Green -this topic is in the 2030 Comp Plan Yellow- this topic need further discussion on how it might fit into the 2040 Comp Plan Develop neighborhood traffic management programs Introduce traffic calming measures Prepare a transportation masterplan Implement bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure programs (lanes etc) Provide better cycling and pedestrian information (maps etc) Introduce bus lanes Introduce a high vehicle occupancy lane (HVOC) Introduce lane incentives for alternative fuel vehicles Introduce/expand Safe Routes to School Program/Walk to School programs Implement a car sharing program Strengthen public transport provision (infrastructure and service expansion/upgrade) Introduce or expand park-and-ride facilities Promote use of public transportation Institute a public transportation pass program (price reductions) Introduce bus rapid transit or shuttle services
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Encourage businesses to offer public transit tickets in lieu of parking vouchers Encourage businesses to offer an employee cash-out parking scheme Encourage shared parking facilities (eg between theatres, churches etc) Promote community purchases of compact and hybrid vehicles Help bring car sharing programs to the community Raise gas taxes Introduce congestion charging or road pricing Offer reductions on parking permit/congestion charge/vehicle registration based on GHG Emissions Offer priority/free parking for Ultra Low Emissions vehicles Raise parking prices/extend hours of operation/reduce number of spaces Provide tax incentives to encourage carpooling Waive sales tax/provide loans for energy efficient vehicles Lobby for increased CAFE (vehicle fuel economy) standards Encourage use of more fuel efficient jets/jet fuel Create financial incentives or encourage hybrid and fuel efficient vehicles in the community Encourage businesses to improve fuel efficiency of freight movements (eg move by rail) Encourage pay as you drive car insurance Implement carbon tax Establish carbon cap and reduction plan for utility emissions Develop a carbon neutral certification scheme Provide tools for tracking carbon emissions Encourage and support regional, state, and national GHG reduction goals Provide or promote a reliable GHG offset program Promote carbon neutral mechanisms/resources for tourists Promote carbon neutral programs and events (including city events) Develop flood management systems to protect local communities Update 100-year flooding maps Document flood management systems to help local businesses and residents get adequate flood insurance Develop adaptation strategies for essential local services and infrastructure Work with communities to develop area-specific climate change adaptation strategies Amend building codes to address the impacts of climate change Prepare communities for extreme heat events Open 'cooling centers' for extreme heat events Support efforts to get greater A/C penetration in high-risk residential areas Support sustainability efforts in schools (green curriculum, financing, etc) Develop measures to counter 'urban heat island' effect (tree planting etc) Support public transit 'discount days' during high ozone days Encourage distributed solutions to stormwater flooding (downpipe disconnection/rain barrels, rear yard permeability) Install permeable paving Use perforated sub-surface pipes for stormwater drainage Require taxicabs and other licensed private hire vehicles to reduce emissions


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Provide transit passes to residents through a household or business tax Make provision for bicycle parking at train and bus stations Make provision for carriage of bicycles on trains and buses

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Introduce public bikesharing/rental facilities Use fuel efficient vehicles and/or alternative fuels for city fleets Open local government alternative fueling stations to the public Provide electric plug-in stations for freight vehicles at public car parks, truck stops or boats marinas and ports Use parking policy measures to discourage car use/encourage use of alternative fuel vehicles Promote increased private citizen fuel efficiency Improve Vehicle Maintenance Program Monitor tire pressure for fuel efficiency (eg by placing stickers on them) Retire old and under-used fleet vehicles Station police officers on bicycles/increase police bike patrols Use car sharing programs in lieu of a city fleet Provide cycle facilities for employees (eg. bike rental ports, lockers, maps, bike racks, shower facilities) Encourage car-pooling, van-pooling, and mass transit use by municipal employees Encourage telecommuting and flexible working for municipal employees Implement an employee cash-out parking scheme Implement subsidized bicycle purchase for employees Provide municipal employees with public transport travel passes Encourage employees to reduce transport use in work time by teleconference, walking etc Renewable Energy/Green Business Trainings/ Workshops/Outreach Offer public transit tickets to government visitors as an option to parking permits Promote commuter trip reduction programs

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Install Diesel Particulate Filters on municipal fleet (motor vehicles, trains, ferries etc) Restrict idling of municipal vehicles Restrict idling at public facilities


