

21 . It is susceptible to sniffing. This protocol has long been used by hackers to gather great amount of information about remote hosts. Faking Identity 295 Jim's organization has just completed a major Linux roll out and now all of the organization's systems are running the Linux 2. Spoofing Identity E. It used TCP as the underlying protocol. Jack calls Jane. It uses community string that is transmitted in clear text.'s computers. 294 Jack Hacker wants to break into Brown Co. Jack now has a user name and password. C.5 kernel. IP Tables B. The attacker used NMAP with the V option 293 SNMP is a protocol used to query hosts. IP Chains C. The attacker used to sid2user program D. The organization requires an option to control network traffic and also perform stateful inspection of traffic going into and out of the DMZ.. and tells him her password. an accountant at Brown Co. B. pretending to be an administrator from Brown Co. This is an example of what kind of attack? A.292 Jonathan being a keen administrator has followed all of the best practices he could find on securing his Windows Server. Jack tells Jane that there has been a problem with some accounts and asks her to tell him her password 'just to double check our records'. Reverse Engineering D. He renamed the Administrator account to a new name that can't be easily guessed but there remain people who attempt to compromise his newly renamed administrator account. to find the cookie recipe. Which of the following features makes this possible? (Choose two) A. The roll out expenses has posed constraints on purchasing other essential security equipment and software. This states that a person commits an offence if he causes a computer to perform any function with intent to secure unauthorized access to any program or data held in any computer. It is used by all network devices on the market. Jane believes that Jack is really an administrator. Which built-in functionality of Linux can achieve this? A. The attacker guessed the new name B. The law states: Section1 of the Act refers to unauthorized access to computer material. Reverse Psychology B. Social Engineering C. The attacker used the user2sid program C. IP ICMP 296 The United Kingdom (UK) he passed a law that makes hacking into an unauthorized network a felony. and can access Brown Co. D.'s computers and obtain their secret double fudge cookie recipe. How can a remote attacker decipher the name of the administrator account if it has been renamed? A. and devices about performance or health status data. IP Sniffer D. servers.

but it does not secure the application from coding errors. Bob can explain that by using passwords to derive cryptographic keys it is a form of a programming error.passport. Bob can explain that by using a weak key management technique it is a form of programming error. the Section 1 offence is still committed. This section is designed to deal with common-or-graden hacking. (http = "login. An offence is committed under Section 2 if a Section 1 offence has been committed and there is the intention of committing or facilitating a further offense (any offence which attacks a custodial sentence of more than five years.com" ) && (http contains "SMTP") D. the prosecution must prove that the access secured is unauthorized and that the suspect knew that this was the case. not necessarily one covered but the Act). Cyber Space Crime Act 1995 297 Bob has a good understanding of cryptography. You see lots of people using their laptops browsing the web while snipping brewed coffee from JonDonalds. For conviction to succeed there must have been the intent to cause the modifications and knowledge that the modification had not been authorized What is the law called? A. Computer Misuse Act 1990 B. C. Even if it is not possible to prove the intent to commit the further offence. (http contains "hotmail") && ( http contains "Reply-To") B. 298 You are sniffing as unprotected WiFi network located in a JonDonalds Cybercafe with Ethereal to capture hotmail e-mail traffic. Bob can explain that a random generator can be used to derive cryptographic keys but it uses a weak seed value and it is a form of programming error. Cyber Crime Law Act 2003 D. What is a good example of a programming error that Bob can use to illustrate to the management that encryption will not address all of their security concerns? A. Cryptography is used to secure data from specific threat.For a successful conviction under this part of the Act. which generally means the creation and distribution of viruses. It can provide data privacy.com" ) && (http contains "POP3") 299 22 . integrity and enable strong authentication but it cannot mitigate programming errors. Computer incident Act 2000 C. (http = "login. D. having worked with it for many years. B.passport. (http contains "e-mail" ) && (http contains "hotmail") C. Bob can explain that a buffer overflow is an example of programming error and it is a common mistake associated with poor programming technique. Which of the following ethereal filters will you configure to display only the packets with the hotmail messages? A. You want to sniff their email message traversing the unprotected WiFi network. Section 3 Offences cover unauthorized modification of computer material. Section 2 of the deals with unauthorized access with intent to commit or facilitate the commission of further offences.

Joseph's supervisor has told him that they would like to use some type of hardware device in tandem with a security or identifying pin number. Crafted Channel C. Bounce Channel D. Joseph's company has already researched using smart cards and all the resources needed to implement them. Password cracking attacks 303 Data is sent over the network as clear text (unencrypted) when Basic Authentication is configured on Web Servers. False 304 ARP poisoning is achieved in _____ steps A. but found the smart cards to not be cost effective. Joseph has been instructed on the Company's strict security policies that have been implemented and the policies that have yet to be put in place. Security token B. Deceptive Channel 302 What hacking attack is challenge/response authentication used to prevent? A. SYN Stealth Scan 301 How would you describe a simple yet very effective mechanism for sending and receiving unauthorized information or data between machines without alerting any firewalls and IDS's on a network? A. Per the Department of Defense. 2 C. Session hijacking attacks D. Windows Scan C. True B.Joseph has just been hired on to a contractor company of the Department of Defense as their senior Security Analyst. What type of device should Joseph use for two-factor authentication? A. 3 23 . XMAS Scan D. Replay attacks B. Covert Channel B. Idle Scan B. Scanning attacks C. Biometric device C. all DoD users and the users of their contractors must use two-factor authentication to access their networks. Proximity cards 300 What type of port scan is shown below? A. Joseph has been delegated the task of researching and implementing the best two-factor authentication method for his company. OTP D. 1 B. A.

B place authentication on root directories that will prevent crawling from these spiders C enable SSL on restricted directories which will block these spiders from crawling D place “HTTP: NO CRAWL” on the html pages that you don’t want the crawlers to index 273 311 Johnny is a member of the hacking group orpheus1. Eric network has been penetrated by a firewall breach B. A. Somebody is using SOCKS on the network to communicate through the firewall 309 www wanderers or spiders are programs that traverse many pages in the world wide web by recursively retrieving linked pages. 4 305 What port number is used by LDAP protocol? A. He wonders if his firewall has been breached. Eric network has been penetrated by a firewall breach B. 389 C. Eric has a Wingate package providing FTP redirection on his network D. 464 306 The FIN flag is set and sent from host A to host B when host A has no more data to transmit (Closing a TCP connection).txt file in the root of your website with listing of directories that you don’t want to be crawled.D. True B. Eric has a Wingate package providing FTP redirection on his network D. What would be your inference? A. However. A place robots. He is currently working on 24 . 445 D. He wonders if his firewall has been breached. Somebody is using SOCKS on the network to communicate through the firewall 308 Eric notices repeated probes to port 1080. The attacker is using the ICMP protocol to have a covert channel C. This flag releases the connection resources. What would be your inference? A. 110 B. He learns that the protocol being used is designed to allow a host outside of a firewall to connect transparently and securely through the firewall. The attacker is using the ICMP protocol to have a covert channel C. host A can continue to receive data as long as the SYN sequence number of transmitted packets from host B are lower than the packet segment containing the set FIN flag. He learns that the protocol being used is designed to allow a host outside of a firewall to connect transparently and securely through the firewall. False 307 Eric notices repeated probes to port 1080.

Johnny wants to crack the administrator password. 315 You are the Security Administrator of Xtrinity. RainbowCrack B. A – DNS reflector and amplification attack B DNS cache poisoning attacks C dns reverse connection attacks 25 . C. D.xsecurity. Makes use of only 32 bit encryption.com B – search?|:www. but does not have a lot of time to crack it. you discover an employee has attached a modem to his telephone line and workstation.com 314 Windows LAN Manager (LM) hashes are known to be weak. C.breaking into the Department of Defense's front end exchange server. Effective length is 7 characters. B. Inc. He wants to use a tool that already has the LM hashes computed for all possible permutations of the administrator password. 313 You are footprinting the www. The employee explains that he used the modem because he had to download software for a department project. He was able to get into the server. SMBCrack C. thereby bypassing your firewall. During one of your periodic checks to see how well policy is being observed by the employees.xsecurity. Which of the following are known weaknesses of LM? (Choose three) A. You write security policies and conduct assesments to protect the company's network. located in a DMZ. B. Reconfigure the firewall B. Conduct a needs analysis C. PSCrack 312 When referring to the Domain Name Service. How would you resolve this situation? A.com domain using google search engine.xsecurity. D. what is denoted by a 'zone'? A. SmurfCrack D. Enforce the corporate security policy 316 a hacker would typically use a botnet to send a large number of queries to open DNS servers. What tool would be best used to accomplish this? A. Converts passwords to uppercase. It is the first domain that belongs to a company. A security breach has occurred as a direct result of this activity. Hashes are sent in clear text over the network. A – link:www. It is the first resource record type in the SOA. He has used this modem to dial in to his workstation. Install a network-based IDS D. It is a collection of domains. It is a collection of resource records. by using an unused service account that had a very weak password that he was able to guess.

But he still receives hundreds of thousands brute-force attempts generated from various IP addresses around the world. He enables blocking the intruder's IP address for a period of 24 hours time after more than three unsuccessful attempts. After some investigation he realizes that the intruders are using a proxy somewhere else on the Internet which has been scripted to enable the random usage of various proxies on each request so as not to get caught by the firewall use. it would take 45 seconds to return to the user to begin another attempt. Samuel wants to completely block hackers brute force attempts on his network. Enable the IDS to monitor the intrusion attempts and alert you by e-mail about the IP address of the intruder so that you can block them at the firewall manually C. Later he adds another rule to his firewall and enables small sleep on the password attempt so that if the password is incorrect. They report that they are under a denial of service attack. When you stop your scan. The firm first sets up a sniffer on the agency's wired network to capture a reasonable amount of traffic to 26 . A –active attack B – port scanning C vulnerability mapping D passive information gathering 320 Steven is a senior security analyst for a state agency in Tulsa. 318 Samuel is the network administrator of DataX communications Inc. How can you modify your scan to prevent triggering this event in the IDS? A.D dns forward lookup attacks 317 While performing ping scans into a target network you get a frantic call from the organization's security team. Enforce complex password policy on your network so that passwords are more difficult to brute force D. His agency is currently undergoing a mandated security audit by an outside consulting firm. Since an intruder may use multiple machines to brute force the password. He is confident that this rule will secure his network hackers on the Internet. Only scan the Windows systems. Scan more slowly. Enforce a password policy and use account lockouts after three wrong logon attempts even through this might lock out legit users B. the smurf attack event stops showing up on the organization's IDS monitor. Do not scan the broadcast IP. you discover that the organization is using one domain for web publishing and another domain for administrator and business operations. This action will slow the intruder's attempts. B. he also throttles the number of connections that will be prepared to accept from a particular IP address. Spoof the source IP address. C. The consulting firm is halfway through the audit and is preparing to perform the actual penetration testing against the agency's network. D. He is trying to configure his firewall to block password brute force attempts on his network. What are the alternatives to defending against possible brute-force password attacks on his site? A. You can't completely block the intruders attempt if they constantly switch proxies 319 While doing a penetration test. Oklahoma.

Alerts are sent to the monitor when a potential intrusion is detected D.462 GHz 323 Hackers usually control Bots through: A.15-5. size. even when encrypted C. Merge Streams C. Alternate Data Streams 322 You come across a wifi network in your neighborhood. or display to traditional file browsing utilities like dir or Windows Explorer A. NetBIOS vulnerability D. Because wireless networks can't enable encryption 321 _____ is found in all versions of NTFS and is described as the ability to fork file data into existing files without affecting their functionality. An intruder could intercept and delete data or alerts and the intrusion can go Stack based buffer overflow Active buffer overflow Dynamic buffer overflow Heap based buffer overflow 27 . IRC Channel B.412-2. Because wireless access points act like hubs on a network B. A 5.analyze later. The consulting firm then sets up a sniffer on the agency's wireless network to capture the same amount of traffic.825 GHZ B 2. This takes approximately 2 hours to obtain 10 GB of data. Yahoo Chat E. Because wireless traffic uses only UDP which is easier to sniff D.462 GHz C 2. GoogleTalk 324 Buffer overflows are one of the top flaws for exploitation on the internet today. Why did capturing of traffic take much less time on the wireless network? A. Steganography B. Trojan Client Software D.323-2. This capture only takes about 30 minutes to get 10 GB of data. Because all traffic is clear text.462 Ghz D 900MHz-2. The monitor will know if counterfeit messages are being generated because they will not be encrypted C. MSN Messenger C. Encryption of agent communications will conceal the presence of the agents B. abcd326 What is the advantage in encrypting the communication between the agent and the monitor in an Intrusion Detection System? A.

org and other leading security organizations has clearly showed a steady rise in the number of hacking incidents perpetrated against companies. Bob implements a VPN to cover the wireless communications.Undetected 327 In an attempt to secure his wireless network. What do you thin is the main reason behind the significant increase in hacking attempts over the past 28 . C. Assuming the defaults were used. Which of the following type of scans would be the most accurate and reliable? A. users begin complaining about how slow the wireless network is. C. which causes additional overhead. VPNs use larger packets then wireless networks normally do. A UDP Scan D. Bob discovers that throughput has dropped by almost half even though the number of users has remained the same. you come across a press release by a security products vendor stating that they have signed a multi-million dollar agreement with the company you are targeting. D. Use a ping flood against the IP of the sniffing NIC and look for latency in the responses. The TCP Connect Scan 330 During the intelligence gathering phase of a penetration test. Send your attack traffic and look for it to be dropped by the IDS. Immediately after the implementation. A Half Scan C. While researching on that particular brand of IDS you notice that its default installation allows it to perform sniffing and attack analysis on one NIC and caters to its management and reporting on another NIC. A FIN Scan B. D. B. After benchmarsheets the network’s speed. The sniffing interface is completely unbound from the TCP/IP stack by default. Using a VPN with wireless doubles the overheard on an access point for all direct client to access point communications. Why does this happen in the VPN over wireless implementation? A. how can you detect these sniffing interfaces? A. The stronger encryption used by the VPN slows down the network. B. Set your IP to that of the IDS and look for it as it attempts to knock your computer off the network. 331 Statistics from cert. The sniffing interface cannot be detected. Using a VPN on wireless automatically enables WEP.c A 0x90 B 0x80 C 0x70 D 0x60 329 Nathalie would like to perform a reliable scan against a remote target. She is not concerned about being stealth at this point. The contract was for vulnerability assessment tools and network based IDS systems. 328 You are programming a buffer overflow exploit and want to create a NOP sled of 200 bytes in the program exploit.

Paula knew this should not be the case since the computer should be completely frozen during a Blue screen. Web server attack B. The user's computer is running Windows XP. Paula's Netwrok was scanned using Dumpsec C. 1024 C. There was IRQ conflict in Paula's PC D. Paula's Network was scanned using FloppyScan B. but the Blue screen looks like a familiar one that Paula had seen a Windows 2000 Computers periodically. What is Paula seeing happen on this computer? A. Lori should not scan TCP ports. 65536 B. Paula walks over to the user's computer and sees the Blue Screen of Death screen. how many ports should she select in the software? A. but she does not know ports should be scanned. One of the option is to choose which ports that can be scanned. C. New TCP/IP stack features are constantly being added. She checks the network IDS live log entries and notices numerous nmap scan alerts.years? A. It is getting more challenging and harder to hack for non technical people. If Lori is supposed to scan all known TCP ports. Lori's company does not own any commercial scanning products. She has been instructed to perform a very thorough test of the network to ensure that there are no security holes on any of the machines. so she is unsure of some of the settings available in the software she downloaded. Perform multiple queries through a search engine 29 . B. Tool like Nessus will cause BSOD 334 Which type of attack is port scanning? A. D. Lori has never done a vulnerability scan before. Search on financial site such as Yahoo Financial B. The user said he stepped away from his computer for only 15 minutes and when he got back. Paula has just received a call from a user reporting that his computer just displayed a Blue Screen of Death screen and he ca no longer work. The ease with which hacker tools are available on the Internet. Information gathering C. only UDP ports 333 Paula works as the primary help desk contact for her company. There is a phenomenal increase in processing power. 332 Lori has just been tasked by her supervisor conduct vulnerability scan on the corporate network. so she decides to download a free one off the Internet. Unauthorized access D. Lori wants to do exactly what her boos has told her. the Blue Screen was there. Paula also noticed that the hard drive activity light was flashing meaning that the computer was processing some thing. Denial of service attack 335 Which of the following activities would not be considered passive footprinting? A. 1025 D.

Bill knows that none of his customers are in Panama so he immediately thinks that his 30 . Enable "guest" account C. Configure "Windows Update" to automatic F. broken access control. What are some common vulnerabilities in web applications that he should be concerned about? A. and there are a few things that you must do before you use it. Go through the rubbish to find out any information that might have been discarded 336 Bret is a web application administrator and has just read that there are a number of surprisingly common web application vulnerabilities that can be exploited by unsophisticated attackers with easily available tools on the Internet. Bill logs on to a couple of this routers and notices that the logs shows network traffic is at all time high. Bill receives a number of calls from customers that can't access the company website and can't purchase anything online.C. filters. no firewall filters set and no SSL configured are just a few common vulnerabilities D. The Geotrace utility runs a traceroute and finds that IP is coming from Panama. McAfee antivirus software and a host of other applications. and IDS without notice because they are inside legal HTTP requests. no firewall filters set and an inattentive system administrator are just a few common vulnerabilities 337 You just purchased the latest DELL computer. SSL. Install a personal firewall and lock down unused ports from connecting to your computer D. broken account and session management. Install the latest signatures for Antivirus software E. Attacks buried in these requests sail past firewalls. missing latest security patch. He also notices that almost all the traffic is originating from a specific address. missing latest security patch. they invite the world to send HTTP requests. Windows is dangerously insecure when unpacked from the box. Non-validated parameters. No SSL configured. No IDS configured. platform hardening. anonymous user account set as default. but the help desk manager says that he has not. You want to connect Ethernet wire to your cable modem and start using the computer immediately. no firewall filters set and visible clear text passwords are just a few common vulnerabilities C. He has also read that when an organization deploys a web application. which comes pre-installed with Windows XP. New Installation of Windows Should be patched by installation the latest service packs and hotfixes B. A. Scan the range of IP address found in their DNS databas D. Visible clear text passwords. Bill decides to use Geotrace to find out where the suspect IP is originates from. Bret is determined to weed out any vulnerabilities. cross-side scripting and buffer overflows are just a few common vulnerabilities B. anonymous user account set as default. Create a non-admin user with a complex password and login to this account 339 Bill has started to notice some slowness on his network when trying to update his company's website while trying to access the website from the Internet. anonymous user account set as default. Bill asks the help desk manager if he has received any calls about slowness from the end users. missing latest security patch.

Now Bill needs to find out more about the originating IP Address. is analyzing packets captured by Ethereal on a Linux Server inside his network when the server starts to slow down tremendously. Connect to open ports to discover applications. ARP Spoofing 31 . What should be the next logical step that should be performed? A.do ?dd if=/dev/random of=/dev/hda && dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/hda done What exactly is John trying to do? A. Perform a ping sweep to identify any additional systems that might be up. D.He has downloaded sensitive documents and database files off the machine. Perform a SYN scan on port 21 to identify any additional systems that might be up. D. He is deleting log files to remove his trace C. He is making a bit stream copy of the entire hard disk for later download B. for((i=0. B. Fraggle C. LACNIC B. ARIN C. He is infecting the hard disk with random virus strings 343 Bryce the bad boy is purposely sending fragmented ICMP packets to a remote target. Rescan every computer to verify the results. RIPELACNIC D.i<1.536 bytes.company is under a Denial of Service attack. C. 341 You are conducting a port scan on a subnet that has ICMP blocked. Beetlesman finally runs the following command on the Linux box before disconnecting. APNIC 340 Which definition among those given below best describes a covert channel? A. what type of attack is Bryce attempting to perform? A. From the information given. Steven examines the following Ethereal captures: A. Smurf Attack B. 342 John Beetlesman. It is the multiplexing taking place on a communication link. a security analyst for XYZ associates. C. Upon performing various tasks. The tool size of this ICMP packet once reconstructed is over 65. B. He is wiping the contents of the hard disk with zeros D. the hacker has successfully compromised the Linux System of Agent Telecommunications. SYN Flood D. A server program using a port that is not well known. Ping of Death 344 Steven. Smurf B. It is one of the weak channels used by WEP which makes it insecure.i++)). You have discovered 23 live systems and after scanning each of them you notice that they all show port 21 in closed state. Making use of a protocol in a way it is not intended to be used. What Internet registry should Bill look in to find the IP Address? A. Inc's WebServer running Apache.

as it can be used for malevolent attacks as well. touch -acmr /etc /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. Cygwin is a X Windows GUI subsytem that runs on top of Linux GNOME environment 348 Which of the following steganography utilities exploits the nature of white space and allows the user to conceal information in these white spaces? A. Make obtaining either a computer security certification or accreditation easier to achieve so more individuals feel that they are a part of something larger than life. this knowledge has a risk associated with it. In this context. NiceText D. Cygwin is a free Unix subsystem that runs on top of Windows C. what would be the most affective method to bridge the knowledge gap between the "black" hats or crackers and the "white" hats or computer security professionals? (Choose the test answer) A. Check all of the following that could be a likely cause of the lack of response? A. ICMP is filtered by a gateway D. Ping of Death D. Jack has been sweeping the network but has not been able to get any responses from the remote target. passwd nobody -d 6. D.etc 2. Train more National Guard and reservist in the art of computer security to help out in times of emergency or crises. He knows that his target network has a web server and that a mail server is up and running. how many user IDs can you identify that the attacker has tampered with? 1. vulnerabilities and safeguards. /usr/sbin/adduser dns -d/bin -u 0 -g 0 -s/bin/bash 7. The TCP window Size does not match E. touch -acmr /etc/passwd /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. and many have expressed their interest in learning from him. Snow B. C. UDP is filtered by a gateway C. Educate everyone with books. The host might be down B. The packet TTL value is too low and can't reach the target 347 What is Cygwin? A. mkdir -p /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. articles and training on risk analysis. The destination network might be down F.C. mkdir -p /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. Bob is willing to share his knowledge with those who are willing to learn. Hire more computer security monitoring personnel to monitor computer systems and networks. However. Image Hide 349 After studying the following log entries. Cygwin is a free C++ compiler that runs on Windows B.etc 5. 346 Jack is conducting a port scan of a target network. B. Cygwin is a free Windows subsystem that runs on top of Linux D.etcpasswd 3. SYN Flood 345 Bob is acknowledged as a hacker of repute and is popular among visitors of "underground" sites. passwd dns -d 32 .etcpasswd 4. Gif-It-Up C.

