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CAPSICUM LAND TRADING

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM) SABAH ENT 300
FUNDEMENTAL OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP
BUSINESS PLAN CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
PREPARED BY: NOR AFIFAH BT YUSOF NAQUIAH NATASHA BTE NADZMIE IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE DK NURAZERA BTE PG. ABDULLAH 2007141157 2007141169 2007141167 2007141143

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Capsicum Land Trading, Kg. Cinta Mata, P/S 140, 89308, Ranau, Sabah.

SIR CYRIL CHRISTOPHER Lecturer of Entrepreneurship, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Kampus Cawangan Sabah, Beg Berkunci 71 88997, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Sir, Submission of Business Plan for ENT 300 The above matter is referred 02. On behalf of my group, I am a General Manager of Capsicum Land Trading, I would like to submit our business report on the actual date as planned. 03. We had put a lot of efforts and continuous commitment to complete this business plan. We as a partnership member of Capsicum Land Trading would like to send our gratitude and appreciation for all the helps us while completing this business plan. We hope this would be a first step in for us to become a successful entrepreneur in the future. 04. We are looking forward that this business can be realize and we wish it may give thorough information to those who are interested in this industry. Thank you. Yours sincerely, ______________________________ IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE GENERAL MANAGER

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ACKNWOLEDGEMENT First of all, we are grateful to Allah, the most compassionate and Most Merciful as with his we are able to produce this business plan. We had encountered various obstacles and difficulties in preparing this proposal. Without the cooperation among member, we will never manage to finish this proposal on time. Our special thanks to our families and friends that gave us support for every single minute no matter in terms of emotional support, asset and financial support. We also would like to express our thanks to our lecturer of ENT 300, Sir Cyril Christopher for his help and guidance in completed our business plan. His help and support given to us had given us the courage and strength along the way in process making this business report proposal into reality. We believe that this business can go further in the future with the help of many people. By implementing as an entrepreneur mind, we can see the opportunity in this business. With the support and the consultation given, we manage to complete this business plan. We hope that by doing this business plan we able to understand how do business work and we looking forward to make this business become reality.

Cordially, Capsicum Land Trading

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CAPSICUM LAND TRADING

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INTRODUCTION
The name of our company is Capsicum Land Trading. Capsicum is one term of vegetables that have a high demand recently. Capsicum is also known as bell pepper or “Sabahan” people called it as “chili Benggala”. As we know that chili is one of the favorite vegetables of Sabah people. Nowadays, these kinds of vegetables which is Capsicum have a high demand from days to days until there is not enough supply to support the orders. When these matters occurs our company Capsicum Land Trading would fulfill everyone needs and the market demands that is being increasing. Our target customers are people around Sabah and Brunei Darussalam. This is because Sabah and Brunei Darussalam have a high number of demands of these kinds’ vegetables. In addition, we also supply this Capsicum to Brunei Darussalam because this is our first step to involve in the International business arena. Our business operating in two location, which are at Kundasang as our administration management and also for planting our vegetables and Tambunan as the place to plant the Capsicum. We choose these places as our location because it was good in every aspect. These businesses have a potential to being expanded. The future prospect of our business is to increase second year sales by 5% and third year sales 8%. In viewing our business potential, we believe that Capsicum productions have a high potential in business since the government want to encourage business in agriculture sector.

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d) To add the numbers of the Bumiputera involvement as an entrepreneur for being involve in this business. For the purpose of: a) To fulfill the demand of capsicum in the market. other .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING PURPOSE OF BUSINESS PLAN This business plan is prepared by Capsicum Land Trading. c) To evaluate the ability of this business whether it is able to compete with competitors. e) To fulfill the requirements of the ETR 300 subject. b) As a guideline in managing the business or the proposed venture.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING .

com Form of Business: Partnership Main Activity: Provide and produce capsicum Date of Commencement: 1 January 2010 Date of Registration: In Progress Name of Bank: Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bank Number: In progress Initial Capital: RM 36. Sabah. Libang laut.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Background of Business Name of business/company: CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Address: Kg. po. Cintamata po.00 Bank Loan: RM 38665.89657 Tambunan.89308 Kundasang Ranau. Telephone: 088-588089 Fax Number: 088-5890888 E-mail: Capsicum_Land@yahoo.box 140. Sabah.box 174.000.00 . Kg.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Background of Partner Partner 1 (General Manager) Name of Partner: Izzah Binti Raynie Identity Card Number: 891219-12-5214 .

No. Present Occupation: Full-Time Student.88858 Kota Kinabalu. Lorong 10.5. Telephone Number: 014 9552204 Date of Birth: 19 December 1989 Age: 21 years old Martial Status: Single Academic Qualification: SPM Courses Attended: Diploma in Business Studies UiTM Skills: Know how to plan capsicum and manage farm. Taman Indah Permai. Equity Contribution: RM 10. Identity Card Number: 891206-12-5880 Permanent Address: Wakiki Condominium.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Permanent Address: B29-16. KK. Correspondence Address: Same As above. 88100 Tanjung Aru. Sabah. Current Job Position: General Manager and operation manager.000 Asset Contribution: Existing farm. tools. Correspondence Address: Same As above. Experience: Helping father manage farm and assistant manager hotel Promenade. Telephone Number: 014 9550525 Date of Birth: 6 December 1989 . Nur Azera Bte Pg. Abdullah. 3rd Floor. Partner 2 (Administration Manager) Name of Partner: Dk. Sabah.

Equity Contribution: RM 10. Telephone Number: 016-8319942 Date of Birth: 28 September 1989 Age: 21 years old Martial Status: Single Academic Qualification: SPM Courses Attended: Diploma in Business Studies UiTM Skills: Communication skills. Experience: Supervisor at Survey Hypermall KK. Present Occupation: Full-Time Student. Fertilizer. Computer literate.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Age: 21 years old Martial Status: Single Academic Qualification: SPM Courses Attended: Diploma in Business Studies UiTM Skills: Management skills and Computer skills. Partner 3 (Marketing Manager) Name of Partner: Nor Afifah Bt Yusof Identity Card Number: 890928-12-6186 Permanent Address: Kg. Marketing Skills. 89657 Tambunan Sabah. Current Job Position: Administrative Manager.000 Asset Contribution: Laptop. .Po. Correspondence Address: Same As above.Box 174.Libang laut.

Laptop.89308 Kundasang Ranau.Box. Experience: Preparing a financial report for a family business and financial assistant at Surveys. Lorry.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Experience: Salesperson at Avon. Correspondence Address: Same As above. Present Occupation: Full-Time Student.Cinta mata Po. Telephone Number: 014-8759515 Date of Birth: 3 May 1989 Age: 21 years old Martial Status: Single Academic Qualification: SPM Courses Attended: Diploma in Accountancy UiTM Skills: Financing an account and Investment. Current Job Position: Marketing Manager. Equity Contribution: RM 8000 Asset Contribution: Land. Partner 4 (Financial Manager) Name of Partner: Naquiah Natasha Binti Nadzmie.Sabah. Identity Card Number: 890503-12-5452 Permanent Address: Kg. . Laptop. Present Occupation: Full-Time Student. Equity Contribution: RM 5000 Asset Contribution: Land.

800 Naquiah Natasha Bte Nadzmie 1 unit 13. Assets & Money No Item Quantity Cost per unit(Rm) 01 Laptop Planting tools.00 Total Assets (RM) 3900. Money Laptop Fertilizer Money 1 unit 1 unit 5. scissors.000 62.000 9. glove.00 Izzah Binti Raynie Contributed by .000 2000 12. Money Laptop Land Office department 04. shovel.000 Nor Afifah Bt Yusof 1 unit 1 unit each.800 5.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Current Job Position: Financial Manager.000 50. 1900. Contribution By partners.000 5000 Dk NurAzera Bte Pg Abdullah 23.000 2000 3000 13.000 2000 10. knife) 02 Money Laptop Land Lorry (second hand) 03.00 2000. (scoop.

