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SAP SD Corporate Structure Question In R/3 you can represent a company's structure by defining and assigning corporate structure elements. What is the purpose of doing that? Enterprise organization diagram. Chart showing the organizational structure of an enterprise, its organization units and how they are related. A combined structure can be created from the point of view of accounting, MM, SD. This structure forms a framework in which all business transactions can be processed. Which three organizational elements make up a sales area and briefly explain their function? Sales organization: An organizational unit that sells and distributes products, negotiates terms of sale, and is responsible for these transactions. Distribution channel: Channel through which salable materials or services reach customers. Typical distribution channels include wholesale, retail and direct sales. You can assign a distribution channel to one or more sales organizations. Division: Product groups can be defined for a wide-ranging spectrum of products. For every division you can make customer-specific agreements on, for example, partial deliveries, pricing and terms of payment. Within a division you can carry out statistical analyses or set up separate marketing. Name the three internal organizational elements within a sales organization and briefly explain their function. Sales Office. Geographical aspects of the organization in business development and sales are defined using the term sales office. A sales office can be considered as a subsidiary. Sales offices are assigned to sales areas. If you enter a sales order for a sales office within a certain sales area, the sales office must be assigned to that area. Sales Group. The staff of a sales office may be subdivided into sales groups. For example, sales groups can be defined for individual divisions. Salespersons. Individual personnel master records are used to manage data about salespersons. You can assign a sales person to a sales group in the personnel master record. What does the term "business area" refer to and how can it be used? Business Area. The system posts costs and revenue according to the business area. The business area can be equivalent to the : sales area (if the accounts are to be posted according to sales) plant/division (if the accounts are to be posted according to products) The business area is defined in Customizing for Sales. o Business area. A unit in an enterprise, grouping product and market combinations as homogeneously as possible for the purpose of developing unified business policy. o Financial Accounting (FI). A business area is an organizational unit within financial accounting which represents a separate area of operations or responsibilities within an organization. Financial accounting transactions can be allocated to a specific business area. Briefly explain the relationship between sales organizations and company codes. Many to One.
The business area that is responsible for a valuation area is determined as a function of the division. What is a credit control area? What relationship exists between credit control areas and company codes? Credit control area. Each delivery is processed by only one shipping point. Can you assign two different sales organization to the same company code? Yes. Explain the relationship between sales organizations. Which organizational element is central in shipping? Give a definition of it. It is not possible to assign a company code to more than one credit control areas. for example. A credit control area can include one or more company codes.What is the central organizational element in purchasing? Purchasing Organization. it includes the maintenance objects that are spatially located within this plant. Organizational unit within Logistics. Classification: Business object Structure: A plant can assume a variety of roles: As a maintenance plant. The maintenance tasks that are to be performed are specified within a maintenance planning plant. Many to Many. it makes merchandise available for distribution and sale. Many to Many to One. A shipping point could. and materials planning aspects. The storage location depends on the storage condition and the stock placement situation. a valuation area corresponds to a plant. Organizational unit in an organization that specifies and checks credit limits for customers. For the placement of materials in storage (stock put-away). plants and company codes. As a rule. the plant is the organizational unit for material valuation. As a rule. maintenance. be a company's mail department or a plant's rail depot. Can one business area be assigned to several company codes? Which (sub) module of SAP could make business areas obsolete? Yes in CO . a storage location is assigned to a plant. The preferred shipping point for a plant is defined as the default shipping point. A plant is a place where either materials are produced or goods and services provided. Give a definition of plant (in SAP). serving to subdivide an enterprise according to production. Shipping Point: Organizational unit at a fixed location that carries out shipping activities. As a retail or wholesale site. which depends on the shipping condition and the loading condition. Explain the relationship between sales organizations and plants. procurement. To what do you assign distribution channels and divisions? .
