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Mahabharata and Gita

Mahabharata The Mahabharata composed by sage Vyasa tells the story of two sets of paternal first cousins. It is the story of a blind King Drita-rastra (mind), whose eldest Son Duryo-dana, is the symbol of Ego. According to the code of Indian law, the kingdom should not be ruled by a physically handicapped King. Drita-rastra who is born blind had to give up the ruling power of the kingdom to his younger brother Pandu. Pandu is the symbolism of wisdom. To Pandu five sons are born (called Pandavas) and to Drita-rastra 100 sons (called Kav-ravas). Pandu dies soon after his sons were born and since his son being young, it was decided by the ministers that the blind king Drita-rastra assumes the throne until Pandu's son was old enough to be the king. Through the above story and the symbolism, we will understand that from our birth, the blind mind cannot rule our life but the wisdom in us. Since the wisdom has to strengthen through experience in life, we temporarily allow the blind mind to rule us. But having tasted power the mind not only want to give up the kingdom ,but tries to crown its own son, the Ego. This is what we see in Mahabharata. The power thirsty blind King Drit-rastra did not want to now give up kingdom to his brother's Son. He wanted to crown his own Son Duryodana as the king instead of giving back the kingdom to the most deserving brother's son Yud-istra. These developments lead the two sets of paternal cousins to became bitter rivals, and opposed each other in war for possession of the ancestral kingdom. In Mahabharatadays India was called as Bhaarat with its capital Hastinapur. Hastinapur is still current India's Capital with the new name Delhi. Knowing the developing rivalry, the great grandfather ,Bhisma divides the kingdom into two and allows one portion of it to be ruled by Pandavas. Duryodhana however behaved viciously and brutally toward the Pandavas in many ways. With the intention of getting back the partitioned kingdom, he invited the eldest Pandava, Yud-istra in a game of dice: Treacherously they win not only the kingdom but also wins all the five brothers and their common wife Draupadi. After they won the game of dice, the Kavravas (100 sons of Drita-rastra) humiliated all the Pandavas and physically abused Draupadi and drove the Pandava party into the wilderness for twelve years, and the twelve years had to be followed by the Pandavas' living somewhere in society, in disguise, without being discovered for one more year. If they are spotted then they have to repeat the exile of 12years and one year of disguise again. The Pandavas fulfilled their part of that bargain, but the villainous leader of the Dritarashtra party, Duryodhana , was unwilling to restore the Pandavas to their half of the kingdom when the thirteen years had expired. Both sides then called upon their many allies and two large armies arrayed themselves on the battle field. The most dramatic figure of the entire Mahabharata, however, is Krishna, who with great personality protects Law, performs Good Deeds and Right conduct. Krishna is not only cousin to the Pandavas (sons of Pandu) but also the brother-in-law of Arjuna , the third Pandava, and served as Arjuna's mentor and charioteer in the great war.

Much of the action in the Mahabharata is accompanied by discussion and debate among various interested parties, and the most famous sermon of all time, Krishna ethical lecture and demonstration of his divinity to his charge Arjuna (the justly famous Bhagavad Gita occurred in the Mahabharata just prior to the commencement of the hostilities of the war. The war was fought 18 days and finally the Pandavas won killing Duryodhana.

Symbolism Of Mahabharata
Though there are lives of thousands of kings , why was Mahabharta, a great epic was composed on the kings of Kuru , Pandu and Yadava dynasty?. This is because their lives still continue to inspire lives of not only ruling class but down to every human being on Earth. Mahabharata is the biggest book ever written which includes all branches of life. Mahabharata is a powerful and amazing text that inspires awe and wonder about cosmos and humanity. The Mahabharata and the war is not a fictional story but a historical event. But the author of the epic used the real incident and weaved symbolic images to reflect our own inner conflicts. Using these images if we dive deep into our inner self, we will be able to appreciate the mystery of our own mind and life. Through this epic we will be left with no unanswered question.

The 100 sons
We already discussed that the eldest son of the blind son Drita-rashtra is Dur-yodhana, who symbolize the Ego. To the blind king who symbolize the blind mind marries Gandhari. She out of emotionally love to her blind husband , ties a bandage on her eyes. Thus Gandhari symbolize the blind intellect following the blind mind. This blind mind and blind intellect breeds many desires through ten sense organs. Five are senses of knowledge or perception the eyes, nose, ears, tongue and skin (Gnanendriyas). The other five are the senses of action-mouth, hands, feet, genital organ and anus (Karmendriyas). There are 10 directions north, south, west, east, north east, south east, south west and northwest and up and down. When the mind and intellect run blindly in all 10 directions and functions through 10 sense organs , give rise to hundred (10 x 10 = 100) propensities, desires, thoughts, ambitions, expectations and dreams. These are the children of the mind and symbolized as the 100 sons in Mahabharata. The eldest of these thought is Dur-yodhana which means the one whom it is difficult to fight. "Duh" means difficulty, "yodh" means to fight and represents the Ego , which is difficult to fight or indomitable. The second son and brother to Dur-yodha is Dus-asana , the name means one who is difficult to control.

Pandavas - The Five
Pandu was the younger brother of the blind king Drita-rastra. Pandu represents wisdom (represented by white color). But this wisdom matures with experience and hence gives the ruling power to the blind mind, until the children of wisdom are ready. Pandu's wife is kunti,

which means to invoke. She invokes powerful inspiration of nature and bears children. The first child is Yudhi-stra. Yudhi means in the battle, sthira means tranquil or undisturbed. Yudhi-stra is the symbol of peace and the sky element of Pancha Bhootas. Sky is the bridge of transcendence to the conscious state and represented as throat chakra. Peace should be the ruler of us. But the Ego demands that it should be the take control over. This fight for the throne is Mahabharata war. In the war, Bhima the second son of the Pandavas who killed all 99 sons of Drita-rastra. Bhima represents the life force or breath, the Air element in Pancha Bhoota. Bhima is the breath that brings the awareness of "Oneness". The ignorance of duality dissolves in the purity of "Love" and is represented as heart chakra. Arjuna the third represents fire element. Rajju means rope or bondage and na means no. This represents that we are really not bonded, but free. Arjuna represents the liberating thoughts in us and brings peace. Arjuna is the enquiring mind. The enquiring mind burns like fire and destroys the darkness of ignorance. This burning fire is what needs to be given direction and that is why out of the five brothers Arjuna was taught Bhagavad Gita. Arjuna represents the mastering the "Heat or Power" of senses symbolized as the navel chakra. Na-kula , na means no and kula is bank of a river or shore. Nakula means boundless or endless flow of water. He represents the flowing energy of desires, the energy to reproduce. Water is the element of nature that sustains life and reproduction. This sexual energy should be directed for our higher evolution towards peace. Sahadeva is the youngest of the Pandavas. He represents the Earth element, the solidness (reality) of manifestation. Earth is the discriminating element, the food factor. It is through enquiry of real and unreal that drives us to seek wisdom. Earth is the foundation of "enquiry". Nakula and Sahadeva are twins and is interesting to know their symbolism. Nakula represents the sexual energy that produce life and Sahadeva represents the enquiring attitude. According to Vedas, life began when the cosmic consciousness wanted to know itself. Hence Life (Sahadeva) and knowing (Sahadeva) are twins.

Symbolism Of Krishna
The blind mind Drita-rastra created many desires, the kav-ravas. The knowledge, Pandu, created five qualities (pandavas) that bring peace. There is a constant struggle between these two groups from their childhood. The Ego (Dur-yodhan) hates Bhima the second Pandava who represents the vision of non-duality or "oneness". Ego tries to see only duality or separation in this whole world. Love sees everything as one and this "Love" is very strong and can only defeat Ego. This vision of non-duality alone can kill all the 99 sons (out of 100). One son Yuyutsu joins Pandavas when the war begins. We will see what Yuyutsu represents in the first chapter.

