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Wildlife Park sees expansion Pg.


Crystal meth use increases Pg. 4
TRU School of Journalism

Camera surveillance proposed Pg. 6

A Clocktower Production

Same-sex debate in Kamloops
By Robyn Roste
Newsbreak reporter

Since 1999

Thursday, April 14, 2005

The real Spidermen

Date-rape drug usage increases
By Tyler Olsen

Annabree Simpson married her partner, Natasha Elder, at Riverside Park in Kamloops almost two years ago. “We got married as soon as the legislation was changed,” said Simpson, who cried tears of happiness. In April 2003, the B.C. Appeal Court overturned a B.C. Supreme Court decision restricting marriage to heterosexuals only. “I didn’t think this day would ever come.” Same-sex marriages are legal in seven provinces and one territory. An amendment to the Civil Marriage Act, called Bill C-38, would extend to same-sex couples the same rights granted to heterosexual couples across Canada. If the bill is passed, gender-specific terms would be removed from the act and same-sex couples would have the opportunity to be legally married. By making this act federal, there would be a standardized law across the country. The bill has been under debate since it was tabled in February. Betty Hinton, MP for the Kamloops Thompson Cariboo riding, supports the traditional definition of marriage. “I’m not anti-gay-people. I’m not!” Hinton said. “It’s not about human rights. It’s about protecting the right to our Canadian way of life.” Continued on Page 7

Photo by Ina-Cristine Helljesen

Angus Fraser climbs the rock face at Roche Lake.

Photo by Ina-Cristine Helljesen

Iain Stuart Patterson, an adventure tourism instructor at Thompson Rivers University, designs climbing routes.

one or two victims of such drugs a week. And that number, Dodd said, Newsbreak reporter is misleading. “We probably don’t Magda Nodzykowski headed see nearly as much as goes on,” for a concert planning on having a Dodd said. “But we know it’s out good, loud time. The 23-year-old there. We know it exists.” student woke up the next morning Because most victims of drugs with only scattered memories of go straight to the emergency room, the night’s events. Nodzykowski, which does not statistically track who attended the cases, precise concert at a local numbers are not bar in late available. But, F e b r u a r y, Dodd said, “In believes that the last couple someone slipped years, we’re a drug into a drink seeing an of hers. increasing num“I just don’t ber of these remember any[cases].” thing, just random Dodd said flashes of that that women e v e n i n g ’s between 16 and e v e n t s , ” 25 make up Nodzykowski most of the recalled. She said cases that he that, according to sees. Men have friends,she been known to Photo by Ina-Cristine Helljesen appeared fine for have been the majority of A photo illustration of the drugged as well, the evening until date-rape drug being put however. the side-effects of into a woman’s drink. Yet, for all the unknown the attention drugged kicked in and she began surrounding drugs being slipped acting erratically, and speaking into drinks, Dodd said, by far, the nonsense. most common rape-associated Fortunately, with the aid of a drug is still alcohol. friend, Nodzykowski, who does The term date-rape drugs usualnot know who may have drugged ly applies to Rohypnol, Ketamine her, made it home safely. Hydrochloride, and GHB. What happened to “These drugs are prevalent at Nodzykowski is not unusual in house parties, these drugs are Kamloops. Graham Dodd, the head prevalent in the bars and the key to doctor at Royal Inland Hospital’s avoiding these drugs is prevenemergency room, said that he sees tion,” said Dodd.

Kamloops is big on garbage
By Suzie Atherton
Newsbreak reporter Kelowna. These cities have curbside recycling programs, and the garbage collection programs encourage production of less waste through a fee structure and lower caps on amounts allowed. Kamloops, with residential waste making up 60 per cent of garbage sent to landfills, is behind Kelowna and Vancouver in encouraging residents to reduce waste and in offering curbside recycling services. Continued on Page 7

City . . . . . . . . .Pg. 2 People . . . . . . .Pg. 3 Special Report Street Smarts Pg. 4-5 Politics . . . . .Pg. 6-7 Health . . . . . . .Pg. 8

A new fee system that will come into effect next January may be the incentive Kamloops residents need to reduce their high per-capita garbage rate to the level of cities like Vancouver and Kelowna. Kamloops residents each produce an average of 356 kilograms of garbage a year, compared to 218 kilograms in Vancouver and 241 kilograms in

Vancouver 218 kg per year

Kelowna 241 kg per year

Kamloops 356 kg per year

This illustrates the per capita amount of garbage that city residents produce each year.

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The future look of Hillside Stadium will include three new fields and a fieldhouse.

Thursday, April 14, 2005

Artist’s rendering courtesy of the city of Kamloops

Construction delays mean inactivity on the fields
By Ethan Ribalkin
Newsbreak reporter decided to go with geothermal heating. Recently, the piping for this technology was installed under the track at Hillside Stadium. “We were looking for alternatives for heating and cooling the pool and field,” said Byron McCorkell, director of parks, culture, and recreation for Kamloops. The testing process for the technology was lengthy, and this combined with the winter cold snap threw the schedule off by a couple of weeks. “This will lower hydro, gas and power bills by 40 per cent,” said McCorkell. “It will become a premier stadium facility,” said McCorkell. “It will have the capacity to hold international events.” The delays have caused the Kamloops Track Club to go elsewhere for its annual fundraiser. “I hope the club isn’t negatively impacted,” said McCorkell. Construction obstacles have also caused the B.C. Lions training camp to go elsewhere this spring.

Newsbreak Staff
Managing Editing Team Special projects editor: Sarah Huston Page editor: Ethan Ribalkin Graphics editor: Alain Saffel Photo editor: Janine Stevenson: Editing team editor: Marcel Tetrault Editing Team Tyler Olsen Ethan Ribalkin Graphics Team Megan Nielsen Andrea Werner Photo Team Lu Huang Ina-Cristine Helljesen April Hoffman Page Designers Suzie Atherton Joe Fries Mary Beth Hall Leanne Keen Chris McKay Karen Slivar Special Project Poonam Bains Robyn Roste Staff Adviser Shawn Thompson Technical Adviser Dennis Keusch Journalism Chair Alan Bass How to reach us Phone: (250) 371-5958

The $24.4-million Hillside Stadium improvement project was expected to be finished by May, but construction setbacks in track and turf development have caused the schedule to be extended, charity events changed, and forced the B.C. Lions training camp to go elsewhere. “At this point in time Hillside Stadium will not be ready until the end of July,” said City of Kamloops assistant parks manager Greg Zeeben. The construction delay was created when the city

Debbie Butt, director of communications for the B.C. Lions, said if the field had been ready, the Lions would have returned to Kamloops. “We had a great camp in 2004,” said Butt, “but the field is not available.” When the dirt and dust has settled, McCorkell hopes to make a larger deal with the Lions organization for a three- to five-year contract for the training camp. A referendum for the Hillside Stadium project was held on Nov. 1, 2003 and was narrowly approved as 54 per cent of the nearly 19,000 votes were in favour of the development.

