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CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM) SABAH ENT 300
FUNDEMENTAL OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP
BUSINESS PLAN CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
PREPARED BY: NOR AFIFAH BT YUSOF NAQUIAH NATASHA BTE NADZMIE IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE DK NURAZERA BTE PG. ABDULLAH 2007141157 2007141169 2007141167 2007141143
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
Capsicum Land Trading, Kg. Cinta Mata, P/S 140, 89308, Ranau, Sabah.
SIR CYRIL CHRISTOPHER Lecturer of Entrepreneurship, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Kampus Cawangan Sabah, Beg Berkunci 71 88997, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Sir, Submission of Business Plan for ENT 300 The above matter is referred 02. On behalf of my group, I am a General Manager of Capsicum Land Trading, I would like to submit our business report on the actual date as planned. 03. We had put a lot of efforts and continuous commitment to complete this business plan. We as a partnership member of Capsicum Land Trading would like to send our gratitude and appreciation for all the helps us while completing this business plan. We hope this would be a first step in for us to become a successful entrepreneur in the future. 04. We are looking forward that this business can be realize and we wish it may give thorough information to those who are interested in this industry. Thank you. Yours sincerely, ______________________________ IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE GENERAL MANAGER
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
ACKNWOLEDGEMENT First of all, we are grateful to Allah, the most compassionate and Most Merciful as with his we are able to produce this business plan. We had encountered various obstacles and difficulties in preparing this proposal. Without the cooperation among member, we will never manage to finish this proposal on time. Our special thanks to our families and friends that gave us support for every single minute no matter in terms of emotional support, asset and financial support. We also would like to express our thanks to our lecturer of ENT 300, Sir Cyril Christopher for his help and guidance in completed our business plan. His help and support given to us had given us the courage and strength along the way in process making this business report proposal into reality. We believe that this business can go further in the future with the help of many people. By implementing as an entrepreneur mind, we can see the opportunity in this business. With the support and the consultation given, we manage to complete this business plan. We hope that by doing this business plan we able to understand how do business work and we looking forward to make this business become reality.
Cordially, Capsicum Land Trading
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
The name of our company is Capsicum Land Trading. Capsicum is one term of vegetables that have a high demand recently. Capsicum is also known as bell pepper or “Sabahan” people called it as “chili Benggala”. As we know that chili is one of the favorite vegetables of Sabah people. Nowadays, these kinds of vegetables which is Capsicum have a high demand from days to days until there is not enough supply to support the orders. When these matters occurs our company Capsicum Land Trading would fulfill everyone needs and the market demands that is being increasing. Our target customers are people around Sabah and Brunei Darussalam. This is because Sabah and Brunei Darussalam have a high number of demands of these kinds’ vegetables. In addition, we also supply this Capsicum to Brunei Darussalam because this is our first step to involve in the International business arena. Our business operating in two location, which are at Kundasang as our administration management and also for planting our vegetables and Tambunan as the place to plant the Capsicum. We choose these places as our location because it was good in every aspect. These businesses have a potential to being expanded. The future prospect of our business is to increase second year sales by 5% and third year sales 8%. In viewing our business potential, we believe that Capsicum productions have a high potential in business since the government want to encourage business in agriculture sector.
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
other . b) As a guideline in managing the business or the proposed venture. d) To add the numbers of the Bumiputera involvement as an entrepreneur for being involve in this business. e) To fulfill the requirements of the ETR 300 subject. c) To evaluate the ability of this business whether it is able to compete with competitors. For the purpose of: a) To fulfill the demand of capsicum in the market.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING PURPOSE OF BUSINESS PLAN This business plan is prepared by Capsicum Land Trading.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING .
Cintamata po.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Background of Business Name of business/company: CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Address: Kg.com Form of Business: Partnership Main Activity: Provide and produce capsicum Date of Commencement: 1 January 2010 Date of Registration: In Progress Name of Bank: Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bank Number: In progress Initial Capital: RM 36.89308 Kundasang Ranau.000. po. Telephone: 088-588089 Fax Number: 088-5890888 E-mail: Capsicum_Land@yahoo.box 140. Sabah.box 174. Sabah.89657 Tambunan.00 Bank Loan: RM 38665.00 . Libang laut. Kg.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Background of Partner Partner 1 (General Manager) Name of Partner: Izzah Binti Raynie Identity Card Number: 891219-12-5214 .
Telephone Number: 014 9552204 Date of Birth: 19 December 1989 Age: 21 years old Martial Status: Single Academic Qualification: SPM Courses Attended: Diploma in Business Studies UiTM Skills: Know how to plan capsicum and manage farm. Experience: Helping father manage farm and assistant manager hotel Promenade. Abdullah. Taman Indah Permai. Correspondence Address: Same As above. Partner 2 (Administration Manager) Name of Partner: Dk. Current Job Position: General Manager and operation manager. No. Identity Card Number: 891206-12-5880 Permanent Address: Wakiki Condominium.000 Asset Contribution: Existing farm. KK.88858 Kota Kinabalu.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Permanent Address: B29-16. Present Occupation: Full-Time Student. Telephone Number: 014 9550525 Date of Birth: 6 December 1989 . Sabah. Equity Contribution: RM 10. 3rd Floor. Lorong 10. Correspondence Address: Same As above. Nur Azera Bte Pg. tools. Sabah. 88100 Tanjung Aru.5.
89657 Tambunan Sabah.Box 174. Current Job Position: Administrative Manager. Marketing Skills. Present Occupation: Full-Time Student. Partner 3 (Marketing Manager) Name of Partner: Nor Afifah Bt Yusof Identity Card Number: 890928-12-6186 Permanent Address: Kg.000 Asset Contribution: Laptop.Libang laut. Equity Contribution: RM 10. Computer literate.Po. Experience: Supervisor at Survey Hypermall KK. Correspondence Address: Same As above. Telephone Number: 016-8319942 Date of Birth: 28 September 1989 Age: 21 years old Martial Status: Single Academic Qualification: SPM Courses Attended: Diploma in Business Studies UiTM Skills: Communication skills. Fertilizer. .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Age: 21 years old Martial Status: Single Academic Qualification: SPM Courses Attended: Diploma in Business Studies UiTM Skills: Management skills and Computer skills.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Experience: Salesperson at Avon. Equity Contribution: RM 5000 Asset Contribution: Land. .89308 Kundasang Ranau. Lorry. Correspondence Address: Same As above. Present Occupation: Full-Time Student. Laptop. Partner 4 (Financial Manager) Name of Partner: Naquiah Natasha Binti Nadzmie. Experience: Preparing a financial report for a family business and financial assistant at Surveys. Equity Contribution: RM 8000 Asset Contribution: Land. Current Job Position: Marketing Manager.Sabah. Laptop. Present Occupation: Full-Time Student.Cinta mata Po.Box. Identity Card Number: 890503-12-5452 Permanent Address: Kg. Telephone Number: 014-8759515 Date of Birth: 3 May 1989 Age: 21 years old Martial Status: Single Academic Qualification: SPM Courses Attended: Diploma in Accountancy UiTM Skills: Financing an account and Investment.
1900. knife) 02 Money Laptop Land Lorry (second hand) 03.000 9. (scoop. Money Laptop Fertilizer Money 1 unit 1 unit 5.000 50. Contribution By partners.00 2000. scissors.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Current Job Position: Financial Manager.000 2000 10.000 2000 12. shovel.800 Naquiah Natasha Bte Nadzmie 1 unit 13. Assets & Money No Item Quantity Cost per unit(Rm) 01 Laptop Planting tools. Money Laptop Land Office department 04.800 5.000 2000 3000 13. glove.000 5000 Dk NurAzera Bte Pg Abdullah 23.00 Izzah Binti Raynie Contributed by .000 Nor Afifah Bt Yusof 1 unit 1 unit each.000 62.00 Total Assets (RM) 3900.
Agreement Condition: 1) Partnership Name • All partners were agreed to name the business as “ CAPSICUM LAND TRADING” 2) Date of business to be start • All partners are agreed to start the business on 1 January 2011.Cyril Christopher@ Supain who had signed and agreed regarding to this Business Plan.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Partnership Terms Agreement. Table below show the amount of contribution for each partner. 3) Nature of business • The nature of business that will be operated is production of Capsicum Land Trading. 25%.25%.ABDULLAH NAQUIAH NATASHA BINTI NADZMIE IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE I/C NUMBER 890928-12-6186 891206-12-5880 890503-12-5452 891219-12-5214 During this agreement was made it was witnessed by Mr. 4) Capital Contribution • Capital contribution for each partners are based on ratio of 25%.NURAZERA BTE PG. This agreement bounds the parties mentioned below: NAME NORAFIFAH BT YUSOF DK. . 25%. The Partnership Agreement was made on 4 August 2010. The Partnership Agreement is based on the Partnership Agreement Act (1965) and the moment of understanding stated that the entire member had agreed on the term of this Partnership Agreement Act.
