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The Power of School
Saving Lives and Futures
A Message from the U.S. Fund Board Chair and President
Dear Friend of UNICEF, Every day, you help us to be the voice of the world’s children. It’s not always easy. This Earth can be a loud place. But you have shown over time that you know how imperative it is that children are heard, that their needs are addressed, that they are protected and given the opportunities for health and education they all deserve. The one-year anniversary of the Haiti earthquake was a stark reminder of just how essential it is to put children center stage (see p. 3). UNICEF believes that children must be at the heart of the recovery in Haiti to ensure meaningful transformation and lasting progress. The generation of children we are helping in Haiti now will become the adults who lead their country away from its cycle of poverty and unfulfilled potential. We have been awed by their resilience and determination — despite all they have lost in the last year — to get the education they know they need to elevate their lives, and their country. With your support, we will continue to help Haiti’s children attain that education. The core benefits of a good education are no mystery. But a recent study published in The Lancet shows, in a very concrete way, that education can actually make an entire nation healthier. The study found that increases in girls’ education over the last 40 years are responsible for about half of the drop in global under-five child mortality (see feature p. 10). Findings like these reinforce why it is so crucial to improve all aspects of children’s health and well-being. And why UNICEF is not just a relief agency — it is a relief, recovery, child survival, and development agency. UNICEF is there long before any disaster strikes, and doesn’t leave when the emergency is over. Despite our country’s still-difficult economy, you have continued to show unflagging generosity toward vulnerable children worldwide. You can be justly proud that, while charitable giving is still suffering a nationwide slump, donations to the U.S. Fund are not. We are grateful that you and so many new donors recognize UNICEF — and the world’s children — as an invaluable investment. Thank you.
Anthony Pantaleoni Board Chair
Caryl M. Stern President and CEO
P.S. To further lend your voice to Haiti’s children, please visit UNICEFHaiti365.org.
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
In This Issue
7 Donor Activities at Home and Abroad
2–4 UNICEF in the Field 8–9 Field Visits 14–15 Partner Profiles Lorraine Nelson and Bernard Taylor 10–13 Feature: The Power of School — Saving Lives and Futures 16 Remembrance — Mary Emma Allison
4–6 Inside the U.S. Fund
U.S. Fund for UNICEF Board of Directors
Honorary Co-Chairs George H.W. Bush Jimmy Carter William J. Clinton Chair Emeritus Hugh Downs Chair Anthony Pantaleoni Vice Chair Peter Lamm President Caryl M. Stern Secretary Gary M. Cohen Treasurer Edward G. Lloyd Honorary Directors Susan V. Berresford James H. Carey Marvin J. Girouard Anthony Lake John C. Whitehead Honorary Members Joy Greenhouse Helen G. Jacobson Susan C. McKeever Lester Wunderman Directors Andrew D. Beer Daniel J. Brutto Nelson Chai Gary M. Cohen Mary Callahan Erdoes Pamela Fiori Dolores Rice Gahan, D.O. Bruce Scott Gordon Vincent John Hemmer Peter Lamm Téa Leoni Bob Manoukian Anthony Pantaleoni Amy L. Robbins Henry S. Schleiff Kathi P. Seifert Caryl M. Stern Jim Walton Sherrie Rollins Westin
Produced by the Department of Editorial and Creative Services
Executive Editor Mia Drake Brandt Managing Editor Adam Fifield Art Director Rachael Bruno Assistant Managing Editor Jen Banbury Contributing Editor Eileen Coppola Contributing Writer Kevin Cavanaugh Designer Melissa Axelrod Copyright © 2011 U.S. Fund for UNICEF . All rights reserved.
Every Child No. 1, 2011
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Though the flood waters that covered nearly onefifth of PAKISTAN and impacted more than 20 million people have receded, the emergency in that country is far from over. Tens of thousands of displaced families continue to make their way home to the rural areas hit hardest. But their houses, crops, and livestock — their entire livelihoods — are gone. Much of Pakistan gets very cold in the winter, and families are struggling to find or build shelter to keep their children warm. And they’re facing the stark realities of starting their lives over from scratch. Since the early stages of the flood crisis, UNICEF has been providing clean water to 2.8 million people daily, and sanitation facilities to more than 1.5 million people. UNICEF has also helped immunize over 9 million children against measles and polio. Nutritional supplements have reached nearly 300,000 pregnant women and mothers with young babies, as well as malnourished children. And through temporary learning centers, UNICEF has helped restore education for more than 106,000 children. To help children survive the winter, UNICEF has provided them with warm clothing and blankets. However, millions of families still need safe drinking water, medicine, and nutritional supplements. “The scale of this remains massive,” says UNICEF’s Regional Director for South Asia, Daniel Toole. “The impact of the floods in Pakistan will be felt for years to come, so the more we can do now the quicker children and families will recover, and that means urgently needed funds to do our job better.”
To support UNICEF’s work in Pakistan, please visit unicefusa.org/Pakistan.
In CÔTE D’IVOIRE, a contentious presidential election in November led to civil unrest and political killings, forcing many to flee to nonviolent parts of the country or to neighboring LIBERIA and GUINEA. UNICEF and partners are helping these displaced children and families by providing safe drinking water, food, shelter, sanitation, and primary health services. To enable children to continue their education following recent flooding in BENIN, UNICEF is helping to distribute more than 100,000 school kits and rehabilitate some of the many schools destroyed.