Sun Peaks hit by tax audit
By April Hoffman
Newsbreak reporter

Thanks to an ambiguous tax rule, more than 60 commercial property owners at Sun Peaks have found themselves in the midst of a “project” tax audit performed by Canada Customs and Revenue Agency, resulting in property owners receiving bills worth over tens of thousands of dollars in back taxes. If the audit is considered successful, property owners at other British Columbia ski resorts could find themselves in the same situation. The GST rule causing all the problems states that when a person purchases a property with the intention of renting it out, they can use the property for personal use up to 10 per cent of the time and still be exempt from paying the GST on the property. The problem is there is no set rule defining the terms of 10 per cent. Since the GST was first implemented in January, 1991, accountants have interpreted the formula as 10 per cent of 365 days a year since the properties are available for rent year long. This way the property owner has 36 days available for personal use. Revenue Canada is now saying that’s not the formula, and is calculating personal usage based on 10 per cent of the actual time the property is rented. The result is property owners receiving bills worth thousands of dollars in back GST tax. A number of people at Nancy Greene’s Cahilty Lodge are being audited. Nick Kwasniak, owner of Bear Country Lodge Property Management company, has confirmed that 12 of his clients have also been audited. Stan Braun, an accountant at Hartwick and Accounting Co., also has clients being audited. “There is no law or Canada Revenue Agency rule,” said Braun. “In the past the basis has always been that the property is in the rental pool 365 days a year and that has always been the accepted way of calculating it.” Revenue Canada spokesperson Dan McGrath said the availability argument can be used both ways and the property is available for personal use 365 day a year. “The two sides have read the same law and interpreted it differently and it’s a point of contention,” said McGrath. “In order to resolve it, the taxpayer can appeal. It may well end up in court and the court will determine which interpretation is appropriate.”

Photo by Megan Nielsen

Eye on the wildfires
By Megan Nielsen
Newsbreak reporter Watching for lightning strikes, monitoring storms and catching wildfires before they spread is just an average day in the life of weather forecaster Paul Robertson. The Kamloops Fire Centre monitors the section of British Columbia from the northern border of Wells Gray Park to the United States border, covering an area of 7.5 million hectares. It is divided into seven zones: Clearwater, Kamloops, Salmon Arm, Penticton, Vernon, Lillooet and Merritt. Robertson, who retired from Environment Canada in 1997, is the weather forecaster for the Kamloops Fire Centre. His job is to give two forecasts as well as two briefings a day during the summer, monitoring the Kamloops region. He is on call from April to October. Robertson said that this year the Kamloops region is “slightly drier than normal conditions,” due to the early run-off in January and February, but it is nothing to be alarmed about. The 2003 fire season, where a total of 264,747 hectares of land were burned, was a “one-in150 year season” that Roberston said he would not expect to see again soon. About 270 weather stations in British Columbia monitor conditions, some of them set up temporarily near a wildfire. Each station is equipped with the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System that assesses conditions and potential for fires. These stations collect data from the area and send it to

Paul Robertson points to some recent lightning strikes in the province. He is watching them as an indication of the start of the wildfire season.

Watching weather to stay ahead of the inferno
the centres via computers. Besides the information collected from weather stations, Robertson is in constant contact with Environment Canada. He also obtains images from satellite to determine what weather systems could be moving in. The factors that predict fire conditions are temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind speed and wind direction. As the temperature rises in the summer and fuels, like brush and trees, become drier. Lightning is the main cause of wildfires, starting 50 per cent of fires in the region every year, the other half being started by people. Robertson is keeping a close eye on some early strikes in the province, which could predict an early start to the wildfire season.

Newsbreak is produced by the students in the School of Journalism at Thompson Rivers University in Kamloops, British Columbia
Opinions expressed in Newsbreak are those of the contributing writers and do not necessarily represent the views of the University or its staff.

Thursday, April 14, 2005

Sudanese suffer again
By Mary Beth Hall
Newsbreak reporter


Page 3

In tropical Sudan, the largest country on the African continent, genocide rages in the western region of Darfur. The United Nations Commission of Inquiry reported on Jan. 25 that “government forces and militias conducted indiscriminate attacks including killing of civilians, destruction of villages, forms of sexual violence, pillaging and forced displacement throughout Darfur.” The United Nations estimates that this ethnic cleansing campaign has already resulted in 200,000 deaths and 1.6 million homeless. More than 200,000 Sudanese people have fled to refugee camps in neighbouring Chad. The Kamloops Salvation Army church and thrift store is donating clothing and money to help Sudanese refugees that are arriving in Canada for asylum. While the Salvation Army is helping Sudanese refugees in Canada, the Canadian Red Cross is helping refugees in Chad camps. Campaigns across Canada are still collecting funds in hope that more people will give to the humanitarian crisis. There is no shortage of charitable souls in Kamloops. Citizens saw images in the media of entire Southeast Asian villages destroyed by a tsunami on Dec. 26, 2004. Companies and citizens of Kamloops donated $215,000 to the Canadian Red Cross to alleviate the suffering of these strangers a world away. William Reese, president of the International Youth Foundation, said the worldwide amount of tsunami aid totaled three to four billion dollars within a month of the tragedy; enough to help rebuild hospitals, schools and develop employment programs in the afflicted countries for the next decade. Celine Calfa, the service area manager for the Thompson region of the Canadian Red Cross, has ended the campaign to raise money for the tsunami tragedy. But funds for the disaster are still pouring into her office. She expects the donations from the Kamloops area will reach $2.25 million in total. Calfa is hoping that Kamloops citizens who plan to donate money to the tsunami tragedy will agree to have their donations given to another campaign that the Canadian Red Cross supports, such as the crisis in Sudan. Referring to the tsunami disaster, Calfa said that “People recognized the catastrophe and the urgent need for relief.” “When it comes down to it, the magnitude and level of devastation of the tsunami, and the loss of lives inspired people to respond. When people see in the media the number of deaths going up and up, they relate and respond.” Calfa said campaigns that get the most donations “depend on the level of devastation.” The United Nations, the United States and the European Union recently defined 2.2 million Sudanese as “war-affected.”