9) The Gratuity of partnership and employees.00 RM 13.ABDULLAH NAQUIAH NATASHA BINTI NADZMIE IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE 5) Profit and loss sharing ratio.00 All members were agreed to share the profit or loss base on the capital contribution ratio. • The interest on capital will be fixed at 5% for each partner. the partner must inform other partners so that the agreement between partners can be made.00 RM 5000. 6) Interest on capital. • CONTRIBUTION RM 5000. • The Gratuity given to the partnership and employee is based on the business profit. 7) Partners’ salaries • All partner agreed to accept the salaries base on capital contribution ratio.000. 10) Goodwill .000.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING NAME NORAFIFAH BT YUSOF DK.NURAZERA BTE PG.00 RM 13. 8) Additional capital • If partner have an intention to contribute an additional capital.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING • Goodwill will be given upon admission. The method of valuating the goodwill is based on Super-Profit Method. retirement or death of a partner. Any problems or important agreement that had not been stated in this agreement will be referred to the act (Partnership Act 1961). FIRST PARTNER SECOND PARTNER __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE (General Manager) THIRD PARTNER __________________________ NORAFIFAH BT YUSOF (Marketing Manager) FOURTH PARTNER __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ Authorized Signature . 11) Dissolution of partnership • A partnership is automatically dissolved upon the death or legal disability of a partner due to factors such as lunacy or bankruptcy. The agreement will be studied and reviewed should any matter occur during these 5 years started from 4 August 2010.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING _________________________ IZZAH BINTI RAYNIE (Operation manager) __________________________ DK. CYRIL@SUPAIN (UiTM Lecturer) .ABDULLAH (Administration manager) FIFTH PARTNER ARBITRATOR WITNESS __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ Authorized Signature __________________________ NAQUIAH NATASHA BINTI NADZMIE (Financial Manager) __________________________ MR.NURAZERA BTE PG.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING .
we had the chance to start the capsicum land trading. \ To Ranau To Pekan Tambunan Capsicum Trading to Kg Kumawanan . the place is cold in the morning and yet not too hot during daytime. the land that had been contributed by partnership is located at Kundasang Ranau. Kundasang Ranau. We also discovered that the competitive of capsicum plants in that area is low. The main business progress is at Cinta Mata. Tambunan. Moreover. Other factor of why we choose Kundasang Ranau is.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING LOCATION OF PROJECT Capsicum Land Trading is located in Cinta Mata. beside that Kundasang is well known about the plantation of vegetables in Sabah. The location that we had decided is compatible with the plantation of the capsicum. While the administration process located at Kolombuang Tambunan. Kundasang Ranau and Kolombuang. That is mean.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING To KK to Ranau Kundasang Capsicum Land Cinta Mata .
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING .
To achieve company goals. So that. if the organization is organized properly. Besides. This is to let the staff be more precisely in doing their work. the administration manager also will in charge all the employee salary. Thus. administrative budget. it is very important to consult disciplinary and gain full cooperation among the staff. This can avoid the wastage of using the resources. Besides that. the administrative manager will provide training and development to the staff. In fact. a good administration will be able to ensure that the business management is in a good condition by properly organizing and conducting the organization activities in order to achieve the company goals in term of vision. expenses and so forth. Then.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Introduction Any business organization may require an administrative executive as it is a great importance role in order to ensure the efficiency and success of a business. This is one of the one of the administrative manager responsibilities. mission and the objective in an organization. The management of an organization will be managed by persons they will be organized properly in order to ensure each of them have their own task to do. Beside that. There are many important elements that comprises in an administration plan are an organization chart. . all the employee benefit will keep in save and will be record. this can save company budget and at the same time the business can run smoothly. the clients will be able to loyal to the organization. by using resources wisely. the effective way is to develop a proper planning in the business.
NurAzera Bte Pg.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Administration Structure GENERAL MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie ADMINISTRATION MANAGER Dk.Abdullah Clerk Security guard .
It defines long-term goals of the company but in a specific period. value statement announcing where the business wants to go or what it aspires to be. It establishes the identity of the business and what it is does. Mission and Objective COMPANY VISION The vision is term goal of business. we have agreed about our company vision as follows: COMPANY MISSION A mission is a statement of purpose or the reason for existence of our company in this agricultures industry.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Company vision. Below is our company mission: . It stated in the our is often terms of a long To become the largest supplier in Malaysia that supplies the capsicum to the international level of business. Realizing the important of this.
3) To expand the market of capsicum. 4) To full utilize resources of capsicum in sabah . achievable. 1) To promote agriculture sector 2) To give the job opportunities to local people. Our business objectives are specific. measurable.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING COMPANY OBJECTIVE Business goals support business the To supply the capsicum in a good quality to customer. and realistic. or mission objectives and achievement of a vision. They are more specific. To satisfied the customer requirements of capsicum. stated in a shorter term and have definite time frame.
White represents commitment and determination of Capsicum Land Trading members in fulfilling and satisfying the best services and good quality product. Green shows that Capsicum Land Trading is .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Company Name and Logo LOGO Background of the mount Kinabalu represents Sabah land below the wind.
89308 Kundasang Ranau.box 174.box 140. COMPANY’S NAME Capsicum Land Trading Business Location BUSINESS ADDRESS Our business address will be at: Kg. po. Sabah. Sabah.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING promoting the agricultural sector in Sabah. Kg.89657 Tambunan. Libang laut. Cintamata po. The Capsicum in the middle of the logo shows that it is the product that we are going to sell and supply. .
GENERAL MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie ADMINISTRATION MANAGER OPERATION MANAGER Dk. NurAzera Bte Pg. Therefore.Abdullah MARKETING MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie Financial Manager Nor Afifah Bt Yusof Naquiah Natasha Bte Nadzmie . we had prepared the company organization that is design based on function. realizing the important of company organization chart.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Company’s Organization Chart An organization chart will show how the business is structure according to the departments and/or positions in the company. It allows one to see how the lines of authority and responsibility flow through the organization.
OF PERSONNEL 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 POSITION General manager Administrative manager Marketing manager Financial manager Operation manager Accountant Marketing executive General clerk Accountant clerk Accountant clerk NO.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING cler k Security guard Farm worker Factory worker Worker 1 Worker 1 Worker 2 Worker 3 Worker 4 Worker 5 Worker 6 ADMINISTRATION PERSONNEL NO.
Finding the opportunities to enlarge the . Marketing Manager - expenses To be responsible in promote the product. Make relation with department of agriculture centre. To be responsible in ensuring all activities are in line with business plan. for new information in management techniques. marketing. operation and financial. To manage administration and operation department efficiently To manage administration and operation 02. POSITION General Manager - TASK Involved in all business activity To lead overall the business operation. Operation Manager - 04. 01. To manage administration and operation Department efficiently. Administration Manager - 03.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 10 11 12 13 14 Supervisor Security guard Driver Farm worker Factory worker Table 1 4 2 2 6 2 Schedules of Task and Responsibilities NO.
POSITION General Manager JOB DESCRIPTION Planning. Conducting and organizing the organization . Accountable in providing smooth clerical work in organization. leading. directing and coordinating the whole administration company. Solve any problem that occurs within the company. Establishes organization policy to ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of the business. every one of us still have to perform operating job in our farm. 01. Financial Officer Handling the customer needs.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING customers to use organization products. NO. Act as the representative of the organization. organizing. Responsible in handling of company’s financial accounting To supervise company’s expenditure and income JOB DESCRIPTIONS Although there are outlines regarding the task and responsibilities of each partner pf our business venture. Motivate the workers to achieve the company goals and to maintain the company’s name. Responsible in ensuring all activities are in line with business plan. Administration Manager Land. 05. Help to perform operating job in Capsicum 02.