8. touch -acmr /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/.etcpasswd /etc/passwd 9. touch -acmr /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/.etc /etc A. IUSR_ B. acmr, dns C. nobody, dns D. nobody, IUSR_ 350 What attack is being depicted here? A. Cookie Stealing B. Session Hijacking C. Cross Site scripting D. Parameter Manipulation 351 On a backdoored Linux box there is a possibility that legitimate programs are modified or trojaned. How is it possible to list processes and uids associated with them in a more reliable manner? A. Use "Is" B. Use "lsof" C. Use "echo" D. Use "netstat" 353 Two months later, a group of hackers called “hackjihad” found a way to access the one-time password list issued to customers of jaco banking systems. A – implement biometrics based password authentication system B configure your firewall to block attempts of more than three wrong tries C implement rsa secureid based authentication system 354 A simple compiler technique used by programmers is to add a terminator 'canary word' containing four letters NULL (0x00), CR (0x0d), LF (0x0a) and EOF (0xff) so that most string operations are terminated. If the canary word has been altered when the function returns, and the program responds by emitting an intruder alert into syslog, and then halts what does it indicate? A. The system has crashed B. A buffer overflow attack has been attempted C. A buffer overflow attack has already occurred D. A firewall has been breached and this is logged E. An intrusion detection system has been triggered 355 While testing web applications, you attempt to insert the following test script into the search area on the company's web site: <script>alert('Testing Testing Testing')</script> Afterwards, when you press the search button, a pop up box appears on your screen with the text "Testing Testing Testing". What vulnerability is detected in the web application here?

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A. A hybrid attack B. A buffer overflow C. Password attacks D. Cross Site Scripting 356 Ethernet switches can be adversely affected by rapidly bombarding them with spoofed ARP responses. He port to MAC Address table (CAM Table) overflows on the switch and rather than failing completely, moves into broadcast mode, then the hacker can sniff all of the packets on the network. Which of the following tool achieves this? A. ./macof B. ./sniffof C. ./dnsiff D. ./switchsnarf 357 Spears Technology, Inc is a software development company located in Los Angeles, California. They reported a breach in security, stating that its "security defenses has been breached and exploited for 2 weeks by hackers. "The hackers had accessed and downloaded 90,000 address containing customer credit cards and password. Spears Technology found this attack to be so to law enforcement officials to protect their intellectual property. How did this attack occur? The intruder entered through an employees home machine, which was connected to Spears Technology, Inc's corporate VPN network. The application called BEAST Trojan was used in the attack to open a "Back Door" allowing the hackers undetected access. The security breach was discovered when customers complained about the usage of their credit cards without their knowledge. The hackers were traced back to Beijing China through e-mail address evidence. The credit card information was sent to that same e-mail address. The passwords allowed the hackers to access Spears Technology's network from a remote location, posing as employees. The intent of the attacker was to steal the source code for their VOIP system and "hold it hostage" from Spears Technology, Inc exchange for ransom. The hackers had intended on selling the stolen VOIP software source code to competitors. How would you prevent such attacks from occurring in the future at Spears Technology? A. Disable VPN access to all your employees from home machines B. Allow VPN access but replace the standard authentication with biometric authentication C. Replace the VPN access with dial-up modem access to the company's network D. Enable 25 character complex password policy for employees to access the VPN network. 358 Liza has forgotten her password to an online bookstore. The web application asks her to key in her email so that they can send her the password. Liza enters her email liza@yahoo.com'. The application displays server error. What is wrong with the web application? A. The email is not valid B. User input is not sanitized C. The web server may be down D. The ISP connection is not reliable 359

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Jake works as a system administrator at Acme Corp. Jason, an accountant of the firm befriends him at the canteen and tags along with him on the pretext of appraising him about potential tax benefits. Jason waits for Jake to swipe his access card and follows him through the open door into the secure systems area. How would you describe Jason's behavior within a security context? A. Trailing B. Tailgating C. Swipe Gating D. Smooth Talking 360 Dan is conducting a penetration testing and has found a vulnerability in a Web Application which gave him the sessionID token via a cross site scripting vulnerability. Dan wants to replay this token. However, the session ID manager (on the server) checks the originating IP address as well. Dan decides to spoof his IP address in order to replay the sessionID. Why do you think Dan might not be able to get an interactive session? A. Dan cannot spoof his IP address over TCP network B. The server will send replies back to the spoofed IP address C. Dan can establish an interactive session only if he uses a NAT D. The scenario is incorrect as Dan can spoof his IP and get responses 361 Basically, there are two approaches to network intrusion detection: signature detection, and anomaly detection. The signature detection approach utilizes well-known signatures for network traffic to identify potentially malicious traffic. The anomaly detection approach utilizes a previous history of network traffic to search for patterns that are abnormal, which would indicate an intrusion. How can an attacker disguise his buffer overflow attack signature such that there is a greater probability of his attack going undetected by the IDS? A. He can use a shellcode that will perform a reverse telnet back to his machine B. He can use a dynamic return address to overwrite the correct value in the target machine computer memory C. He can chain NOOP instructions into a NOOP "sled" that advances the processor's instruction pointer to a random place of choice D. He can use polymorphic shell code-with a tool such as ADMmutate - to change the signature of his exploit as seen by a network IDS 362 You are performing a port scan with nmap. You are in hurry and conducting the scans at the fastest possible speed. However, you don't want to sacrifice reliability for speed. If stealth is not an issue, what type of scan should you run to get very reliable results? A. XMAS scan B. Stealth scan C. Connect scan D. Fragmented packet scan 363 Certkiller .com is legally liable for the content of email that is sent from its systems, regardless of whether the message was sent for private or business-related purpose. This could lead to prosecution for the sender and for the company's directors if, for example, outgoing email was found to contain material that was pornographic, racist or likely to incite someone to commit an act of terrorism.

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you give them a printed list of 100 unique passwords. Instead of issuing banking customer with a single password. …. B. Question 101: Buffer overflows are one of the top flaws for exploitation on the Internet today. You are setting up ebanking website (http://www. in charge of all aspects of the DoD’s internal network security. Active buffer overflow 36 . then no damage is done because the password will no be accepted a second time. A. Stack based buffer overflow B. Obfuscantion C. Firewalking Question 99: You are the security administrator of Jaco Banking System located in Boston.ejacobank. Implement Blometrics based password authentication system. What technique is Shauna using here? A. the customer enters the next password on the list. Enable a complex password policy of 20 characters and ask the user to change…. Shauna and her employees’ duty is to make sure that hole is not exploited by outside attackers. the system automaticlly sends out a new password list by encrypted e-mail to the customer. Honeypot B. truying to find an entry into the network. the DoD is constantly probed and scanned by outsite IP addresses. MiTM or keyloggers. As one would expect.com) authentication system.You can always defend yourself by "ignorance of the law" clause. Each time the customer needs to log into the e-banking system website. unless that entry point must be kept open for business purposes. Shauna leads a large team of junior security analysts that make sure all entry points are closed off. If someone sees them type the password using shoulder surfing. Abuffer overflow occurs when a particular operation/function writes more data into a variable then the variable was designed to hold. False Question 72: Shauna is the Senior Security Analyst for the Department of Defense. … What effective security solution will you recommend in this case? A. If something must be kept open. Tunneling D. The two popular types of buffer overflows prevalent today are: A. Configure your firewall to block logon attempts of more than three wrong tries C. Once the list of 100 passwords is almost finished. True B. Implement RSA SecureID based authentication system D. Record the customer face image to the authentication database.

The systems are Web Servers B. you decide to perform a NULL scan with NMAP. Search engines like Google… How will you stop web spiders from crawling certain directories on your website? A. The systems are running a host based IDS Question 104: Hampton is the senior security analyst for the city of Columbus in Ohio. The systems have all ports open C. Heap based buffer overflow Question 103: You are having trouble obtaining accurate results while conducting a port scan against a target network…. Place authenticateion on root directories that will prevent crawling from thers spiders C. The first new systems scanned shows all ports open. Dynamic buffer overflow D. The system are running Windows D. Bill brute forced the Mac address ACLs Question 107: WWW wanderers or spiders are programs that traverse many pages in the World Wide Web by recursively retrieving linked pages. B. Bill spooted the MAC address of Dell laptop C. When both steath an connect scans do not work. Bill connected to a Rogue access point B.C. Bill is an IT technician that works with Hampton in the same IT department…. Question 113: More sophisticated IDSs look for common shelicode signatures… 37 . Place robots. Place “HTTP:NO CRAWL” on the html pages that you don’t want the crawlers to index. Which one of the following statements is most porbably true? A.txt file in the root of your website with listing of drectories that you don’t want to be crawled. Toshiba and Dell laptops share the same hardware address D. His primary responsibility is to ensure that all physical and logical aspects of the city’s computer network are secure from all angles. How was Bill able to get Internet access without using an agency laptop? A. Enable SSL on the restricted directories which will block these spiders from crawling D.

He has been pushed aside in promotions due to office politics…. Question 123: This is an authentication method in which is used to prove that a party knows a password without transmitting the password in any recoverable form over a network. and then executing the derypted shellcode B.11a network to sniff the Wireless traffic for sensitive data. C. What frequency will you tune the Wireless hardware device to? A. using loader code to decrypt the shellcode. They encrypt the shellcode by XORing values over the shellcode.825 GHz Question 132: You went to great lengths to install all the necessary technologies to prevent hacking attacks. Passive Information Gathering Question 131: You come across a WiFi network in your neighborhood. Which of the following command Mason should run in Knoppix to permanently erase the data? 38 . antispam systems and intrusion detection/preventiion tools in your company’s network…. you discover that the organization is using one domain for web publishing…. Inc. 5. using loader.15-5. uncompress…. They convert the shellcode into Unicode.How does a polymorphic shelicode work? A. Presence of “weakest link” in the security chain What is Peter Smith talking about? A. only a randon number and an encrypted randon number are sent A. During what phase of the penetration test would you normally discover this? A. Untrained staff or Ignorant computer users who inadvertently become the weakest link in your security chain Question 133: Mason is the network administrator of ata Machine Systems. They reverse the working instructions into opposite ordder by masking the IDS signatures D. Challenge/Response Authentication Question 129: While doing a penetration test. antivius software. This authentication is secure because the password is never transmitted over the network. even in hashed form.. such as expensive firewalls. They compress shellcode into normal instructions. You pull up your hardware WiFi sniffer from your car and tune into 802.

KFSensor tunneling server D.. Brute force attack B. Send-Safe proxy server B. You sniff the traffic and attempt to predict the sequence and acknowledgement numbers to successfully hijack the telnet session. What method of attack is best suited to crack these password in the shortes amount of time? A. Larry’s main objective used to entail defacing government and big corporation websites. What tool could Larry use to help evade traps like honeypots? A. Scan the network using Nmap for the services used by these reflectors Question 142: Larry is a criminal hacker with over 20 years of experience in breaking into system. $ wipe-fik/dev/hda1 Question 188: You are trying to hijack to telnet session from a victim merchine with IP address 10. On Monday.0. she went to a mandatory secuity awareness class (Security5) put on by her company’s IT… 39 . SPECTER relay server Question 145: Stephanie works as a records clerk in a large office building in downtown Chicago. Sequence nubmer 82980070 Acknowledgement number 17768885 Question 137: Frederickson Seurity Consultants is currently conduction a security audit on the networks of Hawthorn Eterprises.0. a contractor for the Department of Defense…. Birthday attack C.0.1. What are the next sequence and acknowledgement numbers that the router will send to the victim machine? A. Brute service attack Question 138: Reflective DdoS attacks do not send traffic directly at the targeted host… How would you detect these reflectors on your network? B.0. Dictionary attack D.A.5 to Cisco router at 10. Honeyd evasion server C.

which causes the victim to try opening a connection with itself…. SYN Flood attacks D. Netcraft B. A statefull inspection firewall D. Firewalking 40 . SMURF Attacks Question 181: You have been charged with performing a number of security test against… What would be considered passive scanning? A. Whois C. Unpatched Windwos XP and Windows Server 2003 machines are vulnerable to these attackes. LAND attacks B. An application proxying firewall Question 168: Which of the following commands will you run in Linux to check for the presence of rootkits? A. Stealth Firefox D. What does this most likely indicate? A. Stealth IE C. Cookie Disabler Question 147: You perform the following traceroute and notice that hops 19 and 20 both show the same IP address. A host based IDs C. $ sudo chrootkit Question 173: Attacker forges a TCP/IP packet.What should Stephanie use so that she does not get in trouble for surfing the internet? A. Targa attacks C. A Honeypot B. Stealth Anonymizer B. What type of Denial of Service attack is represented here? A.

Harold should use LC4 instead of John the Ripper Question 187: Finding tools to run dictionary and brute forcing attackes against FTP and Web servers is an easy task for hackers. domainname… D. Never use a password related to the hostname. He needs to turn offf statefull inspection on his firewalls D. … What defensive measures will you take to protect your network from these attacks? A. LanManger hashes are broken up into two 7 character fields.D. Putty cannot make SSH connections Question 379: Michael is a junior security analyst working for the National Security Agency… What technique has Michael used to distuise this keylogging software? A. Harold should have used Dmpsec instead of Pwdump6 C.… E. Friendly Pinger Question 186: Harold works for Jacobson Unlimited in the IT department as the security manager…. B. Never use a password that can be found in a dictionary C. Never use a password related to your hobbies. … PuTTY Fatal Error: Network error: Connction reset by peer Why was John not able to connect? A. He needs to open port 22 on his firewalls B. He needs to open port 24 on his firewalls C. Never leave a default password B. Use a word that has more than 21 characters from… Question 190: John is the network adminstrator for Frederickson Machinery in Tampa. Harold’s dictionary file was not large enough D. ptes. Why did the 14 chareacter passwords not take much longer to crack than the 8 character passwords? A. Steganography 41 .

ADS D. A person whohacksfor offensive purposes Answer: C Explanation: The Ethical hacker is a security professional who applies his hacking skills for defensive purposes. The ethical hacker does not use the same techniques or skills as a cracker. There is nothing that says that a cracker does not get paid for the work he does. C. A person whohacksfor ethical reasons B.. QUESTION 3: Who is an Ethical Hacker? A. Hidden channels Question 374: Bob was frustrated with his competitor. What kind of Denial of Service attack was best illustrated in the scenario above? A. Simple DDOS attack B. DOS attacks which is done accidentally or deliberately C.B. A person whohacksfor defensive purposes D. B. Brownies Inc. DOS attacks which involves crashing a netword or system QUESTION 1: What is the essential difference between an 'Ethical Hacker' and a 'Cracker'? A. B. The ethical hacker has authorization from the owner of the target. Someone who is using his/her skills for ethical reasons. Someone who is using his/her skills for defensive purposes. … This process involves human interaction to fix it. QUESTION 4: What is "Hacktivism"? 42 . Answer: C Explanation: The ethical hacker uses the same techniques and skills as a cracker and the motive is to find the security breaches before a cracker does. Someone who is hacking for ethical reasons. C. Answer: C Explanation: Ethical hacking is only about defending your self or your employer against malicious persons by using the same techniques and skills. D. a ethical hacker has the owners authorization and will get paid even if he does not succeed to penetrate the target. DOS attacks which involves flooding anetwork or system D. A person whohacksfor an ethical cause C. Someone who is using his/her skills for offensive purposes. The ethical hacker does it strictly for financial motives unlike a cracker. The ethical hacker is just a cracker who is getting paid. D. QUESTION 2: What does the term "Ethical Hacking" mean? A. Wrapping C.

D. CHAT rooms B. The 43 . B. It manipulates the value of time to live (TTL) parameter packet to elicit a time exceeded in transit message. XMAS Scan D. F QUESTION 14: How does Traceroute map the route that a packet travels from point A to point B? A. C. Search engines F. B. E. To gather information about internal hosts used in email treatment. B. C. None of the above Answer: A Explanation: The term was coined by author/critic Jason Logan Bill Sack in an article about media artist Shu Lea Cheang. Acts of hacktivism are carried out in the belief that proper use of code will have leveraged effects similar to regular activism or civil disobedience. To create a denial of service attack. News groups D. It manipulated flags within packets to force gateways into generating error messages. Organization's own web site Answer: A. Web sites E. WHOIS database C. An association which groups activists D. To gather information about procedures that are in place to deal with such messages. Hacking for a cause B. Windows Scan C. Idle Scan B. It uses a protocol that will be rejected at the gateways on its way to its destination.A. D. It uses a TCP Timestamp packet that will elicit a time exceed in transit message. Answer: C QUESTION 30: Which of the following would be the best reason for sending a single SMTP message to an address that does not exist within the target company? A. C. QUESTION 5: Where should a security tester be looking for information that could be used by an attacker against an organization? (Select all that apply) A. Answer: C QUESTION 33: What type of port scan is shown below? A. D. To verify information about the mail administrator and his address. SYN Stealth Scan QUESTION 35: An attacker is attempting to telnet into a corporation's system in the DMZ. Hacking ruthlessly C.

As a security professional. The attacker rechecks that the target system is actually listening on Port 23 and he verifies it with both nmap and hping2. you don't want to sacrifice reliability for speed. D. XMAS scan B. 3. It is a worm that is malfunctioning or hardcoded to scan on port 500 C.483 seconds What should be your next step to identify the OS? A.attacker doesn't want to get caught and is spoofing his IP address. The firewall is blocking port 23 to that system. He cannot spoof his IP and successfully use TCP. Connect to the active services and review the banner information Answer: D QUESTION 77: You are performing a port scan with nmap. You are in hurry and conducting the scans at the fastest possible speed. However. Nmap run completed -. named after the Unix connect() system call is the most accurate scanning method. He is attacking an operating system that does not reply to telnet even when open.121. Perform a firewalk with that system as the target IP B. What is the most probable reason? A.12. QUESTION 49: While attempting to discover the remote operating system on the target computer. B.insecure. Stealth scan C. and the port scanner immediately closes the connection. Perform a tcp traceroute to the system using port 53 C. The attacker is trying to determine the type of VPN implementation and checking for 44 .1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 277. This scan is eating up most of the network bandwidth and Neil is concerned.org/nmap/ <http://www. you receive the following results from an nmap scan: Starting nmap V. Run an nmap scan with the -v-v option to give a better output D.10ALPHA9 ( www.222: (The 1592 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: filtered) Port State Service 21/tcp open ftp 25/tcp open smtp 53/tcp closed domain 80/tcp open http 443/tcp open https Remote operating system guess: Too many signatures match to reliably guess the OS. It is a network fault and the originating machine is in a network loop B. After numerous tries he remains unsuccessful in connecting to the system. what would you infer from this scan? A. He is still unable to connect to the target system. If a port is open the operating system completes the TCP three-way handshake. He needs to use an automated tool to telnet in. QUESTION 78: Neil notices that a single address is generating traffic from its port 500 to port 500 of several other machines on the network. Fragmented packet scan Answer: C Explanation: A TCP Connect scan.insecure. C. If stealth is not an issue. what type of scan should you run to get very reliable results? A. Connect scan D.org/nmap/> ) Interesting ports on 172. The attacker is trying to detect machines on the network which have SSL enabled D.

10. Next you use hping2 tool to ping the target host and you get a response.8 ms A.168. Run NULL TCP hping2 against 192.4 switch C.3.3. You send a ping request to the broadcast address 192.4 PING10./hping2 -c 4 -n -i 2 10. To discover information about a target host using NBTSTAT QUESTION 91: One of the ways to map a targeted network for live hosts is by sending an ICMP ECHO request to the broadcast or the network address. What can you infer from this information? A.2. You do not get a response.2.2.4 flags=RA seq=1 ttl=128 id=54935 win=0 rtt=0.7 ms --.7/0. Run nmap XMAS scan against 192.4 ping statistics --3 packets transmitted.168.3.1.10 don't get answered. 0% packet loss round-tripmin/avg/max = 0.2. What should you do next? A.2. The firewall is blocking all the scans to 192.2.2. To check for file and print sharing on Windows systems D.168.4 flags=RA seq=3 ttl=128 id=55959 win=0 rtt=0. 0 packets received.7 ms len=46 ip=10.4 (eth0 10.2.3.3. The request would be broadcasted to all hosts on the targeted network.8 ms len=46 ip=10. 77 of the ICMP_ECHO packets had an ICMP ID:39612 and Seq:57072.168.3.10 seems to hang without returning any information.3. Use NetScan Tools Pro to conduct the scan B.2.1. You suspect ICMP is blocked at the firewall. 100% packet loss [ceh]# . Why does the host respond to hping2 and not ping packet? [ceh]# ping 10. 45 . hping2 uses stealth TCP packets to connect Answer: C QUESTION 89: Why would an attacker want to perform a scan on port 137? A.10. To discover proxy servers on a network B.2.168.4 hping statistic --4 packets tramitted. 40 headers + 0 data bytes len=46 ip=10.3.255. Pings to 192. ICMP ID and Seq numbers were most likely set by a tool and not by the operating system QUESTION 86: You ping a target IP to check if the host is up. To disrupt the NetBIOS SMB service on the target host C.IPSec QUESTION 80: You want to know whether a packet filter is in front of 192. you must use ping 10. The packets were sent by a worm spoofing the IP addresses of 47 infected sites B.10 C.5. The live hosts will send an ICMP ECHO Reply to the attacker source IP address.10 Answer: C QUESTION 83: A specific site received 91 ICMP_ECHO packets within 90 minutes from 47 different sites.1.4) from 10. hping2 uses TCP instead of ICMP by default D.168. --.168.8/0.10 D.4): NO FLAGS are set.2.4 (10.4 flags=RA seq=0 ttl=128 id=54167 win=0 rtt=0.3.1.4 flags=RA seq=2 ttl=128 id=55447 win=0 rtt=0. 13 of the ICMP_ECHO packets had an ICMP ID:0 and Seq:0.3.3. A basic nmap scan of 192.2.10.2.1.4 HPING 10.2. 4 packets received.3.3.7 ms len=46 ip=10.3.80 : 56(84) bytes of data.1. ping packets cannot bypass firewalls B.