Graphic provided by Wildlife Park

The new centre (above) will act as a new entrance to the park and include a gift shop, food services, sit-down concession, theatre and eco-inquiry area.

Discovery Centre leaps towards completion
By Ethan Ribalkin
Newsbreak reporter The Kamloops Wildlife Park is developing its Discovery Centre, part one of its three-phase $10-million expansion project expected to be finished by April 2008. Since the Wildlife Park is the only terrestrial zoo with credentials from the B.C. government, the Wildlife Park’s New Vision project was created to develop its facilities and programming to become a popular provincial attraction. In April of 2003, Kamloops gave the Wildlife Park $3 million from tax payer’s money, the lead contribution to the park’s expansion. In the spring of 2004, MLA Kevin Krueger announced a $2million infrastructure grant (base of funding) to the park for the Discovery Centre. In 2003, the council decided to give the Wildlife Park $750,000 a year from 2004 to 2007 for the $3million total, subject to the park raising $5 million between the same years. “The city already gives $45,000 a year to the Wildlife Park for capital upgrades,” said Dave C. Hilton, parks manager for the City of Kamloops. “The city also gives $207,000 for operating costs on an annual basis over the course of the year.” This brings the city’s annual contribution to just over $1 million from taxpayers. “The Vancouver Aquarium is attributing the marine life, but no one else in the province is doing the terrestrial life,” said Rob Purdy, general manager of the B.C. Wildlife Park. The total cost of the Discovery Centre is $5.2 million, and the Wildlife Park has so far raised $3.2 million. “Essentially we’re

Photo by Ethan Ribalkin

Zef, an 18-year-old tiger will spend the rest of his life at the park and will be replaced with an animal native to British Columbia. Most non-native animals have been replaced. halfway to our goal,” said Rob start the Discovery Centre.” The Purdy. “The funding we’ve project is expected to be finished received already will allow us to by April 2006.

Mentor program gives seniors chance to help
By April Hoffman
Newsbreak reporter A new Elder Mentor Program sponsored by the Kamloops Food Bank and the Kiwanis House of Kamloops is taking a step forward in community care by using the wisdom of local seniors to help those in need. The help being offered deals with issues that stem from poverty, like helping to find affordable accommodations, providing parenting advice and teaching skills such as how to cook on a budget. Having lived through the Depression, the volunteers are familiar with coping in tough times. When food bank executive director Margaret Spina took over last September, she saw that in the 28 years of operation the numbers of women and children (single parent families) had spiked significantly, from 677 in 1997, to 2957 in 2004. Spina paired that increase with the life experience that her senior volunteers could offer, and the Elder Mentor program was born. Patricia Weatherill, a 73-year-

Photo by April Hoffman

Executive director Marg Spina (centre), with elder mentors Patricia Weatherill (left) and Joe Shields (right). old retired phone operator was one whole life. It was the way I was of the first volunteers involved. brought up, doing good for some“The program started with one,” said Weatherill. “If you feel Patricia,” said Spina. “She has good it makes the world bright and office experience, and is a warm shiny. Since I’ve retired, I don’t caring person with many talents think I’ve been as happy as since and communication skills. She I’ve been here.” would introduce people on how to Another devoted volunteer is use the telephone, take messages retired tour bus driver Joe Shields, and greet the public. Most of us 71, who has been with the food take skills like that for granted, but bank since October 2003. people with a disadvantage or a “It’s a good place to work,” said disability—it’s not so easy for Shields. “I think it’s great. You them.” help a lot of people out and let “I’ve done volunteering my them feel safe for awhile. People

with no money or clothes, you give them a couple of items and you have given them the world. You see the weight come off of their shoulders and they really appreciated it.” The volunteers work in the new thrift store located on the top floor of the North Shore food bank, and will soon be participating in programs at the new drop-in-centre to be located across the street at 164 Wilson Street. “We are now seeing people who were afraid of walking around the block, who are now able to communicate and are confident of their new-found abilities,” said Spina. “This comes from the elder mentors.” The Elder Mentor program also works by reaching out to seniors by making them feel comfortable using the food bank, while adding to the volunteer’s lives by providing a social outlet. Spina said that seniors only make up two to three per cent of food bank customers. “It’s really hard for the seniors to ask for help, whether the need is food or friendship,” said Spina.

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Thursday, April 14, 2005

Pursuing a higher high
By Ina-Cristine Helljesen
lead to substance abuse. Crystal meth has dangerous side-effects. A person who takes crystal meth can suffer sleep deprivation for days and have a reduced appetite. “Once I could not sleep for nine days and at that point things aren’t even real,” Hickerty said. “Everything feels cartoony and you see black shadow-people,” he said. Conners confirmed that visual hallucinations and paranoia are well known side-effects of crystal meth. “I have people in here (the Phoenix Centre) that, for example, cut out the wires of their television because they thought people are listening to them,” Conners said. “We see people with their noses caved in because they have been snorting too much,” Conners added. Conners said that crystal meth is equally popular between both genders. “You find that girls go on it to lose weight...and the guys like it because they feel they are on top of the world.” The increased energy can give people the feeling of power and superiority and make exercising easier. “It’s so easy to get perfect abs when you are high,” Hickerty said. He said he can easily work out three or four hours while he’s on crystal meth. Conners said it is hard to kick the addiction of an extremely addictive drug like crystal meth because it becomes difficult to live without the effects of the intoxication. A person can become depressed for weeks and then is more likely to go back to using the drug. Hickerty said that sometimes when he did not have crystal meth for a day, he would feel sick and weak. “I was working at a mill and there were a couple of days, when I tried to stay clean, I would either not want to go to work and not produce well, or not go to work at all.”