Financial Manager Help to perform operating job in Capsicum Land. Handling the company’s financial accounting . Monitor the output and output. Operational Manager Help to perform operating job in Capsicum Land. Prepare operational activities report. Operation equipment properly. 03. Make sure all the personnel in the company will manage their role effectively. Responsible for the personnel benefits and condition. Responsible to keep all the document of the company in safety and good condition. Ensure the operational activities are in high quality and meet the customer needs and satisfaction.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING activities in order to achieve the business goals. Provide monthly report to General Manager. To provide conducive office environment with complete facilities and good office layout for working environment. Ensure the implementation of daily business operation. 04. Identify the suppliers that can offer the product in the suitable and best price. Responsible to provide on going training and development to the employees about the latest technology. Prepare stock inventories and provide sales procedures.
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
Supervise the company’s expenditure and income Supervise the business finance effectively and trustworthy. Monitor performance of the business cash flow. To make sure all business transaction writes down in the record book. Prepare the business financial statement. Manage partnership bank account. Responsible in every expenditure or money received. Prepare monthly report to General Manager. Help to perform operating job in Capsicum Land. Help the Marketing Manager. Develop media packs and giveaways for trade shows and conferences. Update company news and headlines in the corporate website. Assist in the development of promotional strategies and product development. Company newsletters; prepare press releases and event announcement. Prepare monthly report to the marketing manager. Make and confirm appointment as directed and receives and schedule visitor. Organize and maintain files of record and correspondence of both routine and confidential nature. Enter and update data including name and address changes and property location.
05. Marketing Assistant
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
Type bills for copies. Perform their duties such as harrowing, cultivating, fertilizing, irrigating and harvesting farm crops. Prepare insecticide solutions and operates spray equipment. Deliver all order in specify time. Help in maintenance of lorry and equipment. Follow all the safety regulations and precautions. Report any maintenance problems to mechanic. Checking and determine the correct customer numbers. Deliver order in a professional manner. Drives vehicles in a safe manner at all time, always wearing safety belt. Keep vehicles clean inside and out. To ensure the safety of factory at night (security guard) Measure the weight of the capsicum for packaging. Package the capsicum in a good condition. Do any extra works in any section. Be replacement worker in any section. Table 2
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
SCHEDULE OF REMUNERATION No. Position No. of worker 01. 02. 03. 04. 05. 06. 07. 08. 09. General Manager Administration Manager Operational Manager Financial Manager Marketing Assistant Clerk Farm worker Driver Factory worker TOTAL 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 2 2 16 Monthly salary (RM) 1,200.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 750.00 EPF Contribution (12%) (RM) 144.00 120.00 120.00 120.00 90.00 SOCSO (2.5%) (RM) 30.00 25.00 25.00 25.00 18.75 11.25 10.00 10.00 8.75 163.75 Net Salary Per month (RM) 1,374.00 1,145.00 1,145.00 1,145.00 858.75 515.25 2,748.00 916.00 801.50 10,648.50
450.00 54.00 400.00 48.00 400.00 48.00 350.00 42.00 6,550.00 786.00 Table 3 = = RM 10,649.00 RM 786.00
Total Net salary per month Total EPF per month
The working hours are from 7. Therefore. EPF will be pay by the contribution 8% by the employees and 12% by the employer.5% will be saved per month for each employee. Table 4 . To the limit of 15 days per annum (depending on the circumstances) and provided it is an approved sick leave.30pm for Monday to Friday and for Saturday. thereby.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Total SOCSO per month = RM 164. Working Days Medical Leave Salary Bonus 6 days per week.30am to 5. 2. increasing the company’s productivity and efficiency. Insurance is also included for the safety of the workers. it has been decided by the management to come up with a reasonable scheme for the employees so it will encourage them to carry out their work with high responsibility. The bonus amount will be recorded in the business accounting period and the EPF SOCSO Insurance Working Hours Emergency leave amount given is one month salary. The salary of the workers is depending on their task and the responsibilities. Bonus will be given if the business is profitable. The salary will be given monthly.00 am to 1. it is at 8.00 Employees Intensive Scheme Workers Incentive Scheme Workers are an important factor in order to ensure the effectiveness and the efficiency in fulfilling the objective and goal of a business.00p only. Emergency leave will be given to partner and workers for reasonable reason such as sick and death with an early notification.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Administration Office Layout PRAYER ROOM 3ft PRAYER ROOM 6ft 10ft 26ft 2 1/2 91/2 ft 11/ 22ft Guidelines .
.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Office table Office chair Filing cabinet Laptop Telephone Toilet Decoration Printer Sink Door Table 5 List of Furniture And Office Equipment.
punches.00 ADMINISTRATION BUDGET .00 3.00 7.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING NO 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 Item Office Desk Office chair Filling cabinet Photostat/printer/scanner/ machine Dustbin Sweep Stationery( Pen.00 250.00 80.00 130. stapler.00 7.00 08 09 10 11 12 Plastic chair Telephones Fire extinguisher First Aid kit Curtain Total 5 2 1 1 8 meter Table 6 15.50 5.00 65.00 250. paper.00 Total cost (RM) 500.00(per meter) 75.00 240.00 150. File.50 150.00 80.00 11.00 48.00 128.00 640.00 56.00 120.00 120. paper slip) No of item 5 5 5 1 2 2 - Cost per unit (RM) 100.00 2259.
000.00 2.00 - - 10. Working Capital/ Monthly Expenses 200.00 03.00 450.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING No. 0ther Expenses License & Business Registration Road tax & Vehicle insurance TOTAL 46859.00 950.00 150.00 2259.00 + 450.00 Table 7 12.509. TYPES ITEM FIXED ASSET COST (RM) MONTLY EXPENSES (RM) OTHER EXPENSES (RM) 01.00 9800.00 02.00 400.800.000.00 .00 300.00 + 12059. Capital Expenditure/ Fixed Assets Land Building Office Equipment Other Assets (Desktop and clothes ) Renovation Salary EPF & SOCSO Electricity (Office used) Telephone + Internet 22.00 10.00 Total Administration Budget = RM 46859.059.
00 .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING = RM 59368.
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INTRODUCTION In marketing activities it is about to satisfy consumer needs and wants and at the same time to achieve the target market. Consumer satisfaction is the main factors that can contribute
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
profit of the business. If the customer satisfied with our business product they will used it again and again but if they are not satisfied with our business product they will not used and they might tell to the other people to avoid by using our product. Marketing can be defined as the activities that are carried out systematically to encourage and increase sales of product or service as long as the activities are in line with religious and ethical practice. Systematic means, the marketing activities needs to be planned and implement in systematic manner. Resources such as time, money, manpower need to be use wisely and avoid the wastage of resources. Systematic marketing effort is essential to ensure that customer attracted and motivated to purchase the product or service offer. This will help to sustain and increase sales by encouraging repeat purchase. Marketing activities also must be in line with religious and ethical consideration. From this marketing plan we can know how to introduce our product to our target customer. We also can do an estimation of our profit by having a sales forecast. By having these, we know who will be our potential customer in the target market, who are our competitor, how strong they are, and how much the market share and how we can compete with them. We have to find the affective way for market our product, which makes the marketing plan really important to a business. Business which has a weak of marketing strategies will not be able to compete with others and will not last long in the market.
In the marketing plan we would include several information about market analysis, target market, market size, market share, competitors, sales forecast, marketing strategies and the marketing budget. Objectives in marketing plan.
CAPSICUM LAND TRADING
• Know our competitors weakness and strengths • Define our consumer target market to make the organizations successful in the future • To ensure our business run smoothly. • To fulfill satisfaction, needs and wants consumer • Increase sales of existing products • Increase market shares
Izzah Binti Raynie
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING MARKETING MANAGER Nor Afifah Bt Yusof Marketing executive Supervisor Product. .
people were very concern with the quality especially in a food sector. we as a capsicum producer will fulfil the customer need by serve them a good quality Capsicum. so proving a good quality is our concern to our entire prospect customer. Therefore. They have been used in cooking from Asia to South America to Italy. This kind of vegetables can give average 15 capsicums for one tree. The procedure in packaging our product is very systematic. Quality is very important for us in producing capsicum. As we know. So.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING The Capsicum name refers to both sweet and hot peppers. the outcome of this capsicum is high and can give a profit for us. In fact. Their flavours range from the common sweet green bell pepper to super-spicy chillies. Nowadays. Target market . Moreover by putting a less pesticides in our product is also one of the ways for us in care our product quality. and scientists are currently researching possibilities for its use in pain relief. We will not mix the good quality capsicum and the bad quality capsicum. Capsicums have been used in folk medicine for years. Peppers are a great choice for the home gardener because of their low maintenance and easy growth habit. the customer needs is our concerns and the best quality will be serve for them. Capsicum is also one of a product that we can eat. capsicum one of the vegetables that have a high demand from the customer. Furthermore it will give 3 Kg each of the trees. This kind of vegetables is very expensive and can give a high profit for those who plant these vegetables. We will ensure the capsicum is divide by it quality. peppers are closely related to tomatoes and share many of their characteristics.
