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Course Code: CSE302 Course Tutor (if applicable): Date of submission: 1/04/2011 Section No: D1804
I declare that this assignment is my individual work. I have not copied from any other student’s work or from any other source except where due acknowledgment is made explicitly in the text, nor has any part been written for me by another person. Student’s Signature: Prakash kumar kotwal Evaluator’s comments: _____________________________________________________________________ Marks obtained: ___________ out of ______________________
based on the responses from subscribers. SECOND ITERATION Several suggestions were suggested. The prototype does not contain all the features of the proposed system but it contains sufficient features to enable individuals to use proposed system. THIRD ITERATION Several weeks later additional changes were made to the system. A personal profile capability was added to allow the user to set the help level one desires. Written specifications are typically created as a vehicle for describing application features and requirements that must be met. the initial version gave caller only one opportunity to enter the identification number but change was introduced and it gave caller up to thee opportunity to enter the correct identification number. PROTOTYPING EXAMPLE VOICE MAIL APPLICATION In response to a growing market opportunity. They were told that they were using a new service called telenet and suggestions for change were encouraged. Analyst can experiment with different application characteristics. Developing and using prototype can be a very effective way of identifying and clarifying the requirements an application must meet. Its use is to verify the feasibility of the design.PART-A Ques1 Provide an example that explains how a prototype does helps in system or software development? Answer:The term prototyping refers to a working model of an information system application. a firm began pursuit of a nationwide voice mail application VOICE MAIL CONCEPT The analyst defined the essential requirements of the system and outlined how the service is to function INITIAL PROTOTYPE Software was developed for approximately 50 individuals. The capability to reach system operator anytime was added. evaluating user reaction and response. . Its primary use is to clarify the user requirement.
4) Design of database interactions-a great many information systems. In these instances. With analysis over weeks. 2) Design of the output. Because of importance of databases to their databases to many systems. Answer: DESIGN FEATURES Elements of the design Analysis must design the following design Data flows-the movement of data in. Output is the main reason for developing the system and the basis on which they will evaluate the usefulness of the application 3) Design of files-the design of files includes decisions about the nature and content of the file such as whether it is to be used for storing transaction Details. changes were introduced. The full implementation of the system occurred smoothly. Users often comment when they think the need for a certain feature.but consult with the database administrator to determine most .FOURTH ITERATION People were enthusiastic about the telnet. their design is established and monitored by a database administrator. Ques2) Provide an example that helps us understand different features of designing. a person specifically charged with the responsibility for maintaining and developing databases. interact with databases that span multiple applications. historical data or referencing information. A log of calls made to system was installed. around and out of the system Data stores-temporary or permanent collections of data Processes-activities to accept manipulate and deliver data Controls-standards or procedures for determining the activities are going in anticipated manner. the system analysts does not perform the design of database . Additional computer storage was installed in the system to hold the record of the messages. FULL IMPLEMENTATION With the decision to proceed the service is now available on general basis. whether on large or small computer systems.Output generally refers to the results and information that are generated by the system.
Interface generators-interface generators provide the capability to prepare mockups and prototypes of user interfaces. data flows and processes and also includes information regarding the volume and frequency if each activity. Ques3) explain the components of Case tools.support analysis of documentation of application requirements. processing and distribution of all systems information is aided by the Centralized information repository or the data dictionary. They incorporate the methods that allow the conversion of the system specifications into executable source code. Centralized information repository. .the capture analyses. Management tools-these assists project managers in maintaining the efficiency and effectiveness throughout the application development process. also provide the functions performed by each? Answer: COMPONENTS OF CASE TOOLS There are generally five components1) Diagramming tools 2) An information repository 3) Interface generators 4) Code generators 5) Management tools Diagramming tools.appropriate database interaction. The dictionary contains the information of all system components such as data items. data structure diagrams and program structure charts. Typically they include capabilities to produce data flow diagrams. Code generators-automate the preparation of computer software. This CASE component assists development managers in the scheduling of the analysis and design activities. Typically they support the rapid creation of demonstration system menus. presentations screen menus etc. The analyst provide the database administrator with descriptions of 1) Data needed from database 2) Actions that will affect database. They support the capability to draw diagrams and charts and to store the details internally.