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
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Haiti One Year Later — Don’t Forget the Children
By Kevin Cavanaugh, Senior Program Officer, U.S. Fund for UNICEF
In Haiti, the aftershocks from last year’s calamitous earthquake may be long over — but the aftermath is not. One million people still live in tents. Mounds of rubble still line the streets. Families still struggle every day just to survive. All this, while a cholera outbreak rages across the country. This fall, I spent seven weeks in Haiti, embedded with UNICEF staff. It was one of the most wrenching and inspiring experiences of my life. The challenges are immense, but they should not overshadow the results that UNICEF and its partners have been able to achieve. Among them: 2 million children immunized against deadly diseases; more than 1.2 million Haitians provided with clean water soon after the quake; some 720,000 students given educational support; over 94,000 children cared for at 369 UNICEF-supported child-friendly spaces. Much of this was made possible by the generosity of American donors, and that generosity is still at work. Every single day, under extremely difficult and rapidly changing conditions, UNICEF is still saving lives in Haiti. The staff members are some of the most selfless, honorable people I have ever met. Many have endured hardships and losses of their own, yet their dedication to Haiti’s children is boundless. I think about what Haiti would be like without them, without UNICEF, and that’s when the significance of this work hits home for me. It also hit home for a U.S. Fund delegation that visited Haiti in October. I greeted U.S. Fund President and CEO Caryl M. Stern at the airport in Port-auPrince. It was her second visit to Haiti in 2010. Her first trip, a month after the quake, had been a jarring one. This time, she encountered very different circumstances — there were signs of progress everywhere. Caryl from was accompanied United and Dikembe by Jim Coughlan from UPS, Maria Castaneda 1199SEIU East, Healthcare Global Mutombo Workers NBA Field visits allow UNICEF supporters an intimate look at the impact of their donations. Each trip is also a lesson in patience, humility, and the kind of optimism that doesn’t waver in the face of adversity — and, this time, the children we met were our greatest teachers. Haiti’s children mustn’t be forgotten or underestimated. They understand the hardships. Yet they smile and play. They remain stubbornly hopeful. At a UNICEFsupported child-friendly space, we were all invited to dance and clap. Every single one of us joined the circle of children. It was impossible to say no.
To support UNICEF’s work in Haiti, please visit UNICEFHaiti365.org.
(pictured at right). They all arrived with open minds and hearts, eager to interact with people and especially with children. One afternoon, Dikembe played basketball with several kids. They had never seen someone so tall, and I’m sure they’ll always remember the day they played with an NBA great.
You can take action at UNICEFHaiti365.org and stand with the children of Haiti year round. Sign up to receive alerts on issues affecting Haiti’s youth and to learn how you can help. You’ll also find first-person accounts from children in Haiti, and you’ll be able to join the “Voices of Haiti” gallery by creating a video expressing your support. Let’s keep children center stage as Haiti rebuilds and recovers. Lend your voice today at UNICEFHaiti365.org.
Every Child No. 1, 2011
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Protecting Babies from HIV
HIV/AIDS takes an appalling toll on infants. Every day, more than 1,000 babies worldwide are infected with HIV during pregnancy, labor, delivery, or breastfeeding. Most are in subSaharan Africa. Without medical aid, at least half of these babies will die before age two. UNICEF has come up with an innovative way to combat this devastating crisis: an amazing little take-home box called the “MotherBaby Pack,” which contains all the drugs and antibiotics needed to halt transmission of the virus from mother to child and to protect the infant in the crucial weeks following birth. The medicines are separated into three color-coded containers corresponding to three time periods: pregnancy, labor and delivery, and postdelivery. Based on an idea pioneered by health workers in Lesotho, the “Mother-Baby Pack” was created by UNICEF in collaboration with the World Health Organization, UNITAID, and other partners. Women and infants receiving treatment to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV must make frequent visits to health clinics. But for many impoverished women in remote areas, making repeated trips to a clinic is arduous, if not impossible — so the portable pack is a lifesaver. Launched in Kenya in October by UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake, the “Mother-Baby Pack” is also being rolled out in Cameroon, Lesotho, and Zambia. A new report by UNICEF and several partners estimates that mother-to-child transmission of HIV can be virtually eliminated by 2015, if efforts are stepped up to reach the most marginalized women and babies with this and other interventions.
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So Much Good in One Night
In decorating Cipriani 42nd Street for the November 30th Snowflake Ball, UNICEF Ambassador Vern Yip of HGTV suspended 22,000 individual twinkling lights from the ceiling to represent each of the 22,000 children who die every day from preventable causes. That decorative touch said so much about the ball itself: both are at once dazzlingly beautiful and deeply meaningful. Five hundred UNICEF supporters attended the Snowflake Ball, which raised more than $2.4 million — including $500,000 from a live auction — toward programs and supplies that will make a difference for children all over the world. George Harrison’s widow Olivia Harrison received the Spirit of Compassion Award, and Haiti Representative Françoise Gruloos-Ackermans was honored with the Audrey Hepburn Humanitarian Award on behalf of all the UNICEF Haiti staff. Attendees enjoyed not just lively hosting by Paula Zahn, but also performances by Rockjazz pianist ELEW and Fistful of Mercy, featuring Ben Harper, Dhani Harrison (son of George and Olivia Harrison), and Joseph Arthur. UNICEF Ambassador Marcus Samuelsson and Wolfgang Puck created a wonderful menu. Most essential to the success of this great event — the money raised will provide lifesaving aid for children around the world.