Crystal meth is an increasing problem among young people in Kamloops

have a total number on seizures because those statistics aren’t comNewsbreak reporter piled. Crystal meth may be the fastest The prevalence of crystal meth growing illegal drug in Kamloops in town is confirmed by Derek among those up to the age of 24. Ryan Hickerty, 22, who said he has Over the last five years the signs of used the drug here. Hickerty said in addiction to crystal meth and other an interview that he has paid amphetamines have increased dra- between $20-$25 on the streets of matically in town, making the Kamloops for half a gram of crysdrugs almost equal in popularity to tal meth, which was enough to cocaine, according to statistics keep him high for a whole day. released by the Kamloops Society “Gib (crystal meth) gives me a of Alcohol & Drug kind of rush,” he Once I could Services in said. “It’s not sleep for March. like coffee In 2000, without the nine days and fewer than 10 nervousness at that point young people because it sought treatgives you things aren’t ment for crystal energy and even real meth and other keeps you amphetamines awake for Derek Hickerty through the extended Phoenix Centre, but, for the 2004- periods of time. 2005 fiscal year, the number I know a lot of people who take jumped to 90 people. The Phoenix crystal meth, and more and more Centre is operated by the people are experimenting with it Kamloops Society of Alcohol & everyday,” said Hickerty, who took Drug Services. his first dose when he was 16. Jeff Conners, a youth addiction In November 2004, the Phoenix counsellor at the Phoenix Centre, Centre created a program to deal said in an interview that crystal with crystal meth. It has since been meth is becoming popular among recognized nationally and was proyoung people in town because it’s filed in an hour-long Fifth Estate cheap, easily accessible and has a broadcast on March 23. prolonged high. “I don’t know the Data compiled during the treatexact percentage of users coming ment program shows that the seven through here identifying crystal people who participated were meth as their major problem right doing better “spiritually, psychonow, but I believe it’s close to 50 logically, socially and physically,” per cent,” Conners said. said Conners. He added that more Cpl. Fran Bethell said the study is needed to estimate the RCMP hasn’t seen evidence of an long-term effects of the treatment. increase of crystal meth in Cpl. Bethell said the police are Kamloops. “We have heard about also fighting drugs through prevenit and we are certainly concerned tion programs aimed at elementary about it, but we haven’t experi- schools, and charging people with enced the increase ourselves in possession of illegal drugs in the terms of seizure,” Cpl. Bethell hope that, once convicted, they said. She said the RCMP doesn’t will get help with the problems that

‘‘ ’’

Photo Illustration by Ina-Cristine Helljesen

Crystal meth is a physically addictive and psychologically destructive substance. (Photo is an illustration only.)

‘Look ‘em in the eye and always say please’
By Scott Trudeau
Special to Newsbreak ing eyes framed by shoulder-length black hair. His name is Jake Jules. I ask him what it’s like to be homeless and forced to panhandle to make a living. Jules insists that a university student doing a story on panhandling needs to experience it first hand. “I’ll take you around, show you where we go,” he says. “We’ll start with lunch.” Inside, the meal consisted of brownish-orangecoloured soup, sloppy roast beef, rubbery potatoes and brown-singed lettuce supposedly resembling a salad. A walk uptown following lunch is the perfect time to learn the rules of panhandling. “Look ‘em in the eye and always say please,” says Jules. “Never ask a woman with a child.” After arriving at the downtown core, I observed Jules’ technique to learn how the job works before approaching a couple named Steve and Christine Griffin. They refuse, telling me that typically, the panhandlers they have seen look down and out. Glancing at my appearance (jeans, clean shoes and a winter jacket), he responds, “You don’t look down and out.” I asked 10 more people. “Can you spare 50 or 75 cents, please?” A few say “Sorry, can’t help you.” But most snub me, acting as though I don’t exist. I ask Jules how he deals with the discouraging feeling of coming away empty handed time after time. “You get so many no’s in a day,” he says. “You gotta’ get rid of that negativity.” And with that, we were off to the liquor store to purchase a bottle of “liquid encouragement.” Before drinking, Jules says a prayer for me. As the bottle is passed from one set of hands to another, Splat speaks. “It’s a community,” he says. “We look out for each other.” Five minutes later, the bottle is dry, we have a buzz on and we’re headed back to Victoria Street. Jules and “Splat” tell me to ask a guy and his teenage son. The guy stops, opens his arms

The five of us are standing in a half-circle beside a garbage bin at a place they call the Hole in the Wall. The Wall is one of many locations scattered in the city’s downtown alleyways. On some nights, panhandlers sleep here. As a bottle of wine is making its way around some of the guys who make a living on the streets, Gordy Camille, Dean Simon, Jake Jules and “Splat” take a swig. It may be a difficult way to spend the day because panhandling, believe it or not, is a hard way to make a living. The first meal of the day for these guys often comes at noon, courtesy of the New Life Mission. Five days a week, the mission serves up a hot lunch to panhandlers, the homeless and anyone else struggling to make ends meet. Under the roof of its entrance, five men are huddled on a small bench. One has a pair of dark, pierc-

and gives me a hug. “That’s all you want? Twenty-five cents?” he says. Turns out he’s a regular customer. He hands me a toonie. Before I know it, three hours have passed, dusk has approached and the temperature has started to drop. The lone toonie is all I have to show for four hours of work. After getting turned down again, this time by a lone lady, I ask if she has any ideas on how a panhandler should be dressed. “No. Just be yourself,” she says. More than appearance, maybe the public’s perception of panhandling is playing a larger part in my lack of success. Jules walks over and looks me in the eyes. “It’s not that easy is it?” By this time, Gordy, Dean and Splat have left; gone to purchase another bottle of wine. Even though I collected only two bucks after asking 27 people, Jules likes my attitude. He offers me a job on the spot. I politely refuse. “It’s too hard on my self-image.”

Thursday, April 14, 2005


Page 5

Photo by Ina-Cristine Helljesen

Jan Corba plays cards to pass the time at the New Life Mission on Victoria Street in Kamloops. He rents a small room in town and stops regularly at the centre for food and companionship. “The New Life Mission provides a safe and encouraging environment,” said Terry Butcher, the dayroom co-ordinator.