Require disclosure of energy efficiency at point of residential and commercial sale Require energy efficiency upgrades at point of residential and commercial sale Promote energy conservation through campaigns targeted at residents and businesses Create Energy Task Force/Committee/Office of Energy Efficiency/Energy Coordinator to manage energy efficiency programs Use energy-efficient holiday/decorative lighting Install energy-efficient traffic and street lighting Decrease average daily time for street light operation Retrofit energy efficiency measures to public housing Conduct an energy audit of municipal facilities, develop energy management plan Implement an energy tracking and management system for municipal buildings Retrofit heating, cooling and ventilation system (HCAV) (e.g. chillers, boilers, fans, pumps, belts, fuel-switching from electric to gas heating, heat exchanges ventilators) in municipal buildings and public housing Retrofit lighting fixtures and/or replace bulbs with CFLs in municipal buildings and public housing Install energy efficient appliances in city offices, kitchens, laundries and cafeterias in municipal buildings and public housing Install building/office occupancy sensors in municipal buildings and public housing Install green or reflective roofing on municipal buildings and public housing Improve water pumping energy efficiency in municipal buildings and public housing Install or improve building insulation (including double-glazed windows) in municipal properties Institute a "lights out at night" or "lights out when not in use" policy in municipal buildings Implement an employee awareness program to change habits regarding turning off computers and monitors when not in use Install computer shut down (optimization) software on municipal computers Promote energy conservation through campaigns targeted at businesses and residents Run appliance trade-in sessions for local community Promote participation in a local green business program Make available network of contractor contacts for green building retrofit/energy audits/green technologies Provide energy audits/analysis to businesses and households Give grants for / bulk purchase household insulation Distribute free CFL bulbs and/or fixtures to community Distribute energy efficiency/conversion kits Establish VOLT Loan Program (Fannie May loan program for energy efficiency upgrades to homes) Provide energy conservation loans Community energy efficiency rebate program Waive sales tax for/ offer rebates on energy efficient appliances Better loan rates/financial incentives for energy efficient, Energy Star certified/LEED homes Small business grants for energy efficiency upgrades Require a tiered rate for electricity consumption (above the average) Implement schemes to incentivize building insulation in commercial and residential properties


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Restrict air, rail and maritime idling Restrict idling of domestic vehicles Improve traffic signal synchronization Use natural landscaping to reduce emissions from lawnmowers etc Promote 'Spare the Air' days (voluntary curtailment of high emission activities) as a means of awareness raising Introduce a 'Gas cap exchange' project for private vehicles with leaking or missing gas caps Encourage replacement of gasoline-powered lawnmowers with electric-powered Develop a green building policy for all new muncipal buildings and major revonations Revise building/energy codes to support green building targets Develop/adopt/encourage green building practices Require an environmental review of new buildings Enforce energy code compliance Adopt or encourage LEED building standards for commercial, residential, and municipal projects Provide system of recognition for new construction which voluntarily exceeds minimum standards for energy conservation (eg Green Building Certificates) Implement a weatherization program for municipal buildings / public housing Promote / subsidize weatherization of commercial and residential properties Develop green roofs on municipal properties Develop reflective or 'cool' roofs on municipal properties, encourage them on commercial and residential properties Offer energy audits to small businesses Share the efforts and knowledge of the city's green building resources eg. publish a guide


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Encourage use of sustainable building materials (eg minimize cement use)


Encourage retrofit of green building technologies on commercial and residential buildings Provide incentives for green roofs on commercial and residential properties Provide green building information to the public Subsidize residential energy audits Implement a green concrete program Provide training for City staff on green building/energy code procedures and financing Hold workshops on green building and energy efficiency financing mechanisms for businesses, developers etc Require improved power plant efficiency Implement district heating and cooling Install energy-efficient co-generation power production facilities Require local industries to mitigate their adverse environmental impacts Implement time-of-use or peak demand energy pricing Implement distributed energy generation Purchase locally produced energy sources Develop a comprehensive energy conservation program Adopt stringent residential or commercial energy code requirements

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Implement schemes to incentivize energy efficient appliances in residential and commercial properties Promote greenmarkets and local food markets, especially in areas underserved by grocery stores Increase land dedicated to food production Plant shade trees in and around local government parking lots and facilities Maintain healthy urban forests and street trees Promote tree planting to increase shading and to absorb CO2 Organize community tree-planting and maintenance events Promote a biodiverse landscape in parks Encourage/expand community gardening program Eliminate use of artificial/chemical pesticides and fertilizers in parks Implement green yard campaigns Use government agency developments to underpin new affordable housing through co-location Encourage/incentivize developers to adapt redundant buildings for new housing uses (though policy, taxation system or financial incentive) Deck over transportation infrastructure (rail lines, rail yards, highways) to provide new land for housing Pursue creative financing options to help develop affordable housing Support and encourage homeownership Preserve and maintain the existing stock of affordable housing Introduce or expand the use of Inclusionary Zoning Use zoning powers to protect or increase open space Open schoolyards as public playgrounds Expand provision for sports and leisure Complete or enhance underdeveloped parks Maximize use of existing facilities for sports and leisure (e.g. by installing floodlights) Create or enhance public plazas Co-locate civic facilities to reduce travel requirement and maximize building use Utilize brownfield sites for civic facilities where possible Promote high-density and in-fill development through zoning policies Institute growth boundaries, ordinances or programs to limit suburban sprawl Give development incentives for development in existing downtown areas and areas near public transit Give development incentives for brownfield development Discourage sprawl through impact, facility, mitigation, and permit fees Use transit extensions to stimulate development in new areas Develop new communities around a public transit hub Work to create a regional land use plan Develop green urban design guidelines and/or policies Implement a green purchasing program for the city Use life cycle cost analysis in city purchasing decisions Purchase environmentally friendly (non-VOC) cleaning products Purchase environmentally friendly (non-VOC) paints Use environmentally friendly materials in construction Purchase furniture and flooring from sustainable sources Implement recycling and environmentally friendly purchasing in municipal shop operations (oil and fuel reuse etc) Buy recycled products where possible (eg paper for office printing)