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
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Shelter from the Storm: UPS Provides Invaluable Support for UNICEF Emergency Response
In 2005, after Hurricane Katrina viciously battered the Gulf Coast, the U.S. Fund for UNICEF coordinated the delivery of School-in-a-Box and recreation kits to children in affected areas. It was the first time UNICEF had responded to an emergency on American soil. The kits were delivered quickly and efficiently, thanks in great part to the generosity and expertise of UPS. Using its extensive supply chain network, the global shipping transported company periled by disaster. After Haiti’s colossal earthquake in January 2010, more than 100 UPS and UNICEF volunteers packed and transported aid kits for 50,000 displaced and vulnerable Haitian children. UPS and UNICEF joined forces again in July to transport relief supplies for refugees in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. “There’s no better way to utilize UPS’s logistics leadership and expertise than to aid children during disasters,” said Dan Brutto, President of UPS International and a U.S. Fund for UNICEF National Board member. “Our presence in 215 countries and territories combined with UNICEF’s expertise in providing aid enables essential supplies to be delivered to the world’s most vulnerable.” Brutto and his family visited Vietnam in August 2010 to see UNICEF in action, and in October, Vice President of the UPS Global Solutions group Jim Coughlan accompanied U.S. Fund President and CEO Caryl M. Stern on a trip to Haiti. In 2010 and 2011, The UPS Foundation provided $2 million in support for UNICEF, including $400,000 in cash and in-kind assistance for UNICEF’s Haiti relief efforts. The contribution will also strengthen UNICEF’s emergency preparedness and build capacity in logistic activities as well as establish a humanitarian response fund to help UNICEF quickly mobilize resources anywhere in the world. Over the years, the Foundation has awarded grants for UNICEF’s emergency programs in the Asia-Pacific region, Mozambique, and other areas, and has also funded girls’ education programs and the delivery of School-in-a-Box kits.
the kits, free of charge, to U.S. Fund partner organizations in several states. UPS also paid fees for supplies coming from UNICEF’s Copenhagen warehouse, and provid-
There’s no better way to utilize UPS’s logistics leadership and expertise than to aid children during disasters.
ed its services to pick up shipments and distribute them to their final destinations. This crucial in-kind assistance helped children whose lives had been roiled by chaos reclaim a semblance of normality. A UNICEF partner for over ten years, UPS has stepped up on numerous occasions to aid children and families im-
The Danny Kaye Society
Danny Kaye once said, “I believe deeply that children are more powerful than oil, more beautiful than rivers, more precious than any other natural resource a country can have. I feel that the most rewarding thing I have ever done in my life is to be associated with UNICEF.” Danny Kaye’s work on behalf of children and UNICEF was nothing short of extraordinary. In honor of his commitment to children, and with the support of his daughter Dena Kaye, the U.S. Fund recently changed the name of its Legacy Society to the Danny Kaye Society. Like Danny Kaye, members of the Society believe in creating a lasting legacy for children. You become a member when you include the U.S. Fund for UNICEF in your estate plans. By having the foresight and leadership to invest in the survival and development of vulnerable children, Danny Kaye Society members help save and improve the lives of generations to come.
For more information, please visit unicefusa.org/ giftplanning or call Karen Metzger at 866-486-4233.
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Gifts That Give Back
U.S. Fund corporate partners who participated in the UNICEF “Gifts that Give Back” campaign spread far more than glad tidings and good cheer during the last holiday season. Gucci, IKEA, FEED, H&M, and other companies provided significant support for UNICEF programs aiding the world’s neediest children. Gucci announced a $1 million donation to UNICEF’s “Schools for Africa” initiative in honor of the company’s partnership with UNICEF and the launch of the new Gucci children’s collection. In addition, Gucci Timepieces pledged a donation of $70,000 to mark the launch of a new special model of the U-Play watch. The company also continued sales of the “Gucci for UNICEF” Sukey bag, designed by Gucci Creative Director Frida Giannini. The bag is being sold in stores in 20 countries and at Gucci.com until February 28, and Gucci is donating 25 percent of the retail price to support Schools for Africa. (To learn more about this education initiative, please see page 12). Committed to helping children everywhere receive a quality education, IKEA once again launched its annual soft toy campaign to benefit UNICEF. For each toy sold between November 1 and December 24, IKEA made a donation of 1 euro (approximately $1.36) to be split between UNICEF and Save the Children. The promotion generated more than $10 million for UNICEF education programs, bringing the total raised through IKEA’s soft toy campaign during the past 7 years to over $41 million. The program has helped over 8 million children in more than 40 countries. A charitable company whose mission is to create good products that FEED the world, FEED Projects is helping UNICEF combat malnutrition. For every FEED 1 Guatemala pouch and FEED 3 Guatemala bag sold at Lord & Taylor stores in the U.S. and online, FEED Projects is donating $3.50 and $10.50, respectively, to the U.S. Fund for UNICEF, to help UNICEF provide micronutrients for Guatemalan children. During the holiday season, at H&M stores in 30 countries around the world, customers were invited to make a donation at the register to support UNICEF water programs. Based on the amount given, customers received one or a pack of six specially designed H&M holiday giftbox stickers.