. as the people already know that Kundasang is a popular in plantation industry. We believe that the Capsicum Land Trading will be the first choice of the customers. restaurants and to local people around there. The retailer from the “pasar besar” will supply the capsicum to the hotels. we also planting the Capsicum at Tambunan as the weather are also suitable to grow a healthy Capsicum. We have decided to target the 14 districts in Sabah where we will be supply the Capsicum to them from Kundasang. it surely be an advantage in lightens the burden in promoting the Capsicum Land Trading. The wholesaler will come to Kundasang to get the Capsicum from the Capsicum Land Trading and they will sell them at their “pasar besar” in each of these districts. We believe that the restaurants and hotels will need our product in order to fulfill their cooking and menu. So that. This will give a huge impact to our product selling because there are chances those consumers will buy our product.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING In geographic. we have identified in term of geographic factors where Capsicum Land Trading is located in fully planting area at Kundasang. This will reduce the promotion cost in a way of advertising. furthermore the design color and the shape of our product will attract people to buy the Capsicum from us. there are also many houses developing. Other than that. as we will make sure our service and product are in good quality. so that we can predict and see that the residents are also increase. In addition. The box will protect the condition of the Capsicum. which means that Kundasang surrounded with a very good climate that suitable for plantation. As it located at an altitude of approximately 2000 meters above sea level. We ourselves also provided a delivery service to those who need it with the extra cost. This place has a very high potential to become a healthy and success business. We will make sure and concerns about our product’s quality that we will get pick the vegetables fresh from the farm and pack them into the boxes that we design by ourselves.
.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Extra discount will be given to the loyal and permanent wholesaler who are stick and loyal with our product. Fourteen Target (14) districts in Sabah i) Kota Kinabalu ii) Sandakan iii) Tawau iv) Kota Belud v) Sipitang vi) Lahad Datu vii) Tambunan viii) Tenom ix) Nabawan x) Keningau xi) Ranau (Kundasang) xii) Beaufort xiii) Papar xiv) Kudat xv) Brunei Darussalam MARKET SHARE. Other than that. our business will make a contract agreement for long-term business that will be going on between our business and the wholesalers.
.017.441.58 ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE.00 28% 20. There are certain factors that are yet being taken into consideration in the process of estimating the market share.205. (RM) (sources from: Puan Sumaini Suhaimin Bandaran) After analyzing the competitors’ strength and weaknesses.025 322.00 561. which are total main competitors size and competitors’ influences. competitors’ strengths and financial strengths. experiences and duration of the business.477.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Market share is refers to estimated potential sales of our business after we taking into the consideration of the market size and our competitors influences.5% 11. Markets share can be calculated by using Market share = Average sales per year x 100 Average sales per year for all competitors Before entering the market NO COMPETITORS ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE (%) 1 2 3 4 5 Pertubuhan peladang kinabalu Koperasi pembangunan desa Pekebun-pekebun kecil Pengusaha SUNNING (indirect comnpetitors) Pengusaha Chua (indirect competitors) TOTAL 20% 20% 100% Table 8 561. Capsicum Land Trading enterprise is confident it can control 10% of the market.825.5% 786.807.00 2.441.40 575.
NO COMPETITORS ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE (%) Pertubuhan peladang 01.807.332. kinabalu Koperasi pembangunan desa Pekebun-pekebun kecil Pengusaha SUNNING (indirect comnpetitors) Pengusaha Chua (Indirect competitors) Capsicum Land Trading TOTAL 25% 18. By knowing our competitors is one of the methods in how to increase or improve your business.900. 02.63 505.152.205.296.90 449.00 2.720. It is important to know whom the business is sharing our market identify the main competitors in . 06.25 519.80 280. 05. (RM) COMPETITORS IN THE MARKET In the business that we want to venture there are several businesses that already exist.5% 12. 04.801.93 350. 03.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING AFTER CAPSICUM LAND TRADING ESTABLISHED.5% 18% 16% 10% 100% Table 9 701.00 ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE.
Koperasi pembangunan desa • Have big companies that produce vegetables and fruits. NO 01 COMPETITORS Pertubuhan peladang kinabalu STRENGHTS • They are the big company that produces vegetables and fruits. Tend to use high amount of pesticides and insecticides. The workers fully trained. They tend to use high amount pesticides and insecticides. • • Produce commercial product. • • Have their own loyal customer. These are our list of our competitors and the differences between our business and others competitors. • • • • • • WEAKNESS • Offer expensive price. Their target market is on tourist from abroad. Have to compete with their own branches.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING order to develop appropriate marketing strategies to compete with competitors. Workers from the village have their own plantation. Workers are not permanent. Offer expensive price. • • • Have their own loyal customer. 1. Pekebun-pekebun kecil • Have a good relationship with • Use high amount of pesticides and . Have many branches. Practice fustigation in their plantation.
Not planting capsicum. Have a link in this arena. we can forecast our sales for the coming business period. Pengusaha Chua (indirect competitors) • • • • Not provide vegetables in country. • • insecticides. Pengusaha SUNNING (indirect comnpetitors) • • • • Well known. ( sources From: Puan Mariana Bt Taliban) SALES FORECAST Once we have estimated our market share. Many experiences. Producing more vegetables. Have a big acre of plantation. . There are several factors we that we considered in forecasting the sales. • • Not planting capsicum. Target market is only the visitor who comes to their stall. No one to continue their business as they are getting old. • • • Have own stall at Kundasang. Exports their vegetables to overseas. Some of them have a loyal customer.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING KPD. Table 10 • • Have a middle market share. Many experiences. Producing more vegetables.
the sales forecast for Capsicum Land Trading are based on the annually or year sales forecast in which cover twice a year and not based on monthly. Our Sales Forecast will show modest estimation for the first year of operation beginning in January on 2011. There are three picking process for one phase. Below is the table for our sales forecast based on its grade and mass. The first and second production for the year we called as the phase 1 and phase 2. Therefore. there are certain processes to do which will be on the operational plan. It takes five months to wait until the Capsicum plants produce its vegetables. The production of Capsicum is only twice a year.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING First is customer of the existence of our business. Forecasting sales Grade A = RM 11 per kilo Grade B= RM 10 per kilo Grade C = RM 8 per kilo Table 11 . However. which is in maximum and minimum sales forecast that based on the production for the certain phase by the factor of climate. In that five months period. soil and season. there will be sale for the product wholesaler because the grading product to the wholesaler because the grading process that conducted by our company have rejected the low quality of capsicum. It is because the procedure of the operation in order to plant the Capsicum needs a long duration. once the production of Capsicum is on track. We have estimated the sales forecast into two. We know that it will take some time for our customer to buy our product.
990 33.090 34.720 28.420 384.460 31.740 33.020 366.100 35.150 28.834 32.470 36.780 30.305 30.330 35.090 30.892 YEAR MONTH January February March April May June July August September October November December Table 12 GRADE AND QUANTITY OF SALES IN YEAR 2 Grade A Grade B Grade c 1350kg 1360kg 1375kg 1320kg 1260kg 1225kg 1260kg 1274kg 1290kg 1450kg 1500kg 1580kg 1260kg 1210kg 1185kg 1100kg 990kg 1160kg 1120kg 1350kg 1440kg 1170kg 1200kg 1220kg 645kg 670kg 689kg 650kg 635kg 590kg 710kg 790kg 550kg 680kg 700kg 730kg 2 YEAR MONTH January February March GRADE AND QUANTITY OF SALES IN YEAR 3 Grade A Grade B Grade c 1590kg 1600kg 1570kg 1210kg 1273kg 1275kg 735kg 750kg 734kg .279 31.400 28.694 TOTAL SALES PER MONTH (RM) 32.900 30.180 33.626 TOTAL SALES PER MONTH (RM) 35.000 32.487 30.795 30.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING YEAR MONTH January February March April May June July August September October November December GRADE AND QUANTITY OF SALES IN YEAR 1 Grade A Grade B Grade c 1200kg 1285kg 1290kg 1270kg 1100kg 1230kg 1255kg 1260kg 1270kg 1300kg 1340kg 1360kg 1150kg 1180kg 1160kg 955kg 900kg 1150kg 1190kg 1200kg 1220kg 1160kg 1100kg 1270kg 640kg 668kg 670kg 610kg 560kg 660kg 700kg 630kg 490kg 570kg 680kg 670kg 1 TOTAL SALES PER MONTH (RM) 29.610 30.840 29.310 31.820 31.
