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1.1 INTRODUCTION ABSENTEEISM Absenteeism is one of the most important wide spread obstacle to productivity.

The absence may be due to personal problems, sickness, sickness of family members, or any other reason.The absenteeism can be divided as any other reason. The absenteeism can be divided as authorized and unauthorized absenteeism. In the authorized absenteeism the employee notifies the reasons at a reasonable time to the supervisors. The absenteeism may be due to some uncontrollable events, heavy rain, or cyclone, rail or road strike, unrest reasons like violence, political issues etc. The problem of the employee absenteeism is an important problem for management because it involves heavy additional expenses. Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd. (KMML) is one of the leading producers of Titanium dioxide pigment in India, which are indispensable for the economic development of a nation, which gives a strong foundation for the basic structure of a society. The vital element which affects industrial relation, is absenteeism, a confrontation between conflicting interests between management and labor force. There is no industry left without this problem. At the national level, absenteeism has become a perpetual problem of industries, there by affecting the economy of the nation. It is an endemic form confronting both production and personnel management. To the former it means idle machines, reduced output, extra mental strain to working teams and machines to get as near as possible to their usual efficiency and an increased in the cost of production. To the latter it means records, inquiries, and possible labor turnover. Absenteeism is a cancerous attitude, which must be checked, and 30% of the labor court cases arise out of these reasons. It doesnâÄ¢t mean that employees should come to the factory daily without absence but they are eligible to take leave i.e. being afforded by the management. The problem of absenteeism actually stems up only when the employees take more number of leave, exceeding their limits and it ultimately results in the loss of pay and is deducted from their total salary. The main reason behind this increased rate of absenteeism among different departments may also be due to the attitude of the managers and how the employees react to their immediate superiors. Irregular attendance has become a common phenomenon in heavy engineering industries and it is really a very hard task for the management to make out the reason underlying and also formulate efficient and effective steps so as to gain control over this economic disorder. Reference:

INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION ABSENTEEISM Absenteeism is one of the most important wide spread obstacle to productivity. The absence may be due to personal problems, sickness, sickness of family members, or any other reason.The absenteeism can be divided as any other reason. The absenteeism can be divided as authorized and unauthorized absenteeism. In the authorized absenteeism the employee notifies the reasons at a reasonable time to the supervisors. The absenteeism may be due to some uncontrollable events, heavy rain, or cyclone, rail or road strike, unrest reasons like violence, political issues etc. The problem of the employee absenteeism is an important problem for management because it involves heavy additional expenses. Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd. (KMML) is one of the leading producers of Titanium dioxide pigment in India, which are indispensable for the economic development of a nation, which gives a strong foundation for the basic structure of a society. The vital element which affects industrial relation, is absenteeism, a confrontation between conflicting interests between management and labor force. There is no industry left without this problem. At the national level, absenteeism has become a perpetual problem of industries, there by affecting the economy of the nation. It is an endemic form confronting both production and personnel management. To the former it means idle machines, reduced output, extra mental strain to working teams and machines to get as near as possible to their usual efficiency and an increased in the cost of production. To the latter it means records, inquiries, and possible labor turnover. Absenteeism is a cancerous attitude, which must be checked, and 30% of the labor court cases arise out of these reasons. It doesnâÄ¢t mean that employees should come to the factory daily without absence but they are eligible to take leave i.e. being afforded by the management. The problem of absenteeism actually stems up only when the employees take more number of leave, exceeding their limits and it ultimately results in the loss of pay and is deducted from their total salary. The main reason behind this increased rate of absenteeism among different departments may also be due to the attitude of the managers and how the employees react to their immediate superiors. Irregular attendance has become a common phenomenon in heavy engineering industries and it is really a very hard task for the management to make out the reason underlying and also formulate efficient and effective steps so as to gain control over this economic disorder. PROJECT AT KMML.doc (Size: 887 KB / Downloads: 48)

CONTENTS ABSENTEEISM.doc (Size: 63 KB / Downloads: 18) courtesy: ABSENTEEISM IN KMML Absenteeism means workers may remain absent from the regular work due to hard nature of jobs, monotony in the work and personal reasons. It is a normal and natural tendency among the factory workers. In KMML absenteeism becomes a problem when it exceeds 10% as it disturbs the production schedules and create many problem. In order to identify the causes and extend of absenteeism proper record should be keep in every department of various causes and extend of absenteeism. The evaluator of the personal programme should classify the data relating to absenteeism and try to analysis the various causes of absenteeism. HOW ABSENTEEISM AFFECT THE KMML KMML is one of the no.1 profits maintaining company in Kerala. So absenteeism affect the KMMLâÄ¢s profit earning and it also affect the regular work of the company. KMML is an organization which converts the idle beach sand idle products like illmenite titanium dioxide etc which have high economic value and also which helps the country to earn more foreign exchange through exports and which earning a high rate of profit through a bulk quantity of production. The problems of absenteeism act as a hindrance to its activities. Absence of manpower directly affects the functioning of the organization. Absenteeism acts as an obstacle in the way of development. Absenteeism is a serious problem for the management because it involves heavy additional expense. Hence the project was carried out to study the existing empirical evidence along with the efforts to find out the means to bring down the rate of absenteeism of the workers in KMML.

¢ To know the measures taken by the company to reduce the absenteeism. But its magnitude alone differs from country to country. Similarly it differs from industry to industry. In the same way the law of productivity will lead to law of return of the industry and it affect both the employer and employee. ¢ To find the remedial measures to prevent absenteeism. The absenteeism take place very often affects the production of commodities and also the supply.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY ¢ To find out the effectiveness of absenteeism in KMML.CHAPTER 2 DESIGN OF THE STUDY 2. The machine breakdown can easily checked and corrected by a good mechanic. ¢ To identify the rate of absenteeism prevailing in the organization. Here the investigator is identify the problem faced by (KMML) due to absenteeism. ¢ Provide proper suggestion for controlling absenteeism. The problem absenteeism affects not only the industry but also the employees and their families. but in the case of manpower it canâÄ¢t be possible.The study looks how it affect the work of KMML and how the management of the company . 2. ¢ To know how absenteeism affect the production of the organization. 2.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY The study was conducted to know about the absenteeism among employees in KMML . occupation to occupation and also according to the make up of the work force.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The problem absenteeism is a universal fact. It is a problem related with manpower in an industry. ¢ To find out which factors has strong affect on absenteeism and which factor affect least.