System design involves first logical and then physical construction of the system. Answer: specify logical design elements. It shows major features and how they are related. Discuss the general process of analysis of this data.the basic question is system designed must be easy to use. Design specification instructs programmer.detailed design specifications that describe the features of an information system: input. produces program software. Meet user requirement. files and databases. Support business activities-Result of using the system must help improving business performance. In other terms the system. files and a working system. must be user friendly with excellent engineering features A design must incorporate certain features like A) Features those are easy to understand and use b) Deters user error C) Adapts to increasing user familiarity with the system. Design should fit the way the firm conducts its business.PART-B Quse4) Identify the questions analyst used to guide their study of a process or system after collecting information requirements data. THE Design must fit the way a firm does business. the activity following logical design. . If a sales system is designed to work best for orders that are paid in cash the sales on credit policy will not please management. The logical design of an information system is like engineering blueprint of an automobile. output. Technology is secondary to the results produced using the system.the foremost and most significant question is what way design should be produced that it meets all user requirements Performing appropriate procedures correctly Presenting proper form of information Providing accurate results Providing overall reliability Easy to use. Physical construction. what to do.
and procedures to gather. processing. analyze. Information is the lifeblood of all organizations. In a way it is a documented report of the activities those were planned and executed. In turn the role of database administrator includes the following responsibilities1) Evaluate the appropriateness of the analysts requests 2) Describe methods for interaction with database 3) Ensure that application cannot damage the database Ques6) Write program specifications for a MIS that you are required to design as a part of your job at Hero Honda Ltd.MIS:MIS combines tech with business to get people the information they need to do their jobs better/faster/smarter ways. Because of importance of databases to their databases to many systems. MIS professionals bring both together to deliver information solutions An 'MIS' is a planned system of the collecting. Answer: A great many information systems. equipment. They all need someone who understands business (programmers don't) and understands tech (managers don't). According to Philip Kotler "A marketing information system consists of people. their design is established and monitored by a database administrator. Ans:. storing and disseminating data in the form of information needed to carry out the functions of management. the system analysts does not perform the design of database . whether on large or small computer systems.but consult with the database administrator to determine most appropriate database interaction. and distribute needed. In these instances. a person specifically charged with the responsibility for maintaining and developing databases. The analyst provide the database administrator with descriptions of 1) Data needed from database 2) Actions that will affect database. and accurate information to marketing decision makers. .Explain importance of Database Interaction in Design. timely. evaluate. sort.Ques 5:. interact with databases that span multiple applications.
production managers needs information analyzing resources requirement and worker productivity and personnel manager require information concerning employee compensation and professional development? Thus.An MIS can include software that helps in decision making. financial. people management and project management applications. and any computerized processes that enable the department to run efficiently. . What are the Advantages of MIS? 1. . It Facilitates planning: MIS improves the quality of plants by providing relevant information for sound decision – making. It does the following function. .supports planning and control decisions. software.collects stores. . Effective management information systems are needed by all business organization because of the increased complexity and rate of change of today’s business environment. Due to increase in the size and complexity of organizations. 2. financial manger returns. hardware. managers have lost personal contact with the scene of operations.Includes files. software and operations research models. decision support systems. effective management information systems must be developed to provide modern managers with the specific marketing. when we say that “ an MIS is an integrated man – machine systems that provided information to supports the planning and control function of managers in an origination . evaluates information systematically and routinely. In summary .Sub serves managerial function. Marketing manager need information about sales performance and trends. For Example. production and personnel information products they required to support their decision making responsibilities. the hardware resources of a system. In Minimizes information overload: MIS change the larger amount of data in to summarize form and there by avoids the confusion which may arise when managers are flooded with detailed facts. data resources such as databases. .
The CMS system can also be called as ‘web content management’ (WCM). It makes control easier: MIS serves as a link between managerial planning and control. The used computers has increased the data processing and storage capabilities and reduced the cost. 5. These systems are generally applicable on the online content which is dynamically managed as a website on the internet or intranet. Record Management System: The RMS are the recordkeeping systems which capture. MIS Encourages Decentralization: Decentralization of authority is possibly when there is a system for monitoring operations at lower levels. MIS is successfully used for measuring performance and making necessary change in the organizational plans and procedures. 4. distribution.3. stores. publishing. It improves the ability of management to evaluate and improve performance. It connects all decision centers in the organization. 6. evaluates and disseminates the information Types of MIS Systems Document Management System: The DMS is focused primarily on the storage and retrieval of self-contained electronic data resources in the document form. maintain and provide access to the records including paper as well as electronic documents. . efficiently and timely. The DMS is designed to help the organizations to manage the creation and flow of documents through the provision of a centralized repository. The workflow of the DMS encapsulates business rules and metadata. and management of the enterprise information. Generally. It brings Coordination: MIS facilities integration of specialized activities by keeping each department aware of the problem and requirements of other departments. Content Management System: The CMS assist in the creation. MIS assembles. process. Retrieves.
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