168. Sheela D. QUESTION 99: Peter extracts the SIDs list from Windows 2000 Server machine using the hacking tool "SIDExtractor".5. Answer: D QUESTION 98: Bob is acknowledged as a hacker of repute and is popular among visitors of "underground" sites. Linux machines will not generate an answer (ICMP ECHO Reply) to an ICMP ECHO request aimed at the broadcast address or at the network address.255 (192. Rebecca C. what would be the most affective method to bridge the knowledge gap between the "black" hats or crackers and the "white" hats or computer security professionals? (Choose the test answer) A. The above scenario is wrong.[root@ceh/root]# ping -b 192. Only 13 hosts send a reply while others do not.5. You cannot ping a broadcast address. 64 bytes from 192. He 46 .255) from 192.168. D.7 ms ------There are 40 computers up and running on the target network.5.255 WARNING: pinging broadcast address PING192.168. this knowledge has a risk associated with it. C.5.168.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=4. Why? A. D. Make obtaining either a computer security certification or accreditation easier to achieve so more individuals feel that they are a part of something larger than life. Micah Answer: F QUESTION 122: Eric has discovered a fantastic package of tools named Dsniff on the Internet.5: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=5. Here is the output of the SIDs: s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-100Johns s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-652Rebecca s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-412Sheela s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-999Shawn s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-777Somia s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-500chang s-1-5-21-1125394485-807628933-54978560-555Micah From the above list identify the user account with System Administrator privileges. John B. Train more National Guard and reservist in the art of computer security to help out in times of emergency or crises. as it can be used for malevolent attacks as well. and many have expressed their interest in learning from him. articles and training on risk analysis.5.5. Educate everyone with books.168. However.5.1 ms 64 bytes from 192. Hire more computer security monitoring personnel to monitor computer systems and networks.0-255 C. You should send a ping request with this command ping 192. Windows machines will not generate an answer (ICMP ECHO Reply) to an ICMP ECHO request aimed at the broadcast address or at the network address. vulnerabilities and safeguards. B. Chang G. Bob is willing to share his knowledge with those who are willing to learn. Shawn E.168.168. Somia F. A.1 : 56(84) bytes of data. B. In this context.

NICK B. NICK C. What would you call this attack? A. Eve uses the ENUM tool to enumerate Alice machine. A. Interceptor B. which is the most common NOOP instruction for the Intel processor. The two remote ends of the communication never notice that Eric is relaying the information between the two. She notices that Alice is using a computer whose port 445 is active and listening. From the command prompt. MyDoom Answer: C QUESTION 158: While examining audit logs. WebDav B. ARP Proxy D. Eve is trying to connect as an user with Administrator privileges B. You would like to block this. The attacker is attempting an exploit that launches a command-line shell QUESTION 140: Study the snort rule given below: From the options below. USER. For /f "tokens=1 %%a in (hackfile. USER. The attacker is creating a directory on the compromised machine C. You also notice "/bin/sh" in the ASCII part of the output. MS Blaster D.has learnt to use these tools in his lab and is now ready for real world exploitation. As an analyst what would you conclude about the attack? A. you discover that people are able to telnet into the SMTP server on port 25. You figure that the attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack. From the following options 47 . LOGIN. LOGIN. You notice the value 0x90. she types the following command.2.txt) do net use * \\10. Eve is trying to escalate privilege of the null user to that of Administrator Answer: C QUESTION 124: Which of the following represents the initial two commands that an IRC client sends to join an IRC network? A. Poisoning Attack Answer: B QUESTION 123: Eve is spending her day scanning the library computers. You are assigned the task of analyzing this entry. you are concerned about affecting the normal functionality of the email server. Eve is trying to enumerate all users with Administrative privileges C. Eve is trying to carry out a password crack for user Administrator D. The buffer overflow attack has been neutralized by the IDSS B. choose the exploit against which this rule applies. He was able to effectively intercept communications between the two entities and establish credentials with both sides of the connections.3\c$ /user:"Administrator" %%a What is Eve trying to do? A. Man-in-the-middle C.1. However. though you do not see any evidence of an attack or other wrong doing. PASS D. USER Answer: A QUESTION 132: The following is an entry captured by a network IDS. The attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack and has succeeded D. SQL Slammer C.

numbers and special characters. QUESTION 160: You have retrieved the raw hash values from a Windows 2000 Domain Controller. You understand that all users are required to use passwords that are at least 8 characters in length. thereby bypassing your firewall. Using social engineering. All passwords must also use 3 of the 4 following categories: lower case letters. D. -u tells netcat to use UDP instead of TCP 48 . Converts passwords to uppercase. You write security policies and conduct assesments to protect the company's network. C. Effective length is 7 characters. Answer: E QUESTION 159: Windows LAN Manager (LM) hashes are known to be weak. How would you resolve this situation? A. Shut off the SMTP service on the server. He has used this modem to dial in to his workstation. D. C. deletes the /etc/passwd file when connected to the UDP port 55555 Answer: C Explanation: -l forces netcat to listen for incoming connections. Conduct a needs analysis C. grabs the /etc/passwd file when connected to UDP port 55555 D. A security breach has occurred as a direct result of this activity. what would be the fastest type of password cracking attack you can run against these hash values and still get results? A. B. Switch from Windows Exchange to UNIX Sendmail. Reconfigure the firewall B. During one of your periodic checks to see how well policy is being observed by the employees. capital letters. you discover an employee has attached a modem to his telephone line and workstation. None of the above. Hashes are sent in clear text over the network. B. Which of the following are known weaknesses of LM? (Choose three) A. Makes use of only 32 bit encryption. Install a network-based IDS D. Enforce the corporate security policy QUESTION 166: What does the following command in netcat do? nc-l -u -p 55555 < /etc/passwd A. With your existing knowledge of users. Inc. Online Attack B. you come to know that they are enforcing strong passwords. likely user account names and the possibility that they will choose the easiest passwords possible. Force all connections to use a username and password.choose how best you can achieve this objective? A. Hybrid Attack QUESTION 162: You are the Security Administrator of Xtrinity. logs the incoming connections to /etc/passwd file B. Dictionary Attack C. E. Brute Force Attack D. Block port 25 at the firewall. loads the /etc/passwd file to the UDP port 55555 C. The employee explains that he used the modem because he had to download software for a department project.

0. QUESTION 167: What hacking attack is challenge/response authentication used to prevent? A. because an attacker eavesdropping on network traffic will attack the weaker protocol.168.1 and syn. A successful attack can compromise the user's password.168. How do you disable LM authentication in Windows XP? A.addr = 192. Download and install LMSHUT.equals on Answer: C QUESTION 205: When Jason moves a file via NFS over the company's network. ip. Session Splicing B.com/kb/299656 QUESTION 173: How would you describe an attack where an attacker attempts to deliver the payload over multiple packets over long periods of time with the purpose of defeating simple pattern matching in IDS systems without session reconstruction? A characteristic of this attack would be a continuous stream of small packets. you want to grab a copy of it by sniffing. Character Encoding D.flags. A.syn D. Session Hijacking D.168. Image Hide Answer: A QUESTION 172: LM authentication is not as strong as Windows NT authentication so you may want to disable its use. Snow B. A.0. Disable LSASS service in Windows XP C.168.EXE tool from Microsoft website Answer: C Explanation: http://support. Scanning attacks C.microsoft. Replay attacks B.equals 192.1 and tcp.0. Gif-It-Up C. Password cracking attacks Answer: A QUESTION 170: Which of the following steganography utilities exploits the nature of white space and allows the user to conceal information in these white spaces? A.-p 5555 tells netcat to use port 5555 < /etc/passwd tells netcat to grab the /etc/passwd file when connected to. Session hijacking attacks D.0. UCS transformation formats QUESTION 203: Which of the following display filters will you enable in Ethereal to view the three-way handshake for a connection from host 192. Canonicalization B. Stop the LM service in Windows XP B.0. Which of the following tool accomplishes this? 49 . ip == 192. NiceText D.1 and tcp. ip.1? A.1 and syn = 1 C. Character Mapping C.addr==192. Disable LM authentication in the registry D. It deals with the way in which systems convert data from one form to another.168. Session Fragmentation Answer: A QUESTION 175: _____ is the process of converting something from one representation to the simplest form. ip. Session Stealing C.syn B.

Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a DoS attack. 4 QUESTION 210: How would you describe a simple yet very effective mechanism for sending and receiving unauthorized information or data between machines without alerting any firewalls and IDS's on a network? A.A. ip. C. 3 D.22 D. Deceptive Channel QUESTION 211: You have captured some packets in Ethereal. B. Bounce Channel D. ip. 2 C.0.0. Answer: A QUESTION 225: How does a denial-of-service attack work? A. webspy C. tcpdump -l /var/log/ Answer: B QUESTION 209: ARP poisoning is achieved in _____ steps A. macof B.0. or letter he or she can think of to defeat authentication Answer: C QUESTION 231: Henry is an attacker and wants to gain control of a system and use it to flood a 50 . A hacker uses every character. tcpdump -vde -r log D.equals 10./log C. You want to view only packets sent from 10. Further inspection reveals that they are not responses from the internal hosts' requests but simply responses coming from the Internet.22 B.address = 10. tcpdump -w . A hacker attempts to imitate a legitimate user by confusing a computer or even another person C.0.0. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a land attack. Covert Channel B. word.0. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a smurf attack. What filter will you apply? A.0. ip = 10.22 Answer: B QUESTION 222: Clive has been monitoring his IDS and sees that there are a huge number of ICMP Echo Reply packets that are being received on the external gateway interface. ip.0. tcpdump -r log B. Someone has spoofed Clive's IP address while doing a fraggle attack. 1 B.22 C. which subsequently crashes the network B. A hacker tries to decipher a password by using a system. Crafted Channel C. filesnarf D. A hacker prevents a legitimate user (or group of users) from accessing a service D.22.src == 10. D.0. What could be the most likely cause? A. nfscopy QUESTION 208: What is the command used to create a binary log file using tcpdump? A.0.

Jack tells Jane that there has been a problem with some accounts and asks her to tell him her password 'just to double check our records'. so as to prevent legitimate users from gaining access. and parts with her password. This time she envisages using a different kind of method to attack Brownies Inc. What kind of attack is being illustrated here? (Choose the best answer) A. Reverse Psychology B. What is the technique that Eve used in the case above? A.target system with requests. QUESTION 237: Jack Hacker wants to break into Certkiller 's computers and obtain their secret double fudge cookie recipe. P2P Networks Answer: A Explanation: Pretexting is the act of creating and using an invented scenario (the pretext) to persuade a target to release information or perform an action and is usually done over the telephone. Henry is taking advantage of an incorrect configuration that leads to access with higher-than-expected privilege D. In person D. Phone B. Pretexting is the act of creating and using an invented scenario (the pretext) to persuade a target to release information or perform an action and is usually done over the telephone. an accountant at Certkiller pretending to be an administrator from Certkiller . Henry is executing commands or viewing data outside the intended target path B. to steal the cookie recipe. Henry is using a denial of service attack which is a valid threat used by an attacker C. Jane believes that Jack is really an administrator. Jacks calls Jane. Henry uses poorly designed input validation routines to create or alter commands to gain access to unintended data or execute commands Answer: B QUESTION 232: Eve decides to get her hands dirty and tries out a Denial of Service attack that is relatively new to her. Email C. Faking Identity Answer: C Explanation: This is a typical case of pretexting. Spoofing Identity E. Social Engineering D. to find the cookie recipe. Jack calls Jane.'s computers and obtain their secret double fudge cookie recipe. She launches an attack similar to that of fraggle. and can access Brown Co. SYN Floodfg D. QUESTION 238: Jack Hacker wants to break into Brown Co.'s computers. and tells him her password. Jane does not suspect anything amiss. pretending to be an administrator from Brown Co. Reverse Engineering C.. Smurf B. Jack can now access Certkiller 's computers with a valid user name and password. Jack tells Jane that there has been a problem with some accounts and asks her to verify her password with him "just to double check our records". This is an example of what kind of attack? 51 . What type of attack is Henry using? A. an accountant at Brown Co. Ping of Death Answer: A QUESTION 236: What is the most common vehicle for social engineering attacks? A. Bubonic C. Eve tries to forge the packets and uses the broadcast address. Jack now has a user name and password.

to post a sign that states "no tailgating" next to the special card reader adjacent to the secured door C. Reverse Social Engineering C. He created a webpage to discuss the progress of the tests with employees who were interested in following the test. Spoofing Identity E. Security was not compromised as the webpage was hosted internally Answer: B QUESTION 258: How would you prevent session hijacking attacks? 52 . The test was announced to the employees. Tailgating C. setup a mock video camera next to the special card reader adjacent to the secured door D. Jason. Reverse Psychology B. Smooth Talking QUESTION 248: Sabotage. How was security compromised and how did the firewall respond? A. What is the best way to undermine the social engineering activity of tailgating? A. Reverse Engineering D. Reverse Software Engineering D. The attack did not fall through as the firewall blocked the traffic B. How would you describe Jason's behavior within a security context? A. an accountant of the firm befriends him at the canteen and tags along with him on the pretext of appraising him about potential tax benefits. The firewall protects the network well and allows strict Internet access. issue special cards to access secured doors at the company and provide a one-time only brief description of use of the special card B. Social Engineering C. Just as the employee opens the door. The attack was social engineering and the firewall did not detect it C. Social engineering B. He also added some statistics on the webpage. The attack was deception and security was not directly compromised D. Visitors were allowed to click on a sand clock to mark the progress of the test. Bob walks up to the employee (still holding the box) and asks the employee to hold the door open so that he can enter. He waits until an employee walks up to the secured door and uses the special card in order to access the restricted area of the target company. Rapid Development Engineering Answer: B QUESTION 249: Dave has been assigned to test the network security of Acme Corp. Advertising and Covering are the three stages of _____ A. Trailing B. Faking Identity Answer: B QUESTION 243: Bob waits near a secured door. Jason waits for Jake to swipe his access card and follows him through the open door into the secure systems area.A. holding a box. to educate all of the employees of the company on best security practices on a recurring basis Answer: D QUESTION 244: Jake works as a system administrator at Acme Corp. Swipe Gating D. Dave successfully embeds a keylogger.

by Advanced Research Organization (http://www-arc. Which of the following options would be your current privileges? A. by Razor (http://razor. The server allows you to spawn a shell. Using Cheops-ng to identify the devices of Certkiller . In order to perform the actions you intend to do. Use get* to download all pages locally for further inspection. You need to know what your current privileges are within the shell.A.com/sara) 3. There is no way the attacker could do this without directly compromising either the web server or the database QUESTION 278: What are the differences between SSL and S-HTTP? A. Use get() to download all pages locally for further inspection. B. In order for him to check the vulnerability of Certkiller . Use mget to download all pages locally for further inspection.com/tools/) However. SSL operates at the transport layer and S-HTTP operates at the application layer D. 53 . there are many other alternative ways to make sure that the services that have been scanned will be more accurate and detailed for Bob. SARA. LOCAL_SYSTEM D.axent. What is the mostly likely way the attacker has been able to modify the price? A. C. D. SSL operates at the application layer and S-HTTP operates at the transport layer QUESTION 284: Scanning for services is an easy job for Bob as there are so many tools available from the Internet. Using unpredictable sequence numbers secures sessions against hijacking Answer: D QUESTION 261: You have successfully run a buffer overflow attack against a default IIS installation running on a Windows 2000 Server. Using biometrics access tokens secures sessions against hijacking B. IUSR_COMPUTERNAME C. SSL operates at the network layer and S-HTTP operates at the application layer B. Which of the processes listed below would be a more efficient way of doing this type of validation? A. you need elevated permission. B. Using hardware-based authentication secures sessions against hijacking D. you might be required to look through multiple web pages online which can take a long time. Using non-Internet protocols like http secures sessions against hijacking C. By changing hidden form values in a local copy of the web page D. What would be the best method to accurately identify the services running on a victim host? A. SSL operates at the application layer and S-HTTP operates at the network layer C. Here are the scanners that he uses: 1. They have also verified the IDS logs and found no attacks that could have caused this. Administrator B. VLAD the Scanner. Axent's NetRecon (http://www. he went through a few scanners that are currently available. By using cross site scripting C.bindview. The security administrators verify the web server and Oracle database have not been compromised directly. QUESTION 276: An attacker has been successfully modifying the purchase price of items purchased at a web site. Whatever account IIS was installed with Answer: C QUESTION 269: You work as security technician at Certkiller .com) 2.com. While doing web application testing. By using SQL injection B. Using the manual method of telnet to each of the open ports of Certkiller . Use wget to download all pages locally for further inspection.

They are greeted with a message "Your login information has been mailed to johndoe@gmail.C. Attempted login of unknown user: ' or 1=1-Attempted login of unknown user: '. using which customers could access their account balances. Given this attack profile.com". John Stevens was in charge of information security at Bank of Timbuktu. Password attacks D. Role-based Access Control D. Cross Site Scripting QUESTION 295: _____ ensures that the enforcement of organizational security policy does not rely on voluntary web application user compliance. you attempt to insert the following test script into the search area on the company's web site: <script>alert('Testing Testing Testing')</script> Afterwards. What do you think has occurred? A. A hybrid attack B. when you press the search button. A buffer overflow C. 5 minutes B. money was transferred between accounts. Discretionary Access Control QUESTION 298: You have chosen a 22 character word from the dictionary as your password. The bank has deployed a new Internet-accessible Web application recently. 16 million years QUESTION 301: Bank of Timbuktu was a medium-sized. pay bills and conduct online financial business using a Web browser. The web application picked up a record at random B. A. transfer money between accounts. How long will it take to crack the password by an attacker? A. QUESTION 288: Bryan notices the error on the web page and asks Liza to enter liza' or '1'='1 in the email field. Strangely. Authorized Access Control C. Instead. regional financial institution in Timbuktu. Using the default port and OS to make a best guess of what services are running on each port for Certkiller . the account balances of many bank's customers has been changed! However. 23 days C. a pop up box appears on your screen with the text "Testing Testing Testing". Using a vulnerability scanner to try to probe each port to verify or figure out which service is running for Certkiller . The web application returned the first record it found C.After one month in production. The server error has caused the application to malfunction D. Mandatory Access Control B. What vulnerability is detected in the web application here? A. several customers complained about the Internet enabled banking application. drop table logins-- 54 . The web application emailed the administrator about the error QUESTION 291: While testing web applications. 200 years D. It secures information by assigning sensitivity labels on information and comparing this to the level of security a user is operating at. D. John Stevens reviewed the Web application's logs and found the following entries: Attempted login of unknown user: John Attempted login of unknown user: sysaR Attempted login of unknown user: sencat Attempted login of unknown user: pete ''. money hadn't been removed from the bank.

asp") End If %> A. The Hacker used a random generator module to pass results to the Web server and exploited Web application CGI vulnerability. sessionID= 0x98627579539E13BE Login of user rebecca. guessed the next ID and took over Jason's session.Connection") objConn. sessionID= 0x75627578626F6F6B Login of user daniel. The ASP script is vulnerable to Session Splice attack D. in which the Hacker opened an account with the bank.EOF then Response. The Hacker attempted Session hijacking.Redirect("mainpage. Jimmy can utilize this particular database threat that is an SQL injection technique to penetrate a target system C. He concludes that since his access points require the client computer to have the proper SSID.asp)? <% Set objConn = CreateObject("ADODB.Execute(sSQL) If RS. D. C. 55 . Jimmy can utilize an incorrect configuration that leads to access with higher-than-expected privilege of the database D. sessionID= 0x9062757935FB5C64 Transfer Funds user jason Pay Bill user mike Logout of user mike What kind of attack did the Hacker attempt to carry out at the bank? (Choose the best answer) A. The Hacker attempted a brute force attack to guess login ID and password using password cracking tools.Redirect("login. preventing legitimate users from gaining access QUESTION 312: What is the problem with this ASP script (login. The ASP script is vulnerable to SQL Injection attack C. sessionID= 0x90627579944CCB811 Login of user mike. What technique does Jimmy use to compromise a database? A. knows that he can take advantage of poorly designed input validation routines to create or alter SQL commands to gain access to private data or execute commands in the database. The Hacker attempted SQL Injection technique to gain access to a valid bank login ID.Login of user jason. Jimmy can gain control of system to flood the target system with requests.Authorized = True Set RS = nothing Set objConn = nothing Response. an attacker. it would prevent others from connecting to the wireless network.OpenApplication("WebUsersConnection") sSQL="SELECT * FROM Users where Username=? & Request("user") & _ "?and Password=? & Request("pwd") & "? Set RS = objConn.asp?msg=Invalid Login") Else Session. The ASP script is vulnerable to Cross Site Scripting attack Answer: B QUESTION 318: In an attempt to secure his wireless network. Bob turns off broadcasting of the SSID. QUESTION 310: Jimmy. B. then logged in to receive a session ID. Jimmy can submit user input that executes an operating system command to compromise a target system B. The ASP script is vulnerable to XSS attack B.

single key authentication C. you put up an access point and override the signal of the real access point. Sniff traffic if the WLAN and spoof your MAC address to one that you captured. It then transmits the resulting ciphertext using the same key and cipher that are used by WEP to encrypt subsequent network traffic. The SSID is to identify a station. Attempt to crack the WEP key using Airsnort. John the Ripper QUESTION 333: Derek has stumbled upon a wireless network and wants to assess its security. D. Aircrack D. B. not a network. C. WEP attack QUESTION 327: On wireless networks. C. From your attempts to connect to the WLAN you determine that they have deployed MAC filtering by using ACL on the access points. You would like to recommend a tool that uses KoreK's implementation. Shmoo C. Why are SSID not considered to be a good security mechanism to protect a wireless networks? A. The SSID is only 32 bits in length. C. What authentication mechanism is being followed here? A. B. What would be the easiest way to circumvent and communicate on the WLAN? A. The SSID is transmitted in clear text. QUESTION 324: While probing an organization you discover that they have a wireless network. Attempt to brute force the access point and update or delete the MAC ACL. Bob's solution only works in ad-hoc mode. Kismet B. All access points are shipped with a default SSID. you are able to capture it. The SSID is still sent inside both client and AP packets. and the station responds by encrypting the plaintext. War Chalking D. B. Bob forgot to turn off DHCP. shared key authentication D. Steel a client computer and use it to access the wireless network. open system authentication Answer: C QUESTION 330: Jacob would like your advice on using a wireless hacking tool that can save him time and get him better results with lesser packets. The SSID is the same as the MAC address for all vendors. D. Rouge access point attack B. 56 .Unfortunately unauthorized users are still able to connect to the wireless network. Unauthorized access point attack C. QUESTION 326: In order to attack a wireless network. Which tool would you recommend from the list below? A. SSID is used to identify the network. What kind of attack is this? A. Answer: B QUESTION 329: Jackson discovers that the wireless AP transmits 128 bytes of plaintext. As users send authentication data. Why do you think this is possible? A. D. no authentication B.