To learn more about special promotions from U.S. Fund corporate partners, please visit unicefusa.org/partneroffers.
When You Take Water, Give Water
If you tuned in to Bravo’s “Top Chef Masters” last season, you witnessed Chef and UNICEF Ambassador Marcus Samuelsson win the grand title — and $100,000 to benefit the UNICEF Tap Project. Since its creation in 2007, the Tap Project has grown tremendously each year, raising nearly $2.5 million to provide millions of children and families with safe and clean water. This year celebrities have joined our cause and are even donating samples of their own tap water to help raise awareness of the world water crisis. Their message? Water is health, water is life, and water is worthy of celebration. You can be a part of the UNICEF Tap Project just by dining at a participating restaurant during World Water Week, March 20–26, and donating $1 or more for the tap water you would normally drink for free. Or you can get involved by signing up as a UNICEF Tap Project volunteer.
For all the information you need — including details about how you can win celebrity tap water — please visit tapproject.org.
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
d o N o r AC t I v I t I E s At h o m E A N d A b r oA d
Making a Difference
Attending UNICEF Next Generation’s first annual Masquerade Ball were (clockwise): Gloria Moncrief Holmsten, Anika Kreider, Danielle Abraham, Emily Griset, Rebecca Sinn, Wendy Reyes, Krystal Sachs, Suruchi Ahuja, Samantha Elfland, Ashley Weaver, Manish Vora, and Randolph Frazier II.
Southern California Regional Board member Christina Zilber (l.), supporter Maryl Georgi, and celebrity chef Lulu Powers at the recent Los Angeles Speakers Series luncheon.
Shown at a UNICEF-supported school in Haiti in October are (l.-r.): Kevin Cavanaugh of the U.S. Fund; UNICEF’s Cifora Monier; U.S. Fund President and CEO Caryl M. Stern; former school headmistress Erna Lambert; Maria Castaneda of 1199SEIU United Healthcare Workers East; and (at rear) Jim Coughlan of UPS and NBA Global Ambassador Dikembe Mutombo.
Members of the 2010 Snowflake Committee who attended the ball included (l.-r.): Deb Shriver, Eleanora Kennedy, Alicia Bythewood, Charlotte Moss, Christine Stonbely, Hilary Gumbel, Téa Leoni, Pamela Fiori, Rachel Hovnanian, and Claudia Lebenthal.
Shannon Harvey went on a recent U.S. Fund field visit to Peru with her father, Midwest Regional Board Chair Paul Harvey. Shannon sits with some of the children she met during the trip.
U.S. Fund Southwest Regional Board members Jill Cochran and Joyce Goss (l.); Regional Director Sonya Renner; moderator Rick Halperin, Director of Southern Methodist University’s Human Rights Education Program; and Susan Bissell, UNICEF Chief of Child Protection, at the inaugural Speaker Series luncheon in Dallas.
Every Child No. 1, 2011
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The Democratic Republic of the Congo
In October, U.S. Fund for UNICEF National Board Vice Chair Peter Lamm, New England Regional Board Chair Kaia Miller, and U.S. Fund Senior Vice President of Program and Strategic Partnerships Cynthia McCaffrey visited the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mr. Lamm and Ms. Miller (pictured below) provided the following account of the trip. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a country of stark contrasts. About the size of Western Europe, it has fewer miles of paved roads than the State of Delaware. Home to vast mineral reserves, it is also one of the poorest countries in the world. It is spectacularly beautiful, yet marred by appalling violence. Great strides are being made in health and education, including a recent significant drop in the country’s child mortality rate — yet one out of every six Congolese children under age five still dies from preventable causes. It is a place of enormous problems — and enormous opportunities. We have both long wanted to visit the DRC and, in October, we finally got the chance. We met some remarkable children and families who are determined to overcome unbelievably difficult circumstances. And we saw how UNICEF is helping them not only survive, but also seize a brighter future. After a three-hour drive from the capital city of Kinshasa, we met members of a community who had created what is known as a “healthy village.” supports villages” out the providing UNICEF “healthy throughDRC by essential
materials and technical advice to build in-home toilets, establish a clean water source for the village, and use mosquito nets in every home. A local health worker described the results of these efforts to us: a dramatic drop in deaths from diarrhea and malaria. In fact, UNICEF has helped establish about 500 “healthy villages” throughout the DRC — at a cost of roughly $5,000 for every 900 families — yet this represents only a fraction of communities in need. Signs of progress were everywhere during the trip, including at a UNICEFsupported temporary preschool in a Goma refugee camp. Throughout the DRC, three out of four children are now getting an education — a 23 percent increase since 2000. Even more impressive, there are almost equal numbers of girls and boys in the classroom. At the Goma school, the children greeted us — some excitedly, some warily, some crying for their moms (who were luckily right outside). And then they put on a stirring performance — singing, clapping, reciting poetry — that offered a glimpse into the extreme hardships they had faced. Many had been uprooted from their homes by violence and had witnessed terrible acts of brutality. Now these girls and boys have a chance at a better life, thanks to the commitment of their families and UNICEF’s support. At a center for the rehabilitation of former child soldiers, we met about 50 teenage boys who had been abducted from their homes and forced to fight. Despite all that had happened to them, they had beaming smiles and infectious energy. They told us their aspirations — to become a football player, President, a UNICEF worker. And to live a life free from war. UNICEF has provided training, guidance, and supplies for this dynamic program since it opened in 1986. Thousands of boys have been rehabilitated, relearning skills and behavior essential for reintegration into their families and communities. As we left, the boys formed a circle to sing, dance, and thank UNICEF for being with them when they needed it most.