902 Year 1 = RM 364.626 Year 3 = RM 427. As we have identified the strength and weaknesses of our competitors.030 33.443 Marketing strategies For a new business.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 3 April May June July August September October November December 1530kg 1410kg 1455kg 1450kg 1460kg 1575kg 1620kg 1690kg 1700kg 1220kg 1000kg 1140kg 1270kg 1344kg 1350kg 1370kg 1400kg 1425kg Table 13 710kg 690kg 730kg 710kg 710kg 720kg 730kg 775kg 780kg 34.190 427.177.135 34.902 TOTAL = RM 1.360 38. it is important that we have the marketing strategies in order that we could compete with other company.915 Year 2 = RM 384. our company would likely take some effort in introducing the company and to make sure that our company will be recognize around the area and perhaps the whole of Sabah and .330 35.790 39.080 36.585 37.710 31.
It is important for our company to determine the best price that should be charge to our customer in order that our customer will satisfied with the given. it is . The most important thing is supplying good product to our customer is the quality and the freshness of our product. Pricing strategy Pricing strategy can be best referred as the amount of money charged to the customer for a particular purchase. Overall. Other than that we will be trying to fulfill our customers’ demand with a continuous supply of the capsicums. That the problem that they always face where most of our competitor could not supply their product in time to the customers. place and promotion.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Brunei Darussalam. there are four key to our success which they are the product. it might be our one of the strategies to gain confidents among the customers. Furthermore. To do so. price. To achieve it we are trying to do the best way of packaging our product to ensure its quality and freshness of our product. In doing so. Product strategy A good product could satisfy our customers. and therefore it is important for our company to ensure that our product is in its freshness before and after the delivering. we have standardize our product which is higher than our competitors. the effective way to get more profit is by giving the best quality of product and service. Therefore.
It is common form of competition-based pricing is going rate pricing. Overall. social concerns and consumer groups. durable packaging and others. Furthermore. we apply this method by giving the best price that offer several services such as during the first month we offer free delivery of our product for our customers. Distribution strategy is aimed at establishing a structured and controllable distribution system to ensure the product offered reaches the target customers. In our opinion by using this method. A distribution channel moves goods from producers to consumers. . cost. Although our company can set prices according to our product concept. our business could give a value price bases on our competitors’ prices. Distribution strategy. target market. government regulations. we make profit. the going-rate pricing is quite popular and is most often used when businesses bid for jobs. The strategy that we are using in determining our price of the product is by using the competition-based pricing. The second way that we use to determine our price of our product is the factors affecting pricing. we must be aware with several factors such as the economic conditions.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING also important for us to charge lower price compare to our competitor and in the same time. We assume that the customer judge a product’s value on the prices competitors charge for their products. marketing objectives or targeted profit.
Capsicum Trading TO wholesaler TO customer According this type of distribution. As for our restaurant. Promotion Strategy Promotion strategy is used to disseminate information about the company’s product or services with the purposes of attracting the target market.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Below are the ways of our distribution strategies that the first one is the direct to consumer and the second one is the selling through wholesalers: Capsicum Trading TO customer A distribution channel moves goods from producer to customer. our company has been decided to make a contract with our wholesaler so that our sales will go smoothly every month. This type of channel is called direct marketing channel or channel one. There are few several ways of promotion strategies that our company is using to promote our company and our product. we have decide to use this type of distribution channel because of it is easy for our company to distribute our product. we use the simple common form of distribution which is Direct to Customer. In this type of distribution have no intermediary level and consist of a business selling directly to customer. . Other than that.
objective. mission.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 1. Advertising Advertising are non-personal. CINTA MATA . Our company has decided ways to advertise our company which the first way is through newspapers. The important element of this advertising toll is.89308. it includes the address. KUNDASANG RANAU. 2. We are planning to put this . 500 meter 3. the advantages of our capsicum and map. contact number and the person who will be in charge in this business. The reasons why most company use this strategy is that it is simple way to communicate the consumer that provide information about the company. We could say this kind of promotion will illustrate a little and more about our business. paid form of promotion through the mass media. KG. Brochure/Flyers This kind of promotion strategy will print out our vision. PS 140. completely with the direction. Each of the signboard will lead our customer to our place. SABAH. It will be located in each important or main road or street. Signboard This signboard will be having our logo together with our company’s name (Capsicum Land Trading).
In this website also we stated the . We had found this strategy is easier to distribute to flyers rather than walking around in a day.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING brochure/ flyers inside newspaper and then it will distribute to the people. Internet website (Blog) We also provide internet website where the people can view our blog and connected with us in order to gain information from our Capsicum Land Trading. through this website it gives opportunity for us and the people to exchange ideas so that we can improve our planting management and fulfill the satisfaction of our customer. Besides that. 4.
so that when they encounter any problem.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING information of our business such as prices. . Business card Each and one of the managers will have their own business card so in this way we can distribute our business card to our own friends and family. Other than that. we will also distribute the business card to our new and regular customer. 5. they can immediately call us. handling. operation hour and etc through this kind of promotion we can directly promote our market.
This capsicum fair will doing in our outside office. . The purpose of this capsicum fair is to promote our product and build a relationship with our customer. Capsicum fair and premium. We will give a premium to a customer once in a month. Capsicum fair will be doing once in a year. Besides that.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 6. giving a premium to our loyal customer is also a strategy for us in marketing our plan.
Marketing budget ITEMS FIXED ASSETS EXPENSES (RM) Signboard Newspaper Radio 500. kundasang is a place that tourist always come. by choosing a Kundasang as our place is a one strategy in market our product.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Place strategy Capsicum land trading is located at kampung cinta mata kundasang. People will find the vegetables in this place.00 MONTHLY EXPENSES (RM) OTHER EXPENSES (RM) . It was located in the area that famous of vegetables. It also called heart of vegetables. The wholesalers from the other place and also from the other country also come to kundasang to buy the vegetables. Besides that. So.00 150.00 100.
00 + 3100.00 1550.00 200.00 = RM 5150.00 + 1550.00 450.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Premium Flyers 1100.00 2500.00 Business card Capsicum Fair Brochure 150.00 .00 Table 14 3100.00 Total marketing Budget = 500.00 Total 500.
so it will attract more customers. Operation department will take responsibilities to make sure all the operating part will go smoothly as we have plan. The way we doing our packaging will keep the freshness and quality of the product. The way we care of our product will make it being more quality. It is to ensure that all the production operation is done correctly and efficiency. By providing high quality will make our product is different with the other competitors.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Introduction Operation plan and production is very important in our business. In addition we will make sure it will not harm by the insect and disease. Production plan is prepared to ensure that the project is done depend on the higher demand of the customer and market demand by offering the suitable price. We will ensure it have enough fertilizer and water. .
This strategy will ensure that the capsicum can be produce to all customers and also fulfill the demand of the customer without delaying the capsicum producing. Besides that. Therefore. we also will do planting activity in two phases.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING We will also fulfill the demand of the consumer. the free service will be given for the loyal customer. good maintenance is needed. To ensure the operation management run smoothly. 2. Besides that. 4. To supply the fresh capsicum to customers in the most effective. we need the systematic planning of our business. . 3. To give customer a high level of satisfaction after consuming our fresh capsicum or lada benggala. efficient and professional manner. 5. healthy and high quality. To minimize the operation cost and maximized profit earned. in order to ensure that our plants are in good conditions. In conclusion. OPERATIONAL OBJECTIVES 1. To make capsicum Land Trading stand out through variety and quality.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Operation Structure GENERAL MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie OPERATION MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie .
