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Comments to be incorpated in calculation of Tf, storey drift,

and design of column and beams

1. Seismic force has been applied in wrong assumption
This model has been analyzed by the method of equivalent static
method, for this method Base shear is distributed along height of the
structure based on parabolic storey shear distribution, this approach is
fairly accurate for the regular buildings where mass and stiffness is
uniform along the height and hence the empirical time period mentioned
in IS 1893:2002(Part 1) does not apply to irregular building. In our case
structure is not uniform with respect to mass and stiffness along the
height. So analyze the structure using site seismic report under Response
spectrum method, this method will give the realistic storey shear based
on frequencies and mode shape in different modes.

2. Storey Drift has not been checked

Storey Drift Checking is necessary for this kind of structure. During
earthquakes, separated blocks can oscillate independently and even
hammer each other if they are too close. So, adequate gap is necessary
between the blocks of the building and this depends onthe storey drift.

3. Column stability has not been checked

Storey heights are too high, this will have a slender effect. So Column
Stability Analysis is necessary to find the effect of column with respect to
Beam – column stiffness.

4. Lift and Staircase

Lift and stair case load have not been applied on the main structure of
control block. In this structure, there are two mid landings. These are
having an integral connecting arrangement between the floors. Staircase
slab acts like a cross-brace between floors and transfers large horizontal
forces at the upper and lower levels of the floors. These are the areas of

potential damage in the buildings, if not accounted in staircase design and

5. Torsion moments arising in the beams

Torsion is due to the load combinations with earthquake loads. Since
Slab provides enormous stiffness in lateral direction to beams, we just
ignore this moment by reducing stiffness along the beam while analyzing
the structure. Beams and slabs are monolithic Structure. Slab will not
allow the beam to twist.

6. Floor Loads in STAAD.

In STAAD Model floor load has been applied on the entire floor area in
each floor. This software is not effective to distribute the forces
properly .So floor load has to be assigned on individual panel of each floor.

7. Beam design
Beams have been designed as a rectangular section, but this will have
a flange action due to the integral connection between beam and slab.

8. Column design
Columns have been designed for the section of 800 x 800 mm.
Columns has higher axial force with normal bending effect. Provided
section can resist the axial force and minimum reinforcement is sufficient.
Provided percentage of steel seems to be uneconomical.

With regards
G.Rajesh M.E (structures)
Fellow in International Earthquake research and Engineering