0 subnet B. This vulnerability exploits a condition in the Linux kernel within the execve() system call.168. alert ftp -> ftp (content:"user password root". alert tcp -> any port 21 (msg:"user root". Use Ettercap to discover the gateway and ICMP ping flood tool to generate traffic QUESTION 335: Study the snort rule given below and interpret the rule. Derek can use a session replay on the packets captured C.1. Rebecca should make a recommendation to set all child-process to sleep within the execve() D. Rebecca should make a recommendation to hire more system administrators to monitor all child processes to ensure that each child process can't elevate privilege Answer: B QUESTION 368: Ron has configured his network to provide strong perimeter security. IP ICMP QUESTION 364: Which of the following snort rules look for FTP root login attempts? A.0 subnet on port 111 QUESTION 358: Jim's organization has just completed a major Linux roll out and now all of the organization's systems are running the Linux 2. IP Chains C. What would you call such a host? 57 . msg: "mountd access". IP Tables B. What is the correct action to be taken by Rebecca in this situation as a recommendation to management? A.) C. As part of his network architecture. he does not find enough traffic for a good capture. He intends to use AirSnort on the captured traffic to crack the WEP key and does not know the IP address range or the AP. alerttcp any any --> 192.168.) QUESTION 366: Rebecca is a security analyst and knows of a local root exploit that has the ability to enable local users to use available exploits to gain root privileges. An alert is generated when any packet other than a TCP packet is seen on the network and destined for the 192. alert tcp -> any port 21 (message:"user root". alert tcp any any -> any any 21 (content:"user root". How can he generate traffic on the network so that he can capture enough packets to crack the WEP key? A.1. unprotected by a firewall or filtering router. Rebecca should make a recommendation to disable the () system call B. The organization requires an option to control network traffic and also perform stateful inspection of traffic going into and out of the DMZ. There is no known workaround that exists for this vulnerability.) A. An alert is generated when a TCP packet is generated from any IP on the 192.1.However. The system is on the public side of the demilitarized zone. Which built-in functionality of Linux can achieve this? A.0/24 111 (content:"|00 01 86 a5|".168. Derek can use KisMAC as it needs two USB devices to generate traffic D.5 kernel. Rebecca should make a recommendation to upgrade the Linux kernel promptly C.) D.0 subnet C. An alert is generated when a TCP packet originating from any IP address is seen on the network and destined for any IP address on the 192. An alert is generated when a TCP packet is originated from port 111 of any IP address to the 192. The roll out expenses has posed constraints on purchasing other essential security equipment and software.1.168. he has included a host that is fully exposed to attack. IP Sniffer D.1.) B. Use any ARP requests found in the capture B.168.0 subnet and destined to any IP on port 111 D.

They are not using an intrusion detection system. There is a phenomenal increase in processing power. what is denoted by a 'zone'? A. There is a honeypot running on the scanned machine C. What would be your inference? A. It is the first domain that belongs to a company. Answer: B QUESTION 392: Statistics from cert. On typing other commands. They are using UNIX based web servers. QUESTION 391: When referring to the Domain Name Service. port 25 as running SMTP service and port 53 as running DNS service. DMZ host C. DWZ host D. He wonders if his firewall has been breached. C.A. What can you infer from this observation? A. he gets a blank screen in response. B. QUESTION 414: Eric notices repeated probes to port 1080. C. he sees only blank spaces or underscores symbols on the screen. The ease with which hacker tools are available on the Internet.org and other leading security organizations has clearly showed a steady rise in the number of hacking incidents perpetrated against companies. It is the first resource record type in the SOA. They are not using a stateful inspection firewall. D. They are using Windows based web servers. This indicates that the telnet and SMTP server have crashed QUESTION 371: On a backdoored Linux box there is a possibility that legitimate programs are modified or trojaned. He infers port 23 as running Telnet service. Honeypot B. The services are protected by TCP wrappers B. It is a collection of domains. When he tries to telnet to port 23 or 25. Use "Is" B. He learns that the protocol being used is designed to allow a host outside of a firewall to connect transparently and securely through the firewall. 25 and 53. D. It is getting more challenging and harder to hack for non technical people. D. New TCP/IP stack features are constantly being added. C. What are you most likely to infer from this? A. He has identified the operating system as Linux and been able to elicit responses from ports 23. Use "echo" D. The client confirms these findings and attests to the current availability of the services. Eric network has been penetrated by a firewall breach 58 . It is a collection of resource records. Bastion Host QUESTION 370: Clive is conducting a pen-test and has just port scanned a system on the network. B. Use "lsof" C. An attacker has replaced the services with trojaned ones D. Use "netstat" QUESTION 383: While scanning a network you observe that all of the web servers in the DMZ are responding to ACK packets on port 80. What do you think is the main reason behind the significant increase in hacking attempts over the past years? A. How is it possible to list processes and uids associated with them in a more reliable manner? A. B.

A buffer under run exploit. He could in turn drop a shell from the remote machine. Additionally. C. The attacker is using the ICMP protocol to have a covert channel C. Assuming an attacker wants to penetrate John's network. which of the following options is he likely to choose? A. E. Log a violation and recommend use of security-auditing tools C. The signature detection approach utilizes well-known signatures for network traffic to identify potentially malicious traffic. Jack. Update a firewall rule in real time to prevent the port scan from being completed QUESTION 427: You have been using the msadc. A SQL injection exploit. B. D. It can provide data privacy. Limit access by the scanning system to publicly available ports only D. He can use polymorphic shell code-with a tool such as ADMmutate . The anomaly detection approach utilizes a previous history of network traffic to search for patterns that are abnormal. Sends back bogus data to the port scanner B. What is a good example of 59 .to change the signature of his exploit as seen by a network IDS QUESTION 417: John has a proxy server on his network which caches and filters web access. A chained exploit. A SUID exploit. How can an attacker disguise his buffer overflow attack signature such that there is a greater probability of his attack going undetected by the IDS? A.pl attack script to execute arbitrary commands on an NT4 web server. a network user has successfully connected to a remote server on port 80 using netcat. he has installed a firewall (Cisco PIX) that will not allow users to connect to any outbound ports. and anomaly detection. integrity and enable strong authentication but it can't mitigate programming errors. you find it tedious to perform extended functions. Somebody is using SOCKS on the network to communicate through the firewall QUESTION 415: Basically. having worked with it for many years.B. which would indicate an intrusion. He can use a shellcode that will perform a reverse telnet back to his machine B. He can use a dynamic return address to overwrite the correct value in the target machine computer memory C. QUESTION 429: Bob has a good understanding of cryptography. While it is effective. He can chain NOOP instructions into a NOOP "sled" that advances the processor's instruction pointer to a random place of choice D. Use reverse shell using FTP protocol D. Use Monkey shell C. Use HTTPTunnel or Stunnel on port 80 and 443 Answer: D QUESTION 418: A program that defends against a port scanner will attempt to: A. On further research you come across a perl script that runs the following msadc functions: What kind of exploit is indicated by this script? A. Cryptography is used to secure data from specific threats but it does not secure the data from the specific threats but it does no secure the application from coding errors. Eric has a Wingate package providing FTP redirection on his network D. there are two approaches to network intrusion detection: signature detection. Use ClosedVPN B. He shuts down all unnecessary ports and services. A buffer overflow exploit.

Bad permissions on files. Bob can explain that using a weak key management technique is a form of programming error B. Grayhat Hacker D. What is the most common cause of buffer overflow in software today? A. A uuencoded file. A buffer overflow attack has already occurred D. High bandwidth and large number of users. A picture that has been renamed with a . he find the following: What does this file contain? A. What would Steven be considered? A. B. and the program responds by emitting an intruder alert into syslog. C. A firewall has been breached and this is logged E. A buffer overflow. If the canary word has been altered when the function returns. C. An encrypted file.txt extension. An intrusion detection system has been triggered QUESTION 454: Which type of attack is port scanning? A.com is legally liable for the content of email that is sent from its systems. Bob can explain that a buffer overflow is an example of programming error and it is a common mistake associated with poor programming technique D. LF (0x0a) and EOF (0xff) so that most string operations are terminated. Unauthorized access D. Whitehat Hacker B. The system has crashed B. QUESTION 435: A simple compiler technique used by programmers is to add a terminator 'canary word' containing four letters NULL (0x00). QUESTION 431: While investigating a claim of a user downloading illegal material. Bob can explain that a random number generation can be used to derive cryptographic keys but it uses a weak seed value and this is a form of a programming error QUESTION 430: A buffer overflow occurs when a program or process tries to store more data in a buffer (temporary data storage area) then it was intended to hold. BlackHat Hacker C. Web server attack B. the investigator goes through the files on the suspect's workstation. Usage of non standard programming languages. D. Denial of service attack QUESTION 461: Steven works as a security consultant and frequently performs penetration tests for Fortune 500 companies. Bob can explain that using passwords to derive cryptographic keys is a form of a programming error C. Steven always signs a non-disclosure agreement before performing his tests. A buffer overflow attack has been attempted C. He comes across a file that is called 'file. Information gathering C. CR (0x0d).a programming error that Bob can use to explain to the management how encryption will not address all their security concerns? A. and then halts what does it indicate? A. B. D. Steven runs external and internal tests and then creates reports to show the companies where their weak areas are. Bad quality assurance on software produced. Bluehat Hacker QUESTION 463: Certkiller . 60 .txt' but when he opens it.

IP Access Blockade D. racist or likely to incite someone to commit an act of terrorism. Lori's company does not own any commercial scanning products. for example. He does need to have port 80 open since his company hosts a website that must be accessed from the Internet. This is based on IP-based blocking. How should mark protect his network from an attacker using Hping2 to scan his internal network? A. where certain addresses are barred from accessing a site. What is this masking technique called? A. but is still worried about programs like Hping2 that can get into a network through convert channels. False QUESTION 464: The terrorist organizations are increasingly blocking all traffic from North America or from Internet Protocol addresses that point to users who rely on the English Language. so she decides to download a free one off the Internet. Website Filtering C. the hacker's system immediately mounted a distributed denial-of-service attack against the federal system. When normal users visit the website they are directed to a page with full-blown product details along with attractive discounts. When federal investigators using PCs running windows and using Internet Explorer visited the hacker's shared site. Blocking ICMP type 13 messages B. You can always defend yourself by "ignorance of the law" clause. blocking everything in and out except ports that must be used. Mark is fairly confident of his perimeter defense. This could lead to prosecution for the sender and for the company's directors if. which provide an IP address's domain.com. She has been instructed to perform a very thorough test of the network to ensure that there are no security holes on any of the machines. Block All Incoming traffic on port 53 C. outgoing email was found to contain material that was pornographic. He has segmented his network into several subnets and has installed firewalls all over the network. Block All outgoing traffic on port 53 D. A. He has spent the last month securing access to his network from all possible entry points. He has placed very stringent rules on all the firewalls. so she is unsure of some of the settings available in the software she downloaded. One of the option is to choose which ports that can be scanned. This information is shared among the co-hackers. Website Cloaking B. Companies today are engaging in tracking competitor's through reverse IP address lookup sites like whois. Lori has never done a vulnerability scan before. Use stateful inspection on the firewalls QUESTION 480: Lori has just been tasked by her supervisor conduct vulnerability scan on the corporate network. Lori wants to do exactly what her boos has told her. Mirrored WebSite QUESTION 479: Mark works as a contractor for the Department of Defense and is in charge of network security. When the competitor visits the companies website they are directed to a products page without discount and prices are marked higher for their product. but she does not know ports should be scanned.regardless of whether the message was sent for private or business-related purpose. 61 . For example if you are using a machine with the Linux Operating System and the Netscape browser then you will have access to their website in a convert way. Hackers sometimes set a number of criteria for accessing their website. True B.

Lori should not scan TCP ports. A hacker can sneak past all the expensive firewalls and IDS and connect easily into the network. Connect using ISP's remote-dial in number since the company's router has a leased line connection established with them D. 1025 D. As a security testers. they trace the source to another proxy server in Switzerland. Gerald calls the company that owns the proxy server and after searching through their logs. 'Dial backup' in routers is most frequently found in networks where redundancy is required. True B.If Lori is supposed to scan all known TCP ports. Run a war-dialing tool with range of phone numbers and look for CONNECT Response C. What tool Geralds's attacker used to cover their tracks? 62 . the systems administrator for Hyped Enterprise. Gerald traces the IP address he found in the IDS log to proxy server in Brazil. Search the Internet for leakage for target company's telephone number to dial-in B. However. host A can continue to receive data as long as the SYN sequence number of transmitted packets from host B are lower than the packet segment containing the set FIN flag. 1024 C. A. XMAS Scan C. After performing routine maintenance on his servers. only UDP ports QUESTION 485: War dialing is one of the oldest methods of gaining unauthorized access to the target systems. This flag releases the connection resources. Gerald logs onto the management console for his IDS and discovers an unknown IP address that scanned his network constantly for a week and was able to access his network through a high-level port that was not closed. FIN Scan Answer: A QUESTION 488: Gerald. how would you discover what telephone numbers to dial-in to the router? A. Through wardialing an attacker searches for the devices located in the target network infrastructure that are also accessible through the telephone line. his discovers numerous remote tools were installed that no one claims to have knowledge of in his department. it is one of the dangers most commonly forgotten by network engineers and system administrators. Null Scan D. Brute force the company's PABX system to retrieve the range of telephone numbers to dial-in QUESTION 486: The FIN flag is set and sent from host A to host B when host A has no more data to transmit (Closing a TCP connection). how many ports should she select in the software? A. has just discovered that his network has been breached by an outside attacker. Stealth Scan B. Gerald calls the company in Switzerland that owns the proxy server and after scanning through the logs again. False Answer: A QUESTION 487: Which type of scan does not open a full TCP connection? A. 65536 B. they trace the source back to a proxy server in China. Dial-on-demand routing(DDR) is commonly used to establish connectivity as a backup.

He is confident that this rule will secure his network hackers on the Internet. MBSA B.A. Nmap protocol/port scan QUESTION 494: Jonathan being a keen administrator has followed all of the best practices he could find on securing his Windows Server. A Bo2K System query D. Cheops Answer: A QUESTION 489: Which of the following is a patch management utility that scans one or more computers on your network and alerts you if you important Microsoft Security patches are missing. The attacker used NMAP with the V option QUESTION 496: Maurine is working as a security consultant for Hinklemeir Associate. To create a user with administrative privileges for later use QUESTION 497: Samuel is the network administrator of DataX communications Inc. BSSA C. A. She has asked the Systems Administrator to create a group policy that would not allow null sessions on the network. He renamed the Administrator account to a new name that can't be easily guessed but there remain people who attempt to compromise his newly renamed administrator account. Install a backdoor for later attacks C. IAS D. Enumerate users shares B. Why would an attacker try to create a null session with a computer on a network? A. An SNMP Walk B.It then provides links that enable those missing patches to be downloaded and installed. ISA C. ASNB D. The attacker guessed the new name B. Hping2 diagnosis C. Tor B. 63 . The Systems Administrator is fresh out of college and has never heard of null sessions and does not know what they are used for. He is trying to configure his firewall to block password brute force attempts on his network. The attacker used the user2sid program C. How can a remote attacker decipher the name of the administrator account if it has been renamed? A. PMUS QUESTION 491: While reviewing the results of a scan run against a target network you come across the following: What was used to obtain this output? A. Maurine is trying to explain to the Systems Administrator that hackers will try to create a null session when footprinting the network. But he still receives hundreds of thousands brute-force attempts generated from various IP addresses around the world. After some investigation he realizes that the intruders are using a proxy somewhere else on the Internet which has been scripted to enable the random usage of various proxies on each request so as not to get caught by the firewall use. The attacker used to sid2user program D. He enables blocking the intruder's IP address for a period of 24 hours time after more than three unsuccessful attempts. Escalate his/her privileges on the target server D.

He just bought a brand new Dual Core Pentium Computer with over 3 GB of RAM. Travis's Computer is infected with Self-Replication Worm that fills the hard disk space D. You can't completely block the intruders attempt if they constantly switch proxies QUESTION 498: LAN Manager passwords are concatenated to 14 bytes and split in half. 0xAAD3B435B51404BB D. he notices that it is not running nearly as fast as it used to. Since has drive is a 200 GB hard drive. After about two months of working on his new computer. Enforce complex password policy on your network so that passwords are more difficult to brute force D. Travis scans his through Windows Explorer and check out the file system. The two halves are hashed individually. Enforce a password policy and use account lockouts after three wrong logon attempts even through this might lock out legit users B. folder by folder to see if there is anything he can find. it would take 45 seconds to return to the user to begin another attempt. even when he has not been on the Internet. He spends over four hours pouring over the files and folders and can't find anything but before he gives up. Travi's Computer is infected with Stealth Torjan Virus C. 0xAAD3B435B51404AA C.Later he adds another rule to his firewall and enables small sleep on the password attempt so that if the password is incorrect. 0xAAD3B435B51404CC Answer: A QUESTION 499: Travis works primarily from home as a medical transcriptions. Travis uses antivirus software. he notices that his computer only has about 10 GB of free space available. After another month of working on the computer. which is why he bought the new computer. According to his calculations. If the password is 7 characters or less. Travis's Computer is infected with stealth kernel level rootkit B. than the second half of the hash is always: A. Travis downloads Space Monger and adds up the sizes for all the folders and files on his computer. Travis is really worried about his computer because he spent a lot of money on it and he depends on it to work. Enable the IDS to monitor the intrusion attempts and alert you by e-mail about the IP address of the intruder so that you can block them at the firewall manually C. Travis computer is even more noticeable slow. he also throttles the number of connections that will be prepared to accept from a particular IP address. Samuel wants to completely block hackers brute force attempts on his network. What are the alternatives to defending against possible brute-force password attacks on his site? A. This action will slow the intruder's attempts. Travis frequently has to get on the Internet to do research on what he is working on. What is mostly likely the cause of Travi's problems? A. Every once in awhile. 0xAAD3B435B51404EE B. Since an intruder may use multiple machines to brute force the password. Logic Bomb's triggered at random times creating hidden data consuming junk files QUESTION 500: Which of the following is an attack in which a secret value like a hash is captured and then reused at a later time to gain access to a system without ever decrypting or 64 . anti-spyware software and always keeps the computer up-to-date with Microsoft patches. He has seen these windows show up. Travis also notices a window or two pop-up on his screen. Travis thinks this is very odd. He uses voice recognition software is processor intensive. he should have around 150 GB of free space. but they quickly disappear.

decoding the hash. A. Replay Attacks B. Brute Force Attacks C. Cryptography Attacks D. John the Ripper Attacks QUESTION 501: You are the IT Manager of a large legal firm in California. Your firm represents many important clients whose names always must remain anonymous to the public. Your boss, Mr. Smith is always concerned about client information being leaked or revealed to the pres or public. You have just finished a complete security overhaul of your information system including an updated IPS, new firewall, email encryption and employee security awareness training. Unfortunately, many of your firm's clients do not trust technology to completely secure their information, so couriers routinely have to travel back and forth to and from the office with sensitive information. Your boss has charged you with figuring out how to secure the information the couriers must transport. You propose that the data be transferred using burned CD's or USB flash drives. You initially think of encrypting the files, but decide against that method for fear the encryption keys could eventually be broken. What software application could you use to hide the data on the CD's and USB flash drives? A. Snow B. File Snuff C. File Sneaker D. EFS QUESTION 502: You are the security administrator for a large online auction company based out of Los Angeles. After getting your ENSA CERTIFICATION last year, you have steadily been fortifying your network's security including training OS hardening and network security. One of the last things you just changed for security reasons was to modify all the built-in administrator accounts on the local computers of PCs and in Active Directory. After through testing you found and no services or programs were affected by the name changes. Your company undergoes an outside security audit by a consulting company and they said that even through all the administrator account names were changed, the accounts could still be used by a clever hacker to gain unauthorized access. You argue with the auditors and say that is not possible, so they use a tool and show you how easy it is to utilize the administrator account even though its name was changed. What tool did the auditors use? A. sid2user B. User2sid C. GetAcct D. Fingerprint Answer: A QUESTION 505: You have successfully brute forced basic authentication configured on a Web Server using Brutus hacking tool. The username/password is "Admin" and "Bettlemani@". You logon to the system using the brute forced password and plant backdoors and rootkits. After downloading various sensitive documents from the compromised machine, you proceed to clear the log files to hide your trace.. Which event log located at C:\Windows\system32\config contains the trace of your brute force attempts? A. AppEvent.Evt B. SecEvent.Evt