The deep roots of homelessness
what causes people to require their services. “People that all they know of their fathers was that In the last year and a half, 42- they’d call them over and burn year-old Cass Powers has had them with their cigarettes. three different roommates, and he “They grow into youth, and are has punched out all of them. violent and troubled because they “One of them, I punched out are full of rage and hurt. They get twice,” said Powers. into trouble with the law, they fall Today, he no longer has any into addiction,” said Butcher. roommates, or maybe it’s more “Other people have a mental illaccurate to say that today he has ness. It’s a complex problem.” dozens of roommates. Jocelyn Mitchell of the Today, Cass Powers sleeps in a Kamloops Community Committee hostel when he can, on the streets on Homelessness agrees. “When of Kamloops when he can’t, with we talk about homelessness in this between 50 and 200 other home- country, we are not just talking less people. The number varies about the guys living down at the with the weather and the economic river. We are talking about moms and political climate. and kids and families living in Powers is blunt when asked cars,” said Mitchell. what led to his current lifestyle. “All those at risk people, those “Drug addiction,” he said. It all people that are one paycheck away started when he from eviction. was about 13. Some crisis The army Powers had a happens and violent childyou are out on wouldn’t hood, and startthe street. even take ed smoking pot That’s it for to cope. you, too bad.” me. “People use In an Cass Powers escape mechaattempt to deal nisms,” said with homePowers. ”I smoked pot to escape lessness, the federal government from the abuse.” launched the National “They call marijuana a gateway Homelessness Initiative in 1999. drug,” he said. “In my case it was Kamloops has so far received $3.7 true because it opened the door to million of this funding. other stuff. But I packed all of that In 2001, the City of Kamloops stuff in...with support and a lot of organized the homelessness comhelp, from places like this.” mittee to determine how the fundHe is talking in the dayroom of ing would be spent. The money the New Life Mission on Victoria provided emergency housing, Street. People mill about, chat, youth services, improved food drink coffee and play cards. services, and more. Up to 120 people come through “All of those things improve the the doors of the mission every day day-to-day life of folks,” said for food, rest and friendship. Mitchell. “There are a hundred reasons,” And help the homeless deal said Terry Butcher, the dayroom with the issues in their lives that co-ordinator, when asked about make it difficult to function in Newsbreak reporter

By Marcel Tetrault

‘‘ ’’

society. “If I hadn’t (gotten help) when I did, I would probably be dead by now,” said Powers. “I used to run around with guns and knives. I used to be quite a different person from who I am today. “I used to use the abuse as an excuse, so I don’t have to take responsibility,” said Powers. Powers had been in and out of provincial prison for 12 years. But during his single stay in a federal prison, Powers told a psychologist that his behaviour was due to the abuse he suffered as a child. “He told me that it was an interesting story,” said Powers. “But then he also said it was a bunch of bullshit. No one had ever talked to me like that before.” Powers said that was when he realized the abuse, both that suffered as a child and the abuse of drugs, was a factor in his behaviour, he was the one that ultimately made the decisions. “I realized that I had to take responsibility for my actions,” said Powers. “Nobody had a gun to my head when I put a gun in that girl’s face.” The realization had an impact on how Powers lives his life. “I’ve been out of prison for 7 ½ years now,” he said. “I had never stayed out more than three months before.” But he emphasizes that without help, he would have continued to live in a destructive manner. “If you corner a dog, he’s going to bite you,” said Powers. “It’s the same thing with a person. You corner a person, give him no other alternative, you are going to have problems.” “Things are much better now. I’m a lot calmer. People don’t bother me. I don’t get upset.” Powers comes off as calm, articulate, and intelligent. He

seems like the kind of person that could be an asset to an employer. The kind of person that should be able to go out and get a job. But it doesn’t work that way. “According to their legislation, I’m not eligible for disability,” said

Breakdown of funding
Women’s Shelter ($547,832)

Services ($1,332,766)

Housing ($635,657) Youth ($517,576)

Between 2001 and 2004, Kamloops spent $3 million to combat homelessness. Powers. “They think I’m well enough because my hands work, my feet work, I can talk, and I’m a fairly intelligent individual. Which on the surface is true.” “They are not taking into account the fact that I have no skills and I have a criminal record,” said Powers.“I’ve applied at 7-eleven and McDonald’s. They have a right to run a check on me. As soon as they punch my name into the computer, forget it. Forget it.“The second time I got out of jail, I was in my early twenties. I tried to join the army,” he said. “I went in there and I sat down and I was talking to the guy, and he asked me if I had any dealings with the police. I decided to be honest and told him I had a record, told him I just got out of jail for armed robbery,” said Powers. “He just kind of looked at me and said, ‘Yeah, like we are going to give you a loaded M-16.’ ”

“The army wouldn’t even take me,” he said. Ineligible for disability, unable to obtain employment, Powers has to find a way to live on the $490 in income assistance every month. “There are very few options for a 42-year-old individual, with a criminal history, and a mental illness on top of that,” said Powers. Mitchell believes that tying economic development to social development is vital. “Put strategies in place that connect people with the economy,” said Mitchell. “That’s the answer.” “If you are doing an economic development in Kamloops, why not encourage companies that are in the construction field to open up some of their employment needs to unemployed youth that could be trained,” said Mitchell. “After all, these are our people.” Sheldon Kitzul, executive director at the Kamloops Safe Housing Society, agrees that employment is a vital component of any plan designed to address homelessness. “But there are huge access problems to employment,” said Kitzul. “We had one guy who just got offered a job on a construction site. He has no tools, he doesn’t have a hard hat, he has nothing, so how is he supposed to go and start work? He is already way behind the eight ball,” said Kitzul. Mitchell said that the community must be involved in alleviating the poverty that limits people’s options and leaves them feeling that there are no alternatives. “Communities need to take ownership of their poor,” she said. “I do not believe that poverty is something shameful. I do not believe that communities should hide poverty. I think that communities should stand up and say we want to do something about it.”

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Thursday, April 14, 2005

Schmidt creates his own party
By Tyler Olsen
Newsbreak reporter His heart may have recently, as he puts it, “gone kaput,” but after a five week hospital stay, Ernie Schmidt is trying to shake things up in provincial politics. Schmidt, 75, is one of four Kamloops residents leading his or her own political party into the coming provincial election. Five years ago, Schmidt ran as a Canadian Action Party candidate in the 2000 federal election, picking up 544 votes. He said he would have liked to have seen the party expand provincially but was told funds were lacking. So, he decided to launch his own political party, the United Peoples’ Action Party. With a newly installed defibrillator in his chest, Schmidt shows no signs of fatigue. His party platform is rich with populist sentiment. He said he wants to get corruption out of government, to ban contributions to candidates and to make education up to the first university degree free. Schmidt, who grew up on a farm in Barriere, feels strongest about electoral reform. Instead of parties receiving funds through donations, Schmidt would like to see candidates get equal financing, paid for by a portion of the provincial sales tax with abusers perma-

Photo by April Hoffman

Ernie Schmidt, leader of the United Peoples’ Action Party.

nently barred from all public office. It’s Schmidt’s dismay at mainstream party politics that has led him to where he is today. “Forty years ago, if you had said I’d get politically active, I’d have said you were crazy,” said Schmidt. The former logger and truck driver is realistic about his party’s chances of breaking into British Columbia’s two party political climate. While he would love to form the next government, Schmidt said he would be happy to run 30 or more candidates and elect one or two. “I don’t do this for any fame or glory,” he said. “I see a terrific country going downhill fast.” A view of a Kamloops street. Photo illustration.
Photo by Sarah Huston

