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INTRODUCTION AND CONCEPTUAL MODELING UNIT - I 1)With the block diagram,discuss briefly the various levels of data

abstraction.(2) 2)Specify with suitable examples ,the different types of keys used in database management system.(2) 3)What is rename operation in relational algebra?Illustrate your answer with suitable example.(2) 4)Explain in detail the major disadvantages of keeping organizational information in a file processing system.(8) 5)Explain advantages of having a centralized control of data.(8) 6)Distinguish between physical and logical data independence.(2) 7)What is data dictionary?What are the informations stored in the data dictionary?(2) 8)What are the data models and how are they grouped?(6) 9)Explain in detail any two models witn example databases.(10) 10)Discuss the fundamental operations in relational algebra.For each operation give an example.(16) 11)Which condition is called referential integrity?Explain its basic concepts.(2) 12)What is meant by an instance of the database and schema?(2) 13)What are the two different types categories of query languages?(2) 14)What does data dictionary mean?(2) 15)Explain the advantages and disadvantages of DBMS.(8) 16)With the help of data models describe the design of a database at the logical level.(8) 17)Briefly explain relational algebra.(8) 18)What is referential integrity?(2) 19)Discuss briefly any 3 types of keeping organizational inforrmation in a file processing system.(2) 20)Specify the various levels of abstraction in a database system.(2) 21)Why ke y is essential?Write the different types of keys.(2) 22)With the help of a block diagram explain the basic structure of a database management system?(8) 23)What are the disadvantages of having centralized control of data?Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.(8) 24)Explain the logical structure of a database with the help of a sample ER diagram.(8) 25)Discuss in detail two of the most important types of mapping constraints with respect to an ER enterprise schema.(8) 26)What is the data structure used to describe relational model?Give an example of a relational database.(2) 27)Define database management system.(2) 28)Compare network model with hierarchial model.(2) 29)Define Data Abstraction.(2) 30)List the functions of database administrator.(2) 31)Explain the architecture of database management system with block diagram.(8) 32)Explain all join operations in relational algebra.(8) 33)Construct an ER diagram for bank transaction.(4) 34)Define database Schema.(2) 35)What is the responsibility of DBA?(2)

JName. (2) 2) Describe briefly any two undesirable properties that a bad database design may have.Why are they important?Explain them with suitable examples.(4) 39)Define the term tuple.color.(4) Formulate appropriate SQL statements for the following queries: i)Get the part number of parts such that no other part has a smaller weight value.(2) 9) In what way is an Embedded SQL different from SQL?Discuss.(4) 7) Explain the basic concepts of functional dependencies with examples.weight.SNAME.(2) 3) Describe BCNF and describe a relation which is in BCNF.(4) 38)Discuss the convention for displaying an ER schema as an ER diagram.(8) 15)Using functional dependencies. conceptual and internal schemas.P#.(4) iii)Change the color of all red parts to orange.City) Shipment table SPJ(S#.(12) 12)Discuss the various pitfalls in a relational database design using a sample database.(4) ii)Get S# values for suppliers who supplied to projects J1 and J2. Supplier table S(S#.P name.Use appropriate aggregate function if necessary.(8) .(2) 14)Discuss the pitfalls in relational database design .(8) 5) A supplier part shipment project database is given by the following table names and field names. (2) 11)How many clauses are there in the basic structure of an SQL ?Explain.(2) 10)Explain with a simple example .define normal forms that represent good database Project table J(J#.remove or change information in the database.Qty) Prepare a sample database for the above tables with a minimum of three records in each table.(10) RELATIONAL MODEL Unit II 1) Explain the basic structure of an SQL Expression. the lossless join decomposition.(4) 6) Give a simple definition of multivalued dependencies.(2) 40)Discuss the entity integrity and referential integrity constraints.J#.STATUS.(4) 8) What is aview and how is it created?Explain with an example.(8) 16)Compare BCNF and 3CNF.36)What is the difference between primary key and foreign key?(2) 37)What is meant by schema?Distinguish between external .(2) 4) Assume a sample database and explain how add.(8) 13)Explain atleast two of the desirable properties of the decomposition.City) Part table P(P#.