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C. SysEvent.Evt D. WinEvent.Evt QUESTION 507: William has received a Tetris game from someone in his computer programming class through email. William does not really know the person who sent the game very well, but decides to install the game anyway because he really likes Tetris. After William installs the game, he plays it for a couple of hours. The next day, William plays the Tetris game again and notices that his machines have begun to slow down. He brings up his Task Manager and sees the following programs running (see Screenshot): What has William just installed? A. Remote Access Trojan (RAT) B. Zombie Zapper (ZoZ) C. Bot IRC Tunnel (BIT) D. Root Digger (RD) QUESTION 509: You are writing an antivirus bypassing Trojan using C++ code wrapped into chess.c to create an executable file chess.exe. This Trojan when executed on the victim machine, scans the entire system (c:\) for data with the following text "Credit Card" and "password". It then zips all the scanned files and sends an email to a predefined hotmail address. You want to make this Trojan persistent so that it survives computer reboots. Which registry entry will you add a key to make it persistent? A. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices B. HKEY_LOCAL_USER\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices C. HKEY_LOCAL_SYSTEM\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices D. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices Answer: A QUESTION 510: You are sniffing as unprotected WiFi network located in a JonDonalds Cybercafe with Ethereal to capture hotmail e-mail traffic. You see lots of people using their laptops browsing the web while snipping brewed coffee from JonDonalds. You want to sniff their email message traversing the unprotected WiFi network. Which of the following ethereal filters will you configure to display only the packets with the hotmail messages? A. (http contains "hotmail") && ( http contains "Reply-To") B. (http contains "e-mail" ) && (http contains "hotmail") C. (http = "login.passport.com" ) && (http contains "SMTP") D. (http = "login.passport.com" ) && (http contains "POP3") QUESTION 513: Harold is the senior security analyst for a small state agency in New York. He has no other security professionals that work under him, so he has to do all the security-related tasks for the agency. Coming from a computer hardware background, Harold does not have a lot of experience with security methodologies and technologies, but he was the only one who applied for the position. Harold is currently trying to run a Sniffer on the agency's network to get an idea of what kind of traffic is being passed around but the program he is using does not seem to be capturing anything. He pours through the sniffer's manual but can't find anything that directly relates to his problem. Harold decides to ask the network administrator if the has any thoughts on the problem. Harold is told that the sniffer was not working because the agency's network is a switched network, which can't be

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sniffed by some programs without some tweaking. What technique could Harold use to sniff agency's switched network? A. ARP spoof the default gateway B. Conduct MiTM against the switch C. Launch smurf attack against the switch D. Flood switch with ICMP packets Answer: A Explanation: ARP spoofing, also known as ARP poisoning, is a technique used to attack an Ethernet network which may allow an attacker to sniff data frames on a local area network (LAN) or stop the traffic altogether (known as a denial of service attack). The principle of ARP spoofing is to send fake, or 'spoofed', ARP messages to an Ethernet LAN. These frames contain false MAC addresses, confusing network devices, such as network switches. As a result frames intended for one machine can be mistakenly sent to another (allowing the packets to be sniffed) or an unreachable host (a denial of service attack). QUESTION 514: How do you defend against ARP spoofing? A. Place static ARP entries on servers, workstation and routers B. True IDS Sensors to look for large amount of ARP traffic on local subnets C. Use private VLANS D. Use ARPWALL system and block ARP spoofing attacks Answer: A,B,C QUESTION 515: The network administrator at Spears Technology, Inc has configured the default gateway Cisco Router's access-list as below: You are tried to conduct security testing on their network. You successfully brute-force for SNMP community string using a SNMP crack tool. The access-list configured at the router prevents you from establishing a successful connection. You want to retrieve the Cisco Configuration from the router. How would you proceed? A. Send a customized SNMP set request with spoofed source IP Address in the range192.168.1.0 B. Run a network sniffer and capture the returned traffic with the configuration file from the router C. Run Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) tunneling protocol from your computer to the router masking your IP address D. Use the Cisco's TFTP default password to connect and download the configuration file Answer: A,B QUESTION 516: What does the following command in "Ettercap" do? ettercap-NCLzs -quiet A. This command will provide you the entire list of hosts in the LAN B. This command will check if someone is poisoning you and will report its IP C. This command will detach ettercap from console and log all the sniffed passwords to a file D. This command broadcasts ping to scan the LAN instead of ARP request all the subset IPs QUESTION 518: Steven is a senior security analyst for a state agency in Tulsa, Oklahoma. His agency is currently undergoing a mandated security audit by an outside consulting firm. The consulting firm is halfway through the audit and is preparing to perform the actual penetration testing against the agency's network. The firm first sets up a sniffer on the agency's wired network to capture a reasonable amount of traffic to analyze later. This takes approximately 2 hours to obtain 10 GB of data. The consulting firm then sets up a sniffer on the agency's wireless network to capture

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which the server then verifies. Instead of allocating a complete connection. At this point. Micro Blocks. QUESTION 522: Hackers usually control Bots through: A.the same amount of traffic. the server knows the client is valid and will now accept incoming connections from that client normally. even when encrypted C.C. Because all traffic is clear text. Reduce the timeout before a stack frees up the memory allocated for a connection. Attacker creates a random source address for each packet. Answer: A. RST cookies . When the client responds with a normal ACK. Instead of allocating a record. that special sequence number will be included. Thus the server first allocates memory on the third packet of the handshake. Email B. not the first. GoogleTalk QUESTION 527: What is the most common vehicle for social engineering attacks? A. Because wireless access points act like hubs on a network B. SYN flag set in each packet is a request to open a new connection to the server from the spoofed IP Address Victim responds to spoofed IP Address then waits for confirmation that never arrives (timeout wait is about 3 minutes) Victim's connection table fills up waiting for replies and ignores new connection legitimate users are ignored and will not be able to access the server How do you protect your network against SYN Flood attacks? A.B. Trojan Client Software D. Why did capturing of traffic take much less time on the wireless network? A. Yahoo Chat E. SYN cookies. Because wireless networks can't enable encryption QUESTION 521: The SYN Flood attack sends TCP connections requests faster than a machine can process them. B. Because wireless traffic uses only UDP which is easier to sniff D. False Answer: A Explanation: Using HTTP basic authentication will result in your password being sent over the internet as clear text. simply allocate a micro-record of 16-bytes for the incoming SYN object. TCP can be tweaked in order to reduce the effect of SYN floods. MSN Messenger C. C. send a SYN-ACK with a carefully constructed sequence number generated as a hash of the clients IP Address port number and other information. A. Direct in person C. Local Area Networks D.D Explanation: All above helps protecting against SYN flood attacks.The server sends a wrong SYN|ACK back to the client. The client should then generate a RST packet telling the server that something is wrong. Don't use this technique unless you understand 68 . True B. Most TCP/IP stacks today are already tweaked to make it harder to perform a SYN flood DOS attack against a target. D. This capture only takes about 30 minutes to get 10 GB of data. IRC Channel B. Peer to Peer Networks QUESTION 529: Data is sent over the network as clear text (unencrypted) when Basic Authentication is configured on Web Servers. Stack Tweaking.

NTPERM. Macof C. What tool would be best used to accomplish this? A. CLACS. Paul connects to his wireless router's management utility and notices that a machine with an unfamiliar name is connected through his wireless connection. Security token B. Johnny wants to crack the administrator password.EXE C. ARP Spoofing D. He was able to get into the server. What type of device should Joseph use for two-factor authentication? A. Joseph has been delegated the task of researching and implementing the best two-factor authentication method for his company. QUESTION 530: Barney is looking for a Windows NT/2000/XP command-line tool that can be used to assign display or modify ACLs (Access Control Lists) to files or folders and that could also be used within batch files. He is currently working on breaking into the Department of Defense's front end exchange server. CACLS. SMBCrack C. Proximity cards QUESTION 543: What does the this symbol mean? 69 . SmurfCrack D. enabling WPA encryption and enabling MAC filtering on hi wireless router. OTP D. but does not have a lot of time to crack it. all DoD users and the users of their contractors must use two-factor authentication to access their networks. Joseph's company has already researched using smart cards and all the resources needed to implement them. Biometric device C. He wants to use a tool that already has the LM hashes computed for all possible permutations of the administrator password. located in a DMZ. PERM. the speed is sometimes 54 Mbps and sometimes it is only 24mbps or less. but found the smart cards to not be cost effective. by using an unused service account that had a very weak password that he was able to guess. RainbowCrack B. Joseph's supervisor has told him that they would like to use some type of hardware device in tandem with a security or identifying pin number. What is Paul seeing here? A. Per the Department of Defense. Paul notices when he uses his wireless connection. Which of the following tools could be used for this purpose? A.what the ramifications of this are.EXE B. PSCrack QUESTION 540: Paul has just finished setting up his wireless network. DNS Spoofing QUESTION 541: Joseph has just been hired on to a contractor company of the Department of Defense as their senior Security Analyst.EXE D. Joseph has been instructed on the Company's strict security policies that have been implemented and the policies that have yet to be put in place. He has enabled numerous security features such as changing the default SSID.EXE QUESTION 535: Johnny is a member of the hacking group orpheus1. Paul checks the router's logs and notices that the unfamiliar machine has the same MAC address as his laptop. MAC Spoofing B.

11b wireless network.0 After pressing enter twice. Grabbed the banner B. Bob's network will not be safe until he also enables WEP B. /bin/password D. /etc/shadow B. Blake is concerned about how his particular server might look to an outside attacker so he decides to perform some footprinting scanning and penetration tests on the server. there is proprietary AS400 emulation software that must run on one of the servers that requires the telnet service to function properly.A. /etc/passwd C. Closed Access Point Answer: A QUESTION 544: In an attempt to secure his 802. Bob decides to use strategic antenna positioning. For those access points near the outer edge of the building he uses semi-directional antennas that face towards the buildings center. /bin/shadow Answer: A QUESTION 549: Blake is in charge of securing all 20 of his company's servers. Which of he following statements is true? A. Blake telents into the server and types the following command: HEAD/HTTP/1. With the 300-foot limit of a wireless signal. Downloaded a file to his local computer C. When Angela clicks on the link to access the login page. There is a large parking lot and outlying filed surrounding the building that extends out half a mile around the building. He places the antenna for the access point near the center of the building. Blake is especially concerned about his since telnet can be a very large security risk in an organization. Bob figures that with this and his placement of antennas. Blake gets the following results: What has the Blake just accomplished? A. Unfortunately. Bob's network is not safe QUESTION 548: You are trying to compromise a Linux Machine and steal the password hashes for cracking with password brute forcing program. Bob's network is safe C. Open Access Point B. she gets 70 .11a D. He has enabled hardware and software firewalls. WPA Encrypted Access Point C. Where is the password file kept is Linux? A. his wireless network will be safe from attack. WEP Encrypted Access Point D. Bob's network will be sage but only if he doesn't switch to 802. hardened the operating systems and disabled all unnecessary service on all the servers. Poisoned the local DNS cache of the server QUESTION 552: Angela is trying to access an education website that requires a username and password to login. Wireless signals can be detected from miles away. Submitted a remote command to crash the server D.

Unicode Bytes Answer: A QUESTION 558: In Buffer Overflow exploit. it points to your next command. IP Fragmentation or Session Splicing B. EIP B. streadd() D. ESP C. Change the settings on the firewall all outbound traffic on port 80 D. After handing the issue over to her company's IT department. EEP Answer: A Explanation: EIP is the instruction pointer which is a register. What is this technique called? A. EAP D. IDS Spoofing or Session Assembly D. It would be a processor-intensive tasks for an IDS to reassemble all fragments itself and on a busy system the packet will slip through the IDS onto the network. which of the following registers gets overwritten with return address of the exploit code? A. it is found that the education website requires any computer accessing the site must be able to respond to a ping from the education's server. IP Splicing or Packet Reassembly Answer: A Explanation: The basic premise behind session splicing. strcat() C. Use a Internet browser other than the one that Angela is currently using QUESTION 554: This IDS defeating technique works by splitting a datagram (or packet) into multiple fragments and the IDS will not spot the true nature of the fully assembled datagram. you must avoid _________________ because these will end the string. Change the IP on Angela's Computer to an address outside the firewall B. Char Bytes D. is to deliver the payload over multiple packets thus defeating simple pattern matching without session reconstruction. her computer can't ping the education website back. Whisker and Nessus have session splicing capabilities. Since Angela's computer is behind a corporate firewall. QUESTION 556: Which of the following built-in C/C++ functions you should avoid to prevent your program from buffer overflow attacks? A. This payload can be delivered in many different manners and even spread out over a long period of time. The datagram is not reassembled until it reaches its final destination.B. What ca Angela's IT department do to get access to the education website? A. strcpy() B. and other tools exist in the wild. Change the settings on the firewall to allow all incoming traffic on port 80 C. A. She contacts the website's support team and they report that no one else is having any issues with the site. Root Bytes C. QUESTION 559: 71 . Null Bytes B. or IP Fragmentation. Currently.C QUESTION 557: When writing shellcodes. IP Routing or Packet Dropping C. strscock() Answer: A.an error message stating that the page can't be reached.

id 36166) 17:34:45.111982 eth0 < 192. ActiveX C.1 > victim: ip-proto-74 0 (ttl 48. Over 10.56-57.168.10 17:34:45.1.Which programming language is NOT vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks? A.112039 eth0 < 192.731739 eth0 < 192.168. Digitally Signing JavaScript Files D.168.1. tcpdump-vv host 192. Assembly Language QUESTION 561: One of the most common and the best way of cracking RSA encryption is to being to derive the two prime numbers. nmap -sR 192.1. then the private key can be derived. id 32834) 17:34:46. C++ D. A. Digitally Signing Java Applets QUESTION 569: Study the log below and identify the scan type.112092 eth0 < 192.168. id 42060) 4500 0014 a44c 0000 3b82 57b8 c0a8 010a c0a8 0109 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 A.1.1. 256 C.168. Brute-forcing QUESTION 565: Microsoft Authenticode technology is used for: A.10 QUESTION 82: An nmap command that includes the host specification of 202.1 > victim: ip-proto-117 0 (ttl 48.176. Java B.10 C.1. id 33796) 17:34:45.1.168.1 > victim: ip-proto-162 0 (ttl 48.1 > victim: ip-proto-25 0 (ttl 48.* will scan _______ number of hosts.802163 eth0 < 192.1. Hashing D.802266 eth0 < 192. id 35585) 17:34:46.1 > victim: ip-proto-117 0 (ttl 48.168.1. If the two numbers p and q are discovered through a _________________ process. id 26292) 17:34:46.1. 2 B.168.1 > victim: ip-proto-25 0 (ttl 48.10 17:35:06. A.10 D.168. id 47066) 17:34:46. nmap -sO -T 192.10 > victim: ip-proto-130 0 (ttl 59. nmap -sS 192.112143 eth0 < 192.000 QUESTION 129: What type of attack is shown in the above diagram? 72 . Factorization B.1 > victim: ip-proto-162 0 (ttl 48.1. Digitally signing SSL Certificates C.168.1. id 51058) tcpdump-vv -x host 192.168. 512 D. Prime Detection C.1.1. Digital Signing Activex controls B. which are used in the RSA PKI mathematical process.168.10 B.802216 eth0 < 192.168.168. nmap -sV 192.

Alternatively. Multiple Domain Traversal Attack D. 0182BD0BD4444BF836077A718CCDF409 D. messages between two parties without either party knowing that the link between them has been compromised. modify the traffic and forward it so that the server might perform undesirable actions. CEC52EB9C8E3455DC2265B23734E0DAC E. Timestamps 73 . the attacker could pose as the server or client after a legitimate authentication and gain unauthorized access to data. QUESTION 130: Study the following log extract and identify the attack.exe > c:\winnt\system32\calc.exe:anyfile. E52CAC67419A9A224A3B108F3FA6CB6D Answer: B. NTFS D. SSL Spoofing Attack B. B757BF5C0D87772FAAD3B435B51404EE F. HFS B. A. 44EFCE164AB921CQAAD3B435B51404EE C. Identity Stealing Attack C. BA810DBA98995F1817306D272A9441BB B. Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) Attack Answer: D Explanation: A man-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is an attack in which an attacker is able to read. Session Hijacking Attack D. Cross Site Scripting C. Hexcode Attack B.exe A. ADS C. Backdoor access Answer: B QUESTION 169: Attackers can potentially intercept and modify unsigned SMB packets. Which of the following is NOT a means that can be used to minimize or protect against such an attack? A. insert and modify at will. Unicode Directory Traversal Attack Answer: D QUESTION 147: Which of the following LM hashes represent a password of less than 8 characters? (Select 2) A.A. E Notice the last 8 characters are the same QUESTION 168: What file system vulnerability does the following command take advantage of? typec:\anyfile.

D. Configure Web Server to deny requests involving Unicode characters. Use SSL authentication on Web Servers. C. SARA. B. 419 D.axent. D. Use get* to download all pages locally for further inspection. Phone B.com/script.com) 2./. SMB Signing C. Enable Active Scripts Detection at the firewall and routers. 44 B. Here are the scanners that he uses: 1.B.. Create rules in IDS to alert on strange Unicode requests. 88 C. B. he went through a few scanners that are currently available.com/sara) 3.bindview. %2f = / 4. Use mget to download all pages locally for further inspection. A large number of SYN packets appearing on a network without the corresponding reply packets. VLAD the Scanner. The signature for SYN Flood attack is: A. there are many other alternative ways to make sure that the services that 74 .. Axent's NetRecon (http://www. %2e%2e%2f%2e%2e%2f%2e%2f% = .com. %65%74%63 = etc 3. In order for him to check the vulnerability of Certkiller . QUESTION 275: Take a look at the following attack on a Web Server using obstructed URL: http://www. you might be required to look through multiple web pages online which can take a long time./. D. %70%61%73%73%77%64 = passwd How would you protect information systems from these attacks? A. The source and destination address having the same value. P2P Networks QUESTION 269: You work as security technician at Certkiller . Use get() to download all pages locally for further inspection..com/tools/) However. Use wget to download all pages locally for further inspection.ext?template%2e%2e%2e%2e%2e%2f%2e%2f%65%74%63 The request is made up of: 1. File permissions D. C. In person D. Which of the processes listed below would be a more efficient way of doing this type of validation? A. C. by Razor (http://razor. Sequence numbers monitoring QUESTION 206: What port number is used by Kerberos protocol? A. B. The source and destination port numbers having the same value. While doing web application testing. QUESTION 236: What is the most common vehicle for social engineering attacks? A. QUESTION 284: Scanning for services is an easy job for Bob as there are so many tools available from the Internet. A large number of SYN packets appearing on a network with the corresponding reply packets.example. Email C./ 2. 487 QUESTION 230: SYN Flood is a DOS attack in which an attacker deliberately violates the three-way handshake and opens a large number of half-open TCP connections. by Advanced Research Organization (http://www-arc.

A White Box test F. their main concern is the possibility of an employee elevating his/her privileges and gaining access to information outside of their respective department. QUESTION 424: What is the purpose of firewalking? A. D. A Grey Hat test E. An action or event that might prejudice security C. D. QUESTION 303: Bob has been hired to do a web application security test. Using Cheops-ng to identify the devices of Certkiller . B. Single Quote D. They are concerned with the possibility of external threat.have been scanned will be more accurate and detailed for Bob. Using a vulnerability scanner to try to probe each port to verify or figure out which service is running for Certkiller .) A. Train users in the new policy. Exclamation Mark QUESTION 328: Bob reads an article about how insecure wireless networks can be. Bob notices that the site is dynamic and infers that they mist be making use of a database at the application back end. A Black Hat test C. C. The loss potential of a threat B. Disable all wireless protocols at the firewall. Using the manual method of telnet to each of the open ports of Certkiller . It's a technique used to discover Wireless network on foot B. B. Bob wants to validate whether SQL Injection would be possible. Semi Column B. Double Quote C. He gets approval from his management to implement a policy of not allowing any wireless devices on the network. C. A weakness or error that can lead to compromise QUESTION 465: Bill has started to notice some slowness on his network when trying to update his 75 . What would be the best method to accurately identify the services running on a victim host? A. However. What kind of penetration test would you recommend that would best address the client's concern? A. Continuously survey the area for wireless devices. What other steps does Bob have to take in order to successfully implement this? (Select 2 answer. Disable SNMP on the network so that wireless devices cannot be configured. and have invested considerable resources in protecting their Internet exposure. It's a technique used to discover what rules are configured on a gateway QUESTION 450: A client has approached you with a penetration test requirements. It's a technique used to map routers on a network link C. A White Hat test QUESTION 460: Which of the following best describes Vulnerability? A. A Black Box test B. It's a technique used to discover interface in promiscuous mode D. A Grey Box test D. Using the default port and OS to make a best guess of what services are running on each port for Certkiller . What is the first character that Bob should use to attempt breaking valid SQL requests? A. An agent that could take advantage of a weakness D.