Voting on the vote
By Sarah Huston
Newsbreak reporter

More voter power and a mixed party representation are what the proposed change to British Columbia’s electoral system is about. A referendum will take place on May 17. Kamloops residents can expect more candidate choices and new electoral boundaries. With the proposed single transferable vote system, emphasis will be placed on individual candidates rather than political parties. Voters will be ranking candidates on preference and not on party platforms. In January 2004, the Liberal government formed the Citizens’ Assembly, comprised of 160 randomly selected British Columbians to debate a new electoral system for British Columbia. According to the Assembly’s recommendation, single transferable vote, each party’s share of seats in the legislature will reflect its share of voters. “Voters will feel more satisfied because there are more candidates to choose from,” said Ray Jones, Kamloops representative for the Citizens’ Assembly. Kamloops would become part of a larger region that may include up to five constituencies with five elected candidates. According to Liberal MLA Claude Richmond, the drawback of the proposed single transferable vote system is the restructuring of boundaries. “The boundaries that are drawn in are silly, we (Kamloops) might be grouped with places such as Salmon Arm, Merritt and the south Caribou,” adding that large boundaries could force people to travel to another centre to speak with a MLA. Grant Fraser, Kamloops candidate for the Green Party, thinks the public will benefit the most because people will no longer be exposed to “fear campaigning,” in which, “parties make the voters feel that they have to vote for their party in order that the other party will not get elected,” he said. “This (system) encourages individuals over parties and reduces the authority of the political parties as they operate today,” said Terry Kading, political science instructor at Thompson Rivers University.

Camera eyes set to spy on Kamloops
By Sarah Huston
Newsbreak reporter The proposal by Kamloops city council to install surveillance cameras to provide a safer community could infringe on the privacy rights of residents according to a report from the former Information and Privacy Commissioner of British Columbia, David Flaherty. The report states, “As video surveillance becomes more accessible and pervasive, the need for guidance for all public bodies becomes more pressing.” Currently, there are no federal or provincial laws that exist which prevent a city from installing a video surveillance camera in public places, only laws outlining the purpose and how the information collected can be used. In addition, there is no legislation in Canada for video surveillance, only the collection of data and the disclosure of information. “The general principal is people should have general rights to privacy, the right to be left alone and the right to not have excessive monitoring,” said acting director for the Privacy Commissioner, Jay Fedorak. “Collecting information on a large amount of people is risky because you are not just collecting the specific information you need, you are also collecting information on other people as well,” said Fedorak. Although the Kamloops RCMP is neutral regarding privacy rights, it sees surveillance as useful for further investigations into crime and assault. “We feel that it is more of an issue of keeping the community safe than of privacy rights,” said Cpl. Fran Bethell. Kamloops Crime Stoppers has recorded 735 break and enters to business’ and residences, 534 auto and truck thefts, 1,968 thefts from autos and trucks and 1,020 assaults for the year ending October 2004. Kamloops city council has proposed using surveillance cameras, in an effort to reduce property

crime and theft in the

city. Most surveillance cameras are placed in areas that are considered high-crime in areas such as strip clubs and bars, said Robert McDiarmid, head of the Bar Association in Kamloops. Kamloops has two strip bars. Chris Rae, owner of Rendezvous, said she has no problem with video surveillance, but “it would kill my business,” said Rae. Risk manager for the City of Kamloops, Terry Pile, who brought forward the proposal to city council on Nov. 30, 2004. “We are in the preliminary stages in looking at what location we will install the camera,” said Pile.

Water: Getting smarter, using less
By Andrea Werner
Newsbreak reporter Summer is the season when green thumbs like to show their love of gardening, while at the same time the city urges residents to conserve water in order to ease the pressure on pumping stations. Watersmart gardening is one way to cut back on irrigation and it could be making an appearance in a neighbourhood near you this season. It even has its own category in the annual Beautify Kamloops contest. Xeriscaping, which involves landscaping with native shrubs, uses the natural environment and plain old good gardening techniques to save water. Xeriscaping requires less hand watering and can use over 50 per cent less water than traditional landscapes. Water is the topic these days because this February residents supplied with water from the South Thompson intake site at 1300 River Street experienced clean membrane-filtrated water flowing through their taps. The water came from the new $48.5 million River Street Water Plant. The 2005 user rate for those residents will now be about $458, compared with previous annual costs in the $200 range. Utilities engineer Mike Warren clarified the initial cost of the clean water. “The original contract to supply and install the membranes was $19.8 million.” The city is currently saving up $750,000 a year for membrane replacement based on the current

Photo by Andrea Werner

McArthur Island Park Xeriscape Demonstration Garden.

10-year warranty, but Warren said that cost could drop because the membranes may last more than 15 years. In the future, as membrane technology becomes more common, cost is also expected to drop for replacement filters. Public Works and Utilities director David Duckworth, hopes residents will consider the cost and where this clean water will go. “I’m hoping people will realize that water isn’t a free commodity. It actually costs a lot of money to provide to each household,” said Duckworth. On peak summer days in May through August the city pumps as much as 110 million litres of water a day to residents. In the wintertime, an average of 30 million litres a day is pumped. WaterSmart encourages residents to conserve water in the summer when pumps are working at full capacity.