Arjuna and Krishna
In our inner conflict when we lose peace, it is the aspect of knowledge in us that is confused needs clarity. This aspect in us that seeks teaching represents Arjuna. As we already

What we seek outside is already in us. This is why Indian God's are represented with three faces. One would be his army and other would be he himself without any fighting weapons. This explains that both positive and negatives qualities resides in us. Like Dur-yodhan our Ego thinks that it is materialistic possessions that brings peace in us. While Arjuna wished that just the presence of Krishna alone is enough to win the war. Do not be confused with this statement. They are needed only for our liberation like the fighting army of the Pandavas. that is . Krishna's son married Dur-yodhan's daughter lakshmana. the guiding force that would give us freedom and the kingdom of peace in us. he became the charioteer of Arjuna. Krishna's army represents materialistic possessions while krishna represents Spiritualism. Materialism vs Spiritualism It is very important to understand the above symbolism. the liberating force in us.discussed Arjuna represents bondage it seeks freedom to attain the kingdom of Peace. Krishna gave two choices to them. |Krishna who taught Gita and Arjuna who received the teachings both were kings with al materialistic possessions. a Guru. We seek for clarity a teacher. It seeks Krishna the manifestation of pure Consciousness. The dialogue between the Krishna and Arjuna is Bhagavad Gita. The reflection of that Consciousness is awareness (see more detailed explanation in the book "Journey to the Source decoding matrix trilogy) . Since krishna vowed that he will not use weapons to fight the war . Consciousness is the "being" of every form and formless in this universe. Duryodhan thought what would be the use of a person without any weapons in the war and so demanded krishna's Army. The two faces on the sides represents the pair of opposites of the same body. Consciousness is often confused with awareness. The above symbolism for religious people should mean that we should not ask God for materialistic needs but for God himself to gain peace in us. Awareness is the phenomenon of brain while Consciousness is not. The point here is to live life with these possessions but be detached and only then we will have peace. This does not mean that we should not have any materialistic possessions. the pure consciousness. The external teacher helps us to seek our internal teacher Krishna. Krishna is the cousin and brother -in-law of Arjuna and interestingly Krishna is the fatherin-law of Dur-yodhan's daughter. Through Gita we will understand the above. What dominates in us determines the final out come. But we have to be wise like Arjuna in choosing Krishna. So krishna is related to both the positive and negative groups of brothers. Unfortunately religious people spend their whole life in asking God for this and that without seeking knowledge to liberate ourselves from this wanting attitude of limitedness. Concept of God . Before the war both Arjuna and Dur-yodhan seeks Krishna's help.

Again we like to repeat that without practicing Gita in our daily life. But for a spiritual person . one per week. No one would be satisfied with a theory without a practical application of it. The practical application is a validation of the theory. Understanding from personal experience and experience of many spiritual seekers we here focus on how to practice Bhagavad Gita in daily life. not a person or an object). The end result of practice is inner purification. but for you to analyze and use it.We have used here the word "God" which according to religious people is a person sitting some were in the clouds creating this universe. Nothing here given is a belief system for you to swallow it. . Every exercise that we intend to do here are the steps of that enquiry. Without practicing we can intellectually appreciate the greatness of Gita but never experience the greatness of the teaching itself. It is like reading a book on how to do swimming or cooking or drive a car and never practicing it. the essence of each Gita chapter and how if it reflects our inner conflicts. Practice Gita. Like theory and practice. So the purpose of practice is to walk through the path of enquiry. we will never get any benefit. Doing this weekly exercises for 18 weeks is the most simple and easy way to practice Gita and attain peace. Generally everyone reads Gita or attend Gita classes every day or once a week but seldom practice which means apply the teachings in one's life. the Truth one discovers in the enquiry path is God (this God of a spiritual person is not a concept. events of the war in brief. Sakthi Gita It is very interesting to read this symbolism of Mahabharata and then reflecting those characters in our mind and finally using Gita to liberate ourselves. We will get back to the concept of God in later chapters of Gita. End of each chapter we would also do a small mental exercise to help us free from these inner conflicts and be in peace. We recommend to do each exercise. You would understand the depth of the enquiry only when you practice it yourself. You yourself would know whether this enquiry was beneficial or not and for that very same reason you conduct it. Why do we need this exercises or practices? What and why do we need a practice? The very purpose of practice is to experience what we know or pursue to know.An Introduction Gita is not to be read but to be practiced to attain inner purification. Here we do an enquiry about the mystery of our mind and finally seek freedom from its limitation and remain at peace. This warrants then application of the mental exercises or mental practices. we will discuss in parallel. In this Sakthi-Gita.

Religious practices also aim in purification of the Mind which can only open the door to Self realization or God to be in God conscious state. observing simple or body torturing rituals one can attain Self-Realization or Godhood.Mahatma Gandhi Purpose of Purification Aim of any spiritual practice is to purify the mind. Ego is the cataract that prevents the mind from seeing the reality of life. Purification is really then allowing an unbiased enquiry keeping out the Ego's interferences. ²Mahatma Gandhi (1869 . . Ego is the veil that covers the mind from seeing the truth in front of it. . Always aim at purifying your thoughts and everything will be well. Why should the mind be purified? The mind like the blind king allows his son Ego to rule the kingdom instead of allowing the wisdom to exercise its power. This should be understood clearly and only then we can understand the purpose of purification of the mind. one target. Always aim at complete harmony of thought and word and deed. Purification is removing the husk from the grain. chanting God's name (Japa) . it can never trek the path of enquiry. We cannot proceed in the enquiry path unless we are able to separate the chaff from the grain (the mind and the Ego).the culmination of all practices Always aim at complete harmony of thought and word and deed. As long as it is attached to the Ego. This is symbolism of purification is Vidur in Mahabharata who is the prime minister of the blind king as well as his younger brother. and that is purification of mind. But many are not able to achieve God or Self Realization in-spite of many years of spiritual practice. To eat the grain the husk has to be removed and so is to remove the Ego from the mind to seek peace. Always aim at purifying your thoughts and everything will be well. Sakthi-Gita is a simple and quick means to achieve the purification and freedom of mind. Therefore all the Gita-exercises are meant to detach this Ego from the mind and this detachment is |PURIFICATION.1948) There is only one goal. one achievement in all spiritual practice. one destination. It is this Ego that imprisons us in the dark cell of sorrows.Purification . The mind does not entertain any enquiry that will put end to its hypocritical rule instead will allow only thoughts that supports Ego's whims and fancies. It is a notion of many of us that doing penance. Without this purification we can never know peace and if even if we experience it will be only for only fleeting moments in life. rotating rosary beads. The mind can pursue the "Truth" only if it is detached from the Ego. observing fasting. Meditation.

He has not understood the purpose of the practice of writing 100 times. On the first day I asked my cousin to read a chapter from his English text book.G.L.. all our actions bear no fruit but are left with frugal benefits.G.S.. Even if he did write mechanically .E. The fault is in us when we do not attempt to purify the mind.E.G...L.L.E.G.. All spiritual practices are meant only for purifying our mind.G.E. for 100 times and the rest of the alphabets 100 times. People switch over to different techniques and spiritual masters because they find fault in the technique or the master. Without understanding the means.L.N. for 100 times then G.. My cousin though obeyed my instruction of writing 100 times "English". My aunt requested me to teach the 12 year old boy every day one hour English subject. . L.E.H. when I met him I gave him a piece of paper and asked to write the spelling of ³English´.. Though it looked like a punishment by commanding him to write 100 times the word ³English´.E. After a few hours later in the day.G.I. I was very upset and closed the book and as a joke asked him to read at least the name of the book. However if done with the intention of mind purification then both the body and the mind are purified.G.L.E for 100 times and then N. He wrote the alphabet ³E´ and could not complete the rest.E..Sufi quote My Aunt¶s son.I. my intention was to help him to at-least remember the word ³English´.I.H. He has completely misinterpreted my message to teach him. To my surprise he was not able to read anything other than two words ³The´ and ³And´. Now analyze this situation.G.N..Where is the problem? Is it in the technique? The fundamental problem lies in not understanding what all these different practices are meant for. You would laugh at the way he accomplished the goal without understanding the purpose of performing the means.G. Example if fasting is not done without understanding the basic principle of mind purification. why was not he able to reproduce it?. One can enjoy few benefits out of the practice but not the ultimate goal. Instead of writing down the word ³E.H.S.N.N.E.S.I.N. was very poor in studies. Any spiritual practice that is done without understanding the basic principle "Purification of the Mind" is a waste.L.G.. he wrote E.N.E.S..N.. my cousin. it will give benefits like weight loss or fat lost from the body. I suspected that he did not write 100 times and so asked him to show his note boo. Let me give a great experience from my own life that will help you to understand the simple truth that if we perform an action without understanding the purpose of the means to achieve the goal.L.E..G for 100 times. only an idiot looks at the finger´.N. Is it lack of memory or concentration?.L.N. all attempts will be futile in achieving the goal. he would have .H´ 100 times . He had literally obeyed my instructions by writing the word ³English´ 100 times.L. I was literally angry and was also surprised how he cannot remember the spelling of ³English´ even after writing it 100 times. It is a pity that we keenly follow the advice of spiritual masters of any tradition but seldom realize what the advice is meant for. It was shocking to know that he could not even read the heading ³English book for seventh grade´.N..L. A real life incident "If a man points at the moon.N.