The study also analysis the attitude of workers towards absenteeism and to access the opinion of the employees. Chavara.controls the absenteeism among employees. salary.6 DATA ANALYSIS Percentage calculation is used for analyzing the data collected. The investigator selected 50 respondents for analyzing the data. labor facilities provided by the organization or not. M. M.5 SAMPLE SIZE. The information related to study consists of three parts: (1) organizational factors (2) personal factors (3) other factors (B) SECONDARY DATA Secondary dataâÄ¢s are collected from the following: ¢ Information from supervisors and directors ¢ Attendance registers ¢ Journals ¢ Books ¢ Web sites ¢ Profiles and other records of the company 2. L.4 SOURCES OF DATA For collecting data the researcher used two methods that are the primary data collection and the secondary data collection. The project also studies whether the employees are satisfied with their attendance bonus. The percentages of responses are then shown using tabular columns and charts. allowance. Where 45 from personnel department employees and 2 from personnel department supervisors. 2. Inferences are drawn out by analyzing these charts. There are about 2500 employees in K. 2.The questionnaire consists of two parts: ¢ general information or personal data ¢ Information related to study. (A) PRIMARY DATA The researcher used questionnaire & interview method for primary data collection. .

Ã¯Æ¶Ë The topic under the study is vast and requires much information. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Time constrain is another problem. but the information available is very limited.2.8 SAMPLE UNIT Sample unit is the employees of KMML. Chavara. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Some employees do not wish to disclose the truth to personal reasons. 2.9 LIMITATIONS Ã¯Æ¶Ë The interviewing with shift workers is very difficult. Ã¯Æ¶Ë The company is refusal to disclose several material facts because they want to keep it very confidential.7 TOOLS USED The dataâÄ¢s are collected directly from the respondents with the help of questionnaire method and interview schedule. 2. Percentage analysis as well as graphical analysis is used to interpret the data collected. .

Kerala has a rich and extensive mineral deposit . started by His Highness Chithira Thirunal was established in 1946. the Hungarian scientists Martin Heenwich Kalpporth found that metal content is the rutile mineral about which Fr. This was found when his eyes accidently fell upon the black sand particles present in some of the godowns in Germany where coir is imported from this part of India was stored. After a number of serious investigation the metal was found to be Titanium that was named so after Titan of Greek Mythology.1 INDUSTRY PROFILE In the year 1789. leucoxene etc. India is having a vast area of coastal region. Norway. This track is popularly known by the name. This is the first manufacturing unit in India that started producing Titanium dioxide by using 1920s Sulphate process technology. Mining of ilmenite is carried out in several countries like Australia. thorium etc. The geological survey of India then pointed out the presence of monazite in the coastal sand of Kerala. The total reserve of Ilmenite in the world is estimated to be approximately 1722 million tonnes. which lies along the seashore between Thottappally and Neendakara. . which is addition to many other advantages is also richly endowed with the important mineral deposits.CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY PROFILE 3. Srilanka. Malaysia. South Africa and India. anatase. The various Titanium minerals include rutile. He stated that the black sand contains some important metals or an ore of an important metal. William Gregor (1761-1817) discovered Ilmenite at Konwet in England. Zirconium etc. The range of heavy mineral deposits is found in the eastern and western coastal strength of length 6000 km. In 1875. ilmenite. Travancore Titanium products Ltd. Besides Kerala the mineral deposits are also found in Tamil Nadu and Orissa. German chemist Schaumburg discovered the presence of the monazite along the south western coastal region of the country. But he failed to discover which metal it was. He identified that the black sand particles contains monazite. which bears a group of rare elements like uranium. Ë The Black Gold Mine of Kerala the deposit contains Ilmenite. polonium.William Gregor mentioned. Fr.

KMML produce Rutile grade TiO2 pigment whereas TTPL produce Anatase grade TiO2 pigment. plastics. but it has vast potential development. the KMML and Travancore Products Ltd (TTPL) are the only two manufacturers who produce TiO2. CHAPTER 4 COMPANY PROFILE .Later KMML also started producing TiO2 pigment with the help of 1920s Sulphate process technology. As when compared to the worldwide production undertaken in KMML is very little. It is also used in case of inks. Titanium is mainly used in paint industry. textiles. the sources are limited. ceramics etc. Although utility of such extracted minerals and metals is unlimited. At present in India.

It has market leadership because of close access to one of the worldâÄ¢s richest beaches. tint retention capacities and ease of dispersion. Location Kerala is blessed with rich and extensive mineral deposits. It is the only plant which produces Rutile grade pigment by the chloride route hence has monopoly all over India. Ilmenite.1 COMPANY PROFILE Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd. Rutile. KMML is situated on the side of NH-47 to about 285 acres in area. KMML has a worldwide reputation. KMML Layout Fig. a track generally known as Chavara coast. a socially responsible company with an ecofriendly image. It has two factories â¼ Titanium Pigment Plant which is located at Sankaramangalam and the other is the Mineral Separation Plant located at Kovilthottam. . mineral separation as well as production plants of synthetic rutile and pigment. The dark sands of Travancore coast are rich in mineral deposits as Monazite. This deposits stretch up to a distance of 18 Km along the coastal strip and having a depth of 8m. KMML is the leading producer of Titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment in India. This deposits stretch along the sea cost between Neendakara and Kayamkulam. is a fully owned Kerala Government enterprise. Zircon etc. The product of KMML is reputed for high degree of gloss. The company is located at Sankaramangalam near Chavara. the competitors predict that in future KMML will be a dominant factor in the pricing of TiO2 in international market. Kollam a coastal town 85 km north of Thiruvananthapuram. It is an integrated TiO2 producing firm having mining.4. The company derived strength from its dedicated manpower and customer organization. The location and also because of being an integrated plant.

To manufacture value added product like Titanium dioxide and Titanium metal through chloride route technology. M/s.4. 2. To exploit the mineral wealth abundantly available in the coastal belt. 3. To create more awareness about corporate social responsibilities for chemical industries in the state. Benedict Corporation of America.M/s Kers MC Gee Chemical Corporation of USA.2 VISION. 2. Overall development of local area in particular and state in general. The KMML entered in to technical collaboration with three multinational corporations. MISSION & OBJECTIVES OF KMML a) VISION of KMML KMML has a vision to be the world class producer of mineral sand based value. Large scale generation of employment in the state. c) OBJECTIVES of KMML 1. . 4. 4. M/s. Woodall Dukham of UK respectively for the above. To become the leader in controlling green house gas emission so as to promote the concept of green earth. b) MISSION of KMML 1.3 Technical Collaborations The company received a letter of indent for 48000 tones of TiO2 pigment using Chloride Route Technology in 1974. 4. 3. To become the nodal agency for promoting and establishing mineral based industries in the state to ensure value addition and effective and controlled exploitation of the mineral reserves.added products. To develop adequate supply base for the services and utility for development of the mineral based industries.