00pm to 2. Monday to Friday Saturday and Sunday 8.00 pm (Rest hours on 12.00 pm. Table 15 .00am until 12.00 am – 12.00pm.00pm. except for Saturday and Sunday. The rest time will be on 12.00 pm) 8.00 am – 5. In Saturday and Sunday there will only 4 hours per day that is 8.00am until 5.00 pm.00pm to 2.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Farm worker Factory worker Superviso r Driver Operation Hours Our business operation in office is 8 hours per day that is from 8. WORKING DAYS AND HOURS.
watering. planting.00 pm. Besides that.00 pm) 8.00 am – 5. visiting the farm of capsicum and finding new wholesalers for expanse our market is also our responsible. to ensure all the farm material sufficient for example insecticide. Operation flow chart for the Capsicum product . harvesting and the last is sell to the wholesalers. Business Hours BUSINESS DAYS AND HOURS 8.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Our duty is to check all the workers do their job. Table 16 PLANNING PROCESS Doing a planning is an important for our company to run this operation smoothly.00 pm. Process planning is done to identify the step by step process from beginning to end of the operation.00 am – 12.00 pm to 12. Monday to Friday Saturday and Sunday (Rest hours on 12. fertilizer and the capsicum seeds is still have a stock. fertilization. Below are the process of developing land.
Table 17 . Step 3 Inculcate the seed on the tray. Step 9 Develop the second land area of the plantation. Step 11 Cleaning process. Step 10 Plucking process for the first land area.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Step 1 Develop the first land area of the plantation. Step 5 Transfer the germinated seed to the boundary. Step 14 Weighing the product. Step 2 Neutralize the soil using limestone and compost fertilizer. Step 15 Storage process. Step 8 Spray insecticides base on the decease that harms the apple chili. Step 12 Divide the capsicum according to their quality Step 13 Package the product. Step 6 Watering process. Step 7 Roping is made one in two months.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Explanation of the flow chart activities .
The chemical fertilizer must be spray on the plant just after the plucking process so that the left of immature capsicum did not destroy by the louse or insect. This step is important because water need to help diluting process of chemical and fertilizer in the soil. Step 8 • Spray insecticides base on the decease that harms the apple chili. We will clean the first land which is at Kundasang then followed by our second land at Tambunan. make line boundary. capsicum. The spraying insecticide is performance Plant the seed in a black plastic for a month. The diluting mineral in the soil then effect the good quality production of capsicum.Step 1 • Develop the first land area of the plantation. All fertilizer process must be stopped 3 days before the capsicum is being harvest. we do the cleaning of the land by removing grass. Then. dry the Before harvesting the capsicum in the first area plant develop the second plant and planting the capsicum from the Crops will be sprayed with insecticides by a disease that attacks the plant. Step 2 • Neutralize the soil using limestone and compost fertilizer. Step 11 • Cleaning process. the soil of each seed bed has been added by organic fertilizer. Watering the seed bed or the boundary. Step 9 • Develop the second land area of the plantation. Then. It can not be directed planted in the boundary. Every two months the capsicum must be roping. Step 6 • Watering process. This is because it need to support the Capsicum from a fracture because the stick could not sustain its own weight. After finish one month the germinate seed will transfer on the boundary. To maximize the land we develop all land by phase to phase. Step 10 • Plucking process for the first land area. Firstly. Using the limestone and compost the fertilizer will neutralize the soil. leave it for a week. the unconditional place. Make sure the insecticide is cleared from the capsicum. The soil of the boundary must neutralize before transfer any vegetables to the new land because it is acidic. Step 5 • Transfer the germinated seed to the boundary. ENT300 Whole of our plant is 4 acres. first step. Step 3 • Plant the seed on the tray. make inculcate place and set up the green house and CAPSICUM LAND TRADING pipe system. Clean the capsicum in the water reservoir. remove the germinated seed into the boundary. After the fruit look mature the plucking process can be started. Step 7 • Roping is made one in two months. Then. In this process. Step 12 • Divide the capsicum according to their quality. Put the black plastic in . once in a week. Planted it on one line.
This process is the process where the capsicum is being weighing.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Step 13 • Activities Package the product. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Planting/mature Step 14 (1st phase) • Weighing the product. The weigh of each package will be written on the Harvest for 1st box. the capsicum that being package will be saved to the store before it is sent to the whole seller. After divide according to the quality of the capsicum it will be package into the box and the plastic according to the demand of the Month customer. phase Step 15 Neutralize for 1st phase Planting/mature (2nd phase) Harvest for 2nd phase Planting/mature (1st phase) • Storage process. By having a weigh in the plastic and box will facilitate consumer in buying the capsicum. Table 18 Gantt chart for year 1 . After weighed.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Gann chart for year 2 Activities Jan Planting/mature (1st phase) Feb Mar Apr Mei Month Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Harvest for 1st phase neutralize Harvest for 2nd phase neutralize Planting/mature (2nd phase) .
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Gann chart for year 3 Activities Jan Planting/mature(1st phase) Feb Mar Apr May Month Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Harvest for 1st phase Neutralize Harvest for 2nd phase Neutralize Planting/mature (2nd phase) .
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Operation Layout Capsicum tree farm (2 acre / 21780 capsicum tree) 2cm 2 cm Washing area 9ft x 6ft 20ft x20ft Drying area Drying area 20ft x 15ft Packaging area .
00 per bottle Kinabalu kimia Capsicums seeds RM45.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Store Material Requirement List Organic fertilizers (baja tahi ayam) Chemical fertilizers Cost per unit RM3.00 per pack Kinabalu kimia Herbicides RM50.00 Kinabalu kimia Pesticides RM15.00 per boxes Kinabalu kimia Chemicals fertilizers RM12.00 per gallon Kinabalu kimia Land RM5000 per pack Kinabalu kimia .80 per gunny Supplier Kinabalu kimia RM18.
00 4 280.00 4 360.00 5 60.00 10 20.00 Glove Kinabalu kimia 2.80 Table 19 Machine equipment Types Hoe Supplier Kinabalu kimia Price (RM) 20.50 wheelbarrow Kinabalu kimia 90.00 Plant bed cover Head pipe KPD 70.00 Kinabalu kimia 3.50 7 24.00 Quantity 5 Total (RM) 100.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING TOTAL RM5143.00 Mask Kinabalu kimia 15.00 4 60.0 Cleaver Kinabalu kimia 12.00 .
Table 21 .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Water tank Peladang 80.00 5 125. working experience in capsicum farm. Driver operation 2 Have a GDL license and have an experience.00 Hose KPD 25.00 5 400.00 POSITION Farm workers NO.00 TOTAL Table 20 Manpower Planning RM1429. Know about the management in capsicum. OF WORKERS 6 QUALIFICATION SPM. Factory worker 2 Experience in packaging and storage.
00 RM 15.00 X 8 Bottles = RM 120.00X 20 Gunny = RM 500.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 X 10 Boxes = RM 180.00 RM17.00 RM 25.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) Capsicum seed TOTAL .00 RM 52.00 RM 35.00 RM 120.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING FORECASTING PURCHASES FOR YEAR 1 ITEMS TOTAL PRICE IN A MONTH (Development 1st land phase = 2 Acre) January RM 3.50 X 300 Gunny = RM 1050.00 X 8 Bottles = RM 280.00 X 8 Packs = RM 384.800.00 RM 48.00 X 115 Tins = RM 13.058 Table 22 Organic fertelizer(Baja Tahi Ayam) Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 RM18.00 X 10 Boxes = RM 120.00 RM 12.
00 RM1336.00 RM 35.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 X 12 Gallons = RM642 .Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL February RM 25.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100 .Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL MARCH RM 25.00 RM 52.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 Table 23 Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 RM1214.00 RM 48.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 Table 24 .00 RM 52.00 RM 35.00 X 8 Bottles = RM 280 .00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 48.
00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 Table 26 .00 RM2386.00X 20 Gunny = RM 300.00 RM 48.00 RM 25.00 Table 25 Organic fertelizer(Baja Tahi Ayam) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM 12.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 144.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL MAY RM 3.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) APRIL RM18.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 96.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 RM 52.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM 48.50 X 300 Gunny = RM 1050.00 RM 52.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 RM 15.00 RM 25.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 RM 35.00 RM 35.00 TOTAL RM1876.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.
80 X 220 Gunny = RM 616.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 RM 120.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING (Development 2st land phase = 2 Acre) Organic fertelizer(Baja Tahi Ayam) Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 4 Boxes = RM 48.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 X 115 Tins = RM 13.244 Table 27 .800 RM16.00 RM 35.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 144.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 12.00 RM 48.00 RM 52.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM 25.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) Capsicum seed TOTAL JUNE RM 2.00 RM 15.00 RM18.00X 20 Gunny = RM 300.
racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 RM1.00 RM 48.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL AUGUST RM 25.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 RM 52.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 48.00 RM 35.00 RM 35.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL JULY RM 25.00 Table 29 .racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.628.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 RM1.00 X 8 Packs = RM 384.00 RM 52.336 Table 28 Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 X 8 Bottles = RM 200.