What thoughts that we allow to grow in our minds determines the health of mind and body. Overtime then the rituals not only become meaningless but also degraded to mere superstitions. It is wise to do these practices while we are young because at that state the mind . an individual is keen in using his body. it is difficult to swallow when spiritual masters tell us that good and evil are concepts of the mind. Both these thoughts exists in our mind always. Since he did not understand the very means of getting the knowledge. Being Spiritual is different from being religious where a religious has a concept of God as a person. The concepts of good and evil is often debated. When younger generation questions us about the rituals we are unable to answer them and instead we brand them as disobedient.got it. This is how in life we persist in repeating the tasks and end up in failures and never learn the mistakes. This approach brings about inner purification which lights up the path of Self-enquiry. Most of us do spiritual practices and rituals without understanding the intention behind it. How to free the mind from Ego? This is the fundamental question everyone ask when they are struck in the whirlpool of the mind games. Good and evil Mahabharata is a war between good and evil. There is always conflict between these two types of thoughts. In spirituality. The liberation of the mind from the prison of the Ego is core teaching of Gita. Do we want freedom of mind or slavery of Ego is the choice we can exercise. the act he performed was useless. There isn't good and bad and evil and it all exists in our thinking. mind and intellect to understand the mystery of his life. This is true when you understand the fundamental fact that thoughts in our mind that liberates our mind to get peace are "Good" or "Positive" thoughts. we would discuss the means to purify our mind. The negative thoughts strengthen the Ego and positive thoughts strengthen our "Self" or "Spirit". disconnecting the mind and the body co-ordination and bringing suffering both at the mental and physical states are "Bad" or "Negative" thoughts. The various positive and negative tendencies in our mind are the different characters in the story of Mahabharata which makes enjoyable to read and assimilate in our daily lives. The Mahabharata war is the war between the positive and negative thoughts in our minds. This higher awareness state is the state of freedom. Those thoughts in us that strengthens the "Ego" and chains the mind in a prison. Spiritual Practices lights the path of Self-enquiry Spiritual practices are meant to cultivate more positive thoughts in the mind and strengthen our Self or Spirit as opposed to strengthen the Ego. Method to purify the mind Using Gita and Mahabharata . From solving his physical and mental problems he evolves to a higher awareness state.

Why I am not happy like others?. These are the questions that many of us ask ourselves. At an adult stage also it is possible. Liberation etc. mind and intellect is like a screen that prevents us to know our Self or Consciousness or Atma or God or Peace . We will see how every day of Mahabharata war is a reflection of our own mental conflict which is not different that of Arjuna's own inner conflict. Nirvana. one per week. large and small. please read in health section before continuing to read this section. Though Gita was given by Krishna on the first day of Mahabharata war. we can¶t control everything. We often justify that others or situations in life are the cause for our failures and unhappiness. This is called in different traditions as SelfRealization. but dying without realizing our talents is the tragedy of life". said "The greatest tragedy in life is not death. Moksha. As Mata Amritanada Mayi Devi. Here is one simple but most powerful exercise that alone will help you not only success but also happiness and content in life. What prevents us from realizing our talents?. But the more you practice. Acceptance is about letting go of unrealistic expectations. the 18 chapters of Gita and 18 days of Mahabharata war are interconnected. Why is that we do not achieve what we desire?.and Ego is less complex. people or situations in life. The purpose of this mental exercise: We might often wonder why most of us are not successful in expressing our talents. To make it clear. Acceptance is what we do when we acknowledge that no matter how hard we try. we use a different approach of viewing Gita. provided if we exert a little more effort.an Introductory Exercise If you have not read about acceptance as a means of stress reduction and mind detoxification. Only through purification we can transcend to Consciousness (Self). This exercise might sound contradictory and seems difficult to practice that you have done like learning swimming or driving a car. we are doing this approach to free the mind from the clutches of Ego and overcome suffering is life and attain peace. We will understand how step by step Krishna clarifies Arjuna through 18 chapters of Gita which we can achieve by practicing 18 simple exercises . To understand the practical aspect of freeing the mind from Ego . Let us first practice for a week an introductory mental exercise for a week and then go to the first chapter of gita Acceptance . This magical exercise is Acceptance. the better you feel and offers endless opportunity to realize our potential. In the next section we will be reading about the the real intention of spiritual practice. Impurities of our body. . Through these 18 simple exercises every day we ultimately purify our body . It¶s about coming to terms with reality no matter how unfair or unpleasant it may be. mind and intellect.

Krishna taught him to react to the situation based on Intelligence. Acceptance does not mean that you accept the situation or the person's bad behavior is correct. Most importantly how can I transform myself to think more intelligently. When Arjuna hesitated to fight the war based on his likes and dislikes. Acceptance is for your mind only to accept the reality of the event and the person. Emotions are needed to express the degree of our feelings. Process: Acceptance means instead of reacting emotionally (that it displeases us) react with intelligence. Instead of reacting out my un-acceptance (dislike). . The person may change or may not. If we react with emotion based on our strong like and dislikes. That is first accept the reality of the fact is that the event is happening in front of me or to me or against me. One is emotionally and the other way is with intelligence. but you as the subject should express it with understanding of the true nature of the object. Intelligence is the fact giver or the reality projector. This Self-Transforming attitude strengths not only Intelligence but also Awareness.However acceptance does not means accepting failure and to give up trying or a do not care attitude. Both are not in your control. Expressing our emotions to the reality of the facts is the correct approach as taught by Krishna to Arjuna in Gita. We express through our emotions only the degree of our pain and based on that A doctor decides the dosage of the pain medication. Understanding the "Reality" of a person or the nature of the situation is Intelligence. our likes and our dislikes. When we says some one is "Emotional" it means he is reacting based on his or her likes and dislikes. How can acceptance be practiced? We react internally and externally to an unpleasant situation or to an unacceptable person's behavior. The situation may change or may not. It is not agreeable to me or unpleasant to me. we waste time and energy brooding and complaining over it and inturn causing stress to ourselves. The true nature of things whether likeable or dislikable for us is the fact or reality of it. So there is nothing wrong expressing emotions. There is nothing wrong in expressing our emotions. What is hurting is the strong likes and dislikes we express which may not be in reality correct. Here we are doing this mental exercise to free our mind from stress of brooding over a fact or event that is unpleasant for us. Intelligence throws light on the true nature of things. Emotions work on the basis of one fact. This will leave the subject less agitated through the process of reaction and also after the reaction process. This is the essence of Gita. Emotions are not wrong. This relieves your mind from the Person's behavior and also the unpleasant nature of the situation. This is acceptance.. Changing the event and person is only secondary possibility of the future. There are two means of reacting to such situations. You understand the Truth that at present moment change can happen only to you. I think what is the best to do to handle the current condition and also think the ways to avoid that in future.

