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global warming

& climate change
A Symposium in the Russian Arctic
Aboard the Kapitan Khlebnikov
july 5–18, 2007
Moderated by Tom Brokaw
K / GR

W / GR

we will witness early signs of its effects and learn why further impacts are expected. In one sense. Finding such young material greatly enhances the possibility of obtaining high-quality. where he has been a curator since 1988. Clare Flemming. everything that genetically made a mammoth a mammoth—and specimens like those from Wrangel and adjacent parts of arctic Siberia will make this possible. Mammoths were living there at least as recently as 3. are far from the beaten path. and education.700 years ago—effectively yesterday. and in a different sense.” which aired in July 2006. Mary Ellen (“Mel”) Harte. study leaders R o s s M a c P h e e is former chairman of the Department of Mammalogy of the American Museum of Natural History. for the region is at the front line of global warming. duPont Award for Excellence in Broadcast Journalism. and research into this area may help us anticipate and deal with future losses as well. we believe. And that is why we will witness magical scenery. will accompany him and share her expertise on arctic wildflowers and ethnic textiles and beadwork.” .moderator Tom Brokaw is the former anchor of NBC Nightly News and host of the Discovery Channel documentary “Global Warming: What You Need to Know. My colleagues and I are currently attempting to sequence the entire functional genome of the woolly mammoth—in other words. less obvious factors in play? The mystery of ice age extinctions continues to excite the imagination of scientists and lay people alike.” J o h n Ha rt e holds a joint professorship in the Energy and Resources Group and the Ecosystem Sciences Division of the College of Natural Resources. drunk driving. affirmative action. abundant DNA from the bones and teeth that litter the tundra. this adventure is wrapped in an enigma. Wrangel Island. will join us on this adventure. He twice received Columbia University’s Alfred I. fascinating. traditional cultures. the Eastern Siberian Arctic. But sadly. spectacular wildlife. What is the point of going somewhere as remote and hard to get to as Wrangel Island?. University of California. Brokaw has earned critical praise for his tackling of such diverse subjects as literacy. Long associated with intelligent. “Considered by many scientists to be the most serious environmental threat to our planet. MacPhee’s wife. in-depth reporting on high-profile topics—from the war on terrorism to interna- tional human rights abuses—Mr. an associate in the Division of Vertebrate Zoology/Mammalogy at the Museum. and Wrangel Island in particular. Dr. in my line of work. so I will share with you 20 years of scientific findings on that topic and connect the sights we see to the science. His wife. was the locus of the woolly mammoth’s last stand. immi- gration policies. corporate scandals. and unique. Berkeley. for me the answer is clear. these treasures also lie right in the path of civilization. global warming will likely devastate the Arctic during the coming decades. On our uniquely historic voyage. “As might be expected in a trip to Russia. splendid displays of wildflowers. I study the interaction of climate and alpine ecosystems. “When people ask. “The fact that mammoths and other large Eurasian mammals are no longer with us raises obvious questions: Did they disappear because of dramatic climate change? Or was their demise due to overhunting by humans? Or were other.

coastal erosion. bring to life the fascinating history of the places we visit. is also one of the last places settled by prehistoric arctic peoples and reached by modern explorers. now and in the future? I will introduce you to a bold effort at MIT to forecast future climate by linking science. one of the most remote places on Earth. Smithsonian Institution. regime change occurs with untold consequences. . And I will address the ‘politics’ of climate: Why is it so difficult to form a global consensus about what to do?” W i l l i a m F i t z h u g h is an arctic anthropologist and direc- tor of the Arctic Studies Center at the National Museum of Natural History. as does the story of Vikings in Greenland and other arctic peoples who flourished and then disappeared as the world around them changed. and wildlife. marine ge ra ld c ubit t biology.” expedition team An experienced and enthusiastic team of geologists. we won’t solve this mystery overnight. How has it changed in the past. thawing of permafrost. and environmental concerns to ornithology. Wrangel Island holds clues. Were the dates accurate? Had humans exterminated the last mammoths at this location? Or had mammoths succumbed before humans arrived? “Like the wider problem of global climate change. and policy. economics. You will get to wager on the ‘greenhouse gamble. and why? How much of what we observe in the Arctic today is driven by accumulating greenhouse gases. “Wrangel Island. “The Arctic has been warming at about twice the global average rate in recent decades. offering informal briefings. Once tipped beyond a certain point. accompanied by a large decrease in the extent and thickness of Arctic summer sea ice. I will share with you our current understanding of what deter- mines climate. alterations of ice sheets and ice shelves. naturalists. and interpret what we encounter during Zodiac and land excursions.’ a ‘wheel of fortune’ with varying odds of dangerous climate change depending on the policies we choose. or should. They broaden our understanding of marine ecosystems. Climate matters. They are experienced in—and enjoy—fielding questions. ice sheets. “As a climate scientist. but the human-mammoth encounter is symptomatic of issues facing the world today. you may well be one of the last to see this remote region of our planet while it still resembles its historic frozen state. and changing patterns and densities of flora and fauna. ornithologists. and marine biologists is an integral part of the Global Warming and Climate Change Symposium. We stand today at the cusp of a change whose significance is not easy to assess. geology. survive—hunter or mammoth—but how to make choices that will sustain both. and the history of polar exploration. a 3. and how much could be attributed to natural variability? What are the impacts of climate change on the tundra. The challenge today is not just who can. and the scope of human impact has widened now to the entire globe. historians. as well as director of MIT’s Center for Global Change Science and co-director of the Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change. Its secrets are only beginning to be revealed.R o n a l d Pr i n n is professor of atmospheric science at MIT. Ten years ago I made an unsuccessful attempt to visit Chertov Ovrag.500-year- old archaeological site that was virtually the same age as the demise of the dwarf mammoths whose remains had recently been discovered on the island. and engaging in discussions on everything from geography. If these trends continue.