Cyril Christopher@ Supain who had signed and agreed regarding to this Business Plan. This agreement bounds the parties mentioned below: NAME NORAFIFAH BT YUSOF DK. Table below show the amount of contribution for each partner. The Partnership Agreement was made on 4 August 2010. 25%.NURAZERA BTE PG.25%. 3) Nature of business • The nature of business that will be operated is production of Capsicum Land Trading. . 25%.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Partnership Terms Agreement. 4) Capital Contribution • Capital contribution for each partners are based on ratio of 25%. The Partnership Agreement is based on the Partnership Agreement Act (1965) and the moment of understanding stated that the entire member had agreed on the term of this Partnership Agreement Act.ABDULLAH NAQUIAH NATASHA BINTI NADZMIE IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE I/C NUMBER 890928-12-6186 891206-12-5880 890503-12-5452 891219-12-5214 During this agreement was made it was witnessed by Mr. Agreement Condition: 1) Partnership Name • All partners were agreed to name the business as “ CAPSICUM LAND TRADING” 2) Date of business to be start • All partners are agreed to start the business on 1 January 2011.

NURAZERA BTE PG. 6) Interest on capital. • CONTRIBUTION RM 5000. 8) Additional capital • If partner have an intention to contribute an additional capital. 10) Goodwill .00 RM 5000.ABDULLAH NAQUIAH NATASHA BINTI NADZMIE IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE 5) Profit and loss sharing ratio.000.00 RM 13.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING NAME NORAFIFAH BT YUSOF DK.000. • The Gratuity given to the partnership and employee is based on the business profit. • The interest on capital will be fixed at 5% for each partner.00 RM 13.00 All members were agreed to share the profit or loss base on the capital contribution ratio. 9) The Gratuity of partnership and employees. 7) Partners’ salaries • All partner agreed to accept the salaries base on capital contribution ratio. the partner must inform other partners so that the agreement between partners can be made.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING • Goodwill will be given upon admission. The method of valuating the goodwill is based on Super-Profit Method. The agreement will be studied and reviewed should any matter occur during these 5 years started from 4 August 2010. Any problems or important agreement that had not been stated in this agreement will be referred to the act (Partnership Act 1961). 11) Dissolution of partnership • A partnership is automatically dissolved upon the death or legal disability of a partner due to factors such as lunacy or bankruptcy. retirement or death of a partner. FIRST PARTNER SECOND PARTNER __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE (General Manager) THIRD PARTNER __________________________ NORAFIFAH BT YUSOF (Marketing Manager) FOURTH PARTNER __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ Authorized Signature .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING _________________________ IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE (Operation manager) __________________________ DK.ABDULLAH (Administration manager) FIFTH PARTNER ARBITRATOR WITNESS __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ NAQUIAH NATASHA BINTI NADZMIE (Financial Manager) __________________________ MR. CYRIL@SUPAIN (UiTM Lecturer) .NURAZERA BTE PG.

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beside that Kundasang is well known about the plantation of vegetables in Sabah. Tambunan. Kundasang Ranau and Kolombuang. the place is cold in the morning and yet not too hot during daytime. The location that we had decided is compatible with the plantation of the capsicum. we had the chance to start the capsicum land trading. The main business progress is at Cinta Mata. We also discovered that the competitive of capsicum plants in that area is low.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING LOCATION OF PROJECT Capsicum Land Trading is located in Cinta Mata. Moreover. the land that had been contributed by partnership is located at Kundasang Ranau. While the administration process located at Kolombuang Tambunan. \ To Ranau To Pekan Tambunan Capsicum Trading to Kg Kumawanan . Other factor of why we choose Kundasang Ranau is. Kundasang Ranau. That is mean.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING To KK to Ranau Kundasang Capsicum Land Cinta Mata .

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To achieve company goals. mission and the objective in an organization. . So that. Besides. expenses and so forth. This is one of the one of the administrative manager responsibilities. this can save company budget and at the same time the business can run smoothly. by using resources wisely. This is to let the staff be more precisely in doing their work. the clients will be able to loyal to the organization. In fact. There are many important elements that comprises in an administration plan are an organization chart.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Introduction Any business organization may require an administrative executive as it is a great importance role in order to ensure the efficiency and success of a business. a good administration will be able to ensure that the business management is in a good condition by properly organizing and conducting the organization activities in order to achieve the company goals in term of vision. Thus. the administrative manager will provide training and development to the staff. the administration manager also will in charge all the employee salary. all the employee benefit will keep in save and will be record. administrative budget. if the organization is organized properly. the effective way is to develop a proper planning in the business. The management of an organization will be managed by persons they will be organized properly in order to ensure each of them have their own task to do. Beside that. Then. This can avoid the wastage of using the resources. it is very important to consult disciplinary and gain full cooperation among the staff. Besides that.

Abdullah Clerk Security guard .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Administration Structure GENERAL MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie ADMINISTRATION MANAGER Dk. NurAzera Bte Pg.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Company vision. Realizing the important of this. It establishes the identity of the business and what it is does. we have agreed about our company vision as follows: COMPANY MISSION A mission is a statement of purpose or the reason for existence of our company in this agricultures industry. value statement announcing where the business wants to go or what it aspires to be. Mission and Objective COMPANY VISION The vision is term goal of business. Below is our company mission: . It stated in the our is often terms of a long To become the largest supplier in Malaysia that supplies the capsicum to the international level of business. It defines long-term goals of the company but in a specific period.

They are more specific. 1) To promote agriculture sector 2) To give the job opportunities to local people. Our business objectives are specific. achievable. To satisfied the customer requirements of capsicum. and realistic.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING COMPANY OBJECTIVE Business goals support business the To supply the capsicum in a good quality to customer. or mission objectives and achievement of a vision. measurable. 4) To full utilize resources of capsicum in sabah . 3) To expand the market of capsicum. stated in a shorter term and have definite time frame.

Green shows that Capsicum Land Trading is .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Company Name and Logo LOGO Background of the mount Kinabalu represents Sabah land below the wind. White represents commitment and determination of Capsicum Land Trading members in fulfilling and satisfying the best services and good quality product.

COMPANY’S NAME  Capsicum Land Trading Business Location BUSINESS ADDRESS Our business address will be at:  Kg. Sabah.  Kg.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING promoting the agricultural sector in Sabah. po.box 174. The Capsicum in the middle of the logo shows that it is the product that we are going to sell and supply.box 140.89657 Tambunan.89308 Kundasang Ranau. Sabah. . Cintamata po. Libang laut.

realizing the important of company organization chart. NurAzera Bte Pg. Therefore. we had prepared the company organization that is design based on function. GENERAL MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie ADMINISTRATION MANAGER OPERATION MANAGER Dk.Abdullah MARKETING MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie Financial Manager Nor Afifah Bt Yusof Naquiah Natasha Bte Nadzmie . It allows one to see how the lines of authority and responsibility flow through the organization.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Company’s Organization Chart An organization chart will show how the business is structure according to the departments and/or positions in the company.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 POSITION General manager Administrative manager Marketing manager Financial manager Operation manager Accountant Marketing executive General clerk Accountant clerk Accountant clerk NO.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING cler k Security guard Farm worker Factory worker Worker 1 Worker 1 Worker 2 Worker 3 Worker 4 Worker 5 Worker 6 ADMINISTRATION PERSONNEL NO. OF PERSONNEL 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .

marketing. Marketing Manager - expenses To be responsible in promote the product. Make relation with department of agriculture centre. for new information in management techniques. 01. operation and financial. Operation Manager - 04. To manage administration and operation Department efficiently. Finding the opportunities to enlarge the . To be responsible in ensuring all activities are in line with business plan. Administration Manager - 03.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 10 11 12 13 14 Supervisor Security guard Driver Farm worker Factory worker Table 1 4 2 2 6 2 Schedules of Task and Responsibilities NO. To manage administration and operation department efficiently To manage administration and operation 02. POSITION General Manager - TASK Involved in all business activity To lead overall the business operation.

NO.  Help to perform operating job in Capsicum 02. 05. organizing. Conducting and organizing the organization . Financial Officer Handling the customer needs.  Motivate the workers to achieve the company goals and to maintain the company’s name.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING customers to use organization products.  Solve any problem that occurs within the company. directing and coordinating the whole administration company. Accountable in providing smooth clerical work in organization.  Responsible in ensuring all activities are in line with business plan. Administration Manager   Land. Responsible in handling of company’s financial accounting To supervise company’s expenditure and income JOB DESCRIPTIONS Although there are outlines regarding the task and responsibilities of each partner pf our business venture. every one of us still have to perform operating job in our farm.  Act as the representative of the organization. 01.  Establishes organization policy to ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of the business. leading. POSITION General Manager JOB DESCRIPTION  Planning.