Ã¯Æ¶Ë Training and empowering the work force. 4. The Kerala Productivity Council Award for high productivity standard has also been won by KMML. Controlling the impact of the products and processes on land. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Safe and clear space. 5. Reducing health and safety risks.5 Quality Systems a) ISO 9001:2000 (Quality Policy) KMML has been certified ISO 9001:2000 in the year 2003 as a recognition of practicing quality. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Better communication. air and water and thus preventing pollution 4. Environmental Objectives 1. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Caring for requirements of the society. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Encouraging innovation and technology updating. cost reduction.4 Certifications KMML achieved ISO 9001:2000 certificate by M/S Bureau Virtues Quality International (BVQI) and holds certification of United Kingdom Accreditations Service.The Metallurgical of Engineering Consultants India Limited (MECON) a Government of India Undertaking did the detailed engineering. . Managing and continually improving process activities and products. 3. 2. Optimizing the use of resources. 4. Protecting and safeguarding the environment by strictly complying with the statutory and regulatory requirements. Dutch Council for Certification (Holland) and Register Accreditations Board (USA): KMML has won the 1997 National Award for in-house Research and Development effort in industry for technology absorption under the TAAS programme. b) ISO 14001:2004(Environment Policy) KMML has been certified as ISO 14001:2004 in the year 2005 as recognition of protecting and safeguarding the environment. Quality Objectives Ã¯Æ¶Ë Continual improvement in the areas of delivery. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Compliance with documented quality system.

c) OHSAS 18001:1999 (Occupational Health and Safety) The manufacturer of synthetic rutile and rutile grade TiO2 are committed to protect health and safety of the employees and everybody involved in this activity of the company. Light weight. Capacity enhancement of TiO2 pigment plant 1 lakh tons per year 5. A new 100 tons per day Oxygen Plant 4. 4. China and Germany have the technology available with leading scientific institutions for the process of Titanium sponge in its commercial venture. 4. researchers established that the Aeronautic Industry could use Titanium metal instead of Aluminium alloy coverings. USA.3 lakh tons per year 3. Russia. Compliance with health and safety regulations and other requirements to which they subscribe. Recently. This strategic metal is widely used in medical. higher strength and resistance to corrosion are some of its notable properties. chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Oxidation. A new Mineral Separation Plan of 2 lakhs tones per year limonite 2. The totally neutralized slurry from the SNT is pumped to 50000m3 capacity setting pond provided with impervious clay. The company is in the process of expansion and the target expected is approximately as shown below:1. 4. Titanium sponge plant. polythene lining at bottom side where the solids are settled. The waste (acidic) from Ilmenite Beneficiation Plant is sent to Effluent Neutralization Plant (ENP). its increased civilian use has created an excellent demand or availability situation.8 PRODUCT PROFILE KMML have monopoly in Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) pigment industry. mobile phones and sports goods. The day solution from setting pond of 25000 m3 capacity where the balance solids are allowed to settle. All gases from Chlorination. The clean water from the polishing pond meeting all specification stipulated by Pollution Control Board authorities is pumped in Arabian Sea. A new Synthetic Rutile Plant of capacity 1. Titanium Tetra Chloride is extensively used in the manufacture of Titanium dioxide pigment. Ilmenite Beneficiation Plant and Acid Regeneration Plant are scrubbed water or line or caustic solution to absorb the toxic gases diluted with enough fresh air and only let out to the atmosphere through tall slacks. UK.7 Future Plan The company is studying the possibility of the productivity of more economic Titanium metal sheets. Only a few countries such as Japan. laptop computers. .6 POLLUTION CONTROL KMML has elaborate Pollution Control system with respect to both water and air pollution. Government of Kerala has cleared KMMLâÄ¢S proposal for the process of Titanium Tetra chloride project named titanium sponge unit. The sponge thus produced will later on converted to Titanium INGOT (metallic form). ENP consist of a Primary Neutralization Tank (PNT) and Secondary Neutralization Tank (SNT) where it is treated with caustic soda solution. In the domestic and international markets. Titanium sponge or metal. Titanium Tetra Chloride (synonym-Tickle) is produced as an intermediary product in the production of rutile grade titanium dioxide pigment.

They are: 1) Kemox RC-800:. Each department specializes in its own area of operation.At present KMML produces six grades of Titanium Dioxide.It is recommended for printing inks. low gloss or flat chemical coating etc.10 DEPARTMENTAL DETAILS Like any other public sector undertaking. Other areas of application are powder coating. 6) Kemox RC-808:. This is also recommended for architectural and industrial paints-both solvent and water based. It is used in most other common plastic or rubber floor like applications. It is also recommended for coil coating. polyamides and other inks where low abrasive pigments are required. It can also be used for letterpress gravure. 4. exterior low gloss or flat house paints. The various departments in KMML are:1. high gloss coating. low abrasivity pigment for letterpress gravure polyamides and exterior application where maximum chalk resistance is not required.It is recommended for interior and exterior enamels and lacquers for industrial and architectural purpose. radiation cured finishes. low gloss maintenance pints. water borne coating and printing inks. industrial and architectural finishes.both solvent and water based. 4) Kemox RCâ¼ 813:. Kemox RC-813 can be described as a universal pigment for all coatings formulated at higher percentage pigment volume concentrations. KMML has separate departments and separate executive heads for each department. 5) Kemox RC-802:. 3) Kemox Rc-822 :.It is recommended for automotive. polyethylene films and vinyl sheet goods.It can be used in both interior and exterior low gloss and flat paints and coating.9 ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF KMML 4.It finds application in plastic requiring a blue white high dispersion TiO2. PERSONNEL AND ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT . 2) Kemox RC-800 PG:. It finds application in interior flat wall paints. emulsion paint systems powder coating.It is recommended for both interior and exterior applications. industrial coating.