“losing” a this awe-inspiring region. I encourage whales. July 8–9 For those curious about the possible effects of global warm. and Luxury separating Russia from the United States. and minke P. determined that Asia and North America were not attached. the American Museum of Natural History. home to myriad Arctic is the place to be. Explore the coast and nearby islands. As the host of a recent documentary. The Vice President for Alumni Relations politically significant strait is rich in wildlife. nesting seabirds. July 6–7 tundra to the sweeping seas. This summer. Gather this evening for a welcome reception. glaciology. join Mr. off the starboard bow. July 10 Our programs are classified in three categories: Value. Berkeley. professor of atmospheric science at MIT. the in bloom. Please call Eurasia. Ross MacPhee. where high-latitude plants such as Arctic poppies and saxifrages are both intellectually and through hands-on experience. Sunday–Monday. A planned stop at Cape Dezhnev. and transfer to the landscapes that could very well be disappearing. this symposium provides history of Russia’s Far North before embarking on shore adventures a multifaceted introduction to the complex issue of global on the remote. Availability is very limited on this program. ceremonial grounds. A l a s k a allows intrepid passengers to access remote corners of the Thursday. From its deck. as well as bowhead. Brokaw will moderate 55C 19M 0Y 0K / PANTONE 284 U lively debates and panel discussions with William Fitzhugh. and The skeletons of giant bowhead whales at Whalebone Alley. from the heart of the Friday–Saturday. a professor in the College of Natural Resources at the University of California. famed Bering Strait between Russia and the U. Russia’s furthest outpost. and ing on the future of our planet. For those who simply wish to learn more. Continue Cover: Arctic icebergs (Claudio Suter) north along the Siberian coast and cross the Arctic Circle. learning about the early inhabitants of the MIT. Alaska. July 5 globe.S. tufted and horned puffins. board helicopters to travel over icy Fly from home to Anchorage. with the island of Big Eric J. geology. director of the Smithsonian’s Arctic Studies Center.L. welcoming migratory seabirds in the summertime. the easternmost point of you to make your reservation right away.D) to the nesting cormorants of Kolyuchin Island. On Yttygran Island. a sacred Commonwealth Club—in the wondrous living laboratory place for early native whalers. and guillemots. veteran broadcast jour- nalist Tom Brokaw investigated the “hot topic” of climate W / GREYSCALE change. which waits bird life. Enjoy presentations about the wildlife.edu. and Ronald Prinn. K / GREYSCALE dear columbian.L. from the crested auklets of the Chukchi Peninsula offshore. the University of California–Berkeley. Or e-mail travelstudy@Columbia. At ancient cultural sites. Kapitan Khlebnikov (B. itinerary The icebreaker Kapitan Khlebnikov is a polar-class ship that H o m e / A n c h or a g e . Sail through the famed Bering Strait. a naturalist’s paradise climate change. Discover the natural wonders of Take a morning flight from Anchorage to Provideniya. rugged Chukotka Peninsula.L. transfer by helicopter to the Kapitan Khlebnikov. allows time for a visit to the weather station and a walk to the 1-866-3-ALUMNI (1-866-325-8664) to book your space monument to Russian navigator Semyon Dezhnev. Brokaw and a distinguished group of scientists aboard the expedition ship Kapitan Lib b y E g lin Pho to g ra phy Khlebnikov for a voyage into the Russian Arctic—one of the places where the consequences of rapid temperature 100C 66M 0Y 2K / PANTONE 286 U change are especially evident. walk among the 500-year-old College. curator of vertebrate zoology at the American Museum of Natural Walruses Murres perched on a rocky History. the relatively narrow waterway Superior. Kapitan Khlebnikov (B. R u s s i a herders—in their native landscapes.D) of Russia’s Far North.D) Mail panel: Faces of the Arctic (Libby Eglin Photography) Back cover: Polar bears near Wrangel Island (Libby Eglin Photography) . and Wrangel Island’s thriving walrus population—one of the largest in Chukotka Peninsula the world. Sail the Millennium Hotel. After officially entering of giant bowhead whales at Whalebone Alley.S. and cruise Millennium Hotel (R) the Siberian coast to cross the Arctic Circle. John Harte. Smith Russian Arctic. including least and crested auklets. Gatefold spread: Kapitan Khlebnikov in Arctic ice Kapitan Khlebnikov (B. gray. who in the 1640s today. Furda ’94 TC Diomede. B e ri n g S t r a i t & C a p e De z h n e v superior Tuesday. Meet the Chuk- chi and other Arctic peoples—from artisans to reindeer A n c h or a g e / P ro v i d e n i ya . a variety of Russia. examine I hope you will join us and our cosponsors—Smithsonian. Sincerely. including 500-year-old skeletons day in crossing the International Date Line. Mr..