Forgiveness is for your own benefit. We only agitate our mind constantly thinking that this should not have happened or the person should not have behaved in such a way. Accept the truth that you are facing the reality of the person whether you like it or not. This indirectly gives way for forgiveness a stress-curing medicine. You can let go of the cud-chewing (brooding over the incident again and again for years) only if you develop the acceptance attitude. Ego does not allow us to accept anything. This non-acceptance is the reason for fight and war. while Ego does want to graze on past memories or worry and fear about future. Acceptance brings out awareness to the present moment. Example-2 . This understanding of another person as oneself is Compassion. Do not judge that the other person will not change. We cannot do anything about it. You "be" the person and understand how you will react to such a situation. . This will blossom into unconditional Love. By this approach you bring slow transformation in the other person also. Reflect upon yourself how much time you take to change an inappropriate behavior in yourself. As soon as we accept a person or situation. Give chances for the other person to change. But change should begin from you and cannot expect the change from the other person. With this acceptance and inner transformation make the the other person also understand how his or her behavior is inappropriate.1: If you are in a traffic jam.: If a person behaves in a rude manner. It always blames others for all the problems. accept the person as he or she is. Without your inner transformation you cannot expect a change in another person. This will take time. IAccept the reality that you cant do anything about it. Ego grows through the cud-chewing activity of the mind. Instead of disliking the event. You cannot forgive a person or a situation with acceptance. accept the situation instead of boiling yourself with the thought why this is happening. Ego has bright chances to get hold of the mind to either brood over the past or be anxious of the past. Ego and acceptance Ego cannot accept a person (behavior attitude) or a situations or events in life.Examples . we find that the Ego loses it's heroic acts in our life's drama. think what is the best to overcome the consequence of being late by traffic jam and also how to prevent getting into this situations in future. Understand that you cannot change the person just by showing your disliking. This constant thinking of our dis-pleasure is the key point to be avoided. Most importantly analyze what makes the person to behave in that manner. Show that same compassion to others. Because we rarely accept the reality of the person or situation. By blaming others. but see how you can change yourself to avoid unpleasant reactions in your mind. Nonacceptance is Ego's nature and also a means through which it gets its food to gain strength. This creates the quality of patience in you. to free your mind from the cud-chewing activity of the mind. Why do not we think or use our intelligence?. What is not acceptable to you naturally will be not acceptable to the other person. Acceptance is the first step towards forgiveness. The moment we accept any person or situation we see that the Ego's energy is drained. that cud-chewing mind is what gives us stress and agitation.

We might have a dispute or disagreement with our partner. So far with acceptance you understand that you get less stress. Aim of life is to harness your potential and be happy in life. These thoughts rob of the nutrition that fertilize your strengths. So start to practice acceptance and immediately pay attention to the way our Ego acts. We take it for granted that we are this mind and Ego without being aware of our true Self. remove the weeds of Ego from your garden of life and enjoy the fruits of life. This practice would allow us to be pay more attention (awareness) to our Ego. you become more aware of your Ego. This is the ultimate goal of this Sakthi Gita. It is simple but very powerful in opening doors to the mystery of our mind and Self. With this one practice all good qualities will get into our personality. The surprised carpenter asked whether he was talking to a world renowned scientist who could not realize a simple fact that the kittens could have easily used their mother¶s µpet door¶. your power. So Newton called for a carpenter to cut one big hole and four smaller holes in the door so that the big cat would go in the big hole and the kittens in the smaller holes. Last but the least. patience and wisdom in us. develop compassion. your Ego grows without your knowledge like a weed in your backyard garden. family member or with some at work or a shopping mall. These are the nice plants you want to grow in your garden. The cat's behavior did not bother him until the cat gave birth to four kittens when the frequency of going out and in became more. your strengths. It brings peace.Purpose of the practice The intention of the acceptance practice is to confront our Ego. Practicing this brings amazing results. Acceptance is like a pet door through which all good qualities would get into us. This is the easiest means to purify the mind. Goal of Sakthi Gita is for a happy life: Understand non-acceptance of people (as they are) and events (as it is) is how Ego works in us. Only if we are aware of our enemy's strength and weakness we can win a war. patience. Acceptance the most powerful spiritual technique Acceptance is the key to open the spiritual mastering of our mind. We can witness the war movie unfolding in our minds. By condemning people and events. Immediately chant the mantra "Accept". There is an amusing story about a scientist (Isaac Newton?) He was a great cat lover and every time the cat needed to got out it would come to him and do "Meow! Meow! Meow!". What to witness This exercise is just to be aware of our Ego. . your talents. transcend it and realize your own true nature. your health. As soon as we accept someone or an event or action. Be aware the Ego would smell danger and would hide out for a while then it will strike us back with full vigor. It opens the doors of our inner light. forgiveness and unconditional Love. Same way your Ego thoughts kills your creativity thoughts. the Ego would storm in us. Consciousness. You notice it only when it grows big and destroying your good plants.

which is smeared with the blood of one¶s close relatives. I am being weakened in my heart of what use will be any kingdom or wealth obtained by killing them? What enjoyment can one find in the kingdom of the world. Arjuna was overwhelmed with grief. sons. If I kill them. He said to Krishna. First we will see what happens in the first day of the Mahabharata war. he saw his own relatives and became emotionally disturbed. He threw away his bow and arrows and sank down on the seat of the chariot. Yudhistra . brother-in-law. an interesting incident happened.1. Krishna cleared Arjuna's doubts and dilemma and made him to fight the war. First day of Mahabharata war The two paternal cousin brother familes (Pandavas and Kav-ravas) with their allies stood in the battle field in Kururshetra to fight. Yuyutsu. "Looking at the honoured elders and teachers of mine. The slayer of the families will go to hell . Arjuna was reluctant to fight his relatives even though they had caused immense trouble in his life. friend. sons. brothers. one of the 100 sons in the kav-ravas left his side and joined the Pandavas. Arjuna asked Krishna to stop the chariot between the armies so that he could take a close look at the warriors with whom he had to contend. I do not want to fight. The two armies of Pandavas and kav-ravas met in the battle field. dear friends and relatives in the enemy's side. friend as well his charioteer. It is a great sin to kill my teachers and relatives. He took his head in his hands while the body shivered with anguish and so left the weapons slip out of his hands. teachers etc? I would rather be killed by the sons of Dhritarastra than laying my hands on them. Enthusiasm Exercise -1 of chapter one .the eldest Pandava announced that whomsoever want to change sides of the armies can do it right then. family traditions will perish. who are eager for battle against us.Gita Chapter -1 Arjuna Vishada Yoga This is the chapter describing Arjuna's sorrow. When Arjuna took a glance at the enemy. Tears filled his eyes and so sat down on the chariot. teachers. What he spoke is what we now read as Bhagavad Gita. Essence of the chapter . He was suddenly overcome with grief and deep sorrow filled his heart. Duryodhana was furious with his younger brother Yuyutsu and screamed at him as a coward and a betrayer. Arjuna expressed his grief to Krishna who was his own maternal cousin. When Krishna placed the chariot between the two armies. Arjuna saw his grandfathers. Equally we will discuss the symbolism of Mahabharat or Mahabharatham. Then began the war. Before the two armies signaled for attacking each other. Surprisingly. uncles.

The enthusiasm (Yuyutsu) is the brother of Ego (Duryodhan). It is fun to watch its justifications for not pursuing these practices. This Sankhya approach is used by Krishna to help Arjuna to understand his problem and so this chapter is known as Sankhya Yoga. So the practice for next one week is to pay attention and maintain on our enthusiasm. He tells Arjuna to accept the reality and the reality is that he is a king who duty is to fight war not out of greed of conquering but the duty of fighting injustice. In the first chapter Krishna listened to Arjuna's and only in chapter two Krishna talks and gives the essence of Gita and the reality of life. This exercise is important because you will notice that while doing our first introductory exercise of "Acceptance" . No wonder we would even drop doing these practices and that is the intention of the |Ego. The exercise is pay attention on how our Ego play tricks to avoid this practices. Like Dur-yodhan getting angry at his brother Yuyutsu changing side to his enemy. Let us keep the enthusiasm to do the practice without giving it up. The ego has enthusiasm to do and accomplish things through good or bad actions. When we encounter a problem we should dissect and know the components to resolve the problem. Now this means that to fight the war against our Ego we need willingness or enthusiasm till we succeed. Purpose of this exercise: Through this exercise we would get another view of Ego which will not allow us to undertake practice of Gita. You would see that the enthusiasm you had initially to do the practice slowly dies away day after day. Yuyutsu in sanskrit means enthusiasm or willingness. The Ego wants every means to kill this war for freedom. Maintaining the enthusiasm to practice all exercises It is a very beautiful symbolism connected with Yuyutsu leaving his 99 brothers and joining his five cousins. so would the Ego be angry at the enthusiasm we get to do the sakthi gita practices. . Gita Chapter -2 Sankhya Yoga (Analysis by dissecting) Sankhya means numbers or components or to analyze. It smells danger and like a dictator it will curb the revolting group. among the many tricks played by the Ego to destroy our practice.1. So really be vigilant. These practices threatens Ego's power. Practice the above exercise for a week and then proceed to chapter two. I am powerful and so these type of small practices are meaningless to me". Throughout the Sakthi Gita we are clear that we are witnessing the Mahabharata is still occurring in every one of minds. is to curb our willingness to fight. The Ego keeps us telling "I know all this so why should I practice this.