He also notices that almost all the traffic is originating from a specific address. Paula also noticed that the hard drive activity light was flashing meaning that the computer was processing some thing. but the help desk manager says that he has not. The Geotrace utility runs a traceroute and finds that IP is coming from Panama. As you are unsure of the protocols in use. Paula's Netwrok was scanned using Dumpsec C. Paula knew this should not be the case since the computer should be completely frozen during a Blue screen. the Blue Screen was there. Bill asks the help desk manager if he has received any calls about slowness from the end users. SMB B. While doing a port scan she notices ports open in the 135 to 139 range. Netcat scan with the switches C. Paula walks over to the user's computer and sees the Blue Screen of Death screen. ARIN C. Bill decides to use Geotrace to find out where the suspect IP is originates from. LACNIC B. The user said he stepped away from his computer for only 15 minutes and when he got back. Which of the following scan options can help you achieve this? A. Bill logs on to a couple of this routers and notices that the logs shows network traffic is at all time high. You are able to detect few convention open ports. Nessus sacn with TCP based pings B. Nmap scan with the P (ping scan) switch D. Now Bill needs to find out more about the originating IP Address. Paula has just received a call from a user reporting that his computer just displayed a Blue Screen of Death screen and he ca no longer work. Nmap with the O (Raw IP Packets switch 76 . APNIC QUESTION 481: Samantha has been actively scanning the client network for which she is doing a vulnerability assessment test. She checks the network IDS live log entries and notices numerous nmap scan alerts. The user's computer is running Windows XP. Paula's Network was scanned using FloppyScan B. you want to discover as many different protocols as possible. the scan yields either bad or no result. What protocol is most likely to be listening on those ports? A. What Internet registry should Bill look in to find the IP Address? A. but the Blue screen looks like a familiar one that Paula had seen a Windows 2000 Computers periodically. Bill knows that none of his customers are in Panama so he immediately thinks that his company is under a Denial of Service attack. SAMBA D. While attempting to perform conventional service identification by connecting to the open ports. There was IRQ conflict in Paula's PC D. What is Paula seeing happen on this computer? A. FTP C. FINGER Answer: A QUESTION 482: Paula works as the primary help desk contact for her company.company's website while trying to access the website from the Internet. RIPELACNIC D. Bill receives a number of calls from customers that can't access the company website and can't purchase anything online. Tool like Nessus will cause BSOD Answer: A QUESTION 483: You are scanning the target network for the first time.

Inc is a software development company located in Los Angeles. ICMP is filtered by a gateway D. It uses a community string sent as clear text Answer: A. It is used by ALL devices on the market D. Michael has been charged with strengthening the company's security policies. Michael was only able to enforce a password group policy in Active Directory with a minimum of 10 characters. The packet TTL value is too low and can't reach the target Answer: A. Password history file is piped to pwd. Michael has just logged on to one of the network's domain controllers and is about to run the following command: What will this command accomplish? A.txt C. The TCP window Size does not match E. which was connected to Spears Technology.C.F QUESTION 493: SNMP is a protocol used to query hosts. Dumps Active Directory password hashes to pwd. Check all of the following that could be a likely cause of the lack of response? A. Due to certain legacy applications. He knows that his target network has a web server and that a mail server is up and running. including its password policies.000 address containing customer credit cards and password. Jack has been sweeping the network but has not been able to get any responses from the remote target. The application called BEAST Trojan was used in the attack to open a "Back Door" allowing the hackers undetected access. The host might be down B. The destination network might be down F. Hackers have used this protocol for a long time to gather great amount of information about remote hosts. Michael wants to ensure that everyone is using complex passwords that meet the new security policy requirements. It uses TCP as the underlying protocol C. He has informed the company's employes.txt QUESTION 506: Spears Technology. "The hackers had accessed and downloaded 90.D QUESTION 504: Michael is the security administrator for the for ABC company. Inc's corporate VPN network. servers and devices about performance or health status data. The security breach was discovered when customers complained about the usage of their credit cards without their 77 . California. It is susceptible to sniffing B. Which of the following features makes this possible? A.txt D. Dumps SAM password hashes to pwd.Answer: D QUESTION 484: Jack is conducting a port scan of a target network. Spears Technology found this attack to be so to law enforcement officials to protect their intellectual property. UDP is filtered by a gateway C. however that the new password policy requires that everyone must have complex passwords with at least 14 characters. How did this attack occur? The intruder entered through an employees home machine. They reported a breach in security.E. stating that its "security defenses has been breached and exploited for 2 weeks by hackers. Internet cache file is piped to pwd.txt B.

How would you prevent such attacks from occurring in the future at Spears Technology? A. How would Jon protect his network form these types of attacks? A. Install a proxy server and terminate SSL at the proxy B. The attack doesn't see the SYN-ACK (or any other packet) from the server.knowledge. The hackers had intended on selling the stolen VOIP software source code to competitors. Fraggle C. Enable the firewall to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic QUESTION 567: Which of the following encryption is not based on Block Cipher? 78 . records the sequence number chosen and then opens a second connection from a forget IP address. posing as employees. QUESTION 523: Bryce the bad boy is purposely sending fragmented ICMP packets to a remote target. the server will respond (SYN-ACK) with a sequence number of its choosing. Web Page defacement attacks D. Enable 25 character complex password policy for employees to access the VPN network. The tool size of this ICMP packet once reconstructed is over 65. Enable the IDS to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic D. Replace the VPN access with dial-up modem access to the company's network D.536 bytes. This sequence number is predictable. Session Hijacking attacks B. Allow VPN access but replace the standard authentication with biometric authentication C. What attacks can you successfully laugh against a server using the above technique? A. Disable VPN access to all your employees from home machines B. He looks up the IDS log files and sees no Intrusion attempts but the web server constantly locks up and needs rebooting due to various brute force and buffer overflow attacks but still the IDS alerts no intrusion whatsoever. John become suspicious and views he firewall logs and he notices huge SSL connections constantly hitting web server. If the source IP Address is used for authentication. From the information given. Hackers have been using the encrypted HTTPS protocol to send exploits to the web server and that was the reason the IDS did not detect the intrusions. Ping of Death QUESTION 528: After a client sends a connection request (SYN) packet to the server. Inc exchange for ransom. the attacker can use the one-side communication to break into the server. The passwords allowed the hackers to access Spears Technology's network from a remote location. Denial of Service attacks C. The intent of the attacker was to steal the source code for their VOIP system and "hold it hostage" from Spears Technology. but can guess the correct responses. Recently his Web Server has been under constant hacking attacks. the attack connects to a service first with its own IP address. Smurf B. IP Spoofing Attacks QUESTION 555: John runs a Web Server. The credit card information was sent to that same e-mail address. Install a hardware SSL "accelerator" and terminate SSL at this layer C. SYN Flood D. what type of attack is Bryce attempting to perform? A. The hackers were traced back to Beijing China through e-mail address evidence. which then must be acknowledge (ACK) by the client. IDS and firewall on his network.

his wireless network will be safe from attack. D. An understanding of the number of employees in the company 79 . He has been able to spawn an interactive shell and plans to deface the main web page. The HTML file has permissions of ready only. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few Internet job-hunting sites. D. Use mget to download all pages locally for further inspection. You cannot use a buffer overflow to deface a web page. It does not require a computer in order to commit a crime. Ulf figures that with this and his placement of antennas. Use get* to download all pages locally for further inspection. The types of operating systems and applications being used. Ulf’s network will be safe but only of he doesn’t switch to 802. Blowfish C. Use wget to download all pages locally for further inspection. AES D. Ulf’s network is not safe. Question: 153 Bill has successfully executed a buffer overflow against a Windows IIS web server. The IP range used by the target network B. Which of the following statements is true? A. he tries to overwrite it with another page again in vain. Question: 140 In an attempt to secure his 802. Wireless signals can be detected from miles away. C.html and remains unsuccessful. He then attempts to delete the page and achieves no progress.11b wireless network. How can this help you in footprint the organization? A. Question: 122 You work as security technician at Examsheets.com. C. Question: 185 Why is Social Engineering considered attractive by hackers and also adopted by experts in the field? A. RC4 Question: 118 You are gathering competitive intelligence on an Examsheets. B.net. With the 300 feet limit of a wireless signal. B. DES B. B. Ulf decides to use a strategic antenna positioning. He first attempts to use the “Echo” command to simply overwrite index. While doing web application examing.A. QUESTION 118 You are gathering competitive intelligence on an Certkiller . C. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few Internet job-hunting sites. Ulf’s network will not be safe until he also enables WEP. Ulf’s network is safe. you might be required to look through multiple web pages online which can take a long time. C. There is a large parsheets lot and outlying filed surrounding the building that extends out half a mile around the building. There is a problem with the shell and he needs to run the attack again. What is the probable cause of Bill’s problem? A. There are two job postings for network and system administrators. Finally. There are two job postings for network and system administrators. D. The system is a honeypot. D. He places the antenna for the access points near the center of the building. An understanding of the number of employees in the company C. Use get() to download all pages locally for further inspection. It is done by well known hackers and in movies as well.11a. It is easy and extremely effective to gain information. For those access points near the outer edge of the building he uses semi-directional antennas that face towards the building’s center. How can this help you in footprint the organization? A. It is not considered illegal. The IP range used by the target network B. How strong the corporate security policy is D. Which of the processes listed below would be a more efficient way of doing this type of validation? A.net. B.

Search in Google using the key strings "the target company" and "newsgroups" B. IDS. Compare the file's virus signature with the one published on the distribution media QUESTION 590: In the context of Trojans. QUESTION 589: Smurf is a simple attack based on IP spoofing and broadcasts. PICNIC. Which of the choices below indicate the other features offered by Snort? A. APNIC C. IDS. IDS. Packet Logger. Sniffer B. RIPE NCC. Sniffer C. Which of the following options would indicate the best course of action for John? A. Use mget to download all pages locally for further inspection. However.google. what is the definition of a Wrapper? A. ARIN.C. A tool used to encapsulated packets within a new header and footer. APNIC. ARIN. D. John wants to ensure that the downloaded tool has not been Trojaned. QUESTION 119 Your Certkiller trainee Sandra asks you which are the four existing Regional Internet Registry (RIR's)? A. B. Firewall. ARIN. RIPE NCC. A tool used to bind the Trojan with legitimate file. you could use the information in newsgroup posting to glean insight into the makeup of a target network. Search for the target company name at http://groups. As the application comes from a site in his untrusted zone. B. Sniffer. How would you search for these posting using Google search? A. LACNIC. you might be required to look through multiple web pages online which can take a long time. Obtain the application from a CD-ROM disc C. C. APNIC. Compare the files' MD5 signature with the one published on the distribution media D. An encryption tool to protect the Trojan. C. Use NNTP websites to search for these postings D. NANIC. Use get() to download all pages locally for further inspection QUESTION 149 Snort is an open source Intrusion Detection system. While doing web application testing. D. LACNIC B. A single packet (such 80 . Sniffer. ARIN. Use wget to download all pages locally for further inspection. Use get* to download all pages locally for further inspection.com. Proxy D.com C. IDS. Search in Google using the key search strings "the target company" and "forums" QUESTION 594: John wants to try a new hacking tool on his Linux System. How strong the corporate security policy is D. it can also be used for a few other purposes as well. A tool used to calculate bandwidth and CPU cycles wasted by the Trojan. Obtain the application via SSL B. The types of operating systems and applications being used. Which of the processes listed below would be a more efficient way of doing this type of validation? A. RIPE NCC. content inspector -------------------------------------------------------DUPT---------------------------QUESTION 596: System Administrators sometimes post questions to newsgroups when they run into technical challenges. LATNIC QUESTION 122 You work as security technician at Certkiller . As an ethical hacker. APNIC D.

LibPCAP 81 . NTPCAP C. What kind of attack did the Hacker attempt to carry out at the Bank? A. pay bills and conduct online financial business using a web browser. QUESTION 517: Windump is a Windows port of the famous TCPDump packet sniffer available on a variety of platforms. John Stevens is in charge of information security at Bank of Timbukut. John Stevens reviewed the Web Application's logs and found the following entries. then logged in to receive a session ID. what is the hacker really trying to steal? A. the account balances of many of the bank's customers had been changed ! However. What is the name of this library? A. IRC servers are the primary victim to smurf attacks B. The Hacker used a generator module to pass results to the Web Server and exploited Web Application CGI vulnerability. Customers can access their account balances. SPAM filters are the primary victim to surf attacks QUESTION 588: Virus Scrubbers and other malware detection program can only detect items that they are aware of. Repair file QUESTION 536: Bank of Timbuku is a medium-sized. C.txt B. The Hacker first attempted logins with suspected user names. Which of the following tools would allow you to detect unauthorized changes or modifications of binary files on your system by unknown malware? A. In order to use this tool on the Windows Platform you must install a packet capture library. wwwroot D. PCAP B. Anti-Virus Software C. The bank has deployed a new Internet-accessible Web Application recently. money hasn't been removed from the bank. Strangely. Who are the primary victims of these attacks on the Internet today? A. IDS devices are the primary victim to smurf attacks C. By spoofing the source IP Address of the packet. SAM file C. transfer money between accounts. a hacker can often flood a victim with hundreds of responses for every request the hacker sends out. instead money was transferred between accounts. File integrity verification tools B. regional financial institution in Timbuktu. guessed the next ID and took over Jason's session. Given this attack profile. Mail Servers are the primary victim to smurf attacks D.as an ICMP Echo Request) is sent as a directed broadcast to a subnet on the Internet. har. several customers have complained about the Internet enabled banking application. All the machines on that subnet respond to this broadcast. Thus. A properly configured gateway D. in which the hacker opened an account with the bank.After one month in production. then used SQL injection to gain access to valid login IDs D. all the responses will get sent to the spoofed IP Address. There is no way of finding out until a new updated signature file is released QUESTION 584: Based on the following extract from the log of a compromised machine. Brute Force attack in which the Hacker attempted guessing login ID and password from password cracking tools B. The Hacker attempted Session Hijacking.

Spoof the source IP address. Telnet D. Scan more slowly. Only scan the Windows systems. 82 . One or two of the queries cause the IPID to increment by more than one value. Hping2 can't be used for idlescanning B. A pseudo account that was created for security administration purpose QUESTION 421: Given the following extract from the snort log on a honeypot. An account that has been suspended by the admin C. The Zombie you are using is not truly idle C.D. Go through the rubbish to find out any information that might have been discarded QUESTION 490: You are conducting an idlescan manually using HPING2. you notice that almost every query increments the IPID. When you stop your scan. ------------------------------------------TUNGH--QUESTION 401. FTP B. A pseudo account that has no username and password D. Which of he following options would be a possible reason? A. Harold just got home from working at Henderson LLC where he works as an IT technician. During the scanning process. Enable Remote Desktop on her computer. A stateful inspection firewall is resetting your queries QUESTION 570: While performing ping scans into a target network you get a frantic call from the organization's security team. SSH C.regardless of the port being queried. How can you modify your scan to prevent triggering this event in the IDS? A. Perform multiple queries through a search engine C. He was able to get off early… A. Install hardware keylogger on her computer. D. the smurf attack event stops showing up on the organization's IDS monitor. Do not scan the broadcast IP. SMTP QUESTION 467: Which of the following activities would not be considered passive footprinting? A. Search on financial site such as Yahoo Financial B. C. B. A user that has no skills B. WinPCAP QUESTION 165: In the context of Windows Security. They report that they are under a denial of service attack. C. what service is being exploited? : A. what is a 'null' user? A. B. Install screen capturing Spyware on her computer. These ports are actually open on the target system D. Scan the range of IP address found in their DNS database D.

Biometric device C.D.’s computers and obtain their secret double fudge cookie recipe. Hex editing C. A. Reverse Psychology E. Reverse Engineering QUESTION 405 Joseph has just been hired on to a contractor company of the Department of Defense as their Senior Security Analyst… A. ssp/ProPolice (as used by OpenBSD). Proximity cards 83 . A. Install VNC on her computer. Faking Identity B. OTP D. Covert keylogger B. Non-executing stack QUESTION 403 Which of the following keyloggers cannot be detected by anti-virus or anti-spyware products? A. Stealth keylogger C. Security token B. Spoofing Identity C. Format checking D. Software keylogger D. Hardware keylogger QUESTION 404 Jack Hacker wants to break into Brown Co. Social Engineering D. Canary B. and Microsoft’s /GS option use ______ defense against buffer overflow attacks. QUESTION 402 StackGuard (as used by Immunix).

0.5 to Cisco A.0. Machine A : netcat –l –p –s password 1234 < testfile Machine B : netcat < machine A IP > 1234 B. Sequence number 17768729 Acknowledgement number 82980070 84 . Sequence number 82980070 Acknowledgement number 17768885 B. SATAN QUESTION 408 You are trying to hijack a telnet session from a victim machine with IP address 10. Nessus C. A. SAINT D. Tripwire B.QUESTION 406 An attacker runs netcat tool to transfer a secret file between two hosts. Use cryptcat instead of netcat QUESTION 407 Harold has just been hired on as the senior network administrator for the University of Central Michigan… A. Machine A Machine B. Machine A: netcat –l –e magickey –p 1234 < testfile Machine B: netcat < machine A IP> 1234 C. Machine A: netcat –l –p 1234 < testfile –pw password Machine B: netcat <machine A IP> 1234 –pw password D.

85 . Sequence number 87000070 Acknowledgement number 85320085 D. FIN Scan QUESTION 410 Harold works for jacobson Unlimited the IT department as the security manager. A. or modify ACLs.C. XMAS Scan C. LanManger hashes are broken up into two 7 character fields B. QUESTION 411 Barney is looking for a Windows NT/2000/XP command-line tool that can be used to assign. A.exe QUESTION 412 You are the security administrator for a large network. CLACS. Block ICMP at the firewall D. Block TCP at the firewall B. There is no way to completely block tracerouting into this area. display. Stealth Scan B. Sequence number 82980010 Acknowledgement number 17768885 QUESTION 409 Which type of scan does not Open a full TCP connection? A. Block UDP at the firewall C. NTPERM.exe D. Harold should use LC4 instead of john the Ripper.exe C.exe B. A. PERM. Harold’s dictionary file was not large enougn D. Harold should have used Dumpsec instead of Pwdump6 C. Null Scan D. CACLS. You want to prevent attackers from running any sort.

alert tcp -> any port 21 (msg:”user root”.) QUESTION 416 Kevin has been asked to write a short program to gather user input for a web application. QUESTION 415 Which of the following snort rules look for FTP root login attempts? A. It doesn’t depend on the patches that have been applied to fix exitsting security holes. SQL injection Attack C. It informs the cracker of which vulnerabilities he may be able to exploit on your system. alert ftp -> (content:”user password root”. Bob’s network is safe C. B. Unicode Traversal Attack QUESTION 417 Steven the hacker realizes the network administrator of Acme Corporation is using syskey in Windows 2000 Server to protect his resources A. 40-bit encryption 86 .) C. With the 300-foot limit of a wireless signal. 11b wireless network. Bob’s network will not be safe until he also enables WEP B. A. Wireless signals can be detected from QUESTION 414 Fingerprinting at Operating System helps a cracker because: A.) B. D. Bob decides to use strategic antenna positioning.QUESTION 413 In an attempt secure his 802. It defines exactly what software you have installed B.) D.11a D. Bob’s network will be safe but only if he doesn’t switch to 802. A. alert tcp -> any port 21 (message:”user root”. Format String Attack D. Cross Site Scripting. It opens a security-delayed window based on the port being scanned C. alert tcp any any -> any any 21 (content:”user root”.

B. It’s a technique used to discover interface in promiscuous mode. 128-bit encryption D. It’s a technique used to discover Wireless network on foot. B. Use reverse shell using FTP protocol D. Use ClosedVPN B. Shared key authentication D. Use HTTPTunnel or Stunnel on port 80 and 443 QUESTION 420 Jackson discovers that the wireless AP transmits 128 byte of plaintext. 87 . Use Monkey shell C. and the station responds by encryting the plaintext. Hashing D. Prime detection C. A. 256-bit encryption QUESTION 418 One of the most common and the best way of cracking RSA encryption is to begin to derive the two prime numbers. Single key authentication C. A. C. He shuts down all unnecessary ports and services. Brute-forcing QUESTION 419 John has a proxy server on his network which caches and filters web access. A. No authentication B. It’s a technique used to map routers on a network link. Open system authentication QUESTION 421 What is the purpose of firewalking? A. 64-bit encryption C. Factorization B.

121-371 E. A. SMURF Attacks QUESTION 426 88 . Targa attacks C. 200-250 QUESTION 424 Once an intruder has access to a remote system with a valid username and password. B. It’s a technique used to discover what rules are configured on a gateway QUESTION 422 An attacker is attempting to telnet into a corporation’s system in the DMZ. A. This causes the system to go into an infinite loop trying to resolve this unexpected connection. packet #120 A. He is attacking an Operating system that does not reply to telnet even when open QUESTION 423 You want to carry out session hijacking on a remote server. the attacker will attempt to increase. The server and the client . The firewall is blocking port 23 to that system. He cannot spoof his IP and successfully use TCP D.. A. Give users a strong policy document D. 120-370 C. Give users tokens B. which causes the victim to try opening a connection with itseft. SYN Flood attacks D. LAND attacks B. Give user the least amount of privileges QUESTION 425 Attacker forges a TCP/IP packet. He needs to use an automated tool to telnet in C. 120-321 B. Give users two passwords C.D. 121-231 D.

cOm%2fbadscript.asp?lname=smith%27%3bupdate%20usertable%20set %20password%3d%27AxOr%27%3b--%00 D.Identify SQL injection attack from the HTTP requests shown below: A.js%22%3e%3c%2fscript%3e QUESTION 427 What does the following command in netcat do? Nc 55555 < /etc/passwd A. Loads the /etc/passwd file to the UDP port 55555 C.yourserver. content inspector 89 .com/search. IDS.php?mydata=%3csript%20src=%22http%3a%2f %2fwww.. The Ploblem Daryl is having A. Password Sniffer B. http://www. Proxy B. A. Sniffer D.xsecurity. Logs the incoming connections to /etc/passwd file B.. Grabs the /etc/passwd file when connected to UDP port 55555 D.com/example?accountnumber=67891&creaditamount=99999999 B.myserver. http://www. Packet Logger.cgi?foo=.com/cgiin/bad. John the Ripper D.%fc%80%80%80%80%af. it can also be used for a few other purposes such as a sniffer./bin/ls%20-al C. However. http://www.Since Daryl’s backgrounds is in web application development. IDS. Sniffer. WinHttrack QUESTION 429 Snort is an open source Intrusion Detection System.myserver. Sniffer.victim. IDS. IDS. deletes the /etc/passwd file when connected to the UDP port 55555 QUESTION 428 Daryl is a network administrator working for Dayton Technologies. http://www. Sniffer C. Firewall. LOphtCrack C.com/script.