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
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In August, U.S. Fund for UNICEF supporters and staff traveled to Peru for a parent-child field visit to give families an opportunity to experience UNICEF’s work together. Nicole Sheindlin and her son Alexei, and Beth Weir and her son Alexander were among those on the trip, and they provided this account. (Alexei is pictured bottom right; Alexander is bottom left.) NICOLE SHEINDLIN: We were on a bus, headed into the mountains. The road wound up and up. Eventually, the bus could go no farther and we walked the rest of the way to reach the small village of Chumpe on the mountaintop. that morning, Earlier tered all around the mountain. When we arrived at the village, we learned how local health workers keep track of the households and the needs of the children, using a simple, effective chart. They knew which children were in danger of being undernourished or had special medical needs, which women were pregnant… I was in awe of how well run everything was. We sat outside briefly with the village’s children. It was incredibly cold, and the wind was whipping hard. My son Alexei sat down next to a boy whose shoes were falling apart — the boy’s toes were sticking out. Alexei looked at this boy’s feet and turned to me and we caught each other’s eye. He didn’t say anything, but I knew he was thinking, “Why?” It was incredible to see just how little these people had. And to know that, because of UNICEF, they did have help. BETH WEIR: In another village, we presented children at the local school with winter clothing we had brought. There’s an increased mortality rate among the children in this area because they don’t have the proper clothing for the freezing winters. And even within the school there were real socioeconomic differences — some of the children were much more ragged and were just clearly struggling. When a soccer game broke out, my son Alexander made an effort to include those children — he was kicking the ball to them and talking with them. Playing with those kids had an enormous impact on him. We have poverty in our country, but we have a strong infrastructure and programs that are there to help. In those remote villages, there really isn’t anything other than UNICEF. We all felt that, just by being there with UNICEF, we were making a difference. We came away from the trip realizing that whatever you do through UNICEF matters. Whether it’s pennies you collect at Halloween or large checks you send; whether it’s giving enough for a sweater or paying to build an entire school — anything you do helps these children. They have so little, the smallest assistance can change their lives.
we had heard from local health officials about how they are working with UNICEF to provide prenatal care, nutritional support, and other health services to families in the area. But the contrast be-
We came away from the trip realizing that whatever you do through UNICEF matters.
tween hearing about these programs and experiencing what it takes to make them work was amazing. The logistical challenges alone are huge. In Chumpe, there are no roads, and the villagers live scat-
Every Child No. 1, 2011
The Power of School
By Adam Fifield
Saving Lives and Futures
ay in, day out, in the unrelenting sun, Peter Napari hacks at the earth with a hoe. His wife works by his side, a baby strapped to her back. On their subsistence farm in northern Ghana, they harvest maize, yams, and cassava, trying to provide enough food for themselves and four children. The family lives in huts that Mr. Napari built from mud. As a child, he had glimpsed a different life — when he attended school. But his father pulled him out
of the third grade, needing his help in the fields. Had he completed his education, he muses, “my life would have been better than this.” The consequences of missing out on school in northern Ghana are extreme, according to UNICEF Ghana Education Officer Biikook Gideon Konlan. “Without an education, you have no future,” he says. “You have to till the land or become a laborer in the south and work on the cocoa farms or in the mines.”
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
Now, Peter Napari wants his daughter Elizabeth to grasp the dream that eluded him. Which is no small thing in a place where girls traditionally help the family in the fields until they get married. They go on to have children of their own, often at a very young age, and then struggle to care for them without even the most basic resources. It is an oppressive cycle of poverty, ill health, and illiteracy that quietly traps generation after generation. But it is a cycle that Elizabeth and her father may finally break — with help from UNICEF. A UNICEF-supported child-friendly school in the Naparis’ village offers a safe, nurturing environment. The facility includes separate toilets for girls and boys and a new playground. Trained teachers live in a dorm on site. Two wells installed by UNICEF and its partners guarantee that students and nearby residents have safe drinking water. The wells fulfill another vital purpose: they free many children, including Elizabeth, from the arduous daily task of hauling water from a faraway stream. Elizabeth performs other chores before and after school. The loss of her labor is still a big sacrifice for her family. But Mr. Napari is convinced his daughter’s education is worth it. “Elizabeth is good in school, and I am determined to help her succeed,” he says. She is well on her way. In fact, Elizabeth is the first member of her family in generations to finish primary school. Now in junior high, the shy but self-assured twelve-year-old plans on becoming a doctor, she explains, “because there is no hospital or doctor in this village.”