But we are not aware of the awareness because the body and mind awareness dominate it. Since they cannot exist independently they cannot be called Real or Truth (click Creation link for details). This is Consciousness. This reality is known as the "Un-Conditioned Consciousness" or Brahman in Sanskrit. It is not killed when the body is killed. It depends on an object and light for it to exists. We can know this Awareness while we are awake only through Meditation. eternal. Anything that is "Satyam" or Truth is not depended on any other thing for its existence. is this mind independent or does it depend on something else for its existence? We find that the mind depends on "Awareness" or "conditioned Consciousness". the "UnConditioned-Consciousness" ("Brahman") is never subjected to birth and death. This awareness is also present in the day time when we are awake. Without the mind we do not feel the body. For example we do not attribute a shadow to be real. This Un-Conditioned Consciousness is independent and does not depend on anything else for its existence. Mediation is a means to be aware of the Awareness while functions all the time when we are awake or sleeping. This does not mean we are dead. because it does not have independent existence. The next question. Krishna says but there is only one "Reality" or "Truth" on which all the forms in the universe depend for its existence. . (Please think about this and enquire yourself and understand how far this fact is true). from the smallest particle to the gigantic star does not exist independently or in other words depends on some thing gross or subtle for its existence. There is something alive and that aliveness principle is known as Awareness. Krishna says every thing in this Universe. It is unborn. unthinkable and unchangeable aspect. changeless and inexhaustible. In that case the light source or object is real and not the shadow.Essence of Chpater-2 Krishna told Arjuna that he is ignorant of the "Truth" about the real nature of all beings. In sleep the Mind is not there and so we are not aware of the body. But there is another subtler aspect called Consciousness which is present even when we are living in a body or not. Similarly. This imperishable. un-manifested. Krishna says the physical body is not real. mind and our intelligence. (Please click to read the details of Awareness and Consciousness in detail). because the shadow does not have independent existence. In deep sleep we are not aware of our body.

Arjuna curiously asked what is the Ego that you are talking about and how is it possible to transcend the Ego to know the imperishable. through which we can overcome suffering in life?. which I cannot perceive?. unthinkable and unchangeable "Brahman". Krishna replied that to transcend Ego one has to stop listening. Weapons cut It not. un-manifested. fire burns It not.. unthinkable and unchangeable "Brahman" or Un-Conditional Consciousness. nor is it slain. Dur-yodhan who symbolize the Ego holds on to his father. changing object which is subjected to birth and death in this world. Krishna answered to Arjuna that to know that your true Self is not this dying body but that imperishable.. unthinkable and unchangeable "Brahman". un-manifested. wind dries It not. The Ego is always emotional because it can easily control the mind. unthinkable and unchangeable "Brahman"..Krishna says that this Aspect or Brahman slays not. . How can I know whatever you are talking is true? How do I know about this imperishable. Ego is emotional and holds on to the mind and not to the intellect. Dritha-rastra (mind) and makes him dance to his tunes. Arjuna asked "What is this "Aspect of Un-Conditional Consciousness" or "Brahman" you are talking about Krishna.. . un-manifested. un-manifested. water wets It not. Arjuna's question is also each one of our question too. Knowing the Ego and the eternal Brahman or Un-conditional-Consciousness will only free us from suffering in our life.. then you have to transcend the Ego which thinks itself as a perishable. Here in the battle field Arjuna was reluctant to fight just because he was emotional and not using his intellect. acting and dancing to Ego's tunes. Arjuna curiously asked what is the Ego that you are talking about and how is it possible to transcend the Ego to know the imperishable.. Gita Chapter -2 Sankhya Yoga (Analysis by dissecting) Continued. thinking.

It is the duty of a warrior (Kshatriya) to fight. Krishna says a person with such a balanced mind is known as Sthithaprajna". we have to understand that all pleasures and pains. There is nothing higher for a warrior than a righteous war. being emotional because of its strong identification to the mind. gain and loss. This leads to problems. Develop a balanced mind. The mind is ignorant about reality and never listens to the rational intellect (Vidhura in Mahabharatha). To be duty bound is the best way to weaken the power of Ego. This is how generally we mis-understand acceptance. Krishna asks Arjuna to fight the war to set free from his identification (Ego) to the emotional mind. Using the intellectual mind. Having made pleasure and pain.. So accepting pain... But the emotional mind does not like this law of nature.Arjuna's Ego is like most of our Ego too. Our emotional mind forsakes duty. What is balanced Mind?. Gita Chapter -2 Sankhya Yoga (Analysis by dissecting) Continued. . The Ego through the emotional mind does not accept pain. defeat and loss is to weaken the Ego and not to give up doing actions. engage thou in battle. To keep the emotional mind and intellectual mind is balanced mind.. defeat and loses. victory and defeat are part of life and are based on nature's law. Acceptance strengthens the intellectual mind and so brings a balanced mind.. gain and loss. This is why Krishna says" O Arjuna! do your duty. The Ego mind gets its power and shadows the Unconditional-Consciousness our true nature. Acceptance is to weaken the Ego and its strong hold over the emotional mind. Most of the time the emotional mind dominates the intellectual mind.. Our mind is lazy to do right actions at the right time. victory and defeat the same.

Therefore by working for the desires proposed by the intellect mind. the great grandfather of both the Pandavas and Kavravas. longings. ³Such a balanced person is free from the crutches of his Ego (Jivanmukta) and therefore is free from desires. The point is to keep the desires under strong vigilance of the intellect. mine-ness. How does he speak? How does he sit. attachment and fear all belongs to the Ego. Exercise-2 for second chapter. All other soldiers stopped fighting to watch the spectacle. I-ness. Such as person is an embodiment of knowledge. Seeing this Arjuna asked Krishna to take him to Bhishma. Second day war was more ferocious and cruel. attachment and fear. Lord Krishna replied. Only by transcending the Ego one can free from the limitations posed by desires. longings. the great grandfather of both the Pandavas and Kavravas. once again the battle drums conches and trumpets were sounded. one can keep a balanced mind and also lead a peaceful life.Arjuna doubts swelled to a point is there someone who can live with a balanced mind. He has perfect control over his mind and senses. once again the battle drums conches and trumpets were sounded. He is satisfied in his own Self. But it is Fun. because these attributes are of that of the Ego. how does he walk?´ . attachment and fear. Arjuna was able to check . Seeing this Arjuna asked Krishna to take him to Bhishma. He has a poised mind at all times and under all conditions. Working on Addictions / Habits Exercise for second chapter of Gita This is will be one of the most challenging exercise for you to do. mine-ness. Arjuna faced Bhishma and a very terrible fight ensued. Bhisma caused heavy damage to the Pandava army. He is indifferent amidst sensual pleasures. Second day of war On the second day. I-ness. Second day of war On the second day. Should be give up desires? No. longings. Arjuna faced Bhishma and a very terrible fight ensued. Bhisma caused heavy damage to the Pandava army. He is centered in his own Self. Dur-yodhan had appointed Bhishma. mine-ness. Krishna added that knowledge is power and that alone helps a person get liberation. Second day war was more ferocious and cruel. Dur-yodhan had appointed Bhishma. All other soldiers stopped fighting to watch the spectacle. Arjuna was able to check Bhishma to some extent but he was still hesitating to kill his loving great grandfather in-spite of Krishna teaching Gita. Is it possible? ³O Lord Krishna! What is the state of a Sthithaprajna? ( a person with balanced mind). Iness. He is not elated by getting desirable objects. The Ego swells its power by fuelling the desires through the emotional mind. The essence of Krishna's above teaching is that the desires.