Sales and Distribution .Requirements typeV_TVEPZ_V . allowing stocks of materials to be broken down according to predefined criteria (e.the results analysis key. (Use transaction SM30 for V_* configuration)OVZH . What are the highest organizational units in SD.whether the requirements are relevant for MRP. OVZG .Sales Organizations.2. Materials planning transfers the reported requirements and creates orders or purchase requisitions from them etc.Schedule line category OVZ2 . Subdivision into locations takes geographical criteria into account. fine tuning using the schedule line category is possible).3. It ensures that the goods are available in time for the delivery.CO? SD: Sales Organizations.whether an item is to be settled to an auxiliary account assignment. location and materials planning aspects).the allocation indicator from the sales view which controls the settlement of customer requirements with requirements . whereas subdivision into operational areas reflects responsibilities for production.PP..g.4.. M: Plant PP: Plant FI: Company Code CO: Controlling Area Can you further subdivide a plant? If yes into what? A plant can be subdivided into storage locations. It is possible to have this check group proposed for the initial creation of a material master record. You can overwrite the default value for the checking group in the material master record. Note that a plant must exist for transfer of requirements to be carried out at document item level. If you have a warehouse management system active. How many shipping points can you assign to a plant? Many.Assignment of requirement type to TransactionV_TVEP_V . The system checks the availability of the goods based on the requested delivery date of the customer and creates MRP records which contain all necessary information for passing on to planning. Can a sales organization sell from a plant belonging to a different company code? Yes. the sales documents at schedule line level. For controlling transfer of requirements. You must define a check group. to what would you assign the warehouse number? Plant & Storage Location. How many shipping points can you assign to a sales organization? None.Requirement class It specifies the following points: .Transfer of Requirements The MRP department is informed about the quantities and deadlines by which incoming orders should be delivered.Define the checking group that the system proposes when you create a new material master record. The transfer of requirements must be switched on at requirements class level. Each requirement type has to be allocated to one requirement class only.. A plant can be subdivided into locations and operational areas.FI.Define Checking GroupV_TMVFU . you have to carry out the following steps: 1. MM..whether an availability check and a transfer of requirements is carried out for a transaction (for sales documents. Define whether the Material can be used at which Sales and Distribution process .the settlement profile.
no dialog 2.. Set the material status parameters in transaction SM30. In the standard SAP R/3 System. using the country key. OR To temporary block the creation of Sales Order for a certain materials. You can set three types of response for each Sales and Distribution process :1. you define the Tax Determination in VK12. Assign the plant for Tax Determination in OX10. More than one tax type can be defined for a country by defining the sequence. warning when entering the document 3. for example. For example :MWST MWST GST GST 0 1 Tax Exempt Liable for Taxes Now.Here you define how the system responds when entering a sales and distribution document with this material in the different Sales and Distribution Process Flow. to prevent orders from being entered for parts to be discontinued. Define the Customer Taxes in OVK3. you will maintain the tax code in Customer Master. which will then be maintain in Material Master. tax condition type "MWST" for taxes on sales and purchases). You can use the material status. Table Views V_TVMS. The SAP System determines the taxes automatically within pricing.Domestic Taxes/Export Taxes Condition Type Customer Taxes 0 0 1 1 MWST Material Taxes 0 1 0 1 Rate Taxes 0% 0% 0% 9% . the elements of tax calculation are predefined (for example. the SAP System recognizes which tax type is valid for a plant and thus which taxes are relevant when creating an SD document. Click Maintain and double click into the Materials Status code. the sales and distribution document cannot be entered on the basis of the material status) Define Tax Determination Rules You specify the valid tax types in transaction OVK1. VK12 . error message (that is. Define the Material Taxes in OVK4.
Tax determination: In case of a tax determination also. Transaction OVFL Check which credit control area is assigned to the sales area. plant data. shipping conditions etc. Thus this is a link between SD 3. Transaction XD02 or VD02 Check which credit control area is assigned to the payer. Link Between SAP SD.4 are taken into account according to their priority. 1. Every such movement of good s hits 2. (invoice. Sales area: Credit control area: 3. In case of standard sales order. this movement hits some G/L account in FI. This movement is configured in MM. if both the Customer Master and Material Master Tax code is 1. Whenever you create a delivery with reference to a sales order. some G/L account. 3. there is a direct link between SD and The settings of items 1 . Company code: Credit control area: 2. eg. you create an outbound goods delivery to the customer. MM How to do configuration for Credit Management function? Settings for determining the credit control area of a document. Payer: Credit control area: . While you create inbound/outbound delivery with reference to a sales order. goods movement takes place in the background. MM & FI The link between SD and MM :1. Tax will be included when you create the Sales Order. The credit control area found is stored in field VBAK-KKBER. debit The accounts posting in FI is done with reference to the billing documents and FI note. credit note etc) created in SD. Now the link between SD and FI :1. There are many such links between SD and MM. The material which you are entering in a sales order must to be extended the sales area of your sales order/customer otherwise you cannot transact with this material. MRP and availability check related data is also taken from MM although you control this data in SD also. all the details of the items are copied from Material master of MM. Here movement 601 takes place. Also. the shipping point determination takes place with the help of the loading group. 2. 4.In this example. This also refers to Material Master. When you create sales order in SD. Transaction OB38 Check which credit control area is assigned to the company code.