and he is assisted by manager (welfare) and manager (HRD) and chief medical officer and a Legal officer and other staffs. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Those people in and around.1 Functions The major functions of Personnel department are as follows: 1) Recruitment & Selection ¢ Recruitment The company adopts different methods of recruitment. Ã¯Æ¶Ë In the case of staff category selection. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Applications received with respect to the advertisements in news papers and details furnished by technical employees are also considered. safety and awareness that contribute to personality development. With a fullfledged Human Resource department. published in Kerala and other states of South India. regular training and refresher courses are part of the company life. 1. ¢ Procedure for Recruitment Ã¯Æ¶Ë For the vacancy in female category. For this KMML gives advertisements in Malayalam and English news papers. Ã¯Æ¶Ë For recruitment in managerial and professional posts. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Recruitment to vacancies is done by a committee set by the board of Directors with not less than three members and at least one of them being a Government representative. The sincerity and dedication of the employees in KMML is a major success factor. it is based on public service commission. Apart from skill betterment. these courses inculcate quality consciousness. applications received with respect to the advertisements in the news papers are considered. Joint General Manager (Personnel & Administration) is the head of the department. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Those people in and around the company who were evacuated for the expansion purpose of the company will also be given job in the company. the company who were interested for the expansion purpose of the company will also be given job in the company. ¢ Sources of Recruitment Ã¯Æ¶Ë Direct Recruitment Ã¯Æ¶Ë Kerala Public Service Commission Ã¯Æ¶Ë Technical Employment Exchange Ã¯Æ¶Ë Through advertisement in newspapers Ã¯Æ¶Ë Notification in the company notice board Ã¯Æ¶Ë District Employment Exchange Ã¯Æ¶Ë Related Instruction centers Ã¯Æ¶Ë CompanyâÄ¢s paid Apprentices Ã¯Æ¶Ë Land acquired people and Evictees Ã¯Æ¶Ë Internal Recruitment ¢ Selection . it is notified to the concerned employment exchange.Personnel Department is concerned with the peopleâÄ¢s dimension in organization. Details furnished by Technical Employees Exchange are also considered. There are around 1777 employees in the company.

Training is provided to each and every employee in the organization. Training and Development KMML gives a lot of importance for its human resources. the concerned department heads prepares the training needs identification form and forward it to administrative officer who plans for the training. a) Members present positions b) Training already acquired c) New skills to be imparted d) Qualification required e) Motivation or communication required The details of qualification. 3. KMML seeks training needs identification in the specified from all functions responsible to provide such identification on annual basis before 15 March every year for preparation of annual training plan. Practical and written test are conducted for selection to technical post. annual training schedule has be prepared based on individual training needs of the employees identified by the supervision in a specified format. written test and interview are conducted provided the number of candidate are very high. it is compulsory that for all vacancies there must be medical examination to check the physical fitness of candidates. Being a Public Sector Undertaking. the selection of candidates is subject to communal reservation policy of the State Government . the respective department or selection identifying training needs of personal considerations. For the post of clerical staff.Various tools and techniques are adopted by the firm for the selection of candidates for various categories of post. The company believes that the success depends upon providing necessary training to the employees.The following are various steps involved in the selection process: Ã¯Æ¶Ë Ã¯Æ¶Ë Ã¯Æ¶Ë Ã¯Æ¶Ë Ã¯Æ¶Ë Ã¯Æ¶Ë Ã¯Æ¶Ë Ã¯Æ¶Ë Receipt and scrutiny of applications Preliminary interview Selection test Checking the reference Employment interview Medical examination Placement Orientation 2. Application blanks are employed for extracting the detailed biodata of candidates. The annual training plan is authorized by the Managing Director and external training proposals are authorized by the Managing Director and technicians. In case a training need for individual crops up suddenly. The full responsibility of the training and development program at KMML rests on the shoulder of Personnel and Administration Department. While identifying training needs. Promotion Promotion is the movement of an employee from a lower position to another position with a . The department head identify the training needs and coordinate training activities. As per ISO requirement. experience and training undergone by the individual employee are maintained in the personal bio-data record. The company calls the eligible candidates for interview.

the retirement or superannuation is fixed at the age of 58.departmental transfer in the company.Labor Remuneration The remuneration of the employee includes salaries and wages. leave with pay. 5.CITU .Retirement And Superannuation KMML being a Kerala Government undertaking company. Total amount of wages is calculated by multiplying time rate with the time spent by each worker on the job. retirement benefits such as pension.KMML Officers Association . In addition to this the employees get certain other benefits. The employees are promoted once in five years.KMML Officers Federation 1. They are:. If the first day is on Sunday or any other holiday it will be paid on the proceeding working day. a week. Piece rate system: in this method the workers are paid on the basis of the number of units produced by them.RSP (B) . The remuneration is calculated by the department and is paid to on the first day of every month. Wages are payable by multiplying the piece rate with the number of units produced. 4. For the all other employees the period is fixed from the 1st to the last day of the month. Time rate system: the time may be an hour. festival allowances. free meals. 2. In order to achieve this objective the management should . These benefits are called Fringe benefits /wage extras.4 Manpower Planning in KMML The primary objective is ensure the availability of the required skill and avoids or minimizes redundancies. Methods of wage payment: In KMML two important wage payment systems are followed They are:1. and responsibility. providing recognition for accomplishment.INTUC . E.g. recreational facilities. Transfer There is only inter.better pay. gratuity or annuity payment etc.2 Procedure for wage payment The wage period of the workers in the Titanium pigment unit is fixed as 21st of the present month to the 20th of succeeding month.STU The middle level officers of KMML have two associations. service awards. 1. Traveling concessions. 6. It includes medical facilities. or a month. Many other non monetary benefits are also allowed to the employees of the KMML based on their performance.: job encouragement.3 Trade Union The trade unions in KMML are:. providing involvement /participation in work etc 1.