00X 20 Gunny = RM 300.00 RM 48.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 96.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 RM 25.00 Table 31 .386.00 Table 30 Organic fertelizer(Baja Tahi Ayam) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.50 X 300 Gunny = RM 1050.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL SEPTEMBER RM18.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 RM 48.00 RM 52.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 144.00 RM1.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 5.876.00 RM2.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL OCTOBER RM 3.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 RM 52.00 RM 25.00 RM 12.00 RM 35.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 RM 35.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.
00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL RM18.00 RM 25.Racun kulat) Herbicides (Racun rumput) TOTAL NOVEMBER RM 25.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.876.00 X 4 Packs = RM 192.00 RM 52.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 RM 52.00X 20 Gunny = RM 300.00 RM1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.536.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 144.00 X 8 Boxes = RM 96.00 RM 48.00 Table 32 DECEMBER Chemical Fertelizer ( for leaves) Chemical fetelizer (excel havest for fruits) Chemical fertelizer (3 in 1 for root leaves and shoot) Pesticides (Mala thiom/ Racun kutu) Pesticides ( Decis.00 RM 35.00 RM 12.00 Table 33 .racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.racun serangga) Herbicides (Copcides.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 420.00 X 4 Bottles = RM 100.00 RM1.00 RM 35.00 X 12 Gallons = RM 624.00 X 12 Bottles = RM 300.00 RM 15.00 RM 48.
7. 11. 752 X 3% = RM 1522.56 So. RM50.00 1336.00 1876.00 1536. 752. RM50. 6.00 1214. 9.00 1876.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING NO.00 16244. 4.00 1876.00 1628. 2. MONTH TOTAL MONTHLY PURCHASES (RM) 1.00 1336.4= RM 52274.00 + RM 1015. 3. December TOTAL Year 2 The forecasting for the purchase will increase 3%.752.00 RM 50.00 12. January February March April May June July August September November 17058.00 2386.56 Year 3 . 8. 5.
RM 52274.56 + RM 2090.00 400.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING The forecasting of purchases will increase 4% RM 52274.98 So.56 X 4% = RM 2090.000 17.00 50.54 OPERATIONS BUDGET ITEM FIXED (RM) ASSET COST MONTHLY EXPENSE OTHER EXPENSE Machine equipment. Lorry Raw materials Diesel 1429.98 = RM 54365.00 .058.
00 17708.00 300.00 Table 35 Total operation budget= RM51429.00 600.00 300.00 + 600.00 .00 250.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Electricity Road tax Insurance Total 51429.00 + RM17708.00 = RM 69737.
All financial data comes from the operating . The plan also identifies the types of resources needed. by confirming that the objectives set are achievable from a financial point of view.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING INTRODUCTION The last step in preparing the business report is financial plan whereby it provides the business plan with rigor. The plan also includes future income to allocate various expenses in our business. equipment and material. calculates the total cost of each resource. and identifies any risks and issues related to the budget set. The financial plan will represents how Capsicum Land Trading will afford to achieve its strategic goals and objectives. It shows the estimation of cash needed to start the capsicum production business and its operational expenses. summarizes the costs of budget. which then help to make decision on how to raise the cash. either by loan or issuing additional shares in our business. quantities amounts of resources in term of labor.
To apply the financial aspect in business result such as administration. marketing and operational. Financial structure GENERAL MANAGER Izzah Binti Raynie . To avoid wastage done by our company in preparing the budgeting statement. OBJECTIVES 1. 3. 2. marketing budget and operational budget. To ensure the organization will gain profit from our business operation. It states all the expenses of the business which are needed for the business to run.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING budgets that include administrative budget.
To ensure that the project or business will run smoothly. To ensure that all the resources are used accordingly. 2. 5. To ensure that the sources of finance are sufficient in order to satisfy the financial needs of the business.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Financial Manager Naquiah Natasha Binti Nadzmie Accountant Clerk Supervisor FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES 1. 4. . To secure the capital. To establish and maintain financial security. 3.
To appraise the availability of the project before actual investment is committed. 3. It also helps the business operation in monitoring the expenses whereby it is not over budget or limits and to identify suitable sources of finance that are suitable to support the business.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 6. To determine the size of investment such as implementation cost. 5. THE IMPORTANCE OF FINANCIAL PLAN 1. FINANCIAL PLAN STRATEGY Our financial plan has follow several steps that been followed to become workable and also meaningful. THE PURPOSE OF FINANCIAL PLANNING The purpose of planning the financial plan is to help the manager to manage cash flows and to make sure that the sources of finance are enough to support the expenses that are needed to manage the business. To identify the relevant source of financial. . 4. 2. To ensure the initial capital is sufficient. Prepare the financial statement for the business as a proof for any business affairs. 1. To be used as a guideline for implementation. Gathering all financial input.
quick ratio. However. BUSINESS BACKGROUND BUSINESS LEGAL ENTITY 2 . The higher the ratio shows better capability of the business to cover its expenses. quick ratio does not consider the liability of the business into calculation. Like return on sale. return on sale. The higher the ratio indicates the failure of the business to clear its debts. Increment of return on sale represents higher income profit. Return on equity and return on investment represents the ability of Capsicum Land Trading to provide benefit to those who had offer financial support to Capsicum Land Trading.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 2. The financial analysis covers current ratio. Return on sale shows the performance of profit income to Capsicum Land Trading based on the sales of the capsicum. increment in these to provide higher benefit to financial supporters. 4. Debt to equity shows the ability of the business to settle its debts. Preparing the source financial schedule. Preparing the pro-forma cash inflow statement. FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Financial analysis involves generating the information from the financial statements to determine the performance of the business. Preparing the project implementation cost schedule. return on equity. Preparing the pro-forma income statement. 3. It analyzes the financial performance of Capsicum Land Trading while determi9ning the volume of sales of the product from Capsicum Land Trading to cover the total cost. Current ratio and quick ratio determine the ability of the business to cover its expenses with its working capital. 5. and return on investment and debt to equity ratio.
Bhd. MARKETING AND OPERATIONS EXPENDITURE ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURE .) 2= Partnership 3= Sole Proprietorship NATURE OF BUSINESS 2 1= Manufacturing 2= Trading 3= Service FINANCIAL INPUT PROJECTED ADMINISTRATIVE.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING 1= Private Limited Company ( Sdn.
509 786 164 400 Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Pre-Operations Deposit (rent.800 10.368 MARKETING EXPENDITURE Fixed Assets Signboard RM 500 .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Assets Land & Building office equipment other assets Renovation Office departmet Working Capital salary both partner EPF(12%) SOCSO (2.800 10.000 9.000 2.259 2. utilities. etc.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Expenditure TOTAL Table 35 200 150 300 59.5%) Eectricity(office use) RM 22.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Working Capital Newspaper Radio Premium Flyers 150 100 1.429 50. etc.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Expenditure TOTAL Table 36 3100 5. utilities.100 200 Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Pre-Operations Deposit (rent.000 .150 OPERATIONS EXPENDITURE Fixed Assets Machine equipment Lorry RM 1.
058 250 400 Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Pre-Operations Deposit (rent.400 .820 31. EPF & SOCSO Electricity( operation use) Diesal 17.279 31. etc.737 PROJECTED SALES AND PURCHASE Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 SALES PROJECTION 29.150 28.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Working Capital Raw Materials Carriage Inward & Duty Salaries. utilities.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Expenditure TOTAL Table 37 600 69.
336 1.876 50.626 427.244 1.020 366.628 1.460 31.214 1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12 Total Year 1 Total Year 2 Total Year 3 28.900 30.767 54.780 30.366 Table 39 Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12 Total Year 1 Total Year 2 Total Year 3 SOURCE OF FINANCE TERMS OF LOAN (if required) Interest rate Loan duration Interest payment method* * Method: 1 = flat rate 2 = annual 5% 5 2 .386 16.386 1.090 30.694 384.305 30.876 2.536 1.310 31.336 1.058 1.180 33.752 52.876 2.902 Table 38 PURCHASE PROJECTION 17.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING rest TERMS OF HIRE-PURCHASE (if required) Interest rate 5% Hire-purchase duration 5 Table 40 PROJECTED IMPLEMENTATION COST AND SOURCE OF FINANCE Capsicum Land Trading PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION COST & SOURCES OF FINANCE Project Implementation Cost Sources of Finance .