 To provide conducive office environment with complete facilities and good office layout for working environment. 04. Monitor the output and output.  Responsible to provide on going training and development to the employees about the latest technology. 03. Responsible to keep all the document of the company in safety and good condition.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING activities in order to achieve the business goals. Operational Manager   Help to perform operating job in Capsicum Land.  Responsible for the personnel benefits and condition. Make sure all the personnel in the company will manage their role effectively. Prepare stock inventories and provide sales procedures. Financial Manager   Help to perform operating job in Capsicum Land. Handling the company’s financial accounting  .    Prepare operational activities report.  Ensure the implementation of daily business operation.   Provide monthly report to General Manager. Identify the suppliers that can offer the product in the suitable and best price.   Operation equipment properly. Ensure the operational activities are in high quality and meet the customer needs and satisfaction.

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 

Supervise the company’s expenditure and income Supervise the business finance effectively and trustworthy. Monitor performance of the business cash flow. To make sure all business transaction writes down in the record book. Prepare the business financial statement. Manage partnership bank account. Responsible in every expenditure or money received. Prepare monthly report to General Manager. Help to perform operating job in Capsicum Land. Help the Marketing Manager. Develop media packs and giveaways for trade shows and conferences. Update company news and headlines in the corporate website. Assist in the development of promotional strategies and product development. Company newsletters; prepare press releases and event announcement. Prepare monthly report to the marketing manager. Make and confirm appointment as directed and receives and schedule visitor. Organize and maintain files of record and correspondence of both routine and confidential nature. Enter and update data including name and address changes and property location.

 

  

 05. Marketing Assistant   

 06. Clerk 

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07.

Farm Workers

 

Type bills for copies. Perform their duties such as harrowing, cultivating, fertilizing, irrigating and harvesting farm crops. Prepare insecticide solutions and operates spray equipment. Deliver all order in specify time. Help in maintenance of lorry and equipment. Follow all the safety regulations and precautions. Report any maintenance problems to mechanic. Checking and determine the correct customer numbers. Deliver order in a professional manner. Drives vehicles in a safe manner at all time, always wearing safety belt. Keep vehicles clean inside and out. To ensure the safety of factory at night (security guard) Measure the weight of the capsicum for packaging. Package the capsicum in a good condition. Do any extra works in any section. Be replacement worker in any section. Table 2

 08. Driver     

 

09.

Factory worker

 

  

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SCHEDULE OF REMUNERATION No. Position No. of worker 01. 02. 03. 04. 05. 06. 07. 08. 09. General Manager Administration Manager Operational Manager Financial Manager Marketing Assistant Clerk Farm worker Driver Factory worker TOTAL 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 2 2 16 Monthly salary (RM) 1,200.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 750.00 EPF Contribution (12%) (RM) 144.00 120.00 120.00 120.00 90.00 SOCSO (2.5%) (RM) 30.00 25.00 25.00 25.00 18.75 11.25 10.00 10.00 8.75 163.75 Net Salary Per month (RM) 1,374.00 1,145.00 1,145.00 1,145.00 858.75 515.25 2,748.00 916.00 801.50 10,648.50

450.00 54.00 400.00 48.00 400.00 48.00 350.00 42.00 6,550.00 786.00 Table 3 = = RM 10,649.00 RM 786.00

Total Net salary per month Total EPF per month

00 am to 1.30am to 5. thereby. To the limit of 15 days per annum (depending on the circumstances) and provided it is an approved sick leave. The bonus amount will be recorded in the business accounting period and the EPF SOCSO Insurance Working Hours Emergency leave amount given is one month salary. EPF will be pay by the contribution 8% by the employees and 12% by the employer. The working hours are from 7. Table 4 . it is at 8. 2. The salary will be given monthly.5% will be saved per month for each employee.00 Employees Intensive Scheme Workers Incentive Scheme Workers are an important factor in order to ensure the effectiveness and the efficiency in fulfilling the objective and goal of a business.30pm for Monday to Friday and for Saturday.00p only. increasing the company’s productivity and efficiency. Insurance is also included for the safety of the workers. The salary of the workers is depending on their task and the responsibilities. it has been decided by the management to come up with a reasonable scheme for the employees so it will encourage them to carry out their work with high responsibility. Working Days Medical Leave Salary Bonus 6 days per week. Bonus will be given if the business is profitable.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Total SOCSO per month = RM 164. Therefore. Emergency leave will be given to partner and workers for reasonable reason such as sick and death with an early notification.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Administration Office Layout PRAYER ROOM 3ft PRAYER ROOM 6ft 10ft 26ft 2 1/2 91/2 ft 11/ 22ft Guidelines .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Office table Office chair Filing cabinet Laptop Telephone Toilet Decoration Printer Sink Door Table 5 List of Furniture And Office Equipment. .

00 150.00 128.00 7.00 ADMINISTRATION BUDGET .00 Total cost (RM) 500.00 2259.00(per meter) 75.00 640. File.00 120. punches.00 120.00 11.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING NO 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 Item Office Desk Office chair Filling cabinet Photostat/printer/scanner/ machine Dustbin Sweep Stationery( Pen.00 48.00 80.50 5.00 3.00 80.00 240.00 7.00 65.00 56. stapler. paper slip) No of item 5 5 5 1 2 2 - Cost per unit (RM) 100.00 250.00 130. paper.00 250.00 08 09 10 11 12 Plastic chair Telephones Fire extinguisher First Aid kit Curtain Total 5 2 1 1 8 meter Table 6 15.50 150.

00 2.00 150. 0ther Expenses License & Business Registration Road tax & Vehicle insurance TOTAL 46859.00 10. TYPES ITEM FIXED ASSET COST (RM) MONTLY EXPENSES (RM) OTHER EXPENSES (RM) 01.00 950.00 450. Working Capital/ Monthly Expenses 200.000.800.059.00 2259.00 9800.00 - - 10.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING No.00 Total Administration Budget = RM 46859.00 03.00 + 450.00 Table 7 12.00 .00 02.00 + 12059.00 300.509.00 400. Capital Expenditure/ Fixed Assets Land Building Office Equipment Other Assets (Desktop and clothes ) Renovation Salary EPF & SOCSO Electricity (Office used) Telephone + Internet 22.000.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING = RM 59368.00 .

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INTRODUCTION In marketing activities it is about to satisfy consumer needs and wants and at the same time to achieve the target market. Consumer satisfaction is the main factors that can contribute

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profit of the business. If the customer satisfied with our business product they will used it again and again but if they are not satisfied with our business product they will not used and they might tell to the other people to avoid by using our product. Marketing can be defined as the activities that are carried out systematically to encourage and increase sales of product or service as long as the activities are in line with religious and ethical practice. Systematic means, the marketing activities needs to be planned and implement in systematic manner. Resources such as time, money, manpower need to be use wisely and avoid the wastage of resources. Systematic marketing effort is essential to ensure that customer attracted and motivated to purchase the product or service offer. This will help to sustain and increase sales by encouraging repeat purchase. Marketing activities also must be in line with religious and ethical consideration. From this marketing plan we can know how to introduce our product to our target customer. We also can do an estimation of our profit by having a sales forecast. By having these, we know who will be our potential customer in the target market, who are our competitor, how strong they are, and how much the market share and how we can compete with them. We have to find the affective way for market our product, which makes the marketing plan really important to a business. Business which has a weak of marketing strategies will not be able to compete with others and will not last long in the market.

In the marketing plan we would include several information about market analysis, target market, market size, market share, competitors, sales forecast, marketing strategies and the marketing budget. Objectives in marketing plan.

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• Know our competitors weakness and strengths • Define our consumer target market to make the organizations successful in the future • To ensure our business run smoothly. • To fulfill satisfaction, needs and wants consumer • Increase sales of existing products • Increase market shares

Marketing structure
OPERATION MANAGER

Izzah Binti Raynie

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING MARKETING MANAGER Nor Afifah Bt Yusof Marketing executive Supervisor Product. .