Why Educating Girls Is a Matter of Life and Death
Going to school alleviates hardship and unlocks new and transformative possibilities. Education is also a basic human right, and UNICEF strives to ensure that all children have an equal opportunity to learn. The world is closer to this reality than ever before: school enrollment has doubled over the past two decades. Yet, globally, some 69 million youths are still not enrolled in primary school, and they are among the most disadvantaged children on Earth. More than half are girls. There are also major enrollment disparities based on poverty, ethnicity, disability, and HIV/AIDS. Getting these children into the classroom is far more than a moral imperative. It is, in the words of UNICEF Senior Education Advisor Dr. Changu Mannathoko, “a matter of life and death.” Many schools actually provide crucial health care and also teach healthy behaviors. But the link between learning and child survival does not end there. Educating girls is key — and not just for the girls’ sake. Children of educated mothers have a far better chance of surviving than children whose mothers never went to school. A mother who has received an education will likely have more money to buy medicines and food, will know more about nutrition and hygiene, and will make better use of health services. For example, when mothers in developing countries take their babies to health clinics, they are often handed a chart with dates of follow-up shots and visits. “But you need to be able to read and write to understand that chart,” says Dr. Mannathoko. On average, the chances of a baby’s dying drop by between five and ten percent for each additional year of schooling the
(continued on page 12)
Without an education, you have no future.
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The Power of School, continued from page 11
mother receives. In Ethiopia, child survival rates are more than double for mothers with a secondary education, compared with mothers who have only finished primary school. Worldwide, about half of the drop in under-five child mortality over the last four decades can be attributed to increases in women’s education, according to a recent study published in the British medical journal The Lancet and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. More girls in school also means improved maternal health and enhanced economic and social development. “This is a powerful argument for girls’ education,” Dr. Mannathoko says. “If you invest in education — and if you invest in girls — it has such a positive impact in so many different areas.” But making sure girls get the chance to learn is also an issue of basic fairness. “The rights of that girl are as important as the overall advantages to society of her going to school,” adds Dr. Mannathoko. “At UNICEF, we are looking out for each individual child, each girl and each boy, to make sure they receive the benefits of education.” Girls who are denied those benefits face not only poverty, illiteracy, and illness — but are more likely to suffer discrimination, exploitation, early marriage, and female genital mutilation. The number of girls in school has risen dramatically in recent years, but a significant gender gap persists in many countries. As the leader of the United Nations Girls’ Education Initiative, UNICEF champions the rights of girls, fights discrimination, supports grassroots girls’ empowerment efforts, and works with governments and partners to promote gender equity in the classroom — and by extension, in society as a whole.
Schools for Africa
In Zimbabwe, Agnes Mutima is anxious that the six grandchildren she looks after get an education — and that includes having a safe, dry place to learn. She was thrilled when the “Schools for Africa” program came to her village to build a new school. “When it rained, these children were rained on — when it was cold, they were very cold,” says Ms. Mutima. “This will now change, and they will have a proper primary education.” In sub-Saharan Africa, one-third of all children are deprived of the chance to go to school. They miss out because of inadequate school facilities and poor teacher training. Poverty also forces children to drop out of school early to help support their families. And a lack of gender-separate toilets causes many adolescent girls to stay home. Schools for Africa is a partnership among UNICEF, the Nelson Mandela Foundation, and the Hamburg Society that is giving millions of children — with a special emphasis on girls, children orphaned by AIDS, and those living in extreme poverty — tools for a basic quality education. Schools for Africa currently operates in 11 of Africa’s neediest countries, where it is building and rehabilitating almost 1,000 schools; training nearly 100,000 teachers; supplying notebooks, pens, desks, chairs, and other essential school materials; and making sure the facilities have clean, safe drinking water and separate bathrooms for girls and boys. U.S. Fund for UNICEF partners that help fund Schools for Africa include Gucci, IKEA, Montblanc, and NBA star Pau Gasol. We thank them and all who give to this groundbreaking program.
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
A Quality Education for Every Child
To knock down barriers to learning for all children, UNICEF and its partners train teachers, distribute learning materials, and rehabilitate and build schools. Every year, UNICEF delivers education kits for millions of students and at least 100,000 teachers. For children displaced by emergencies or conflicts, it helps create schools in tents or other temporary shelters and distributes School-in-a-Box kits, which provide all the tools for an instant classroom. The agency also supports early childhood development and preschool programs. To bolster enrollment for the most marginalized children, UNICEF lobbies governments and works with local communities, and, in collaboration with the World Bank, advocates for the elimination of school fees that are beyond the reach of many families. It also helps families secure cash subsidies, on the condition they allow their children to attend school. These efforts have ushered millions of children into the classroom. But once children are in school, forces both beyond and within the classroom walls still threaten to drag them back out. In sub-Saharan Africa, around 38 million children drop out each year. Some are uprooted by conflict. Some are from poor communities and have to work. Some are subjected to violence while in or near school. Some leave because services and amenities are woefully inadequate. Some stay away because they are adolescent girls and have to share toilets with boys (if there are toilets at all). Says Dr. Mannathoko: are already “For in those children who school, we need to ask: Is the learning environment nurturing to them? Are they safe and secure? Have they been provided with services they need?” To ensure that children receive not just an education — but a quality education — UNICEF pioneered the idea of “child-friendly schools.” Providing a safe and healthy environment — in which children’s rights are protected
(continued on page 16)
…we need to ask: Is the learning environment nurturing to them? Are they safe and secure?…
A Second Chance for Child Laborers
Khaushaliya Kumari, fourteen, still has vivid memories of life as a child laborer. “Every day, after doing my morning chores at home, I would go and carry baskets of coal till the evening,” she says. “Unloading coal from the truck was always difficult.” Khaushaliya lives in the eastern Indian state of Bihar, and her family is deeply poor. With young siblings to feed, Khaushaliya was expected to help bring in money. There was no time or funds for school. But in 2009, the Indian Government passed the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, guaranteeing all children the chance to go to school. Like so many countries that work closely with UNICEF, India recognizes the essential role girls’ education plays in the whole nation’s health and well-being. Shortly after the act passed, Khaushaliya found herself enrolled in a special, intensive program. She and other girls who had been laborers stay full-time in a residential center and receive the individual attention they need to catch up and eventually finish their elementary education. Now, UNICEF is working with the Government of Bihar on a program to reach all outof-school children with the support needed to complete their education. “Before this, my life was very difficult,” says Khaushaliya. “Now I study. I play.”
