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Introduction

We the students of INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT have done a survey in which we took the reactions of the students who have been the victim of ragging once in their lives. By selecting the topic of ³the effects of ragging on students´ we came to know that it has been rightly said that the end may not always justify the means behind the illusion of µwelcoming¶ new students to college, ragging, in actuality, is a notorious practice wherein the senior students get an excuse to harass their juniors. Apart from sustaining grievous physical injuries, those unfortunate students who become a victim of ragging either develop a fear psychosis that haunts them throughout their lives, or worse, quit their college education even before it begins. For any student who slogs day and night to secure admission into a prestigious college, ragging can be his or her worst nightmare come true. It would not be an exaggeration to say that, today, ragging has taken the shape of a serious human rights violation with even the most respected and disciplined educational institutes falling prey to it. In common parlance, ragging means playing practical jokes on somebody or teaching someone a lesson. Today, ragging may have become deep rooted in almost every educational set up, but many would be surprised to know that ragging is originally a western concept. Ragging is supposed to have its creation in certain European Universities where seniors played practical jokes at the time of welcoming freshmen to the institutions. Gradually, the practice of ragging became popular throughout the world. However, with time, ragging assumed obnoxious and harmful connotations and was severely condemned. Today, almost all countries of the world have enacted stern laws that ban ragging and it has been completely eradicated in countries such as Canada and Japan. But sadly, India, which inherited ragging as a legacy from the British Raj, has not been able to free itself from the clutches of this inhuman practice. It can be said, without any room for doubt, that the worst form of ragging is committed in India.

Methodology
The sample In March 2011, around 110 questionnaires were sent out to a sample of people comprising of youngsters; mostly students of College level. The final instrument i.e. questionnaire included 15 questions, relevant to the topic of the study. A Total of 100 usable replies were received ± a response rate of 90.90%. The people who responded to the survey belong to the Institue of Business Management, Karachi, Pakistan. Demographics of the respondents are as follows,
AGE SUM OF NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 18-20 66 21-23 23 24+ 11

GENDER NO. OF RESPONDENTS MALE 50 FEAMLE 50 TOTAL 100

It was decided to use a comprehensive questionnaire as an instrument for gathering survey data. Society The questionnaire consisted of 15 multiple choice questions based questions. Through survey we developed a questionnaire based on certain variables: Independent Variable Ragging Dependent Variable 1. . Parents of victimized students 3.MEASURE Questionnaire Description: Sample size was decided to be used for conducting the survey. Students 2. Some statistical operations were performed on the gathered raw data to convert it into more structured and analytical form for drawing inferences.

PROCEDURE A survey questionnaire was constructed. Purpose of Study The aim of the study is that ³What are the psychological effects of ragging´ and what is actually the psyche of the ragger. The Questionnaire was intelligently divided and the flow was maintained in question so as to maintain the logical flow of thoughts. Consent Form The consent form was distributed along with the questionnaire. respondents were asked to indicate their age. Each member was to obtain responses format least 20 participants. the copies of which were distributed among the group members to conduct the survey. . we will come to know about the ragging effects over the society. gender and education level. Demographic For demographic factors. Moreover.

RESULTS Table 1 represents: a b c Age Responses [18-20] [21-23] [24-above] Percentage 66% 23% 11% Table 2 represents: a b Gender Responses Male Female Percentage 50% 50% Table 3 represents: a b c d Semester Responses Freshman Sophomore Junior Senior Percentage 62% 13% 08% 17% Table 4 represents: a b c d Question no. 1 Responses Percentage Teasing 61% Taunting 12% Verbal Torture 11% Others 16% .

3 Responses Percentage Worse 13% Fun 41% None/just ok 42% Others 04% a b c d Table 7 represents: Question no. 4 Responses Percentage School 06% College 74% Workplace 00% Others 20% a b c d Table 8 represents: Question no.Table 5 represents: a b c d Question no. 2 Responses Percentage Gestural 7% Verbal 54% Physical 33% Others 6% Table 6 represents: Question no. 5 Responses Percentage Fashion 35% statement Bullying 41% Degrading 06% Others 18% a b c d .

6 Responses percentage It can 26% Somewhat 41% Sometimes 24% Others 09% a b c d Table 10 represents: Question no. 7 Responses Percentage Extremism 18% Biasness 10% Humiliation 63% Others 09% a b c d Table 11 represents: Question no.Table 9 represents: Question no. 8 Responses Percentage Recurring 59% practice Vengeance 16% Nominal 23% strictness Others 02% a b c d Table 12 represents: Question no. 9 Responses Percentage No laws 37% Neglection 17% No idea 45% Others 01% a b c d .

10 Responses Percentage Setting up 29% disciplinary committees Interaction of 14% staff with freshman Formulating 46% disciplinary restrictions Others 11% a b c d Table 14 represents: Question no.Table 13 represents: Question no. 12 Responses Percentage No change 72% Low-self12% confidence Slight fear 10% Others 06% a b c d . 11 Responses Percentage Volunteer 30% security Guarding 37% possible ragging zones Signing 25% undertakings from seniors Others 07% a b c d Table 15 represents: Question no.