4) Casual Labor: .Introduced in 1956 and administered by a trust.B Shift-2 p. 2) Provident fund. The company has now decided to review manpower requirements and entrusted Kerala State Productivity Council.per month are eligible for bonus almost all the employees working here are eligible for bonus irrespective of permanent or casual worker. There are mainly engaged through Employment Exchanges.5 Workmen Classification: 1) Permanent Employees: . many external sources of the manpower are utilized by KMML in filling the position created from time to time. G Here both the employer and the employee have to continue 12% each of the basic pay.There are about 219 officers.m to 6 a. There is a detailed guideline for the company for filling position through promotion.m . According to the executives.These employees work on contract for a limited period of time says one year or six months on specific terms and condition fixed by the company. 1.anticipate manpower needs.m . where eight and one third percent is transferred to pension fund.6 Working Hours The daily working of the company is on shift basis. The services of such employees are dispensed with as and when the need is satisfied. 3) Gratuity-Minimum amount payable as gratuity is Rs. The absence of proper manpower planning in the company had led to the excess employment of the work force. 1. 35000.Casual laborers are employed from people who lost their land due to acquisition by KMML they are engaged first as Casual workers and then absorbed as permanent employee when vacancy arises. plan job requirements and description and should explore the various sources of manpower supply. There are three shifts for plant and general shift for administration. . On certain season due to the increase in demand.m to 5 p.7 Welfare Activities 1) Bonus-Employees who are drawing more than Rs. and 29 officers. Employees having continuous service of the years are eligible for gratuity calculated as below. They have no preference for future employment in the company.Apprentices work for a period of one year as part of their training programme as per Apprenticeship Act. 3) Temporary or Seasonal Worker: .C Shift-10 p. The timing is as follows:.A shift-6 am to 2 p.m . more work forces are needed to meet the production. 44 skilled. and 490 unskilled workers in Mineral Separation Plant.m 1. 568 skilled and 427 unskilled workers in the TiO2 pigment plant as permanent employees. 5) Apprentice: . Kalamassery to undertake the work study and job evaluation so as to enable the company to arrive at the required manpower for their plant capacity.General-9 a. In such cases temporary workers are engaged. The manpower requirements in KMML has been estimated based on the Engineering Consultants (India) Limited. 2) Employees engaged on Contract Basis.These workers are employed when the work load is more.m to 10 p.3500/.

1997. 3) Shift Allowances: . and for professional courses Rs200 per month each. 1. and Rs15 respectively.50 Over coat-Rs.Workmen of the company shall be entitled to house rent allowance [at] 10% of the basic pay effective from 1. for degree courses Rs175 per month each.Gratuity = Basic pay Dearness Allowance* 15*Number of years/26 4) Employees State Insurance-All the employees working here come under employees State Insurance Scheme. For Plus two Rs150 per month each. which demand minimum qualification of S.175/2) Greater than 90% are given a bonus of Rs200/3)100% are given two day wages (basic pay and DA) 12) Housing Loan: . The other benefits include:Ã¯Æ¶Ë Retirement Benefits Ã¯Æ¶Ë Death Relief Fund Ã¯Æ¶Ë Medical Facility .100 8) Chlorine Tanker Duty Allowances: Rs 40 per month is paid as these allowances. 5) Cash Handling Allowances: Rs150 per month is paid as cash handling allowance to employees who look after the duties of the cashier. 2) Conveyance Allowances: . Rs. The said subsidy shall be available for one house during the entire service of an employee subject to the order prevailing rules for payment of housing subsidies. B and C Shift are paid as Rs 15 for A& B shift while Rs. 9) Acting Allowances.S.1.L. Course. 11) Attendance Bonus:. B and C is paid Rs.Vehicle loan shall be eligible to all workmen at the rate of 5% limiting the total eligible amount to Rs1.250 Blouse and apron-Rs.Employees working in A. 10) Education Allowances: Education Allowances are granted for up to two children. Up to SSLC education allowance of Rs100 per month is given to each child.25.Up to Rs 175 is given as conveyance allowance as per Memorandum of Settlement dated8-10-2003.An amount of Rs.5 laks.20. 6) Milk Allowances: Workers having 15 days of attendance are eligible for milk allowance amounting up to Rs150 per month.Operators grades A. 4) Washing Allowances: Washing Allowance is Rs80 per month work for which at least five days attendance is necessary.30 for C shifts as allowances. 7) Stitching Allowances: Employees are given the stitching allowance as follows:Uniform for gents-Rs. are given Rs125 per month each.8 Labor Welfare Activities The allowances provided by the company for its employees are as follows: 1) House Rent Allowances: .Employees who attain attendance of: 1) 80 to 90% are given a bonus of Rs. 3 lakhs can be given to an employee limiting the eligible interest rate to the minimum rate prevailing with housing financial institutions approved by the company from time to time.C other than plus two. 13) Vehicle Loan: .

product group control. 3) Equivalent grade needed in market. dispatch and payment. The Marketing department is headed by Deputy General Manager who is assisted by Manager (Marketing) and Deputy Manager and other officers and assistants. loosed wages due to absence. achieving technical excellence in every phase of production to offer a wide range of products for quality conscious customers. A team of motivated marketing experts. If we under take the proposed expansion of 6000 MT. 2. The company has a large number of customers from all over the world and out side.9 Personal Record KMML maintains a personnel record for its employees. The marketing section keeps detailed report about customersâÄ¢ product. lost hours. who make it their business to find out the firmâÄ¢s views. wages due to work holidays etc. 2) To ascertain whether demand exists in the Indian market. Main function of this section is attendance recording of lease wage. âĢ¦ Main Objectives 1) To find out the general impression of KMML products in the titanium dioxide marketing of India. MARKETING DEPARTMENT KMML have monopoly in Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) pigment industry. shift allowance. At KMML. The Finance department is headed by Deputy General Manager (Finance) who is assisted by Manager. they are perfectly aware of customerâÄ¢s needs and are instrumental in development of new products at price and offering. Products of KMML always maintain very high standard perfection. With the help of the punch card this section keeps an attendance register. early going.Ã¯Æ¶Ë Financial Aid to prolonged Treatment Ã¯Æ¶Ë Subsidized Canteen Facility Ã¯Æ¶Ë Interest Subsidy for Housing Loan Ã¯Æ¶Ë Transportation Facility Ã¯Æ¶Ë Recreation Club 1. highlights customerâÄ¢s consciousness. Every employee had to punch the card on entering the work. overtime. This is one of the most important departments. Maintaining close contacts.11Time Keeping and Time Booking A separate wing is concerned with time keeping and time booking in the company. 3. . KMML has a well organized finance department. It is a file consisting of all the details regarding the employee and all the data relevant to him 1. absence. KMML is a public limited company that stands as a leader in production of TiO2.10 Recording of the Attendance The electronic punching system is adopted in KMML. FINANCE DEPARTMENT Finance is the lifeblood of every business. There is no separate department for sales and marketing management also performs these functions. one factor comes before everything else is customers and KMML go out of their way to ensure customers satisfaction. Deputy Managers. late coming. 1. The marketing department is engaged in selling of the companyâÄ¢s product.