Every Child No. 1, 2011
Pro FI lEs
Why I Give: Lorraine Nelson
When I was a little girl living in South Africa, I remember seeing the police chase down a very young African boy because he stole a loaf of bread. At that time the country was under apartheid rule and there was no sympathy given to the little boy, even though he was stealing the bread to feed his family. Yes, there are people who go without food here in this country, but in some of the countries I’ve lived in and visited, children scrounge through garbage dumps for food on a daily basis, and schooling is nothing more than a dream. For most of these children, just surviving is a miracle. I remember a woman who worked for my family in South Africa saying that in her village, pregnant women sometimes built little graves behind their huts because they didn’t know whether their babies would be born alive or dead. I was born in South Africa but lived in a number of countries before settling in the U.S. My father was a lawyer for the Commonwealth Secretariat and was deeply involved in human rights work, and my mother was a teacher. They
raised my sister and me to understand that no matter how bad you think you have it, people in developing world countries have it much worse. When more than half the world is starving, one should not turn one’s back and pretend that it isn’t happening or rely on others to help. Years ago, when my husband’s company for the children. I also deeply support UNICEF’s work in vaccinating children against childhood diseases that can kill them before they even have a chance in life, and I trust UNICEF and the U.S. Fund to keep only the bare minimum they need for administration costs, so that nearly all donations go toward helping children. I am very fortunate that my children and the children of everyone I know go to bed each night with warm food in their bellies and a roof over their heads. I believe that should be the right of every child in the world and that is why I give to UNICEF. started to achieve some measure of success, one of our first discussions involved each of us picking a charity in order to start giving back. For me, the decision was easy. UNICEF was, and always will be, my first choice. I always knew that I would support it when I could, and my husband wholeheartedly embraced the idea. We both sincerely believe that it is our responsibility to give back, and we trust UNICEF to do this on our behalf. If those of us who live comfortable lives gave just a little each year, imagine how many children could be saved. When there’s a real crisis, whether it’s a tsunami in Indonesia or an earthquake in Haiti, UNICEF is always there to care
For me, the decision was easy. UNICEF was, and always will be, my first choice.
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
Pro FI lEs
I believe the most lasting way to help a country or a society is to take care of the children. Make sure that they survive, that they have the basics, and that they are educated.
Why I Give: Bernard Taylor
Although I spent part of my childhood in the foster care system, I’ve been fortunate to raise a wonderful family and have a successful career. Accordingly, it is very important to me to provide boys and girls with opportunities to succeed in life. Many children in the United States are struggling, of course, and I work with and support organizations that serve them. But in developing countries, millions of children suffer unbelievable hardships and struggle for survival. It has been a natural transition for me to try to help these children as well. I believe the best way to do that is through UNICEF. During a 2008 visit to Madagascar and a 2009 trip to Tanzania, I had the privilege of witnessing UNICEF’s work in the field. In both places, I was blown away by the poverty — but also by the straightforward way that UNICEF provides solutions to problems, and how widely respected UNICEF is in the developing world. In Madagascar, for example, we visited a village where UNICEF had installed a water pump, the only source of fresh water in the village. On the day we were there, the pump stopped working. One of the members of our group was a UNICEF engineer. He got on the phone and began figuring out how to get the pump repaired. Before we left the next day, it was fixed. I encountered many other stories like that during our visit. It was amazing! As an African-American, I’m particularly interested in Africa’s future. Seeing how effective and efficient UNICEF is in Madagascar and Tanzania and learning about UNICEF’s presence throughout Africa has inspired me to do as much as I can to help. When I discuss UNICEF with people, they understand that the need is great. So the question becomes: where do you get the biggest bang for your buck? I tell them about my experiences and that I have seen concrete results. For people who want to really have an impact on the lives of vulnerable children, UNICEF is a very easy sell. I believe the most lasting way to help a country or a society is to take care of the children. Make sure that they survive, that they have the basics, and that they are educated. Then they will be able to succeed, and to make their world — and ours — better.