Thursday, April 14, 2005


Page 7

Same-sex marriage

Continued from Page 1 She said that its always been up to the provinces to interpret the law, and it shouldn’t be a federal decision. Hinton doesn’t think that this legislation should be the focus of debate in parliament. She also thinks if the government doesn’t start focusing on other areas, Canada will lose credibility in the eyes of the rest of the world. Hinton said there are more important matters than Bill C-38. “In the grand scheme of things it (Bill C-38) is important, but it doesn’t affect our day-to-day lives,” she said. “There are far more pressing issues than this.” Jim Cullen disagrees. As an assistant professor in the bachelor of social work department at Thompson Rivers University and the president of the Gay and Lesbian Association of Kamloops, he believes that Bill CPhoto by Ina-Cristine Helljesen 38 is a human rights issue. In his Feb. 16 address to parliament, Prime Minister Paul Martin said David Dundee, lawyer at Paul and Company in Kamloops, says women without income or that Bill C-38 would safeguard the rights of the people in Canada, protect property who are forced to leave spouses no longer have legal options. minority rights and guarantee religious freedom. Martin claims that this will produce equality for all. Hinton said that Martin is using this controversial and emotional bill to distract Canadians from the real issues. In the pursuit of democracy, Hinton sent out a survey in February to all 108,000 houses in the riding. The results of the survey will be available in Hinton’s next newsletter. The survey asks, “Do you believe the definition of marriage should be altered to include same-sex couples?” And, By Ina-Cristine Helljesen and Company in Kamloops. statistics reveal that twice as many were granted in “Those cases are just tragic and referrals “Do you support the Conservative Party position to create the status of Newsbreak reporter 2001/2002 compared to the next they stick in my craw every time.” civil unions?” She hopes that this will give citizens a means to express years combined. In The $34-million or 38 per cent The number of applications two their views on this legislation. 2001/2002, 11,119 referrals were Despite her personal beliefs, Hinton said that she would vote accord- provincial cutback made in family filed for legal assistance in ing to the results of the legal aid between 2001 and 2004, Kamloops decreased from 981 to granted, whereas in the following year the number was only 4,061. In survey. “I wasn’t sent to has left people who need it most 625. The right to legal protection 2003/2004, 4,409 referrals were Ottawa to reflect my without any legal representation at opinion,” she said. “I the most critical moments of their provided by the Charter of Rights approved, slightly higher than the in criminal cases does not extend previous year. was sent to Ottawa to lives. On Feb. 1, legal aid services in Referrals granted for family to family law matters, said Heidi reflect the opinion of my British Columbia received a $4.6legal aid assistance in Kamloops Mason, field operation manager at constituents.” Opposition for Bill C- have dropped by more than one Legal Services Society in British million increase in government funding for family law services, 38 is mainly from reli- third, from 544 to 349, due to Columbia. To be eligible for legal aid, raising the total funding to about gious leaders and those funding and changes in eligibility in favour of traditional rules, show statistics from the there has to be a history of domes- $55 million. The new money is tic violence. A person is also eligi- intended to expand services for marriage. Some argued Legal Services Society. The most “heartbreaking” cases ble for legal aid in family cases family clients who are at most risk. that the government “Nobody will say it’s bad, but doesn’t have the right to are those where a spouse with no where the children are at risk either of violence or being permanently quite frankly it’s a drop in the redefine marriage. income and no property is “booted Others said that this out of the house,” and no physical moved out of the province by the bucket when you consider what was taken away was more like $30 would interfere with violence has taken place, said one parent. The Legal Services Society’s million,” said Dundee. freedom of religion, David Dundee, a lawyer at Paul fearing that religious officials could be required to perform Kelowna and Vancouver residents same-sex marriages or allow the use of sacred have more recycling options places for the celebration are not based on the amount of Vancouver and Kelowna are of such marriages. Continued from Page 1 waste produced, said McNeely. A allowed two bags of garbage, The Supreme Court “A certain amount of that (a residence that is valued at while amounts allowed for curb assured those concerned that forcing religious change in waste management poli- $400,000 pays four times as much side recycling are unlimited. If a leaders to perform same- cies) has to be driven by the pub- as a residence valued at $100,000. Kamloops resident wants to recyPhoto courtesy of A. Simpson & N. Elder sex marriages or com- lic… Previously there hasn’t been Beginning next year, the city will cle materials rather than add more The marriage of Annabree Simpson pelling traditional groups a directive to change and now be “shifting all of the costs for col- waste to the landfill, he or she is and Natasha Elder took place at to allow their sacred we’re feeling that there is,” said lection and disposal to the resi- responsible for transporting that Riverside Park almost two years ago. places to be used for cel- Jim McNeely, the streets and envi- dents,” said McNeely. waste. Currently, residents of Kamloops resident, Wendy ebrations of such mar- ronmental services manager in Daniele, long riages would be unconstitutional and violate freedom of religious rights. Kamloops. The city ago gave up on Cullen, president of the Gay and Lesbian Association of Kamloops, having the city acknowledged that groups have expressed fear that this bill will affect expects that the take control of religious freedom. But, he argues, in reality the bill protects these rights new fee system where a housethe waste manbecause religious leaders will not have to perform same-sex marriages. agement issues “We don’t live in Iraq or Iran; we don’t have a religious government,” hold will pay according to the in Kamloops. said Cullen. “There is a distinct separation between church and state.” Daniele says her The main opposition to this bill has come from Christian churches. size of container two-person Cullen said that because Christianity is not Canada’s national religion, they choose for household civil marriage should be free of religious and moral bias. “But it’s also their garbage places one halfinaccurate to say ‘Christians are against us,’” he said. “That’s not true. It’s will help reduce residential full can of fundamental minority religious groups who are against us.” garbage at the Canada’s second largest Christian denomination, the United Church, waste. To help with curb for weekly supports same-sex unions. Cullen pointed out that other denominations, pickup. To like the Anglican Church, are also considering supporting the legislation. awareness, “we accomplish this, Cullen said that saying all Christians are against homosexuals is like say- would discourage the use of “I’ve adjusted ing that all Muslims blew up the World Trade Center. my life to visit Bill C-38 would finally create an opportunity for equality across the the largest conthe recycle country, said Cullen. “It gives meaning to the words equity, social justice tainers,” said Were and social rights.” He also said that legislating same-sex marriage will not McNeely. The Photo by Lu Huang bins.” there a curbside guarantee equal rights for homosexuals, but that it will create an environ- city is also look- The trunk of Newsbreak reporter Suzie Atherton overflows ing into imple- with recyclables being taken to the recycling depot. Starting recycling system ment for equality to grow in. in place, Daniele Simpson is glad that the Canadian government finally regards her mar- menting a curb- next year, these items may be eligible for curbside pickup. said, “I could riage as legitimate. Most importantly, Simpson said, is that people realize side recycling Kamloops are allowed up to three readjust to that.” that homosexuality is not a choice. “A big thing people tend to use is that program. “Right now, the solid waste bags of garbage, an equivalent to In Vancouver, 32 per cent of gay is a choice, something that I had ultimate choice in, that I would choose to have my family and friends reject me over it,” said Simpson. department is funded through the rollout bins that many homes in waste is residential. In Kelowna, property taxes,” the amounts paid the city use. Residents in 35 per cent of waste is residential. “It’s not choosing to be gay – it’s choosing to acknowledge who I am.”