check whether fields "Reaction" and "Status/block" are set correctly. Settings for updating the credit values Update of the credit values is required for the limit check (static or dynamic credit limit check). Take these key fields from the above settings and go to the detail screen. 11. Credit account: Credit limit: Risk category: Currency: 12.4. This risk category can be assigned to a credit account by using Transaction FD32. . 10.4. Transaction OBZK For the settings under items 2 . Settings for the credit checks 7. Company code: Credit control areas allowed: 6. Transaction FD32 Credit master data for the payer of the relevant document. field "All company codes" must be marked in Transaction OB45. the individual credit checks for key fields o credit control area o risk category o credit group are set. Transaction SE37 Is user exit EXIT_SAPV45K_001 being used? 5. Transaction OB01 Credit management/Change risk category Definition of the risk category for each credit control area. Transaction OVAD Which settings do exist for the delivery type used? Delivery type: Credit group for delivery: Credit group for goods issue: 9. the credit check status must be set (field "Status/block"). To carry out follow-up actions in case of a credit block. Transaction OVA8 Here. Transaction OVAK Which settings do exist for the sales document type used? Sales document: Check credit: Credit group: 8. or the credit control area must be entered under the relevant company code in table T001CM of the credit control areas allowed. In particular.
"Control"). This field corresponds to field "Active receivable" in Transaction VOV7. Pricing In the pricing procedure used for pricing. This way the system is determined to the used pricing procedure of the order Line with subtotal = 'A': 15. Even though deletion flag is set for a material/plant level. If you open an OSS message. You can find under "Item -> Condition -> Analysis". All other settings will lead to errors. Is it possible to create delivery without shipping points? . please tell us the alternative update group. "Synchronous update (1)" has to be chosen as the kind of update. Transaction OB45 Which update group (field "Update") do you use in the relevant credit control area? The default setting is "12". use this subtotal for credit Pricing procedure: pricing. Credit control area: Update: 16.Usually. Exchange rate types are to be maintained for the customer in the sales screen of the customer master record. check whether this is fine with you. The credit price is stored in field VBAP-CMPRE and used for update and credit check. Transaction V/08. Is there a way to block such transactions for a material flagged for deletion? A: Sales Status field in the sales organization view of the material master may be used to block any transaction for the material. SAP FAQ (SD) Master Data Q: Some materials have been blocked for procurement and production. But when we try to print to either the screen or printer. Transaction OVA7 Update of the credit value is active for the corresponding item type if the check box is marked. Shipping Q: The PL00 condition is fine in delivery. subtotal "A" must be entered in a line for determining the credit value (mark the pricing procedure and double click on the net value plus taxes is used. Q: We can define our own exchange rate types and use them instead of the defaulted types. an error V1032 occurs. Why? A: In order to use the Packing list PL00 (packing slip in delivery) you must do 'Packing' in the delivery note (edit->packing) Q: we have to enter a shipping point while creating a delivery. Item type: Active receivable: 14. Transaction OMO1 Which kind of update did you choose for structure S066? In any case. 'B' and 'G'.13. How can we overwrite default types in SD? A: Exchange rate gets copied from the customer master record. 'M'. If you use another update group. the order can be still entered ( with a warning message).
Pricing Conditions Q: It is impossible to price at the material level (matnr) . Q: How can we set up to have the VAT# be accepted in the Ship-To Master File Data Control screen? A: IMG->Fin. if not found (use the exclusion tick box) it will look for the pref. even if a price is set up against the material and not the pref. .Pricing and inventory control take place at the BOM header level TAP . Can we combine a non-inventory item with an inventory item in one invoice? Can we treat it as a value item in sales order so that it is priced and then make it as a text item in delivery documents so that it appears in the same invoice and does not split? A1: Make the non-stock material deliverable. However note that for system to create combined invoices.A: When you are releasing a sales order. Q: We want to explode Bill of Material automatically at time of Order entry and explode an Equipment BOM in the sales order. When we look up Determination Analysis. but not pickable. Customizing Q: We generated a new condition table. we get an error "Note 524 Access not made (Initialized Field)". But when we create a billing document. What else is required to be done? A: Assign output determination procedure to the header of the document and the output type. Acct.>AR and AP ->Customer acct>Master Record -> Prepare to Create Customer-> Define Acct. Pricing always look for the pref. Assigned the condition to access sequence. If you insert a step with MATNR then the system will first look for the material. Else undesirable combinations may be created by the system. Created a condition record. What are the setting required? A: Use an item category that is configured for bills of material for having a sales BOM to explode automatically. The above described scenario will only work if all items on the sales order are to be shipped from the same shipping point. A2: Change the copy rule for orders->invoices and deliveries->invoices to specify that invoice combination is permitted. and distribution channel must be identical. Group. choose Sales document -> Subsequent functions-> Create delivery. Both items will carry into the delivery. You may find a step with PMATN as material number. payment terms. then the shipping point will be brought in from the sales order. output screen comes up blank for the output type. sales organization. and therefore appear on the same invoice. Billing Q: SAP allows a non-inventory item and an inventory item to be in the same document till delivery but splits at the time of creation of billing document. PO number. when a material has a pricing reference (mvkepmatn) set up against it in the master data. Access sequence is assigned to the output type. respectively. Standard SAP item categories are : TAQ .Pricing and inventory control take place at the BOM item level These can be automatically derived using the item category groups ERLA and LUMF. In all other scenarios you have to key in the shipping point. How can we price by material and pref? A: The field used to look up at the price is defined in Access sequence.