taking up practices of fasting. 1. alcohol. unless we ourself sincerely wish can we see the death of our habits and addictions? We all have like this one or more Bhisma's in us. attachment and fear. mind. To mention a few are giving up smoking. This is going to be a great exercise. Dur-yodhan (Ego) knew that Arjuna would be emotional in killing his beloved great grand-father Bhisma. 2. He is killed only on the 18th day and till then Arjuna has to fight with his beloved relatives. longings. long hours of sleep. 3. silence etc are all oriented to fight the Ego indirectly. Should be something that you want to give up and find it difficult to give up. To weaken the power of Ego. Like Bhisma in Mahabharat we would be grumbling about our habits and addictions but cannot abandon it simply because of the controlling power of our Ego. We understood from Krishna's teaching that only by transcending Ego we will know that we are not this body with petty desires. .You would feel miserable. Exercise-2 for second chapter. we must first overcome the chief commander of the army . emotional in giving it up. We cannot confront immediately our Ego but can only march forward step by step. The criteria for choosing one habit should be meet the following conditions. Should be of long period and deep rooted. Therefore Dur-Yodhan employed Bhisma to lead his army and so every time when Arjuna encountered his grand-dad becomes emotional and loses interest to fight. Now it is very important to understand that Bhisma has a boon that he will not be killed and will die only when he wishes for death. Like Dur-yodhan our Ego employs habits and addictions to dance to its tunes. Dur-yodhan (Ego) is the main enemy but it cannot be destroyed in one shot because it employs all others in the battle field like Duryodhan in Mahabharat war. Isn't it interesting to note that our "habit's or addiction" is like this great-grand-father Bhisma?. all this occurs because we think we are this Ego. sweets. Similar is our plight of fighting our Ego and in the process we have to kill many of our beloved habits and addictions. So our exercise for the second chapter is this step of giving up of our habits or addictions.Bhisma. body. Now as Arjuna asked Krishna our question is how to transcend this Ego. The beautiful answer lies from the events of the second day war. intellectual complex. Like Arjuna we become emotional and hesitate to fight our habits and addictions when it comes to the point of fighting or confronting with our habits and addictions. mine-ness. No matter what others tell or advice. This is the sole reason of many spiritual practices advocating denial or giving up of of our habits. Find out one of your long lasting habit or addiction and work on it.Bhishma to some extent but he was still hesitating to kill his loving great grandfather in-spite of Krishna teaching Gita.

Reminder Again a reminder. It wants to give an impression that you overcame the addiction. It will try to say that you do not need to do such practices to master yourself. here will discuss some pre-cautions to be taken care of to ensure success of the task. Bhisma always gave Arjuna extra share of sweets and would tell bedtime stories. But krishna warns Arjuna that unless Bhismais killed Dur-Yodhan cannot bedefeated. After a few days of quit practice you would see that the habit storms back and temptations like a hurricane will try to swallow us. We have seen in healing page of Sakthi-foundation that most of the treatments in folk medicine and Ayurveda are given for 41 days. You will understand about this in later chapters. The witnessing is very important because witnessing weakens the power of Ego. The more you watch or stare that person the more uncomfortable he or she feels to do the act. It is certain that you all would grumble about giving up your great grandfather Bhisma ( Habits and addictions) . but using this we will be able to confront our Ego and finally transcend it and know our real nature of peace. because we are for 41 weeks (including egg release) in our mother's womb. This is the trick of the Ego. What to do when temptations arises? Temptations become inevitable in the beginning. Understand clearly that giving up the habit and making you miserable is not the point here. It is like watching someone who is planning to steal something in a grocery store. Do not yield to the temptation and witness all the justifications the Ego preaches to you not to give up the habits. So Arjuna could not kill this loving Grandfather in the war. the importance of this exercise is to keep witnessing your thought processes and Ego's fear and restlessness while doing the practice.Arjuna was fondled by his great grand father when he was young. Among all the 105 grand children Arjuna was Bhisma's darling. This is to represent a new birth in us. Cautionary note: Be aware of the tricks of the Ego. Witnessing -the power of Bheema . So do it at least for 41 days. When you start working on your habit you will find it is easy for a few days. You are a strong personality and for you these petty practices are not needed. Precautions while Working on Addictions / Habits Exercise for second chapter of Gita In the previous page we discussed about working on addictions and habits. but understand without that you cannot win your Mahabharata war going inside you. Witness the temptations and then you might see that the more you witness the lesser the power of temptation.

Healing occurs when we do Yoga will witnessing attitude because that connects the mind and body. Chanting is to repeat a small word. To be in the present is the "Present" (gift) of life. Doing breathing exercises and Yoga focusing on all the twists and turns you can being the mind to the present. The chanting can be done aloud or silently. we seldom are in the |"present". Chanting Another way based on our personal experience is to do chanting. This also helps to a significant extent. . The point is not to fall into the trap of temptation. Write to gethealed@sakthifoundation.org and also let us know whether we can share that in this site with your identity concealed. There are more to come in the next chapters. The mind tries to run away from the present moment and wanders. plant. Before you proceed to next chapter. In-fact this is most important for doing all physical and mental exercises. Unfortunately our minds are so occupied with the memories of the past and anxiety of the future. Walking Walking out doors is also another way. Bheema represents presence or the witnessing attitude which is very powerful means to transcend Ego. bird or any object. Share your experience Please share you fun experiences of your Ego trying to curb your Gita-exercises. Please continue to the third chapter only after practicing the second exercise at least for a week. It could be chanting of Krishna's name or names of other spiritual traditions like Buddha. Mind-body co-ordination comes only through the witnessing attitude.It is very interesting to note that Bheema the second Pandava kills all 99 brothers of the enemy including Dur-yodhan (symbol of Ego). Breathing exercises and Yoga should not be done mechanically but with full awareness. Jesus. It could be any name of a person. Chanting helps in weakening the Ego. This Gita exercises are oriented to bring out all these jewels you can adorn and make your life precious. Yoga or any other exercise is a waste is not done with this witnessing attitude. Allah etc. In the initial stages try to avoid situations that prompts temptations to handle it better. Silent walking observing things around you and simultaneously paying attention that you are observing things is a great way to overcome the temptations of Ego. To be in the present is the "Present" (gift) of life. Another approach is to do breathing exercises like Pranayama and also Yoga. Walking should not be accompanied by music appliances on the ears or talking. animal. With practice this would be another version of Gita you would read without any practical use.

Krishna tells Arjuna to see action in-action. which means the . why then O Krishna. why not retire to the Himalayas? Krishna replies. ³Man cannot remain even for a moment without performing some kind of action. Since action is inevitable then what matters is. then why live a family social life. he was more confused with Krishna's answer of seeking the knowledge of Unconditional Consciousness or Brahman.Gita Chapter -3 (Karma Yoga) Essence of Chapter-3 Arjuna felt Krishna was giving him contradicting statements in this chapter. that is Unconditional Consciousness or Brahman is superior to action. If the purpose of life is know the Self. ³If you think that knowledge of knowing our true nature. do you engage me in this terrible action (war)? We would also ask the same question like Arjuna. The difference between an ordinary person and a self realized person lies in this great truth. One may be able to physically stop doing actions for few minutes or hours. how the action is conceived at the mental level. Everyone is helplessly driven to action by the qualities born of nature. Arjuna asked Krishna whether he should fight or not fight the war. Arjuna's question is a very valid question indeed. Action in inaction and inaction in action. but the thinking action goes on incessantly.