Cuts to family legal aid ‘tragic,’ says lawyer

Kamloops garbage:

Midwife option not available in town
By Suzie Atherton
Newsbreak reporter Hospital with partner Steve Latrans and midwife Kyra Warren at her side. There are no registered midwives in Kamloops. “We have not been approached by any midwives,” said Ryan Kuhn, spokesperson for the Thompson Cariboo Shuswap Health Service Area. “We’re certainly not against it,” said Kuhn. Midwifery care is one choice during pregnancy. The other choice, having a family doctor deliver the child, is also not easily accessible to women in Kamloops. Finding a family doctor who takes obstetrical cases is getting more difficult. “The numbers of physicians and nurses available to provide mater“They are using some innovanity care across the province are tive techniques (at the Thompson decreasing and our training pro- Valley Obstetrical Clinic),” said grams for these professions as well Kuhn. But, he said, there are some as midwifery fundamental That’s a big belief are not keeping differences up with this between the in midwifery... decline,” said a approach the continuity report from the taken by the B.C. Women’s clinic and of care. Hospital and midwives. Health Centre. Each preShawna Mackenzie-Latrans If a woman natal checkup in Kamloops at the does not have a family doctor, or if Thompson Valley Obstetrical her doctor does not handle obstet- Clinic could mean meeting with a rics, she is referred to the stranger. “We try to encourage peoThompson Valley Obstetrical clin- ple to meet each of us. It’s much ic, based out of Royal Inland nicer to have met that person,” said Hospital. Dr. Liz Ewart, one of the six doc-

Page 8


Thursday, April 14, 2005

Shawna Mackenzie-Latrans discovered that when it came to choice for her pregnancy, she had little in Kamloops. Finding that person who would be by her side, guiding her for the next nine months, and helping her through delivery, led her to Kelowna. Mackenzie-Latrans, after watching her mother have her second child with a midwife, became aware of the birthing choices and decided that midwifery care was what she wanted during her pregnancy. Mackenzie-Latrans gave birth to her daughter, Semiah, on Feb. 3, at the Kelowna General

‘‘ ’’

tors at the clinic. At the time of the delivery, whomever of the six doctors is on call, he/she will be the doctor attending the birth. “That’s a big belief in midwifery-the continuity of care,” said Mackenzie-Latrans. You establish a relationship with a face and a body, so that, when you do start getting really big contractions and it really hurts and you are really scared, you have some sort of relationship to fall back on. Some sort of trust established.” Midwives are paid approximately $2,500 per patient, an amount that includes all pre- and post-natal care; doctors are paid approximately $500.

Katie deGroot, a Grade 7 student at Marion Schilling Elementary, has benefited from a scent-considerate policy at the school.

Photo illustration by Karen Slivar

Scent-considerate policy eases suffering
By Karen Slivar
Newsbreak reporter Fragrances today are made from chemicals that are “cooked in a lab,” said Peters. Chemicals can enter the body through breathing, eating or skin contact. When your nose smells a scent, you are inhaling chemicals. These chemicals are making Grade 7 student Katie deGroot sick. “Sometimes I get a headache when I’m near hair spray, and dizziness near paint and gasoline,” said deGroot. When around scented beauty products she has trouble concentrating and is moody. “I’m normally not moody,” she said. As a student, deGroot said scents have affected her performance at school. “(I’ve) been getting slower in school,” she said. In math class, she used to be one of the first five to finish a test and now she’s last, she said. So far this year, deGroot has missed five to seven days of school due to her allergies, she said. So what changed? Grade 7 students are more aware of themselves and are starting to wear beauty products to class, said Judy Wigmore, deGroot’s mother. “The use of scented products is like second-hand smoke, the effect of the smell goes beyond the user,” said Wigmore. It has “been a real education for everybody,” said school principal, Mike Lesnik. In November 2004, the school adopted a scent-considerate policy requesting students, staff and visitors to refrain from applying scented products during

Schools adopt scent-considerate policy to alleviate allergic reactions of staff and students

Scents can make you sick. That’s what students and teachers have learned at Marion Schilling Elementary School in Kamloops, after a student became ill when exposed to cologne. Perfume and fragrance can trigger asthma, migraines and allergies, said Veda Peters, education co-ordinator for the B.C. Lung Association.

visits to the school. The policy is similar to that of South Sa-Hali Elementary School, adopted in 2000. There was a “noticeable increase in unscented kids,” said Wigmore. Schools are not the only place with scent-considerate policies. The Kamloops Symphony concert etiquette asks people in the audience to refrain from wearing scented products. Its been in effect for three to four years, after two incidents involving asthmatics.

Grade 12 student, Danielle Pedersen has a medical condition which makes walking difficult. She has to wear a full-length leg brace. Attending South Kamloops Secondary, requires travelling between two buildingsabout one block a part.
Photo by Janine Stevenson

Medical condition exhausts student
By Janine Stevenson
Newsbreak reporter Danielle Pedersen is a special needs student at South Kamloops Secondary School. The 2003 amalgamation of Kamloops Secondary School and John Peterson Secondary has been problematic for her because her classes are now in two different buildings. Danielle has brittle bone disease, a condition that requires her to wear full-length leg braces to school. Her bones are very frail and break easily. This has Danielle’s mother, Elsa Pedersen, worried about Danielle’s movement between buildings. “Essentially she is walking on her ankle bones,” said Pedersen. “She can’t hurry.” The mother estimates the distance between the two buildings is only about a block. However, it is still a challenge for her daughter. Danielle “can go about three or four blocks, depending on the conditions, but it’s very painful for her,” said Pedersen. It is not only special needs students who find the time between classes too short. Krysty Craig, a Grade 11 student, also finds the break too short. “It is difficult if you have class at John Peterson because there is not enough time between first and second block,” said Craig. Breaks between classes were changed after the amalgamation to accommodate students getting to class. Between first and second period is a 10-minute break for students to go to lockers, collect books and other materials they may need and walk to their next

class. However, 10 minutes is just not enough for Danielle. “There is no time between classes to go to lockers. All my books are carried to each building,” said Danielle. “There’s pressure to be faster. If you take your time, teachers get upset.” “The student reality is, there are two buildings that have to be used in the appropriate way,” said Vic Bifano, principal of South Kamloops. “If you come to South Kamloops Secondary, you’re going to have classes in both.” Bifano said that all special needs students are timetabled to allow adequate time for movement. Danielle’s mother thinks each building should contain all classes for each grade, one building for grades eight through 10 and the other for senior students.