445 B. Stealth Firefox D. 139 C. 179 D. Administrator will often time make use of SSL to encrypt communications from point A to point B. Stealth IE C. Stealth Anonymizer B. You are trying to intercept the traffic from a victim machine. Someone that has an urge to constantly hack C. A. she went to mandatory security A. Someone who subscribe to hacker’s magazine D. File sneaker D. Someone who is hacking for a cause B. Cookie Disabler QUESTION 433 You are IT manager of large legal firm in California. Your firm represents many important clients whose names always must remain anonymous to the public. File snuff C. On Monday. EFS QUESTION 434 SSL has been seen as the solution to a lot of common security problems. A. 443 QUESTION 431 What does the term ‘Hacktivism’ means? A. 90 . Snow B. Someone who has at least 12 years of hacking experience QUESTION 432 Stephanie works as a records clerk in a large office building in downtown Chicago.QUESTION 430 NetBIOS over TCP/IP allows files and/or printers to be shared over the netword.

A. A. To discover proxy servers on a network B. Firewalls cannot inspect traffic coming through port 443 B. Hybrid Attack B. Firewalls cannot inspect traffic coming through port 80 91 . To discover information about a target host using NBTSTAT QUESTION 437 You have retrieved the raw hash values from a Windows 2000 Domain Controller. SSL is redundant if you already have IDS’s in place B. SSL will mask the content of the packet and Intrusion Detection System are blinded D. To check for file and print sharing on Windows systems D. you discover that people are able the telnet into the SMTP server on port 25 A. SSL will trigger rules at regular interval and force the administrator to turn them off C.0. Brute Force Attack QUESTION 438 Bob has set up three web server on Windows Server 2003 IIS 6. SSL will slow down the IDS while is it breaking the encryption to see the packer contend QUESTION 435 While examining audit logs. Firewalls can only inspect outbound traffic C. To disrupt the NetBIOS SMB service on the target host C. Dictionary Attack C. None of the above QUESTION 436 Why would an attacker want to perform a scan on port 137? A.A. Shut off the SMTP service on the server C. Switch from Windows Exchange to Unix Sendmail D. Bod has followed all the for securing the operating system and IIS. Encryption Attack D. Block port 25 at the firewall B.

Bob can explain that a random number generator can be used to derive cryptographic keys but it uses a weak seed value and this is a form of a programming error QUESTION 440 An attacker has been successfully modifying the purchase price of items purchased at a web site. Bob can explain that using passwords to derive cryptographic keys is a form of a programming error C. A. By changing hidden form values in a local copy of the web page D. Bob can explain that using a weak key management technique is a form of programming error B. By using SQL injection B. By using cross site scripting C. they can only block or allow certain ports QUESTION 439 Bob has a good understanding of cryptography. Bob can explain that a buffer overflow is an example of programming error and it is a common mistake associated with poor programming technique D. There is no way the attacker could do this without directly compromising either the web server or the database QUESTION 441 Why type of port scan is shown below? A. Cryptography is used to secure data from specific threats. Firewalls cannot inspect traffic at all. having worked with it for many years. Idle Scan 92 . The security administrators verify the web server and Oracle database have not been A.D.

B. IDS and firewall on his network. System C. Single Quote B. Install a proxy server and terminate SSL at the proxy B. The IP range used by the target network B. A. Enable the IDS to filler encrypted HTTPS traffic D. A. Double Quote D. Bob notices that the site is dynamic and must make use of a back end database. The types of operating systems and applications being used D. Semi Column C. Install a hardware SSL “accelerator” and terminate SSL at this layer C. Polymorphic D. Recently his Web server has been under constant hacking attacks. Exclamation Mark QUESTION 444 You are gathering competitive intelligence on a organization. Boot Sector infector QUESTION 443 Bob has been hired to do a web application security test. An understanding of the number of employees in the company QUESTION 445 John runs a Web server. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few internet job-hunting sites. XMAS Scan D. There are two jobs for network and system administrators. Windows Scan QUESTION 442 Melissa is a virus that targeted Microsoft Windows platforms. To which category does this virus belong? A. Enable the Firewall to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic 93 . FIN Scan C. How strong the corporate security policy is C. A. Macro B.

Replay Attacks B. Digitally signing SSL certificates C.QUESTION 446 You have been using the msadc. Brute Force Attacks C. Digitally signing ActiveX controls B. code 0) denote? 94 . A buffer under run exploit QUESTION 447 Microsoft Authenticode technology is used for A.pl attack script to execute arbitrary commands on an NT4 web server A. John the Ripper Attacks QUESTION 449 What does ICMP (type 11. A SUID exploit B. Digitally signing Javascript files D. A SQL injection exploit D. Digitally signing Java Applets QUESTION 448 Which of the following is an attack in which a secret value like a hash is captured and then reused at a late A. Cryptography Attacks D. A chained exploit C. A buffer overflow exploit E.

Time Exceeded C. Use any ARP requests found in the capture B. Destination Unreachable QUESTION 450 Derek has stumbled upon a wireless network and wants to assess its security. Unknown Type B. Destination Unreachable QUESTION 452 Which of the following is an attack in which a secret value like a hash is captured and then reused at a later time to gain access to a system.A. Use Ettercap to discover the gateway and ICMP ping flood tool to generate traffic QUESTION 451 What does ICMP (type 11. John the Ripper Attacks QUESTION 453 Study the log below and identify the scan type Tcpdump –vv host 192.1.168. Replay Attacks B. Source Quench D. nmap R 192.10 A. Brute Force Attacks C.168. Derek can use KisMAC as it needs two USB devices to generate traffic D.10 95 . Source Quench D. A. However. Unknown Type B. Time Exceeded C.1. Derek can use a session replay on the packets captured C. code 0) denote? A. Cryptography Attacks D. he does not find enough traffic for a good capture A.

Try to hang a around the local pubs or restaurants near the bank… B.addr == 192.1 and syn. Launch DDOS attacks against Merclyn Barley bank router and firewall system D.1.0. All IVs are vulnerable to attack B.10 D.0.0.1. Bob notices that the site is dynamic and must use of a back end database.168.1.169. Semi Column 96 .1 and tcp. A majority of weak IVs transmitted … QUESTION 457 Bob has been hired to do a web application security test.syn B. Try to conduct Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) QUESTION 456 Why do you need to capture five to ten million packets in order to crack WEP with AirSnort? A.1? A. ip == 192.1 and tcp. A.168.168.flags.0.equals on QUESTION 455 You are trying to break into a highly classified top-secret mainframe computer with highest security system in place at Merclyn Barley bank located in Log Angeles. ip.168. nmap V 192.168.10 C.1 and syn = 1 C.B. ip. nmap –sO –T 192. nmap S 192.equals 192. Air Snort uses a cache of packets C.168.168. Look for “zero-day” exploits at various underground hacker website … C. ip.10 QUESTION 454 Which of the following display filters will you enable in Ethereal to view the three-way handshake for a connection from host 192.syn D. Bob want to see if SQL injection A. Single Quote B.addr = 192.0. Air Snort implements the FMS attack … D.

LACNIC B. 419 D. The ASP script is vulnerable to Session Splice attack D. The ASP script is vulnerable to XSS attack B. A. RIPE LACNIC D. Exclamation Mark QUESTION 458 What port number is used by Kerberos protocol? A. Nmap –sF – PT . 44 B. Double Quote D. The ASP script is vulnerable to SQL Injection C. 88 C.C. 487 QUESTION 459 What us the problem with this ASP script (login.asp)? sSQL = “SELECT * FROM users where Username A. The ASP script is vulnerable to Cross Site Scripting attack QUESTION 460 Bill has started to notice some slowness on his network when trying to update his company’s website and while trying to access the website from the Internet A.PI – O <ip address> 97 . APNIC‘ QUESTION 461 You are concerned that someone running PortSentry could block your scans. Nmap –sF – P0 – O <ip address> B. ARIN C.

Enable SSL on the restricted directory which … D. Nmap –sS – PT – PI . Replay attacks B. WinPcap QUESTION 468 WWW wanderers or spiders are programs that traverse many pages in the World Wide Web by recursively retrieving linked pages. located in Florida On Monday morning A. It uses a TCP timestamp packet that will elicit a time C. It manipulates the flags within packets to force gateways into generating error messages D.C. Session hijacking attacks D. Password cracking attacks QUESTION 463 How doest traceroute map to the route a packet travels from point A to Point B? A.O – T1<ip address> QUESTION 462 What hacking attack is challenge/response authentication used to prevent? A. Nmap –sO – PT – O – C5 <ip address> D. Place “HTTP:NO CRAWL” on the html … 98 . B. IDSwakeup D. Tcpslice B. TCPdump C. It uses a protocol that will be rejected by gateways on its way to the destion B. Scanning attacks C. Place authentication on root directories that will prevent crawling from these spiders C. It manipulates the value of the time to live (TTL) within packet to elicit a time exceeded in transit message QUESTION 467 You are senior security analyst for Hammerstreet in.txt file in the root of the …. Place robots. A.

Wardriving B. Warchalking D. The system is a Windows Domain Controller QUESTION 470 Which of the following encryption is not based on block cipher? A. AES (Rijndael) D.QUESTION 469 What can you conclude from the following nmap result? Starting nmap V. The system is not firewall enabled B. Warwalking C. RC4 QUESTION 471 Samuel is a high school teenager who lives in Modesto California. The system is not running Linux or Solaris D. DES B. DNS spoofing QUESTION 473 Clive is conducting a pen-test and has just port scanned a system on the network. MAC spoofing B.3. Blowfish C. He has enabled numerous security features A. He has identified the operating system as Linux and been able to elicit response from ports 23.10ALPHA9 A. ARP spoofing D. 25 and 53… 99 . Samuel is a Straight ‘A’ student who really likes tinkering around with computer. A. Macof C. Webdriving QUESTION 472 Paul has just finished setting up his wireless network. The system is not properly patched C.

Install the latest signatures for Antivirus software E. A. Install a personal firewall and lock down unused ports from connecting to your D.xsecurity.com C. Webspy C. HP QUESTION 477 ________is found in all versions of NTFS and is described as the ability to fork file data into existing files without affecting 100 . Macof B.com B. D. There is a honeypot running on the scanned machine C. Pagerank:www. You can start using your computer since the vendor such as DELL. Link:www. which comes pre-installed with Windows XP. The services are protected by TCP wrappers B. A.A. Search?|:www. you want to grab a copy of it by sniffing. Create a non-admin user with a complex password and logon to this account G. Nfscopy QUESTION 475 You are footprinting the www. Level1:www.com QUESTION 476 You just purchased the latest DELL computer. McAfee antivirus software an a host of other applications.com D. Configure “Windows Update” to automatic F. Filesnarf D.xsecurity.com domain using Google search engine.xsecurity. This indicates that the telnet and SMTP server have crashed QUESTION 474 When Jason moves a file via NFS over the company’s network.xsecurity. A.xsecurity. New installation of windows should be patched by installing the latest service packs and hotfixes B. Enable “guest” account C. An attacker has replaced the services with trojaned ones.

Use HTTPTunnel or Stunnel on port 80 and 443 QUESTION 479 While testing web applications. 445 D. you attempt to insert the following test script into the search area on the company A. 389 C. Use closedVPN B. June can use an antivirus program since it compares the parity bit 101 . Use Monkey shell C. Yes. Password attacks D. NetBIOS vulnerability D. he has installed a firewall (Cisco PIX) A. Use reverse shell using FTP protocol D. June can’t use an antivirus program since it compares the size B. A hybrid attack B. 464 QUESTION 481 June. Cross Site Scripting QUESTION 480 What port number is used by LDAP protocol? A. Additionally. a security analyst. Merge Streams C.A. Steganography B. He shuts down all unnecessary ports and services. Alternate Data Streams QUESTION 478 John has a proxy server on his network which caches and filters web access. A buffer overflow C. understands that a polymorphic virus has the ability to mutate and can change its known viral signature A. No. 110 B.

C. Yes. June can use an antivirus program since it compares the signatures D. No. Jun can’t use an antivirus program since it compares the signatures QUESTION 482 You have been using the msadc.pl attack script execute arbitrary commands on an NT4 web server. While it is effective, you find it tedious

A. A SUID exploit B. A chained exploit C. A SQL injection exploit D. A buffer overflow exploit E. A buffer under run exploit QUESTION 483 Jim was having no luck performing a penetration test on his company’s network. He was running the test from home and had downloaded every scanner. A. Security scanners cannot perform vulnerability linkage B. Security scanners are not designed to do testing through a firewall C. Security scanners are only as smart as their database and cannot find unpublished vulnerabilities D. All of the above QUESTION 484 Steven, a security analyst for XYZ asscociates

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A. Smurf attack B. ARP spoofing C. Ping of Death D. SYN flood QUESTION 485 Consider the following code: URL:http://www.xsecurity.com/search.pl?text=<script>alert(document.cookie)</script> A. Create an IP access list and restrict connections based on port number B. Replace “<”and”>” characters with ?il;?and ?gt C. Disable Javascript in IE and Firefox browsers D. Connect to the server using HTTPS protocol instead of http QUESTION 486 The following is an entry captured by network IDS. You are assigned the task of analyzing this entry.

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A. The buffer overflow attack has been neutralized by the IDS B. The attacker is creating a directory on the compromised machine C. The attacker is attempting a buffer overflow attack and has succeeded D. The attacker is attempting an exploit that launches a command-line shell
QUESTION 487 A program that defends against a port scanner will attempt to: A. Sends back bogus data to the port scanner B. Log a violation and recommend use of security-auditing tools C. Limit access by the scanning system to publicly available ports only D. Update a firewall rule in real time to prevent the port scan from being completed QUESTIYON 488 An attacker has been successfully modifying the purchase price of items purchased at a web site. A. By using SQL injection B. By using cross site scripting C. By changing hidden form values in a local copy of the web page D. There is no way the attacker could do this without directly compromising either the web server or the database QUESTION 489

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Digitally signing java Applets QUESTION 492 Clive has been monitoring his IDS and sees that there are a huge of ICMP Echo …. SmurfCrack D. Someone spoofed Clive’s IP address while doing a DoS attack C. Someone spoofed Clive’s IP address while doing a land attack B. RainbowCrack B. Digitally signing javascript file D. Digitally signing SSL certificates C. Prime detection C. Digitally signing ActiveX controls B. Factorization B. Someone spoofed Clive’s IP address while doing a fraggle attack QUESTION 493 What does this symbol mean? 105 . SMBCrack C. Brute-forcing QUESTION 491 Microsoft Authenticode technology is used for: A. Hashing D. PSCrack QUESTION 490 One of the most common and the best way of cracking RSA encryption A.Johnny is a member of the hacking group Orpheus1 A. A. Someone spoofed Clive’s IP address while doing a smurf attack D.

IP Access Blockade 106 . You must use ping 10. Website Filtering C. hping2 uses TCP instead of ICMP by default D.4 switch C. Open access point B.A. Website Cloaking B.3. Closed access point QUESTION 494 You ping a target IP to check if the host is up. WEP encrypted access point D. Timestamps B.2. hping2 uses stealth TCP packets to connect QUESTION 495 Attackers can potentially intercept and modify unsigned SMB packets. Sequence numbers monitoring QUESTION 496 The terrorist organizations are increasingly blocking all traffic from North America or from internet protocol addresses that point A. SMB signing C. modify the traffic A. WPA encrypted access point C. File permissions D. A. Ping packets cannot bypass firewalls B.

To disrupt the NetBIOS SMB service on the target host C.org and other leading security organizations have clearly A. To discover information about a target host using NBTSTAT QUESTION 500 What type of attack is shown in the above diagram? 107 . It is getting harder to hack and more challenging for non technical people QUESTION 499 Why would an attacker want to perform a scan on port 137? A.D. To discover proxy server on a network B. New TCP\IP stack features are constantly being added D. Tunneling D. Obfuscation C. Firewalking QUESTION 498 Statistics from cert. The ease of getting hacker tools on the internet C. Mirroring Website QUESTION 497 Shauna is the Senior Security Analyst for the Department of Defense A. Increase in processing power B. To check for file and print sharing on Windowns Systems D. Honeypot B.

SSL Spoofing Attack B. Guess the sequence numbers QUESTION 502 Study the following log extract and identify the attack 108 . Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) Attack.A. Reverse sequence prediction C. Session Hijacking Attack D. QUESTION 501 Bob is going to perform an active session hijack against brownies inc. Take over the session B. Take one of the parties offline D. Identity Stealing Attack C. He has found a target A.

Nmap C. Make B. Denial of service attack QUESTION 505 109 . Cross Site Scripting C. Unauthorized access D. Multiple Domain Traversal Attack D. Hping2 D. Unicode Directory Traversal Attack QUESTION 503 John is using a special too on his Linux that has a database containing signatures A. Hexcode Attack B. nessus QUESTION 504 Which type of attack is port scanning? A.A. Information gathering C. Web server attack B.

Train more National Guard and reservist in the art of computer security to help out in times of emergency or crises. The username/password is "Admin" and "Bettlemani@". However. Make obtaining either a computer security certification or accreditation easier to achieve so more individuals feel that they are a part of something larger than life. SecEvent.John runs a Web Server. Install a hardware SSL "accelerator" and terminate SSL at this layer C. what would be the most affective method to bridge the knowledge gap between the "black" hats or crackers and the "white" hats or computer security professionals? (Choose the test answer) A. QUESTION 508 You have successfully brute forced basic authentication configured on a Web Server using Brutus hacking tool. Install a proxy server and terminate SSL at the proxy B. Enable the firewall to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic John runs a Web server QUESTION 506 Which of the following snort rules look for FTP root login attempts? A. this knowledge has a risk associated with it. AppEvent. Which event log located at C:\Windows\system32\config contains the trace of your brute force attempts? A. C. as it can be used for malevolent attacks as well. and many have expressed their interest in learning from him. alert tcp any any -> any any 21 (content:"user root".Evt C. D.) B. Hire more computer security monitoring personnel to monitor computer systems and networks. In this context. Recently his Web Server has been under constant hacking attacks. alert tcp -> any port 21 (message:"user root". IDS and firewall on his network. B.) QUESTION 507 Bob is acknowledged as a hacker of repute and is popular among visitors of "underground" sites.Evt 110 . alert tcp -> any port 21 (msg:"user root". SysEvent. Bob is willing to share his knowledge with those who are willing to learn. John become suspicious and views he firewall logs and he notices huge SSL connections constantly hitting web server. you proceed to clear the log files to hide your trace. How would Jon protect his network form these types of attacks? A.) C. alert ftp -> ftp (content:"user password root".Evt B.) D. vulnerabilities and safeguards.Evt D. Educate everyone with books. Hackers have been using the encrypted HTTPS protocol to send exploits to the web server and that was the reason the IDS did not detect the intrusions. WinEvent. articles and training on risk analysis. He looks up the IDS log files and sees no Intrusion attempts but the web server constantly locks up and needs rebooting due to various brute force and buffer overflow attacks but still the IDS alerts no intrusion whatsoever. After downloading various sensitive documents from the compromised machine. You logon to the system using the brute forced password and plant backdoors and rootkits. Enable the IDS to filter encrypted HTTPS traffic D..

A. QUESTION 514 111 . Replay attack C. Spoof attack B. What can you infer from this observation? A.QUESTION 509 A company is legally liable for the content of email that is sent from its system A B True False QUESTION 510 Kevin has been asked to write a short program to gather user input for a web application. Format String Attack D. He chooses to use printf(str) where he should have ideally used printf(?s? str). They are not using an intrusion detection system. It works because encryption is performed at the network D. They are not using a stateful inspection firewall. Unicode Traversal Attack QUESTION 511 Annie has just succeeded in strealing a secure cookie via a XSS attack. C. Any cookie can be replayed irrespective B. He likes to keep his code neat and simple. They are using UNIX based web servers. Rebound attack QUESTION 513 While scanning a network you observe that all of the web servers in the DMZ are responding to ACK packets on port 80. The scenario is invalid as a secure cookie C. It works because encryption is performed at the application QUESTION 512 Matthew re-injects a captured wireless packet back onto the network. Injection attack D. B. D. They are using Windows based web servers. SQL injection Attack C. What attack will his program expose the web application to? A. A. Cross Site Scripting B.