puffins.D) other traditional crafts and activities.org. Siberian Coast Wednesday–Thursday. UNESCO World Heritage Site. Millennium Hotel (B. Visit the wildlife sanctuary on Kolyuchin the local people still herd reindeer and carry on traditional hunting Island. and other species. Kapitan Khlebnikov (B. July 18–17 (crossing International Date Line) Wrangel Island was discovered in 1820 by Baron Ferdinand Wrangel. in reindeer”). Visit a small museum in Uelen devoted to carving and Kapitan Khlebnikov (B. the airport and board a flight over the Bering Sea back to Alaska.D) Arctic Ocean To acknowledge our responsibility for the health of our planet. which Transfer independently to the Anchorage airport for flights home. leave the ice behind and explore Siberia’s coastal the deck as the Kapitan Khlebnikov plunges into the formidable pack wilderness as well as remote Chukchi villages of the Chukchi. a tooth was discovered on Wrangel Island Wednesday. K O LY U C H I N I S L A N D t i tra g S UELEN rin YTTYGRAN ISLAND P R O V I D E N I YA ALASKA Be Bering Sea ANCHORAGE Mi cha el Ha ferkam p SHIP AIR Pa c i f i c Oc e a n Purple saxifrage.L) largest winter population of denning polar bears and the world’s main concentration of walruses. Participants are also encouraged to RUSSIA make individual donations to http://www. murres.L.L. Paul Orenstein Hanne Zak cliffside The Chukchi. a common high arctic plant .600 years ago. Musk oxen and reindeer thrive here. transfer by helicopter to although he never set foot on shore. a type of optical illusion that we also may see on our voyage. In 1992. Wrangel Island is home to the Arctic’s the day before we left Provideniya. July 11–12 Sunday– Tuesday. site of an abandoned weather station surrounded by thousands (“Chukchi” is a derivation of a Tungusic word for “man who is rich of nesting cormorants. July 18 that apparently belonged to one of the last woolly mammoths. It appeared as a fata morgana. Kapitan Khlebnikov (B.L. July 15–17 Our journey northward offers a wonderful opportunity to watch from Heading south. as A n c h or a g e / Ho m e do tundra geese. Returning to Provideniya on July 18. High WRANGEL ISLAND Country Passage will make a donation to Climatecare to offset the Chukchi Sea carbon emissions of this trip.climatecare. indigenous people of the Arctic Musk oxen K olyuchin Island Chukchi Sea. Explore alpine valleys and the snow- covered tundra in the company of Russian scientists charged with protecting the island. A recrossing the International Date Line to reach Anchorage on July 17.D) Wr ange l Island P r o v i d e n i ya / A n c h or a g e Friday–Saturday. July 13–14 Wednesday–Tuesday. where ice of the Arctic Ocean. (B) roamed here just 3.

