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HIS 101-15 Erica White
In ancient Western civilizations, people used many different forms of literary art to express theinsightful teachings of their times. These teachings demonstratelessonsbalancing thefaith in tradition compared to innovation of new ideas that was exploding in so many areas back then.Cultures were created and based around these stories and their civilizations were organized from the laws within these mythical traditions. In addition to the value of the works in their own right, their influence greatly shapedmodern day Western culture as we know it. One of the earliest greatest works in human history comes to us from the Sumerians of Mesopotamia, called³The Epic of Gilgamesh´. Some aspects of the "Gilgamesh" flood myth correlate to the story of Noah's ark in "The Bible" and the Qur¶an, ³right down to the building of a boat to accommodate all life, its eventual coming to rest on the top of a mountain and the sending out of a dove to find dry land.´1The Epic of Gilgamesh answers the age old question of "Where do we come from and where are we going?" Because people have asked this question since the beginning of time, stories were made up to explain the answers. People have always wanted to know how the world and the cosmos worked and The Epic of Gilgamesh explains it for the civilization that lived during that time.The importance of this text is how it compares so closely to another old text, The Old Testament. There are many generalities shared such as development of religion, creating an order to chaosand explanations of natural wonders. The masterpiece ³The Illiad´, written by Greek poet Homer, is the story of the great Battle of Troy. For the Ancient Greeks, the Iliad told them how Greece had come to be the dominant power in the western Mediterranean, and also showed them what sort of people their gods were and how those gods behaved. ³The Iliad´story wasthe replacement of history books and what we know today as our own Bible or Quran for moral teachings. This shows how the Greeks turned to ³The Iliad´ for advice on
but they are also sometimes used as comic relief from the war. To avoid experiencing death a second time. The Gods are often used as a way of explaining how or why an event took place.com/litancient. or the worship of many deities. who seem casual. Indeed. or mend your chariot (fix your car) .2It was a collection of hymns. I have not robbed the poor«Souls who receive positive judgments experienced a mystical unionwith the god Osiris. dead people had to convince the jury of Gods by sworn statements such as ³I have not committed crimes against people.htm 4 Lynn Hunt. The Book of the Dead is the common name for the ancient Egyptian funerary texts known as The Book of Coming [or Going] Forth By Day.hudsonfla.3 Religion guided every aspect of Egyptian life and was based on polytheism. Horus and the rest of the gods are described. Ovid 2 3 http://en. combined with a heavenly power. it is often the gods. The Making of the West. petty and smallminded. which is the best way to bake bread. The concepts of Ma'at and the legends of Osiris. ³Metamorophoses´ is a narrative poem in fifteen books by the Roman poet Ovid. the head judge of the dead. poems and dedications that told a story of Egyptian religious life.Famous Literary Works of Ancient Western Civilization HIS 101-15 Erica White everything such as what is the correct way to pray. This thinking portrays the Greeks as arrogant and somewhat above the Gods.³Metamorphoses´ was an immediate success in its day and it was used as a teaching tool for Roman children. Isis. and gave comfort to those who were about to experience death. et al. 2 .it is all in the Iliad. A Concise History. parodying and mocking mortals. the Book instructed. mimicking. which permeated all life. not the mortals.org/wiki/Book_of_the_Dead http://www.´4 Their religion encouraged Egyptians to make the right choices. The Egyptians had as many as 2000 gods and goddesses each representing characteristics of a specific earthly force. Peoples and Cultures. as well as learn about their leader and ancestors through deliberately emphasizing the greatness of Rome and its rulers. from which they could learn important stories that explain their world. a vast change from their ancestor¶s way of thinking.wikipedia.
major attempts were made to regulate morality by creating legal and illegal forms of love.com/files/xeno. During the reign of Augustus. encourage legitimate heirs and discouraging love outside of marriage. even though on different parts of the earth. In order to combat low marriage rates and birth rates in the upper classes.htm 3 . a kind of love often depicted negatively. All of these literary works combined show that many different groups of people. share many of the same belief systems. adultery could be punished with exile from Rome.ovid1. These ancient people may have never come in contact with each other.Famous Literary Works of Ancient Western Civilization HIS 101-15 Erica White emphasized the role of love in metamorphosis for political reasons.5These laws suggested the destructive force of adulterous love. laws were passed to encourage marriage.homestead. but they still believed in a higher power and used that belief to lay the ground for bringing about law and order to their growing civilization 5 http://larryavisbrown.
Smith. 2011.com/litancient. 5.Famous Literary Works of Ancient Western Civilization HIS 101-15 Erica White Bibliography 1.ancientliterature. Barbara H. 2011.homestead.com/files/xeno.´ accessed February 26.wikipedia. 2010) 2. Martin. Bonnie G.http://www.html ³Book of the Dead.com/rome_seneca_medea. http://www. A Concise History. Rosenwein.´ Wikepedia. The Making of the West. accessed February 26. Thomas R.htm 4 .org/wiki/Book_of_the_Dead Lynn Hunt. 3. (Bedford/St. http://larryavisbrown. Martins. http://en. ³Great Literary Works of Ancient Times.hudsonfla.ovid1. 3rd 3d. 2011. Boston. 4.htm ³Classical Literature. Peoples and Cultures.´ accessed February 26.