INTRODUCTION TO DRIVE TEST (MEASUREMENTS
BY TAOFIQ A. AJANI (RNE)
WHAT IS MEASUREMENT? (DRIVE TEST)
Measurement is a process of acquires Information of Downlink Data of the Network for the purpose of optimizing the Performances of the Network (In order to Improve the quality of network). There are two types of Measurement: A. Cluster Measurement: When a Drive Test is carrying out within the Network for More than one or two cells area, E.g. Abuja BSC 1. B. Single Measurement: When a Drive Test is carrying out for one cell site only. The following Information is necessary to observe when carrying out Drive Test: I. II. III. IV. V. VI. Transmission Channel Reselection Rx Level Coverage Area Quality Service Hand Over Cross Sectors
CONNECTING AND CONFIGURING THE TOOLS
Below are all the necessary tools needs to carry out Drive Test: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. Laptop Dongle (Key for Agilent E6474A) GPS (NMEA Navigator) Handset (SAGEM OT 160 Test Tools) 2 External Antenna (1 for GPS and 1 for Handset) Inverter Unit Two lighter point from a Car Dual I/O Serial Port Network Optimization Platform Software i.e. Agilent E6474A
All the items mentioned above should be connect together as stated below before Drive Test can carry out: A. B. Connect the Inverter Unit to the 1st lighter point Connect the GPS to the 2nd lighter point
G. E. Switch on the GPS Switch on the Handset Switch on the Laptop Allow the Laptop to boot Insert the I/O Serial Port into PCMCIA Slot of the Laptop Allow the System to detect the I/O Serial Port Open the Network Optimization Platform Software i. Connect the Power Unit of the Laptop to the Output of the Inverter Unit. viii. iv.
PERFORMING DRIVE TEST
The following procedure should be following in other to carryout Drive Test i.e. ii. H. Remove the Internal Antenna of the Handset. and then connect the External Antenna to it. Connect the GPS to the Serial Port Also Connect the Handset to the Serial Port Then. ix. F. v. Confirm the connections of the tool. and the connect the External Antenna to it. then click on System Setup and Open
. Agilent E6474A Click on Toolbar and go to Tool. D. place all the External Antenna on top of the Car Roof
Agilent E6474A Tool
Remove the Internal Antenna of the GPS.C. iii. vi. vii.
x.g. job done. until all the measurement are saved. 04-27-04 ABUJA_BSC1 6. HOW TO PROCESS THE TEXT FILE 1. Create a folder called DT (Drive Test) 3. Look for Fayezstone folder on your systems and then click to open it 2. Continuous Call. Click back. After second measurement. Open the Agilent E6474A Tools 2. Auto dial. then browse to the 2nd file and follow the same process. after exporting the first. Select a location or Path to save the measurement NOTE: Never allow the measurement to save more than 30mins before you click on stop button. GSM Neighboring Cells. second until the last Measurement. go to Auto dial Window. also click on Add. e.g. GSM Signal. then click on Start Logging button to start saving the measurement again to the same folder or path. xi. xvi. Options. PERFORMING RAR (TO PROCESS THE MEASUREMENT)
1. GSM Layer 3 and Chart xv. Go to Route Map Icon and right click. 4. Click on the live mode to test run the connection xviii. Click on Export Wizards (On Tools) 3. Click on NEXT. Idle Time. Copy a Fayezstone-Acees Template and paste. Finally. Export the first. Select and Configure the following: Route Map. and City where the measurement was carried out.
4. Setup the following parameters. Call Setup and then minimized the System Setup xiv. then browse to the location where the Map is stored and load it. xiii. Copy the measurement (Text Files) from the saved folder and paste it into the DT folder on Fayezstone. xvii. follow the same process as others are saved. Select the Phone Type and go to Properties Cross Check. if all the parameters are highlighted Then. Open the renamed Access Template
Access the Com Ports to establish GPS and Handset. Go to View on Tools bar. click on the Start Logging by clicking on the green button. go back to the 3rd. Call Number (e. Bring the measurement by Time i.e. and Cell site Database and load the BTS Table from where you stored it. then rename it so that you will have the original Fayezstone intact on your system 5. 199 or 197). Renamed the copied Fayezstone by using the date . 4. Then go to Tools.