subcontractors. The Functions are:1) Recording And Analyzing of purchases. PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT KMML always maintain high standard of perfection by achieving technical excellence in every phase of production.1 Capital structure of KMML KMML has an authorized capital of 3500 lakhs. newsprint. subscribed and paid up capital comes to 3093. tablets. There is an internal auditing sector. salary discrepancy. Balance Sheet. rubber products. They are in the charge of periodical audit External Audit: . Their products go in to the manufacture of variety of products used in every day life. Today KMML is a Zero debt company making profit continuously for 3. Paint material. The main activity of the Finance Department is Working Capital Management. KMML offers a wide range of products for quality conscious customers. Production of TiO2 is carried out in lot wise with specific lot number. cosmetics and printing inks all contain TiO2. The issued.27 lakhs. Catering to strict guideline. He is assisted by Process Engineer.3 Auditing Auditors are appointed by the Government for a period of one Year. Each lot contain 15 MT of TiO2. Internal Audit: . This department undertakes activities and decision regarding the production work. Equity is of value Rs 100 each. There exist an external audit and internal audit. Secretarial work relating to Board comes under the review of the Finance Department.These are part of the organization. closing purchase bill. Assistant Engineers and other Workmen. facial creams. samples are collected from production at specific intervals and examined thoroughly in the . Preparation of Fund statement. dealing with the financial institutions with imports and exports are also the functions of the Financial Department. 3. income tax deduction. Most of the activities carried out by the Finance Department are pertaining to long term and short term requirements of the operation.They are as follows:Ã¯Æ¶Ë Statutory Audit Ã¯Æ¶Ë Account GeneralâÄ¢s Audit Ã¯Æ¶Ë Inspection Audit Ã¯Æ¶Ë Sales Tax Audit Ã¯Æ¶Ë Income Tax Audit Ã¯Æ¶Ë Cost Audit 4. Deputy General Manager (production and maintenance) controls the activities of the department.2Functions of Accounting Section or Finance Department The company maintains a clear and perfect accounting system. maintaining the account of contractors. cash Flow Statement. Profit and Loss Account etc are also the activities of Finance Department. 2) Salary Section And Pay Division 3) Sales and Revenue Accounting 4) Cash and Bank Transactions 5) Costing 6) Calculation of Depreciation 3.accounts officers and other officers.

up to Rs2000/-with the permission of unit head ¢ Local purchase.e. Materials purchased for month is analyzed and an issue price is fixed for the month. purchasing officers. maintenance of well developed vendor list and through inventory control. The inventory control system of KMML is very efficient and it has helped the company to increase profitability by piling up less funds in stock and also stock control is being done whereby goods above lead time stock level are sold to metallic scrap trading organization (MSTC).e.. There is around 27000 items of raw materials in KMML.e. Currently through this process goods bought before 2000 and not used till 2008 March were identified and it amounted to around 4.16 crore rupees was certified as not required and are ready to be sold. 6. This department is headed by the Deputy General Manager (materials) and he is assisted by manager (purchase & Stores). i. If any defect is identified.8 crore rupees worth. i. indigenous purchase ¢ Purchase made from foreign countries ¢ Cash purchase i... up to Rs25000/-this arises in the case of emergencies and purchase can be made from approved.e. then the lot is considered as inferior quality. It enables smooth flow of goods through the production process. FIRE AND SAFETY DEPARTMENT . MATERIALS DEPARTMENT All functions relating to purchase and storage of materials for the company is carried out by this department.laboratory or the company. It is important as it provides protection against the Uncertainties of demand and supply and also performing the various production operations economically and independently. 5. The functions of material department can be grouped in to three: 1) Purchase 2) Storage 3) Inventory control 1) Purchase Section Purchase can be broadly classified as ¢ Purchase made in India. Purchase is one such department if functioning properly can bring about profit to the organization by carefully monitoring its purchase activity. The company follows weighted average method. sales officers and other staffs. 2) Store Section Store section deals with: 1) Receiving the materials 2) Inspection of materials 3) Storage and presentation 4) Proper classification and codification of materials 5) Materials handling 6) Issue and dispatch 7) Stock records 8) Store accounting 9) Stock taking 3) Inventory Control Section Proper inventory management is necessary to provide and maintain good customer service. i. of this goods worth 1.

Petro-License: . A different agency provides this license. test type etc. serial number. location. When accidents occur. TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT .This section contains trained person to maintain the security. the help of this person is supplied and reduces the complexity of accident. last test. The main objectives of the maintenance department are as follows Ã¯Æ¶Ë To carry out the maintenance work in the plant. Employee details managing: . safety inspector and other fireman. 7.. tested by defect. section. CHLORINE etc. serial number. These section supplies the details of employee to another section. Employee training: . item name.This section stores the details of the license provided to each machines. 4. 3. Safety officer.In this section the details of the employees are identified by separate employee codes. the days lost are recorded.All the employees are trained for the successful running up of KMML. If any accident occurs. The Deputy General Manager is the head and he is assisted by Assistant general Manager Fire officer. last test. An accident controller is the head of this section. It manages the process of giving security to the employees by giving successful training and giving license to employees and machines. course and remark are recorded. whether lost time accident or not lost time accident. the body part which was injured. It needs high security and to confirm whether the equipment is running smoothly. The details of training is recorded when they gives each training. It contains serial no. Employee accident: . date of birth. Mock-drill: . 6. tag number. The machine is given a hoist no. Electrical. 7. Employee code. Here in employee code. pressure vessel.This section handles the details of accident occurs to the employee. employee name. last test etc. It must be renewed after the validity is lost. This section stores the serial number. Pressure vessel: . Lifting machines and tackles: . These machines have to be tested and if any defect it is stored. accident data. and Instrumentation) and other other Managers and Engineers. date of joining and qualifications are recorded. 2. 8.Fire and safety is a main department of KMML. next test and remarks are stored.This section handles different machines. 5. description of accident. The Joint General Manager (maintenance) is the top authority and he is assisted by AGM (Mechanical. Mechanical and Instrumentation section. The sections under fire and safety are: 1.There are different lifting machines in different location. Employee code. Expo.. MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT The maintenance department of KMML can be grouped into Electrical. designation. Ã¯Æ¶Ë To carry out preventive measures to avoid break down of machines. the details of the training given to the employee are produced. license number. which handle the substance of high pressure such as LPG. unsafe condition or unsafe act. It is very difficult to handle these types of machines. date of training.