Save the settings to make customer GR entry mandatory . how do I do it? Need to change the validity of the condition record for the condition type K007 defining it not valid for that particular 2 months. now I want to exclude k007 for the next 2 orders or so? I have set the exclusion indicator for the condition type. (double-click). Please note the following points : 1) The condition type must have condition category 'Q' (costing). EK01 : If you use this condition type. We want to include our own error message to this list if the selected batch is not on a customer defined table.Check the radio button against Customer Gr as REQ. 4. but still the condition is being accepted when I create a sales order. The value can be used as a basis for price determination. Q: Is there an user exit to copy the data into planning table? A: Use user exit MCP20001 and include ZXSOPU01. Q.USEREXIT_SAVE_DOCUMENT_PREPARE Difference between Condition Type Please explain the difference between Ek01 ( Actual Cost) and EK02 Calculated Cost. EK02: If you use this condition type. As an illustration :ZPXX 3500 ZDXX 1000ZWXX 500(all condition types are shown separately in pricing view) . Others Q: We get a report screen: "Goods issue: Problem Log" during the delivery process when activating Post Goods Issue button. These are the condition type that will display the results of the unit costing for certain type of sales document. the result of unit costing is simply a statistical value which you can compare with the price. And also the settings of the Requirements as it is correct that it overrules the exclusion. Accumulate the amount of condition types in accounting document To accumulate the amount of condition types in accounting document without affecting the pricing display in billing document. What is the best way? A: Try User exit .Q: How can we make the Customer Group 1 (or 2. the result of unit costing is issued to the first position on the conditions screen for the item. ENTRY. -> Field Status: Sales data (double click) -> sales (double click) . I have a customer who is being offered two discounts ie k007 and k005. 3. 5) a mandatory field? A: Logistic General-> Logistics Basic Data: Business Partners -> Customers -> Control -> Define account groups and field selection for customer Choose Customer Acct. GR. 2) The condition type must agree with the condition type defined for unit costing in the pricing procedure. Am I missing something.
Do this under part FORM USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMP. This is the include for structure KOMP. distribution channel and shipto party together) to determine the sales price. Edit Add Labels http://w iki. Save. Save. That was ok. assign search help H_TVST to the component. but shipping point of course is on item level. you found that the shipping point field's document structure is KOMK.sdn. Step 1 Append structure KOMP. Say there that field ZVSTEL should be filled with information from your shipping point. generate. Step 2 Change user exit MV45AFZZ. Do this by changing through SE11 the table KOMPAZ. You'll have to do some settings to reach your goal. but first maintain your new field in Condition: allowed fields. Add a component e.ZWXX) One way to do it is :Mark the condition types you want to group as statistical and remove the account assignment key. Step 3 Make a new table as you did before. In the access sequence. If you want to make more points. You created a condition table with the above key fields. ZZVSTEL with component type VSTEL. Ask a programmer if you don't understand this part. condition type and pricing procedure). This way the individual components will still display on your pricing screen but FI will only get one posting. There is an error message in the sales order pricing analysis ("access not made" in the shipping point field).sa 54376 ERPLO Labels parameters . The coding should be like tkomp-zzvstel = vbap-vstel. Step 4 Finish with the steps you did before. and maintained the relevant setting (access sequence. it is possible.Journal: Dr Vendor 2000 Cr Sales 2000 (ZPXX . Determine sales price with shipping point (Scenario) You are trying to use shipping point as a key field (with sales org. When you create your new table you will see you have two shipping points.g. activate. Can you put to item level field in the condition table and access sequence? Structure KOMK refers to header of the sales order. Create a subtotal in your pricing procedure that will add them together and put in the account assignment key for it.ZDXX . With the button technical view you can check which one ZZVSTEL or VSTEL.
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