(Sub) DATA TYPE Number Number Number Number Number Number FIELD SIZE Double Double Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged
14.xls in Mapinfo)
. you will see the combine measurement as Total. Please. Make the MUL Field as primary key by clicking on KEY (Key Icon) and then save 9. Then carryout the following changes as stated below: Should be as followed FIELD NAME Latitude Longitude ARFCN Rx Lev (Sub) Rx Qual.out total. Rename the total folder to txt i. Export as Microsoft Excel 5_7 ( *.e. and then click on Export 2. Go back to DT folder. Select file type as Microsoft Excel 7. Run combine Macro(to combine the Measurement together on Macro) 8. Then saved all the Changes. Input 2 Input 12. Right click on the Input and select the Design View 13. total.txt 10. Select the path to the folder where the measurement was saved 4. Click on YES 11. Out folder 9. Copy the INPUT MUL 6.5 for the final Processing of the Measurement 5. then select the path to the table on your System. The Input Files are located on the Tables 3. (Full) Rx Qual. Go back to the Tables and rename as follows: a.xls) 3. Open the MapInfo. Go to Queries and RUN MUL 4. Go back to DT Folder to check the renamed Folder IMPORTING FILE (MACRO) 1. Input Input 3 b. MUL. Right click on Input. After saving.7. Click on the open Table. will gives you another Table called INPUT MUL 5. HOW TO EXPORT THE PROCESS REPORT 1. then go back to Queries and RUN REMOVE MUL 10. Professional 6. Select and Paste the Input MUL on the structure only as INPUT 2 7. Click on Import to import the measurement 2. 6. Click on Input Folder (Open the input . Right click on Input 2 and select the Design View 8.
Click OK to proceed 8. select Ranges and click on Custom (In Method) 5. Open Input. Note that the Category is Long\Lat 16. Click on OK 12. 1.) and also coordinate as Longitude and Latitude 14. Go to Style to choose the colours of the Ranges 9. Click on Open 20. then saved for Multi-Purpose. Choose Symbol as dot (. Don’t forget to save the work as Workspace file HOW TO CREATE THEMATIC MAP This Thematic Map should be created only one time. Click on OK 17. Click on Projection and Choose Projection as Long\Lat [WGS 84] 15. Inputting the Ranges as below Minimum -111 -95 -87 -80 -75 -70 Maximum -95 -87 -80 -75 -70 -20 Colour Code Dark Blue Light Blue Yellow Orange Red Brown
7. Click on the Table and select Create Point 13. Select create Thematic Map Level Quality Inner Outer Best Server TYPE Ranges Ranges Ranges Individual FIELD Rx Level (Full) Rx Quality (Full) ARFCN Cell_ID
3. Also.tab) 21. Click on Map 2. Also. Select Ranges. Don’t forget to check this box ( Use Row above selected Range for column tittles) 11.
. Select 6 for the Ranges and click on RECAL 6.Tab as Mapinfo (*. Checked on and close all the files 19.8. Select Rx level (full) and click next as well 4. Choose the Information to start from A2 10. Click Next. Choose Name Range as OTHER 9. Click on Map and select CREATE THEMATIC MAP 22. go to Legend to choose How to Display and follows the procedure below. Then. Click on OK again 18.
Interference 2. Caller and Receiver). PERFORMING DT FOR MIGRATION
Drive Test for Migration is carried out to be able to check the performance of the Network (E. The DT after Migration is also necessary. A. WHAT IS DROP CALL
Drop call can be defined as a sudden termination of a call while the conversation is going on against the wish of users (i.e. Rx Level) after upgrading the software from B6 to B7.g. 2 4 7 Colour Code Dark Blue Yellow Red Max.Title:. 1 500 FOR Rx QUALITY: RANGES: 3 Min. Bad Rx Level 3. Bad Quality
. Click on the Title Font Text Colour Yellow Back Ground Auto Effects Bold and Underline FOR IN\OUT: RANGES: 2 Min. 125 1000 Types GSM DCS Colour Code Yellow Brown
5. 0 2 4 Max. Check for HO (Performing HO on each cell)
6. so as to cross check all the Network Parameters. Check for sleeping cell (Make Call on each cell) B.Rx Level. CAUSE OF DROP CALL 1. if they are still the same before the Migration carried out.