Capsicums have been used in folk medicine for years. This kind of vegetables can give average 15 capsicums for one tree. We will not mix the good quality capsicum and the bad quality capsicum. They have been used in cooking from Asia to South America to Italy. Moreover by putting a less pesticides in our product is also one of the ways for us in care our product quality. So. As we know. This kind of vegetables is very expensive and can give a high profit for those who plant these vegetables. people were very concern with the quality especially in a food sector. The procedure in packaging our product is very systematic. Their flavours range from the common sweet green bell pepper to super-spicy chillies. we as a capsicum producer will fulfil the customer need by serve them a good quality Capsicum. Capsicum is also one of a product that we can eat. Furthermore it will give 3 Kg each of the trees. and scientists are currently researching possibilities for its use in pain relief.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING The Capsicum name refers to both sweet and hot peppers. so proving a good quality is our concern to our entire prospect customer. peppers are closely related to tomatoes and share many of their characteristics. the outcome of this capsicum is high and can give a profit for us. Therefore. We will ensure the capsicum is divide by it quality. Quality is very important for us in producing capsicum. Target market . Peppers are a great choice for the home gardener because of their low maintenance and easy growth habit. capsicum one of the vegetables that have a high demand from the customer. In fact. the customer needs is our concerns and the best quality will be serve for them. Nowadays.

restaurants and to local people around there. This will reduce the promotion cost in a way of advertising.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING In geographic. we also planting the Capsicum at Tambunan as the weather are also suitable to grow a healthy Capsicum. We believe that the Capsicum Land Trading will be the first choice of the customers. as we will make sure our service and product are in good quality. there are also many houses developing. So that. As it located at an altitude of approximately 2000 meters above sea level. Other than that. We ourselves also provided a delivery service to those who need it with the extra cost. which means that Kundasang surrounded with a very good climate that suitable for plantation. In addition. We believe that the restaurants and hotels will need our product in order to fulfill their cooking and menu. This will give a huge impact to our product selling because there are chances those consumers will buy our product. it surely be an advantage in lightens the burden in promoting the Capsicum Land Trading. The box will protect the condition of the Capsicum. as the people already know that Kundasang is a popular in plantation industry. so that we can predict and see that the residents are also increase. The wholesaler will come to Kundasang to get the Capsicum from the Capsicum Land Trading and they will sell them at their “pasar besar” in each of these districts. We will make sure and concerns about our product’s quality that we will get pick the vegetables fresh from the farm and pack them into the boxes that we design by ourselves. The retailer from the “pasar besar” will supply the capsicum to the hotels. . furthermore the design color and the shape of our product will attract people to buy the Capsicum from us. We have decided to target the 14 districts in Sabah where we will be supply the Capsicum to them from Kundasang. This place has a very high potential to become a healthy and success business. we have identified in term of geographic factors where Capsicum Land Trading is located in fully planting area at Kundasang.

Other than that. our business will make a contract agreement for long-term business that will be going on between our business and the wholesalers. . Fourteen Target (14) districts in Sabah i) Kota Kinabalu ii) Sandakan iii) Tawau iv) Kota Belud v) Sipitang vi) Lahad Datu vii) Tambunan viii) Tenom ix) Nabawan x) Keningau xi) Ranau (Kundasang) xii) Beaufort xiii) Papar xiv) Kudat xv) Brunei Darussalam MARKET SHARE.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Extra discount will be given to the loyal and permanent wholesaler who are stick and loyal with our product.

807. There are certain factors that are yet being taken into consideration in the process of estimating the market share. Markets share can be calculated by using Market share = Average sales per year x 100 Average sales per year for all competitors Before entering the market NO COMPETITORS ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE (%) 1 2 3 4 5 Pertubuhan peladang kinabalu Koperasi pembangunan desa Pekebun-pekebun kecil Pengusaha SUNNING (indirect comnpetitors) Pengusaha Chua (indirect competitors) TOTAL 20% 20% 100% Table 8 561. experiences and duration of the business.825. which are total main competitors size and competitors’ influences.40 575.5% 11.00 561.441.00 2.017. (RM) (sources from: Puan Sumaini Suhaimin Bandaran) After analyzing the competitors’ strength and weaknesses.5% 786. . competitors’ strengths and financial strengths.477.441.58 ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE.205.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Market share is refers to estimated potential sales of our business after we taking into the consideration of the market size and our competitors influences.025 322.00 28% 20. Capsicum Land Trading enterprise is confident it can control 10% of the market.

720.80 280.801.00 2. kinabalu Koperasi pembangunan desa Pekebun-pekebun kecil Pengusaha SUNNING (indirect comnpetitors) Pengusaha Chua (Indirect competitors) Capsicum Land Trading TOTAL 25% 18. 04.152.25 519. It is important to know whom the business is sharing our market identify the main competitors in .93 350. 02.5% 18% 16% 10% 100% Table 9 701. (RM) COMPETITORS IN THE MARKET In the business that we want to venture there are several businesses that already exist. 05.63 505.90 449. By knowing our competitors is one of the methods in how to increase or improve your business.00 ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE.205. 03. NO COMPETITORS ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE (%) Pertubuhan peladang 01.5% 12.807.900.332.296. 06.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING AFTER CAPSICUM LAND TRADING ESTABLISHED.

Koperasi pembangunan desa • Have big companies that produce vegetables and fruits. Pekebun-pekebun kecil • Have a good relationship with • Use high amount of pesticides and . Workers from the village have their own plantation. • • Have their own loyal customer. They tend to use high amount pesticides and insecticides.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING order to develop appropriate marketing strategies to compete with competitors. 1. Tend to use high amount of pesticides and insecticides. The workers fully trained. Practice fustigation in their plantation. Have to compete with their own branches. Have many branches. • • Produce commercial product. • • • • • • WEAKNESS • Offer expensive price. Offer expensive price. NO 01 COMPETITORS Pertubuhan peladang kinabalu STRENGHTS • They are the big company that produces vegetables and fruits. Their target market is on tourist from abroad. Workers are not permanent. • • • Have their own loyal customer. These are our list of our competitors and the differences between our business and others competitors.

. ( sources From: Puan Mariana Bt Taliban) SALES FORECAST Once we have estimated our market share. Have a link in this arena. Many experiences. Some of them have a loyal customer. Target market is only the visitor who comes to their stall.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING KPD. Many experiences. No one to continue their business as they are getting old. Have a big acre of plantation. Not planting capsicum. Producing more vegetables. Producing more vegetables. we can forecast our sales for the coming business period. Exports their vegetables to overseas. Pengusaha SUNNING (indirect comnpetitors) • • • • Well known. • • • Have own stall at Kundasang. There are several factors we that we considered in forecasting the sales. Pengusaha Chua (indirect competitors) • • • • Not provide vegetables in country. • • Not planting capsicum. • • insecticides. Table 10 • • Have a middle market share.

Forecasting sales Grade A = RM 11 per kilo Grade B= RM 10 per kilo Grade C = RM 8 per kilo Table 11 . there will be sale for the product wholesaler because the grading product to the wholesaler because the grading process that conducted by our company have rejected the low quality of capsicum. There are three picking process for one phase. soil and season. there are certain processes to do which will be on the operational plan. the sales forecast for Capsicum Land Trading are based on the annually or year sales forecast in which cover twice a year and not based on monthly. The first and second production for the year we called as the phase 1 and phase 2. The production of Capsicum is only twice a year. In that five months period. We have estimated the sales forecast into two. Therefore. Our Sales Forecast will show modest estimation for the first year of operation beginning in January on 2011.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING First is customer of the existence of our business. Below is the table for our sales forecast based on its grade and mass. which is in maximum and minimum sales forecast that based on the production for the certain phase by the factor of climate. It is because the procedure of the operation in order to plant the Capsicum needs a long duration. We know that it will take some time for our customer to buy our product. However. once the production of Capsicum is on track. It takes five months to wait until the Capsicum plants produce its vegetables.