stores. 9. Pigment processing unit/laboratory. it mainly involves Management Information System. Laboratory and technical services. Marketing and Personnel department. Company is having 10 Mega Bytes personal computers with copper cabling. The MIS used in KMML is an in. A new 100 tone per day Oxygen plant 4. which is required to generate various Management Information Systems to the management. Plant technical service 3. There is a direct connection from IBM server to Purchase. Starting with the core departments now it has been extended to an Enterprise Resource Module (ERP) with integration from other departments as well. They also decide up on the future plans of the company. KMML is using Oracle Related Database management system at backend and Power Builder as front-end. DATA PROCESSING DEPARTMENT Data processing department mainly deals with processing of information to be used by the employees of KMML. The technical wing takes charge to research and development. The entire Information Technology activities are monitored by Electronic Data Processing (EDP) section. marketing. Deputy General Manager (EDP) is the top authority of the department who is assisted by manager. software engineers and an assistant. sales . They are engaged in the building up of new products etc. Finance. Ilmenite Beneficiation plant/Acid regeneration plant developed software. This wing is engaged in the expansion program of the company. It has four signals: 1. There are 70 personal computers in the company. Quality control. Deputy Manager and manager an Engineer. Some major projects on which they are working upon include: 1. A strict security control is incorporated in the operations of various modules. It started functioning from1999 December. personnel and production departments. Management Information System (MIS) is under the supervision of the data processing department. The database is fed to the system by each department. This wing functions as a third agency to the production and maintenance department. An integrated online application module developed in power builder is being used among finance. Capacity enhancement of TiO2 plant in to one lacks tones per year. Stores 2.Assistant General Manager (technical) is the head of this wing who is assisted by manager (Technical and Lab) and also deputy managers for both and scientific officers and statisticians. 53 personal computers in the company are in local area network. purchase. A new MS plant of 2 lacks tones illmenite capacity per year 2. 10. Thus. A new synthetic rutile plant of capacity 1.3 lacks 3. It also performs stock analysis like ABC analysis. PROJECT DEPARTMENT Joint General Manager (Project) is the head of the wing and he is assisted by Manager. expenditure analysis (variable and fixed cost analysis).

Developed new grade RC-802 with excellent balancing properties of glass and weather ability. 2. Management of solid effluent .(segment wise analysis report).808. Developed know how to convert iron oxide waste to bricks used for construction. Successfully developed an improved process of oxidation plant. The following works are on progress: 1. 3. Developed grade RC. 2. This excellent facility undertakes research. The technical and sales service wing extends all helps to customer in the field of applications and users. Scientists and Engineers continuously pursue innovative technologies in the area of TiO2 pigment. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT KMML maintains a fully equipped research and Development facility in the area of Pigment and paint technology with a view to establish world. Developing a grade suited for thin film plastic application. product wise). development and product improvement.class products and competitiveness. quality improvement and other allied products. 11. 4. KMMLâÄ¢s research and development has achieved following tasks in recent times: 1. special grade for automotive coating. comparison (segment wise.

and eventually . it spreads. No enterprise. industrial disputes other happening. It adversely affect the employees and employers due to loss of wage and loss of production respectively. It is one of the chronic problems faced by the Indian industries. whatsoever. efficient and regular labor force place an important role in the regular and efficient production of industry. Because its prosperity and profit depends on the stable production. Absenteeism is the failure to report work or remaining absent without prior permission or sanction from the concerned authorities. It affect the working life and its quality.CHAPTER 5 LITERATURE REVIEW THEORATICAL REVIEW OF ABSENTEESM INTRODUCTION The modern set up of the industry has become complex and calls for the service of the export to devote to the particular aspect of the working of an undertaking. It is an absence without taking leave. A noticeable problem in the industrial life in India is absenteeism. The nation is also affected by absenteeism. if no action is take against free from this chronic disease and just like a cancer on a human body. experience has shown as all that more than 3/7 of Mondays are lost on account of absenteeism. low cost of production. Absenteeism among workers is universally acknowledged. Excess absenteeism can result in significant reduction the production and ultimately put the undertaking into a loss. The absenteeism of the labors from an industry is more dangerous to its economy than any factor.

willful or caused by reasons beyond ones control.e. According to WebsterâÄ¢s Dictionary.involuntary absence is not considered as absence for purpose of these absenteeism statistics. Absenteeism is the difference between the numbers actually present. It refers to the loss of main shifts on account of the absence of a percentage of laborers scheduled to be at work. There is another view that authorized absence for work need not be referred to as absenteeism in a strict sense. changing prior permission. Pleasure seekers. Absence of workers may be authorided. The official definitions of absenteeism on the basis of which statistics in our country are complied and reported are as follows : Absenteeism is the failure of a worker to report for work when he is scheduled to work.A worker is to be treated as absence for purpose of these absenteeism statistics even when he doesnâÄ¢t turn up for work after. the weather conditions also influence the workers to stay away from their duties. A worker is to be considered as scheduled to work when the employer has work for him and the worker is answer of it. July. The statistics relates to only voluntary absenteeism defined as absence due to reasons which are personal to the individual concerned. Absenteeism is an index of sickness and fatigue. absence of a worker on account of strike or lockout or layoff. There is a formula. Indian Labor Journal. It also indicates that the employees are not interested in the job. Absenteeism is the practice or habit of being an absentee and an Ë absenteeâÄ¢is one who habitually stay away. According to Watkins and Dodd: . Any worker who reports for duty even for a part of the day or shifts should not be counted among absentees.put the firm in a loss. accidents and family responsibilities are some of the reasons for absenteeism. According to the labor Bureau. Absenteeism is the total man shift lost because absence as a percentage of total number of man shift scheduled to work. which attempts to explain the term absenteeism. 1969. Absenteeism rate = persons not working due to Unauthorized absence x 100 Man shift actually worked DEFINITION Absenteeism refers to the frequency of absence of a job holder from the work place.Sickness. status seekers are the employees who remain absent from their work for sheer enjoyment. i. MEANING Absenteeism refers to the absence of an employee from work when he is scheduled to be at work. Some times. As such.

no other reasons. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Extended tea. ¢ Deliberate and Willful absenteeism : It means doesnâÄ¢t come to work because he just feels like a day off. ï⼠§ Be on time. the rate of absenteeism ranges from 1 to 30%. occupation to occupation and also according to the make up of the work force. The absenteeism is more in case of large concerns than that of small concerns. But its magnitude alone differs from country to country. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Extended toilet breaks. That is a n employee is always absent on day after pay day or always absents on Mondays or Fridays. lunch breaks.Any thing above this rate to be abnormal. . The absence where the employee does not turn up for work at all can sometimes be the most difficult type of absenteeism to handle simply because there may be lots of reasons for this and will have to shift out the truth from the absentees before deciding what action to take. because of poor time keeping. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Leaving early. The striking points of such studies reveal the following facts. Absenteeism is pronounced more among youngsters than older employees due to carelessness and casualness. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Feigned illness â¼ unnecessarily visits the doctors.Absenteeism refers to the workerâÄ¢s absence from his regular task. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Attending to private business during working hours. The absent doesnâÄ¢t only mean not being at work but it also mean:Ã¯Æ¶Ë Arriving late. On the whole. no matter what the case is. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Under length of the time in selecting or carrying duty of employee is ï⼠§ Come at work. It is a very series offence and should remember that employee must justify the absence. industry to industry. In Industrially advanced western nations. EXTENT OF THE PROBLEM Absenteeism is a universal fact. In India and Western countries various studies have be conducted regarding the problem absenteeism. As a result absenteeism is highest on Mondays and decreases accordingly. unmarried men fail to return to work on Mondays due to their habits of spending Sundays night for recreations and return to bed late night. ¢ Absent from over time : This is happen when an employee become absent from overtime when there is an agreement for doing overtime.