14 Responses Percentage Hatred 20% Friendship 41% Revengeful 32% Others 07% a b c d Table 18 represents: Question no. 15 Responses Percentage Annoyance 32% They enjoy 10% No link 55% Others 03% a b c d .Table 16 represents: Question no. 13 Responses Percentage Yes it does 28% To some 49% extent I don t agree 20% Don t know 03% a b c d Table 17 represents: Question no.

There is no direct benefit to you also. from quite some time now. Authorization: I have read and understand this consent form. You may also refuse to answer some or all the questions if you don t feel comfortable with those questions. Participant sign: Principal s investigator signature: . Principal Investigators: Taimoor Ali Khanzada. Purpose of This Research Study: This research will help us to know that what are the actual effects ragging creates on the freshman. You may refuse to participate without any loss or benefit which you are otherwise entitled to.Appendix A Research Questionnaire INFORM CONSENT FORM Title of the Study: Psychological Effects of Ragging. Marium Sultana. Moreover. and I volunteer to participate in this research study. Background Information: Ragging. has become a subject of prominence. Ali Noor Ali Kamaruddin. You may also withdraw any time from the study without any adverse effect. Ayesha Ahmed Choudry. Possible Risk or Benefits: There is no risk in this study except your valuable time. Nobody except principal investigators will have an access to it. Confidentiality: The information provided by you will be confidential. Right Of Refusal To Participate And Withdraw: You are free to participate in the study. Your name and identity will also not be disclosed at any time. However the result of the study may help us to know more about the impact on news channels specifically on youth. we will come to know that what is the psyche of the ragger & what impact does it creates on the society. therefore we have decided to research on this subject to evaluate its complications and precautionary measures to avoid it. AsharSuhailQuddusi Institute: Institute of Business Management Introduction: We are from Institute Of Business Management and doing research on Psychological Effects of Ragging we would like to invite you to join this research study. Ragging is found to have been developing roots in psychological disorders in life of students specially.

Why is the practice so difficult to change? (a) Recurring Practice (b) Vengeance (c) Others Nominal strictness (d) Others 9. Why do you think ragging is done? (a) Fashion statement (b) Bullying (c) Others (d) Others (d) Others (d) Others Degrading (d) Others 6. Do you think ³counseling´ as a therapy would help in such a case? (a) It can (b) Somewhat (c) Sometimes (d) Others 7. How was your personal experience with ragging? (a) Worse (b) Fun (c) None/just ok 4. Where have you witnessed ragging? (a) School (b) College (c) Workplace 5.Above) Junior (d) GENDER: Senior (a) Male (b) Female SEMESTER: (a) Freshman (b) AFFILIATION (if not a student of IoBM): INSTRUCTIONS: Please attempt all questions. What is your opinion about the meaning of µRagging¶? (a) Teasing (b) Taunting (c) Verbal Torture (d) 2. If selecting the others option. please specify your opinion. Which forms of ragging are you aware of? (a) Gestural (b) Verbal (c) Physical 3. 1. Why should ragging be condemned if it is harmless fun? (a) Extremism (b) Biasness (c) Humiliation (d) 8.DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AGE: (a) (18-20) (b) (21-23) (c) Sophomore (c) (24. Fill only one check box for each question. Are there any laws against ragging? (a) No laws (b) Neglection (c) No idea (d) Others .

Do you think ragging has any link with the parents of victimized students? (a) Annoyance (b) They enjoy (c) No link (d) Others  ³THANK YOU´ . Do you think that the ragging experience leads to low-self-confidence of a fresh student already nervous and unfamiliar of his/her surroundings? (a) Yes it does (b) To some extent (c) I don¶t agree (d) Don¶t know 14. What measures in your opinion can be taken to reduce this behavior? (a) Volunteer security (b) Guarding possible ragging zones (c) Signing undertakings from seniors (d) Others 12. What impression ragging has over the relationship between seniors and fresh students? (a) Hatred (b) Friendship (c) Revengeful (d) Others 15. Do you feel any major change in your personal life after any ragging experience? (a) No change (b) Low-self-confidence (c) slight fear (d) Others 13. What in your opinion should be institute¶s role in stopping ragging? (a) Setting up disciplinary committees (b) Interaction of staff with freshman (c) Formulating disciplinary restrictions (d) Others 11.10.

Appendix B Graphical Representation of the Questions Semester Freshman Sophomore Junior Senior Gender Male Female .

Age [18-20] [21-23] [24-above] Question no. 1 Teasing Taunting Verbal Torture Others .

3 Worse Fun None/just ok Others . 2 Gestural Verbal Physical Others Question no.Question no.

Question no. 4 School College Workplace Others Question no. 5 Fashion statement Bullying Degrading Others .

6 It Can Somewhat Sometimes Others Question no.Question no. 7 Extremism Biasness Humiliation Others .

Question no. 8 Recurring practice Vengeance Nominal strictness Others Question no. 9 No laws Neglection No idea Others .

11 Volunteer security Guarding possible ragging zones Signing undertakings from seniors Others . 10 Setting up disciplinary committees Interaction of staff with freshman Formulating disciplinary restrictions Others Question no.Question no.

12 No change Low-self-confidence Slight fear Others Question no. 13 Yes it does To some extent I don t agree Don t know .Question no.

15 Annoyance They enjoy No link Others .Question no. 14 Hatred Friendship Revengeful Others Question no.