180 33.900 30.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING YEAR MONTH January February March April May June July August September October November December GRADE AND QUANTITY OF SALES IN YEAR 1 Grade A Grade B Grade c 1200kg 1285kg 1290kg 1270kg 1100kg 1230kg 1255kg 1260kg 1270kg 1300kg 1340kg 1360kg 1150kg 1180kg 1160kg 955kg 900kg 1150kg 1190kg 1200kg 1220kg 1160kg 1100kg 1270kg 640kg 668kg 670kg 610kg 560kg 660kg 700kg 630kg 490kg 570kg 680kg 670kg 1 TOTAL SALES PER MONTH (RM) 29.020 366.720 28.460 31.892 YEAR MONTH January February March April May June July August September October November December Table 12 GRADE AND QUANTITY OF SALES IN YEAR 2 Grade A Grade B Grade c 1350kg 1360kg 1375kg 1320kg 1260kg 1225kg 1260kg 1274kg 1290kg 1450kg 1500kg 1580kg 1260kg 1210kg 1185kg 1100kg 990kg 1160kg 1120kg 1350kg 1440kg 1170kg 1200kg 1220kg 645kg 670kg 689kg 650kg 635kg 590kg 710kg 790kg 550kg 680kg 700kg 730kg 2 YEAR MONTH January February March GRADE AND QUANTITY OF SALES IN YEAR 3 Grade A Grade B Grade c 1590kg 1600kg 1570kg 1210kg 1273kg 1275kg 735kg 750kg 734kg .834 32.420 384.694 TOTAL SALES PER MONTH (RM) 32.100 35.305 30.330 35.610 30.840 29.470 36.400 28.740 33.990 33.090 30.626 TOTAL SALES PER MONTH (RM) 35.780 30.820 31.279 31.090 34.150 28.795 30.487 30.310 31.000 32.

our company would likely take some effort in introducing the company and to make sure that our company will be recognize around the area and perhaps the whole of Sabah and .177.902 TOTAL = RM 1. As we have identified the strength and weaknesses of our competitors.190 427.443 Marketing strategies For a new business.902 Year 1 = RM 364.080 36.030 33.360 38. it is important that we have the marketing strategies in order that we could compete with other company.790 39.626 Year 3 = RM 427.585 37.135 34.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 3 April May June July August September October November December 1530kg 1410kg 1455kg 1450kg 1460kg 1575kg 1620kg 1690kg 1700kg 1220kg 1000kg 1140kg 1270kg 1344kg 1350kg 1370kg 1400kg 1425kg Table 13 710kg 690kg 730kg 710kg 710kg 720kg 730kg 775kg 780kg 34.915 Year 2 = RM 384.710 31.330 35.

Product strategy A good product could satisfy our customers. Furthermore. To do so. It is important for our company to determine the best price that should be charge to our customer in order that our customer will satisfied with the given. Pricing strategy Pricing strategy can be best referred as the amount of money charged to the customer for a particular purchase. Other than that we will be trying to fulfill our customers’ demand with a continuous supply of the capsicums. and therefore it is important for our company to ensure that our product is in its freshness before and after the delivering. it might be our one of the strategies to gain confidents among the customers. The most important thing is supplying good product to our customer is the quality and the freshness of our product. the effective way to get more profit is by giving the best quality of product and service. it is . To achieve it we are trying to do the best way of packaging our product to ensure its quality and freshness of our product. In doing so. Overall. there are four key to our success which they are the product. Therefore. price. place and promotion. That the problem that they always face where most of our competitor could not supply their product in time to the customers.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Brunei Darussalam. we have standardize our product which is higher than our competitors.

target market. marketing objectives or targeted profit. We assume that the customer judge a product’s value on the prices competitors charge for their products. . Furthermore. The strategy that we are using in determining our price of the product is by using the competition-based pricing. social concerns and consumer groups. durable packaging and others. Distribution strategy is aimed at establishing a structured and controllable distribution system to ensure the product offered reaches the target customers. we must be aware with several factors such as the economic conditions. Distribution strategy. government regulations. our business could give a value price bases on our competitors’ prices. It is common form of competition-based pricing is going rate pricing. the going-rate pricing is quite popular and is most often used when businesses bid for jobs. we make profit. The second way that we use to determine our price of our product is the factors affecting pricing. A distribution channel moves goods from producers to consumers. cost. Overall. In our opinion by using this method. we apply this method by giving the best price that offer several services such as during the first month we offer free delivery of our product for our customers. Although our company can set prices according to our product concept.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING also important for us to charge lower price compare to our competitor and in the same time.

Promotion Strategy Promotion strategy is used to disseminate information about the company’s product or services with the purposes of attracting the target market. we use the simple common form of distribution which is Direct to Customer. In this type of distribution have no intermediary level and consist of a business selling directly to customer. our company has been decided to make a contract with our wholesaler so that our sales will go smoothly every month. . Other than that. This type of channel is called direct marketing channel or channel one. There are few several ways of promotion strategies that our company is using to promote our company and our product.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Below are the ways of our distribution strategies that the first one is the direct to consumer and the second one is the selling through wholesalers: Capsicum Trading TO customer A distribution channel moves goods from producer to customer. we have decide to use this type of distribution channel because of it is easy for our company to distribute our product. As for our restaurant. Capsicum Trading TO wholesaler TO customer According this type of distribution.

500 meter 3. completely with the direction.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 1. PS 140. Brochure/Flyers This kind of promotion strategy will print out our vision. It will be located in each important or main road or street. Signboard This signboard will be having our logo together with our company’s name (Capsicum Land Trading). KG. The reasons why most company use this strategy is that it is simple way to communicate the consumer that provide information about the company. 2. We could say this kind of promotion will illustrate a little and more about our business.89308. Each of the signboard will lead our customer to our place. KUNDASANG RANAU. SABAH. Advertising Advertising are non-personal. the advantages of our capsicum and map. mission. it includes the address. CINTA MATA . paid form of promotion through the mass media. objective. Our company has decided ways to advertise our company which the first way is through newspapers. We are planning to put this . contact number and the person who will be in charge in this business. The important element of this advertising toll is.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING brochure/ flyers inside newspaper and then it will distribute to the people. Besides that. Internet website (Blog) We also provide internet website where the people can view our blog and connected with us in order to gain information from our Capsicum Land Trading. In this website also we stated the . 4. through this website it gives opportunity for us and the people to exchange ideas so that we can improve our planting management and fulfill the satisfaction of our customer. We had found this strategy is easier to distribute to flyers rather than walking around in a day.

handling. operation hour and etc through this kind of promotion we can directly promote our market. Business card Each and one of the managers will have their own business card so in this way we can distribute our business card to our own friends and family.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING information of our business such as prices. Other than that. 5. so that when they encounter any problem. they can immediately call us. . we will also distribute the business card to our new and regular customer.

The purpose of this capsicum fair is to promote our product and build a relationship with our customer. Capsicum fair will be doing once in a year. . Capsicum fair and premium.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 6. Besides that. We will give a premium to a customer once in a month. giving a premium to our loyal customer is also a strategy for us in marketing our plan. This capsicum fair will doing in our outside office.

The wholesalers from the other place and also from the other country also come to kundasang to buy the vegetables.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Place strategy Capsicum land trading is located at kampung cinta mata kundasang.00 MONTHLY EXPENSES (RM) OTHER EXPENSES (RM) . It was located in the area that famous of vegetables. People will find the vegetables in this place.00 100. It also called heart of vegetables. Marketing budget ITEMS FIXED ASSETS EXPENSES (RM) Signboard Newspaper Radio 500.00 150. Besides that. kundasang is a place that tourist always come. by choosing a Kundasang as our place is a one strategy in market our product. So.

00 1550.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Premium Flyers 1100.00 + 3100.00 2500.00 Total 500.00 .00 200.00 Business card Capsicum Fair Brochure 150.00 = RM 5150.00 Table 14 3100.00 Total marketing Budget = 500.00 + 1550.00 450.

The way we care of our product will make it being more quality. It is to ensure that all the production operation is done correctly and efficiency. Operation department will take responsibilities to make sure all the operating part will go smoothly as we have plan.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Introduction Operation plan and production is very important in our business. In addition we will make sure it will not harm by the insect and disease. Production plan is prepared to ensure that the project is done depend on the higher demand of the customer and market demand by offering the suitable price. We will ensure it have enough fertilizer and water. By providing high quality will make our product is different with the other competitors. The way we doing our packaging will keep the freshness and quality of the product. . so it will attract more customers.

Besides that. 3. To supply the fresh capsicum to customers in the most effective. efficient and professional manner. healthy and high quality. In conclusion. we need the systematic planning of our business. Therefore. the free service will be given for the loyal customer. To give customer a high level of satisfaction after consuming our fresh capsicum or lada benggala. To ensure the operation management run smoothly. .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING We will also fulfill the demand of the consumer. in order to ensure that our plants are in good conditions. good maintenance is needed. 2. OPERATIONAL OBJECTIVES 1. 4. To minimize the operation cost and maximized profit earned. This strategy will ensure that the capsicum can be produce to all customers and also fulfill the demand of the customer without delaying the capsicum producing. To make capsicum Land Trading stand out through variety and quality. we also will do planting activity in two phases. Besides that. 5.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Operation Structure GENERAL MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie OPERATION MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie .

00 pm.00pm.00pm. The rest time will be on 12.00pm to 2.00am until 5. except for Saturday and Sunday.00 pm) 8. Monday to Friday Saturday and Sunday 8. In Saturday and Sunday there will only 4 hours per day that is 8.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Farm worker Factory worker Superviso r Driver Operation Hours Our business operation in office is 8 hours per day that is from 8.00 am – 12.00 am – 5.00 pm. WORKING DAYS AND HOURS.00pm to 2.00am until 12.00 pm (Rest hours on 12. Table 15 .

00 pm.00 am – 12. to ensure all the farm material sufficient for example insecticide. Process planning is done to identify the step by step process from beginning to end of the operation. Monday to Friday Saturday and Sunday (Rest hours on 12. fertilizer and the capsicum seeds is still have a stock. Business Hours BUSINESS DAYS AND HOURS 8. watering. planting. harvesting and the last is sell to the wholesalers.00 pm.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Our duty is to check all the workers do their job.00 pm to 12.00 pm) 8. Operation flow chart for the Capsicum product .00 am – 5. visiting the farm of capsicum and finding new wholesalers for expanse our market is also our responsible. fertilization. Besides that. Below are the process of developing land. Table 16 PLANNING PROCESS Doing a planning is an important for our company to run this operation smoothly.

Step 7 Roping is made one in two months. Step 15 Storage process. Step 2 Neutralize the soil using limestone and compost fertilizer. Step 14 Weighing the product. Step 10 Plucking process for the first land area. Step 11 Cleaning process. Step 9 Develop the second land area of the plantation. Step 3 Inculcate the seed on the tray. Table 17 . Step 8 Spray insecticides base on the decease that harms the apple chili. Step 5 Transfer the germinated seed to the boundary. Step 6 Watering process. Step 12 Divide the capsicum according to their quality Step 13 Package the product.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Step 1 Develop the first land area of the plantation.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Explanation of the flow chart activities .

This is because it need to support the Capsicum from a fracture because the stick could not sustain its own weight. remove the germinated seed into the boundary. The diluting mineral in the soil then effect the good quality production of capsicum. Then. This step is important because water need to help diluting process of chemical and fertilizer in the soil. Step 11 • Cleaning process. Planted it on one line. Step 9 • Develop the second land area of the plantation. the soil of each seed bed has been added by organic fertilizer.Step 1 • Develop the first land area of the plantation. Step 5 • Transfer the germinated seed to the boundary. Step 12 • Divide the capsicum according to their quality. Using the limestone and compost the fertilizer will neutralize the soil. once in a week. leave it for a week. After the fruit look mature the plucking process can be started. In this process. Every two months the capsicum must be roping. Step 8 • Spray insecticides base on the decease that harms the apple chili. capsicum. Step 2 • Neutralize the soil using limestone and compost fertilizer. ENT300 Whole of our plant is 4 acres. dry the Before harvesting the capsicum in the first area plant develop the second plant and planting the capsicum from the Crops will be sprayed with insecticides by a disease that attacks the plant. The spraying insecticide is performance Plant the seed in a black plastic for a month. Watering the seed bed or the boundary. The chemical fertilizer must be spray on the plant just after the plucking process so that the left of immature capsicum did not destroy by the louse or insect. We will clean the first land which is at Kundasang then followed by our second land at Tambunan. Make sure the insecticide is cleared from the capsicum. All fertilizer process must be stopped 3 days before the capsicum is being harvest. Clean the capsicum in the water reservoir. The soil of the boundary must neutralize before transfer any vegetables to the new land because it is acidic. Step 6 • Watering process. make line boundary. Then. Put the black plastic in . It can not be directed planted in the boundary. the unconditional place. we do the cleaning of the land by removing grass. Step 10 • Plucking process for the first land area. Then. To maximize the land we develop all land by phase to phase. make inculcate place and set up the green house and CAPSICUM LAND TRADING pipe system. first step. Firstly. After finish one month the germinate seed will transfer on the boundary. Step 3 • Plant the seed on the tray. Step 7 • Roping is made one in two months.

This process is the process where the capsicum is being weighing. The weigh of each package will be written on the Harvest for 1st box. phase Step 15 Neutralize for 1st phase Planting/mature (2nd phase) Harvest for 2nd phase Planting/mature (1st phase) • Storage process.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Step 13 • Activities Package the product. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Planting/mature Step 14 (1st phase) • Weighing the product. By having a weigh in the plastic and box will facilitate consumer in buying the capsicum. After divide according to the quality of the capsicum it will be package into the box and the plastic according to the demand of the Month customer. the capsicum that being package will be saved to the store before it is sent to the whole seller. After weighed. Table 18 Gantt chart for year 1 .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Gann chart for year 2 Activities Jan Planting/mature (1st phase) Feb Mar Apr Mei Month Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Harvest for 1st phase neutralize Harvest for 2nd phase neutralize Planting/mature (2nd phase) .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Gann chart for year 3 Activities Jan Planting/mature(1st phase) Feb Mar Apr May Month Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Harvest for 1st phase Neutralize Harvest for 2nd phase Neutralize Planting/mature (2nd phase) .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Operation Layout Capsicum tree farm (2 acre / 21780 capsicum tree) 2cm 2 cm Washing area 9ft x 6ft 20ft x20ft Drying area Drying area 20ft x 15ft Packaging area .

00 Kinabalu kimia Pesticides RM15.00 per gallon Kinabalu kimia Land RM5000 per pack Kinabalu kimia .00 per pack Kinabalu kimia Herbicides RM50.80 per gunny Supplier Kinabalu kimia RM18.00 per bottle Kinabalu kimia Capsicums seeds RM45.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Store Material Requirement List Organic fertilizers (baja tahi ayam) Chemical fertilizers Cost per unit RM3.00 per boxes Kinabalu kimia Chemicals fertilizers RM12.

00 4 280.00 5 60.00 .00 Plant bed cover Head pipe KPD 70.00 Quantity 5 Total (RM) 100.00 10 20.00 4 60.00 Glove Kinabalu kimia 2.00 Kinabalu kimia 3.0 Cleaver Kinabalu kimia 12.50 wheelbarrow Kinabalu kimia 90.00 Mask Kinabalu kimia 15.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING TOTAL RM5143.00 4 360.50 7 24.80 Table 19 Machine equipment Types Hoe Supplier Kinabalu kimia Price (RM) 20.

00 Hose KPD 25. Driver operation 2 Have a GDL license and have an experience. Table 21 . working experience in capsicum farm.00 5 125.00 TOTAL Table 20 Manpower Planning RM1429.00 POSITION Farm workers NO.00 5 400. Know about the management in capsicum.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Water tank Peladang 80. Factory worker 2 Experience in packaging and storage. OF WORKERS 6 QUALIFICATION SPM.

00 X 115 Tins = RM 13.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 15.058 Table 22 Organic fertelizer(Baja Tahi Ayam) Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 8 Packs = RM 384.00 X 8 Bottles = RM 280.00 RM 35.00 RM 48.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING FORECASTING PURCHASES FOR YEAR 1 ITEMS TOTAL PRICE IN A MONTH (Development 1st land phase = 2 Acre) January RM 3.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) Capsicum seed TOTAL .00 X 10 Boxes = RM 120.00 X 10 Boxes = RM 180.00 RM 120.00 RM18.00X 20 Gunny = RM 500.00 RM 25.00 RM 12.800.00 X 8 Bottles = RM 120.50 X 300 Gunny = RM 1050.00 RM17.00 RM 52.

00 RM 48.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 RM 52.00 X 12 Gallons = RM642 .00 RM 48.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 RM1336.00 Table 23 Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 RM 35.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL MARCH RM 25.00 X 8 Bottles = RM 280 .00 RM 35.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100 .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 Table 24 .Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL February RM 25.00 RM 52.00 RM1214.