To identify as the "Doer" of action.body is at rest. instead of being the observer /witnessor of the movie is Ego. which is our true nature. This identity correction to be the witnessor is "Freedom" or Moksha. What is detachment? Gita Chapter -3 (Karma Yoga) Essence of Chapter-3 . ³The egoistic man thinks µI am the doer¶. instead of being the witnessor of action is Ego or Ahamkara? Like the movie example given in the previous page. Freedom from what? and 2. . What is Ego? Freedom that Krishna talks is the freedom from the limitations feeling imposed by the Ego. but witness the thinking action going on. In-action is witnessing the action. We are not the thinker but the one who witnesses thinking. to enjoy and suffer the actions in the movie story and get affected by it . In reality Prakriti (Nature) does everything. Whereas the Self realized person witness (in-action) the thinking event (action) and so Krishna says in-action in action. Arjuna's immediate question was how to free oneself from mode of action and instead be the witnessor of actions? How to do an action without attachment or not expecting the fruits of an action? Krishna replied that by performing action (duty) without attachment will alone help us know that we are really the witnessor. Like the movie and the viewer and different the thinking-thinker and the witnessor are different. We are always doing non-stop thinking and so we are not able to notice the Un-Conditional Consciousness. However the irony is that the Ego does not accept the fact that it is also bound to suffer pain. Since Ego identifies itself as the doer of actions it is also bound to the results of any action and suffer from it. This means that it is the Ego that thinks that it is the doer and enjoyer of the pleasures. Therefore Krishna says be detached and not expect the fruits of actions. While watching movies we become so identified with the shadow characters on the screen that we forget our true nature that we are witnessing a movie. What is really Ego?. This immediately gives rise to two questions: 1.Continued from last page.

This understanding alone gives you Moksha (freedom from the cycle of birth and death). Now Arjuna was at Krishna¶s feet begging him not to break his oath. Krishna had taken an oath that he will be a charioteer for Arjuna in the war and will not take any weapons and fight. Entire Pandavas army was like clouds before hurricane. But Arjuna was not achieving anything. So detachment means to accept the results on action that abides by laws of nature. delusion. He took the chariot to face Bhishma. How can we perform an action in a detached mode? Krishna says ³Beware of strong likes and dislikes (Raga-dvesha). Arjuna promised Krishna that he will fight with full vigor and will not . The conclusion is that we have only choice of performing any action but the results come out based on the laws of nature. Since the Ego does not know and wish to know the laws of nature. Arjuna feared that Krishna should not break his oath of not wielding the arms during the war for Arjuna's sake. No one can perform an action without wishing for an expected result. Krishna could sense Arjuna¶s softness for Bhishma. Krishna took his powerful weapon. Ego is attached to the results which means it expects results to happen the way it wishes. This loss of awareness (ignorance) about our True Self is the cause of all pain and suffering. anger can be controlled. Overcoming strong likes and dislikes. lust and greed. It is the identification (Ego) that perpetuates actions that gives temporary pleasures but long lasting pain and suffering. Through this anger management. Instantly. Third day of war On the third day Bhishma attacked like a hurricane. Krishna feigned anger on Arjuna and said "if I do not take up arms in this war. The Ego is attached to the result of a fat free body. Arjuna and Bhishma became engaged in a magnificent battle. The problem comes when we do not accept the fact that the results of any action abides by the laws of nature. Through this detachment of accepting results of actions. pride. one understands that the "Ego" loses its claims of "doership" of any actions. This understanding is the highest truth of this Universe. He jumped from the chariot and rushed towards Bhishma full of wrath. Actions done in such a manner generates stress in an individual. In other words. Ego based actions are based on personal hatred. you Pandavas cannot win this war because you are fighting with Bhisma and others softly due to your emotional attachment to them". the Sudarshan Chakra in his index finger. It was obvious to Krishna that Arjuna was still not fighting with his heart and soul. Ego can be mastered which eventually leads to the knowledge of the Self. which means you lose awareness of your real nature. it stresses the mind and body when results are unfavorable or unexpected. the main obstructer of the enquiring spiritual path. detachment is avoiding Ego to entertain its expectations of results based on it's likes and dislikes.The moment you expect the fruits of an action then you identify yourself to be the doer of the action. There could not have been any chance for the Pandavas if Arjuna failed. There was major loss on the side of pandavas. jealously. We love to eat fatty foods and expect to have the body to be "fat free". You would have read in health section how actions done with expectations can trigger anger and stress if the results are not favorable. likes and dislikes.

He drew upon his arsenal of the divine astras (weapons) and caused much death and destruction in Kauravas army. We will spend lot of time in gathering all information about facts but fail to use them in daily life. Information will mature to knowledge only when it is applied in action. This is the Spiritual bliss that the Vedas talk about and experienced by all the Self-Realized saints of the world. The answer to why Krishna prompted Arjuna to fight the war. Only through action can we transcend the Ego and know our True Self. Kaurava monarch was downcast and dismayed. Exercise-3 for third chapter. This bliss is known as "Sath- Chit Ananda". to put into action the knowledge that he imparted to him. listening to lectures and attending satsangs. watching TV. Likes and Dislikes Exercise-3 for third chapter. This is symbolized by Krishna taking arms to kill Bhisma and through that he provokes Arjuna to fight the war. Now he joined the battle like a meteor raining fire. What does the third day of war represent in us?. Krishna gave this highest Truth and wanted Arjuna to put that into action to experience this truth. This is why Krishna wanted Arjuna to fight the war. We will read about healthy food and its benefits but will never put it into practice. Arjuna proved himself true to his words.allow Bhisma to defeat the Pandavas. Without putting into action this truth cannot be experienced. To experience that we are the Unconditional Consciousness dwelling as pure Awareness in the body. But never put that into action. Sath is Unconditioned Consciousness and Chit is Awareness and To experience not only this spiritual knowledge but even materialistic knowledge we have to put into practice to experience the knowledge. Only through action you can witness the action if you are not attached to it or to its end result. We are all like Arjuna not putting knowledge into action. Any knowledge is the theoretical aspect and the experience is the practical aspect of it. He pleaded to krishna to withdraw his weapon again and again and promised he would fight with his fullest capability. How to transcend the Ego and know our Self? . Ananda is bliss. Most of us are only information gatherers by reading books. Hence Krishna gave first the knowledge and made Arjuna to perform the action of fighting the war. This should be the experience of every spiritual seeker and not in seeing lights in meditation. Sun was setting and the war stopped for the day.

Be aware of the purpose of this exercise. Only by being aware of the Ego can be declutched to the "Awareness" state. it will pound on you like a mad dog. if seeking knowledge of the Self (Peace) is the most important aspect of life.... Observe how your mind reacts.. So get out of this mental block of strong likes and dislikes. Be cautious .. Try eating something that you are not allergic but you do not like it mentally. We say "I don't like this food" or "I like this food". oral and physical) are like quick-sand in a desert. We always have actions : mental action as thoughts in mind. Then Arjuna asked krishna. We suffer mentally when we do not have what we like and also when we have what we don't like... in which every step we take to free us. That is a body condition and not based on your likes/dislikes.pay attention. why do you get me involved in fighting this deadly war? To this question.. then oh Krishna. Try to bully your Ego by eating or using something that you don't like.. So for next one week pay attention on the strong likes and dislikes that arises in your mind.. You will for the first time discover how deep rooted these thoughts breeding in our minds. If you have done the practice for a week. Witnessing Ego is the best means to witness the actions.. When he sought help of krishna unable to make a decision about fighting the war. action of speech which arise as thoughts and expresses as speech of action and finally the thoughts that manifest as physical actions.. This is the practice that will help you to de-clutch you from Ego and transcend to your true Self. which means gaining completeness and feeling of un-limitedness. .... We believe that by performing these actions we will gain peace. krishna gave him in the second chapter.the more you try to work against your Ego's likes/dislikes.the Ego will not respond immediately. then go to the next chapter. but the attachment is what a problem... Seldom we understand that actions (mental. The purpose of being aware of your likes/dislikes is to watch your ego's strength and weakness. the knowledge of the true nature of our Self (Peace) and said the that this knowledge of the Self (Peace) should be the pursuit in life.Nothing wrong in the likes and dislikes. Being aware of the these likes and dislikes is the fundamental step in conquering the Ego... Every time when you say "I like this" and or "I don't like this" . This is a wonderful chance for you to get in face to face with your ego. whether we like it or not..I like this color. This does not mean to eat foods that you are allergic to.oh.. Gita Chapter -4 (Jnana-Vibhaga Yoga) Arjuna was now confused with the message of Krishna.. only make us sink deep into the sandpit.. So more actions only binds us instead of freeing us. It is not intended to torture your body but to witness your Ego.Krishna says our strong likes and dislikes are the main obstacle in the path..I don't like this color..see how your mind is attached to these thoughts that strengthen the Ego. krishna said that action is inevitable.