IP Fragmentation or Session Splicing B. Bob has asked his company's firewall administrator to set the firewall to inspect all incoming traffic on ports 80 and 443 to ensure that no malicious data is getting into the network. 0xDDDDDDDDDDDD QUESTION 519 Bob waits near a secured door. D. Someone who is using his/her skills for offensive purposes. He injects broadcast frames onto the wire to conduct MiTM attack. Social engineering B. holding a box. Bob is still concerned about the security of this server because of the potential for financial loss. IP Splicing or Packet Reassembly QUESTION 515 Bob has set up three web servers on Windows Server 2003 IIS 6. He waits until an employee walks up 112 . 0xAAAAAAAAAAAA C. Someone who is using his/her skills for defensive purposes. Firewalls can only inspect outbound traffic C. QUESTION 517 Sabotage. Someone who is hacsheets for ethical reasons. they can only block or allow certain ports QUESTION 516 What does the term “Ethical Hacsheets” mean? A. Reverse Software Engineering D. These servers are going to run numerous e-commerce websites that are projected to bring in thousands of dollars a day. Advertising and Covering are the three stages of _____ A. Firewalls can't inspect traffic at all. B. 0xBBBBBBBBBBBB D. Firewalls can't inspect traffic coming through port 443 B. Bob has followed all the recommendations for securing the operating system and IIS. IDS Spoofing or Session Assembly D. What is the destination MAC address of a broadcast frame? A. C. IP Routing or Packet Dropping C.This IDS defeating technique works by splitting a datagram (or packet) into multiple fragments and the IDS will not spot the true A. Someone who is using his/her skills for ethical reasons. Firewalls can't inspect traffic coming through port 80 D. Reverse Social Engineering C.0. Why will this not be possible? A. 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF B. Rapid Development Engineering QUESTION 518 John the hacker is sniffing the network to inject ARP packets.

Bob walks up to the employee (still holding the box) and asks the employee to hold the door open so that he can enter. 44EFCE164AB921CQAAD3B435B51404EE B. All that is available from the client site. How much information will Clive obtain from the client before commencing his test? A. setup a mock video camera next to the special card reader adjacent to the secured door D. Encryption of agent communications will conceal the presence of the agents B. Cookie Stealing B. he alters a cookie as shown below. QUESTION 523 Which of the following LM hashes represent a password of less than 8 characters? (Select 2) A. time=12:30GMT . Using Winhex. Nothing but corporate name. What attack is being depicted here? A. B757BF5C0D87772FAAD3B435B51404EE C. D. After Alteration: Cookie: lang=en-us. IP Range. The monitor will know if counterfeit messages are being generated because they will not be encrypted C. Parameter Manipulation QUESTION 522 Clive has been hired to perform a Black-Box test by one of his clients. What is the best way to undermine the social engineering activity of tailgating? A. OS. to post a sign that states "no tailgating" next to the special card reader adjacent to the secured door C. y=1 . CEC52EB9C8E3455DC2265B23734E0DAC 113 . ADMIN=yes. E52CAC67419A9A224A3B108F3FA6CB6D E. y=1 . BA810DBA98995F1817306D272A9441BB D. An intruder could intercept and delete data or alerts and the intrusion can go undetected QUESTION 521 Ivan is auditing a corporate website. Before Alteration: Cookie: lang=en-us. time=10:30GMT . Session Hijacking C. and patches installed. B. Just as the employee opens the door. C. Cross Site Scripting D. ADMIN=no. Only the IP address range. to educate all of the employees of the company on best security practices on a recurring basis QUESTION 520 What is the advantage in encrypting the communication between the agent and the monitor in an Intrusion Detection System? A. 0182BD0BD4444BF836077A718CCDF409 F.to the secured door and uses the special card in order to access the restricted area of the target company. issue special cards to access secured doors at the company and provide a one-time only brief description of use of the special card B. Alerts are sent to the monitor when a potential intrusion is detected D.

NT4 or 95/98/98SE Nmap run completed -.334 seconds Using its fingerprinting tests nmap is unable to distinguish between different groups of Microsoft based operating systems .QUESTION 524 You have initiated an active operating system fingerprinting attempt with nmap against a target system: [root@ceh NG]# /usr/local/bin/nmap -sT -O 10. Windows 2000 Server QUESTION 525 Which definition below best describes a covert channel? A. It is a network fault and the originating machine is in a network loop B.0. It is a worm that is malfunctioning or hardcoded to scan on port 500 C.1: (The 1628 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: closed) PortStateService 21/tcp filtered ftp 22/tcp filtered ssh 25/tcp open smtp 80/tcp open http 135/tcp open loc-srv 139/tcp open netbios-ssn 389/tcp open LDAP 443/tcp open https 465/tcp open smtps 1029/tcp open ms-lsa 1433/tcp open ms-sql-s 2301/tcp open compaqdiag 5555/tcp open freeciv 5800/tcp open vnc-http 5900/tcp open vnc 6000/tcp filtered X11 Remote operating system guess: Windows XP.1 Starting nmap 3. NT4 or 95/98/98SE. What operating system is the target host running based on the open ports shown above? A. The attacker is trying to detect machines on the network which have SSL enabled 114 .insecure. It is one of the weak channels used by WEP that makes it insecure D. Windows 2000. Making use of a Protocol in a way it was not intended to be used B. what would you infer from this scan? A. This scan is eating up most of the network bandwidth and Neil is concerned. Windows 98 SE C. Windows NT4 Server D.0. A Server Program using a port that is not well known QUESTION 526 Neil notices that a single address is generating traffic from its port 500 to port 500 of several other machines on the network.0.0. Windows 2000.org/nmap/) at 2003-06-18 19:14 IDT Interesting ports on 10.Windows XP. As a security professional. Windows XP B.1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 3. It is the multiplexing taking place on communication link C.28 ( www.

B. In order for him to check the vulnerability of Examsheets. Change the settings on the firewall to allow all incoming traffic on port 80 C. Using a vulnerability scanner to try to probe each port to verify or figure out which service is running for Examsheets. by Advanced Research Organization (http://www-arc.xsecurity-bank. D.asp?cardnumber=454543433532234 The GET method appends the credit card number to the URL. there are many other alternative ways to make sure that the services that have been scanned will be more accurate and detailed for Bob. Using Cheops-ng to identify the devices of Examsheets. by Razor (http://razor. she gets an error message stating that the page can't be reached. What would be the best method to accurately identify the services running on a victim host? A.com/creditcard. This is because any GET command will appear in the URL and will be logged by any servers.com) 2. he went through a few scanners that are currently available. Change the settings on the firewall all outbound traffic on port 80 D. What ca Angela's IT department do to get access to the education website? A. This means that anyone with access to a server log will be able to obtain this information. Replace the GET with POST method when sending data B. Using the default port and OS to make a best guess of what services are running on each port for Examsheets. Axent’s NetRecon (http://www. How would you protect from this type of attack? A. Never include sensitive information in a script C. Here are the scanners that he uses: 1. let's say that you've entered your credit card information into a form that uses the GET method. For example. Using the manual method of telnet to each of the open ports of Examsheets. Use HTTOS SSLV3 to send the data instead of plain HTTPS D.com/tools/) However.com/sara) 3. VLAD the Scanner. The URL may appear like this: https://www. it is found that the education website requires any computer accessing the site must be able to respond to a ping from the education's server. Use a Internet browser other than the one that Angela is currently using QUESTION 529 Scanning for services is an easy job for Bob as there are so many tools available from the Internet. Since Angela's computer is behind a corporate firewall. C. SARA. 115 . When Angela clicks on the link to access the login page.axent. Change the IP on Angela's Computer to an address outside the firewall B.bindview. She contacts the website's support team and they report that no one else is having any issues with the site. The attacker is trying to determine the type of VPN implementation and checking for IPSec QUESTION 527 The GET method should never be used when sensitive data such as credit is being sent to a CGI program. Encrypt the data before you send using GET method QUESTION 528 Angela is trying to access an education website that requires a username and password to login. her computer can't ping the education website back.D. After handing the issue over to her company's IT department.

Search the Internet for leakage of target company’s telephone number to dial-in the router B.0 seems to be a subnet 116 .QUESTION 530 Wardialing is one of the oldest methods of gaining unauthorized access to the targeted system A. The programmer makes an assumption that 200 characters are more than enough.0. Because the counter starts with 0. we would stop when the counter is more than 200 C. Add a separate statement to signify that if we have written less than 200 characters to the buffer. Because the counter starts with 0. we would stop when the counter is less than 200 B.org/nmap/) at 2006-09-25 00:01 EST host 192. Below is the code snippet. Connect using ISP’s remote-dial in number since the company’s router has a leased line connection established D. The stack holds exact 200 characters so there is no need to stop before 200.C Explanation: I=199 would be the character number 200. How can you protect/fix the problem of your application as shown above? A. Add a separate statement to signify that if we have written 200 characters to the buffer. Because there were no proper boundary checks being conducted. (Overflows the buffer).169. the stack should stop because it can't hold any more data D. can contain 200 characters. Bob decided to insert 400 characters into the 200-character buffer.insecure. Brute force the company’s PABX system to retrieve the range of telephone number to dial in QUESTION 531 Buffer X in an Accounting application module for Brownies Inc. the stack should stop because it can't hold any more data Answer: A. QUESTION 532 Starting nmap 3. Run a war-dialing tool range of phone numbers and look for CONNECT response C.75 (http://www.

168.1/24 C. How long will it take to crack the password by an attacker? A. 200 years D.0. Root nmap –sA 192.168.1/24 B.0. 23 days C.0.A.1/24 QUESTION 533 You have chosen a 22 character word from the dictionary as your password. A Bo2K System query D.1/24 D. 5 minutes B.0.168. Nmap protocol/port scan QUESTION 535 Study the log given below and answer the following questions 117 . An SNMP Walk B. Hping2 diagnosis C. Run nmap –TX 192.168. Launch nmap –PP 192. 16 million years QUESTION 534 While reviewing the results of a scan run against a target network you come across the following: What was used to obtain this output? A. Sudo nmap –sP 192.

226. You discover your target system is one hop beyond the firewall. An action or event that might prejudice security C. you send SYN A. Idle scanning QUESTION 538 Which of the following best describes Vulnerability? A.13 QUESTION 536 StackGuard (as used by Immunix). Enumeration D. The loss potential of a threat B. Canary B. Hex editing C. Firewalking B. A. Footprinting C. Using hping2.A. Data being retrieved from 63. and Microsoft's /GS option use _____ defense against buffer overflow attacks. Format checking D.81. An agent that could take advantage of a weakness 118 . A buffer overflow attempt C. ssp/ProPolice (as used by OpenBSD). An IDS evasion technique D. A DNS zone transfer B. Non-executing stack QUESTION 537 You are attemping to map out the firewall policy for organization.

A security breach has occurred as a direct result of this activity. False QUESTION 540 Data is sent over the network as clear text (unencrypted) when Basic Authentication is configured on Web Servers. Inc. You write security policies and conduct assesments to protect the company's network. Enforce the corporate security policy QUESTION 542 A file integrity program such as Tripwire protects against Trojan horse attacks by: A. The employee explains that he used the modem because he had to download software for a department project. The web application emailed the administrator about the error QUESTION 544 Bob is conduction a password assessment for one of his clients. Helping you catch unexpected changes to a system utility file that might indicate it QUESTION 543 Bryan notices the error on the web page and asks Liza to enter liza ‘or ‘1’=’1’ in the email field A. False QUESTION 541 You are the Security Administrator of Xtrinity. True B. The server error has caused the application malfunction D. you discover an employee has attached a modem to his telephone line and workstation. Conduct a needs analysis C. Automatically deleting Trojan horse programs B. A weakness or error that can lead to compromise QUESTION 539 A digital signature is simply a message that is encrypted with the public key instead of the private key.D. Install a network-based IDS D. A. How would you resolve this situation? A. Reconfigure the firewall B. True B. The web application returned the first record it found C. Rejecting packets generated by Trojan horse programs C. 119 . A. He has used this modem to dial in to his workstation. The web application picked up a record at random B. Using programming hooks to inform the kernel of Trojan horse behavior D. thereby bypassing your firewall. During one of your periodic checks to see how well policy is being observed by the employees.

/usr/sbin/adduser dns -d/bin -u 0 -g 0 -s/bin/bash 7. dns 120 . HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices B. touch -acmr /etc /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. passwd nobody -d 6. It then zips all the scanned files and sends an email to a predefined hotmail address. they are the most effective D. Hardware. touch -acmr /etc/passwd /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. B.etcpasswd /etc/passwd 9. This Trojan when executed on the victim machine. touch -acmr /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/.etcpasswd 4. C. Software. What do you think is the most likely reason behind this? A. L0phtcrack only sniffs logons to web servers.etc 5. Password are always best obtained using Hardware key loggers QUESTION 545 You are writing an antivirus bypassing Trojan using C++ code wrapped into chess. There is a NIDS present on that segment. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices QUESTION 546 A user on your Windows 2000 network has discovered that he can use L0phtcrack to sniff the SMB exchanges which carry user logons. Windows logons cannot be sniffed. and Sniffing B. The user is plugged into a hub with 23 other systems. Software only. You want to make this Trojan persistent so that it survives computer reboots. nobody. dns C.etc /etc A. D.exe. mkdir -p /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. scans the entire system (c:\) for data with the following text "Credit Card" and "password". touch -acmr /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/.c to create an executable file chess. how many user IDs can you identify that the attacker has tampered with? 1.etc 2. HKEY_LOCAL_SYSTEM\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices D. Kerberos is preventing it. he is unable to capture any logons though he knows that other users are logging in. mkdir -p /etc/X11/applnk/Internet/. HKEY_LOCAL_USER\SOFTWARE\MICROOSFT\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices C. Hardware and Software Keyloggers C. acmr.A. IUSR_ B. QUESTION 547 After studying the following log entries. Which registry entry will you add a key to make it persistent? A. However.etcpasswd 3. passwd dns -d 8.

nobody.D. This company processes over 20. The attack did not fall through as the firewall blocked the traffic B. Visitors were allowed to click on a sand clock to mark the progress of the test. Visitors were allowed to click on a sand clock to mark the progress of the test. he is looking 121 . The attack did not fall through as the firewall blocked the traffic B. The attack was social engineering and the firewall did not detect it C. IUSR_ QUESTION 548 Dave has been assigned to test the network security of Acme Corp. Because of privacy laws that are in the process of being implemented. The attack was social engineering and the firewall did not detect it C. Most communication between the company. Richard wants to get ahead of the game and become compliant before any sort of auditing occurs. The firewall protects the network well and allows strict Internet access. The attack was deception and security was not directly compromised D. He created a webpage to discuss the progress of the tests with employees who were interested in following the test. The test was announced to the employees. The only problem for Richard is that his department only has couple of servers and they are utilized to their full capacity. Much of the email communication used at his company contains sensitive information such as social security numbers. For this reason. The attack was deception and security was not directly compromised D. Dave successfully embeds a keylogger. He also added some statistics on the webpage. How was security compromised and how did the firewall respond? A. He created a webpage to discuss the progress of the tests with employees who were interested in following the test.000 students loan a year from colleges all over the state. Dave successfully embeds a keylogger. Security was not compromised as the webpage was hosted internally QUESTION 549 QUESTION 550 Co’ 2 cau lap lai 550 Dave has been assigned to test the network security of Acme Corp. Since a server-based PKI is not an option for him. Security was not compromised as the webpage was hosted internally 551 Richard is a network Administrator working at a student loan company in lowa. He also added some statistics on the webpage. Richard wants to utilize email encryption agency-wide. How was security compromised and how did the firewall respond? A. The test was announced to the employees. The firewall protects the network well and allows strict Internet access. schools and lenders is carried out through email.

he notices that his computer only has about 10 GB of free space available. he notices that it is not running nearly as fast as it used to. Lynx D. 122 . Travi's Computer is infected with Stealth Torjan Virus C. which is why he bought the new computer. even when he has not been on the Internet. Since has drive is a 200 GB hard drive. he should have around 150 GB of free space. Travis computer is even more noticeable slow. Travis is really worried about his computer because he spent a lot of money on it and he depends on it to work. many of the programs and applications his company uses are web-based. anti-spyware software and always keeps the computer up-to-date with Microsoft patches. Internet Explorer B. but they quickly disappear. He spends over four hours pouring over the files and folders and can't find anything but before he gives up. PGP B. He just bought a brand new Dual Core Pentium Computer with over 3 GB of RAM. Travis also notices a window or two pop-up on his screen. OTP 552 Travis works primarily from home as a medical transcriptions. Travis scans his through Windows Explorer and check out the file system. Daryl sets up a simple forms-based logon screen for all the applications he creates so they are secure. After about two months of working on his new computer. Which of the following web browser can adequately fill this purpose? A. After another month of working on the computer. Bob always make use of a basic Web Browser to perform such examing. He has seen these windows show up. code. According to his calculations. Travis frequently has to get on the Internet to do research on what he is working on. Every once in awhile. Tiger 554 Daryl is a network administrator working for Dayton Technologies. and more. Travis thinks this is very odd. Travis's Computer is infected with Self-Replication Worm that fills the hard disk space D. He plans to exam a site that is known to have malicious applets. Travis's Computer is infected with stealth kernel level rootkit B. He uses voice recognition software is processor intensive.for a low/no cost solution to encrypt email. What is mostly likely the cause of Travi's problems? A. What should Richard use? A. 3DES D. RSA C. Travis downloads Space Monger and adds up the sizes for all the folders and files on his computer. Travis uses antivirus software. Mozila C. Logic Bomb's triggered at random times creating hidden data consuming junk files 553 Bob is a very security conscious computer user. folder by folder to see if there is anything he can find. Since Daryl's background is in web application development.

Eve is trying to escalate privilege of the null user to that of Administrator 557 How do you defend against f? A. Password sniffer B. What tool would work best for Daryl's needs? A.3\c$ /user:"Administrator" %%a What is Eve trying to do? A. Daryl wants a tool or program that can monitor web-based passwords and notify him when a password has been changed so he can use that tool whenever a user calls him and he can give them their password right then. Eve is trying to connect as an user with Administrator privileges B.The problem Daryl is having is that his users are forgetting their passwords quite often and sometimes he does not have the time to get into his applications and change the passwords for them. From the command prompt. 2003 SPAM Preventing Act C. Use ARPWALL system and block ARP spoofing attacks 558 After an attacker has successfully compromised a remote computer. 2004 CANSPAM Act B.2. She notices that Alice is using a computer whose port 445 is active and listening. Eve uses the ENUM tool to enumerate Alice machine. Install pactehs B. 1990 Computer Misuse Act 556 Eve is spending her day scanning the library computers. John the Ripper D. Setup a backdoor 123 . she types the following command. 2005 US-SPAM 1030 Act D. workstation and routers B. L0phtcrack C.1. what would be one of the last steps that would be taken to ensure that the compromise is not traced back to the source of the problem? A. For /f "tokens=1 %%a in (hackfile. WinHttrack 555 Which of the following act in the united states specifically criminalizes the transmission of unsolicited commercial e-mail(SPAM) without an existing business relationship. A. Eve is trying to carry out a password crack for user Administrator D. Use private VLANS D. Place static ARP entries on servers. Eve is trying to enumerate all users with Administrative privileges C.txt) do net use * \\10. True IDS Sensors to look for large amount of ARP traffic on local subnets C.

IIS Unicode 561 In order to attack a wireless network. you don't want to sacrifice reliability for speed. Unauthorized access point attack C. what do you infer from the attack? 124 .C. As part of his network architecture. A. You are in hurry and conducting the scans at the fastest possible speed. C. D. WebDav B. Rouge access point attack B. Stealth scan C. unprotected by a firewall or filtering router. he has included a host that is fully exposed to attack. Connect scan D. What would you call such a host? A. Create a SYN flood. what type of scan should you run to get very reliable results? A. Create a ping flood. WEP attack 562 An employee wants to defeat detection by a network-based IDS application. Create a multiple false positives. Install a zombie for DDOS 559 You are performing a port scan with nmap. Cover your tracks D. Honeypot B. 563( hoi thay them) pass4sure dap an la A Ron has configured his network to provide strong perimeter security. If stealth is not an issue. DMZ host C. MS Blaster D. B. War Chalking D. Which of the following strategies can be used to defeat detection by a network-based IDS application? (Choose the best answer) A. Create a covert network tunnel. XMAS scan B. you put up an access point and override the signal of the real access point. DWZ host D. What kind of attack is this? A. He does not want to attack the system containing the IDS application. However. As users send authentication data. The system is on the public side of the demilitarized zone. choose the exploit against which this rule applies. SQL Slammer C. you are able to capture it. Fragmented packet scan 560 Study the snort rule given below: From the options below. Bastion Host 564 Given the following extract from the snort log on a honeypot.

The exploit was not successful 565 Within the context of Computer Security. Character Encoding D. Tailgating C. A government agency since they know the company computer system strengths and weaknesses C. It deals with the way in which systems convert data from one form to another. C. Swipe Gating D. Social Engineering is the act of publicly disclosing information. which of the following registers gets overwritten with return address of the exploit code? A. Jason. Social Engineering is a training program within sociology studies. vendors. Who is considered an insider? A. B. A. Jason waits for Jake to swipe his access card and follows him through the open door into the secure systems area. EAP D. A competitor to the company because they can directly benefit from the publicity generated by making such an attack 125 . EEP 567 Jake works as a system administrator at Acme Corp. business partners. contractors. Smooth Talking 568 _____ is the process of converting something from one representation to the simplest form. temps. The exploit was successful D. Social Engineering is the means put in place by human resource to perform time accounting. D. people who have direct access to a company's computer system as part of their job function or a business relationship. suppliers. EIP B. and consultants D. 566 In Buffer Overflow exploit. Character Mapping C. The CEO of the company because he has access to all of the computer systems B. Disgruntled employee.A. Social Engineering is the act of getting needed information from a person rather than breaking into a system. which of the following statements best describe Social Engineering? A. A new user id was created C. How would you describe Jason's behavior within a security context? A. Trailing B. customers. an accountant of the firm befriends him at the canteen and tags along with him on the pretext of appraising him about potential tax benefits. UCS transformation formats 569 A majority of attacks come from insiders. ESP C. A new port was opened B. Canonicalization B.

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