fringe and medical facilities etc.marriage. 2) Work environment This deals with working conditions. health. 3) Home conditions Home conditions deals with the distance from residence to the company. leave facilities. shifts arrangements. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Do monitor absenteeism at regular intervals and act on the results. problems and responsibilities. assigned workload. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Do punishment for absentees. legalizations etc. festivals . nature of work. hobbies etc. The absenteeism is purely related with the industry and very important with the human elements. relation with co-workers and relation with supervisors. 6) Organizational factors Organizational factors such as size of the company. personal policies. and attitude towards to the job. death. 4) Economic factors This deals with the economic problems and subsidiary economic interest of the employee. They can be classified as:1) Personal factors Personal factors such as age.PROCEDURES FOR MANAGING ABSENTEEISM Ã¯Æ¶Ë Do maintain a full record of each and every absence. That importance of the human elements in an organization is so great that any problem relating to man power leads to low productivity. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Providing counseling for both employee and family. community obligations. CAUSES OF ABSENTEEISM The causes of absenteeism in general are as variegated and numerous. family size. 7) Social factors Social factors such as religion. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Medical treatment for drug addicted absentees. management attitudes. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Maintain good and healthy relationship in the organization. education. funerals etc. RATE OF ABSENTEEISM The rate of absenteeism can be calculated by the following formula:= Man shift (day) lost due to absence x 100 Man shift (days) scheduled to work . marital status. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Do distinguish between long and short term absenteeism. mode of conveyance. Ã¯Æ¶Ë Make aware the frequent absentees. 5) Regional factors Regional factors deal with the geographical conditions. political conditions. customs. supervisory qualities.

Bhatia in a large industrial organization employing over 19000 employees reported in Financial Express. © According to the report and study conducted by Indian Journal of Social work in October 1980 by studying 19000 employees found out 621 habitual absentees.Man shift scheduled to work = Average strength of workers x No. They (numbering 396 out of 8000 employees) were found to be absenting themselves from work once in every three days. He analyses the habitual absentees and found these habitual absentees were experiencing some difficulties in adjusting themselves to domestic and social environments. Kumbakonam. VARIOUS STUDIES (A) The study conducted by S.The actual no. (D) The study conducted and published by Indian Journal of Industrial relations in October 1980.K. Bhatia.He find out the following from the study. safety measures. Man shift loss = Man shift scheduled to work . K. of man days.J Karuppia his studies about absenteeism in Choian Road Ways Corporation Ltd. personality. transport facilities. July â¼ Sep.K. well defined shift system. According to it 90 % of the absenteeism is due to the personal factors such as family. strict on leave rules. . (B) The above analysis supported another research by S. These five percent had availed 505 of the total extra ordinary leave spells of employees. Then the researcher applied one to one counseling and group counseling to reduce absenteeism. New Delhi on 20 â¼ 06 â¼ 1980. Ram B. and reported in man power journal. marital. These habitual absentees are spread over in different departments. of present days. Vol. reported that 5% of the employees had contributed to about half of the total extra ordinary leave without wages taken by all the employees in industries. (E) In the year 1991 Mr. cordial relation between supervisors and workers improve communication and prompt redressel of grievances. social etc.A submitted to Dr. XV revealed that personal factors are dominant in causing absenteeism. Vol. The problem of absenteeism is mostly person centered. educational. For reducing the absenteeism the management should develop the workers education.

Unhealthy .1 Absenteeism due to unhealthy working condition In KMML most of the workers are absent because of their health problem.CHAPTER-6 DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 6.

e. . accident benefits etc. noise & vibration in the factory. Heat & moisture.2 Absenteeism due to inadequate welfare facilities Absence can also occur due to the inadequate welfare facilities available to workers. bad lighting. fumes. dust.1 Opinion No of respondents Percentage (%) Agree 32 68 Disagree 13 28 Undecided 2 4 Total 47 100 (Source: Primary Data) Inference The working condition has a great effect on absenteeism. gratuity. provident fund.. Majority (i.working condition means the intolerable and irritating working conditions exists in factories. Graphical representation of absenteeism due to unhealthy working condition Figure 6.1 6. Here the investigator identified that majority of the respondent said that absenteeism is due to unhealthy working condition because employees are not satisfied with the organizations working atmosphere. & overcrowding etc can leads to absenteeism Table 6. where as minority saying that absenteeism is causes due to their personal interest. Welfare activities include bonus. 68%) of employeeâÄ¢s opinion that absenteeism is cause due to improper working condition of the organization.

.70%) of employees are saying that absenteeism is cause due to improper welfare facilities conducted by the organization.Table 6. rather than a standard working day. The term shift work includes both long term night shifts work schedules in which employees change or rotate shifts. Majority (i.3 Shift pattern is a reason for absenteeism Shift work is an employment practice designed to make use 24 hours of the clock. Graphical representation of absenteeism due to inadequate welfare facilities Figure 6.2 6.e.That is the employees are not satisfied with the welfare programmes of the organization.2 Opinion No of respondents Percentage (%) Agree 33 70 Disagree 5 11 Undecided 9 19 Total 47 100 Source: (Primary Data) Inference Here the investigator identified that majority of the respondents said that absenteeism is due to inadequate welfare facilities . where as minority saying that absent is cause due to their personal interest.

Here the investigator identified that majority of the respondents were dissatisfied with the shift patterns followed by the organization.e. Graphical representation of Shift pattern is the reason for absenteeism Reference: http://www. Absolutely majority ( . where as minority says that there is nothing special about their shift patterns.Table 6.seminarprojects.51 %) of the employees agree that absenteeism is cause due to the unsatisfied shift arrangements of the organization.3 Opinion No of respondents Percentage (%) Agree 24 51 Disagree 14 30 Undecided 9 19 Total 47 100 Source: (primary Data) Inference Shift pattern has a great effect on absenteeism.