000 11.550 5.858 12.665 6.708 4.000 9.051 10.708 299 0 38.000 1.859 1.800 500 Machine equipment Lorry Working Capital 1 months Administrative Marketing Operations Pre-Operations & Other Expenditure Contingencies 8% TOTAL 1.429 50.000 2.429 50.800 10.330 72.000 4.000 9.000 Fixed Assets Land & Building office equipment other assets Renovation Office departmet Signboard Cash 22.800 10.350 10.800 500 2.259 2.259 2.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Requirements Cost Loan HirePurchase Own Contribution Existing F. Assets 22.000 BUDGET .550 17.740 144.001 1.995 Table 41 5.740 34.
000 2. etc.509 786 164 400 Pre-Operations & Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Deposit (rent.800 10 .859 . utilities.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Pre-Operations Expenditure 46 Total .259 2 .259 22.859 11 650 59.800 10.509 786 164 400 9.000 F.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING ADMINISTRATIVE BUDGET Particulars Fixed Assets 22 Land & Building office equipment other assets renovation Office departmet Working Capital salary both partner EPF(12%) SOCSO (2.168 200 150 300 150 300 10.800 2.Assets Monthly Exp.800 10 .5%) Eectricity(office use) . Others Total .000 2 .000 9 .
Others Total .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table 42 MARKETING BUDGET Particulars F.Assets Monthly Exp.
100 2.100 200 Pre-Operations & Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Deposit (rent. 100 200 500 - Particulars Others Total .100 3.Assets Monthly 500 3.550 Table 43 OPERATIONS BUDGET F. 050 150 100 1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Assets Signboard 500 Working Capital Newspaper Radio Premium Flyers 150 100 1. utilities. etc.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Pre-Operations Expenditure Total 1.
utilities. EPF & SOCSO Electricity( operation use) Diesal 058 250 400 Pre-Operations & Other Expenditure Other Expenditure Deposit (rent.) Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Pre-Operations Expenditure 51.42 Machine equipment Lorry 1429 50000 9 50. Raw Materials Carriage Inward & Duty Salaries. Fixed Assets 1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Exp. 600 7 600 6 00 69.00 0 Working Capital 17.73 8 2 50 4 00 17. etc.05 DEPRECIATION METHOD AND ECONOMIC LIFE OF FIXED ASSET .4 Total 29 708 Table 44 17.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING FIXED ASSETS office equipment other assets renovation Office departmet signboard - Econ. 2=declining balance) . Life (yrs) 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 DEPRECIATION METHOD (1=straight line. Life (yrs) 5 5 5 5 5 5 FIXED ASSETS Machine equipment Lorry Econ.
259 1.800 2.259 0 0 0 0 0 Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Table 45 560 560 560 560 560 0 0 0 0 0 other assets 2.355 1.120 560 - . 800 0 0 0 0 0 Book Value 2. 120 1.807 1.800 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 560 1. 240 2.680 1.807 2.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Capsicum Land Trading DEPRECIATION SCHEDULES Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 452 452 452 452 452 0 0 0 0 0 office equipment 2.240 1.355 904 452 - Book Value 2. 680 2.259 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 452 904 1.
000 2.000 8. 000 2. 960 1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Annual Year Depreciation 2.800 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 1. 000 2. 960 3.920 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 960 1. 920 5.000 8.960 Book Value 9.000 2. 960 1.000 Table 46 Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1. 000 0 0 0 0 0 Renovation 10. 960 0 0 0 0 0 Office department 9. 960 1.840 5. 840 9.000 4. 800 0 0 0 0 0 7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 000 2. 880 7.000 10 .000 4.000 6.800 .000 6.880 3.000 0 0 0 0 0 Book Value 1 0.000 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 2.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Table 47 100 100 100 100 100 0 0 0 0 0 Signboard 500 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 100 200 300 400 500 0 0 0 0 0 Book Value 500 400 300 200 100 - .
000 10. 000 50. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 000 10. 000 10. 000 40. 000 10. 000 0 0 0 0 0 Lorry 50.143 857 572 286 Table 48 Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 10.000 . 000 10.429 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 286 572 857 1.429 1. 000 0 0 0 0 0 40.143 1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Fixed Asset Cost (RM) Method Economic Life (yrs) Yea r Annual Depreciatio n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 286 286 286 286 286 0 0 0 0 0 Machine equipment 1.000 20.429 0 0 0 0 0 Book Value 1. 000 20. 000 30.000 Book Value 50.000 Straight Line 5 Accumulate d Depreciation 10.000 30.
733 7 .506 7.733 7 .120 773 8.199 1 5.733 7 .733 1.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Capsicum Land Trading LOAN & HIRE-PURCHASE AMMORTISATION SCHEDULES LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE Amount 38.666 1. 933 9.893 8.932 2 3. 547 9.280 1.665 3 0. 160 8.733 7 .466 Table 49 .733 0 0 0 0 0 387 0 0 0 0 0 8.665 Interest Rate 5% Duration (yrs) 5 Method Baki Tahunan Yea Principa Total Principal r l Interest Payment Balance 3 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 .
300 142.160 15.358 7.800 190.640 1.308 18.358 7.536 142.366 373.593 125.767 54.358 7.300 150 900 142.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING PRO-FORMA INCOME STATEMENT Capsicum Land Trading PRO-FORMA INCOME STATEMENT Year 1 366.751 .308 18.752 52.111 451.300 900 900 1.593 1.933 15.942 52.626 Year 3 427.426 184.600 3.600 3.366 50.752 315.812 142.047 0 142.767 331.800 189.694 Year 2 384.600 3.859 54.047 267.308 18.547 15.349 125.800 189.902 Sales Less: Cost of Sales Opening stock Purchases Less: Ending Stock Carriage Inward & Duty Gross Profit Less: Enpenditure Administrative Expenditure Marketing Expenditure Other Expenditure Business Registration & Licences Insurance & Road Tax for Motor Vehicle Other Pre-Operations Expenditure Interest on HirePurchase Interest on Loan Depreciation of Fixed Assets Operations Expenditure Total Expenditure Net Profit Before Tax Tax Net Profit After Tax Accumulated Net Profit 50.111 0 184.593 0 125.
000 1.240 8.143 40.330 125.000 1.292 106.837 331.640 373.000 904 1.566 520.355 1.932 30.061 180.466 .793 68.751 558.000 572 20.199 106.115 52.577 576.000 857 30.000 3.120 4.205 327.715 0 3.680 6.840 400 22.330 267.000 Other Assets Deposit 83.363 TOTAL ASSETS Owners' Equity Capital Accumulated Profit Long-Term Liabilities Loan Balance Hire-Purchase Balance Current Liabilities 263.920 200 Machine equipment Lorry 1.430 Current Assets Stock of Raw Materials Stock of Finished Goods Accounts Receivable Cash Balance 0 3.042 399.081 15.302 177.807 2.073 0 3.011 523.466 15.199 23.880 300 22.593 231.932 106.923 30.000 7.970 23.ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table 50 PRO-FORMA BALANCE SHEET (Table 51) Capsicum Land Trading PRO-FORMA BALANCE SHEET Year 1 ASSETS Non-Current Assets (Book Value) Land & Building office equipment other assets renovation Office departmet signboard Year 2 Year 3 22.000 5.330 451.
93% 35.15% 86.25% 47.95% 32.72% 6.28% 36.292 FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS Capsicum Land Trading FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS Year 1 LIQUIDITY Current Ratio Quick Ratio (Acid Test) EFFICIENCY Inventory Turnover PROFITABILITY Gross Profit Margin Net Profit Margin Return on Assets Return on Equity SOLVENCY Debt to Equity Debt to Assets Time Interest Earned 192 192 Year 2 170 170 Year 3 191 191 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 86.946 399.99% 13.16% 34.745 576.08% 64 Table 52 6.26% 3.03% 31.115 2.61% 54.74% 12.59% 37.30% 91 3.793 1.29% 43.98% 87.16% 158 .ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Accounts Payable TOTAL EQUITY & LIABILITIES 938 263.
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table .
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table Table Table .
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING Table Table .
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING .
ENT300 CAPSICUM LAND TRADING .
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