So action performed with knowledge liberates or frees us from the prison of the Ego and that is why an individual of the Brahmin personality is considered superior in the awakening stage. The individual totally identifies himself with the Ego and has no clue about his True Self. Based on the above three attributes of nature. The basic human tendency is a mix of Inertia-Action-Intelligence (Tamas-RajasSatva). Action-Intelligence-Inertia (Rajas-Satva-Tamas) or Kshatriya. humans can be classified into four different awakening personalities or tendencies. 1. Being always the witnessor is being alive or awake.Intelligence-Action-Inertia (Satva-Rajas-Tamas) or Brahmin. In other words. which means stages of awakening based on the Knowledge of the Self.Satvic . be aware that you are the witnessor of the actions. The individual has some knowledge of spiritual pursuits and has the enquiring mind in all the performing actions. But Knowledge (Gnana) liberates us from the crutches of the Ego. The one who sees knowledge in all the actions and has least inertia is a Brahmin. 4.. 3. but giving up the doer-ship of actions. instead of being ignorant of being the "doer" of actions.Rajasic.. This individual is action oriented and has the concept of duty and good of the society.Continued. Karma (action) binds more to the Egoistic nature. 2. Inertia or Dullness -Tamasic. 3. This being awareful is the basis for spiritual term "Awakening". .. This chapter is called Ganan-vibhaga. In this the predominating attribute of inertia or dullness leads to the individual to lead a life of total ignorance or darkness and known as Shudra. 1. The awakening occurs in Stages. Action or Motion . Knowledge or Intelligence . 2. This is the highest state in spiritual awakening who has only the spiritual pursuit as the foremost goal in life. The dullness is so predominant that the individual hardly attempts to even fulfill his own basic needs let alone desire for spiritual awakening.So krishna made it clear to Arjuna . this knowledge is not about giving up of actions. In this chapter Krishna tells that there are three attributes (gunas) of Nature. This individual is action oriented and is interested only in the materialistic pursuits with least knowledge about the Higher Self. Gita Chapter -4 (Jnana-Vibhaga Yoga) . Action-Inertia-Intelligence (Rajas-Tamas-Satva) or Vaishya.

At the order of Bhishma the Kauravas army withdraw to their camps. has caused Duryodhana to lose his sleep. Here reducing to ashes means one is not affected by the results of actions. This can lead to delusion and then downfall. there is temporary happiness which develops into pride. the knowledge of the Self becomes evident which is real freedom or liberation. Bhima killed eight of the Kauravas brother. Such a person will always have his or her thoughts established in the true Self. What it means is that we should allow the results to unfold the way nature allows it to. confusion. This results in anger. When we do not identify doer-ship in actions then the results also does not belong to us. His jealousy over the brothers right from child-hood is continuing even in war front and that was fueled by the thought of the death of his eight brothers while none of the pandava brothers had been slained. They were afraid that Ghatotkacha. Awareness . Another highlight of the war was the extraordinary show of bravery by Ghatotkacha. so does the fire of knowledge reduce all actions to ashes. which took place. tired with exhaustion of the day¶s fight. Not accepting who we are but looking for others appreciation is where the problem lies. His mind was in turbulence. Exercise-4 for fourth chapter. Krishna says" The one whose whose actions have been burnt (revealed) by the fire of knowledge. Such a person while doing any actions is not bound by it because he does not identify as the doer. If the results are not in favor then there is dukka or sorrow. Death of his eight brothers.for ourself or for others. He was unable to sleep. Such a person witness everything as Brahman. Fourth day of war In the terrible fight. Just as the blazing fire reduces fuel to ashes. Dissatisfaction with oneself leads to undertake action for self approval . O Arjuna. Only he was awake. Instead. Then restlessness follows to maintain the pride. the Un-Conditional Consciousness. Rakshas become more powerful during the night.Since action is inevitable. we cannot avoid doing actions . but if actions are done without the identification of doer-ship. no one can perform any action. will be called as a Sage. Without expecting the results of the actions. due to our likes and dislikes we expect results the way our ego dictates. Everyone else was asleep. If the results are in favor of the Ego's expectation. stress and again we are caught up in the prison of our Ego. All efforts of the Kaurava warriors went in vain. The Bhima¶s son was so terrible in his devastation that the Kauravas were not able to withstand his on slaughter and they had to stop the fight much earlier than the usual hour. being a rakshas would grow in strength as the evening approaches.

³Shutting out all external contacts and fixing the gaze between the eyebrows. Most of the time we are not fully aware while doing any action of mental. touching. ³Renunciation and Yoga of action both lead to the Knowledge of the Self. opening and closing the eyes are all actions performed by my body and not me. smelling. breathing. and also praise about the Yoga of action (non-doer ship attitude while doing any action) . Ego is powerless in the present. equalizing the outgoing and incoming breaths moving within the nostrils. but I am the one who "Witness" all that is happening in the body and mind. This way the Ego is boosted.Awareness while doing an action only brings knowledge of the Self. So there is no question of superiority among the two. with senses. what does Bhima represent? He represent "Present" and presence will come only in awareness. having liberation as his supreme goal. eating. going. Now tell me. fear and anger²the sage is verily liberated for ever´ . I am not the body and the mind or Ego. Gita Chapter -5 The Yoga of Renunciation of Action (Karma-Sannyasa Yoga) Arjuna said to Krishna. free from desire. Be aware of the present and it is very powerful to see how the Ego becomes restless in the present. seizing. mind and intellect ever controlled. sleeping. . When there is awareness the Ego is shy. Arjuna asks Krishna how to know that I am not the body but the one who witness or aware of everything?. This is common sense. speaking. oral or physical. Fifth Day of Mahabharata War. ³¶I do nothing at all¶. For a Sanyasi (Monk) path of renunciation of action is the best means. Bhima kills 99 brothers in the end. In reality I am action-less but aware of what is going in and out of this body and mind. Always our minds goes back in past and future and never in present. This leads to imperfection and delays. in-fact the wise say both the path are one. thus would the knower of Truth think²seeing. But there is more to this practicing awareness. Do this practice for a week. letting go. You tell me to do Renunciation of actions to gain knowledge. conclusively that which is the better of the two? Krishna said. hearing. But out of the two. Yoga of action is superior to the renunciation of action for a person who lives in a society. Krishna gives the technique of Pranayama to Arjuna in this chapter. This means that Knowledge (Gnana) obtained by renunciation of action (Sanyasa) and knowledge obtained by giving up doer-ship (Karma-Yoga)of actions are one and the same.

Yudhisthira and Dhristadhyumna decided for the Hawk formation of their Army. There faces were drawn and haggard. so that the death of Duryodhana¶s brother was avenged. . Satyaki too gave an excellent account of himself. All the warriors of both sides were assigned to specific places in the formations with special responsibilities. All with drew to their camps to tend their wounds and to take whatever rest they could possibly get. The sun was setting and the fighters were tired and exhausted.On the fifth day of the war. Bhishma announced the end of the days fighting. Duryodhana went to Drona and told him that he should kill the Pandavas. He hurt Lakshamana. He was giving a good account of himself by killing a number of warriors. Arjuna. Abhimanyu had emerged as a new hero on the Pandava side. He fought with Bhurishrava. Duryodhana and Bhima were using their skills to smash each other with their mighty maces. the son of Duryodhana. Bhishma chose to arrange his army in Makarvyuha. Bhima tried to break the Kaurava army phalanx and Bhishma confronted him.