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Implement a healthy school lunch program and buy local foods Adopt a 'buy local' purchasing policy Purchase only ENERGY STAR equipment and appliances for City use (including computers, kitchen equipment, vending machines etc). Negotiate prices by purchasing in bulk where feasible. Establish a hydrogen energy dispensing facility Generate electricity from wastewater methane Install an anaerobic digester at wastewater facilities Generate electricity from landfill methane Generate electricity from biomass Install a biodiesel fuel processor or biorefinery Install a cogeneration plant (generates electrical & thermal power by using waste heat) Use woodchip heating in municipal buildings and public housing Use geothermal heating municipal buildings and public housing Install hydroelectric micro-turbines in water lines Implement tidal or ocean current power project Implement a form of community choice aggregation Purchase green electricity from solar, geothermal, wind or hydroelectric sources Establish a Renewable Portfolio Standard for government energy use Install solar panels on municipal facilities for heating and hot water Install wind energy turbines Install hydropower turbines Offer incentives to foster renewable energy installations in the community Promote community clean energy use through green power purchasing or on-site renewable technologies Make available a council contact on green energy sources Provide technical assistance to developers and businesses on green building renewable energy technologies Enforce or increase renewable portfolio standards on utility companies Implement a renewable energy tax credit program Promote installation of fuel cells Promote renewable energy use to businesses and homeowners Offer property tax abatements for installation of renewable energy Implement a Clean Renewable Energy Bond (CREB) scheme Capture and combust methane at landfills Establish/expand recycling programs (municipal or commercial) and set aggressive recycling targets/goals Implement organics and yard debris collection and composting Establish system for reuse or recycling of construction and demolition materials Implement pay-as-you-throw collection for non-recyclable trash Implement program to reuse asphalt millings Implement penalties for non-compliance with recycling programs Implement a solid waste recycling program in municipal buildings Reduce paper use in municipal offices Recover CFCs from discarded air conditioners, freezers and refrigerators in municipal properties and public housing Educate the public about existing recycling programs to boost compliance Promote home composting Implement free household electronic/ hazardous waste disposal program

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Encourage producer take-back campaigns for disposal of waste products Discourage use of plastic bags/ encourage recyclable bags at stores Ensure public events recycle waste Increase landfill fees Incentives for restaurants to recycle waste grease Restrict purchase of bottled water Use solar powered public trash compactors Implement a stormwater management program Upgrade energy efficiency at wastewater treatment plants Adopt a water conservation ordnance Protect existing wetland areas Develop 'bluebelt' areas Increase use of high level sewers to manage storm water Use non-asphalt paving / increase permeable surfaces Use zoning law to prevent excessive paving and require tree planting Green' parking lots (with grass, trees etc) Develop expanded tree pits Install weather-controlled irrigation systems in parks to reduce water use Use low-maintenance landscaping to reduce irrigation required Improve water pumping energy efficiency (heat and distribution) Use grey water recycling technology in municipal buildings and public housing Install water-saving toilets and showers in municipal buildings and public housing Install automatic sensors on hand basins in municipal buildings and public housing Provide water saving technology (toilet cistern balls, reduced flow showerheads) to residential properties Promote water conservation activities in homes and businesses Limit hose and sprinkler use and car washing to specified times Daylight' streams (bring to open air waterways that have previously been culverted to improve biodiversity) Promote 'green businesses' in the local economy Promote and nurture the creative economy Promote diversity and equal opportunity through municipal hiring practices Provide training and job search support for 'green collar jobs' Institute a Green Investment Program (making environmentally responsible investments) Encourage local businesses to hire locals Identify/provide financing opportunities (for efficiency, clean energy, etc.) Maintain and enhance traditions of community involvement in policy making Support integrated, citywide volunteer program Continue or enhance support for social service programming for vulnerable communities and individuals Organize community clean sweep sessions of illegal dumping sites and street litter, remove graffiti Community education campaign on sustainability issues Create a website outlining sustainability issues and providing info on (eg) contractors, green energy providers etc Go Green Month events and outreach Run a "Community Climate Challenge" program of events Promote Green Business practices


Train City staff in sustainability awareness Sustainability training for zoning, building permit and energy code staff Partner with local media, educators, businesses, universities, governments to get and spread information Commit to high quality education and adult education system Enhance ties with local universities, promote R&D Integrate sustainability into child and adult education programs


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