1.

Why most of the software company preferred Manual testing even though many automation testing tools are present in the market? 2. What is Test Coverage? 3. What are the Type of CMM Levels, Explain Each Level. 4. How do you go about testing a project? in Manual testing? 5. what is build? what is build configuration? 6. What is Entry Criteria & Exit Criteria. 7. What type of metrics we prepare in testing? 8. What is Independent Testing? 9. what is the difference between system integrated testing and integrated system testing and Manual Testing? 10. Please explain test matrices? 11. What is Gap Analysis?. Is there any template for it.Describe briefly about Gap Analysis Please? 12. Do the test cases differ for Functional,Integration,System and User Acceptance Testing? 13. What is the clear meaning of test case, levels in test case ? contents of test case. 14. Could any body tell me about µDeferred test¶?,please. when will we use µDeferred test¶? Who will use it? 15. What is Risk Analysis? Types of risks?

Answers:
1. Here are some reason why companies choose manual testing initially
y y y y y

Automation tools have some limitation Tools can¶t test 100% of the Application features Automation is too costly Automation needs skilled persons, which makes companies again to spend much money Tools are very costly (Ex: QTP costs 6 lack per each licence)

2. Test coverages are of two types. They arey y

Features to be tested:The list of all the features within the test engineer¶s scope. Features not to be tested:The list of all the features beyond the test engineer¶s scope.

Ex: low rik areas,skipping some functionalities based on the time constraints. 3. CMM Levels Explanation 4. Just follow STLC process: Test Initiation, Test Planning, Test Design, Test Execution, Test Reporting & Test Closure. 5. In a programming context, a build is a version of a program. As a rule, a build is a pre-release version and as such is identified by a build number, rather than by a release number. Reiterative (repeated) builds are an important part of the development process. Throughout development, application components are collected and repeatedly compiled for testing purposes, to ensure a

Given a simple election Application form and asked to write min number of functional Test cases to cover the whole form functionality? 7. How to reduce the project budget? 9. Entry criteria: y y y y All source codes are unit tested All QA resource has enough functional knowledge H/W and s/w are in place Test plans and test cases are reviewed and signed off Exit criteria: y y y No defect over a perod of time or testing effort Planned deliverables are ready High severity defects are fixed 7. Tell me about yourself? 2. Product Metric: Metric used to measure the characteristic of the documentation and code. to build can mean either to write code or to put individual coded components of a program together. 3. Build tools. As a verb. such as make or Ant. What is white box & black box?Diff b/w them? 4. enable developers to automate some programming tasks. When we need to go for descriptive programming in QTP? . Testing by individuals other than those involved in the development of the product or system IVY Interview Questions 1. What if the object properties change compared to Recording?Run fails? 6. In testing there are two types of metrics.technique. How QTP recognizes the Objects? 5. 8. 6.imlementing. Why automation?What do you get from it? 8. Your current project architecture.and maintaining the software system. and tools employed in developing.reliable final Product. y y Process metrics Product metrics Process Metric: A metric used to measure the characteristic of the methods.

What kinds of problems would cause the most customer service complaints? 16. Are you aware of Test Director ? 8. or everything that could go wrong. every dependency. What Should be Done if you Don t Have Enough Time for Testing? Since it¶s rarely possible to Test every possible aspect of an Application. Difference btw Alpha and Beta Testing ? 4. What is mean by Static and Dynamic Testing ? 5. What is the process followed in your company? 2. Which aspects of similar/related previous projects caused problems? 11. Difference btw black Box and white Box Testing ? 3. This requires judgement skills.) Considerations can include: 1. risk analysis is appropriate to most software development projects. Which parts of the requirements and design are unclear or poorly thought out? 13. Which functionality is most visible to the user? 4. Which functionality has the largest safety impact? 5. Which functionality has the largest financial impact on users? 6. Which tests will have the best high-risk-coverage to time-required ratio? Client will also contribute some ideas to utilize the available time. All this depends on organization to organization and person to person. and experience. What do the developers think are the highest-risk aspects of the application? 14. Explain the scenario where you have struggled to find the bug ? 9. every possible combination of events. Is there any specific procedure followed in your company ? 7. What kinds of problems would cause the worst publicity? 15. common sense. What are the techniques you¶ll be using while testing a single textbox of login page ? 6. (If warranted. Which aspects of the application can be tested early in the development cycle? 8. What kinds of tests could easily cover multiple functionalities? 17.y y y y y y y y y 1. Tell me a bug which you u have find in a very different way that noone will be followed. formal methods are also available. Use risk analysis to determine where testing should be focused. Which functionality is most important to the project¶s intended purpose? 3. How u¶ll track whether all your client requirements are covered in your testing. Which aspects of similar/related previous projects had large maintenance expenses? 12. Which parts of the code are most complex. . Which parts of the application were developed in rush or panic mode? 10. 2. Which aspects of the application are most important to the customer? 7. and thus most subject to errors? 9.

Bug in software development tools. testing deadlines. Lack of resources 10. Lack of tools 11. But these are the general factors to take into consideration. 3. 7. 8. Defect in defect tracking system 5. 2. The testing team is conducting system testing on that software in two sub levels such as Functional Testing Non-Functional Testing Functional testing is concentrating on customer requirements and the Non-Functional testing is concentrating on customer expectations. Requirements are not freeze. 2. Miscommunication or no Communication 6. 7. .) Test cases completed with certain percentage passed Test budget depleted Coverage of code/functionality/requirements reaches a specified point Bug rate falls below a certain level Beta or alpha testing period ends All this depends and varies from organization to organization. 6.What are the key challenges of testing? 1. What are the Common Factors in Deciding When to Stop Testing? Common factors in deciding when to stop Testing: 1. Time pressures 9. Lack of training Difference between Functional and Non-functional Testings? After completion of software Integration and Integration testing. If you want to add anything. 3. etc. 4. Tester & Developer communication is not happening 4. Proper decision making and team management 8. 5. the development team is releasing a software build to Test engineer team. let us know by making a comment below. Application is not testable. Show stoppers encountered Too many minor bugs pending to be fixed Deadlines (release deadlines.

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