(8) 29)Discuss the various relational operations with suitable Examples.(6) 5)With the help of a neat diagram.(8) 31)Why is relation that is in the 3NF generally considered good?Define BCNF with an example.the first builtin aggregate functions offered by SQL. (16) 6)What are the different types of storage media?(6) 7)How pipelining helps?(2 ) 8)What components are included in the query processor?(8) 9)Discuss Briefly static and dynamic Hashing.(2) 26)What is trigger in SQL?(2) 27)Define Functional Dependency. (8) 14)Explain the query processing with an example.explain the basic steps involved in processing a query.INSERT 2 .(8) 20)What is embedded SQL?What are its advantages?(4) 21)Write a short note on DDL statements with example.(8) 30)Explain the nested query statements using SQL with a suitable example.explain the traditional set operations.(4) 22)With the help of suitable examples. 18)Define Functional dependency. Show how the extendable hash structure changes as the result of each of the following steps: .(8) 13)What are the basic steps in query processing?Illustrate answer with suitable diagram.(8) 12)Describe the hash file organization.(2) 28)Explain the embedded SQL with a suitable example. DATA STORAGE AND QUERY PROCESSING Unit III 1)Give a diagrammatic representation to indicate the basic steps in query processing.(8) 10)How does pipelining improve the query evaluation efficiency ?Explain.(8) 23)What are aggregate functions?Discuss with examples.(2) 2)How to choose the best evaluation plan for Query?(2) 3)What are the merits and demerits of B+-tree index?(4) 4)Describe the structure of B+-tree.(8) 24)What is embedded SQL?(2) 25)List he various join operations.(2) 19)Describe Basic structure of an Sql expression and give the format of a typical SQL query.(8) 11)What is the use of an index structure and explain the concept of ordered indices.17)Is it possible for several attributes to have the same duration?Illustrate your answer with suitable suitable example.(8) 15)The following key values are organized in an extendable hashing technique: 1 3 5 8 9 12 17 28 Show the extendable hash structure for this file it has the hash function is h(x)=x mod 8 and buckets can hold three records.

(8) 10)Briefly explain data warehousing.(16) 10)Define transaction..(8) 14)When do you say that asystem is in a deadlock?Explain.(8) CURRENT TRENDS Unit V 1)What is datamining?Explain briefly.(8) TRANSACTION MANAGEMENT Unit IV 1)Why it is necessary to have control of concurrent execution of transactions?How is it made possible?(2) 2)What is timestamp-ordering scheme?Specify two simple methods for implementing this scheme?(2) 3)What is transaction?(2) 4)What does time to commit mean?(2) 5)Explain in detail ACID properties of transactions.(16) 6)Explain in detail concurrency control and recovery.(8) 11)Explain object oriented databases.(8) 7)What are two approaches to store a relation in the distributed database?(2) 8)List the various approaches of persistent of objects.(2) 9)Briefly explain datamining.(2) 4)Explain the basic failure types in a distributed environment.(2) 3)Draw a neat sketch to indicate the architecture of a distributed system.(8) 12)Discuss homogeneous and heterogeneous databases refernce to distributed databases.INSERT 24 .DELETE 5 .(2) 11)Illustrate the states of transaction.(8) 17)Write a detailed note on hashing.(2) 2)Give a comparison of object oriented and object relational databases.(2) 8)What are ACID properties?(2) 9) Explain lock based protocols and timestamped based protocols.(2) 5)Explain the architecture of a data warehouse with a neat diagram.DELETE 12 (8) 16)What is meant by complex selection?Explain its implementation with suitable example. .(8) 6)What are the various issues to be considered while building a warehouse?Explain.(8) 15)Explain the two approaches to deadlock Preventation.(8) 13)Illustrate the different state of transaction processing. 12)Write a detailed note on concurrency control.(16) 7)What are the various properties of transaction that the database system maintains to ensure integrity of data.

(8) 19)Explain:i)Data mining ii)Data warehousing.(8) 16)Explain in detail the several aspects of object oriented data model.(8) 18)Explain the following:Object relational databases.(8) 17)Explain the design of distributed database.(2) 22)Write a note on: i)Data mining ii)Distributed databases(8) .(2) 20)Define object relational databases.(2) 21)Give few applications of Data warehousing.(8) 13)What are the advantages of distributed databases?(2) 14)What are object classes?(2) 15)Explain in detail the various approaches used for storing a relation in distributed database.