00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 144.00X 20 Gunny = RM 300.00 RM 48.00 TOTAL RM1876.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 96.00 RM 52.00 RM 25.00 RM 12.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 RM 52.00 RM2386.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL MAY RM 3.00 Table 26 .00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 Table 25 Organic fertelizer(Baja Tahi Ayam) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.50 X 300 Gunny = RM 1050.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 15.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) APRIL RM18.00 RM 35.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 RM 48.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 RM 25.00 RM 35.

00 X 4 Boxes = RM 48.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING (Development 2st land phase = 2 Acre) Organic fertelizer(Baja Tahi Ayam) Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 RM 52.00 RM18.00 RM 35.00 RM 12.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 RM 15.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 144.00 RM 120.00 X 115 Tins = RM 13.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) Capsicum seed TOTAL JUNE RM 2.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.80 X 220 Gunny = RM 616.00 RM 48.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.244 Table 27 .racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM 25.800 RM16.00X 20 Gunny = RM 300.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.

racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 8 Packs = RM 384.00 RM 48.00 Table 29 .00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 RM 52.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL AUGUST RM 25.00 RM 48.00 RM1.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM 35.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL JULY RM 25.00 X 8 Bottles = RM 200.628.00 RM 35.00 RM 52.00 RM1.336 Table 28 Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.

00 RM 5.50 X 300 Gunny = RM 1050.00 RM 25.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 144.00 Table 31 .00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 Table 30 Organic fertelizer(Baja Tahi Ayam) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 RM 35.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 12.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 RM 48.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM 35.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.876.00 RM2.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.386.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL SEPTEMBER RM18.00 RM1.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 96.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00X 20 Gunny = RM 300.00 RM 48.00 RM 52.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL OCTOBER RM 3.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM 25.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 52.

00 RM 12.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL NOVEMBER RM 25.00 RM 48.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 300.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM1.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM 25.00X 20 Gunny = RM 300.00 RM 52.00 RM 48.00 RM 35.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 96.00 Table 32 DECEMBER Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 RM 35.00 RM1.536.00 RM 15.876.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL RM18.00 RM 52.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 Table 33 .00 X 8 Boxes = RM 144.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.

00 RM 50.752.00 16244. 11.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING NO. 7. January February March April May June July August September November 17058. 752 X 3% = RM 1522. RM50.00 2386. RM50. 9.00 12. December TOTAL Year 2 The forecasting for the purchase will increase 3%.00 1536. 8. MONTH TOTAL MONTHLY PURCHASES (RM) 1.00 1214. 2. 5. 6.00 1628. 752.00 1876.00 + RM 1015.00 1336. 3.56 Year 3 .00 1876.56 So.4= RM 52274. 4.00 1876.00 1336.

98 So.058. RM 52274.00 400.000 17.98 = RM 54365.00 50.54 OPERATIONS BUDGET ITEM FIXED (RM) ASSET COST MONTHLY EXPENSE OTHER EXPENSE Machine equipment.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING The forecasting of purchases will increase 4% RM 52274.56 + RM 2090.00 .56 X 4% = RM 2090. Lorry Raw materials Diesel 1429.

00 + 600.00 300.00 .00 300.00 250.00 17708.00 600.00 Table 35 Total operation budget= RM51429.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Electricity Road tax Insurance Total 51429.00 = RM 69737.00 + RM17708.

The financial plan will represents how Capsicum Land Trading will afford to achieve its strategic goals and objectives. and identifies any risks and issues related to the budget set. summarizes the costs of budget. calculates the total cost of each resource. which then help to make decision on how to raise the cash. All financial data comes from the operating . by confirming that the objectives set are achievable from a financial point of view. either by loan or issuing additional shares in our business. The plan also includes future income to allocate various expenses in our business. equipment and material. It shows the estimation of cash needed to start the capsicum production business and its operational expenses.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING INTRODUCTION The last step in preparing the business report is financial plan whereby it provides the business plan with rigor. quantities amounts of resources in term of labor. The plan also identifies the types of resources needed.

It states all the expenses of the business which are needed for the business to run. To avoid wastage done by our company in preparing the budgeting statement.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING budgets that include administrative budget. marketing and operational. Financial structure GENERAL MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie . To apply the financial aspect in business result such as administration. marketing budget and operational budget. 2. OBJECTIVES 1. 3. To ensure the organization will gain profit from our business operation.

4. To ensure that the project or business will run smoothly. 3. 2. To establish and maintain financial security.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Financial Manager Naquiah Natasha Binti Nadzmie Accountant Clerk Supervisor FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES 1. . 5. To ensure that all the resources are used accordingly. To ensure that the sources of finance are sufficient in order to satisfy the financial needs of the business. To secure the capital.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 6. 2. To appraise the availability of the project before actual investment is committed. Gathering all financial input. It also helps the business operation in monitoring the expenses whereby it is not over budget or limits and to identify suitable sources of finance that are suitable to support the business. THE PURPOSE OF FINANCIAL PLANNING The purpose of planning the financial plan is to help the manager to manage cash flows and to make sure that the sources of finance are enough to support the expenses that are needed to manage the business. . To determine the size of investment such as implementation cost. To ensure the initial capital is sufficient. THE IMPORTANCE OF FINANCIAL PLAN 1. To be used as a guideline for implementation. 5. 3. Prepare the financial statement for the business as a proof for any business affairs. 4. To identify the relevant source of financial. FINANCIAL PLAN STRATEGY Our financial plan has follow several steps that been followed to become workable and also meaningful. 1.

quick ratio does not consider the liability of the business into calculation. and return on investment and debt to equity ratio. return on sale. 5. Preparing the source financial schedule. It analyzes the financial performance of Capsicum Land Trading while determi9ning the volume of sales of the product from Capsicum Land Trading to cover the total cost. Increment of return on sale represents higher income profit. The higher the ratio shows better capability of the business to cover its expenses. return on equity.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 2. increment in these to provide higher benefit to financial supporters. 3. Debt to equity shows the ability of the business to settle its debts. 4. Return on sale shows the performance of profit income to Capsicum Land Trading based on the sales of the capsicum. BUSINESS BACKGROUND BUSINESS LEGAL ENTITY 2 . Return on equity and return on investment represents the ability of Capsicum Land Trading to provide benefit to those who had offer financial support to Capsicum Land Trading. Preparing the pro-forma cash inflow statement. quick ratio. Preparing the project implementation cost schedule. Current ratio and quick ratio determine the ability of the business to cover its expenses with its working capital. Preparing the pro-forma income statement. The higher the ratio indicates the failure of the business to clear its debts. The financial analysis covers current ratio. Like return on sale. However. FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Financial analysis involves generating the information from the financial statements to determine the performance of the business.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 1= Private Limited Company ( Sdn. MARKETING AND OPERATIONS EXPENDITURE ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURE .) 2= Partnership 3= Sole Proprietorship NATURE OF BUSINESS 2 1= Manufacturing 2= Trading 3= Service FINANCIAL INPUT PROJECTED ADMINISTRATIVE. Bhd.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Assets Land & Building office equipment other assets Renovation Office departmet Working Capital salary both partner EPF(12%) SOCSO (2.000 9.368 MARKETING EXPENDITURE Fixed Assets Signboard RM 500 .) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Expenditure TOTAL Table 35 200 150 300 59.000 2.509 786 164 400 Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Pre-Operations Deposit (rent.5%) Eectricity(office use) RM 22.800 10. etc.259 2. utilities.800 10.

150 OPERATIONS EXPENDITURE Fixed Assets Machine equipment Lorry RM 1.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Expenditure TOTAL Table 36 3100 5.429 50. etc.000 .100 200 Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Pre-Operations Deposit (rent.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Working Capital Newspaper Radio Premium Flyers 150 100 1. utilities.

737 PROJECTED SALES AND PURCHASE Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 SALES PROJECTION 29. utilities. EPF & SOCSO Electricity( operation use) Diesal 17.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Expenditure TOTAL Table 37 600 69.400 .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Working Capital Raw Materials Carriage Inward & Duty Salaries.279 31.820 31. etc.150 28.058 250 400 Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Pre-Operations Deposit (rent.

