This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
The world population is increasing rapidly. Cultivable area is decreasing day by day. Productivity of land has become stable. So we need a technology, which gives more production per unit area.
What is Green House technology?
Green house technology provides a controlled and favourable environment for the crops to grow and yield high in all the seasons. Saves crops from cold in winter, from heat in summer and from rain in monsoon. Environment can be changed according to the need of the crop.
What is Green House? Green house is a structure just like a house in which only sun light is allowed to enter. It has mainly two parts. a. b. a frame or the basic structure and the cladding or covering material (U.V. film)
Frame can be made of G.I. pipes, bamboos, woods or iron rods while the cover can be of glass or plastic films. Types of Green House 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Low cost green house Medium cost green house High cost green house Only structure Equipped with cooling system, irrigation and fogging system Equipped with so many hitech system
Advantages of Green House
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Off-season crops can be grown Any crop can be grow in throughout the year Higher production per unit area is obtained High value and high quality crops can be grown Consumption of irrigation water and wastage of fertilizers is minimized Infestation of pests and diseases is reduced. Suitable for tissue culture cultivation
Crops which can be grown in Green House a. Vegetable crops Tomato, brinjal, cauliflower, capsicum, cabbage, chillies, okra, palak, etc. b. Nursery raising Nursery of all vegetable crops can be grown. c. Flowers Rose, gladiator (rose), gerbera, carnation etc.
Green House suitable for farmers Rich farmers as well as industrialists may opt for medium cost and high cost green houses. But, for the general farmers, low cost green house is most suitable as it does not require continuous electric supply, cost of operation is low and production per unit area is more. Under Pakistan's climatic conditions, we need to cool the green house rather than heating them like in western countries.
Completely with U.0m 2m x 1m 5m x 1 m 0. 9. Research Accomplishments Encouraging results have been obtained for the following crops at this centre. 10. GI pipe green house b. 220/m2 For making GI pipes medium cost green house = Rs.No. etc are not giving good results in green house. 6. Bamboo green house Height at the side a. Tomato (in low and medium cost green house) Palak (in both green house) Tandeliya bhajee (in both green house) Vegetable nursery raising (in both green house) Rose (gladiator) cultivation (in medium cost only Works are going on other crops also and many of them are giving encouraging performances. 10 m x 5 m or 20 m x 5 m.50m 0.Construction of Green House The most convenient size of green house for marginal and small farmers is 50 m2 or 100 m2 i. Bamboo green house Distance between two side poles a. 8. 110/m2 For making GI pipe green house a. Completely with U. film = Rs. a. 2. With part U.6 m 3. GI pipe green house b.V.5m 0. 3.50m 2.V. . 4.V. d. film = Rs. Rooted crops like carrot.5 m 25mm dia 15mm dia 4-6 inch dia 5. The detailed dimensions of an ideal green house are as given below: Sr. b.0 m 2. Cost Estimates 1. 2.e. GI pipe green house b. 3.0m 1. e. Bamboo green house Door size (common for both) Cooling pad size (for MGH) Ventilation size GI pipe foundation posts GI pipe for hoops Bamboo for posts Dimensions 50 m 10 m 5m 2. 2500/m2 b. GI pipe green house b. 500/m2 Orientation of Green House The greenhouse should be oriented in a direction such that it receives ample sun light throughout the day as well as throughout the year. Particulars Area Length Width Height at centre a. Bamboo green house Depth of foundation a. 7.V. With part U.7 mx0. 1. c. film and part net = Rs. For making bamboo green house (low cost) a. 120/m2 b. film and part net = Rs.0m 1. radish.
Always plan for off-season crops. Inside environment remains under control. 7. Apply correct amount of irrigation water (neither less nor more) Avoid pouring extra water Maintain proper humidity. 5. 8. Take immediate measures for plant protection whenever problem is traced. Use double door system in the greenhouse Plant crops with reduced spacings (both plant to plant and row to row) in the green house compared to open field.V. Always fully utilize the green house space. temperature. Carbon dioxide released by the plants during the night is consumed by the plants itself in the morning. 6. 7. Do not keep blank space. film does not allow harmful U. This will enhance crop yield. 4. Do not enter the greenhouse without work Why Green House yields more? 1.etc. Inside temperature is raised because of green house effect. 9.) Low cost GH (Bamboo) 1500 .V. High temperature leads to dropping of flowers and thus reduction in yields. 2. Solarize the land inside after about six months for about a week in order to make the land free from pests. irrigation water application. 3. Select disease resistant crops Immediate attention should be given to any kind of disease occurrence in the green house otherwise it spreads very rapidly.e. 6.Problems in Green House Cultivation The main problems encountered are: a. 2. b. Reduce plant and row spacing inside the green house and get more yield. rays to enter the green house thus protecting the crop. Tips for More Income from Green House 1. It spreads in a short time otherwise. germs. 9. Take a short term training for green house cultivation before going for commercial crops in green house. take the ratoon or plant next crop without wasting time 4. 3. Take precautions for the following 1. c. After the first harvest. humidity. Avoid mono cropping for long. No. Fruit setting or pollination problem Proper control of environment inside the green house Problem of plant protection Remedy to all the three problems is control of inside environment of greenhouse i. Plan your crop in such a way that your produce should reach the market when there is maximum demand for it. 3. Thus the plants get about 8-10 times more food than the open field condition. 10. Approximate cost of green house construction (Rs. 2. 5. Particulars 1. High or low humidity enhances pollination problem Maintain proper temperature inside. Selection of Irrigation Method Drip or mini sprinkler method of irrigation is best suited for green house as it gives controlled amount of irrigation. Follow a proper crop rotation. Economics of Green House Cultivation (Size = 4m x 3m = 12 m2) Sr. apply organic manures also in addition to the chemical fertilizers in order to maintain fertility 8. U. 4.
(ii) Continuous power supply is a major constraint in medium cost green house cultivation. Green coriander leaves @ Rs. Palak bhajee b.) Production of leafy vegetables (kg/year) a. Green coriander leaves 600 228 1824 1100 1734 360 216 2880 3240 1000 1880 2240 Note: (i) As the size of GH tend to be smaller. All the cost estimates are approximately. 5. 6.) Net income (Rs. 3. .) Net income (Rs. 9. Approximate cost of operation (animal) Production of tomato per year (two seasons) (kg) Gross income from sale @ Rs.kg Cost of production per year (Rs. Palak @ Rs.) a. 4. 8 / kg b. Palak bhajee b. 7. 10.2. 8. 15/. the operational cost factor becomes greater resulting in to lower profits. Green coriander leaves Gross income a. 8 per kg Cost of production with family members to work (Rs.