Every Child No. 1, 2011
The Power of School, continued from page 13
and their voices heard — child-friendly schools are inclusive, staffed by qualified teachers, and equipped with adequate resources and facilities. The schools feature engaging, ageappropriate curricula and foster parental and community involvement. They also often serve as hubs for a variety of basic services, including vaccinations, feeding programs, and child protection initiatives for orphans and other vulnerable children. There are now child-friendly schools in 99 countries. UNICEF designs child-friendly school buildings and has helped several governments incorporate child-friendly principles into educational standards and teacher development. With UNICEF leadership, more children are seizing previously unimaginable opportunities. Girls like Elizabeth Napari are embarking on futures that would have been impossible without recent progress. Still, 69 million children remain excluded from that progress. Providing them with a quality education will ultimately save millions of lives, lift millions out of poverty, combat malnutrition and disease, protect children against abuse, stem the tide of HIV/AIDS, help mothers survive, and spur economic growth. The cost of their continued absence from school? Not one anybody can afford.
To support UNICEF education programs, please visit unicefusa.org/donate/education.
Remembrance — Mary Emma Allison
Just days before the 60th anniversary of Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF (TOT) on Halloween, the U.S. Fund was deeply saddened to learn of the passing of Mary Emma Allison, who co-founded this world-changing campaign. Mrs. Allison was 93 and died on October 27 at her home in Lowell, Indiana, surrounded by friends and family. On Halloween night in 1947, after handing out candy to an endless parade of children, Mrs. Allison turned to her husband, the Reverend Clyde Allison, and said: “It’s too bad we can’t turn this into something good.” Together, the Allisons did just that — and in a very big way. Mary Emma Allison’s simple, altruistic notion eventually grew into America’s longest-running youth service program. Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF has empowered generations of children across America and has helped UNICEF save millions of children’s lives around the globe. Since its inception in 1950, TOT has raised more than $160 million for UNICEF programs. Reverend Clyde Allison died in 2009 at age 91. Our debt to the Allison family is immeasurable. On behalf of all the world’s children whose lives have been saved because of their amazing generosity and vision, we extend our most profound gratitude.
Cover: UNICEF/NYHQ2006-0403/Giacomo Pirozzi P1: UNICEF/NYHQ2006-0449/Giacomo Pirozzi UNICEF/PAKA2010-00497/Marta Ramoneda UNICEF/NYHQ2010-2087/Susan Markisz UNICEF/NYHQ2011-0013/Marco Dormino P2: UNICEF/NYHQ2010-2475/Michael Kamber UNICEF/NYHQ2010-2724/Marta Ramoneda UNICEF/NYHQ2010-2736/Marta Ramoneda P3: Fritz (Fito) Dambreville UNICEF/NYHQ2010-2659/Roger LeMoyne P4: UNICEF/NYHQ2010-2267/Christine Nesbitt Stephen Lovekin/Getty Images P5: UNICEF/NYHQ2010-00273/Shehzad Noorani
P10: P11: P12:
UNICEF/MLIA2009-00078/Giacomo Pirozzi UNICEF/UGDA2010-01011/Tadej Znidarcic Left to right: Stephen Lovekin/Getty Images, Lee Salem Photography, Fritz (Fito) Dambreville, Julie Skarratt, Paul Harvey, Nate Rehlander UNICEF/DRC/Kate Moore U.S. Fund for UNICEF/Cynthia McCaffrey Dolores Rice Gahan Dolores Rice Gahan Nicole Sheindlin UNICEF/NYHQ2007-0867/Georgina Cranston UNICEF/NYHQ2010-2716/Marta Ramoneda UNICEF/NYHQ2007-1359/Giacomo Pirozzi UNICEF/NYHQ2007-0966/Olivier Asselin
UNICEF/NYHQ2007-1642/Giacomo Pirozzi UNICEF/MLIA2009-00172/Giacomo Pirozzi UNICEF/NYHQ2010-1474/Shehzad Noorani P13: UNICEF/NYHQ2009-1279/Marta Ramoneda UNICEF/NYHQ2007-2248/Roger LeMoyne UNICEF/INDA2010-00084/Graham Crouch P14: UNICEF/MLWB2010-124/Shehzad Noorani UNICEF/NYHQ2010-0568/Giacomo Pirozzi P15: Courtesy of Bernard Taylor UNICEF/NYHQ2008-1790/Giacomo Pirozzi UNICEF/NYHQ2009-1237/Giacomo Pirozzi P16: UNICEF/NYHQ2006-2776/Bruno Brioni IBC: UNICEF/NYHQ2010-0750/Roger LeMoyne Courtesy of Harriet Natsuyama Envelope: UNICEF/NYHQ2006-2866/Julie Pudlowski
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
The U.S. Fund for UNICEF
Danny Kaye Society
(formerly the U.S. Fund for UNICEF Legacy Society)
“When I was a senior in high school, I got a scholarship to go to the university and study science. I was from an immigrant family with little money and it really changed my life. because of that education, I was able to have fairly well-paying jobs and to accumulate a bit of savings. Now I want to support UNICEF’s mission to give children, especially girls, the same chance to thrive.
I’m leaving money to UNICEF through my trust because I want to return the gift I was given to the whole world.”
Harriet Natsuyama Danny Kaye Society Member
Recognizing Those Who Have Invested in the Future of the World’s Children
to learn more about how you can create a legacy of life for future generations of children, please contact Karen metzger toll-free at (866) 486-4233, or email email@example.com.
No child should die of a preventable cause. Every day 22,000 do. We believe that number should be zero.
Believe in zero.
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