310 31.694 384.876 2.460 31.780 30.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12 Total Year 1 Total Year 2 Total Year 3 28.876 2.305 30.020 366.626 427.336 1.366 Table 39 Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12 Total Year 1 Total Year 2 Total Year 3 SOURCE OF FINANCE TERMS OF LOAN (if required) Interest rate Loan duration Interest payment method* * Method: 1 = flat rate 2 = annual 5% 5 2 .536 1.336 1.090 30.902 Table 38 PURCHASE PROJECTION 17.244 1.214 1.628 1.180 33.876 50.058 1.386 1.752 52.386 16.900 30.767 54.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING rest TERMS OF HIRE-PURCHASE (if required) Interest rate 5% Hire-purchase duration 5 Table 40 PROJECTED IMPLEMENTATION COST AND SOURCE OF FINANCE Capsicum Land Trading PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION COST & SOURCES OF FINANCE Project Implementation Cost Sources of Finance .

740 144.000 Fixed Assets Land & Building office equipment other assets Renovation Office departmet Signboard Cash 22.708 299 0 38.800 10.000 9.330 72.259 2.000 1.550 5.858 12.000 2.000 11.800 500 2.429 50.740 34.800 10.000 BUDGET .000 9.259 2.665 6.350 10.708 4.429 50.859 1.051 10.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Requirements Cost Loan HirePurchase Own Contribution Existing F.000 4.550 17.001 1.995 Table 41 5.800 500 Machine equipment Lorry Working Capital 1 months Administrative Marketing Operations Pre-Operations & Other Expenditure Contingencies 8% TOTAL 1. Assets 22.

800 10 .509 786 164 400 Pre-Operations & Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Deposit (rent.259 22.000 F.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING ADMINISTRATIVE BUDGET Particulars Fixed Assets 22 Land & Building office equipment other assets renovation Office departmet Working Capital salary both partner EPF(12%) SOCSO (2. Others Total .800 10.259 2 .000 9 .Assets Monthly Exp.859 11 650 59.859 .) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Pre-Operations Expenditure 46 Total . utilities.168 200 150 300 150 300 10.5%) Eectricity(office use) .000 2 . etc.800 10 .000 2.800 2.509 786 164 400 9.

Assets Monthly Exp.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table 42 MARKETING BUDGET Particulars F. Others Total .

) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Pre-Operations Expenditure Total 1.100 3.550 Table 43 OPERATIONS BUDGET F.Assets Monthly 500 3. utilities. 100 200 500 - Particulars Others Total . 050 150 100 1.100 2.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Assets Signboard 500 Working Capital Newspaper Radio Premium Flyers 150 100 1. etc.100 200 Pre-Operations & Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Deposit (rent.

600 7 600 6 00 69. Raw Materials Carriage Inward & Duty Salaries. EPF & SOCSO Electricity( operation use) Diesal 058 250 400 Pre-Operations & Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Deposit (rent.00 0 Working Capital 17.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Exp. Fixed Assets 1.73 8 2 50 4 00 17.42 Machine equipment Lorry 1429 50000 9 50. etc.05 DEPRECIATION METHOD AND ECONOMIC LIFE OF FIXED ASSET .4 Total 29 708 Table 44 17. utilities.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Pre-Operations Expenditure 51.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING FIXED ASSETS office equipment other assets renovation Office departmet signboard - Econ. Life (yrs) 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 DEPRECIATION METHOD (1=straight line. Life (yrs) 5 5 5 5 5 5 FIXED ASSETS Machine equipment Lorry Econ. 2=declining balance) .

807 2. 800 0 0 0 0 0 Book Value 2.355 904 452 - Book Value 2.259 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 452 904 1.680 1. 120 1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Capsicum Land Trading DEPRECIATION SCHEDULES Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 452 452 452 452 452 0 0 0 0 0 office equipment 2.800 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 560 1. 680 2.259 0 0 0 0 0 Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Table 45 560 560 560 560 560 0 0 0 0 0 other assets 2. 240 2.800 2.355 1.259 1.240 1.120 560 - .807 1.

000 8. 960 1. 960 0 0 0 0 0 Office department 9. 800 0 0 0 0 0 7. 880 7. 000 2. 920 5.960 Book Value 9.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Annual Year Depreciation 2. 840 9.000 10 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 000 2. 000 2.920 1.800 . 960 1.880 3.000 6.000 4.000 2.800 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 1.000 6.000 Table 46 Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1.000 0 0 0 0 0 Book Value 1 0.000 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 2.000 8. 960 3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 960 1.000 4.840 5. 960 1. 000 2. 000 0 0 0 0 0 Renovation 10.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Table 47 100 100 100 100 100 0 0 0 0 0 Signboard 500 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 100 200 300 400 500 0 0 0 0 0 Book Value 500 400 300 200 100 - .

000 10.429 0 0 0 0 0 Book Value 1.000 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 000 10. 000 0 0 0 0 0 Lorry 50. 000 30.143 857 572 286 Table 48 Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 10.429 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 286 572 857 1. 000 10. 000 10. 000 10. 000 40.000 30.000 Book Value 50.143 1.000 20.429 1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 286 286 286 286 286 0 0 0 0 0 Machine equipment 1. 000 0 0 0 0 0 40.000 . 000 20. 000 50.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Capsicum Land Trading LOAN & HIRE-PURCHASE AMMORTISATION SCHEDULES LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE Amount 38.120 773 8.665 Interest Rate 5% Duration (yrs) 5 Method Baki Tahunan Yea Principa Total Principal r l Interest Payment Balance 3 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 .506 7.733 7 .893 8.733 7 . 547 9.733 0 0 0 0 0 387 0 0 0 0 0 8. 160 8.666 1.932 2 3.665 3 0.733 1. 933 9.199 1 5.280 1.733 7 .733 7 .466 Table 49 .

547 15.626 Year 3 427.752 52.349 125.300 150 900 142.800 189.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING PRO-FORMA INCOME STATEMENT Capsicum Land Trading PRO-FORMA INCOME STATEMENT Year 1 366.800 190.366 373.047 0 142.111 0 184.308 18.593 0 125.640 1.767 331.593 125.111 451.859 54.694 Year 2 384.800 189.308 18.593 1.752 315.300 142.600 3.426 184.160 15.047 267.358 7.767 54.300 900 900 1.902 Sales Less: Cost of Sales Opening stock Purchases Less: Ending Stock Carriage Inward & Duty Gross Profit Less: Enpenditure Administrative Expenditure Marketing Expenditure Other Expenditure Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Pre-Operations Expenditure Interest on HirePurchase Interest on Loan Depreciation of Fixed Assets Operations Expenditure Total Expenditure Net Profit Before Tax Tax Net Profit After Tax Accumulated Net Profit 50.308 18.358 7.751 .812 142.358 7.933 15.366 50.536 142.942 52.600 3.600 3.

355 1.115 52.143 40.240 8.932 30.000 1.000 7.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table 50 PRO-FORMA BALANCE SHEET (Table 51) Capsicum Land Trading PRO-FORMA BALANCE SHEET Year 1 ASSETS Non-Current Assets (Book Value) Land & Building office equipment other assets renovation Office departmet signboard Year 2 Year 3 22.577 576.715 0 3.042 399.000 1.120 4.840 400 22.292 106.000 857 30.466 .199 23.302 177.566 520.199 106.073 0 3.330 125.330 451.640 373.000 3.793 68.923 30.205 327.430 Current Assets Stock of Raw Materials Stock of Finished Goods Accounts Receivable Cash Balance 0 3.920 200 Machine equipment Lorry 1.807 2.000 572 20.932 106.081 15.330 267.680 6.466 15.837 331.011 523.061 180.880 300 22.593 231.000 904 1.000 Other Assets Deposit 83.000 5.363 TOTAL ASSETS Owners' Equity Capital Accumulated Profit Long-Term Liabilities Loan Balance Hire-Purchase Balance Current Liabilities 263.970 23.751 558.

30% 91 3.16% 158 .115 2.03% 31.93% 35.26% 3.72% 6.745 576.16% 34.74% 12.25% 47.28% 36.946 399.98% 87.15% 86.793 1.61% 54.292 FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS Capsicum Land Trading FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS Year 1 LIQUIDITY Current Ratio Quick Ratio (Acid Test) EFFICIENCY Inventory Turnover PROFITABILITY Gross Profit Margin Net Profit Margin Return on Assets Return on Equity SOLVENCY Debt to Equity Debt to Assets Time Interest Earned 192 192 Year 2 170 170 Year 3 191 191 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 86.99% 13.08% 64 Table 52 6.95% 32.29% 43.59% 37.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Accounts Payable TOTAL EQUITY & LIABILITIES 938 263.

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table Table Table .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table Table .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING .

ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING .

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