the powerful 108-passenger. moderator. Our tour operator is happy to possible helicopter flying time in excess of that offered for the group assist you in making all of your air travel arrangements for this tour. including alcohol and wine. bar. All accommodations have windows that can be opened. lecture room. and ship • Arrival and departure transfers provided by Millennium Hotel courtesy shuttle • Airport. as well as adjustable vents to control the flow of air inside the cabin. sofa bed. The atmosphere aboard the Kapitan Khlebnikov is relaxed and informal. originally with the mission of keeping ice-bound shipping lanes open for other vessels. and a fleet of sturdy Zodiacs is available for leisurely cruising of the Arctic waters and for shore excursions.995 – DECK 6 DECK 5 Double bed. ft.000 (for citizens and residents of the U. window. ft. and on-board expedition team • All shore excursions and Zodiac and helicopter activities throughout the voyage • Expedition parka • Charter flights between Anchorage and Provideniya • On-tour transfers and baggage handling between the hotel. refrigerator. E LECTURE ROOM E 6 Twin Cabin – $15.995 – – 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 7 2 7 OFFICE Upper and lower berths. ft. hotel. two windows. the bridge is open for visits. as befits an expedition cruise. ft. four windows. Maritime regulations and weather conditions permitting. Twin cabin Included • Two nights at the Millennium Hotel in Anchorage and eleven nights aboard the Kapitan Khlebnikov • Meals as indicated in the itinerary • Welcome reception including alcohol and wine • Comprehensive educational program by study leaders.995 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 25 23 21 19 17 15 13 21 19 17 15 13 11 9 1 Lower berth. 285 sq. 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 6 6 5 22 5 5 14 12 BAR SHOP 6 – – LOUNGE Co rne r Suite $21. sofa bed. per person group services. porters.995 E 2 E 6 5 Double bed. 23 21 19 17 15 13 11 9 1 23 21 9 . Its interior provides comfortable passenger facilities.S. TV/VCR/DVD-CD 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 LIBRARY player. En suite bathrooms include a shower. domestic airfare • Passport and visa fees • Participants alighting from the ship’s helicopter Immunization costs • Airport security fees imposed by the government or airline • Meals and beverages. laundry service. 135 sq. polar- class icebreaker has transported adventurous travelers to extremely steve b lo o m remote reaches of the globe since 1992. and exercise room. (to be charged at an hourly rate announced onboard) • Personal items such as laundry. telephone. and other items not specified as included TR I PLE Do u b l e Single DECK 8 DECK 7 Trip le Cabin $ 11. TV/VCR/DVD-CD player. sauna.995 $22. with accommodations in 51 first-class outside cabins and suites. and email charges. and Canada) Not Included • U. and passengers are encouraged to take advantage of this excellent venue for keeping a look out for wildlife and observing the ship’s operations. swimming pool. 135 sq.kapitan khlebnikov The Kapitan Khlebnikov was built in Finland in 1981. The ship has two dining rooms with unassigned seating. airports. Not simply an ice-reinforced ship. not A irfa r e Round-trip airfare between your hometown and Anchorage specified as included • Baggage and cancellation insurance • Any is not included in the program rates. Dress is casual. fax. 285 sq. sofa bed. gratuities for non- program rates. and departure taxes • Gratuities to guides. refrigerator. Two helicopters assist with navigation and beach landings. and a small medical clinic. separate sitting room. Floors are carpeted and there is ample wardrobe and drawer space. Suite – $19. and ship’s crew • Complete packet of pre-departure information including suggested reading list and luggage tags • Paul Or enstein Emergency evacuation insurance up to $100. There is an elevator for easy movement between decks. window. separate sitting room. a small library.S.

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CT 06830 w w w. 1 7 3 2 4 5 Mill St. mammals birds • Gray Whale • Minke Whale • Pelagic Cormorant • Tufted Puffin • Bowhead Whale • Polar Bear • Horned Puffin • Thick-billed Murre • Musk Ox • Lemming • Arctic • Common Murre • Pigeon Guillemot Ground Squirrel (Suslik) • Black Guillemot • Glaucous Gull • Reindeer • Walrus • Kittiwake • Eider • Least Auklet • Crested Auklet .edu/attend W / GREYSCALE global warming 100C 66M 0Y 2K / PANTONE 286 U 55C 19M 0Y 0K / PANTONE 284 U & climate change A Symposium in the Russian Arctic Aboard the Kapitan Khlebnikov july 5–18. CA Green wich. weather. f ir s t c l a s s U . ice conditions.colum bia. P o s ta g e K / GREYSCALE PAID A l umni Tr avel Study P er m i t n o . nor is this list all-inclusive.. 2007 Moderated by Tom Brokaw wildlife Not all the animals listed may be seen on your expedition. Voyage routes. shortages of food.S . and the natural life cycle of animals may limit the number of wildlife encountered in the Arctic at any given time. 2nd Floo r s u n n y va l e .